Genomes and Genes
Summary: Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.
Publications263 found, 100 shown here
- Claiming evidence from non-evidence: a reply to Morton and HarperEllen Bialystok
Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Dev Sci 12:499-501; discussion 502-3. 2009..The present paper points to weaknesses in their experimental design, analysis, and logic that together undermine their criticism of the conclusion that bilingualism is responsible for the reported group differences...
- The role of feature-number and feature-type in processing Hindi verb agreement violationsAndrew Nevins
Department of Linguistics, Harvard University, 317 Boylston Hall, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Brain Res 1164:81-94. 2007..This effect is attributed to the greater salience of the Person feature at multiple levels of representation...
- Anatomical correlates of sentence comprehension and verbal working memory in neurodegenerative diseaseSerena Amici
Memory and Aging Center, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 1207, USA
J Neurosci 27:6282-90. 2007..This study reconciles two opposing views, which hold that sentence comprehension and vWM rely on either the same or different anatomical resources...
- Severe receptive language disorder in childhood--familial aspects and long-term outcomes: results from a Scottish studyAnn Clark
Child Life and Health, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
Arch Dis Child 92:614-9. 2007....
- Neural networks essential for naming and word comprehensionMelissa Newhart
Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD, USA
Cogn Behav Neurol 20:25-30. 2007..Multivariate linear regression analysis indicated that the error rate on each task was best predicted by dysfunction in several perisylvian regions, with both common and distinct regions for the 3 tasks...
- Neural characteristics of successful and less successful speech and word learning in adultsPatrick C M Wong
The Roxelyn and Richard Pepper Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University Institute for Neuroscience, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
Hum Brain Mapp 28:995-1006. 2007..These results demonstrate an association between range of neural changes and degrees of language learning, specifically implicating the physiologic contribution of the left dorsal auditory cortex in learning success...
- Are specific language impairment and dyslexia distinct disorders?Hugh W Catts
Department of Speech Language Hearing, University of Kansas, Lawrence 66045, USA
J Speech Lang Hear Res 48:1378-96. 2005..The purpose of this study was to determine whether specific language impairment (SLI) and dyslexia are distinct developmental disorders...
- Lexical ambiguity resolution in Wernicke's area and its right homologueYuval Harpaz
Department of Psychology, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Cortex 45:1097-103. 2009....
- Predicted and observed outcomes in preschool children following speech and language treatment: parent and clinician perspectivesNancy Thomas-Stonell
Bloorview Research Institute, Bloorview Kids Rehab, 150 Kilgour Road, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
J Commun Disord 42:29-42. 2009..New outcome measures need to be based on actual observations of change by both parents and clinicians to ensure that they measure a sufficiently broad-based range of skills...
- Development of the FOCUS (Focus on the Outcomes of Communication Under Six), a communication outcome measure for preschool childrenNancy L Thomas-Stonell
Bloorview Research Institute affiliated with the University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
Dev Med Child Neurol 52:47-53. 2010....
- Word-category specific deficits after lesions in the right hemisphereBettina Neininger
Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, PO Box D25, 78457 Konstanz, Germany
Neuropsychologia 41:53-70. 2003..An account for these results in terms of distributed neuronal systems representing words is offered...
- Electrophysiological evidence for two steps in syntactic analysis. Early automatic and late controlled processesA Hahne
Max Plank Institute of Cogniive Neuroscience, InselstraBe 22 26, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
J Cogn Neurosci 11:194-205. 1999..This data pattern suggests that first-pass parsing processes are automatic, whereas second-pass parsing processes are under participants' strategic control...
- Family risk of dyslexia is continuous: individual differences in the precursors of reading skillMargaret J Snowling
Department of Psychology, University of York, Heslington, United Kingdom
Child Dev 74:358-73. 2003..The findings are interpreted within an interactive model of reading development in which problems in establishing a phonological pathway in dyslexic families may be compensated early by children who have strong language skills...
- Right anterior superior temporal activation predicts auditory sentence comprehension following aphasic strokeJenny Crinion
Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, London, UK
Brain 128:2858-71. 2005..In addition, they highlight the importance of the right anterior superior temporal cortex where the response was dissociated from that in the left posterior temporal lobe...
- Impaired speech repetition and left parietal lobe damageJulius Fridriksson
Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29208, USA
J Neurosci 30:11057-61. 2010....
- Neural regions essential for distinct cognitive processes underlying picture namingJessica DeLeon
Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
Brain 130:1408-22. 2007....
- Neural basis for sentence comprehension: grammatical and short-term memory componentsAyanna Cooke
Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 4283, USA
Hum Brain Mapp 15:80-94. 2002....
- Dynamics of language reorganization after strokeDorothee Saur
Department of Neurology, University Freiburg, Breisacher Strasse 64, 79106 Freiburg, Germany
Brain 129:1371-84. 2006..Thereafter, a normalization of activation is observed, possibly reflecting consolidation in the language system...
- Right hemisphere activation in recovery from aphasia: lesion effect or function recruitment?G Raboyeau
Pôle Neurosciences CHU Toulouse, Inserm UMR S825, IFR 96, Universités de Toulouse, Toulouse, France
Neurology 70:290-8. 2008..In particular, the right inferior frontal cortex might take part in lexical retrieval in patients presenting left-sided lesions involving the homologous area...
