commitment of mentally ill

Summary

Summary: Legal process required for the institutionalization of a patient with severe mental problems.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Mental capacity and psychiatric in-patients: implications for the new mental health law in England and Wales
    Gareth S Owen
    Department of Psychological Medicine and Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London SE5 9RJ, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 195:257-63. 2009
  2. pmc Reinstitutionalisation in mental health care: comparison of data on service provision from six European countries
    Stefan Priebe
    Unit for Social and Community Psychiatry, Queen Mary University of London, Newham Centre for Mental Health, London E13 8SP
    BMJ 330:123-6. 2005
  3. ncbi Caregivers' appraisals of patients' involuntary hospital treatment: European multicentre study
    Domenico Giacco
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Naples SUN, Largo Madonna delle Grazie, 80138, Naples, Italy
    Br J Psychiatry 201:486-91. 2012
  4. pmc Characteristics associated with involuntary versus voluntary legal status at admission and discharge among psychiatric inpatients
    Jason Craw
    Dept of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 41:981-8. 2006
  5. ncbi Ethnic variations in pathways to and use of specialist mental health services in the UK. Systematic review
    Kamaldeep Bhui
    Department of Psychiatry, Barts and The London, Queen Mary s School of Medicine and Dentistry, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 182:105-16. 2003
  6. ncbi Outcomes of involuntary hospital admission--a review
    C Katsakou
    Unit for Social and Community Psychiatry, Barts and the London School of Medicine, Queen Mary, University of London, London, UK
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 114:232-41. 2006
  7. ncbi Criminal victimization of persons with severe mental illness
    V A Hiday
    Department of Sociology and Anthropology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 50:62-8. 1999
  8. pmc One day survey by the Mental Health Act Commission of acute adult psychiatric inpatient wards in England and Wales
    R Ford
    Sainsbury Centre for Mental Health, London SE1 1LB
    BMJ 317:1279-83. 1998
  9. ncbi Patients' views of involuntary hospital admission after 1 and 3 months: prospective study in 11 European countries
    Stefan Priebe
    Academic Unit, Newham Centre for Mental Health, London, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 196:179-85. 2010
  10. ncbi Self-injury attendances in the accident and emergency department: Clinical database study
    Judith Horrocks
    Academic Unit of Psychiatry and Behavioural Services, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 183:34-9. 2003

Research Grants

  1. Genetics and Stigma: The Role of Mass Media
    Jo Phelan; Fiscal Year: 2009
  2. Impact of Substance Abuse Treatment on Marital Violence
    Gregory Stuart; Fiscal Year: 2004
  3. SMI AND OUTCOME OF MANDATED SERVICES
    Jeffrey Draine; Fiscal Year: 2001
  4. Effectively Implementing Psychiatric Advance Directives
    Jeffrey Swanson; Fiscal Year: 2006
  5. Psychiatric Treatment and Violence Risk Management
    Jeffrey Swanson; Fiscal Year: 2008
  6. EFFECTIVENESS OF INVOLUNTARY OUTPATIENT COMMITMENT
    Marvin Swartz; Fiscal Year: 2002
  7. Guardianship for Persons with Mental Illnesses
    Annette Christy; Fiscal Year: 2003
  8. IMPACT OF MENTAL HEALTH ADVANCE DIRECTIVES
    Debra Srebnik; Fiscal Year: 2004
  9. Modeling CJ Involvemment Among PMI
    William Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2005
  10. Stigma and Psychosis: A Prospective Study
    Bruce Link; Fiscal Year: 2007

Detail Information

Publications243 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Mental capacity and psychiatric in-patients: implications for the new mental health law in England and Wales
    Gareth S Owen
    Department of Psychological Medicine and Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London SE5 9RJ, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 195:257-63. 2009
    ..In England and Wales mental health services need to take account of the Mental Capacity Act 2005 and the Mental Health Act 1983. The overlap between these two causes dilemmas for clinicians...
  2. pmc Reinstitutionalisation in mental health care: comparison of data on service provision from six European countries
    Stefan Priebe
    Unit for Social and Community Psychiatry, Queen Mary University of London, Newham Centre for Mental Health, London E13 8SP
    BMJ 330:123-6. 2005
    ..To establish whether reinstitutionalisation is occurring in mental health care and, if so, with what variations between western European countries...
  3. ncbi Caregivers' appraisals of patients' involuntary hospital treatment: European multicentre study
    Domenico Giacco
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Naples SUN, Largo Madonna delle Grazie, 80138, Naples, Italy
    Br J Psychiatry 201:486-91. 2012
    ..Mental health policies emphasise that caregivers' views of involuntary psychiatric treatment should be taken into account. However, there is little evidence on how caregivers view such treatment...
  4. pmc Characteristics associated with involuntary versus voluntary legal status at admission and discharge among psychiatric inpatients
    Jason Craw
    Dept of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 41:981-8. 2006
    ....
  5. ncbi Ethnic variations in pathways to and use of specialist mental health services in the UK. Systematic review
    Kamaldeep Bhui
    Department of Psychiatry, Barts and The London, Queen Mary s School of Medicine and Dentistry, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 182:105-16. 2003
    ..Inequalities of service use across ethnic groups are important to policy makers, service providers and service users...
