Genomes and Genes
Summary: Highly pleasant emotion characterized by outward manifestations of gratification; joy.
Publications318 found, 100 shown here
- Anger and happiness are linked differently to the explicit detection of biological motionHanako Ikeda
Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1 1 1, Tennoudai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8574, Japan
Perception 38:1002-11. 2009..correlations with gait detection performance were observed for anger detection but not necessarily for happiness detection, implying that the detection of anger may be more strongly linked to explicit gait detection...
- Temporal patterns of happiness and information in a global social network: hedonometrics and TwitterPeter Sheridan Dodds
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e26752. 2011Individual happiness is a fundamental societal metric...
- Dynamic spread of happiness in a large social network: longitudinal analysis over 20 years in the Framingham Heart StudyJames H Fowler
Department of Political Science, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA
BMJ 337:a2338. 2008To evaluate whether happiness can spread from person to person and whether niches of happiness form within social networks.
- The benefits of frequent positive affect: does happiness lead to success?Sonja Lyubomirsky
Department of Psychology, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
Psychol Bull 131:803-55. 2005..The authors suggest a conceptual model to account for these findings, arguing that the happiness-success link exists not only because success makes people happy, but also because positive affect engenders ..
- Masked presentations of emotional facial expressions modulate amygdala activity without explicit knowledgeP J Whalen
Psychiatric Neuroimaging Research Group and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Center, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
J Neurosci 18:411-8. 1998..This study, using fMRI in conjunction with masked stimulus presentations, represents an initial step toward determining the role of the amygdala in nonconscious processing...
- On happiness and human potentials: a review of research on hedonic and eudaimonic well-beingR M Ryan
Department of Clinical and Social Sciences in Psychology, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
Annu Rev Psychol 52:141-66. 2001..research on well-being has been derived from two general perspectives: the hedonic approach, which focuses on happiness and defines well-being in terms of pleasure attainment and pain avoidance; and the eudaimonic approach, which ..
- Does positive affect influence health?Sarah D Pressman
Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Psychol Bull 131:925-71. 2005..A theoretical framework to guide further study is proposed...
- The face in the crowd revisited: a threat advantage with schematic stimuliA Ohman
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
J Pers Soc Psychol 80:381-96. 2001....
- Fishing for happiness: the effects of generating positive imagery on mood and behaviourArnaud Pictet
Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, UK
Behav Res Ther 49:885-91. 2011..Understanding the mechanisms underlying mood change in dysphoria may hold implications for both theory and treatment development...
- Towards a functional neuroanatomy of pleasure and happinessMorten L Kringelbach
Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, University of Oxford, UK
Trends Cogn Sci 13:479-87. 2009The pursuit of happiness is a preoccupation for many people. Yet only the pursuit can be promised, not happiness itself. Can science help? We focus on the most tractable ingredient, hedonia or positive affect...
- Subjective well-being. The science of happiness and a proposal for a national indexE Diener
University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, USA
Am Psychol 55:34-43. 2000..Representative selection of respondents, naturalistic experience sampling measures, and other methodological refinements are now used to study SWB and could be used to produce national indicators of happiness.
- Is this happiness I see? Biases in the identification of emotional facial expressions in depression and social phobiaJutta Joormann
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
J Abnorm Psychol 115:705-14. 2006..Implications of these results for interpersonal functioning in depression and social phobia are discussed...
- Positive psychology progress: empirical validation of interventionsMartin E P Seligman
Positive Psychology Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Am Psychol 60:410-21. 2005..Finally, the authors focus on psychological interventions that increase individual happiness. In a 6-group, random-assignment, placebo-controlled Internet study, the authors tested 5 purported happiness ..
- Spending money on others promotes happinessElizabeth W Dunn
Department of Psychology, 2136 West Mall, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
Science 319:1687-8. 2008Although much research has examined the effect of income on happiness, we suggest that how people spend their money may be at least as important as how much money they earn...
- The role of the orbitofrontal cortex in the pursuit of happiness and more specific rewardsKathryn A Burke
Program in Neuroscience, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 20 Penn Street, HSF 2 S251 Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
Nature 454:340-4. 2008..thoughts of hamburgers and fries, or instead, may be effective because they also evoke feelings of hunger or happiness. Moreover, different brain circuits could support conditioned reinforcement mediated by thoughts of specific ..
- Income inequality, perceived happiness, and self-rated health: evidence from nationwide surveys in JapanTakashi Oshio
Hitotsubashi University, Institute of Economic Research, 2 1 Naka, Kunitachi, Tokyo 186 8603, Japan
Soc Sci Med 70:1358-66. 2010In this study, we examined how regional inequality is associated with perceived happiness and self-rated health at an individual level by using micro-data from nationwide surveys in Japan...
- The evolution of happinessD M Buss
Department of Psychology, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712, USA
Am Psychol 55:15-23. 2000An evolutionary perspective offers novel insights into some major obstacles to achieving happiness. Impediments include large discrepancies between modern and ancestral environments, the existence of evolved mechanisms "designed" to ..
- Rapid assessment of well-being: The Short Depression-Happiness Scale (SDHS)Stephen Joseph
Department of Psychology, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK
Psychol Psychother 77:463-78. 2004The purpose of this paper was: first, to develop the short six-item form of the Depression-Happiness Scale; and second, to examine evidence of reliability and validity for the short form. Three studies are presented...
- Is well-being U-shaped over the life cycle?David G Blanchflower
Department of Economics, Dartmouth College, USA
Soc Sci Med 66:1733-49. 2008..Holding other factors constant, we show that a typical individual's happiness reaches its minimum - on both sides of the Atlantic and for both males and females - in middle age...
