Summary: Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.
Publications247 found, 100 shown here
- What makes clinical research in developing countries ethical? The benchmarks of ethical researchEzekiel J Emanuel
Department of Clinical Bioethics, Warren G Magnuson Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1156, USA
J Infect Dis 189:930-7. 2004
- The neural basis of human social values: evidence from functional MRIRoland Zahn
National Institutes of Health, National Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Cognitive Neuroscience Section, Bethesda, MD 20892 1440, USA
Cereb Cortex 19:276-83. 2009b>Social values are composed of social concepts (e.g., "generosity") and context-dependent moral sentiments (e.g., "pride"). The neural basis of this intricate cognitive architecture has not been investigated thus far...
- Evidence, ethics, and values: a framework for health promotionStacy M Carter
Centre for Values, Ethics and the Law in Medicine and Sydney School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Am J Public Health 101:465-72. 2011..Both researchers and health promotion practitioners should work to build the capacities required for evidential and ethical deliberation in the health promotion profession...
- HIV prevention, structural change and social values: the need for an explicit normative approachJustin O Parkhurst
Department of Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
J Int AIDS Soc 15:1-10. 2012..As such, normative frameworks are required to inform HIV prevention decisions and avoid conflicts between social goals...
- Mapping the moral domainJesse Graham
University of Southern California, Department of Psychology, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 101:366-85. 2011..These analyses provide evidence for the usefulness of Moral Foundations Theory in simultaneously increasing the scope and sharpening the resolution of psychological views of morality...
- Disgust and the moralization of purityE J Horberg
Department of Psychology, Institute of Personality and Social Research, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 97:963-76. 2009..Finally, across studies, individuals of lower socioeconomic status (SES) were more likely than individuals of higher SES to moralize purity but not justice or harm/care...
- Beyond beliefs: religions bind individuals into moral communitiesJesse Graham
University of Virginia, Charlottesville, USA
Pers Soc Psychol Rev 14:140-50. 2010..The authors use this theoretical perspective to address three mysteries about religiosity, including why religious people are happier, why they are more charitable, and why most people in the world are religious...
- Intimate partner violence against women in eastern Uganda: implications for HIV preventionCharles A S Karamagi
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
BMC Public Health 6:284. 2006....
- Exploring the social value of health-care interventions: a stated preference discrete choice experimentColin Green
Institute of Health Service Research, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, UK
Health Econ 18:951-76. 2009..Findings add to a sparse literature on 'social' preferences, and show that DCE data can be used to consider the strength of preference over alternative scenarios in a priority-setting context...
- The leading eight: social norms that can maintain cooperation by indirect reciprocityHisashi Ohtsuki
Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812 8581, Japan
J Theor Biol 239:435-44. 2006..Second, we prove the two basic properties of the leading eight, which give a quantitative evaluation of the ESS condition and the level of cooperation maintained at the ESS...
- Resource allocation, social values and the QALY: a review of the debate and empirical evidenceDavid L B Schwappach
Department of Health Policy and Management, Faculty of Medicine, University Witten Herdecke, Witten, Germany
Health Expect 5:210-22. 2002..Recent approaches that aim to capture public preferences more comprehensively and to better reflect the value attributed to different health-care programmes in economic evaluation methods are outlined briefly...
- QALY maximisation and people's preferences: a methodological review of the literaturePaul Dolan
Sheffield Health Economics Group, School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, UK
Health Econ 14:197-208. 2005....
- Equity in health care prioritisation: an empirical inquiry into social valueElly A Stolk
Institute for Medical Technology Assessment iMTA, Erasmus MC, P O Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Health Policy 74:343-55. 2005..This raises the question if health care decision makers evaluate the claims of different patients for health care by appropriate criteria...
- Organizational culture and organizational effectiveness: a meta-analytic investigation of the competing values framework's theoretical suppositionsChad A Hartnell
W P Carey School of Business, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 4006, USA
J Appl Psychol 96:677-94. 2011..We propose an alternative theoretical approach to the CVF and delineate directions for future research...
- Motivational beliefs, values, and goalsJacquelynne S Eccles
Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106, USA
Annu Rev Psychol 53:109-32. 2002..and theories of motivation and volition). The authors end the chapter with a discussion of how to integrate theories of self-regulation and expectancy-value models of motivation and suggest new directions for future research...
- On the societal value of health care: what do we know about the person trade-off technique?C Green
MEDTAP International, 20 Bloomsbury Square, London, UK
Health Econ 10:233-43. 2001..Given this position, the review finds support for the potential of the PTO in the assessment of the societal value of health care, and it supports further empirical inquiry on the PTO...
- Integrating ethics in design through the value-sensitive design approachMary L Cummings
Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 33 305, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
Sci Eng Ethics 12:701-15. 2006..The three major components of Value-Sensitive Design, conceptual, technical, and empirical, exemplified through a case study which focuses on the development of a command and control supervisory interface for a military cruise missile...
- The evolution of normsF A C C Chalub
Centro de Matemática e Aplicações Fundamentais, Universidade de Lisboa, Av Prof Gama Pinto 2, P 1649 003, Lisboa, Portugal
J Theor Biol 241:233-40. 2006..This social norm induces reputation-based cooperative behavior, and reflects the evolutionary propensity to promote simple, unambiguous norms, in which forgiveness and repent are welcome, while punishment is implacable...
- Missing girls and son preference in rural India: looking beyond popular mythMridula Bandyopadhyay
Key Centre for Women s Health in Society, Department of Public Health, School of Population Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
Health Care Women Int 24:910-26. 2003..Trajectories of selective neglect of and discrimination against daughters have been researched extensively, but the related issues of female foeticide and infanticide have been less examined...
