Summary: What a person has in mind to do or bring about.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Conscious intention and motor cognition
    Patrick Haggard
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:290-5. 2005
  2. ncbi Does changing behavioral intentions engender behavior change? A meta-analysis of the experimental evidence
    Thomas L Webb
    School of Psychological Sciences, The University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
    Psychol Bull 132:249-68. 2006
  3. ncbi Parietal lobe: from action organization to intention understanding
    Leonardo Fogassi
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Universita di Parma, Borgo Carissimi 10, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Science 308:662-7. 2005
  4. ncbi Failure to detect mismatches between intention and outcome in a simple decision task
    Petter Johansson
    Lund University Cognitive Science, Lund University, Kungshuset Lundagård, 222 22 Lund, Sweden
    Science 310:116-9. 2005
  5. ncbi "Hey John": signals conveying communicative intention toward the self activate brain regions associated with "mentalizing," regardless of modality
    Knut K W Kampe
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, London WC1N 3AR, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 23:5258-63. 2003
  6. doi A systematic review of factors influencing fertility desires and intentions among people living with HIV/AIDS: implications for policy and service delivery
    Barbara Nattabi
    Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, WA, 6845, Australia
    AIDS Behav 13:949-68. 2009
  7. doi Causal binding of actions to their effects
    Marc J Buehner
    School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Park Place, Cardiff CF10 3AT, United Kingdom
    Psychol Sci 20:1221-8. 2009
  8. doi Movement intention after parietal cortex stimulation in humans
    Michel Desmurget
    Centre de Neuroscience Cognitive, CNRS, UMR 5229, 69500 Bron, France
    Science 324:811-3. 2009
  9. pmc How voluntary actions modulate time perception
    Dorit Wenke
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, London, UK
    Exp Brain Res 196:311-8. 2009
  10. ncbi "Life is still going on": reproductive intentions among HIV-positive women and men in South Africa
    Diane Cooper
    University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 65:274-83. 2007

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications343 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Conscious intention and motor cognition
    Patrick Haggard
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:290-5. 2005
    The subjective experience of conscious intention is a key component of our mental life...
  2. ncbi Does changing behavioral intentions engender behavior change? A meta-analysis of the experimental evidence
    Thomas L Webb
    School of Psychological Sciences, The University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
    Psychol Bull 132:249-68. 2006
    ..However, most tests of the intention- behavior relation involve correlational studies that preclude causal inferences...
  3. ncbi Parietal lobe: from action organization to intention understanding
    Leonardo Fogassi
    Dipartimento di Psicologia, Universita di Parma, Borgo Carissimi 10, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Science 308:662-7. 2005
    ..Thus, these neurons not only code the observed motor act but also allow the observer to understand the agent's intentions...
  4. ncbi Failure to detect mismatches between intention and outcome in a simple decision task
    Petter Johansson
    Lund University Cognitive Science, Lund University, Kungshuset Lundagård, 222 22 Lund, Sweden
    Science 310:116-9. 2005
    A fundamental assumption of theories of decision-making is that we detect mismatches between intention and outcome, adjust our behavior in the face of error, and adapt to changing circumstances...
  5. ncbi "Hey John": signals conveying communicative intention toward the self activate brain regions associated with "mentalizing," regardless of modality
    Knut K W Kampe
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, London WC1N 3AR, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 23:5258-63. 2003
    Successful communication between two people depends first on the recognition of the intention to communicate. Such intentions may be conveyed by signals directed at the self, such as calling a person's name or making eye contact...
  6. doi A systematic review of factors influencing fertility desires and intentions among people living with HIV/AIDS: implications for policy and service delivery
    Barbara Nattabi
    Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, WA, 6845, Australia
    AIDS Behav 13:949-68. 2009
  7. doi Causal binding of actions to their effects
    Marc J Buehner
    School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Park Place, Cardiff CF10 3AT, United Kingdom
    Psychol Sci 20:1221-8. 2009
    ..These findings suggest that causality in the mind leads to temporal binding of cause and effect, and extend and generalize beyond earlier claims of intentional binding between action and outcome...
  8. doi Movement intention after parietal cortex stimulation in humans
    Michel Desmurget
    Centre de Neuroscience Cognitive, CNRS, UMR 5229, 69500 Bron, France
    Science 324:811-3. 2009
    ..Stimulating the right inferior parietal regions triggered a strong intention and desire to move the contralateral hand, arm, or foot, whereas stimulating the left inferior parietal region ..
  9. pmc How voluntary actions modulate time perception
    Dorit Wenke
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, London, UK
    Exp Brain Res 196:311-8. 2009
    ..These results suggest that voluntary actions transiently slow down an internal clock during the action-effect interval. This in turn leads to intentional binding, and links the effects of voluntary actions to the self...
  10. ncbi "Life is still going on": reproductive intentions among HIV-positive women and men in South Africa
    Diane Cooper
    University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 65:274-83. 2007
  11. ncbi The role of anticipation and intention in the learning of effects of self-performed actions
    Michael Ziessler
    Business School, University of Sunderland, St Peter s Campus, Sunderland, SR6 0DD, UK
    Psychol Res 68:163-75. 2004
    ..The results are discussed in terms of a model that explains both the learning of response-effect relations and the use of these effects for action control within the same theoretical framework...
  12. ncbi Fertility intentions of women of reproductive age living with HIV in British Columbia, Canada
    Gina S Ogilvie
    BC Centre for Disease Control, Vancouver, Canada
    AIDS 21:S83-8. 2007
    ..We undertook a study to examine the fertility intentions and reproductive health issues of women living with HIV in a broad-based sample in British Columbia, Canada...
  13. ncbi Predicting iron-fortified soy sauce consumption intention: application of the theory of planned behavior and health belief model
    Xinying Sun
    School of Public Health, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, PR China
    J Nutr Educ Behav 38:276-85. 2006
    To identify variables that significantly predict the intention of iron ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (NaFeEDTA)-fortified soy sauce (FeSS) consumption.
  14. ncbi An adaptation of the theory of interpersonal behaviour to the study of telemedicine adoption by physicians
    Marie Pierre Gagnon
    Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Laval University, Pavillon de l Est 2180, Chemin Ste Foy, QC, G1K 7P4 Quebec, Canada
    Int J Med Inform 71:103-15. 2003
    ..Based upon the Theory of Interpersonal Behavior, this study was aimed at assessing the predictors of physicians' intention to use telemedicine in their clinical practice...
  15. doi Women living with HIV in South Africa and their concerns about fertility
    Mzikazi Nduna
    Department of Psychology, University of Witwatersrand, Private Bag X3, Wits, Johannesburg, 2050, South Africa
    AIDS Behav 13:62-5. 2009
    ..Ambivalent attitudes of health care workers towards pregnancy impacts women's fertility aspirations. Unbiased pre-conceptual communication should form part of HIV treatment and care services, despite expressed pregnancy intentions...
