life change events

Summary

Summary: Those occurrences, including social, psychological, and environmental, which require an adjustment or effect a change in an individual's pattern of living.

Top Publications

  1. pmc The enduring effects of abuse and related adverse experiences in childhood. A convergence of evidence from neurobiology and epidemiology
    Robert F Anda
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Adult and Community Health, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3717, USA
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 256:174-86. 2006
  2. ncbi Trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder in the community: the 1996 Detroit Area Survey of Trauma
    N Breslau
    Department of Psychiatry, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Mich 48202 3450, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 55:626-32. 1998
  3. ncbi Stress and depression
    Constance Hammen
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 1:293-319. 2005
  4. ncbi Adverse childhood experiences and the risk of depressive disorders in adulthood
    Daniel P Chapman
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway NE, Mailstop K 67, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    J Affect Disord 82:217-25. 2004
  5. pmc Childhood adversities and adult psychiatric disorders in the national comorbidity survey replication I: associations with first onset of DSM-IV disorders
    Jennifer Greif Green
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 67:113-23. 2010
  6. ncbi A cognitive model of persecutory delusions
    Daniel Freeman
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
    Br J Clin Psychol 41:331-47. 2002
  7. pmc Psychological trauma and evidence for enhanced vulnerability for posttraumatic stress disorder through previous trauma among West Nile refugees
    Frank Neuner
    Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz and Center for Psychiatry Reichenau, D 78457 Konstanz, Germany
    BMC Psychiatry 4:34. 2004
  8. ncbi 60,000 disaster victims speak: Part I. An empirical review of the empirical literature, 1981-2001
    Fran H Norris
    Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Psychiatry 65:207-39. 2002
  9. pmc Adverse childhood experiences and adult risk factors for age-related disease: depression, inflammation, and clustering of metabolic risk markers
    Andrea Danese
    Social, Genetic, and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 163:1135-43. 2009
  10. ncbi The CREB1-BDNF-NTRK2 pathway in depression: multiple gene-cognition-environment interactions
    Gabriella Juhasz
    Neuroscience and Psychiatry Unit, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychiatry 69:762-71. 2011

Detail Information

Publications341 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc The enduring effects of abuse and related adverse experiences in childhood. A convergence of evidence from neurobiology and epidemiology
    Robert F Anda
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Adult and Community Health, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3717, USA
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 256:174-86. 2006
    ..Epidemiological studies have documented the impact of childhood maltreatment on health and emotional well-being...
  2. ncbi Trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder in the community: the 1996 Detroit Area Survey of Trauma
    N Breslau
    Department of Psychiatry, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Mich 48202 3450, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 55:626-32. 1998
    ..The study estimates the relative importance of specific types of traumas experienced in the community in terms of their prevalence and risk of leading to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  3. ncbi Stress and depression
    Constance Hammen
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 1:293-319. 2005
    ....
  4. ncbi Adverse childhood experiences and the risk of depressive disorders in adulthood
    Daniel P Chapman
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway NE, Mailstop K 67, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    J Affect Disord 82:217-25. 2004
    ..As previous research has documented that adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are highly interrelated, we examined the association between the number of such experiences (ACE score) and the risk of depressive disorders...
  5. pmc Childhood adversities and adult psychiatric disorders in the national comorbidity survey replication I: associations with first onset of DSM-IV disorders
    Jennifer Greif Green
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 67:113-23. 2010
    ..Because CAs are highly clustered, this approach results in overestimating the importance of individual CAs. Multivariate CA studies have been based on insufficiently complex models...
  6. ncbi A cognitive model of persecutory delusions
    Daniel Freeman
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
    Br J Clin Psychol 41:331-47. 2002
    ..The clinical and research implications of the model are outlined...
  7. pmc Psychological trauma and evidence for enhanced vulnerability for posttraumatic stress disorder through previous trauma among West Nile refugees
    Frank Neuner
    Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz and Center for Psychiatry Reichenau, D 78457 Konstanz, Germany
    BMC Psychiatry 4:34. 2004
    ..High exposure to traumatic experiences has been particularly prominent in the Ugandan and Sudanese of the West Nile Region, representing an indication of the psychological strain posed by years of armed conflict...
  8. ncbi 60,000 disaster victims speak: Part I. An empirical review of the empirical literature, 1981-2001
    Fran H Norris
    Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Psychiatry 65:207-39. 2002
    ..Among youth, family factors were primary. Implications of the research for clinical practice and community intervention are discussed in a companion article (Norris, Friedman, and Watson, this volume)...
  9. pmc Adverse childhood experiences and adult risk factors for age-related disease: depression, inflammation, and clustering of metabolic risk markers
    Andrea Danese
    Social, Genetic, and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 163:1135-43. 2009
    ....
  10. ncbi The CREB1-BDNF-NTRK2 pathway in depression: multiple gene-cognition-environment interactions
    Gabriella Juhasz
    Neuroscience and Psychiatry Unit, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychiatry 69:762-71. 2011
    ....
  11. ncbi A randomized controlled trial of cognitive therapy, a self-help booklet, and repeated assessments as early interventions for posttraumatic stress disorder
    Anke Ehlers
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:1024-32. 2003
    ..Similarly, there is a lack of clarity about the best way of identifying people who are unlikely to recover from early posttraumatic symptoms without intervention...
  12. ncbi Whatever does not kill us: cumulative lifetime adversity, vulnerability, and resilience
    Mark D Seery
    Department of Psychology, University at Buffalo, State University of New York 14260 4110, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 99:1025-41. 2010
    ..Furthermore, people with some prior lifetime adversity were the least affected by recent adverse events. These results suggest that, in moderation, whatever does not kill us may indeed make us stronger...
  13. ncbi Impact of the HTR3A gene with early life trauma on emotional brain networks and depressed mood
    Justine M Gatt
    The Brain Dynamics Center, Westmead Millennium Institute and Discipline of Psychiatry, University of Sydney at Westmead Hospital, New South Wales, Australia
    Depress Anxiety 27:752-9. 2010
    ..The role of serotonin 3A receptor gene (HTR3A -42C>T polymorphism) and its interaction with early life stress (ELS) was investigated in view of the receptor's localization to brain regions central to emotion processing...
