peer group


Summary: Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Systematic review of peer support for breastfeeding continuation: metaregression analysis of the effect of setting, intensity, and timing
    Kate Jolly
    Department of Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Birmingham, UK
    BMJ 344:d8287. 2012
  2. pmc Are peer interventions for HIV efficacious? A systematic review
    Jane M Simoni
    Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle, 98195 1525, USA
    AIDS Behav 15:1589-95. 2011
  3. pmc Normative misperceptions and temporal precedence of perceived norms and drinking
    Clayton Neighbors
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Box 356560, Seattle, Washington 98195 6560, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 67:290-9. 2006
  4. pmc Effectiveness of peer education interventions for HIV prevention in developing countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Amy Medley
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205 1996, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 21:181-206. 2009
  5. pmc Recent findings on peer group influences on adolescent smoking
    Bruce G Simons-Morton
    Prevention Research Branch, Division of Epidemiology, Statistics, and Prevention Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, 6100 Executive Blvd Room 7B13C, Bethesda, MD, 20892 7510, USA
    J Prim Prev 31:191-208. 2010
  6. ncbi Peers and adolescent smoking
    Kimberly Kobus
    Health Research and Policy Centers, University of Illinois at Chicago, 850 W Jackson Blvd, Suite 400, Chicago, IL 60607, USA
    Addiction 98:37-55. 2003
  7. ncbi Twenty years' research on peer victimization and psychosocial maladjustment: a meta-analytic review of cross-sectional studies
    D S Hawker
    Isis Education Centre, Warneford Hospital, Oxford, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 41:441-55. 2000
  8. ncbi Peer influence on risk taking, risk preference, and risky decision making in adolescence and adulthood: an experimental study
    Margo Gardner
    Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA
    Dev Psychol 41:625-35. 2005
  9. ncbi Women's perceptions and experiences of breastfeeding support: a metasynthesis
    Virginia Schmied
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Western Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Birth 38:49-60. 2011
  10. ncbi Peer teaching in medical education: twelve reasons to move from theory to practice
    Olle ten Cate
    Center for Research and Development of Education at UMC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Med Teach 29:591-9. 2007

Detail Information

Publications324 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Systematic review of peer support for breastfeeding continuation: metaregression analysis of the effect of setting, intensity, and timing
    Kate Jolly
    Department of Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Birmingham, UK
    BMJ 344:d8287. 2012
    ..To examine the effect of setting, intensity, and timing of peer support on breast feeding...
  2. pmc Are peer interventions for HIV efficacious? A systematic review
    Jane M Simoni
    Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle, 98195 1525, USA
    AIDS Behav 15:1589-95. 2011
    ..Overall, findings suggest that we can have some confidence in peer interventions, yet more data are needed demonstrating an effect in the most rigorous study designs and with outcomes that are not potentially affected by respondent bias...
  3. pmc Normative misperceptions and temporal precedence of perceived norms and drinking
    Clayton Neighbors
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Box 356560, Seattle, Washington 98195 6560, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 67:290-9. 2006
    ..The present research was designed to evaluate (1) the stability of normative misperceptions and (2) temporal precedence of perceived norms and drinking...
  4. pmc Effectiveness of peer education interventions for HIV prevention in developing countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Amy Medley
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205 1996, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 21:181-206. 2009
    ..Further research is needed to determine factors that maximize the likelihood of program success...
  5. pmc Recent findings on peer group influences on adolescent smoking
    Bruce G Simons-Morton
    Prevention Research Branch, Division of Epidemiology, Statistics, and Prevention Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, 6100 Executive Blvd Room 7B13C, Bethesda, MD, 20892 7510, USA
    J Prim Prev 31:191-208. 2010
    This review addresses peer group influences on adolescent smoking with a particular focus on recently published longitudinal studies that have investigated the topic...
  6. ncbi Peers and adolescent smoking
    Kimberly Kobus
    Health Research and Policy Centers, University of Illinois at Chicago, 850 W Jackson Blvd, Suite 400, Chicago, IL 60607, USA
    Addiction 98:37-55. 2003
    ..Recommendations for future investigations are made, as well as suggestions for specific methodological approaches that offer promise for advancing our knowledge of the contribution of peers on adolescent tobacco use...
  7. ncbi Twenty years' research on peer victimization and psychosocial maladjustment: a meta-analytic review of cross-sectional studies
    D S Hawker
    Isis Education Centre, Warneford Hospital, Oxford, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 41:441-55. 2000
    ..There were some design limitations to the studies reviewed, but all together their results provide a strong background for more complex research into the course and treatment of victims' distress...
  8. ncbi Peer influence on risk taking, risk preference, and risky decision making in adolescence and adulthood: an experimental study
    Margo Gardner
    Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA
    Dev Psychol 41:625-35. 2005
    ..These findings support the idea that adolescents are more inclined toward risky behavior and risky decision making than are adults and that peer influence plays an important role in explaining risky behavior during adolescence...
  9. ncbi Women's perceptions and experiences of breastfeeding support: a metasynthesis
    Virginia Schmied
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Western Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Birth 38:49-60. 2011
    ..The aim of this metasynthesis was to examine women's perceptions and experiences of breastfeeding support, either professional or peer, to illuminate the components of support that they deemed "supportive."..
  10. ncbi Peer teaching in medical education: twelve reasons to move from theory to practice
    Olle ten Cate
    Center for Research and Development of Education at UMC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Med Teach 29:591-9. 2007
    ..To provide an estimation of how often peer teaching is applied in medical education, based on reports in the literature and to summarize reasons that support the use of this form of teaching...
  11. pmc General practitioners and tutors' experiences with peer group academic detailing: a qualitative study
    Jan C Frich
    Section for General Practice, Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, Blindern, N 0318 Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    BMC Fam Pract 11:12. 2010
    ..The project was based on the principles of peer group academic detailing, incorporating individual feedback on GPs' prescription patterns...
  12. ncbi Social marginalization of overweight children
    Richard S Strauss
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey Robert Wood Johnson School of Medicine, New Brunswick, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 157:746-52. 2003
    ..Although the correlation among overweight, low self-esteem, and depression is well known, social isolation among overweight children and adolescents has not been studied...