  16. ncbi Intentional control of attention: action planning primes action-related stimulus dimensions
    Sabrina Fagioli
    Department of Psychology, Cognitive Ergonomics Laboratory, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    Psychol Res 71:22-9. 2007
    ..These findings support the theory of event coding, which claims that perceptual codes and action plans share a common representational medium, which presumably involves the human premotor cortex...
  17. pmc Impairment of actions chains in autism and its possible role in intention understanding
    Luigi Cattaneo
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita di Parma, Via Volturno 39, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:17825-30. 2007 internal copy of the whole action before its execution, thus enabling them to understand directly the agent's intention. Using electromyographic recordings, we show that a similar chained organization exists in typically developing ..
  18. doi Fertility intentions and reproductive health care needs of people living with HIV in Cape Town, South Africa: implications for integrating reproductive health and HIV care services
    Diane Cooper
    Women s Health Research Unit, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Anzio Road Observatory, 7925, Cape Town, South Africa
    AIDS Behav 13:38-46. 2009
    ..There is an urgent need for intervention models to integrate HIV care with sexual and reproduction health counseling and services that account for the diverse reproductive needs of these populations...
  19. ncbi Awareness of action: Inference and prediction
    James Moore
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Conscious Cogn 17:136-44. 2008
    ..Further analysis showed that the predictive process is modulated by recent experience of the action-effect relation. We conclude that the experience of action depends on a dynamic combination of predictive and inferential processes...
  20. ncbi Moderation of cognition-intention and cognition-behaviour relations: a meta-analysis of properties of variables from the theory of planned behaviour
    Richard Cooke
    University of Sheffield, UK
    Br J Soc Psychol 43:159-86. 2004 experience, involvement, certainty, ambivalence and affective-cognitive consistency-on cognition-intention and cognition-behaviour relations. Literature searches revealed 44 studies that could be included in the review...
  21. doi Prevalence and associated factors of intention to participate in HIV voluntary counseling and testing for the first time among men who have sex with men in Hong Kong, China
    Joseph T F Lau
    Centre for Health Behaviors Research, School of Public Health and Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Centre for Medical Anthropology and Behavioral Health, Sun Yat Sen University, Guangzhou, China CUHK Shenzhen Research Institute, Shenzhen, China Electronic address
    Prev Med 57:813-8. 2013
    ..We investigated the prevalence and associated factors of men who have sex with men (MSM) and had never participated in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) but intended to do so in the next six months...
  22. ncbi Attention to intention
    Hakwan C Lau
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Science 303:1208-10. 2004
    b>Intention is central to the concept of voluntary action...
  23. doi Detection of movement intention from single-trial movement-related cortical potentials
    Imran Khan Niazi
    Center for Sensory Motor Interaction, Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Denmark
    J Neural Eng 8:066009. 2011
    Detection of movement intention from neural signals combined with assistive technologies may be used for effective neurofeedback in rehabilitation...
  24. doi Exploring the neural correlates of goal-directed action and intention understanding
    Elizabeth J Carter
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Neuroimage 54:1634-42. 2011
    ..The current data suggest that goal-directed action and intention understanding require this network and it is used similarly for the two processes...
  25. ncbi Consequences, action, and intention as factors in moral judgments: an FMRI investigation
    Jana Schaich Borg
    Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 18:803-17. 2006
    ..that moral judgments and decisions should be based on consequences, action (as opposed to inaction), and intention. This study uses functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate how these three factors affect brain ..
  26. doi Cues to intention: the role of movement information
    Luisa Sartori
    Dipartimento di Psicologia Generale, Universita di Padova, Padova, Italy
    Cognition 119:242-52. 2011 individual movements). These results demonstrate that observers are attuned to advance movement information from different cues and that they can use such kind of information to anticipate the future course of an action...
  27. doi The theory of planned behavior and binge drinking among undergraduate students: assessing the impact of habit strength
    Paul Norman
    Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
    Addict Behav 36:502-7. 2011
    ..e., attitude, subjective norm, self-efficacy, perceived control, and intention) and habit strength (Self-Report Habit Index) in relation to binge drinking...
  28. doi Influenza vaccination and intention to receive the pandemic H1N1 influenza vaccine among healthcare workers of British Columbia, Canada: a cross-sectional study
    Fariba Kaboli
    Disease Prevention, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 31:1017-24. 2010
    ..To assess healthcare workers' attitudes and concerns regarding seasonal and pandemic influenza vaccines in order to improve vaccination campaign communications...
  29. ncbi The intentional network: how the brain reads varieties of intentions
    A Ciaramidaro
    Department of Psychology, Center for Cognitive Science, University of Turin, Via Po 14, 10123 Turin, Italy
    Neuropsychologia 45:3105-13. 2007
    ..We also introduce a novel theoretical distinction among varieties of intention, which differ by the nature of an individual's pursued goal (private or social) and by the social interaction's ..
  30. pmc Individual-level predictors of cessation behaviours among participants in the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey
    A Hyland
    Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Department of Health Behavior, Elm and Carlton Streets, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA
    Tob Control 15:iii83-94. 2006
    ..Wave 1 of ITC-4 survey was conducted between October 2002 and December 2002. Wave 2 survey was conducted between May 2003 and August 2003...
  31. doi Towards a theory of intentional behaviour change: plans, planning, and self-regulation
    Falko F Sniehotta
    University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
    Br J Health Psychol 14:261-73. 2009
    ..Briefly review the current state of theorizing about volitional behaviour change and identification of challenges and possible solutions for future theory development...
  32. ncbi Who is causing what? The sense of agency is relational and efferent-triggered
    Kai Engbert
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Department of Psychology, Stephanstrasse 1a, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Cognition 107:693-704. 2008
    ..Our results provide the first direct evidence that agency involves a generalisable relation between actions and their consequences, and is triggered by efferent motor commands...
  33. ncbi Differential involvement of regions of rostral prefrontal cortex (Brodmann area 10) in time- and event-based prospective memory
    Jiro Okuda
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Psychology Department, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Int J Psychophysiol 64:233-46. 2007
    ..The results are interpreted as reflecting the differing processing demands made by event- or time-based prospective memory tasks, and the differing demands of time-based tasks according to whether a clock is present as an aid...
  34. ncbi Intentional action: conscious experience and neural prediction
    Patrick Haggard
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Conscious Cogn 12:695-707. 2003
    ..We found that the subject's intention to produce the auditory tone produced an intentional binding between the perceived times of the subject's action ..
