Summary: A method for extinguishing anxiety by a saturation exposure to the feared stimulus situation or its substitute.
Publications186 found, 100 shown here
- Evaluation of exposure with response-prevention for obsessive compulsive disorder in childhood and adolescenceDerek Bolton
Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry King s College, P O Box 77, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 39:11-22. 2008..Effect size in the main intention-to-treat analysis was 1.23 and in the secondary per protocol analysis was 1.64. This study lends further support to the view that E/RP is an effective treatment for childhood OCD...
- Pilot study on prolonged exposure of Japanese patients with posttraumatic stress disorder due to mixed traumatic eventsNozomu Asukai
Tokyo Institute of Psychiatry, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan
J Trauma Stress 21:340-3. 2008..Symptom levels remained low in 3- and 6-month follow-up assessments. Our findings suggest that PE is feasible and can be accepted for PTSD patients not only in Western countries, but also for those in Japan...
- Exposure therapy triggers lasting reorganization of neural fear processingKatherina K Hauner
Department of Neurology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:9203-8. 2012..These effects were linked to fear-extinction mechanisms identified in animal models, thus opening new opportunities for the treatment and prevention of debilitating anxiety disorders...
- Affective outcomes of virtual reality exposure therapy for anxiety and specific phobias: a meta-analysisThomas D Parsons
Institute for Creative Technologies, University of Southern California, 13274 Fiji Way, Office 301, Marina del Rey, CA 90292 4019, USA
J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 39:250-61. 2008..This highlights the need for future research studies that report uniform and detailed information regarding presence, immersion, anxiety and/or phobia duration, and demographics...
- Psychological treatment of panic disorder with or without agoraphobia: a meta-analysisJulio Sánchez-Meca
Dept Basic Psychology and Methodology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Murcia, Spain
Clin Psychol Rev 30:37-50. 2010..Publication bias and several methodological factors were discarded as a threat against the validity of our results. Finally the implications of the results for clinical practice and for future research are discussed...
- Self-exposure therapy for panic disorder with agoraphobia: randomised controlled study of external v. interoceptive self-exposureL M Ito
Institute of Psychiatry, , CEP 05403-010, , Brazil
Br J Psychiatry 178:331-6. 2001..CONCLUSIONS: The three methods of self-exposure were equally effective in reducing panic and agoraphobic symptoms in the short- and long-term...
- Posttraumatic growth in exposure therapy for PTSDMuriel A Hagenaars
Department of Clinical Health and Neuropsychology, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands
J Trauma Stress 23:504-8. 2010..The results indicate that posttraumatic growth may be a valuable new concept in trauma therapy...
- An event-related potential study on exposure therapy for patients suffering from spider phobiaVerena Leutgeb
University of Graz, Clinical Psychology, Universitätsplatz 2 III, A 8010 Graz, Austria
Biol Psychol 82:293-300. 2009..The therapy effect consisted of a significant enhancement of late LPP amplitudes in response to spider pictures. Results are discussed in terms of reduced attentional avoidance...
- Treating children traumatized by war and Tsunami: a comparison between exposure therapy and meditation-relaxation in North-East Sri LankaClaudia Catani
Department of Psychology, University of Bielefeld, 33501 Bielefeld, Germany
BMC Psychiatry 9:22. 2009..In the acute aftermath of the Tsunami we tested the efficacy of two pragmatic short-term interventions when applied by trained local counselors...
- Psychological treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder: a meta-analysisAna I Rosa-Alcázar
Department Personality, Faculty of Psychology, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain
Clin Psychol Rev 28:1310-25. 2008..Finally, the implications of the results for clinical practice and for future research in this field were discussed...
- Does the therapy manual or the therapist matter most in treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder? A randomized controlled trial of exposure with response or ritual prevention in 118 patientsPatricia van Oppen
Department of Psychiatry and Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine, GGZ InGeest VU Medical Center Academic Anxiety Outpatient Clinic, A J Ernststraat 887, 1081 HL Amsterdam, The Netherlands
J Clin Psychiatry 71:1158-67. 2010..The present study compared the effectiveness of 4 different modes of delivery of ERP in a referred sample of OCD patients...
- The relative contributions of fear and disgust reductions to improvements in spider phobia following exposure-based treatmentBunmi O Olatunji
Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 42:117-21. 2011..The implications of these findings for conceptualizing the role of fear and disgust emotions in the maintenance and treatment of spider phobia are discussed...
- Metal distributions in New Orleans following hurricanes Katrina and Rita: A continuation studyGeorge P Cobb
Department of Environmental Toxicology, The Institute of Environmental and Human Health, Texas Tech University, P O Box 41163, Lubbock, Texas, 79409 1163, USA
Environ Sci Technol 40:4571-7. 2006..Toxicant concentrations did not exceed soil screening criteria values for lead within any flood sediments or for 32 of 37 soil samples, but arsenic concentrations in 40 of 43 samples exceeded screening criteria...
