galvanic skin response

Summary

Summary: A change in electrical resistance of the skin, occurring in emotion and in certain other conditions.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Projecting sensations to external objects: evidence from skin conductance response
    K Carrie Armel
    Psychology Department, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 270:1499-506. 2003
  2. pmc A continuous measure of phasic electrodermal activity
    Mathias Benedek
    Department of Psychology, University of Graz, Austria
    J Neurosci Methods 190:80-91. 2010
  3. pmc Decomposition of skin conductance data by means of nonnegative deconvolution
    Mathias Benedek
    Institut fur Psychologie, Christian Albrechts Universitat zu Kiel, Kiel, Germany
    Psychophysiology 47:647-58. 2010
  4. ncbi Electrodermal responses: what happens in the brain
    Hugo D Critchley
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, Queen Square
    Neuroscientist 8:132-42. 2002
  5. ncbi Cardiovascular, electrodermal, and respiratory response patterns to fear- and sadness-inducing films
    Sylvia D Kreibig
    Department of Psychology, Swiss Center for Affective Sciences, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
    Psychophysiology 44:787-806. 2007
  6. ncbi Recall of fear extinction in humans activates the ventromedial prefrontal cortex and hippocampus in concert
    Mohammed R Milad
    Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, Massachusetts 02129, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 62:446-54. 2007
  7. ncbi Anxiety impairs decision-making: psychophysiological evidence from an Iowa Gambling Task
    Andrei C Miu
    Program of Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, Babes Bolyai University, 37 Republicii, Cluj Napoca, CJ 400015, Romania
    Biol Psychol 77:353-8. 2008
  8. ncbi Dissociable roles for the hippocampus and the amygdala in human cued versus context fear conditioning
    Andreas Marschner
    NeuroImage Nord, Department of Systems Neuroscience, University Medical Center Hamburg Eppendorf, D 20246 Hamburg, Germany
    J Neurosci 28:9030-6. 2008
  9. ncbi Learned fear of "unseen" faces after Pavlovian, observational, and instructed fear
    Andreas Olsson
    New York University, Meyer Hall Psychology C and P, New York, NY 10003, USA
    Psychol Sci 15:822-8. 2004
  10. ncbi Sex differences in emotion: expression, experience, and physiology
    A M Kring
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37240, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 74:686-703. 1998

Research Grants

  1. Emotion in Dementia
    Howard Rosen; Fiscal Year: 2004
  2. fMRI of Pain in Cannabis Dependence
    SRINIVASAN PILLAY; Fiscal Year: 2004
  3. The Neural Correlates of Effective Drug Prevention Messages
    David J Heeger; Fiscal Year: 2010
  4. Shared Vulnerabilities of Social Anxiety and Eating Disorders
    CHERI ALICIA LEVINSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
  5. Interfacing of Research Modalities in Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
    Bruce D McCandliss; Fiscal Year: 2010
  6. The ALS Locked-in Communicator
    Robert Schmidt; Fiscal Year: 2006
  7. Emotional Expression and Cancer Caregivers
    Shelby Langer; Fiscal Year: 2007
  8. Physical Activity Measurement in Older Adults
    Lisa Colbert; Fiscal Year: 2007
  9. Cocaine-induced Place Preference using Virtual Reality
    Robert Astur; Fiscal Year: 2006
  10. BEHAVIORAL TREATMENT OF MENOPAUSAL HOT FLASHES
    Robert Freedman; Fiscal Year: 2009

Detail Information

Publications256 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Projecting sensations to external objects: evidence from skin conductance response
    K Carrie Armel
    Psychology Department, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 270:1499-506. 2003
    ..These experiments demonstrate the malleability of body image and the brain's remarkable capacity for detecting statistical correlations in the sensory input...
  2. pmc A continuous measure of phasic electrodermal activity
    Mathias Benedek
    Department of Psychology, University of Graz, Austria
    J Neurosci Methods 190:80-91. 2010
    ..The quality and benefit of the proposed measure is demonstrated in an experiment with short interstimulus intervals as well as by means of a simulation study. The advances compared to previous decomposition methods are discussed...
  3. pmc Decomposition of skin conductance data by means of nonnegative deconvolution
    Mathias Benedek
    Institut fur Psychologie, Christian Albrechts Universitat zu Kiel, Kiel, Germany
    Psychophysiology 47:647-58. 2010
    ..Based on the result of single non-overlapped SCRs, response parameters can be estimated precisely as shown in a paradigm with varying inter-stimulus intervals...
  4. ncbi Electrodermal responses: what happens in the brain
    Hugo D Critchley
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, Queen Square
    Neuroscientist 8:132-42. 2002
    ..Moreover, such studies enable an understanding of mechanisms by which states of bodily arousal, indexed by EDA, influence cognition and bias motivational behavior...
  5. ncbi Cardiovascular, electrodermal, and respiratory response patterns to fear- and sadness-inducing films
    Sylvia D Kreibig
    Department of Psychology, Swiss Center for Affective Sciences, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
    Psychophysiology 44:787-806. 2007
    ..Findings are discussed in terms of the fight-flight and conservation-withdrawal responses and possible limitations of a valence-arousal categorization of emotion in affective space...
  6. ncbi Recall of fear extinction in humans activates the ventromedial prefrontal cortex and hippocampus in concert
    Mohammed R Milad
    Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, Massachusetts 02129, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 62:446-54. 2007
    ..The aim of the present study is to investigate the mediating anatomy of extinction recall in healthy humans...
  7. ncbi Anxiety impairs decision-making: psychophysiological evidence from an Iowa Gambling Task
    Andrei C Miu
    Program of Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, Babes Bolyai University, 37 Republicii, Cluj Napoca, CJ 400015, Romania
    Biol Psychol 77:353-8. 2008
    ..In particular, it offers an example of defective modulation of somatic signals, coupled with disrupted discrimination of advantageous and disadvantageous choices...
  8. ncbi Dissociable roles for the hippocampus and the amygdala in human cued versus context fear conditioning
    Andreas Marschner
    NeuroImage Nord, Department of Systems Neuroscience, University Medical Center Hamburg Eppendorf, D 20246 Hamburg, Germany
    J Neurosci 28:9030-6. 2008
    ..More importantly, a similar differential decay of activation was observed during context conditioning in the hippocampus, in agreement with a role of the hippocampus in the acquisition phase of human context fear conditioning...