  35. pmc Fertility desires and intentions of HIV-positive patients at a suburban specialist center
    Olufemi T Oladapo
    Center for Special Studies, Nigeria
    J Natl Med Assoc 97:1672-81. 2005
    ..To determine the extent of fertility desires and intentions of HIV-positive patients receiving care at a suburban specialist clinic and assess how these may vary by their sociodemographic and health-related factors...
  36. doi Job demands-resources, burnout and intention to leave the nursing profession: a questionnaire survey
    Geneviève Jourdain
    HEC Montreal, HRM Department, 3000 chemin de la Côte Sainte Catherine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Int J Nurs Stud 47:709-22. 2010
    ..role of burnout in the relationship between stress factors related to nurses' work and social environment and intention to leave the profession and to investigate the nature of the relationship between burnout and intention to leave ..
  37. doi Unprotected anal intercourse behavior and intention among male sex workers in Shenzhen serving cross-boundary male clients coming from Hong Kong, China - prevalence and associated factors
    Joseph T F Lau
    Centre for Health Behaviors Research, School of Public Health and Primary Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    AIDS Care 24:59-70. 2012
    ..self-efficacy in protection against HIV infection, and perceived control over condom use were associated with an intention for UAI (OR = 0.06-80.44)...
  38. pmc Factors affecting intention to receive and self-reported receipt of 2009 pandemic (H1N1) vaccine in Hong Kong: a longitudinal study
    Qiuyan Liao
    Health Behaviours Research Group, Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
    PLoS ONE 6:e17713. 2011
    ..However, a vaccination program's efficacy largely depends on population compliance. We examined general population decision-making for pH1N1 vaccination using a modified Theory of Planned Behaviour (TBP)...
  39. pmc Childbearing intentions of HIV-positive women of reproductive age in Soweto, South Africa: the influence of expanding access to HAART in an HIV hyperendemic setting
    Angela Kaida
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS and the School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Am J Public Health 101:350-8. 2011
    We investigated whether the intention to have children varied according to HIV status and use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) among women in Soweto, South Africa.
  40. doi Attributes of nursing work environment as predictors of registered nurses' job satisfaction and intention to leave
    Sandy Pin Pin Choi
    School of Nursing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China
    J Nurs Manag 21:429-39. 2013
    To examine how front-line registered nurses' perception of their work environment associates with and predicts nurse outcomes in terms of job satisfaction and turnover intention.
  41. ncbi Impact of job satisfaction components on intent to leave and turnover for hospital-based nurses: a review of the research literature
    Billie Coomber
    King s College London, London, UK
    Int J Nurs Stud 44:297-314. 2007
    ..Job satisfaction has been highlighted as a contributing factor to intent to leave and turnover, yet this is a complex area with many elements affecting its measurement...
  42. pmc Gestural communication of the gorilla (Gorilla gorilla): repertoire, intentionality and possible origins
    Emilie Genty
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution and Scottish Primate Research Group, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, Fife, Scotland, UK
    Anim Cogn 12:527-46. 2009
    ..Gorilla gestures are not, however, inflexible signals but are employed for intentional communication to specific individuals...
  43. doi Desire or reason: predicting health behaviors from affective and cognitive attitudes
    Rebecca Lawton
    Institute of Psychological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Health Psychol 28:56-65. 2009
    ..The authors explore the role of affective attitudes in predicting 14 health-promoting or health-risk behaviors...
  44. ncbi Getting to know you: reputation and trust in a two-person economic exchange
    Brooks King-Casas
    Human Neuroimaging Laboratory, Department of Neuroscience, Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Science 308:78-83. 2005
    ..Response magnitude correlated with the "intention to trust" on the next play of the game, and the peak of these "intention to trust" responses ..
  45. doi A parietal-premotor network for movement intention and motor awareness
    Michel Desmurget
    Centre de Neuroscience Cognitive, UMR 5229, CNRS, Bron, France
    Trends Cogn Sci 13:411-9. 2009
    ..Recent evidence, however, suggests that, contrary to common beliefs, conscious intention to move is independent of movement execution per se...
  46. doi Association between pregnancy intention and reproductive-health related behaviors before and after pregnancy recognition, National Birth Defects Prevention Study, 1997-2002
    Mary Dott
    Preventive Medicine Residency, Office of Workforce and Career Development, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, NE, MS E 92, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Matern Child Health J 14:373-81. 2010
    Given that approximately half of all pregnancies in the United States are unplanned, the authors sought to understand the relation between pregnancy intention and health behaviors.
  47. pmc Impaired endogenously evoked automated reaching in Parkinson's disease
    Elizabeth B Torres
    Psychology Department, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, USA
    J Neurosci 31:17848-63. 2011
  48. pmc Predictors of primary care physicians' self-reported intention to conduct suicide risk assessments
    Lisa M Hooper
    Department of Educational Studies in Psychology, Research Methodology, and Counseling, The University of Alabama, Box 870231 315 B Graves Hall, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487, USA
    J Behav Health Serv Res 39:103-15. 2012
    ..which select patient and physician factors increase the probability of one element of quality of care: namely, intention to conduct suicide assessment...
  49. doi Long-term effects of implementation intentions on prevention of smoking uptake among adolescents: a cluster randomized controlled trial
    Mark Conner
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom
    Health Psychol 29:529-38. 2010
    ..To test the efficacy of implementation intentions in reducing smoking uptake in a sample of adolescents...
  50. pmc Nine-months-old infants do not need to know what the agent prefers in order to reason about its goals: on the role of preference and persistence in infants' goal-attribution
    Mikolaj Hernik
    Research Department of Educational, Clinical and Health Psychology, University College London, UK
    Dev Sci 15:714-22. 2012
    ..We conclude that infants do not need to know about the agent's preferences in order to form expectations about its goal-directed actions. Implications for the role of action persistency and action selectivity are discussed...
  51. pmc Nature of association between rural background and practice location: a comparison of general practitioners and specialists
    Matthew R McGrail
    Monash University, Gippsland Medical School, Northways Road, Churchill, Victoria 3825, Australia
    BMC Health Serv Res 11:63. 2011
    ..This paper aims to investigate in detail the nature of the association between rural background and practice location of Australian general practitioners (GPs) and specialists..
  52. doi The automatic component of habit in health behavior: habit as cue-contingent automaticity
    Sheina Orbell
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Essex, CO4 3SQ, United Kingdom
    Health Psychol 29:374-83. 2010
    ..Three studies examined habitual automaticity in regard to different aspects of the cue-response relationship characteristic of unhealthy and healthy habits...
