role

Summary

Summary: The expected and characteristic pattern of behavior exhibited by an individual as a member of a particular social group.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Role congruity theory of prejudice toward female leaders
    Alice H Eagly
    Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA
    Psychol Rev 109:573-98. 2002
  2. ncbi Mental health, educational, and social role outcomes of adolescents with depression
    David M Fergusson
    Christchurch Health and Development Study, Christchurch School of Medicine, PO Box 4345, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 59:225-31. 2002
  3. pmc Sexual role and transmission of HIV Type 1 among men who have sex with men, in Peru
    Steven M Goodreau
    Center for AIDS and STD and Center for Statistics and the Social Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    J Infect Dis 191:S147-58. 2005
  4. ncbi The role of single-incision laparoscopic surgery in abdominal and pelvic surgery: a systematic review
    Kamran Ahmed
    Department of Biosurgery and Surgical Technology, Imperial College London, 10th Floor, QEQM Building, St Mary s Hospital Campus, Praed Street, London, W2 1NY, UK
    Surg Endosc 25:378-96. 2011
  5. pmc Ancient DNA suggests the leading role played by men in the Neolithic dissemination
    Marie Lacan
    Laboratoire d anthropologie moléculaire et imagerie de synthèse, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Unité Mixte de Recherche 5288, 31073 Toulouse, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:18255-9. 2011
  6. pmc The role of action planning and plan enactment for smoking cessation
    Hein de Vries
    Care and Public Health Research Institute, Department of Health Promotion, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    BMC Public Health 13:393. 2013
  7. ncbi Fathers' role in the etiology, prevention and treatment of child anxiety: a review and new model
    Susan Bögels
    University of Amsterdam, Department of Education, 1090 GE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Clin Psychol Rev 28:539-58. 2008
  8. ncbi The role of community representatives on health service committees: staff expectations vs. reality
    Sally Nathan
    School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Health Expect 14:272-84. 2011
  9. pmc Risk factors for psychosis: impaired social and role functioning
    Barbara A Cornblatt
    Division of Psychiatry Research, The Zucker Hillside Hospital, North Shore Long Island Jewish Health System, 75 59 263rd Street, Glen Oaks, NY 11004, USA
    Schizophr Bull 38:1247-57. 2012
  10. ncbi The role of supervision in child injury risk: definition, conceptual and measurement issues
    Gitanjali Saluja
    National Institute for Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes for Health, U S Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892 7510, USA
    Inj Control Saf Promot 11:17-22. 2004

Research Grants

  1. ENGAGEMENT OF PERSONS WITH DEMENTIA
    Jiska Cohen Mansfield; Fiscal Year: 2006
  2. TREATMENT OF AGITATION IN THE NURSING HOME
    Jiska Cohen Mansfield; Fiscal Year: 2010
  3. Mapping Brain Structure to Function in Bipolar Disorder
    Lori Altshuler; Fiscal Year: 2007
  4. RELIGION, AGING, AND HEALTH
    Neal Krause; Fiscal Year: 2007
  5. Bipolar II Depression: Lithium, SSRI or the Combination
    Lori L Altshuler; Fiscal Year: 2010
  6. Local Therapy of Breast Cancer in Community Populations
    Nancy Keating; Fiscal Year: 2007
  7. DETERMINANTS OF FUNCTIONAL RECOVERY IN BIPOLAR ILLNESS
    Lori Altshuler; Fiscal Year: 2003
  8. RELAPSE AND PREDICTORS OF DEPRESSION IN PREGNANCY
    Lori Altshuler; Fiscal Year: 2003
  9. CHARACTERIZATION OF PRODROMAL SCHIZOPHRENIA
    Barbara Cornblatt; Fiscal Year: 2009
  10. Enhancing the Prospective Prediction of Psychosis
    Jean Addington; Fiscal Year: 2007

Detail Information

Publications268 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Role congruity theory of prejudice toward female leaders
    Alice H Eagly
    Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA
    Psychol Rev 109:573-98. 2002
    A role congruity theory of prejudice toward female leaders proposes that perceived incongruity between the female gender role and leadership roles leads to 2 forms of prejudice: (a) perceiving women less favorably than men as potential ..
  2. ncbi Mental health, educational, and social role outcomes of adolescents with depression
    David M Fergusson
    Christchurch Health and Development Study, Christchurch School of Medicine, PO Box 4345, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 59:225-31. 2002
    ..This study used longitudinal data to examine the extent to which young people with depression in mid adolescence (ages 14-16) were at increased risk of adverse psychosocial outcomes in later adolescence and young adulthood (ages 16-21)...
  3. pmc Sexual role and transmission of HIV Type 1 among men who have sex with men, in Peru
    Steven M Goodreau
    Center for AIDS and STD and Center for Statistics and the Social Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    J Infect Dis 191:S147-58. 2005
    In Latin America, men who have sex with men (MSM) have traditionally practiced role segregation--that is, the adoption of a fixed role (insertive or receptive) rather than a versatile role (both practices) during anal sex...
  4. ncbi The role of single-incision laparoscopic surgery in abdominal and pelvic surgery: a systematic review
    Kamran Ahmed
    Department of Biosurgery and Surgical Technology, Imperial College London, 10th Floor, QEQM Building, St Mary s Hospital Campus, Praed Street, London, W2 1NY, UK
    Surg Endosc 25:378-96. 2011
    This review aimed to determine the role of single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) in abdominal and pelvic operations.
  5. pmc Ancient DNA suggests the leading role played by men in the Neolithic dissemination
    Marie Lacan
    Laboratoire d anthropologie moléculaire et imagerie de synthèse, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Unité Mixte de Recherche 5288, 31073 Toulouse, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:18255-9. 2011
    ..The high frequency of G2a in Neolithic samples in western Europe could suggest, furthermore, that the role of men during Neolithic dispersal could be greater than currently estimated.
  6. pmc The role of action planning and plan enactment for smoking cessation
    Hein de Vries
    Care and Public Health Research Institute, Department of Health Promotion, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    BMC Public Health 13:393. 2013
    Several studies have reemphasized the role of action planning. Yet, little attention has been paid to the role of plan enactment...
  7. ncbi Fathers' role in the etiology, prevention and treatment of child anxiety: a review and new model
    Susan Bögels
    University of Amsterdam, Department of Education, 1090 GE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Clin Psychol Rev 28:539-58. 2008
    ..Finally, a model is presented to show the unique ways in which mothers and fathers are involved in the development of anxiety disorders in their children. Future directions for research in this area are highlighted...