  6. ncbi Outcomes of involuntary hospital admission--a review
    C Katsakou
    Unit for Social and Community Psychiatry, Barts and the London School of Medicine, Queen Mary, University of London, London, UK
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 114:232-41. 2006
    ..This paper reviews studies on outcomes of involuntary hospital admissions in general adult psychiatry, and predictors of outcomes...
  7. ncbi Criminal victimization of persons with severe mental illness
    V A Hiday
    Department of Sociology and Anthropology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 50:62-8. 1999
    ..The types and amounts of crime experienced by persons with severe mental illness were examined to better understand criminal victimization in this population...
  8. pmc One day survey by the Mental Health Act Commission of acute adult psychiatric inpatient wards in England and Wales
    R Ford
    Sainsbury Centre for Mental Health, London SE1 1LB
    BMJ 317:1279-83. 1998
    ..To provide (via the Mental Health Act Commission's "national visit") empirical evidence on ward occupancy levels, use of the Mental Health Act 1983, nurse staffing, and care of female patients on acute adult psychiatric wards...
  9. ncbi Patients' views of involuntary hospital admission after 1 and 3 months: prospective study in 11 European countries
    Stefan Priebe
    Academic Unit, Newham Centre for Mental Health, London, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 196:179-85. 2010
    ..Legislation and practice of involuntary hospital admission vary substantially among European countries, but differences in outcomes have not been studied...
  10. ncbi Self-injury attendances in the accident and emergency department: Clinical database study
    Judith Horrocks
    Academic Unit of Psychiatry and Behavioural Services, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 183:34-9. 2003
    ..Aims To provide epidemiological data on self-injury and compare hospital management of self-injury with that for self-poisoning...
  11. ncbi Patients' views and readmissions 1 year after involuntary hospitalisation
    Stefan Priebe
    Unit for Social and Community Psychiatry, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 194:49-54. 2009
    ..Little is known about the long-term outcome of involuntary admissions to psychiatric hospitals...
  12. ncbi Use of coercive measures during involuntary hospitalization: findings from ten European countries
    Jiri Raboch
    Department of Psychiatry, Charles University, First Faculty of Medicine, Prague 2, Czech Republic
    Psychiatr Serv 61:1012-7. 2010
    ..It assessed and compared the use of coercive measures in psychiatric inpatient facilities in ten European countries...
  13. ncbi Patient characteristics and symptoms associated with perceived coercion during hospital treatment
    A Fiorillo
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Naples SUN, Largo Madonna delle Grazie, Italy
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 125:460-7. 2012
    ..This study aimed to identify i) sociodemographic and clinical characteristics associated with perceived coercion at admission and ii) changes in symptoms and global functioning associated with changes in perceived coercion over time...
  14. pmc Effect of joint crisis plans on use of compulsory treatment in psychiatry: single blind randomised controlled trial
    Claire Henderson
    Health Services Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London SE5 8AF
    BMJ 329:136. 2004
    ..To investigate whether a form of advance agreement for people with severe mental illness can reduce the use of inpatient services and compulsory admission or treatment...
  15. ncbi Ethnicity and the Mental Health Act 1983
    Swaran P Singh
    Health Sciences Research Institute, Warwick Medical School, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 191:99-105. 2007
    ..There has been no systematic exploration of differences within and between ethnic groups, nor of the explanations put forward for this excess...
  16. ncbi Does fear of coercion keep people away from mental health treatment? Evidence from a survey of persons with schizophrenia and mental health professionals
    Marvin S Swartz
    Division of Social and Community Psychiatry, Duke University School of Medicine, DUMC Box 3173 238 Civitan Building, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Behav Sci Law 21:459-72. 2003
    ..These results suggest that mandated treatment may serve as a barrier to treatment, but that ongoing informal pressures to adhere to treatment may also be important barriers to treatment...
  17. pmc "Coercion Experience Scale" (CES)--validation of a questionnaire on coercive measures
    Jan Bergk
    Center for Psychiatry Suedwuerttemberg, Ulm University, Ravensburg Weissenau, Germany
    BMC Psychiatry 10:5. 2010
    ....
  18. ncbi Emergency psychiatry, compulsory admissions and clinical presentation among immigrants to the Netherlands
    Cornelis L Mulder
    Mental Health Group Europoort, PO Box 245, 2990 AE Barendrecht, The Netherlands
    Br J Psychiatry 188:386-91. 2006
    ..Black individuals in the UK have higher rates of contact with psychiatric emergency services than their White counterparts. It is unknown whether this is also the case in other European countries...
  19. ncbi A plea for respect: involuntarily hospitalized psychiatric patients' narratives about being subjected to coercion
    B Olofsson
    Department of Nursing, , Sweden
    J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 8:357-66. 2001
    ....
  20. ncbi Compulsory admission of mentally ill patients in European Union Member States
    Harald Dressing
    Central Institute of Mental Health, 68159 Mannheim, Germany
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 39:797-803. 2004
    ..This study aimed at gathering, describing and analysing information on the differences or similarities of legal frameworks for involuntary placement and treatment of mentally ill patients across the European Union Member States...
  21. ncbi Pathways to care and ethnicity. 2: Source of referral and help-seeking. Report from the AESOP study
    C Morgan
    Division of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 186:290-6. 2005
    ..We sought to investigate pathways to mental health care and ethnicity in a sample of patients with a first episode of psychosis drawn from two UK centres...
  22. ncbi A typology of advance statements in mental health care
    Claire Henderson
    Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Centers, Bronx, NY 10468, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 59:63-71. 2008
    ..However, the relationship of advance statements to involuntary treatment is more problematic, as is their effective implementation in many mental health service settings...