- Treatment outcome of female agoraphobics 3-9 years after exposure in vivo: a comparison with healthy controlsHelmut Peter
Verhaltenstherapie Falkenried, Falkenried 7, D 20251 Hamburg, Germany
J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 39:3-10. 2008..The percentage of treated patients with complete remission is much higher than previously reported. However, the majority still suffer from mild or severe agoraphobic symptoms and could possibly benefit from additional interventions...
- Intrusive images and "hotspots" of trauma memories in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: an exploratory investigation of emotions and cognitive themesEmily A Holmes
Traumatic Stress Clinic, Camden and Islington Mental Health and Social Care NHS Trust, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge, CB2 2EF, UK
J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 36:3-17. 2005..The relative of frequency of these peritraumatic themes is presented. The exploratory findings are discussed with respect to our understanding and treatment of intrusive imagery in PTSD...
- Cognitive therapy and exposure in vivo alone and in combination with fluvoxamine in obsessive-compulsive disorder: a 5-year follow-upPatricia van Oppen
Department of Psychiatry and Institute for Extramural Medicine, VU University Medical Centre, Valeriusplein 9, 1075 BG Amsterdam, The Netherlands
J Clin Psychiatry 66:1415-22. 2005....
- Impediments to recovery in New Orleans' Upper and Lower Ninth Ward: one year after Hurricane KatrinaRebekah Green
Earth Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
Disasters 31:311-35. 2007..This paper concludes with a discussion of how pre- and post-disaster inequalities have slowed recovery in the Lower Ninth Ward and of the implications this has for post-disaster recovery planning there and elsewhere...
- A single session with an earthquake simulator for traumatic stress in earthquake survivorsMetin Basoglu
Istanbul Center for Behavior Research and Therapy
Am J Psychiatry 160:788-90. 2003..This study examined the effectiveness of a single session of earthquake simulator-assisted exposure treatment of traumatic stress in earthquake survivors...
- Impact of river overflowing on trace element contamination of volcanic soils in south Italy: part II. Soil biological and biochemical properties in relation to trace element speciationR D'Ascoli
Dipartimento di Scienze Ambientali, Seconda Universita degli Studi di Napoli, Via Vivaldi 43, 81100 Caserta, Italy
Environ Pollut 144:317-26. 2006....
- Fecal contamination of agricultural soils before and after hurricane-associated flooding in North CarolinaMichael J Casteel
Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 41:173-84. 2006....
- Dialectical behavior therapy for comorbid personality disordersThomas R Lynch
Duke University, USA
J Clin Psychol 64:154-67. 2008....
- A randomized controlled clinical treatment trial for World Trade Center attack-related PTSD in disaster workersJoAnn Difede
Department of Psychiatry, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York 10021, USA
J Nerv Ment Dis 195:861-5. 2007....
- Assessing alternatives for mitigating net greenhouse gas emissions and increasing yields from rice production in China over the next twenty yearsChangsheng Li
Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824, USA
J Environ Qual 35:1554-65. 2006..Water management strategies appear to be the most technically promising GHG mitigation alternatives, with shallow flooding providing additional benefits of both water conservation and increased yields...
- The impact of rice plant roots on the reducing conditions in flooded rice soilsGregory Doran
CRC for Sustainable Rice Production, Farrer Centre, School of Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Locked Bag 588, Wagga Wagga 2678, NSW, Australia
Chemosphere 63:1892-902. 2006..5 cm layer of soil was so substantial that it would mask any contribution made by rice plant roots to the overall soil redox in this root zone...
- Specificity of disgust sensitivity in the prediction of fear and disgust responding to a brief spider exposureBunmi O Olatunji
Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
J Anxiety Disord 22:328-36. 2008..The implications of these findings for better understanding the complex role of fear and disgust as they related to disgust sensitivity in spider phobia are discussed...
- Two-year follow-up after a randomised controlled trial of self- and clinician-accompanied exposure for phobia/panic disordersJ M Park
Department of Psychiatry, Pusan National University College of Medicine, Pusan, Korea
Br J Psychiatry 178:543-8. 2001..A need for more treatment for their phobias was still felt by 33 patients (49%). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with phobias maintained their improvement to 2-year follow-up after the end of self-exposure therapy...
- Treatment of acrophobia in virtual reality: the role of immersion and presenceMerel Krijn
University of Amsterdam, Department of Clinical Psychology, Roetersstraat 15, Amsterdam 1018 WB, Netherlands
Behav Res Ther 42:229-39. 2004..They also experienced less presence and anxiety in the virtual environment used in session one as compared to patients that completed VRET...
- Organic phosphorus fractions in organically amended paddy soils in continuously and intermittently flooded conditionsChangming Yang
Key Laboratory of Yangtze Aquatic Environment, Ministry of Education, The College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai, 200092, PR China
J Environ Qual 35:1142-50. 2006..Based on soil organic P fractions and soil enzymatic and microbiological activities, continuous flooding applied to paddy soils should be avoided, especially when swine manure is incorporated into paddy soil...
- A field test of group based exposure therapy with 102 veterans with war-related posttraumatic stress disorderDavid J Ready
Mental Health Service Line, VA Medical Center Atlanta, Decatur, GA 30033, USA
J Trauma Stress 21:150-7. 2008..22) and self-report measures with only three dropouts...
