Summary: The expected and characteristic pattern of behavior exhibited by an individual as a member of a particular social group.
Publications268 found, 100 shown here
- Role congruity theory of prejudice toward female leadersAlice H Eagly
Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA
Psychol Rev 109:573-98. 2002A role congruity theory of prejudice toward female leaders proposes that perceived incongruity between the female gender role and leadership roles leads to 2 forms of prejudice: (a) perceiving women less favorably than men as potential ..
- Mental health, educational, and social role outcomes of adolescents with depressionDavid M Fergusson
Christchurch Health and Development Study, Christchurch School of Medicine, PO Box 4345, Christchurch, New Zealand
Arch Gen Psychiatry 59:225-31. 2002..This study used longitudinal data to examine the extent to which young people with depression in mid adolescence (ages 14-16) were at increased risk of adverse psychosocial outcomes in later adolescence and young adulthood (ages 16-21)...
- Sexual role and transmission of HIV Type 1 among men who have sex with men, in PeruSteven M Goodreau
Center for AIDS and STD and Center for Statistics and the Social Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
J Infect Dis 191:S147-58. 2005In Latin America, men who have sex with men (MSM) have traditionally practiced role segregation--that is, the adoption of a fixed role (insertive or receptive) rather than a versatile role (both practices) during anal sex...
- The role of single-incision laparoscopic surgery in abdominal and pelvic surgery: a systematic reviewKamran Ahmed
Department of Biosurgery and Surgical Technology, Imperial College London, 10th Floor, QEQM Building, St Mary s Hospital Campus, Praed Street, London, W2 1NY, UK
Surg Endosc 25:378-96. 2011This review aimed to determine the role of single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) in abdominal and pelvic operations.
- Ancient DNA suggests the leading role played by men in the Neolithic disseminationMarie Lacan
Laboratoire d anthropologie moléculaire et imagerie de synthèse, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Unité Mixte de Recherche 5288, 31073 Toulouse, France
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:18255-9. 2011..The high frequency of G2a in Neolithic samples in western Europe could suggest, furthermore, that the role of men during Neolithic dispersal could be greater than currently estimated.
- The role of action planning and plan enactment for smoking cessationHein de Vries
Care and Public Health Research Institute, Department of Health Promotion, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
BMC Public Health 13:393. 2013Several studies have reemphasized the role of action planning. Yet, little attention has been paid to the role of plan enactment...
- Fathers' role in the etiology, prevention and treatment of child anxiety: a review and new modelSusan Bögels
University of Amsterdam, Department of Education, 1090 GE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Clin Psychol Rev 28:539-58. 2008..Finally, a model is presented to show the unique ways in which mothers and fathers are involved in the development of anxiety disorders in their children. Future directions for research in this area are highlighted...
- The role of community representatives on health service committees: staff expectations vs. realitySally Nathan
School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Health Expect 14:272-84. 2011..However, staff expectations about the community's role on committees do not match the reality they say they observe and less than half the staff thought the community and ..
- Risk factors for psychosis: impaired social and role functioningBarbara A Cornblatt
Division of Psychiatry Research, The Zucker Hillside Hospital, North Shore Long Island Jewish Health System, 75 59 263rd Street, Glen Oaks, NY 11004, USA
Schizophr Bull 38:1247-57. 2012..Impaired social and role functioning have been of interest for reflecting poor outcome but far less is known about the developmental impact ..
- The role of supervision in child injury risk: definition, conceptual and measurement issuesGitanjali Saluja
National Institute for Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes for Health, U S Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892 7510, USA
Inj Control Saf Promot 11:17-22. 2004The purpose of this paper was to examine caregiver supervision and its role as an active strategy in childhood injury prevention...
- Preparing effective behavioral interventions to be used by prevention providers: the role of researchers during HIV Prevention Research TrialsAgatha N Eke
Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
AIDS Educ Prev 18:44-58. 2006..Such collaborations encourage exchange of ideas and can make certain that interventions are designed to be relevant and acceptable to community agencies and feasible for them to implement...
- Engaging patients in health care: an empirical study of the role of engagement on attitudes and actionLiz Forbat
Cancer Care Research Centre, University of Stirling, Innovation Park, Stirling, United Kingdom
Patient Educ Couns 74:84-90. 2009Identify the role of engaging people affected by cancer in service development in influencing healthcare professionals and service-users' attitudes toward, and enactment of, engagement.
- Impact of neurocognition on social and role functioning in individuals at clinical high risk for psychosisRicardo E Carrión
Department of Psychiatry Research, Zucker Hillside Hospital, NorthShore Long Island Jew ish Health System, Glen Oaks, NY 11004, USA
Am J Psychiatry 168:806-13. 2011..The authors assessed cognitive impairment in adolescents at clinical high risk for psychosis and examined its impact on social and role functioning.
- The role of the non-smoker in enforcing smoke-free lawsConstantine I Vardavas
Center for Global Tobacco Control, Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Hungtington Avenue, Landmark Center, 3rd Floor East, Boston, MA 02115, USA
J Public Health Policy 32:46-59. 2011Compliance with laws making certain environments smoke free has focused mainly on smokers' behavior, while the role of non-smokers has scarcely been investigated...
- Role modelling--making the most of a powerful teaching strategySylvia R Cruess
Centre for Medical Education, McGill University, 1110 Pine Avenue West, Montreal, QC, Canada H3A 1A3
BMJ 336:718-21. 2008
- Of pride and prejudice: the role of sociology and social networks in integrating the health sciencesBernice A Pescosolido
Department of Sociology, Indiana University, 1022 E Third Street, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
J Health Soc Behav 47:189-208. 2006..I trace developments in the Network-Episode Model as one theoretical starting point...
