psychological feedback

Summary

Summary: A mechanism of information stimulus and response that may control subsequent behavior, cognition, perception, or performance. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Sensitivity of electrophysiological activity from medial frontal cortex to utilitarian and performance feedback
    Sander Nieuwenhuis
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, NJ, USA
    Cereb Cortex 14:741-7. 2004
  2. ncbi The good, the bad and the neutral: electrophysiological responses to feedback stimuli
    Clay B Holroyd
    Department of Psychology University of Victoria, PO Box 3050 STN CSC Victoria, Canada BC V8W 3P5
    Brain Res 1105:93-101. 2006
  3. ncbi Defining the neural mechanisms of probabilistic reversal learning using event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging
    Roshan Cools
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EB, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 22:4563-7. 2002
  4. ncbi Discrepancy between feedback negativity and subjective evaluation in gambling
    Atsuhito Toyomaki
    Graduate School of Education, Hokkaido University, Kita ku, Sapporo, Japan
    Neuroreport 16:1865-8. 2005
  5. ncbi Improvement of arm movement patterns and endpoint control depends on type of feedback during practice in stroke survivors
    M C Cirstea
    Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 21:398-411. 2007
  6. ncbi Time Domain Parameters as a feature for EEG-based Brain-Computer Interfaces
    Carmen Vidaurre
    Machine Learning Group, Berlin Institute of Technology, Franklinstr 28 29, 10587 Berlin, Germany
    Neural Netw 22:1313-9. 2009
  7. ncbi Genetically determined differences in learning from errors
    Tilmann A Klein
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    Science 318:1642-5. 2007
  8. ncbi Direct observation of faculty with feedback: an effective means of improving patient-centered and learner-centered teaching skills
    Martha Regan-Smith
    Department of Medicine and of Community, Center for Evaluative Clinical Sciences at Dartmouth, Health Care Improvement Leadership Development, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755, USA
    Teach Learn Med 19:278-86. 2007
  9. ncbi Distractor interference in selective reaching: effects of hemispace, movement direction, and type of movement
    Ron F Keulen
    Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Cortex 43:531-41. 2007
  10. ncbi Expectations of general practitioners and specialist doctors regarding the feedback received after reporting an adverse drug reaction
    Lotte Cornelissen
    Netherlands Pharmacovigilance Centre Lareb, Goudsbloemvallei 7, s Hertogenbosch, The Netherlands
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 17:76-81. 2008

Detail Information

Publications235 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Sensitivity of electrophysiological activity from medial frontal cortex to utilitarian and performance feedback
    Sander Nieuwenhuis
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, NJ, USA
    Cereb Cortex 14:741-7. 2004
    ..The results are consistent with the view that the two components are manifestations of the same underlying cognitive and neural process...
  2. ncbi The good, the bad and the neutral: electrophysiological responses to feedback stimuli
    Clay B Holroyd
    Department of Psychology University of Victoria, PO Box 3050 STN CSC Victoria, Canada BC V8W 3P5
    Brain Res 1105:93-101. 2006
    ..This result is consistent with recent proposals that the evaluative system that produces the fERN classifies outcomes into two categories: those outcomes that indicate that a goal has been satisfied and those that do not...
  3. ncbi Defining the neural mechanisms of probabilistic reversal learning using event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging
    Roshan Cools
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EB, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 22:4563-7. 2002
    ..Overall, these data concur with findings in rodents and nonhuman primates of reversal-learning deficits after damage to ventral frontostriatal circuitry, and also support recent clinical findings using this task...
  4. ncbi Discrepancy between feedback negativity and subjective evaluation in gambling
    Atsuhito Toyomaki
    Graduate School of Education, Hokkaido University, Kita ku, Sapporo, Japan
    Neuroreport 16:1865-8. 2005
    ..Our results suggest feedback negativity is not always specific to both monetary loss and subjective rating of punishment...
  5. ncbi Improvement of arm movement patterns and endpoint control depends on type of feedback during practice in stroke survivors
    M C Cirstea
    Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 21:398-411. 2007
    ..However, it is unclear whether the learning benefits of practice might be enhanced by incorporating different forms of feedback, focusing on movement outcomes or on specific arm movement patterns...
  6. ncbi Time Domain Parameters as a feature for EEG-based Brain-Computer Interfaces
    Carmen Vidaurre
    Machine Learning Group, Berlin Institute of Technology, Franklinstr 28 29, 10587 Berlin, Germany
    Neural Netw 22:1313-9. 2009
    ..We compare Time Domain Parameters with logarithmic band power in subject-specific bands and show that these features are advantageous in this situation as well...
  7. ncbi Genetically determined differences in learning from errors
    Tilmann A Klein
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
    Science 318:1642-5. 2007
    ..Dopamine D2 receptor reduction seems to decrease sensitivity to negative action consequences, which may explain an increased risk of developing addictive behaviors in A1-allele carriers...
  8. ncbi Direct observation of faculty with feedback: an effective means of improving patient-centered and learner-centered teaching skills
    Martha Regan-Smith
    Department of Medicine and of Community, Center for Evaluative Clinical Sciences at Dartmouth, Health Care Improvement Leadership Development, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755, USA
    Teach Learn Med 19:278-86. 2007
    ..In 2002 Lehigh Valley Hospital and Health Network Internal Medicine residency program sought to establish a faculty development program for their teaching faculty that emphasized learner-centered teaching of patient-centered care...
  9. ncbi Distractor interference in selective reaching: effects of hemispace, movement direction, and type of movement
    Ron F Keulen
    Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Cortex 43:531-41. 2007
    ..This phenomenon is interpreted in terms of a left hemisphere superiority in online feedback-processing during goal-directed movements in right-handers...
  10. ncbi Expectations of general practitioners and specialist doctors regarding the feedback received after reporting an adverse drug reaction
    Lotte Cornelissen
    Netherlands Pharmacovigilance Centre Lareb, Goudsbloemvallei 7, s Hertogenbosch, The Netherlands
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 17:76-81. 2008
    ..Aim of this study is to gain insight in experiences and expectations of general practitioners and specialist doctors regarding the feedback information of the Netherlands Pharmacovigilance Centre Lareb...
