Summary: An acquired cognitive disorder characterized by inattentiveness and the inability to form short term memories. This disorder is frequently associated with chronic ALCOHOLISM; but it may also result from dietary deficiencies; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; NEOPLASMS; CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS; ENCEPHALITIS; EPILEPSY; and other conditions. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1139)
Publications187 found, 100 shown here
- The Korsakoff syndrome: clinical aspects, psychology and treatmentMichael D Kopelman
King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
Alcohol Alcohol 44:148-54. 2009The Korsakoff syndrome is a preventable memory disorder that usually emerges (although not always) in the aftermath of an episode of Wernicke's encephalopathy...
- Cholinergic parameters and the retrieval of learned and re-learned spatial information: a study using a model of Wernicke-Korsakoff SyndromeRita G W Pires
Departamento de Bioquímica Imunologia, Laboratório de Neurociência e Comportamento, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte 31270 010, Brazil
Behav Brain Res 162:11-21. 2005..But the correlation with the behavioural parameters was observed only for pre-trained animals, that is, those that were retrained and assessed for retrograde retention...
- Mechanisms of selective neuronal cell death due to thiamine deficiencyK Todd
Neuroscience Research Unit, Centre Hospitalier de l Universite de Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Ann N Y Acad Sci 893:404-11. 1999..Recent evidence of early microglial activation and increased free radical production suggest that oxidative stress processes play an important early role in the brain damage associated with thiamine deficiency...
- Wernicke's encephalopathy: new clinical settings and recent advances in diagnosis and managementGianPietro Sechi
Institute of Clinical Neurology, University of Sassari, Italy
Lancet Neurol 6:442-55. 2007..A systematic approach helps to ensure that patients receive a prompt diagnosis and adequate treatment...
- Thiamine for prevention and treatment of Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome in people who abuse alcoholEd Day
Department of Psychiatry, Birmingham and Solihull Mental Health NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 7:CD004033. 2013Autopsy studies suggest that Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS) is not a rare disorder, particularly in individuals who abuse alcohol...
- Functional MRI study of diencephalic amnesia in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndromeM Caulo
Department of Clinical Sciences and Bio imaging, University G D Annunzio, Chieti Pescara, Italy
Brain 128:1584-94. 2005Anterograde amnesia in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome is associated with diencephalic lesions, mainly in the anterior thalamic nuclei. Whether diencephalic and temporal lobe amnesias are distinct entities is still not clear...
- Aging potentiates the acute and chronic neurological symptoms of pyrithiamine-induced thiamine deficiency in the rodentS R Pitkin
Behavioral Neuroscience Program, Department of Psychology, State University of New York at Binghamton, Binghamton, NY 13905, USA
Behav Brain Res 119:167-77. 2001..advanced age in the development and manifestation of thiamine deficiency using an animal model of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS)...
- Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome associated with hyperemesis gravidarumChang Kyoon Yoon
Department of Ophthalmology, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea
Korean J Ophthalmol 19:239-42. 2005The authors hereby describe a case of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome with accompanying ocular findings that is caused by hyperernesis gravidarum.
- Stage-dependent alterations of progenitor cell proliferation and neurogenesis in an animal model of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndromeRyan P Vetreno
Department of Psychology, Behavioral Neuroscience, State University of New York at Binghamton, Vestal, NY 13902, USA
Brain Res 1391:132-46. 2011Alcohol-induced Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS) culminates in bilateral diencephalic lesion and severe amnesia...
- The role of cholinergic and GABAergic medial septal/diagonal band cell populations in the emergence of diencephalic amnesiaJ J Roland
Behavioral Neuroscience Program, Department of Psychology, Binghamton University, State University of New York, Binghamton, NY 13902, USA
Neuroscience 160:32-41. 2009..In contrast, both the PV- and CaBP-positive neurons in the MS/DB were not affected by PTD treatment. These results support an interactive role of both thalamic pathology and cholinergic cell loss in diencephalic amnesia...
- Age-related vulnerability to diencephalic amnesia produced by thiamine deficiency: the role of time of insultShane R Pitkin
Behavioral Neuroscience Program, Department of Psychology, State University of New York at Binghamton, Binghamton, NY 13905, USA
Behav Brain Res 148:93-105. 2004..A rodent model of Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome (WKS), acute pyrithiamine-induced thiamine deficiency (PTD), produces diencephalic damage and impairments of ..
- Increasing hippocampal acetylcholine levels enhance behavioral performance in an animal model of diencephalic amnesiaJessica J Roland
Behavioral Neuroscience Program, Department of Psychology, Binghamton University SUNY, Binghamton NY 13902, USA
Brain Res 1234:116-27. 2008Pyrithiamine-induced thiamine deficiency (PTD) was used to produce a rodent model of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome that results in acute neurological disturbances, thalamic lesions, and learning and memory impairments...
