Genomes and Genes
Summary: The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.
Publications272 found, 100 shown here
- Phonetic learning as a pathway to language: new data and native language magnet theory expanded (NLM-e)Patricia K Kuhl
Institute for Learning and Brain Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363:979-1000. 2008..NLM-e incorporates five new principles. Specific testable predictions for future research programmes are described...
- A cluster-randomized trial of screening for language delay in toddlers: effects on school performance and language development at age 8Heleen M E van Agt
Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Pediatrics 120:1317-25. 2007The goal of this study was to assess the effects of screening and early treatment of preschool children for language delay on language development and school performance at age 8.
- Linkage, association, and gene-expression analyses identify CNTNAP2 as an autism-susceptibility geneMaricela Alarcon
UCLA Center for Autism Research and Treatment, Semel Institute of Neuroscience, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Am J Hum Genet 82:150-9. 2008..analyses in developing human brain further identified CNTNAP2 as enriched in circuits important for language development. Together, these results provide convergent evidence for involvement of CNTNAP2, a Neurexin family member, ..
- Brain responses in 4-month-old infants are already language specificAngela D Friederici
Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
Curr Biol 17:1208-11. 2007..These data indicate language-specific neural representations of word forms in the infant brain as early as 4 months of age...
- Infants show a facilitation effect for native language phonetic perception between 6 and 12 monthsPatricia K Kuhl
Institute for Learning and Brain Sciences and Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, University of Washington 98195, USA
Dev Sci 9:F13-F21. 2006..We argue that neural commitment to native-language phonetic properties explains the pattern of developmental change in the first year...
- Rule learning by seven-month-old infantsG F Marcus
Department of Psychology, New York University, 6 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003, USA
Science 283:77-80. 1999..Instead, these results suggest that infants can represent, extract, and generalize abstract algebraic rules...
- Cerebral asymmetry and language development: cause, correlate, or consequence?Dorothy V M Bishop
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, 9 South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3UD, UK
Science 340:1230531. 2013..Contrary to popular belief, cerebral lateralization may not be a highly heritable, stable characteristic of individuals; rather, weak lateralization may be a consequence of impaired language learning...
- Rapid word learning by fifteen-month-olds under tightly controlled conditionsG Schafer
Department of Psychology, University of Reading, United Kingdom
Child Dev 69:309-20. 1998..The experiment provides support for previous demonstrations of rapid word learning by pre-vocabulary spurt children, and offers some methodological improvements to the preferential looking task...
- Infants listen for more phonetic detail in speech perception than in word-learning tasksC L Stager
Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
Nature 388:381-2. 1997..Taken together, these results suggest a second reorganization in infants's use of phonetic detail as they move from listening to syllables to learning words...
- A multiple process solution to the logical problem of language acquisitionBrian MacWhinney
Departmnet of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
J Child Lang 31:883-914. 2004..However, the fact that some syntactic structures are more difficult to learn than others can be used to highlight areas of intense grammatical competition and processing load...
- Correlates of linguistic rhythm in the speech signalF Ramus
Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique EHESS CNRS, 54 boulevard Raspail, 75006, Paris, France
Cognition 73:265-92. 1999..A hypothesis is proposed regarding the role of rhythm perception in language acquisition...
- Can infants map meaning to newly segmented words? Statistical segmentation and word learningKatharine Graf Estes
University of Wisconsin Madison, 1500 Highland Ave, Room 501, Madison, WI 53705, USA
Psychol Sci 18:254-60. 2007..This work provides the first demonstration that exposure to word forms in a statistical word segmentation task facilitates subsequent word learning...
- The effects of socioeconomic status, race, and parenting on language development in early childhoodElizabeth P Pungello
Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 880, USA
Dev Psychol 45:544-57. 2009..socioeconomic status (SES), race, maternal sensitivity, and maternal negative-intrusive behaviors and language development in a sample selected to reduce the typical confound between race and SES (n = 146)...
- On the origin of internal structure of word formsP F MacNeilage
Department of Psychology, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712, USA
Science 288:527-31. 2000..The CV effects may be primarily biomechanically motivated. The LC effect may be self-organizational, with multivariate causality. The findings support the hypothesis that these four patterns were basic to the origin of words...
- Speech overlap in Japanese mother-child conversationsSachiyo Kajikawa
NTT Communication Science Laboratories, NTT Corporation, Kyoto, Japan
J Child Lang 31:215-30. 2004....
- Lexical neighborhoods and the word-form representations of 14-month-oldsDaniel Swingley
Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Psychol Sci 13:480-4. 2002....
- Defusing the childhood vocabulary explosionBob McMurray
Department of Psychology, E11 SSH, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
Science 317:631. 2007....
- Rapid recognition at 10 months as a predictor of language developmentCaroline Junge
Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Dev Sci 15:463-73. 2012..The ability to rapidly recognize the words in continuous utterances is clearly linked to future language development.
- Variability and detection of invariant structureRebecca L Gomez
The Johns Hopkins University, USA
Psychol Sci 13:431-6. 2002..The results point to conditions that might lead learners to focus on nonadjacent versus adjacent dependencies and are importantfor suggesting how learning might be dynamically guided by statistical structure...
- Infants' early ability to segment the conversational speech signal predicts later language development: a retrospective analysisRochelle Newman
Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park, 20742, USA
Dev Psychol 42:643-55. 2006..Results suggest that speech segmentation ability is an important prerequisite for successful language development, and they offer potential for developing measures to detect language impairment at an earlier age.