  11. ncbi Learning by doing: an fMRI study of feedback-related brain activations
    Josep Marco-Pallares
    Department of Neuropsychology, University Otto von Guericke, Magdeburg, Germany
    Neuroreport 18:1423-6. 2007
    ..These results underscore the role of the reward system in feedback learning...
  12. ncbi Reporting of adverse drug reactions may be influenced by feedback to the reporting doctor
    Susanna M Wallerstedt
    Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Regional Pharmacovigilance Centre, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, SE 413 45, Goteborg, Sweden
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 63:505-8. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate two different feedback alternatives to doctors reporting adverse drug reactions (ADRs) concerning (1) effects on reporting rates and (2) doctors' opinions...
  13. ncbi Reduced error-related activation in two anterior cingulate circuits is related to impaired performance in schizophrenia
    Frida E Polli
    Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Brain 131:971-86. 2008
    ..Impairments in evaluating and learning from errors in schizophrenia may contribute to behaviour that is rigid and perseverative rather than optimally guided by outcomes, and may compromise performance across a wide range of tasks...
  14. ncbi Effects of age and content of augmented feedback on learning an isometric force-production task
    Henk van Dijk
    Roessingh Research and Development, Enschede, The Netherlands
    Exp Aging Res 33:341-53. 2007
    ..There were no interactions of age with any of the feedback-related variables. These findings suggest that the effects of augmented feedback on motor learning are similar in both young and older adults...
  15. ncbi Reciprocal, longitudinal associations among adolescents' negative feedback-seeking, depressive symptoms, and peer relations
    Jessica L Borelli
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
    J Abnorm Child Psychol 34:159-69. 2006
    ..Implications for interpersonal models of adolescent depression are discussed...
  16. ncbi Ability, incentives, and management feedback: organizational change to reduce pressure ulcers in a nursing home
    Jules Rosen
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15241, USA
    J Am Med Dir Assoc 7:141-6. 2006
    ..Quality improvement (QI) processes in nursing homes are highly variable and often ineffective. This study evaluated an innovative QI process to reduce pressure ulcers (PUs) in a nursing home with a high rate of PUs...
  17. ncbi Preparing nursing students to be health educators: personal knowing through performance and feedback workshops
    Maureen Little
    Collaboration for Academic Education in Nursing Program, Selkirk College, School of Health and Human Services, Castlegar, British Columbia, Canada
    J Nurs Educ 45:131-5. 2006
    ....
  18. ncbi Reward prediction error signals associated with a modified time estimation task
    Clay B Holroyd
    Department of Psychology, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada
    Psychophysiology 44:913-7. 2007
    ..As predicted by the theory, our results indicate that fERN amplitude reflects a reward prediction error signal and that the size of this error signal is correlated across participants with changes in task performance...
  19. pmc A qualitative study of the learning processes in young physicians treating suicidal patients: from insecurity to personal pattern knowledge and self-confidence
    Tordis Sørensen Høifødt
    Department of Psychiatric Research and Development, University Hospital of Northern Norway, Asgård, Tromsø, Norway
    BMC Med Educ 7:21. 2007
    ..The aim of the study was to shed light on the meaning of newly educated physicians' lived experiences of learning processes related to treating suicidal patients...
  20. ncbi Impairment of online control of reaching movements with aging: a double-step study
    Fabrice R Sarlegna
    Laboratory Movement and Perception, IFR Marey, CNRS and University of the Mediterranean, 163 Avenue de Luminy, 13288 Marseille, France
    Neurosci Lett 403:309-14. 2006
    ..The detrimental effect of aging is evident when large adjustments of trajectory are necessary to reach the target...
  21. ncbi Learning style preference and student aptitude for concept maps
    Carol T Kostovich
    Saint Xavier University, Chicago, IL 60655, USA
    J Nurs Educ 46:225-31. 2007
    ..No significant difference was found between learning style preference and concept map grades. Thematic analysis of the qualitative survey data yielded further insight into students' preferences for creating concept maps...
  22. ncbi Student's perceptions of effective clinical teaching revisited
    Claudette Kelly
    Thompson Rivers University, Nursing Department, P O Box 3010, Kamloops, BC, Canada V2C 5N3
    Nurse Educ Today 27:885-92. 2007
    ..The study raises questions about the recent trend toward temporary employment of clinical teachers and in the separation of academic and clinical roles of nurse educators...
  23. ncbi Experience-dependent plasticity of conceptual representations in human sensory-motor areas
    Markus Kiefer
    University of Ulm, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 19:525-42. 2007
    ..In line with modality-specific theories of conceptual memory, our study suggests that conceptual representations are established by the learning-based formation of cell assemblies in sensory-motor areas...
  24. ncbi Understanding work contextual factors: a short-cut to evidence-based practice?
    Lars Wallin
    CRU, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    Worldviews Evid Based Nurs 3:153-64. 2006
    ..From a perspective of implementing evidence-based nursing practice, the authors of this article report on a study examining contextual factors...
  25. ncbi A disengagement deficit in representational space
    Tobias Loetscher
    Department of Neurology, Unit of Neuropsychology, University Hospital Zurich, CH 8091 Zurich, Switzerland
    Neuropsychologia 45:1299-304. 2007
    ..However, the present report adds to our understanding of the heterogeneous nature of deficiencies in the representation of space...
  26. ncbi Transfer of learning in avoiding false memory: the roles of warning, immediate feedback, and incentive
    Jerwen Jou
    of Texas Pan American, Edinburg, TX 78541 2999, USA
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 60:877-96. 2007
    ..It was concluded that false memory may not be as impervious to correction as was believed insofar as an effective training method is applied...
  27. ncbi Different neural systems adjust motor behavior in response to reward and punishment
    Jana Wrase
    Department of Psychiatry, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin Charité Campus Mitte, Chariteplatz 1, 10117 Berlin, Germany
    Neuroimage 36:1253-62. 2007
    ..Our results provide evidence that different but somewhat overlapping circuits mediate the same behavioral adaptation when it is driven by different incentive outcomes...
  28. ncbi Student self-assessment and its impact on learning - a pilot study
    Christine A Dearnley
    School of Health Studies, University of Bradford, Trinity Road, Bradford, Yorkshire BD5 0BB, United Kingdom
    Nurse Educ Today 27:333-40. 2007
    ..The outcomes of this study provide a sound rational for maintaining and expanding the practice of student self-assessment and important lessons for the process of doing so...