  13. ncbi Perceived peer influence and peer selection on adolescent smoking
    Beth R Hoffman
    Institute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research, University of Southern California, 1000 S Fremont Avenue, Suite 8, Alhambra, CA 91803 USA
    Addict Behav 32:1546-54. 2007
    ..Implications of these results for tobacco prevention programs are discussed...
  14. ncbi Peer support/peer provided services underlying processes, benefits, and critical ingredients
    Phyllis Solomon
    School of Social Work, University of Penn, Caster Building, 3701 Locust Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6214, USA
    Psychiatr Rehabil J 27:392-401. 2004
  15. pmc Harnessing peer networks as an instrument for AIDS prevention: results from a peer-driven intervention
    R S Broadhead
    Department of Sociology, University of Connecticut, Storrs 06269 2068, USA
    Public Health Rep 113:42-57. 1998
  16. pmc A review of sex differences in peer relationship processes: potential trade-offs for the emotional and behavioral development of girls and boys
    Amanda J Rose
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA
    Psychol Bull 132:98-131. 2006
    ..Finally, the authors present recent research testing certain model components and propose approaches for testing understudied aspects of the model...
  17. ncbi Peers, schools, and adolescent cigarette smoking
    C Alexander
    Department of Population and Family Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205-1901, USA
    J Adolesc Health 29:22-30. 2001
    ..CONCLUSION: Findings suggest that school environments are important contexts for understanding peer group influences on adolescent cigarette smoking.
  18. ncbi Peer-assisted versus faculty staff-led skills laboratory training: a randomised controlled trial
    Peter Weyrich
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Diabetes, Endocrinology, Angiology, Nephrology and Clinical Chemistry, University Hospital of Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany
    Med Educ 43:113-20. 2009
    ..We conducted a prospective, randomised trial to evaluate the hypotheses that PAL is effective in technical skills training in a skills laboratory setting, and PAL is as effective as faculty staff-led training...
  19. ncbi Why medical students should learn how to teach
    M Dandavino
    McGill University, Canada
    Med Teach 29:558-65. 2007
    ..We reviewed the medical-education literature in order to explore the significance and importance of teaching medical students about education principles and teaching skills...
  20. ncbi Peer influence and selection effects on adolescent smoking
    Myong Hyun Go
    RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA 90407, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 109:239-42. 2010
    ..studies of influence and selection effects on smoking concluded that these processes contribute about equally to peer group homogeneity in adolescent smoking (Ennett and Bauman, 1994)...
  21. ncbi A randomized controlled trial of multisystemic therapy and a statutory therapeutic intervention for young offenders
    Stephen Butler
    Research Division of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, UCL, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 50:1220-35.e2. 2011
    ..K. sample than an equally comprehensive management protocol; and to determine whether MST leads to broader improvements in youth sociality and in mediators believed to be responsible for change in MST...
  22. ncbi A qualitative study of young people's sources of cigarettes and attempts to circumvent underage sales laws
    Jude Robinson
    The Health and Community Care Research Unit, Thompson Yates Building, The Quadrangle, Brownlow Hill, University of Liverpool, UK
    Addiction 105:1835-43. 2010
    ..To explore how young people continue to access cigarettes following an increase of the age of sale to 18 years and the implications for future smoking prevention policy and practice...
  23. pmc Multi-centre cluster randomised trial comparing a community group exercise programme with home based exercise with usual care for people aged 65 and over in primary care: protocol of the ProAct 65+ trial
    Steve Iliffe
    Department of Primary Care and Population Health, University College London, Rowland Hill St, London NW3 2PF, UK
    Trials 11:6. 2010
    ..However, physical activity levels are low in the older population and previous studies have demonstrated only modest, short-term improvements in activity levels with intervention...
  24. pmc The spread of sleep loss influences drug use in adolescent social networks
    Sara C Mednick
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e9775. 2010
    ..The results indicate that interventions should focus on healthy sleep to prevent drug use and targeting specific individuals may improve outcomes across the entire social network...
  25. ncbi Association between bullying and psychosomatic problems: a meta-analysis
    Gianluca Gini
    Universita di Padova, Dipartimento di Psicologia dello Sviluppo e della Socializzazione, Via Venezia, 8, 35131 Padova, Italy
    Pediatrics 123:1059-65. 2009
    ..OBJECTIVE. We performed a meta-analysis to quantify the association between involvement in bullying and psychosomatic complaints in the school-aged population...
  26. ncbi Peer-assisted learning in teaching clinical examination to junior medical students
    Benjamin I Silbert
    The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia
    Med Teach 34:392-7. 2012
    ..Student tutors attend a modified Teaching on the Run (TOTR) course originally designed to train clinicians to teach students and junior doctors...
  27. pmc Parent, sibling and peer influences on smoking initiation, regular smoking and nicotine dependence. Results from a genetically informative design
    Jeffrey F Scherrer
    St Louis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Research Service 151 JC, 915 North Grand Blvd, St Louis, MO 63106, USA
    Addict Behav 37:240-7. 2012
    ..Smoking interventions may have greatest impact by targeting smoking prevention among peer groups in adolescent and young adult populations...
  28. pmc Mentoring faculty in academic medicine. A new paradigm?
    Linda Pololi
    Women s Studies Research Center, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA 02454 9110, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 20:866-70. 2005
  29. ncbi Peer influences on college drinking: a review of the research
    B Borsari
    Center for Health and Behavior, Syracuse University, NY 13244 2340, USA
    J Subst Abuse 13:391-424. 2001
    ..Perceived social norms can serve to make excessive alcohol use appear common and acceptable to the student. This review critically examines the literature on each form of peer influence and provides suggestions for future research...
  30. pmc Smoking in movies and adolescent smoking: cross-cultural study in six European countries
    Matthis Morgenstern
    Institute for Therapy and Health Research IFT Nord, Harmsstrasse 2, 24114 Kiel, Germany
    Thorax 66:875-83. 2011
    ..To investigate whether the association between exposure to smoking in movies and smoking among youth is independent of cultural context...
  31. pmc Expanded access to naloxone: options for critical response to the epidemic of opioid overdose mortality
    Daniel Kim
    American Medical Association, Chicago, IL, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:402-7. 2009
    ..Current evidence supports the extensive scaleup of access to naloxone. We present advantages and limitations associated with a range of possible policy and program responses...
