trail making test

Summary

Summary: The subject's ability to connect 25 numbered and lettered circles in sequence in a specific length of time. A score of 12 or below is suggestive of organic brain damage.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The Trail Making Test: a study in focal lesion patients
    D T Stuss
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre, 3560 Bathurst St, Toronto, Ontario M6A 2E1, Canada
    Psychol Assess 13:230-9. 2001
  2. ncbi Corpus callosum atrophy, white matter lesions, and frontal executive dysfunction in normal aging and Alzheimer's disease. A community-based study: the Tajiri Project
    Kenichi Meguro
    Division of Neuropsychology, Department of Disability Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan
    Int Psychogeriatr 15:9-25. 2003
  3. ncbi An fMRI study of the Trail Making Test
    Konstantine K Zakzanis
    Department of Life Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Neuropsychologia 43:1878-86. 2005
  4. ncbi Discrepancy of performance among working memory-related tasks in autism spectrum disorders was caused by task characteristics, apart from working memory, which could interfere with task execution
    Takayuki Nakahachi
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka Second Police Hospital, Suita, Osaka, Japan
    Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 60:312-8. 2006
  5. ncbi Trail Making Test A and B: normative data stratified by age and education
    Tom N Tombaugh
    Psychology Department, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, Ont, Canada K1S 5B6
    Arch Clin Neuropsychol 19:203-14. 2004
  6. pmc Trail Making Test errors in normal aging, mild cognitive impairment, and dementia
    Lee Ashendorf
    Edith Nourse Rogers Memorial Veterans Hospital, Bedford, MA, United States
    Arch Clin Neuropsychol 23:129-37. 2008
  7. ncbi The trail making test, part B: cognitive flexibility or ability to maintain set?
    Kathleen Bechtold Kortte
    Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston 29401 5799, USA
    Appl Neuropsychol 9:106-9. 2002
  8. ncbi The cerebral correlates of set-shifting: an fMRI study of the trail making test
    Jorge Moll
    LABS Rede D Or, Grupo de Neuroimagem e Neurologia do Comportamento, D Or Hospital, RJ Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Arq Neuropsiquiatr 60:900-5. 2002
  9. ncbi Construct validity of the Trail Making Test: role of task-switching, working memory, inhibition/interference control, and visuomotor abilities
    I Sánchez-Cubillo
    Brain Damage Service Network, Hospital Aita Menni, Bilbao, Spain
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 15:438-50. 2009
  10. ncbi Trail making test, part B as a measure of executive control: validation using a set-switching paradigm
    K Arbuthnott
    Department of Psychology, University of Regina, Regina, SK, Canada
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 22:518-28. 2000

Detail Information

Publications224 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The Trail Making Test: a study in focal lesion patients
    D T Stuss
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre, 3560 Bathurst St, Toronto, Ontario M6A 2E1, Canada
    Psychol Assess 13:230-9. 2001
    The relationship of the Trail Making Test (TMT) to the frontal lobes was tested by comparing patients with damage to the frontal and nonfrontal regions to control participants...
  2. ncbi Corpus callosum atrophy, white matter lesions, and frontal executive dysfunction in normal aging and Alzheimer's disease. A community-based study: the Tajiri Project
    Kenichi Meguro
    Division of Neuropsychology, Department of Disability Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan
    Int Psychogeriatr 15:9-25. 2003
    ..We investigated the relationship between CC atrophy, WMH, and hippocampal atrophy, together with frontal executive dysfunction in both normal aging and AD...
  3. ncbi An fMRI study of the Trail Making Test
    Konstantine K Zakzanis
    Department of Life Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Neuropsychologia 43:1878-86. 2005
    This study investigated the cerebral correlates of the Trail Making Test (TMT), used commonly as a measure of frontal lobe function...
  4. ncbi Discrepancy of performance among working memory-related tasks in autism spectrum disorders was caused by task characteristics, apart from working memory, which could interfere with task execution
    Takayuki Nakahachi
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka Second Police Hospital, Suita, Osaka, Japan
    Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 60:312-8. 2006
    ..For this purpose, the Advanced Trail Making Test (ATMT) was used...
  5. ncbi Trail Making Test A and B: normative data stratified by age and education
    Tom N Tombaugh
    Psychology Department, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, Ont, Canada K1S 5B6
    Arch Clin Neuropsychol 19:203-14. 2004
    Normative data for the Trail Making Test (TMT) A and B are presented for 911 community-dwelling individuals aged 18-89 years. Performance on the TMT decreased with increasing age and lower levels of education...
  6. pmc Trail Making Test errors in normal aging, mild cognitive impairment, and dementia
    Lee Ashendorf
    Edith Nourse Rogers Memorial Veterans Hospital, Bedford, MA, United States
    Arch Clin Neuropsychol 23:129-37. 2008
    The objective of the present study was to provide normative data for Trail Making Test (TMT) time to completion and performance errors among cognitively normal older adults, and to examine TMT error rates in conjunction with time scores ..
  7. ncbi The trail making test, part B: cognitive flexibility or ability to maintain set?
    Kathleen Bechtold Kortte
    Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston 29401 5799, USA
    Appl Neuropsychol 9:106-9. 2002
    The Trail Making Test (TMT) is a well-established test sensitive to impairment in multiple cognitive domains...
  8. ncbi The cerebral correlates of set-shifting: an fMRI study of the trail making test
    Jorge Moll
    LABS Rede D Or, Grupo de Neuroimagem e Neurologia do Comportamento, D Or Hospital, RJ Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Arq Neuropsiquiatr 60:900-5. 2002
    The trail making test (TMT) pertains to a family of tests that tap the ability to alternate between cognitive categories. However, the value of the TMT as a localizing instrument remains elusive...
  9. ncbi Construct validity of the Trail Making Test: role of task-switching, working memory, inhibition/interference control, and visuomotor abilities
    I Sánchez-Cubillo
    Brain Damage Service Network, Hospital Aita Menni, Bilbao, Spain
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 15:438-50. 2009
    The aim of this study was to clarify which cognitive mechanisms underlie Trail Making Test (TMT) direct and derived scores...
  10. ncbi Trail making test, part B as a measure of executive control: validation using a set-switching paradigm
    K Arbuthnott
    Department of Psychology, University of Regina, Regina, SK, Canada
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 22:518-28. 2000
    Recent controversy surrounds the use of the Trail Making Test as a measure of cognitive flexibility, given that the Trail Making Test, Part B (TMT-B) also differs from Part A (TMT-A) in factors of motor control and perceptual complexity...
