individuality

Summary

Summary: Those psychological characteristics which differentiate individuals from one another.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi A controlled-attention view of working-memory capacity
    M J Kane
    Department of Psychology, Georgia State University, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 130:169-83. 2001
  2. ncbi The separability of working memory resources for spatial thinking and language processing: an individual differences approach
    P Shah
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 125:4-27. 1996
  3. ncbi Emergence of individuality in genetically identical mice
    Julia Freund
    CRTD DFG Research Center for Regenerative Therapies Dresden, Technische Universitat Dresden, Dresden, Germany
    Science 340:756-9. 2013
  4. pmc The effect of induced anxiety on cognition: threat of shock enhances aversive processing in healthy individuals
    Oliver J Robinson
    Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, NIMH, 15K North Drive, MSC 2670, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 11:217-27. 2011
  5. ncbi Who shalt not kill? Individual differences in working memory capacity, executive control, and moral judgment
    Adam B Moore
    Department of Psychology, Green Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08550, USA
    Psychol Sci 19:549-57. 2008
  6. ncbi Intraindividual variability in reaction time predicts cognitive outcomes 5 years later
    Allison A M Bielak
    Ageing Research Unit, Centre for Mental Health Research, Building 63, Eggleston Road, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200, Australia
    Neuropsychology 24:731-41. 2010
  7. pmc Task-switching costs promote the evolution of division of labor and shifts in individuality
    Heather J Goldsby
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:13686-91. 2012
  8. pmc Do different types of school mathematics development depend on different constellations of numerical versus general cognitive abilities?
    Lynn S Fuchs
    Department of Special Education, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Dev Psychol 46:1731-46. 2010
  9. ncbi Becoming consistent: developmental reductions in intraindividual variability in reaction time are related to white matter integrity
    Christian K Tamnes
    Center for the Study of Human Cognition, Department of Psychology, University of Oslo, 0317 Oslo, Norway
    J Neurosci 32:972-82. 2012
  10. ncbi Intraindividual variability is related to cognitive change in older adults: evidence for within-person coupling
    Allison A M Bielak
    Department of Psychology, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
    Psychol Aging 25:575-86. 2010

Detail Information

Publications272 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi A controlled-attention view of working-memory capacity
    M J Kane
    Department of Psychology, Georgia State University, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 130:169-83. 2001
    ..In both experiments, low-span participants performed poorly when task switching from antisaccade to prosaccade blocks. The findings support a controlled-attention view of WM capacity...
  2. ncbi The separability of working memory resources for spatial thinking and language processing: an individual differences approach
    P Shah
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 125:4-27. 1996
    ....
  3. ncbi Emergence of individuality in genetically identical mice
    Julia Freund
    CRTD DFG Research Center for Regenerative Therapies Dresden, Technische Universitat Dresden, Dresden, Germany
    Science 340:756-9. 2013
    Brain plasticity as a neurobiological reflection of individuality is difficult to capture in animal models...
  4. pmc The effect of induced anxiety on cognition: threat of shock enhances aversive processing in healthy individuals
    Oliver J Robinson
    Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, NIMH, 15K North Drive, MSC 2670, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 11:217-27. 2011
    ....
  5. ncbi Who shalt not kill? Individual differences in working memory capacity, executive control, and moral judgment
    Adam B Moore
    Department of Psychology, Green Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08550, USA
    Psychol Sci 19:549-57. 2008
    ..We also report interactions between manipulated variables that implicate complex emotion-cognition integration processes not captured by current dual-process views of moral judgment...
  6. ncbi Intraindividual variability in reaction time predicts cognitive outcomes 5 years later
    Allison A M Bielak
    Ageing Research Unit, Centre for Mental Health Research, Building 63, Eggleston Road, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200, Australia
    Neuropsychology 24:731-41. 2010
    ..e., cognitive impairment, no dementia [CIND] classification) and attrition 5 years later...
  7. pmc Task-switching costs promote the evolution of division of labor and shifts in individuality
    Heather J Goldsby
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:13686-91. 2012
    ....
  8. pmc Do different types of school mathematics development depend on different constellations of numerical versus general cognitive abilities?
    Lynn S Fuchs
    Department of Special Education, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Dev Psychol 46:1731-46. 2010
    ..Language, attentive behavior, nonverbal problem solving, and listening span were uniquely predictive...
  9. ncbi Becoming consistent: developmental reductions in intraindividual variability in reaction time are related to white matter integrity
    Christian K Tamnes
    Center for the Study of Human Cognition, Department of Psychology, University of Oslo, 0317 Oslo, Norway
    J Neurosci 32:972-82. 2012
    ....
  10. ncbi Intraindividual variability is related to cognitive change in older adults: evidence for within-person coupling
    Allison A M Bielak
    Department of Psychology, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
    Psychol Aging 25:575-86. 2010
    ..Variability based on moderately and highly complex tasks provided the strongest prediction. These results suggest that intraindividual variability is highly sensitive to even subtle changes in cognitive ability...
  11. ncbi Supertaskers: Profiles in extraordinary multitasking ability
    Jason M Watson
    Department of Psychology, University of Utah, 380 S 1530 E Rm 502, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 17:479-85. 2010
    ..These individual differences help to sharpen our theoretical understanding of attention and cognitive control in naturalistic settings...
  12. ncbi Social group size predicts the evolution of individuality
    Kimberly A Pollard
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Curr Biol 21:413-7. 2011
    ..individually discriminated is more difficult in larger groups, and large group size may select for increased individuality-signature information-in social signals, to facilitate discrimination...
  13. ncbi An integrated perspective on the relation between response speed and intelligence
    Don van Ravenzwaaij
    Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Cognition 119:381-93. 2011
    ..Our approach provides an integrative perspective on intelligence findings...
