intelligence

Summary

Summary: The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Genome-wide association studies establish that human intelligence is highly heritable and polygenic
    G Davies
    Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
    Mol Psychiatry 16:996-1005. 2011
  2. ncbi Genetic contributions to stability and change in intelligence from childhood to old age
    Ian J Deary
    Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, 7 George Square, Edinburgh EH8 9JZ, UK
    Nature 482:212-5. 2012
  3. ncbi Efficiency of functional brain networks and intellectual performance
    Martijn P van den Heuvel
    Department of Psychiatry, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, University Medical Center Utrecht, 3508 GA Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Neurosci 29:7619-24. 2009
  4. pmc Global connectivity of prefrontal cortex predicts cognitive control and intelligence
    Michael W Cole
    Psychology Department, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    J Neurosci 32:8988-99. 2012
  5. ncbi Brain white matter tract integrity as a neural foundation for general intelligence
    L Penke
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Mol Psychiatry 17:1026-30. 2012
  6. pmc Most reported genetic associations with general intelligence are probably false positives
    Christopher F Chabris
    Department of Psychology, Union College, Schenectady, NY 12308, USA
    Psychol Sci 23:1314-23. 2012
  7. ncbi Cognitive and behavioral outcomes of school-aged children who were born preterm: a meta-analysis
    Adnan T Bhutta
    Department of Pediatrics, Arkansas University for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, USA
    JAMA 288:728-37. 2002
  8. pmc Brain anatomical network and intelligence
    Yonghui Li
    LIAMA Center for Computational Medicine, National Laboratory of Pattern Recognition, Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    PLoS Comput Biol 5:e1000395. 2009
  9. pmc Intelligence in youth and all-cause-mortality: systematic review with meta-analysis
    Catherine M Calvin
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 40:626-44. 2011
  10. ncbi The multiple-demand (MD) system of the primate brain: mental programs for intelligent behaviour
    John Duncan
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 14:172-9. 2010

Detail Information

Publications365 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Genome-wide association studies establish that human intelligence is highly heritable and polygenic
    G Davies
    Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
    Mol Psychiatry 16:996-1005. 2011
    General intelligence is an important human quantitative trait that accounts for much of the variation in diverse cognitive abilities...
  2. ncbi Genetic contributions to stability and change in intelligence from childhood to old age
    Ian J Deary
    Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, 7 George Square, Edinburgh EH8 9JZ, UK
    Nature 482:212-5. 2012
    Understanding the determinants of healthy mental ageing is a priority for society today. So far, we know that intelligence differences show high stability from childhood to old age and there are estimates of the genetic contribution to ..
  3. ncbi Efficiency of functional brain networks and intellectual performance
    Martijn P van den Heuvel
    Department of Psychiatry, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, University Medical Center Utrecht, 3508 GA Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Neurosci 29:7619-24. 2009
    ..association between how efficiently the regions of our brain are functionally connected and our level of intelligence. Examining the overall organization of the brain network using graph analysis, we show a strong negative ..
  4. pmc Global connectivity of prefrontal cortex predicts cognitive control and intelligence
    Michael W Cole
    Psychology Department, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    J Neurosci 32:8988-99. 2012
    Control of thought and behavior is fundamental to human intelligence. Evidence suggests a frontoparietal brain network implements such cognitive control across diverse contexts...
  5. ncbi Brain white matter tract integrity as a neural foundation for general intelligence
    L Penke
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Mol Psychiatry 17:1026-30. 2012
    General intelligence is a robust predictor of important life outcomes, including educational and occupational attainment, successfully managing everyday life situations, good health and longevity...
  6. pmc Most reported genetic associations with general intelligence are probably false positives
    Christopher F Chabris
    Department of Psychology, Union College, Schenectady, NY 12308, USA
    Psychol Sci 23:1314-23. 2012
    General intelligence (g) and virtually all other behavioral traits are heritable. Associations between g and specific single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in several candidate genes involved in brain function have been reported...
  7. ncbi Cognitive and behavioral outcomes of school-aged children who were born preterm: a meta-analysis
    Adnan T Bhutta
    Department of Pediatrics, Arkansas University for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, USA
    JAMA 288:728-37. 2002
    ..The cognitive and behavioral outcomes of school-aged children who were born preterm have been reported extensively. Many of these studies have methodological flaws that preclude an accurate estimate of the long-term outcomes of prematurity...
  8. pmc Brain anatomical network and intelligence
    Yonghui Li
    LIAMA Center for Computational Medicine, National Laboratory of Pattern Recognition, Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    PLoS Comput Biol 5:e1000395. 2009
    Intuitively, higher intelligence might be assumed to correspond to more efficient information transfer in the brain, but no direct evidence has been reported from the perspective of brain networks...
  9. pmc Intelligence in youth and all-cause-mortality: systematic review with meta-analysis
    Catherine M Calvin
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 40:626-44. 2011
    A number of prospective cohort studies have examined the association between intelligence in childhood or youth and life expectancy in adulthood; however, the effect size of this association is yet to be quantified and previous reviews ..
  10. ncbi The multiple-demand (MD) system of the primate brain: mental programs for intelligent behaviour
    John Duncan
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 14:172-9. 2010
    ..of frontal and parietal activity is associated with diverse cognitive demands, and with standard tests of fluid intelligence. In intelligent behaviour, goals are achieved by assembling a series of sub-tasks, creating structured mental ..
  11. ncbi The role of prefrontal cortex in working-memory capacity, executive attention, and general fluid intelligence: an individual-differences perspective
    Michael J Kane
    Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina, Greensboro, North Carolina 27402 6164, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 9:637-71. 2002
    ..the cognitive neuroscience research on the constructs of working-memory capacity (WMC), general fluid intelligence, and prefrontal cortex (PFC) function...
  12. pmc Short-term music training enhances verbal intelligence and executive function
    Sylvain Moreno
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest, 3560 Bathurst St, 914 VS, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M6A 2E1
    Psychol Sci 22:1425-33. 2011
    ..20 days of training, only children in the music group exhibited enhanced performance on a measure of verbal intelligence, with 90% of the sample showing this improvement...
  13. ncbi Intelligence
    Ian J Deary
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    Annu Rev Psychol 63:453-82. 2012
    Individual differences in human intelligence are of interest to a wide range of psychologists and to many people outside the discipline...
  14. ncbi Intrauterine exposure to alcohol and tobacco use and childhood IQ: findings from a parental-offspring comparison within the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children
    Rosa Alati
    School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Herston, Queensland, 4006 Australia
    Pediatr Res 64:659-66. 2008
    ..IQ was measured at child age 8 with the Weschler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-III)...
  15. ncbi Emotional intelligence: new ability or eclectic traits?
    John D Mayer
    Department of Psychology, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824, USA
    Am Psychol 63:503-17. 2008
    ..The authors have termed this set of abilities emotional intelligence (EI)...