  53. doi Understanding college students' fruit consumption. Integrating habit strength in the theory of planned behaviour
    Gert Jan de Bruijn
    Department of Communication Science, Amsterdam School of Communications Research ASCoR, University of Amsterdam, Kloveniersburgwal 48, 1012 CX Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Appetite 54:16-22. 2010
    ..Results showed that, based on a significant intention x habit interaction (beta=...
  54. doi Rethinking policies for the retention of allied health professionals in rural areas: a social relations approach
    Kevin O'Toole
    School of International and Political Studies, Deakin University, Warrnambool, Victoria 3280, Australia
    Health Policy 87:326-32. 2008
    ..The aim of this paper is to question the present dominant hierarchical approach taken in relation to the retention of allied health professionals in rural localities...
  55. ncbi Treatment of naming in nonfluent aphasia through manipulation of intention and attention: a phase 1 comparison of two novel treatments
    Bruce Crosson
    Brain Rehabilitation Research Center, Malcom Randall VA Medical Center, Gainesville, Florida Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32608, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 13:582-94. 2007
    ..The intention treatment initiated picture-naming trials with a complex left-hand movement and was designed to enhance right ..
  56. ncbi Controlling attention through action: observing actions primes action-related stimulus dimensions
    Sabrina Fagioli
    University of Rome La Sapienza, Department of Psychology, Cognitive Ergonomics Laboratory, Via dei Marsi, 78, 00185 Rome, Italy
    Neuropsychologia 45:3351-5. 2007
    ..This supports the assumption that perceptual codes and action plans share a common representational medium, and that "attention to action" controls "attention to stimuli"...
  57. pmc Anticipating the consequences of action: an fMRI study of intention-based task preparation
    Hannes Ruge
    Neuroimaging Center, Department of Psychology, Technische Universitat Dresden, Dresden, Germany
    Psychophysiology 47:1019-27. 2010
    ..To conclude, preparatory control can occur via complementary attentional and intentional neural mechanisms depending on whether meaningful task-specific action effects lead to the formation of explicit effect representations...
  58. doi Familiarity modulates mirror neuron and mentalizing regions during intention understanding
    Sook Lei Liew
    The Brain and Creativity Institute, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089 2520, USA
    Hum Brain Mapp 32:1986-97. 2011
  59. doi The role of motor intention in motor awareness: an experimental study on anosognosia for hemiplegia
    Aikaterini Fotopoulou
    Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
    Brain 131:3432-42. 2008
    ..However, no study has hitherto directly investigated the role of motor intention in the observed non-veridical awareness of action in AHP...
  60. doi Using action planning to promote exercise behavior
    Mark Conner
    Institute of Psychological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK
    Ann Behav Med 40:65-76. 2010
    Action planning promotes exercise behavior and mediates intention-behavior relationships.
  61. doi Young children selectively avoid helping people with harmful intentions
    Amrisha Vaish
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    Child Dev 81:1661-9. 2010
    ..Children's prosocial behavior was thus mediated by the intentions behind the actor's moral behavior, irrespective of outcome. Children thus selectively avoid helping those who cause--or even intend to cause--others harm...
  62. doi Comparing implementation intention interventions in relation to young adults' intake of fruit and vegetables
    Janine Chapman
    Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, S10 2TP, UK
    Psychol Health 24:317-32. 2009
    This study tests whether the effectiveness of implementation intention-based interventions to increase fruit and vegetable intake in a young adult population can be enhanced using additional pre-intervention instructions and alternative ..
  63. doi Behavioral determinants as predictors of return to work after long-term sickness absence: an application of the theory of planned behavior
    Sandra Brouwer
    Department of Health Sciences, Section of Social Medicine, Work and Health, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Antonius Deusinglaan 1, Building 3217, Room 620, 9713 AV, Groningen, The Netherlands
    J Occup Rehabil 19:166-74. 2009
  64. pmc Dysfunction of the social brain in schizophrenia is modulated by intention type: an fMRI study
    Henrik Walter
    Department of Psychiatry, Division of Medical Psychology, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 4:166-76. 2009
    ..the representation of intentions is dysfunctional in patients with schizophrenia dependent on the type of intention involved...
  65. doi The contribution of emotion and cognition to moral sensitivity: a neurodevelopmental study
    Jean Decety
    Department of Psychology and Center for Cognitive and Social Neuroscience, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Cereb Cortex 22:209-20. 2012
    ..The findings support the view that negative emotion alerts the individual to the moral salience of a situation by bringing discomfort and thus can serve as an antecedent to moral judgment...
  66. ncbi Changing circumstances, disrupting habits
    Wendy Wood
    Department of Psychology, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 88:918-33. 2005
    ..Furthermore, regardless of whether contexts changed, nonhabitual behavior was guided by intentions...
  67. doi Voluntary action and causality in temporal binding
    Andre M Cravo
    Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sao Paulo, Av Prof Lineu Prestes, 1524 ICB I Cidade Universitaria, Sao Paulo, SP, 05508 900, Brazil
    Exp Brain Res 199:95-9. 2009
    ..Our results indicate that voluntary action and causality are both necessary for the emergence of temporal binding...
  68. doi When ignorance is no excuse: Different roles for intent across moral domains
    Liane Young
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MA, USA
    Cognition 120:202-14. 2011
    ..The current results therefore reveal distinct cognitive signatures of distinct moral domains, and may inform the distinct functional roles of moral norms...
  69. pmc Examining the role of perceived susceptibility on colorectal cancer screening intention and behavior
    Amy McQueen
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University, School of Medicine, Campus Box 8504, 4444 Forest Park Ave, St Louis, MO, 63108, USA
    Ann Behav Med 40:205-17. 2010
    ..was a moderator of, or was mediated by, changes in other psychosocial determinants of CRC screening intention and behavior...
  70. doi Getting a grip on other minds: mirror neurons, intention understanding, and cognitive empathy
    Jonas T Kaplan
    Ahmanson Lovelace Brain Mapping Center, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Soc Neurosci 1:175-83. 2006
    ..These data suggest that human mirror neuron areas use both contextual and grasping type information to predict the intentions of others. They also suggest that mirror neuron activity is strongly linked to social competence...
  71. ncbi Mechanisms of implementation intention effects: the role of goal intentions, self-efficacy, and accessibility of plan components
    Thomas L Webb
    Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
    Br J Soc Psychol 47:373-95. 2008
    Although considerable evidence suggests that forming an implementation intention increases rates of goal attainment, less research has examined the mechanisms that underlie these effects...
  72. pmc Common neural mechanisms supporting spatial working memory, attention and motor intention
    Akiko Ikkai
    Department of Psychology, New York University, 6 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003, USA
    Neuropsychologia 49:1428-34. 2011
    ..also show persistent activity during the maintenance of spatial attention and the maintenance of motor intention. Therefore, we conclude that persistent activity is not specific to working memory, but instead, carries ..