- Augmentation of behavior therapy with D-cycloserine for obsessive-compulsive disorderSabine Wilhelm
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Clinic, Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
Am J Psychiatry 165:335-41; quiz 409. 2008..This study examined whether d-cycloserine, a partial agonist at the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) glutamatergic receptor, enhances the efficacy of behavior therapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)...
- Interoceptive hypersensitivity and interoceptive exposure in patients with panic disorder: specificity and effectivenessKiyoe Lee
Department of Psychiatry and Cognitive Behavioral Medicine, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya 467 8601, Japan
BMC Psychiatry 6:32. 2006..We examined the effectiveness of various interoceptive exposure exercises using the Body Sensations Questionnaire (BSQ) (Chambless et al., 1984)...
- Seasonal variation of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in temperate grasslands along a wide hydrologic gradientViviana Escudero
Escuela de Agronomía, Universidad del Mar, Carmen 446, Cerro Los Placeres, Valparaiso, Chile
Mycorrhiza 15:291-9. 2005..However, spore density was significantly correlated with root colonisation 3 months before, suggesting that high colonisation in one season precedes high sporulation in the next season...
- Long-term effect of instream habitat-improvement structures on channel morphology along the Blackledge and Salmon rivers, Connecticut, USADouglas M Thompson
Department of Physics, Astronomy and Geophysics, Connecticut College, New London, Connecticut 06320, USA
Environ Manage 29:250-65. 2002..Based on these results, it is important for prospective designers to carefully consider the long-term impacts of instream structures when developing future channel-restoration projects...
- Effects of restoration and reflooding on soil denitrification in a leveed Midwestern floodplainCailin H Orr
Center for Limnology, 680 N Park Street, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
Ecol Appl 17:2365-76. 2007..Future floodplain restorations should be designed to test alternative methods of increasing denitrification...
- Structure, function and floristic relationships of plant communities in stressful habitats marginal to the Brazilian Atlantic rainforestFabio R Scarano
Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, CCS, IB, Departamento de Ecologia, Caixa postal 68020, cep 21941 970, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Ann Bot 90:517-24. 2002..Many exhibit crassulacean acid metabolism. Conservation initiatives must treat the Atlantic coastal vegetation as a complex rather than a rainforest alone...
- Insurance against climate change and flooding in the Netherlands: present, future, and comparison with other countriesW J W Botzen
Institute for Environmental Studies, Free University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Risk Anal 28:413-26. 2008..It is argued that social welfare improves when insurance companies take responsibility for part of the risks associated with climate change...
- The public health impact of hurricanes and major floodingJames H Diaz
School of Public Health, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, USA
J La State Med Soc 156:145-50. 2004....
- Metal accumulation in earthworms inhabiting floodplain soilsMartina G Vijver
Institute of Ecological Science, Dept Animal Ecology, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Environ Pollut 148:132-40. 2007..Internal levels of most essential metals were higher in spring. In general, no clear patterns in metal uptake were found and repetition of the sampling campaign will probably yield different results...
- Degradation of benzo[a]pyrene in an experimentally contaminated paddy soil by vetiver grass (Vetiveria zizanioides)H Li
Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 210008 Nanjing, China
Environ Geochem Health 28:183-8. 2006..Vetiver grass may promote the biodegradation of B[a]P under flooded conditions by plant roots by stimulating the microbial biomass. Microbial biomass was the main factor affecting dissipation of B[a]P under flooded conditions...
- Augmentation of exposure therapy with D-cycloserine for social anxiety disorderStefan G Hofmann
Department of Psychology and Center for Anxiety and Related Disorders, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 63:298-304. 2006....
- One- vs. five-session treatment of dental phobia: a randomized controlled studyKristin Haukebø
Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 39:381-90. 2008..Post-treatment, the five-session group scored lower on the dental anxiety scales, but at follow-up, both groups reported the same level of dental anxiety...
- Flood risk acceptability and economic value of evacuationGuofang Zhai
National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention NIED, 3 1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
Risk Anal 26:683-94. 2006....
- Avoidance behaviour of patients with posttraumatic stress disorder. Initial development of a questionnaire, psychometric properties and treatment sensitivityAgnes van Minnen
Department of Clinical Psychology, Radboud University Nijmegen, Overwaal Center for Anxiety Disorders, Pastoor van Laakstraat 48, 6663 CB Lent, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 41:191-8. 2010..Internal consistency, test-retest reliability, convergent and discriminative validity of the PABQ proved adequate. In a second study, the PABQ showed to be sensitive to change due to exposure treatment outcome (N = 26)...
- Prolonged exposure versus dynamic therapy for adolescent PTSD: a pilot randomized controlled trialEva Gilboa-Schechtman
Department of Psychology, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 49:1034-42. 2010....
- Socioeconomic vulnerability and adaptation to environmental risk: a case study of climate change and flooding in BangladeshRoy Brouwer
Institute for Environmental Studies IVM, Vrije Universiteit, De Boelelaan 1087, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Risk Anal 27:313-26. 2007..We find somewhat paradoxically that the people that face the highest risk of flooding are the least well prepared, both in terms of household-level ex ante preparedness and community-level ex post flood relief...
