confusion

Summary

Summary: A mental state characterized by bewilderment, emotional disturbance, lack of clear thinking, and perceptual disorientation.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi [Confusion Assessment Method. Validation of a French-language version]
    Johanne Laplante
    Centre hospitalier de St Mary
    Perspect Infirm 3:12-4, 16-8, 20-2. 2005
  2. doi Confusion, Urea, Respiratory Rate and Shock Index or Adjusted Shock Index (CURSI or CURASI) criteria predict mortality in community-acquired pneumonia
    Phyo K Myint
    School of Medicine, Health Policy and Practice, Health and Social Sciences Research Institute, Faculty of Health, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk, UK
    Eur J Intern Med 21:429-33. 2010
  3. ncbi Evaluation of the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) as a screening tool for delirium in the emergency room
    J Monette
    Division of Geriatric Medicine, Sir Mortimer B. Davis-Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Gen Hosp Psychiatry 23:20-5. 2001
  4. ncbi Validity and reliability of the Portuguese version of the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) for the detection of delirium in the elderly
    R M Fabbri
    Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine, Santa Casa Medical School, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Arq Neuropsiquiatr 59:175-9. 2001
  5. doi De novo epileptic confusion in the elderly: a 1-year prospective study
    Olivier Veran
    Neurology Clinic, University Hospital, Grenoble, France
    Epilepsia 51:1030-5. 2010
  6. ncbi [Incidence and prevalence of postoperative acute confusion in heart surgery patients after coronary artery bypass and heart valve replacement surgeries]
    J Osterbrink
    Universitat Witten Herdecke
    Pflege 15:178-89. 2002
  7. ncbi Confusion assessment method in the diagnostics of delirium among aged hospital patients: would it serve better in screening than as a diagnostic instrument?
    J V Laurila
    Helsinki University Hospital, Department of Medicine, Geriatric Clinic, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 17:1112-9. 2002
  8. doi Delirium assessment using Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit in Chinese critically ill patients
    Chunli Wang
    School of Nursing, Capital Medical University, Feng tai, Beijing, PR China
    J Crit Care 28:223-9. 2013
  9. doi Pathophysiology of acute brain dysfunction: what's the cause of all this confusion?
    Christopher G Hughes
    Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37212, USA
    Curr Opin Crit Care 18:518-26. 2012
  10. doi Spontaneous confabulation, temporal context confusion and reality monitoring: a study of three patients with anterior communicating artery aneurysms
    Martha S Turner
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 16:984-94. 2010

Research Grants

  1. Monica Bessler; Fiscal Year: 2014
  2. GENETIC APPROACHES TO PROTEIN-NUCLEIC ACID INTERACTIONS
    Paul R Schimmel; Fiscal Year: 2012
  3. Malaz Boustani; Fiscal Year: 2014
  4. Suppression of the Interferon Response by the Hepatitis C Virus
    FRANCIS VINCENT CHISARI; Fiscal Year: 2010
  5. Testing the feasibility of patient-controlled sedation in ventilated ICU patients
    Craig R Weinert; Fiscal Year: 2013
  6. E Wesley Ely; Fiscal Year: 2016
  7. Genes Influencing Social Behaviors
    DONALD WELLS PFAFF; Fiscal Year: 2010
  8. Highly finished chromosome-based genome assembly for Anopheles gambiae
    Igor V Sharakhov; Fiscal Year: 2012
  9. Dwayne W Godwin; Fiscal Year: 2016
  10. Salivary Biomarkers in the Diagnosis of BRONJ
    Tara L Aghaloo; Fiscal Year: 2013

Detail Information

Publications264 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi [Confusion Assessment Method. Validation of a French-language version]
    Johanne Laplante
    Centre hospitalier de St Mary
    Perspect Infirm 3:12-4, 16-8, 20-2. 2005
    ..The Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) is the only valid and reliable clinical tool for detecting symptoms of delirium easily ..
  2. doi Confusion, Urea, Respiratory Rate and Shock Index or Adjusted Shock Index (CURSI or CURASI) criteria predict mortality in community-acquired pneumonia
    Phyo K Myint
    School of Medicine, Health Policy and Practice, Health and Social Sciences Research Institute, Faculty of Health, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk, UK
    Eur J Intern Med 21:429-33. 2010
    ..Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is common and associated with a significant mortality. Shock index, heart rate divided by systolic blood pressure, has been shown to be associated with outcome in sepsis...
  3. ncbi Evaluation of the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) as a screening tool for delirium in the emergency room
    J Monette
    Division of Geriatric Medicine, Sir Mortimer B. Davis-Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Gen Hosp Psychiatry 23:20-5. 2001
    The objective of this study was to compare the results of the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) obtained by a trained non-physician interviewer to those obtained by a geriatrician, among a sample of elderly patients seen in an emergency ..
  4. ncbi Validity and reliability of the Portuguese version of the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) for the detection of delirium in the elderly
    R M Fabbri
    Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine, Santa Casa Medical School, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Arq Neuropsiquiatr 59:175-9. 2001
    This study has tested the validity and reliability of the Portuguese version of the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM), a diagnostic assessment instrument for delirium developed by Inouye et al. (1990)...
  5. doi De novo epileptic confusion in the elderly: a 1-year prospective study
    Olivier Veran
    Neurology Clinic, University Hospital, Grenoble, France
    Epilepsia 51:1030-5. 2010
    ..Its incidence among elderly patients with confusion of unknown origin (CUO) remains undetermined.
  6. ncbi [Incidence and prevalence of postoperative acute confusion in heart surgery patients after coronary artery bypass and heart valve replacement surgeries]
    J Osterbrink
    Universitat Witten Herdecke
    Pflege 15:178-89. 2002
    Compared to foreign countries, Germany does not have data about the occurrence of acute confusion following heart-surgery. However, the occurrence of acute confusion does extend the hospital length of stay for up to 13 days...
  7. ncbi Confusion assessment method in the diagnostics of delirium among aged hospital patients: would it serve better in screening than as a diagnostic instrument?
    J V Laurila
    Helsinki University Hospital, Department of Medicine, Geriatric Clinic, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 17:1112-9. 2002
    The Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) is an easy, four-step algorithmic diagnostic test developed to detect delirium.
  8. doi Delirium assessment using Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit in Chinese critically ill patients
    Chunli Wang
    School of Nursing, Capital Medical University, Feng tai, Beijing, PR China
    J Crit Care 28:223-9. 2013
    The aim of this study was to provide a method for delirium evaluation in simplified Chinese for patients speaking this language via validation of a translation of the Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit (CAM-ICU).
  9. doi Pathophysiology of acute brain dysfunction: what's the cause of all this confusion?
    Christopher G Hughes
    Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37212, USA
    Curr Opin Crit Care 18:518-26. 2012
    ..To survey the recent medical literature examining the pathophysiology of acute brain dysfunction (delirium and coma) in the ICU...