  23. ncbi How to improve clinical practice on involuntary hospital admissions of psychiatric patients: suggestions from the EUNOMIA study
    A Fiorillo
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Naples SUN, Largo Madonna delle Grazie, Naples, Italy
    Eur Psychiatry 26:201-7. 2011
    ..The results showed the huge variation of involuntary hospital admissions in Europe and the importance of developing guidelines on this procedure...
  24. ncbi Trajectories of seclusion and restraint use at a state psychiatric hospital
    Niels C Beck
    Departmentof Psychiatry, University of Missouri Columbia, 1 Hospital Dr, Columbia, MO 65212, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 59:1027-32. 2008
    ..This study investigated patterns of seclusion and restraint among patients hospitalized at a psychiatric facility with a large number of forensic psychiatric beds...
  25. ncbi Are patients' views on seclusion associated with lack of privacy in the ward?
    Joost J Stolker
    Division of Forensic Psychiatry, Altrecht Institute for Mental Health Care, Den Dolder, The Netherlands
    Arch Psychiatr Nurs 20:282-7. 2006
    ..This finding suggests that the ward environment may have a rather large impact on how seclusion is perceived. The results underline the need for single-bed rooms in the treatment of psychiatric inpatients...
  26. ncbi Ethnicity and dangerousness criteria for court ordered admission to a psychiatric hospital
    D J Vinkers
    O3 Research Centre, Mental Health Care Rijnmond, Erasmus MC, University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 45:221-4. 2010
    ..Black and minority ethnic (BME) populations are disproportionately detained in psychiatric hospitals...
  27. ncbi Mortality among involuntarily admitted psychiatric patients: a survival analysis
    A S Crisanti
    University of Hawaii, Kealakekua, USA
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 34:627-33. 1999
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether involuntarily admitted psychiatric inpatients are a high risk group for mortality compared to a group of voluntarily admitted psychiatric inpatients...
  28. ncbi Psychiatric care behind locked doors. A study regarding the frequency of and the reasons for locked psychiatric wards in Sweden
    K Haglund
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Section of Caring Sciences, University Hospital, University of Uppsala, SE 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden
    J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 14:49-54. 2007
    ..Staff working in psychiatric care ought to reflect upon and articulate reasons for, and decisions about, locking or opening entrance doors, with the limitation of patients' freedom in mind...
  29. pmc Patients' preference and experiences of forced medication and seclusion
    Irina Georgieva
    Department of Psychiatry, O3 Research Center O3, Erasmus MC, P O Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychiatr Q 83:1-13. 2012
    ..Our findings show that patients' preferences cannot guide the establishment of international uniform methods for managing violent behaviour. Therefore patients' individual choices should be considered...
  30. ncbi Changing aspects of psychiatric inpatient treatment. A census investigation in five European countries
    Hans Rittmannsberger
    OO Landes Nervenklinik Wagner Jauregg, Linz, Austria
    Eur Psychiatry 19:483-8. 2004
    ..A considerable increase in the numbers of staff was found in Slovakia...
  31. ncbi Epidemiology of involuntary placement of mentally ill people across the European Union
    Hans Joachim Salize
    Mental Health Services Research Unit, Central Institute of Mental Health, Mannheim, Germany
    Br J Psychiatry 184:163-8. 2004
    ..Rapid European integration and other political developments require valid and reliable international overviews, sound studies and profound analyses of this controversial issue...
  32. ncbi Ethics of deliberation, consent and coercion in psychiatry
    A Liegeois
    Faculty of Theology, Catholic University of Leuven, Sint Michielsstraat 6, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    J Med Ethics 34:73-6. 2008
    ....
  33. ncbi Pathways to care and ethnicity. 1: Sample characteristics and compulsory admission. Report from the AESOP study
    C Morgan
    Division of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 186:281-9. 2005
    ..Many studies have found high levels of compulsory admission to psychiatric hospital in the UK among African-Caribbean and Black African patients with a psychotic illness...
  34. ncbi Detention of the mentally ill in Europe--a review
    Martin Zinkler
    Unit for Social and Community Psychiatry, Barts and the London School of Medicine, Queen Mary, University of London, London, UK
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 106:3-8. 2002
    ..Although there has been some research on a nation-wide level, no work has been done to compare mental health legislation in different countries in relation to detention rates and to patients' perception of hospital detention...
  35. ncbi Coercion and treatment satisfaction among involuntary patients
    Christina Katsakou
    Unit for Social and Community Psychiatry, Queen Mary University of London, Newham Centre for Mental Health, Glen Rd, London E138SP, United Kingdom
    Psychiatr Serv 61:286-92. 2010
    ..This study aimed to assess involuntary inpatients' satisfaction with treatment and explore how coercion and other factors are associated with satisfaction...
  36. ncbi Ethnicity and coercion among involuntarily detained psychiatric in-patients
    Olive Bennewith
    Academic Unit of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 196:75-6. 2010
    ..Regarding charges of institutional racism in psychiatry, this study highlights the importance of investigating the role of area characteristics when assessing the relationship between ethnicity and patient management...
  37. ncbi Cost of care of patients with personality disorders in forensic psychiatric hospitals in the Netherlands
    Aleksandr Avramenko
    Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Crim Behav Ment Health 19:165-77. 2009
    ..Ter beschikking stelling (TBS) clinics form the mainstay of forensic psychiatric services in the Netherlands. Their costs are rising, but little is known about how these costs are distributed...