  14. ncbi Acoustic features of male baboon loud calls: influences of context, age, and individuality
    Julia Fischer
    Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 111:1465-74. 2002
    ..The finding that calls serving markedly different functions constitute variants of the same general call type suggests that the vocal production in nonhuman primates is evolutionarily constrained...
  15. ncbi Individual differences in perceiving and recognizing faces-One element of social cognition
    Oliver Wilhelm
    Department of Education, Humboldt University Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    J Pers Soc Psychol 99:530-48. 2010
    ..Together our results provide a first step toward establishing face-processing abilities as an independent ability reflecting elements of social intelligence...
  16. pmc A cocaine cue acts as an incentive stimulus in some but not others: implications for addiction
    Benjamin T Saunders
    Department of Psychology, Biopsychology Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 67:730-6. 2010
    ..We asked, therefore, whether rats that have a propensity to attribute incentive salience to a food cue are the same ones that attribute incentive value to a drug (cocaine) cue...
  17. ncbi Neural measures reveal individual differences in controlling access to working memory
    Edward K Vogel
    Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403 1227, USA
    Nature 438:500-3. 2005
    ..Indeed, this ancillary allocation of memory capacity to irrelevant objects may be a primary source of putative differences in overall storage capacity...
  18. ncbi Putative chemical signals about sex, individuality, and genetic background in the preputial gland and urine of the house mouse (Mus musculus)
    Jian Xu Zhang
    State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents in Agriculture, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 25 Beisihuanxi Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100080, China
    Chem Senses 32:293-303. 2007
    ..secretions and/or urine from the house mouse (Mus musculus) can be used for coding information about sex, individuality, and/or the genetic background of strain [ICR/albino, Kunming (KM), and C57BL/6], we compared the volatile ..
  19. pmc Individual differences in subconscious motor control predicted by GABA concentration in SMA
    Frederic Boy
    Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre, School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3AT, UK
    Curr Biol 20:1779-85. 2010
    ..These findings suggest that, across individuals, the responsiveness of subconscious motor mechanisms is related to GABA concentration in the SMA...
  20. ncbi Anger is an approach-related affect: evidence and implications
    Charles S Carver
    Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124 0751, USA
    Psychol Bull 135:183-204. 2009
    ..The evidence reviewed does not support that view. The evidence is, however, consistent with a discrete-emotions view (which does not rely on dimensionality) and with an alternative dimensional approach...
  21. ncbi Individual differences in white-matter microstructure reflect variation in functional connectivity during choice
    Erie Dell Boorman
    Centre for Functional MRI of the Brain, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 9DU, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 17:1426-31. 2007
    ..These findings demonstrate a relationship between individual differences in functional and structural connectivity within human brain networks central to action choice...
  22. ncbi Motivational influences on cognitive control: behavior, brain activation, and individual differences
    Hannah S Locke
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 8:99-112. 2008
    ..These results suggest that changes in motivational state may modulate performance through sustained activity in cognitive control regions and that the effect of incentives may be affected by the personalities of the participants...
  23. ncbi Rethinking individualism and collectivism: evaluation of theoretical assumptions and meta-analyses
    Daphna Oyserman
    Department of Psychology, School of Social Work, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48106 1248, USA
    Psychol Bull 128:3-72. 2002
    ..Moderate IND-COL effects were found on self-concept and relationality, and large effects were found on attribution and cognitive style...
  24. ncbi Individual capacity differences predict working memory performance and prefrontal activity following dopamine receptor stimulation
    Sasha E B Gibbs
    University of California, Berkeley, California, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 5:212-21. 2005
    ..Individual differences in PFC dopamine receptor concentration may thus underlie the behavioral effects of dopamine stimulation on working memory function...
  25. pmc Individual differences in the attribution of incentive salience to reward-related cues: Implications for addiction
    Shelly B Flagel
    Molecular and Behavioral Neuroscience Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Neuropharmacology 56:139-48. 2009
    ..It will be important, therefore, to study how environmental, neurobiological and genetic interactions determine the extent to which individuals attribute incentive value to reward-predictive stimuli...
  26. ncbi Cardiovascular reactivity and development of preclinical and clinical disease states
    Frank A Treiber
    Department of Pediatrics, Georgia Prevention Institute, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia 30912, USA
    Psychosom Med 65:46-62. 2003
    ....
  27. pmc On the capacity of attention: its estimation and its role in working memory and cognitive aptitudes
    Nelson Cowan
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, 18 McAlester Hall, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Cogn Psychol 51:42-100. 2005
    ..So does digit span in children too young to rehearse...
  28. pmc A food predictive cue must be attributed with incentive salience for it to induce c-fos mRNA expression in cortico-striatal-thalamic brain regions
    S B Flagel
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, AnnArbor, MI 48109, USA
    Neuroscience 196:80-96. 2011
    ..These data suggest that the predictive value of a reward cue is not sufficient to engage brain reward systems-the cue must also be attributed with incentive salience...
  29. ncbi The use of computerised 24 h dietary recalls in the French SU.VI.MAX Study: number of recalls required
    L I Mennen
    UMR INSERM unit 557 INRA unit 1125, Scientific and Technical Institute for Nutrition and Food, ISTNA CNAM, Paris, France
    Eur J Clin Nutr 56:659-65. 2002
    ..The objective of the present study was to estimate the number of recalls necessary for an accurate estimation of nutrient intake in French adults followed for 4 y...
  30. ncbi What causes auditory distraction?
    William J Macken
    School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales
    Psychon Bull Rev 16:139-44. 2009
    ..We argue that much auditory distraction, rather than being a negative function of working memory capacity, is in fact a positive function of the acuity of obligatory auditory processing...
  31. ncbi The devil you know: neuroticism predicts neural response to uncertainty
    Jacob B Hirsh
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Psychol Sci 19:962-7. 2008
    ..These results are discussed in terms of affective responses to uncertainty among neurotic individuals...