- Would you be happier if you were richer? A focusing illusionDaniel Kahneman
Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
Science 312:1908-10. 2006..We argue that people exaggerate the contribution of income to happiness because they focus, in part, on conventional achievements when evaluating their life or the lives of others.
- Happiness is assortative in online social networksJohan Bollen
Indiana University, School of Informatics and Computing, Bloomington, IN 47408, USA
Artif Life 17:237-51. 2011..Here, we show that the general happiness, or subjective well-being (SWB), of Twitter users, as measured from a 6-month record of their individual tweets, ..
- Personality and the perception of health and happinessC Robert Cloninger
Dept of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
J Affect Disord 128:24-32. 2011..e., "happiness") and its non-affective aspects (i.e., "wellness") in the general population.
- Positive Clinical Psychology: a new vision and strategy for integrated research and practiceAlex M Wood
School of Psychological Sciences, Oxford Road, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK
Clin Psychol Rev 30:819-29. 2010....
- Further evidence for mixed emotionsJeff T Larsen
Department of Psychology, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409 2051, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 100:1095-110. 2011..The authors tested several alternative interpretations for prior evidence that happiness and sadness can co-occur in bittersweet situations (i.e., those containing both pleasant and unpleasant aspects)...
- Categorical perception of happiness and fear facial expressions: an ERP studyS Campanella
Faculte de Psychologie, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Belgium
J Cogn Neurosci 14:210-27. 2002..The temporal course of this effect on fear and happiness facial expressions has been explored through event-related potentials (ERPs)...
- Money and happiness: rank of income, not income, affects life satisfactionChristopher J Boyce
Department of Psychology, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK
Psychol Sci 21:471-5. 2010Does money buy happiness, or does happiness come indirectly from the higher rank in society that money brings? We tested a rank-income hypothesis, according to which people gain utility from the ranked position of their income within a ..
- The social context of well-beingJohn F Helliwell
Department of Economics, University of British Columbia, 997 1873 East Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z1, Canada
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 359:1435-46. 2004..used to estimate equations designed to explore the social context of subjective evaluations of well-being, of happiness, and of health...
- Does the CES-D measure a continuum from depression to happiness? Comparing substantive and artifactual modelsAlex M Wood
School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
Psychiatry Res 177:120-3. 2010..Previous research has suggested that the scale may consist of two separate factors of happiness and depression, respectively...
- Happiness and depression in adolescence after maternal smoking during pregnancy: birth cohort studyAna Maria Baptista Menezes
Post Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
PLoS ONE 8:e80370. 2013Prenatal cigarette smoke exposure may have adverse psychological effects on offspring. The objective was to assess the association between parental smoking during pregnancy and offspring happiness at age 18, as well as depression.
- The 'when' and 'where' of perceiving signals of threat versus non-threatLeanne M Williams
Brain Dynamics Centre, Westmead Millenium Institute and Western Clinical School, University of Sydney, Westmead Hospital, Australia
Neuroimage 31:458-67. 2006..By contrast, expressions of happiness produced a discrete enhancement of negativity, later in the time course (230-350 ms) and localized to the ..
- Don't hide your happiness! Positive emotion dissociation, social connectedness, and psychological functioningIris B Mauss
Department of Psychology, University of Denver, Denver, CO 80208, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 100:738-48. 2011..As predicted, these associations were mediated by social connectedness...
- The geography of happiness: connecting twitter sentiment and expression, demographics, and objective characteristics of placeLewis Mitchell
Computational Story Lab, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Vermont Complex Systems Center, The University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, USA
PLoS ONE 8:e64417. 2013..many results, we generate taxonomies of states and cities based on their similarities in word use; estimate the happiness levels of states and cities; correlate highly-resolved demographic characteristics with happiness levels; and ..
- Autonomic response in the perception of disgust and happiness in depersonalization disorderMauricio Sierra
Institute of Psychiatry, Denmark Hill, London, UK
Psychiatry Res 145:225-31. 2006..and 15 clinical controls with DSM-IV anxiety disorders were recorded in response to facial expressions of happiness and disgust...
- Association between perceived happiness levels and peripheral circulating pro-inflammatory cytokine levels in middle-aged adults in JapanMasahiro Matsunaga
Department of Cerebral Research, National Institute for Physiological Sciences, Aichi, Japan
Neuro Endocrinol Lett 32:458-63. 2011The idea that perceived happiness may be associated with health and well-being is a recent topic of focus...
- Emotion perception is mediated by spatial frequency contentDevpriya Kumar
Centre of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences, University of Allahabad, Allahabad, India
Emotion 11:1144-51. 2011..Results indicate the importance of spatial frequency content in the identification of happy and sad emotional expressions and point to the mechanisms involved in emotion identification...
- Happiness and health behaviours in Chilean college students: a cross-sectional surveyJosé A Piqueras
Departament of Health Psychology, Universidad Miguel Hernandez de Elche, Elche, Spain
BMC Public Health 11:443. 2011b>Happiness has been associated with a range of favourable health outcomes through two pathways: its relationship with favourable biological responses to stress and with healthy lifestyles and prudent health behaviours...
- Oxytocin differentially modulates eye gaze to naturalistic social signals of happiness and angerGregor Domes
Department of Psychology, Laboratory for Biological and Personality Psychology, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
Psychoneuroendocrinology 38:1198-202. 2013..These results support the notion that OT differentially modulates visual attention toward social signals of positive approach and threat and thereby contributes to the modulation of non-verbal interpersonal communication...
- Income inequality and happinessShigehiro Oishi
Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, P O Box 400400, Charlottesville, VA 22904 4400, USA
Psychol Sci 22:1095-100. 2011..We further demonstrated that this inverse relation between income inequality and happiness was explained by perceived fairness and general trust...