  29. ncbi Separating brain regions involved in internally guided and visual feedback control of moving effectors: an event-related fMRI study
    Kenji Ogawa
    Graduate School of Informatics, Kyoto University, Yoshida Honmachi, Sakyo ku, Kyoto 606 8501, Japan
    Neuroimage 32:1760-70. 2006
    ..The current study clarifies the different functional roles of fronto-parietal and cerebellum circuits subserving visually guided movements regarding visual feedback control of effectors...
  30. ncbi Reverse feedback induces position and orientation specific changes
    Michael H Herzog
    Laboratory of Psychophysics, Brain Mind Institute, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne EPFL, Switzerland
    Vision Res 46:3761-70. 2006
    ..Our results demonstrate that the effects of incorrect, reverse feedback are surprisingly specific...
  31. ncbi Harmonization of practice among different groups of caregivers: a guideline on arterial blood gas utilization
    Marc Diby
    Division of Surgical Intensive Care, Department of Anesthesiology, Pharmacology and Surgical Intensive Care, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland
    J Nurs Care Qual 20:327-34. 2005
    ..The analysis of practice could identify the quality of the implementation process and the group on which attention should be focused when such a quality improvement program is undertaken...
  32. ncbi Influence of feedback modality on sensorimotor adaptation: contribution of visual, kinesthetic, and verbal cues
    Fabrice R Sarlegna
    UMR Mouvement and Perception, CNRS and Université de la Méditerranée, Marseille, France
    J Mot Behav 39:247-58. 2007
    ..That finding is consistent with the view that adaptation is a multisensory, highly flexible process whose efficiency does not depend on the sensory channel conveying the error signal...
  33. ncbi Neural dynamics of error processing in medial frontal cortex
    Rogier B Mars
    F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Neuroimage 28:1007-13. 2005
    ..Specifically, these data illustrate how the anterior cingulate receives evaluative information, indicating that an action has not produced the desired result...
  34. ncbi Error-related negativities elicited by monetary loss and cues that predict loss
    Jonathan P Dunning
    Department of Psychology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 2500, USA
    Neuroreport 18:1875-8. 2007
    ..Results showed a negative deflection in the event-related potential in response to loss cues compared with win cues; this waveform shared a similar latency and morphology with the traditional feedback error-related negativity...
  35. ncbi Risk prediction and aversion by anterior cingulate cortex
    Joshua W Brown
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 7:266-77. 2007
    ..Taken together, the results are consistent with an expected risk model of ACC and suggest that ACC may generally contribute to cognitive control by recruiting brain activity to avoid risk...
  36. ncbi Adaptation to rotated visual feedback: a re-examination of motor interference
    R Christopher Miall
    University Laboratory of Physiology, Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PT, UK
    Exp Brain Res 154:201-10. 2004
    ..However, we show that in the short-term conditions tested here, these effects can be considered as anterograde interference effects between the two tasks and we find no evidence of retrograde interference...
  37. ncbi Dissociating affective evaluation and social cognitive processes in the ventral medial prefrontal cortex
    Wouter van den Bos
    University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 7:337-46. 2007
    ..These findings suggest that, within the vmPFC, the PACC subserves primarily an affective function, whereas in other regions social context can modulate affective responses...
  38. ncbi Kinematics and dynamics are not represented independently in motor working memory: evidence from an interference study
    Christine Tong
    Department of Psychology and Centre for Neuroscience Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, K7L 3N6, Canada
    J Neurosci 22:1108-13. 2002
    ..Thus, interference between our kinematic and dynamic transformations was observed, suggesting that the key determinant of interference is the kinematic variable on which the transformation depends...
  39. ncbi A further test of sequential-sampling models that account for payoff effects on response bias in perceptual decision tasks
    Adele Diederich
    Jacobs University Bremen, Bremen, Germany
    Percept Psychophys 70:229-56. 2008
    ..Overall, the two-stage-processing hypothesis gave the best account, with respect both to choice probabilities and to observed mean RTs and mean RT patterns within a choice pair...
  40. ncbi Learning-related changes in reward expectancy are reflected in the feedback-related negativity
    Christian Bellebaum
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Neuropsychology, Ruhr University of Bochum, Universitaetsstrasse 150, D 44780 Bochum, Germany
    Eur J Neurosci 27:1823-35. 2008
    ..P300 amplitude was also modulated by outcome valence and expectancy. It was larger for positive and unexpected outcomes. It remains to be clarified, however, whether the P300 reflects a positive prediction error...
  41. ncbi Age-related differences and the role of augmented visual feedback in learning a bimanual coordination pattern
    Laurie R Wishart
    School of Rehabilitation Science, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ont, Canada
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 110:247-63. 2002
    ..This greater sensitivity to the learning environment may reflect a diminished capacity for inhibitory control and a decreased ability to focus attention on the salient aspects of learning the task...
  42. ncbi Reduced relative frequency of knowledge of results without visual feedback in learning a golf-putting task
    Tadao Ishikura
    Laboratory of Physical Education, Doshisha University, Kyoto, Japan
    Percept Mot Skills 106:225-33. 2008
    ..These results suggest that reduced relative frequency of knowledge of results is effective in learning the accuracy of the golf putt...
  43. ncbi Judgements about mentoring relationships in nurse education
    Christine Webb
    University of Plymouth, Exeter EX2 6AS, United Kingdom
    Nurse Educ Today 28:563-71. 2008
    ....
  44. ncbi Effects of reward and stimulus modality on stimulus-preceding negativity
    Yoshimi Ohgami
    Department of Human System Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Ohokayama, Meguro, Japan
    Psychophysiology 41:729-38. 2004
    ..Our results revealed that the prefeedback stimulus-preceding negativity was independently influenced by stimulus modality and motivation...
  45. ncbi RN as gatekeeper: gatekeeping as monitoring and supervision
    Jillian D Brammer
    Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore
    J Clin Nurs 17:1868-76. 2008
    ....
  46. ncbi Control of sensorimotor variability by consequences
    Laurent Madelain
    Laboratoire URECA, UFR de Psychologie, Université Lille III, Domaine du Pont de Bois, BP 149, 59653, Villeneuve d Ascq Cedex, France
    J Neurophysiol 98:2255-65. 2007
    ..Our results demonstrate that learned contingencies can affect reaction time variability and support the view that the so-called noise level in decision processes can undergo long-term changes...