  32. ncbi Error-related ERP components and individual differences in punishment and reward sensitivity
    Maarten A S Boksem
    Experimental and Work Psychology, University of Groningen, Grote Kruisstraat 2 1, 9712 TS Groningen, The Netherlands
    Brain Res 1101:92-101. 2006
    ..Results are discussed in terms of individual differences in reward and punishment sensitivity that are reflected in error related ERP components...
  33. pmc Accurate identification of fear facial expressions predicts prosocial behavior
    Abigail A Marsh
    Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Emotion 7:239-51. 2007
    ..In Study 3, accuracy for recognizing fear proved a better predictor of prosocial behavior than gender, mood, or scores on an empathy scale...
  34. pmc The Influence of verbalization on the pattern of cortical activation during mental arithmetic
    Sabrina Zarnhofer
    Department of Psychology, University of Graz, Universitaetsplatz 2 III, 8010 Graz, Austria
    Behav Brain Funct 8:13. 2012
    ..That is, verbal for the left AG, and visual for the left and right IPS. We investigated, second, whether the activation in these areas implied in number processing depended on an individual's cognitive style...
  35. pmc Number sense across the lifespan as revealed by a massive Internet-based sample
    Justin Halberda
    Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:11116-20. 2012
    ....
  36. ncbi Face aftereffects predict individual differences in face recognition ability
    Hugh W Dennett
    Department of Psychology, Australian National University, Canberra ACT
    Psychol Sci 23:1279-87. 2012
    ..We conclude that face aftereffects can tap high-level face-space, and that face-space coding differs in quality between individuals and contributes to face recognition ability...
  37. ncbi Cognitive subprocesses of mental rotation: why is a good rotator better than a poor one?
    K Karadi
    University of Pecs, Hungary
    Percept Mot Skills 93:333-7. 2001
    ..The good rotators scored better because their perceptual decision-analytical intelligence (Raven) and focused attention scores were higher...
  38. ncbi Individuality in male songs of wild black crested gibbons (Nomascus concolor)
    Guo Zheng Sun
    State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yunnan, China
    Am J Primatol 73:431-8. 2011
    This is the first study of vocal individuality in male songs of black crested gibbons...
  39. ncbi Magnetic resonance imaging determinants of intraindividual variability in the elderly: combined analysis of grey and white matter
    G Moy
    Division of Mental Health and Psychiatry, University Hospitals of Geneva, Switzerland
    Neuroscience 186:88-93. 2011
    ..They also revealed that the association between WM and IIV could not be only attributed to the damage of frontal lobe circuits but concerned the majority of interhemispheric and intrahemispheric corticocortical connections...
  40. ncbi Measuring culture outside the head: a meta-analysis of individualism-collectivism in cultural products
    Beth Morling
    Department of Psychology, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Rev 12:199-221. 2008
    ..In addition to presenting this evidence, the authors highlight the importance of studying the dynamic relationships between sociocultural environments and psyches...
  41. ncbi Components of behavioural impulsivity and automatic cue approach predict unique variance in hazardous drinking
    Paul Christiansen
    School of Psychology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, L69 7ZA, UK
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 219:501-10. 2012
    ..Furthermore, emerging evidence suggests that the relationships between hazardous drinking and automatic alcohol cognitions may be moderated by individual differences in impulsivity...
  42. ncbi Event-related potential correlates of individual differences in working memory capacity
    H Nittono
    Department of General Psychology, Faculty of Human Sciences, Osaka University, Japan
    Psychophysiology 36:745-54. 1999
    ..It had been suggested that individual differences in working memory capacity would affect initial stages of information processing as early as 300 ms after stimulus onset...
  43. ncbi Individual differences in locomotor reactivity to a novel environment and sensitivity to opioid drugs in the rat. I. Expression of morphine-induced locomotor sensitization
    Mikhail Kalinichev
    Department of Pharmacology, Rollins Research Center, Emory University School of Medicine, 1510 Clifton Road, Suite 5074, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 177:61-7. 2004
    ....
  44. pmc Novelty seeking, incentive salience and acquisition of cocaine self-administration in the rat
    Joshua S Beckmann
    University of Kentucky, Department of Psychology, 741 S Limestone, BBSRB, Room 447, Lexington, KY 40536 0509, United States
    Behav Brain Res 216:159-65. 2011
    ..The results suggest that novelty-seeking behavior may be a mediator of incentive salience attribution and that incentive salience magnitude may be an indicator of drug reward...
  45. ncbi Competition between endogenous and exogenous attention to nonemotional stimuli in social anxiety
    Jun Moriya
    Cognitive Behavioural Science, Graduate School of Art and Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
    Emotion 9:739-43. 2009
    ..The results suggest that individuals with high social anxiety have an enhanced exogenous attentional system and that they are attracted to salient stimuli regardless of emotionality...
  46. ncbi Perceiving musical individuality: performer identification is dependent on performer expertise and expressiveness, but not on listener expertise
    Bruno Gingras
    CIRMMT, Schulich School of Music, McGill University, 555 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1E3, Canada
    Perception 40:1206-20. 2011
    ..Expressive interpretations were sorted more accurately than inexpressive ones, indicating that musical individuality is communicated more efficiently through expressive performances...
  47. ncbi Individual differences in the processing of speech and nonspeech sounds by normal-hearing listeners
    A M Surprenant
    Department of Psychological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 110:2085-95. 2001
    ....
  48. ncbi Acoustic correlates of individuality in the vocal repertoire of a nocturnal primate (Microcebus murinus)
    Lisette M C Leliveld
    Institute of Zoology, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Bu╠łnteweg 17, 30559 Hannover, Germany
    J Acoust Soc Am 129:2278-88. 2011
    ..The findings suggest that variations in individual distinctiveness can to some extent be explained by the context and the acoustic structure of the call types...