  9. ncbi Learned fear of "unseen" faces after Pavlovian, observational, and instructed fear
    Andreas Olsson
    New York University, Meyer Hall Psychology C and P, New York, NY 10003, USA
    Psychol Sci 15:822-8. 2004
    ..However, whereas the observational-learning group also showed this effect, the instructed-learning group did not...
  10. ncbi Sex differences in emotion: expression, experience, and physiology
    A M Kring
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37240, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 74:686-703. 1998
    ..Results replicated those from Study 1, and gender role characteristics and family expressiveness moderated the relationship between sex and expressivity...
  11. ncbi Model-based analysis of skin conductance responses: Towards causal models in psychophysiology
    Dominik R Bach
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, University College London, London, UK
    Psychophysiology 50:15-22. 2013
    ..This review concludes by considering the theoretical implications for the field of psychophysiology and benefits for practical data analysis...
  12. ncbi Human striatal responses to monetary reward depend on saliency
    Caroline F Zink
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322 USA
    Neuron 42:509-17. 2004
    ..The present study provides evidence that the striatum's role in reward processing is dependent on the saliency associated with reward, rather than value or hedonic feelings...
  13. ncbi iCalm: wearable sensor and network architecture for wirelessly communicating and logging autonomic activity
    Richard Ribon Fletcher
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02142 1479, USA
    IEEE Trans Inf Technol Biomed 14:215-23. 2010
    ..We describe several new applications enabled by this system, discuss two specific wearable designs for the wrist and foot, and present sample data...
  14. ncbi A wearable sensor for unobtrusive, long-term assessment of electrodermal activity
    Ming Zher Poh
    Harvard MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology HST, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 57:1243-52. 2010
    ..This paper opens up opportunities for future investigations that were previously not feasible, and could have far-reaching implications for diagnosis and understanding of psychological or neurological conditions...
  15. ncbi Heart rate and skin conductance analysis of antecendents and consequences of decision making
    Eveline A Crone
    Department of Developmental Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychophysiology 41:531-40. 2004
    ..e., somatic markers), rather than a weak somatic response generated by primary inducers of reward and punishment...
  16. ncbi Autonomic responses to heat pain: Heart rate, skin conductance, and their relation to verbal ratings and stimulus intensity
    Marco L Loggia
    Alan Edwards Centre for Research on Pain, McGill University, Montreal, Que, Canada
    Pain 152:592-8. 2011
    ..Skin conductance is more sensitive to detect within-subject perceptual changes, but heart rate appears to better predict pain ratings at the group level...
  17. ncbi Emotional scenes and facial expressions elicit different psychophysiological responses
    Georg W Alpers
    School of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Chair of Clinical and Biological Psychology, Germany
    Int J Psychophysiol 80:173-81. 2011
    ..Although arousal differences may account for some differences in physiological responding this shows that not all emotional material that is decoded similarly leads to the same psychophysiological output...
  18. ncbi Emotions induced by operatic music: psychophysiological effects of music, plot, and acting: a scientist's tribute to Maria Callas
    Felicia Rodica Balteş
    Emotion and Cognition Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Babes Bolyai University, Cluj Napoca, CJ 400015, Romania
    Brain Cogn 76:146-57. 2011
    ..These results indicate that the multiple musical and dramatic means involved in operatic performance specifically contribute to the genesis of music-induced emotions and their physiological correlates...
  19. ncbi Affective processing of loved faces: contributions from peripheral and central electrophysiology
    Cynthia Vico
    Department of Psychology, University of Granada, Campus de Cartuja, 18071 Granada, Spain
    Neuropsychologia 48:2894-902. 2010
    ....
  20. pmc The rewarding aspects of music listening are related to degree of emotional arousal
    Valorie N Salimpoor
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    PLoS ONE 4:e7487. 2009
    ....
  21. pmc Effects of picture content and intensity on affective physiological response
    Edward Bernat
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA
    Psychophysiology 43:93-103. 2006
    ..These results indicate that stimulus parameters of intensity and thematic content exert separate-and in some cases interactive-modulatory effects on physiological reactions to emotional pictures...
  22. ncbi Disrupting reconsolidation: pharmacological and behavioral manipulations
    Marieke Soeter
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, 1018 WB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Learn Mem 18:357-66. 2011
    ..Our findings demonstrate that disrupting reconsolidation by pharmacological manipulations, although selective, undermines the generalization of fear, a key feature of anxiety disorders...
  23. ncbi Modulation of event-related brain potentials during affective picture processing: a complement to startle reflex and skin conductance response?
    Christine Amrhein
    University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Tubingen, Osianderstr 24, 72072 Tubingen, Germany
    Int J Psychophysiol 54:231-40. 2004
    ..The simultaneous registration of startle responses and ERPs in the affective picture paradigm seems valuable...
  24. ncbi Event-related skin conductance responses to musical emotions in humans
    Stephanie Khalfa
    Department of Psychology, University of Montreal, CP 6128 Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada
    Neurosci Lett 328:145-9. 2002
    ..While several studies have been performed with visual scenes and environmental sounds, the present study brings similar evidence from the musical domain...
  25. ncbi Fear acquisition requires awareness in trace but not delay conditioning
    Almut I Weike
    Department of Psychology, University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany
    Psychophysiology 44:170-80. 2007
    ..The present results suggest a more implicit learning process in delay fear conditioning, whereas the explicit acquisition of contingency awareness might be a prerequisite for trace fear conditioning...
  26. ncbi Fear conditioning in posttraumatic stress disorder: evidence for delayed extinction of autonomic, experiential, and behavioural responses
    Jens Blechert
    Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Institute for Psychology, University of Basel, Missionsstrasse 60 62, CH 4055 Basel, Switzerland
    Behav Res Ther 45:2019-33. 2007
    ..In addition, there was some evidence that a subgroup of PTSD patients had difficulties in learning the CS-US contingency, thereby providing preliminary evidence of reduced discrimination learning...
  27. pmc Affective picture perception: emotion, context, and the late positive potential
    M Carmen Pastor
    NIMH Center for the Study of Emotion and Attention, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
    Brain Res 1189:145-51. 2008
    ..Taken together, the data indicate that emotional pictures prompt increased attention and orienting that is unaffected by its context of presentation, whereas neutral pictures are more vulnerable to context manipulations...