  38. ncbi Paternalism and autonomy: a presentation of a Nordic study on the use of coercion in the mental health care system
    Georg Høyer
    Institute of Community Medicine, University of Tromsø, N 9037 Tromsø, Norway
    Int J Law Psychiatry 25:93-108. 2002
  39. ncbi Patients' revisions of their beliefs about the need for hospitalization
    W Gardner
    Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, PA 15213, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 156:1385-91. 1999
    ..The authors examine how patients changed their evaluations of psychiatric hospitalization following hospital treatment...
  40. pmc Retrospective analysis of hospital episode statistics, involuntary admissions under the Mental Health Act 1983, and number of psychiatric beds in England 1996-2006
    Patrick Keown
    East Community Mental Health Team, Molineux Street NHS Centre, Newcastle upon Tyne NE6 1SG
    BMJ 337:a1837. 2008
    ..To analyse the number of voluntary and involuntary (detentions under the Mental Health Act 1983) admissions for mental disorders between 1996 and 2006 in England...
  41. ncbi Use of seclusion in a psychiatric acute inpatient unit
    Mosunmola Tunde-Ayinmode
    Grampians Psychiatric Services, Ballarat, Vic, Australia
    Australas Psychiatry 12:347-51. 2004
    ..To examine the rate and characteristics of seclusion among a group of patients admitted to an adult acute psychiatric unit as a precursor to planning an audit cycle and quality improvement project...
  42. ncbi An updated national survey on seclusion and restraint
    W B Crenshaw
    Family Service and Guidance Center of Topeka, KS 66606, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 48:395-7. 1997
    ..Small positive correlations were found between seclusion and restraint and between the proportion of beds occupied by patients committed as criminally insane and the use of restrictive procedures...
  43. ncbi Trends in involuntary psychiatric hospitalization in Israel 1991-2000
    Arie Bauer
    Forensic Psychiatry Unit, Mental Health Services, Ministry of Health, Jerusalem, Israel
    Int J Law Psychiatry 30:60-70. 2007
    ..Though information about involuntary psychiatric hospitalizations (IPH) is crucial for the planning of Israel's National Mental Health Care Policy, very few studies have been carried out to date on this subject...
  44. ncbi Balancing autonomy and risk: a failure of nerve in England and Wales?
    Genevra Richardson
    School of Law, King s College London, Strand, London WC2R 2LS, United Kingdom
    Int J Law Psychiatry 30:71-80. 2007
    ..The relationship between mental health and mental capacity, or guardianship, legislation is then considered and possible ways forward are discussed with particular reference to the current reform debate in England and Wales...
  45. pmc Reinstitutionalisation in mental health care
    Stefan Priebe
    BMJ 326:175-6. 2003
  46. ncbi Differences in perceived coercion at admission to psychiatric hospitals in the Nordic countries
    Lars Kjellin
    Psychiatric Research Centre, P O Box 1613, Orebro, Sweden
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 41:241-7. 2006
    ....
  47. ncbi Short-term outcome of inpatient psychiatric care--impact of coercion and treatment characteristics
    Tuula Wallsten
    Centre for Clinical Research, University of Uppsala, Central Hospital, Vasteras, Sweden
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 41:975-80. 2006
    ..The aim of this article was to study if subjective and assessed outcome of brief psychiatric inpatient care are related to patient characteristics, coercion at admission and during care, and other treatment characteristics...
  48. ncbi Control and compulsory treatment in anorexia nervosa: the views of patients and parents
    Jacinta O A Tan
    Centre for Ethics and Communication Skills in Health Care Practice ETHOX, Institute of Health Sciences, Division of Medicine, University of Oxford, Old Road, Headington, Oxford, Oxfordshire OX3 7LF, England, UK
    Int J Law Psychiatry 26:627-45. 2003
  49. ncbi Reflections on coercion in the treatment of severe anorexia nervosa
    Terry Carney
    Faculty of Law, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
    Isr J Psychiatry Relat Sci 43:159-65. 2006
    ..The high mortality of severe anorexia nervosa causes clinicians to consider any legal avenues for coercing acutely-ill patients to remain in treatment or refeeding programs, such as mental health laws or adult guardianship laws...
  50. ncbi Impact of outpatient commitment on victimization of people with severe mental illness
    Virginia Aldige Hiday
    Department of Sociology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:1403-11. 2002
    ..The authors' goal was to evaluate the effectiveness of outpatient commitment in reducing victimization among people with severe mental illness...
  51. ncbi Involuntary return to a psychiatric emergency service within twelve months
    Steven P Segal
    Mental Health and Social Welfare Research Group, School of Social Welfare, University of California, Berkeley 94720 7400, USA
    Soc Work Health Care 35:591-603. 2002
    ..It is done in a context where average duration of post-PES hospitalizations are 6 days, approximately 1/4 the duration of previous studies reporting positive effects of such hospitalization...
  52. ncbi Poverty, poor services, and compulsory psychiatric admission in England
    Jonathan Bindman
    Section of Community Psychiatry PRiSM, Health Services Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 37:341-5. 2002
    ..We examined the hypothesis that variation in rates of detention is related to social deprivation and also to the functioning of local mental health services...