  16. ncbi The impact of childhood intelligence on later life: following up the Scottish mental surveys of 1932 and 1947
    Ian J Deary
    Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland
    J Pers Soc Psychol 86:130-47. 2004
    ..These surveys are described. This research, using the surveys' data, examined (a) the stability of intelligence differences across the life span, (b) the determinants of cognitive change from childhood to old age, and (c) ..
  17. ncbi Evolution of the brain and intelligence
    Gerhard Roth
    Hanse Institute for Advanced Study, D 27753 Delmenhorst, Germany
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:250-7. 2005
    b>Intelligence has evolved many times independently among vertebrates...
  18. ncbi Intellectual ability and cortical development in children and adolescents
    P Shaw
    Child Psychiatry Branch, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20182, USA
    Nature 440:676-9. 2006
    ..Determining the neuroanatomical correlates of this relatively stable individual trait of general intelligence has proved difficult, particularly in the rapidly developing brains of children and adolescents...
  19. ncbi Fractionating human intelligence
    Adam Hampshire
    The Brain and Mind Institute, The Natural Sciences Centre, Department of Psychology, The University of Western Ontario, London ON, N6A 5B7, Canada
    Neuron 76:1225-37. 2012
    What makes one person more intellectually able than another? Can the entire distribution of human intelligence be accounted for by just one general factor? Is intelligence supported by a single neural system? Here, we provide a ..
  20. ncbi The function of the sleep spindle: a physiological index of intelligence and a mechanism for sleep-dependent memory consolidation
    Stuart M Fogel
    University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H3W 1W5
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 35:1154-65. 2011
    ..g.; IQ tests) and may serve as a physiological index of intelligence. Further, spindles increase in number and duration in sleep following new learning and are correlated with ..
  21. ncbi Working memory, short-term memory, and general fluid intelligence: a latent-variable approach
    R W Engle
    School of Psychology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta 30332 0170, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 128:309-31. 1999
    ..thought to reflect working memory and some thought to reflect short-term memory), 2 tests of general fluid intelligence, and the Verbal and Quantitative Scholastic Aptitude Tests...
  22. ncbi The Parieto-Frontal Integration Theory (P-FIT) of intelligence: converging neuroimaging evidence
    Rex E Jung
    Departments of Neurology and Psychology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87106, USA
    Behav Brain Sci 30:135-54; discussion 154-87. 2007
    Is there a biology of intelligence which is characteristic of the normal human nervous system?" Here we review 37 modern neuroimaging studies in an attempt to address this question posed by Halstead (1947) as he and other icons of the ..
  23. pmc Maternal fish intake during pregnancy, blood mercury levels, and child cognition at age 3 years in a US cohort
    Emily Oken
    Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 167:1171-81. 2008
    ..3, -0.9) for the WRAVMA. Fish consumption of < or =2 servings/week was not associated with a benefit. Dietary recommendations for pregnant women should incorporate the nutritional benefits as well as the risks of fish intake...
  24. ncbi Breast-feeding and cognitive development: a meta-analysis
    J W Anderson
    Metabolic Research Group, Veterans Affairs Medical Center
    Am J Clin Nutr 70:525-35. 1999
    ....
  25. ncbi Genetic foundations of human intelligence
    Ian J Deary
    Department of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, University of Edinburgh, 7 George Square, Edinburgh EH8 9JZ, Scotland, UK
    Hum Genet 126:215-32. 2009
    Individual differences in intelligence (cognitive abilities) are a prominent aspect of human psychology, and play a substantial role in influencing important life outcomes...
  26. ncbi The neuroscience of human intelligence differences
    Ian J Deary
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 11:201-11. 2010
    Neuroscience is contributing to an understanding of the biological bases of human intelligence differences. This work is principally being conducted along two empirical fronts: genetics--quantitative and molecular--and brain imaging...
  27. ncbi The effects of iodine on intelligence in children: a meta-analysis of studies conducted in China
    Ming Qian
    The Institute of Endocrinology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300070, China
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 14:32-42. 2005
    ..The level of iodine nutrition plays a crucial role in the intellectual development of children. The intelligence damage of children exposed to severe ID was profound, demonstrated by 12.45 IQ points loss and they recovered 8...
  28. ncbi Preschool executive functioning abilities predict early mathematics achievement
    Caron A C Clark
    Canterbury Child Development Research Group, Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, NewZealand
    Dev Psychol 46:1176-91. 2010
    ..They also suggest that the scaffolding of these executive skills could potentially be a useful additional component in early mathematics education...
  29. ncbi Intelligence: new findings and theoretical developments
    Richard E Nisbett
    University of Michigan, Michigan, USA
    Am Psychol 67:130-59. 2012
    We review new findings and new theoretical developments in the field of intelligence. New findings include the following: (a) Heritability of IQ varies significantly by social class...
  30. pmc Prenatal exposure to airborne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and children's intelligence at 5 years of age in a prospective cohort study in Poland
    Susan Claire Edwards
    Columbia Center for Children s Environmental Health, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 118:1326-31. 2010
    ..In this prospective cohort study of Caucasian mothers and children in Krakow, Poland, we evaluated the role of prenatal exposure to urban air pollutants in the pathogenesis of neurobehavioral disorders...
  31. ncbi Examining the association between music lessons and intelligence
    E Glenn Schellenberg
    University of Toronto Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
    Br J Psychol 102:283-302. 2011
    ....
  32. pmc Verbal and non-verbal intelligence changes in the teenage brain
    Sue Ramsden
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, University College London, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Nature 479:113-6. 2011
    b>Intelligence quotient (IQ) is a standardized measure of human intellectual capacity that takes into account a wide range of cognitive skills...
  33. pmc Cognitive predictors of achievement growth in mathematics: a 5-year longitudinal study
    David C Geary
    University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211 2500, USA
    Dev Psychol 47:1539-52. 2011
    ..in early 1st grade and used to predict mathematics achievement through 5th (n = 177), while controlling for intelligence, working memory, and processing speed...
  34. ncbi The effect of different alcohol drinking patterns in early to mid pregnancy on the child's intelligence, attention, and executive function
    U S Kesmodel
    Department of Public Health, Section of Epidemiology, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark
    BJOG 119:1180-90. 2012
    To conduct a combined analysis of the estimated effects of maternal average weekly alcohol consumption, and any binge drinking, in early to mid pregnancy on general intelligence, attention, and executive function in 5-year-old children.
  35. pmc Impact of breast milk on intelligence quotient, brain size, and white matter development
    Elizabeth B Isaacs
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre and Radiology and Physics Unit, University College London Institute of Child Health, and Department of Radiology, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, London WC1N 3JH, United Kingdom
    Pediatr Res 67:357-62. 2010
    ..In the total group, %EBM correlated significantly with verbal intelligence quotient (VIQ); in boys, with all IQ scores, TBV and WMV...
  36. ncbi The neuroanatomy of general intelligence: sex matters
    Richard J Haier
    Department of Pediatrics, University of California, Med Sci I, B140, Irvine, CA 92697 5000, USA
    Neuroimage 25:320-7. 2005
    We examined the relationship between structural brain variation and general intelligence using voxel-based morphometric analysis of MRI data in men and women with equivalent IQ scores...