  10. doi Spontaneous confabulation, temporal context confusion and reality monitoring: a study of three patients with anterior communicating artery aneurysms
    Martha S Turner
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 16:984-94. 2010
    ..had a tendency to misidentify imagined events as real, a result that cannot be explained in terms of temporal confusion. This error was specific to confabulating patients and was not shared by non-confabulating ACoA patients...
  11. ncbi Topographical disorientation: a synthesis and taxonomy
    G K Aguirre
    Department of Neurology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
    Brain 122:1613-28. 1999
    ..The conflicting claims of previous reviews of this area are also considered and addressed...
  12. ncbi Confusion between silent and overt reading in schizophrenia
    N Franck
    Institut des Sciences Cognitives, CNRS UPR 9075, Bron, France
    Schizophr Res 41:357-64. 2000
    ..Our data favour the hypothesis that the inability to correctly discriminate between inner and overt speech may play a role in the onset of schizophrenic hallucinations...
  13. ncbi Identifying severe community-acquired pneumonia in the emergency department: a simple clinical prediction tool
    Kirsty L Buising
    Victorian Infectious Diseases Service, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
    Emerg Med Australas 19:418-26. 2007
    ..To identify independent predictors of severe pneumonia in a local population, and create a simple severity score that would be useful in the ED...
  14. doi APOE epsilon4 is associated with postictal confusion in patients with medically refractory temporal lobe epilepsy
    Jessica S Chapin
    Epilepsy Center, Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic P57, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, United States
    Epilepsy Res 81:220-4. 2008
    This study examined the relationship between the APOE epsilon4 allele and postictal confusion in patients with medically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE)...
  15. doi ApoE epsilon4 is not associated with posictal confusion in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis
    Marcelo Andrés Kauffman
    Centro de Epilepsia, Division Neurologia, Hospital Ramos Mejia, CEFYBO, CONICET, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Epilepsy Res 85:311-3. 2009
    A previous report found an association between ApoE isoforms and postictal confusion in medically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). We performed a molecular epidemiology study in an independent sample of 77 TLE patients...
  16. doi Validation of a German version of the Confusion Assessment Method for delirium detection in a sample of acute geriatric patients with a high prevalence of dementia
    Ute Hestermann
    Bethanien Hospital, Geriatric Center at the University Hospital Heidelberg, Germany
    Psychopathology 42:270-6. 2009
    To assess validity and interrater reliability of an operationalized German version of the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) in geriatric patients with comorbid dementia and high delirium risk.
  17. ncbi [Presentation of cerebral toxocariasis with mental confusion in an adult: case report and review of the literature]
    Y Maiga
    Clinique Neurologique, CHU Nantes, Hopital Laennec, Saint Herblain, France
    Bull Soc Pathol Exot 100:101-4. 2007
    ..we describe one case of meningoencephalitis due to Toxocara canis in a 73-year-old man presenting with mental confusion. The diagnosis of cerebral toxocariasis was confirmed by immunodiagnosis in both serum and cerebro-spinal fluid...
  18. pmc A 54-year-old man with slowness of movement and confusion
    Michael D Geschwind
    Neurology 69:1881-7. 2007
  19. pmc A comparison of the CAM-ICU and the NEECHAM Confusion Scale in intensive care delirium assessment: an observational study in non-intubated patients
    Bart Van Rompaey
    University of Antwerp, Faculty of Medicine, Division of Nursing Science and Midwifery, Belgium, Universiteitsplein 1, 2610 Wilrijk, Belgium
    Crit Care 12:R16. 2008
    ..To develop strategies to prevent this complication, validated instruments are needed. The Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit (CAM-ICU) is widely used. A binary result diagnoses delirium...
  20. doi Use of the acute confusion protocol: a research utilization project
    Ann Kratz
    Aurora Medical Center, Washington County, Hartford, Wisconsin, USA
    J Nurs Care Qual 23:331-7. 2008
    ..implement research-based preventive protocols to decrease the negative outcomes associated with delirium/acute confusion. After implementation, the medical-surgical unit experienced a 62% reduction in falls and a 100% decrease in ..
  21. ncbi Prolonged confusion with nocturnal wandering arising from NREM and REM sleep: a case report
    C A Kushida
    Stanford University Sleep Disorders Clinic and Research Center, California 94305-5547, USA
    Sleep 18:757-64. 1995
    A 51-year-old man with Machado-Joseph disease had a 3-year history of prolonged confusion following nightly nocturnal wandering...
  22. ncbi Clinical decision making: recognition of confusion and application of restraints
    R Ludwick
    School of Nursing at Kent State University, Ohio, USA
    Orthop Nurs 18:65-72. 1999
    The purpose of this study was to test the effects of patients' social, behavioral and medical characteristics on nurses' clinical decision for patient confusion.
  23. ncbi Recovery from spontaneous confabulations parallels recovery of temporal confusion in memory
    A Schnider
    Rehabilitation Clinic, University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland
    Neurology 55:74-83. 2000
    ..patients with spontaneous confabulation differ from those with nonconfabulating amnesia by 1) temporal context confusion (TCC) in memory based on an inability to suppress intrusions of currently irrelevant memory traces into ongoing ..
  24. ncbi The many faces of confusion. Timing and collateral history often hold the key to diagnosis
    J M Bostwick
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Postgrad Med 108:60-2, 65-6, 71-2. 2000
    Recognition of a patient's state of confusion is only the beginning of a clinical odyssey that can implicate a huge spectrum of diagnostic possibilities. Among these are delirium, depression, dementia, and sensory deprivation...
  25. ncbi When dreams become a royal road to confusion: realistic dreams, dissociation, and fantasy proneness
    E Rassin
    Department of Law (Metajuridica, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 189:478-81. 2001
    ..As expected, respondents who reported this type of confusion scored higher on fantasy proneness and dissociation measures than respondents who did not report this confusion.
  26. ncbi Risk for acute confusion on hospital admission
    Bonnie J Wakefield
    Iowa City VA Medical Center, USA
    Clin Nurs Res 11:153-72. 2002
    Elderly individuals are at risk for acute confusion (AC) during hospitalization...
  27. ncbi Preoperative factors associated with postoperative change in confusion assessment method score in hip fracture patients
    Khwaja J Zakriya
    Department of Anesthesiology, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, 4940 Eastern Avenue, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Anesth Analg 94:1628-32, table of contents. 2002
    ..All patients with a preoperative diagnosis of dementia or delirium were eliminated. A positive confusion assessment method score ([+]CAM) was used to determine the presence of postoperative delirium during the acute ..
  28. ncbi Postoperative confusion in schizophrenic patients is affected by interleukin-6
    Akira Kudoh
    Department of Anesthesiology, Hakodate Watanabe Hospital, Hakodate, Japan
    J Clin Anesth 15:455-62. 2003
    To investigate whether epidural analgesia with local anesthetics affects postoperative confusion in schizophrenic patients or the relationships between cortisol or interleukin-6 (IL-6) and postoperative confusion.