- The role of family and maternal factors in childhood obesityLisa Y Gibson
Division of Population Sciences, Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA
Med J Aust 186:591-5. 2007..To investigate the relationship between a child's weight and a broad range of family and maternal factors...
- Young carers as social actors: coping strategies of children caring for ailing or ageing guardians in Western KenyaMorten Skovdal
London School of Economics and Political Science, Institute of Social Psychology, London WC2A 2AE, United Kingdom
Soc Sci Med 69:587-95. 2009There is a vast body of research on the impact of HIV/AIDS on children, but little which acknowledges the role of children in providing care and support for ailing parents or ageing guardians...
- An empirical test of a mediation model of the impact of the traditional male gender role on suicidal behavior in menJanie Houle
Research Centre, Centre Hospitalier de l Universite de Montreal, Centre for Research and Intervention on Suicide and Euthanasia, Universite du Quebec a Montreal, Canada
J Affect Disord 107:37-43. 2008..The adverse impact of the traditional male gender role as well as men's reluctance to seek help are possible explanations of this gender gap, but these hypotheses have ..
- Reproductive decisions for women with HIV: motherhood's role in envisioning a futureDONNA B BARNES
Women s Studies Program, California State University, East Bay, Hayward, California, USA
Qual Health Res 19:481-91. 2009..These findings have relevance for future research as well as for program development and policy...
- Conversational silence, coercion, equality: the role of language in influencing who gets identified as abusedAmy E Bonomi
Group Health Cooperative, Seattle, WA, USA
Soc Sci Med 62:2258-66. 2006..a framework for understanding the potential influence of language on women's interpretations of IPV, including the role of community and professional conversational silence, coercion and equality in influencing women's interpretations...
- Influence of role models and hospital design on hand hygiene of healthcare workersMary G Lankford
Northwestern Prevention Epicenter, Chicago, Illinois, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 9:217-23. 2003We assessed the effect of medical staff role models and the number of health-care worker sinks on hand-hygiene compliance before and after construction of a new hospital designed for increased access to handwashing sinks...
- Social network and role demands in women's Type 2 diabetes: a modelAnna Sarkadi
Department for Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
Health Care Women Int 23:600-11. 2002..about the psychological etiology of women's diseases in health care, could all contribute to women's experiencing role conflict in their daily diabetes management...
- Role of cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in the diagnosis of acute and chronic myocarditisAli Yilmaz
Division of Cardiology, Robert Bosch Krankenhaus, Auerbachstrasse 110, 70376, Stuttgart, Germany
Heart Fail Rev 18:747-60. 2013..This review will focus on the 'clinical role' of CMR in the diagnosis of acute and chronic myocarditis.
- The role of parenting styles in children's problem behaviorKaisa Aunola
Department of Psychology, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
Child Dev 76:1144-59. 2005..Behavioral control exercised by mothers decreased children's external problem behavior but only when combined with a low level of psychological control...
- Developing post-disaster physical rehabilitation: role of the World Health Organization Liaison Sub-Committee on Rehabilitation Disaster Relief of the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation MedicineJames Gosney
International Rehabilitation Forum Emergency Rehabilitation Work Group, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
J Rehabil Med 43:965-8. 2011This special report presents the role of the World Health Organization (WHO) Liaison Sub-Committee on Rehabilitation Disaster Relief (CRDR) of the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM) in developing an ..
- Employee perspectives on the role of supervisors to prevent workplace disability after injuriesWilliam S Shaw
Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety, 71 Frankland Road, Hopkinton, Massachusetts 01748, USA
J Occup Rehabil 13:129-42. 2003After workplace injuries, supervisors can play an important role in aiding workers, accessing health care services, and providing reasonable accommodation...
- The role of men in family planning decision-making in rural and urban NigeriaErnest O Orji
Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Perinatology, Faculty of Clinical Science, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile_Ife, Nigeria
Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 12:70-5. 2007To determine the role of men in family planning decision-making in both rural and urban areas of Nigeria.
- The multi-faceted role of allergen exposure to the local airway mucosaK Golebski
Department of Otorhinolanyngology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Allergy 68:152-60. 2013..This review presents the dual role of epithelium acting as a passive and active barrier when encountering an inhaled allergen and how this double role ..
- Health care providers' perceived role in changing environments to promote healthy eating and physical activity: baseline findings from health care providers participating in the healthy eating, active communities programMaria Boyle
Samuels and Associates, Oakland, California, USA
Pediatrics 123:S293-300. 2009..It was recognized at the outset that to succeed, the program needed support from community advocates. Health care providers can be effective advocates to mobilize community members and influence policy makers...
- Role development in health care assistants: the impact of education on practiceHelen Hancock
Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
J Eval Clin Pract 11:489-98. 2005Health care provision has moved towards an approach to patient care that challenges the traditional role boundaries of health care workers. In nursing this has resulted in the delegation of 'nursing care' to health care assistants (HCAs)...
- Consensus in work role requirements: the influence of discrete occupational context on role expectationsErich C Dierdorff
Kellstadt Graduate School of Business, Department of Management, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60604 2287, USA
J Appl Psychol 92:1228-41. 2007Although role theory has long described how expectations shape role behavior, little empirical research has examined differences among work role requirements and how features of the discrete occupational context may influence the extent ..
- Correlates of substance use disorder among psychiatric outpatients: focus on cognition, social role functioning, and psychiatric statusKate B Carey
Department of Psychology and Center for Health and Behavior, 430 Huntington Hall, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York 13244 2340, USA
J Nerv Ment Dis 191:300-8. 2003..outpatients with schizophrenia spectrum and bipolar disorders volunteered to complete diagnostic and social role function interviews, self-report inventories, and neuropsychological tests...