- Cognitive mechanisms underlying virtual reality exposureSophie Côté
Department of Psychology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Cyberpsychol Behav 12:121-9. 2009..These innovative results provide a very detailed and organized picture of the complex cognitive mechanisms involved in therapeutic change following in virtuo exposure for arachnophobia...
- Anxiety sensitivity moderates the relationship of changes in physiological arousal with flight anxiety during in vivo exposure therapyBert Busscher
VALK Foundation, AC LEIDEN, The Netherlands
Behav Res Ther 51:98-105. 2013..Our results suggest that therapy for flight phobia might benefit from addressing the physical effect of anxiety, by means of cognitive restructuring and exposure to interoceptive stimuli, particularly in aviophobics high in AS...
- Does the form or the amount of exposure make a difference in the cognitive-behavioral therapy treatment of social phobia?Francois Borgeat
Department of Psychiatry, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
J Nerv Ment Dis 197:507-13. 2009..The results indicate that positive cognitive change can be achieved more rapidly with non cognitive methods while avoidance decreases more reliably with a standard approach rather than an approach with an exclusive focus on exposure...
- [Responses of interspecific relationships among main herbaceous plants to flooding disturbance in Songnen Plain, northeastern China]Zhengwen Wang
Laboratory of Quantitative Vegetation Ecology, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 14:892-6. 2003....
- Predicting adoption of exposure therapy in a randomized controlled dissemination trialMelanie S Harned
Behavioral Tech Research, Inc, Seattle, WA, United States Electronic address
J Anxiety Disord 27:754-62. 2013..Overall, these results suggest that the primary barriers to the adoption of ET are therapist, not organizational or client, factors. ..
- Virtual reality exposure therapy for social anxiety disorder: a randomized controlled trialPage L Anderson
Department of Psychology, Georgia State University
J Consult Clin Psychol 81:751-60. 2013..This is the first randomized trial comparing virtual reality exposure therapy to in vivo exposure for social anxiety disorder...
- Virtual reality exposure therapy for Vietnam veterans with posttraumatic stress disorderB O Rothbaum
Department of Psychiatry, Emory University School of Medicine, USA
J Clin Psychiatry 62:617-22. 2001..VR exposure (VRE) is proposed as an alternative to typical imaginal exposure treatment for Vietnam combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
- Optimal attentional focus during exposure in specific phobia: a meta-analysisIoana R Podină
Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Babes Bolyai University, No 37, Republicii St, 400015 Cluj Napoca, Romania Electronic address
Clin Psychol Rev 33:1172-83. 2013..Theoretical implications and future directions for research are discussed...
- The effectiveness of a cognitive-behavioral intervention for pathological gambling: a country-wide studySonja C Pasche
Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa E mail
Ann Clin Psychiatry 25:250-6. 2013..Clinicians lack adequate data on the effectiveness of treatment for pathological gambling in low- and middle-income countries...
- Does change in distress matter? Mechanisms of change in prolonged exposure for PTSDEllen J Bluett
University of Washington, Department of Psychology, Box 351525, Seattle 98195 1525, USA Electronic address
J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 45:97-104. 2014..g., Craske et al., 2008). This study examined clinically reliable changes in distress, relations to broad clinical outcomes, and whether homework adherence affected this relationship...
- Therapist and patient perspectives on cognitive-behavioral therapy for older adults with hoarding disorder: a collective case studyCatherine R Ayers
Research Service, VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA, USA
Aging Ment Health 16:915-21. 2012....
- Internet-based exposure treatment versus one-session exposure treatment of snake phobia: a randomized controlled trialGerhard Andersson
a Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden
Cogn Behav Ther 42:284-91. 2013..31 for the Internet and OST groups, respectively, at post-treatment). It is concluded that guided Internet-delivered exposure treatment is a potential treatment option in the treatment of snake phobia, but that OST probably is better. ..
- Cognitive behavioural therapy for Japanese children and adolescents with anxiety disorders: a pilot studyShin ichi Ishikawa
Doshisha University, Kyoto, Japan
Behav Cogn Psychother 40:271-85. 2012....
- Narrative exposure therapy for 7- to 16-year-olds: a randomized controlled trial with traumatized refugee childrenMartina Ruf
University of Konstanz and Vivo, Konstanz, Germany
J Trauma Stress 23:437-45. 2010..However, it also shows that it is possible to effectively treat chronic PTSD and restore functioning in traumatized refugee children in only 8 treatment sessions...
- Exposure therapy for PTSD delivered to veterans via telehealth: predictors of treatment completion and outcome and comparison to treatment delivered in personDaniel F Gros
Mental Health Service 116, Ralph H Johnson Veterans Administration Medical Center, Charleston, SC 29401, USA
Behav Ther 42:276-83. 2011..Overall, these findings support the utility of telehealth services to provide effective, evidence-based psychotherapies...
- Avoidant coping and treatment outcome in rape-related posttraumatic stress disorderAmy S Leiner
Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Decatur, Georgia, USA
J Consult Clin Psychol 80:317-21. 2012..This study investigated the impact of avoidant coping on treatment outcome in rape-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
- PTSD elderly war veterans: a clinical controlled pilot studyPedro Gamito
Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias, Lisbon, Portugal
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw 13:43-8. 2010..Far from being conclusive, this pilot study nonetheless presents some promising data on the use of VRET on old war veteran populations...