- Left and right basal ganglia and frontal activity during language generation: contributions to lexical, semantic, and phonological processesBruce Crosson
McKnight Brain Institute, University of Florida, Gainsville, USA
J Int Neuropsychol Soc 9:1061-77. 2003..Current findings establish roles for the left and the right basal ganglia in word generation. Hypotheses are discussed for future research to help refine our understanding of basal ganglia functions in language generation...
- Brain activation pattern during a verbal fluency test in healthy male and female volunteers: a functional magnetic resonance imaging studyE M Weiss
Department of Biological Psychiatry, Innsbruck University Clinics, Innsbruck, Austria
Neurosci Lett 352:191-4. 2003..Our data argue against genuine between-sex differences in cerebral activation patterns during lexical verbal fluency activities when confounding factors like performance differences are excluded...
- Brain activation patterns during a verbal fluency test-a functional MRI study in healthy volunteers and patients with schizophreniaElisabeth M Weiss
Department of Biological Psychiatry, Innsbruck University Clinics, Anichstrasse 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
Schizophr Res 70:287-91. 2004..These data indicate that high-functioning schizophrenia patients show a reduced language lateralization of the frontal cortex compared to healthy controls...
- Further defining the language impairment of autism: is there a specific language impairment subtype?Andrew J O Whitehouse
Department of Experimental Psychology, Oxford Study of Children s Communication Impairments, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3UD, United Kingdom
J Commun Disord 41:319-36. 2008..Further analyses suggested that the nonword repetition deficits experienced by some children with autism may arise when there is substantial impairment in multiple autistic domains...
- Infant discrimination of rapid auditory cues predicts later language impairmentApril A Benasich
Center for Molecular and Behavioral Neuroscience Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 197 University Avenue, Newark 07102, USA
Behav Brain Res 136:31-49. 2002..Further, these findings provide a temporal diagnostic window during which future language impairments may be addressed...
- Executive function on the Psychology Experiment Building Language testsBrian J Piper
Department of Behavioral Neuroscience, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA
Behav Res Methods 44:110-23. 2012..Together, these findings indicate that the PEBL tests provide valid and versatile new research tools for measuring executive functions...
- Is Broca's area involved in the processing of passive sentences? An event-related fMRI studySatoru Yokoyama
Graduate School of International Cultural Studies, Tohoku University, Kawauchi, Aoba ku, Sendai shi, Miyagi ken 980 8576, Japan
Neuropsychologia 45:989-96. 2007..Thus, our neuroimaging results suggest that deficits in the comprehension of passive sentences in Japanese aphasics are induced not by lesions to Broca's area, but to the left frontal operculum and/or the inferior parietal lobule...
- Bilateral brain regions associated with naming in older adultsLoraine K Obler
Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA
Brain Lang 113:113-23. 2010....
- The relationship between age, processing speed, working memory capacity, and language comprehensionGloria Waters
Boston University, Dept of Communication Disorders, 635 Commonwealth Ave, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Memory 13:403-13. 2005..The data are argued to provide evidence that the WM system used to structure sentences syntactically is separate from that used in other aspects of language comprehension...
- Revisiting the role of Broca's area in sentence processing: syntactic integration versus syntactic working memoryC J Fiebach
Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
Hum Brain Mapp 24:79-91. 2005..These data strongly suggest that Broca's area plays a critical role in syntactic working memory during online sentence comprehension...
- The acquisition of relative clause comprehension in Hebrew: a study of SLI and normal developmentNaama Friedmann
School of Education, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
J Child Lang 31:661-81. 2004..The syntactic impairment is interpreted as a selective deficit to non-canonical sentences that are derived by movement...
- Response and habituation of the amygdala during processing of emotional prosodySarah Wiethoff
Clinic for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Department of Neuroradiology, University of Tuebingen, Germany
Neuroreport 20:1356-60. 2009..Our results converge with earlier neuroimaging evidence investigating emotional vocalizations, and these neurobiological similarities suggest that the two forms of communication might have common evolutionary roots...
- Individual differences in anatomy predict reading and oral language impairments in childrenChristiana Leonard
Department of Neuroscience, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32605, USA
Brain 129:3329-42. 2006..Reading impaired children with and without comprehension deficits appear to occupy neuroanatomical domains on the opposite sides of normal...
- Abeta amyloid and glucose metabolism in three variants of primary progressive aphasiaGil D Rabinovici
Memory and Aging Center, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
Ann Neurol 64:388-401. 2008....
- Ameliorating children's reading-comprehension difficulties: a randomized controlled trialPaula J Clarke
University of York, York YO10 5DD, United Kingdom
Psychol Sci 21:1106-16. 2010..We conclude that specific reading-comprehension difficulties reflect (at least partly) underlying oral-language weaknesses that can be effectively ameliorated by suitable teaching...
- Atypical functional lateralization of language in autism spectrum disordersNatalia M Kleinhans
Department of Radiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Brain Res 1221:115-25. 2008..Abnormal functional organization may contribute to the language impairment seen in ASD...
- Electrophysiological study of the basal temporal language area: a convergence zone between language perception and production networksAgnès Trébuchon-Da Fonseca
INSERM, U751, Marseille 13000, France
Clin Neurophysiol 120:539-50. 2009..e. reading or semantic task) or language production (speech arrest after stimulation). The objective of this study was to clarify the role of BTLA in the language network in an epileptic patient who displayed jargonaphasia...