  8. ncbi The role of community representatives on health service committees: staff expectations vs. reality
    Sally Nathan
    School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Health Expect 14:272-84. 2011
    ..However, staff expectations about the community's role on committees do not match the reality they say they observe and less than half the staff thought the community and ..
  9. pmc Risk factors for psychosis: impaired social and role functioning
    Barbara A Cornblatt
    Division of Psychiatry Research, The Zucker Hillside Hospital, North Shore Long Island Jewish Health System, 75 59 263rd Street, Glen Oaks, NY 11004, USA
    Schizophr Bull 38:1247-57. 2012
    ..Impaired social and role functioning have been of interest for reflecting poor outcome but far less is known about the developmental impact ..
  10. ncbi The role of supervision in child injury risk: definition, conceptual and measurement issues
    Gitanjali Saluja
    National Institute for Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes for Health, U S Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892 7510, USA
    Inj Control Saf Promot 11:17-22. 2004
    The purpose of this paper was to examine caregiver supervision and its role as an active strategy in childhood injury prevention...
  11. ncbi Preparing effective behavioral interventions to be used by prevention providers: the role of researchers during HIV Prevention Research Trials
    Agatha N Eke
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 18:44-58. 2006
    ..Such collaborations encourage exchange of ideas and can make certain that interventions are designed to be relevant and acceptable to community agencies and feasible for them to implement...
  12. ncbi Engaging patients in health care: an empirical study of the role of engagement on attitudes and action
    Liz Forbat
    Cancer Care Research Centre, University of Stirling, Innovation Park, Stirling, United Kingdom
    Patient Educ Couns 74:84-90. 2009
    Identify the role of engaging people affected by cancer in service development in influencing healthcare professionals and service-users' attitudes toward, and enactment of, engagement.
  13. pmc Impact of neurocognition on social and role functioning in individuals at clinical high risk for psychosis
    Ricardo E Carrión
    Department of Psychiatry Research, Zucker Hillside Hospital, NorthShore Long Island Jew ish Health System, Glen Oaks, NY 11004, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 168:806-13. 2011
    ..The authors assessed cognitive impairment in adolescents at clinical high risk for psychosis and examined its impact on social and role functioning.
  14. ncbi The role of the non-smoker in enforcing smoke-free laws
    Constantine I Vardavas
    Center for Global Tobacco Control, Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Hungtington Avenue, Landmark Center, 3rd Floor East, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Public Health Policy 32:46-59. 2011
    Compliance with laws making certain environments smoke free has focused mainly on smokers' behavior, while the role of non-smokers has scarcely been investigated...
  15. pmc Role modelling--making the most of a powerful teaching strategy
    Sylvia R Cruess
    Centre for Medical Education, McGill University, 1110 Pine Avenue West, Montreal, QC, Canada H3A 1A3
    BMJ 336:718-21. 2008
  16. ncbi Of pride and prejudice: the role of sociology and social networks in integrating the health sciences
    Bernice A Pescosolido
    Department of Sociology, Indiana University, 1022 E Third Street, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 47:189-208. 2006
    ..I trace developments in the Network-Episode Model as one theoretical starting point...
  17. ncbi The role of family and maternal factors in childhood obesity
    Lisa Y Gibson
    Division of Population Sciences, Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA
    Med J Aust 186:591-5. 2007
    ..To investigate the relationship between a child's weight and a broad range of family and maternal factors...
  18. ncbi Young carers as social actors: coping strategies of children caring for ailing or ageing guardians in Western Kenya
    Morten Skovdal
    London School of Economics and Political Science, Institute of Social Psychology, London WC2A 2AE, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 69:587-95. 2009
    There is a vast body of research on the impact of HIV/AIDS on children, but little which acknowledges the role of children in providing care and support for ailing parents or ageing guardians...
  19. ncbi An empirical test of a mediation model of the impact of the traditional male gender role on suicidal behavior in men
    Janie Houle
    Research Centre, Centre Hospitalier de l Universite de Montreal, Centre for Research and Intervention on Suicide and Euthanasia, Universite du Quebec a Montreal, Canada
    J Affect Disord 107:37-43. 2008
    ..The adverse impact of the traditional male gender role as well as men's reluctance to seek help are possible explanations of this gender gap, but these hypotheses have ..
  20. ncbi Reproductive decisions for women with HIV: motherhood's role in envisioning a future
    DONNA B BARNES
    Women s Studies Program, California State University, East Bay, Hayward, California, USA
    Qual Health Res 19:481-91. 2009
    ..These findings have relevance for future research as well as for program development and policy...
  21. ncbi Conversational silence, coercion, equality: the role of language in influencing who gets identified as abused
    Amy E Bonomi
    Group Health Cooperative, Seattle, WA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 62:2258-66. 2006
    ..a framework for understanding the potential influence of language on women's interpretations of IPV, including the role of community and professional conversational silence, coercion and equality in influencing women's interpretations...
  22. pmc Influence of role models and hospital design on hand hygiene of healthcare workers
    Mary G Lankford
    Northwestern Prevention Epicenter, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:217-23. 2003
    We assessed the effect of medical staff role models and the number of health-care worker sinks on hand-hygiene compliance before and after construction of a new hospital designed for increased access to handwashing sinks...
  23. ncbi Social network and role demands in women's Type 2 diabetes: a model
    Anna Sarkadi
    Department for Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Health Care Women Int 23:600-11. 2002
    ..about the psychological etiology of women's diseases in health care, could all contribute to women's experiencing role conflict in their daily diabetes management...
  24. ncbi Role of cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in the diagnosis of acute and chronic myocarditis
    Ali Yilmaz
    Division of Cardiology, Robert Bosch Krankenhaus, Auerbachstrasse 110, 70376, Stuttgart, Germany
    Heart Fail Rev 18:747-60. 2013
    ..This review will focus on the 'clinical role' of CMR in the diagnosis of acute and chronic myocarditis.
  25. ncbi The role of parenting styles in children's problem behavior
    Kaisa Aunola
    Department of Psychology, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Child Dev 76:1144-59. 2005
    ..Behavioral control exercised by mothers decreased children's external problem behavior but only when combined with a low level of psychological control...