- Post-Katrina fecal contamination in Violet Marsh near New OrleansJohn S Furey
Environmental Laboratory, US Army Engineering Research and Development Center, 3909 Halls Ferry Road, Vicksburg, Mississippi 39180 6199, USA
Int J Environ Res Public Health 4:84-92. 2007..The work was performed as part of the Interagency Performance Evaluation Task Force investigation into the consequences of the failures of the New Orleans levee system...
- Where the waters are rising: a close-up look at the low-lying Malsives, where global warming hits the seawallJ Madeleine Nash
Time 165:46-50. 2005
- Failures in cognitive-behavior therapy for childrenYasmin Rey
Florida International University, Miami, Florida 33199, USA
J Clin Psychol 67:1140-50. 2011..A case illustration highlights these factors, which resulted in the child not advancing positively in treatment. The article concludes with key practice recommendations...
- Posttraumatic stress disorder in veterans and military personnel: epidemiology, screening, and case recognitionMargaret A Gates
New England Research Institutes, Inc, Watertown, MA 02472, USA
Psychol Serv 9:361-82. 2012..Given the prevalence and potential consequences of PTSD among veterans and active duty military personnel, development and continued evaluation of effective screening methods is an important public health need...
- The emerging evidence for Narrative Exposure Therapy: a reviewKaty Robjant
Traumatic Stress Service, Clinical Treatment Centre, Maudsley Hospital, Denmark Hill, London SE58AZ, United Kingdom
Clin Psychol Rev 30:1030-9. 2010..Emerging evidence suggests that NET is an effective treatment for PTSD in individuals who have been traumatised by conflict and organised violence, even in settings that remain volatile and insecure...
- D-cycloserine effects on extinction of conditioned responses to drug-related cuesKaryn M Myers
Behavioral Genetics Laboratory, McLean Hospital, Belmont, Massachusetts, USA
Biol Psychiatry 71:947-55. 2012..We conclude that it is as yet unclear whether DCS-coupled CET might be a useful approach in the treatment of addiction...
- Development and early evaluation of the Virtual Iraq/Afghanistan exposure therapy system for combat-related PTSDAlbert Skip Rizzo
Institute for Creative Technologies, Department of Psychiatry and School of Gerontology, University of Southern California, Playa Vista, California 90094, USA
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1208:114-25. 2010....
- Predictors of completion of exposure therapy in OEF/OIF veterans with posttraumatic stress disorderDaniel F Gros
Mental Health Service Line, Ralph H Johnson Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Charleston, South Carolina Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina
Depress Anxiety 30:1107-13. 2013..The present study investigated predictors of treatment completion during a standardized exposure-based psychotherapy for PTSD...
- Obsessive compulsive personality disorder as a predictor of exposure and ritual prevention outcome for obsessive compulsive disorderAnthony Pinto
New York State Psychiatric Institute, USA
Behav Res Ther 49:453-8. 2011..These findings highlight the importance of assessing OCPD and suggest a need to directly address OCPD-related traits, especially perfectionism, in the context of EX/RP to minimize their interference in outcome...
- A randomized placebo-controlled trial of D-cycloserine and exposure therapy for posttraumatic stress disorderBrett T Litz
National Center for PTSD, Boston, USA
J Psychiatr Res 46:1184-90. 2012..Clinicaltrials.gov Registry #: NCT00371176; A Placebo-Controlled Trail of D-Cycloserine and Exposure Therapy for Combat-PTSD; www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/results?term=NCT00371176...
- The development of the SWEAT questionnaire: a scale measuring costs and efforts inherent to conducting exposure sessionsGeneviève Robillard
Université du Québec en Outaouais, Canada
Stud Health Technol Inform 167:105-10. 2011..Reliability analysis revealed three main factors in the construct of the SWEAT questionnaire. Results also showed that conducting exposure in VR is less of a burden and more readily adapted to the patients' needs than in vivo...
- Treatment preference among suicidal and self-injuring women with borderline personality disorder and PTSDMelanie S Harned
Behavioral Research and Therapy Clinics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, 98195 5915, USA
J Clin Psychol 69:749-61. 2013..This study examined treatment preferences among suicidal and self-injuring women with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and PTSD...
- Treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder reduces suicidal ideationJaimie L Gradus
National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts Department of Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts Department of Epidemiology, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts
Depress Anxiety 30:1046-53. 2013....
- Impact of race on early treatment termination and outcomes in posttraumatic stress disorder treatmentKristin Lester
Women s Health Sciences Division, National Center for PTSD, Veterans Affairs Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA, USA
J Consult Clin Psychol 78:480-9. 2010....
- Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of web-based treatment for phobic outpatients on a waiting list for psychotherapy: protocol of a randomised controlled trialRobin N Kok
Department of Clinical Psychology and the EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Faculty of Psychology and Education, VU University Amsterdam, Van der Boechorststraat 1, 1081, BT, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
BMC Psychiatry 12:131. 2012....