- Speaking words in two languages with one brain: neural overlap and dissociationHongyan Liu
State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, 100875, PR China
Brain Res 1316:75-82. 2010..In addition, the conjunction analysis, for the first time, revealed the common neural correlates underlying picture naming in L1 and L2...
- Cortical activation and synchronization during sentence comprehension in high-functioning autism: evidence of underconnectivityMarcel Adam Just
Carnegie Mellon University, Center for Cognitive Brain Imaging, Department of Psychology, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Brain 127:1811-21. 2004..The article presents a theoretical account of the findings, related to neurobiological foundations of underconnectivity in autism...
- Same modulation but different starting points: performance modulates age differences in inferior frontal cortex activity during word-retrievalMarcus Meinzer
Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America
PLoS ONE 7:e33631. 2012..Group differences in the right vIFG activity were explained by performance accuracy which needs to be considered in future functional imaging studies of healthy and pathological aging...
- Exploring aphasic grammar. 2: Do language testing and conversation tell a similar story?Suzanne Beeke
Department of Human Communication Science, University College London, Chandler House, 2 Wakefield Street, London WC1N 1PF, UK
Clin Linguist Phon 17:109-34. 2003..It is suggested that language tests and conversation provide complementary but essentially different information about grammatical abilities...
- Fundamental deficits of auditory perception in Wernicke's aphasiaHolly Robson
Neuroscience and Aphasia Research Unit, University of Manchester, UK Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, UK
Cortex 49:1808-22. 2013....
- Estimating familial loading in SLI: a comparison of direct assessment versus parental interviewGina Conti-Ramsden
Human Communication and Deafness, School of Psychological Sciences, The University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
J Speech Lang Hear Res 49:88-101. 2006..The 2nd was the direct assessment of ability in immediate family using a battery of standardized verbal ability, language, and literacy assessments...
- Semantic integration in sentences and discourse: evidence from the N400J J van Berkum
Max Planck Insititute for Psycholinguistics, P O Box 310, 6500 AL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
J Cogn Neurosci 11:657-71. 1999....
- Halting aphasic interaction: creation of intersubjectivity and spousal relationship in situTarja Aaltonen
Department of Social Research, University of Tampere, Finland
Commun Med 7:95-106. 2010....
- Paradigm design of sensory-motor and language tests in clinical fMRIMaria Engström
Center for Medical Image Science and Visualisation CMIV, Linköping University US, 581 85 Linkoping, Sweden
Neurophysiol Clin 34:267-77. 2004..However, combined task analysis (CTA) of several different tasks has been found to be more robust and reliable for clinical fMRI compared to separate task analysis...
- MRI analysis of an inherited speech and language disorder: structural brain abnormalitiesK E Watkins
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London Medical School, London, UK
Brain 125:465-78. 2002..These results thus provide further evidence of a relationship between the abnormal development of this nucleus and the impairments in oromotor control and articulation reported in the KE family...
- Speeded processing of grammar and tool knowledge in Tourette's syndromeMatthew Walenski
Brain and Language Lab, Department of Neuroscience, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057 1464, USA
Neuropsychologia 45:2447-60. 2007..The frontal/basal-ganglia abnormalities may thus lead not only to tics, but also to a wider range of rapid behaviors, including the cognitive processing of rule-governed forms in language and other types of procedural knowledge...
- Component skills of text comprehension in less competent Chinese comprehendersChe Kan Leong
Department of Educational Psychology and Special Education, University of Saskatchewan, 28 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Sask, S7N 0X1, Canada
Ann Dyslexia 57:75-97. 2007..The results, however, suggest differential role of the constructs and the tasks in reading comprehension and provide some answers for comprehension impairment in Chinese students...
- Exploring the outcomes of a novel computer-assisted treatment program targeting expressive-grammar deficits in preschoolers with SLIKarla N Washington
Child Language Laboratories, School of Communication Sciences and Disorders, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
J Commun Disord 44:315-30. 2011..This program was specifically designed with features to directly address expressive-grammar difficulties, thought to be associated with hypothesized deficits in verbal working memory (VWM)...
- Lexical competition in nonnative speech comprehensionIan FitzPatrick
Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
J Cogn Neurosci 22:1165-78. 2010..e., before a single lexical candidate could have been selected based on the input) and secondly suggest that spuriously elicited L1 lexical candidates are not available for semantic integration in L2 speech comprehension...
- Contribution of discourse and morphosyntax skills to reading comprehension in Chinese dyslexic and typically developing childrenPakey Pui Man Chik
Faculty of Education, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N T, Hong Kong, People s Republic of China
Ann Dyslexia 62:1-18. 2012..It was concluded that discourse and morphosyntax skills are particularly important for reading comprehension in the non-inflectional and topic-prominent Chinese system...
- Building vocabulary knowledge and phonological awareness skills in children with specific language impairment through hybrid language intervention: a feasibility studyNatalie Munro
Discipline of Speech Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
Int J Lang Commun Disord 43:662-82. 2008..This study also reports on two novel, experimental assessments that were developed to expand options for measuring changes in lexical skills in children...
- Processing and linguistic markers in young children with specific language impairment (SLI)Gina Conti-Ramsden
Human Communication and Deafness, School of Education, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
J Speech Lang Hear Res 46:1029-37. 2003..Finally, stepwise discriminant analysis revealed nonword repetition and past tense marking to be the best markers for identifying young children with SLI...