- Pursuing happiness in everyday life: the characteristics and behaviors of online happiness seekersAcacia C Parks
Department of Psychology, Hiram College, Hiram, OH 44234, USA
Emotion 12:1222-34. 2012..of positive interventions, investigators still know little about the target population of such interventions: happiness seekers...
- Perceptions of body image, happiness and satisfaction in adolescents wearing a Boston brace for scoliosis treatmentD S Sapountzi-Krepia
Head of the Nursing, Public and Social Hygiene Sector of the Health Visiting Department, Technological Educational Institute TEI, Athens, Greece
J Adv Nurs 35:683-90. 2001To explore the impact of bracing on the perceptions of body image, happiness and satisfaction of adolescents with scoliosis.
- The influence of self-generated emotions on physical performance: an investigation of happiness, anger, anxiety, and sadnessMarco Rathschlag
Institute of Cognitive and Team Racket Sport Research, German Sport University, Cologne, Germany
J Sport Exerc Psychol 35:197-210. 2013..All participants took part in five emotion induction conditions (happiness, anger, anxiety, sadness, and an emotion-neutral state) and we investigated their influence on the force of the ..
- The functional neuroanatomy of pleasure and happinessMorten L Kringelbach
Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Discov Med 9:579-87. 2010..recent findings have started to throw new light on the intriguing links between brain mechanisms of pleasure and happiness. We discuss these findings of the underlying neural mechanisms and functional neuroanatomy of pleasure in the ..
- Identifying differences in biased affective information processing in major depressionJackie K Gollan
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, 446 East Ontario Street, Suite 7 204, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
Psychiatry Res 159:18-24. 2008....
- Frontal electrocortical and cardiovascular reactivity during happiness and angerS R Waldstein
Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250, USA
Biol Psychol 55:3-23. 2000..while subjects engaged in laboratory tasks (personally-relevant recall tasks and film clips) designed to elicit happiness or anger...
- The vividness of happiness in dynamic facial displays of emotionD Vaughn Becker
Cognitive Science and Engineering, Arizona State University, Mesa, Arizona, United States of America
PLoS ONE 7:e26551. 2012..In four experiments, we show that when a non-expressive face becomes expressive, happiness is detected more rapidly anger...
- Enhanced facial EMG activity in response to dynamic facial expressionsWataru Sato
Department of Comparative Study of Cognitive Development, Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University, Aichi 484 8506, Japan
Int J Psychophysiol 70:70-4. 2008..Dynamic and static facial expressions of anger and happiness were presented...
- Happiness cools the warm glow of familiarity: psychophysiological evidence that mood modulates the familiarity-affect linkMarieke de Vries
Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Psychol Sci 21:321-8. 2010..All this occurs even though prototypes might be more familiar in a happy mood. We conclude that mood changes the hedonic implications of familiarity cues...
- Born to be happy? The etiology of subjective well-beingMeike Bartels
Department of Biological Psychology, VU University, Van der Boechorststraat 1, 1081 BT, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Behav Genet 39:605-15. 2009..measures (quality of life in general, satisfaction with life, quality of life at present, and subjective happiness) was explained by an underlying additive genetic factor and an underlying non-additive genetic factor...
- The association of perceived abuse and discrimination after September 11, 2001, with psychological distress, level of happiness, and health status among Arab AmericansAasim I Padela
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, 6312 Medical Science Building I, 1150 W Medical Center Dr, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 5604, USA
Am J Public Health 100:284-91. 2010We assessed the prevalence of perceived abuse and discrimination among Arab American adults after September 11, 2001, and associations between abuse or discrimination and psychological distress, level of happiness, and health status.
- The association between exercise participation and well-being: a co-twin studyJ H Stubbe
Department of Biological Psychology, Vrije Universiteit, Van der Boechorststraat 1, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Prev Med 44:148-52. 2007We investigated the association between leisure time exercise participation and well-being (i.e., life satisfaction and happiness) and examined the causality underlying this association.
- Positive affect and psychobiological processes relevant to healthAndrew Steptoe
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
J Pers 77:1747-76. 2009..Positive affect may be part of a broader profile of psychosocial resilience that reduces risk of adverse physical health outcomes...
- Neuroendocrine and inflammatory factors associated with positive affect in healthy men and women: the Whitehall II studyAndrew Steptoe
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
Am J Epidemiol 167:96-102. 2008..These results confirm findings from smaller studies relating cortisol with positive affect while suggesting that in women, positive affect is associated with reduced levels of inflammatory markers...
- Maximizing versus satisficing: happiness is a matter of choiceBarry Schwartz
Department of Psychology, Swarthmore College, Pennsylvania 19081, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 83:1178-97. 2002..Seven samples revealed negative correlations between maximization and happiness, optimism, self-esteem, and life satisfaction, and positive correlations between maximization and depression, ..
- Adaptation in very old age: exploring the role of resources, beliefs, and attitudes for centenarians' happinessDaniela Jopp
German Center for Research on Aging, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
Psychol Aging 21:266-80. 2006..By examining happiness and its determinants in centenarians, this study investigated the proposal that psychological resilience may ..
- Happiness unpacked: positive emotions increase life satisfaction by building resilienceMichael A Cohn
School of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, USA
Emotion 9:361-8. 2009b>Happiness-a composite of life satisfaction, coping resources, and positive emotions-predicts desirable life outcomes in many domains...
- Very happy peopleEd Diener
Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Champaign 61820, USA
Psychol Sci 13:81-4. 2002A sample of 222 undergraduates was screened for high happiness using multiple confirming assessment filters. We compared the upper 10% of consistently very happy people with average and very unhappy people...
- Refining the relationship between personality and subjective well-beingPiers Steel
Human Resources and Organisational Dynamics, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Psychol Bull 134:138-61. 2008..These results also speak to meta-analyses in general and the need to account for scale differences once a sufficient research base has been generated...