- Providing a treatment rationale for PTSD: does what we say matter?Norah C Feeny
Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106 7123, USA
Behav Res Ther 47:752-60. 2009....
- Prolonged exposure therapy for older veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder: a pilot studySteven R Thorp
Center of Excellence in Stress and Mental Health, VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA, USA
Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 20:276-80. 2012..Exposure therapy has broad empirical support for PTSD, but it has not been studied systematically in older adults, partly due to published concerns that older adults would not tolerate the treatment...
- [Dynamics of labeled substrate N by microorganism and soil clay immobilized and its residue fractions in typical paddy soils in Dongting Lake floodplain]Pei Qin Peng
College of Resource and Environment, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha 410004, China
Huan Jing Ke Xue 30:1139-45. 2009..The combined application of chemical fertilizer and straws decreased the loss of chemical fertilizer N, increased residue of nonhydrolysable N, and decreased residue of mineral nitrogen...
- Relationship building and a story of hope in tsunami-ravaged Banda Aceh, Indonesia: perspective of a US Public Health Service nurseLcdr Thomas Pryor
US Public Health Service, USA
Am J Crit Care 14:474-5. 2005
- Group exposure therapy treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder in female veteransDiane T Castillo
New Mexico VA Health Care System, Behavioral Health Care Line 116, 1501 San Pedro SE, Albuquerque, NM 87108, USA
Mil Med 177:1486-91. 2012..Establishing group delivery of exposure therapy will expand options, increase efficiency, and introduce group curative factors...
- Mental retrieval of treatment context in dental phobiaKarin Elsesser
University of Wuppertal, Germany
Behav Cogn Psychother 41:173-87. 2013..The effect of mental retrieval of an exposure session was investigated during a follow-up examination in dental phobia patients...
- Reducing the threat value of chronic pain: A preliminary replicated single-case study of interoceptive exposure versus distraction in six individuals with chronic back painIda K Flink
Center for Health and Medical Psychology CHAMP, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Orebro University, 701 82 Orebro, Sweden
Behav Res Ther 47:721-8. 2009..The study raises some important clinical and methodological issues that could inform future research in this area...
- "How will it help me?" Reasons underlying treatment preferences between sertraline and prolonged exposure in posttraumatic stress disorderJessica A Chen
University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
J Nerv Ment Dis 201:691-7. 2013..This knowledge has the potential to optimize and better personalize PTSD patient care. ..
- Virtual reality exposure therapy in anxiety disorders: a quantitative meta-analysisDavid Opriş
Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Babes Bolyai University, Cluj Napoca, Romania
Depress Anxiety 29:85-93. 2012..Implications are discussed...
- A formative evaluation of two evidence-based psychotherapies for PTSD in VA residential treatment programsJoan M Cook
Department of Psychiatry, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06516, USA
J Trauma Stress 26:56-63. 2013..Suggestions for improving the adoption of PE and CPT are noted, including distilling manualized treatments to essential common elements...
- Treating patients who strain the research psychotherapy paradigmJohn C Markowitz
Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University
J Nerv Ment Dis 200:594-7. 2012..Such heterogeneity of presentation may have implications for psychotherapy outcome in research trials. Despite lack of discussion in the literature, many trials may face such issues...
- The effect of counterconditioning on evaluative responses and harm expectancy in a fear conditioning paradigmAn K Raes
Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
Behav Ther 43:757-67. 2012..The present data suggest that counterconditioning procedures might be a promising approach in diminishing evaluative learning and even expectancy learning in the context of fear conditioning...
- The role of emotion in PTSD: two preliminary studiesMick J Power
Edinburgh University, Scotland, UK
Behav Cogn Psychother 41:162-72. 2013..Two studies are presented that highlight the role of emotion in PTSD in which we examine what emotions in addition to anxiety may be present...
- The use of virtual reality in the study, assessment, and treatment of body image in eating disorders and nonclinical samples: a review of the literatureMarta Ferrer-García
Department of Personality, Assessment and Psychological Treatments, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Body Image 9:1-11. 2012..This article also discusses the implications of the results obtained and proposes directions for future research...
- Behavioral activation and therapeutic exposure: an investigation of relative symptom changes in PTSD and depression during the course of integrated behavioral activation, situational exposure, and imaginal exposure techniquesDaniel F Gros
Ralph H Johnson Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Charleston, SC 29401, USA
Behav Modif 36:580-99. 2012..Together, these findings provide preliminary support for BA-TE as a treatment for PTSD and depression, and highlight the utility of transdiagnostic treatments in addressing comorbidity and symptom overlap...
- A self-administered, mild form of exposure therapy for older adultsAdriel Boals
Department of Psychology, University of North Texas, Denton, TX, USA
Aging Ment Health 16:154-61. 2012..This effect was stronger for events that were either more recent or had elevated initial levels of distress. These findings suggest an alternative treatment for older adults who have experienced a stressful or traumatic event...
- Early intervention may prevent the development of posttraumatic stress disorder: a randomized pilot civilian study with modified prolonged exposureBarbara Olasov Rothbaum
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia
Biol Psychiatry 72:957-63. 2012..There are no accepted interventions delivered in the immediate aftermath of trauma. This study tested an early intervention aimed at modifying the memory to prevent the development of PTSD before memory consolidation...