- Dynamic auditory processing, musical experience and language developmentPaula Tallal
Center for Molecular and Behavioral Neuroscience, Rutgers University, Newark, NJ 07102, USA
Trends Neurosci 29:382-90. 2006..LLI will advance our understanding of the neurobiological mechanisms underlying individual differences in language development and lead to more effective educational and intervention strategies...
- A longitudinal functional magnetic resonance imaging study of language development in children 5 to 11 years oldJerzy P Szaflarski
Department of Neurology, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, OH, USA
Ann Neurol 59:796-807. 2006..The aim of this study was to conduct a 5-year longitudinal investigation of language development using functional magnetic resonance imaging in healthy children.
- Links between social and linguistic processing of speech in preschool children with autism: behavioral and electrophysiological measuresPatricia K Kuhl
Center on Human Development and Disabilities and Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Dev Sci 8:F1-F12. 2005..The data support the hypothesis of an association between social and linguistic processing in children with ASD...
- Phonemes, rimes, vocabulary, and grammatical skills as foundations of early reading development: evidence from a longitudinal studyValerie Muter
Department of Psychology, University of York, York, United Kingdom
Dev Psychol 40:665-81. 2004..The results are related to current theories about the role of phonological, grammatical, and vocabulary skills in the development of early reading skills...
- Testing the limits of statistical learning for word segmentationElizabeth K Johnson
Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, ON, Canada
Dev Sci 13:339-45. 2010..We conclude that infants' statistical learning abilities may not be as robust as earlier studies have suggested...
- Statistical learning in a natural language by 8-month-old infantsBruna Pelucchi
Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin Madison, 1500 Highland Ave, Madison, WI 53705, USA
Child Dev 80:674-85. 2009....
- Prevalence of specific language impairment in kindergarten childrenJ B Tomblin
University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA
J Speech Lang Hear Res 40:1245-60. 1997..Also, the clinical identification of these children remains low among kindergarteners...
- Acquisition of word-object associations by 14-month-old infantsJ F Werker
Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
Dev Psychol 34:1289-309. 1998....
- Words in a sea of sounds: the output of infant statistical learningJ R Saffran
Department of Psychology and Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Cognition 81:149-69. 2001..The results support the hypothesis that statistical learning mechanisms generate word-like units with some status relative to the native language...
- Language or music, mother or Mozart? Structural and environmental influences on infants' language networksG Dehaene-Lambertz
INSERM, U, CEA SAC DSV I2BM NeuroSpin, Gif Yvette, France
Brain Lang 114:53-65. 2010..Both results underscore the joint contributions of genetic constraints and environmental inputs in the fast emergence of an efficient cortical network for language processing in humans...
- Learning abilities and disabilities: generalist genes in early adolescenceOliver S P Davis
Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College, London, UK
Cogn Neuropsychiatry 14:312-31. 2009..A surprising finding emerging from multivariate quantitative genetic studies across diverse learning abilities is that most genetic influences are shared: they are "generalist", rather than "specialist"...
- Gaze behavior and affect at 6 months: predicting clinical outcomes and language development in typically developing infants and infants at risk for autismGregory S Young
MIND Institute, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, School of Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95817, USA
Dev Sci 12:798-814. 2009..In contrast, results of growth curve models for language development revealed significant relationships between face scanning and expressive language...
- Is speech learning 'gated' by the social brain?Patricia K Kuhl
Institute for Learning and Brain Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Dev Sci 10:110-20. 2007..Relating human language learning to a broader set of neurobiological cases of communicative development, I argue that the social brain 'gates' the computational mechanisms involved in human language learning...
- Phonotactic knowledge and lexical-semantic processing in one-year-olds: brain responses to words and nonsense words in picture contextsManuela Friedrich
Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Germany
J Cogn Neurosci 17:1785-802. 2005....
- The pace of vocabulary growth helps predict later vocabulary skillMeredith L Rowe
University of Chicago, USA
Child Dev 83:508-25. 2012..Understanding the pace of early vocabulary growth thus improves our ability to predict school readiness and may help identify children at risk for starting behind...
- Speed of word recognition and vocabulary knowledge in infancy predict cognitive and language outcomes in later childhoodVirginia A Marchman
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, CA 94305, USA
Dev Sci 11:F9-16. 2008..suggest that processing speed and early language skills are fundamental to intellectual functioning, and that language development is guided by learning and representational principles shared across cognitive and linguistic domains.
- Correlated longitudinal changes across linguistic, achievement, and psychomotor domains in early childhood: evidence for a global dimension of developmentMijke Rhemtulla
Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, USA
Dev Sci 14:1245-54. 2011..A common factor accounted for 42% of the individual differences in change. These results suggest that a global dimension underlies substantial proportions of cognitive and psychomotor development...
- Individual differences in lexical processing at 18 months predict vocabulary growth in typically developing and late-talking toddlersAnne Fernald
Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Child Dev 83:203-22. 2012....
- Language experience and the organization of brain activity to phonetically similar words: ERP evidence from 14- and 20-month-oldsDebra L Mills
Department of Psychology, Emory University, 532 Kilgo Circle, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
J Cogn Neurosci 16:1452-64. 2004..The findings suggested that vocabulary development is an important factor in the organization of neural systems linked to processing phonetic detail within the context of word comprehension...