  37. pmc Childhood IQ and adult mental disorders: a test of the cognitive reserve hypothesis
    Karestan C Koenen
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Kresge 613, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 166:50-7. 2009
    ..The authors tested the hypothesis that low childhood IQ is associated with increased risk and severity of adult mental disorders...
  38. pmc A three-stage genome-wide association study of general cognitive ability: hunting the small effects
    Oliver S P Davis
    Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
    Behav Genet 40:759-67. 2010
    ..Larger samples, denser arrays and multiple replications will be necessary in the hunt for the genetic variants that influence human cognitive ability...
  39. ncbi Lead
    David C Bellinger
    Children s Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Pediatrics 113:1016-22. 2004
    ....
  40. ncbi Premorbid (early life) IQ and later mortality risk: systematic review
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Ann Epidemiol 17:278-88. 2007
    ..The purpose of the present report is to systematically locate, evaluate, and interpret the findings of all such studies...
  41. ncbi Emotional intelligence and interpersonal relations
    N S Schutte
    Department of Behavioral Sciences, Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, USA
    J Soc Psychol 141:523-36. 2001
    In 7 studies, the authors examined the link between emotional intelligence and interpersonal relations...
  42. ncbi No evidence of intelligence improvement after working memory training: a randomized, placebo-controlled study
    Thomas S Redick
    School of Psychology, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 142:359-79. 2013
    ..addition, all subjects completed pretest, midtest, and posttest sessions comprising multiple measures of fluid intelligence, multitasking, working memory capacity, crystallized intelligence, and perceptual speed...
  43. ncbi Transition to adulthood: validation of the Rotterdam Transition Profile for young adults with cerebral palsy and normal intelligence
    Mireille Donkervoort
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Erasmus MC, University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Dev Med Child Neurol 51:53-62. 2009
    ..In total, 81 young adults (47 males, 34 females) with CP and normal intelligence participated (mean age 20y 5mo [SD 1y 4mo] range 18-22y; 95% spastic CP, 48% hemiplegia, 38% diplegia, 14% ..
  44. ncbi Regional gray matter density associated with emotional intelligence: evidence from voxel-based morphometry
    Hikaru Takeuchi
    Division of Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan
    Hum Brain Mapp 32:1497-510. 2011
    Emotional Intelligence (EI) is the ability to monitor one's own and others' emotions and the ability to use the gathered information to guide one's thinking and action...
  45. pmc Task rules, working memory, and fluid intelligence
    John Duncan
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge, CB2 7EF, UK
    Psychon Bull Rev 19:864-70. 2012
    Many varieties of working memory have been linked to fluid intelligence. In Duncan et al...
  46. ncbi Explaining the relation between birth order and intelligence
    Petter Kristensen
    National Institute of Occupational Health, N 0033 Oslo, Norway
    Science 316:1717. 2007
    Negative associations between birth order and intelligence level have been found in numerous studies. The explanation for this relation is not clear, and several hypotheses have been suggested...
  47. ncbi A longitudinal study of premorbid IQ Score and risk of developing schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, severe depression, and other nonaffective psychoses
    Stanley Zammit
    Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff, Wales
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 61:354-60. 2004
    ..To our knowledge, there are no prior population-based, longitudinal studies of premorbid IQ score and risk of developing severe depression requiring hospital admission...
  48. pmc A levels and intelligence as predictors of medical careers in UK doctors: 20 year prospective study
    I C McManus
    Department of Psychology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT
    BMJ 327:139-42. 2003
    To assess whether A level grades (achievement) and intelligence (ability) predict doctors' careers.
  49. pmc Improving fluid intelligence with training on working memory
    Susanne M Jaeggi
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, East Hall, 530 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1043, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:6829-33. 2008
    Fluid intelligence (Gf) refers to the ability to reason and to solve new problems independently of previously acquired knowledge...
  50. pmc Low-level environmental lead exposure and children's intellectual function: an international pooled analysis
    Bruce P Lanphear
    Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229 3039, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 113:894-9. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to examine the association of intelligence test scores and blood lead concentration, especially for children who had maximal measured blood lead levels &..
  51. ncbi Genetic and environmental influences on the development of intelligence
    M Bartels
    Department of Biological Psychology, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Behav Genet 32:237-49. 2002
    Measures of intelligence were collected in 209 twin pairs at 5, 7, 10, and 12 years of age, as part of a longitudinal project on intelligence, brain function, and behavioral problems...
  52. ncbi Sexual dimorphism in the parietal substrate associated with visuospatial cognition independent of general intelligence
    Jürgen Hänggi
    Division of Neuropsychology, Institute of Psychology, University of Zurich, Binzmuehlestrasse 14 PO Box 25, 8050 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Cogn Neurosci 22:139-55. 2010
    ..We investigated the neuroanatomy of VSC independent of general intelligence (g) in sex-separated populations, homogenous in age, education, memory performance, a memory- and brain ..
  53. ncbi Exploring the neurological substrate of emotional and social intelligence
    Reuven Bar-On
    Department of Neurology, University of Iowa, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Brain 126:1790-800. 2003
    ..Similar to this hypothesis is the concept of emotional intelligence, which has been defined as an array of emotional and social abilities, competencies and skills that enable ..
  54. ncbi Gains in fluid intelligence after training non-verbal reasoning in 4-year-old children: a controlled, randomized study
    Sissela Bergman Nutley
    Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Dev Sci 14:591-601. 2011
    Fluid intelligence (Gf) predicts performance on a wide range of cognitive activities, and children with impaired Gf often experience academic difficulties...
  55. ncbi Decision-making and cognitive abilities: A review of associations between Iowa Gambling Task performance, executive functions, and intelligence
    Maggie E Toplak
    Department of Psychology, LaMarsh Centre for Research on Violence and Conflict Resolution, York University, Canada
    Clin Psychol Rev 30:562-81. 2010
    ..performance captures abilities that are separable from cognitive abilities, including executive functions and intelligence. The purpose of the current review was to examine studies that have explicitly examined the relationship ..
  56. ncbi The influence of head growth in fetal life, infancy, and childhood on intelligence at the ages of 4 and 8 years
    Catharine R Gale
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton SO16 6YD, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 118:1486-92. 2006
    ..We investigated the effects of head growth prenatally, during infancy, and during later periods of development on cognitive function at the ages of 4 and 8 years...
  57. ncbi Intelligence and variability in a simple timing task share neural substrates in the prefrontal white matter
    Fredrik Ullén
    Neuropediatric Research Unit Q2 07, Department of Woman and Child Health, Karolinska Institutet, SE 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    J Neurosci 28:4238-43. 2008
    General intelligence is correlated with the mean and variability of reaction time in elementary cognitive tasks, as well as with performance on temporal judgment and discrimination tasks...