  28. pmc Contextual fear conditioning in humans: cortical-hippocampal and amygdala contributions
    Ruben P Alvarez
    Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, National Institute of Mental Health National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    J Neurosci 28:6211-9. 2008
    ..These results provide evidence that similar brain mechanisms may underlie contextual fear conditioning across species...
  29. ncbi Activity in ventromedial prefrontal cortex covaries with sympathetic skin conductance level: a physiological account of a "default mode" of brain function
    Y Nagai
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Epilepsy, Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Neuroimage 22:243-51. 2004
    ....
  30. ncbi Arousal dissociates amygdala and hippocampal fear responses: evidence from simultaneous fMRI and skin conductance recording
    L M Williams
    Department of Medical Physics, The Brain Dynamics Centre, 2145, Australia
    Neuroimage 14:1070-9. 2001
    ..The findings provide direct evidence for a dissociation between human amygdala and hippocampus networks in the visceral experience versus declarative fact processing of fear...
  31. pmc Presence and acquired origin of reduced recall for fear extinction in PTSD: results of a twin study
    Mohammed R Milad
    Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02129, United States
    J Psychiatr Res 42:515-20. 2008
    ..Furthermore, they support the conclusion that this deficit is acquired as a result of combat trauma leading to PTSD, rather than being a predisposing factor to developing PTSD upon the stress of combat...
  32. ncbi Failure of extinction of fear responses in posttraumatic stress disorder: evidence from second-order conditioning
    Michele Wessa
    Department of Clinical and Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Heidelberg, Central Institute of Mental Health, Square J 5, 68159 Mannheim, Germany
    Am J Psychiatry 164:1684-92. 2007
    ..The extinction of the traumatic response might be impeded if trauma reminders maintain fear responses by their association with the original trauma through second-order conditioning...
  33. ncbi Fear conditioning and extinction: influence of sex and menstrual cycle in healthy humans
    Mohammed R Milad
    Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Behav Neurosci 120:1196-203. 2006
    ..On Day 2, men and early cycle women expressed greater extinction memory than midcycle women. These data confirm sex differences in conditioned fear acquisition and suggest that midcycle hormones attenuate extinction recall...
  34. ncbi Autonomic response in depersonalization disorder
    Mauricio Sierra
    Institute of Psychiatry, 103 Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AZ, England
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 59:833-8. 2002
    ..In this study, we tested the prediction that autonomic response to emotional stimuli would be reduced in patients with depersonalization disorder...
  35. ncbi Discriminating stress from cognitive load using a wearable EDA device
    Cornelia Setz
    Wearable Computing Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    IEEE Trans Inf Technol Biomed 14:410-7. 2010
    ..A maximum accuracy of 82.8% was achieved for discriminating stress from cognitive load. This would allow keeping track of stressful phases during a working day by using a wearable EDA device...
  36. ncbi The effect of conscious and non-conscious presentation of biologically relevant emotion pictures on emotion modulated startle and phasic heart rate
    Elisabeth Ruiz-Padial
    University of Jaen, Spain
    Int J Psychophysiol 79:341-6. 2011
    ..The 6 second presentations allow the prefrontal cortex to modulate the bottom up inputs and thus produce a context appropriate response...
  37. ncbi Autonomic response in the perception of disgust and happiness in depersonalization disorder
    Mauricio Sierra
    Institute of Psychiatry, Denmark Hill, London, UK
    Psychiatry Res 145:225-31. 2006
    ..The findings of this study provide further support to the idea that patients with depersonalization have a selective impairment in the processing of threatening or unpleasant emotional stimuli...
  38. ncbi Processing of the arousal of subliminal and supraliminal emotional stimuli by the human amygdala
    Jan Gläscher
    NeuroImage Nord, Department of Neurology, University Hospital Hamburg Eppendorf, University of Hamburg, D 20246 Hamburg, Germany
    J Neurosci 23:10274-82. 2003
    ....
  39. ncbi Brain potentials reflect access to visual and emotional memories for faces
    Maria A Bobes
    Cognitive Neuroscience Department, Cuban Center for Neuroscience, Ave 25 y 158, Cubanacan, Apartado 6880, Havana, Cuba
    Biol Psychol 75:146-53. 2007
    ....
  40. ncbi From emotion perception to emotion experience: emotions evoked by pictures and classical music
    Thomas Baumgartner
    Division Neuropsychology, Institute for Psychology, University of Zurich, Treichlerstrasse 10, CH 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
    Int J Psychophysiol 60:34-43. 2006
    ..Summing up, these findings demonstrate that music can markedly enhance the emotional experience evoked by affective pictures...
  41. ncbi Reinstatement of conditioned responses in human differential fear conditioning
    Trinette Dirikx
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 38:237-51. 2007
    ..Clinical implications and suggestions for further research are discussed...
  42. ncbi Altered decision-making in multiple sclerosis: a sign of impaired emotional reactivity?
    Jörg Kleeberg
    Department of Neurology, Centre Universitaire Hospitalier Vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Ann Neurol 56:787-95. 2004
    ..Ann Neurol 2004...
  43. pmc Fearful imagery in social phobia: generalization, comorbidity, and physiological reactivity
    Lisa M McTeague
    Center for the Study of Emotion and Attention, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 65:374-82. 2009
    ..Social phobia has been characterized as a disorder of exaggerated fear of social threat and heightened sensitivity to imagery of social failure...
  44. ncbi Autonomic specificity of basic emotions: evidence from pattern classification and cluster analysis
    Chad L Stephens
    Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061 0436, USA
    Biol Psychol 84:463-73. 2010
    ..Collectively these results further confirm and extend support for the notion that basic emotions have distinct ANS signatures...
  45. ncbi Cardiac responses predict decisions: an investigation of the relation between orienting response and decisions in the ultimatum game
    Takahiro Osumi
    Department of Psychology, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, Furo cho, Chikusa ku, Nagoya, 464 8601, Japan
    Int J Psychophysiol 74:74-9. 2009
    ..In addition, these results are discussed regarding the effect of the autonomic activity in decision-making...