- Feelings into words: contributions of language to exposure therapyKatharina Kircanski
University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Psychol Sci 23:1086-91. 2012..Additionally, greater use of anxiety and fear words during exposure was associated with greater reductions in fear responding. Thus, perhaps surprisingly, affect labeling may help to regulate aspects of emotion in a clinical context...
- Changes in facial electromyographic activity in spider-phobic girls after psychotherapyVerena Leutgeb
University of Graz, Department of Clinical Psychology, Universitätsplatz 2 III, A 8010 Graz, Austria
J Psychiatr Res 46:805-10. 2012..Results emphasize the role of disgust feelings in spider-phobic children and suggest that overall disgust proneness should also be targeted in therapy...
- A multi-site single blind clinical study to compare the effects of prolonged exposure, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing and waiting list on patients with a current diagnosis of psychosis and co morbid post traumatic stress disorder: study proPaul A J M de Bont
Mental Health Organization MHO GGZ Oost Brabant Land van Cuijk en Noord Limburg, Bilderbeekstraat 44, Boxmeer, 5831 CX, The Netherlands
Trials 14:151. 2013..Fourthly predictors, moderators, and mediators for treatment success will be explored. These include cognitions and experiences concerning treatment harm, credibility and burden in both participants and therapists...
- Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia as a preparatory treatment for exposure therapy for posttraumatic stress disorderJenna L Baddeley
Ralph H Johnson Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Charleston, SC 29401, USA
Am J Psychother 67:203-14. 2013..Findings support the safe and effective use of CBTi in patients with comorbid insomnia and PTSD to improve sleep and facilitate entry into exposure therapy for PTSD...
- Are exposure-based cognitive behavioral therapies safe during pregnancy?Joanna J Arch
Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
Arch Womens Ment Health 15:445-57. 2012..However, we also highlight critical questions for future research to directly test the biopsychological impact of exposure-based therapies among pregnant women...
- Automatic mechanisms for measuring subjective unit of discomfortD W I Hartanto
Delft University of Technology, Netherlands
Stud Health Technol Inform 181:192-6. 2012..Overall, dialogue dependent timing mechanism seems superior followed by the speech dependent and context independent timing mechanism...
- [Psychotherapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder: what is evidence based?]A K Külz
Abteilung für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Universitatsklinikum Freiburg, Freiburg, Deutschland
Nervenarzt 82:308-10, 312, 314-6, passim. 2011..To date, however, no other treatment approach has proven to be effective based on randomised controlled trials...
- RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BIO. AND PSYCH. CORRELATES OF PTSDEdna Foa; Fiscal Year: 2005..The resolution of these questions has important implications for understanding the pathophysiology of PTSD, and may provide insight into the mechanisms associated with successful psychological treatment for this disorder. ..
- FLUOXETINE & COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR THERAPY IN SOCIAL PHOBIAEdna Foa; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- Treating Adolescents with CSA-Related PTSDEdna B Foa; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- NALTREXONE AND CBT FOR PATIENTS WITH ALCOHOLISM AND PTSDEdna Foa; Fiscal Year: 2008..Therefore the findings from this study will be highly credible and should impact significantly on treatment recommendations for this impaired population. ..
- Emotional Mechanisms /Blood-Injection-Injury PhobiaOlubunmi Olatunji; Fiscal Year: 2004..This research will provide an important contribution to the understanding of the emotions that mediate BII phobia, thus potentially providing a foundation for incorporating effective treatment strategies. ..
- REVAMP Follow-up Study RenewalBarbara Rothbaum; Fiscal Year: 2008....
- Virtuality Reality Cue Exposure for Crack CocaineBarbara Rothbaum; Fiscal Year: 2003..The long-term objectives to be achieved in Phase II include the development and testing of the treatment of crack cocaine dependence using VR cue exposure therapy in a controlled design. ..
- Translational Research on Extinction and PTSDBarbara Rothbaum; Fiscal Year: 2005..Currently, no such interventions with proven efficacy exist. ..
- Cognitive Enhancer May Facilitate Behavioral ExposureBarbara O Rothbaum; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Assessment of Appearance and Performance Enhancing Drug UseThomas Hildebrandt; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Neural Mechanisms of Compulsive HoardingDavid Tolin; Fiscal Year: 2009..We will use cutting-edge data analytic procedures to examine patterns of interrelated neural activation as well as the time course of activation across the decision making process. ..
- Combination Treatment for PTSD After the WTC AttackFranklin Schneier; Fiscal Year: 2008..Findings may enhance public health through the study of maximization of treatment response for this serious and common psychiatric disorder. ..
- Dissemination of empirically-supported psychotherapiesJoan Cook; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Imaging the Serotonin System in Obsessive-Compulsive DisorderHelen Simpson; Fiscal Year: 2009..Data from this study will advance our understanding of the brain mechanisms of OCD and help build a neurobiological foundation for the development of better treatments for this disabling condition. ..