- Infant gaze following and pointing predict accelerated vocabulary growth through two years of age: a longitudinal, growth curve modeling studyRechele Brooks
University of Washington, Institute for Learning and Brain Sciences, Box 357988, Seattle, WA 98195 7988, USA
J Child Lang 35:207-20. 2008We found that infant gaze following and pointing predicts subsequent language development. At ages 0;10 or 0;11, infants saw an adult turn to look at an object in an experimental setting...
- Perception of acoustic correlates of major phrasal units by young infantsP W Jusczyk
State University of New York, Buffalo
Cogn Psychol 24:252-93. 1992..These findings are discussed with respect to their implications for theories of language acquisition...
- Electrophysiological evidence for the understanding of maternal speech by 9-month-old infantsEugenio Parise
Cognitive Development Center, Central European University, Hattyú utca 14, 1015 Budapest, Hungary
Psychol Sci 23:728-33. 2012..This finding may indicate that word meaning is referential from the outset of word learning and that referential expectation drives, rather than results from, vocabulary acquisition in humans...
- Auditory sequence analysis and phonological skillManon Grube
Newcastle Auditory Group, Medical School, Newcastle University, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Proc Biol Sci 279:4496-504. 2012..a limited but significant link between auditory and phonological ability with a specific role for sound-sequence analysis, and provide a possible new focus for auditory training strategies to aid language development in early adolescence.
- Mommy and me: familiar names help launch babies into speech-stream segmentationHeather Bortfeld
Department of Psychology, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
Psychol Sci 16:298-304. 2005..Young infants have a powerful aid available to them for cracking the speech code. Their emerging familiarity with particular words, such as their own and other people's names, can provide initial anchors in the speech stream...
- The Danish Communicative Developmental Inventories: validity and main developmental trendsDorthe Bleses
Center for Child Language, Institute of Language and Communication, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
J Child Lang 35:651-69. 2008..The study includes 6,112 randomly selected children in the age of 0 ; 8 to 3 ; 0, and results related to the development of early gestures, comprehension and production of words as well as grammatical skills, are presented...
- In the infant's mind's ear: evidence for implicit naming in 18-month-oldsNivedita Mani
Free Floater Junior Research Group Language Acquisition, Gosslerstr 14, 37073 Gottingen, Germany
Psychol Sci 21:908-13. 2010....
- Language-universal sensory deficits in developmental dyslexia: English, Spanish, and ChineseUsha Goswami
Centre for Neuroscience in Education, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
J Cogn Neurosci 23:325-37. 2011..They also suggest that novel remediation strategies on the basis of rhythm and music may offer benefits for phonological and linguistic development...
- A Bayesian framework for word segmentation: exploring the effects of contextSharon Goldwater
School of Informatics, University of Edinburgh, Informatics Forum, 10 Crichton Street, Edinburgh EH89AB, UK
Cognition 112:21-54. 2009....
- The influence of hearing aids on the speech and language development of children with hearing lossJ Bruce Tomblin
Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, The University of Iowa, Iowa City
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 140:403-9. 2014IMPORTANCE Hearing loss (HL) in children can be deleterious to their speech and language development. The standard of practice has been early provision of hearing aids (HAs) to moderate these effects; however, there have been few ..
- Developmental differences in the effects of phonological, lexical and semantic variables on word learning by infantsHolly L Storkel
Department of Speech Language Hearing Sciences and Disorders, University of Kansas, Lawrence 66045 7555, USA
J Child Lang 36:291-321. 2009..Moreover, the effect of phonological variables was constant across age, whereas the effect of lexical and semantic variables changed across age...
- Young children's overgeneralizations with fixed transitivity verbsP J Brooks
Department of Psychology, Sociology, Anthropology, and Social Work, College of Staten Island, City University of New York 10314, USA
Child Dev 70:1325-37. 1999..As children solidly learn the transitivity status of particular verbs, they become more reluctant to use those verbs in other argument structure constructions...
- Limitations in working memory: implications for language developmentA M Adams
University of Manchester, UK
Int J Lang Commun Disord 35:95-116. 2000..The significant association found between these indices of language development and verbal short-term memory span assessed with non-spoken recall, suggested that this relationship was not ..
- Spoken word recognition and lexical representation in very young childrenD Swingley
Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Meliora Hall, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
Cognition 76:147-66. 2000..The results suggest that children's representations of familiar words are phonetically well-specified, and that this specification may not be a consequence of the need to differentiate similar words in production...
- The learnability of abstract syntactic principlesAmy Perfors
Department of Psychology, University of Adelaide, Australia
Cognition 118:306-38. 2011..We discuss the implications of this analysis for accounts of human language acquisition...
- Developing language in a developing body: the relationship between motor development and language developmentJana M Iverson
University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 USA
J Child Lang 37:229-61. 2010..Implications of this perspective for current views of co-occurring language and motor impairments and for methodology in the field of child language research are also considered...
- The effect of verb semantic class and verb frequency (entrenchment) on children's and adults' graded judgements of argument-structure overgeneralization errorsBen Ambridge
The University of Liverpool, School of Psychology, Eleanor Rathbone Building, Bedford Street South, Liverpool L697ZA, UK
Cognition 106:87-129. 2008..We conclude that both the formation of semantic verb classes and entrenchment play a role in children's retreat from argument-structure overgeneralization errors...