  46. ncbi An investigation of decision making in anorexia nervosa using the Iowa Gambling Task and skin conductance measurements
    Kate Tchanturia
    Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College, London, United Kingdom
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 13:635-41. 2007
    ..Neither of these features are found in recovered AN. The association between impaired decision making ability and a decreased autonomic response is consistent with the predictions of the Somatic Marker Hypothesis...
  47. ncbi An examination of decision making in bulimia nervosa
    Pei Chi Liao
    Section of Eating Disorders, Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 31:455-61. 2009
    ..Patients with eating disorders favor immediate gratification and ignore long-term negative consequences. This study investigated decision making in bulimia nervosa using the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) and skin conductance responses (SCR)...
  48. pmc Analytic measures for quantification of arousal from spontaneous skin conductance fluctuations
    Dominik R Bach
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    Int J Psychophysiol 76:52-5. 2010
    ..We demonstrate the validity of this measure in relation to finite impulse response models, and show that it is a better predictor of autonomic arousal, relative to conventional measures...
  49. ncbi A twin study of the genetics of fear conditioning
    John M Hettema
    Virginia Institute for Psychiatric and Behavioral Genetics, Department of Psychiatry, Medical College of Virginia Campus of Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, 23298, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:702-8. 2003
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the genetic and environmental sources of individual differences in fear conditioning by means of a twin sample...
  50. pmc Behavioral triggers of skin conductance responses and their neural correlates in the primate amygdala
    Christopher M Laine
    Dept of Physiology, College of Medicine, University of Arizona, 1501 N Campbell Ave, Rm 4104, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA
    J Neurophysiol 101:1749-54. 2009
    ..This suggests that the amygdala contributes to the production or modulation of SCRs regardless of the source of sympathetic arousal...
  51. ncbi Seeing the bigger picture: training in perspective broadening reduces self-reported affect and psychophysiological response to distressing films and autobiographical memories
    Patricia E S Schartau
    Emotion Research Group, Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
    J Abnorm Psychol 118:15-27. 2009
    ..The findings are discussed in terms of the broader literature on CBM...
  52. ncbi Emotion and motivation II: sex differences in picture processing
    M M Bradley
    Center for the Study of Emotion and Attention, Health Sciences Center, University of Florida, Gainesville 32610-0165, USA
    Emotion 1:300-19. 2001
    ..Biological and sociocultural factors in shaping sex differences in emotional reactivity are considered as possible mediators of sex differences in emotional response...
  53. ncbi State anxiety and affective physiology: effects of sustained exposure to affective pictures
    J Carson Smith
    Center for the Study of Emotion and Attention, PO Box 100165 HSC, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610 0165, USA
    Biol Psychol 69:247-60. 2005
    ..These findings suggest sustained exposure to unpleasant pictures may induce a short-term mood state, and may be a useful paradigm to study individuals who vary in symptoms of anxiety...
  54. ncbi Losses disguised as wins in modern multi-line video slot machines
    Mike J Dixon
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada
    Addiction 105:1819-24. 2010
    ..MEASUREMENT AND PARTICIPANTS: We measured skin conductance response (SCR) amplitudes and heart-rate changes following wins, LDWs and losses for 40 novices playing a multi-line slot machine...
  55. pmc Both predator and prey: emotional arousal in threat and reward
    Andreas Löw
    Center for the Study of Emotion and Attention, P O Box 112766, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    Psychol Sci 19:865-73. 2008
    ....
  56. ncbi Individual differences in task-related activation and performance
    S M VaezMousavi
    Department of Sport Sciences, Imam Hossein University, Tehran, Iran
    Physiol Behav 98:326-30. 2009
    ..In line with our previous studies, the average linear relationship over all participants was positive. The importance of these findings is discussed in relation to sport performance enhancement...
  57. pmc An alternative scoring method for skin conductance responding in a differential fear conditioning paradigm with a long-duration conditioned stimulus
    Suzanne L Pineles
    National Center for PTSD, Women s Health Sciences Division, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Psychophysiology 46:984-95. 2009
    ..Results do not support the convention of separating the SC response into first- and second-interval responses. It is recommended that SC response scores be derived from data obtained across the entire CS-UCS interval...
  58. ncbi Empathy-related responses to moving film stimuli depicting human and non-human animal targets in negative circumstances
    H Rae Westbury
    School of Psychology, Griffith University Gold Coast Campus, PMB 50 Gold Coast Mail Centre, Queensland 9726, Australia
    Biol Psychol 78:66-74. 2008
    ..Additionally, convergence between subjective and objective measures of empathy-related responses was observed...
  59. ncbi The role of harmonic expectancy violations in musical emotions: evidence from subjective, physiological, and neural responses
    Nikolaus Steinbeis
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 18:1380-93. 2006
    ..Both groups also showed a P3 component in response to the very unexpected harmonies, which was considerably larger for musicians and may reflect the processing of stylistic violations of Western classical music...
  60. ncbi Finger pulse waveform length in the detection of concealed information
    Eitan Elaad
    Department of Behavioral Sciences, The College of Judea and Samaria, Ariel, Israel
    Int J Psychophysiol 61:226-34. 2006
    ..However, finger pulse was less affected by habituation than both respiration and skin conductance. Results suggested that the FPWL might be a useful addition to the existing measures in the detection of concealed information...
  61. ncbi Neuro-effector characteristics of sweat glands in the human hand activated by irregular stimuli
    M Kunimoto
    Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Sahlgren s Hospital, University of Goteborg, Sweden
    Acta Physiol Scand 146:261-9. 1992
    ....
  62. ncbi Dissociating response systems: erasing fear from memory
    Marieke Soeter
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Neurobiol Learn Mem 94:30-41. 2010
    ..From a clinical and ethical perspective, disrupting reconsolidation points to promising interventions persistently erasing fear responses from trauma memory without affecting the actual recollection...
  63. ncbi Neurophysiological study of patients with perceived 'electrical hypersensitivity'
    E Lyskov
    National Institute for Working Life, Box 7654, S 907 13 Umeå, Sweden
    Int J Psychophysiol 42:233-41. 2001
    ..The data indicated that the observed group of patients had a trend to hyper sympathotone, hyperresponsiveness to sensor stimulation and heightened arousal...