  32. ncbi Peer counselors' role in supporting patients' adherence to ART in Ethiopia and Uganda
    Annelie K Gusdal
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Global Health IHCAR, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    AIDS Care 23:657-62. 2011
  33. ncbi Effect of social support on adolescents' perceptions of and engagement in physical activity
    Keith A King
    Health Promotion and Education Program, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA
    J Phys Act Health 5:374-84. 2008
    ..Social support can influence physical activity among some individuals. This study examined the effect that social support has on adolescents' physical activity and their perceived barriers and benefits to exercising...
  34. ncbi Deviancy training and association with deviant peers in young children: ocurrence and contribution to early-onset conduct problems
    James Snyder
    Department of Psychology, Box 34, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS 67260 0034, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 17:397-413. 2005
    ..These peer processes may play a central role in the evolution of conduct problems to include covert as well as overt forms...
  35. ncbi Student teaching: views of student near-peer teachers and learners
    Carolien Bulte
    University Medical Centre Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Med Teach 29:583-90. 2007
    ..We define a near-peer as a trainee who is one or more years senior to another trainee on the same level of medical education training (i.e. medical students teaching other medical students, residents teaching other residents)..
  36. ncbi The effects of peer counseling on smoking cessation and reduction
    Carolyn S Malchodi
    Division of Cardiology, Hartford Hospital, 80 Seymour Street, Hartford, CT 06102, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 101:504-10. 2003
    ..To evaluate a peer counseling intervention for pregnant smokers...
  37. ncbi The treatment relationship in peer-based and regular case management for clients with severe mental illness
    Dave Sells
    Yale Program on Recovery and Community Health, Department of Psychiatry, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06513, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 57:1179-84. 2006
    ..It also assessed the value of positive relationship qualities in predicting motivation for and use of community-based services for persons with severe mental illness...
  38. ncbi Change in parent and peer support across ages 9 to 15 yr and adolescent girls' physical activity
    Kirsten Krahnstoever Davison
    Department of Health Policy, Management and Behavior, University at Albany, Albany NY, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 41:1816-25. 2009
  39. pmc Combining peer discussion with instructor explanation increases student learning from in-class concept questions
    M K Smith
    Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology University of Colorado at Boulder, CO 80309, USA
    CBE Life Sci Educ 10:55-63. 2011
    ..In contrast, the strong performers in both courses were not helped by the instructor-only approach, emphasizing the importance of peer discussion, even among top-performing students...
  40. ncbi Definitions of bullying: a comparison of terms used, and age and gender differences, in a fourteen-country international comparison
    Peter K Smith
    Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths College, New Cross, London, UK
    Child Dev 73:1119-33. 2002
    ..The findings are discussed in relation to developmental trends in how children understand bullying, the inferences that can be made from cross-national studies, and the design of such studies...
  41. ncbi Peer-assisted learning: a novel approach to clinical skills learning for medical students
    Max Field
    Medical Education Department, University of Glasgow Medical School, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Med Educ 41:411-8. 2007
    ..This study aimed to determine whether peer-assisted learning (PAL) can enhance clinical examination skills training...
  42. ncbi Peer-led sex education--characteristics of peer educators and their perceptions of the impact on them of participation in a peer education programme
    Vicki Strange
    Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, UK
    Health Educ Res 17:327-37. 2002
    ..There was an increase in confidence about communication and interaction in groups. The paper discusses the methodological difficulties of assessing how involvement in such a programme impacts on peer educators...
  43. ncbi Young adult patients with a history of pediatric disease: impact on course of life and transition into adulthood
    Heleen Stam
    Pediatric Psychosocial Department, Emma Children s Hospital AMC, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Adolesc Health 39:4-13. 2006
    ..Optimal transition from pediatric to adult health care requires knowledge of the psychosocial history of patients grown up with a pediatric disease...
  44. ncbi Is obesity contagious? Social networks vs. environmental factors in the obesity epidemic
    Ethan Cohen-Cole
    Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, 600 Atlantic Avenue, Boston, MA 02210, USA
    J Health Econ 27:1382-7. 2008
    ..We further note the presence of estimation bias resulting from use of an incorrectly specified dynamic model...
  45. ncbi The relation between adolescent alcohol use and peer alcohol use: a longitudinal random coefficients model
    P J Curran
    Department of Psychology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708 0085, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 65:130-40. 1997
    ..These results are inconsistent with models positing solely unidirectional effects between adolescent alcohol use and peer alcohol use...
  46. pmc Adolescent smoking and exposure to tobacco marketing under a tobacco advertising ban: findings from 2 Norwegian national samples
    Marc T Braverman
    Department of Human and Community Development, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:1230-8. 2004
    ..We examined the extent to which adolescents in Norway have been exposed to tobacco marketing despite an existing ban, and whether exposure is related to their current smoking or expectations they will smoke in the future...
  47. ncbi Peers for progress: promoting peer support for health around the world
    Renée I Boothroyd
    Peers for Progress Program Development Center, Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599 7440, USA
    Fam Pract 27:i62-8. 2010
  48. ncbi Interpersonal and intrapsychic adaptiveness of trait self-enhancement: a mixed blessing?
    D L Paulhus
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    J Pers Soc Psychol 74:1197-208. 1998
    ..Nonetheless, all self-enhancement measures correlated positively with self-esteem...
  49. ncbi "Social thinking" and cultural images: teenagers' notions of tobacco use
    Marie Louise Stjerna
    Department of Education, University of Stockholm, Stockholm S 106 91, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 59:573-83. 2004
    ..These representations of tobacco use are discussed as related to the teenagers' identity-work and gender identities...
  50. pmc Peer support for patients with type 2 diabetes: cluster randomised controlled trial
    S M Smith
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Trinity College, Dublin, Republic of Ireland
    BMJ 342:d715. 2011
    ..To test the effectiveness of peer support for patients with type 2 diabetes...