- Brain and behavioral pathology in an animal model of Wernicke's encephalopathy and Wernicke-Korsakoff SyndromeRyan P Vetreno
Behavioral Neuroscience Program, Department of Psychology, State University of New York at Binghamton, Binghamton, NY 13902, USA
Brain Res 1436:178-92. 2012..changes that occur during the acute and chronic phases of thiamine deficiency and describe how rodent models of Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome aid in developing a more detailed picture of brain structures involved in learning and memory.
- The interaction of working memory performance and episodic memory formation in patients with Korsakoff's amnesiaBonnie van Geldorp
Radboud University Nijmegen, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Brain Res 1433:98-103. 2012..In light of these results, the long-standing view that working memory and long-term memory are strictly dissociated may need to be revisited...
- Cholinergic dysfunction and amnesia in patients with Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome: a transcranial magnetic stimulation studyRaffaele Nardone
Department of Neurology, Christian Doppler Clinic, Paracelsus Private Medical University, Salzburg, Austria
J Neural Transm 117:385-91. 2010The specific neurochemical substrate underlying the amnesia in patients with Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS) is still poorly defined. Memory impairment has been linked to dysfunction of neurons in the cholinergic system...
- Isolated prospective confabulation in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome: a case for reality filteringArmin Schnider
Laboratory of Cognitive Neurorehabilitation, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Medical Faculty, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
Neurocase 19:90-104. 2013..amnesia and disorientation, accompanied by content-specific confabulation, due to an alcoholic Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. For months, he was deeply concerned about a single obligation that he thought he had to respond to, but ..
- Macrostructural abnormalities in Korsakoff syndrome compared with uncomplicated alcoholismA L Pitel
INSERM, U1077, EPHE, UMR S1077, Caen, France
Neurology 78:1330-3. 2012To distinguish, in patients with Korsakoff syndrome (KS), the structural brain abnormalities shared with alcoholic patients without KS (AL), from those specific to KS.
- Neuroimaging of the Wernicke-Korsakoff syndromeEdith V Sullivan
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Alcohol Alcohol 44:155-65. 2009....
- Spatial working memory and contextual cueing in patients with Korsakoff amnesiaMarieke Van Asselen
Psychological Laboratory, Helmholtz Instituut, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 27:645-55. 2005The current study investigated the effect of Korsakoff syndrome on memory for spatial information and, in particular, the effect of contextual cueing on spatial memory retention...
- Structural MRI volumetric analysis in patients with organic amnesia, 1: methods and comparative findings across diagnostic groupsA Colchester
Neuro Media Group, KIMHS, Electrical Engineering Labs, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, CT2 7NT, UK
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 71:13-22. 2001..Previous neuroimaging reports in patients with Korsakoff syndrome have generally found widespread or non-specific change, whereas in patients with herpes encephalitis the ..
- Spared unconscious influences of spatial memory in diencephalic amnesiaAlbert Postma
Experimental Psychology, Helmholtz Institute, Utrecht University, Heidelberglaan 2, 3584 CS, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Exp Brain Res 190:125-33. 2008..The presented results suggest that conscious and unconscious influences of spatial memory can be clearly dissociated in Korsakoff's syndrome...
- A cluster of polyneuropathy and Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome in a bariatric unitLuiz Claudio Lopes Chaves
Obesity Surgery Group, Hospital Ofir Loyola, Belem, Para, Brazil
Obes Surg 12:328-34. 2002Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome and peripheral neuropathy are very uncommon in bariatric surgical practice. The literature indicates that these complications tend to strike patients receiving unbalanced diets or undergoing rapid weight-loss.
- Neuropathological alterations in alcoholic brains. Studies arising from the New South Wales Tissue Resource CentreClive Harper
Department of Neuropathology, Institute for Clinical Neurosciences, Central Sydney Area Health Service, Camperdown, NSW, Australia
Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 27:951-61. 2003..The most significant of these is the alcohol-related vitamin deficient state, the Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS), which is caused by thiamin deficiency but is seen most commonly in alcoholics...
- Procedural memory in Korsakoff's disease under different movement feedback conditionsStephan P Swinnen
Laboratory of Motor Control, Department of Kinesiology, Group Biomedical Sciences, K U Leuven, Tervuurse Vest 101, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
Behav Brain Res 159:127-33. 2005..This prompts for a reevaluation of current notions about procedural memory capacity in Korsakoff patients...