  14. ncbi Descriptive epidemiology of chronic childhood adversity in Mexican adolescents
    Corina Benjet
    National Institute of Psychiatry Ramon de la Fuente, Division of Epidemiological and Psychosocial Research, Mexico City, Mexico
    J Adolesc Health 45:483-9. 2009
    ..To estimate the prevalence of adversity (neglect and abuse, parental loss, parental psychopathology, economic adversity, and serious physical illness), the interrelatedness of adversities, and their socio-demographic correlates...
  15. pmc Depression and anxiety among first-generation immigrant Latino youth: key correlates and implications for future research
    Stephanie R Potochnick
    Department of Public Policy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 198:470-7. 2010
    ..Compared with documented adolescents, undocumented adolescents were at greater risk of anxiety, and children in mixed-status families were at greater risk of anxiety and marginally greater risk of depressive symptoms...
  16. ncbi Physical health problems after single trauma exposure: when stress takes root in the body
    Wendy D'Andrea
    The New School, New York, NY, USA
    J Am Psychiatr Nurses Assoc 17:378-92. 2011
    ....
  17. pmc Childhood adversities and adult psychiatric disorders in the national comorbidity survey replication II: associations with persistence of DSM-IV disorders
    Katie A McLaughlin
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, 180 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 67:124-32. 2010
    ..This distinction is important for conceptual and practical purposes...
  18. ncbi The impact of midlife educational, work, health, and family experiences on men's early retirement
    Marleen Damman
    Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute, P O Box 11650, 2502 AR The Hague, The Netherlands
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 66:617-27. 2011
    ..We distinguish theoretically and empirically between financial and nonfinancial preretirement factors through which midlife experiences could affect retirement...
  19. ncbi The importance of childhood trauma and childhood life events for chronicity of depression in adults
    Jenneke E Wiersma
    Department of Psychiatry and Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine, VU University Medical Center and Academic Outpatient Clinic for Affective Disorders, GGZ inGeest, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Clin Psychiatry 70:983-9. 2009
    ....
  20. ncbi Health disparities beginning in childhood: a life-course perspective
    Paula Braveman
    Center on Social Disparities in Health, Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, 3333 California St, San Francisco, CA 94118 0943, USA
    Pediatrics 124:S163-75. 2009
    ....
  21. ncbi A meta-analysis of risk factors for post-traumatic stress disorder in children and adolescents
    David Trickey
    Child Bereavement and Trauma Service CHUMS Social Enterprise CIC, NHS Approved Provider, UK
    Clin Psychol Rev 32:122-38. 2012
    ..The findings support the cognitive model of PTSD as a way of understanding its development and guiding interventions to reduce symptoms...
  22. ncbi Making sense of the meaning literature: an integrative review of meaning making and its effects on adjustment to stressful life events
    Crystal L Park
    University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1020, USA
    Psychol Bull 136:257-301. 2010
    ..This article concludes with specific suggestions for future research...
  23. pmc A memory-based model of posttraumatic stress disorder: evaluating basic assumptions underlying the PTSD diagnosis
    David C Rubin
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Psychol Rev 115:985-1011. 2008
    ..Special mechanisms that apply only to traumatic memories are not needed, increasing parsimony and the knowledge that can be applied to understanding PTSD...
  24. ncbi Posttraumatic growth in clinical psychology - a critical review and introduction of a two component model
    Tanja Zoellner
    Roseneck Hospital Center for Psychosomatic Medicine, Am Roseneck 6, 83209 Prien, Germany
    Clin Psychol Rev 26:626-53. 2006
    ..The article ends with a discussion of fruitful future research directions and how PTG can add a new perspective into trauma therapy...
  25. ncbi Long-term effects of early-life environmental manipulations in rodents and primates: Potential animal models in depression research
    Christopher R Pryce
    Behavioural Neurobiology Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Schorenstrasse 16, CH 8603 Schwerzenbach, Zurich, Switzerland
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 29:649-74. 2005
    ....
  26. ncbi Genetic and environmental influences on trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms: a twin study
    Murray B Stein
    Anxiety and Traumatic Stress Disorders Program, Department of Psychiatry 0985, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0985, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:1675-81. 2002
    ..In this study the authors examined the heritability of trauma exposure and PTSD symptoms in male and female twin pairs of nonveteran volunteers...
  27. ncbi Effects of stressful life events, maternal depression and 5-HTTLPR genotype on emotional symptoms in pre-adolescent children
    Ricardo Araya
    University of Bristol, United Kingdom
    Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 150:670-82. 2009
    ..Young cohorts are essential to improve our understanding of the impact of development on gene and environment interactions...
  28. ncbi Epidemiology of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder in Mexico
    Fran H Norris
    Department of Psychiatry, Dartmouth Medical School, Dartmouth College, White River Junction, VT, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 112:646-56. 2003
    ..Of lifetime cases, 62% became chronic; only 42% received medical or professional care. The research demonstrates the importance of expanding the epidemiologic research base on trauma to include developing countries around the world...
  29. pmc Can playing the computer game "Tetris" reduce the build-up of flashbacks for trauma? A proposal from cognitive science
    Emily A Holmes
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 4:e4153. 2009
    ..We predicted that playing "Tetris" half an hour after viewing trauma would reduce flashback frequency over 1-week...
  30. pmc Interaction between the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR), stressful life events, and risk of depression: a meta-analysis
    Neil Risch
    Institute for Human Genetics, University of California at San Francisco, and Kaiser Permanente Northern California Division of Research, Oakland, USA
    JAMA 301:2462-71. 2009
    ....
  31. ncbi The impact of adverse childhood experiences on health problems: evidence from four birth cohorts dating back to 1900
    Shanta R Dube
    National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341 3717, USA
    Prev Med 37:268-77. 2003
    ....