  47. ncbi Nursing students' expectations from tutors in PBL and effects of tutors' behaviour on nursing students
    Samiye Mete
    Dokuz Eylul University School of Nursing, Inciralti, 35340 Izmir, Turkiye
    Nurse Educ Today 28:434-42. 2008
    ..This study aimed to determine what nursing students expect from tutors in PBL sessions and how tutors' behaviour affects students...
  48. ncbi Clinical faculty development: using simulation to demonstrate and practice clinical teaching
    Lorretta Krautscheid
    Learning Resource Center, University of Portland, Portland, OR 97203, USA
    J Nurs Educ 47:431-4. 2008
    ..The purpose of this article is to share the use of simulation as a strategy to prepare and support clinical faculty in their teaching role...
  49. ncbi Evaluating performance feedback: a research study into issues of credibility and utility for nursing clinicians
    Jennifer Fereday
    Division of Health Sciences, School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia
    Contemp Nurse 17:137-48. 2004
    ..Implications for the selection of performance feedback sources and processes within nursing are discussed...
  50. ncbi Establishing equivalence classes in preschool children with one-to-many and many-to-one training protocols
    Paul M Smeets
    Department of Psychology, Leiden University, P O Box 9555, 2300 RB Leiden, The Netherlands
    Behav Processes 69:281-93. 2005
    ....
  51. ncbi The role of the medial frontal cortex in cognitive control
    K Richard Ridderinkhof
    Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Science 306:443-7. 2004
    ....
  52. pmc Learning-related changes in brain activity following errors and performance feedback in schizophrenia
    Sarah E Morris
    VA Capitol Network VISN 5 Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center, 10 No Greene St, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Schizophr Res 99:274-85. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that reward-related brain activity is weakened in schizophrenia, perhaps reflecting diminished sensitivity to whether ongoing events are better or worse than expected...
  53. ncbi The One-Minute Preceptor: a five-step tool to improve clinical teaching skills
    Margo Kertis
    Penn State Erie, The Behrend College, Erie, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Nurses Staff Dev 23:238-42. 2007
    ....
  54. ncbi Error monitoring using external feedback: specific roles of the habenular complex, the reward system, and the cingulate motor area revealed by functional magnetic resonance imaging
    Markus Ullsperger
    Max Planck Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    J Neurosci 23:4308-14. 2003
    ..The rCMA reacted only to errors with negative feedback but not to errors without feedback, which ruled out an influence of response conflict or uncertainty on its role in error detection by external signals...
  55. ncbi An exploration of scenario discussion in a Web-based nursing course
    Li Ling Hsu
    Department of Nursing and Director of Graduate Program in Health Allied Education, National Taipei College of Nursing, No 365 Ming Te Road, Peitou 11219, Taipei, Taiwan
    J Nurs Res 14:155-65. 2006
    ..However in the future, special attention should be given to the learning software, Internet access speed, synchronous and asynchronous meetings, and the interaction interface...
  56. ncbi Performing the first pelvic examination: female medical students' transition to examiners
    Karin Siwe
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital, Linkoping, Sweden
    Patient Educ Couns 69:55-62. 2007
    ..To gain a deeper understanding of how female medical students perceive and experience performing their first pelvic examination (PE)...
  57. ncbi First-year medical students' assessment of their own communication skills: a video-based, open-ended approach
    Amanda Zick
    Center for Communication and Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 68:161-6. 2007
    ..As reflection and self-assessment are essential components of skill-building, we examined the content of medical students' assessments of their own developing communication skills...
  58. ncbi A blueprint for developing an undergraduate critical care nursing course
    Nancy L York
    University of Nevada Las Vegas, School of Nursing, NV 89154 3018, USA
    Dimens Crit Care Nurs 26:110-6. 2007
    ..In addition, hospitals are given the opportunity to interact with students while also recruiting them into a high-demand area...
  59. ncbi Enabling student placement through strategic partnerships between a health-care organization and tertiary institutions
    Amanda Henderson
    Nursing Practice Development Unit, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba, QLD 4102, Australia
    J Nurs Manag 15:91-6. 2007
    ....
  60. ncbi Solution-focused techniques in clinical supervision
    John Fowler
    School of Nursing, De Montfort University
    Nurs Times 103:30-1. 2007
    ..This is a summary: the full paper and reference list can be accessed at nursingtimes.net...
  61. ncbi Factors influencing student nurses' career choices after preceptorship in a five-year junior nursing college in Taiwan
    Whei Mei Shih
    Chang Gung Institute of Technology, Doctoral student in National Taipei College of Nursing and Job Placement, Room 1117, 261 Wen Hua 1st Road, Kwei Shan, Tao Yuan 33333, Taiwan
    Nurse Educ Today 28:494-500. 2008
    ..Notably, the preceptorship had an impact on student nurses selecting a nursing career. These results can give nurse educators guidance in preparing student nurses as they enter the work force...
  62. ncbi Said another way: the impact of mentorship on clinical learning
    Nora M Kilcullen
    School of Nursing, Dublin City University, Dublin 9, Ireland
    Nurs Forum 42:95-104. 2007
    ..While this is a small study, its findings reiterate the importance of a clinical learning environment, which is conducive to learning...
  63. ncbi Trust: the foundation for team collaboration and healthy work environments
    Michelle L Reina
    Reina Trust Building Institute, 560 Black Bear Run, Stowe, VT 05672, USA
    AACN Adv Crit Care 18:103-8. 2007
  64. ncbi Nursing from the casual pool: focus group study to explore the experiences of casual nurses
    Mary FitzGerald
    James Cook University, Cairns, Queensland, Australia
    Int J Nurs Pract 13:229-36. 2007
    ..The consequence of this study has been the development of a two-way performance intervention to promote high standards of care from nurses who work from the casual pool and the promotion of safe clinical environments and cultures...
  65. ncbi Students' perception of the psycho-social clinical learning environment: an evaluation of placement models
    Amanda Henderson
    Nursing Practice Development Unit, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Ipswich Road, Woolloongabba, QLD 4102, Australia
    Nurse Educ Today 26:564-71. 2006
    ....
