Summary: An emotional attitude excited by realization of a shortcoming or impropriety.
Publications269 found, 100 shown here
- Obesity, shame, and depression in school-aged children: a population-based studyRickard L Sjoberg
Center for Clinical Research, Central Hospital of Västerås, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
Pediatrics 116:e389-92. 2005..obesity and depression in a nonclinical population and whether psychosocial and economic status and subjective experiences of shame (defined as experiences of being degraded or ridiculed by others) may account for such an association.
- Development of the Weight- and Body-Related Shame and Guilt scale (WEB-SG) in a nonclinical sample of obese individualsMatthias Conradt
Psychology Department, University of Marburg, Marburg, Germany
J Pers Assess 88:317-27. 2007..we present the evaluation of the psychometric properties of a new self-report measure of Weight- and Body-Related Shame and Guilt (WEB-SG)...
- Moral emotions and moral behaviorJune Price Tangney
Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia 22030, USA
Annu Rev Psychol 58:345-72. 2007..We first focus on a triad of negatively valenced "self-conscious" emotions-shame, guilt, and embarrassment. As in previous decades, much research remains focused on shame and guilt...
- Introducing the GASP scale: a new measure of guilt and shame pronenessTaya R Cohen
Tepper School of Business, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 100:947-66. 2011..unethical and antisocial behavior, there is disagreement about how 2 prototypical moral emotions--guilt and shame--should be defined, differentiated, and measured...
- Relationships of stigma and shame to gonorrhea and HIV screeningJ Dennis Fortenberry
Section of Adolescent Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
Am J Public Health 92:378-81. 2002The purpose of this study was to assess the relationships between stigma and shame associated with seeking treatment for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and undergoing testing for gonorrhea and HIV.
- Shame or subsidy revisited: social mobilization for sanitation in Orissa, IndiaSubhrendu K Pattanayak
Sanford Institute of Public Policy and Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC, United States of America
Bull World Health Organ 87:580-7. 2009..To determine the effectiveness of a sanitation campaign that combines 'shaming' (i.e. emotional motivators) with subsidies for poor households in rural Orissa, an Indian state with a disproportionately high share of India's child mortality...
- Are shame and guilt related to distinct self-discrepancies? A test of Higgins's (1987) hypothesesJ P Tangney
Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia 22030, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 75:256-68. 1998A study of 229 undergraduates examined whether specific self-discrepancies are differentially related to shame proneness and guilt proneness. Contrary to E. T...
- Shame, guilt, and depressive symptoms: a meta-analytic reviewSangmoon Kim
Department of Psychology, Syracuse University, 430 Huntington Hall, Syracuse, NY 13244, USA
Psychol Bull 137:68-96. 2011Recent theoretical and empirical work has facilitated the drawing of sharp conceptual distinctions between shame and guilt...
- Appraisal antecedents of shame and guilt: support for a theoretical modelJessica L Tracy
Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, 2136 West Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 32:1339-51. 2006Four studies used experimental and correlational methods to test predictions about the antecedents of shame and guilt derived from an appraisal-based model of self-conscious emotions (Tracy & Robins, 2004)...
- The role of public exposure in moral and nonmoral shame and guiltRichard H Smith
Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40506, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 83:138-59. 2002Although scholarly traditions assume that shame results more from the public exposure of a transgression or incompetence than guilt does, this distinction has little empirical support...
- Cortisol response to embarrassment and shameMichael Lewis
Institute for the Study of Child Development, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Brunswick 08903 0019, USA
Child Dev 73:1034-45. 2002..differences in 4-year-old children's (N = 60) expression of the self-conscious emotions of embarrassment and shame and their relation to differences in cortisol response to stress...
- Patient initiatives in psychiatric care concerning shame in the discussion in co-operative team meetingsP Vuokila-Oikkonen
Department of Nursing Science and Health Administration, University of Oslo, Oulu, Finland
J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 9:23-32. 2002The aim of this paper is to describe patients' experiences of shame and the way in which this experience is discussed in co-operative team meetings in acute psychiatric care...
- Shame- and guilt-proneness: relationships with anxiety disorder symptoms in a clinical sampleThomas A Fergus
Northern Illinois University, Hoffman Estates, IL 60115, USA
J Anxiety Disord 24:811-5. 2010Researchers postulate that both shame and guilt are emotions important to anxiety disorders...