- Contributions of infant word learning to language developmentDaniel Swingley
Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, 3401 Walnut Street 302C, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:3617-32. 2009..the degree to which these forms are meaningful for young infants, the words still play a role in early language development. Words guide the infant to his or her first syntactic intuitions, aid in the development of the lexicon, ..
- When half a word is enough: infants can recognize spoken words using partial phonetic informationA Fernald
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, CA 94305, USA
Child Dev 72:1003-15. 2001....
- Gestational diabetes hinders language development in offspringGinette Dionne
Research Unit on Psychosocial Maladjustment in Children, bSchool of Psychology, Laval University, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
Pediatrics 122:e1073-9. 2008..Previous studies have suggested that language is affected in infants of diabetic mothers, yet there have been no systematic investigations to address this question...
- Orthographic depth and its impact on universal predictors of reading: a cross-language investigationJohannes C Ziegler
Laboratoire de Psychologie Cognitive, CNRS and Aix Marseille Université, Marseille, Cedex 3, France
Psychol Sci 21:551-9. 2010..Most predictors of reading performance were relatively universal across these alphabetic languages, although their precise weight varied systematically as a function of script transparency...
- Spoken language development in children following cochlear implantationJohn K Niparko
Department of Otolaryngology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
JAMA 303:1498-506. 2010Cochlear implantation is a surgical alternative to traditional amplification (hearing aids) that can facilitate spoken language development in young children with severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL).
- Gesture is at the cutting edge of early language developmentSeyda Ozçalişkan
Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, 5848 S University Avenue, Green 317, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Cognition 96:B101-13. 2005..Gesture thus continues to be at the cutting edge of early language development, providing stepping-stones to increasingly complex linguistic constructions.
- Relationships between lexical and phonological development in young childrenCarol Stoel-Gammon
Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, University of Washington, 1417 N E 42nd Street, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
J Child Lang 38:1-34. 2011..The article concludes with suggestions for integrating the findings from the two approaches and for future research...
- Environmental factors influence language development in children with autism spectrum disordersMarine Grandgeorge
Universite de Rennes 1, Ethos, UMR 6552 CNRS Ethologie animale et humaine, Rennes, France
PLoS ONE 4:e4683. 2009..However, animal research suggests that different behavioural traits can be differentially affected by genetic/environmental factors...
- Explicit phoneme training combined with phonic reading instruction helps young children at risk of reading failurePeter J Hatcher
Department of Psychology, University of York, UK
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 45:338-58. 2004..We evaluate the effectiveness of three theoretically motivated programmes for the teaching of reading to four-year-old children...
- Continuous processing in word recognition at 24 monthsD Swingley
Department of Psychology, University Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Cognition 71:73-108. 1999..In Experiment 3, adults' responses in the same task were found to be very similar to those of the 24-month-olds. This research shows that by 24 months, children can interpret speech continuously...
- Semantics versus statistics in the retreat from locative overgeneralization errorsBen Ambridge
School of Psychology, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom
Cognition 123:260-79. 2012..We conclude by drawing together various theoretical proposals to arrive at a possible account of how semantics and statistics interact in the retreat from overgeneralization...
- Validity and reliability of mothers' reports of language development in 1-year-old children in a large-scale survey in BangladeshJena D Hamadani
International Centre for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh
Food Nutr Bull 31:S198-206. 2010..However, there is a lack of suitable instruments with established validity...
- Social interaction shapes babbling: testing parallels between birdsong and speechMichael H Goldstein
Department of Psychology, Franklin and Marshall College, P O Box 3003, Lancaster, PA 17604, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:8030-5. 2003..Because imitation is usually considered the mechanism for vocal learning in both taxa, the findings introduce social shaping as a general process underlying the development of speech and song...
- The development of phonological awareness in preschool childrenJulia M Carroll
Department of Psychology, University of York, United Kingdom
Dev Psychol 39:913-23. 2003..In general, children's rime skills developed earlier than their phoneme skills. Structural equation models showed that articulatory skills and syllable and rime awareness predicted later phoneme awareness...
- Word learning in the context of referential and salience cuesC Moore
Department of Psychology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Dev Psychol 35:60-8. 1999..Results imply that, at 24 months, children use the referential intent of the speaker to learn new words, but when first learning words, children may have a less secure grasp on the meaning of speakers' referential cues...
- Functional MRI of language lateralization during development in childrenScott K Holland
Pediatric Neuroimaging Research Consortium, Cincinnati Children s Research Foundation, University of Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
Int J Audiol 46:533-51. 2007..Even macroscopic measures of language lateralization reflect a dynamic process of language development. In this review, we summarize a series of functional MRI studies of language skills in children ages of ..
- Fourteen-month-old infants learn similar-sounding wordsKatherine A Yoshida
Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Canada
Dev Sci 12:412-8. 2009..The findings are discussed in relation to infants' concurrent failure, and the developmental transition to success, in the Switch task...
- A responsive parenting intervention: the optimal timing across early childhood for impacting maternal behaviors and child outcomesSusan H Landry
Children s Learning Institute, University of Texas Health Science Center, Department of Pediatrics, Houston, TX 77030, USA
Dev Psychol 44:1335-53. 2008..Behaviors that required responsiveness to the child's changing signals (contingent responsiveness, redirecting) required the intervention across both the early and later periods...