  26. ncbi Developing post-disaster physical rehabilitation: role of the World Health Organization Liaison Sub-Committee on Rehabilitation Disaster Relief of the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
    James Gosney
    International Rehabilitation Forum Emergency Rehabilitation Work Group, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    J Rehabil Med 43:965-8. 2011
    This special report presents the role of the World Health Organization (WHO) Liaison Sub-Committee on Rehabilitation Disaster Relief (CRDR) of the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM) in developing an ..
  27. ncbi Employee perspectives on the role of supervisors to prevent workplace disability after injuries
    William S Shaw
    Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety, 71 Frankland Road, Hopkinton, Massachusetts 01748, USA
    J Occup Rehabil 13:129-42. 2003
    After workplace injuries, supervisors can play an important role in aiding workers, accessing health care services, and providing reasonable accommodation...
  28. ncbi The role of men in family planning decision-making in rural and urban Nigeria
    Ernest O Orji
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Perinatology, Faculty of Clinical Science, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile_Ife, Nigeria
    Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 12:70-5. 2007
    To determine the role of men in family planning decision-making in both rural and urban areas of Nigeria.
  29. ncbi The multi-faceted role of allergen exposure to the local airway mucosa
    K Golebski
    Department of Otorhinolanyngology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Allergy 68:152-60. 2013
    ..This review presents the dual role of epithelium acting as a passive and active barrier when encountering an inhaled allergen and how this double role ..
  30. ncbi Health care providers' perceived role in changing environments to promote healthy eating and physical activity: baseline findings from health care providers participating in the healthy eating, active communities program
    Maria Boyle
    Samuels and Associates, Oakland, California, USA
    Pediatrics 123:S293-300. 2009
    ..It was recognized at the outset that to succeed, the program needed support from community advocates. Health care providers can be effective advocates to mobilize community members and influence policy makers...
  31. ncbi Role development in health care assistants: the impact of education on practice
    Helen Hancock
    Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    J Eval Clin Pract 11:489-98. 2005
    Health care provision has moved towards an approach to patient care that challenges the traditional role boundaries of health care workers. In nursing this has resulted in the delegation of 'nursing care' to health care assistants (HCAs)...
  32. ncbi Consensus in work role requirements: the influence of discrete occupational context on role expectations
    Erich C Dierdorff
    Kellstadt Graduate School of Business, Department of Management, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60604 2287, USA
    J Appl Psychol 92:1228-41. 2007
    Although role theory has long described how expectations shape role behavior, little empirical research has examined differences among work role requirements and how features of the discrete occupational context may influence the extent ..
  33. pmc Correlates of substance use disorder among psychiatric outpatients: focus on cognition, social role functioning, and psychiatric status
    Kate B Carey
    Department of Psychology and Center for Health and Behavior, 430 Huntington Hall, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York 13244 2340, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 191:300-8. 2003
    ..outpatients with schizophrenia spectrum and bipolar disorders volunteered to complete diagnostic and social role function interviews, self-report inventories, and neuropsychological tests...
  34. pmc A realist evaluation of the role of communities of practice in changing healthcare practice
    Geetha Ranmuthugala
    Centre for Clinical Governance Research, Australian Institute of Health Innovation, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Implement Sci 6:49. 2011
    ..by the context in which an intervention is implemented, a realist evaluation is well suited to understand the role of CoPs in improving healthcare practice...
  35. ncbi The role of a pediatric ethics committee in the newborn intensive care unit
    M R Mercurio
    Department of Pediatric, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    J Perinatol 31:1-9. 2011
    ..Neonatologists, staff and families should be aware of this potentially valuable resource, and are encouraged to use it for situations of moral distress, conflict resolution or ethical uncertainty...
  36. pmc Understanding the potential role of statins in pneumonia and sepsis
    Sachin Yende
    CRISMA Laboratory Clinical Research, Investigation, and Systems Modeling of Acute Illness, Department of Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Crit Care Med 39:1871-8. 2011
    ..To examine the association of statin use with clinical outcomes and circulating biomarkers in community-acquired pneumonia and sepsis...
  37. pmc Mediators of the association between depression and role functioning
    M A Buist-Bouwman
    University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 118:451-8. 2008
    While the adverse effect of Major Depressive Episode on role functioning is well established, the exact pathways remain unclear.
  38. pmc Mobile and fixed computer use by doctors and nurses on hospital wards: multi-method study on the relationships between clinician role, clinical task, and device choice
    Pia Andersen
    Medical Informatics Group, Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Denmark
    J Med Internet Res 11:e32. 2009
    ..Selecting the right mix of stationary and mobile computing devices is a significant challenge for system planners and implementers. There is very limited research evidence upon which to base such decisions...
  39. ncbi Volunteering and depression: the role of psychological and social resources in different age groups
    Marc A Musick
    The University of Texas at Austin, Population Research Center, Austin, TX 78712 1088, USA
    Soc Sci Med 56:259-69. 2003
    ..Volunteering for religious causes is more beneficial for mental health than volunteering for secular causes but, again, the effect is confined to the elderly...
  40. ncbi The emerging role of cell phone technology in ambulatory care
    Peter Boland
    BeWell Mobile Technology, San Francisco, USA
    J Ambul Care Manage 30:126-33. 2007
    ..Consumers like having choices and patients are no different: they are not all one type. This suggests an emerging role for cell phone applications and platforms that enable both Internet and medical device connectivity where ..
  41. pmc Preliminary findings for two new measures of social and role functioning in the prodromal phase of schizophrenia
    Barbara A Cornblatt
    Recognition and Prevention Program, Department of Psychiatry Research, The Zucker Hillside Hospital, North Shore Long Island Jewish Health System, 75 59 263rd Street, Glen Oaks, NY 11004, USA
    Schizophr Bull 33:688-702. 2007
    ..on prediction and prevention of schizophrenia has increasingly focused on prodromal (prepsychosis) social and role dysfunction as developmentally early, stable, and treatment-resistant illness components...
  42. ncbi Understanding the impact of family caregiver cancer literacy on patient health outcomes
    Jennifer L Bevan
    Department of Communication Studies, Chapman University, One University Drive, Orange, CA 92866, United States
    Patient Educ Couns 71:356-64. 2008
    Family caregivers play a significant role in the diagnosis, treatment, and recovery of individuals with cancer...
  43. ncbi Knowledge for knowledge translation: the role of the Cochrane Collaboration
    Jeremy M Grimshaw
    Canadian Cochrane Network and Centre, Institute of Population Health, University of Ottawa, ON, Canada
    J Contin Educ Health Prof 26:55-62. 2006
    ..We summarize the activities of The Cochrane Collaboration and how these can contribute to KT activities...