- Refining the theory of basic individual valuesShalom H Schwartz
Department of Psychology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91905, Israel
J Pers Soc Psychol 103:663-88. 2012..Analyses of predictive validity demonstrate that the refined values theory provides greater and more precise insight into the value underpinnings of beliefs. Each value correlates uniquely with external variables...
- Reforming health care financing in Bulgaria: the population perspectiveDina Balabanova
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
Soc Sci Med 58:753-65. 2004..Universal health insurance appears to attract most support, but a broader public debate involving less empowered people is needed to resolve misunderstandings and create realistic expectations...
- Social values and health priority setting in England: "values" based decision makingPeter Littlejohns
Division of Health and Social Care Research, King s College School of Medicine, London, UK
J Health Organ Manag 26:363-73. 2012The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the organisational and procedural arrangements for priority setting in England and Wales. It describes the role of social values in the decision-making process.
- An analysis of suicide and undetermined deaths in 17 predominantly Islamic countries contrasted with the UKColin Pritchard
Institute of Health and Community Studies, Bournemouth University, UK
Psychol Med 37:421-30. 2007..It has been suggested that to avoid under-reporting of suicides, both formal suicide verdicts and OVD should be considered together because OVD may contain 'hidden' suicides...
- Social values in health priority setting: a conceptual frameworkSarah Clark
School of Public Policy, University College London, London, UK
J Health Organ Manag 26:293-316. 2012..The purpose of this paper is to review a number of social values relating both to the process and content of priority-setting decisions.
- What values in design? The challenge of incorporating moral values into designNoëmi Manders-Huits
Philosophy Section, Delft University of Technology, P O Box 5015, 2600 GA, Delft, Netherlands
Sci Eng Ethics 17:271-87. 2011..The criteria of adequacy for such an approach or methodology follow from the evaluation of VSD as the prime candidate for implementing moral values in design...
- Sex differences in value priorities: cross-cultural and multimethod studiesShalom H Schwartz
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
J Pers Soc Psychol 89:1010-28. 2005..The authors discuss compatibility of findings with evolutionary psychology and sex role theory and propose an agenda for future research...
- Trust and the development of health care as a social institutionLucy Gilson
Centre for Health Policy, University of Witwaters and and Health Economics and Financing Programme, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Johannesburg, South Africa
Soc Sci Med 56:1453-68. 2003..Finally, five conclusions are drawn for an approach to health policy analysis that takes trust seriously...
- The psychology of the unthinkable: taboo trade-offs, forbidden base rates, and heretical counterfactualsP E Tetlock
Department of Psychology, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210 1222, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 78:853-70. 2000..Although the results fit the sacred-value-protection model (SVPM) better than rival formulations, the SVPM must draw on cross-cultural taxonomies of relational schemata to specify normative boundaries on thought...
- Global analyses of evolutionary dynamics and exhaustive search for social norms that maintain cooperation by reputationHisashi Ohtsuki
Faculty of Sciences, Department of Biology, Kyushu University, 6 10 1 Hakozaki, Fukuoka 812 8581, Japan
J Theor Biol 244:518-31. 2007..Also, we study the model in which private reputation errors exist to a small extent. In this case, we find the stable coexistence of unconditional and conditional cooperators under the three norms...
- Is nondirectiveness possible within the context of antenatal screening and testing?Clare Williams
Social Science Research Unit, University of London, UK
Soc Sci Med 54:339-47. 2002..The paper highlights the dilemmas which a variety of practitioners are dealing with in their daily work, in the hope of encouraging debate about these complex clinical and ethical issues...
- Suicide and islamDavid Lester
Center for the Study of Suicide, RR41, 5 Stonegate Court, Blackwood, NJ 08012 5356, USA
Arch Suicide Res 10:77-97. 2006..Reasons for the low rate of completed suicide in Muslims are reviewed, including differences in values and socio-economic status...
- Health and human rights: if not now, when? 1997Johnathan Mann
Am J Public Health 96:1940-3. 2006
- The new myth: the social value of the QALYWerner Brouwer
Pharmacoeconomics 26:1-4. 2008
- What is the value of social values? The uselessness of assessing health-related quality of life through preference measuresLuis Prieto
Health Outcomes Research Unit, Eli Lilly and Co, Spain, Av, de la Industria, 30, 28108 Alcobendas, Spain
BMC Med Res Methodol 4:10. 2004..The objective of this study was to determine whether the use of social preference weights or utilities makes any real difference when calculating scores for the Euroqol (EQ5-D) questionnaire, a HRQOL preference-based measure...
- Is modern Western culture a health hazard?Richard Eckersley
National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University, ACT 0200, Australia
Int J Epidemiol 35:252-8. 2006
- Is there a "school effect" on pupil outcomes? A review of multilevel studiesE Sellstrom
Department of Health Sciences, MidSweden University, SE 831 25 Ostersund, Sweden
J Epidemiol Community Health 60:149-55. 2006..Multilevel analyses can separate determinants operating at an individual level from those operating at a contextual level. This paper aims to systematically review multilevel studies of school contextual effects on pupil outcomes...
- Social inequalities in intimate partner violence: a study of women in KenyaStephen Lawoko
Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
Violence Vict 22:773-84. 2007..Finally, being in polygamous relationships was associated with IPV exposure. The findings indicate demographic, social, and structural differences in exposure to IPV with important implications for interventions...