- The role of shame and guilt in traumatic events: a clinical model of shame-based and guilt-based PTSDD A Lee
Traumatic Stress Clinic, Camden and Islington Community Mental Health Services NHS Trust, London, UK
Br J Med Psychol 74:451-66. 2001..This article highlights the need to address other emotional responses, in particular shame and guilt, when assessing and treating PTSD...
- Shame and honour drive cooperationJennifer Jacquet
Department of Mathematics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Biol Lett 7:899-901. 2011..The non-monetary, reputational effects induced by shame and honour each led to approximately 50 per cent higher donations to the public good when compared with the ..
- Task engagement and the relationships between the error-related negativity, agreeableness, behavioral shame proneness and cortisolMattie Tops
Department of Experimental and Work Psychology, University of Groningen, Grote Kruisstraat 2 1, 9712 TS Groningen, The Netherlands
Psychoneuroendocrinology 31:847-58. 2006..g. agreeableness) and those reflecting negative affectivity (e.g. behavioral shame proneness) would be associated with an increased likelihood of high task engagement, and hence to increased ..
- Stigmatization and shame: consequences of caring for HIV/AIDS patients in ChinaL Li
University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
AIDS Care 19:258-63. 2007..Correlation analyses showed significant association between internalized shame reported by service providers and their perception of being stigmatized due to working with PLWHA...
- When the social self is threatened: shame, physiology, and healthSally S Dickerson
Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, University of California, Irvine, 3340 Social Ecology II, Irvine, CA 92697 7085, USA
J Pers 72:1191-216. 2004Our program of research focuses on shame as a key emotional response to "social self" threats (i.e., social evaluation or rejection)...
- The role of shame and self-critical thinking in the development and maintenance of current threat in post-traumatic stress disorderRachel Harman
St George s Hospital, London, UK
Clin Psychol Psychother 17:13-24. 2010..emotions other than fear in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and recent research has looked at the role of shame. Cognitive theory suggests that PTSD is caused by traumatic experiences being processed in a way that causes ..
- Patterns of emotion-specific appraisal, coping, and cardiovascular reactivity during an ongoing emotional episodeMary M Herrald
Department of Psychology, University of Texas at El Paso, 79902, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 83:434-50. 2002..In this study, 109 participants performed a neutral opinion-expression task, where a confederate elicited anger, shame, or pride using verbal and nonverbal behavior...
- Status incongruence revisited: associations with shame and mental wellbeingJohanna Lundberg
Division of Community Medicine, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden
Sociol Health Illn 31:478-93. 2009..anxiety, depressive feelings, and poor mental wellbeing (as measured by the GHQ) with a special focus on shame, in four social status categories: negatively and positively incongruent individuals, and low-status and high-..
- Insight into mental illness and self-stigma: the mediating role of shame pronenessIlanit Hasson-Ohayon
Department of Psychology, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
Psychiatry Res 200:802-6. 2012..The current study examined whether shame and guilt proneness mediates or moderates the relation between insight into mental illness and self-stigma among ..
- Shame, pride and eating disordersKenneth Goss
Coventry and Warwickshire Partnership Trust, Coventry Eating Disorder Service, Coventry, UK
Clin Psychol Psychother 16:303-16. 2009This paper explores shame and shame-based responses in eating disorders. Research linking shame with eating disorders and the possible role of shame and pride in the onset and maintenance of eating disorders is reviewed...
- Automatically activated shame reactions and perceived legitimacy of discrimination: A longitudinal study among people with mental illnessNICOLAS RUSCH
Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, USA
J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 41:60-3. 2010..We assessed deliberately endorsed versus automatic shame-related reactions to mental illness as predictors of change in perceived legitimacy of discrimination over six ..
- Understanding and treating feelings of shame in children who have experienced maltreatmentEsther Deblinger
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, School of Osteopathic Medicine, USA
Child Maltreat 10:364-76. 2005Feelings of shame have been found to be an important mediating factor in influencing a child's recovery from abuse...