  32. ncbi Altered pituitary-adrenal axis responses to provocative challenge tests in adult survivors of childhood abuse
    C Heim
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, 1639 Pierce Dr, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 158:575-81. 2001
    ..On subsequent stress exposure, women with a history of childhood abuse may hypersecrete CRF, resulting in down-regulation of adenohypophyseal CRF receptors and symptoms of depression and anxiety...
  33. ncbi Stressful life events as a risk factor for inflammatory bowel disease onset: A population-based case-control study
    Eric Lerebours
    Registre des Maladies Inflammatoires Chroniques de l Intestin EPIMAD, Service d Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique, Hopital Calmette, CHU de Lille, 59037 Lille Cedex, France
    Am J Gastroenterol 102:122-31. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to assess whether stress, evaluated through life event (LE) occurrence, is associated with IBD onset...
  34. ncbi Reliability of reports of violent victimization and posttraumatic stress disorder among men and women with serious mental illness
    L A Goodman
    Counseling Psychology Program, School of Education, Boston College, MA 02467, USA
    J Trauma Stress 12:587-99. 1999
    ..The study also demonstrates the importance of using a variety of statistical methods to assess the reliability of self-reports of trauma history...
  35. ncbi Longitudinal course of posttraumatic stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in a community sample of adolescents and young adults
    Axel Perkonigg
    Clinical Psychology and Epidemiology Department, Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Kraepelinstrasse 2 10, D 80804 Munich, Germany
    Am J Psychiatry 162:1320-7. 2005
    ..The authors examined determinants of remission and chronicity of PTSD and associations with other disorders in a prospective community sample...
  36. ncbi Trauma exposure and post-traumatic stress disorder in the general population
    O Frans
    Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 111:291-9. 2005
    ..To examine the lifetime prevalence of trauma experiences and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  37. ncbi Longitudinal linkages between perceived social support and posttraumatic stress symptoms: sequential roles of social causation and social selection
    Krzysztof Kaniasty
    Department of Psychology, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA 15705, USA
    J Trauma Stress 21:274-81. 2008
    ..Interpersonal and social dynamics of disasters may explain why these two contrasting causal mechanisms emerged over time...
  38. ncbi Short screening scale for DSM-IV posttraumatic stress disorder
    N Breslau
    Department of Psychiatry, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 156:908-11. 1999
    ..The authors' goal was to construct a short screening scale for DSM-IV posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  39. ncbi Reduced infant birthweight consequent upon maternal exposure to severe life events
    Ali S Khashan
    Centre for Women s Mental Health Research, University of Manchester, Williamson Building, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
    Psychosom Med 70:688-94. 2008
    ..To investigate the association between maternal exposure to severe life events and fetal growth (birthweight and small for gestational age). Stress has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcome...
  40. ncbi A follow-up study of mental health and health-related quality of life in tortured refugees in multidisciplinary treatment
    Jessica Mariana Carlsson
    Rehabilitation and Research Centre for Torture Victims, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Nerv Ment Dis 193:651-7. 2005
    ..In spite of the treatment, emotional distress seems to be chronic for the majority of this population. Future studies are needed to explore which health-related and social interventions are most useful to traumatized refugees...
  41. ncbi Can we disentangle life course processes of accumulation, critical period and social mobility? An analysis of disadvantaged socio-economic positions and myocardial infarction in the Stockholm Heart Epidemiology Program
    Johan Hallqvist
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm 171 76, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 58:1555-62. 2004
    ..Accordingly, the interpretation must depend on prior knowledge of more specific causal mechanisms...
  42. ncbi Does the impact of major stressful life events on the risk of developing depression change throughout life?
    L V Kessing
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Copenhagen, Rigshospitalet, Denmark
    Psychol Med 33:1177-84. 2003
    ..It is unclear whether there is an interaction of ageing on the association between major life events and onset of depression...
  43. ncbi Combat and peacekeeping operations in relation to prevalence of mental disorders and perceived need for mental health care: findings from a large representative sample of military personnel
    Jitender Sareen
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, 771 Bannatyne Ave, Winnipeg, MB PZ430, Canada R3E 3N4
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:843-52. 2007
    ..Although military personnel are trained for combat and peacekeeping operations, accumulating evidence indicates that deployment-related exposure to traumatic events is associated with mental health problems and mental health service use...
  44. ncbi Differences in early childhood risk factors for juvenile-onset and adult-onset depression
    Sara R Jaffee
    Institute of Psychiatry, Social, Genetic, and Developmental Psychiatry Research Centre, 111 Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, England, UK
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 59:215-22. 2002
    ..This study is the first to distinguish prospectively between juvenile- and adult-onset cases of MDD in a representative birth cohort followed up from childhood into adulthood...
  45. ncbi Posttraumatic stress disorder and the incidence of nicotine, alcohol, and other drug disorders in persons who have experienced trauma
    Naomi Breslau
    Department of Psychiatry, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI 48202 3450, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:289-94. 2003
    ..We examine whether exposure to traumatic events increases the risk for nicotine dependence or alcohol or other drug use disorders, independent of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  46. pmc The impact of prior risk experiences on subsequent risky decision-making: the role of the insula
    Gui Xue
    Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089 1061, USA
    Neuroimage 50:709-16. 2010
    ..These findings suggest that the insula plays an important role in activating representations of homeostatic states associated with the experience of risk, which in turn exerts an influence on subsequent decisions...
  47. ncbi Psychometric properties of the life events checklist
    Matt J Gray
    University of Wyoming, WY, USA
    Assessment 11:330-41. 2004
    ..In a clinical sample of combat veterans, the LEC was significantly correlated, in the predicted directions, with measures of psychological distress and was strongly associated with PTSD symptoms...
  48. ncbi Gender differences in the rates of exposure to stressful life events and sensitivity to their depressogenic effects
    K S Kendler
    Department of Psychiatry, Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 158:587-93. 2001
    ..The results suggest that the greater prevalence of major depression in women versus men is due neither to differences in the rates of reported stressful life events nor to differential sensitivity to their pathogenic effect...