  58. ncbi Individual differences in components of reaction time distributions and their relations to working memory and intelligence
    Florian Schmiedek
    Center for Lifespan Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
    J Exp Psychol Gen 136:414-29. 2007
    ..Theories of controlled attention and binding are discussed as potential theoretical explanations...
  59. ncbi Intelligence in relation to obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Z B Yu
    Department of Pediatrics, Nanjing Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China
    Obes Rev 11:656-70. 2010
    ..A lower FIQ in childhood was associated with obesity in later adulthood perhaps with educational level mediating the persistence of obesity in later life...
  60. pmc A twin study of the genetics of high cognitive ability selected from 11,000 twin pairs in six studies from four countries
    Claire M A Haworth
    Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
    Behav Genet 39:359-70. 2009
    Although much genetic research has addressed normal variation in intelligence, little is known about the etiology of high cognitive abilities...
  61. pmc Neural mechanisms of interference control underlie the relationship between fluid intelligence and working memory span
    Gregory C Burgess
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, MO, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 140:674-92. 2011
    Fluid intelligence (gF) and working memory (WM) span predict success in demanding cognitive situations. Recent studies show that much of the variance in gF and WM span is shared, suggesting common neural mechanisms...
  62. ncbi The autism-spectrum quotient (AQ): evidence from Asperger syndrome/high-functioning autism, males and females, scientists and mathematicians
    S Baron-Cohen
    Departments of Experimental Psychology and Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EB, United Kingdom
    J Autism Dev Disord 31:5-17. 2001
    ..there are no brief, self-administered instruments for measuring the degree to which an adult with normal intelligence has the traits associated with the autistic spectrum...
  63. ncbi Evidence for a collective intelligence factor in the performance of human groups
    Anita Williams Woolley
    Carnegie Mellon University, Tepper School of Business, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Science 330:686-8. 2010
    Psychologists have repeatedly shown that a single statistical factor--often called "general intelligence"--emerges from the correlations among people's performance on a wide variety of cognitive tasks...
  64. ncbi Childhood IQ and cardiovascular disease in adulthood: prospective observational study linking the Scottish Mental Survey 1932 and the Midspan studies
    C L Hart
    Public Health and Health Policy, Division of Community Based Sciences, University of Glasgow, 1 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    Soc Sci Med 59:2131-8. 2004
    ..Adjustment for risk factors attenuated the childhood IQ-CVD relationship by a small amount before age 65. Childhood IQ was associated with CVD risk factors and events and can be considered an important new risk factor...
  65. ncbi Genetic influences on brain structure
    P M Thompson
    Laboratory of Neuro Imaging and Brain Mapping Division, Department of Neurology, UCLA School of Medicine, 710 Westwood Plaza, Los Angeles, California 90095 1769, USA
    Nat Neurosci 4:1253-8. 2001
    ..05). These genetic brain maps reveal how genes determine individual differences, and may shed light on the heritability of cognitive and linguistic skills, as well as genetic liability for diseases that affect the human cortex...
  66. ncbi Individual differences in delay discounting: relation to intelligence, working memory, and anterior prefrontal cortex
    Noah A Shamosh
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
    Psychol Sci 19:904-11. 2008
    Lower delay discounting (better self-control) is linked to higher intelligence, but the basis of this relation is uncertain...
  67. ncbi The level and nature of autistic intelligence
    Michelle Dawson
    Pervasive Developmental Disorders Specialized Clinic, Hôpital Rivière des Prairies, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Psychol Sci 18:657-62. 2007
    ..are frequently interpreted as low-level by-products of high-level deficits, not as direct manifestations of intelligence. Recent attempts to identify the neuroanatomical and neurofunctional signature of autism have been positioned ..
  68. ncbi Convergent, discriminant, and incremental validity of competing measures of emotional intelligence
    Marc A Brackett
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 29:1147-58. 2003
    This study investigated the convergent, discriminant, and incremental validity of one ability test of emotional intelligence (EI)--the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso-Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT)--and two self-report measures of EI--the ..
  69. pmc Psychiatric and psychosocial problems in adults with normal-intelligence autism spectrum disorders
    Björn Hofvander
    Forensic Psychiatry, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
    BMC Psychiatry 9:35. 2009
    ..The objective of this paper is to describe the clinical psychiatric presentation and important outcome measures of a large group of normal-intelligence adult patients with ASDs.
  70. ncbi Intelligence and neural efficiency
    Aljoscha C Neubauer
    Institute of Psychology, University of Graz, Austria
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 33:1004-23. 2009
    We review research on the neural efficiency hypothesis of intelligence, stating that brighter individuals display lower (more efficient) brain activation while performing cognitive tasks [Haier, R.J., Siegel, B.V., Nuechterlein, K.H...
  71. pmc An integrative architecture for general intelligence and executive function revealed by lesion mapping
    Aron K Barbey
    Decision Neuroscience Laboratory, University of Illinois, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Brain 135:1154-64. 2012
    ..executive control, the broader functional networks that support high-level cognition and give rise to general intelligence remain to be well characterized...
  72. pmc A quantitative meta-analysis of population-based studies of premorbid intelligence and schizophrenia
    Golam M Khandaker
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    Schizophr Res 132:220-7. 2011
    ....
  73. pmc Enhanced visual processing contributes to matrix reasoning in autism
    Isabelle Soulieres
    Neural Systems Group, Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Hum Brain Mapp 30:4082-107. 2009
    ..more proficiently on Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices (RSPM) than would be predicted by their Wechsler intelligence scores...
  74. pmc The evolution of primate general and cultural intelligence
    Simon M Reader
    Department of Biology and Helmholtz Institute, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 366:1017-27. 2011
    There are consistent individual differences in human intelligence, attributable to a single 'general intelligence' factor, g. The evolutionary basis of g and its links to social learning and culture remain controversial...
  75. pmc Quantity, not quality: the relationship between fluid intelligence and working memory capacity
    Keisuke Fukuda
    University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 17:673-9. 2010
    A key motivation for understanding capacity in working memory (WM) is its relationship with fluid intelligence. Recent evidence has suggested a two-factor model that distinguishes between the number of representations that can be ..
  76. ncbi Cognitive mechanisms, specificity and neural underpinnings of visuospatial peaks in autism
    M J Caron
    Clinique spécialisée de l autisme, Hôpital Rivière des Prairies Montréal, Canada
    Brain 129:1789-802. 2006
    ..In contrast, superior or typical performance of autistics in tasks requiring global processing is inconsistent with the global-deficit-driven Weak Central Coherence hypothesis and its neurobiological magnocellular deficit counterpart...
  77. ncbi Intelligence and the frontal lobe: the organization of goal-directed behavior
    J Duncan
    MRC Applied Psychology Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Cogn Psychol 30:257-303. 1996
    Basic to the study of individual differences is the concept of 'general intelligence' or Spearman's g. In this article we suggest that g is largely a reflection of the control functions of the frontal lobe...