  53. pmc The relationship between the use of mental health act and elderly suicide rates in England and Walls
    Ajit Shah
    University of Central Lancashire, Preston, United Kingdom and Consultant Psychiatrist, West London Mental Health NHS Trust, United Kingdom
    J Inj Violence Res 1:49-53. 2009
    ..These studies provide mixed results with some demonstrating no relationship and others reporting increased rates of suicides in involuntarily admitted patients. This relationship has not been examined in the elderly...
  54. pmc Assessing the outcome of compulsory psychiatric treatment in the community: epidemiological study in Western Australia
    Neil J Preston
    Mental Health Directorate, Fremantle Hospital and Health Service, PO Box 480 Fremantle, WA 6160, Australia
    BMJ 324:1244. 2002
    ..To examine whether community treatment orders for psychiatric patients reduce subsequent use of health services in comparison with control patients not placed on an order...
  55. ncbi Validation of psychiatric patients' statements on coercive measures
    H D Poulsen
    Department of Psychiatric Demography, Institute for Basic Psychiatric Research, Aarhus University Hospital, Risskov, Denmark
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 103:60-5. 2001
    ..Knowledge of patients' psychopathology seems essential when considering medical, legal and ethical aspects of the use of coercion...
  56. ncbi Outpatient commitment: what, why, and for whom
    E F Torrey
    Treatment Advocacy Center in Arlington, Virginia, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 52:337-41. 2001
    ..The authors conclude by addressing eight of the most common objections to outpatient commitment by mental health professionals and civil liberties groups that oppose outpatient commitment...
  57. ncbi Social exclusion and risk of emergency compulsory admission. A case-control study
    Martin Webber
    Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London, London, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 39:1000-9. 2004
    ..Therefore, this study tests the hypothesis that a higher proportion of people who are socially excluded will be admitted to hospital under section 4 than those who are not...
  58. ncbi Involuntary outpatient commitment: a naturalistic study of its use and a consumer survey at one community mental health center in Israel
    David Greenberg
    Herzog Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Med Law 24:95-110. 2005
    ..The study reflects the delicate nature of involuntary care in the community, so that in practice it is often not involuntary, not for outpatients and not a commitment...
  59. ncbi Why (and when) clinicians compel treatment of anorexia nervosa patients
    Terry Carney
    The University of Sydney, Australia
    Eur Eat Disord Rev 16:199-206. 2008
    ....
  60. ncbi Does compulsory or supervised community treatment reduce 'revolving door' care? Legislation is inconsistent with recent evidence
    Stephen Kisely
    Centre for Clinical Research, Dalhousie University, 5790 University Avenue, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Br J Psychiatry 191:373-4. 2007
    ..Two recent epidemiological studies in Australia (n>118 000), as well as a systematic review of all previous literature using appropriately matched or randomised controls (n=1108), suggest that it is unlikely to help...
  61. ncbi [For and against: increase of compulsory admissions of psychiatric patients]
    Peter Muller
    Universitatsklinik fur Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, 37075 Gottingen
    Psychiatr Prax 33:157-9. 2006
  62. ncbi The perceived coerciveness of involuntary outpatient commitment: findings from an experimental study
    Marvin S Swartz
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 30:207-17. 2002
    ..The current analyses demonstrate that a consequence of OPC is increased perceptions of coercion in the treatment process, which is partially explained by the increased attention by case managers to noncompliance with treatment...
  63. ncbi [Decisions about sectioning and medicating of schizophrenic patients in Germany and England--results of a comparative study]
    Tilman Steinert
    Zentrum für Psychiatrie Weissenau, Abt Psychiatrie I der Universität Ulm
    Psychiatr Prax 30:114-8. 2003
    ..001 for both). When a logistic regression was performed the country of work was the most important predictive factor in deciding whether or not to treat a patient against his will...
  64. ncbi Factors associated with involuntary return to a psychiatric emergency service within 12 months
    S P Segal
    Mental Health and Social Welfare Research Group in the School of Social Welfare at the University of California, Berkeley 94720 7400, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 49:1212-7. 1998
    ..The findings were used to consider whether the pressure to limit duration of hospital stays under managed care contributed to the patients' return to the emergency service...
  65. ncbi Advance directives for patients compulsorily admitted to hospital with serious mental illness. Randomised controlled trial
    Alexia Papageorgiou
    Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 181:513-9. 2002
    ..An advance directive is a statement of a person's preferences for treatment, should he or she lose capacity to make treatment decisions in the future...
  66. ncbi Mandated treatment in the community for people with mental disorders
    John Monahan
    University of Virginia, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 22:28-38. 2003
    ....
  67. ncbi Insurance status and length of stay for involuntarily hospitalized patients
    W H Fisher
    Center for Mental Health Services Research, Department of Psychiatry, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester 01655, USA
    J Behav Health Serv Res 28:334-46. 2001
    ..The data raise concerns that warrant closer scrutiny on the part of administrators and clinicians...
  68. ncbi Outcomes for psychiatric patients following first admission: relationships with voluntary and involuntary treatment and ethnicity
    K G Houston
    University of Texas Houston Medical School, 77225 0249, USA
    Psychol Rep 88:1012-4. 2001
    ..Ethnic differences in placement at discharge were not supported, but involuntarily admitted patients were over-represented in the less desirable outcome categories...
  69. ncbi Factors predictive of changes in the legal status of psychiatric inpatients
    Vishal S Anand
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, NY, USA
    J Forensic Sci 47:1365-9. 2002
    ..Patients who smoke may be applying overt and covert pressure on clinicians with regard to conversion to voluntary status to gain smoking privileges...