  11. pmc Poor trail making test performance is directly associated with altered dual task prioritization in the elderly--baseline results from the TREND study
    Markus A Hobert
    Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, Department of Neurodegeneration, Center of Neurology, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany
    PLoS ONE 6:e27831. 2011
    ..To disentangle these options we investigated the associations between Trail Making Test performance--which specifically measures cognitive flexibility and working memory--and dual task costs, a ..
  12. ncbi Are trail making and color trails tests of equivalent constructs?
    T M Lee
    The University of Hong Kong, China
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 22:529-34. 2000
    The Color Trails Test (CTT) was developed as a culturally fair analogue of the Trail Making Test (TMT). This study examined the equivalence of these two tests for Chinese individuals in Hong Kong...
  13. ncbi Trail Making Test: normative data for Turkish elderly population by age, sex and education
    Banu Cangoz
    Hacettepe University, Department of Psychology, Turkey
    J Neurol Sci 283:73-8. 2009
    b>Trail Making Test (TMT) is a neuropsychological test, which has parts A and B that can precisely measure executive functions, like complex visual-motor conceptual screening, planning, organization, abstract thinking and response ..
  14. ncbi Age differences in timed accurate stepping with increasing cognitive and visual demand: a walking trail making test
    Neil B Alexander
    Department of Internal Medicine, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 60:1558-62. 2005
    ..We compared healthy young and older adults in the time taken to step accurately under conditions of increasing cognitive and visual demand...
  15. ncbi Administration and interpretation of the Trail Making Test
    Christopher R Bowie
    Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, 1425 Madison Ave, Box 1230, New York, New York 10029, USA
    Nat Protoc 1:2277-81. 2006
    ..The Trail Making Test is an accessible neuropsychological instrument that provides the examiner with information on a wide range ..
  16. pmc Resistance training and executive functions: a 12-month randomized controlled trial
    Teresa Liu-Ambrose
    BrainResearch Centre, Centre for Hip Health and Mobility, Vancouver Coastal Research Institute, Department of Physical Therapy, University of British Columbia 357 2647 Willow St, Vancouver, BC V5Z 3P1, Canada
    Arch Intern Med 170:170-8. 2010
    ..We compared the effect of once-weekly and twice-weekly resistance training with that of twice-weekly balance and tone exercise training on the performance of executive cognitive functions in senior women...
  17. ncbi Executive function correlates with walking speed in older persons: the InCHIANTI study
    Alesandro Ble
    Longitudinal Studies Section, Clinical Research Branch, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, Maryland
    J Am Geriatr Soc 53:410-5. 2005
    ..To study the association between performance on psychological tests of executive function and performance on lower extremity tasks with different attentional demands in a large sample of nondemented, older adults...
  18. ncbi Assessing mental flexibility: neuroanatomical and neuropsychological correlates of the Trail Making Test in elderly people
    Joukje M Oosterman
    Radboud University Nijmegen, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Clin Neuropsychol 24:203-19. 2010
    The Trail Making Test part B (TMT-B) is highly sensitive to age-related changes in the brain and cognitive function...
  19. ncbi Variability of trail making test, symbol digit test and line trait test in normal people. A normative study taking into account age-dependent decline and sociobiological variables
    Piero Amodio
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Padova, Italy
    Aging Clin Exp Res 14:117-31. 2002
    ..Even less is known about the reliability at re-testing. This study aimed at determining the reference range of these tests, taking into account sociobiological variables and age, and the re-testing effect...
  20. ncbi Trail making across languages
    T M Lee
    Department of Psychology, The University of Hong Kong
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 22:772-8. 2000
    ..The measures adopted were the Color Trails Test (CTT) and the Trail Making Test (TMT), the former being the culturally fair analogue of the latter...
  21. ncbi Spanish Multicenter Normative Studies (NEURONORMA Project): norms for verbal span, visuospatial span, letter and number sequencing, trail making test, and symbol digit modalities test
    Jordi Peña-Casanova
    Section of Behavioral Neurology and Dementias, Hospital del Mar, Institut Municipal d Assistència Sanitària, Barcelona, Spain
    Arch Clin Neuropsychol 24:321-41. 2009
    ..instruments: verbal span (digits), visuospatial span (Corsi's test), letter-number sequencing (WAIS-III), trail making test, and symbol digit modalities test...
  22. pmc The oral trail making test: effects of age and concurrent validity
    Marty Mrazik
    University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Arch Clin Neuropsychol 25:236-43. 2010
    The oral version of the Trail Making Test (OTMT) is a neuropsychological measure that provides an assessment of sequential set-shifting without the motor and visual demands of the written TMT (WTMT)...
  23. ncbi Demographic characteristics and normative observations for derived-trail making test indices
    Daniel L Drane
    Department of Neurology, Regional Epilepsy Center, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington 98104 2499, USA
    Neuropsychiatry Neuropsychol Behav Neurol 15:39-43. 2002
    The Trail Making Test (TMT) is a psychomotor task that is used routinely in clinical evaluations and consists of two parts: TMT-A and TMT-B...
  24. ncbi [Normative data on tests for frontal lobe functions: Trail Making Test, Verbal fluency, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (Keio version)]
    Mitsuyo Abe
    Division of Neuropsychology, Department of Disability Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 2 1 Seiryo machi, Aoba ku, Sendai 980 8575, Japan
    No To Shinkei 56:567-74. 2004
    b>Trail Making Test (TMT Part A, B), Verbal fluency test (phonemic, semantic) and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (Keio version : KWCST) are useful to evaluate frontal lobe functions and are commonly used in clinical settings...
  25. ncbi [Spanish normative studies in a young adult population (NEURONORMA young adults Project): norms for the verbal span, visuospatial span, Letter-Number Sequencing, Trail Making Test and Symbol Digit Modalities Test]
    F Tamayo
    Grupo de Neurología de la Conducta y Demencias, Programa de Neurociencias, Instituto de Investigación Hospital del Mar IMIM, Barcelona, Espana
    Neurologia 27:319-29. 2012
    Verbal and visuospatial span, Letter-Number Sequencing, Trail Making Test, and Symbol Digit Modalities Test are frequently used in clinical practice to assess attention, executive functions and memory.