- [Particular aspects of bioelectric brain activity in post-traumatic Korsakoff syndrome]E R Obraztsova
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 103:59-65. 2003..In the context of clinical data, this EEG phenomenon may be related to inhibited state of corresponding cortical areas...
- A placebo-controlled study of memantine (Ebixa) in dementia of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndromeAvdo Rustembegovic
Anton Proksch Institute, Department of Alcohol and Drug Dependence, Vienna, Austria
Med Arh 57:149-50. 2003..and tolerability of the memantine, and NMDA antagonist, in the treatment of dementia in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. In this study, for the first time in dementia of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, the response to memantine was ..
- Spatial and non-spatial contextual working memory in patients with diencephalic or hippocampal dysfunctionCarinne Piekema
Helmholtz Institute, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
Brain Res 1172:103-9. 2007..However, we did not find a disproportionate inability in maintaining spatial or non-spatial associations within working memory as previously demonstrated in long-term memory...
- Memory for object locations in Korsakoff's amnesiaR P Kessels
Psychological Laboratory, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
Cortex 36:47-57. 2000..No evidence for selective impairments could be observed. These impairments can be linked to damage of diencephalic regions and perhaps the parietal cortex...
- FDG-PET findings in the Wernicke-Korsakoff syndromeLaurence J Reed
University Dept of Psychiatry and Psychology, St Thomas s Hospital, Kings College, London, UK
Cortex 39:1027-45. 2003..Twelve patients suffering amnesia arising from the Korsakoff syndrome were compared with 10 control subjects without alcohol-related disability...
- Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors for the treatment of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome--three further cases show response to donepezilMurray Cochrane
Parkhead Hospital, 81 Salamanca Street, Glasgow, G31 5ES, UK
Alcohol Alcohol 40:151-4. 2005Three patients diagnosed with Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome were treated with the acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, donepezil, for periods of 6 to 8 months...
- Direct genomic PCR sequencing of the high affinity thiamine transporter (SLC19A2) gene identifies three genetic variants in Wernicke Korsakoff syndrome (WKS)Irene Guerrini
Molecular Psychiatry Laboratory, Windeyer Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Mental Health Sciences, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, 46 Cleveland Street, London W1T 4JF, United Kingdom
Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 137:17-9. 2005
- Individual susceptibility to Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome and alcoholism-induced cognitive deficit: impaired thiamine utilization found in alcoholics and alcohol abusersLaura C Heap
Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Kings College School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, UK
Psychiatr Genet 12:217-24. 2002..We conclude that thiamine deficiency was commonly present in the alcoholic patients, and that a subgroup of patients may be predisposed to more severe brain damage as a consequence of abnormalities in the transketolase protein...
- Acute Korsakoff syndrome following mammillothalamic tract infarctionYuichiro Yoneoka
Department of Neurosurgery, Yamagata Prefecture Central Hospital, Yamagata, Japan
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 25:964-8. 2004There are limited case reports of structural lesions causing Korsakoff syndrome. This report describes acute Korsakoff syndrome following localized, bilateral infarction of the mammillothalamic tracts (MTTs)...
- Intact memory for implicit contextual information in Korsakoff's amnesiaErik Oudman
Helmholtz Institute, Experimental Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Neuropsychologia 49:2848-55. 2011..The implicit learning effect was not related to the spatial working memory scores. Together these results clearly suggest that implicit and explicit spatial memory have a different neurocognitive basis...
- Correlation between phosphorylation level of a hippocampal 86kDa protein and extinction of a behaviour in a model of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndromeRita G W Pires
Departamento de Bioquímica Imunologia, Laboratório de Neurociência Comportamental e Molecular LaNeC, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte 31270 010, Brazil
Behav Brain Res 180:102-6. 2007..These data add to and extend previous findings by our laboratory implicating the involvement of hippocampal neurotransmission components in extinction of a behaviour which involves learning of environmental spatial cues...
- Not all repetition is alike: different benefits of repetition in amnesia and normal memoryMieke Verfaellie
Memory Disorders Research Center, Boston VA Healthcare System and Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02130, USA
J Int Neuropsychol Soc 14:365-72. 2008..We conclude that the repetition of information, and especially repetition in varied contexts, enhances recollection in individuals with intact memory, but exclusively affects familiarity in patients with severe amnesia...
- Word frequency and word stem completion in Korsakoff patientsH R Phaf
Psychonomics Department, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 22:817-29. 2000....
- Memory and the Korsakoff syndrome: not remembering what is rememberedGery d'Ydewalle
Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
Neuropsychologia 45:905-20. 2007....