  49. pmc Ontogenetic de novo copy number variations (CNVs) as a source of genetic individuality: studies on two families with MZD twins for schizophrenia
    Sujit Maiti
    Molecular Genetics Unit, Department of Biology, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 6:e17125. 2011
    Genetic individuality is the foundation of personalized medicine, yet its determinants are currently poorly understood...
  50. ncbi Bridging psychology and biology. The analysis of individuals in groups
    Stephen M Kosslyn
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 830 William James Hall, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Am Psychol 57:341-51. 2002
    ....
  51. pmc Separate neural mechanisms underlie choices and strategic preferences in risky decision making
    Vinod Venkatraman
    Brain Imaging and Analysis Center, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Neuron 62:593-602. 2009
    ..We conclude that decision making reflects more than compensatory interaction of choice-related regions; in addition, specific brain systems potentiate choices depending on strategies, traits, and context...
  52. ncbi Neural underpinnings of within-person variability in cognitive functioning
    Stuart W S MacDonald
    Department of Psychology, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
    Psychol Aging 24:792-808. 2009
    ..g., Li, von Oertzen, & Lindenberger, 2006). We conclude by highlighting important challenges and outstanding research issues that remain to be answered in the study of IIV...
  53. ncbi Anxiety-related bias in the classification of emotionally ambiguous facial expressions
    Anne Richards
    School of Psychology, Birkbeck College, University of London, Bloomsbury, England
    Emotion 2:273-87. 2002
    ..The mood-manipulated group had increased sensitivity for anger expressions, and trait anxiety did not moderate these effects. Interpretations of the results related to the classification of fearful expressions are discussed...
  54. pmc Individual differences in the attribution of incentive salience to a reward-related cue: influence on cocaine sensitization
    Shelly B Flagel
    Molecular and Behavioral Neuroscience Institute, The University of Michigan, 205 Zina Pitcher Place, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Behav Brain Res 186:48-56. 2008
    ....
  55. pmc Dissociating the predictive and incentive motivational properties of reward-related cues through the study of individual differences
    Terry E Robinson
    Biopsychology Program, Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, East Hall, 530 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 65:869-73. 2009
    ..Thus, CSs can have both predictive and incentive properties. We ask here whether it is possible to dissociate the predictive versus incentive properties of a CS in rats by considering individual differences in the nature of the CR...
  56. pmc Individual differences in executive functions are almost entirely genetic in origin
    Naomi P Friedman
    Institute for Behavioral Genetics, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 137:201-25. 2008
    ....
  57. ncbi Effects of experience and context on 50-kHz vocalizations in rats
    Markus Wohr
    Experimental and Physiological Psychology, Philipps University of Marburg, Gutenbergstr 18, 35032 Marburg, Germany
    Physiol Behav 93:766-76. 2008
    ....
  58. ncbi Mate recognition by female zebra finch: analysis of individuality in male call and first investigations on female decoding process
    Clementine Vignal
    Universit├ę Jean Monnet, Laboratoire Ecologie and Neuro Ethologie Sensorielles, Saint Etienne cedex 02, France
    Behav Processes 77:191-8. 2008
    ..Our experiments suggested that the female uses both the energy spectrum and the frequency modulation of the male signal. More experiments are now needed to decipher precisely which acoustic cues are used by females for recognition...
  59. ncbi Reaction times and performance variability in normal aging, mild cognitive impairment, and Alzheimer's disease
    Ellen Gorus
    Gerontology Department, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
    J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol 21:204-18. 2008
    ..Intra-individual variability and RT of the complex tasks are the best predictors for a-MCI and AD status, respectively. We conclude that performance variability can be regarded as a useful preclinical marker for AD...
  60. ncbi Neurobiological substrates of cue-elicited craving and anhedonia in recently abstinent opioid-dependent males
    Fleur Zijlstra
    Department of Nuclear Medicine, Academic Medical Centre, 1105 AZ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Drug Alcohol Depend 99:183-92. 2009
    ..The neural correlates of cue-induced craving and anhedonia in opioid-dependent patients are, however, not well understood. We studied brain activation patterns following visual presentation of neutral, pleasant and heroin-related cues...
  61. ncbi The neural basis of financial risk taking
    Camelia M Kuhnen
    Stanford Graduate School of Business, 518 Memorial Way, S479, Stanford, California, 94305, USA
    Neuron 47:763-70. 2005
    ..Thus, consideration of anticipatory neural mechanisms may add predictive power to the rational actor model of economic decision making...
  62. pmc Individual differences at high perceptual load: the relation between trait anxiety and selective attention
    Naomi Sadeh
    University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA
    Cogn Emot 25:747-55. 2011
    ..These findings are consistent with the prediction that anxiety is associated with impairments in performance efficiency under conditions that tax attentional resources...
  63. pmc Medial cortex activity, self-reflection and depression
    Marcia K Johnson
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, PO Box 208205, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 4:313-27. 2009
    ....
  64. ncbi Attentional blink magnitude is predicted by the ability to keep irrelevant material out of working memory
    Karen M Arnell
    Department of Psychology, Brock University, 500 Glenridge Ave St, Catharines, ON, L2S 3A1, Canada
    Psychol Res 74:457-67. 2010
    ..Good filtering efficiency may benefit the AB by not allowing irrelevant RSVP distractors to gain access to working memory...
  65. ncbi Why does picture-plane inversion sometimes dissociate perception of features and spacing in faces, and sometimes not? Toward a new theory of holistic processing
    Elinor McKone
    Department of Psychology, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia
    Psychon Bull Rev 16:778-97. 2009
    ..The results argue that holistic/configural processing for upright faces integrates exact feature shape and spacing between blobs. We describe two plausible approaches to this process...