  26. pmc The Shape Trail Test: application of a new variant of the Trail making test
    Qianhua Zhao
    Department of Neurology, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
    PLoS ONE 8:e57333. 2013
    The Trail making test (TMT) is culture-loaded because of reliance on the Latin alphabet, limiting its application in Eastern populations. The Shape Trail Test (STT) has been developed as a new variant...
  27. pmc Trail Making Test A improves performance characteristics of the International HIV Dementia Scale to identify symptomatic HAND
    Thep Chalermchai
    SEARCH, The Thai Red Cross AIDS Research Center, Bangkok, Thailand
    J Neurovirol 19:137-43. 2013
    ..3 %; specificity, 89.8 %). Trail Making Test A was most effective in improving performance characteristics when combined with the IHDS, with net ..
  28. ncbi Association between the Trail Making Test and physical performance in elderly Japanese
    Chika Hirota
    Department of Hygiene and Public Health, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine, Osaka Medical College, Osaka, Japan
    Geriatr Gerontol Int 10:40-7. 2010
    The Trail Making Test (TMT) is used in Western countries as an indicator of executive function, but there is little information regarding its use in Japan...
  29. ncbi Trail making test B and brain perfusion imaging in mild cognitive impairment and mild Alzheimer's disease
    Seishi Terada
    Department of Neuropsychiatry, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, Japan
    Psychiatry Res 213:249-55. 2013
    The trail making test (TMT) has long been used to investigate deficits in cognitive processing speed and executive function in humans. However, there are few studies that elucidate the neural substrates of the TMT...
  30. ncbi A normative study of the Trail Making Test in Korean elders
    Eun Hyun Seo
    Interdisciplinary Program of Cognitive Science, Seoul National University, and Department of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Research Institute, Seoul University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 21:844-52. 2006
    The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of age, education and gender on the performance of the Trail Making Test (TMT) and provide normative information in Korean elders.
  31. ncbi The Trail Making Test as an initial screening procedure for neuropsychological impairment in older children
    Ralph M Reitan
    Reitan Neuropsychology Laboratory, P O Box 66080, Tucson, AZ 85728 6080, USA
    Arch Clin Neuropsychol 19:281-8. 2004
    ..Part B of the Trail Making Test was selected as the instrument for investigation...
  32. ncbi How effective is the Trail Making Test (Parts A and B) in identifying cognitively impaired drivers?
    Bonnie M Dobbs
    Family Medicine, University of Alberta, 205 8215 112 Street, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2C8
    Age Ageing 42:577-81. 2013
    ..g. Mini-Mental State Examination, Trail Making Test (TMT), to assist in the identification of cognitively impaired (CI) at-risk drivers...
  33. ncbi Identification of three factors influencing trail making test performance using multichannel near-infrared spectroscopy
    Chie Takeda
    Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan
    Tohoku J Exp Med 223:103-12. 2011
    ..e., an impaired ability to plan and perform behaviors based on prior knowledge. The Trail Making Test (TMT) is a cognitive task that is used to evaluate higher brain dysfunction caused by frontal lobe injury...
  34. ncbi Activation during the Trail Making Test measured with functional near-infrared spectroscopy in healthy elderly subjects
    Katja Hagen
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases DZNE, Tuebingen, Germany Graduate School of Neural and Behavioural Sciences, Tuebingen, Germany Electronic address
    Neuroimage 85:583-91. 2014
    ..functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) in 16 healthy elderly subjects (50-75 years) performing the Trail Making Test (TMT), a widely used neuropsychological instrument measuring executive function...
  35. ncbi A comparison of normative data for the Trail Making Test from several countries: equivalence of norms and considerations for interpretation
    Alberto L Fernandez
    Department of Neuropsychology, Catholic University of Cordoba, Argentina
    Scand J Psychol 49:239-46. 2008
    The Trail Making Test may not be equivalent across cultures, i.e., differences in the scores across different cultures may not reveal real differences in the ability of the subjects on the construct being measured...
  36. ncbi Psychometric characteristics and practice effects of the Brunswick Trail Making Test
    Bruno Kopp
    Department of Neurology, Municipal Hospital, Braunschweig Research Institute of Cognitive Neurology, Technical University of Braunschweig
    Percept Mot Skills 107:707-33. 2008
    ..Estimates of internal consistency of the resulting test scores of the Brunswick Trail Making Test yielded acceptable values (.91 and .90)...
  37. ncbi Clinical utility of the trail making test ratio score
    Thomas A Martin
    University of Missouri Columbia, Columbia, Missouri, USA
    Appl Neuropsychol 10:163-9. 2003
    It has been suggested that a ratio score of part B to part A of the Trail Making Test (TMT) may have clinical utility as a measure of cognitive efficiency and/or dissimulation...
  38. ncbi Regional brain metabolism as the predictor of performance on the Trail Making Test in schizophrenia. A 18FDG PET covariation study
    Jiri Horacek
    Centre of Neuropsychiatric Studies, Prague Psychiatric Center, Prague, Czech Republic
    Neuro Endocrinol Lett 27:587-94. 2006
    ..in schizophrenia we evaluated the relationship between resting brain metabolism and performance on the Trail Making Test (TMT)...
  39. ncbi The Trail Making Test and its neurobehavioral components
    Esther L Misdraji
    Miami VA Healthcare System, Miami, FL 33125 1693, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 32:159-63. 2010
    This study investigates the neurobehavioral components involved in Trail Making Test (TMT; Parts A and B) performance and their relation to MMPI-2 measures of anxiety and depression...
  40. ncbi The validity of the Color Trail Test in the pre-driver assessment of individuals with acquired brain injury
    Adina Hartman-Maeir
    The School of Occupational Therapy The Faculty of Medicine Hadassah and the Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
    Brain Inj 22:994-8. 2008
    ..To examine the validity of the Color Trails Test (CTT), a culture- fair analogue of the Trails Test, in the pre-driver assessment of individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI)...
  41. ncbi The use of the Color Trails Test in the assessment of driver competence: preliminary report of a culture-fair instrument
    Seth Elkin-Frankston
    Behavioral Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 330 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Arch Clin Neuropsychol 22:631-5. 2007
    Studies have shown that the Trail Making Test (TMT) predicts real-world driving performance in individuals who have cognitive deficits...