  64. ncbi Respiratory responses associated with affective processing of film stimuli
    Patrick Gomez
    Institute for Hygiene and Applied Physiology, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Clausiusstrasse 25, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Biol Psychol 68:223-35. 2005
    ..These findings confirm the importance of arousal in respiratory responding but also evidence differences in comparison to previous studies using visual and auditory stimuli...
  65. ncbi Neuroticism is associated with larger and more prolonged electrodermal responses to emotionally evocative pictures
    Catherine J Norris
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA
    Psychophysiology 44:823-6. 2007
    ..Implications for health are discussed...
  66. ncbi Changes in skin conductance as a tool to monitor nociceptive stimulation and pain
    Hanne Storm
    Faculty Division Rikshospitalet, Faculty of Medicine, Rikshospitalet University Hospital, and Medical Director, Med Storm Innovation, Gimle terrasse 4, Oslo, Norway
    Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 21:796-804. 2008
    ..The SCA reacts immediately and is not influenced by hemodynamic variability or neuromuscular blockade. The use of SCA for pain and nociceptive assessment is outlined in this review...
  67. ncbi Skin conductance monitoring compared with bispectral index monitoring to assess emergence from general anaesthesia using sevoflurane and remifentanil
    T Ledowski
    Department of Anaesthesia and Pain Medicine, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Australia
    Br J Anaesth 97:187-91. 2006
    ..In this study, monitoring of skin conductance during emergence from general anaesthesia was compared with the monitoring of bispectral index (BIS)...
  68. ncbi Skin conductance responses to masked conditioned stimuli: phylogenetic/ontogenetic factors versus direction of threat?
    Anders Flykt
    Psychology Section, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Biol Psychol 74:328-36. 2007
    ..These findings are discussed in relation to the previous finding by Ohman and co-workers and in relation to imminence of threat...
  69. ncbi Auditory startle response in trauma survivors with posttraumatic stress disorder: a prospective study
    A Y Shalev
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Am J Psychiatry 157:255-61. 2000
    ..The present study attempted to clarify this issue by prospectively evaluating responses to sudden, loud tones in individuals who arrived at a hospital emergency room after psychologically traumatic events...
  70. ncbi Associations between emotional avoidance, anxiety sensitivity, and reactions to an observational fear challenge procedure
    Megan M Kelly
    University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, NY, USA
    Behav Res Ther 47:331-8. 2009
    ..Discussion focuses on the interplay between emotional avoidance, anxiety sensitivity, and the development of vicarious fear responses and how these constructs may contribute to the pathogenesis of anxiety disorders...
  71. ncbi Emotion processing without awareness: features detection or significance evaluation?
    Laura Sebastiani
    Department of Physiological Sciences, University of Pisa, Via S Zeno 31, 56127 Pisa, Italy
    Int J Psychophysiol 80:150-6. 2011
    ..However, subliminal emotional stimuli does not seem able to elicit the complete pattern of autonomic responses typical of the defense response...
  72. ncbi Pleasure-related analgesia activates opioid-insensitive circuits
    Elvan Kut
    Collegium Helveticum, University of Zurich and ETH Zurich, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Neurosci 31:4148-53. 2011
    ..These findings suggest that, in addition to opioid-sensitive circuits, mainly opioid-insensitive pain-modulating circuits are activated during pleasure-related analgesia...
  73. ncbi Filial versus romantic love: contributions from peripheral and central electrophysiology
    Pedro Guerra
    University of Granada, Spain
    Biol Psychol 88:196-203. 2011
    ....
  74. pmc Reinstatement of conditioned fear and the hippocampus: an attentional-associative model
    Nestor A Schmajuk
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, NC 27708, USA
    Behav Brain Res 177:242-53. 2007
    ..However, additional assumptions might be needed to describe the effect of hippocampal lesions on other postextinction manipulations...
  75. ncbi Skin conductance fluctuations correlate poorly with postoperative self-report pain measures in school-aged children
    Eugene K Choo
    Department of Statistics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Anesthesiology 113:175-82. 2010
    ..This study aimed to evaluate the validity and feasibility of NFSC as an objective measurement of nociception intensity in school-aged children after surgery...
  76. ncbi Cross-US reinstatement of human conditioned fear: return of old fears or emergence of new ones?
    Nicole Sokol
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052, Australia
    Behav Res Ther 50:313-22. 2012
    ..The current findings suggest that clinical relapse attributed to reinstatement may not always reflect the reactivation of old fears but may instead represent new fears worthy of clinical examination...
  77. ncbi When good things go bad: the reflex physiology of defense
    Margaret M Bradley
    University of Florida, USA
    Psychol Sci 16:468-73. 2005
    ....
  78. ncbi Skin conductance and memory fragmentation after exposure to an emotional film clip in depersonalization disorder
    Timo Giesbrecht
    Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, NY, USA
    Psychiatry Res 177:342-9. 2010
    ..Apparently, emotional responding in DPD is characterized by a shortened latency to peak with subsequent flattening and is accompanied by memory fragmentation in the light of otherwise unremarkable memory functioning...
  79. ncbi Electroencephalogram theta/beta ratio and arousal in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: evidence of independent processes
    Robert J Barry
    Brain and Behaviour Research Institute and School of Psychology, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia
    Biol Psychiatry 66:398-401. 2009
    ..However, this usage has not been validated. We aimed to directly test the theta/beta ratio as a marker of arousal within this population...
  80. ncbi Psychophysiological investigations in depersonalization disorder and effects of electrodermal biofeedback
    Poppy L A Schoenberg
    Depersonalization Research Unit, King s College London, London, England
    J Trauma Dissociation 13:311-29. 2012
    ..Rather than low sympathetic arousal, DPD might be better characterized by abnormal autonomic regulation affecting emotional and physiological responsivity...
  81. ncbi What's special about personally familiar faces? A multimodal approach
    Grit Herzmann
    Department of Psychology, Humboldt University at Berlin, Germany
    Psychophysiology 41:688-701. 2004
    ..Because the topographies of the N250r for personally and famous faces were indistinguishable, a similar network of face recognition units can be assumed for both types of faces...
  82. ncbi Personality and electrodermal response lability: an interpretation
    Andrew Crider
    Department of Psychology, Williams College, Williamstown, MA 01267, USA
    Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 33:141-8. 2008
    ..Individual differences in effortful self-control may explain the association of greater EDR lability with essential hypertension and greater EDR stability with forms of antisocial behavior...