  78. ncbi Estimation of premorbid IQ in individuals with Alzheimer's disease using Japanese ideographic script (Kanji) compound words: Japanese version of National Adult Reading Test
    Keiko Matsuoka
    Cognitive Rehabilitation TERAKOYA, Tokyo, Japan
    Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 60:332-9. 2006
    ..Reading performance based on JART and IQ as measured by the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R) was examined in a sample of 100 normal elderly (NE) persons and in 70 age-, sex-, and ..
  79. ncbi Co-exposure to environmental lead and manganese affects the intelligence of school-aged children
    Yeni Kim
    Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry and Institute of Human Behavioral Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 28 YeonGun Dong, Chongno Gu, Seoul, 110 744, Republic of Korea
    Neurotoxicology 30:564-71. 2009
    ..However, little is known about the potential association between environmental levels of Pb and Mn on intelligence of children...
  80. pmc The ATXN1 and TRIM31 genes are related to intelligence in an ADHD background: evidence from a large collaborative study totaling 4,963 subjects
    Thais S Rizzi
    Department of Functional Genomics, CNCR, Neuroscience Campus Amsterdam, VU University and VU Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 156:145-57. 2011
    b>Intelligence is a highly heritable trait for which it has proven difficult to identify the actual genes...
  81. pmc Executive function and fluid intelligence after frontal lobe lesions
    Maria Roca
    Institute of Cognitive Neurology INECO, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Brain 133:234-47. 2010
    ..These deficits appear on a background of reduced fluid intelligence, best measured with tests of novel problem solving...
  82. ncbi The construct and criterion validity of emotional intelligence and its potential utility for management studies
    Kenneth S Law
    Department of Management of Organizations, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong
    J Appl Psychol 89:483-96. 2004
    In this study, the authors reviewed the definition of emotional intelligence (EI) and argued that El is conceptually distinct from personality...
  83. ncbi The effect of alcohol binge drinking in early pregnancy on general intelligence in children
    U S Kesmodel
    Department of Public Health, Section of Epidemiology, Aarhus University, Denmark
    BJOG 119:1222-31. 2012
    To examine the effects of binge alcohol consumption during early pregnancy, including the number of binge episodes and the timing of binge drinking, on general intelligence in 5-year-old children.
  84. pmc Randomised trial of early diet in preterm babies and later intelligence quotient
    A Lucas
    Medical Research Council Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    BMJ 317:1481-7. 1998
    ..To determine whether perinatal nutrition influences cognitive function at 7 1/2 - 8 years in children born preterm...
  85. pmc The influence of childhood IQ and education on social mobility in the Newcastle Thousand Families birth cohort
    Lynne F Forrest
    Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Sir James Spence Institute, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 4LP, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:895. 2011
    ..This study examined the association of such factors with intra-generational and inter-generational social mobility within the Newcastle Thousand Families 1947 birth cohort...
  86. ncbi Changes in medical students' emotional intelligence: an exploratory study
    Terry D Stratton
    Office of the Dean, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, Kentucky 40536 0298, USA
    Teach Learn Med 20:279-84. 2008
    The ability to recognize and adapt to affective states in one's self and others, emotional intelligence is thought to connote effective, compassionate doctor-patient communication...
  87. ncbi An integrated perspective on the relation between response speed and intelligence
    Don van Ravenzwaaij
    Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Cognition 119:381-93. 2011
    ..include right-skewed response time (RT) distributions, the worst performance rule, correlations with general intelligence (g) that are more pronounced for RT standard deviations (RTSD) than they are for RT means (RTm), an almost ..
  88. ncbi Emotional intelligence, not music training, predicts recognition of emotional speech prosody
    Christopher G Trimmer
    Department of Psychology, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Emotion 8:838-49. 2008
    ..an extended questionnaire about music education and activities, and a battery of tests to assess emotional intelligence, musical perception and memory, and fluid intelligence...
  89. pmc Rare copy number deletions predict individual variation in intelligence
    Ronald A Yeo
    Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e16339. 2011
    ..copy number variations (CNVs), and the total number of base pairs included in such deletions, for psychometric intelligence. Genetic data was collected using the Illumina 1MDuoBeadChip Array from a sample of 202 adult individuals with ..
  90. ncbi Fluoride and children's intelligence: a meta-analysis
    Qin Qing Tang
    Department of Pathology, Nanjing University School of Medicine, Nanjing Jinling Hospital, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210002, People s Republic of China
    Biol Trace Elem Res 126:115-20. 2008
    ..concerning fluoride that was carried out to investigate whether fluoride exposure increases the risk of low intelligence quotient (IQ) in China over the past 20 years...
  91. ncbi Decreased level of psychobiological factor novelty seeking and lower intelligence in men latently infected with the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii Dopamine, a missing link between schizophrenia and toxoplasmosis?
    Jaroslav Flegr
    Department of Parasitology, Charles University, Vinicna 7, 128 44, Prague, Czech Republic
    Biol Psychol 63:253-68. 2003
    ..003) and lower probability of achieving a higher education (P(2)<0.0000). Decrease of NS suggests that the increase of dopamine in brain of infected subjects can represent a missing link between toxoplasmosis and schizophrenia...
  92. pmc Maternal smoking during pregnancy and intellectual performance in young adult Swedish male offspring
    Frida Lundberg
    Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, SE 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 24:79-87. 2010
    ..Thus, the association between prenatal smoking exposure and offspring risk of low intellectual performance appears to be completely confounded by familial (genetic and early environmental) factors...
  93. pmc Human intelligence and polymorphisms in the DNA methyltransferase genes involved in epigenetic marking
    Paul Haggarty
    Nutrition and Epigenetics Group, Rowett Institute of Nutrition and Health, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 5:e11329. 2010
    ..impairment but little is known about the role of epigenetics in determining the normal variation in human intelligence. We measured polymorphisms in four DNA methyltransferases (DNMT1, DNMT3A, DNMT3B and DNMT3L) involved in ..
  94. pmc The association of early IQ and education with mortality: 65 year longitudinal study in Malmö, Sweden
    A Lager
    Centre for Health Equity Studies CHESS, Stockholm University Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    BMJ 339:b5282. 2009
    ..To establish whether differences in early IQ explain why people with longer education live longer, or whether differences in father's or own educational attainment explain why people with higher early IQ live longer...
  95. ncbi Cognitive and behavioural outcomes following very preterm birth
    Samantha Johnson
    Academic Division of Child Health, E Floor, East Block, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK
    Semin Fetal Neonatal Med 12:363-73. 2007
    ..Case-controlled studies have shown that very preterm children have intelligence quotient (IQ) scores significantly lower than term peers, even for those who are free of severe disability...
  96. ncbi Working memory, attention control, and the N-back task: a question of construct validity
    Michael J Kane
    Department of PsychologyUniversity of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC 27402 6170, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 33:615-22. 2007
    ..Participants also completed a verbal WM span task (operation span task) and a marker test of general fluid intelligence (Gf; Ravens Advanced Progressive Matrices Test; J. C. Raven, J. E. Raven, & J. H. Court, 1998)...