  42. ncbi Frontal cortex activation associated with speeded processing of visuospatial working memory revealed by multichannel near-infrared spectroscopy during Advanced Trail Making Test performance
    Takayuki Nakahachi
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Psychiatry, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, D3 2 2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565 0871, Japan
    Behav Brain Res 215:21-7. 2010
    ..an index of frontal activation in 52 measurement points (channels) on the frontal area during the Advanced Trail Making Test (ATMT), a tool used to assess VSWM...
  43. ncbi Demographic influences on baseline and derived scores from the trail making test in healthy older Australian adults
    Robert L Hester
    School of Psychological Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Clin Neuropsychol 19:45-54. 2005
    ..data from 363 community-dwelling older adults (60-89 years) is presented in relation to performance on the Trail Making Test. Age and years of education were identified as significantly impacting on performance...
  44. ncbi Interpreting the trail making test following traumatic brain injury: comparison of traditional time scores and derived indices
    Rael T Lange
    Riverview Hospital, British Columbia, Canada
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 27:897-906. 2005
    ..was to examine the clinical application of traditional time scores and various derived indices from the Trail Making Test (TMT) in a sample of 571 patients with acute traumatic brain injury (TBI)...
  45. pmc Predictors of decision-making on the Iowa Gambling Task: independent effects of lifetime history of substance use disorders and performance on the Trail Making Test
    Danielle Barry
    Department of Psychiatry MC 3944, University of Connecticut Health Center, 263 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, CT 06030, USA
    Brain Cogn 66:243-52. 2008
    ..131 with lifetime history of SUD and 37 controls) completed the IGT and two neuropsychological tests: the Trail Making Test and the Controlled Oral Word Association Test...
  46. pmc Trail Making Test predicts physical impairment and mortality in older persons
    Rosamaria Vazzana
    Department of Medicine and Sciences of Aging, Laboratory of Clinical Epidemiology, University G D Annunzio, Chieti, Italy
    J Am Geriatr Soc 58:719-23. 2010
    To examine whether performance in the Trail Making Test (TMT) predicts mobility impairment and mortality in older persons.
  47. ncbi Trail Making Test in traumatic brain injury, schizophrenia, and normal ageing: sample comparisons and normative data
    J A Periáñez
    Institut Universitari d Investigacio en Ciencies de la Salut IUNICS, Baleares, Spain
    Arch Clin Neuropsychol 22:433-47. 2007
    The Trail Making Test (TMT) has been a useful assessment tool to investigate executive function...
  48. ncbi Trail making test errors and executive function in schizophrenia and depression
    Roderick K Mahurin
    Department of Radiology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Clin Neuropsychol 20:271-88. 2006
    The Trail Making Test (TMT) frequently is used as a measure of executive cognitive function...
  49. pmc Genetic architecture of the Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System Trail Making Test: evidence for distinct genetic influences on executive function
    Terrie Vasilopoulos
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, University of Chicago, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Neuropsychology 26:238-50. 2012
    To examine how genes and environments contribute to relationships among Trail Making Test (TMT) conditions and the extent to which these conditions have unique genetic and environmental influences.
  50. ncbi Test review-Comprehensive Trail Making Test (CTMT)
    James A Moses
    VA Palo Alto Health Care System, CA 94304 1207, USA
    Arch Clin Neuropsychol 19:703-8. 2004
  51. ncbi Increase in prefrontal cortex blood flow during the computer version trail making test
    Masako Kubo
    Graduate School of Health Sciences, Okayama University, Okayama, Japan
    Neuropsychobiology 58:200-10. 2008
    ..in both oxygenated hemoglobin (oxyHb) and deoxygenated hemoglobin (deoxyHb) during the paper version Trail Making Test (TMT), a neuropsychological test for evaluating cognitive and executive functions...
  52. ncbi Trail Making Test in assessing children with reading disabilities: a test of executive functions or content information
    V Narhi
    Niilo Maki Institute, Department of Psychology, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Percept Mot Skills 84:1355-62. 1997
    ..on Part A, Part B, and on an experimental version containing alphabetical series (Part A Alphabetic) of the Trail Making Test was studied with 19 children with reading disabilities and 34 controls from Grades 4 to 6...
  53. ncbi An analysis of an older driver evaluation program
    Bonnie Kantor
    Office of Geriatrics and Gerontology, College of Health Sciences, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 52:1326-30. 2004
    ..To identify elements of an older driver evaluation program that predict driving performance in older adults...
  54. ncbi Using the Trail Making test to screen for cognitive impairment in a drug abuse treatment sample
    C Roberts
    Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Rockwall II Building, Suite 840, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857, USA
    Int J Neurosci 109:273-80. 2001
    The Trail Making test (TMT) is a brief paper and pencil neuropsychological test often used for screening for cognitive impairment...
  55. ncbi Demographic effects on the Trail Making Test in hallucinogen abusers
    C Roberts
    Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Rockwall II Building, Suite 840, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, Md. 20857, USA
    Int J Neurosci 110:91-7. 2001
    Demographic effects on the Trail Making test (TMT), a test often used for screening for cognitive impairment, were reexamined in a sample of hallucinogen abusers in drug abuse treatment programs...
  56. ncbi Is impaired set-shifting an endophenotype of anorexia nervosa?
    Joanna Holliday
    Division of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
    Am J Psychiatry 162:2269-75. 2005
    ....
  57. ncbi Cognitive deficits associated with restless legs syndrome (RLS)
    Virginia E Pearson
    Dept of Psychology and Brain Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Sleep Med 7:25-30. 2006
    ..e. involving mostly pre-frontal cortical (PFC) functioning...
  58. ncbi Intact emotion-induced recognition bias in neuropsychological patients with executive control deficits
    Sabine Windmann
    Johann Wolfgang Goethe University of Frankfurt, Institute of Psychology, Mertonstrasse 17, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 6:270-6. 2006
    ..However, these effects were uncorrelated with executive control, as measured by the Trail Making Test, and were fully intact, even in a sample of hospitalized neurological patients with severe executive ..
  59. ncbi Mayo's Older Americans Normative Studies: Age- and IQ-Adjusted Norms for the Trail-Making Test, the Stroop Test, and MAE Controlled Oral Word Association Test
    Brett A Steinberg
    Comprehensive Neuropsychological Services, P C, Cheshire, CT 06410, USA
    Clin Neuropsychol 19:329-77. 2005
    ..Dodrill, 1997, 1999). Tables of age- and IQ-adjusted percentile equivalents of MOANS age-adjusted TMT, Stroop, and COWAT scores are presented for eleven age ranges and seven IQ ranges...