- Parental symptoms of common mental disorders and children's social, motor, and language development in sub-Saharan AfricaCraig Hadley
Department of Anthropology, Emory University, Atlanta 30322M, USA
Ann Hum Biol 35:259-75. 2008..Yet, little is known about the impact of household and caretaker variables in influencing developmental outcomes in rural, developing country settings...
- Brain potentials to native and non-native speech contrasts in 7- and 11-month-old American infantsMaritza Rivera-Gaxiola
Institute for Learning and Brain Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Dev Sci 8:162-72. 2005..We describe distinct neural patterns in two groups of infants and suggest that their developmental differences may have an impact on language development.
- Effects of iron supplementation and anthelmintic treatment on motor and language development of preschool children in Zanzibar: double blind, placebo controlled studyR J Stoltzfus
Department of I nternational Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205-2179, USA
BMJ 323:1389-93. 2001..Iron supplementation improved language development by 0.8 (95% confidence interval 0.2 to 1.4) points on the 20 point scale...
- Validation of the language development survey (LDS): a parent report tool for identifying language delay in toddlersL Rescorla
Department of Psychology, Bryn Mawr College, PA 19010, USA
J Speech Lang Hear Res 44:434-45. 2001Two studies are reported demonstrating the reliability, validity, and clinical utility of the Language Development Survey (LDS; L. Rescorla, 1989) as a screening tool for the identification of expressive language delay in toddlers...
- Neural organization and plasticity of languageH J Neville
Psychology Department, University of Oregon, Eugene 97403 1227, USA
Curr Opin Neurobiol 8:254-8. 1998....
- Early language acquisition: cracking the speech codePatricia K Kuhl
Institute for Learning and Brain Sciences and the Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
Nat Rev Neurosci 5:831-43. 2004..Successful learning by infants, as well as constraints on that learning, are changing theories of language acquisition...
- Statistical phonetic learning in infants: facilitation and feature generalizationJessica Maye
Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders and the Northwestern Institute on Complex Systems, Northwestern University, USA
Dev Sci 11:122-34. 2008....
- CNTNAP2 variants affect early language development in the general populationA J O Whitehouse
Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
Genes Brain Behav 10:451-6. 2011Early language development is known to be under genetic influence, but the genes affecting normal variation in the general population remain largely elusive...
- Foreign-language experience in infancy: effects of short-term exposure and social interaction on phonetic learningPatricia K Kuhl
Center for Mind, Brain, and Learning, and Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, University of Washington, Mailstop 357920, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:9096-101. 2003..Between 9 and 10 mo of age, infants show phonetic learning from live, but not prerecorded, exposure to a foreign language, suggesting a learning process that does not require long-term listening and is enhanced by social interaction...
- Oral language and code-related precursors to reading: evidence from a longitudinal structural modelStacey A Storch
Department of Psychology, State University of New York at Stony Brook, 11794 2500, USA
Dev Psychol 38:934-47. 2002....
- The influence of maternal depression, caregiving, and socioeconomic status in the post-natal year on children's language developmentA Stein
Section of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Educational Studies, University of Oxford, The Tavistock and Portman NHS Trust, Oxford, UK
Child Care Health Dev 34:603-12. 2008..The aim was to examine whether maternal depression and maternal caregiving during the first year of life are associated with children's subsequent language development.
- Visual speech contributes to phonetic learning in 6-month-old infantsTuomas Teinonen
Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Cognition 108:850-5. 2008..Developmental Psychobiology, 45, 204-220]. However, the role of visual speech in language development remains unknown...
- Predicting language development at age 18 months: data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort StudySynnve Schjølberg
Division of Mental Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
J Dev Behav Pediatr 32:375-83. 2011This study investigated predictors of delayed language development at 18 months of age in a large population cohort of Norwegian toddlers.
- Sensory, cognitive, and linguistic factors in the early academic performance of elementary school children: The Benton-IU projectCharles S Watson
Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington 47405, USA
J Learn Disabil 36:165-97. 2003..visual cognition (visual perceptual abilities, spatial perception, visual memory); verbal cognition (language development, vocabulary, verbal concepts); and speech processing (the ability to understand speech under difficult ..
- Use of computer-assisted technologies (CAT) to enhance social, communicative, and language development in children with autism spectrum disordersBertram O Ploog
Graduate Center of the City University of New York, 365 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA
J Autism Dev Disord 43:301-22. 2013..technology (CAT), excluding strictly internet-based approaches, to enhance social, communicative, and language development in individuals with ASD by dividing the vast literature into four main areas: language, emotion recognition,..
- On the spatial foundations of the conceptual system and its enrichmentJean M Mandler
Department of Cognitive Science, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0515, USA
Cogn Sci 36:421-51. 2012..Finally, commonalities between the concepts of preverbal infants and nonhuman primates are discussed...
- Profiles of verbal working memory growth predict speech and language development in children with cochlear implantsWilliam G Kronenberger
Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, USA
J Speech Lang Hear Res 56:805-25. 2013..In this study, the authors investigated relations between profiles of verbal STM/WM development and speech-language development over time.
- A family aggregation study: the influence of family history and other risk factors on language developmentNaseem Choudhury
Infancy Studies Laboratory, Center for Molecular and Behavioral Neuroscience Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Newark 07102, USA
J Speech Lang Hear Res 46:261-72. 2003..These results provide converging evidence that children from FH+ families are indeed at greater risk of developing language delay compared to children from control families...