  70. ncbi [Compulsory admissions for observation in emergency psychiatric departments--discharge next day?]
    Kari Gjelstad
    Psykisk helsevern Østfold Postboks 584 Veum 1612 Fredrikstad
    Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 123:917-20. 2003
  71. ncbi Thinking carefully about outpatient commitment
    P S Appelbaum
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester 01605, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 52:347-50. 2001
    ..Acknowledging limitations in the empirical evidence favoring outpatient commitment, the author reviews key issues for policy makers to address in considering or revising these statutes...
  72. ncbi The involuntary civil commitment of mentally ill persons in the United States and Romania: a comparative analysis
    Sana Loue
    Associate Professor in the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio 44109 1998, USA
    J Leg Med 23:211-50. 2002
  73. ncbi [Can case-mix explain differences in involuntary admissions?]
    J H Bjørngaard
    SINTEF Unimed Helsetjenesteforskning 7465 Trondheim
    Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 121:3369-74. 2001
    ..The proportion of patients admitted involuntarily varies considerably among Norwegian psychiatric hospitals. We tested the hypothesis that these variations are the result of differences in case-mix...
  74. ncbi Commentary: the search for a formula to relate competence, coercion, and mandated treatment
    Albert J Grudzinskas
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester 01655, USA
    J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 30:218-20. 2002
  75. ncbi When to hospitalize patients at risk for suicide
    R M Hirschfeld
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Texas Medical Branch, 301 University Boulevard, Galveston, TX 77555 0188, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 932:188-96; discussion 196-9. 2001
    ..A person who is determined to kill himself/herself will probably prevail despite our best efforts. However, most people who are imminently suicidal at one time will feel very differently at some later time...
  76. ncbi Principles of treatment for mentally disordered offenders
    Tim McInerny
    Broadmoor Hospital, Crowthorne, Berks, UK
    Crim Behav Ment Health 14:S43-7. 2004
  77. ncbi Specialist forensic mental health services
    Sophie Davison
    South London and Maudsley NHS Trust, London, UK
    Crim Behav Ment Health 14:S19-24. 2004
  78. ncbi A future for forensic psychiatry - if not faith, then what?
    Pamela J Taylor
    Crim Behav Ment Health 18:21-6. 2008
  79. ncbi [Ultima ratio of the applied security measures in placing perpetrators in a psychiatric hospital]
    Danuta Hajdukiewicz
    Klinika Psychiatrii Sqdowej IPiN, Warszawie
    Psychiatr Pol 40:641-8. 2006
    ..This measure is not limited in time span, because it depends on the psychic state of the person under its influence. Henceforth it is considered as more restrictive...
  80. ncbi [The circumstances of using physical restraint in psychiatric services]
    Piotr Baranowski
    Katedra i Klinika Psychiatrii AM, Wrocławiu
    Psychiatr Pol 40:657-69. 2006
    ..Description of specific circumstances in which physical restraint is used can help in the optimization of psychiatric treatment and requires further research in both psychiatry and law...
  81. ncbi [COMSKILLS: assessing community living skills in offender groups]
    Thomas Ross
    Forensische Psychotherapie, Universitatsklinikum Ulm
    Psychiatr Prax 32:393-8. 2005
    ..The aim is to develop a unified approach to the assessment of social risk and related behaviours in offender groups...
  82. doi Different memories
    Anthony Maden
    Crim Behav Ment Health 18:18-20. 2008
  83. ncbi Usefulness of the CANFOR-S for measuring needs among mentally disordered offenders resident in medium or low secure hospital services in the UK: a pilot evaluation
    Clive G Long
    St Andrew s Group of Hospital, Northampton, UK
    Crim Behav Ment Health 18:39-48. 2008
    ..The short form of the forensic version of the Camberwell Assessment of Needs (CANFOR-S) (Thomas et al., 2003) is of potential value in all clinical forensic settings, but so far reported mainly with high security hospital patients...
  84. ncbi [On the relationship between psychiatry and criminal law from a legal standpoint]
    H Schoch
    Juristische Fakultät der Ludwig Maximilians Universität München
    Nervenarzt 76:1382-8. 2005
    ....
  85. ncbi Videoconferencing and forensic mental health in Australia
    Danny H Sullivan
    Department of Psychology, Psychiatry and Psychological Medicine, Victoria 3078, Australia
    Behav Sci Law 26:323-31. 2008
    ..Videoconferencing technologies are critical to effective forensic mental health services in Australia...
  86. ncbi [Forensic psychiatry. Its relations to clinical psychiatry and criminology]
    H L Kröber
    Institut für Forensische Psychiatrie, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin
    Nervenarzt 76:1376-81. 2005
    ....
  87. ncbi Coercion in psychiatry
    Thomas Wilhelm Kallert
    Park Hospital Leipzig Südost, Department of Psychiatry, Psychosomatic Medicine, and Psychotherapy, Leipzig and Faculty of Medicine, Dresden University of Technology, Dresden, Germany
    Curr Opin Psychiatry 21:485-9. 2008
    ..This paper highlights issues in the field of coercion in psychiatry which have gained importance in 2007...
  88. ncbi Mental disorder, substance misuse and violent behaviour: the Swedish experience of caring for the triply troubled
    Per Lindqvist
    Division of Forensic Psychiatry, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Crim Behav Ment Health 17:242-9. 2007
    ....