  51. ncbi Friend's drinking behaviour and adolescent alcohol consumption: the moderating role of friendship characteristics
    Sander M Bot
    Behavioural Science Institute, University of Nijmegen, P O Box 9104, Nijmegen 6500 HE, Netherlands
    Addict Behav 30:929-47. 2005
    ..In longitudinal analyses, a different picture emerged. Respondents were most likely to adopt their friend's drinking behaviour when it was a unilateral friend with a higher status...
  52. ncbi Weight gain in adolescents and their peers
    Timothy J Halliday
    University of Hawaii Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822, United States
    Econ Hum Biol 7:181-90. 2009
    ..While our work identifies correlations between adolescent BMI and peers' BMI, it is not intended to and cannot fully address the existence of endogenous peer effects...
  53. ncbi A systematic review of peer teaching and learning in clinical education
    Jacinta Secomb
    University of South Australia, City East Campus, Australia
    J Clin Nurs 17:703-16. 2008
  54. ncbi Exclusive breastfeeding promotion by peer counsellors in sub-Saharan Africa (PROMISE-EBF): a cluster-randomised trial
    Thorkild Tylleskar
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, PO Box 7800, 5020 Bergen, Norway
    Lancet 378:420-7. 2011
    ..Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is reported to be a life-saving intervention in low-income settings. The effect of breastfeeding counselling by peer counsellors was assessed in Africa...
  55. ncbi HIV prevention among drug users: outcome of a network-oriented peer outreach intervention
    Carl A Latkin
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Health Psychol 22:332-9. 2003
    ..Results suggest that psychosocial intervention emphasizing prosocial roles and social identity, and incorporating peer outreach strategies, can reduce HIV risk in low-income, drug-using communities...
  56. ncbi Peer influences on adolescent cigarette smoking: a theoretical review of the literature
    Beth R Hoffman
    Tobacco Surveillance and Evaluation Research Program, School of Public Health, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 41:103-55. 2006
    ..A model integrating relevant theories into a longitudinal model representing friend influences on adolescent smoking is presented, along with implications of the results presented for adolescent tobacco prevention programs...
  57. pmc Obesity and bullying: different effects for boys and girls
    L J Griffiths
    Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Arch Dis Child 91:121-5. 2006
    ..5 predicts bullying involvement at 8.5 years. Models were tested separately for boys and girls to investigate gender differences in association patterns...
  58. ncbi Peer effects in adolescent overweight
    Justin G Trogdon
    RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 2194, USA
    J Health Econ 27:1388-99. 2008
    ..The impact of peer weight is larger among females and adolescents with high body mass index. The results are consistent with social multipliers for adolescent overweight policies...
  59. ncbi Determinants of tobacco use among youths in Isfahan, Iran
    Roya Kelishadi
    Preventive Pediatric Cardiology Department, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, WHO Collaborating Center in EMR, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran
    Int J Public Health 52:173-9. 2007
    ..To determine potential factors that may result in motivating the youths to adopt smoking behaviour...
  60. ncbi Evaluating the implementation of peer counseling in a church-based dietary intervention for African Americans
    Marlyn Allicock
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health and School of Medicine, 2004 Hooker, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 81:37-42. 2010
    ..For dissemination feasibility, the peer counseling training is done via DVD rather than by live trainers. We describe implementation and process evaluation of the peer counseling component under real world conditions...
  61. pmc Undergraduate technical skills training guided by student tutors--analysis of tutors' attitudes, tutees' acceptance and learning progress in an innovative teaching model
    Peter Weyrich
    Department of Internal Medicine IV Diabetes, Endocrinology, Angiology, Nephrology and Clinical Chemistry, University Hospital of Tubingen, Germany
    BMC Med Educ 8:18. 2008
  62. ncbi Multilevel modeling of direct effects and interactions of peers, parents, school, and community influences on adolescent substance use
    Megan L Mayberry
    The Family Institute at Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60201, USA
    J Youth Adolesc 38:1038-49. 2009
  63. ncbi Postpartum depression peer support: maternal perceptions from a randomized controlled trial
    Cindy Lee Dennis
    Nursing and Psychiatry, Canada Research Chair in Perinatal Community Health, University of Toronto, Lawrence S Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, Toronto, ON M5T 1P8, Canada
    Int J Nurs Stud 47:560-8. 2010
    ..Peer support in the early postpartum period is effective in the prevention of postpartum depression among women identified as high-risk...
  64. pmc Negative peer perceptions of obese children in the classroom environment
    Meg H Zeller
    Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:755-62. 2008
    ..This study examines the peer relations of clinically referred obese youth compared to demographically comparable nonoverweight peers within the classroom environment...
  65. ncbi The lived experiences of children and adolescents with end-stage renal disease
    David B Nicholas
    Faculty of Social Work, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Qual Health Res 21:162-73. 2011
    ..Implications and recommendations for clinical practice and research are discussed...
  66. pmc Adult psychiatric outcomes of bullying and being bullied by peers in childhood and adolescence
    William E Copeland
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Center for Developmental Epidemiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    JAMA Psychiatry 70:419-26. 2013
    ..Both bullies and victims of bullying are at risk for psychiatric problems in childhood, but it is unclear if this elevated risk extends into early adulthood...
  67. ncbi Randomized surgical training for medical students: resident versus peer-led teaching
    Scott C Graziano
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, 60153, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 204:542.e1-4. 2011
    ..Peer-assisted learning is a useful teaching and learning method. Our hypothesis is that students will perform basic skills in the operating room environment more often when taught by their peers...
  68. ncbi Peer effects and the freshman 15: evidence from a natural experiment
    Olga Yakusheva
    Department of Economics, Marquette University, PO Box 1881, Milwaukee, WI 53201 1881, USA
    Econ Hum Biol 9:119-32. 2011
    ..In particular, we find evidence that this effect may be through influences in eating, exercise, and use of weight loss supplements...
  69. ncbi A "safe space" for learning and reflection: one school's design for continuity with a peer group across clinical clerkships
    Calvin L Chou
    Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, and Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, California 94121, USA
    Acad Med 86:1560-5. 2011
    ..Students' perceptions of peer group support and overall program satisfaction were determined with immediate post surveys and focus groups at the end ..