  83. ncbi Reinstatement of fear in humans: autonomic and experiential responses in a differential conditioning paradigm
    Sandra Kull
    Faculty of Psychology, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Basel, Missionsstrasse 60 62, 4055 Basel, Switzerland
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 140:43-9. 2012
    ..Results are discussed with respect to context conditioning, fear generalisation, and anxiety-related cognitive mechanisms underlying fear recovery after extinction...
  84. ncbi Considerations for emotion-aware consumer products
    Egon L van den Broek
    Center for Telematics and Information Technology CTIT, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands
    Appl Ergon 40:1055-64. 2009
    ..To explore the feasibility of this, an experiment was conducted where the galvanic skin response (GSR) and three electromyography (EMG) signals (frontalis, corrugator supercilii, and zygomaticus major) ..
  85. ncbi Skin conductance monitoring compared with Bispectral Index to assess emergence from total i.v. anaesthesia using propofol and remifentanil
    T Ledowski
    Department of Anaesthesia and Pain Medicine, Royal Perth Hospital Wellington Street Campus, Perth WA 6000, Australia
    Br J Anaesth 97:817-21. 2006
    ..v. anaesthesia (TIVA). Therefore in this study, monitoring of SC during emergence from TIVA was compared with the monitoring of BIS...
  86. ncbi Monitoring of intra-operative nociception: skin conductance and surgical stress index versus stress hormone plasma levels
    T Ledowski
    Department of Anaesthesia and Pain Medicine, School of Paediatrics and Child Health, Royal Perth Hospital, Australia
    Anaesthesia 65:1001-6. 2010
    ..s⁻¹ changed in response to changes in depth of analgesia by showing significant differences between before and after a bolus of fentanyl. However, the overall predictive ability of both methods was poor...
  87. ncbi Expectations and placebo responses to caffeine-associated stimuli
    Magne Arve Flaten
    Department of Psychology, SV Fak, University of Tromsø, 9037 Tromsø, Norway
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 169:198-204. 2003
    ..To test the theory that expectations control placebo responses...
  88. pmc Does neuroticism in adolescents moderate contextual and explicit threat cue modulation of the startle reflex?
    Michelle G Craske
    Department of Psychology, University of California at Los Angeles, California, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 65:220-6. 2009
    ..This study evaluated the relationship between neuroticism (N), a probable risk factor for emotional disorders, and modulation of startle reflexes (SRs)...
  89. ncbi The skin conductance orienting response to semantic stimuli: significance can be independent of arousal
    Lilian Dindo
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52252, USA
    Psychophysiology 45:111-8. 2008
    ..SCRs to significant words may reflect cognitive and attentional processes that, in turn, might prove useful for the assessment of the cognitive aspects of anxiety...
  90. ncbi The effects of neostigmine and glycopyrrolate on skin conductance as a measure of pain
    Thomas Ledowski
    Anaesthesiology Unit, School of Medicine and Pharmacology, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
    Eur J Anaesthesiol 26:777-81. 2009
    ..In this context, the effects of cholinesterase inhibitors and anticholinergic drugs used for the reversal of muscle relaxants were investigated...
  91. ncbi The Emotional Movie Database (EMDB): a self-report and psychophysiological study
    Sandra Carvalho
    Neuropsychophysiology Lab Cipsi, School of Psychology, University of Minho, Campus de Gualtar, Braga, Portugal
    Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 37:279-94. 2012
    ..e., horror and erotic conditions). The resulting emotional movie database can reliably be used in research requiring the presentation of non-auditory film clips with different ratings of valence, arousal and dominance...
  92. ncbi Arousal and attention: picture size and emotional reactions
    Maurizio Codispoti
    Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
    Psychophysiology 44:680-6. 2007
    ..In contrast, responses related to orienting, categorization, and communicative functions did not covary with picture size...
  93. ncbi Competition between an avoidance response and a safety signal: evidence for a single learning system
    Peter F Lovibond
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Biol Psychol 92:9-16. 2013
    ..The procedure may thus serve as a laboratory model for attributional processes involved in the acquisition of threat expectancies in anxiety and anxiety disorders...
  94. pmc Observing virtual arms that you imagine are yours increases the galvanic skin response to an unexpected threat
    Karin Hägni
    Institute of Human Movement Sciences and Sport, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    PLoS ONE 3:e3082. 2008
    ..No corresponding change was found in subjects' heart rates. Our results suggest that simple visual input combined with mental imagery may induce the brain to measurably temporarily incorporate external objects into its body image...
  95. ncbi Brain activity underlying emotional valence and arousal: a response-related fMRI study
    Silke Anders
    Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology, University of Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany
    Hum Brain Mapp 23:200-9. 2004
    ..Our data provide direct evidence for a functional segregation of brain structures underlying peripheral physiologic responses and verbal ratings along the emotional dimensions of valence and arousal...
  96. ncbi Respiratory sinus arrhythmia as an index of emotional response in young adults
    Thomas W Frazier
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 7123, USA
    Psychophysiology 41:75-83. 2004
    ..Interbeat interval was related to affective valence and not arousal. These findings suggest that RSA may be a useful adjunct to skin conductance measures in assessing emotional arousal...
  97. ncbi Skin conductance responses during decisions in ambiguous and risky situations in obsessive-compulsive disorder
    Katrin Starcke
    Department of Physiological Psychology, University of Bielefeld, PO Box 100131, Bielefeld 33501, Germany
    Cogn Neuropsychiatry 14:199-216. 2009
    ..Disadvantageous decision making is accompanied by reduced skin conductance responses (SCRs) generated during task performance...
  98. ncbi Capturing SCL and HR changes to win and loss events during gambling on electronic machines
    Benjamin L Wilkes
    School of Psychology, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia
    Int J Psychophysiol 78:265-72. 2010
    ..The study has important applications for further experimental and clinical research...
  99. ncbi Cross-modal interactions in the experience of musical performances: physiological correlates
    Catherine Chapados
    Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Que, Canada H3A 1B1
    Cognition 108:639-51. 2008
    ....