- Reducing shame in a game that predicts HIV risk reduction for young adult MSM: a randomized trial delivered nationally over the WebJohn L Christensen
Department of Communication and Center for Health, Intervention, and Prevention, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT
J Int AIDS Soc 16:18716. 2013..Such sexual stigma can be internalized producing a painful affective state (i.e., shame). Although shame (e.g., addiction) can predict risk-taking (e.g...
- Self-compassion in the face of shame and body image dissatisfaction: implications for eating disordersClaudia Ferreira
CINEICC Cognitive Behavioural Research Centre, University of Coimbra, Portugal
Eat Behav 14:207-10. 2013The current study examines the role of self-compassion in face of shame and body image dissatisfaction, in 102 female eating disorders' patients, and 123 women from general population...
- Predicting PTSD symptoms in victims of violent crime: the role of shame, anger, and childhood abuseB Andrews
Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of London, England
J Abnorm Psychol 109:69-73. 2000..post-crime included previous physical and sexual abuse in childhood and responses to the current crime, including shame and anger with self and others...
- [Factors associated with Human Papillomavirus related stigma, shame, and intent of HPV test]Hae won Kim
Department of Nursing, Kwandong University, Gangreung, Korea
J Korean Acad Nurs 42:217-25. 2012This study was conducted to examine the factors associated with HPV (Human Papillomavirus) related stigma, shame and intent to have HPV test among adult women.
- Cortisol reactivity and regulation associated with shame responding in early childhoodRosemary S L Mills
Department of Family Social Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Dev Psychol 44:1369-80. 2008The purpose of this study was to characterize cortisol response and regulation associated with shame responding in early childhood and to examine how general the relation between shame and cortisol is...
- Social anxiety disorder and shame cognitions in psychosisM Michail
Division of Nursing, School of Nursing, Midwifery and Physiotherapy, University of Nottingham, UK
Psychol Med 43:133-42. 2013..The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between shame cognitions arising from a stigmatizing psychosis illness and perceived loss of social status in co-morbid SAD in ..
- Contribution of shame and attribution style in developing PTSD among Japanese University women with negative sexual experiencesM Uji
Department of Clinical Behavioural Sciences, Kumamoto University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto, Japan
Arch Womens Ment Health 10:111-20. 2007The roles of shame and attribution style in developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were examined among 172 Japanese university women with negative sexual experiences (NSEs) using a structural equation model...
- Prevalence of psychiatric disorders before and 1 year after bariatric surgery: the role of shame in maintenance of psychiatric disorders in patients undergoing bariatric surgeryHaldis Økland Lier
Section of Mental Health Research, Haugesund Hospital, Helse Fonna HF, Haugesund, Norway
Nord J Psychiatry 67:89-96. 2013..Furthermore, we studied if level of pre-operative shame could be a maintaining factor for psychiatric disorders at 1-year follow-up.
- Guilt, shame and need for a container: a study of post-traumatic stress among ambulance personnelAnders Jonsson
School of Health Sciences, Boras University College, Room E 525, SE 501 90 Borås, Sweden
Accid Emerg Nurs 12:215-23. 2004..The findings show that post-traumatic stress symptoms, guilt, shame and self-reproach are common after duty-related traumatic events...
- The relation between abuse and violent delinquency: the conversion of shame to blame in juvenile offendersJason Gold
Institute for the Study of Child Development, Department of Pediatrics, UMDNJ Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ 08903, USA
Child Abuse Negl 35:459-67. 2011..The objective of this work is to apply a conceptual model linking abusive parenting to the conversion of shame into blaming others and therefore to violent delinquency.
- Slow and steady wins the race: a randomized clinical trial of acceptance and commitment therapy targeting shame in substance use disordersJason B Luoma
Portland Psychotherapy Clinic, Research, and Training Center, 1830 Northeast Grand Avenue, Portland, OR 97212, USA
J Consult Clin Psychol 80:43-53. 2012b>Shame has long been seen as relevant to substance use disorders, but interventions have not been tested in randomized trials...
- Self-conscious emotions and depression: rumination explains why shame but not guilt is maladaptiveUlrich Orth
Department of Psychology, University of Berne, Switzerland
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 32:1608-19. 2006Feelings of shame and guilt are factors associated with depression...