  66. ncbi The Turkish version of the Omaha System: its use in practice-based family nursing education
    Semra Erdogan
    Department of Community Health Nursing, Istanbul University Florence Nightingale School of Nursing, 34387 Caglayan Sisli Istanbul, Turkey
    Nurse Educ Today 26:396-402. 2006
    ..The findings of the study supported the usefulness of the Omaha System in describing the practice of community health nursing...
  67. ncbi A comparison of preceptor and preceptee's perceptions of how the preceptor's role is operationalized
    Robyn Fox
    Royal Brisbane and Women s Hospital, Herston, Queensland, Australia
    J Clin Nurs 15:361-4. 2006
  68. ncbi Development of an instrument to assess individual student performance in small group tutorials
    Michael G Ladouceur
    McMaster University, School of Nursing, HSC 2J26, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8N 3Z5
    J Nurs Educ 43:447-55. 2004
    ..The process of instrument development has general application to other educational programs...
  69. ncbi The contribution of the Patient Support Assistant to direct patient care: an exploration of nursing and PSA role perceptions
    Jane Conway
    Organisational Education, Learning and Development, Northern Sydney Central Coast Health, Sydney NSW, Australia
    Contemp Nurse 24:175-88. 2007
    ..A major recommendation of the study is that employment of Assistants in Nursing may provide enhanced scope and role clarity for unregulated workers to assist nurses in providing nursing care...
  70. ncbi Application of the occupational health services model in Thai primary care units
    Yuwadee Wittayapun
    Department of Public Health Nursing, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
    AAOHN J 56:197-205. 2008
    ....
  71. ncbi Twelve tips for peer observation of teaching
    Zarrin Seema Siddiqui
    Education Centre, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Science, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
    Med Teach 29:297-300. 2007
    ..When Peer Observation of Teaching is incorporated into university practice and culture, and is conducted in a mutually respectful and supportive way, it has the potential to facilitate reflective change and growth for teachers...
  72. ncbi Put value in evaluation
    Karen Elcock
    Thames Valley University
    Nurs Stand 21:61. 2007
  73. ncbi Follow-up of a web-based tailored intervention promoting the Mediterranean diet in Scotland
    Angeliki Papadaki
    Preventive Medicine and Nutrition Clinic, Department of Social Medicine, Medical School, University of Crete, Crete, Greece
    Patient Educ Couns 73:256-63. 2008
    ..To assess the impact of a 3-month follow-up of a 6-month quasi-experimental study conducted to evaluate a web-based, tailored-feedback intervention promoting four key components of the Mediterranean diet...
  74. ncbi Is there "feedback" during visual imagery? Evidence from a specificity of practice paradigm
    Olave Krigolson
    School of Physical Education, University of Victoria, British Columbia
    Can J Exp Psychol 60:24-32. 2006
    ..We believe the equivalence in transfer RMSE between FV and VI suggests that there are similarities between the movement representations attained by FV and VI practice...
  75. ncbi The effects of feedback self-consistency, therapist status, and attitude toward therapy on reaction to personality feedback
    David R Collins
    La Trobe University, School of Psychological Science, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia
    J Soc Psychol 146:463-83. 2006
    ....
  76. ncbi Integration of predictive feedforward and sensory feedback signals for online control of visually guided movement
    V Gritsenko
    Groupe de Recherche sur le Système Nerveux Central, Departement de Physiologie, Universite de Montreal, C P 6128, Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada
    J Neurophysiol 102:914-30. 2009
    ..Furthermore, the modeling shows that the online correction mechanism must include compensation for the dynamic mechanical properties of the limb and for sensory delays in its error-correction pathway...
  77. ncbi Action-effect negativity: irrelevant action effects are monitored like relevant feedback
    Guido P H Band
    Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, Wassenaarseweg 52, 2333 AK Leiden, The Netherlands
    Biol Psychol 82:211-8. 2009
    ..Like task-relevant performance feedback, task-irrelevant action effects serve as a basis for action monitoring processes, presumably mediated by medial frontal cortex...
  78. pmc Health promotion integrated into a Thai PharmD curriculum to improve pharmacy practice skills
    Phayom Sookaneknun
    Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahasarakham University, Maha Sarakham Province, Thailand
    Am J Pharm Educ 73:78. 2009
    ..To implement and evaluate 5 integrated teaching modules in the fifth-year doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) curriculum to increase students' ability to promote patients' health as part of their pharmacy practice...
  79. ncbi Feedback consistency effects in visual and auditory word recognition: where do we stand after more than a decade?
    Johannes C Ziegler
    Laboratoire de Psychologie Cognitive, CNRS, UMR 6146, Aix Marseille Universite, Marseille, France
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 34:643-61. 2008
    ..In contrast, such effects are clearly present in the auditory modality. Given that orthographic information is absent from current models of spoken word recognition, the present findings present a major challenge to these models...
  80. ncbi Motivation-dependent responses in the human caudate nucleus
    M R Delgado
    Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA
    Cereb Cortex 14:1022-30. 2004
    ..These results suggest that changes in motivation are capable of modulating basal ganglia activity, and further support an important role for the caudate nucleus in affective processing...
  81. ncbi Functional 5-HT1a receptor polymorphism selectively modulates error-specific subprocesses of performance monitoring
    Christian Beste
    Department of Biopsychology, Institute for Cognitive Neuroscience, Ruhr Universitat Bochum, Germany
    Hum Brain Mapp 31:621-30. 2010
    ....
  82. ncbi Bringing in the negative reinforcements: the avoidance feedback-related negativity
    MICHAEL J CROWLEY
    Yale Child Study Center, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06473, USA
    Neuroreport 20:1513-7. 2009
    ..We suggest that the FRN may be considered an index of a broader class of reward-based learning that also includes avoiding negative outcomes as well as expecting positive ones...
  83. ncbi Seeing all the obstacles in your way: the effect of visual feedback and visual feedback schedule on obstacle avoidance while reaching
    Craig S Chapman
    CIHR Group for Action and Perception, University of Western Ontario, London ON, N6A 5C2, Canada
    Exp Brain Res 202:363-75. 2010
    ..In addition to extending our understanding of obstacle avoidance during reaching, our results suggest that, in a complex and more natural reach-to-point task, the human visuomotor system is optimized to use visual feedback...