  29. ncbi Early detection of postoperative delirium and confusion in a surgical ward using the NEECHAM confusion scale
    Toshiko Matsushita
    Section of Liaison Psychiatry and Palliative Medicine, Graduate School of Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan
    Gen Hosp Psychiatry 26:158-63. 2004
    The early detection and prevention of postoperative delirium and confusion has become an important issue in surgical ward management...
  30. ncbi A randomized controlled trial of a behavior advisory service for hospitalized older patients with confusion
    Julie E Mador
    Department of Rehabilitation and Aged Care, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 19:858-63. 2004
    To determine whether individualized advice on non-pharmacological strategies for hospitalized older patients with confusion and behavioral problems can improve levels of agitation and reduce the use of psychotropic medication.
  31. ncbi A man with fever, headache, and confusion
    Kirk M Chan-Tack
    Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Maryland, Baltimore, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 39:1834, 1856-7. 2004
  32. ncbi Concurrent validity of two instruments (the Confusion Assessment Method and the Delirium Rating Scale) in the detection of delirium among older medical inpatients
    D Adamis
    Age Ageing 34:72-5. 2005
  33. ncbi Clinical implications of splenium magnetic resonance imaging signal changes
    Michael J Doherty
    Department of Neurology, The University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Arch Neurol 62:433-7. 2005
    ..Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may show discrete splenium abnormalities; however, the implications of this radiologic finding are unclear...
  34. pmc Psychometric properties of the Flemish translation of the NEECHAM Confusion Scale
    Koen Milisen
    Center for Health Services and Nursing Research, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    BMC Psychiatry 5:16. 2005
    ..This study determined the reliability, validity and diagnostic value of the Flemish translation of the NEECHAM Confusion Scale.
  35. ncbi Reality confusion in spontaneous confabulation
    Armin Schnider
    Division of Rehabilitation, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland
    Neurology 65:1117-9. 2005
    ..The findings support the theory that the defect causing spontaneous confabulation precedes conscious memory processing...
  36. pmc HIV vaccine knowledge and beliefs among communities at elevated risk: conspiracies, questions and confusion
    Kathleen Johnston Roberts
    University of California, Los Angeles, Department of Sociology, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 97:1662-71. 2005
    ..hopefulness and doubts about future HIV vaccine availability; 3) lack of information about HIV vaccines; and 4) confusion about vaccines and how they work...
  37. ncbi Detection of delirium by bedside nurses using the confusion assessment method
    Joke Lemiengre
    Center for Biomedical Ethics and Law, Cahtolic University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    J Am Geriatr Soc 54:685-9. 2006
    A prospective, descriptive study was used to assess the diagnostic validity of the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) administered at the bedside by nurses in daily practice...
  38. ncbi Alternating acetaminophen and ibuprofen in children may cause parental confusion and is dangerous
    Phisit Saphyakhajon
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 160:757; author reply 757-8. 2006
  39. ncbi Inferential confusion and obsessive beliefs in obsessive-compulsive disorder
    Frederick Aardema
    Centre de Recherche Fernand Seguin, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Cogn Behav Ther 35:138-47. 2006
    The goal of the present study was to investigate whether inferential confusion could account for the relationships between obsessional beliefs and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)...
  40. ncbi Roles of egocentric and allocentric spatial representations in locomotion and reorientation
    Weimin Mou
    State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 32:1274-90. 2006
    ..Egocentric representations may be used to locate objects when allocentric representations are not of high fidelity...
  41. ncbi Confusion assessment method for the intensive care unit (CAM-ICU): translation, retranslation and validation into Swedish intensive care settings
    C Larsson
    Intensive Care Unit, University Hospital MAS, Malmoe, Sweden
    Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 51:888-92. 2007
    ..Patients in intensive care sometimes have strange and frightening experiences and may show symptoms of acute confusion or delirium...
  42. ncbi Confusion or delirium in patients with posterior cerebral arterial infarction
    Hsu Tzu Shih
    Department of Neurology, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
    Acta Neurol Taiwan 16:136-42. 2007
    To identify the possible anatomic sites and risk factors for the development of confusion or delirium in patients with posterior cerebral arterial (PCA) infarction.
  43. doi Unexplained seizures, confusion or hallucinations: think Hashimoto encephalopathy
    Jorien Alink
    Department of Pediatrics, Medical Centre Leeuwarden, Leeuwarden, The Netherlands
    Acta Paediatr 97:451-3. 2008
    ..We summarize and review all published cases to delineate the disease and to alert paediatricians so that they recognize the disease in children...
  44. doi Visual hallucinations in schizophrenia: confusion between imagination and perception
    Gildas Brébion
    Institute of Psychiatry, King s College, London
    Neuropsychology 22:383-9. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the association between visual hallucinations and a specific type of reality-monitoring deficit, namely confusion between imagined and perceived pictures.
  45. doi Computerized tomography of the brain for elderly patients presenting to the emergency department with acute confusion
    James Edward Hardy
    Department of Geriatric Medicine, St Vincent s Hospital, Victoria St Darlinghurst, New South Wales, Australia
    Emerg Med Australas 20:420-4. 2008
    b>Confusion is a common reason for presentation of elderly patients to the ED. There are many potential causes of confusion, which include acute neurological events...
  46. doi Emergence from minimally conscious state: insights from evaluation of posttraumatic confusion
    R Nakase-Richardson
    James A Haley Veterans Hospital, MH and BS Polytrauma 116B, 13000 Bruce B Downs Blvd, Tampa, FL 33612, USA
    Neurology 73:1120-6. 2009
    ..Guidelines were developed by consensus because of lack of empirical data...
  47. doi The influence of tall man lettering on drug name confusion: a laboratory-based investigation in the UK using younger and older adults and healthcare practitioners
    Ruth Filik
    School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Drug Saf 33:677-87. 2010
    Medication errors commonly involve confusion between drugs with similar names. One possible method of reducing error is to emphasize differences between the names using 'Tall Man' (uppercase) letters (e.g. cefTAZidime vs cefUROxime)...
  48. pmc Approaching objects cause confusion in patients with Alzheimer's disease regarding their direction of self-movement
    Mark Mapstone
    Department of Neurology, University of Rochester Medical Centre, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, NY 14642 0673, USA
    Brain 133:2690-701. 2010
    ..In particular, the presence of independently moving objects in naturalistic environments limits the capacity of patients with Alzheimer's disease to judge their heading of self-movement...
  49. doi Single Question in Delirium (SQiD): testing its efficacy against psychiatrist interview, the Confusion Assessment Method and the Memorial Delirium Assessment Scale
    M B Sands
    Department of Palliative Care Prince of Wales Hospital and Conjoint lecturer University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Palliat Med 24:561-5. 2010
    ..The Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) and two other tools were also applied...