- Topographical functional connectivity pattern in the perisylvian language networksHua Dong Xiang
Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Nijmegen, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Cereb Cortex 20:549-60. 2010....
- Clinicopathological and imaging correlates of progressive aphasia and apraxia of speechKeith A Josephs
Department of Neurology, Division of Movement Disorders and Behavioral Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905
Brain 129:1385-98. 2006..Refining the classification of the degenerative aphasias and AOS may be necessary to improve our understanding of the relationships among behavioural, pathological and imaging correlations...
- Neural correlates of letter-string length and lexicality during reading in a regular orthographyT N Wydell
Department of Human Sciences, Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex, UK
J Cogn Neurosci 15:1052-62. 2003..The later lexicality and length effects apparently reflect converging lexico-semantic and phonological influences, and are discussed in terms of dual-route and single-route connectionist models of reading...
- Word retrieval learning modulates right frontal cortex in patients with left frontal damageValeria Blasi
Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Neuron 36:159-70. 2002..Furthermore, responses in left occipital cortex are abnormal and not modulated by practice. These findings indicate that frontal cortex is a source of top-down signals during learning...
- Reducing bias in language assessment: processing-dependent measuresT Campbell
Children s Hospital of Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA
J Speech Lang Hear Res 40:519-25. 1997....
- Assessing component language deficits in the early detection of reading difficulty riskHeather K J van der Lely
Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
J Learn Disabil 43:357-68. 2010..The article reports on a screening test of these language abilities for preschool or young school-aged children that identifies those at risk for literacy problems and in need of further assessment...
- Effects of native language and training on lexical tone perception: an event-related potential studyEdith Kaan
University of Florida, Linguistics, Box 115454, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
Brain Res 1148:113-22. 2007..English speakers are more sensitive to early pitch differences, whereas native speakers of Mandarin Chinese are more sensitive to the (later) pitch contour...
- Neural correlates of second-language word learning: minimal instruction produces rapid changeJudith McLaughlin
Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Guthrie Hall, Box 351525, Seattle, Washington 98195 1525, USA
Nat Neurosci 7:703-4. 2004..This occurred even while the learners performed at chance levels when making overt L2 word-nonword judgments, indicating that the early acquisition of some aspects of a new language may be overlooked by current behavioral assessments...
- Reading comprehension in children with specific language impairment: an examination of two subgroupsKatrina Kelso
Language, Speech and Learning Services, Perth, Australia
Int J Lang Commun Disord 42:39-57. 2007..A subgroup of these children may exhibit intact phonological and decoding skills. If so, they would resemble the children with specific reading comprehension difficulties (poor comprehenders) reported in the literature...
- The role of the anterior temporal lobes in the comprehension of concrete and abstract words: rTMS evidenceGorana Pobric
Neuroscience and Aphasia Research Unit, School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, UK
Cortex 45:1104-10. 2009..These results confirm that both TPs make a critical contribution to semantic processing, even for abstract concepts that do not have strong sensory representations...
- Language skills of profoundly deaf children who received cochlear implants under 12 months of age: a preliminary studyRichard T Miyamoto
Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
Acta Otolaryngol 128:373-7. 2008..This study demonstrated that children who receive a cochlear implant below the age of 2 years obtain higher mean receptive and expressive language scores than children implanted over the age of 2 years...
- Do women really have more bilateral language representation than men? A meta-analysis of functional imaging studiesIris E C Sommer
Department of Psychiatry, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584 CX, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Brain 127:1845-52. 2004..It is therefore not likely that differences in language lateralization underlie the general sex differences in cognitive performance, and the neuronal basis for these cognitive sex differences remains elusive...
- Hemispheric differences in processing the literal interpretation of idioms: converging evidence from behavioral and fMRI studiesNira Mashal
The Leslie and Susan Gonda Goldschmied Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center, Bar Ilan University, Israel
Cortex 44:848-60. 2008..We suggest that these RH areas are involved in semantic ambiguity resolution and in processing nonsalient meanings of conventional idiomatic expressions...
- Behavioural analysis of an inherited speech and language disorder: comparison with acquired aphasiaK E Watkins
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London Medical School, London, UK
Brain 125:452-64. 2002..Alternatively, the articulation deficit, which itself might give rise to a host of other language deficits, is separate from a more general verbal and non-verbal developmental delay...
- The Language Experience and Proficiency Questionnaire (LEAP-Q): assessing language profiles in bilinguals and multilingualsViorica Marian
Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, 2240 Campus Drive, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
J Speech Lang Hear Res 50:940-67. 2007..To develop a reliable and valid questionnaire of bilingual language status with predictable relationships between self-reported and behavioral measures...
- Prediction of pathology in primary progressive language and speech disordersV Deramecourt
Memory Clinic, EA 2691, CHRU Lille F 59037 Lille, France
Neurology 74:42-9. 2010..This study sought to characterize correlations between 1) the different clinical variants of primary progressive language and speech disorders and 2) the pathologic diagnosis...
- Early setting of grammatical processing in the bilingual brainIsabell Wartenburger
Department of Neurology, Charite, Humboldt University, Schumannstr 20 21, 10117 Berlin, Germany
Neuron 37:159-70. 2003..These findings support the view that both AOA and PL affect the neural substrates of second language processing, with a differential effect on grammar and semantics...