  89. ncbi The effectiveness and ethical justification of psychiatric outpatient commitment
    Guido R Zanni
    New York State Department of Health Albany Law School, Alden March Institute of Albany Medical College, USA
    Am J Bioeth 7:31-41. 2007
    ..Findings are discussed within the context of parens patriae and therapeutic jurisprudence, and support medical and public policy justifications for ethical uses of outpatient civil commitment laws for seriously mentally ill patients...
  90. ncbi Threats to kill: a follow-up study
    L J Warren
    Victorian Institute of Forensic Mental Health, Victoria, Australia
    Psychol Med 38:599-605. 2008
    ..Mental health clinicians are frequently asked to assess the risks presented by patients making threats to kill, but there are almost no data to guide such an evaluation...
  91. ncbi The test of compulsion in mental health law: capacity, therapeutic benefit and dangerousness as possible criteria
    Peter Bartlett
    University of Nottingham, UK
    Med Law Rev 11:326-52. 2003
  92. ncbi [The clinical practice of coercive measures in psychiatric hospital care--and the culture of dealing (scientifically) with this topic]
    Thomas W Kallert
    Klinik und Poliklinik fur Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Universitätsklinikum Carl Gustav Carus an der Technischen Universität Dresden
    Psychiatr Prax 34:S179-80. 2007
  93. ncbi [Basics of civil and criminal law of psychiatric coercive measures in France]
    Bruno Gravier
    Service de Médecine et de Psychiatrie Pénitentiaires, Prilly, Switzerland
    Psychiatr Prax 34:97-9. 2007
  94. ncbi [Compulsory psychiatric treatment and the patients' perspective]
    Gerhard Längle
    Tübinger Forschungsgruppe Sozialpsychiatrie der Universitätsklinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie Tübingen
    Psychiatr Prax 34:S203-7. 2007
    ..Topic of this article is an investigation on the patients' perspective of involuntary treatment in psychiatry. The results of two studies are presented...
  95. ncbi [Cooperative model between psychiatric hospitals aiming at quality management of coercive measures]
    Regina Ketelsen
    Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie in Bethel, Evangelisches Krankenhaus Bielefeld, Remterweg 69 71, 33617 Bielefeld
    Psychiatr Prax 34:S208-11. 2007
    ..CONCLUSIONS The cooperation was effective in improving quality management and implementation of changes in practice of coercive measures...
  96. ncbi Civil commitment is disappearing in Oregon
    Joseph D Bloom
    Department of Psychiatry, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97201, USA
    J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 34:534-7. 2006
    ..It is hard not to conclude that civil commitment in this state is headed toward functional extinction...
  97. ncbi Lawyers' attitudes toward involuntary treatment
    Daniel J Luchins
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Chicago, 5841 S Maryland Avenue, MC3077, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 34:492-500. 2006
    ..Decisions to recommend involuntary medication were not related to attributions of responsibility...
  98. ncbi Helping mentally ill criminals: jailing offenders with mental illnesses serves no one, but new policies and funding are bringing about needed changes
    Donna Lyons
    NCSL s Criminal Justice Program, Denver, Colorado, USA
    State Legis 33:14-7. 2007
  99. ncbi The myth of Thomas Szasz
    Jeffrey Oliver
    New Atlantis 13:68-84. 2006
  100. ncbi Treatment prospects for persons with severe mental illness in an urban county jail
    H Richard Lamb
    Department of Psychiatry, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90086 0125, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 58:782-6. 2007
    ....
  101. ncbi [The rights of criminally insane individuals]
    Ludmila Cerqueira Correia
    Universidade Federal da Paraiba, Joao Pessoa, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 23:1995-2002. 2007
    ..Respect for human rights is not synonymous with impunity...

Research Grants36

  1. Genetics and Stigma: The Role of Mass Media
    Jo Phelan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Open-ended responses will be coded quantitatively to assess deviations in recall from the content of the article as well as attitudinal reactions. ..
  2. Impact of Substance Abuse Treatment on Marital Violence
    Gregory Stuart; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  3. SMI AND OUTCOME OF MANDATED SERVICES
    Jeffrey Draine; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  4. Effectively Implementing Psychiatric Advance Directives
    Jeffrey Swanson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The proposed study will provide information about a state's experience with PADs so that policymakers may be guided in implementing PADs elsewhere. ..
  5. Psychiatric Treatment and Violence Risk Management
    Jeffrey Swanson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Through additional R01-fundable projects to be developed, this work will lead eventually to better-targeted interventions and policies for reducing violence risk and improving quality of life for persons with SMI. ..
  6. EFFECTIVENESS OF INVOLUNTARY OUTPATIENT COMMITMENT
    Marvin Swartz; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. Guardianship for Persons with Mental Illnesses
    Annette Christy; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Medicaid and Medicare data from calendar years 1999 and 2000 will be analyzed to investigate the mental health service utilization of guardianship wards. ..
  8. IMPACT OF MENTAL HEALTH ADVANCE DIRECTIVES
    Debra Srebnik; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Multi- stakeholder focus groups will be conducted for Aim 2c. Electronic information systems will provide demographic, diagnostic, level-of-functioning, outpatient commitment status and service utilization data. ..