  73. doi Intention processing in communication: a common brain network for language and gestures
    Ivan Enrici
    Department of Psychology, Center for Cognitive Science, University of Turin, via Po, 14 10123 Turin, Italy
    J Cogn Neurosci 23:2415-31. 2011
    ..competence is based on the ability to process a specific class of mental states, namely, communicative intention. The present fMRI study aims to analyze whether intention processing in communication is affected by the ..
  74. pmc HIV and pregnancy intentions: do services adequately respond to women's needs?
    Sofia Gruskin
    Program on International Health and Human Rights, Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave, 1 1202, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:1746-50. 2008
    ..A clear research agenda is needed to create a more coordinated approach to policies and programs supporting the pregnancy intentions of women with HIV...
  75. doi Does the intention to communicate affect action kinematics?
    Luisa Sartori
    Dipartimento di Psicologia Generale, Universita di Padova, Italy
    Conscious Cogn 18:766-72. 2009
    The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of communicative intention on action...
  76. ncbi The phenomenology of action: a conceptual framework
    Elisabeth Pacherie
    Institut Jean Nicod, ENS, EHESS, CNRS, Departement d Etudes Cognitives, Ecole Normale Superieure, 29, rue d Ulm, 75005 Paris, France
    Cognition 107:179-217. 2008
    ..I argue in favor of a three-tiered dynamic model of intention, link it to an expanded version of the internal model theory of action control and specification, and use this ..
  77. ncbi Predicting physical activity intention and behaviour among children in a longitudinal sample
    Ryan E Rhodes
    University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 62:3146-56. 2006
    We examined predictors of leisure-time physical activity intention and behaviour in children, and the potential direct and moderating effects of gender and ethnicity...
  78. pmc The role of rostral prefrontal cortex in prospective memory: a voxel-based lesion study
    Emmanuelle Volle
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience UCL University College London, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Neuropsychologia 49:2185-98. 2011
    ..upon a possible role for polar prefrontal structures in supporting in time estimation, and/or in retrieving an intention to act...
  79. ncbi Cooperative activities in young children and chimpanzees
    Felix Warneken
    Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    Child Dev 77:640-63. 2006
    ..These results are interpreted as evidence for a uniquely human form of cooperative activity involving shared intentionality that emerges in the second year of life...
  80. ncbi Knowledge, attitudes, and behavioral intentions in relation to the early detection of colorectal cancer in the United Kingdom
    Kirsten McCaffery
    Health Behaviour Unit, Cancer Research UK, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, England, UK
    Prev Med 36:525-35. 2003
    ..This study examined knowledge of CRC and the relationship between knowledge, attitudes to cancer, and intentions to engage in early detection behaviors for CRC in a national representative population sample...
  81. pmc Determinants of adults' intention to vaccinate against pandemic swine flu
    Lynn B Myers
    School of Social Sciences, Brunel University, Uxbridge, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:15. 2011
    ..Therefore, this study aimed to predict intention to have a swine influenza vaccination in an adult population in the UK...
  82. doi Using the Integrative Model to explain how exposure to sexual media content influences adolescent sexual behavior
    Amy Bleakley
    University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Health Educ Behav 38:530-40. 2011
    ..Path analysis and structural equation modeling demonstrated that intention to engage in sexual intercourse is determined by a combination of attitudes, normative pressure, and self-..
  83. doi Motor system activation reveals infants' on-line prediction of others' goals
    Victoria Southgate
    Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, School of Psychology, Birkbeck, Malet St, London WC1E 7HX, United Kingdom
    Psychol Sci 21:355-9. 2010
    ..This result provides evidence for on-line goal prediction in infancy, and our method offers a new way to explore infants' cognitive abilities...
  84. doi Knowledge may not be the best target for strategies to influence evidence-based practice: using psychological models to understand RCT effects
    D Bonetti
    Dental Health Services Research Unit, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK
    Int J Behav Med 16:287-93. 2009
    ..Interventions to enhance the implementation of evidence-based practice have a varied success rate. This may be due to a lack of understanding of the mechanism by which interventions achieve results...
  85. ncbi Unwilling versus unable: infants' understanding of intentional action
    Tanya Behne
    Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, D 04103, Leipzig, Germany
    Dev Psychol 41:328-37. 2005
  86. doi A qualitative assessment of decisions affecting contraceptive utilization and fertility intentions among HIV-positive women in Soweto, South Africa
    Fatima Laher
    Perinatal HIV Research Unit, University of the Witwatersrand, Diepkloof, P O Box 114, Johannesburg, Soweto, 1864, South Africa
    AIDS Behav 13:47-54. 2009
    ..Routine counseling about pregnancy desires and contraception should be offered to HIV-positive women...
  87. ncbi Different action patterns for cooperative and competitive behaviour
    Ioanna Georgiou
    Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway University of London, UK
    Cognition 102:415-33. 2007
    ..In accordance with evidence from neuroimaging, developmental and social psychology our results suggest the existence of motor patterns which reflect the intention to act in a social context.
  88. ncbi The cost of remembering to remember in event-based prospective memory: investigating the capacity demands of delayed intention performance
    Rebekah E Smith
    Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599 3270, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 29:347-61. 2003
    ..The results of Experiment 3 suggest that the retrieval of a delayed intention, or the prospective component, can require capacity.
  89. ncbi Predicting registered nurse job satisfaction and intent to leave
    June H Larrabee
    School of Nursing, West Virginia University, Morgantown, 26506 9610, USA
    J Nurs Adm 33:271-83. 2003
  90. ncbi On the inference of personal authorship: enhancing experienced agency by priming effect information
    Henk Aarts
    Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, Utrecht University, P O Box 80140, 3508 TC, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Conscious Cogn 14:439-58. 2005
    ..Additional experimentation demonstrated that this priming of agency was not mediated by the goal or intention to produce the effect.
  91. doi Separable brain systems supporting cued versus self-initiated realization of delayed intentions
    Sam J Gilbert
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 35:905-15. 2009
    ..M. Gollwitzer and colleagues...
  92. doi The brain's intention to imitate: the neurobiology of intentional versus automatic imitation
    Nina Bien
    Department of Cognitive Neuroscience, Faculty of Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Cereb Cortex 19:2338-51. 2009
    ..We propose an informed neurocognitive model of inhibition of automatic imitation, suggesting a functional dissociation between automatic and intentional imitation...
  93. ncbi An exploration of issues of management and intention to stay: allied health professionals in South West Victoria, Australia
    Karen Stagnitti
    Occupational Science and Therapy, Deakin University, Waterfront Campus, 1 Gheringhap Street, Geelong, VIC 3217, Australia
    J Allied Health 35:226-32. 2006
    ..Recommendations are given for organizational development and training for managers...