  44. ncbi Distress in couples coping with cancer: a meta-analysis and critical review of role and gender effects
    Mariet Hagedoorn
    Department of Health Sciences, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
    Psychol Bull 134:1-30. 2008
    ..Individual levels of distress were determined more by gender than by the role of being the person with cancer versus that person's partner...
  45. ncbi The role of family and friend social support in reducing risk behaviors among HIV-positive Gay men
    J A Kimberly
    Office of Program Evaluation and Research, Ohio Department of Mental Health, Columbus 43266, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 11:465-75. 1999
    ..In addition, family availability for support was more predictive of reduced risky behaviors than the availability of friends. Implications for researchers and helping professionals are discussed...
  46. ncbi Eliminating racial and ethnic disparities in health care: what is the role of academic medicine?
    Joseph R Betancourt
    Harvard Medical School, 50 Staniford St, Ste 942, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Acad Med 81:788-92. 2006
    ..Academic medicine must make the elimination of health care disparities a critical part of its mission, and provide national leadership by identifying quality improvement innovations and creating disparities solutions...
  47. pdf Relational autonomy or undue pressure? Family's role in medical decision-making
    Anita Ho
    Department of Philosophy, College of St Catherine, St Paul, MN, USA
    Scand J Caring Sci 22:128-35. 2008
    ..In particular, it examines the characteristics of families and their role in adult patients' decision-making...
  48. ncbi Role of magnetic resonance imaging in arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia: insights from the North American arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD/C) study
    Harikrishna Tandri
    Department of Cardiology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am Heart J 155:147-53. 2008
    ..The aim of our study was to define the prevalence, sensitivity, and specificity of quantitative MR imaging findings in the probands of multidisciplinary study of right ventricular dysplasia...
  49. ncbi Health financing in Brazil, Russia and India: what role does the international community play?
    Devi Sridhar
    All Souls College, High St, Oxford OX1 4AL, UK
    Health Policy Plan 26:12-24. 2011
    ....
  50. ncbi Continuous quality improvement in medicine: validation of a potential role for medical specialty societies
    T Bruce Ferguson
    Louisiana State University Cardiovascular Outcomes Research Group, New Orleans, LA 70119, USA
    Am Heart Hosp J 1:264-72. 2003
    ..This Society CQI Platform is a potential model for large-scale quality improvement efforts across all disciplines of medicine...
  51. ncbi [Violence against women: the role of the health sector in international legislation]
    Gaby Ortiz-Barreda
    Grupo de Investigación de Salud Pública, Area de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Publica, Universidad de Alicante, Espana
    Gac Sanit 26:483-9. 2012
    ..To identify and describe the responsibilities attributed to health administrations in preventing and addressing violence against women in the international legislation on this issue...
  52. ncbi The role of provider attitudes in prescribing antidepressants to older adults: leverage points for effective provider education
    Patricia A Arean
    University of California, San Francisco, Department of Psychiatry, 94143 0984, USA
    Int J Psychiatry Med 33:241-56. 2003
    ....
  53. ncbi The role of person versus situation in life satisfaction: a critical examination
    Daniel Heller
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada
    Psychol Bull 130:574-600. 2004
    ....
  54. pmc Personal identity and the role of 'carer' among relatives and friends of people with multiple sclerosis
    Nic Hughes
    Health Experiences Research Group, Dept of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, 23 38 Hythe Bridge Street, Oxford OX1 2ET, United Kingdom Electronic address
    Soc Sci Med 96:78-85. 2013
    ..illuminated variation in peoples' perceptions of themselves as carers, suggesting that self-identification with the role and label of carer is nuanced, shifting and variable...
  55. ncbi Perceptions of the worker role among people with psychiatric disabilities: description and investigation of associated factors
    Elisabeth Argentzell
    Department of Health Sciences, Division of Occupational Therapy and Gerontology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
    Work 45:289-98. 2013
    ..level, day centre attendance, social interaction, self-mastery and clinical factors were related to how unemployed people with psychiatric disabilities (PD) envision a future worker role, also controlling for socio-demographic variables.
  56. ncbi The role of informal caregivers during cancer patients' recovery from chemotherapy
    Cherene Ockerby
    Deakin Southern Health Nursing Research Centre, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Scand J Caring Sci 27:147-55. 2013
    ....
  57. ncbi The role of non-governmental organizations in global health diplomacy: negotiating the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control
    Raphael Lencucha
    University of Lethbridge, Faculty of Health Sciences, Bachelor of Public Health Program, Lethbridge, Alberta, Cananda
    Health Policy Plan 26:405-12. 2011
    ..2007a: 972)...
  58. ncbi Attitudes and adjustment to the parental role in mothers following treatment for postnatal depression
    Ming Wai Wan
    Psychiatry Research Group, University of Manchester, UK
    J Affect Disord 131:284-92. 2011
    ..The aim was to examine whether maternal adjustment improved with earlier remission, and with combined medical and psychological treatment...
  59. ncbi Making evidence work for communities: the role of nongovernmental organizations in translating science to programs
    Jennifer Kidwell Drake
    PATH, Seattle, Washington 98109, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 19:2119-24. 2010
    ..A key role for nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in evidence-informed public health is to use and expand on research to ..
  60. ncbi The effects of a childbirth psychoeducation program on learned resourcefulness, maternal role competence and perinatal depression: a quasi-experiment
    Fei Wan Ngai
    The Nethersole School of Nursing, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Room 621, Esther Lee Building, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong
    Int J Nurs Stud 46:1298-306. 2009
    Learned resourcefulness plays a significant role in facilitating maternal coping during the transition to motherhood...
  61. ncbi The role of community health centers in delivering primary care to the underserved: experiences of the uninsured and Medicaid insured
    Leiyu Shi
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Ambul Care Manage 30:159-70. 2007
    Community health centers (CHCs) have long served an important safety-net healthcare delivery role for vulnerable populations...
  62. ncbi Exploring qualitative research synthesis: the role of patients' perspectives in health policy design and decision making
    Helle Ploug Hansen
    Research Unit, Health, Man and Society and National Research Center for Cancer Rehabilitation, Institute of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
    Patient 4:143-52. 2011
    ....