  9. Modeling CJ Involvemment Among PMI
    William Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  10. Stigma and Psychosis: A Prospective Study
    Bruce Link; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. Boston Community Academic Mental Health Partnership
    Deborah Bowen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These efforts are steps towards achieving the change needed to expanding our knowledge to better inform the development a system of care that best meets the needs of consumers, their family members and other stakeholders. ..
  12. VIOLENCE RISK ASSESSMENT SOFTWARE
    HENRY STEADMAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The commercial opportunities for a flexible software application that aids clinicians in making systematic, accurate assessments of violence risk appear substantial. PROPOSED COMMERCIAL APPLICATION: NOT AVAILABLE ..
  13. Correlates of Duration of Initial Untreated Psychosis
    MICHAEL COMPTON; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The overall aim of the research project is to provide an in-depth exploration of the potential causes and consequences of initially untreated psychosis among first-episode patients. ..
  14. CENTER FOR INTERVENTION RESEARCH ON ADULTS WITH SMI
    Phyllis Solomon; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..To increase externally funded research in the School of Social Work on clinical service interventions and service system interventions for adults with SMI. ..
  15. SWAN Sleep Study II - Chicago (Rush) Site
    Howard Kravitz; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results can inform primary prevention of adverse health outcomes due to the menopause-related sleep disturbances. ..
  16. Assessing Change in Mental Illness Stigma Over A Decade
    Bernice Pescosolido; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  17. Treatment Effectiveness for Anxiety and Depression
    Ariel Lang; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The second phase of research will involve pilot studies and preparation of a research project grant (RO1) application to test the generalizability of this intervention to community settings with administration by non-expert clinicians. ..
  18. Treatment of Early Age Mania (TEAM)
    Paramjit Joshi; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The chief study statistician, Dr. Satish lyengar is subcontracted to the coordinating site at Washington U in St. Louis and Dr. Philip Lavori is a major consultant for statistical analyses. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  19. Stigma and Mental Illness in Cross-National Perspective
    Bernice Pescosolido; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This knowledge can provide the scientific base for public health and treatment system interventions to mitigate the devastating negative effects of stigma on the lives of persons with SMI. ..
  20. Contextual Influences in Prisoner Research
    JOHN EDENS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These data will be the first of their kind and will inform policy makers and IRB boards about offender groups'views of potential threats to voluntary research participation in these settings. ..
  21. HIV/AIDS and Diverted Offenders
    Nahama Broner; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The proposed study, which will produce many useful findings and products, builds on existing collaborations among RTI International, the proposed Principal Investigator, and the TASC programs in New York City. ..
  22. Social Network & Media Effects on Mental Illness Stigma
    Bernice Pescosolido; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This final stage creates a composite of negative and positive TV images of MI based on information collected in I, II and III to develop and carry out a pre- and post-test experimental design/analysis (N=120). [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. Recognition and management of youth mental health needs
    Jonathan Brown; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This research will potentially impact clinical practice, guide future research, and be useful for the design of interventions to increase access to youth mental health services. ..
  24. Malt Liquor/Fortified Wine Use and Ethnicity in the U.S.
    Thomas Greenfield; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Last, we will explore spacial relationships between heavy use and alcohol-related victimization in communities as well as existing alcohol policies. Results inform culturally appropriate health messages and policy development. ..
  25. Drinking Patterns & Ethnicity: Impact on Mortality Risks
    Thomas Greenfield; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Results will inform public health strategies, alcohol policy development, and help disentangle pattern effects on mortality. ..
  26. Mental-illness stigma and status processes in interpersonal interactions
    Jo Phelan; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Results from these studies will inform intervention efforts that seek the best ways to harness the power of interpersonal contact in reducing mental illness stigma. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  27. Opioid Receptor Imaging by PET in Bulimia Nervosa
    ANGELA GUARDA; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. Improving Alcohol Consumption Self-Report Measurement
    Thomas Greenfield; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Understanding and Reducing the Stigma of Mental Illness
    Jo Phelan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These resources will be supplemented with training visits to Stanford University and the University of Akron to consult and collaborate with leading experts in expectation states research. ..
  30. Population Drinking Patterns & HIV Risk in Goa, India
    Thomas Greenfield; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Risk analyses will inform the epidemiology of HIV risk behaviors in India and provide a rich source of information for planning preventive interventions in a resource-poor society. ..
  31. Brief Intervention to Reduce Drinking among Batterers
    David Strong; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..If it is effective, this brief alcohol treatment can be readily integrated into existing batterer intervention programs. ..
  32. Tailoring Services for Mentally III Offenders
    Robert Morgan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed study lays the foundation for a treatment module specifically targeting the criminal behavior needs of mentally ill offenders. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  33. Contingency Management of Psychostimulant Abuse in the Severely Mentally Ill
    Richard K Ries; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This proposalis responsive to the NIDA Behavioral and Integrative Treatment Development Program announcement, PA-06-486, for Stage 3 evaluation. ..
  34. FELLOWSHIP IN IV DRUG ABUSE TREATMENT RESEARCH
    CHARLES O BRIEN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The primary facilities are the University of Pennsylvania Addiction Research Center and our clinical affiliates, including the VA Medical Center Substance Abuse Treatment Program. ..
  35. GENES, DISEASE & STIGMA: A STUDY OF PUBLIC ATTITUDES
    Jo Phelan; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..By identifying the attitudes and beliefs that drive stigmatization and discrimination, the investigators will be better poised to address the social consequences of the expansion of knowledge about the human genome. ..