- Engineering information technology for actionable information and better health - balancing social values through desired outcomes, complementary standards and decision-supportDon E Detmer
University of Virginia, USA
Stud Health Technol Inform 153:107-18. 2010....
- Beyond the shadows: domestic spousal violence in a "democratizing" EgyptNawal H Ammar
Kent State University
Trauma Violence Abuse 7:244-59. 2006..This would enable researchers to measure over time strategies that influence change and reduce violence against women. This article provides the first step in the baseline...
- What we know about intimate partner violence in the Middle East and North AfricaAngie Boy
Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
Violence Against Women 14:53-70. 2008..National data from Egypt and Jordan indicate almost 9 in 10 ever-married women accept at least one reason for wife beating. Change is possible but will require increased research, coalition building, and intervention efforts...
- Personal values and involvement in problem behaviors among Bahamian early adolescents: a cross-sectional studyHongjie Liu
The Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
BMC Public Health 7:135. 2007....
- What is important in evaluating health care quality? An international comparison of user viewsPeter P Groenewegen
NIVEL, Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, PO Box 1568, 3500 BN, The Netherlands
BMC Health Serv Res 5:16. 2005..The aim is to describe and explain international differences in the importance that health care users attach to different aspects of health care...
- Value correlates of collegiate alcohol abuseStephen J Dollinger
Department of Psychology, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale 62901 6502, USA
Psychol Rep 93:848-50. 2003..Those who drank frequently and problematically were most likely to endorse a hedonistic and stimulation-seeking values system...
- Eliciting ethical and social values in health technology assessment: A participatory approachYvonne Bombard
Department of Health Policy Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, 155 College Street, 4th Floor, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5T 3M6
Soc Sci Med 73:135-44. 2011Despite a growing consensus that ethical and social values should be addressed in health technology assessment (HTA) processes, there exist a variety of methods for doing so...
- Mental health and intellectual disability: culture and diversityR Littlewood
Department of Anthropology, University College London, London, UK
J Intellect Disabil Res 50:555-60. 2006..Compared with that in mental illness, cultural variation in popular conceptualisations of intellectual disability has been rarely addressed...
- Values and behavior: strength and structure of relationsAnat Bardi
University of Wisconsin Madison, USA
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 29:1207-20. 2003..Relations among behaviors, among values, and jointly among values and behavior exhibit a similar structure. The motivational conflicts and congruities postulated by the theory of values can account for this shared structure...
- Why we must leave our organs to othersD Micah Hester
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Arkansas, USA
Am J Bioeth 6:W23-8. 2006..Each of us is pressed by the growing demand for our organs should we die "rightly," and that desperate need has risen to such a level that not to release our organs for transplantation would constitute a serious moral wrong...
- Communication. Social values and the governance of scienceGeorge Gaskell
Methodology Institute, London School of Economics and Political Science, London WC2A 2AE, UK
Science 310:1908-9. 2005
- Parenting and adolescents' accuracy in perceiving parental valuesAriel Knafo
Department of Education, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba, Israel
Child Dev 74:595-611. 2003..The article discusses implications for the processes that underlie accurate perception, gender differences, and other potential influences on accuracy in value perception...
- Social inclusion/exclusion: dancing the dialecticRonald Labonte
Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
Health Promot Int 19:115-21. 2004..Their utility, however, particularly at a time when not only inequalities, but also their rate of growth, is increasing, requires careful questioning...
- The influence of religious and personal values on nursing home residents' attitudes toward life-sustaining treatmentsF K Ejaz
Margaret Blenkner Research Center, The Benjamin Rose Institute, Cleveland, OH 44114 3301, USA
Soc Work Health Care 32:23-39. 2000..Practitioners who provide education on end-of-life decisions need to discuss a myriad of issues including individual religious and personal values and other characteristics in an effort to understand and respect treatment choices...
- Acculturation and disordered eating patterns among Mexican American womenR Chamorro
Department of Psychiatry, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
Int J Eat Disord 28:125-9. 2000..This quantitative study examined the relationship between acculturation and disordered eating patterns among different generations of Mexican American women...
- Misperceptions of the norms for the frequency of alcohol and other drug use on college campusesH W Perkins
Department of Anthropology and Sociology, Hobart and William Smith Colleges, Geneva, New York, USA
J Am Coll Health 47:253-8. 1999..To the extent that they may promote or reinforce students' actual use, these misperceptions should be considered in designing college drug prevention programs...
- A comparison of patient and social tariff values derived from the time trade-off methodN Zethraeus
Department of Economics, Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm, Sweden
Health Econ 8:541-5. 1999..There was a close correspondence between social-tariff values and patient TTO values for relatively good health states, whereas the social tariff TTO values were lower than the patient TTO values for severe health states...
- Congruence and functions of personal and cultural values: do my values reflect my culture's values?Ronald Fischer
Centre for Applied Cross Cultural Research, School of Psychology, Victoria University Wellington, PO Box 600, Wellington, New Zealand
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 32:1419-31. 2006..Implications for measurement of cultural values and cultural and cross-cultural research designs are discussed...
- What is a good death? Terminally ill patients dealing with normative expectations around death and dyingMinke Goldsteen
Department of Health Care Ethics and Philosophy, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
Patient Educ Couns 64:378-86. 2006..This article aims to offer an insight in the way terminally ill patients talk about death and dying and how they refer to current western normative expectations about a 'good' death...
- Attitudes toward homosexuality among U.S. residents of Mexican descentGregory M Herek
Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 8686, USA
J Sex Res 43:122-35. 2006..S. culture (rather than Mexican culture)...