  70. pmc Peer support among adults with serious mental illness: a report from the field
    Larry Davidson
    Program for Recovery and Community Health, Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Schizophr Bull 32:443-50. 2006
    ..We conclude by suggesting that peer support is still early in its development as a form of mental health service provision and encourage further exploration and evaluation of this promising, if yet unproven, practice...
  71. pmc Peer support and exclusive breastfeeding duration in low and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Christopher R Sudfeld
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS ONE 7:e45143. 2012
    ..To examine the effect of peer support on duration of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in low and middle-income countries (LMICs)...
  72. ncbi Adolescent tobacco use and health in Southeast Asia
    Nabilla Al-Sadat
    Centre for Population Health, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Asia Pac J Public Health 22:175S-180S. 2010
    ..This article discusses the current trends of tobacco use and implications of increasing rise in adolescent smoking in the Southeast Asia region...
  73. ncbi Postnatal peer counselling on exclusive breastfeeding of low-birthweight infants: a randomized, controlled trial
    Grace V Agrasada
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Acta Paediatr 94:1109-15. 2005
    ..We tested the efficacy of postnatal peer counselling among first-time mothers that aimed to increase exclusive breastfeeding of term LBW infants...
  74. ncbi Factors associated with deliberate self-harm among Irish adolescents
    E M McMahon
    National Suicide Research Foundation, Cork, Republic of Ireland
    Psychol Med 40:1811-9. 2010
    ..The aim of the study was to identify the psychological, life-style and life event factors associated with self-harm in Irish adolescents...
  75. ncbi Poor performance in physical education - a risk factor for bully victimization. A case-control study
    Susanne Bejerot
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Acta Paediatr 100:413-9. 2011
    ..Poor social skills tend to coexist with clumsiness. According to a pilot study, poor performance in physical education (PE) was correlated with bully victimization...
  76. ncbi Psychosocial factors and perspectives on weight gain and barriers to weight loss among adolescents enrolled in obesity treatment
    Jerlym S Porter
    Institute for Healthcare Studies, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 750 N Lake Shore Drive, 10th Floor, Chicago, IL 60611 3152, USA
    J Clin Psychol Med Settings 17:98-102. 2010
    ..Among the psychosocial factors, history of trauma was negatively associated with compliance. Findings emphasize the importance of addressing psychosocial well-being and using a systems approach to weight management for obese adolescents...
  77. pmc Evaluation of a peer network-based sexual risk reduction intervention for men in beer halls in Zimbabwe: results from a randomized controlled trial
    Katherine Fritz
    International Center for Research on Women, Washington, DC, USA
    AIDS Behav 15:1732-44. 2011
    ..It remains an imperative to find ways to productively engage men in AIDS prevention, especially in those venues where male bonding, alcohol consumption, and sexual risk behavior are intertwined...
  78. ncbi Long-term follow-up study on peer-led school-based HIV/AIDS prevention among youths in Shanghai
    Y Cai
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, People s Republic of China
    Int J STD AIDS 19:848-50. 2008
    ..These results showed that peer education on HIV/AIDS prevention among high-school students is both effective in promoting knowledge and in changing behaviour intention long term...
  79. ncbi Effects of social modeling on young women's nutrient-dense food intake
    Roel C J Hermans
    Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, P O Box 9104, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Appetite 53:135-8. 2009
    ..These findings suggest that social modeling processes may be relevant to interventions aimed at encouraging young women's nutrient-dense food intake...
  80. pmc Understanding the role of peer group membership in reducing HIV-related risk and vulnerability among female sex workers in Karnataka, India
    Parinita Bhattacharjee
    Karnataka Health Promotion Trust, Bangalore, India
    AIDS Care 25:S46-54. 2013
    ..b>Peer group members participating in the IBBAs had a lower prevalence of gonorrhea and/or chlamydia (5.2 vs 9.6%, p<0...
  81. pmc Emotion dysregulation as a mechanism linking peer victimization to internalizing symptoms in adolescents
    Katie A McLaughlin
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 77:894-904. 2009
    ..Evidence for a reciprocal relationship between internalizing symptoms and relational victimization was found, but emotion dysregulation did not mediate this relationship. The implications for preventive interventions are discussed...
  82. ncbi Young children share the spoils after collaboration
    Felix Warneken
    Harvard University, University, Department of Psychology, 33 Kirkland St, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Psychol Sci 22:267-73. 2011
    ..The potentially species-unique tendency of humans to share equally emerges early in ontogeny, perhaps originating in collaborative interactions among peers...
  83. ncbi Bullying experiences among children and youth with autism spectrum disorders
    M Catherine Cappadocia
    Psychology Department, LaMarsh Centre for Research on Violence and Conflict Resolution, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Autism Dev Disord 42:266-77. 2012
    ..Bullying prevention and intervention strategies are discussed...
  84. pmc Perceived social approval and condom use with casual partners among youth in urban Cameroon
    Ronan Van Rossem
    Department of Sociology, Universiteit Gent, Korte Meer 3 5, 9000 Gent, Belgium
    BMC Public Health 11:632. 2011
    ..This study analyzes survey data on youths in urban Cameroon to 1) identify which type of persons youths look to for social approval, and 2) establish how important social approval by these persons is for condom use among youths...
  85. ncbi Pressure to drink but not to smoke: disentangling selection and socialization in adolescent peer networks and peer groups
    Noona Kiuru
    Center of Excellence in Learning and Motivation Research, Department of Psychology, University of Jyvaskyla, P O Box 35, 40014 Jyvaskyla, Finland
    J Adolesc 33:801-12. 2010
    ..Similar results emerged from both analytic methods: Selection and socialization contributed to similarity of alcohol use, but only selection was a factor in tobacco use...
  86. ncbi Childhood peer status and adult susceptibility to anxiety and depression. A 30-year hospital follow-up
    Bitte Modin
    Centre for Health Equity Studies CHESS, Stockholm University Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Abnorm Child Psychol 39:187-99. 2011
  87. ncbi Integrating peer-provided services: a quasi-experimental study of recovery orientation, confidence, and empowerment
    Sandra G Resnick
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 59:1307-14. 2008
    ..The study presented here compared the effectiveness of the Vet-to-Vet program, a peer education and support program, and standard care without peer support on measures of recovery orientation, confidence, and empowerment...