- Acquiring and processing verb argument structure: distributional learning in a miniature languageElizabeth Wonnacott
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3UD, UK
Cogn Psychol 56:165-209. 2008....
- Effects of early auditory experience on word learning and speech perception in deaf children with cochlear implants: implications for sensitive periods of language developmentDerek M Houston
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, USA
Otol Neurotol 31:1248-53. 2010..That early word learning and speech perception skills have different sensitive periods and that very early implantation may affect later vocabulary outcomes more than speech perception outcomes...
- Impact of early intervention on expressive and receptive language development among young children with permanent hearing lossJareen Meinzen-Derr
Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, USA
Am Ann Deaf 155:580-91. 2011..Children enrolled at or after 6 months had lower baseline skills but made significant language progress, irrespective of hearing loss severity...
- Fast mapping between a phrasal form and meaningDevin Casenhiser
The Milton and Ethel Harris Research Initiative, York University, Canada
Dev Sci 8:500-8. 2005....
- Epilepsy and language development: the continuous spike-waves during slow sleep syndromeSeverine Debiais
Department of Neurology, CHRU de Tours, France
Epilepsia 48:1104-10. 2007..Language can be affected but, to date, language disorders and their long-term outcome have been documented only rarely...
- Language development in children after receiving bilateral cochlear implants between 5 and 18 monthsOna B Wie
Department of Otolaryngology, Oslo University Hospital, 0027 Rikshospitalet, Norway
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 74:1258-66. 2010The objective of this study was to examine receptive and expressive language development in children who received simultaneous bilateral cochlear implants (CIs) between 5 and 18 months of age and to compare the results with language ..
- The dynamic nature of knowledge: insights from a dynamic field model of children's novel noun generalizationLarissa K Samuelson
Department of Psychology and Iowa Center for Developmental and Learning Sciences, University of Iowa, E11 Seashore Hall, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
Cognition 110:322-45. 2009..Together, the empirical data and model demonstrate the dynamic nature of knowledge and are consistent with the perspective that knowledge cannot be separated from the task-specific processes that create behavior in the moment...
- The etiology of variation in language skills changes with development: a longitudinal twin study of language from 2 to 12 yearsMarianna E Hayiou-Thomas
Department of Psychology, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD, UK
Dev Sci 15:233-49. 2012..the same genetic and environmental factors underlie variation in language skills at these three stages of language development. We found that while shared environmental influences appear to be dominant (latent factor c² = ...
- 12-month-olds' phonotactic knowledge guides their word-object mappingsHeather MacKenzie
Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Child Dev 83:1129-36. 2012..That is, they will not map words that violate the phonotactics of their native language to objects...
- RESOURCES FOR INFANTS WITH NEWLY IDENTIFIED HEARING LOSSMary Pat Moeller; Fiscal Year: 2006..Information also will be re-purposed and expanded to meet the needs of the target professional audiences. The results of this effort should promote parent self-advocacy and independence in decision making. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- The Mental Lexicon of Children with Phonological DelaysHOLLY STORKEL; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- THE MENTAL LEXICON IN LANGUAGE ACQUISITIONHOLLY STORKEL; Fiscal Year: 2005..To achieve this, our immediate goal is to determine how preschool children with age- appropriate language development build a lexicon because it is essential to document the normal process in order for disordered processes to ..
- Word Learning in Children: Normal Development and Language ImpairmentHolly L Storkel; Fiscal Year: 2010..language and use this evidence to develop a comprehensive model of word learning across normal and impaired language development. Ultimately, this model will be used to construct clinical diagnostic and treatment techniques to improve ..
- CONCEPTS AND THEORIES IN HUMAN DEVELOPMENTSUSAN GELMAN; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- EARLY VOCAL DEVELOPMENT IN YOUNG CHILDREN WITH COCHLEARDAVID ERTMER; Fiscal Year: 2002..addition to bolstering theoretical perspectives, examination of the relationship between babbling and oral language development "will be helpful in determining the benefits of early implantation and therefore guiding future policy" ..
- Speech Development in Young Cochlear Implant RecipientsDavid J Ertmer; Fiscal Year: 2010..Comparisons with typically developing toddlers and among children implanted at different ages are undertaken through a prospective longitudinal research design. ..
- Infant learning of acoustic cues to word boundariesERIK THIESSEN; Fiscal Year: 2003..This research will provide a model for infant acquisition of multiple acoustic regularities associated with word boundaries. ..
- Phonological memory and language in young monolingual and bilingual childrenErika Hoff; Fiscal Year: 2008unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Early oral language development provides the foundation for later school achievement and literacy. In some children that foundation is weak, placing them at risk...
- Assessing the Impact of Function on Early CategorizationAmy Booth; Fiscal Year: 2006..Not only will they highlight the value of better understanding this phenomenon, but they will establish the viability of new stimuli and methods for pursuing that understanding. ..
- Biological Thought: A Cross-Cultural ViewSandra Waxman; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- LINKING EARLY LINGUISTIC AND CONCEPTUAL DEVELOPMENTSandra Waxman; Fiscal Year: 2009..provided by applicant): This proposal addresses fundamental issues of early conceptual development, language development, and the relation between them. Infants live in an enormously rich environment...