- Swazi men's contraceptive knowledge, attitudes, and practicesIsabella S Ziyane
University of South Africa, South Africa
J Transcult Nurs 18:5-11. 2007..This finding holds some promise for enabling more Swazi women to use contraceptives at least until they have completed their schooling. Contraceptive services were not readily accessible to men in Swaziland...
- The benefits of a culturally specific intimate partner violence intervention for African American survivorsTameka L Gillum
Public Health Department, Community Health Studies Division, University of Massachusetts Amherst, USA
Violence Against Women 14:917-43. 2008..Results suggest that this culturally specific agency is successfully meeting the needs of these survivors...
- Unpacking disclosure: interrupting unquestioned practicesCarol McDonald
School of Nursing, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
Issues Ment Health Nurs 29:639-49. 2008....
- Rethinking individualism and collectivism: evaluation of theoretical assumptions and meta-analysesDaphna Oyserman
Department of Psychology, School of Social Work, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48106 1248, USA
Psychol Bull 128:3-72. 2002..Moderate IND-COL effects were found on self-concept and relationality, and large effects were found on attribution and cognitive style...
- Respecting culture and honoring diversity in community practiceFrances E Racher
School of Health Studies, Brandon University, Brandon, Manitoba, Canada
Res Theory Nurs Pract 21:255-70. 2007..Cultural competence, cultural attunement, and cultural humility are examined, and recommendations for effective community practice in working with groups and organizations are shared...
- Resident attractiveness: an influential factor in the quality of care in nursing homesSara L Campbell
Illinois State University, Mennonite College of Nursing, Campus Box 5810, Normal, IL 61790, USA
J Gerontol Nurs 31:18-25. 2005..However, being open to the discovery of all factors that may influence the quality of care is important to promote positive changes in resident outcomes in nursing homes...
- Family and community influences on the social and sexual lives of Latino gay menPeter A Guarnero
University of New Mexico, USA
J Transcult Nurs 18:12-8. 2007....
- Cross-cultural attitudes towards suicide: the SOQ and a personal odysseyGeorge Domino
Southwest Institute of Psychology, 7660 E Rudasill Road, Tucson, AZ 85750, USA
Arch Suicide Res 9:107-22. 2005..Yet, there are problems (e.g., psychometric properties), but despite such limitations, further research with the SOQ is warranted. This paper reviews the development of the SOQ and its application to cross-cultural contexts...
- Uncovering racial bias in nursing fundamentals textbooksM M Byrne
North Georgia College and State University, Dahlonega, USA
Nurs Health Care Perspect 22:299-303. 2001..Recommendations for nursing education are provided...
- Cultural attribution of mental health suffering in Chinese societies: the views of Chinese patients with mental illness and their caregiversFei Hsiu Hsiao
College of Nursing, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taiwan
J Clin Nurs 15:998-1006. 2006..This study examined the cultural attribution of distress in the Chinese, the special role of the family in distress and the specific emotional reactions within distress dictated by culture...
- Nepalese school-age children's self-reported fears and coping strategies related to medical experiencesGanga Mahat
College of Nursing, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 180 University Avenue, Newark, NJ 07102, USA
J Cult Divers 13:34-40. 2006..However there was a significant difference between public and private school children's report of frequently used coping strategies (t=4.10, p=. 000) and coping effectiveness (t=4.30, p=. 000). Nursing implications are discussed...
- Health Workers for Change: a tool for promoting behaviour change among health providersB T Shaikh
Health Systems Division, Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
East Mediterr Health J 12:331-9. 2006....
- Seeking paths to culturally competent health care: lessons from two Saskatchewan Aboriginal communitiesPammla Petrucka
College of Nursing, University of Saskatchewan, Regina, Canada
Can J Nurs Res 39:166-82. 2007..The lessons from this study could inform further research with these communities and other culturally diverse groups with respect to cultural competency in terms of both health-care providers and health services...
- Towards malecentric communication: sensitizing health professionals to the realities of male childhood sexual abuse survivorsEli Teram
Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
Issues Ment Health Nurs 27:499-517. 2006..Malecentric communication is proposed as a method for addressing the specific experiences of male survivors in their encounters with health professionals...
- Cultural differences in medical communication: a review of the literatureBarbara C Schouten
Interdisciplinary Social Science Department, Research Institute for Psychology and Health, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Patient Educ Couns 64:21-34. 2006..In addition, a research model for studying this topic in future research is proposed...
- Influences of culture on Asian Americans' sexualitySumie Okazaki
Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 603 E Daniel St, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
J Sex Res 39:34-41. 2002....
- Sense of belonging as connectedness, American Indian worldview, and mental healthDoris Leal Hill
School of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Duluth, MN, USA
Arch Psychiatr Nurs 20:210-6. 2006..It is a dynamic phenomenon of social significance...
- Living by themselves? Psychiatric nurses' views on supported housing for persons with severe and persistent mental illnessT Hogberg
Division of Psychiatry, Institution of Clinical Neurosciences, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 13:735-41. 2006..Without the personal contact between the mentally ill person and the neighbours, there may be a risk that the integration will fail no matter how excellent the supported dwelling is framed...
- Exploring the discourse between genetic counselors and Orthodox Jewish community members related to reproductive genetic technologyIlana Suez Mittman
Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of Maryland at Baltimore, School of Medicine, 807 S Clinton Street, Baltimore, MD 21224 4030, USA
Patient Educ Couns 65:230-6. 2007..This study evaluated the discourse between genetic counselors and Orthodox Jewish community members' perceptions of reproductive genetic technology...