  88. ncbi Developing strategies to integrate peer providers into the staff of mental health agencies
    Lauren B Gates
    Center for Social Policy and Practice in the Workplace, Columbia University School of Social Work, 1255 Amsterdam Ave, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Adm Policy Ment Health 34:293-306. 2007
    ..Emerging from the data are strategies related to human resource policies and practices and workgroup relationships and operations that can improve employment of peer staff...
  89. ncbi Qualitative evaluation of a peer-based needle syringe programme in Vietnam
    Anh D Ngo
    School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Evidence for Health Policy in Viet Nam Project, 138 Giang Vo Street, Hanoi, Viet Nam
    Int J Drug Policy 20:179-82. 2009
  90. ncbi Substance use prevention for adolescents: the Icelandic Model
    Inga Dora Sigfusdottir
    Centre for Social Research and Analysis, School of Health and Education, Reykjavik University, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Health Promot Int 24:16-25. 2009
  91. ncbi Adolescent premarital sex and health outcomes among Taiwanese youth: perception of best friends' sexual behavior and the contextual effect
    Chi Chiao
    Institute of Health and Welfare Policy, College of Medicine, National Yang Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan
    AIDS Care 23:1083-92. 2011
    ..These findings demonstrate the importance of peers and social context, which suggests that HIV prevention and health promotion programs for youth need to take friendship networks and social context into consideration...
  92. pmc Peer influence and nonsuicidal self injury: longitudinal results in community and clinically-referred adolescent samples
    Mitchell J Prinstein
    Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Davie Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 3270, USA
    J Abnorm Child Psychol 38:669-82. 2010
    ..Findings contribute to the nascent literature on longitudinal predictors of NSSI and to work on peer influence...
  93. ncbi Longitudinal association of smoking-related attitude to oral health with adolescents' smoking onset
    Olalekan A Ayo-Yusuf
    Department of Community Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Oral and Dental Hospital, University of Pretoria, PO Box 1266, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
    J Public Health Dent 69:29-33. 2009
    ..Informed by the social cognitive theory, this prospective study sought to determine the role of smoking-related attitude to oral health on smoking onset among adolescents over a 12-month interval...
  94. ncbi Peer support for persons with co-occurring disorders and community tenure: a survival analysis
    So Young Min
    Department of Social Welfare, Kyonggi University, South Korea
    Psychiatr Rehabil J 30:207-13. 2007
    ..The findings lend additional support of the potential effectiveness of peer support programs as part of a service delivery system that facilitates recovery of individuals with co-occurring disorders...
  95. ncbi Communication about smoking in Dutch families: associations between anti-smoking socialization and adolescent smoking-related cognitions
    Rutger C M E Engels
    Institute of Family and Child Care Studies, University of Nijmegen, PO Box 9104, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Health Educ Res 19:227-38. 2004
    ..Nonetheless, longitudinal studies on large samples of families are needed to replicate the findings in this study...
  96. pmc An online recovery plan program: can peer coaching increase participation?
    Gregory E Simon
    Group Health Research Institute, 1730 Minor Ave, Suite 1600, Seattle, WA 98101, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 62:666-9. 2011
    ..A pilot study evaluated whether the addition of online coaching from a peer specialist increased participation in an online program featuring educational and interactive modules to promote self-management of bipolar disorder...
  97. ncbi Peer teaching: a randomised controlled trial using student-teachers to teach musculoskeletal ultrasound
    Matthias Knobe
    Department of Trauma Surgery, Medical Faculty, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
    Med Educ 44:148-55. 2010
  98. ncbi Stages in the development of adolescent smoking
    K P Mayhew
    Health Research and Policy Centers, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 59:S61-81. 2000
    ..Subsequently, theoretical considerations related to stage conceptualization and measurement, inter-individual differences in intra-individual change, and the staged or continuous nature of smoking progression are discussed...
  99. pmc Gender differences in factors influencing alcohol use and drinking progression among adolescents
    Marya T Schulte
    San Diego State University University of California, San Diego Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego, CA 92093 0109, USA
    Clin Psychol Rev 29:535-47. 2009
    ..Moreover, parents and schools must improve consistency in rules and consequences regarding teen drinking across gender to avoid mixed messages about acceptable alcohol use for boys and girls...
  100. ncbi Telephone peer-delivered intervention for diabetes motivation and support: the telecare exploratory RCT
    Jeremy Dale
    Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK
    Patient Educ Couns 75:91-8. 2009
  101. ncbi Gender-specific misperceptions of college student drinking norms
    Melissa A Lewis
    Department of Psychology, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND 58105 5075, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 18:334-9. 2004
    ..Results suggest that interventions incorporating normative feedback should be framed differently for women than for men...

Research Grants65

  1. Using Mixed Reality to build peer resistance skills in Latina middle schoolers
    ANNE E contact NORRIS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..revolutionary advance in technology, Mixed Reality (MR), to create an innovative, highly involving and effective peer group resistance skill building game that delays initiation of intercourse in middle school Latinas...
  2. Effect of Insulin on Estrogen Receptor Alpha Activity in Human Endometrial Cells
    CLARE ANN FLANNERY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..She will benefit from the exposure to teaching faculty, association with a peer group, and didactic coursework that is provided through the Yale Center for Clinical Investigation (YCCI) and the ..
  3. Peer groups for healthy pregnancy &HIV prevention for young Malawian women
    Kathleen F Norr; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..To fill this gap, we developed the Mzanga intervention, a community-based culturally grounded peer group intervention led by two trained community young women assisted by a local health worker...
  4. Development &Malleability from Childhood to Adulthood
    Nicholas S Ialongo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..symptoms/disorders, and successful adaptation to the relevant developmental demands of the educational, work, peer group, romantic relationships, and family (both family of procreation and origin/orientation) socialfields/contexts...
  5. Gendered Social Context of Adolescent HIV Risk Behavior in Ghana
    Jeffrey B Bingenheimer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..parents in three communities in southeastern Ghana to identify the ways in which gendered parenting practices, peer group norms, and other factors interact with individual developmental processes and local epidemiological ..
  6. Gene Discovery in Familial Keratoconus
    Yutao Liu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We have a free monthly event "Keratoconus Connection: Education Peer Group Session" with patients, which will further ensure the success of our clinical ascertainment...