  94. doi Exploring the question-behaviour effect: randomized controlled trial of motivational and question-behaviour interventions
    Karen Ayres
    University of Leeds, UK
    Br J Health Psychol 18:31-44. 2013
  95. pmc Baby-Friendly hospital practices and meeting exclusive breastfeeding intention
    Cria G Perrine
    Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Pediatrics 130:54-60. 2012
    ..To describe mothers' exclusive breastfeeding intentions and whether Baby-Friendly hospital practices are associated with achieving these intentions...
  96. doi Intention of parents to have male children vaccinated with the human papillomavirus vaccine
    G S Ogilvie
    Department of Family Practice, University of British Columbia, 655 West 12 Avenue, Vancouver, BC, V5Z 4R4 Canada
    Sex Transm Infect 84:318-23. 2008
    ..The goal of this study was to ascertain parental intentions to vaccinate their sons with an HPV vaccine and to determine factors that predict this intention.
  97. doi Fertility intentions of HIV-1 infected and uninfected women in Malawi: a longitudinal study
    Frank Taulo
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, University of Malawi, Private Bag 360 Chichiri, Blantyre, Malawi
    AIDS Behav 13:20-7. 2009
    ..The overall pregnancy rate after 12 months was 14.9 per 100 person-years and did not differ among 102 HIV uninfected and 100 infected women who became pregnant. HIV infection is a significant predictor of fertility intentions over time...
  98. doi Communicative intentions in wild chimpanzees: persistence and elaboration in gestural signalling
    Anna Ilona Roberts
    Psychology, School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA, Scotland, UK
    Anim Cogn 16:187-96. 2013
    ..Chimpanzee gestural sequences emerged to achieve specific outcomes; given variability in recipient behaviour following initial gestures, signallers were flexible in their persistence towards these goals...
  99. doi Toddlers' gaze following through attention modulation: intention is in the eye of the beholder
    Pieter F de Bordes
    Department of Special Education, University of Utrecht, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Exp Child Psychol 116:443-52. 2013
    ..These findings suggest that gaze following by toddlers is more likely to be driven by general attention mechanisms than by their appreciation of somebody else's communicative intent through perceiving eye contact. ..
  100. pmc Sleep to implement an intention
    Susanne Diekelmann
    Department of Neuroendocrinology, University of Lubeck, Lubeck, Germany
    Sleep 36:149-53. 2013
    ..Sleep supports the consolidation of new memories. However, this effect has mainly been shown for memories of past events. Here we investigated the role of sleep for the implementation of intentions for the future...
  101. doi How big is the physical activity intention-behaviour gap? A meta-analysis using the action control framework
    Ryan E Rhodes
    Behavioural Medicine Laboratory, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
    Br J Health Psychol 18:296-309. 2013
    The physical activity (PA) intention-behaviour gap is a topic of considerable contemporary research, given that most of our models used to understand physical activity suggest that intention is the proximal antecedent of behavioural ..

Research Grants74

  1. Discovery of Small Molecule MBT Domain Antagonists
    STEPHEN VERNON FRYE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Indeed, the Structural Genomics Consortium (SGC) has recently announced their intention to focus heavily on epigenetics and creation of chemical probes and we will be collaborating with them in this ..
  2. Axonopathy in Glaucoma
    Samuel D Crish; Fiscal Year: 2013 examine the structural and functional defects in retinal ganglion cell axons in early glaucoma with the intention of identifying new targets for intervention in this debilitating disease...
    Cornelia M Weyand; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We will repair the defective induction of hTERT in RA CD4 T cells with the intention of readjusting their apoptosis sensitivity...
  4. Dopamine's Role in the Rapid Estradiol Enhancement of Excitatory Synapses
    ..It is my intention that through this additional training I will meet my short-term career goals which are to expand my technical ..
  5. Membrane Ion-channels in Helminth Parasites: Anthelmintic Resistance and Sites of
    RICHARD JOHN MARTIN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The intention of the conference is to encourage research and knowledge of ion-channel drug targets in helminths;to encourage ..
  6. Caveolins in the Pathogenesis of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis
    Dan N Predescu; Fiscal Year: 2010 pathogenic mechanisms are involved in initiation and progression of idiopathic lung fibrosis (IPF) with the intention to discover new molecular targets that can be used as therapeutic tools...
  7. North Lawndale Diabetes Community Action Project
    STEVEN contact WHITMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..diabetes status and those at high risk for the chronic disease over a 12-week recruitment period, with the intention of completing an entire 12-month intervention with 280 enrolled participants...
  8. Resolving the role of nicotine-mediated phosphorylation on pancreatic fibrosis
    Joao A Paulo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It is my intention to use the results from my proposed work, and extensions thereof to build a solid R01 grant application as I ..
  9. Community Ambulation Following Hip Fracture
    Jay Magaziner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..05) in an intention to treat analysis...
  10. Retinal Imaging of Prognostic Indicators of Atherosclerosis
    Frederick R Haselton; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Many imaging strategies ranging from ultrasound to MRI have been developed with the intention of detecting atherosclerotic disease early, such that therapeutic interventions can slow progression before ..
  11. Protein Therapy for Recessive Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa
    David T Woodley; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This grant proposal, therefore, conforms well with this RFA's intention of promoting translational research - that is, bringing scientific discoveries from the laboratory to the ..
  12. 6th Orthomyxovirus Research Conference
    STACEY L SCHULTZ-CHERRY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Since it is the intention that experimentalists present their own work, we encourage graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and junior ..
  13. Diet and Activity Promotion Among Older Working Adults
    Gladys Block; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Changes in PA, diet, self-reported health and work outcomes will be evaluated using Intention to Treat. Two components of cost effectiveness will be evaluated...
  14. PITCH HF (CCC) Lead Application
    Marc J Semigran; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..05 and subject attrition rates of up to 15%. Primary analyses will be intention-to-treat, using Cox regression models and analysis of covariance as appropriate...
  15. Kidney Donor Outcomes Cohort (KDOC) Study
    James R Rodrigue; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..outcomes (surgical, medical, functional, psychological, financial) over a 2-year period initially, with the intention of examining these outcomes over a more extended time period in subsequent years;(2) to identify the donor, ..
  16. Trajectories and Markers of Neurodegeneration in Fragile X Premutation Carriers
    Susan M Rivera; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..tremor ataxia syndrome (FXTAS), characterized by neurological manifestations of progressive gait ataxia, intention tremor, Parkinsonism, dementia, autonomic dysfunction, and peripheral neuropathy...