- Route learning in amnesia: a comparison of trial-and-error and errorless learning in patients with the Korsakoff syndromeRoy P C Kessels
NICI, Neuropsychology and Rehabilitation, Radboud University Nijmegen and Department of Medical Psychology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, The Netherlands
Clin Rehabil 21:905-11. 2007..To examine the errorless learning approach using a procedural memory task (i.e. learning of actual routes) in patients with amnesia, as compared to trial-and-error learning...
- Spatial and temporal order memory in Korsakoff patientsAlbert Postma
Psychological Laboratory, Helmholtz Institute, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
J Int Neuropsychol Soc 12:327-36. 2006..Moreover, their lower recall of both features at the same time suggests that Korsakoff patients are impaired in binding different contextual attributes together in memory...
- Frontal lobe dysfunctions in Korsakoff's syndrome and chronic alcoholism: continuity or discontinuity?B Brokate
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Municipal Hospital of Bremen, Germany
Neuropsychology 17:420-8. 2003..Second, the decline in the ability to alternate between different responses argues for a restricted neurotoxic effect of alcohol on some frontal lobe areas...
- [Trends in study of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome]Kenji Kosaka
Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi 109:509-15. 2007
- Persistence of disturbed thalamic glucose metabolism in a case of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndromeAndreas Fellgiebel
Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Mainz, Untere Zahlbacher Str 8, Mainz, Germany
Psychiatry Res 124:105-12. 2003..After admission, an amnestic syndrome with confabulation was also observed and diagnosis of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome was made...
- Blunted hippocampal, but not striatal, acetylcholine efflux parallels learning impairment in diencephalic-lesioned ratsJessica J Roland
Behavioral Neuroscience Program, Department of Psychology, Binghamton University SUNY, Binghamton, NY 13902, USA
Neurobiol Learn Mem 87:123-32. 2007..The results support selective diencephalic-hippocampal dysfunction in the PTD model. This diencephalic-hippocampal interaction appears to be critical for successful episodic and spatial learning/memory...
- Effect of kami-untan-to on the impairment of learning and memory induced by thiamine-deficient feeding in miceO Nakagawasai
Department of Pharmacology, Tohoku Pharmaceutical University, 4 4 1 Komatsushima, Aoba ku, Sendai 981 8558, Japan
Neuroscience 125:233-41. 2004..These results suggest that the effect of KUT on the impairment of memory-related behavior induced by TD feeding may be closely related to the activation of cholinergic neurons in the hippocampus...
- Alcohol and the nervous systemC McIntosh
Royal Edinburgh Hospital, Morningside Terrace, Edinburgh EH10 5HF, UK
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 75:iii16-21. 2004
- The natural history and pathophysiology of Wernicke's Encephalopathy and Korsakoff's PsychosisAllan D Thomson
Molecular Psychiatry Laboratory, Windeyer Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Mental Health Sciences, Royal Free and University College, London Medical School, London UK
Alcohol Alcohol 41:151-8. 2006..It is hoped that this will highlight the need for clinicians to treat alcohol-dependent patients prophylactically with parenteral thiamine and thus prevent the development of Korsakoff's Psychosis (KP)...
- Development and resolution of brain lesions caused by pyrithiamine- and dietary-induced thiamine deficiency and alcohol exposure in the alcohol-preferring rat: a longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy studyAdolf Pfefferbaum
Neuroscience Program, SRI International, Menlo Park, CA, USA
Neuropsychopharmacology 32:1159-77. 2007....
- Enhanced head-twitch response to 5-HT-related agonists in thiamine-deficient miceO Nakagawasai
Department of Pharmacology, Tohoku Pharmaceutical University, Sendai, Japan
J Neural Transm 114:1003-10. 2007..systems in neuro-psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia and depression, their role in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS) remains unclear...
- The anatomy of amnesia: neurohistological analysis of three new casesJeffrey J Gold
Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Diego, California 92161, USA
Learn Mem 13:699-710. 2006..These findings illuminate several issues regarding the relation between diencephalic and medial temporal lobe amnesia, the status of recognition memory in amnesia, and the neuroanatomy of memory...
- The current state of S. S. Korsakov's concept of alcoholic polyneuritic psychosisYu P Sivolap
Department of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology, I M Sechenov Moscow Medical Academy, Russia
Neurosci Behav Physiol 35:977-82. 2005
- Nerve growth factor in serum is a marker of the stage of alcohol diseaseMaria C Jockers-Scherübl
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Eschenallee 3, 14050 Berlin, Germany
Neurosci Lett 419:78-82. 2007..In accordance with this hypothesis, NGF values are "normal" in patients with persistent alcohol-related cognitive decline...