  66. ncbi Spectrographic analyses reveal signals of individuality and kinship in the ultrasonic courtship vocalizations of wild house mice
    Frauke Hoffmann
    Konrad Lorenz Institute for Ethology, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Savoyenstr 1a, A 1160 Vienna, Austria
    Physiol Behav 105:766-71. 2012
    ..We found evidence that males' vocalizations contain signatures of individuality and kinship...
  67. ncbi Individual differences in working memory capacity predict visual attention allocation
    M Kathryn Bleckley
    Department of Psychology, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas 79409 2051, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 10:884-9. 2003
    ..This suggests that low-WMC participants allocated attention as a spotlight, whereas those with high WMC showed flexible allocation...
  68. ncbi Mapping numerical magnitudes onto symbols: the numerical distance effect and individual differences in children's mathematics achievement
    Ian D Holloway
    Numerical Cognition Laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, Ontario N6A 5C2, Canada
    J Exp Child Psychol 103:17-29. 2009
    ..Implications for the role of basic numerical competency and the role of accessing numerical magnitude information from Arabic numerals for the development of mathematical skills and their impairment are discussed...
  69. ncbi The individuality of mice
    R Lathe
    Biomedical Sciences, University of Edinburgh, George Square, Edinburgh EH8 9XD, Pieta Research, PO Box 27069, Edinburgh EH10 5YW, UK
    Genes Brain Behav 3:317-27. 2004
    ..Understanding how such effects amplify the behavioral spectrum displayed by otherwise identical animals will improve testing...
  70. ncbi Cognitive, perceptual-speed, and psychomotor determinants of individual differences during skill acquisition
    P L Ackerman
    School of Psychology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Psychology Building, 274 Fifth Street, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 0170, USA
    J Exp Psychol Appl 6:259-90. 2000
    ..Evidence addressing the predictability of individual differences in performance at early, intermediate, and asymptotic levels of practice is presented...
  71. ncbi Individual differences in risk preference predict neural responses during financial decision-making
    Jan B Engelmann
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, 101 Woodruff Circle, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    Brain Res 1290:28-51. 2009
    ....
  72. pmc Psychometric properties of within-person across-session variability in accuracy of cognitive performance
    Timothy A Salthouse
    University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
    Assessment 19:494-501. 2012
    ....
  73. pmc Exposure to the self-face facilitates identification of dynamic facial expressions: influences on individual differences
    Yuan Hang Li
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Emotion 13:196-202. 2013
    ..Taken together, these data suggest that the ability to recognize facial expressions in others is linked with the internal representations of our own faces...
  74. ncbi Relation of individual differences in impulsivity to nonclinical emotional decision making
    Maggie M Sweitzer
    Department of Psychology, University of Akron, Akron, Ohio, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 14:878-82. 2008
    ..These results provide support for hypothesis that, in a nonclinical sample, impulsivity may vary systematically with performance on neuropsychological indicators of prefrontal function...
  75. pmc Individual differences in the ability to recognise facial identity are associated with social anxiety
    Joshua M Davis
    The Department of Psychology, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
    PLoS ONE 6:e28800. 2011
    ..Equally, the relationship could arise if social anxiety causes reduced exposure or attention to people's faces, and thus to poor development of face recognition mechanisms...
  76. ncbi Different attentional blink tasks reflect distinct information processing limitations: an individual differences approach
    Ashleigh J Kelly
    School of Psychology, University of Queensland, Australia
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 37:1867-73. 2011
    ..Thus, these paradigms appear to reflect a distinct cognitive limitation from that observed under set-switch conditions...
  77. ncbi Dopamine and the management of attentional resources: genetic markers of striatal D2 dopamine predict individual differences in the attentional blink
    Lorenza S Colzato
    Leiden University, Postbus 9555, 2300 RB Leiden, The Netherlands
    J Cogn Neurosci 23:3576-85. 2011
    ..This outcome pattern suggests a crucial role of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic pathway and of nigrostriatal D2 receptors, in particular, in the management of attentional resources...
  78. pmc Capturing specific abilities as a window into human individuality: the example of face recognition
    Jeremy B Wilmer
    Department of Psychology, Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA, USA
    Cogn Neuropsychol 29:360-92. 2012
    ..of neural and cognitive mechanisms with modern psychometric methods in a renewed effort to capture human individuality through a consideration of specific abilities...
  79. ncbi Individuality and social influence in groups: inductive and deductive routes to group identity
    Tom Postmes
    School of Psychology, University of Exeter, Exeter, England
    J Pers Soc Psychol 89:747-63. 2005
    ..are central, a group identity may also be induced from individual group members' contributions, making individuality and individual distinctiveness a defining feature of the group (inductive identity)...
  80. ncbi Young Netherlands Twin Register (Y-NTR): a longitudinal multiple informant study of problem behavior
    Meike Bartels
    Department of Biological Psychology, Vrije Univerisiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Twin Res Hum Genet 10:3-11. 2007
    ..In conclusion, between ages 3 and 12 genetic factors are the most important cause of individual differences in emotional and behavioral problems...
  81. pmc Environmental enrichment reduces attribution of incentive salience to a food-associated stimulus
    Joshua S Beckmann
    University of Kentucky, Department of Psychology, 741 S Limestone, 448C BBSRB, Lexington, KY 40536 0509, United States
    Behav Brain Res 226:331-4. 2012
    ..The results indicate that environmental enrichment reduces the readiness to attribute incentive value to reward-associated cues, which may explain the enrichment-induced protection against addiction-like behaviors...
  82. ncbi Gender differences in visuo-spatial processing: the importance of distinguishing between passive storage and active manipulation
    T Vecchi
    Institute of Psychology, School of Medicine, University of Milan, Italy
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 99:1-16. 1998
    ..e., active processing and passive storage of information) rather than as a unitary concept...
  83. pmc Individual variation in the motivational properties of cocaine
    Benjamin T Saunders
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1109, USA
    Neuropsychopharmacology 36:1668-76. 2011
    ..We conclude that there is considerable individual variation in the motivational properties of cocaine itself, and this can be predicted by the propensity to attribute incentive salience to reward cues...