  7. A Longitudinal Study of Adopted Youth and Their Families
    MATTHEW K MCGUE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., peer group, religiousness, life stress, neighborhood)...
  8. Person x Environment: Parenting, Preadolescent Psychophysiology, and Peer Stress
    KELLY MICHELLE TU; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..problem-solving) before the middle school transition and preadolescent peer relations (friendship support, peer group acceptance, peer victimization) and psychological adjustment (depression, anxiety) at the end of the first year ..
  9. College Students as Facilitators to Reduce Adolescent Obesity Disparity
    Deborah L Slawson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..b>Peer group norms, body image, supportive peer relationships, role modeling, behavioral control/self-efficacy, attitudes, ..
  10. Peer Talk Influence on Adolescent Sexual Risk, Dating Aggression &Substance Use
    Esti Iturralde; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Preventive programs that target adolescent risk behavior have increasingly focused on changing peer group-based norms and interpersonal behaviors, but more basic science is necessary to understand the mechanisms and ..
  11. Peer Group Influences and Ethnic Differences in Academic Achievement
    Mylien T Duong; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The peer group has more recently been investigated as a potential influence in ethnic differences in achievement because (1) it ..
  12. Treatment as usual and peer engagement in teens with High Functioning Autism
    Felice Orlich; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..these adolescents are at risk for depression and anxiety, often experiencing marginalization within their peer group and community...
  13. Resilience-based psychosocial intervention among children affected by HIV/AIDS
    Xiaoming Li; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The combination of self-report data and data from laboratory tests of salivary cortical will provide an opportunity to examine whether the prevention impact of a resilience-based intervention can extend to domains beyond behaviors. ..
  14. Twin Study of ADHD, CD and Substance Abuse
    William G Iacono; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. Substance Use in Reservists Social and Environmental Influences
    Gregory G Homish; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These experiences are likely to strengthen the influence of a peer group, particularly if fellow soldiers are within one's peer networks post-deployment...
  16. Enhancing Translational Mood Disorders Research at UTHSCSA
    David A Morilak; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..will also provide mentoring, advice and guidance in many aspects of their career development, and will provide a peer group assisting them in the development and refinement of research programs that will be competitive for renewable ..
  17. Partnership to Improve Workplace Safety for In-Home Care Workers
    NANCY E GLASS; Fiscal Year: 2012
  18. Trajectories of Behavioral Inhibition and Risk for Anxiety
    Nathan A Fox; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will use these data to predict social competence in a peer group as well as incidence of psychopathology at age 12-13...
  19. Ecological Momentary Assessment of Peer Affiliation, Perceptions and Behavior
    Julie C Rusby; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..will also examine the role of peer harassment and exclusion, and status in the peer network in promoting deviant peer group affiliation, susceptibility to peer influence, and subsequent antisocial behaviors and substance use...
  20. 2010 Signal Transduction By Engineered Extracellular Matrices; Gordon Research Co
    Christopher S Chen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This pre-conference will provide an exceptional forum to establish peer group interaction among future leaders of the field, just prior to the main meeting.
  21. Substance Abuse & Behavioral Disinhibition: Integrating Genes & Environment
    William G Iacono; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..for SA risk;and 4) environmental adversity derived from multiple domains (family relationships, trauma, peer group quality, exposure to substances, etc.) over multiple developmental stages...
  22. Positive Behavior Support and the Prevention of Adolescent Problems
    JEFFREY RICHARD SPRAGUE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These factors, in turn, may contribute to the formation of deviant peer groups and deviant peer group membership is a well-established influence on the development of multiple problems in adolescence, including ..
  23. Defining Optimal Clinical Strategies for Critically Ill Heart Failure Patients
    TARA C LAGU; Fiscal Year: 2013 of senior faculty), which will provide mentorship, biostatistical, and administrative support as well as a peer group of junior faculty with similar interests...
  24. Virtual Environments for Childhood Social Phobia
    Josh S Spitalnick; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..on any standard computer, allowing daily intensive practice of social skills without the need for formal peer group activities (in-clinic solution) or intensive parental involvement (at-home solution)...
  25. Peer Influence and Selection Mechanisms Underlying Adolescent Problem Behaviors
    Julie C Rusby; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This project will examine mechanisms that theory and prior research suggest may promote or inhibit peer group influence for substance use, antisocial behavior, and risky sex among adolescents age 14-17...
  26. Adolescents'Disease Empowerment and Persistency Technology for Asthma
    GISELLE SARAH MOSNAIM; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The proposed intervention focuses on peer support, coping peer group problem-solving sessions to record messages about barriers to taking controller medications for asthma and ways ..
  27. Developing and Assessing a Community Based Model of Antiretroviral Care
    KARA KAY WOOLS-KALOUSTIAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In addition we anticipate that such a model will be scalable to other settings in sub-Saharan Africa as the resources necessary for this model exist in most communities within the region. ..
    Matthew D Welch; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Additional focus on disease-relevant research is fostered by the Center for Emerging and Neglected Diseases, Berkeley Stem Cell Center, Cancer Research Laboratory, and Center for Computational Biology. ) ..
  29. Therapy Specificity and Mediation in Family & Group CBT
    Wendy Silverman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..g., growth curve modeling) will be used. ..
  30. Research careers for Hispanic students: Testing the Multiple Worlds model
    Alan J Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..their educational trajectories, even controlling for parental characteristics, and that strong connections to peers will independently facilitate or deter scientific education (depending on the constellation of values in the peer group).
  31. Adolescent Peer Social Network Dynamics and Problem Behavior
    JOHN MACKENZIE LIGHT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..positive behavior intervention on the over-time interdependence between early adolescent problem behavior and peer group dynamics...
  32. Mobilizing Health Workers/Community HIV Prevention/Chile
    Kathleen Norr; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The proposed AIDS-FIRCA research will adapt, implement, and test a peer group intervention to mobilize Chilean health workers as HIV/AIDS prevention leaders...
  33. Culture, Context, and Mexican American Mental Health
    Mark W Roosa; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..children and family, community, and school contexts will be related to risk for psychopathology;(2) family and peer group processes will mediate relations between cultural mismatches and psychopathology;and (3) cultural orientations ..