- Reversible acute axonal polyneuropathy associated with Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome: impaired physiological nerve conduction due to thiamine deficiency?S Ishibashi
Department of Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1 5 45, Yushima, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 8519, Japan
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 74:674-6. 2003..CMAPs, SNAPs, and SSRs also increased considerably. We suggest that this is a new type of peripheral nerve impairment: physiological conduction failure with minimal conduction delay due to thiamine deficiency...
- The alcohol withdrawal syndromeA McKeon
Department of Neurology and Clinical Neurosciences, Beaumont Hospital, Dublin, and Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 79:854-62. 2008..Many patients with AWS have multiple management issues (withdrawal symptoms, delirium tremens, the Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, seizures, depression, polysubstance abuse, electrolyte disturbances and liver disease), which requires a ..
- Temporal order memory in patients with Korsakoff's syndrome and medial temporal amnesiaJohn Joseph Downes
Department of Psychology, University of Liverpool, Eleanor Rathbone Building, Bedford Street South, Liverpool L69 72A, UK
Neuropsychologia 40:853-61. 2002....
- [Thiamine deficiency caused by malnutrition: a rare cause?]P G Jong Baw
Parnassia Bavo Groep Den Haag
Tijdschr Psychiatr 50:611-5. 2008..If in doubt, always opt for thiamine suppletion...
- Alcohol use, thiamine deficiency, and cognitive impairmentFrances R Frankenburg
JAMA 299:2854; author reply 2854-5. 2008
- Perceptual learning in amnesiaManfred Fahle
Department of Human Neurobiology, University of Bremen, Argonnenstr 3, D 28211 Bremen, Germany
Neuropsychologia 40:1167-72. 2002..This result corroborates the notion of a relatively 'front end' location of at least some forms of perceptual learning...
- Voxel-based mapping of brain hypometabolism in permanent amnesia with PETA M Aupée
INSERM U320, Cyceron and Department of Neurology, University of Caen, France
Neuroimage 13:1164-73. 2001..The use of a voxel-based method allowed us to map a common network of synaptic dysfunction in a neuropsychological syndrome regardless of etiology. Our results indicate that this should be a powerful method in functional neuropsychology...
- Is implicit learning spared in amnesia? Rule abstraction and item familiarity in artificial grammar learningShelley Channon
Subdepartment of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, UK
Neuropsychologia 40:2185-97. 2002..However, this sensitivity to bigram familiarity was significantly reduced in the amnesic compared to the control group. The results challenge the claim that implicit learning is intact in amnesia...
- The National Adult Reading Test as a measure of premorbid intelligence: a comparison with estimates derived from demographic variablesPeter Bright
University Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, King s College, London, UK
J Int Neuropsychol Soc 8:847-54. 2002..The data offer reassurance regarding the continued use of NART as a valid estimate of premorbid intelligence in a number of conditions...
- [Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome: malignant tumour as triggering factor]J Guisado
, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Extremadura, Badajoz
Actas Esp Psiquiatr 29:279-81. 2001..alcoholism and malignant tumour are three predisponing risk factors for the development of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. We described the clinical case of a patient with history of alcoholism that developed Wernicke-Korsakoff ..
- [Wernicke encephalopathy after subtotal gastrectomy for morbid obesity]C Gabaudan
Service d Imagerie Medicale, hôpital Laveran, boulevard Laveran, 13013 Marseille, France
Rev Neurol (Paris) 164:463-7. 2008..The interest of nutritional supervision in the first weeks and preventive thiamine supplementation in case of repeated vomiting are of particular importance in these risky situations...
- The effect of retrieval instructions on false recognition: exploring the nature of the gist memory impairment in amnesiaMieke Verfaellie
Memory Disorders Research Center 151A, Boston VA Healthcare System, 150 S Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02130, USA
Neuropsychologia 40:2360-8. 2002..Rather, it suggests that amnesic patients are impaired in their ability to encode, store, or maintain strong gist information...
- Confabulation behavior and false memories in Korsakoff's syndrome: role of source memory and executive functioningRoy P C Kessels
Nijmegen Institute for Cognition and Information, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 62:220-5. 2008..Provoked confabulations may be related to intrusions on memory tests, whereas spontaneous confabulations may be due to executive dysfunction or a source memory deficit...
- Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome and galantamineB Kirk Phillips
Psychosomatics 45:366-8. 2004
- Decision-making deficits of korsakoff patients in a new gambling task with explicit rules: associations with executive functionsMatthias Brand
Department of Physiological Psychology, University of Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany
Neuropsychology 19:267-77. 2005..Results show that Korsakoff patients are strongly impaired in this explicit decision-making task and that these disturbances are correlated with specific executive functions...