  84. ncbi Controlling for individual differences in fMRI brain activation to tones, syllables, and words
    Lars M Rimol
    Department of Biological and Medical Psychology, Division of Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Bergen, BBB, 9 etg, Jonas Lies vei 91, N 5009 Bergen, Norway
    Neuroimage 30:554-62. 2006
    ..The asymmetry analyses suggest that dichotic listening may be a suitable method for selecting a homogenous group of subjects with respect to left hemisphere language dominance...
  85. ncbi On the specificity of face cognition compared with general cognitive functioning across adult age
    Andrea Hildebrandt
    Department of Education, Humboldt University at Berlin, Unter den Linden 6, D 10099 Berlin, Germany
    Psychol Aging 26:701-15. 2011
    ..We discuss implications for models of cognitive aging and suggest that it is necessary to include more explicitly special social abilities in those models...
  86. ncbi Classroom and developmental differences in a path model of teacher expectancy effects
    M R Kuklinski
    Department of Child Psychiatry, University of Washington, Seattle 98195 9300, USA
    Child Dev 72:1554-78. 2001
    ..These results underscore the importance of explicit attention to the inclusion of moderators, mediators, and multiple outcomes in efforts to understand teacher expectancy effects...
  87. ncbi The predictive value of numerical magnitude comparison for individual differences in mathematics achievement
    Bert De Smedt
    Center for Parenting, Child Welfare, and Disabilities, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    J Exp Child Psychol 103:469-79. 2009
    ..Regression analyses showed that this association was independent of age, intellectual ability, and speed of number identification...
  88. ncbi Teacher expectations and perceptions of student attributes: Is there a relationship?
    Christine M Rubie-Davies
    University of Auckland, New Zealand
    Br J Educ Psychol 80:121-35. 2010
    ..e. expectations for individual students), rather than at the class level. Studies of class level expectations have begun to identify specific teacher factors that make a difference for students...
  89. ncbi Principal component analysis of behavioural individual differences suggests that particular aspects of visual working memory may relate to specific aspects of attention
    Maro G Machizawa
    UCL Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, United Kingdom
    Neuropsychologia 49:1518-26. 2011
    ..We discuss the observed pattern in relation to current issues and with respect to possible future work on the potential neural bases of individual differences in the distinct components...
  90. ncbi Balance across contexts: importance of balanced need satisfaction across various life domains
    Marina Milyavskaya
    Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 35:1031-45. 2009
    ..Together, these results support previous research that highlights the importance of consistency for psychological functioning...
  91. ncbi Stability of acoustic individuality in the alarm calls of wild yellow ground squirrels Spermophilus fulvus and contrasting calls from trapped and free-ranging callers
    Vera A Matrosova
    Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Faculty of Biology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 12 1, Moscow, 119991, Russia
    Naturwissenschaften 97:707-15. 2010
    The questions of individuality and stability of cues to identity in vocal signals are of considerable importance from theoretical and conservation perspectives...
  92. pmc Influence of compulsivity of drug abuse on dopaminergic modulation of attentional bias in stimulant dependence
    Karen D Ersche
    University of Cambridge, Behavioural and Clinical Neuroscience Institute, Department of Psychiatry, Cambridge, England
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 67:632-44. 2010
    ..We hypothesized that dopamine-related targets are relevant for treatment of stimulant dependence, and there will likely be individual differences in response to dopaminergic challenges...
  93. ncbi Association of intrinsic circadian period with morningness-eveningness, usual wake time, and circadian phase
    J F Duffy
    Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, 02115, USA
    Behav Neurosci 115:895-9. 2001
    ..Circadian period was correlated with morningness-eveningness, circadian phase, and wake time, demonstrating that a fundamental property of the circadian pacemaker is correlated with the behavioral trait of morningness-eveningness...
  94. ncbi Functional-anatomic correlates of individual differences in memory
    Brenda A Kirchhoff
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, Campus Box 1125, One Brookings Drive, St Louis, Missouri 63130, and Martinos Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston 02129, USA
    Neuron 51:263-74. 2006
    ..This study reveals functional-anatomic correlates of verbal and perceptual strategies that are variably used by individuals during encoding. These strategies engage distinct brain regions and may separately influence memory performance...
  95. ncbi Cardiac concomitants of performance monitoring: context dependence and individual differences
    Eveline A Crone
    Center for Mind and Brain, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 23:93-106. 2005
    ..Heart rate changes following informative feedback proved to be a sensitive index of component processes associated with performance monitoring...
  96. ncbi The dynamics of integration and separation: ERP, MEG, and neural network studies of immediate repetition effects
    David E Huber
    Psychology Department, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 34:1389-416. 2008
    ....
  97. ncbi In the eye of the beholder: individual differences in reward-drive modulate early frontocentral ERPs to angry faces
    Benoit Bediou
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
    Neuropsychologia 47:825-34. 2009
    ....
  98. ncbi Working memory capacity and the top-down control of visual search: Exploring the boundaries of "executive attention"
    Michael J Kane
    Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina, Greensboro, NC 27402 6170, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 32:749-77. 2006
    ..M. Wolfe, G. A. Alvarez, & T. S. Horowitz, 2000), WMC was irrelevant to performance. Thus, WMC is not associated with all demanding or controlled attention processes, which poses problems for some general theories of WMC...
  99. ncbi The structure of individual differences in the cognitive abilities of children and chimpanzees
    Esther Herrmann
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    Psychol Sci 21:102-10. 2010
    ....
  100. pmc Aesthetic response to color combinations: preference, harmony, and similarity
    Karen B Schloss
    University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    Atten Percept Psychophys 73:551-71. 2011
    ..The present results thus refine and clarify some of the best-known and most contentious claims of color theorists...
