empathy

Summary

Summary: An individual's objective and insightful awareness of the feelings and behavior of another person. It should be distinguished from sympathy, which is usually nonobjective and noncritical. It includes caring, which is the demonstration of an awareness of and a concern for the good of others. (From Bioethics Thesaurus, 1992)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Empathy: Its ultimate and proximate bases
    Stephanie D Preston
    University of Iowa Hospital and Clinics, 2RCP Neurology Clinic, Iowa City, IA 52242
    Behav Brain Sci 25:1-20; discussion 20-71. 2002
  2. ncbi Empathy for pain involves the affective but not sensory components of pain
    Tania Singer
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College of London, 12 Queen Square, WC1N 3AR London, UK
    Science 303:1157-62. 2004
  3. ncbi Meta-analytic evidence for common and distinct neural networks associated with directly experienced pain and empathy for pain
    Claus Lamm
    Laboratory for Social and Neural Systems Research, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Neuroimage 54:2492-502. 2011
  4. ncbi The empathy quotient: an investigation of adults with Asperger syndrome or high functioning autism, and normal sex differences
    Simon Baron-Cohen
    Autism Research Centre, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Douglas House, 18b Trumpington Rd, CB2 2AH United Kingdom
    J Autism Dev Disord 34:163-75. 2004
  5. ncbi The neural basis of empathy
    Boris C Bernhardt
    Department of Social Neuroscience, Max Planck Institute of Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Stephanstraße 1A, 04309 Leipzig, Germany
    Annu Rev Neurosci 35:1-23. 2012
  6. ncbi Empathy decline and its reasons: a systematic review of studies with medical students and residents
    Melanie Neumann
    Integrative and Anthroposophic Medicine, Faculty of Health, Department of Medicine, University of Witten Herdecke, Germany
    Acad Med 86:996-1009. 2011
  7. pmc Neural mechanisms of empathy in humans: a relay from neural systems for imitation to limbic areas
    Laurie Carr
    Ahmanson Lovelace Brain Mapping Center, Neuropsychiatric Institute, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:5497-502. 2003
  8. ncbi The functional architecture of human empathy
    Jean Decety
    Social Cognitive Neuroscience, Institute for Learning and Brain Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 7988, USA
    Behav Cogn Neurosci Rev 3:71-100. 2004
  9. ncbi The social neuroscience of empathy
    Tania Singer
    University of Zurich, Laboratory for Social and Neural Systems Research, Zurich, Switzerland
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1156:81-96. 2009
  10. ncbi Is there hardening of the heart during medical school?
    Bruce W Newton
    College of Medicine, Academic Affairs, 603, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 4301 W Markham St, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA
    Acad Med 83:244-9. 2008

Detail Information

Publications347 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Empathy: Its ultimate and proximate bases
    Stephanie D Preston
    University of Iowa Hospital and Clinics, 2RCP Neurology Clinic, Iowa City, IA 52242
    Behav Brain Sci 25:1-20; discussion 20-71. 2002
    There is disagreement in the literature about the exact nature of the phenomenon of empathy. There are emotional, cognitive, and conditioning views, applying in varying degrees across species...
  2. ncbi Empathy for pain involves the affective but not sensory components of pain
    Tania Singer
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College of London, 12 Queen Square, WC1N 3AR London, UK
    Science 303:1157-62. 2004
    Our ability to have an experience of another's pain is characteristic of empathy. Using functional imaging, we assessed brain activity while volunteers experienced a painful stimulus and compared it to that elicited when they observed a ..
  3. ncbi Meta-analytic evidence for common and distinct neural networks associated with directly experienced pain and empathy for pain
    Claus Lamm
    Laboratory for Social and Neural Systems Research, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Neuroimage 54:2492-502. 2011
    A growing body of evidence suggests that empathy for pain is underpinned by neural structures that are also involved in the direct experience of pain...
  4. ncbi The empathy quotient: an investigation of adults with Asperger syndrome or high functioning autism, and normal sex differences
    Simon Baron-Cohen
    Autism Research Centre, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Douglas House, 18b Trumpington Rd, CB2 2AH United Kingdom
    J Autism Dev Disord 34:163-75. 2004
    b>Empathy is an essential part of normal social functioning, yet there are precious few instruments for measuring individual differences in this domain. In this article we review psychological theories of empathy and its measurement...
  5. ncbi The neural basis of empathy
    Boris C Bernhardt
    Department of Social Neuroscience, Max Planck Institute of Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Stephanstraße 1A, 04309 Leipzig, Germany
    Annu Rev Neurosci 35:1-23. 2012
    b>Empathy--the ability to share the feelings of others--is fundamental to our emotional and social lives...
  6. ncbi Empathy decline and its reasons: a systematic review of studies with medical students and residents
    Melanie Neumann
    Integrative and Anthroposophic Medicine, Faculty of Health, Department of Medicine, University of Witten Herdecke, Germany
    Acad Med 86:996-1009. 2011
    b>Empathy is a key element of patient-physician communication; it is relevant to and positively influences patients' health...
  7. pmc Neural mechanisms of empathy in humans: a relay from neural systems for imitation to limbic areas
    Laurie Carr
    Ahmanson Lovelace Brain Mapping Center, Neuropsychiatric Institute, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:5497-502. 2003
    ..to which action representation modulates emotional activity may provide an essential functional architecture for empathy. The superior temporal and inferior frontal cortices are critical areas for action representation and are ..
  8. ncbi The functional architecture of human empathy
    Jean Decety
    Social Cognitive Neuroscience, Institute for Learning and Brain Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 7988, USA
    Behav Cogn Neurosci Rev 3:71-100. 2004
    b>Empathy accounts for the naturally occurring subjective experience of similarity between the feelings expressed by self and others without loosing sight of whose feelings belong to whom...
  9. ncbi The social neuroscience of empathy
    Tania Singer
    University of Zurich, Laboratory for Social and Neural Systems Research, Zurich, Switzerland
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1156:81-96. 2009
    The phenomenon of empathy entails the ability to share the affective experiences of others. In recent years social neuroscience made considerable progress in revealing the mechanisms that enable a person to feel what another is feeling...
  10. ncbi Is there hardening of the heart during medical school?
    Bruce W Newton
    College of Medicine, Academic Affairs, 603, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 4301 W Markham St, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA
    Acad Med 83:244-9. 2008
    To determine whether vicarious empathy (i.e...
  11. pmc Damage to the prefrontal cortex increases utilitarian moral judgements
    Michael Koenigs
    Department of Neurology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Nature 446:908-11. 2007
    ..These findings indicate that, for a selective set of moral dilemmas, the VMPC is critical for normal judgements of right and wrong. The findings support a necessary role for emotion in the generation of those judgements...