- Psychiatric care as seen by the attempted suicide patientM Samuelsson
Department of Caring Science and Social work, Kalmar University, Kalmar, Sweden
J Adv Nurs 32:635-43. 2000..Verbal contacts with the staff were seen as essential for the process of healing and for the desire to go on living...
- Shame and guilt in preschool depression: evidence for elevations in self-conscious emotions in depression as early as age 3Joan Luby
Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 50:1156-66. 2009..that depression can arise in the preschool period and that the complex self-conscious emotions of guilt and shame may develop normatively as early as age 3...
- Anticipated shame and worry following an abnormal Pap test result: the impact of information about HPVJo Waller
Cancer Research UK Health Behaviour Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, Gower Street, London, UK
Prev Med 48:415-9. 2009To evaluate the impact of HPV and cervical cancer information on women's anticipated feelings of worry and shame if they received an abnormal cervical screening result.
- Shame and pride in anorexia nervosa: a qualitative descriptive studyFinn Skårderud
Faculty of Health and Social Studies, Lillehammer University College, Norway
Eur Eat Disord Rev 15:81-97. 2007During the last decades, there has been a rising interest in the role of shame in psychiatric disorders.
- Cultural variations in the socialization of young children's anger and shamePamela M Cole
Department of Psychology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
Child Dev 77:1237-51. 2006..Brahmans respond to child anger with reasoning and yielding but ignore shame. Tamang practices are consistent with their view that competent children are socially graceful and never angry...
- Measuring shame and guilt by self-report questionnaires: a validation studyNICOLAS RUSCH
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Freiburg, Hauptstrasse 5, D 79104 Freiburg, Germany
Psychiatry Res 150:313-25. 2007Quantitative assessment of shame and guilt using self-report questionnaires can help to understand the role of these emotions in various mental disorders...
- The role of shame in posttraumatic stress disorder: a proposal for a socio-emotional model for DSM-VAshwin Budden
Department of Anthropology, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093 0532, USA
Soc Sci Med 69:1032-9. 2009..A body of clinical research on psychological trauma indicates that the emotion shame is central to the development and course of PTSD...
- Shame, personality, and social anxiety symptoms in Chinese and American nonclinical samples: a cross-cultural studyJie Zhong
Department of Psychology, Peking University, Beijing, People s Republic of China
Depress Anxiety 25:449-60. 2008b>Shame has been observed to play an important role in social anxiety in China [Xu, 1982]...
- Marital breakdown, shame, and suicidality in men: a direct link?Kairi Kolves
Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention, World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Research and Training in Suicide Prevention, Brisbane QLD, Australia
Suicide Life Threat Behav 41:149-59. 2011The influence of feelings of shame originating from marital breakdown on suicidality is examined. The role of mental health problems as probable mediating factors is also considered...
- Adjustment following sexual abuse discovery: the role of shame and attributional styleCandice Feiring
Department of Psychiatry, New Jersey Medical School, Newark 07107, USA
Dev Psychol 38:79-92. 2002This study examined adjustment following sexual abuse as a function of shame and attributional style. One hundred forty-seven participants (83 children and 64 adolescents) were seen at the time of abuse discovery and again 1 year later...
- General shame and bodily shame in eating disorders: a 2.5-year longitudinal studyNicholas A Troop
School of Psychology, University of Hertfordshire, UK
Eur Eat Disord Rev 20:373-8. 2012Studies have established a link between shame and eating disorder symptoms but have generally been cross-sectional or failed to differentiate between general shame and bodily shame. The present study addressed both these issues.
- An experimental investigation of emotional reactivity and delayed emotional recovery in borderline personality disorder: the role of shameKim L Gratz
Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS 39216, USA
Compr Psychiatry 51:275-85. 2010..of these stressors on subjective responding across the specific emotions of anxiety, irritability, hostility, and shame. We hypothesized that outpatients with BPD (compared to outpatients without a personality disorder; non-PD) would ..
- Self-harm in a mixed clinical population: the roles of self-criticism, shame, and social rankPaul Gilbert
Mental Health Research Unit, Kingsway Hospital, Derby, UK
Br J Clin Psychol 49:563-76. 2010This study explored the relationship of forms and functions of self-criticism, shame, and social rank variables to self-harm, depression, and anxiety.