- A cross-linguistic study of nominal category formationLinda Smith; Fiscal Year: 2007..In addition, the research seeks a fine grained specification of the learning mechanisms involved which have general significance beyond the role of language in early cognitive development. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Measuring Active Vision in Toddlers and Young ChildrenLinda Smith; Fiscal Year: 2008..for studying their cascading consequences in social, cognitive and linguistic development, and for developing new therapies and interventions that generalize to the complex natural environment [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Long-term Outcomes of Cochlear Implantation in Early ChildhoodAnn Geers; Fiscal Year: 2009..In addition we will document the incidence and outcomes associated with discontinued use of a cochlear implant. ..
- Assessing Auditory Capacity in Hearing-Impaired ChildrenLaurie Eisenberg; Fiscal Year: 2007..speech perception in hearing-impaired young children, and to validate parent report as a tool for assessing language development in this population...
- THE DEVELOPMENT OF JOINT ATTENTION AFTER INFANCYLAUREN ADAMSON; Fiscal Year: 2007..Parent actions during social interactions will be described to determine if they too changed during this time interval and whether changes in parent actions predict language outcome at 42 months of age. ..
- Influencing Children's Beliefs Through LanguageVIKRAM JASWAL; Fiscal Year: 2008..It also has important public health implications in terms of how parents, caregivers, and educators can craft their messages to children to effect changes in behaviors and beliefs. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Vocal-Motor and Speech-Gesture Coordinations in InfancyJana Iverson; Fiscal Year: 2006..Identification of the typical pattern and normal range of variation in early vocal-manual coordination will provide normative information required for future diagnostic research. ..
- Maternal Emotional Well-Being and Fragile X SyndromeLeonard Abbeduto; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- Effects of Fast ForWord on Language ProcessingMarc Fey; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Learning to Listen Ahead in English and SpanishAnne Fernald; Fiscal Year: 2007..newly developed experimental procedures for monitoring on-line speech comprehension by young language learners, and to evaluate their potential clinical relevance for assessing disorders in early language development.
- GENOTYPE/PHENOTYPE CORRELATIONS IN WILLIAMS SYNDROMECAROLYN MERVIS; Fiscal Year: 2009..The findings will be of immediate use to practitioners who provide educational and therapeutic services to individuals with WS and their families. ..
- Mechanisms of Early Grammatical Learning in InfantsTOBEN MINTZ; Fiscal Year: 2005..Thus, the debate about the role of distributional analyses in children's early category representations can shift from the domain of speculation to that of empirical investigation. ..
- EARLY DEVELOPMENT: WILLIAMS OR DOWN SYNDROME CHILDRENCAROLYN MERVIS; Fiscal Year: 2003..The research will have implications both for theoretical models of the relation between language and cognition and for the design of early cognitive and language intervention for children with developmental disabilities. ..
- INTONATION IN CHILDREN'S EARLY LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENTDavid Snow; Fiscal Year: 2002..to describe the relation between intonation and grammatical skills in children with normal and disordered language development. The purpose of the long-range program is to test the hypothesis that intonation is a prosodic correlate of ..
- Temporal Integration of Acoustic Detail in SpeechBob McMurray; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Do Labels Help Infants Form Non-Obvious Categories?VIKRAM JASWAL; Fiscal Year: 2002..By considering the role of labeling in the formation of categories, this research will make important contributions to the fields of cognitive and language development.
- ERP & Behavioral Predictors of Language InterventionPaul Yoder; Fiscal Year: 2008..Multiple regression, multivariate permutation tests, and growth curve analyses will be used to test the research questions. Five years of funding are requested. ..
- Speech Perception and Spoken Word Recognition by Children with Cochlear ImplantsRichard Miyamoto; Fiscal Year: 2008..First, we will investigate spoken word recognition and language development during the first three years of life in children with congenital, severe- to-profound hearing loss who have ..
- Bilingual and Second Language Learning in InfancyBarbara Conboy; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- TRAINING PROGRAM IN DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGYJanellen Huttenlocher; Fiscal Year: 2008..Postdoctoral trainees will have at least two mentors from the training faculty and will join a rich environment for postdoctoral investigations in the Department of Psychology. ..
- Learning mechanisms in language acquisitionLouAnn Gerken; Fiscal Year: 2008unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The last 50 years of research on language development have revealed in young language learners two, potential conflicting, abilities...
- Infant vocalization and the foundations for speechD Kimbrough Oller; Fiscal Year: 2008..To the extent that precanonical category usage can be quantified, it may lay the foundations for early identification of disorders of communication. ..
- Processing Neighbors in Speech Perception and ProductionMICHAEL VITEVITCH; Fiscal Year: 2008..That is, the work in this proposal is a first step in the needed direction of integrating models of sub-lexical, lexical, and semantic processing and of models of recognition and production. ..
- Psycholinguistic and Socioemotional Profiling of SLI and ADHDSean Redmond; Fiscal Year: 2008..Given the academic and social risks associated with misdiagnosis and the poor prognosis associated with untreated comorbidity, this research impacts upon several key public health concerns. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Planning for a Comprehensive Early Childhood CurriculumSusan Landry; Fiscal Year: 2002..A strength of the proposed group is the broad range of expertise they have in bringing research-to-practice in public school, Head Start, and child care settings. ..
- Longitudinal Effects of Spina Bifida on LearningSusan Landry; Fiscal Year: 2009..Completion of the study would allow a link with a significant body of research on school- age children with SB. ..
- Phonology and Literacy in Early BilingualsD Kimbrough Oller; Fiscal Year: 2009..Basic phonological skills in production and perception will be related to phonological awareness and reading in bilingual children in the context of a short-term longitudinal effort (K-2nd grade). ..