- Development of the Grammar and Phonology Screening (GAPS) test to assess key markers of specific language and literacy difficulties in young childrenHilary Gardner
Department of Human Communication Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
Int J Lang Commun Disord 41:513-40. 2006..The Grammar and Phonology Screening (GAPS) test was therefore designed as a short, reliable assessment of young children's language abilities...
- Hemispheric asymmetries in phonological processing of tones versus segmental unitsXiaojian Li
Research Center for Psychological Application, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, PR China
Neuroreport 21:690-4. 2010..This finding indicates that the cortical circuitry subserving lexical tones differs from that of consonants or rhymes...
- Meta-syntactic therapy using visual coding for children with severe persistent SLIS Ebbels
Moor House School, Mill Lane, Hurst Green, Oxted, Surrey, RH8 9AQ
Int J Lang Commun Disord 36:345-50. 2001..The results indicate that meta-syntactic therapy of grammatical rules, capitalizing on visual strengths, can improve both comprehension and production in secondary age children with severe persistent SLI...
- Neural correlates of orthographic and phonological consistency effects in childrenDonald J Bolger
Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA
Hum Brain Mapp 29:1416-29. 2008..In general, these results show that the influence of spelling-sound (and sound-spelling) correspondences on processing in fusiform gyrus develops as a function of skill...
- Conversational responsiveness in specific language impairment: evidence of disproportionate pragmatic difficulties in a subset of childrenD V Bishop
Department of Experimental Psychology, Oxford University, UK
Dev Psychopathol 12:177-99. 2000..The analytic methods developed for this project have promise for the study of pragmatic difficulties in other clinical groups...
- Is preschool language impairment a risk factor for dyslexia in adolescence?M Snowling
Department of Psychology, University of York, Heslington, UK
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 41:587-600. 2000..We argue that children's phonological difficulties place them at risk of literacy failure at the outset of reading and that later, impairments of other language skills compromise development to adult levels of fluency...
- Children with developmental language delay at 24 months of age: results of a diagnostic work-upAnke Buschmann
Department of Paediatric Neurology, Children s Hospital, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 150, Heidelberg, Germany
Dev Med Child Neurol 50:223-9. 2008..A proposal for a rational diagnostic work-up is presented...
- Brain responses to nouns, verbs and class-ambiguous words in contextK D Federmeier
Departments of Cognitive Science and Neurosciences, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0515, USA
Brain 123:2552-66. 2000....
- Early identification of language delay by direct language assessment or parent report?Steffi Sachse
Department for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatic and Psychotherapy, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat, Waltherstr 23, D 80337 München, Germany
J Dev Behav Pediatr 29:34-41. 2008..The goal of the study was to compare the accuracy and diagnostic power of a parent report measure and direct language assessment for early identification of children with language delay...
- Brain activation during sentence comprehension among good and poor readersAnn Meyler
Center for Cognitive Brain Imaging, Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Cereb Cortex 17:2780-7. 2007..It is proposed that the functioning of the cortical network underlying reading is dependent on a combination of interacting factors, including physiological maturation, neural integrity, skill level, and the nature of the task...
- Recruiting comparative crosslinguistic evidence to address competing accounts of agrammatic aphasiaA Beretta
Department of Linguistics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
Brain Lang 67:149-68. 1999..While the data on raising constructions extend the range of both the TDH and the DDH, the VS data suggest that modifications are required...
- Development of the Children's Communication Checklist (CCC): a method for assessing qualitative aspects of communicative impairment in childrenD V Bishop
MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 39:879-91. 1998..to assess aspects of communicative impairment that are not adequately evaluated by contemporary standardised language tests. These are predominantly pragmatic abnormalities seen in social communication, although other qualitative ..
- Noninvasive determination of language lateralization by functional transcranial Doppler sonography: a comparison with the Wada testS Knecht
Department of Neurology, University of Munster, Germany
Stroke 29:82-6. 1998..In the present study we investigated the validity of fTCD in determining the hemispheric dominance for language by direct comparison of fTCD with intracarotid amobarbital anesthesia (Wada test)...
- Language, social behavior, and the quality of friendships in adolescents with and without a history of specific language impairmentKevin Durkin
Department of Psychology, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK
Child Dev 78:1441-57. 2007..Longitudinal analyses identified early language difficulties as predictive of poorer friendship quality in adolescence...
- Early MEG activation dynamics in the left temporal and inferior frontal cortex reflect semantic context integrationYury Shtyrov
Medical Research Council, Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
J Cogn Neurosci 19:1633-42. 2007..Our results suggest that the earliest brain processes of semantic context integration can occur at approximately 100 msec after the onset of spoken words in the left inferior frontal and superior temporal cortex...
- Interactive focused stimulation for toddlers with expressive vocabulary delaysL Girolametto
University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
J Speech Hear Res 39:1274-83. 1996..The implications of these results are discussed with regard to the role of focused stimulation intervention for children with expressive vocabulary delays...
- A system for the diagnosis of specific language impairment in kindergarten childrenJ B Tomblin
University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA
J Speech Hear Res 39:1284-94. 1996....
- Event-related potentials elicited by spoken relative clausesH M Muller
Department of Cognitive Science, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla 92093 0515, USA
Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 5:193-203. 1997....