  100. ncbi Investigating the impact of sex and cortisol on implicit fear conditioning with fMRI
    Christian J Merz
    Department of Cognitive Psychology, Ruhr University Bochum, Universitatsstr 150, 44780 Bochum, Germany
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 35:33-46. 2010
    ..These effects might translate into a different vulnerability of the two sexes for anxiety disorders...
  101. ncbi Neural activity relating to generation and representation of galvanic skin conductance responses: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study
    H D Critchley
    Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, London WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 20:3033-40. 2000
    ..We propose that this functional arrangement enables integration of adaptive bodily responses with ongoing emotional and attentional states of the organism...

Research Grants64

  1. Emotion in Dementia
    Howard Rosen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Emotional reactivity will be measured via participants' self-report, monitoring of autonomic function (galvanic skin response, heart rate, blood pressure, etc.) and monitoring of behavior (facial actions and somatic movements)...
  2. fMRI of Pain in Cannabis Dependence
    SRINIVASAN PILLAY; Fiscal Year: 2004
    The proposed investigation will apply a classical conditioning paradigm using galvanic skin response and fMRI to explore the neural correlates of pain perception and its anticipation in chronic cannabis users experiencing peak withdrawal...
  3. The Neural Correlates of Effective Drug Prevention Messages
    David J Heeger; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will combine methods from marketing research with fMRI, galvanic skin response, and eye movement data, to determine engagement in and effectiveness of anti-drug ads...
  4. Shared Vulnerabilities of Social Anxiety and Eating Disorders
    CHERI ALICIA LEVINSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Eating behaviors, state social anxiety, and galvanic skin response will be measured as dependent outcomes...
  5. Interfacing of Research Modalities in Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
    Bruce D McCandliss; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..devices for the collection of data, such as EEG, fMRI, eye-tracking and physiological measurements (galvanic skin response, EKG)...
  6. The ALS Locked-in Communicator
    Robert Schmidt; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Brain Computer Interface (BCI) using EEG; 2. Galvanic Skin Response (GSR). 3. pH changes in the mouth; and 4...
  7. Emotional Expression and Cancer Caregivers
    Shelby Langer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..talk for 10 minutes on 3 consecutive days, with verbal and nonverbal expressions recorded and concurrent galvanic skin response collected...
  8. Physical Activity Measurement in Older Adults
    Lisa Colbert; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..subjects will wear a pedometer, a uniaxial accelerometer, and a multiple sensor monitor (accelerometer, galvanic skin response, temperature), and complete three self-report questionnaires for the assessment of physical activity...
  9. Cocaine-induced Place Preference using Virtual Reality
    Robert Astur; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] 2) To determine whether physiological measures (e.g. heart rate and galvanic skin response) will indicate increased arousal in a drug-free environment that was previously paired with cocaine...
  10. BEHAVIORAL TREATMENT OF MENOPAUSAL HOT FLASHES
    Robert Freedman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  11. Sleep Disturbance in Menopause
    Robert Freedman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In Study 5, we will determine the effects of elevated sympathetic activation on HFs and sleep using a stimulus that does not, by itself, disrupt sleep (orthostasis). ..
  12. FETAL NEUROBEHAVIORAL DEVELOPMENT & POSTNATAL CONTINUITY
    JANET DI PIETRO; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  13. VENLAFAXINE FOR HOT FLASHES FOLLOWING BREAST CANCER
    JANET CARPENTER; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..e., t-tests, linear regression, GEE, mixed model). Study findings will significantly contribute to the scientific basis of hot flash management in women following treatment for breast cancer. ..
  14. Prefrontal Neuronal Responses During Extinction of Fear
    Mohammed Milad; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This proposed study will bring us closer to understanding the mechanisms of fear extinction. Facilitation of extinction processes in patients with disorders such as PTSD could potentially help in curing such disorders. ..
  15. Computerized Assessment of Cancer Symptoms
    JANET CARPENTER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  16. DENTAL FEAR AND ANTICIPATION OF PAIN: IMAGING THE BRAIN
    Margaret Bradley; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The proposed methodology is, furthermore, adaptable and can be used subsequently to address other facets (sensory and emotional) of the pain experience. ..
  17. Genetic Influence on Personality Disorder
    Jeanette Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. Psychophysiologic Measures in Psychotherapy Research
    Carl Marci; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This research has the potential to improve our empiric understanding the patient-therapist relationship in the common intervention of psychotherapy for mental illness. ..
  19. Multichannel System for Measuring Skin Impedance at Acupuncture Points
    AGATHA COLBERT; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  20. Emotional Mechanisms /Blood-Injection-Injury Phobia
    Olubunmi Olatunji; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This research will provide an important contribution to the understanding of the emotions that mediate BII phobia, thus potentially providing a foundation for incorporating effective treatment strategies. ..
  21. Fear inhibition in posttraumatic stress disorder
    Tanja Jovanovic; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The present study will investigate how awareness interacts with startle in PTSD subjects. Finally, the present study will examine the relationship between contingency awareness and fear inhibition. ..
  22. Hot Flashes and Anxiety Sensitivity Among Breast Cancer Survivors
    Laura Hanisch; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The goal is to develop better strategies for the self-management of hot flashes using cognitive-behavioral techniques. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. TREATMENT OF SOCIAL PHOBIA--MEDIATORS AND MODERATORS
    Stefan Hofmann; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The main hypothesis is that perceived emotional control will mediate treatment outcome and generality of effectiveness independent of the specific treatment condition. ..
  24. A Controlled Trial of N-Acetylcysteine (NAC) in Cannabis Dependent Adolescents
    Kevin M Gray; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Thus, the proposed study will investigate N-Acetylcysteine (NAC), combined with an evidence-based treatment (Contingency Management), to help adolescents quit using marijuana. ..
  25. D-Cycloserine Enhancement of Exposure in Social Phobia
    Stefan G Hofmann; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study addresses an important public health issue by assessing an intervention that may lead to a more efficient and effective application of empirically based psychosocial interventions for the treatment of SAD. ..
  26. Respiratory Therapeutic Procedures in Panic Disorder
    Walton Roth; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  27. Neuroanatomy of Emotion in Treatment Resistant Psychosis
    Stephan Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. Extinction and Active Coping Fear
    Elizabeth Phelps; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Prefrontal Brain Structures, Aging, and Decision-Making
    NATALIE DENBURG; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..g., medial temporal lobe) will also be examined. The findings may inform intervention, in addition to influencing legal and social policy regarding advertising. ..