  12. ncbi Association of perceived medical errors with resident distress and empathy: a prospective longitudinal study
    Colin P West
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minn 55905, USA
    JAMA 296:1071-8. 2006
    ..Medical errors are associated with feelings of distress in physicians, but little is known about the magnitude and direction of these associations...
  13. ncbi The devil is in the third year: a longitudinal study of erosion of empathy in medical school
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107 5083, USA
    Acad Med 84:1182-91. 2009
    This longitudinal study was designed to examine changes in medical students' empathy during medical school and to determine when the most significant changes occur.
  14. ncbi Oxytocin enhances amygdala-dependent, socially reinforced learning and emotional empathy in humans
    Rene Hurlemann
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Bonn, 53105 Bonn, Germany
    J Neurosci 30:4999-5007. 2010
    ..However, the potential of OT as a general facilitator of human learning and empathy is unclear...
  15. ncbi The chameleon effect: the perception-behavior link and social interaction
    T L Chartrand
    Department of Psychology, New York University, New York 10003, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 76:893-910. 1999
    ..Experiment 3 showed that dispositionally empathic individuals exhibit the chameleon effect to a greater extent than do other people...
  16. ncbi The neural substrate of human empathy: effects of perspective-taking and cognitive appraisal
    Claus Lamm
    INSERM Unit 280, France
    J Cogn Neurosci 19:42-58. 2007
    ....
  17. pmc Empathic neural responses are modulated by the perceived fairness of others
    Tania Singer
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, University College of London, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Nature 439:466-9. 2006
    The neural processes underlying empathy are a subject of intense interest within the social neurosciences. However, very little is known about how brain empathic responses are modulated by the affective link between individuals...
  18. ncbi A common role of insula in feelings, empathy and uncertainty
    Tania Singer
    Laboratory for Social and Neural Systems Research, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Trends Cogn Sci 13:334-40. 2009
    Although accumulating evidence highlights a crucial role of the insular cortex in feelings, empathy and processing uncertainty in the context of decision making, neuroscientific models of affective learning and decision making have ..
  19. ncbi Two systems for empathy: a double dissociation between emotional and cognitive empathy in inferior frontal gyrus versus ventromedial prefrontal lesions
    Simone G Shamay-Tsoory
    Department of Psychology, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Haifa 31905, Israel
    Brain 132:617-27. 2009
    Recent evidence suggests that there are two possible systems for empathy: a basic emotional contagion system and a more advanced cognitive perspective-taking system...
  20. ncbi Investigating the functional anatomy of empathy and forgiveness
    T F Farrow
    Department of Psychiatry (SCANLab, University of Sheffield, The Longley Centre, Northern General Hospital, Norwood Grange Drive, Sheffield, S5 7JT, UK
    Neuroreport 12:2433-8. 2001
    ..Little is known about the anatomy of empathy and forgiveness...
  21. ncbi An fMRI investigation of empathy for 'social pain' and subsequent prosocial behavior
    Carrie L Masten
    Center for Mind and Brain, University of California, Davis, CA, USA
    Neuroimage 55:381-8. 2011
    Despite empathy's importance for promoting social interactions, neuroimaging research has largely overlooked empathy during social experiences...
  22. ncbi Characterizing changes in student empathy throughout medical school
    Daniel C R Chen
    Boston University School of Medicine, MA 02118, USA
    Med Teach 34:305-11. 2012
    b>Empathy is important in the physician-patient relationship. Prior studies suggest that medical student empathy declines with clinical training.
  23. ncbi Expertise modulates the perception of pain in others
    Yawei Cheng
    Department of Rehabilitation, Taipei City Hospital, Taipei 103, Taiwan
    Curr Biol 17:1708-13. 2007
    ..Because this shared neural representation can lead to empathy or personal distress [2, 3], regulatory mechanisms must operate in people who inflict painful procedures in their ..
  24. ncbi Is there a core neural network in empathy? An fMRI based quantitative meta-analysis
    Yan Fan
    Institute of Mental Health Research, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 35:903-11. 2011
    Whilst recent neuroimaging studies have identified a series of different brain regions as being involved in empathy, it remains unclear concerning the activation consistence of these brain regions and their specific functional roles...
  25. ncbi Children and increased susceptibility to environmental carcinogens: evidence or empathy?
    Christopher Paul Wild
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 12:1389-94. 2003
  26. ncbi The neural bases for empathy
    Simone G Shamay-Tsoory
    Department of Psychology, University of Haifa, Israel
    Neuroscientist 17:18-24. 2011
    Human empathy relies on the ability to share emotions as well as the ability to understand the other's thoughts, desires, and feelings...
  27. ncbi How do we perceive the pain of others? A window into the neural processes involved in empathy
    Philip L Jackson
    Social Cognitive Neuroscience, Institute for Learning and Brain Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle WA 98195 7988, USA
    Neuroimage 24:771-9. 2005
    ..the neural mechanisms involved in the perception of pain in others may cast light on one basic component of human empathy, the interpersonal sharing of affect...
  28. ncbi The compassionate brain: humans detect intensity of pain from another's face
    Miiamaaria V Saarela
    Brain Research Unit, Low Temperature Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology, Espoo, Finland
    Cereb Cortex 17:230-7. 2007
    ..AI and left inferior frontal gyrus during observation of intensified pain correlated with subjects' self-rated empathy. These findings imply that the intersubjective representation of pain in the human brain is more detailed than ..
  29. ncbi Reduced amygdala response to fearful expressions in children and adolescents with callous-unemotional traits and disruptive behavior disorders
    Abigail A Marsh
    Mood and Anxiety Program, NIMH, 15K North Dr, MSC 2670, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 165:712-20. 2008
    ..Moreover, despite high comorbidity of callous-unemotional traits and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), no research has attempted to distinguish neural correlates of pediatric callous-unemotional traits and ADHD...
  30. ncbi Sex differences in the brain: implications for explaining autism
    Simon Baron-Cohen
    Autism Research Centre, Cambridge University, Department of Psychiatry, Douglas House, 18b Trumpington Road, Cambridge CB2 2AH, UK
    Science 310:819-23. 2005
    ..Here we suggest that specific aspects of autistic neuroanatomy may also be extremes of typical male neuroanatomy...
  31. ncbi Physicians down-regulate their pain empathy response: an event-related brain potential study
    Jean Decety
    Department of Psychology, and Center for Cognitive and Social Neuroscience, The University of Chicago, IL, USA
    Neuroimage 50:1676-82. 2010
    ....
  32. ncbi Racial bias reduces empathic sensorimotor resonance with other-race pain
    Alessio Avenanti
    Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Fondazione Santa Lucia, I 00179 Roma, Italy
    Curr Biol 20:1018-22. 2010
    Although social psychology studies suggest that racism often manifests itself as a lack of empathy, i.e...