- A realist evaluation of the role of communities of practice in changing healthcare practiceGeetha Ranmuthugala
Centre for Clinical Governance Research, Australian Institute of Health Innovation, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
Implement Sci 6:49. 2011..by the context in which an intervention is implemented, a realist evaluation is well suited to understand the role of CoPs in improving healthcare practice...
- The role of a pediatric ethics committee in the newborn intensive care unitM R Mercurio
Department of Pediatric, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
J Perinatol 31:1-9. 2011..Neonatologists, staff and families should be aware of this potentially valuable resource, and are encouraged to use it for situations of moral distress, conflict resolution or ethical uncertainty...
- Understanding the potential role of statins in pneumonia and sepsisSachin Yende
CRISMA Laboratory Clinical Research, Investigation, and Systems Modeling of Acute Illness, Department of Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Crit Care Med 39:1871-8. 2011..To examine the association of statin use with clinical outcomes and circulating biomarkers in community-acquired pneumonia and sepsis...
- Mediators of the association between depression and role functioningM A Buist-Bouwman
University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
Acta Psychiatr Scand 118:451-8. 2008While the adverse effect of Major Depressive Episode on role functioning is well established, the exact pathways remain unclear.
- Mobile and fixed computer use by doctors and nurses on hospital wards: multi-method study on the relationships between clinician role, clinical task, and device choicePia Andersen
Medical Informatics Group, Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Denmark
J Med Internet Res 11:e32. 2009..Selecting the right mix of stationary and mobile computing devices is a significant challenge for system planners and implementers. There is very limited research evidence upon which to base such decisions...
- Volunteering and depression: the role of psychological and social resources in different age groupsMarc A Musick
The University of Texas at Austin, Population Research Center, Austin, TX 78712 1088, USA
Soc Sci Med 56:259-69. 2003..Volunteering for religious causes is more beneficial for mental health than volunteering for secular causes but, again, the effect is confined to the elderly...
- The emerging role of cell phone technology in ambulatory carePeter Boland
BeWell Mobile Technology, San Francisco, USA
J Ambul Care Manage 30:126-33. 2007..Consumers like having choices and patients are no different: they are not all one type. This suggests an emerging role for cell phone applications and platforms that enable both Internet and medical device connectivity where ..
- Preliminary findings for two new measures of social and role functioning in the prodromal phase of schizophreniaBarbara A Cornblatt
Recognition and Prevention Program, Department of Psychiatry Research, The Zucker Hillside Hospital, North Shore Long Island Jewish Health System, 75 59 263rd Street, Glen Oaks, NY 11004, USA
Schizophr Bull 33:688-702. 2007..on prediction and prevention of schizophrenia has increasingly focused on prodromal (prepsychosis) social and role dysfunction as developmentally early, stable, and treatment-resistant illness components...
- Understanding the impact of family caregiver cancer literacy on patient health outcomesJennifer L Bevan
Department of Communication Studies, Chapman University, One University Drive, Orange, CA 92866, United States
Patient Educ Couns 71:356-64. 2008Family caregivers play a significant role in the diagnosis, treatment, and recovery of individuals with cancer...
- Knowledge for knowledge translation: the role of the Cochrane CollaborationJeremy M Grimshaw
Canadian Cochrane Network and Centre, Institute of Population Health, University of Ottawa, ON, Canada
J Contin Educ Health Prof 26:55-62. 2006..We summarize the activities of The Cochrane Collaboration and how these can contribute to KT activities...
- Distress in couples coping with cancer: a meta-analysis and critical review of role and gender effectsMariet Hagedoorn
Department of Health Sciences, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
Psychol Bull 134:1-30. 2008..Individual levels of distress were determined more by gender than by the role of being the person with cancer versus that person's partner...
- The role of family and friend social support in reducing risk behaviors among HIV-positive Gay menJ A Kimberly
Office of Program Evaluation and Research, Ohio Department of Mental Health, Columbus 43266, USA
AIDS Educ Prev 11:465-75. 1999..In addition, family availability for support was more predictive of reduced risky behaviors than the availability of friends. Implications for researchers and helping professionals are discussed...
- Eliminating racial and ethnic disparities in health care: what is the role of academic medicine?Joseph R Betancourt
Harvard Medical School, 50 Staniford St, Ste 942, Boston, MA 02114, USA
Acad Med 81:788-92. 2006..Academic medicine must make the elimination of health care disparities a critical part of its mission, and provide national leadership by identifying quality improvement innovations and creating disparities solutions...
- Relational autonomy or undue pressure? Family's role in medical decision-makingAnita Ho
Department of Philosophy, College of St Catherine, St Paul, MN, USA
Scand J Caring Sci 22:128-35. 2008..In particular, it examines the characteristics of families and their role in adult patients' decision-making...
- Role of magnetic resonance imaging in arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia: insights from the North American arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD/C) studyHarikrishna Tandri
Department of Cardiology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
Am Heart J 155:147-53. 2008..The aim of our study was to define the prevalence, sensitivity, and specificity of quantitative MR imaging findings in the probands of multidisciplinary study of right ventricular dysplasia...
- Health financing in Brazil, Russia and India: what role does the international community play?Devi Sridhar
All Souls College, High St, Oxford OX1 4AL, UK
Health Policy Plan 26:12-24. 2011....
- Continuous quality improvement in medicine: validation of a potential role for medical specialty societiesT Bruce Ferguson
Louisiana State University Cardiovascular Outcomes Research Group, New Orleans, LA 70119, USA
Am Heart Hosp J 1:264-72. 2003..This Society CQI Platform is a potential model for large-scale quality improvement efforts across all disciplines of medicine...
- [Violence against women: the role of the health sector in international legislation]Gaby Ortiz-Barreda
Grupo de Investigación de Salud Pública, Area de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Publica, Universidad de Alicante, Espana
Gac Sanit 26:483-9. 2012..To identify and describe the responsibilities attributed to health administrations in preventing and addressing violence against women in the international legislation on this issue...