  84. ncbi Phonetic diversity, statistical learning, and acquisition of phonology
    Janet B Pierrehumbert
    Northwestern University, USA
    Lang Speech 46:115-54. 2003
    ..Instead, it exploits confluences across levels of representation which characterize human language and make bootstrapping possible...
  85. pmc Probabilistic reversal learning is impaired in Parkinson's disease
    D A Peterson
    Institute for Neural Computation, University of California San Diego, CA, USA
    Neuroscience 163:1092-101. 2009
    ..Collectively, the results implicate the nigral dopaminergic system in learning to make choices in environments with probabilistic and dynamic reward contingencies...
  86. ncbi Temporal dependence of local motion induced shifts in perceived position
    Szonya Durant
    Department of Psychology, Centre for Mathematics and Physics in the Life Sciences and Experimental Biology CoMPLEX and Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Vision Res 44:357-66. 2004
    ..We conclude that the shift reflects feedback to primary visual cortex from motion selective cells in extrastriate cortex with receptive fields that overlap the retinal location of the flash...
  87. ncbi Vocal memory and learning in adult Bengalese Finches with regenerated hair cells
    Sarah M N Woolley
    Virginia Merrill Bloedel Hearing Research Center, Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
    J Neurosci 22:7774-87. 2002
    ..Results suggest that, in Bengalese Finches, the degree of behavioral and neural plasticity in juvenile and adult birds may be less distinct that previously thought...
  88. pmc Work of CPR during two different compression to ventilation ratios with real-time feedback
    Amy E Betz
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, United States
    Resuscitation 79:278-82. 2008
    ..The effect of the additional exertion required to deliver more chest compressions may present a considerable physical burden on the provider...
  89. ncbi What works for whom in a computer-mediated communication intervention in community psychiatry? Moderators of outcome in a cluster randomized trial
    L Hansson
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 118:404-9. 2008
    ..An intervention to structure patient-key worker communication has been tested in a randomized controlled trial. The aim of this paper was to investigate effectiveness of the intervention in terms of moderators of effectiveness...
  90. ncbi Haptic guidance can enhance motor learning of a steering task
    Laura Marchal Crespo
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California Irvine, CA 92697, USA
    J Mot Behav 40:545-56. 2008
    ..However, this difference quickly dissipated with more practice. We conclude that haptic guidance can benefit short-term learning of a steering-type task while also limiting performance errors during training...
  91. ncbi Using electroglottographic real-time feedback to control posterior glottal adduction during phonation
    Christian T Herbst
    Tölzer Knabenchor, Munich Germany
    J Voice 24:72-85. 2010
    ..The EGG contact quotient might not be sensitive to changes of PGA in falsetto phonation...
  92. ncbi The neural consequences of flip-flopping: the feedback-related negativity and salience of reward prediction
    Jason S Moser
    Department of Psychology, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716, USA
    Psychophysiology 46:313-20. 2009
    ..Together with previous FRN results and findings in the area of regret and decision making, we suggest that the FRN reflects a context-sensitive signal that integrates information about current and past actions, thoughts, and emotions...
  93. ncbi Responses of rural family physicians and their colleague and coworker raters to a multi-source feedback process: a pilot study
    Joan M Sargeant
    Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Acad Med 78:S42-4. 2003
    ..To describe responses of family physicians, their medical colleagues, and coworker raters to a multisource feedback assessment process...
  94. ncbi Monthly communication skill coaching for healthcare staff
    Katherine E Rowan
    Department of Communication, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, United States
    Patient Educ Couns 71:402-4. 2008
    ..To promote monthly interpersonal skill communication role-play and coaching for front-office staff...
  95. ncbi Understanding and treating "pusher syndrome"
    Hans Otto Karnath
    Department of Cognitive Neurology, Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, University of Tuebingen, Hoppe Seyler Str 3, D 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
    Phys Ther 83:1119-25. 2003
    ....
  96. ncbi Students' opinions about and expectations of effective nursing clinical mentors
    Ayfer Elcigil
    Dokuz Eylul University School of Nursing, Mithatpasa Street, Inciralti, Izmir, Turkey 35340
    J Nurs Educ 47:118-23. 2008
    ..The students noted that effective clinical mentors should be able to communicate without prejudice, give positive feedback, have empathy, require students to do their own research, and offer the students information...
  97. ncbi Recognition and management of potential drug-drug interactions in patients on internal medicine wards
    Priska Vonbach
    Hospital Pharmacy, Kantonsspital Baden, Baden, Switzerland
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 63:1075-83. 2007
    ..Our aim was to study and possibly improve the clinical management of potential drug-drug interactions (pDDIs) in hospitalized patients by specific interventions...
  98. ncbi Anxiety and outcome predictions
    James A Shepperd
    Department of Psychology, University of Florida, PO Box 112250, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 31:267-75. 2005
    ..Ancillary analyses suggest that anxiety can be a cause rather than a consequence of less optimistic predictions...
  99. pmc Sensory retraining after orthognathic surgery: effect on patients' perception of altered sensation
    Ceib Phillips
    Department of Orthodontics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 65:1162-73. 2007
    ....
  100. ncbi A reasoning bias revealed by electrodermal activity
    Laurence Carbonnell
    Institut fur Arbeitphysiologie an der Universitat Dortmund, Dortmund, Germany
    Psychophysiology 43:387-93. 2006
    ..However, this error of logic did not prevent them from solving the task. This argues for a theory according to which human reasoning uses more economical strategies than the simple application of formal logical rules...
  101. ncbi Program development of reminiscence group work for ageing people with intellectual disabilities
    Joris Van Puyenbroeck
    Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Leuven, Belgium
    J Intellect Dev Disabil 31:139-47. 2006
    ..Research has shown that stimulating reminiscence in the elderly can be a meaningful activity, and holds promise for positive effects on well-being...

Research Grants68

  1. TRAINING IN COGNITIVE AND COMPUTATIONAL NEUROSCIENCE
    Michael Arbib; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The plan for the postdoctoral position focuses on permitting a student trained in psychology or linguistics to gain additional expertise related to cognitive and computational neuroscience. ..
  2. Moderating Social Norms Interventions: Field Experiment
    Mark Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This research will help identify factors that might improve the efficacy of social norms interventions. ..