  63. ncbi How do patients with rare diseases experience the medical encounter? Exploring role behavior and its impact on patient-physician interaction
    Karolina Budych
    Deutsche Stiftung für chronisch Kranke, Alexanderstraße 26, 90762 Fürth, Germany
    Health Policy 105:154-64. 2012
    ..develop an empirically derived typology of interaction patterns and to explore the antecedents of these interaction patterns, with a special focus on role behavior. Building on these results, implications for health care policy are made.
  64. ncbi Defining the role and scope of practice of allied health assistants within Queensland public health services
    Michelle Stute
    Prince Charles Hospital, Chermside, Qld 4032, Australia Email
    Aust Health Rev 37:602-6. 2013
    ..Although they are potentially very important in the current health workforce context, there is little agreement on their roles or the most suitable methods to define these roles...
  65. ncbi In sickness and in health: experience of caring for a spouse with MS
    Kerry Mutch
    Walton Centre NHS Foundation Trust, Fazakerley, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Br J Nurs 19:214-9. 2010
    ..with multiple sclerosis were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire to explore their experience of their role. RESULTS The interview transcripts were analyzed using a thematic framework approach...
  66. ncbi [Role of personality, familial environment, and severity of the disease on the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia]
    Nicolas Auguste
    Centre hospitalier général de Firminy
    Psychol Neuropsychiatr Vieil 4:227-35. 2006
    ..The goal of this study was to assess the role of disorders of personality, psychiatric disorders and home environment in the occurence of the BPSD; 99 inpatients ..
  67. pmc Parent smoker role conflict and planning to quit smoking: a cross-sectional study
    Joan Friebely
    Center for Child and Adolescent Health Research and Policy, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
    BMC Public Health 13:164. 2013
    b>Role conflict can motivate behavior change. No prior studies have explored the association between parent/smoker role conflict and readiness to quit...
  68. ncbi Social role participation and the life course in healthy adults and individuals with osteoarthritis: are we overlooking the impact on the middle-aged?
    Monique A M Gignac
    Institute for Work and Health, Division of Health Care and Outcomes Research, Toronto Western Research Institute, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 81:87-93. 2013
    Little is known about life course differences in social role participation among those with chronic diseases. This study examined role salience (i.e...
  69. ncbi Promoting success or preventing failure: cultural differences in motivation by positive and negative role models
    Penelope Lockwood
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 31:379-92. 2005
    In two studies, cross-cultural differences in reactions to positive and negative role models were examined...
  70. ncbi Role loss and emotional adjustment in chronic pain
    Samantha Harris
    Academic Unit of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Pain 105:363-70. 2003
    ..We tested whether loss of role and personal attributes and current and past self-concept differentiation, predicted adjustment as indexed by ..
  71. ncbi Education and empowerment of the nursing assistant: validating their important role in skin care and pressure ulcer prevention, and demonstrating productivity enhancement and cost savings
    Lynn Howe
    Healthstream, Inc, Nashville, TN, USA
    Adv Skin Wound Care 21:275-81. 2008
    ..Part B addresses productivity enhancement and cost savings experienced because of changing bathing and incontinence care products and procedures...
  72. ncbi Nursing home placement of older parents: an exploration of adult children's role and responsibilities
    Szu Yao Wang
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, Australian Catholic University, Brisbane Campus McAuley at Banyo, QLD, Australia
    Contemp Nurse 37:197-203. 2011
    ..It aimed to investigate how the roles and responsibilities of adult children of nursing home residents are changing. It involved aged care facility residents, their families and professional carers...
  73. ncbi The role for preimplantation genetic diagnosis in balanced translocation carriers
    Jone E Sampson
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, 97239 3011, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 190:1707-11; discussion 1711-3. 2004
    ....
  74. ncbi Interpersonal evaluations following threats to self: role of self-esteem
    T F Heatherton
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755 3549, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 78:725-36. 2000
    ..Study 2 also indicated that the findings could not be explained by trait levels of narcissism. These patterns are interpreted in terms of differential sensitivity to potential interpersonal rejection...
  75. ncbi The role of lay health advisors in cardiovascular risk reduction: a review
    Julie Fleury
    College of Nursing and Healthcare Innovation, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ 85004, USA
    Am J Community Psychol 44:28-42. 2009
    ..Twenty articles were evaluated, which emphasized the role of the LHA in cardiovascular risk reduction...
  76. ncbi The role of a nurse case manager in implementing a critical pathway for infrainguinal bypass surgery
    M D Walsh
    University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, USA
    Jt Comm J Qual Improv 27:230-8. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: Intervention by a nurse case manager facilitated implementation of a critical pathway for patients undergoing infrainguinal bypass surgery, especially by preventing patient deviations due to intrainstitutional factors...
  77. ncbi Screening of patients suitable for diagnostic cervical facet joint blocks--a role for physiotherapists
    Geoff M Schneider
    Graduate Sciences Education, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4
    Man Ther 17:180-3. 2012
    ..It is proposed that the development and validation of a CPG may aid in the appropriate selection of patients for this diagnostic procedure...
  78. ncbi Role models, ethnic identity, and health-risk behaviors in urban adolescents
    Antronette K Yancey
    UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center and School of Public Health, Department of Health Services, Box 956900, A2 125 CHS, Los Angeles, CA 90095 6900, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 156:55-61. 2002
    The assumption that role models or mentors constructively influence adolescent psychological functioning has prompted societal investment in mentoring programs...
  79. ncbi The role of hepatitis C support groups
    Maureen Cormier
    University of Massachusetts Medical Center, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA
    Gastroenterol Nurs 28:S4-9. 2005
    ..label of chronic hepatitis C encumbers the individual with concerns about contagiousness, social isolation, altered role function, stigmatization, loss of control, and the uncertainty and anxiety inherent in any chronic illness...
  80. ncbi Evidence of immediate activation of gender information from a social role name
    David J Reynolds
    University of Sussex, Brighton, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 59:886-903. 2006
    ..by, a short story in which an incongruity arises at the end if the gender of a character introduced by a social role name has been inferred...
  81. ncbi Parents' perceptions of the role of schools in tobacco use prevention and cessation for youth
    Jodi Wyman
    Department of Public Health, The University of Toledo, 2801 W Bancroft St MS 119, Toledo, OH 43606, USA
    J Community Health 31:225-48. 2006
    The purpose of this study was to examine Ohio parents' perceptions of the role of schools in smoking prevention, cessation, and anti-tobacco policy for their children...