  50. pmc Evaluation of a Medical and Mental Health Unit compared with standard care for older people whose emergency admission to an acute general hospital is complicated by concurrent 'confusion': a controlled clinical trial. Acronym: TEAM: Trial of an Elderly Ac
    Rowan H Harwood
    Division of Rehabilitation and Ageing, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 1RD, UK
    Trials 12:123. 2011
    ..We hypothesise that patients managed on this ward will have better outcomes than those receiving standard care, and that such care will be cost-effective...
  51. doi Source confusion is a major cause of crowding
    Hans Strasburger
    Department of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology, University of Gottingen, Germany
    J Vis 13:24. 2013
    ..That rule shows a formal analogy to M scaling, from which the critical crowding distances on a cortical map can be derived as a logarithmic function. The perceptual results are visualized in a "doughnut" model...
  52. pmc Diagnosing delirium in older emergency department patients: validity and reliability of the delirium triage screen and the brief confusion assessment method
    Jin H Han
    Center for Quality Aging, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN Department of Emergency Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN Electronic address
    Ann Emerg Med 62:457-65. 2013
    ..This error results from a lack of available measures that can be performed rapidly enough to be incorporated into clinical practice. Therefore, we developed and evaluated a novel 2-step approach to delirium surveillance for the ED...
  53. ncbi June 2001: 61 year old woman with confusion and obtundation
    J Barron
    Department of Pathology, University of Western Ontario
    Brain Pathol 11:485-6, 487. 2001
    The June COM. A 61 year old female presents with a three week history of increasing confusion, lethargy and headache. A neurological exam revealed disorientation, mild expressive aphasia, bilateral papilledema, and a right pronator drift...
  54. ncbi Self-reported symptoms and medication side effects influence adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy in persons with HIV infection
    A Ammassari
    Clinica delle Malattie Infettive, Universita Cattolica del S Cuore, Roma, Italy
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 28:445-9. 2001
    ..To identify variables predictive of nonadherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and to assess whether self-reported symptoms or medication side effects are related to adherence...
  55. ncbi Schizophrenic patients who develop postoperative confusion have an increased norepinephrine and cortisol response to surgery
    Akira Kudoh
    Department of Anesthesiology, Hirosaki National Hospital, University of Hirosaki School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Aomori, Japan
    Neuropsychobiology 46:7-12. 2002
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between postoperative confusion and the plasma norepinephrine (NE), adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) or cortisol response to surgery in schizophrenic patients...
  56. ncbi Unusual presentation of CADASIL with reversible coma and confusion
    I Le Ber
    Service de Neurologie, CHU Cote de Nacre, Caen, France
    Neurology 59:1115-6. 2002
  57. ncbi High frequency of facial expressions corresponding to confusion, concentration, and worry in an analysis of naturally occurring facial expressions of Americans
    Paul Rozin
    Department of Psychology and the Solomon Asch Center for the Study of Ethnopolitical Conflict, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104 4196, USA
    Emotion 3:68-75. 2003
    ..b>Confusion is the most common descriptor reported for asymmetric expressions and is commonly reported for symmetrical ..
  58. pmc Prospective comparison of acute confusion severity with duration of post-traumatic amnesia in predicting employment outcome after traumatic brain injury
    Risa Nakase-Richardson
    Methodist Rehabilitation Center, Department of Neuropsychology, 1350 East Woodrow Wilson Drive, Jackson, Mississippi 39216, USA
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 78:872-6. 2007
    ..However, controversy exists regarding the nature of PTA; some studies indicate that it is a confusional state with symptoms that extend beyond disorientation and amnesia...
  59. pmc Implementation, reliability testing, and compliance monitoring of the Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit in trauma patients
    Stacie L Soja
    Department of Pharmacy, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37212, USA
    Intensive Care Med 34:1263-8. 2008
    To implement delirium monitoring, test reliability, and monitor compliance of performing the Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit (CAM-ICU) in trauma patients.
  60. doi Factors determining nurses' clinical judgments about hospitalized elderly patients with acute confusion
    Jeng Wang
    School of Nursing, Chang Gung Institute of Technology, 261 Wen Hwa 1 Rd, RM 1110, Kwei Shan, Tao Yau 333, Taiwan
    Issues Ment Health Nurs 30:399-405. 2009
    Acute confusion(AC)/delirium is a common clinical phenomenon in hospitalized elders that is often overlooked or misdiagnosed by nurses of various cultural backgrounds...
  61. pmc Use of self-to-object and object-to-object spatial relations in locomotion
    Chengli Xiao
    Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 35:1137-47. 2009
    ....
  62. doi Sacroiliitis infected with group A streptococcus in a child presenting with confusion and combativeness
    Haruki Komatsu
    Department of Pediatrics, Yokohama Eastern Hospital, 3 6 1 Simosueyoshi, Tsurumi, Yokohama, Kanagawa 230 0012, Japan
    J Infect Chemother 15:328-30. 2009
    ..b>Confusion and combativeness are well known as the common symptoms of streptococcal toxic shock syndrome...
  63. pmc Is discussion of colorectal cancer screening options associated with heightened patient confusion?
    Resa M Jones
    Department of Epidemiology and Community Health, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298 0212, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 19:2821-5. 2010
    ..screening, but the modalities vary by frequency, accuracy, preparations, discomfort, and cost, which may cause confusion and reduce screening rates...
  64. ncbi Acute confusion and unreal experiences in intensive care patients in relation to the ICU syndrome. Part II
    A Granberg
    Intensive Care Unit, Helsingborg Hospital, Sweden
    Intensive Crit Care Nurs 15:19-33. 1999
    ..state occurring in a highly stressful environment, which may manifest itself in various forms such as delirium, confusion, crazy dreams or unreal experiences...
  65. ncbi Confusion and dysphoria with low-dose topiramate in a patient with bipolar disorder
    C Andrade
    Department of Psychopharmacology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, India
    Bipolar Disord 3:211-2. 2001
    ..Topiramate, a newer antiepileptic agent, may benefit several neurological and psychiatric states, including bipolar disorder...
  66. ncbi Pure topographical disorientation--the anatomical basis of landmark agnosia
    Nobuyoshi Takahashi
    Department of Neurology, Kimitsu Chuo Hospital, Kisarazu, Chiba, Japan
    Cortex 38:717-25. 2002
    ..This suggests that the lesions responsible for landmark agnosia and prosopagnosia are close to each other, but distinct...
  67. ncbi Fusion or confusion in obsessive compulsive disorder
    Kieron O'Connor
    Centre de Recherche Fernand Seguin, Montreal QC, Canada
    Psychol Rep 93:227-32. 2003
    Inferential confusion occurs when a person mistakes an imagined possibility for a real probability and might account for some types of thought-action and other fusions reported in obsessive-compulsive disorder...
  68. ncbi Detection of delirium in the intensive care unit: comparison of confusion assessment method for the intensive care unit with confusion assessment method ratings
    Lynn McNicoll
    Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 53:495-500. 2005
    To compare the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) and CAM for the Intensive Care Unit (CAM-ICU) methods for detecting delirium in alert, nonintubated older ICU patients.