- [Neuropsychology of Korsakoff's syndrome]J Cabanyes
Departamento de Neurologia, Clinica Salvia, Madrid
Neurologia 19:183-92. 2004..The aim of this paper is to review the most important neuropsychological features of Korsakoff's syndrome and to discuss the hypotheses on it...
- [Neuropsychological deficits in alcoholics: some implications for road safety]M J Garrido
Departamento de Psicología Básica II, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Espana
Rev Neurol 38:277-83. 2004..We also will analyse the involvement of these deficit in a complex task as driving...
- Alcohol, cognitive impairment and the hard to discharge acute hospital inpatientsA Popoola
Professorial Psychiatric Unit, Cork University Hospital, Cork, Ireland
Ir J Med Sci 177:141-5. 2008..To examine the role of alcohol and alcohol-related cognitive impairment in the clinical presentation of adults in-patients less than 65 years who are 'hard to discharge' in a general hospital...
- No association between DLST gene and Alzheimer's disease or Wernicke-Korsakoff syndromeS Matsushita
Department of Clinical Research, National Institute on Alcoholism, Kurihama National Hospital, Yokosuka, Kanagawa, Japan
Neurobiol Aging 22:569-74. 2001..Also characterized by reduced KGDHC activity is another neuropsychiatric disease, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS), which results from thiamine deficiency...
- Frontal dysfunction and frontal cortical synapse loss in alcoholism--the main cause of alcohol dementia?A Brun
Department of Forensic Medicine, Lund, Sweden
Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 12:289-94. 2001..The cortical changes are closely similar to those found in frontotemporal dementia, and seem to be a plausible main cause of the alcoholic frontal symptomatology and alcoholic dementia...
- Episodic and working memory deficits in alcoholic Korsakoff patients: the continuity theory revisitedAnne Lise Pitel
Inserm EPHE Universite de Caen Basse Normandie, Unité U923, GIP Cyceron, CHU Cote de Nacre, Caen, France
Alcohol Clin Exp Res 32:1229-41. 2008....
- The cost of living in purgatory's shadowMichael S Vaphiades
The Departments of Ophthalmology, Neurology and Neurosurgery, University of Alabama Birmingham, USA
J Ark Med Soc 101:146-7. 2004A 40-year-old alcoholic man developed Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. His examination showed ophthalmoplegia, ataxia and memory difficulties...
- Bright red nucleiLaurence J Kinsella
Neurology 63:1543; author reply 1543. 2004
- Dramatic recovery from prolonged Wernicke-Korsakoff diseaseAntonio Carota
Service de Rééducation, Hopital Cantonal Universitaire, Geneve, Suisse
Eur Neurol 53:45-6. 2005
- Thiamine pyrophosphate-requiring enzymes are altered during pyrithiamine-induced thiamine deficiency in cultured human lymphoblastsS R Pekovich
Department of Molecular Biology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37325, USA
J Nutr 126:1791-8. 1996The most common of the severe complications of thiamine deficiency are beriberi and Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. To help clarify the biochemical basis for these disorders, a cell culture system has been established in which pyrithiamine, ..
- Interaction of thiamine deficiency and voluntary alcohol consumption disrupts rat corpus callosum ultrastructureXiaohua He
Department of Pathology D06, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Neuropsychopharmacology 32:2207-16. 2007..and thiamine deficiency in causing brain damage remain controversial in alcoholics without the Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. Experimental control over alcohol consumption and diet are impossible in humans but can be accomplished in ..
- Optimum nutrition: thiamin, biotin and pantothenateD A Bender
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University College London, UK
Proc Nutr Soc 58:427-33. 1999..2.1.1) is the thiamin-dependent step. It has been suggested that the Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome is associated with a genetic variant of transketolase which requires a higher than normal concentration of ..
- Impaired, spared, and enhanced ACh efflux across the hippocampus and striatum in diencephalic amnesia is dependent on task demandsRyan P Vetreno
Behavioral Neuroscience Program, Department of Psychology, Binghamton University, State University of New York, Binghamton, NY 13902, USA
Neurobiol Learn Mem 90:237-44. 2008..brain lesions and impairments similar in nature and distribution to those observed in humans with Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS)...
- Thiamine pyrophosphate biosynthesis and transport in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegansLiesbeth de Jong
Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1B1, Canada
Genetics 168:845-54. 2004..in the diet of animals, and thiamine deficiency leads to diseases such as beri-beri and the Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. Dietary thiamine (vitamin B1) consists mainly of thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP), which is transformed into ..