- Do happy faces capture attention? The happiness superiority effect in attentional blinkShiho Miyazawa
Department of Human Psychology, Shokei Gakuin University
Emotion 10:712-6. 2010..Results of Experiment 2 demonstrated that this attenuation of AB was unlikely to be attributable to attentional capture by the happy face. Perceptual saliency is suggested as a likely cause of the effect...
- Mindscape: a convergent perspective on life, mind, consciousness and happinessAlexander B Niculescu
Indiana University School of Medicine, Institute of Psychiatric Research, 791 Union Drive, Indianapolis, IN 46202 4887, USA
J Affect Disord 123:1-8. 2010What are mind, consciousness and happiness, in the fundamental context of life? We propose a convergent perspective (coupling evolutionary biology, genomics, neurobiology and clinical medicine) that could help us better understand what ..
- Wealth and happiness across the world: material prosperity predicts life evaluation, whereas psychosocial prosperity predicts positive feelingEd Diener
Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 99:52-61. 2010The Gallup World Poll, the first representative sample of planet Earth, was used to explore the reasons why happiness is associated with higher income, including the meeting of basic needs, fulfillment of psychological needs, increasing ..
- The primacy of negative interpretations when resolving the valence of ambiguous facial expressionsMaital Neta
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, DartmouthCollege, 6207 Moore Hall, Hanover, NH 03755, USA
Psychol Sci 21:901-7. 2010..We also examined the influence of subjects' positivity-negativity bias on this effect...
- Happiness and health: environmental and genetic contributions to the relationship between subjective well-being, perceived health, and somatic illnessEspen Røysamb
Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
J Pers Soc Psychol 85:1136-46. 2003..Results support a differentiated view of SWB-health relations, and imply that both genes and environment play important roles in the associations between well-being and health...
- An investigation of validity of the subjective happiness scaleDeborah Mattei
Fairleigh Dickinson University, Hackensack, NJ 07601, USA
Psychol Rep 94:288-90. 2004Scores for 35 adult students (M age = 23 yr.) on the Subjective Happiness Scale correlated strongly and positively with scores of two proposed components of happiness, Satisfaction With Life (.66) and Positive Affect (.49).
- Correlation of low back pain with functional status, general health perception, social participation, subjective happiness, and patient satisfactionYoshiaki Takeyachi
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Fukushima Medical University, School of Medicine, Fukushima City, Japan
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 28:1461-6; discussion 1467. 2003..A cross-sectional and epidemiologic study investigated low back pain...
- Acts of kindness and acts of novelty affect life satisfactionKathryn E Buchanan
University of Kent
J Soc Psychol 150:235-7. 2010..Their life satisfaction was measured before and after the 10-day experiment. As expected, performing acts of kindness or acts of novelty resulted in an increase in life satisfaction...
- Always look on the broad side of life: happiness increases the breadth of sensory memoryChristof Kuhbandner
Department of Psychology, University of Munich, 80802 Munich, Germany
Emotion 11:958-64. 2011....
- Measuring the impact of major life events upon happinessDimitris Ballas
Department of Geography, The University of Sheffield, Winter Street, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
Int J Epidemiol 36:1244-52. 2007In recent years there have been numerous attempts to define and measure happiness in various contexts and pertaining to a wide range of disciplines, ranging from neuroscience and psychology to philosophy, economics and social policy...
- The relationship between happiness and intelligent quotient: the contribution of socio-economic and clinical factorsA Ali
Mental Health Sciences Unit, University College London, Charles Bell House, London, UK
Psychol Med 43:1303-12. 2013b>Happiness and higher intelligent quotient (IQ) are independently related to positive health outcomes. However, there are inconsistent reports about the relationship between IQ and happiness...
- Attentional bias for emotional faces in children with generalized anxiety disorderAllison M Waters
School of Psychology, Griffith University, Queensland, Australia
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 47:435-42. 2008..To examine attentional bias for angry and happy faces in 7- to 12-year-old children with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD; n = 23) and nonanxious controls (n = 25)...
- Cultural values and happiness: an East-West dialogueL Luo
Graduate Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Kaohsiung Medical University, Taiwan, ROC
J Soc Psychol 141:477-93. 2001b>Happiness as a state of mind may be universal, but its meaning is complex and ambiguous...
- Increasing recognition of happiness in ambiguous facial expressions reduces anger and aggressive behaviorIan S Penton-Voak
School of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TU, United Kingdom
Psychol Sci 24:688-97. 2013..show that it is possible to experimentally modify biases in emotion recognition to encourage the perception of happiness over anger in ambiguous expressions...
- Social skills, friendship and happiness: a cross-cultural investigationMeliksah Demir
Northern Arizona University, Psychology Department, P O Box 15106, Flagstaff, AZ 86011 5036, USA
J Soc Psychol 152:379-85. 2012The present study investigated the associations between social skills, friendship quality, and happiness, and tested a mediational model positing that friendship quality would mediate the relationship between social skills and happiness ..
- Correlation between religion and happiness: a replicationLeslie J Francis
Welsh National Centre for Religious Education, University of Wales, Bangor, UK
Psychol Rep 92:51-2. 2003For a sample of 89 students in Wales who completed the Oxford Happiness Inventory and the Francis Scale of Attitude Toward Christianity scores correlated .38.
- Suicide rates, life satisfaction and happiness as markers for population mental healthIsabelle Bray
Dept of Social Medicine, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol, BS8 2PR, UK
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 41:333-7. 2006..To examine the association of variables from survey data on well-being with suicide rates and other markers of population mental health in Europe...
- The funds, friends, and faith of happy peopleD G Myers
Hope College, P O Box 9000, Holland, MI 49422 9000, USA
Am Psychol 55:56-67. 2000New studies are revealing predictors of subjective well-being, often assessed as self-reported happiness and life satisfaction. Worldwide, most people report being at least moderately happy, regardless of age and gender...