  60. ncbi Executive functions and methylphenidate response in subtypes of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
    Gillian A O'Driscoll
    Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Biol Psychiatry 57:1452-60. 2005
    ..Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is thought to implicate frontal-striatal circuitry. We used oculomotor tests to investigate executive functions and methylphenidate response in two subtypes of ADHD...
  61. ncbi Relations among intelligence, executive function, and P300 event related potentials in schizophrenia
    Gabriel S Dichter
    Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 194:179-87. 2006
    ..These results suggest diagnostic group differences in the association between P300 and IQ and indicate that investigations designed to explore P300-IQ relations should include measures of executive functioning in their models...
  62. ncbi Cognitive dysfunction in advanced heart failure and prospective cardiac assist device patients
    Ralph J Petrucci
    College of Medicine, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19102, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 81:1738-44. 2006
    ..It is also not clear how intravenous inotropic therapy and mechanical cardiac assist devices (MCAD) affect cognitive function...
  63. ncbi Attention in selective mutism--an exploratory case-control study
    Beate Oerbeck
    Centre for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Eastern and Southern Norway, Norway
    J Anxiety Disord 22:548-54. 2008
    ..A neuropsychological test (the Trail Making Test) and parental ratings of attention- and anxiety problems were administered to a clinical sample of 23 ..
  64. ncbi Internet-based cognitive testing in multiple sclerosis
    M Younes
    Departments of Neurology and Neuroscience, Newark, NJ 07103, USA
    Mult Scler 13:1011-9. 2007
    ..We conclude that the CSI, because of its availability over the Internet, has great potential as a tool for screening and follow up of cognitive function in multiple sclerosis...
  65. ncbi Social Cognition and Interaction Training (SCIT) for inpatients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders: preliminary findings
    Dennis R Combs
    University of Tulsa, Department of Psychology, 600 South College Ave Tulsa, OK 74104, USA
    Schizophr Res 91:112-6. 2007
    ..Importantly, this change was independent of changes in clinical symptoms over time and supports the unique role of SCIT in improving social cognitive deficits in schizophrenia...
  66. ncbi Does depression precede or follow executive dysfunction? Outcomes in older primary care patients
    Xingjia Cui
    Geriatrics Psychiatry program, Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 164:1221-8. 2007
    ..The authors sought to test the potentially reciprocal relationships between depression and executive dysfunction in older patients over time...
  67. ncbi Cannabis abuse is associated with decision-making impairment among first-episode patients with schizophrenia-spectrum psychosis
    I Mata
    University Hospital Marques de Valdecilla, Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain
    Psychol Med 38:1257-66. 2008
    ....
  68. ncbi Blood pressure is associated with cognitive impairment in young hypertensives
    Ravi Gupta
    Department of Psychiatry, S M S Medical College, Jaipur, India
    World J Biol Psychiatry 9:43-50. 2008
    ..The present study was conducted to assess the effects of duration of hypertension, systolic hypertension, diastolic hypertension, drug compliance and class-of-drug on cognitive functions...
  69. pmc The Maudsley early onset schizophrenia study: cognitive function over a 4-year follow-up period
    Sophia Frangou
    Section of Neurobiology of Psychosis, London, SE5 8AF, UK
    Schizophr Bull 34:52-9. 2008
    ..control index scores from the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised but relative improvement in Part A of the Trail Making Test. Patients' level of symptomatology as well as the type and dose of medication were comparable at both time ..
  70. ncbi A four-year prospective study of cognitive functioning in Huntington's disease
    Julianna Ward
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 12:445-54. 2006
    ..e., Trail Making Test, Part A)...
  71. pmc Association between mild anemia and executive function impairment in community-dwelling older women: The Women's Health and Aging Study II
    Paulo H M Chaves
    Center on Aging and Health and Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 54:1429-35. 2006
    ..To evaluate the relationship between mild anemia and executive function in community-dwelling older women...
  72. ncbi Executive deficits in psychotic and bipolar disorders - implications for our understanding of schizoaffective disorder
    Andrei Szoke
    INSERM, U 841, F 94000 Creteil, France
    Eur Psychiatry 23:20-5. 2008
    ..The study of cognitive deficits in subjects with those diagnoses could help differentiate between these possibilities...
  73. ncbi Blood glucose levels before and after cognitive testing in diabetes mellitus
    Natalie Galanina
    Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, North Chicago, Illinois 60064, USA
    Exp Aging Res 34:152-61. 2008
    ..This brief and inexpensive test of changes in glucose levels has potential clinical implications for assessing cognitive status in DM...
  74. ncbi Exploring the validity of the comprehensive trail making test
    Steven R Smith
    Department of Counselling, Clinical, and School Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 9490, USA
    Clin Neuropsychol 22:507-18. 2008
    The present study is the first independent investigation of the Comprehensive Trail Making Test (CTMT; Reynolds, 2002) with both clinical and non-clinical samples...
  75. ncbi Neuropsychological correlates of error negativity and positivity in schizophrenia patients
    Myung Sun Kim
    Department of Psychology, Sungshin Women s University, Seoul, Korea
    Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 60:303-11. 2006
    ..In addition, the Ne amplitude, measured at Fcz was positively correlated with the Trail Making Test (TMT), part B response time, and the categories achieved on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) in ..
  76. ncbi Improvement of neurocognitive function after protected carotid artery stenting
    Wolfgang Mlekusch
    Department of Internal Medicine II, Division of Angiology, Medical University Vienna, Vienna, Austria
    Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 71:114-9. 2008
    ..To investigate the effect of protected carotid artery stenting on neurocognitive function with particular consideration of the angiographic filling of the ipsilateral anterior cerebral artery (ACA)...
  77. ncbi Indicators of genetic liability to schizophrenia: a sibling study of neuropsychological performance
    Judy L Thompson
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, 4207 Sennott Square, 210 S Bouquet St, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Schizophr Bull 31:85-96. 2005
    ....
  78. ncbi Anxiety and trail making test scores in a sample of cocaine abusers
    Charles Roberts
    Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Rockville, Maryland, USA
    Int J Neurosci 113:747-57. 2003
    Anxiety effects on the Trail Making test (TMT), a test often used for screening for cognitive impairments, were examined in a sample of cocaine abusers in drug abuse treatment programs...
  79. ncbi Executive function in sleep apnea: controlling for attentional capacity in assessing executive attention
    Edwin Verstraeten
    Department of Cognitive and Physiological Psychology, Lab for CAS Research Cognition, Neuropsychology and Sleep, Vrije Universiteit Free University Brussels, Belgium
    Sleep 27:685-93. 2004
    ....