- The structure of verbal abilities in young and older adultsS Kemper
Gerontology Center, University of Kansas, Lawrence 66045, USA
Psychol Aging 16:312-22. 2001..The structure of verbal abilities in young and older adults is somewhat different, suggesting age differences in processing efficiency...
- Psycholinguistic markers for specific language impairment (SLI)G Conti-Ramsden
Human Communication and Deafness, School of Education, University of Manchester, UK
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 42:741-8. 2001....
- Verbal fluency patterns in two subgroups of patients with Alzheimer's diseaseNancy J Fisher
Geriatric Research, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Ontario, Canada
Clin Neuropsychol 18:122-31. 2004..These results support the loss theory in explaining the semantic deficit of LAD, and suggest that retrieval difficulties underlie the fluency problems of RAD...
- P600 related to rule violation in an arithmetic taskM Isabel Núñez-Peña
Department of Behavioral Sciences Methods, University of Barcelona Passeig Vall d Hebron, 171 08035, Barcelona, Spain
Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 18:130-41. 2004..Regarding this negative peak, although some possible explanations are drawn, further research needs to be carried out in order to gather more knowledge about it...
- Agrammatic comprehension caused by a glioma in the left frontal cortexRyuta Kinno
Department of Basic Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 3 8 1 Komaba, Meguro ku, Tokyo 153 8902, Japan
Brain Lang 110:71-80. 2009..LPMC-damaged patients had more profound deficits in the comprehension of object-initial scrambled sentences. These results establish that a lesion in L. F3op/F3t or L. LPMC is sufficient to cause agrammatic comprehension...
- The cortical dynamics of intelligible speechAlexander P Leff
Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, University College London, London, United Kingdom
J Neurosci 28:13209-15. 2008..Task-related, directional effects can now be incorporated into models of speech comprehension...
- Neuroimaging studies of word and pseudoword reading: consistencies, inconsistencies, and limitationsAndrea Mechelli
Institute of Neurology, London, UK
J Cogn Neurosci 15:260-71. 2003..Furthermore, (iii) they suggest that inconsistencies observed in the previous literature may result from effects arising from a small number of subjects only...
- The structure of language abilities at 4 years: a twin studyEssi Colledge
Social, Genetic, and Developmental Psychiatry Research Center, Institute of Psychiatry, London, England
Dev Psychol 38:749-57. 2002....
- Syllable congruency and word frequency effects on brain activationManuel Carreiras
Basque Center on Cognition, Brain and Language, Donostia, Spain
Hum Brain Mapp 30:3079-88. 2009..Thus, effects of lexical frequency and syllable-color congruency on brain activation show an important dissociation between lexical and sublexical processes during visual word recognition of multisyllabic words...
- Processing semantic anomalies in two languages: an electrophysiological exploration in both languages of Spanish-English bilingualsEva M Moreno
Department of Cognitive Science, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA
Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 22:205-20. 2005....
- Do phonologic and rapid automatized naming deficits differentially affect dyslexic children with and without a history of language delay? A study of Italian dyslexic childrenDaniela Brizzolara
Department of Developmental Neuroscience, IRCCS Stella Maris, viale del Tirreno 331 56018 Calambrone PI, Italy
Cogn Behav Neurol 19:141-9. 2006....
- Hypoperfusion of Wernicke's area predicts severity of semantic deficit in acute strokeA E Hillis
Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
Ann Neurol 50:561-6. 2001..left hemisphere stroke symptoms, with diffusion-weighted imaging, perfusion-weighted imaging, and detailed language tests. For 50 patients without infarct in Wernicke's area, we found a strong Pearson correlation between the rate of ..
- Vascular responses to syntactic processing: event-related fMRI study of relative clausesDavid Caplan
Neuropsychology Laboratory, Department of Neurology, Vincent Burnham 827, Massachusetts General Hospital, Fruit Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA
Hum Brain Mapp 15:26-38. 2002..This study shows that a hemodynamic response associated with processing the syntactically complex portions of a sentence can be localized to one part of the dominant perisylvian association cortex...
- GRAMMATICAL MORPHOLOGY IN SPECIFIC LANGUAGE IMPAIRMENTLaurence Leonard; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- MORPHOLOGICAL DEFICITS IN SPECIFIC LANGUAGE IMPAIRMENTLaurence Leonard; Fiscal Year: 2007..Such a finding could lead to a uniform theory of how language impairment might develop and persist among children acquiring English. ..
- Collaboration on Specific Language ImpairmentJAMES TOMBLIN; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- ERP & Behavioral Predictors of Language InterventionPaul Yoder; Fiscal Year: 2008..Multiple regression, multivariate permutation tests, and growth curve analyses will be used to test the research questions. Five years of funding are requested. ..
- EARLY COMMUNICATION INTERVENTION IN AUTISTIC CHILDRENPaul Yoder; Fiscal Year: 2004..Assessments of communication, vocabulary, and motor imitation will occur at the pre-treatment, port-treatment, and 6 month follow-up periods. Examiners and coders will be blind to treatment assignment. ..
- The Genetics of Specific Language ImpairmentJAMES TOMBLIN; Fiscal Year: 2009..The phenotypes and endophenotypes from these individuals will then be used in conjunction with the existing genotyping for additional genome-wide screens and further follow-up fine mapping studies. ..