- The role of provider attitudes in prescribing antidepressants to older adults: leverage points for effective provider educationPatricia A Arean
University of California, San Francisco, Department of Psychiatry, 94143 0984, USA
Int J Psychiatry Med 33:241-56. 2003....
- The role of person versus situation in life satisfaction: a critical examinationDaniel Heller
Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada
Psychol Bull 130:574-600. 2004....
- Personal identity and the role of 'carer' among relatives and friends of people with multiple sclerosisNic Hughes
Health Experiences Research Group, Dept of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, 23 38 Hythe Bridge Street, Oxford OX1 2ET, United Kingdom Electronic address
Soc Sci Med 96:78-85. 2013..illuminated variation in peoples' perceptions of themselves as carers, suggesting that self-identification with the role and label of carer is nuanced, shifting and variable...
- Perceptions of the worker role among people with psychiatric disabilities: description and investigation of associated factorsElisabeth Argentzell
Department of Health Sciences, Division of Occupational Therapy and Gerontology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Work 45:289-98. 2013..level, day centre attendance, social interaction, self-mastery and clinical factors were related to how unemployed people with psychiatric disabilities (PD) envision a future worker role, also controlling for socio-demographic variables.
- The role of informal caregivers during cancer patients' recovery from chemotherapyCherene Ockerby
Deakin Southern Health Nursing Research Centre, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
Scand J Caring Sci 27:147-55. 2013....
- The role of non-governmental organizations in global health diplomacy: negotiating the Framework Convention on Tobacco ControlRaphael Lencucha
University of Lethbridge, Faculty of Health Sciences, Bachelor of Public Health Program, Lethbridge, Alberta, Cananda
Health Policy Plan 26:405-12. 2011..2007a: 972)...
- Attitudes and adjustment to the parental role in mothers following treatment for postnatal depressionMing Wai Wan
Psychiatry Research Group, University of Manchester, UK
J Affect Disord 131:284-92. 2011..The aim was to examine whether maternal adjustment improved with earlier remission, and with combined medical and psychological treatment...
- Making evidence work for communities: the role of nongovernmental organizations in translating science to programsJennifer Kidwell Drake
PATH, Seattle, Washington 98109, USA
J Womens Health (Larchmt) 19:2119-24. 2010..A key role for nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in evidence-informed public health is to use and expand on research to ..
- The effects of a childbirth psychoeducation program on learned resourcefulness, maternal role competence and perinatal depression: a quasi-experimentFei Wan Ngai
The Nethersole School of Nursing, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Room 621, Esther Lee Building, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong
Int J Nurs Stud 46:1298-306. 2009Learned resourcefulness plays a significant role in facilitating maternal coping during the transition to motherhood...
- The role of community health centers in delivering primary care to the underserved: experiences of the uninsured and Medicaid insuredLeiyu Shi
Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
J Ambul Care Manage 30:159-70. 2007Community health centers (CHCs) have long served an important safety-net healthcare delivery role for vulnerable populations...
- Exploring qualitative research synthesis: the role of patients' perspectives in health policy design and decision makingHelle Ploug Hansen
Research Unit, Health, Man and Society and National Research Center for Cancer Rehabilitation, Institute of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
Patient 4:143-52. 2011....
- How do patients with rare diseases experience the medical encounter? Exploring role behavior and its impact on patient-physician interactionKarolina Budych
Deutsche Stiftung für chronisch Kranke, Alexanderstraße 26, 90762 Fürth, Germany
Health Policy 105:154-64. 2012..develop an empirically derived typology of interaction patterns and to explore the antecedents of these interaction patterns, with a special focus on role behavior. Building on these results, implications for health care policy are made.
- Defining the role and scope of practice of allied health assistants within Queensland public health servicesMichelle Stute
Prince Charles Hospital, Chermside, Qld 4032, Australia Email
Aust Health Rev 37:602-6. 2013..Although they are potentially very important in the current health workforce context, there is little agreement on their roles or the most suitable methods to define these roles...
- In sickness and in health: experience of caring for a spouse with MSKerry Mutch
Walton Centre NHS Foundation Trust, Fazakerley, Liverpool, United Kingdom
Br J Nurs 19:214-9. 2010..with multiple sclerosis were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire to explore their experience of their role. RESULTS The interview transcripts were analyzed using a thematic framework approach...
- [Role of personality, familial environment, and severity of the disease on the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia]Nicolas Auguste
Centre hospitalier général de Firminy
Psychol Neuropsychiatr Vieil 4:227-35. 2006..The goal of this study was to assess the role of disorders of personality, psychiatric disorders and home environment in the occurence of the BPSD; 99 inpatients ..
- Parent smoker role conflict and planning to quit smoking: a cross-sectional studyJoan Friebely
Center for Child and Adolescent Health Research and Policy, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
BMC Public Health 13:164. 2013b>Role conflict can motivate behavior change. No prior studies have explored the association between parent/smoker role conflict and readiness to quit...
- Social role participation and the life course in healthy adults and individuals with osteoarthritis: are we overlooking the impact on the middle-aged?Monique A M Gignac
Institute for Work and Health, Division of Health Care and Outcomes Research, Toronto Western Research Institute, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Soc Sci Med 81:87-93. 2013Little is known about life course differences in social role participation among those with chronic diseases. This study examined role salience (i.e...
- Promoting success or preventing failure: cultural differences in motivation by positive and negative role modelsPenelope Lockwood
Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 31:379-92. 2005In two studies, cross-cultural differences in reactions to positive and negative role models were examined...
- Role loss and emotional adjustment in chronic painSamantha Harris
Academic Unit of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
Pain 105:363-70. 2003..We tested whether loss of role and personal attributes and current and past self-concept differentiation, predicted adjustment as indexed by ..