  69. ncbi Isolated hypoglycorrachia: leptomeningeal carcinomatosis causing subacute confusion
    Peter Kim
    Department of Neurology, Liverpool Hospital, Sydney, Australia
    J Clin Neurosci 12:841-3. 2005
    We report a 76-year-old caucasian man who presented with a 3-week history of progressive confusion. His past medical history included a left nephro-uretectomy for poorly differentiated transitional cell carcinoma 9 years previously...
  70. ncbi Protracted ictal confusion in elderly patients
    Raj D Sheth
    Department of Neurology, University of Wisconsin Madison, 600 Highland Avenue, Box H6 574 CSC, Madison, WI 53792 5132, USA
    Arch Neurol 63:529-32. 2006
    Ictal confusion, particularly if protracted, often presents a diagnostic challenge.
  71. ncbi The effect of music on pain and acute confusion in older adults undergoing hip and knee surgery
    Ruth McCaffrey
    Christine E Lynn College of Nursing, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA
    Holist Nurs Pract 20:218-24; quiz 225-6. 2006
    ..Acute confusion and pain after surgery can increase length of stay and reduce function...
  72. ncbi Mismatch negativity on the cone of confusion
    Stefan Rottger
    Technische Universitat Berlin, Institute for Psychology and Ergonomics, Sekr F7, Marchstrasse 12, 10587 Berlin, Germany
    Neurosci Lett 414:178-82. 2007
    ..MMN latencies suggest that sound localization based on spectral cues is slower than ITD- or ILD-based localization...
  73. pmc Diagnosing delirium in critically ill children: Validity and reliability of the Pediatric Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit
    Heidi A B Smith
    Department of Anesthesiology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA
    Crit Care Med 39:150-7. 2011
    ..To validate a diagnostic instrument for pediatric delirium in critically ill children, both ventilated and nonventilated, that uses standardized, developmentally appropriate measurements...
  74. doi Poststroke delirium incidence and outcomes: validation of the Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit (CAM-ICU)
    Adela Mitasova
    Department of Neurology, University Hospital and Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic
    Crit Care Med 40:484-90. 2012
    ..To describe the epidemiology and time spectrum of delirium using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition criteria and to validate a tool for delirium assessment in patients in the acute poststroke period...
  75. ncbi Confusion/delirium following cataract surgery: an incidence study of 1-year duration
    Asher Milstein
    Ophthalmology Department, Kaplan Medical Center, Rehovot, Israel
    Int Psychogeriatr 14:301-6. 2002
    ..Delirium is frequently observed in clinical practice, particularly in medical and surgical wards and more so among patients at risk, especially elderly with preexisting central nervous system impairments...
  76. ncbi Recognising severe pneumonia with simple clinical and biochemical measurements
    A Kamath
    Department of Respiratory Medicine, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital
    Clin Med 3:54-6. 2003
    ..Severe pneumonia was identified by two or more of the following: confusion; respiratory rate > or = 30/min; diastolic blood pressure < or = 60 mmHg; urea >7 mmol/l...
  77. ncbi [Acute postoperative confusion: a common phenomenon with largely unknown etiology]
    Andre Ewers
    Universitat Witten Herdecke
    Pflege Z 56:349-52. 2003
  78. ncbi Headache and confusion: the dangers of a raw snail supper
    T T H Chau
    Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam
    Lancet 361:1866. 2003
  79. ncbi Risk for acute confusion in sensory-impaired, rural, long-term-care elders
    Pamela Z Cacchione
    The University of Iowa, College of Nursing, USA
    Clin Nurs Res 12:340-55. 2003
    Acute confusion is a common geriatric syndrome in long-term care (LTC) elders with prevalence rates of 10% to 39%...
  80. ncbi Acute confusion following traumatic brain injury
    Risa Nakase-Thompson
    Department of Neurphyschology, Methodist Rehabilitation Center, Jackson, Mississippi 39216, USA
    Brain Inj 18:131-42. 2004
    To determine the incidence, duration and symptoms associated with acute confusion/delirium among traumatic brain injury (TBI) neuro-rehabilitation admissions.
  81. ncbi Acute confusion and blindness from quinine toxicity
    Rama S Prasad
    Department of Medicine, Nobles I O M Hospital, Douglas, Isle of Man, UK
    Eur J Emerg Med 10:353-6. 2003
    ..We report the case of a 57-year-old man who presented with acute confusion and bilateral blindness after consuming approximately 7...
  82. ncbi Instrument for detection of delirium in general hospitals: adaptation of the confusion assessment method
    M Gonzalez
    IDIBAPS Clinical Institute of Psychiatry and Psychology, Internal Medicine Department, Hospital Clinic, University of Barcelona, Spain
    Psychosomatics 45:426-31. 2004
    ..In this study, the authors present an adaptation of the Confusion Assessment Method in order to improve its psychometric properties...
  83. ncbi Confusion associated with isoniazid-induced pyridoxine deficiency
    Roy R Reeves
    Psychosomatics 45:537-8. 2004
  84. ncbi The CURB (confusion, urea, respiratory rate and blood pressure) criteria in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in hospitalised elderly patients aged 65 years and over: a prospective observational cohort study
    P K Myint
    Age Ageing 34:75-7. 2005
  85. ncbi Postoperative interleukin-6 and cortisol concentrations in elderly patients with postoperative confusion
    Akira Kudoh
    Department of Anesthesiology, Hirosaki National Hospital, Hirosaki, Japan
    Neuroimmunomodulation 12:60-6. 2005
    To investigate changes in plasma interleukin (IL)-6, cortisol or noradrenaline concentrations after surgery in elderly patients with postoperative confusion.
  86. ncbi Multidimensional assessment of acute confusion after traumatic brain injury
    Mark Sherer
    Methodist Rehabilitation Center, Jackson, MS, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 86:896-904. 2005
    To describe the phenomenology of posttraumatic confusional state (PTCS) and to provide preliminary validation of a new procedure, the Confusion Assessment Protocol (CAP), for assessing PTCS.
  87. ncbi Intrusion and confusion--the impact of medication and health professionals after acute myocardial infarction
    Mona From Attebring
    The Cardiovascular Institute, Division of Cardiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, S 413 45, Goteborg, Sweden
    Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs 4:153-9. 2005
    ..Secondary prevention is important in preventing new cardiovascular events after acute myocardial infarction (AMI)...
  88. pmc Spatial remapping of touch: confusion of perceived stimulus order across hand and foot
    Tobias Schicke
    Biological Psychology and Neuropsychology, Department of Psychology, University of Hamburg, Von Melle Park 11, 20146 Hamburg, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:11808-13. 2006
    ..These results suggest a remapping of tactile location of all body parts into a nonanatomically anchored and, importantly, common reference frame rather than a specific remapping for eye-hand coordination only...