  33. ncbi Violent video game effects on aggression, empathy, and prosocial behavior in eastern and western countries: a meta-analytic review
    Craig A Anderson
    Department of Psychology, W112 Lagomarcino Hall, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
    Psychol Bull 136:151-73. 2010
    ..of violent video games on aggressive behavior, aggressive cognition, aggressive affect, physiological arousal, empathy/desensitization, and prosocial behavior...
  34. pmc Rodent empathy and affective neuroscience
    Jules B Panksepp
    Department of Behavioral Neuroscience, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, L470, Portland, OR 97239, USA
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 35:1864-75. 2011
    In the past few years, several experimental studies have suggested that empathy occurs in the social lives of rodents...
  35. ncbi Physicians' empathy and clinical outcomes for diabetic patients
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Jefferson Longitudinal Study of Medical Education, Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA
    Acad Med 86:359-64. 2011
    To test the hypothesis that physicians' empathy is associated with positive clinical outcomes for diabetic patients.
  36. ncbi Do you feel my pain? Racial group membership modulates empathic neural responses
    Xiaojing Xu
    Department of Psychology, Peking University, Beijing 100871, People s Republic of China
    J Neurosci 29:8525-9. 2009
    ..pain matrix including the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) mediates not only first person pain experience but also empathy for others' pain...
  37. ncbi Neuronal correlates of theory of mind and empathy: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study in a nonverbal task
    Birgit A Vollm
    Neuroscience and Psychiatry Unit, University of Manchester, Stopford Building, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PT, UK
    Neuroimage 29:90-8. 2006
    Theory of Mind (ToM), the ability to attribute mental states to others, and empathy, the ability to infer emotional experiences, are important processes in social cognition...
  38. pmc Effect of compassion meditation on neuroendocrine, innate immune and behavioral responses to psychosocial stress
    Thaddeus W W Pace
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Winship Cancer Institute, 1365C Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 34:87-98. 2009
    ....
  39. ncbi Imitation, empathy, and mirror neurons
    Marco Iacoboni
    Ahmanson Lovelace Brain Mapping Center, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Social Behavior, Brain Research Institute, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 60:653-70. 2009
    ..between cognitive models of imitation, constructs derived from social psychology studies on mimicry and empathy, and recent empirical findings from the neurosciences...
  40. ncbi Oxytocin improves "mind-reading" in humans
    Gregor Domes
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Rostock University, Rostock, Germany
    Biol Psychiatry 61:731-3. 2007
    ..The neuropeptide oxytocin plays a central role in social approach behavior in nonhuman mammals...
  41. ncbi Characterization of empathy deficits following prefrontal brain damage: the role of the right ventromedial prefrontal cortex
    S G Shamay-Tsoory
    Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel
    J Cogn Neurosci 15:324-37. 2003
    Impaired empathic response has been described in patients following brain injury, suggesting that empathy may be a fundamental aspect of the social behavior disturbed by brain damage...
  42. ncbi Transcranial magnetic stimulation highlights the sensorimotor side of empathy for pain
    Alessio Avenanti
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Universita degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Via dei Marsi 78, 00185 Rome, Italy
    Nat Neurosci 8:955-60. 2005
    ..of the sensory qualities of the pain attributed to the model and with sensory, but not emotional, state or trait empathy measures...
  43. ncbi Association of an educational program in mindful communication with burnout, empathy, and attitudes among primary care physicians
    Michael S Krasner
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York, USA
    JAMA 302:1284-93. 2009
    ..Primary care physicians report high levels of distress, which is linked to burnout, attrition, and poorer quality of care. Programs to reduce burnout before it results in impairment are rare; data on these programs are scarce...
  44. ncbi Physician empathy: definition, components, measurement, and relationship to gender and specialty
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:1563-9. 2002
    There is a dearth of empirical research on physician empathy despite its mediating role in patient-physician relationships and clinical outcomes...
  45. ncbi Functional imaging of face and hand imitation: towards a motor theory of empathy
    Kenneth R Leslie
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences and Center for Cognitive Neurosciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover NH 03755, USA
    Neuroimage 21:601-7. 2004
    b>Empathy requires the ability to map the feelings of others onto our own nervous system. Until recently, there was no plausible mechanism to explain how such a mapping might occur...
  46. pmc The neurodevelopment of empathy in humans
    Jean Decety
    Center for Cognitive and Social Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Dev Neurosci 32:257-67. 2010
    b>Empathy, which implies a shared interpersonal experience, is implicated in many aspects of social cognition, notably prosocial behavior, morality and the regulation of aggression...
  47. ncbi The neuroscience of empathy: progress, pitfalls and promise
    Jamil Zaki
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    Nat Neurosci 15:675-80. 2012
    The last decade has witnessed enormous growth in the neuroscience of empathy. Here, we survey research in this domain with an eye toward evaluating its strengths and weaknesses...
  48. ncbi Putting the altruism back into altruism: the evolution of empathy
    Frans B M de Waal
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, and Psychology Department, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 59:279-300. 2008
    ..b>Empathy is an ideal candidate mechanism to underlie so-called directed altruism, i.e...
  49. ncbi Multidimensional assessment of empathic abilities: neural correlates and gender differences
    Birgit Derntl
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 35:67-82. 2010
    b>Empathy is a multidimensional construct and comprises the ability to perceive, understand and feel the emotional states of others...
  50. pmc Oxytocin receptor genetic variation relates to empathy and stress reactivity in humans
    Sarina M Rodrigues
    Institute of Personality and Social Research, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:21437-41. 2009
    ..how a polymorphism (rs53576) of the oxytocin receptor relates to two key social processes related to oxytocin: empathy and stress reactivity...
  51. pmc Evidence for mirror systems in emotions
    J A C J Bastiaansen
    BCN Neuroimaging Center, University of Groningen, Antonius Deusinglaan 2, 9713 AW Groningen, The Netherlands
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:2391-404. 2009
    ..Through their integration with, and modulation by, higher cognitive functions, they could be at the core of important social functions, including empathy, mind reading and social learning.
  52. pmc Understanding emotions in others: mirror neuron dysfunction in children with autism spectrum disorders
    Mirella Dapretto
    Ahmanson Lovelace Brain Mapping Center, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, 90095, USA
    Nat Neurosci 9:28-30. 2006
    ..Notably, activity in this area was inversely related to symptom severity in the social domain, suggesting that a dysfunctional 'mirror neuron system' may underlie the social deficits observed in autism...