- Detection of acute confusion in Taiwanese elderly individualsJeng Wang
Department of Nursing, Chang Gung Institution of Technology, Tao Yuan, Taiwan
J Gerontol Nurs 32:7-12. 2006
- Domestic violence in the Chinese and South Asian immigrant communitiesElizabeth Midlarsky
Department of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Teachers College, Columbia University, 525 W 120th St, Box 148, New York, NY 10027 6696, USA
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1087:279-300. 2006..Culturally sensitive intervention strategies are presented that may be appropriately used in working with Chinese and South Asian immigrant women for whom abuse is a terrifying and demeaning fact of life...
- Prerequisites to providing culturally competent care to Mexican migrant farmworkers: a Delphi studyYeoun Soo Kim-Godwin
School of Nursing at the University of North Carolina at Wilmington, USA
J Cult Divers 13:27-33. 2006....
- The lived experience of moral distress: nurses who assisted with elective abortionsDebra R Hanna
New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY, USA
Res Theory Nurs Pract 19:95-124. 2005..The definition has been composed in universal terms, but remains tentative, since the full content domain of moral distress was largely but not definitively identified...
- Smoking reduction & cessation: a hospital based survey of outpatients' attitudesMargaret A Green
Outpatient Department, Health Sciences Center, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv 43:18-25. 2005..4. The lack of participation of mental health care providers in promoting smoking cessation is a complex issue...
- A hypothesized model of Korean women's responses to abuseMyunghan Choi
University of Arizona, College of Nursing, Tucson, USA
J Transcult Nurs 15:207-16. 2004..Sociostructural, patriarchal, cultural, and social exchange theories are reconceptualized to generate the model of Korean women's responses to abuse...
- Construction of masculinities among men aged 85 and older in the north of SwedenLena Alex
Department of Nursing, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
J Clin Nurs 17:451-9. 2008..The aim was to analyse the construction of masculinities among men aged 85 and older...
- Thoughts on nursing workJoan Liaschenko
Center for Bioethics, University of Minnesota, Suite N504 Boynton, 410 Church Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455 0346, USA
J Nurs Adm 32:69-70. 2002
- Afterbirths in the afterlife: cultural meaning of placental disposal in a Hmong American communityDeborah G Helsel
Department of Sociology, California State University, Fresno, USA
J Transcult Nurs 13:282-6. 2002..Incorporating non-Western patients' traditional health care practices into Western health care delivery may be facilitated by an awareness of the reluctance of some patients to verbalize their wishes...
- Passionate uprisings: young people, sexuality and politics in post-revolutionary IranPardis Mahdavi
Department of Anthropology, Pomona College, Claremont CA 91711, USA
Cult Health Sex 9:445-57. 2007....
- Understanding the importance of values and moral attitudes in nursing care in preserving human dignityDagfinn Nåden
Oslo University College, Faculty of Nursing, Oslo, Norway
Nurs Sci Q 17:86-91. 2004..One main finding of this nursing investigation based on the caring perspective was that values and a thoroughly moral attitude and demeanor are central when nursing becomes an art...
- Development of the Social Capital Questionnaire in GreeceGeorge Kritsotakis
Nursing Department, Technological Educational Institute of Crete, Iktinou 17, 71305, Iraklio Crete, Greece
Res Nurs Health 31:217-25. 2008..The SCQ-G is a useful scale to measure individual-level social capital in Greece. Social capital measurement tools should be validated in each cultural or national setting in which they are used...
- Women's somatic styles: rethinking breast self-examination educationLyndall Ellingson
Health and Community Services, California State University, Chico, California 95929 0505, USA
Health Care Women Int 24:759-72. 2003..Discernible patterns in somatic memories, somatic styles, and reactions to BSE educational messages were found. This study suggests a need for a more consciously feminist approach to BSE education...
- Exploring and developing a college's community of interest: an appreciative inquiryMarie Farrell
University of Southern Mississippi College of Nursing, Box 5095, Hattiesburg, MS 39406, USA
J Prof Nurs 19:364-71. 2003..However, it differed in the means of putting its co-created vision into practice and in defining its contributions in realizing the vision it created for the college...
- Anglo-American nursing theory, individualism and mental health care: a social conflict perspectiveKevin Leighton
Tees and North East Yorkshire N H S Trust, UK
Int J Nurs Stud 41:21-8. 2004..In so doing, it critiques the 'scientific' and 'liberal' preconceptions of individualised care which have dominated mental health care policy for over a decade...
- The practice setting: site of ethical conflict for some mothers and midwivesFaye E Thompson
University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia
Nurs Ethics 10:588-601. 2003..In contrast to the disembedded and disembodied approach of biomedical ethics, an ethically adequate response in midwifery practice resonates more with the ethics of intimates, such as feminist virtue ethics...
- Doctors' attitude towards people with mental illness in Western NigeriaAbiodun O Adewuya
Dept of Psychiatry, Lagos State University, College of Medicine, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 42:931-6. 2007..It had been suggested that those more knowledgeable about mental illness are less likely to endorse negative or stigmatizing attitudes. This study aimed to evaluate the attitude of doctors in Nigeria towards the mentally ill...
- The value of nursing: a literature reviewKhim Horton
Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK
Nurs Ethics 14:716-40. 2007..The findings of this review have implications for policy makers in recruitment and retention in determining the global value of nursing...
- The personal work of a first pregnancy: transforming identities, relationships, and women's workDeanne K Hilfinger Messias
Women s Studies Program, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
Women Health 45:41-64. 2007....