  82. ncbi The role of alternative medicine in treating postnatal depression
    Fiona Mantle
    Department of Public and Community Health, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK
    Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery 8:197-203. 2002
    ..The aim of this article is to highlight the possible role of a number of complementary and alternative medicines as adjuncts or alternative treatments for postnatal ..
  83. ncbi Effects of stuttering severity and therapy involvement on role entrapment of people who stutter
    Rodney M Gabel
    Department of Communication Disorders, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH 43403, USA
    J Commun Disord 41:146-58. 2008
    The primary purpose of this study was to examine whether a group of university students would report role entrapment of people who stutter (PWS) in the form of occupational stereotyping...
  84. ncbi Role of men in promoting the uptake of HPV vaccinations: focus groups' finding from a developing country
    Li Ping Wong
    Medical Education and Research Development Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Int J Public Health 55:35-42. 2010
    ..Men involvement has important implication especially within the context that they are equally responsible for spreading the virus...
  85. pmc The role of social network and support in mental health service use: findings from the Baltimore ECA study
    Pallab K Maulik
    Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, 624 N Broadway St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 60:1222-9. 2009
    ..A significant number of people with mental illness do not use mental health services to receive treatment for their symptoms. This study examined the hypothesis that social network and social support affect mental health service use...
  86. ncbi Measuring participation in people with spondyloarthritis using the social role participation questionnaire
    Aileen M Davis
    Division of Health Care and Outcomes Research, Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, Canada
    Ann Rheum Dis 70:1765-9. 2011
    ..This requires a reliable and valid standardised measure, and this study evaluates these measurement properties of the Social Role Participation Questionnaire (SRPQ).
  87. ncbi Comparison of time use, role participation and life satisfaction of older people after stroke with a sample without stroke
    Kryss McKenna
    Division of Occupational Therapy, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Aust Occup Ther J 56:177-88. 2009
    This study investigated the time use, role participation and life satisfaction of older Australians (aged 65 years and older) who were 1-3 years post-stroke and living in the community...
  88. ncbi Back care education in elementary school: a pilot study investigating the complementary role of the class teacher
    G Cardon
    Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University, Watersportlaan 2, Belgium
    Patient Educ Couns 45:219-26. 2001
    ..Knowledge test scores did not differ significantly between the two intervention groups. Study results indicate that guidelines to a motivated class teacher improve efficacy of back care education in elementary schoolchildren...
  89. ncbi The impact of role stress on workers' behaviour through job satisfaction and organizational commitment
    Concha Antón
    Department of Social Psychology and Anthropology, University of Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain
    Int J Psychol 44:187-94. 2009
    Dysfunctions in role performance have been associated with a large number of consequences, almost always negative, which affect the well-being of workers and the functioning of organizations...
  90. ncbi Beyond the horizon: the role of academic health centers in improving the health of rural communities
    John D Gazewood
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA
    Acad Med 81:793-7. 2006
    ..AHCs have a key role to play in addressing these issues...
  91. ncbi Health promotion and ill-health prevention: the role of general practice
    Stephen Peckham
    Department of Health Services Research and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Qual Prim Care 19:317-23. 2011
    This paper reports on research undertaken for the King's Fund inquiry into quality in general practice and examines the health promotion role of the general practitioner.
  92. ncbi Parenting knowledge and its role in the prediction of dysfunctional parenting and disruptive child behaviour
    A Morawska
    School of Psychology, University of Queensland, QLD, Australia
    Child Care Health Dev 35:217-26. 2009
    ..There is a paucity of research on the relationship between parental knowledge, parenting and parenting self-efficacy, and some inconsistencies have been reported in the literature...
  93. ncbi The role of parents in managing asthma in middle childhood: an important consideration in chronic care
    Nicola Brown
    Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery and Health, University of Technology, Sydney P O Box 123, Broadway, Sydney, NSW 2007, Australia
    Collegian 17:71-6. 2010
    ....
  94. ncbi Depression and role impairment among adolescents in primary care clinics
    Joan Rosenbaum Asarnow
    University of California, Los Angeles School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, USA
    J Adolesc Health 37:477-83. 2005
    To evaluate the association between depression and role impairment in a primary care sample, with and without controlling for the effects of general medical conditions.
  95. ncbi Contraceptive use patterns across teens' sexual relationships: the role of relationships, partners, and sexual histories
    Jennifer Manlove
    Child Trends, 4301 Connecticut Avenue NW, Suite 100, Washington, DC 20008, USA
    Demography 44:603-21. 2007
    ..Also, relationship and partner characteristics are less important for females who previously used hormonal methods...
  96. ncbi The effect of social role on theory of mind reasoning
    M D Rutherford
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    Br J Psychol 95:91-103. 2004
    ..The hypothesis tested was that social role manipulation could affect performance on ToM tasks independently of any effect on control tasks...
  97. ncbi Meta-analysis of the relationships between Kerr and Jermier's substitutes for leadership and employee job attitudes, role perceptions, and performance
    P M Podsakoff
    Department of Management, School of Business, Indiana University, Bloomington 47405, USA
    J Appl Psychol 81:380-99. 1996
    ..bivariate relationships between leadership behaviors, substitutes for leadership, and subordinate attitudes, and role perceptions and performance, and to examine the relative strengths of the relationships between these variables...
  98. ncbi Undergraduate student nurses' expectations and their self-reported preparedness for the graduate year role
    L Heslop
    School of Nursing, Monash University, McNahon s Road, Frankston, Victoria 3199, Australia
    J Adv Nurs 36:626-34. 2001
    The study identifies third-year nurses' expectations of the graduate nurse role and ascertains how prepared they feel to fulfil this role.
  99. ncbi Multiple roles and well-being among midlife women: testing role strain and role enhancement theories
    J Reid
    Department of Sociology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 54:S329-38. 1999
    Research on women's multiple roles frequently adopts one of two perspectives: role strain, which argues that assuming multiple roles is detrimental to mental well-being, or role enhancement, which argues that engaging in multiple roles ..
  100. ncbi The role of state mental health authorities in promoting improved client outcomes through evidence-based practice
    Charles A Rapp
    University of Kansas School of Social Welfare, 1545 Lilac Lane, Lawrence, KS, USA
    Community Ment Health J 41:347-63. 2005
    The role of state mental health authorities (SMHA) is critical to implementing and sustaining evidence-based practices...