- Word Learning in Children: Normal Development and Language ImpairmentHolly L Storkel; Fiscal Year: 2010..Thus, effective word learning instruction is critical in preventing reading and academic failure. Theoretically motivated diagnostic and treatment methods may minimize this risk. ..
- The Mental Lexicon of Children with Phonological DelaysHOLLY STORKEL; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- THE MENTAL LEXICON IN LANGUAGE ACQUISITIONHOLLY STORKEL; Fiscal Year: 2005..The findings to emerge hold potential for theories of word learning and the relationship between perception and production in language acquisition. ..
- DISCRIMINATING SLI AND APD IN SCHOOL-AGE CHILDRENCarol Miller; Fiscal Year: 2007..The results will form the foundation for further research employing larger, more stringently selected samples and both behavioral and electrophysiological measures. ..
- Pediatric Thought Disorder: Insights from NeuroimagingRochelle Caplan; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- The Development of Word MeaningKARLA MCGREGOR; Fiscal Year: 2007..It will also reveal sources of lexical deficits associated with SLI and autism, impairments affecting 7% and .3% of the U.S. population, respectively. ..
- THOUGHT DISORDER: A DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITY IN EPILEPSYRochelle Caplan; Fiscal Year: 2003..Weekly seizure frequency data will be obtained on a monthly basis from the parent during the 2 years. ..
- Cognitive Impairments in Parkinson's Disease and AgingMurray Grossman; Fiscal Year: 2006..Our data support a componential neurocognitive architecture consisting of dynamically interactive networks modified to process sentences depending on available resources and relative demand. ..
- Long-term Outcomes of Cochlear Implantation in Early ChildhoodAnn Geers; Fiscal Year: 2009..In addition we will document the incidence and outcomes associated with discontinued use of a cochlear implant. ..
- Neurology of Attention and Neglect-A Network ApproachMarek Marsel Mesulam; Fiscal Year: 2008..The results of these experiments will help to understand the neurological bases of spatial attention and may lead to more rational treatments of hemispatial neglect. ..
- GENOTYPE/PHENOTYPE CORRELATIONS IN WILLIAMS SYNDROMECAROLYN MERVIS; Fiscal Year: 2009..The findings will be of immediate use to practitioners who provide educational and therapeutic services to individuals with WS and their families. ..
- Neurochemical Challenge in Human Stroke RecoveryRONALD LAZAR; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Neural development of lexical processingJames Booth; Fiscal Year: 2007..This grant has implications for diagnosis and intervention in children with reading and language problems [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Child Spontaneous Language Use: Gene-Environment EffectsLAURA DETHORNE; Fiscal Year: 2009..Developing a more informed model of how genetic and environmental factors work together to yield language outcomes has important implications for developing programs and strategies that will facilitate child language ability. ..
- Effects of Intensity of Early Communication InterventionSTEVEN WARREN; Fiscal Year: 2009..Analyses will include t-tests, 2x2 ANOVA, and multi-level analysis (HLM). Multiple regression or ANCOVA will be used if statistical control of pre-treatment differences are necessary. Five years of funding is requested. ..
- Early literacy interventionLaura Justice; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Brain activation in developmental communication disorderJames Booth; Fiscal Year: 2004..This project will provide tasks, an experimental approach, and a method for evaluating differences between groups with communication disorders that could potentially be used as a diagnostic and intervention tool. ..
- EARLY IDENTIFICATION OF RISK FOR LANGUAGE DISORDERDonna Thal; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- RELATION BETWEEN ATTENTION AND LANGUAGE IN APHASIALaura Murray; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- EARLY DEVELOPMENT: WILLIAMS OR DOWN SYNDROME CHILDRENCAROLYN MERVIS; Fiscal Year: 2003..The research will have implications both for theoretical models of the relation between language and cognition and for the design of early cognitive and language intervention for children with developmental disabilities. ..
- Conceptual Processing in Alzheimer's DiseaseMurray Grossman; Fiscal Year: 2010..This work will help facilitate communication in the day-to-day care of patients with AD, and advance our understanding of a fundamental aspect of cognition. ..
- Influences on preschoolers' visual attention to printLaura Justice; Fiscal Year: 2004..e., questions and comments about pictures versus print, verbal versus nonverbal print cues) upon children's visual attention to print in this early literacy context. ..
- Receptive language skills in developmental language disorderELENA M PLANTE; Fiscal Year: 2010..Therefore, this research will provide a context for the development of improved intervention methods. ..
- Developmental Stuttering: MRI Studies in ChildrenAnne Foundas; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- SOCIAL COGNITION IN WILLIAMS SYNDROMEHELEN B TAGER FLUSBERG; Fiscal Year: 2010..This research program will not only advance our understanding of WS;it has the potential to influence developing theoretical models in the growing field of social cognitive neuroscience. ..
- Infants at Risk for Autism Spectrum Disorders or Language DelayHelen Tager Flusberg; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Child-Instruction Interactions Causal Effects on ReadingCAROL M CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2010..Moreover, this investigation will help to elucidate the causal links between instruction and children's oral language and reading growth. ..
- Early Language Development Within the Autism SpectrumSusan Ellis Weismer; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Partial Word Knowledge Growth in Children with LLDSTACY WAGOVICH; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- ASSESSING BILINGUAL PHONOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT IN YOUNG CHILDRENCarol Scheffner Hammer; Fiscal Year: 2009..Measures that accurately assess the needs of bilingual chidlren are critically important in order to assure accurate diagnosis of disorders in young children. ..