- Do gender-dyads have different communication patterns? A comparative study in Western-European general practicesAtie van den Brink-Muinen
NIVEL, Netherlands Institute of Primary Health, P O Box 1568, 3500 BN, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Patient Educ Couns 48:253-64. 2002..It is important to take into consideration differences between gender-dyads and between countries when studying gender effects on communication across countries or when comparing studies performed in different countries...
- Understanding the relationship between obesity and positive and negative affect: the role of psychosocial mechanismsDeborah Carr
Department of Sociology and Center for Demography of Health and Aging, University of Wisconsin, 1180 Observatory Drive, Madison, WI 53706, United States
Body Image 4:165-77. 2007..Our findings suggest that excessive body weight is not necessarily distressing, yet the physical and interpersonal strains associated with obesity may impair one's mood. We discuss the implications for policy and practice...
- Erectile dysfunction and constructs of masculinity and quality of life in the multinational Men's Attitudes to Life Events and Sexuality (MALES) studyMichael S Sand
Bayer Schering Pharma AG, Wuppertal, Germany
J Sex Med 5:583-94. 2008..The Men's Attitudes to Life Events and Sexuality (MALES) study assessed the prevalence and correlates of erectile dysfunction, and examined men's attitudes and behavior in relation to this dysfunction...
- The influence of culture on immigrant women's mental health care experiences from the perspectives of health care providersTam Truong Donnelly
Faculty of Nursing, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Issues Ment Health Nurs 28:453-71. 2007....
- Mental health nurses' experiences of schizophrenia rehabilitation in China and India: a preliminary studyLouise Higgins
Department of Psychology, University of Chester, Chester, UK
Int J Ment Health Nurs 16:22-7. 2007..The study also highlights the marked differences in attitudes, values, and behaviours across cultural groups that need to be considered by nursing professionals to ensure that services are culturally competent...
- Sex, love and gender norms: sexual life and experience of a group of young people in Ho Chi Minh City, VietnamHoa Ngan Nguyen
Centre for Gender and Family Studies, The Institute of Social Sciences, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Sex Health 4:63-9. 2007..Under the pressure of these norms, young people face many difficulties in order to fulfill a safe and satisfying sexual life...
- Culture, Risk Factors and Suicide Attempt in Rural ChinaJie Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2013..of the suicides'neurocognitive functions, psychiatric disorders, suicidal intent, and conflicting social values, etc...
- Controlling Human Aging: Alternative Rationales and ImplicationsEric T Juengst; Fiscal Year: 2010..This is important because a preventive interpretation carries moral weight, but may mask other social values that are challenged by efforts to control human aging.
- HIV Prevention and Adherence Intervention for HIV Positives and Partners in IndiaCARL A contact LATKIN; Fiscal Year: 2010..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: This proposal has high public relevance due to the low rates of HIV medication adherence found in many impoverished communities domestically and internationally. ..
- A Network & Dyad HIV Prevention Intervention for Intravenous Drug UserCarl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007..Main outcome measures will be self-reported sex and injection risk behaviors. Self-reports will be cross-validated by urinalysis of STIs. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- RCT of Russian IDU Peer Network HIV Prevent InterventionCarl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Network HIV Prevention Intervention for Drug UsersCarl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- THE LONG-TERM IMPACT OF A NETWORK OUTREACH INTERVENTIONCarl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2002..The data will also used to examine associations between characteristics of sex partners and personal networks to describe sexual mixing patterns of this population. ..
- Self-concordant goals, self-regulation, and personalityKENNON SHELDON; Fiscal Year: 2005..In the process we hope to develop new understanding of personality differentiation and adult identity formation. ..
- Economic Evaluation of Addiction ServicesJENNIFER RUGER; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Southwest Interdisciplinary Research Consortium (SIRC)Flavio Marsiglia; Fiscal Year: 2006..This public health initiative follows the health promotion and disease prevention objectives of Healthy People 2000 (priority areas: 3, 4, 6, and 8) and the "Initiative on Race and Health" of Healthy People 2010. ..
- Indicated Prevention with At-Risk GamblersMary Larimer; Fiscal Year: 2005..In addition, there is virtually no research evaluating mediators or moderators of gambling intervention efficacy. ..
- Genetic Epideniologic Models of Alcohol AbuseAndrew Heath; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Alcohol Research Collabortive: Peer ProgramsMary Larimer; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- ALCOHOLISM: GENETIC EPIDEMIOLOGIC TWIN STUDYAndrew Heath; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Drug Resistance Strategies: The Next GenerationFlavio Marsiglia; Fiscal Year: 2001..The research design includes mediational and process analyses. Results from this research will inform future replicability of the DRS approach and advance existing knowledge about culturally-grounded drug abuse prevention intervention. ..
- Parental Alcohlism & Child Environmental RiskAndrew Heath; Fiscal Year: 2008..RESEARCH GRANT TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Numbers Face Page .................................................................................................................................................. 1 Description, ..
- Hospice Intervention for Older Adults With End Stage Renal DiseaseLewis Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Alcohol, Risky Behavior and HIV Prevention in Mumbai, IndiaJean Schensul; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- CBATD for Depressed Cancer PatientsDEREK HOPKO; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- REACH-Relevant Education and Communication for HispanicCathy Meade; Fiscal Year: 2007..It is anticipated that this project will yield a questionnaire that can be exported and used in larger community-based intervention studies with minor modifications. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Prediciting Severe Neonatal HyperbilirubinemiaRon Keren; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- A Twin-Family Study of Drug Use, Abuse, and DependenceKenneth Kendler; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Neural Substrates of Goal-Directed Learning in the Human BrainJOHN O DOHERTY; Fiscal Year: 2007..This research could ultimately be relevant in developing treatments for such conditions in which habitized or compulsive behaviors are returned to goal-directed control. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Positive Age Stereotypes Across the LifeSpanBecca R Levy; Fiscal Year: 2010..Further, we are able to reduce the originally proposed start-up time, because a portion of the data management was undertaken for the preliminary study. ..