  101. ncbi Motivation in person perception: role of the other's perspective
    G Steins
    Department of Psychology, Universitat Bielefeld, Postfach 100 131, 33501 Bielefeld, Germany
    J Soc Psychol 140:692-709. 2000
    ..All 3 studies included elements of conflict. The results further supported the perspective-taking model and improved the understanding of the influence of motivation in person perception...

Research Grants67

  1. ENGAGEMENT OF PERSONS WITH DEMENTIA
    Jiska Cohen Mansfield; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In that way, it presents an exciting prospect for improving the quality of life in demented persons, thereby reducing their caregivers' burden. ..
  2. TREATMENT OF AGITATION IN THE NURSING HOME
    Jiska Cohen Mansfield; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PHS 398 (Rev. 05/01) Page 2 Principal Investigator/Program Director (Last, first, middle): Cohen-Mansfield, Jiska ..
  3. Mapping Brain Structure to Function in Bipolar Disorder
    Lori Altshuler; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  4. RELIGION, AGING, AND HEALTH
    Neal Krause; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Included among these procedures are individual growth curve models and latent variable structural equation models. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  5. Bipolar II Depression: Lithium, SSRI or the Combination
    Lori L Altshuler; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We also hypothesize that the frequency of side effects will be significantly less in patients on SSRI monotherapy. Thus, secondary aims include assessment of patient satisfaction, which may affect compliance in the clinical setting. ..
  6. Local Therapy of Breast Cancer in Community Populations
    Nancy Keating; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Moreover, the work will provide insight into different techniques for the analysis of observational data. ..
  7. DETERMINANTS OF FUNCTIONAL RECOVERY IN BIPOLAR ILLNESS
    Lori Altshuler; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. RELAPSE AND PREDICTORS OF DEPRESSION IN PREGNANCY
    Lori Altshuler; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Delineating of these subgroups provides an opportunity to screen for women "at risk" for relapse and allows for thoughtful treatment plan. ..
  9. CHARACTERIZATION OF PRODROMAL SCHIZOPHRENIA
    Barbara Cornblatt; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This design is expected to provide the prospective evidence base essential to develop effective, stage-specific interventions targeting a broad spectrum of outcomes. Prevention of psychosis remains a very long-term goal. ..
  10. Enhancing the Prospective Prediction of Psychosis
    Jean Addington; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Each site has proven its ability to recruit prodromal patients in a previous collaboration. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. Religion, Aging, and Mexican American Health
    Neal Krause; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..To compare and contrast race differences in religiousness as well as race differences in the relationship between religion and health among older Whites, older Blacks, and older Mexican Americans. ..
  12. Risk and Predictors of Postpartum Depression
    Lori Altshuler; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..AItshuler, Dr. Hendrick), and the Emory Women's Mental Health Program at Emory University School of Medicine (Dr. Stowe). ..
  13. CONTINUITY OF CARE & OUTCOME OF SEVERE MENTAL DISORDERS
    Ramin Mojtabai; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. Managed Care Penetration and Cancer Care
    Nancy Keating; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..If managed care penetration is negatively associated with the delivery of care, interventions targeted toward policy-makers, providers, and patients will be needed to counteract the effects of market forces. ..
  15. Fractures, Heart Disease, and Stroke on Aromatase Inhibitors
    Nancy L Keating; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  16. Novel Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Renal Insufficiency
    Sylvia Rosas; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  17. Drew Minority Research Infrastructure Support Program
    Richard Baker; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Delivery systems of special importance include safety net environments such as public hospitals and community health centers. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  18. Serious Youth Violence & Long-term Use of Violent Media
    L Huesmann; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Specifically, we will explore the role of prior exposure to media violence on subsequent serious aggressive and violent behavior in the following ..
  19. Healthy Home Offerings via the Mealtime Environment:HOME
    Jayne Fulkerson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Built on a Social Cognitive Theory conceptual framework, the HOME program addresses the role and mechanism of families or households at home in the initiation, support, and reinforcement of food and beverage ..
  20. Treating Family Caregivers To Late-Life Depression Patients
    Lynn Martire; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..older patients are at high risk for psychiatric and physical morbidity of their own, and may play a critical role in patient treatment adherence and response...
  21. Nonresident Father Involvement and Child Well-Being
    Valarie King; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Increased attention is needed to understand the role of nonresident fathers in their children's lives and the ways in which involvement by nonresident fathers can ..
  22. Macro-social & Parent Influence on Adolescents' Drug Use
    Matthew Farrelly; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Generalized Growth Mixture Modeling will be used to test the study hypotheses. ..
  23. Childhood Determinants of Adolescent / Adult Drug Use
    Judith S Brook; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Identification of childhood and adolescent factors that can exacerbate the impact of substance use consequences on later adult functioning would provide additional information necessary for effective treatment efforts. ..
  24. Amelioration of Literacy Deficits in Prenatal Care
    Debra Roter; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  25. Quality of Life Therapy for Adults with ESRD Awaiting Renal Transplantation
    James Rodrigue; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These benefits have the potential to extend the QOL outcomes otherwise derived from transplantation alone. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. Adolescents' Exposure to Family and Community Violence
    Gayla Margolin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The focus on proximal, modifiable variables ultimately can be used to inform intervention and prevention programs for adolescents exposed to violence. ..
  27. Pain & Other Symptoms in Patients with End-Stage Liver Disease at End of Life
    Lissi Hansen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Qualitative description will be the method of analysis for the qualitative data. Descriptive and inferential statistics will be the methods of analysis for the quantitative data. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. Adaptive Treatment for At-Risk Family Caregivers
    Steven Zarit; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These data will provide evidence of the acceptability and specificity of the adaptive approach as well as information about treatment effect size that could be used in planning a large-scale trial. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Partnering to Empower Near East Side Family Caregivers
    MARY MEEKER; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The long term objective of these efforts is to provide culturally appropriate supportive interventions for African American caregivers throughout our community. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. Refining Models for Risk Adjustment in Outpatient Rehabilitation
    Linda Resnik; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Lack of adjustment for comorbidity in quality measurement may foster an environment in which providers avoid treating patients with comorbid conditions who may have poorer response to treatment. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  31. TREATMENT OF SSRI-RESISTANT DEPRESSION IN ADOLESCENTS
    Joan Asarnow; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This site is based in Pittsburgh, which also serves as the Data Coordinating Center for the study [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  32. Gender and Race in Biomedical Research Self-efficacy
    Lori Bakken; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Women and minorities, in particular, are at a distinct disadvantage since they often lack role models, mentoring and resources that are needed to support them...