- The psychiatric management of patients with alcohol dependenceJonathan I Ritvo
Charles Park, MD Department of Psychiatry, University of Hawaii, 1356 Lusitana Street, UH Tower, Fourth Floor, Honolulu, HI 96813, USA
Curr Treat Options Neurol 9:381-92. 2007..administration of intravenous fluids to prevent the development of Wernicke's encephalopathy and Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. In combination with psychosocial treatment, disulfiram, naltrexone, and acamprosate can reduce the ..
- [Beriberi after bariatric surgery: not an unusual complication. Report of two cases and literature review]Lilian F A Alves
Servico de Endocrinologia, Hospital Felicio Rocho, Rua Monte Alegre 851, 30240 230 Belo Horizonte, MG
Arq Bras Endocrinol Metabol 50:564-8. 2006..Two patients with the clinic of peripheral neuropathy and Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome will be reported...
- Molecular genetics of alcohol-related brain damageIrene Guerrini
Bexley Substance Misuse Service, South London and Mausdley NHS Trust, London, UK
Alcohol Alcohol 44:166-70. 2009..The aim of this paper is to review the most recent knowledge on the genetic susceptibility to the development of alcohol-related Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS).
- B Vitamin deficiency and neuropsychiatric syndromes in alcohol misuseC C Cook
Kent Institute of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Kent at Canterbury, UK
Alcohol Alcohol 33:317-36. 1998..In particular, the Wernicke Korsakoff syndrome (WKS)...
- Blocking GABA-A receptors in the medial septum enhances hippocampal acetylcholine release and behavior in a rat model of diencephalic amnesiaJessica J Roland
Behavioral Neuroscience Program, Department of Psychology, Binghamton University State University of New York, NY, USA
Pharmacol Biochem Behav 92:480-7. 2009Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS), a form of diencephalic amnesia caused by thiamine deficiency, results in severe anterograde memory loss...
- Thiamine status in humans and content of phosphorylated thiamine derivatives in biopsies and cultured cellsMarjorie Gangolf
GIGA Neurosciences, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium
PLoS ONE 5:e13616. 2010..Diseases linked to thiamine deficiency (polyneuritis, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome) remain frequent among alcohol abusers and other risk populations...
- Persistence of habituation deficits after neurological recovery from severe thiamine deprivationK Le Roch
Departement de Psychophysiologie, C N R S, Gif sur Yvette, France
Behav Brain Res 26:37-46. 1987..These symptoms are reminiscent of the clinical Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. Injection of thiamine dramatically reversed these symptoms within one or two hours as seen in Wernicke ..
- Neurological complications of prolonged hunger strikeM Basoglu
Neurology Department, Ataturk Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey
Eur J Neurol 13:1089-97. 2006..for 60-294 days (mean 156) during the hunger strike, and had neurological findings consistent with Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. All 41 patients exhibited altered consciousness which lasted from 3 to 31 days...
- Confabulations in alcoholic Korsakoff patientsSabine Borsutzky
Physiological Psychology, University of Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany
Neuropsychologia 46:3133-43. 2008..Although confabulations are described anecdotally in patients with alcoholic Korsakoff syndrome (KS), there are few systematic investigations of the presence and nature of these types of false memories in ..
- Anthocyanins: are they beneficial in treating ethanol neurotoxicity?Gang Chen
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Kentucky, 124C Combs Research Building, 800 Rose Street, Lexington, KY, 40536, USA
Neurotox Res 17:91-101. 2010..Excessive alcohol consumption is associated with Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS) and neurodegeneration in the adult brain...
- Wernicke's encephalopathy in a malnourished surgical patient: clinical features and magnetic resonance imagingM Nolli
Anaesthesia Unit, Department of Emergency and Critical Area, General Hospital La Spezia, Italy
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 49:1566-70. 2005..This progressed to typical Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome with ataxia and memory and cognitive defects...
- Neuromuscular consequences of prolonged hunger strike: an electrophysiological studyA E Oge
Department of Neurology, Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Capa 34390, Istanbul, Turkey
Clin Neurophysiol 111:2064-70. 2000..The purpose of this study was to determine the electrophysiological consequences of neuromuscular and central nervous system involvement in a group of patients presented with the neurological complications of a long-term hunger strike (HS)...
- The glutamatergic basis of human alcoholismG Tsai
Laboratory of Molecular and Developmental Neuroscience, Massachusetts General Hospital
Am J Psychiatry 152:332-40. 1995..Neurobiological effects of alcoholism, such as intoxication, withdrawal seizures, delirium tremens, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, and fetal alcohol syndrome, can be understood as a spectrum of consequences of ethanol's effect on the ..