  80. ncbi Executive function in young Colombian adults
    David A Pineda
    University of San Buenaventura, University of Antioquia, Medellin, Colombia
    Int J Neurosci 113:397-410. 2003
    ..An executive function assessment battery was applied and which included: Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), Trail Making Test (TMT) A and B, verbal fluency test (FAS) by phonologic and semantic cues, and Stroop's conflict word/color ..
  81. pmc Effects of acute tryptophan depletion on executive function in healthy male volunteers
    Peter Gallagher
    Stanley Research Centre, School of Neurology, Neurobiology and Psychiatry, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 4LP, UK
    BMC Psychiatry 3:10. 2003
    ....
  82. ncbi Definite malingered neurocognitive dysfunction in moderate/severe traumatic brain injury
    Kevin J Bianchini
    Department of Psychology, University of New Orleans, New Orleans, LA 70148, USA
    Clin Neuropsychol 17:574-80. 2003
    ..These cases represent the first definitive evidence of an intentional effort to appear impaired in the context of documented moderate/severe traumatic brain injury...
  83. ncbi Behavioral Dyscontrol Scale deficits among traumatic brain injury patients, part II: Comparison to other measures of executive functioning
    Yana Suchy
    Department of Psychology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 0251, USA
    Clin Neuropsychol 17:492-506. 2003
    The clinical utility of the Behavioral Dyscontrol Scale (BDS) was compared to that of verbal fluency, the Trail Making Test, and the Stroop Color-Word Test, as well as measures of processing speed/cognitive efficiency and manual ..
  84. ncbi Trail making and olfaction in schizophrenia: implications for processing speed
    Nora Goudsmit
    Department of Medical Genetics, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA
    CNS Spectr 9:344-9, 356. 2004
    ..Previous research has established a relationship between smell identification deficits (SID) and particular aspects of cognitive function among patients with schizophrenia...
  85. ncbi Impaired Trail-Making Test-B performance in patients with acute schizophrenia is related to inefficient sequencing of planning and acting
    Wolfgang Wolwer
    Department of Psychiatry, Heinrich Heine University, Bergische Landstrasse 2, POB 12 05 10, D 40605 Düsseldorf, Germany
    J Psychiatr Res 36:407-16. 2002
    ..In order to investigate the functional basis of the frequently described deficits of schizophrenia patients in Trail Making Test B (TMT-B) performance, the performance process was analyzed based on the interaction of eye and hand ..
  86. ncbi Orthography and the hemispheres: visual and linguistic aspects of letter processing
    Zohar Eviatar
    Institute of Information Processing and Decision Making, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
    Neuropsychology 18:174-84. 2004
    ..The results support the hypothesis that the right hemisphere of skilled Arabic readers cannot distinguish between similar Arabic letters, whereas the left hemisphere can...
  87. ncbi Effects of past noninjection drug abuse upon executive function and working memory in HIV infection
    Michael R Basso
    Department of Psychology, University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK 74104, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 25:893-903. 2003
    ..main effects of HIV status were found on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, Ruff Figural Fluency Test, Trail Making Test B, and total number of impaired performances...
  88. ncbi Neuropsychological performance in HIV/AIDS intravenous drug users
    E Vazquez-Justo
    Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychobiology, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 25:852-65. 2003
    ....
  89. ncbi Insight and its relationship to violent behavior in patients with schizophrenia
    Peter F Buckley
    Department of Psychiatry, Medical College of Georgia, 1515 Pope Ave, Augusta, GA 30912, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 161:1712-4. 2004
    ..Lack of insight affects the management of schizophrenia. The interrelationship between lack of insight and illness attributes in patients with schizophrenia who commit violent acts is important and underresearched...
  90. ncbi Assessment of cognitive recovery following sports related head trauma in boxers
    Lisa D Ravdin
    Department of Neurology and Neurosciences, Weill Medical College of Cornell University and New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York 10021, USA
    Clin J Sport Med 13:21-7. 2003
    ..To prospectively examine recovery of cognitive function within one month following subconcussive sports related head trauma...
  91. ncbi Derived trail making test indices in a sample of narcotic/other opiate abusers: demographic effects
    Arthur MacNeill Horton
    Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Rockwall II Building, Suite 840, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857, USA
    Int J Neurosci 112:1075-84. 2002
    Derived indices on the Trail Making Test (TMT), a test often used to screen for cognitive impairment, were examined in a sample of 191 narcotic/other opiate abusers in drug abuse treatment programs...
  92. ncbi Neuropsychological evaluation of higher functioning homeless persons: a comparison of an abbreviated test battery to the mini-mental state exam
    E A Gonzalez
    Division of Psychology, University of Miami School of Medicine/Jackson Memorial Hospital, UM/JMH, Mental Health Hospital Center, Florida 33136, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 189:176-81. 2001
    ..Performance on the Trail Making Test, Part B was especially impaired...
  93. ncbi Convergent validity and neuropsychological correlates of the schedule for the assessment of negative symptoms (SANS) attention subscale
    N P Vadhan
    Department of Psychology, Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York 11549, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 189:637-41. 2001
    ..The SANS attention subscale demonstrated both concurrent and discriminant validity. These data indicate that attentional dysfunction in schizophrenia can be meaningfully rated and interpreted using the SANS...
  94. ncbi Demographic effects on the Trail Making Test in amphetamine abusers
    C Roberts
    Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Rockwall II Building, Suite 840, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857, USA
    Int J Neurosci 110:181-7. 2001
    Demographic effects on the Trail Making Test (TMT), a test often used for screening for cognitive impairment, were examined in a sample of amphetamine abusers in drug abuse treatment programs...
  95. ncbi Demographic effects on the Trail Making Test in sedatives abusers
    C Roberts
    Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Rockwall II Building, Suite 840, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857, USA
    Int J Neurosci 110:189-95. 2001
    Demographic effects on the Trail Making test (TMT), a test often used to screen for cognitive impairment, were examined in a sample of sedatives abusers in drug abuse treatment programs...
  96. ncbi Citalopram versus sertraline in late-life nonmajor clinically significant depression: a 1-year follow-up clinical trial
    Paola Rocca
    Department of Neurosciences, Psychiatric Section, University of Turin, Via Cherasco, 11 10126 Turin, Italy
    J Clin Psychiatry 66:360-9. 2005
    ....