  101. ncbi Situational factors, conditions and individual variables which can determine ultrasonic vocalizations in male adult Wistar rats
    Rainer K W Schwarting
    Experimental and Physiological Psychology, Philipps University of Marburg, Gutenbergstr 18, 35032 Marburg, Germany
    Behav Brain Res 182:208-22. 2007
    ..These findings are discussed with respect to the major hypotheses concerning the functional significance of ultrasonic vocalizations, namely the social/communicatory and the motivational/emotional hypothesis...

Research Grants63

  1. Promoting positive social-emotional pathways: A translational research program
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..processes are strongly interwoven with, and their outcomes dependent on the individual child's biological individuality. Our ongoing longitudinal Family Study of 102 community mothers, fathers and children has supported this model ..
  2. The Impact of L1retrotransposition in the nervous system
    Alysson R Muotri; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of L1 integration events on the mammalian nervous system could help explain how complex behavior and individuality arises from random genetic and molecular processes...
  3. Genetic Determinants of Genomic Plasticity and Chromosome Evolution
    Forrest A Spencer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..these functional interactions is fundamental to understanding evolution, population variation, and somatic individuality. In previous work, we found that the chromosomal features correlating with specific gene deletion ..
  4. Global Tracing of Epigenetic Marks in Early C. elegans Embryos
    Robert Riehn; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..For the underlying process of differentiation, the emergence of epigenetic individuality of cells within the organism is required...
  5. Personalized medicine informatics for anticoagulation therapy
    Roland Valdes; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..genotype-based guidance to facilitate appropriate clinical practice modifications accommodating patient individuality. PerMIT:Warfarin is the first HIPAA-compliant and secure pharmacogenetics-based interventional methodology for ..
  6. Asynchronous mitosis in multinucleate cells
    AMY SUSANNE GLADFELTER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..noise in transcription, it is certain that other, as yet unidentified, cellular reservoirs of non-genetic individuality exist...
  7. Culture, Social Support &Quality of Life: Asian American Breast Cancer Survivors
    MARJORIE LOUISE KAGAWA-SINGER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..For example, most mainstream services emphasize the integrity of individuality and personhood, and accordingly, address the women alone...
  8. Molecular Progression Predictors in the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort
    Matthias Kretzler; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..step of a transition from a "one size fits all" management of CRI towards an approach valuing the molecular individuality of each kidney patient. Chronic renal failure causes immense cost and human suffering in the US...
  9. NIH Director's Pioneer Award
    DAVID ARNOLD RELMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    In our effort to understand human biology and human individuality we emphasize the importance of our genetic blueprint, i.e., the human genome, and our environment...
  10. Methodology for Individualized Comparative Effectiveness Research in Mental Healt
    Zhehui Luo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We envision using parameters estimated from our models to improve the flexibility and individuality of computerized decision support tools in the future...
  11. BIOCHEMICAL TOXICOLOGY OF CYTOCHROME P-450
    Andrew Parkinson; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..This is important in understanding the individuality of human response to toxic chemicals and carcinogens...
  12. MOLECULAR BASIS OF OLFACTORY DISCRIMINATION
    Linda Buck; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..cycle and the onset of puberty, and "pregnancy block," a pheromone effect that appears to involve chemical individuality cues that distinguish mice of different strains. Urine appears to be a source of many of these effects...
  13. SELF CONCEPT, AFFECT AND MOTIVATION IN CHILDREN
    Susan Harter; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..voice and self-esteem with parents, building upon Cooper & Grotevant's model in which parental displays of individuality (expressing one's views clearly) and connectedness (showing respect for the adolescent's views) lead to the ..
  14. EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNALIZED REGULATORS OF BEHAVIOR
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..development affords a unique perspective on conscience that incorporates the child?s biologically-founded individuality and early parent-child relationships in a developmental framework...
  15. Cerebral Control of Sound Localization
    Shveta Malhotra; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Revealing the individuality of these parallel pathways will allow us to better understand neural processing in non-primary auditory cortex...
  16. Reminiscence During Bathing Persons With AD At Home
    Ellen Mahoney; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Reminiscence provides a personalized intervention that draws on preserved individuality and retained long-term memories, is simple to implement by solitary lay caregiver, and is adaptable to home ..
  17. ROBUSTNESS AND INDIVIDUALITY IN BACTERIAL CHEMOTAXIS
    Stanislas Leibler; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Both these aspects: robustness and non-genetic individuality will be assessed in a series of quantitative experiments, which will be compared with predictions of ..
  18. Center for the Study of Natural Genetic Variation
    Maynard Olson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This variation underlies genetic individuality and the evolutionary process of speciation...
  19. INVESTIGATING THE ROLE OF CDO IN BRAIN DEVELOPMENT
    Ami Okada; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..can result in neurological disorders, affecting functions from movement to memory and cognition to our very individuality. Recent progress in understanding the genetic basis of these disorders has underscored the importance of ..
  20. CHILDREN'S CONCEPTS OF IDENTITY: A NEW METHOD
    Carl Johnson; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..of key hypotheses about children's developing understanding of identity in relation to their conceptions of individuality, self and others, and body part functions...
  21. Effects of Aging on Executive Processes
    Timothy Salthouse; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..e., specific to individual variables or common to many variables) at which age-related influences operate on executive process variables. ..
  22. LEARNING DISABILITIES IN ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICS
    DAVID GEARY; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  23. College Drinking: A Twin Study
    Andrey Anokhin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study will provide a greater understanding of the interplay of genetic and high-risk environmental factors in college drinking and can inform prevention and intervention strategies on college campuses. ..
  24. Mathematical Development in Learning Diasbled Children
    DAVID GEARY; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..g., working memory) that underlie MD children's developmental delays and deficits in these competencies. ..