- Education and empowerment of the nursing assistant: validating their important role in skin care and pressure ulcer prevention, and demonstrating productivity enhancement and cost savingsLynn Howe
Healthstream, Inc, Nashville, TN, USA
Adv Skin Wound Care 21:275-81. 2008..Part B addresses productivity enhancement and cost savings experienced because of changing bathing and incontinence care products and procedures...
- Nursing home placement of older parents: an exploration of adult children's role and responsibilitiesSzu Yao Wang
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Australian Catholic University, Brisbane Campus McAuley at Banyo, QLD, Australia
Contemp Nurse 37:197-203. 2011..It aimed to investigate how the roles and responsibilities of adult children of nursing home residents are changing. It involved aged care facility residents, their families and professional carers...
- The role for preimplantation genetic diagnosis in balanced translocation carriersJone E Sampson
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, 97239 3011, USA
Am J Obstet Gynecol 190:1707-11; discussion 1711-3. 2004....
- Interpersonal evaluations following threats to self: role of self-esteemT F Heatherton
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755 3549, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 78:725-36. 2000..Study 2 also indicated that the findings could not be explained by trait levels of narcissism. These patterns are interpreted in terms of differential sensitivity to potential interpersonal rejection...
- The role of lay health advisors in cardiovascular risk reduction: a reviewJulie Fleury
College of Nursing and Healthcare Innovation, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ 85004, USA
Am J Community Psychol 44:28-42. 2009..Twenty articles were evaluated, which emphasized the role of the LHA in cardiovascular risk reduction...
- The role of a nurse case manager in implementing a critical pathway for infrainguinal bypass surgeryM D Walsh
University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, USA
Jt Comm J Qual Improv 27:230-8. 2001..CONCLUSIONS: Intervention by a nurse case manager facilitated implementation of a critical pathway for patients undergoing infrainguinal bypass surgery, especially by preventing patient deviations due to intrainstitutional factors...
- Screening of patients suitable for diagnostic cervical facet joint blocks--a role for physiotherapistsGeoff M Schneider
Graduate Sciences Education, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4
Man Ther 17:180-3. 2012..It is proposed that the development and validation of a CPG may aid in the appropriate selection of patients for this diagnostic procedure...
- Role models, ethnic identity, and health-risk behaviors in urban adolescentsAntronette K Yancey
UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center and School of Public Health, Department of Health Services, Box 956900, A2 125 CHS, Los Angeles, CA 90095 6900, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 156:55-61. 2002The assumption that role models or mentors constructively influence adolescent psychological functioning has prompted societal investment in mentoring programs...
- The role of hepatitis C support groupsMaureen Cormier
University of Massachusetts Medical Center, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA
Gastroenterol Nurs 28:S4-9. 2005..label of chronic hepatitis C encumbers the individual with concerns about contagiousness, social isolation, altered role function, stigmatization, loss of control, and the uncertainty and anxiety inherent in any chronic illness...
- Evidence of immediate activation of gender information from a social role nameDavid J Reynolds
University of Sussex, Brighton, UK
Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 59:886-903. 2006..by, a short story in which an incongruity arises at the end if the gender of a character introduced by a social role name has been inferred...
- Parents' perceptions of the role of schools in tobacco use prevention and cessation for youthJodi Wyman
Department of Public Health, The University of Toledo, 2801 W Bancroft St MS 119, Toledo, OH 43606, USA
J Community Health 31:225-48. 2006The purpose of this study was to examine Ohio parents' perceptions of the role of schools in smoking prevention, cessation, and anti-tobacco policy for their children...
- The role of alternative medicine in treating postnatal depressionFiona Mantle
Department of Public and Community Health, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK
Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery 8:197-203. 2002..The aim of this article is to highlight the possible role of a number of complementary and alternative medicines as adjuncts or alternative treatments for postnatal ..
- Effects of stuttering severity and therapy involvement on role entrapment of people who stutterRodney M Gabel
Department of Communication Disorders, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH 43403, USA
J Commun Disord 41:146-58. 2008The primary purpose of this study was to examine whether a group of university students would report role entrapment of people who stutter (PWS) in the form of occupational stereotyping...
- Role of men in promoting the uptake of HPV vaccinations: focus groups' finding from a developing countryLi Ping Wong
Medical Education and Research Development Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Int J Public Health 55:35-42. 2010..Men involvement has important implication especially within the context that they are equally responsible for spreading the virus...
- The role of social network and support in mental health service use: findings from the Baltimore ECA studyPallab K Maulik
Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, 624 N Broadway St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Psychiatr Serv 60:1222-9. 2009..A significant number of people with mental illness do not use mental health services to receive treatment for their symptoms. This study examined the hypothesis that social network and social support affect mental health service use...
- Measuring participation in people with spondyloarthritis using the social role participation questionnaireAileen M Davis
Division of Health Care and Outcomes Research, Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, Canada
Ann Rheum Dis 70:1765-9. 2011..This requires a reliable and valid standardised measure, and this study evaluates these measurement properties of the Social Role Participation Questionnaire (SRPQ).
- Comparison of time use, role participation and life satisfaction of older people after stroke with a sample without strokeKryss McKenna
Division of Occupational Therapy, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Aust Occup Ther J 56:177-88. 2009This study investigated the time use, role participation and life satisfaction of older Australians (aged 65 years and older) who were 1-3 years post-stroke and living in the community...
- Back care education in elementary school: a pilot study investigating the complementary role of the class teacherG Cardon
Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University, Watersportlaan 2, Belgium
Patient Educ Couns 45:219-26. 2001..Knowledge test scores did not differ significantly between the two intervention groups. Study results indicate that guidelines to a motivated class teacher improve efficacy of back care education in elementary schoolchildren...