- TNRF1 Signaling Resistance in Ischemic Human Female MyocardiumDaniel R Meldrum; Fiscal Year: 2010..Female and male myocardium from the following study subjects will be tested: humans, wild type mice, STATS knockout mice, TNFR1 and TNFR2 knockout mice, and alpha and beta estrogen receptor knockout mice. ..
- TEA for Families & Children: Preparation for a Randomized TrialLi Li; Fiscal Year: 2010..The goal of this study is to develop and pilot an intervention for PLH and their family members in order to improve the long term health, mental health and behavioral adjustment of the children in poor, rural areas in China. ..
- Preventing Violence Against Women: A Web-Based ApproachLaura Salazar; Fiscal Year: 2008..These outcomes[unreadable] will be assessed via web-administered interviews at baseline, postintervention, and at 6 months. ..
- Race/Ethnic Variability in survey Question Processing and ResponseTimothy Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2009..This is an important goal, as health surveys are one of the key yardsticks by which public health disparities are measured. ..
- The Enigma of Placebo Adherence and Health OutcomesAndrew Avins; Fiscal Year: 2009..The results of this investigation will shed important light on powerful biomedical and non-biomedical determinants of health outcomes that, at present, are insufficiently documented and poorly understood. ..
- Experiential Avoidance and Substance Use RelapseNeharika Chawla; Fiscal Year: 2008..The findings of this research will aid in achieving a more thorough understanding of the factors related to relapse, and in increasing the overall effectiveness of interventions. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- EFFECTS OF CHANGING SEDENTARY BEHAVIOR IN OBESE CHILDRENLeonard Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2008..Developing a better understanding of why obese youth increase physical activity or decrease energy intake when sedentary behaviors are reduced is important for the treatment of pediatric obesity. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Progenitor cell pretreatment against acute surgical I/RDaniel Meldrum; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Effects of Personal Exposure to Volatile Organic Compounds on Liver FunctionTiejian Wu; Fiscal Year: 2008..If the effect of background exposure on liver function is identified, then regulation can be used to reduce the exposures implicated. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- A Multiethnic Internet Study on Menopausal SymptomsEun Ok Im; Fiscal Year: 2008....
- Mindfullness-Based Stress Reduction for Hot FlashesJames Carmody; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Exploring the Role of Secondary Conditions in Nursing Home TransitionsTom Seekins; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Destructive Effects of Social RejectionROY BAUMEISTER; Fiscal Year: 2007..The fifth project will examine social exclusion outside the laboratory, in order to elucidate how exclusion affects people in everyday life. ..
- Substance Use & Girls: Stress, Hormones & PubertyJudy Andrews; Fiscal Year: 2006..All assessments will be timed to menstruating girls' menstrual cycle, with timing of non-menstruating girls yoked to that of menstruating girls. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- GIS, ALCOHOL MARKETING, AND ALCOHOL-RELATED OUTCOMESDeborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2006..Because alcohol marketing is already regulated, if certain marketing techniques are disproportionately associated with alcohol consumption and alcohol-related mortality, the findings can be used to inform public policy. ..
- HIV Related Stigma among Service Providers in ChinaLi Li; Fiscal Year: 2005..These data will prepare the team to conduct a randomized controlled trial across different levels of health care providers in China. ..
- Improving Outcomes of LBW Premature Infants and ParentsBernadette Melnyk; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- CANCER COURSES FOR NURSES WORKING WITH MINORITY GROUPSSandra Millon Underwood; Fiscal Year: 2004..to be tested will focus on the degree to which the program facilitates the integration of didactic content, thoughtful discussions, clinical/laboratory experiences, related literature, evidence-based information obtained from the ..
- CONTINGENCIES OF SELF-ESTEEMJennifer Crocker; Fiscal Year: 2004..3) Cultural differences in the direction as well as possibly the content of contingencies of SE can account for the relatively low average levels of SE in Asians and Asian-Americans. ..
- The Epidemiology of Mood, Anxiety and Alcohol DisorderKenneth Kendler; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- TOOLS FOR PUBLIC CONVERSATION ABOUT BEHAVIORAL GENETICSErik Parens; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- A Community Study of Infertility in Northern TanzaniaUlla Larsen; Fiscal Year: 2004..A basic protocol for the recommended treatment of infertility will be developed. 6. To analyze the social implications of infertility. 7. To assess the demographic implications of infertility. ..
- AIDS RISK IN OLDER URBAN ADULT SENIOR HOUSING RESIDENTSJean Schensul; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Quality Care and Error Reduction in Rural HospitalsAnn Cook; Fiscal Year: 2003..The intervention will target interdisciplinary teams of rural healthcare providers, and hospital staff across 30 hospital settings in an area of the rural west. ..
- COMMUNITY CLINIC TEST OF YOUTH ANXIETY TREATMENTJohn Weisz; Fiscal Year: 2002..e., degree to which treatment reduces further service use). ..