- Nucleotide and predicted amino acid sequence of a cDNA clone encoding part of human transketolaseM Abedinia
Department of Biochemistry, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
Biochem Biophys Res Commun 183:1159-66. 1992..in the pentose-phosphate pathway which has been implicated in the latent human genetic disease, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. Here we report the cloning and partial characterisation of the coding sequences encoding human ..
- Lithium-mediated protection against ethanol neurotoxicityJia Luo
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Kentucky College of Medicine Lexington, KY, USA
Front Neurosci 4:41. 2010..Excessive alcohol consumption is also associated with Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome and neurodegeneration in the adult brain...
- Persistent altered mentation due to ethanolM Victor
Department of Medicine Neurology, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, New Hampshire
Neurol Clin 11:639-61. 1993..The dementing diseases of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, pellagra, the nonfamilial form of hepatocerebral degeneration, Marchiafava-Bignami disease, and alcoholic ..
- Anorexia nervosa and Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome: a case reportLaura Saad
Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Campinas UNICAMP, PO Box 6111, Campinas, SP Brazil, ZIP code 13081 970
J Med Case Reports 4:217. 2010..Wernicke's encephalopathy has traditionally been associated with alcoholism but, in recent years, there has been an increase in the number of clinical settings in which the disorder is observed...
- The neurotoxicity of alcoholClive Harper
Department of Pathology, Blackburn Building, D06, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Hum Exp Toxicol 26:251-7. 2007..and other brain regions damaged in patients who have additional vitamin B1 (thiamine) deficiency (Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome)...
- Memory for subject performed tasks in patients with Korsakoff syndromeM Mimura
Department of Neuropsychiatry, Tokyo Dental College Ichikawa General Hospital
Cortex 34:297-303. 1998..Domains preserved in this amnesic syndrome may account for the benefit seen when using SPTs in Korsakoff patients. The therapeutic utilization of action events for memory rehabilitation is discussed...
- Cognitive performance of detoxified alcoholic Korsakoff syndrome patients remains stable over two yearsEsther Fujiwara
Physiological Psychology, University of Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany
J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 30:576-87. 2008..However, little is known about the time course of cognitive functions in patients with chronic alcoholic Korsakoff syndrome (KS)...
- Hippocampus/Pituitary Ratio: an AD Brain Injury Marker?Thomas Beresford; Fiscal Year: 2005..Others found such neuro-endocrine abnormalities more frequently among Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome cases, suggesting a possible relation to brain injury...
- IMPAIRED AND PRESERVED MEMORY PROCESSES IN AMNESIAMieke Verfaellie; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- BRAIN-INJURY MEMORY DISORDERS RESEARCH CENTERMieke Verfaellie; Fiscal Year: 2003..The interactions between the investigators from the five investigative components supported by the core programs constitute the fabric of our Center. ..
- Brain Tissue Resource Centre for Alcohol ResearchClive Harper; Fiscal Year: 2007..Funding is sought to help further develop this important resource for international researchers with an interest in alcohol-related brain damage. ..
- The Role of Acetylcholine Dysfunction in Diencephalic AmnesiaLisa M Savage; Fiscal Year: 2010..Such experiments are critical to understanding the role of acetylcholine dysfunction in amnesia and thus the development of pharmacotherapeutics. ..
- CEREBELLAR STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION IN ALCOHOLISMEdith Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- NORMAL AGING OF BRAIN STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONEDITH VIONI SULLIVAN; Fiscal Year: 2010..Initiate longitudinal 4-year follow-up data collection to test hypotheses regarding selective accelerated deterioration of frontally-based brain systems in normal aging. ..
- Alcoholism risk and protective factors in TrinidadCindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2006..Study findings can be compared to similar studies being conducted in the US. We believe these studies will allow for the identification of risk and protective factors for alcoholism in these islands. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Neurobehavioral Consequences of Adolescent AlcoholCindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2008..AIM 3: To investigate the neurochemical substrates underlying the lasting neurobehavioral consequences of adolescent ethanol exposure, with a focus on NMDA systems ..
- ADOLESCENT MARIJUANA USE IN NATIVE AMERICANSCindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- RISK FACTORS FOR ALCOHOLISM IN NATIVE AMERICANSCindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2006..The identification of such variables may potentially be useful in the development of specific prevention and treatment programs for this population as well as other Native American tribes. ..
- REGULATION OF DEVELOPMENT BY PHOSPHORELAY SIGNALINGCHARLES SINGLETON; Fiscal Year: 2002..Finally genetic screens for suppressers or synthetic phenotypes will identify new and perhaps novel components of the regulatory pathway, including upstream inputs, phosphorelay regulators, and downstream effectors. ..