  49. ncbi Pubertal transition, stressful life events, and the emergence of gender differences in adolescent depressive symptoms
    X Ge
    Department of Human and Community Development, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
    Dev Psychol 37:404-17. 2001
    ..The findings demonstrate the importance of the interaction between the pubertal transition and psychosocial factors in increasing adolescent vulnerability to depressive experiences...
  50. ncbi Self-reported psychotic symptoms in the general population: results from the longitudinal study of the British National Psychiatric Morbidity Survey
    Nicola J Wiles
    Academic Unit of Psychiatry, Department of Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, The Grange, 1 Woodland Road, Bristol BS8 1AU, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 188:519-26. 2006
    ..Scarce longitudinal data exist on the occurrence of psychotic symptoms in the general population...
  51. ncbi A review of the literature on the epidemiology of parasuicide in the general population
    S S Welch
    Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle 98195, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 52:368-75. 2001
    ..The author reviewed recent literature on the epidemiology of parasuicide in the general population. Major risk factors are also discussed...
  52. ncbi The interrelationship of neuroticism, sex, and stressful life events in the prediction of episodes of major depression
    Kenneth S Kendler
    Virginia Institute for Psychiatry and Behavioral Genetics and Department of Psychiatry, Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, 23298 0126, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 161:631-6. 2004
    ..Little is known about how they interrelate in the etiology of depressive illness...
  53. pmc Adverse childhood events as risk factors for substance dependence: partial mediation by mood and anxiety disorders
    Kara R Douglas
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, CT 06030 2103, USA
    Addict Behav 35:7-13. 2010
    ..Adverse childhood events (ACEs) are associated with negative health outcomes. We examined ACEs as risk factors for substance dependence (SD) and the mediating effects of mood and anxiety disorders on the relations between ACEs and SD risk...
  54. pmc Longitudinal MRI study of hippocampal volume in trauma survivors with PTSD
    O Bonne
    Department of Psychiatry, Hadassah University Hospital, P.O. Box 12000, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
    Am J Psychiatry 158:1248-51. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: Smaller hippocampal volume is not a necessary risk factor for developing PTSD and does not occur within 6 months of expressing the disorder. This brain abnormality might occur in individuals with chronic or complicated PTSD...
  55. pmc Early childhood adversity and later hypertension: data from the World Mental Health Survey
    Dan J Stein
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Cape Town, Groote Schur Hospital, Anzio Road, Cape Town, South Africa
    Ann Clin Psychiatry 22:19-28. 2010
    ....
  56. pmc Life events, coping, and posttraumatic stress symptoms among Chinese adolescents exposed to 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake, China
    Yuhong Zheng
    Center for Studies of Psychological Application, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, China
    PLoS ONE 7:e29404. 2012
    ..To examine the relationship between negative life events, coping styles, and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among adolescent survivors exposed to 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake, China...
  57. pmc Breast cancer, psychological distress and life events among young women
    Ronit Peled
    Department of Health Systems Management, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
    BMC Cancer 8:245. 2008
    ..However, these associations are still under dispute. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between life events, psychological distress and Breast Cancer (BC) among young women...
  58. ncbi Effectiveness of a school-based group psychotherapy program for war-exposed adolescents: a randomized controlled trial
    Christopher M Layne
    UCLA National Center for Child Traumatic Stress, 11150 West Olympic Boulevard, Suite 650, Los Angeles, CA 90064, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 47:1048-62. 2008
    ....
  59. pmc Chronic and acute stress and the prediction of major depression in women
    Constance Hammen
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 1563, USA
    Depress Anxiety 26:718-23. 2009
    ....
  60. ncbi Sex differences in event-related risk for major depression
    P K Maciejewski
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Psychol Med 31:593-604. 2001
    ..CONCLUSION: Stressful life events overall, with some exceptions among specific event types, pose a greater risk for depression among women compared to men...
  61. ncbi Mortality in parents following the death of a child: a nationwide follow-up study from Sweden
    Mikael Rostila
    Centre for Health Equity Studies, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Epidemiol Community Health 66:927-33. 2012
    ..The death of a young child is so devastating that it can increase the risk of mortality in the grieving parent. Little is known about the impact of an adult child's death on the health of parents...
  62. pmc Gender differences in associations between stressful life events and body mass index
    Danielle Barry
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Connecticut Health Center, 263 Farmington Avenue MC 3944, Farmington, CT 06030, USA
    Prev Med 47:498-503. 2008
    ..To identify relationships between body mass index (BMI) and stressful life events and to determine whether relationships differ by gender...
  63. ncbi Association between stress and breast cancer in women: a meta-analysis
    Míria Conceição Lavinas Santos
    Faculdade de Farmacia, Odontologia e Enfermagem, Universidade Federal do Ceara, Fortaleza, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 25:S453-63. 2009
    ..73 (95%CI: 0.98-3.05; p = 0.059). We conclude that stressful life events as a whole are not associated with risk of breast cancer in women. However, it is not possible to rule out high-intensity stress as a risk factor for breast cancer...
  64. ncbi Rates of depression and anxiety among female medical students in Pakistan
    F Rab
    Allama Iqbal Medical College, Lahore, Pakistan
    East Mediterr Health J 14:126-33. 2008
    ..Those having a history of negative life events in the recent past were more likely to be depressed. Students in their first 2 years of medical school were more stressed, and those who had more friends were less anxious and depressed...
  65. ncbi Intrusive images and "hotspots" of trauma memories in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: an exploratory investigation of emotions and cognitive themes
    Emily A Holmes
    Traumatic Stress Clinic, Camden and Islington Mental Health and Social Care NHS Trust, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge, CB2 2EF, UK
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 36:3-17. 2005
    ..The relative of frequency of these peritraumatic themes is presented. The exploratory findings are discussed with respect to our understanding and treatment of intrusive imagery in PTSD...