  53. pmc Inter-individual differences in empathy are reflected in human brain structure
    Michael J Banissy
    Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths, University of London, London, SE14 6NW, UK
    Neuroimage 62:2034-9. 2012
    b>Empathy is a multi-faceted concept consisting of our ability not only to share emotions but also to exert cognitive control and perspective taking in our interactions with others...
  54. ncbi The neuronal basis and ontogeny of empathy and mind reading: review of literature and implications for future research
    Tania Singer
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, University College of London, 17 Queen Square, WC1N 3AR London, UK
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 30:855-63. 2006
    ..In this review, imaging research conducted on theory of mind (ToM or mentalizing) and empathy is selectively reviewed...
  55. ncbi The empathic brain: how, when and why?
    Frederique de Vignemont
    Institut des Sciences Cognitives, 67 Boulevard Pinel, 69675 Bron Cedex, France
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:435-41. 2006
    ..We propose two major roles for empathy; its epistemological role is to provide information about the future actions of other people, and important ..
  56. ncbi The neuroevolution of empathy
    Jean Decety
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1231:35-45. 2011
    There is strong evidence that empathy has deep evolutionary, biochemical, and neurological underpinnings...
  57. pmc Perception of empathy in the therapeutic encounter: effects on the common cold
    David Rakel
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 85:390-7. 2011
    ..To evaluate the effects of patient-practitioner interaction on the severity and duration of the common cold...
  58. ncbi Mirror neuron and theory of mind mechanisms involved in face-to-face interactions: a functional magnetic resonance imaging approach to empathy
    Martin Schulte-Rüther
    Research Center Julich, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 19:1354-72. 2007
    b>Empathy allows emotional psychological inference about other person's mental states and feelings in social contexts...
  59. pmc Dysfunctions in brain networks supporting empathy: an fMRI study in adults with autism spectrum disorders
    Martin Schulte-Rüther
    University Hospital Aachen, Aachen, and Research Center Julich, Julich, Germany
    Soc Neurosci 6:1-21. 2011
    ..Such atypical patterns of activation may underlie disturbed empathy in individuals with ASD...
  60. ncbi The amygdala and ventromedial prefrontal cortex in morality and psychopathy
    R J R Blair
    Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, Department of Health and Human Services, 15K North Drive, MSC 2670, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:387-92. 2007
    ..In psychopathy, dysfunction in these structures means that care-based moral reasoning is compromised and the risk that antisocial behavior is used instrumentally to achieve goals is increased...
  61. ncbi Generalized deficit in all core components of empathy in schizophrenia
    Birgit Derntl
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
    Schizophr Res 108:197-206. 2009
    b>Empathy is a multidimensional construct composed of several components such as emotion recognition, emotional perspective taking and affective responsiveness...
  62. ncbi Neuronal correlates of altered empathy and social cognition in borderline personality disorder
    Isabel Dziobek
    Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Lentzeallee 94, 14195 Berlin, Germany
    Neuroimage 57:539-48. 2011
    ..To elucidate biopsychological markers of the disorder, we performed two studies: i.) assessing empathy and social cognition and ii...
  63. pmc Structural anatomy of empathy in neurodegenerative disease
    Katherine P Rankin
    Memory and Aging Center, UCSF Department of Neurology, University of California San Francisco CA 94143 1207, USA
    Brain 129:2945-56. 2006
    b>Empathy is a complex social behaviour mediated by a network of brain structures. Recently, several functional imaging studies have investigated the neural basis of empathy, but few corroborative human lesion studies exist...
  64. pmc Gender differences in the mu rhythm of the human mirror-neuron system
    Yawei Cheng
    Institute of Neuroscience, School of Life Science, National Yang Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan
    PLoS ONE 3:e2113. 2008
    ..The human mirror-neuron system is considered to provide the basic mechanism for social cognition. However, whether the human mirror-neuron system exhibits gender differences is not yet clear...
  65. ncbi Empathy for pain and touch in the human somatosensory cortex
    Ilaria Bufalari
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Universita degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, I 00185, Rome, Italy
    Cereb Cortex 17:2553-61. 2007
    ..Results indicate that the S1 is not only involved in the actual perception of pain and touch but also plays an important role in extracting somatic features from social interactions...
  66. ncbi Empathy for positive and negative emotions in the gustatory cortex
    Mbemba Jabbi
    BCN Neuroimaging Center, University Medical Center Groningen, Antonius Deusinglaan 2, 9713 AW Groningen, The Netherlands
    Neuroimage 34:1744-53. 2007
    ..Finally, we associated participants' self reported empathy (measured using the Interpersonal Reactivity Index, IRI) with their IFO activation during the witnessing of ..
  67. ncbi An empirical study of decline in empathy in medical school
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, 1025 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Med Educ 38:934-41. 2004
    ..This can lead to a decline in empathy. Empirical research to address this issue is scarce because the definition of empathy lacks clarity, and a tool ..
  68. pmc Yawn contagion and empathy in Homo sapiens
    Ivan Norscia
    Centro Interdipartimentale Museo di Storia Naturale e del Territorio, Universita di Pisa, Calci, Pisa, Italy
    PLoS ONE 6:e28472. 2011
    The ability to share others' emotions, or empathy, is crucial for complex social interactions. Clinical, psychological, and neurobiological clues suggest a link between yawn contagion and empathy in humans (Homo sapiens)...
  69. ncbi The effects of physician empathy on patient satisfaction and compliance
    Sung Soo Kim
    Michigan State University, USA
    Eval Health Prof 27:237-51. 2004
    The present study attempted to develop new scales of patient-perceived, empathy-related constructs and to test a model of the relationships of physician empathy and related constructs to patient satisfaction and compliance...
  70. ncbi I feel how you feel but not always: the empathic brain and its modulation
    Grit Hein
    University of Zurich, Center for the Study of Social and Neural Systems, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 18:153-8. 2008
    The ability to share the other's feelings, known as empathy, has recently become the focus of social neuroscience studies...
  71. ncbi Amygdala hypoactivity to fearful faces in boys with conduct problems and callous-unemotional traits
    Alice P Jones
    Medical Research Council s Social, Genetic, and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Department of Forensic Mental Health, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
    Am J Psychiatry 166:95-102. 2009
    ..Using functional MRI, the authors evaluated differences in neural response to emotional stimuli between boys with conduct problems and elevated levels of callous-unemotional traits and comparison boys...
  72. ncbi Neural basis of extraordinary empathy and altruistic motivation
    Vani A Mathur
    Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, USA
    Neuroimage 51:1468-75. 2010
    ..Here we examined the neural basis of extraordinary empathy and altruistic motivation in African-American and Caucasian-American individuals using functional magnetic ..