- The impact of role stress on workers' behaviour through job satisfaction and organizational commitmentConcha Antón
Department of Social Psychology and Anthropology, University of Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain
Int J Psychol 44:187-94. 2009Dysfunctions in role performance have been associated with a large number of consequences, almost always negative, which affect the well-being of workers and the functioning of organizations...
- Beyond the horizon: the role of academic health centers in improving the health of rural communitiesJohn D Gazewood
Department of Family Medicine, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA
Acad Med 81:793-7. 2006..AHCs have a key role to play in addressing these issues...
- Health promotion and ill-health prevention: the role of general practiceStephen Peckham
Department of Health Services Research and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Qual Prim Care 19:317-23. 2011This paper reports on research undertaken for the King's Fund inquiry into quality in general practice and examines the health promotion role of the general practitioner.
- Parenting knowledge and its role in the prediction of dysfunctional parenting and disruptive child behaviourA Morawska
School of Psychology, University of Queensland, QLD, Australia
Child Care Health Dev 35:217-26. 2009..There is a paucity of research on the relationship between parental knowledge, parenting and parenting self-efficacy, and some inconsistencies have been reported in the literature...
- The role of parents in managing asthma in middle childhood: an important consideration in chronic careNicola Brown
Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery and Health, University of Technology, Sydney P O Box 123, Broadway, Sydney, NSW 2007, Australia
Collegian 17:71-6. 2010....
- Depression and role impairment among adolescents in primary care clinicsJoan Rosenbaum Asarnow
University of California, Los Angeles School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, USA
J Adolesc Health 37:477-83. 2005To evaluate the association between depression and role impairment in a primary care sample, with and without controlling for the effects of general medical conditions.
- Contraceptive use patterns across teens' sexual relationships: the role of relationships, partners, and sexual historiesJennifer Manlove
Child Trends, 4301 Connecticut Avenue NW, Suite 100, Washington, DC 20008, USA
Demography 44:603-21. 2007..Also, relationship and partner characteristics are less important for females who previously used hormonal methods...
- The effect of social role on theory of mind reasoningM D Rutherford
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Br J Psychol 95:91-103. 2004..The hypothesis tested was that social role manipulation could affect performance on ToM tasks independently of any effect on control tasks...
- Meta-analysis of the relationships between Kerr and Jermier's substitutes for leadership and employee job attitudes, role perceptions, and performanceP M Podsakoff
Department of Management, School of Business, Indiana University, Bloomington 47405, USA
J Appl Psychol 81:380-99. 1996..bivariate relationships between leadership behaviors, substitutes for leadership, and subordinate attitudes, and role perceptions and performance, and to examine the relative strengths of the relationships between these variables...
- Undergraduate student nurses' expectations and their self-reported preparedness for the graduate year roleL Heslop
School of Nursing, Monash University, McNahon s Road, Frankston, Victoria 3199, Australia
J Adv Nurs 36:626-34. 2001The study identifies third-year nurses' expectations of the graduate nurse role and ascertains how prepared they feel to fulfil this role.
- Multiple roles and well-being among midlife women: testing role strain and role enhancement theoriesJ Reid
Department of Sociology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, USA
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 54:S329-38. 1999Research on women's multiple roles frequently adopts one of two perspectives: role strain, which argues that assuming multiple roles is detrimental to mental well-being, or role enhancement, which argues that engaging in multiple roles ..
- The role of state mental health authorities in promoting improved client outcomes through evidence-based practiceCharles A Rapp
University of Kansas School of Social Welfare, 1545 Lilac Lane, Lawrence, KS, USA
Community Ment Health J 41:347-63. 2005The role of state mental health authorities (SMHA) is critical to implementing and sustaining evidence-based practices...
- Motivation in person perception: role of the other's perspectiveG Steins
Department of Psychology, Universitat Bielefeld, Postfach 100 131, 33501 Bielefeld, Germany
J Soc Psychol 140:692-709. 2000..All 3 studies included elements of conflict. The results further supported the perspective-taking model and improved the understanding of the influence of motivation in person perception...
- ENGAGEMENT OF PERSONS WITH DEMENTIAJiska Cohen Mansfield; Fiscal Year: 2006..In that way, it presents an exciting prospect for improving the quality of life in demented persons, thereby reducing their caregivers' burden. ..
- TREATMENT OF AGITATION IN THE NURSING HOMEJiska Cohen Mansfield; Fiscal Year: 2010..PHS 398 (Rev. 05/01) Page 2 Principal Investigator/Program Director (Last, first, middle): Cohen-Mansfield, Jiska ..
- Mapping Brain Structure to Function in Bipolar DisorderLori Altshuler; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- RELIGION, AGING, AND HEALTHNeal Krause; Fiscal Year: 2007..Included among these procedures are individual growth curve models and latent variable structural equation models. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Bipolar II Depression: Lithium, SSRI or the CombinationLori L Altshuler; Fiscal Year: 2010..We also hypothesize that the frequency of side effects will be significantly less in patients on SSRI monotherapy. Thus, secondary aims include assessment of patient satisfaction, which may affect compliance in the clinical setting. ..
- Local Therapy of Breast Cancer in Community PopulationsNancy Keating; Fiscal Year: 2007..Moreover, the work will provide insight into different techniques for the analysis of observational data. ..
- DETERMINANTS OF FUNCTIONAL RECOVERY IN BIPOLAR ILLNESSLori Altshuler; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- RELAPSE AND PREDICTORS OF DEPRESSION IN PREGNANCYLori Altshuler; Fiscal Year: 2003..Delineating of these subgroups provides an opportunity to screen for women "at risk" for relapse and allows for thoughtful treatment plan. ..