  97. ncbi Cognitive reserve and Alzheimer disease
    Yaakov Stern
    Cognitive Neuroscience Division of the Taub Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord 20:112-7. 2006
    ..There is also the possibility that directly enhancing CR may help forestall the diagnosis of AD...
  98. ncbi Association study of a brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) Val66Met polymorphism and personality trait and intelligence in healthy young females
    Shih Jen Tsai
    Department of Psychiatry, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
    Neuropsychobiology 49:13-6. 2004
    ..We tested the associations between functional BDNF Val66Met genetic variants, and personality trait and intelligence in a cohort of 114 healthy young Chinese females...
  99. ncbi Intelligence related upper alpha desynchronization in a semantic memory task
    M Doppelmayr
    Department of Physiological Psychology, Institute of Psychology, University of Salzburg, Hellbrunnerstr 34, A 5020 Salzburg, Austria
    Brain Res Bull 66:171-7. 2005
    ....
  100. ncbi Functional MRI evidence for disparate developmental processes underlying intelligence in boys and girls
    Vincent J Schmithorst
    Imaging Research Center, Children s Hospital Research Foundation, Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    Neuroimage 31:1366-79. 2006
    Previous research has shown evidence for sex differences in the neuroanatomical bases for intelligence in adults...
  101. pmc COMT val158met genotype affects recruitment of neural mechanisms supporting fluid intelligence
    Sonia J Bishop
    Behavioural and Clinical Neuroscience Institute, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EB, UK
    Cereb Cortex 18:2132-40. 2008
    Fluid intelligence (g(f)) influences performance across many cognitive domains. It is affected by both genetic and environmental factors...

Research Grants78

  1. Mechanisms of Heme Transport in Macrophages
    CARINE CARINE WHITE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Perinatal iron deficiency negatively impacts intelligence and cognition in children. Heme is the most bioavailable form of iron for human consumption...
  2. Early social stress, novelty seeking, and impulsive behavior
    David M Lyons; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Greater preferences for novelty during infancy predict higher scores on tests of intelligence, language, memory, and speed of information processing in children and young adults...
  3. Metal Exposure and Children?s Preschool Neurodevelopment
    David C Bellinger; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The neurodevelopmental assessment will include tests of intelligence, memory, visual- motor/spatial abilities, executive functions, and behavior...
  4. DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM TO GUIDE PEDIATRIC PHARMACOTHERAPY
    JEFFREY SCOTT BARRETT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This guidance will have the opportunity to grow (artificial intelligence) as patient diversity expands the historical experience (population priors) with an agent or combination of ..
  5. Novel epigenetic mechanisms in neuronal development and cognitive function
    Jun Xu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Mental retardation (MR) is a pathological condition diagnosed by a low intelligence quotient (IQ<70)...
  6. A Miniaturized GC with MEMS-Enabled Selective Preconcentration for Monitoring Exp
    Masoud Agah; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..has been linked to a variety of health effects, such as cancer, asthma, autism, reduced fertility, and lower intelligence. Development of effective strategies for reducing occupational exposure to HAPs requires accurate, time-..
  7. Development of Medial Temporal Lobe Function
    JOCELYNE H BACHEVALIER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..severe disabilities in the realms of perception, memory, language thinking, experience of emotions and social intelligence that span the entire life...
  8. Three-dimensional visualization, interactive analysis and contextual mapping of s
    PIERRE E GOOVAERTS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This visualization module will be integrated into TerraSeer Space-Time Intelligence System" (STIS"), providing a comprehensive suite of tools for quantifying nested scales of spatial variation ..
  9. Sleep Disruption and Mild Cognitive Impairment in Veterans
    CYNTHIA HOLDEN PHELAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., a subject's intelligence, attention, and/or motivation)...
  10. Discovery of the 6p21.3 Reading Disability Gene
    Jeffrey R Gruen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..disability (RD) is characterized by unexpected reading difficulty in children and adults who otherwise have the intelligence and instructional opportunity necessary for accurate and fluent reading...
  11. Birth Outcomes Among Adolescents
    EMILY WHEELER HARVILLE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Our specific aims are: 1) To examine how individual resources (self-esteem, intelligence, mental health, self- efficacy) affect birth weight and gestational age in adolescent girls;2) To examine how ..
  12. Fetal Exposure to Environmental Toxicants and Child Outcome
    ENRIQUE MAPUA OSTREA; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We have tested these infants up to 2 years of age using the Fagan Test of Infant Intelligence and Griffiths'Mental Development Scales...
  13. Early-life phthalate exposure, thyroid function and child cognitive development
    ROBIN MARJORIE WHYATT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..function, including in domains that might be associated with phthalate-induced reductions in thyroid function (intelligence, attention, executive function and motor skills)...
  14. MRI and Neuropsychological Findings in Schizophrenia, ADHD and Healthy Controls
    MARTHA ELIZABETH SHENTON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Weschler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, Trailmaking Test A and B, Continuous Performance Test, and Weschler ..
  15. Image analysis for high-throughput C. elegans infection and metabolism assays
    CAROLINA EWA ASA WAHLBY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..in model-based segmentation and statistical image analysis at MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, and with Anne Carpenter, developer of open-source image analysis software at the Broad Institute...
  16. Open-Source Informatics Used to Improve Outcomes in Pediatric Liver Transplants
    STEVEN PETER BUCUVALAS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We propose to do so via an innovative blend of social computing, collective intelligence, and semantic web with the goal of providing an initial indication using a pre-prototype version that such a ..
  17. Health, Wealth, and Wellbeing over the Life Course and Across Generations
    Vicki A Freedman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., personality, intelligence), with an experiment to identify (and allow researchers to adjust for if necessary) mode effects...
  18. Cognitive and Emotional Sources of Wisdom in Decision Making Across the Lifespan
    Eric J Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..evidence suggests that emotional regulation, reasoning about interpersonal conflicts, and crystallized intelligence all improve with advanced age...
  19. Cerebral Blood Flow in Single Ventricle and Normal Children Utilizing MRI
    Mark A Fogel; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..data from our lab as well as in the published literature suggests that the amount of CBF is related to intelligence. There are reasons to believe that CBF in single ventricle patients is different from normal children and ..
  20. Research Training in Intellectual Disabilities
    John G Borkowski; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..in general-experimental psychology;(2) to develop selected specializations in the areas of cognition, intelligence, and social-familial processes as they apply to high risk infants and children as well as to individuals with ..
  21. Outcomes in Children with Developmental Delay and Deafness: a Randomized Trial
    John S Oghalai; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A cochlear implant can improve auditory thresholds and word recognition ability, but because of the lower intelligence of patients with mental retardation, this value of this additional information is questionable...
  22. Healing Without Harm: A Multi-site Demonstration
    Ann Hendrich; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The centerpiece here is the Ministry Intelligence Center (MIC), which is an IT infrastructure that delivers Business Intelligence capabilities...