  73. pmc Contagious yawning in gelada baboons as a possible expression of empathy
    E Palagi
    Centro Interdipartimentale Museo di Storia Naturale e del Territorio, Universita di Pisa, 56011 Pisa, Italy
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:19262-7. 2009
    Yawn contagion in humans has been proposed to be related to our capacity for empathy. It is presently unclear whether this capacity is uniquely human or shared with other primates, especially monkeys...
  74. ncbi Measurement of empathy among Japanese medical students: psychometrics and score differences by gender and level of medical education
    Hitomi U Kataoka
    Center for Developing Medical and Health Care Education, Okayama University Medical School, Okayama, Japan
    Acad Med 84:1192-7. 2009
    To examine psychometric properties of a Japanese translation of the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE), and to study differences in empathy scores between men and women, and students in different years of medical school.
  75. ncbi Anatomical differences in the mirror neuron system and social cognition network in autism
    Nouchine Hadjikhani
    Athinoula A Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Cereb Cortex 16:1276-82. 2006
    ..These findings suggest that the social and emotional deficits characteristic of autism may reflect abnormal thinning of the MNS and the broader network of cortical areas subserving social cognition...
  76. ncbi Dissociation of cognitive and emotional empathy in adults with Asperger syndrome using the Multifaceted Empathy Test (MET)
    Isabel Dziobek
    Neurocognition of Decision Making, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Lentzeallee 94, 14195 Berlin, Germany
    J Autism Dev Disord 38:464-73. 2008
    b>Empathy is a multidimensional construct consisting of cognitive (inferring mental states) and emotional (empathic concern) components...
  77. ncbi The mirror neuron system and the consequences of its dysfunction
    Marco Iacoboni
    Ahmanson Lovelace Brain Mapping Center, Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioural Sciences, Neuropsychiatric Institute, Brain Research Institute, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles 90095, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 7:942-51. 2006
    ..provides a plausible neurophysiological mechanism for a variety of important social behaviours, from imitation to empathy. Recent data also show that dysfunction of the mirror neuron system in humans might be a core deficit in autism, ..
  78. pmc A cross-sectional measurement of medical student empathy
    Daniel Chen
    Section of General Internal Medicine, Evans Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 22:1434-8. 2007
    b>Empathy is important in the physician-patient relationship. Prior studies have suggested that physician empathy may decline with clinical training.
  79. ncbi Predicting Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) from the Systemizing Quotient-Revised (SQ-R) and Empathy Quotient (EQ)
    S Wheelwright
    Autism Research Centre, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Douglas House, 18b Trumpington Rd, Cambridge CB2 2AH, UK
    Brain Res 1079:47-56. 2006
    ..These are two dimensions, measurable using the Empathy Quotient (EQ) and the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ)...
  80. pmc Self-referential cognition and empathy in autism
    Michael V Lombardo
    Autism Research Centre, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 2:e883. 2007
    ..We aimed to evaluate across several well validated measures in both domains, whether both self-referential cognition and empathy are impaired in ASC and whether these two domains are related to each other.
  81. ncbi Viewing facial expressions of pain engages cortical areas involved in the direct experience of pain
    Matthew Botvinick
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, PA 19104 6241, USA
    Neuroimage 25:312-9. 2005
    ..In addition, they lend support to the idea that common neural substrates are involved in representing one's own and others' affective states...
  82. ncbi Simulating murder: the aversion to harmful action
    Fiery Cushman
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, USA
    Emotion 12:2-7. 2012
    ..This suggests that the aversion to harmful actions extends beyond empathic concern for victim harm. Together, these studies demonstrate a link between the body and moral decision-making processes...
  83. pmc Testosterone administration impairs cognitive empathy in women depending on second-to-fourth digit ratio
    Jack van Honk
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Utrecht University, 3584 CS, Utrecht The Netherlands
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:3448-52. 2011
    ..Females on average outperform males in this cognitive empathy, and the male sex hormone testosterone is thought to be involved...
  84. ncbi Empathy in children with autism and conduct disorder: group-specific profiles and developmental aspects
    Christina Schwenck
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, Goethe University Frankfurt M, Deutschordenstraße 50, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 53:651-9. 2012
    A deficit in empathy is discussed to underlie difficulties in social interaction of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and conduct disorder (CD)...
  85. ncbi The neural correlates of empathy: experience, automaticity, and prosocial behavior
    Lian T Rameson
    University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1563, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 24:235-45. 2012
    b>Empathy is a critical aspect of human emotion that influences the behavior of individuals as well as the functioning of society...
  86. ncbi Size matters: increased grey matter in boys with conduct problems and callous-unemotional traits
    Stephane A De Brito
    Department of Forensic Mental Health Science, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College, London, UK
    Brain 132:843-52. 2009
    ..in limbic and prefrontal regions that are involved in emotion recognition, decision-making, morality and empathy. Among children with conduct problems, a small subgroup presents callous-unemotional traits thought to be ..
  87. ncbi Who cares? Revisiting empathy in Asperger syndrome
    Kimberley Rogers
    Millhauser Laboratories, Center for Brain Health, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA
    J Autism Dev Disord 37:709-15. 2007
    A deficit in empathy has consistently been cited as a central characteristic of Asperger syndrome (AS), but previous research on adults has predominantly focused on cognitive empathy, effectively ignoring the role of affective empathy...
  88. ncbi Empathy in schizophrenia: impaired resonance
    Helene Haker
    Department of General and Social Psychiatry, Psychiatric University Hospital of Zurich, 8021 Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 259:352-61. 2009
    ..serves as a basis for sharing physiological and emotional states of others and is an important component of empathy. Contagious laughing and contagious yawning are examples of resonance...
  89. ncbi The error-related negativity is related to risk taking and empathy in young men
    Diane L Santesso
    Department of Psychology, Brock University, St Catharines, Ontario, Canada
    Psychophysiology 46:143-52. 2009
    We related self-report measures of risk taking and empathy to the error-related negativity (ERN) elicited during a flanker task in boys in late adolescence...
  90. ncbi Empathy in Iranian medical students: A preliminary psychometric analysis and differences by gender and year of medical school
    Mohammad Rahimi-Madiseh
    Educational Development Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Science, Iran
    Med Teach 32:e471-8. 2010
    ..However, the emphasis given to empathy in medical education in Iran is limited, and the state of such teaching is unknown in many countries.
  91. pmc Feeling, caring, knowing: different types of empathy deficit in boys with psychopathic tendencies and autism spectrum disorder
    Alice P Jones
    Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths College, University of London, Lewisham Way, London, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 51:1188-97. 2010
    b>Empathy dysfunction is one of the hallmarks of psychopathy, but it is also sometimes thought to characterise autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Individuals with either condition can appear uncaring towards others...