  66. ncbi Early adversity and adult health outcomes
    Shelley E Taylor
    University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 23:939-54. 2011
    ..This integrative approach to investigating the impact of childhood experience on adult health outcomes illustrates the significance of multilevel integrative approaches to understanding developmental psychopathology more generally...
  67. ncbi [Improved diagnostics of trauma-related disease through the application of the Life-Stressor Checklist]
    Oliver Ungerer
    Brandenburg Klinik, Psychosomatik, Bernau
    Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol 60:434-41. 2010
    ..The quantitative analysis of the trauma checklist permits an effective screening for identifying trauma-related disease...
  68. ncbi Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression among bereaved and non-bereaved survivors following the 2008 Sichuan earthquake
    Cecilia L W Chan
    Center on Behavioral Health, The University of Hong Kong, 5 Sassoon Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, China
    J Anxiety Disord 26:673-9. 2012
    ..Loss of a child was a significant predictor of psychopathological symptoms. The results suggested that effective and sustainable mental health services were required, especially for bereaved single-child parents...
  69. ncbi Early life stress and morphometry of the adult anterior cingulate cortex and caudate nuclei
    Ronald A Cohen
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 59:975-82. 2006
    ..We examine whether reported adverse ELS defined as stressful and/or traumatic adverse childhood events (ACEs) is associated with smaller limbic and basal ganglia volumes...
  70. ncbi Effects of life event stress and social support on the odds of a >or= 2 cm breast cancer
    Anne Kricker
    School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Edward Ford Building A27, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
    Cancer Causes Control 20:437-47. 2009
    ..To examine the contribution of life event and social support factors to diagnosis with a >or= 2 cm breast cancer...
  71. ncbi Beyond body counts: a qualitative study of lives and loss in Burkina Faso after 'near-miss' obstetric complications
    Katerini Tagmatarchi Storeng
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 71:1749-56. 2010
    ..Maternal health policy needs to be concerned not only with averting the loss of life, but also with preventing or ameliorating others losses set in motion by an obstetric crisis...
  72. pmc Individual differences in neural correlates of fear conditioning as a function of 5-HTTLPR and stressful life events
    Tim Klucken
    Bender Institute of Neuroimaging, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Otto Behaghel Strasse 10 H, Giessen, Germany
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 8:318-25. 2013
    ..Our findings contribute to the current debate on 5-HTTLPR x SLEs interaction by investigating crucial alterations on an intermediate phenotype level which may convey an elevated vulnerability for the development of psychopathology...
  73. ncbi Genetic risk, number of previous depressive episodes, and stressful life events in predicting onset of major depression
    K S Kendler
    Department of Psychiatry, Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 158:582-6. 2001
    ..How do genetic risk factors for major depression impact on this "kindling" phenomenon? In particular, do those at high genetic risk exhibit an increase in the speed of kindling, or are they "prekindled"?..
  74. ncbi Factors associated with resilience in healthy adults
    Daphne Simeon
    Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 32:1149-52. 2007
    ..We conclude that in young adults without manifest psychiatric disorder, resilience was associated with developmental, biological, and cognitive measures which merit further investigation...
  75. ncbi Childhood abuse and familial violence and the risk of panic attacks and panic disorder in young adulthood
    Renee D Goodwin
    Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive, Unit 43, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Psychol Med 35:881-90. 2005
    ....
  76. ncbi The structure of post-traumatic stress symptoms in survivors of war: confirmatory factor analyses of the Impact of Event Scale--revised
    Nexhmedin Morina
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Anxiety Disord 24:606-11. 2010
    ..These findings suggest a five-factor model of post-traumatic stress symptoms in war survivors with numbing and sleep disturbance as separate factors in addition to intrusion, avoidance and hyperarousal...
  77. ncbi Posttraumatic growth and adjustment among individuals with cancer or HIV/AIDS: a meta-analysis
    Alexandra Sawyer
    School of Psychology, Psychology Department, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK
    Clin Psychol Rev 30:436-47. 2010
    ..It is hoped that this synthesis will encourage further examination of the potentially complex relationship between posttraumatic growth and adjustment in individuals living with life-threatening medical conditions...
  78. ncbi Gene-environment interactions predict cortisol responses after acute stress: implications for the etiology of depression
    Nina Alexander
    Center for Psychobiology and Behavioral Medicine, University of Giessen, Department of Psychology, FRG, Otto Behaghel Str 10, D 35394 Giessen, Germany
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 34:1294-303. 2009
    ..As one potential intermediate phenotype, we investigated alterations of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis responses to stress in individuals with no history of psychopathology depending on both 5-HTTLPR and stressful life events...
  79. ncbi Disentangling the effects of low self-esteem and stressful events on depression: findings from three longitudinal studies
    Ulrich Orth
    Department of Psychology, University of California
    J Pers Soc Psychol 97:307-21. 2009
    ....
  80. ncbi Posttraumatic growth and reduced suicidal ideation among adolescents at month 1 after the Sichuan Earthquake
    Xiao nan Yu
    Centre for Health Behaviors Research, School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    J Affect Disord 123:327-31. 2010
    ..This study investigated posttraumatic growth (PTG) and reduced suicidal ideation among Chinese adolescents at one month after the occurrence of the Sichuan Earthquake...
  81. ncbi Development and validation of the stressful life event questionnaire
    Hamidreza Roohafza
    Mental Health Department, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center WHO Collaborating Center for Research and Training in Cardiovascular Diseases Control, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran
    Int J Public Health 56:441-8. 2011
    ..This study evaluates the development of the stressful life event (SLE) questionnaire and tests the validity and reliability of it...
  82. pmc Duration of exposure and the dose-response model of PTSD
    Debra Kaysen
    University of Washington Medical School, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Box 356560, Seattle, WA 98195 0650, USA
    J Interpers Violence 25:63-74. 2010
    ..These findings add to a growing literature that suggests that a simple application of the dose-response model to objective event characteristics may be insufficient to explain the risk of PTSD...