- The immune system and happinessYoram Barak
Psychogeriatric Department, Abarbanel Mental Health Center, Bat Yam and the Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Bat Yam, Israel
Autoimmun Rev 5:523-7. 2006..On the other hand, effects of positive human emotions, especially happiness, on physiological parameters and immunity have received very little attention...
- Skin reactions to histamine of healthy subjects after hypnotically induced emotions of sadness, anger, and happinessR Zachariae
Psycho-Oncology Research Unit, Aarhus University Hospital, Barthsgade 5, 3 DK8200 Aarhus N, Denmark
Allergy 56:734-40. 2001..These measurements were repeated under three hypnotically induced emotions of sadness, anger, and happiness presented in a counterbalanced order...
- A longitudinal experimental study comparing the effectiveness of happiness-enhancing strategies in Anglo Americans and Asian AmericansJulia K Boehm
Department of Psychology, University of California, Riverside, CA, USA
Cogn Emot 25:1263-72. 2011Growing evidence suggests that well-being interventions can be effective. However, it is unclear whether happiness-increasing practices are equally effective for individuals from different cultural backgrounds...
- Doing well by doing good. The relationship between formal volunteering and self-reported health and happinessFrancesca Borgonovi
The London School of Economics, Centre for the Analysis of Social Exclusion, Houghton Street, London WC2A 2AE, UK
Soc Sci Med 66:2321-34. 2008..examine whether engaging in voluntary work leads to greater well-being, as measured by self-reported health and happiness. Drawing on data from the USA, our estimates suggest that people who volunteer report better health and greater ..
- Giving leads to happiness in young childrenLara B Aknin
Psychology Department, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
PLoS ONE 7:e39211. 2012..Consistent with this hypothesis, the present study finds that before the age of two, toddlers exhibit greater happiness when giving treats to others than receiving treats themselves...
- What would it be like for me and for you? Judged impact of chronic health conditions on happinessEmma Walsh
City University, School of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Northampton Square, London, UK
Med Decis Making 29:15-22. 2009People overestimate the impact of health conditions on happiness, putatively because they focus excessively on resulting negative consequences while disregarding the impact of other unchanged aspects of life on happiness...
- The effect of happiness and sadness on alerting, orienting, and executive attentionAnne M Finucane
University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9JZ, UK
J Atten Disord 13:629-39. 2010..An important question is whether the experience of emotion differentially influences the efficiency of these networks...
- Are health and happiness the product of wisdom? The relationship of general mental ability to educational and occupational attainment, health, and well-beingTimothy A Judge
Department of Management, Warrington College of Business, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32606, USA
J Appl Psychol 95:454-68. 2010..Overall, the study underscores the importance of general mental ability to work and nonwork outcomes, including physical, economic, and psychological well-being...
- Family support, family income, and happiness: a 10-year perspectiveRebecca J North
Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
J Fam Psychol 22:475-83. 2008..study examined the role of 2 central aspects of family life--income and social support--in predicting concurrent happiness and change in happiness among 274 married adults across a 10-year period...
- False memory and the associative network of happinessMinkyung Koo
Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 4400, USA
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 35:212-20. 2009..examines the relationship between individuals' levels of life satisfaction and their associative networks of happiness. Study 1 measured European Americans' degree of false memory of happiness using the Deese-Roediger-McDermott ..
- Hong Kong Chinese community leaders' perspectives on family health, happiness and harmony: a qualitative studySophia S C Chan
School of Nursing, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
Health Educ Res 26:664-74. 2011This paper examines the views of Hong Kong community leaders on the underlying issues that affect family health, happiness and harmony (3Hs) in Hong Kong...
- The interpersonal effects of anger and happiness in negotiationsGerben A Van Kleef
Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
J Pers Soc Psychol 86:57-76. 2004Three experiments investigated the interpersonal effects of anger and happiness in negotiations...
- Hypertension and happiness across nationsDavid G Blanchflower
Department of Economics, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, USA
J Health Econ 27:218-33. 2008..and the Netherlands emerge as particularly happy while nations like Germany and Italy report lower levels of happiness. But are these kinds of findings credible? This paper provides some evidence that the answer is yes...
- Age-related changes in detecting happiness: discriminating between enjoyment and nonenjoyment smilesGillian Slessor
School of Psychology, College of Life Sciences and Medicine, Aberdeen University, Aberdeen, AB24 2UB, Scotland, United Kingdom
Psychol Aging 25:246-50. 2010..the emotion underlying enjoyment and nonenjoyment smiles, both when making explicit decisions about feelings of happiness and when making social judgments of approachability...
- Long-term association between leisure-time physical activity and changes in happiness: analysis of the Prospective National Population Health SurveyFeng Wang
Public Health Agency of Canada, 785 Carling Avenue, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0K9
Am J Epidemiol 176:1095-100. 2012b>Happiness is among the most fundamental of all human goals. Although the short-term association between physical activity and happiness is well known, the long-term associations are not...
- The pursuit of happiness: time, money, and social connectionCassie Mogilner
Marketing Department, The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Psychol Sci 21:1348-54. 2010Does thinking about time, rather than money, influence how effectively individuals pursue personal happiness? Laboratory and field experiments revealed that implicitly activating the construct of time motivates individuals to spend more ..
- The happiness-income paradox revisitedRichard A Easterlin
Department of Economics, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089 0253, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:22463-8. 2010The striking thing about the happiness-income paradox is that over the long-term--usually a period of 10 y or more--happiness does not increase as a country's income rises...