  92. ncbi Subliminal presentation of other faces (but not own face) primes behavioral and evoked cortical processing of empathy for pain
    Agustin Ibanez
    Laboratory of Experimental Psychology and Neuroscience, Institute of Cognitive Neurology INECO, Favaloro University, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Brain Res 1398:72-85. 2011
    Current research on empathy for pain emphasizes the overlap in the neural response between the first-hand experience of pain and its perception in others...
  93. ncbi Analyzing the "nature" and "specific effectiveness" of clinical empathy: a theoretical overview and contribution towards a theory-based research agenda
    Melanie Neumann
    Center for Health Services Research Cologne ZVFK, Medical Department of the University of Cologne, Germany
    Patient Educ Couns 74:339-46. 2009
    To establish sound empirical evidence that clinical empathy (abbreviated as CE) is a core element in the clinician-patient relationship with profound therapeutic potential, a substantial theoretical-based understanding of CE in medical ..
  94. ncbi Motion, emotion and empathy in esthetic experience
    David Freedberg
    Department of Art History and Archeology, Columbia University, 826 Schermerhorn Hall, 1190 Amsterdam Avenue, New York 10027, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:197-203. 2007
    ..Historical, cultural and other contextual factors do not preclude the importance of considering the neural processes that arise in the empathetic understanding of visual artworks...
  95. ncbi Getting a grip on other minds: mirror neurons, intention understanding, and cognitive empathy
    Jonas T Kaplan
    Ahmanson Lovelace Brain Mapping Center, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Soc Neurosci 1:175-83. 2006
    ..correlated with scores on Empathic Concern subscale of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index, a measure of emotional empathy. These data suggest that human mirror neuron areas use both contextual and grasping type information to predict ..
  96. ncbi Gender differences in the mu rhythm during empathy for pain: an electroencephalographic study
    Chia Yen Yang
    Institute of Computer, Communication and System Engineering, Ching Yun University, Chungli, Taiwan
    Brain Res 1251:176-84. 2009
    ..NeuroImage 40, 1833-1840). The current study further investigated the neurophysiological mechanism underpinning empathy for pain in relation with gender through the measurements of the electroencephalographic mu suppression in ..
  97. pmc Empathy is moderated by genetic background in mice
    QiLiang Chen
    Undergraduate Program in Clinical Laboratory Science, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e4387. 2009
    b>Empathy, as originally defined, refers to an emotional experience that is shared among individuals...
  98. pmc Neural correlates of admiration and compassion
    Mary Helen Immordino-Yang
    Brain and Creativity Institute, and Rossier School of Education, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:8021-6. 2009
    ..Our findings contribute insights on the functions of the posteromedial cortices and on the recruitment of the anterior insula in social emotions concerned with physical versus psychological pain...
  99. ncbi Social modulation of pain as evidence for empathy in mice
    Dale J Langford
    Department of Psychology and Centre for Research on Pain, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 1B1, Canada
    Science 312:1967-70. 2006
    b>Empathy is thought to be unique to higher primates, possibly to humans alone. We report the modulation of pain sensitivity in mice produced solely by exposure to their cagemates, but not to strangers, in pain...
  100. ncbi Emotional and cognitive aspects of empathy and their relation to social cognition--an fMRI-study
    Ulrike M Krämer
    Department of Neuropsychology, Otto von Guericke University, 39106 Magdeburg, Germany
    Brain Res 1311:110-20. 2010
    ..functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study sought to characterize neural processes related to aspects of empathy and social cognition...
  101. ncbi Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) consolation: third-party identity as a window on possible function
    Teresa Romero
    Living Links Center, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University
    J Comp Psychol 124:278-86. 2010
    ..contact by a bystander toward a recipient of aggression, has acquired an important role in the debate about empathy in great apes because it has been proposed that the reassuring behavior aimed at distressed parties reflects ..

Research Grants71

  1. Understanding/ Treating Neuropsychiatric Symptoms of Pediatric Physical Illness
    Eva Szigethy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. RNA-Seq studies of Gene Expression in Cells and Networks in FI and ACC in Autism
    Barbara J Wold; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Cortex) and ACC (Anterior Cingulate cortex) are functionally implicated in social interaction and reciprocity, in empathy, and in the awareness and regulation of bodily functions. These functions are crucially affected in autism...
  3. Mission Reconnect: Promoting Resilience and Reintegration of Post-Deployment Vete
    Janet Kahn; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..stress reduction and relaxation practices, (2) contemplative practices to engender and support appreciation, empathy and forgiveness for oneself and one's loved ones, and (3) video instruction in use of simple massage ..
  4. Fatal Choice - Behavioral Economics of Vulnerability for Late-Life Suicide
    KATALIN NONE SZANTO; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Loewenstein's research on the role of emotions in decision-making and, specifically, his theory of "hot/cold empathy gaps", provides a conceptual model of how emotional states distort the decision-maker's perspective and ..
  5. Identifying the Neural Basis and Functional Role of Emotional Empathy in Dementia
    VIRGINIA EMILY STURM; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and clinical research) and Robert Levenson (a psychologist with expertise in psychophysiology, emotion, and empathy);and three consultants: Drs...
  6. Reducing Health Disparities by Decreasing Weight Bias in Community Healthcare Set
    Jeanne M Ferrante; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..presentation of a 17-minute "Weight Bias in Health Care" video and online toolkit (guided by Attribution Theory, Empathy Induction, and Motivational Interviewing)...
  7. Mission Reconnect: Promoting Resilience and Re-Integration of Post-Deployment Vet
    WILLIAM B COLLINGE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  8. Long-term benefits of dog ownership: Effects on stress and social behavior
    Kristen Jacobson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., aggression, depression, prosocial behavior), person characteristics (e.g., empathy, attitudes towards animals), and measures of social environment (e.g...
  9. Medical Student Education on Alcohol Abuse and Dependence
    T Tanner; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..There is much that a student can learn from this topic and apply to better the health of their patients. ..
  10. Metatramscriptome of the Oral Microbiome During Periodontal Disease Progression
    Jorge Frias-Lopez; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The goal of this project is to understand which organisms are active and what they are doing during periodontitis progression to develop specific treatments against them. ..
  11. Biobehavioral Mechanisms for Severe Disruptive Behavior in Adolescent Girls
    ELIZABETH ANNE SHIRTCLIFF; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..in the expression of CU traits, with notable activity and modulation of the neurocircuitry which instantiates empathy and callousness...
  12. Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience of Atypical Empathy in Conduct Disorder
    Jean Decety; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..study will comparatively evaluate three hypotheses regarding biopsychological mechanisms underpinning atypical empathy in conduct disorder (CD)...
  13. Development of social comparison and its effect on empathy
    Mina Cikara; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..proposal is to test a neuro-cognitive account of a probable precursor to bullying: the development of failures of empathy among typical children...