  83. ncbi Acute disaster exposure and mental health complaints of Norwegian tsunami survivors six months post disaster
    Trond Heir
    Norwegian Center for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies, Ulleval University Hospital, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Psychiatry 71:266-76. 2008
    ..Dose-response relationships to psychological distress were found for single exposure factors as well as for the cumulative effects of being exposed to several exposure variables...
  84. ncbi Posttraumatic growth, social acknowledgment as survivors, and sense of coherence in former German child soldiers of World War II
    Simon Forstmeier
    Division of Psychopathology and Clinical Intervention, Department of Psychology, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 17:1030-9. 2009
    ..To examine posttraumatic growth (PTG) and its predictors social acknowledgment as survivors, sense of coherence (SOC), trauma severity, and further factors in former child soldiers more than 60 years after deployment...
  85. ncbi Epidemiology of life events: life events and psychiatric disorders in the Sesto Fiorentino study
    Carlo Faravelli
    Dipartimento di Scienze Neurologiche e Psichiatriche, University of Florence, Firenze, Italy
    Psychother Psychosom 76:361-8. 2007
    ....
  86. ncbi Shared and unique predictors of post-traumatic growth and distress
    Sharon Dekel
    Tel Aviv University
    J Clin Psychol 67:241-52. 2011
    ..The findings indicate that salutary and pathogenic trauma outcomes share some but not all precursors, underscoring their multifaceted relationship...
  87. ncbi War exposure, daily stressors, and mental health in conflict and post-conflict settings: bridging the divide between trauma-focused and psychosocial frameworks
    Kenneth E Miller
    Harvard School of Public Health, Research Program on Children and Global Adversity, Francois Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights, 651 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Soc Sci Med 70:7-16. 2010
    ....
  88. ncbi Optimistic explanatory style as a moderator of the association between negative life events and suicide ideation
    Jameson K Hirsch
    Department of Psychology, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN 37614, USA
    Crisis 30:48-53. 2009
    ..Individuals who attribute negative life events to external, transient, and specific factors, rather than internal, stable, and global self-characteristics, may experience fewer deleterious outcomes, including suicidal behavior...
  89. ncbi Emotion regulation strategies in offspring of childhood-onset depressed mothers
    Jennifer S Silk
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 47:69-78. 2006
    ..This study examines emotion regulation strategies used by children of mothers with childhood-onset depression (COD) and children of never-depressed mothers (NCOD)...
  90. ncbi Jumping to conclusions and paranoid ideation in the general population
    Daniel Freeman
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
    Schizophr Res 102:254-60. 2008
    ..The study is a further illustration of the need to consider the dimensions of delusional experience separately...
  91. pmc The normative and the personal life: individual differences in life scripts and life story events among USA and Danish undergraduates
    David C Rubin
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708 0086, USA
    Memory 17:54-68. 2009
    ..In the Danish undergraduates, measures of life story deviation from the life script correlated with measures of depression and PTSD symptoms...
  92. ncbi The role of childhood trauma in the neurobiology of mood and anxiety disorders: preclinical and clinical studies
    C Heim
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 49:1023-39. 2001
    ..The identification of the neurobiological substrates of early adverse experience is of paramount importance for the development of novel treatments for children, adolescents, and adults...
  93. ncbi The human capacity to thrive in the face of potential trauma
    George A Bonanno
    Department of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Teachers College, Columbia University, 525 W 120th St, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Pediatrics 121:369-75. 2008
    ..Given the growing evidence that resilience is common, psychotherapeutic treatment should be reserved for those in genuine need...
  94. ncbi Trauma, post-migration living difficulties, and social support as predictors of psychological adjustment in resettled Sudanese refugees
    Robert Schweitzer
    School of Psychology and Counselling, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 40:179-87. 2006
    ..This paper explores the impact of pre-migration trauma, post-migration living difficulties and social support on the current mental health of 63 resettled Sudanese refugees...
  95. ncbi Factors associated with perceived stress and stressful life events in pregnant women: findings from the Canadian Maternity Experiences Survey
    Dawn Kingston
    Faculty of Nursing, University of Manitoba, Helen Glass Centre for Nursing, Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2, Canada
    Matern Child Health J 16:158-68. 2012
    ..Different factors contributed to perceived stress and life event stress, suggesting that these concepts measure different aspects of stress. These findings can inform routine psychosocial risk assessment in pregnancy...
  96. pmc Does number of lifetime traumas explain the relationship between PTSD and chronic medical conditions? Answers from the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication (NCS-R)
    Eve M Sledjeski
    Department of Psychology, Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT 06459, USA
    J Behav Med 31:341-9. 2008
    ..The present study supports prior research suggesting that multiple traumas have a cumulative effect on physical health. The impact of trauma on health may be independent of PTSD symptomatology...
  97. ncbi Psychiatric morbidity and comorbidity following accidental man-made traumatic events: incidence and risk factors
    M Maes
    Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, University Hospital of Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 250:156-62. 2000
    ....
  98. ncbi Intimate partner violence, PTSD, and adverse health outcomes
    Mary Ann Dutton
    Georgetown University Medical Center, USA
    J Interpers Violence 21:955-68. 2006
    ....
  99. ncbi Progress and controversy in the study of posttraumatic stress disorder
    Richard J McNally
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 54:229-52. 2003
    ....
  100. ncbi Post-traumatic stress in former Ugandan child soldiers
    Ilse Derluyn
    Department of Orthopedagogics, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Gent, Belgium
    Lancet 363:861-3. 2004
    ..1 to 25.8), but almost no change for boys (from 17.7 to 17.4; p=0.02). Our findings shed light on the nature of severe trauma experienced by this group of children, and show a high rate of post-traumatic stress reactions...
  101. ncbi Associations of childhood circumstances with physical and mental functioning in adulthood
    Tomi Mäkinen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Soc Sci Med 62:1831-9. 2006
    ..These circumstances provide detailed information on the association of childhood circumstances with adult functioning over and above parental education...