  17. Purine Salvage Pathway of Cryptosporidium Parvum
    Buddy Ullman; Fiscal Year: 2012 involved in the catalytic mechanism, and crystallographic studies on CpAK will be initiated with the ultimate intention of determining its three-dimensional structure. The second Specific Aim has two parts...
  18. PITCH HF (DCC)
    Flora Sandra Siami; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..05 and subject attrition rates of up to 15%. Primary analyses will be intention-to-treat, using Cox regression models and analysis of covariance as appropriate...
  19. LTQ Orbitrap XL ETD Mass Spectrometer
    Haining Zhu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of this proposal will lead to the hiring and/or retention of more than six full-time positions, meeting the intention of the Recovery Act. The requested instruments are environmentally friendly...
  20. Peer groups for healthy pregnancy &HIV prevention for young Malawian women
    Kathleen F Norr; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Mediating outcome variables include knowledge, attitudes, perceived norms, self-efficacy, and intention for each of the behavioral outcomes...
  21. Primary care eHealth intervention for improved outcomes in chronic kidney disease
    Veronica Yank; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) a theory-based electronic health ("eHealth") intervention sent with the intention of changing the behavior of patients and clinicians...
    Nicole M Bouvier; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..It is our intention that, in understanding the recent evolution of oseltamivir-resistant seasonal A/H1N1 viruses, these experiments ..
  23. SIPsmartER: A nutrition literacy approach to reducing sugar-sweetened beverages
    Jamie Zoellner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This study fills an important void in the health literacy literature by integrating motivation/intention processes with skill-based nutrition literacy processes to understand causal pathways and complex relationships ..
  24. Ph 2 Study of Dextromethorphan in the Treatment of Rett Syndrome
    SAKKUBAI R NAIDU; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Analyses will be done on an intention-to-treat basis...
  25. Challenging and Expanding Paradigms of Aging with HIV
    KERI NICOLE ALTHOFF; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..goal of this application is to support the education and research endeavors of the investigator, who has the intention of developing a career as an independent investigator of observational epidemiologic research focused on age-..
  26. Program ACTIVE II: Behavioral Depression Treatment for Type 2 Diabetes
    MARY K DE GROOT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..b>Intention-to-treat analyses will be conducted to assess primary and secondary outcomes...
  27. HPV Knowledge Awareness and Vaccine Acceptability among Inner City Black Males
    SHERRIE LEE WALLINGTON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. health information seeking, HPV health literacy), and analyze the responses for association with their intention to undergo HPV vaccination (Phase 3: Survey)...
  28. Interactive Web Program and Health Coaching for Prehypertensive Adults
    AMELIA J BIRNEY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the outcome measures are expected to be mediated by changes in knowledge, attitudes, self-efficacy, behavioral intention, motivation, and patient activation...
  29. Phase I Trials of Anti-Cancer Agents
    Michael R Grever; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..a Phase I clinical trials program designed to achieve the ultimate goals of expedient (yet thorough) dose-finding trials in man with the intention of providing safe and effective new therapy to benefit patients with malignant diseases.
  30. Midcareer Investigator Award in Patient Oriented Research
    Kurt T Barnhart; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The candidate's immediate and long-term career goals center on his desire and intention to continue to evolve and mature as a patient-oriented researcher, teacher, and mentor...
  31. Chicago Westside Partnership for Children's Asthma Initiative (CWPC-AI)
    Steven Whitman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our goal is to enroll 360 children into CWPC-AI over an 18-month recruitment period, with the intention of completing the entire 12-month intervention with 250 (70%) of the enrolled participants...
  32. Clinical/Behavioral Approach to Overweight Latino Youth
    Gregory A Talavera; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..plan, outcome data for preliminary studies, description of cohort retention strategies, clarification of intention to treat statistical modeling, inclusion of Structural Equation Modeling, increased effort level of co-..
  33. Selectin inhibitor therapeutics for blood flow related complications of diabetes
    John L Magnani; Fiscal Year: 2010 optimize our proprietary potent inhibitors of E-selectin for both efficacy and oral bioavailability, with the intention of interfering with the interaction between vascular endothelial selectins and carbohydrates expressed on the ..
  34. Lactation Effects on Postnatal Endothelial Function and Vascular Inflammation
    Karen M Grewen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Infant feeding intention will be assessed at 3rd trimester...
  35. Physician Attitudes toward New Biomedical HIV Prevention Interventions in Youth
    Tanya L Kowalczyk Mullins; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Physician intention to recommend these agents to adolescents, which is likely to be a powerful predictor of actual recommendations, ..
    Julius P Dewald; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These studies will inform our third approach to detect the intention behind actual hand movements and ultimately determine the impact of the flexion synergy on dynamic wrist/finger ..
  37. Developing a brain-machine interface for an ankle robot
    Larry Forrester; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..will provide the first proof of concept that "smart" prostheses for the lower extremity can be controlled by intention using noninvasive EEG...
  38. Targeted Correction of the Human Beta-globin Gene
    Peter M Glazer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..TFO analogs such as peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) for intracellular binding to the human (3-globin gene with the intention of ultimately generating an optimized reagent set for molecular correction of mutations associated with ..
  39. Determinants of Use of Safer Conception Strategies Among HIV Clients in Uganda
    GLENN JOHN WAGNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..with male and female HIV clients (and their partners) who have either recently conceived a child or have an intention to conceive;we will also interview HIV, FP and TH providers to examine knowledge, attitudes and practices ..
    Michael Hampsey; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..It is not our intention to perform a global analysis of looping, but instead to identify loops at genes whose regulatory properties are ..
  41. Sidenafil Impacts Exercise Performance in Adolescent Survivors of the Fontan
    Robert E Shaddy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Its long term effects are unknown. This will be a three-year double-blinded, placebo-controlled, intention to treat, phase 3 clinical trial utilizing sildenafil as a pulmonary vasodilator in adolescent survivors of the ..
  42. Identifying therapeutic targets for vulvodynia
    Peter G Smith; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..a novel rat model to identify the biological underpinnings of vestibular inflammatory hypersensitivity with the intention of manipulating a key signaling pathway in order to identify new therapeutic targets in VVS...
  43. Early Dietary Intervention and Later Signs of Beta-Cell Autoimmunity: Potential M
    Mikael Knip; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The study will be based on a randomized pilot intervention trial using an intention to treat statistical analysis to compare e.g. gut permeability between the four treatment groups...
  44. Phase II Trial of Tiopronin in Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
    EDWARD SANDER CONNOLLY; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..It is the intention of this study to examine the effect of tiopronin, an FDA approved drug for the indication of cystine kidney ..
  45. Lunch in the Bag: Packing More Fruit, Vegetables, Grain in Preschool Sack Lunches
    DEANNA MARIE HOELSCHER; Fiscal Year: 2013 the sack lunches;(2) the amounts of these foods consumed by the children;(3) parent knowledge, norms and intention;(4) teacher support and awareness;and (5) center environment to support a healthy diet...