  25. BIOBEHAVIORAL MARKERS OF RISK FOR NICOTINE ADDICTION
    Andrey Anokhin; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The acquired expertise will allow the candidate to better integrate genetic and psychophysiological approaches in order to establish a program of interdisciplinary research in the neurobehavioral genetics of addiction. ..
  26. Orbitofrontal cortex, impulsivity, reinforcements
    Michael Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..I will test the hypothesis that this is reflected both in the ability to use reinforcements to guide future behavior, and in the extent to which OFC is recurited during these behavioral adjustments. ..
  27. Genetic Epidemiology of Pathological Gambling
    Wendy Slutske; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. Functional Organization of Cardiovascular Reactivity
    Peter Gianaros; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Longitudinal Effects of Sleep Problems on Cognition
    NAOMI FRIEDMAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These proposed analyses will result in more comprehensive and powerful models of sleep problems and cognitive function. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. Neural Correlates of Autobiographical Memory
    David Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  31. QUALITY OF LIFE IN ADULT CANCER SURVIVORS
    Charles Carver; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These people can continue providing important information about the experience of cancer survivorship and what qualities make the process easier or harder. ..
  32. THE DEVELOPMENT OF STRATEGY CHOICE PROCEDURES
    Robert Siegler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  33. Emotional Mechanisms /Blood-Injection-Injury Phobia
    Olubunmi Olatunji; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This research will provide an important contribution to the understanding of the emotions that mediate BII phobia, thus potentially providing a foundation for incorporating effective treatment strategies. ..
  34. MEMORY, LANGUAGE, CULTURE
    David Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  35. CEREBRAL GLUCOSE METABOLISM IN DOWN SYNDROME
    RICHARD HAIER; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These data will provide important information for the timing of treatment interventions and may aid in early detection of dementia and the classification of DS subtypes. ..
  36. AGE DIFFERENCES IN COUPLING OF PERSONALITY AND COGNITION
    JOHN NESSELROADE; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The data will be modeled using both traditional methods and newer, linear dynamic models that provide estimates of relationships both within and between subsystems of variables defined across temporal lags. ..
  37. Diethanolamine, brain development and adult memory
    Steven Zeisel; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. FACILITY CONSTRUCTION EXPANSION- MONNELL CHEMICAL SENSES
    Gary Beauchamp; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  39. AN FMRI STUDY OF RELATIVE REWARD PROCESSING IN ADOLESCENTS AND ADULTS
    Jatin Vaidya; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Based on this research, it will be possible to develop prevention and treatment programs that take into consideration motivational processes that may be unique to adolescents. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  40. Neural Bases of Auditory Processing Disorders in Adults
    Patrick Wong; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..2) Whether it is feasible to use MRI to identify neurophysiologic anomalies in APD adults. If so, whether APD is associated with a collection of unifying or diverse neurophysiologic anomalies. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  41. EFFECTS OF AGING ON MEMORY FOR SOURCE OF INFORMATION
    Marcia Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  42. Acquired Appetitive Properties of Nicotine
    Rick A Bevins; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  43. BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE: CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE RESEARCH
    William Lovallo; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..U. medical campus. Training will utilize classroom, laboratory, and clinical facilities at several departments and hospitals on campus. ..
  44. Attention, Emotion Regulation, and Goals in Older Adults
    Lisa Emery; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The proposed study has implications for clinical conceptualizations of emotional control and memory training in older adults. ..
  45. Aging and Speech Communication: A Research Conference
    Larry Humes; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed conference should lead to further progress in understanding and remedying the speech-communication difficulties of older adults. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  46. BIOBEHAVIORAL FACTORS IN ATHEROSCLEROTIC PROGRESSION
    Thomas Kamarck; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  47. Emotions and Behavioral Outcomes in Neglected Children
    Michael Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  48. Age, ethanol, and strain effects on the behavioral pharmacology of cannabinoids
    BRETT GINSBURG; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This project will help us understand how aging, exposure to ethanol, and perhaps genetic disposition change the behavioral response to these drugs. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  49. DYNAMIC GROWTH & CHANGE IN ADULT INTELLECTUAL ABILITIES
    John McArdle; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  50. Understanding/Preventing Math Problem/Solving Disability
    Lynn Fuchs; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  51. Cognitive Vulnerability to Changes in OC Symptoms
    Meredith Coles; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Documentation of the feasibility of computer-based administration of study questionnaires would greatly facilitate future longitudinal research on OCD. ..
  52. Maltreated Children's Emotions and Self-Cognitions
    Michael Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  53. NEGLECT AND SPATIAL REPRESENTATIONS
    Anjan Chatterjee; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  54. Role of Oxidative Mechanisms in the Toxicity of Metals
    SIMON AVERY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  55. IMPLICIT AND EXPLICIT MEMORY FOR FACES IN SOCIAL PHOBIA
    Meredith Coles; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Findings from this study will be utilized to inform existing models of the psychopathology underlying SP and explore possible refinements in existing treatment interventions. ..
  56. Emotion Regulation in Relationships during Separation
    Lisa Diamond; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This information will make a significant contribution to research on the multiple biobehavioral processes through which close relationships influence day-to-day emotion regulation and long-term psychological well-being. ..
  57. KNOWLEDGE STRUCTURES AND ADULT INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT
    PHILLIP ACKERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  58. Individual differences in anxiety in females
    Mohamed Kabbaj; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Male rats will be used as positive controls. ..
  59. Reference-dose method and cocaine-conditioned choice
    RICK BEVINS; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..That research could translate into more effective intervention strategies. ..
  60. Fundamental Goals and Risky Decision-Making
    JON MANER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..g., substance use disorders), as well as exaggerated risk-aversion. ..
  61. BREEDING BIOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR OF MONOGAMOUS PRIMATES
    Charles Snowdon; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..By understanding the interaction of experience and hormones in facilitating care of infants by fathers and non-reproductive helpers in tamarins we hope to provide information of value to human families. ..