- Happiness at work: it's an inside job!Sarah C Smith
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, 200 Hawkins Dr, Iowa City, IA 52242 1091, USA
Insight 27:3-4. 2002
- Short-term memory for emotional faces in dysphoriaSaima Noreen
Aston University, Birmingham, UK
Memory 18:486-97. 2010..ND) participants were presented with a series of faces and asked to identify the emotion portrayed (happiness, sadness, anger, or neutral affect)...
- Experiencing and detecting happiness in humans: the role of the supplementary motor areaPierre Krolak-Salmon
Hopital Neurologique, 59 Boulevard Pinel, 69003 Lyon, France
Ann Neurol 59:196-9. 2006..2,3) This kind of direct electrophysiological investigation in humans is particularly determinant because laughter processing cannot be studied in animals...
- Couples' happiness and its relationship to functioning in everyday life after brain injuryGunilla Eriksson
Karolinska Institutet, Division of Occupational Therapy, Neurotec Department, Stockholm, Sweden
Scand J Occup Ther 12:40-8. 2005....
- Effects of sad mood on facial emotion recognition in Chinese peopleTatia M C Lee
Laboratory of Neuropsychology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
Psychiatry Res 159:37-43. 2008..The findings of this study provide insights into the cognitive processes underlying the interpersonal difficulties experienced by people in a sad mood, which may be predisposing factors in the development of clinical depression...
- Conceptions of well-being in psychology and exercise psychology research: a philosophical critiqueAndrew Bloodworth
School of Health Science, Centre for Philosophy, Humanities and Law in Healthcare, University of Wales Swansea, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK
Health Care Anal 15:107-21. 2007..Second, focusing on pleasure entails unacceptable methodological reductionism which undermines the validity of such research by excluding other ways in which our well-being may be enhanced in non-hedonistic terms...
- Health, happiness, and higher levels of social organisationNancy Ross
J Epidemiol Community Health 59:614. 2005
- [Development of a Japanese version of the Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS), and examination of its validity and reliability]Satoshi Shimai
Department of Human Sciences, Kobe College
Nihon Koshu Eisei Zasshi 51:845-53. 2004The purpose of the present study was to develop a Japanese version of the Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS) and to examine its validity and reliability.
- Associations between feeling and judging the emotions of happiness and fear: findings from a large-scale field experimentTony W Buchanan
Department of Psychology, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, Missouri, United States of America
PLoS ONE 5:e10640. 2010..A distinct but related possibility is that emotion experience helps us to learn how to recognize emotions in childhood...
- Analysis of associations between anemia correction in CKD and mortality: CHOIRLYNDA ANNE MARIE SZCZECH; Fiscal Year: 2010..health status, satisfaction with health, sex life, well- being, psychological effect, life satisfaction, and happiness, exercise capacity, energy, and strength with a significant reduction in aching dizziness, anxiety, shortness of ..
- Measurement of health and disability trends, compression of morbidity aging studySomnath Chatterji; Fiscal Year: 2013..These studies would also help to improve our understanding of the determinants of health and happiness into older ages...
- INSPIRE: Intervention to Support Participation in Regular Exercise in the ElderlyJANEY CHRISTINE PETERSON; Fiscal Year: 2013..trial conducted by the applicant and mentors established the efficacy of inducing positive affect-a feeling of happiness and well-being-in motivating physical activity in older adults with cardiovascular disease, but the effect was ..
- Alcohol Use and Relationship Distress in Married CouplesLindsey Rodriguez; Fiscal Year: 2013..behavior from a videotaped discussion will be coded for dimensions such as defensiveness, contempt, and happiness. Obtaining longitudinal data allows the investigators to determine for whom problem drinking more strongly ..
- Voting Empowerment Study among People with Traumatic Brain InjuryMark Hirsch; Fiscal Year: 2009..This is especially true for individuals with disabilities whose life, liberty and pursuit of happiness is directly affected by the laws and statutes passed by elected officials...
- Corticolimbic encoding of conditioned reinforcers: relevance to addictionJOSEPH FRANCOIS RENE CHEER; Fiscal Year: 2013..g., happiness, fear) evoked by the outcome...
- Developing a positive psychology intervention to improve cardiac health behaviorsJeff Huffman; Fiscal Year: 2013..of positive states, and these 'positive psychology'programs have consistently led to improvements in happiness, reductions in depression, and improvements in overall well-being in healthy individuals...
- Development of Positive Psychotherapy for Smoking CessationChristopher W Kahler; Fiscal Year: 2012..cognitive behavioral therapy for depression and has been found to yield rapid and meaningful increases in happiness and positive affect and decreases in depressive symptoms...
- Neural Coding of Complex 3D ShapesCharles E Connor; Fiscal Year: 2013..This is what makes vision so critical to our health, happiness and survival...
- Dimensions of Subjective Well-Being: Aging, Religiosity, and AdaptationANGUS S DEATON; Fiscal Year: 2013..Our analysis rests on the distinction between different concepts of "happiness." One concept relates to hedonic well-being, the continuous flow of feelings that is experienced on a moment to ..
- Princeton Center for Research on Expierence and WellbeingArthur A Stone; Fiscal Year: 2013..experiences of daily life from the cognitive processes that give rise to reports of life satisfaction or overall happiness. We will show our current application of bottom-up methods has improved our understanding of apparent anomalies ..
- Untangling Racial and Gender Disparities in Health and Well-Being in the United SJASON LAMONT CUMMINGS; Fiscal Year: 2010..Four measures of well-being are available across these years: self-assessed health, happiness, marital happiness and life satisfaction...
- Innovations in Early Life Course TransitionsRonald R Rindfuss; Fiscal Year: 2012..models, examining changes in attitudes towards non-traditional family behaviors, as well as changes in marital happiness and fertility intentions...