- Distrust, Race/Ethnicity, and Predictive Genetic TestingKatrina Armstrong; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- MAMAS Y BEBES: PREVENTION INTERVENTION DEVELOPMENTRicardo Munoz; Fiscal Year: 2002..Effect sizes on changes in depressive symptoms and their cognitive and behavioral mediators will be obtained for power calculations for the randomized trials. ..
- MECHANISMS OF ENZYMIC AND HYDRIDE TRANSFERSGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Risk for Alcohol Problems Among College StudentsJeffrey Simons; Fiscal Year: 2006..Better understanding of the etiological paths to alcohol use problems may be useful for early identification of individuals at risk for alcohol use problems and may inform the development of effective interventions. ..
- Organ Donation in the Black Community: A Focus on FamilyKimberly Arriola; Fiscal Year: 2006..Mediation will be tested through structural equation modeling. ..
- Life Skills Curriculum as an HIV/STD Prevention StrategySusan Pick; Fiscal Year: 2006..Qualitative measures will also be used to assess perceived impact and impressions of curriculum among both teachers and students, providing the basis for widespread dissemination among government officials in Mexico. ..
- MINORITY PRE-DOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP PROGRAMMARLYN HUDSON; Fiscal Year: 2006..Ms. Hudson plans to select a specific dissertation topic and develop her research proposal during the second year in the doctoral program. ..
- An Irish Affected Sib Pair Study of Alcohol DependenceKenneth Kendler; Fiscal Year: 2005..To conduct this project we have assembled a team of experts in clinical assessment, statistical genetics and molecular genetics...
- A Cultural Investigation of Self-Improving MotivationsSTEVEN HEINE; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Postoperative dietary counseling after bariatric surgeryDAVID SARWER; Fiscal Year: 2005..Results of this study could have a significant impact on the postoperative care of these individuals. ..
- Obesity, Body Image and Weight MaintenanceDAVID SARWER; Fiscal Year: 2005..These studies have been selected to further develop my knowledge of the treatment of obesity, and the training program has been designed to facilitate my development as an independent investigator in the field of obesity. ..
- THE INFLUENCE OF AGING SELF-STEREOTYPES ON HEALTHBecca Levy; Fiscal Year: 2005..Together, these studies offer an excellent training opportunity and the possibility of identifying a new risk factor for disability and mortality that could be targeted by a psychosocial intervention. ..
- Environmental Methods for Reducing Collegiate DrinkingMark Wood; Fiscal Year: 2008..The dual long-term objectives of this research are to provide college administrators with an enhanced armamentarium for reducing collegiate alcohol abuse while furthering the science of prevention. ..
- The Social Context of Unintended Pregnancy in College-aged WomenMELISSA LEHAN MACKIN; Fiscal Year: 2009..This knowledge will contribute to improved public health interventions, lead to a decrease in disparities in access to health care, and allow for informed health policy decisions. ..
- AFRICAN-AMERICAN AND WHITE CAREGIVERS: HEALTH EFFECTSBob Knight; Fiscal Year: 2002..The results have important implications for theory, practice, and policy with ethnically diverse caregivers. ..
- NEUROBIOLOGY OF PERSONALITY AND EMOTIONRICHARD DEPUE; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Social Anxiety Disorder and Emotion RegulationTODD KASHDAN; Fiscal Year: 2007..Findings could ultimately lead to the development of more effective intervention efforts. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Marital Adjustment, Depression and Myocardial InfarctionLinda Gallo; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Dynamic Socioeconomic Disadvantage: Children in Family and School ContextsELIZABETH T contact GERSHOFF; Fiscal Year: 2010..Findings from this research have the potential to contribute to policy and program advances that will enhance the life chances of children in poor and low income families. ..
- PREVENTION OF ALCOHOL ABUSE AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTSMark Wood; Fiscal Year: 2002..More effective interventions would result in fewer injuries from acute intoxication and lessen the risk for the development of alcoholism as a result of chronic alcohol abuse. ..
- Partner Violence Norms and HIV Risk-Taking Among Youth in Sub-Saharan AfricaIlene Speizer; Fiscal Year: 2008..The information from this study can be used to make recommendations on strategies to reduce youth violence risk with the underlying objective of strengthening HIV prevention programs for youth. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Brain and Behavior Correlates of Arm RehabilitationCarolee Winstein; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Mood and Substance Use Among College StudentsJeffrey Simons; Fiscal Year: 2003..Better understanding of the etiological paths of substance use problems may be useful for early identification of individuals at risk for substance use problems and may inform the development of effective interventions. ..
- CAN SOCIAL NORMS MARKETING REDUCE HIGH-RISK DRINKING?William DeJong; Fiscal Year: 2003..5) In Year 5, continue and complete data analysis to meet the outlined aims of the study. ..
- Integrated Research in Health and Aging: Early Results from the National Social LINDA WAITE; Fiscal Year: 2008..Project Narrative [unreadable] [unreadable] We propose an early results workshop using the NSHAP data to encourage interdisciplinary research in health and aging. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- CHARACTERIZING PSYCHOACTIVE EFFECTS OF INHALANTSJames Zacny; Fiscal Year: 2004..In short, in our two proposed series of studies, we are developing a human laboratory model of inhalant abuse by studying potential determinants of abuse liability of inhalants (volatile and gaseous) in healthy volunteers. ..
- National Social Life, Health and Aging ProjectLINDA WAITE; Fiscal Year: 2007..C. Ascertain older adults' perceptions about the relationship of sexuality to health and their needs for physician-patient communication and health care services in this domain. ..
- BEHAVIORAL EFFECTS OF OPIOIDS IN VOLUNTEERSJames Zacny; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..