  46. Robo-Slit Signaling in Avian Cornea Innervation
    Tyler Schwend; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..better understand the biology of the cornea and its innervations during embryonic development, with a long-range intention of applying the acquired knowledge gained from these studies to devise strategies that lead to repairing damaged ..
  47. Elucidating the Mechanisms Underlying Mutant TDP43-induced Neurodegeneration
    Sami Barmada; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of the project is to define the pathways involved in mutant TDP43-mediated neurodegeneration, with the ultimate intention of devising therapies with the power to prevent or reverse disease progression...
  48. Decision support for smoking cessation in young adults with severe mental illness
    MARY FRANCES BRUNETTE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..attitudes, social norms, and perceived behavioral control regarding a health behavior can be changed to increase intention and behavior enactment...
  49. Evaluation of a Community-Based Psychosocial Intervention for War-Affected Youth
    Ryan K McBain; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The intention of this proposal is to extend this effort by helping conduct a three month follow-up with the initial treatment ..
  50. Social Media, Teen Moms, and PPD
    MIMIA CYNTHIA LOGSDON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..improved attitude and subjective norms towards depression and depression treatment, perceived control and intention related to seeking depression treatment, and the number of adolescent mothers with symptoms of depression who ..
  51. Training Leaders to Improve Healthcare Quality in Emergency Settings for Children
    Charles Macias; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Innovative evaluation measures by the investigators will track intention to change, knowledge, attitude and skills as well as standard assessments of conference implementation by AAP ..
  52. Vestibular control of head movements
    Natela M Shanidze; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In contrast, during self-generated head movements, compensatory head movements would oppose the animal's intention to redirect the line of sight...
  53. A novel anti-scar peptide for cutaneous wound repair
    Chia Soo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..AIM 1 will optimize the dose and duration of F06-C40 for cutaneous scar reduction. A porcine primary intention wound closure model will be used...
    Joseph C Corbo; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Our intention is to demonstrate, in a relatively short time frame, that it is possible to unravel the cis-regulatory grammar ..
  55. Alcohol Servers Applying Psychology
    ADAM JOHN WENDT; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..a two-panel, randomized, controlled study with pre-post surveys of knowledge, skills, self-efficacy, behavioral intention, technology acceptance, and consumer satisfaction, as well as pre-post and follow-up observations in 43 ..
  56. Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS)
    Murray L Katcher; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..evidence of major disparities in household income, postpartum depression, safe sleep practices, and pregnancy intention. This second cycle of funding will focus on maintaining and improving data collection, broadening partnerships ..
  57. CEST/FLEX MRI for the Detection of the Host Immune Response to CNS Grafts
    Miroslaw Janowski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..that we will have established an efficient method by which to evaluate the immune response against transplanted cells, with the intention to translate this technique further as a diagnostic tool for patients with intracerebral grafts.
  58. Help Seeking Behavior in College Women
    ANGELA F AMAR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..reporting DV Hypothesis 1) it is expected that a positive relationship of moderate strength will exist between intention to report and a) positive normative beliefs about help seeking, b) lower perceived barriers to help seeking, c) ..
  59. Normobaric Hyperoxia in Acute Ischemic Stroke
    Aneesh B Singhal; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Safety and efficacy of NBO will be determined in an 'intention to treat'statistical analysis of change in NIH stroke scale scores during and after therapy...
  60. Community-based End-of-life Intervention for African American Dementia Caregivers
    GLORIA J BONNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Experiential Learning Theory frameworks guide both interventions to enhance knowledge, self-efficacy, intention, and behaviors...
  61. Breastfeeding RCT: Adolescent Neurocognitive and Respiratory Function
    Emily Oken; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our current proposal is based on the 15-year follow-up of children enrolled in PROBIT. In an intention-to-treat analysis that compares the randomized arms, we will estimate the unconfounded, causal effects of ..
  62. Effects of Silymarin on the Metabolome
    Stephen J Polyak; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The intention of the request is to foster a new collaboration that will characterize the metabolomic response to silymarin (SM)..
  63. A Skin Cancer Prevention Video Intervention for Organ Transplant Recipients
    Lois J Loescher; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of the video approach on factors known to influence behavior change, specifically attitudes toward skin cancer, intention to engage in sun protection and skin self-examination behaviors, self confidence in performing the behavior, and ..
  64. Pilot Trial of Metformin in Amnestic MCI
    Jose A Luchsinger; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..decline, measured with the modified ADAS COG, in persons with AMCI compared to placebo at 12 months based on an intention to treat analysis...
    Curt Freed; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The intention is to address five questions: 1) Do implanted patients show clinical improvement over periods of years? 2) Does ..
    Paul Bartlett; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Our intention is to develop effective strategies for the design of biologically active molecules and to provide insight into ..
    Catherine Carr; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Research training support is requested for these experiments. Our intention is to compare the timing of this gene expression with the physiological and anatomical maturation of the delay ..
    Robert Freeman; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..aim of Phase 1b is to determine the interrelationships among behavioral mediators to risk reduction, such as intention or self-efficacy, and examine how they vary by individual, social, and environmental conditions...
  69. Action tremor & dementia in male carriers of fragile X
    James Grigsby; Fiscal Year: 2007 to define the clinical features of a newly identified, progressive neurologic disorder consisting of intention tremor, ataxia, and dementia, with generalized brain atrophy and inclusion bodies, among older men with the ..
    Andrew Levey; Fiscal Year: 2001 a randomized trial of the effect of two independent interventions, employing a 2x2 factorial design and an intention-to-treat analysis of mortality and morbidity...
    Brian Edwards; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..bovine pancreatic ribonucleases which exhibit altered catalytic efficiency or substrate specificity, with the intention of delineating further the roles played by aspartic acid-121 and phenylalanine-120 in establishing the catalytic ..
  72. Frontiers in Statistical Genetics for NIAMS Researchers
    Hemant Tiwari; Fiscal Year: 2005 emerging body of research suggests that, when analyses are confined to obese individuals who profess an intention to lose weight, subsequent weight loss is associated with no harmful effect and perhaps a very modest decrease ..
  73. Genomic and immunological comparisons of M africanum and M tuberculosis
    Bouke C de Jong; Fiscal Year: 2010 Jong moved to the Gambia in 2003. Her intention was to identify M...
  74. Fragile X-associated Tremor/Ataxia Syndrome
    Paul Hagerman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..for a progressive neurological disorder, fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS), which involves intention tremor, gait ataxia, and dementia, and affects at least 1/3 of males over 50 years of age who carry small (..