  97. ncbi Cognitive functions of young adults who survived childhood cancer
    S Winqvist
    Department of Neurology, Oulu University Hospital, Finland
    Appl Neuropsychol 8:224-33. 2001
    ....
  98. ncbi A longitudinal study of the evolution of cognitive function and affective state in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
    M Kilani
    CPCET et Pharmacologie Clinique, Institut de Neurosciences, Physiologiques et Cognitives, Faculte de Medecine, FRE 2109 CNRS Université de la Méditerranée, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Marseille Hôpital de la Timone, 13385 Marseille Cedex 5, France
    Amyotroph Lateral Scler Other Motor Neuron Disord 5:46-54. 2004
    ..The study aimed to evaluate cognitive function and emotional reactivity in 18 patients with ALS, compared to 19 matched controls, and assess their evolution over a 12-month period...
  99. ncbi Abstract reasoning in autism: a dissociation between concept formation and concept identification
    Nancy J Minshew
    Department of Neurology, Rambam Medical Center and University of Haifa, Israel
    Neuropsychology 16:327-34. 2002
    ..Stepwise discriminant function analyses revealed that 2 tests of concept formation correctly classified 78.4% of cases, whereas concept identification tasks did not pass the tolerance test...
  100. ncbi Rapid serial naming: relations between different stimuli and neuropsychological factors
    Vesa Narhi
    Niilo Maki Institute, University of Jyvaskyla, P O Box 35, Jyväskylä 40014, Finland
    Brain Lang 92:45-57. 2005
    ..The studies indicate: (1) that RSN tasks vary in their properties according to the stimuli used and according to the way the tasks are arranged, and (2) that RSN tasks are multi-componented...
  101. ncbi Derived trail making test indices in a sample of sedative abusers: demographic effects
    Charles Roberts
    Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Rockwall II Building, Suite 840, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857, USA
    Int J Neurosci 112:985-94. 2002
    Derived indices on the Trail Making test (TMT), a test often used to screen for cognitive impairment, were examined in a sample of 72 sedative abusers in drug abuse treatment programs...

Research Grants63

  1. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Neuropsychological Assessment of Children
    SARAH MATTSON; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Clarification of these dissociations will help define the profile of weaknesses and strengths in children with heavy prenatal alcohol exposure and help identify core deficits in this population. ..
  2. RCT of Two Speed of Processing Modes to Prevent Cognitive Decline in Older Adults
    FREDRIC DAVID WOLINSKY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..multidimensional assessment, including the Useful Field of View Test, the Symbol Digit Modalities Test, the Trail Making Test, the Controlled Oral Word Association Test, the Digit Vigilance Test, and the Stroop Color and Word Test...
  3. Beta-cell Function and Cognition in the Restoring Insulin Secretion (RISE) Study
    Suzanne Craft; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  4. A randomized controlled trial of a mindfulness based intervention for Gulf War Sy
    David J Kearney; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of pain, fatigue and cognitive failures, as well as objective measures of attention and memory (PASAT, Trail making test A/B, California verbal learning test, symbol digit coding and digit span test)...
  5. A D1 Agonist for Working Memory Enhancement in the Schizophrenia Spectrum
    Larry J Siever; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..change with DAR-0100A treatment will also be given: Benton Judgment of Line Orientation Test (JLOT) and the Trail Making Test-A. We hypothesize that: 1...
  6. The Effect of Vaporized Cannabis on Neuropathic Pain in Spinal Cord Injury
    BARTH LANCE WILSEY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..evaluated with the Digit Symbol Modalities Test, the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test, the Grooved Pegboard Test Trail Making Test and the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT) before and after the administration of vaporized ..
  7. RALOXIFENE EFFECTS ON COGNITION IN EARLY MENOPAUSE
    MARGARET UPCHURCH; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Digit span and Trail-Making Test performance, skills for which there is little evidence of an estrogen effect, will also be measured. ..
  8. Cognitive Impairment Influences Gait in Aging
    Bruno Giordani; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..shifting ability and it's relation to mobility will be explored in a complex walking task modeled after the Trail Making Test. Second, a two part study will investigate the extent of attention resources necessary for walking on a ..
  9. MCI & decisional capacity to provide informed consent
    Angela Jefferson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  10. Neurogenetics & Mild Cognitive Impairment
    Angela Jefferson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Furthermore, findings from the proposed pilot study will generate feasibility data for developing a future, large-scale neurogenetics research study. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. Cardiovascular disease and neurocognition in the elderly
    Angela Jefferson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  12. Biometric and Measured Genetic Research on Smoking
    Gary Swan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Such knowledge will confer new insights about the etiology and progression of smoking and should improve the current understanding of smoking, which is still largely descriptive. ..
  13. Impact of Smoking Cessation on Sleep
    Gary Swan; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results of this project will be particularly important for the development of targeted treatment approaches designed to ameliorate sleep disruption as part of an overall smoking cessation strategy. ..
  14. Cognitive Effects of Bariatric Surgery
    John Gunstad; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Determining these effects may impart key insight into the neurocognitive consequences of obesity and identify the most effective treatment options. ..
  15. PHARMACOKINETICS OF NICOTINE IN TWINS
    Gary Swan; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Ultimately, this knowledge may lead to more informed and more finely targeted treatment of individuals who are either susceptible to nicotine addiction or are already addicted to this substance. ..
  16. Informed Consent in People with Multiple Sclerosis
    Michael Basso; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Overall, the long-term goal of this research is to ensure that research participants with M.S. are treated in an ethical manner. ..
  17. CVD RISK FACTORS AND BRAIN MORPHOLOGY IN NHLBI TWINS
    Gary Swan; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  18. Treatment of Nicotine Dependence in Health Care Setting
    Gary Swan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  19. Health and Perceived Cognition in Post-CABG Patients
    John Gunstad; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..A better understanding of the factors contributing to subjective cognitive complaints may lead to improved patient care and reduced health care costs. ..
  20. Course of Functional Deficits in Late-Life Schizophrenia
    Philip Harvey; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  21. Stress, Distress Intolerance, and Drug Dependence
    Michael Otto; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  22. Genetics of Cognitive Decline Post Cancer Chemotherapy
    Tim Ahles; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. NEUROPSYCHOLOGY OF DEMENTIA WITH LEWY BODIES
    TANIS FERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This has implications for symptom management, development of treatment options and for providing education and support to DLB patients and their caregivers. ..