Research Grants62

  1. HEALTH CARE PARTNERSHIPS AND SELF CARE OF OLDER ADULTS
    Eva Kahana; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Data will also be obtained on satisfaction with health care, mortality and cost of care (information based on Medicare records) as salient medical outcome variables. ..
  2. THE BIODEMOGRAPHY OF HUMAN LONGEVITY--A TRAINING PROGRAM
    Leonid Gavrilov; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The award allows the investigator not only to complete the proposed training and research projects, but also to develop a full-scale long-term research program in the biodemography of human longevity. ..
  3. Sterilization Patterns In the United States
    Mieke C W Eeckhaut; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..S. contraceptive sterilization, informing general policies and family planning programs addressing these differentials. ..
  4. The Global Diffusion of Tobacco Control
    Thomas W Valente; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The significance of thi proposed research is derived from addressing an important global health topic, retrieving data of unprecedented richness and granularity, and employing a sophisticated yet new comprehensive modeling approach. ..
  5. Use and Abuse of Prescription Opioids Among OEF/OIF Veterans
    TERESA JO HUDSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This type of information is essential for clinicians, as they seek to minimize OUDs in their patients with pain. ..
  6. BIGDATA: Small DA Social Behavior Driven Modeling and Optimization of Information
    Le Song; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The proposed research also bring together several research areas, such as event history analysis, kernel methods, graphical models, and sparsity recovery theory, to study social network problems. ..
  7. NORPLANT USE BY LOW-INCOME WOMEN
    Leslie Clarke; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..This study responds to the need for research on new contraceptive methods and the need for reductions in unintended pregnancies in the U.S. as set forth in Healthy People 2000. ..
  8. DETERMINANTS OF DISABILITY IN ELDERLY MEN
    MIRJA NISSINEN; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Together with the long follow-up with standardized methodology, this is one of the unique streghts of the proposed study...
  9. Migration, Flows and Intergenerational Processes
    John Adams; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These data will be analyzed using the piecewise exponential method of event history analysis, which is well suited to genealogical data. ..
  10. Follow Up of a Randomized Trial for Conduct Disorders (CD)
    John Eddy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF AIDS HEALTH SERVICES USE AND COSTS
    Vincent Mor; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..If funded, we intend to collaborate with a study being proposed by Arnold Epstein, M.D. by sharing interview and record abstract forms and by attempting to conduct parallel analyses whenever feasible...
  12. A COMPARATIVE ORGANIZATIONAL ANALYSIS OF RURAL HOSPITAL
    Jeffrey Alexander; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Such a typology will allow researchers and policy-makers to distinguish among various forms of rural hospital conversion and will provide a basis for future studies to assess the consequences of conversion...
  13. FAMILY STRUCTURE, NEIGHBORHOODS AND CHILD WELL BEING
    Kyle Crowder; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. LOGSPLINE METHODS FOR SURVIVAL ANALYSIS
    KINH TRUONG; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Distributional properties will be established and standard errors of the estimates of effects will be provided and will be used to lend support to the software development. ..
  15. EFFECTS OF RETIREMENT AND LIFE CHANGES ON HEALTH
    THOMAS WAN; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..More specifically, it will: 1. identify components of life change events occurring in the years of later life, 2...
  16. Serving Homeless Welfare Clients With ADM Problems
    Laura Schmidt; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Data from ethnographic observation and interviewing of service providers offer a broader perspective on the organizational challenges to meeting the needs of homeless people on public aid. ..
  17. SOCIAL RESOURCES, COPING, AND AGING
    CHARLES HOLAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..outcomes of change in social resources, and c) the role of social resource change in mediating between life change events and psychological functioning...
  18. Adoption & Implementation of Naltrexone in Priv Tx Ctrs
    Carrie Oser; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Organizational-level factors, internal organizational structure, externalities, and stated reasons for adoption, will be the major concepts included in predicting adopter categorization. ..
  19. B-SPLINE STATISTICAL TECHNOLOGIES AND HAZARD REGRESSION
    DOUGLAS CLARKSON; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Each of these markets represents tens of thousands of potential users. It is difficult to envision a commercial situation in the statistical software arena that is more likely to succeed. ..
  20. INNOVATIVE STATISTICAL APPLICATION TO DRUG ABUSE DATA
    Yih Ing Hser; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..These three lines of research will initially be conducted on narcotics addicts and subsequently will be extended and replicated on cocaine user populations in the later two years of the proposed award period...
  21. SPOUSE CONCORDANCE FOR MENTAL HEALTH BEHAVIORAL OUTCOMES
    Jane McLeod; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..This research is justified by the near lack of such work outside of treatment populations, and by the strong implications of spouse concordance for understanding psychological functioning among married couples...
  22. WELFARE REFORM AND YOUNG ADULT OUTCOMES
    Lingxin Hao; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Using the most recent development in the literature on selection bias in non-randomized data, they propose a design to make the two cohorts comparable and a method to obtain unbiased estimates of the overall welfare reform effects. ..
  23. Alcohol Problems & Service Dynamics after Welfare Reform
    Laura Schmidt; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Finally, the project examines today's enhanced welfare interventions for alcohol and drug treatment as factors that can alter the drinking trajectories and service careers of people on aid. ..
  24. Individual and Contextual Effects of Rural and Non-Rural Adolescent Alcohol Use
    Randall Swaim; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results of this study will inform policy, prevention, and treatment efforts designed to reduce the risk of adolescent alcohol use and alcohol-related problems. ..
  25. Mental Health and the Transition to Adulthood
    Jane D McLeod; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The results of the analyses will inform general theoretical debates regarding developmental continuity and discontinuity, as well as the design of effective interventions for troubled youth. ..
  26. STRESS, ILLNESS, AND COPING IN A RURAL CONNECTICUT TOWN
    ROBERT NESS; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..through: (1) the assessment of the stress of social role performance, and (2) the tabulation of recent life change events. Social support is being measured by a social network assessment instrument, the Pattison Psychsocial ..