  89. ncbi [Evaluation of the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the confusion assessment method for the intensive care unit]
    Wen Ling Chuang
    Department of Nursing, Chi Mei Medical Center, R O C
    Hu Li Za Zhi 54:45-52. 2007
    ..the Chinese version of the diagnostic and statistical manual (DSM) of mental disorders written by Ely et al as a confusion assessment method for the intensive care unit (CAM-ICU) for diagnosing delirium...
  90. doi [Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit (CAM-ICU): diagnosis of postoperative delirium in cardiac surgery]
    M Klugkist
    Klinik fur Anasthesiologie, Universitat zu Lubeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23558 Lübeck
    Anaesthesist 57:464-74. 2008
    Since 2001 the Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit (CAM-ICU), a method for the diagnosis of delirium, has been available for the Anglo American area which can also be applied to mechanically ventilated patients...
  91. pmc The Confusion Assessment Method: a systematic review of current usage
    Leslie A Wei
    Medical School, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 56:823-30. 2008
    To examine the psychometric properties, adaptations, translations, and applications of the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM), a widely used instrument and diagnostic algorithm for identification of delirium.
  92. doi Case records of the Massachusetts General Hospital. Case 22-2008. A 52-year-old woman with fever and confusion
    Martin S Hirsch
    Infectious Disease Service, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, USA
    N Engl J Med 359:294-303. 2008
  93. doi Financial and intellectual conflicts of interest: confusion and clarity
    Julian Bion
    Department of Intensive Care Medicine, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Curr Opin Crit Care 15:583-90. 2009
    ..To examine the literature on competing interests for individuals and organizations involved in healthcare and to determine the nature and extent of the problem, and the most effective methods of management...
  94. doi The function of the left angular gyrus in mental arithmetic: evidence from the associative confusion effect
    Roland H Grabner
    Research on Learning and Instruction, Institute for Behavioral Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Switzerland
    Hum Brain Mapp 34:1013-24. 2013
    ..Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we investigated the neural correlates of the associative confusion effect that allowed us to dissociate effects of task difficulty and task-related arithmetic processes on lAG ..
  95. ncbi Routine use of the Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit (CAM-ICU) by bedside nurses may underdiagnose delirium
    Michael C Reade
    Intensive Care Unit, Austin Hospital, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Crit Care Resusc 13:217-24. 2011
    The Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit (CAM-ICU) is emerging as the most frequently used tool for identifying delirium among critically ill patients.
  96. ncbi Psychometric testing of the NEECHAM Confusion Scale among patients with hip fracture
    Inger S Johansson
    Division for Health and Caring Sciences, Karlstad University, Sweden
    Res Nurs Health 25:203-11. 2002
    The main aim of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of a Swedish translation of the NEECHAM Confusion Scale among 73 patients having surgery for hip fractures. Cronbach's alpha before and 7 days after surgery were...
  97. ncbi The effect of music listening on acute confusion and delirium in elders undergoing elective hip and knee surgery
    Ruth McCaffrey
    Christine E Lynn College of Nursing, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL 33431 0991, USA
    J Clin Nurs 13:91-6. 2004
    ..to determine the effect of music on elders undergoing elective hip and knee surgery who experience acute confusion and delirium postoperatively...
  98. ncbi Screening of patients admitted to a geriatric hospital with supposed organic dementia
    K Hedner
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Lund University, Sweden
    Compr Gerontol A 1:55-60. 1987
    ..After a follow-up period of 6 months, 33% of the patients had died. An autopsy was performed in 80% of these cases, and the clinical diagnosis was confirmed in all but four cases...
  99. ncbi Acute confusional state in the elderly following hip surgery: incidence, risk factors and complications
    P Galanakis
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Klinikum rechts der Isar of the Technical University Munich, Germany
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 16:349-55. 2001
    ..ACS was diagnosed by using the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM). Additional medical data were taken from patients' charts and anaesthetic records...
  100. ncbi Assessment of delirium in advanced cancer: the use of the bedside confusion scale
    N Sarhill
    Harry R. Horvitz Center for Palliative Medicine (a World Health Organization Demonstration Project in Palliative Medicine, Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Center, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Am J Hosp Palliat Care 18:335-41. 2001
    ..a prospective assessment of 50 consecutive admissions to an acute palliative medicine unit, using the bedside confusion scale (BSCS)...
  101. ncbi Detection of delirium using the confusion assessment method
    J Laplante
    St. Mary's Hospital Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Gerontol Nurs 27:16-23. 2001
    ..However, delirium is not always easily identified. Therefore, the goal of this article is to increase nurses' knowledge and awareness of early signs of delirium using the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) routinely and systematically.

Research Grants82

  1. Monica Bessler; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..Because of these discoveries there is confusion and disagreement about the clinical significance of short telomeres and mutations in telomere maintenance genes...
  2. GENETIC APPROACHES TO PROTEIN-NUCLEIC ACID INTERACTIONS
    Paul R Schimmel; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This confusion is dealt with, in part, by an editing-proficient genome-encoded fragment that is homologous to the editing ..
  3. Malaz Boustani; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..The primary outcomes of the study are delirium severity, as measured by the Delirium Rating Scale (DRS-R-98);and delirium duration as measured by the Confusion Assessment Method in the ICU (CAM-ICU).
  4. Suppression of the Interferon Response by the Hepatitis C Virus
    FRANCIS VINCENT CHISARI; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The confusion in the field surrounding this important question led us to ask if HCV inhibits ISG expression at the effector ..
  5. Testing the feasibility of patient-controlled sedation in ventilated ICU patients
    Craig R Weinert; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..delirium scales, b) reliably determine when subjects are unable to self-manage their sedation due to weakness, confusion or severe illness;c) create rules for suspending PCS therapy in a future RCT, and 3) Estimate effect sizes on ..
  6. E Wesley Ely; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Millions of critically ill patients every year develop confusion (delirium) while in Intensive Care Units (ICUs), and though a large portion of these patients go undetected and ..
  7. Genes Influencing Social Behaviors
    DONALD WELLS PFAFF; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..But a lot of data conflict with this. The confusion is not due purely to neuroanatomical details, or gender or species...
  8. Highly finished chromosome-based genome assembly for Anopheles gambiae
    Igor V Sharakhov; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..abundance of incorrectly assembled "hybrid" M and S sequences in the current PEST genome assembly leads to the confusion between paralogous genes and genes from different hyplotypes...
  9. Dwayne W Godwin; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..events the clinical symptoms of alcohol withdrawal can range from mild to gross tremors, hyperactivity, confusion, hallucinations, sleep disruption and seizures...
  10. Salivary Biomarkers in the Diagnosis of BRONJ
    Tara L Aghaloo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Outcomes of these treatment modalities are generally assessed by clinical examination, but confusion of continued exposed and necrotic bone vs. delayed wound healing from surgery are challenging to differentiate...