- DISCREPANCIES BETWEEN PATIENT AND PUBLIC UTILITY RATINGSPeter Ubel; Fiscal Year: 2004..The individually developed scales will be based first on the severity of the disease, and then on the happiness the person would experience if they had that disease...
- Age Differences in Preferences for and Responses to Temporal SequencesCORINNA E LOECKENHOFF; Fiscal Year: 2013..The resulting sequences have potential implications for health, wealth, productivity, and happiness. Because of age-related limitations in physical health and other resources, constructing advantageous sequences ..
- FACIAL BEHAVIOR RELATED TO ACUTE DENTAL PAINLinda LeResche; Fiscal Year: 1993..The aims of the research are: 1. To quantify facial expressions of pain and six emotions (sadness, anger, fear, happiness, disgust and contempt) in patients experiencing pain from initial episodes of Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) ..
- Using the Dynamics of Subjective Well-Being to Measure the Import of EventsMILES SPENCER KIMBALL; Fiscal Year: 2013DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Good news causes happiness to jump up;over time happiness returns to its baseline. Similarly, bad news causes happiness to jump down, after which it gradually returns to its baseline...
- Measurement of International Differences in Well-BeingARIE KAPTEYN; Fiscal Year: 2013..has been based on global satisfaction measures, like single questions inviting respondents to rate their happiness on a numerical or verbal scale. This work has produced widely conflicting findings...
- A Study of the Computational Space of Facial Expressions of EmotionAleix M Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2013..It is also known that shape features play a role in facial expressions (e.g., the curvature of the mouth in happiness). In Aim 3, we define a shape-based computational model...
- Emotional and attentional biases to drug and trauma cues in addiction with PTSDEstate Sokhadze; Fiscal Year: 2006..We will use images of facial expressions of fear and happiness to elicit emotional interference during task...
- CORTICAL INJURY AND GUSTATORY AFFECTTHOMAS PRITCHARD; Fiscal Year: 2001..g., happiness) is mediated primarily by the left hemisphere while negative affect (e.g...
- EMOTION, FACIAL EXPRESSION AND ANS ACTIVITYPaul Ekman; Fiscal Year: 1990..negative emotions (fear, anger, disgust and sadness) and between these negative emotions and the emotions of happiness and surprise...
- JOBS, JOB SEARCH, SOCIAL SUPPORT AND DEPRESSIONJohn Bishop; Fiscal Year: 1980..Changes in depressive symptomatology and marital happiness will be analyzed as a function of demographic characteristics, life events, access to social support, changes in ..
- Sexual Functioning and QOL in Women with Cervical CancerDiane Bodurka; Fiscal Year: 2003..women will fill out standardized questionnaires measuring sexual function and satisfaction, relationship happiness, health-related QOL, and cancer-related QOL...
- fMRI of Unconscious Affect Processing in AdolescenceDeborah Yurgelun Todd; Fiscal Year: 2003..paradigm, subjects will view extremely brief presentations (30 ms) of target faces expressing fear, anger, and happiness, which will be immediately replaced by a neutral masking face (970 ms)...
- Recoveries from Severe Mental IllnessCarla Green; Fiscal Year: 2006..mental health care system, in facilitating improvements in functioning, life satisfaction, quality of life, and happiness, and (3) to identify patterns in health plan service use for the year prior to study participation and two years ..
- Bio-social Determinants of Fertility & Related BehaviorsHans Peter Kohler; Fiscal Year: 2006..within-MZ estimates; (4) estimate the contributions of children (and marriage) to subjective well-being and happiness, after controlling for biological and other endowments, in order to better understand the motivation of why ..
- POVERTY, INEQUALITY AND HEALTH IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTAngus Deaton; Fiscal Year: 2005..g. to improve morbidity measures, to link social standing and inequality, to measure happiness and dignity) and substantive (collecting sufficient data for meaningful analysis)...
- SELF-CONCEPT STABILITY AND INTERPERSONAL PROCESSESWILLIAM SWANN; Fiscal Year: 1993..of targets on: (a) change in the appraisals of perceivers and self-views of targets; (b) the health and happiness of targets and (c) the quality and duration of the relationships...
- Functional Neuroanatomy of Social EmotionsJENNIFER BRITTON; Fiscal Year: 2005..Additionally, we will use blocks of two common classes of emotional stimuli, faces expressing discrete emotions (happiness, sadness, fear, anger) and complex lAPS pictures (International Affective Picture System; Lang and Greenwald, ..
- EMOTIONAL REGULATION OF PATIENTS WITH BRAIN INJURYRobert Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2000..involving the head of caudate or the cerebellum to determine whether they experience subjective feelings of happiness, sadness, or fear following an emotion activation film...
- EFFECT OF DEPRESSIVE EMOTIONS ON AIRWAYS IN ASTHMABruce Miller; Fiscal Year: 2003..Scenes evoking fear, sadness/hopelessness, happiness/excitement and mixed sadness/happiness will be compared to each other and to a neutral scene and baseline...
- INTERPERSONAL DYNAMICS OF SELF-CONCEPT STABILITYWILLIAM SWANN; Fiscal Year: 1991..of targets on: (a) change in the appraisals of perceivers and self-views of targets; (b) the health and happiness of targets and (c) the quality and duration of the relationships...
- AFFECTIVE INFLUENCES ON SELF AND OTHER PERCEPTIONJennifer Lerner; Fiscal Year: 2002..The third study examines how individual differences and a specific mood induction (sadness, anger, serenity, happiness, and neutrality) interactively influence impression formation, especially (a) the depth of cognitive processing ..
- AGING IN AMERICA--A STUDY OF THREE COHORTSToni Antonucci; Fiscal Year: 1999..Psychological Resources (efficacy, social support, religious involvement) and Productive and Successful Aging (happiness, depressive symptomatology, live involvements) across the three cohorts: 3) To text a conceptual model which ..