  24. VAS-COG 2007
    Donald Royall; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Many vascular cognitive disorders are preventable and potentially reversible. VAS-COG will provide a forum in which information on these important conditions can be exchanged and disseminated. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. Blood-based lipid biomarkers reflective of Alzheimer-associated neurodegeneration
    Michelle Mielke; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. Maintaining Exercise and Healthy Eating in Older Adults
    Phillip G Clark; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Particular attention has focused on exercise and diet as having the most potential for achieving these aims. ..
  27. COGNITIVE TEST PERFORMANCE OF AFRICAN AMERICAN ELDERS
    Jennifer Manly; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. Taking Community Action Against Pain
    MANNEY REID; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..g., senior centers). [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Study of Carotid Occlusion and Neurocognition (RECON)
    RANDOLPH MARSHALL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  30. Oxidative Stress Markers and HIV Dementia
    Ned Sacktor; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We believe that oxidative stress plays a significant role in the development of HIV-D, and strategies to decrease oxidative stress may serve as a useful therapeutic target to treat HIV-D. ..
  31. Neurobehavioral Effects of HIV & Host Genetics in China
    Robert Heaton; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This increased understanding of the clinical significance of these complications and their determinants in China should better inform clinical management of affected populations. ..
  32. IMPROVEMENT OF VISUAL PROCESSING IN OLDER ADULTS
    Karlene K Ball; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Results of this study can be used to inform the design of clinic-based and home-based interventions for delaying or reversing the physical and cognitive declines that accompany normal aging. ..
  33. CVD Predictors of Cognitive Function Trajectory over 20 Years
    Elizabeth L Barrett Connor; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This information is important given the aging of the population, the fact that CVD risk factors are modifiable, and because the maintenance of cognitive function is an essential component of healthy aging. ..
  34. Exercise, stress, and wound healing among older adults
    CHARLES FISKE EMERY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In turn, the results may have- implications for treating older adults who suffer dermal wounds or are recovering from surgery. ..
  35. NORMAL AGING OF BRAIN STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
    EDITH VIONI SULLIVAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Initiate longitudinal 4-year follow-up data collection to test hypotheses regarding selective accelerated deterioration of frontally-based brain systems in normal aging. ..
  36. Outcomes of Sleep Disorders in Older Men
    Elizabeth Barrett Connor; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We will also supplement the bank of MrOS specimens to allow for testing of future hypotheses concerning the role of sleep in the development of age-related diseases and conditions. ..
  37. DEEP BRAIN STIMULATION--COGNITION/MOTIVATION/MOOD IN PD
    Marjan Jahanshahi; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  38. Osteopuncture for OA-Associated Knee Pain & Disability
    Debra Weiner; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In addition, mechanisms of action will be explored, and the impact of osteopuncture on health care costs determined. ..
  39. Responsivity of homocysteine to behavioral stress
    Charles Emery; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  40. STAGE BASED HEALTH PROMOTION WITH THE ELDERLY
    Phillip Clark; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The 12-month intervention will include expert system generated reports, stage- based manual and newsletters and phone coaching. ..
  41. Neurocognitive Consequences of MDMA Use in HIV
    Mariana Cherner; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..It is anticipated that this pilot project will lead to a larger-scale, prospective investigation of the combined neurocognitive effects of HIV and MDMA. ..
  42. FUNCTIONAL IMPACT OF NEUROBEHAVIORAL IMPAIRMENTS IN HIV
    Robert Heaton; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  43. MECHANISMS UNDERLYING PSYCHOSOCIAL ASSOCIATIONS WITH IHD
    George Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  44. Effects of Aging on Executive Processes
    Timothy Salthouse; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..e., specific to individual variables or common to many variables) at which age-related influences operate on executive process variables. ..
  45. Retinoids and Substances of Abuse in HIV-1 Infection
    Walter Royal; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These studies will broaden our understanding of the immune effects of retinoid compounds in individuals with HIV infection, and may lead to effective approaches to the treatment of the infection and its complications with vitamin A...
  46. Cognitive Pathways to Disability
    Michelle Carlson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. Functional Impact of PENS for 65+ Chronic Low Back Pain
    Debra Weiner; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  48. Insular AD Pathology and Autonomic Function
    Donald Royall; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  49. Endogenous/Exogenous Sex Hormones & CHD Risk Factors
    Elizabeth Barrett Connor; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These observations may aid in deciding whether individual women should use HRT and, if so, which regimen would provide the most benefit with the least risk. ..
  50. Cognitive Brain Activity: Aging and Dementia
    Robert Chapman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Multivariate statistics are used to measure the ERP components and to develop functions that discriminate among the subject groups and predict AD among the MCI patients. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  51. Prenatal factors and risk of autism in a Finnish national birth cohort
    ALAN STEWART BROWN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  52. GENDER DIFFERENCES IN OSTEOPOROSIS
    Elizabeth Barrett Connor; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  53. METHYLPHENIDATE TREATMENT AND PRENATAL ALCOHOL EXPOSURE
    SARAH MATTSON; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Knowledge gained from this research will help to provide a more rational basis for the treatment of the well-documented attentional problems in these children. ..
  54. Context Effects in De Novo Fear Conditioning in Humans
    Michael Otto; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  55. Implementing a Cognitive/Exercise Therapy for Back Pain in The Community Setting
    MANNEY REID; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Elaine Wethington), and geriatric physical therapy and instructional development and evaluation (Dr.Katherine Beissner), and are highly qualified to conduct the planned research. ..
  56. COMT Genotype and Risky Decision Making in HIV and Methamphetamine Dependence
    Mariana Cherner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Findings will add to the understanding of individual differences in response to risk-reduction interventions and have the potential to inform the tailoring of future interventions. ..
  57. IMPROVING EVERYDAY MEMORY IN AT RISK ELDERLY
    Graham J McDougall; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Data collections will occur over 27 months on five occasions with face-to-face interviews. Data analysis will include descriptive statistics, correlations, 2X5 MANOVA and hierarchical regressions. ..
  58. Development of blood lipid biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease progression
    Michelle Mielke; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..A major application would be as a surrogate or secondary outcome measure in clinical trials of emerging therapies for AD. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  59. CEREBELLAR STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION IN ALCOHOLISM
    Edith Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  60. Functional & Cognitive Impact of HIV in Spanish Speakers
    Mariana Cherner; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..