  11. NeuroAIDS Therapy in the EcoHIV Mouse Model
    DAVID VOLSKY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..RELEVANCE HIV-1 infection causes immunodeficiency and often nervous system disorders resulting in memory lapses, confusion, and poorly controlled movements...
  12. Kim Janda; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..Reasons for this lack of treatment include such elements as confusion concerning the impact of heroin abuse, the spread of HIV and a lack of infrastructure or denial of the basic ..
  13. Stimulus processing in mammalian vestibular organs
    Ruth Anne Eatock; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Such knowledge will also help us design prosthetics to electrically stimulate the vestibular system in order to restore function. ..
  14. Karen L Gamble; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..sundowning syndrome," a constellation of symptoms including late afternoon/evening hyperactivity, restlessness, confusion, and aggression, along with misaligned core body temperature and activity rhythms...
  15. Solid Organ Transplantation in HIV: Multi-Site Study
    Peter G Stock; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..led to continued denial of care by many transplant centers and third party payers, resulting in frustration and confusion for both patients and their health care providers...
  16. The Moderating Influence of Personality on Cognitive Stimulation Outcomes in Pers
    Nikki L Hill; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..are screened for the presence of mild to moderate dementia as well as the presence of delirium, a state of acute confusion characterized by inattention...
  17. Penn Center for ELSI Research in Emerging Genetic Technologies in Health Care
    Reed E Pyeritz; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..However, many genetic technologies increase uncertainty and confusion in the minds of patients, relatives, doctors, health insurers and others...
  18. Adaptation of a Behavioral Treatment for Latinos with Panic Disorder and Asthma
    Jonathan M Feldman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..There is a large degree of symptom similarity between PD and asthma. Confusion between panic and asthma symptoms can result in serious errors in self- management of both disorders...
  19. Ruth Anne Eatock; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..Such maturational changes may create phase leads that offset the phase lags of the reflex pathway, allowing compensation by vestibular reflexes for head motions even above 20 Hz. ..
  20. Andrew M Thorburn; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..However there is considerable confusion about what we should try to do to autophagy to improve cancer therapy- in fact it is not clear whether we should ..
  21. Robert B Banzett; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ..Opiates carry many disadvantages including depression of respiration, confusion, nausea and constipation...
  22. JoAnne M Youngblut; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ..guilt, depression, suicidal thoughts and attempts, anxiety, poor school performance distance from parents, and confusion. Research in this area has changed from a focus on having children "get over the sibling's death" to calls ..
  23. CHARLES PATRICK LUSK; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..Treatment strategies are extremely challenging to devise, however, since there remains substantial confusion over two key issues of how the nuclear periphery influences transcription: 1) in yeast, association with the ..
  24. Howard L Weiner; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..This is due in part to confusion regarding microglial cells and how they relate to the peripheral inate immune system...
  25. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in the Management of Post-operative Pain
    Jeffrey J Borckardt; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..side-effects that can lead to post-operative complications including but not limited to mental-clouding, confusion, addiction (in some cases), respiratory depression, interactions with other medications, and fatigue...
  26. Treatment of Vitamin D Insufficiency
    Karen E Hansen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Consequently, the Food and Nutrition Board cannot determine a recommended daily allowance for vitamin D. Confusion over the optimal 25(OH)D level results, in part, because previous trials failed to recruit subjects based on ..
  27. Regulation of Lymphocyte Development by HLH Proteins
    BARBARA LYNNE KEE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the B or T cell gene programs thereby causing [unreadable]lineage diversion[unreadable] or [unreadable]lineage confusion[unreadable] in NK lineage cells...
  28. Effect of Feeding Buddies on Adherence to WHO PMTCT Guidelines in South Africa
    KIERSTEN ANN ISRAEL-BALLARD; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Yet despite South Africa's adoption of this guidance, myriad challenges currently exist. Confusion in the public health care system related to mixed messaging around safe infant feeding and the provision of-and ..
  29. Andrew M Thorburn; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..by applicant): There is great interest in manipulating autophagy to improve cancer treatment but considerable confusion about how to do so...
  30. Mitochondrial sites of reactive oxygen species generation in cells.
    Martin D Brand; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Previous attempts to identify the sites involved have led to confusion because of a conceptual problem: to define the sites, electron transport inhibitors are added, but they ..
  31. M Bruce MacIver; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..of important effects on GABAB, in addition to well documented effects on GABAA systems, have added to the confusion about relevant effects for a growing array of new anesthetic target sites (e...
  32. Amphibian Models for Bodywall Patterning
    Ann Campbell Burke; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This new terminology avoids the confusion caused by the functional terms epaxial/hypaxial when referring to embryonic populations...
  33. ScanCap Reminder System in Partnership with Pharmacy Practice
    LAURA A DOWNEY; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..percent for a host of reasons that are both intentional in nature and unintentional, such as forgetfulness and confusion. Reminder devices on the market now are not available as part of the original prescription package, leaving the ..
  34. Using light to increase visual and perceptual cues and decrease falls risk
    MARIANA FIGUEIRO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  35. Ann M Kolanowski; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..concern, accelerated mental and physical decline in people with dementia following an episode of delirium (acute confusion)...
  36. Medical Food Cocktail for Alzheimer's Disease
    CURT H HENDRIX; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..If effective for use as a complementary or alternative therapy, the medical food cocktail may drastically reduce the devastating economical and societal costs of Alzheimer's Disease. ..
  37. Maria M Bednar; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..There is a great deal of confusion about the entry phenotypes HIV-1 can assume...
  38. Prostate Cancer Nurse-Navigator Treatment Decision Support
    Nancy L Brown; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The overall goal of the proposed research is to reduce decisional conflict (the confusion and anxiety many patients experience during and following decisions) associated with delayed decisions that may ..
  39. Neurophysiological Predictors of Child Emotion Regulation
    Tracy A Dennis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..regulation is linked to individual differences in cognitive control and affective style, but due to definitional confusion and a paucity of empirical support, it remains unclear how they interact to influence emotion regulation and ..
  40. Role of Perinatal Neuronal Stem Cells in Tuber Formation
    DAVID MATTHEW FELICIANO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and TSC2 as a negative regulator of the mTOR kinase pathway are well established, there remains considerable confusion as to how TSC gene inactivation results in neurological lesions...
  41. James W McNally; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..of data falling under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) has increased confusion over how and when these data can be shared...
  42. Beyond GWAS: the next 10 years of InterLymph
    Wendy Cozen; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..address the unknown causation and the substantial annual increase in incidence of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and the confusion arising from the frequent changes in classification, the widespread non-recognition of clear etiologic ..
  43. Parenteral Hydration in Advanced Cancer Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial
    Eduardo Bruera; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In this study, we will test if giving fluid through the vein will improve the symptoms, delay confusion and prolong life in patients who are no longer to drink at the end of life.