  23. The Intra-household Distribution of Food and Health Resources amongst Children
    Achyuta Adhvaryu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..One third of the global population has IDD. Low in utero exposure to iodine leads to reduced intelligence quotients, and in severe cases can lead to miscarriage, stillbirth, preterm delivery and growth, hearing and ..
  24. Multi-source clinical Question Answering system
    Guergana Savova; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Develop artificial intelligence and information retrieval approaches that allow a clinician or researcher confronting complex patient problems ..
  25. Perinatal Nicotine and Auditory Evoked Potentials in Early Infancy
    Karen M Grewen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..is linked to defects in auditory and visual sensory processing, behavior, memory, language, and generalized intelligence. Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), in utero and early life is also related to neurocognitive ..
  26. Prenatal pyrethroid exposure and child mental, motor and behavioral development
    ROBIN MARJORIE WHYATT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Cognitive development will be assessed using the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-3rd edition;motor development using the Bruininks-OseretskyTest of Motor Proficiency, 2nd edition;and executive ..
  27. A Measurement-to-Management Tool to Improve Dementia Care
    TONY XUYEN MA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..data collection, data management, and information-generation implemented on the iPod Touch device and business intelligence platform...
  28. Neurobehavioral and Neuroimaging Effects of Traffic Exposure in Children
    Patrick H Ryan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..with altered neurobehavior including deficits in cognition, attention, memory, executive function, global intelligence, neuromotor function, behavioral regulation, and altered brain anatomy and physiology...
  29. Risk &Protection in Trajectories of Preterm Infants: Birth to Adulthood
    Mary C Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of prematurity and risk and protective processes on adult outcomes of health, functional performance, emotional intelligence, executive function, and work competence at age 23;(2) Determine the developmental trajectories for growth, ..
  30. An Interactive Video Game for HIV Prevention in At-Risk Adolescents
    LYNN ELIZABETH FIELLIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..social cognitive theory and self-efficacy, prospect theory and message framing, software and artificial intelligence development, and commercial game design...
  31. Genetics of Normal Human Variation: Implications for Disease
    ELIZABETH TRILBY CIRULLI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The characterization of such non-disease phenotypes is the primary motivation of our work. A prime example is intelligence: it is arguably the most interesting human trait, yet no genetic variants have yet been identified that ..
  32. Rivastigmine Patch in Veterans with Cognitive Impairment Following TBI
    Olga Brawman-Mintzer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..index (Trials 1-3) of the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised (HVLT-R) that is at least 25% lower than the intelligence-adjusted expected score, as assessed by the WAIS-IV Information and Vocabulary subtests...
  33. GLYCEMIC CONTROL, BRAIN STRUCTURE AND COGNITION IN YOUTH WITH T1DM
    TAMARA G HERSHEY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..in these same youth was associated with reduced volume in medial occipital-parietal cortex and lower verbal intelligence. These results are consistent with growing evidence that exposure to glycemic extremes has permanent ..
  34. Speech Therapy Robot (STR) to assist in the administration of evidence based spee
    Garima Srivastava; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..STR will use biologically plausible artificial intelligence models to prototype a system that is affordable, easy to use, portable and extensible to work with any number ..
  35. A computer model to improve breast cancer diagnosis
    Elizabeth S Burnside; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..a career development plan that consists of 1) acquisition of advanced research competencies in artificial intelligence, machine learning algorithms, probability theory, Bayesian reasoning, research ethics, and clinical trial ..
  36. Teacher-Child Interaction Training: A Classroom-Based Preschool Intervention
    Christopher Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., Broidy et al., 2003). Although researchers have long considered intelligence to be a key predictor of school performance, recent evidence suggests that social, emotional, and behavioral ..
  37. Optimal neural and behavioral markers for learning to learn during infancy
    Rachel Wu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..findings will benefit researchers within the larger community of developmental science, as well as artificial intelligence, perceptual learning, education, animal learning, machine learning, and evolutionary psychology...
  38. DEVELOPMENT OF NEURONS
    NICHOLAS CANADAY SPITZER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Our perceptions, behaviors, emotions, memories and intelligence depend on the appropriate synthesis and release of specific neurotransmitters in the brain...
  39. Scalable Software for Reverse Engineering Neural Circuits from Histology
    CHRISTOPHER CHARLES LAW; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..each brain is called its connectome, and understanding how it works and enables cognition, consciousness, or intelligence is one of the most fundamental questions in science...
  40. The Economics and Psychology of Self-Control
    Angela L Duckworth; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It is well-established that cognitive ability (i.e., intelligence) is a powerful determinant of mortality, years of schooling, savings behavior, criminal behavior, employment, ..
  41. Extending Response Modulation to Children with Callous/Unemotional Traits
    SARAH HAAS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..less impairment than those with CP-only in other areas of functioning including social cognition and verbal intelligence. In addition, children with CP/CU exhibit impairments unique to their condition (that are not related to CP-..
  42. Automated Integration of Biomedical Knowledge
    Gil Alterovitz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..brings together a unique group of competences, ranging from ontology engineering, statistics, artificial intelligence, bioinformatics, cancer research, and clinical pharmacogenomics, to develop a principled method, grounded on ..
  43. Musculoskeletal Diagnoses Cohort: Examining Pain and Pain Care in the VA
    Robert D Kerns; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Of particular importance is the opportunity for this project to play a key role in the development of pain management performance measures for VHA through our collaboration with the Office of Analytics and Business Intelligence.
  44. Mechanisms of Mathematics Deficits in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
    NICOLE ASHLEY CROCKER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..is associated with a broad range of neuropsychological and behavioral impairments, from diminished general intelligence to subtle attention and motor deficits...
  45. Shape Up Preschoolers Geometric Sense Predicts Future Mathematics Achievement
    Roberta Michnick Golinkoff; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..session, the children will be given a suite of validation assessments spanning mathematical ability, general intelligence, and visual-spatial ability...
  46. Prenatal and Childhood Exposure to Fluoride and Neurodevelopment
    Howard Hu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..4 years (McCarthy Scales of Children's Abilities) and 7-14 years (Wechsler Abbreviated Scales of Intelligence)...
  47. Exploring Persuasiveness of Non Cigarette Tobacco Product (NCTP) Advertising on Y
    Smita Banerjee; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Utilizing a proprietary web-based database, Stradegy, compiled by Kantar Media Intelligence,13 the data for content analysis will be made available to the research team in a short amount of time...
  48. Predictive Structure-Based Models of Malaria Resistance
    David Hecht; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..amino acid replacements will be generated using tools and techniques taken from the field of computational intelligence and machine learning that include HMMs and ANNs...
  49. Developmental Teratogenesis of Methylmercury in Hippocampal stem cells
    Maryann Obiorah; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Studies of children from populations that eat a lot of fish suggest that some may have problems with intelligence, language and learning and memory...
  50. Advanced Computational Framework for Decision Support in Critically Ill Children
    Randall C Wetzel; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Abstract: Artificial Intelligence (AI) and advanced computational techniques, applied to complex, multidimensional, streaming, clinical data (..