  3. Adaptive Regulation of Cognitive Control
    Clay Holroyd; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  4. Sensory Re-training following Orthognathic Surgery
    Ceib Phillips; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Our primary focus will be on the patient's perception of the negative impact of altered sensation on daily life. ..
  5. An Internet-based intervention for problem drinking
    John Cunningham; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Secondary hypotheses will address the mediating or moderating role of perceived drinking norms, perceived risk and the problem drinker's social reasons for drinking. ..
  6. POSTMENOPAUSAL ESTROGEN INFLUENCES ON OLFACTION
    RICHARD DOTY; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Third, it would lead to testable hypotheses regarding the role of reproductive hormones, and their underlying mechanisms, in the maintenance of normal olfactory function. ..
  7. Computerized population Programs for Three Cancer Risks
    Wayne Velicer; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The 3 interventions evaluated in this project have the potential to be easily disseminated at low costs to entire populations of at-risk individuals. ..
  8. A Dynamic Process Approach to Cognitive Representation
    John Lipinski; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This empirical work will lay the essential groundwork for development of a formal model linking linguistic and non-linguistic representations of space. ..
  9. The Role of Feedback to Facilitate Category Learning
    Deborah Little; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Finally, we propose to collect pilot data functional MRI data, on the conditions under which prefrontal cortex is implicated during prototype-distortion learning in response to feedback. ..
  10. Tools to Increase Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates
    Gregory Makoul; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. Orbitofrontal cortex, impulsivity, reinforcements
    Michael Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..I will test the hypothesis that this is reflected both in the ability to use reinforcements to guide future behavior, and in the extent to which OFC is recurited during these behavioral adjustments. ..
  12. Guardian Angel Alcohol Test: The devil is in the details
    Mark Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This research not only has practical implications by validating the GA test, but also theoretical implications regarding the role of BAC feedback in general. ..
  13. Web-based 5-A-Day Education for High School Students
    TARA COUSINEAU; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..If such a program demonstrated effectiveness, school personnel would likely regard it as a cost-effective way to increase F&V consumption among high school students. ..
  14. Special Report: Improving Body Image in Middle School
    JONAS BROMBERG; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  15. Self/Brain/Behavior Systems in Depression
    Timothy Strauman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  16. Generalized Signaling for Control in Schizophrenia
    RAYMOND CHO; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  17. Development of sensorimotor integration in children
    FLORIAN KAGERER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Understanding this is an essential foundation for future work on developmental motor impairments such as developmental coordination disorder (DCD). [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  18. Acceptance Therapy During Methadone Detoxification
    Angela Stotts; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Effective treatment provided in conjunction with detoxification from agonist medication could result in significant decreases in the substantial health and social costs associated with chronic opiate dependence. ..
  19. Older Mothers and Adult Daughters: High Blood Pressure Self Management Behaviors
    Celeste Shawler; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The candidate plans to further examine the significance of inner strength and modifiable health behaviors of older women with hypertension. ..
  20. Metacognition and Control in Human Learning Memory
    JANET A METCALFE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  21. Functional Neuroimaging of Opioid Effects on Affective Experience
    K Luan Phan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. Increasing Attention to Smoking Risk Messages
    Isaac Lipkus; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..g., quit attempts, amount smoked, and actual cessation). [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. Motor Learning for the Control of an Assistive Device
    Ferdinando Mussa Ivaldi; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results of these studies are expected to guide the development of new technology for assistive devices based on human motor learning and on engineering of adaptive control. Project Description Page 6 ..
  24. Meaning-making in the context of divorce: Links with emotion regulation
    JESSICA BORELLI; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..A better understanding of these topics is critical for elucidating resiliency process and for developing effective treatment and prevention programs. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. Effects of Communicating RPFNA Results on Decisions about Tamoxifen Use
    Isaac Lipkus; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. Moderation training applicaiton for drinkers
    REID HESTER; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The experimental group will receive training via the MD web site and will participate in MM's online mutual help community. The control group will only participate in the online mutual help community. ..
  27. Proactive Cessation Intervention with Biomarker Feedback
    JENNIFER MC CLURE; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..If effective, this treatment strategy could have broad potential as a public health intervention. ..
  28. Dopamine mechanisms in development of type-2 diabetes
    Andras Hajnal; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These studies will help determine how plasticity in the dopaminergic system affects behavioral and metabolic factors related to hyperphagia and the development of dietary-induced NIDDM. ..
  29. Theoretical analysis of the effects of aging on memory and reaction time
    Roger Ratcliff; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  30. Internet-Based Nutrition Education for College Students
    TARA COUSINEAU; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The current application combines state-of-the-art knowledge about tailoring strategies with advances in Internet-based technologies. ..
  31. ENHANCING BRIEF INTERVENTION OF PRIMARY CARE PHYSICIANS
    John Helzer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The public health implications of effective, low cost interventions for heavy and problem drinking that can be accessed remotely and are applicable in primary care and HMO settings are considerable. ..
  32. PREVENTIVE ONCOLOGY AWARD--SMOKING CESSATION AND WOMEN
    JENNIFER MC CLURE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Such knowledge is important as it may lead to the development of more targeted, and therefore potentially more effective, cessation interventions. ..
  33. Gene therapy for chronic heart failure
    Edward Soltesz; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We expect to show that gene transfer of SERCA2a to failing porcine hearts will rescue contractility and lead to ventricular and metabolic remodeling. ..
  34. Examining the Hyper-Correction of High Confidence Errors
    Brady Butterfield; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Experiment 4 is an event-related fMRI study whose purpose is to localize the neural substrates of these components. ..
  35. SELF-REGULATION DEPRESSIVE/ANXIOUS SYMPTOMS AND URIs
    Timothy Strauman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Study 4, again following high-risk and low-risk women through naturalistic challenges, will test a brief intervention based on Pennebaker's studies of the health impact of disclosure. ..
  36. Organization Change to Improve Nursing Home Enviroment
    Jules Rosen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Outcomes from the administrative perspective will include a "gap analysis which assesses how closely the desired goals of a program are achieved, as well as some financial markers of cost savings. ..
  37. HIV Prevention/Alcohol Treatment in a Russian TB Sample
    Michael Fleming; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..It is hoped that these programs can reduce the spread of HIV infection and TB in Russia and neighboring countries. ..