- Functional Neuroimaging Studies of Syntactic ComprehensionDavid Caplan; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Phenotype Assessment Tools:Bilingual(Spanish-English)ELIZABETH PENA; Fiscal Year: 2008..This application addresses this concern by working to develop an assessment protocol to improve identification of bilingual children with language impairment. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Psycholinguistic and Socioemotional Profiling of SLI and ADHDSean Redmond; Fiscal Year: 2008..Given the academic and social risks associated with misdiagnosis and the poor prognosis associated with untreated comorbidity, this research impacts upon several key public health concerns. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Diagnostic Markers of Language Impairment in BilingualsELIZABETH D PENA; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Disorders of Syntactic ComprehensionDAVID NORMAN CAPLAN; Fiscal Year: 2011..The results could have important consequences for howwe think of these disorders and the neural organization that supports these functions. ..
- RECEPTIVE SKILLS IN DEVELOPMENTAL LANGUAGE DISORDERElena Plante; Fiscal Year: 2007..Therefore, this research will provide a context for the development of improved intervention methods. ..
- Cognitive and neural mechanisms of quantifier interpretationEdith Kaan; Fiscal Year: 2007..In addition, results of this project may be used to test language disorders, and to track cognitive and neural reorganization in response to language rehabilitation therapies. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- LEXICAL DEFICIT--YOUNG CHILD W/ SPECIFIC LANG IMPAIRMENTShelley Gray; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Development and Evaluation of a Virtual Aphasia Clinici*Cynthia Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2006..If successful, this work will result in new directions for the management of speech and language disorders that incorporate and take advantage of advances in computer technology. ..
- Memory and Language in BilingualsViorica Marian; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- BILINGUAL CHILDREN'S USE OF SPANISH GENDER AGREEMENTRAQUEL ANDERSON; Fiscal Year: 2002..These results will also be utilized to extend the research to examine other Spanish grammatical aspects in similar populations. ..
- BILINGUAL PRESCHOOLERS--PRECURSORS TO LITERACYCarol Hammer; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- AN INVESTIGATION OF THE TRACE DELETION HYPOTHESISDavid Caplan; Fiscal Year: 2003..The position of the investigators is that this study will provide definitive evidence that the TDH is incorrect and that a more complex model of the functional neuroanatomy of syntactic processing is needed. ..
- SPECT RCBF IN LANGUAGE RECEPTIONEmily Tobey; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- EVALUATING GRAMMATICAL ASYNCHRONY IN CHILDREN WITH SLIPamela Hadley; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Language in Autism: Clinical and Basic StudiesHelen Tager Flusberg; Fiscal Year: 2006..These projects will be coordinated by a clinical and administrative core. ..
- NEURODEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME OF IN UTERO COCAINE EXPOSUREEmmalee Bandstra; Fiscal Year: 2006..AIM 3: To estimate the ameliorating or exacerbating effects of the caregiving, family, and community environment on neuropsychological, educational, and emotional/behavioral outcomes, and onset of high risk behaviors. ..
- ADAPTIVE MECHANISMS OF DEVELOPING BRAINLaura Ment; Fiscal Year: 2007..If the central hypothesis of our program is verified, then novel therapeutic approaches for the reduction of neurodevelopmental deficits in preterm infants may result...
- Effects of Fast ForWord on Language ProcessingMarc Fey; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Childhood Bilingualism & Developmental PsychopathologyCLAUDIO TOPPELBERG; Fiscal Year: 2006..We use standardized language tests and discourse analysis to measure first and second language, and a complex battery for language demand and ..
- Social and Affective Processes in AutismHelen Tager Flusberg; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Frontotemporal degeneration: a basis for clinical trialsDavid Knopman; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Cognitive-linguistic processing in L1 and L2Kathryn Kohnert; Fiscal Year: 2004..This explicit theoretical processing model of language learning by L2 learners with and without LI is needed in order to develop clinical measures which can be used to identify LI in the highly variable population of L2 learners. ..
- Working Memory and Brain Morphology in Dyslexia and ADHDMICHELLE KIBBY; Fiscal Year: 2006..Furthermore, earlier diagnosis will allow for earlier placement into intervention, and early intervention has been linked with better treatment outcome than intervention started later. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Diffuse optical brain imaging for stroke rehabilitationGary Strangman; Fiscal Year: 2007..Importantly, use of the DOT technology in such a research program is expected to enable the investigation of tasks and populations that are otherwise beyond the reach of existing brain imaging technologies. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Identify abnormal neurocognitive circuits in temporal lobe epilepsyJoseph Tracy; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- The influence semantics on syntactic analysis: fMRI studySharlene Newman; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Diffuse optical imaging of intracranial pressure changesGary Strangman; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Accounting for variations in parental speech and gestureMEREDITH ROWE; Fiscal Year: 2005..Finally, analysis of variance will be used to compare the two groups of parents on input measures. ..
- Biological Substrates for LanguageChristine Chiarello; Fiscal Year: 2006..Hence, the study of individual differences in uninjured populations can provide a critical bridge between the basic science of cerebral lateralization and its clinical application. ..
- GENETICS OF AD PARTIAL EPILEPSY WITH AUDITORY FEATURESRuth Ottman; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Production and perception of location in signed languageMARTHA TYRONE; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..