  30. The amygdala's modulation of multiple stages of memory formation
    ELIZABETH ANYA PHELPS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Specific Aim 3 is to explore if emotion has an impact on the re-retrieval of memories, with a goal of determining if the reactivation and reconsolidation of memory is influenced by emotion. ..
  31. Symposium on Attention and Performance
    Elizabeth Phelps; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Furthermore, by exposing basic science researchers to investigators using these models to understand drug addiction and other types of psychopathology, we hope to promote translational research. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  32. Conduct Disorder and Depression in Childhood
    Theodore Beauchaine; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Findings obtained should further our understanding of the autonomic substrates of CD, depression, and their comorbidity, and may have differential treatment implications for depressed probands who do and do not present with comorbid CD. ..
  33. Functional Neuroanatomy of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
    Stephan Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Successful completion of the project should lead to an improved understanding of the role of specific brain regions in generating the symptoms of OCD. ..
  34. Investigation of Dopamine Function In Human Amygdala
    LAWRENCE CAHILL; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The data derived from these preliminary experiments should lay the foundation for a research program aimed at understanding how DA mechanisms within the human amygdala subserve both emotional memory and addiction. ..
  35. VIOLENCE--INTEGRATING SOCIAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL FACTORS
    Adrian Raine; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  36. A Biosocial Study of Childhood Disability
    DAPHNE BUGENTAL; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Finally, we will study the benefits of an attribution-based home visitation program for new parents of "challenged" children as a means of reducing risk and fostering opportunity. ..
  37. Emotion Regulation in Relationships during Separation
    Lisa Diamond; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This information will make a significant contribution to research on the multiple biobehavioral processes through which close relationships influence day-to-day emotion regulation and long-term psychological well-being. ..
  38. PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY OF SCHIZOPHRENIA
    Michael Dawson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In addition to these four research projects, the K02 will permit the PI to receive formal and informal training in techniques and principles of clinical science and neuroscience. ..
  39. RESPIRATORY & AUTONOMIC PATHOPHYSIOLOGY--PANIC DISORDER
    Walton Roth; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  40. ELECTRODERMAL DYSFUNCTIONS AND SCHIZOPHRENIA
    Michael Dawson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These four issues will be tested in randomly selected college students, those selected to be putatively "at-risk" and in schizophrenic outpatients. ..
  41. IMPROVING CARE OF PANIC DISORDER IN PRIMARY CARE
    Michelle Craske; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  42. Markers of Risk for Anxiety Disorders
    Michelle Craske; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Measurement of eye gaze in youths to gauge ongoing conditioning and attentional processes represents a new methodology. ..
  43. Neurocognitive Prerequisites for Preventing Drug Abuse
    Diana Fishbein; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This study will provide valuable insights for developing preventive interventions, individualized according to underlying pathology, for adolescents who tend to be refractory to standard treatments. ..
  44. INTEGRATION OF BIFURCATION THEORY AND CONTINUOUS FMRI
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The integration of bifurcation theory with continuous fMRI is anticipated to have a significant impact on the way in which fMRI experiments are conducted and will yield new techniques for the study of neuropsychiatric illness. ..
  45. Affect Labeling Expressive Writing and Emotion Regulation
    Matthew Dylan Lieberman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  46. Prospective MRI Study of Hippocampal Volume in PTSD-II
    ARIEH SHALEV; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. Perception of Competing Talkers by the Hearing-Impaired
    CAROL MACKERSIE; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  48. REVAMP Follow-up Study Renewal
    Barbara Rothbaum; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  49. Endophenotypes in Family Members of Schizophrenics
    James Patterson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We predict that the degree of poor performance will be related to the amount of abnormal brain activity in the patients and affected relatives, and that regional connectivity will be proportionately disturbed as well. ..
  50. CBATD for Depressed Cancer Patients
    DEREK HOPKO; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  51. Mu Opioid Mediated Stress Regulation in BPD
    Jon Kar Zubieta; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This information is critical for the understanding of the biological mechanisms underlying the symptomatology of BPD, and to guide future research and treatment interventions in this common but poorly understood illness. ..
  52. Precursors, Insulators, and Consequences of Inhalant Use
    Diana Fishbein; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  53. INTERGENERATIONAL TRANSMISSION OF ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOR
    Adrian Raine; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This new knowledge, if further developed, could contribute to a new generation of more effective prevention programs for reducing antisocial and violent behavior. ..
  54. THE INFLUENCE OF AGING SELF-STEREOTYPES ON HEALTH
    Becca Levy; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Together, these studies offer an excellent training opportunity and the possibility of identifying a new risk factor for disability and mortality that could be targeted by a psychosocial intervention. ..
  55. Neural Mechanisms Underlying Stress Reactivity
    MATTHEW LIEBERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Supportive evidence will flesh out the neural mechanisms through which individual differences affect biological responses to stress and elucidate the risk factors for stress- related mental and physical health problems. ..
  56. VESTIBULOSYMPATHETIC REFLEXES IN HUMANS
    CHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The design of these studies will increase our understanding of how the vestibular system contributes to orthostatic blood pressure regulation in humans. ..
  57. Skin Cooling to Improve Orthostatic Tolerance
    CRAIG CRANDALL; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  58. Efficacy of Written Disclosure for Trauma Survivors
    DENISE SLOAN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Further, initial emotional engagement and habituation of emotion is anticipated to be significantly related to symptom improvements at follow-up for the disclosure participants. ..
  59. NeuroBehavioral Correlates of Early Deprivation
    Seth Pollak; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  60. MATURATION OF COGNITIVE-RELATED BRAIN POTENTIALS
    David Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The data will be relevant to developmental improvements in cognitive control mechanisms, prefrontal functioning, and episodic memory, and their physiological underpinnings. ..
  61. PRECURSORS TO ANTISOCIAL PERSONALITY AND VIOLENCE
    Rolf Loeber; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  62. Desistance versus persistence in antisocial behavior
    Rolf Loeber; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In addition, we will explore whether resistors are able to function as well adjusted adults, free from significant mental health problems (e.g., antisocial personality disorder, substance abuse, depression). [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  63. NEUROIMAGING OG NOVELTY DETECTION IN COCAINE DEPENDENCE
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..