- Self-concordant goals, self-regulation, and personalityKENNON SHELDON; Fiscal Year: 2005..In the process we hope to develop new understanding of personality differentiation and adult identity formation. ..
- Explaining the Extraversion /Positive Affect RelationRichard Lucas; Fiscal Year: 2002..The results will also have implications for researchers' use of experience sampling measure of personality and emotion. ..
- Does Emotional Well-Being Promote Successful Aging?Richard Lucas; Fiscal Year: 2005..In addition, this study will inform both basic theories of emotion and more applied theories about mechanisms that may prevent mental and physical health declines over the course of the life span. ..
- Emotional Factors that Promote Successful AgingRichard Lucas; Fiscal Year: 2006..Ultimately, this research should be able to identify psychological risk factors and mechanisms that may be amenable to intervention, thereby increasing physical health and longevity. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- CULTURAL DIFFERENCES IN SELF-REPORTS OF WELL-BEINGEDWARD DIENER; Fiscal Year: 2003..The findings can have important implications not only for the theories of SWB, but also for research on memory for affective experiences and judgments in many areas of the behavioral and social sciences. ..
- Goals, Identity, and Meaning in LifeLaura King; Fiscal Year: 2004..In addition, the consequences of the meaning making process for subsequent goal striving will be explored. ..
- PREVENTION OF DEPRESSION IN SCHOOL CHILDRENMARTIN SELIGMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006..Should our interventions succeed, this would suggest that this program can be used on a wide scale to prevent depression in early adolescence in young people at risk. ..
- FUNCTIONAL NEUROANATOMY OF EMOTIONAL VALENCE AND AROUSALRichard Lane; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Biological Basis of Language-Emotion InteractionsGolnaz Tabibnia; Fiscal Year: 2005..These findings could not only improve our understanding of fear and anxiety, but they could also have broader implications for how verbal expression of emotions may improve long-term well-being. ..
- Time's Eye: Aging and Attention to Emotional StimuliDerek Isaacowitz; Fiscal Year: 2003..The results would also have implications for the etiology and treatment of depression. ..
- LONG QT SYNDROME:EMOTIONAL TRIGGERS OF CARDIAC EVENTSRichard Lane; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Prevention of Depression with a Web-based SupplementMARTIN SELIGMAN; Fiscal Year: 2005..If this intervention can prevent depression and anxiety robustly, it is possible that such programs can be widely disseminated, producing nationally measurable mental health benefits. ..
- Positive Emotions and Exceptional Healthy AgingGlenn Ostir; Fiscal Year: 2006..S. Findings from this R03 application will generate data for an R01 application examining cross-national differences and similarities in healthy aging for older Hispanics in the U.S., Mexico, and Latin America. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Sustainable Change in Long-Term Positive AffectSonja Lyubomirsky; Fiscal Year: 2008unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Long-term positive affect (the core component of happiness or well-being) is a central criterion of mental health and has been found to be associated with numerous tangible benefits, ..
- Stroke Recovery in Underserved PopulationsGlenn Ostir; Fiscal Year: 2009..Specifically, we address the National Institute on Aging interests in the study of "the impact of optimism, happiness, or a positive attitude on well being and health;and social functioning and health...
- Attention and Adult Emotion RegulationDerek M Isaacowitz; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- MATERNITY LEAVE AND HEALTH--PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORSMarilyn Essex; Fiscal Year: 2002..This data collection is a critical step as this unique and important sample is followed longitudinally. ..
- A MULTICOMPONENT MODEL OF SELF-CONCEPT FORMATIONALLEN MCCONNELL; Fiscal Year: 2002..behavior, personal outlook, social comparison, and experience of emotion) for social functioning and mental health, an understanding of how self-concepts are formed, and the consequences of forming them, is important. ..
- Health disparities and aging in societies in transitionMichael Marmot; Fiscal Year: 2008..Analyses will examine cross-sectional outcomes, changes in health and functioning between the baseline and Wave II, and incidence of CVD and mortality since the baseline. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- MULTIFOCAL NEURODEGENERATION IN ALZHEIMER'S DISEASEBrent Vogt; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Trends and Sociodemographic Differentials in Happy Life Expectancies in the U.S.Yang Yang; Fiscal Year: 2008..Large nationally representative survey data on subjective well-being including happiness and life satisfaction will be obtained from the General Social Survey and the Americans' Changing Lives ..
- A Simple Measure for Studying Sensory Gating DeficitsNeal Swerdlow; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Chemosensory Communication of Emotion in HumansDenise Chen; Fiscal Year: 2005..It opens up the possibility that olfactory deficit, often conceptualized as a sensory process, may have a more direct social basis and link to mental health (affective disorder) than is currently appreciated. ..
- Ensuring Informed Consent Delivery As A ProcessBARTON PALMER; Fiscal Year: 2003..With this experience, we will then hold two 60 minute seminars (one at each facility) to disseminate the procedures developed for wider use by all researchers at each of the two facilities. ..
- Effects of Early Abuse on Adult Intimate RelationshipsCindy M Meston; Fiscal Year: 2010..The findings from this investigation will have implications for understanding both the psychological and physiological mechanisms that link CA with detrimental intimacy/relational factors in adulthood. ..
- Functional Neuroimaging of Opioid Effects on Affective ExperienceK Luan Phan; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Impact of Response-Focused Affect Modulation StrategiesHeath Demaree; Fiscal Year: 2004..Moreover, the proposed research will assess the impact of response-focused strategies on behavioral output, cognitive functioning (left- and right-frontal neuropsychological tasks), and self-reported mood. ..
- Old Westbury Neuroscience Research Institute MIDARPGeorge Stefano; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..