- CHARACTERIZATION OF PRODROMAL SCHIZOPHRENIABarbara Cornblatt; Fiscal Year: 2009..This design is expected to provide the prospective evidence base essential to develop effective, stage-specific interventions targeting a broad spectrum of outcomes. Prevention of psychosis remains a very long-term goal. ..
- Enhancing the Prospective Prediction of PsychosisJean Addington; Fiscal Year: 2007..Each site has proven its ability to recruit prodromal patients in a previous collaboration. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Religion, Aging, and Mexican American HealthNeal Krause; Fiscal Year: 2010..To compare and contrast race differences in religiousness as well as race differences in the relationship between religion and health among older Whites, older Blacks, and older Mexican Americans. ..
- Risk and Predictors of Postpartum DepressionLori Altshuler; Fiscal Year: 2007..AItshuler, Dr. Hendrick), and the Emory Women's Mental Health Program at Emory University School of Medicine (Dr. Stowe). ..
- CONTINUITY OF CARE & OUTCOME OF SEVERE MENTAL DISORDERSRamin Mojtabai; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Managed Care Penetration and Cancer CareNancy Keating; Fiscal Year: 2003..If managed care penetration is negatively associated with the delivery of care, interventions targeted toward policy-makers, providers, and patients will be needed to counteract the effects of market forces. ..
- Fractures, Heart Disease, and Stroke on Aromatase InhibitorsNancy L Keating; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Novel Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Renal InsufficiencySylvia Rosas; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Drew Minority Research Infrastructure Support ProgramRichard Baker; Fiscal Year: 2006..Delivery systems of special importance include safety net environments such as public hospitals and community health centers. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Serious Youth Violence & Long-term Use of Violent MediaL Huesmann; Fiscal Year: 2006..Specifically, we will explore the role of prior exposure to media violence on subsequent serious aggressive and violent behavior in the following ..
- Healthy Home Offerings via the Mealtime Environment:HOMEJayne Fulkerson; Fiscal Year: 2007..Built on a Social Cognitive Theory conceptual framework, the HOME program addresses the role and mechanism of families or households at home in the initiation, support, and reinforcement of food and beverage ..
- Treating Family Caregivers To Late-Life Depression PatientsLynn Martire; Fiscal Year: 2007..older patients are at high risk for psychiatric and physical morbidity of their own, and may play a critical role in patient treatment adherence and response...
- Nonresident Father Involvement and Child Well-BeingValarie King; Fiscal Year: 2007..Increased attention is needed to understand the role of nonresident fathers in their children's lives and the ways in which involvement by nonresident fathers can ..
- Macro-social & Parent Influence on Adolescents' Drug UseMatthew Farrelly; Fiscal Year: 2007..Generalized Growth Mixture Modeling will be used to test the study hypotheses. ..
- Childhood Determinants of Adolescent / Adult Drug UseJudith S Brook; Fiscal Year: 2010..Identification of childhood and adolescent factors that can exacerbate the impact of substance use consequences on later adult functioning would provide additional information necessary for effective treatment efforts. ..
- Amelioration of Literacy Deficits in Prenatal CareDebra Roter; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Quality of Life Therapy for Adults with ESRD Awaiting Renal TransplantationJames Rodrigue; Fiscal Year: 2007..These benefits have the potential to extend the QOL outcomes otherwise derived from transplantation alone. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Adolescents' Exposure to Family and Community ViolenceGayla Margolin; Fiscal Year: 2009..The focus on proximal, modifiable variables ultimately can be used to inform intervention and prevention programs for adolescents exposed to violence. ..
- Pain & Other Symptoms in Patients with End-Stage Liver Disease at End of LifeLissi Hansen; Fiscal Year: 2008..Qualitative description will be the method of analysis for the qualitative data. Descriptive and inferential statistics will be the methods of analysis for the quantitative data. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Adaptive Treatment for At-Risk Family CaregiversSteven Zarit; Fiscal Year: 2008..These data will provide evidence of the acceptability and specificity of the adaptive approach as well as information about treatment effect size that could be used in planning a large-scale trial. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Partnering to Empower Near East Side Family CaregiversMARY MEEKER; Fiscal Year: 2008..The long term objective of these efforts is to provide culturally appropriate supportive interventions for African American caregivers throughout our community. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Refining Models for Risk Adjustment in Outpatient RehabilitationLinda Resnik; Fiscal Year: 2008..Lack of adjustment for comorbidity in quality measurement may foster an environment in which providers avoid treating patients with comorbid conditions who may have poorer response to treatment. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- TREATMENT OF SSRI-RESISTANT DEPRESSION IN ADOLESCENTSJoan Asarnow; Fiscal Year: 2006..This site is based in Pittsburgh, which also serves as the Data Coordinating Center for the study [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Gender and Race in Biomedical Research Self-efficacyLori Bakken; Fiscal Year: 2006..Women and minorities, in particular, are at a distinct disadvantage since they often lack role models, mentoring and resources that are needed to support them...
- Family Health After Predictive HD TestingJanet Williams; Fiscal Year: 2004..This study will document the health care needs of family members of persons who receive a positive result from presymptomatic gene testing for an inherited degenerative neurologic disease. ..
- YOUTH PARTNERS IN CARE: DEPRESSION & QUALITY IMPROVEMENTJoan Asarnow; Fiscal Year: 2002..The study has an interdisciplinary team including psychiatrists, psychologists, nurses, primary care clinicians, statisticians, sociologists, and economists. ..
- A PROSPECTIVE STUDY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF ADHD AND ODDElizabeth Harvey; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- HEALTH INEQUALITIES ACROSS THE LIFE SPANSteven Zarit; Fiscal Year: 2004..conceptual and theoretical models for examining life course effects of disparities on health, as well as the role of specific factors such as race, gender and economic status...