  44. De Kun Li; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..Depression during pregnancy is the strongest risk factor for PPD. However, currently, significant confusion exists about whether treating depression during pregnancy could reduce the risk of PPD...
  45. Frailty and depression: A latent trait analysis
    Matthew Lohman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..b>Confusion in defining frailt is caused, in part, by lack of knowledge regarding how and why frailty is related to other ..
  46. Assessment of Affect Instability in Adolescent Girls with BPD Features
    Diana J Whalen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..that drives the development of other features including cognitive disturbances, impulsive behaviors, identity confusion, and interpersonal dysfunction 1-3...
  47. Explanatory models of illness and decision heuristics in HIV care
    M Barton Laws; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We believe that resolving this confusion requires understanding the actual explanatory models of people living with HIV about HIV disease, ARV action, ..
  48. Mechanisms of memory loss caused by the beta-amyloid molecule
    Karen H Ashe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Efforts to clarify this complex situation may reconcile disputes and resolve confusion concerning the relevance and significance of low-n versus high-n oligomers...
  49. Implementing and Evaluating INTERACT in VA CLCs
    Vincent Mor; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  50. KENAN CHRISTOPHER GARCIA; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..A current confusion in this field is that Wnts, Fz and Lrp6 are highly cross-reactive, complicating the attribution of specific ..
  51. Donna Marie Fick; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Delirium (acute confusion) is common and costly in persons with dementia, resulting in longer hospital stays, more complications, and ..
  52. David Bilder; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..In the face of such confusion, Drosophila can serve as a reductionist yet powerful alternative model...
  53. Tools for Coordination Among Caregivers of Alzheimer's Disease Patients
    GREGORY JOHN SEIFERT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..As AD progresses to middle stage, memory loss and confusion increase and people may have difficulty even recognizing family members, remembering appointments, or to take ..
  54. Assess Emergency Department Patients Developing Delirium after Hospital Admission
    Maura Kennedy; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..to an ongoing prospective ED-based cohort study that evaluates elderly ED patients for delirium utilizing the Confusion Assessment Method...
  55. Hsiang Shonna Yin; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ..abbreviations, and the variability of measuring devices (type, markings, capacity), are sources of parent confusion. Low health literacy is linked to caregiver misunderstanding...
  56. Dora Angelaki; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ..In addition, this work also addresses the neural basis of self-motion perception and navigation, which is relevant to spatial disorientation deficits in Alzheimer's disease. ..
  57. MULTISENSORY INTEGRATION IN EXTRASTRIATE VISUAL CORTEX
    Dora Angelaki; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Better localization of these functions in a primate animal model would help targeting new Alzheimer's therapies to the appropriate brain regions. ..
  58. Vestibular Prosthesis Tested in a Vestibulopathic Model
    Richard F Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Successful completion of this task would significantly improve the quality of life for a large number of people who suffer from the debilitating symptoms produced by disorders of the balance portion of the inner ear. ..
  59. LAURA A DOWNEY; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..percent for a host of reasons that are both intentional in nature and unintentional, such as forgetfulness and confusion. Reminder devices on the market now are not available as part of the original prescription package, leaving the ..
  60. Social Support Aid for People with Dementia
    GARY D HAVEY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..As the disease progresses to middle stage, memory loss and confusion increase and people may have difficulty even recognizing family members.
  61. Development of a Computerized Adaptive Test of Personality Disorder (CAT-PD)
    LEONARD JAY SIMMS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..pathology have been proposed, but the lack of integration and comprehensiveness among these models has led to confusion in health care and research settings and has resulted in a decrease in assessment of personality pathology...
  62. Survivorship Care Planning and Communication for Rural Breast Cancer Survivors
    KATHRYN ELIZABETH WEAVER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..To reduce confusion and uncertainty, and to avoid duplication of medical effort, we envision a formal planning and communication ..
  63. 5HT3 Antagonists to Treat Opioid Withdrawal and to Prevent the Progression of Phy
    LAWRENCE F CHU; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..To avoid confusion between the terms "physical dependence (PD)" and "opioid dependence" as defined by the DSM IV, we will use the ..
  64. Long Term Outcomes in ICU Patients: Delirium & Apolipoprotein E
    Sheila Alexander; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Delirium will be assessed daily by the clinical nurse using the confusion assessment method-ICU (CAM-ICU)...
  65. Neurobehavioral effects of adolescent GHB
    Ratna Sircar; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Illicit use of GHB has been associated with significant adverse effects such as amnesia, dizziness, confusion, agitation, hallucination, and at very high doses respiratory depression, unconsciousness, coma and death...
  66. Psychoactive Medications: Associations with Delirium Persistance vs Resolution
    Edward Marcantonio; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Delirium (acute confusion) frequently complicates the acute illness of elders, resulting in both short- and long- term adverse impacts on health...
  67. The Treatment of Methotrexate Resistant Rheumatoid Arthritis With Aminopterin
    Stuart Kahn; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This project is developing aminopterin;a better absorbed and tolerated medicine, as an important new cost- effective treatment option for RA. ..
  68. Auditory Perception of Drug Names: Neighborhood Effects
    Bruce Lambert; Fiscal Year: 2006
    DESCRIPTION (PROVIDED BY APPLICANT): One in six medication errors involves name confusion (e.g., Vioxx/Videx)...
  69. GRADE - Moving Towards a Consensus on a Consistent Approach to Grading Evidence
    Yngve Falck Ytter; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The GRADE Working Group aims to reduce the confusion among guideline developers and users that results from the many existing, often scientifically outdated, grading ..
  70. RCT of a Novel Oral Contraceptive Initiation Method
    Carolyn Westhoff; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Failure to begin oral contraceptives may occur due to ambivalence, confusion about starting instructions, or due to intervening pregnancy...
  71. PARTURITION INDUCED PELVIC FLOOR NEUROPATHY
    KARL THOR; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..floor innervation for maintenance of pelvic visceral support and continence, there is a considerable degree of confusion regarding normal pelvic floor innervation...
  72. DELIRIUM IN PERSONS WITH DEMENTIA
    Donna Fick; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Delirium will be assessed daily from admission to discharge and then at 1 and 3 month follow-up using the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM)...
  73. Sterol Metabolism in Pneumocystis
    EDNA KANESHIRO; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Currently, there is confusion with respect to P...
  74. Human Spatial Disorientation and Misperception of Self-Motion in Three Dimensions
    JAN HOLLY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This project aims to explain and predict illusions and misperception of self-motion in unusual motion environments through the use of three-dimensional modeling of experimental results. ..
  75. Donepezil-enhanced management of delirium in aged hip fracture patients
    Edward Marcantonio; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Hip fracture has been associated with 40-60% risk of delirium (acute confusion)...
  76. MECHANISMS OF ENDOSOME TO LYSOSOME TRANSPORT IN YEAST
    Thomas Vida; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The greatest source of confusion about the PLC concerns whether carrier vesicles transport material to lysosomes or if the PLC undergoes a ..