  14. The Cradle of Compassion: Early Development of Prosocial Behavior
    Celia A Brownell; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  15. Is Ecstasy an Empathogen? Effects of MDMA on Social and Emotional Processing
    Harriet de Wit; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..reportedly has unique effects, distinct from other stimulants;most notably it is said to increase feelings of empathy and closeness to others...
  16. Compassion Fatigue in Adult Daughter Caregivers
    Jennifer Day; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Next research steps will explore trajectories of compassion fatigue and develop instruments to measure and screen for compassion fatigue. ..
  17. Medical Student Skills Training on Pain and Addiction Assessment
    BRADLEY TANNER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..It introduces the legal challenges of medicine as they relate to federal and state oversight and the need for an integrated long term approach to fully address a patient's medical issue ..
  18. Neurological mechanisms in Emotional Processes of Psychopathy
    Jean Decety; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The study of empathy at a neurological level has provided insight into the component processes that enable us to share each other's emotions, resonate with a person in need, and act in ways that ..
  19. Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness of Peer Mentors in Reducing Hospital Use
    Larry Davidson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of self-care and exploring new ways of using experiential knowledge;and a trusting relationship characterized by empathy linked with conditional regard...
  20. RCT of an Animal-Assisted Intervention in Adjudicated Youth
    Annmarie Cano; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Many of these adolescents lack prosocial skills, such as empathy, that might aid in their rehabilitation...
  21. The Neuroscience of Motivational Interviewing Change Talk
    CLAUDIA DENKE TESCHE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Active during both the observation and performance of actions, as well as in empathy and affect, this system is believed to underlie our ability to understand both other people and ourselves...
  22. The Neural Substrates of Social Interactions
    Rupa Gupta; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Interpersonal coordination facilitates social affiliation, empathy, emotion processing, and communicative efficacy...
  23. Neural Mechanisms of Social Emotion Regulation
    James A Coan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..social contact, physical contact from a familiar other, and the social regulation of both threat responding and empathy, across four conceptually linked studies utilizing 124 participants drawn from a larger (n = 172) normative ..
  24. Role of Oxytocin in the Amygdala-Prefrontal Network During Social Decision-Making
    STEVE WOHN CHUL CHANG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..OT in this task also enhances the looking behavior at the recipient following reward donations. Empathy-related processing might be mediated by a cohort of networks involving amygdala, anterior cingulate (ACC), and ..
  25. Extending Response Modulation to Children with Callous/Unemotional Traits
    SARAH HAAS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..CU traits refer to a shallow range of emotions including low empathy, a lack of guilt or remorse, and a lack of caring about behavioral performance...
  26. Early Social and Emotional Development in Toddlers at Genetic Risk for Autism
    Susan B Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Early social-emotional reciprocity with primary caregivers, the emergence of empathy, the development of pretend play and self-other representation, and the regulation of behavior and negative ..
  27. Family Violence and Young Adult Dating Aggression: Reactivity and Compassion
    Gayla Margolin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The study also investigates whether compassion (measured through observed displays of empathy and attunement, physiological and vocal co regulation, oxytocin as a biomarker, and self- and partner-reports) is ..
  28. THE ROLE OF THE PRIMATE AMYGDALA IN GAZE FOLLOWING AND FACIAL MIMICRY
    Katalin M Gothard; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Facial mimicry is a form of shared emotion and constitutes the basis of empathy. These behaviors are profoundly affected in neurodevelopmental disorders and in severe mental illness, including ..
  29. The Neurobiology of Social Response to Distress
    JAMES BURKETT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    b>Empathy, or the ability to detect and respond to the emotions of others, is a fundamental component of normal social communication and is necessary for the maintenance of social relationships...
  30. CA3-Restricted BDNF Knockout as a Model of Abnormal Traits in Social Behaviors
    Alexei Morozov; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..as psychopathy or sociopathy is a variant of ASPD characterized by instrumental/proactive aggression and lack of empathy;at the same time, there is no pathological anxiety, depression or cognitive deficits...
  31. Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions
    MARVIN E BELZER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The ATN research agenda is of particular relevance to public health, as it will significantly contribute to our understanding of HIV in adolescents. ..
  32. Efficacy Trial of a Mindfulness-enhanced Strengthening Families Program
    Mark T Greenberg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will explore whether the intervention operates better for families under higher levels of stress. An enhanced effect of this evidence-based program has the potential for significant public health benefits. ..
  33. Modeling Professional Attitudes and Teaching Humanistic Communication in VR
    FREDERICK WILLIAM KRON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In summary, the MPathic-VR program will place lessons about professionalism, empathy, teamwork and patient-centeredness into a context that is both highly engaging and pedagogically solid...
  34. Test of Accurate Perception of Patients'Affect: Development and Validation
    Judith A Hall; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..information, other tests of interpersonal perception, self-reports of attitudes toward patient-centered care and empathy, and/or administrative records collected at their respective institutions pertaining to evaluations of ..
  35. Alcohol Myopia and Aggression
    Peter R Giancola; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e., hostile rumination, beliefs about aggression, anger, self-awareness, and empathy) moderate the alcohol-aggression relation within the context of the AMM...
  36. Imaging Cerebral and Sub-cerebral Correlates of Meditative States
    ERIC LEE SCHWARTZ; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..e. vascular disease, diabetes, cancer, HIV, major depression) to which meditation is being increasingly applied as an intervention. ..
  37. Beaumont Community Clinical Oncology Program
    John M Robertson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..B-CCOP's community presence accelerates the transfer of knowledge gained from clinical trials to community oncology practices and our diverse population. ..
  38. Burden, depression, and health in dementia caregivers: The role of emotion
    Robert Wayne Levenson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..stimuli), (b) emotion regulation (adjusting emotional responses to situational demands), and (c) emotional empathy (recognizing others'emotions, responding emotionally to others'emotions, helping others in need)...
  39. "Developmental changes and individual differences in sensitivity to fairness"
    Jessica Sommerville; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..differences in infants'inequality responses arise from individual differences in parental dispositional empathy that influence the ways in which parents emphasize principles of equality and reciprocity in infant-caregiver ..
  40. Components of Emotional Processing in Toddlers with ASD
    Katarzyna Chawarska; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..biases for affectively valenced information play a critical role in the development of attachment, communication, empathy, and non-social cognition...
  41. Wisconsin Center for the Neuroscience and Psychophysiology of Meditation
    Richard J Davidson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We believe that the understanding of the mechanisms by which meditation produces changes in behavioral and biological processes will be dramatically advanced through the work of this CERC. ..
  42. Prenatal Alcohol in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and Stillbirth (PASS) Network
    Amy J Elliott; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The NPCCS conducts all of these activities within a management structure designed to optimize active recruitment and collection of high quality data with care and compassion for the participants and communities it serves. ..