  27. HUMAN POPULATION/ENVIRONMENT INTERACTIONS (CHINA)
    Jianguo Liu; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The completion of our proposed project will have significant implications for population- environment interaction theories, methods, and applications. ..
  28. ADOLESCENTS LIFE CHANGE EVENTS, HOPE & SELF-CARE AGENCY
    Janie Canty Mitchell; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Four instruments will be used for collecting the data: a) the Adolescent Life Change Events Questionnaire; b) the Miller Hope scale, c) Denyes Adolescent Self-Care Agency Instrument and d) a ..
  29. NEUROADAPTIVE CLINICAL MODELS OF DRUG DEPENDENCE
    James Langenbucher; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  30. LIFE CHANGE STRESS AND SOMATIZATION IN HYPERTENSION
    Hector Myers; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..The present study addresses the role that stressful life change events, subjective appraisal and somatic response patterns play in essential hypertension...
  31. Exploring Paths to Differential Disability Trajectories
    Miles Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The effects of cohort will be of primary importance in this project, since these effects speak to factors fueling trends in disability decline. ..
  32. Family Structure and Socio-Emotional Well-Being
    SHANNON CAVANAGH; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  33. Timing of Social Service Events on Women's Drug Recovery
    TWYLA HILL; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..As the study is exploratory, differences in outcome cannot be necessarily attributed to treatment differences. Instead, interpretation of findings will suggest directions for subsequent studies. ..
  34. Development Epidemiology of PTSD
    Karestan Koenen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This work will help the development of prevention and treatment interventions for traumatized individuals and will contribute to our understanding of the etiology of PTSD. ..
  35. Genetic Determinants of PTSD in Women
    Karestan C Koenen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  36. DRUG ABUSE TREATMENT OUTCOMES--A TX CAREERS PERSPECTIVE
    M Anglin; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  37. ADAPTATION TO FRAILTY AMONG DISPERSED ELDERLY
    Eva Kahana; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Event history analysis will be conducted to examine predictors of discrete events. ..
  38. Gender & Social Capital Among US Dominicans & Mexicans
    GRETCHEN LIVINGSTON; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Logistic regression, OLS regression, and event history analysis, as well as fixed effects techniques, will be used to elicit results. ..
  39. Neural Correlates of Autobiographical Memory
    David Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  40. MEMORY, LANGUAGE, CULTURE
    David Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  41. PAYMENT SOURCE FOR ELDERLY NURSING HOME RESIDENTS
    Vincent Mor; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..These models will be interpreted in light of Medicaid policies in the four states from which the nursing home residents for up to five years in a nursing home will be modeled using event history analysis...
  42. Stress and Risk for Substance Abuse in Adolescents
    Uma Rao; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The identification of specific vulnerabilities and associated biological alterations will aid in the development of more focused and effective pharmacological and psychosocial interventions to reduce the risk of SUD in such youth. ..
  43. Neuronal Risk Markers for Nicotine Dependence in Youth
    Uma Rao; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  44. Stress Response and Smoking Cessation in Depressed Youth
    Uma Rao; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Results of the proposed study might lead to treatment for both depression and nicotine dependence in adolescent patients. ..
  45. Risk for Substance Abuse in Depressed Adolescents
    Uma Rao; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..More focused and effective treatments potentially might be helpful in reducing the risk for SUD in depressed youth. Moreover, such treatment strategies can be extended for testing in non-depressed youth. ..
  46. Markers of Risk for Nicotine Dependence in Youngsters
    Uma Rao; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Even if only a small subgroup of youngsters at risk for ND can be identified by such means, because of the many direct as well as indirect negative consequences associated with ND, this will be of great public health importance. ..
  47. Divorce, Depression, and Biobehavioral Dysregulation
    DAVID SBARRA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A better understanding of the associations between divorce, depression, and health is critical for developing improved prevention and treatment programs. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  48. Risk Factors for Psychopathology in the WHO WMH Surveys
    Ronald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Third, the level of detail in the description of data analysis plans has been substantially expanded in this revised submission in response to reviewer comments. ..
  49. Mental Health Consequences of Bioterrorism
    Carol North; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  50. Outreach and Treatment for Depression in the Labor Force
    Ronald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This is an extremely important opportunity for rapid and widespread dissemination in an area of research where dissemination of positive results has traditionally been a serious problem. ..
  51. TREATMENT OF PANIC DISORDER LONG TERM STRATEGIES
    M Shear; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These sites already have in place the trained and certified assessment and treatment personnel and rigorous monitoring procedures that are essential for the conduct of a study such as the one we propose. ..
  52. CAFFEINE INFLUENCES ON EXERCISE AND PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS
    William Lovallo; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This new information should aid in evaluating caffeine's effects over the span of midlife, a time at which the cardiovascular health of women changes markedly relative to men. ..
  53. Divorce in mid-life: Mechanisms of biopsychosocial adaptation over time
    DAVID SBARRA; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..A better understanding of the associations between divorce, psychological organization, and physical health is critical for developing improved prevention and treatment programs. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  54. HOMELESS DRUG ABUSE--SERVICE USE, COSTS, CONSEQUENCES
    Carol North; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Structural characteristics (organizational, management, and financing) data will be collected from service agencies at baseline to examine their impact on service use. ..
  55. Hurricane Katrina Community Advisory Group
    Ronald C Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  56. AFFECTIVE PROCESSING FOLLOWING RELATIONSHIP DISSOLUTION
    DAVID SBARRA; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  57. MENTAL DISORDERS AS RISK FACTORS FOR SUBSTANCE DISORDERS
    Ronald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  58. BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE: CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE RESEARCH
    William Lovallo; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..U. medical campus. Training will utilize classroom, laboratory, and clinical facilities at several departments and hospitals on campus. ..
  59. Trauma and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Substance Abuse Treatment
    Jessica Peirce; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  60. Social Reactions, PTSD & Drinking in Sex Assault Victims
    SARAH ULLMAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  61. GENE EXPRESSION IN NERVOUS TISSUE
    Bruce S McEwen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..