  33. Family Health After Predictive HD Testing
    Janet Williams; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This study will document the health care needs of family members of persons who receive a positive result from presymptomatic gene testing for an inherited degenerative neurologic disease. ..
  34. YOUTH PARTNERS IN CARE: DEPRESSION & QUALITY IMPROVEMENT
    Joan Asarnow; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The study has an interdisciplinary team including psychiatrists, psychologists, nurses, primary care clinicians, statisticians, sociologists, and economists. ..
  35. A PROSPECTIVE STUDY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF ADHD AND ODD
    Elizabeth Harvey; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  36. HEALTH INEQUALITIES ACROSS THE LIFE SPAN
    Steven Zarit; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..conceptual and theoretical models for examining life course effects of disparities on health, as well as the role of specific factors such as race, gender and economic status...
  37. Age and breast cancer screening among Latina women
    Ana Abraido Lanza; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Furthermore, we know of no published studies which have tested mediation models among a nationally representative sample of Latina women in the United States. ..
  38. GENETIC ANALYSIS OF BIPOLAR DISORDER
    Carlos Pato; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This will be extremely valuable for achieving diagnostic certainty, and minimizing false positives. The Whitehead/MIT Center for Genome Research will perform a genome-wide scan and collaborate on all data analysis for the project. ..
  39. SUBSTANCE USE AMONG CHILDREN OF ALCOHOLICS
    Laurie Chassin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We examine co-transmission of risk and risk mediators, and we examine the role of parenting in mediating and modifying this risk...
  40. Profiling Providers of Outpatient Physical Therapy
    Linda Resnik; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Ultimately, the information from this series of studies may be used to shape the policy regarding regulation and administration of rehabilitative services. ..
  41. INTERPERSONAL PSYCHOTHERAPY FOR SOCIAL PHOBIA
    Joshua Lipsitz; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In a third project, available narrative summaries from 120 panic disorder patients will be analyzed to explore the relevance of IPT for panic disorder. ..
  42. END OF LIFE PREFERENCES & OUTCOMES: PATIENTS & SPOUSES
    Rachel Pruchno; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Analyses would focus on both cross-sectional and prospective longitudinal relationships using a combination of a regression, structural equation modeling, and categorical data analysis techniques. ..
  43. REDUCING MENTAL HEALTH RISK IN YOUNG ADULT TRANSITIONS
    Susan Gore; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..plans for school and work subsequent to the transition, and the consequences of their coping efforts for subsequent role adjustment and mental health...
  44. Assessment of Quality of Life in Graves' Ophthalmopathy
    Elizabeth Bradley; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These efforts will serve as important preparatory steps toward Dr. Bradley's long-term goal of studying treatments of Graves' opthalmopathy through medical and surgical clinical trials. ..
  45. Culture and Mobility Device Use in Older Adults
    Linda Resnik; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  46. ANTECEDENTS AND CONSEQUENCES OF BELIEF CERTAINTY
    WILLIAM SWANN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Studies are proposed to examine more directly the hypothesized confidence-bolstering effects of information that confirms people's self-views and specify how increasing self- certainty bolsters self-esteem. ..
  47. Work-Family Integration and Diets of Multi-Ethnic Adults
    Carol Devine; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..processes from employment roles, family roles, and work-family integration (defined as reciprocal adjustment to role demands and benefits at the work-family interface)...
  48. LIFE COURSE IMPACTS OF NONNORMATIVE PARENTING
    MARSHA SELTZER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  49. NURSING CDROM ON ETHICAL ISSUES OF GENETIC TESTING
    Janet Williams; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Increased knowledge of ethical aspects of genetic testing will enable professional nurses to incorporate this knowledge into their professional nursing roles. ..
  50. SOCIAL COGNITIVE THEORY OF SMOKING AND CESSATION
    William Shadel; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Support for this social cognitive model would advance an understanding of the mechanisms involved in smoking and cessation behaviors, and possible lead to developing interventions that will help increasing number of smokers to quit. ..
  51. Modeling the Effect of Cigarette Advertising on Adolescent Smoking
    William G Shadel; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  52. CHILDREN'S REASONING ABOUT NATURAL AND INTENTIONAL CAUSE
    CHARLES KALISH; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Causal reasoning strategies may be both sources of error and possible frameworks for understanding elaborated scientific content. ..
  53. Female Condom Use in South African College Students
    Joanne Mantell; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..partners using qualitative methods, and (4) explore men's attitudes about the female condom and men's role in female condom use...
  54. Noncardiac Chest Pain in Children and Adolescents
    Joshua Lipsitz; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..g., cognitive behavior therapy) that may alleviate symptoms and distress in youngsters with chest pain. ..
  55. TRAINING IN RESEARCH ON MENTAL HEALTH AND AGING
    Steven Zarit; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Recruitment plans assure a pool of highly qualified applicants, including from minority groups. Review of past trainees shows high rates of completion and involvement in research careers. ..
  56. Contraceptive Use Patterns Among Teens and Young Adults
    Jennifer Manlove; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  57. TREATMENT REFRACTORY PANIC DISORDER
    Naomi Simon; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  58. REDUCING BEHAVIOR PROBLEMS IN DEMENTIA--DAY CARE USE
    Steven Zarit; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These changes will be mediated by improvements in their relative's behavior. ..
  59. Psychosocial modulation of mammary carcinogenesis
    Jason Yee; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..of cancer in women and only 10% of cases thought to be caused by inherited germline mutations, suggesting a strong role for the interaction between environmental stressors and genetic predisposition...
  60. Adolescents' responses to anti-smoking PSAs
    William Shadel; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The long-term implication of the results of these studies is that more effective anti-smoking advertisements could be designed and developed. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  61. Assessing Change in Mental Illness Stigma Over A Decade
    Bernice Pescosolido; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  62. Stigma and Mental Illness in Cross-National Perspective
    Bernice Pescosolido; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This knowledge can provide the scientific base for public health and treatment system interventions to mitigate the devastating negative effects of stigma on the lives of persons with SMI. ..
  63. Social Network & Media Effects on Mental Illness Stigma
    Bernice Pescosolido; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This final stage creates a composite of negative and positive TV images of MI based on information collected in I, II and III to develop and carry out a pre- and post-test experimental design/analysis (N=120). [unreadable] [unreadable]..