  38. OLFACTION IN EPILEPSY
    RICHARD DOTY; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In addition to providing a better understanding of the influences of TLE and TLR on human olfactory function, this work may lead to the development of a simple and inexpensive non-invasive means for better establishing TLE seizure loci. ..
  39. RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS--ADHERENCE INTERVENTION STRATEGIES
    Jacqueline Dunbar Jacob; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Should one or more of the strategies prove successful, intervention manuals would be disseminated for use by nurses working in clinical settings with this population. ..
  40. A MULTICOMPONENT MODEL OF SELF-CONCEPT FORMATION
    ALLEN MCCONNELL; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..behavior, personal outlook, social comparison, and experience of emotion) for social functioning and mental health, an understanding of how self-concepts are formed, and the consequences of forming them, is important. ..
  41. Affecting Perceived Risks and Ambivalence About Smoking
    Isaac Lipkus; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  42. Auditory Processing of Biological and Linguistic Stimuli
    Lisa Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..By using fMRI, it will possible to determine which cortical areas are involved in processing auditory stimuli are involved in processing auditory stimuli with specific physical features and for specific goals. ..
  43. Unit Level Nurse Workload Impacts on Patient Safety
    Nancy Donaldson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Of equal importance, this study will advance staffing measurement by tracing and analyzing the impact of variation in staffing and patient turnover, exploring the impact of variance on patient safety and outcomes. ..
  44. RETRIEVAL PROCESSES IN MEMORY
    Roger Ratcliff; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Reaction time models especially might lead to diagnostic techniques that are non-invasive and relatively inexpensive. ..
  45. GUSTATORY REWARD AND DOPAMINE IN THE NUCLEUS ACCUMBENS
    Andras Hajnal; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This knowledge is directly relevant to understanding the control of normal ingestive behavior and to the maladies related to this essential behavior, such as obesity, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder. ..
  46. EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL ABUSE ON THE AGING BRAIN
    George Fein; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..g., brain "functional reserve," presence of the APOE-epsilon4 allele) that may modulate the effects of chronic alcohol abuse/dependence and age on brain structure and function. ..
  47. MULTIMEDIA SUPPORT FOR COUPLES IN INFERTILITY TREATMENT
    TARA COUSINEAU; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Phase II will entail production of a completed version of the program, a clinical trial to test the efficacy and safety of the program, and an evaluation of end-user satisfaction. ..
  48. Chronic Illness Exercise Interventions: A Meta-Analysis
    Vicki Conn; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The compelling importance and broad scope of this work make funding necessary to achieve these important aims. ..
  49. Therapeutic Interactive Voice Response to Augment CBT in Alcohol Dependence
    John Helzer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The public health implications of effective, low cost interventions for alcohol dependence that can be accessed remotely are considerable. ..
  50. Anatomical correlates of executive function decline in normal aging.
    Deborah Little; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Additionally, we propose to differentiate short from long white matter fibers to better address the relationship between white matter integrity and cognitive aging. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  51. Recognition and Referral Skills for RAs-Alcohol and Other Drug Problems
    Dennis Thombs; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..e., better linkage of substance abusing undergraduates with professional treatment services. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  52. Functional Remapping of Hand Control
    FERDINANDO ALESSANDRO MUSSA IVALDI; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..expected that this study will identify new means for exploiting the ability of the nervous system to reorganize itself so as to facilitate training novel hand movements and to recover skills lost to stroke and other neuromotor disorders ..
  53. Improving Outcomes of LBW Premature Infants and Parents
    Bernadette Melnyk; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  54. DYNAMICS OF BRAIN ACTIVATION DURING MOTOR IMAGERY
    Allen Osman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Further information concerning its less known covert side may lead to unexpected insights about the motor system in general, including its possible roles in cognition. ..
  55. Short-term Training Students-Health Professional Schools
    KENNETH CIUFFREDA; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Trainees will consist of optometry students who have just completed either their first or second professional years, and have done well academically (3.5 gpa or better). All will have an undergraduate degree, generally in the sciences. ..
  56. Female Anti-Problem Drinking Group & Campus Initiatives
    Joseph LaBrie; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Campus awareness will increase and campus culture will be changed. Evaluation/analysis plan is included. ..
  57. Personalized Feedback Intervention for Marijuana Use
    Christine Lee; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  58. NEURAL RECORDINGS AND REACTION TIME MODELS
    Roger Ratcliff; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  59. Neural correlates of cognitive biases in social phobia
    Jason Moser; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  60. THE DEVELOPMENT OF ABILITY CONCEPTIONS
    GAIL HEYMAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Together, these studies should provide a nuanced picture of the way in which children of different ages reason about ability, the factors affecting their reasoning, and the motivational consequences. ..
  61. Neural integration with active dendrites and inhibition
    Mark Goldman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..By producing an experimentally constrained and verifiable model in a well-characterized system, this work promises to reveal core mechanisms by which persistent neural activity is generated. ..
  62. Children's Conceptions of Lying: East-West Comparisons
    GAIL HEYMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In the legal domain, our findings can assist legal practitioners in developing culturally sensitive procedures to assess child witnesses'competence and credibility in courts of law. ..
  63. SELF-REGULATORY ASPECTS OF POSITIVE ILLUSIONS
    Shelley Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The overall goal of the research is to provide an integrative understanding of how mental health, social relations, and biological responses to stress are interrelated and whether those interrelations extend across cultures. ..
  64. An Internet application for SMART Recovery
    REID HESTER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  65. CHRONIC COCAINE ABUSE EFFECTS ON P50 AND P3A ERPS
    George Fein; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Finally, samples of active cocaine abusers will be studied. ..
  66. The adolescent smoker's check-up software program
    REID HESTER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This program could be an effective approach to adolescent smoking cessation either as a stand-alone intervention or as a pre-treatment adjunct to existing school, community, or judicial systems. ..
  67. Motivation and Information: Altering Drinkers' Behavior
    Mark Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Participants will be re-sampled as they return from Mexican bars, at which time their actual BAC levels will be measured. ..
  68. IVR for Automated Alcohol Screening & BI in Primary Care
    John Helzer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Although this is not an efficacy study, we will also assess whether the IVR-BI has a short-term impact on alcohol consumption in this small feasibility sample. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..