  43. Mechanisms of Meditation
    Charles Raison; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  44. Multidisciplinary Study of Social Behavior and Emotion in Frontotemporal Dementia
    MARIO FERNANDO MENDEZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., embarrassment), in emotional awareness of others (e.g., empathy), and in moral emotional experiences (e.g., fairness)...
  45. Jail-Based Treatment to Reduce Substance Abuse, Recidivism and Risky Behavior
    June P Tangney; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The primary aims are to better understand the role of moral emotions (i.e., shame, guilt and empathy) and moral cognitions (i.e...
  46. The Social Brain in Schizophrenia and Autism Spectrum Disorders
    Michal Assaf; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to investigate the neural correlates of 3 social cognitive processes, Theory of Mind (ToM), social judgment, and empathy, using a multimodal approach incorporating functional MRI (fMRI) and event related potential (ERP) data, in ..
  47. Neural bases of empathy and prosody
    Argye E Hillis; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..noted the frequency and importance of other deficits that are frequently associated neglect -- such as loss of empathy and emotional expression -- particularly in individuals with right hemisphere stroke...
  48. Longitudinal effects of mediation on empathic behavior and neural activity
    JENNIFER STREIFFER MASCARO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..longitudinal paradigm to assess whether a program that trains mindfulness and attention (MAT) meditation affects empathy. Novice subjects will be randomized to the meditation condition or to a control condition, and validated self-..
  49. An Intervention to Improve Well-Being in African American Medical Students
    SYLVIA PATRICE PERRY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to documented negative changes over the course of medical school including increased cynicism, reduced empathy, reduced idealism, and less importance placed in forming interpersonal relationships with patients and on ..
  50. Online Training for Resource Parents of Substance-Exposed Children
    LEE WHITE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the complex relationship of birth parent drug abuse to children's subsequent functioning;to develop greater empathy towards and cooperation with birth parents through greater understanding;and to effectively address children'..
  51. A wrinkle in time: The perception of expressions in the elderly
    Robert E Kleck; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Both processes in turn can lead to a reduction in empathy. Specifically, a crucial element of empathic responding, mimicry reactions (i.e...
  52. NEURAL BASIS FOR THE PRODUCTION AND PERCEPTION OF PROSODY
    LISA SARAH AZIZ ZADEH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..To explore these questions, subjects will complete behavioral measures in prosody production, perception, and/or empathy. Scores on these measures will be correlated with brain activity in the region of the IFG previously identified ..
  53. Predicting prosocial tendancies from children's temperamental profiles: A person
    Deborah J Laible; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..e., other oriented traits and behaviors focused on benefiting others, including sharing, helping, and empathy) are core aspects of social competence and an important marker of well-being and healthy adjustment (Carlo, 2006;..
  54. Increasing empathy to improve mental health
    Marco Iacoboni; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Empathy is essential for healthy socialization, being correlated with anonymous donation, spontaneous sharing, sympathetic reactions to distress, and other forms of prosocial behavior...
  55. Vstreet-G: A Web-Based Serious Game for Emancipating Youth on Life Skills
    LEE WHITE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..in ways that are relevant to their impending emancipation - including key components such as self-efficacy and empathy - compared to those who, using Vstreet...
  56. Substance Use Prevention Elementary Afterschool Program
    Janis B Kupersmidt; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Socioemotional skill areas include the selection, making, and keeping of friendships;empathy and perspective- taking;anger management and problem solving;and real-world problem application...
  57. Development and feasibility of computer based fidelity monitoring for MI
    Zachary E Imel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., empathy, use of reflections and open questions)...
  58. Preliminary study of a Yoga Program to catalyze health behavior change
    Sara W Lazar; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This information will then allow us to design a large RCT to formally test the efficacy of this program. ..
  59. PROFILING THE NEEDS OF DYING CHILDREN
    JOHN FEUDTNER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..They will also foster the development of the applicant's research skills so as to become an independent researcher addressing the needs of children with complex chronic conditions. ..
  60. Self-compassion and Well-being in the Elderly
    Ashley Batts Allen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  61. Middle school bullying and sexual violence: Measurement issues & etiological mod
    DOROTHY ESPELAGE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g., anger, attitudes toward violence) and protective factors (e.g., empathy)...
  62. HEINZ KOHUT--CORRESPONDENCE, 1939-1981
    Geoffrey Cocks; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..scientific precision in psychoanalytic practice, Kohut celebrated the special reliance of psychoanalysis on human empathy to gain insight into the complex dynamics of intra- and interpsychic processes...
  63. PEER MENTORS FOR ADOLESCENTS IN HIV-AFFECTED FAMILIES
    Stephen Magura; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..g., consistency and continuity of relationship; teaching/role modeling; emotional support/empathy; advocacy; and behavioral reinforcement. 3...
  64. INTEGRATED TREATMENT FOR COCAINE AND MOOD DISORDERS
    Joy Schmitz; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..g., support, education, empathy, and advice) and thus serve as an adequate psychotherapy-control condition...
  65. Neurodevelopmental Processes of Social Cognition in Anorexia Nervosa and Autism
    Nancy Zucker; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..outcome and therapeutic efficacy: difficulty forming therapeutic alliances, disturbances in body image, impaired empathy, and dearth of secure attachments...
  66. Race effects in oncologists' end-of-life communication
    Kathryn Pollak; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..we will assess patients' level of trust in their oncologist, perceived oncologist communication, perceived empathy, and their relationship with their oncologist...
  67. SOCIAL-COGNITIVE FUNCTIONING IN AGING AND DEMENTIA
    Allyson Washburn; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..the following: face processing, affect recognition, person perception, representations of social situations, empathy, and interpersonal problem-solving...
  68. Caring Interventions for Couples Who Have Miscarried
    Kristen Swanson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..to the combined-caring group, for women and their partners, there will be no differences in ratings of counselor empathy and caring at the first counseling session...
  69. Peer-support motivational interviewing PA intervention for African American women
    LORNA MCNEILL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..increase motivation by reducing barriers to change and resolving ambivalence for a given behavior by using empathy, encouragement, and non- confrontational methods...
  70. Development of social-emotional functioning in children with Williams syndrome
    DANIELA PLESA SKWERER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..g., keen social attention, overfriendliness toward strangers, empathy), and impairments commonly found in other populations with mental retardation (e.g...
  71. EMOTION, REGULATORY PROCESSES AND SOCIAL FUNCTIONING
    Nancy Eisenberg; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The proposed program of research extends current RSDA work, primarily On vicarious emotional responding (empathy-related reactions), which resulted in a heuristic model of the role of individual differences in emotional ..