  51. ISMB 2012 Conference Support for Students &Young Scientists
    THERESA GAASTERLAND; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of future discoveries, but is distinguished from many other events in computational biology or artificial intelligence by an insistence that the researchers work with real molecular biology data, not theoretical or toy examples...
  52. ROC Studies of Visual Working Memory
    Weiwei Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..g., language comprehension and general intelligence), but also suffers severe impairment in many psychiatric (e.g., schizophrenia) and neurological (e.g...
  53. NEUROIMAGING OF CONNECTIVITY IN ALCOHOLISM
    EDITH VIONI SULLIVAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..will examine the role of age, sex, family history of alcoholism, length of sobriety, smoking, education, intelligence, and impulsivity in adaptation to alcoholism-induced brain connectivity disruption...
  54. Passive Activity Monitoring with Patient Identification and Gesture Detection
    JAMES L WOLF; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..By applying the latest monitoring and artificial intelligence technologies, the outcomes of this research would enable the Ingenium Care system to improve the quality of ..
  55. DHA Supplementation and Pregnancy Outcome
    JOHN A COLOMBO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..self-regulation skills related to behavioral problems, school performance, and child psychopathology), and (d) intelligence. The proposed assessments will allow us to determine whether prenatal nutritional supplementation with DHA ..
  56. USE OF NATURAL LANGUAGE PROCESSING TO IDENTIFY LINGUISTIC MARKERS OF COPING
    Jason E Owen; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..others and has significance for the fields of medicine, psychology, computational linguistics, and artificial intelligence. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Identifying specific emotional, cognitive, and behavioral factors that contribute to ..
  57. The Genetics of Specific Language Impairment
    JAMES TOMBLIN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..SLI) who have poor language development despite normal linguistic experience, sensory abilities, and nonverbal intelligence. Individuals with SLI provide an excellent means of identifying quantitative trait genetic loci that are likely ..
  58. RESPIRATORY DISEASES/BSI STUDY
    Shahin Lockman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Diseases fellowship at Massachusetts General/Brigham and Women's Hospitals in Boston and a two-year Epidemic Intelligence Service program at the Centers for Disease Control Division of Tuberculosis (TB) Elimination...
  59. Morphosyntactic Abilities of SLI Probands
    Mabel L Rice; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..among grammatical markers, vocabulary, omnibus language test, verbal memory, reading and nonverbal intelligence measures in children with SLI and controls and how the relationships change over time...
  60. The Brain Morphology of Children with Cleft Lip and/or Palate
    MADELEINE BLAIR CHOLLET; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..rapid verbal labeling) to determine whether this dysmorphology is associated with poorer performance on intelligence, language, and memory tests and an increased risk for reading disabilities...
  61. Enhancing Ugandan HIV-Affected Child Development with Caregiver Training
    MICHAEL JOSEPH BOIVIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..biweekly for a year showed significantly greater gains on the Mullen Early Learning Scales Composite of g fluid intelligence, when compared to children whose caregivers received a standard health/nutrition education intervention (..
  62. Optimizing Peripheral Nerve Regeneration using Computational Intelligence based T
    Xiaojun Yu; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..In this proposal, swarm intelligence (SI) based evolving ANNs technique is proposed to tackle this challenge...
  63. Emotion Management Training: An Innovative Stress Reduction Program
    AMELIA J BIRNEY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In addition, Emotion Intelligence (EI) research offers five constructs (i.e...
  64. DIARRHEAL DISEASE STUDY
    Roger Shapiro; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..General Hospital/Brigham and Women's Hospital program in Boston, and has completed the two year Epidemic Intelligence Service training program at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)...
  65. TESTING A DECISION AID FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF INJURIES
    John Clarke; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The objective is to rigorously evaluate a recently developed artificial intelligence decision aid to improve the initial definitive management of patients with injuries, specifically to evaluate ..
  66. Molecular Diagnosis of Dyslexia
    Seiyu Hosono; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The most prominent feature is difficulty learning to read despite adequate opportunity, instruction, and intelligence. Yet frequently RD goes unrecognized - even by good teachers - leading to poor school performance and in many ..
  67. Aging, Social Interdependence and Wisdom in the U.S. and Japan
    Richard E Nisbett; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will measure health, socioeconomic status, crystallized intelligence and fluid intelligence. These measures will be used to gauge comparability of samples in the U.S...
  68. TRAINING GRANT IN MOLECULAR BIOPHYSICS
    WILMA OLSON; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Levy, Gerald S. Manning, Wilma K. Olson), artificial intelligence (Casimir A. Kulikowski, Martin Farach), continuum mechanics (Bernard D...
  69. Cellular Learning and information Outside of the Brain
    Michael Levin; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..protozoa, and the occasional hydrocephalic patient with <30% of the cortex of a chimpanzee but above-normal intelligence) suggest that we have much to learn about the substratum of memories and the mechanisms by which information is ..
  70. JOB COMPLEXITY AND COGNITION IN OLDER TWIN PAIRS
    Guy Potter; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Complex work may be one activity that has a salutary effect on late-life cognitive function, but factors like intelligence, educational level, and early environmental exposures are potential confounds to this association...
  71. IDENTIFICATION OF ESTROUS PHEROMONE(S)
    L Rasmussen; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The model system is the Asian elephant, Elephas maximus, a mammal of high intelligence with a well-developed, sophisticated social system...
  72. Effects of Lead on Cortical Development and Plasticity
    MARY A WILSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Childhood exposure to low-level lead can permanently reduce intelligence, but the neurobiologic mechanism for this effect is unknown...
  73. Do attributional feedback and self-concept influence child prosocial behavior in
    Julie C Dunsmore; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g., child's success is due to intelligence) and process-focused feedback (e.g...
  74. Cognitive Derminants of Mild Mental Retardation
    Dasen Luo; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Recent Studies of intelligence indicate a dominant role of basic information processing, such as that involved in tasks measuring processing speed, working memory, and certain long-term memory processes, in human intelligence...
  75. Intelligent Mobil Antiretroviral Adherence Coach
    Cheryl Gore Felton; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..physiological model can be understood and the guidance can be adapted through behavioral and life style intelligence. The IMAAC offers a convenient and sophisticated method for individuals to access empirically validated methods ..
  76. KNOWLEDGE STRUCTURES AND ADULT INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT
    PHILLIP ACKERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..traits, within an integrated framework for adult intellectual development, called PPIK for intelligence-as-Process, Personality, Interests, and intelligence-as-Knowledge...
  77. Automated (AI) Analysis of Sleep Disordered Breathing
    Indu Ayappa; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..the research program and expose her to aspects of clinical research in sleep, neural science and artificial intelligence techniques. She will be mentored by David Rapoport, M.D., Joyce Walsleben, Ph.D., and Maurice Ohayon, M.D., Ph...
  78. Social and emotional skills training with young children
    MELISSA DEROSIER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Interventions that directly address emotional intelligence (El) competencies have been found to enhance children's social skills and emotional adjustment...