  34. Parent and Peer Influences on Alcohol Use Problems: A Genetically Informed Study
    ..the amount of knowledge that caregivers have about the adolescent's life, the adolescent's choice of peer group, and the adolescent's likelihood of developing alcohol problems...
    Thomas Coates; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..strategy will employ techniques based on social learning theory and social marketing; including peer group support sessions, use of video role modeling and media presentations designed to increase perception of personal ..
  36. The Environment in Pediatric Tooth Brushing Frequency: A System Dynamics Model
    Deborah E Polk; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..It is hypothesized that interventions should target the family and peer group. Aim 3 is to identify important, underspecified portions of the model...
    Glorian Sorensen; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..In this way, the intervention will be designed in response to peer group cultures and norms...
    Caesar Pacifici; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The program, intended for use in the classroom, uses videotaped vignettes, peer group discussion, and role playing to: 1) promote the accurate use of communication skills; 2) question stereotypical ..
    Richard F Catalano; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..expression of risk and protective factors in the primary socializing institutions of family, school, and peer group, and in the individual...
    SCOTT SOUTH; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..socioeconomic, age, and racial groups; factors such as parental supervision, educational aspirations, and peer group norms, that might mediate the effects of neighborhood conditions on adolescent outcomes; and the degree to which ..
    Thomas Kindermann; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..A method of Composite Social Mapping will be used to identify children s peer group networks in classrooms and to describe their psychological profiles...
  42. Mobilizing Health Workers for HIV Prevention in Malawi
    Kathleen Norr; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Health workers will be mobilized as rural community leaders who will involve a community in a peer group intervention for HIV/AIDS prevention...
    MELISSA DEROSIER; Fiscal Year: 2000
    Children who experience rejection by their peer group exhibit concurrent behavioral, psychological, and academic problems and are at heightened risk for a variety of later negative outcomes...
  44. Domestic Violence Prevention for African American Women
    SHERYL TYSON; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..A pilot test of each prevention component (peer group support, skills training, group social bonding) of the IPV prevention curriculum among young adult AA women is ..
  45. Blood Dyscrasias and Transfusion Medicine
    Gilbert C White; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This short conference will provide an exceptional opportunity for peer group interaction among future leaders of the field.
  46. Follow Up of a Randomized Trial for Conduct Disorders (CD)
    John Eddy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..comprises psychosocial interventions that target for change adult and child behaviors in the home, school, and peer group settings that are related to future youth antisocial behavior...
  47. Promoting Self-Management: CF as Model Case
    Walter Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The Peer Group Intervention will incorporate the crucial element of personal meaning, which we theorize will lead to more ..
  48. Romantic Relationships Models and Adolescent Health
    Stephen Eyre; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..identify cultural models, we will elicit cultural cognition in three interview contexts (individual, couple, and peer group) using a Vernacular Term Interview (VTI) procedure...
  49. Vulnerability and Protective Factors for Early Onset
    Thomas Wills; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..attachment, academic involvement, norms and attitudes about substance use, prototype perceptions and peer group characteristics, alternative reinforcers, and negative life events...
    LEONA EGGERT; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Long range, the study should reveal particular prevention program elements that are linked to decreasing the likelihood of suicide: the third leading cause of death among America's youth...
    Carol Loveland Cherry; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..conceptual model of parental norm-setting, behavior, attitudes; and family demographic, child intrapersonal and peer group influences on child alcohol use/misuse behavior; implement and evaluate the efficacy of an intervention directed ..
  52. HIV Risk Reduction for Drug Dependent Black Men
    Larry Gant; Fiscal Year: 2005 sexual, drug and relationship domains; ethnic identity; satisfaction with life direction; and adaptive peer group support, and (3) Examine the mechanisms by which the intervention affects study outcomes...
    Deborah Young Hyman; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..utilizing a behavioral problem solving approach; contracting for exercise/activity plans for the children; with peer group as well as staff psychologic support...
  54. Older Peers and Adolescent Behavior
    DANIEL REES; Fiscal Year: 2005 the neighborhood (or other students in the school), then this assumption can lead to biased estimates of peer group effects...
    J Hawkins; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..and prosocial peers; lack of commitment to school; alientation and rebelliousness; parental, school and peer group attitudes towards drug use; and association with friends who use drugs...
  56. Observed Self-Regulatory Behaviors and Deviant Peer Influence
    TIMOTHY PIEHLER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..identified on several levels, including in dyadic interactions with a peer and in exposure to a broader deviant peer group (e.g., Dishion, Spracklen, Andrews, & Patterson, 1996; Elliott, Huizinga, & Ageton, 1985)...
  57. Internalizing Symptoms and Interpersonal Dyads in Adolescence
    ..While the link between youths'internalizing symptoms and peer group rejection has been established in previous studies, almost nothing is known about the processes by which youth ..
  58. Literacy-scaffolded, web-based change of HIV risk intention
    A Midgley; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..or spreading HIV, reported behaviors that increase their risk of acquiring or spreading HIV, perception of peer group norms, balance of barriers to and benefits of changing their risk behavior, and feelings of self-efficacy...
  59. Sleep Problems and Substance Use/Abuse in Adolescence and Young Adulthood
    Maria Wong; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Three mediators will be examined - behavioral problems, peer group choices, and neurophysiological arousal...
  60. Social Aggression: Precursors and Outcomes
    Marion Underwood; Fiscal Year: 2006 individual differences in engaging in and being victimized by social and physical aggression: family, peer group, and school factors...
    Marc Atkins; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..g., climate), across 4 ecological contexts related to childhood aggression: teacher, peer group, child, and family linkages to school...
    William Elwood; Fiscal Year: 2000
  63. Clinical Supervision Training Program
    SALVATORE LIBRETTO; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These skills will serve to strengthen the supervisory relationship and improve the delivery of clinical supervision directly impacting the services provided to drug abusing clients. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
    ANTON SOMLAI; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..has shown that sexual risk practices of SMIA are influenced by their perceptions of condom use and social or peer group norms...
    RONALD RINDFUSS; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Behavior determinants will be measured at several different conceptual levels: community, school, peer group, friends, family, and individual...