- Age and breast cancer screening among Latina womenAna Abraido Lanza; Fiscal Year: 2002..Furthermore, we know of no published studies which have tested mediation models among a nationally representative sample of Latina women in the United States. ..
- GENETIC ANALYSIS OF BIPOLAR DISORDERCarlos Pato; Fiscal Year: 2003..This will be extremely valuable for achieving diagnostic certainty, and minimizing false positives. The Whitehead/MIT Center for Genome Research will perform a genome-wide scan and collaborate on all data analysis for the project. ..
- SUBSTANCE USE AMONG CHILDREN OF ALCOHOLICSLaurie Chassin; Fiscal Year: 2003..We examine co-transmission of risk and risk mediators, and we examine the role of parenting in mediating and modifying this risk...
- Profiling Providers of Outpatient Physical TherapyLinda Resnik; Fiscal Year: 2005..Ultimately, the information from this series of studies may be used to shape the policy regarding regulation and administration of rehabilitative services. ..
- INTERPERSONAL PSYCHOTHERAPY FOR SOCIAL PHOBIAJoshua Lipsitz; Fiscal Year: 2002..In a third project, available narrative summaries from 120 panic disorder patients will be analyzed to explore the relevance of IPT for panic disorder. ..
- END OF LIFE PREFERENCES & OUTCOMES: PATIENTS & SPOUSESRachel Pruchno; Fiscal Year: 2004..Analyses would focus on both cross-sectional and prospective longitudinal relationships using a combination of a regression, structural equation modeling, and categorical data analysis techniques. ..
- REDUCING MENTAL HEALTH RISK IN YOUNG ADULT TRANSITIONSSusan Gore; Fiscal Year: 2001..plans for school and work subsequent to the transition, and the consequences of their coping efforts for subsequent role adjustment and mental health...
- Assessment of Quality of Life in Graves' OphthalmopathyElizabeth Bradley; Fiscal Year: 2006..These efforts will serve as important preparatory steps toward Dr. Bradley's long-term goal of studying treatments of Graves' opthalmopathy through medical and surgical clinical trials. ..
- Culture and Mobility Device Use in Older AdultsLinda Resnik; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- ANTECEDENTS AND CONSEQUENCES OF BELIEF CERTAINTYWILLIAM SWANN; Fiscal Year: 2002..Studies are proposed to examine more directly the hypothesized confidence-bolstering effects of information that confirms people's self-views and specify how increasing self- certainty bolsters self-esteem. ..
- Work-Family Integration and Diets of Multi-Ethnic AdultsCarol Devine; Fiscal Year: 2006..processes from employment roles, family roles, and work-family integration (defined as reciprocal adjustment to role demands and benefits at the work-family interface)...
- LIFE COURSE IMPACTS OF NONNORMATIVE PARENTINGMARSHA SELTZER; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- NURSING CDROM ON ETHICAL ISSUES OF GENETIC TESTINGJanet Williams; Fiscal Year: 2002..Increased knowledge of ethical aspects of genetic testing will enable professional nurses to incorporate this knowledge into their professional nursing roles. ..
- SOCIAL COGNITIVE THEORY OF SMOKING AND CESSATIONWilliam Shadel; Fiscal Year: 2001..Support for this social cognitive model would advance an understanding of the mechanisms involved in smoking and cessation behaviors, and possible lead to developing interventions that will help increasing number of smokers to quit. ..
- Modeling the Effect of Cigarette Advertising on Adolescent SmokingWilliam G Shadel; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- CHILDREN'S REASONING ABOUT NATURAL AND INTENTIONAL CAUSECHARLES KALISH; Fiscal Year: 2003..Causal reasoning strategies may be both sources of error and possible frameworks for understanding elaborated scientific content. ..
- Female Condom Use in South African College StudentsJoanne Mantell; Fiscal Year: 2008..partners using qualitative methods, and (4) explore men's attitudes about the female condom and men's role in female condom use...
- Noncardiac Chest Pain in Children and AdolescentsJoshua Lipsitz; Fiscal Year: 2005..g., cognitive behavior therapy) that may alleviate symptoms and distress in youngsters with chest pain. ..
- TRAINING IN RESEARCH ON MENTAL HEALTH AND AGINGSteven Zarit; Fiscal Year: 2007..Recruitment plans assure a pool of highly qualified applicants, including from minority groups. Review of past trainees shows high rates of completion and involvement in research careers. ..
- Contraceptive Use Patterns Among Teens and Young AdultsJennifer Manlove; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- TREATMENT REFRACTORY PANIC DISORDERNaomi Simon; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- REDUCING BEHAVIOR PROBLEMS IN DEMENTIA--DAY CARE USESteven Zarit; Fiscal Year: 2003..These changes will be mediated by improvements in their relative's behavior. ..
- Psychosocial modulation of mammary carcinogenesisJason Yee; Fiscal Year: 2008..of cancer in women and only 10% of cases thought to be caused by inherited germline mutations, suggesting a strong role for the interaction between environmental stressors and genetic predisposition...
- Adolescents' responses to anti-smoking PSAsWilliam Shadel; Fiscal Year: 2006..The long-term implication of the results of these studies is that more effective anti-smoking advertisements could be designed and developed. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Assessing Change in Mental Illness Stigma Over A DecadeBernice Pescosolido; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- Stigma and Mental Illness in Cross-National PerspectiveBernice Pescosolido; Fiscal Year: 2007..This knowledge can provide the scientific base for public health and treatment system interventions to mitigate the devastating negative effects of stigma on the lives of persons with SMI. ..
- Social Network & Media Effects on Mental Illness StigmaBernice Pescosolido; Fiscal Year: 2006..This final stage creates a composite of negative and positive TV images of MI based on information collected in I, II and III to develop and carry out a pre- and post-test experimental design/analysis (N=120). [unreadable] [unreadable]..