- Addressing Fear of Food in Anorexia NervosaJoanna Steinglass; Fiscal Year: 2009..This grant proposes a new and innovative treatment for patients with anorexia nervosa, which if successful, will reduce this high relapse rate and could have implications for acute treatment of anorexia nervosa, as well. ..
- Social Anxiety Disorder and Emotion RegulationTODD KASHDAN; Fiscal Year: 2007..Findings could ultimately lead to the development of more effective intervention efforts. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal Treatment StudyJohn Piacentini; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Coping with the Threat of TerrorBrett Litz; Fiscal Year: 2007..Our results will provide tools to study the way people cope with unprecedented worries about future terror, which will greatly enhance the public health response to terror. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- BEHAVIOR THERAPY FOR CHILDHOOD OCDJohn Piacentini; Fiscal Year: 2002..The impact of baseline functioning, including family context, and initial change over time on treatment outcome will also be systematically evaluated. ..
- IMPROVING THE OUTCOME OF PATIENTS WITH OCDHelen Simpson; Fiscal Year: 2004..The long-term goal of this work is to improve the outcome of patients with OCD. ..
- Prospective MRI Study of Hippocampal Volume in PTSD-IIARIEH SHALEV; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Stepped Care for Obsessive-Compulsive DisorderDavid Tolin; Fiscal Year: 2008..However, because of the novelty of this approach extensive protocol development and pilot research via this R34 application is needed before the program can be truly operational. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Skills Training /Exposure in Childhood Abuse PTSDMarylene Cloitre; Fiscal Year: 2006..We will also assess the feasibility of each treatment as measured by dropout rates and the presence of adverse effects as measured by symptom worsening over the course of treatment. ..
- Efficacy of Written Disclosure for Trauma SurvivorsDENISE SLOAN; Fiscal Year: 2004..Further, initial emotional engagement and habituation of emotion is anticipated to be significantly related to symptom improvements at follow-up for the disclosure participants. ..
- Prevention of PTSD by Early TreatmentARIEH SHALEV; Fiscal Year: 2008..Repeated telephone evaluations will assess treatment effectiveness. The study will generate vital knowledge about the feasibility and the effectiveness of secondary prevention of PTSD in large cohorts of survivors. ..
- Neural circuitry of submissive behavior and treatment response in social anxietyFranklin Schneier; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Enhancing CBT Adherence in Refractory Obsessive Compulsive Disorder with MIHelen Simpson; Fiscal Year: 2008..During Years 2 and 3, we will conduct an open trial of this EX/RP+MI intervention in 24 EX/RP-resistant OCD outpatients who had a poor response to prior EX/RP treatment. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Emotional-Processing in Borderline Personality DisorderBrett Litz; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Augmented Treatment of Specific Phobias in ChildrenThomas H Ollendick; Fiscal Year: 2010..It will provide valuable information about the disorder, its treatment, and the moderators of treatment outcome. This efficacy trial will lay the foundation for an effectiveness trial. ..
- Treatment of Late-Life Anxiety in a Primary Care SettingGretchen Brenes; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Dopamine function in social phobia & related conditionsFranklin Schneier; Fiscal Year: 2006..Better understanding of the neurocircuitry associated with GSP holds promise for improving diagnosis and treatment strategies. ..
- Behavior Therapy for Children with Chronic Tic DisordersJohn Piacentini; Fiscal Year: 2007..The Yale Infomatics group will provide data management services. ..
- Virtual Reality Treatment of PTSD and Substance AbuseJoAnn Difede; Fiscal Year: 2006..This project will focus on the use of the configurable virtual reality environments in the treatment of chronic PTSD following the World Trade Center (WTC) attack of September 11, 2001. ..
- Behavior Therapy for Adults with Tourette SyndromeSabine Wilhelm; Fiscal Year: 2009..The Informatics group at Yale University will provide data management services. ..
- Process as a predictor of Outcomes in CBT for YouthPHILIP KENDALL; Fiscal Year: 2004..It is hypothesized that non-completers will have the experienced lower levels of alliance, flexibility, and involvement. ..
- Pharmacotherapy Relapse Prevention in Body Dysmorphic DisorderSabine Wilhelm; Fiscal Year: 2009..This study will yield unique and clinically important data, and will fill gaps in knowledge about this relatively common, severe, and understudied illness. ..
- Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal Treatment StudyPHILIP KENDALL; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- ONE-SESSION TREATMENT FOR SPECIFIC PHOBIAS IN CHILDRENThomas Ollendick; Fiscal Year: 2004..Effectiveness studies in "real-world" clinical settings (Hoagwood, Hibbs, Brent, and Jensen, 1995) await results of this more laboratory-based controlled trial. ..
- CHILD AND FAMILY THERAPY FOR ANXIETY-DISORDERED YOUTHPHILIP KENDALL; Fiscal Year: 2004..Examinations of clinical significance, predictors of treatment outcome, and differential responsiveness to the two treatments will be conducted. ..
- COGNITIVE THERAPY IN OBSESSSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDERSabine Wilhelm; Fiscal Year: 2002..Using a combined sample of 30 patients we will study the influence of a small number of possible predictors of posttest outcome. ..
- CBT Treatment Development for Body Dysmorphic DisorderSabine Wilhelm; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..