- Child-Instruction Interactions Causal Effects on ReadingCAROL M CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2010..Moreover, this investigation will help to elucidate the causal links between instruction and children's oral language and reading growth. ..
- PHONOTACTIC INFORMATION IN SPEECH PRODUCTIONMICHAEL VITEVITCH; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- The Genetics of Specific Language ImpairmentJAMES TOMBLIN; Fiscal Year: 2009..and psychological theory coupled with empirical studies on the heritability of individual differences in language development and language disorders support the hypothesis that the capacity for language development in humans is ..
- LEXICAL DEFICIT--YOUNG CHILD W/ SPECIFIC LANG IMPAIRMENTShelley Gray; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Identification of Adults with Developmental Language ImpairmentsElena Plante; Fiscal Year: 2007..This is a critical first step for genetic studies of this disorder, as well as research into the longterm outcome of this disorder and the residual deficits that characterize affected adults. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- NEURODEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME OF IN UTERO COCAINE EXPOSUREEmmalee Bandstra; Fiscal Year: 2006..AIM 3: To estimate the ameliorating or exacerbating effects of the caregiving, family, and community environment on neuropsychological, educational, and emotional/behavioral outcomes, and onset of high risk behaviors. ..
- Real-time Examination of Childhood Language ImpairmentRichard Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2006..The data should yield evidence that will elucidate the nature of SLI and suggest new approaches to assessment and intervention for this disorder. ..
- Constraints of Prosodic and Morphological DevelopmentKatherine Demuth; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Collaboration on Specific Language ImpairmentJAMES TOMBLIN; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Early literacy interventionLaura Justice; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- DISCRIMINATING SLI AND APD IN SCHOOL-AGE CHILDRENCarol Miller; Fiscal Year: 2007..The results will form the foundation for further research employing larger, more stringently selected samples and both behavioral and electrophysiological measures. ..
- Visual Contributions to Speech PerceptionKevin Munhall; Fiscal Year: 2007..The studies will contribute to the understanding of how visual stimulus properties and higher level processes determine gaze patterns and thus influence perception. ..
- EARLY COMMUNICATION INTERVENTION IN AUTISTIC CHILDRENPaul Yoder; Fiscal Year: 2004..Assessments of communication, vocabulary, and motor imitation will occur at the pre-treatment, port-treatment, and 6 month follow-up periods. Examiners and coders will be blind to treatment assignment. ..
- Influences on preschoolers' visual attention to printLaura Justice; Fiscal Year: 2004..e., questions and comments about pictures versus print, verbal versus nonverbal print cues) upon children's visual attention to print in this early literacy context. ..
- MEDICAL COMPLICATIONS AND PARENTING-PRETERM DEVELOPMENTSusan Landry; Fiscal Year: 2004..At present, little empirical information is available on the role of SR/EP skill development in understanding VLBW children's later, school age problems. ..
- Parent Initiated Prevention ProgramDimitri Christakis; Fiscal Year: 2005..3) To improve parental perceptions of the quality of care provided.H3: Compared to controls, PIPP parents will report higher scores on selected Consumer Assessment of Health Plans (CAHPS) items. ..
- MORPHOLOGICAL DEFICITS IN SPECIFIC LANGUAGE IMPAIRMENTLaurence Leonard; Fiscal Year: 2007..Such a finding could lead to a uniform theory of how language impairment might develop and persist among children acquiring English. ..
- SPEECH AND LANGUAGE IN CHILDREN WITH COCHLEAR IMPLANTSRichard Miyamoto; Fiscal Year: 2005..Additionally, we will conduct a series of cross-sectional studies to examine more specific characteristics of the development of language, articulation, and speech intelligibility of deaf children with cochlear implants. ..
- Accounting for variations in parental speech and gestureMEREDITH ROWE; Fiscal Year: 2005..Finally, analysis of variance will be used to compare the two groups of parents on input measures. ..
- Constraints on Learning from Inconsistent InputCARLA HUDSON KAM; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- WORD LEARNING IN INFANTS WITH HEARING LOSSMary Pat Moeller; Fiscal Year: 2008..of the early word-learning processes of children with hearing loss, and to delineate factors that influence language development. The implementation of universal newborn hearing screening programs has created an urgent need to ..
- Infant spatial categorizationMarianella Casasola; Fiscal Year: 2004..Finally, the findings will document whether the development of infant spatial categorization varies in infants and toddlers raised in different cultures and with languages other than English. ..
- RESOURCES FOR INFANTS WITH NEWLY INDENTIFIED HEARING LOSMary Pat Moeller; Fiscal Year: 2002..A media advocacy program will also be implemented. The results should promote parental self-advocacy and independence in decision making. ..
- Language in Autism: Clinical and Basic StudiesHelen Tager Flusberg; Fiscal Year: 2006..and differences in language impairments in children with autism versus those with and without specific language development. Project III has been designed to provide a morphometric and functional MRI exploration of the neural ..
- ANDROGEN EFFECTS ON COGNITION IN TURNER SYNDROMEJudith Ross; Fiscal Year: 2007..In addition, these data will help determine how to optimize cognitive function in Turner syndrome and will extend knowledge of the mechanisms of male/female cognitive dimorphisms. ..
- The Development of Native Language Speech PerceptionJessica Maye; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..