- Guilt, shame, and suicidal ideation in a military outpatient clinical sampleCraig J Bryan
National Center for Veterans Studies, The University of Utah, 260 S Central Campus Dr, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
Depress Anxiety 30:55-60. 2013..Guilt (feeling bad about what you did to another) and shame (feeling bad about who you are) have been proposed as potential contributors to suicidal ideation among military ..
- Public honour, private shame and HIV: issues affecting sexual health service delivery in London's South Asian communitiesH J Weston
Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, Downing Place, Cambridge CB2 3EN, UK
Health Place 9:109-17. 2003..It argues that communally held concepts of honour and shame within South Asian communities create a framework of social control with significant implications for HIV/AIDS ..
- Views on suicide among middle-aged and elderly populations in Japan: their association with demographic variables and feeling shame in seeking helpTakayuki Kageyama
Department of Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Oita University of Nursing and Health Sciences, Oita, Japan
Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 66:105-12. 2012..the relationship between inappropriate views on suicide, such as it being a personal choice, inevitable, unpreventable, and permissible, with demographic variables and the feeling of shame in seeking help among the general population.
- Relationship of STD-related shame and stigma to female adolescents' condom-protected intercourseJessica M Sales
Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
J Adolesc Health 40:573.e1-6. 2007b>Shame and stigma associated with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are barriers to adolescents seeking prompt and appropriate diagnosis and treatment...
- Assessment of guilt and shame in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer compared with patients with breast and prostate cancerNoelle K Loconte
University of Wisconsin Paul P Carbone Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, WI 53792, USA
Clin Lung Cancer 9:171-8. 2008Patients with lung cancer might feel more guilt and shame resulting from previous smoking...
- What's shame got to do with it: forced sex among married or steady partners in UgandaKathleen Cash
Appalachian Institute for the Advancement of Women and Youth
Afr J Reprod Health 15:25-40. 2011..Research findings illuminated how forced marital sex is induced by feelings of shame and could play a significant role in HIV/AIDS transmission...
- Shame reactions after suicide attemptMaria Wiklander
Psychiatry Section, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
Scand J Caring Sci 17:293-300. 2003b>Shame reactions were spontaneously described by 13 of 18 patients interviewed in a qualitative study investigating experiences of care following a suicide attempt...
- Shame, internalized homophobia, identity formation, attachment style, and the connection to relationship status in gay menJac Brown
Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Am J Mens Health 4:267-76. 2010This study reports on a survey of 166 gay men in Sydney, Australia, that explores the links between internalized shame, internalized homophobia, and attachment style...
- Shame as a prospective predictor of self-inflicted injury in borderline personality disorder: a multi-modal analysisMilton Z Brown
California School of Professional Psychology at Alliant International University, San Diego, CA 92131, USA
Behav Res Ther 47:815-22. 2009The primary aim of this study was to examine the prospective association of shame with self-inflicted injury (SII), including suicide attempts and nonsuicidal self-injury, among women with borderline personality disorder (BPD) who were ..
- Exploring negative emotion in women experiencing intimate partner violence: shame, guilt, and PTSDJ Gayle Beck
Department of Psychology, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN 38152, USA
Behav Ther 42:740-50. 2011This study explored the association of shame and guilt with PTSD among women who had experienced intimate partner violence (IPV). Sixty-three women were assessed by a research clinic serving the mental health needs of women IPV survivors...
- Tracking the trajectory of shame, guilt, and pride across the life spanUlrich Orth
Department of Psychology, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
J Pers Soc Psychol 99:1061-71. 2010The authors examined age differences in shame, guilt, and 2 forms of pride (authentic and hubristic) from age 13 years to age 89 years, using cross-sectional data from 2,611 individuals...
- The role of shame, anger, and affect regulation in men's perpetration of psychological abuse in dating relationshipsFelicity W K Harper
University of Georgia, GA, USA
J Interpers Violence 20:1648-62. 2005This study determines the relationships between shame, anger, and men's perpetration of psychological abuse in dating relationships...
- Perfectionism, fear of failure, and affective responses to success and failure: the central role of fear of experiencing shame and embarrassmentSam S Sagar
Department of Psychology, Leeds Metropolitan University, Leeds, U K
J Sport Exerc Psychol 31:602-27. 2009..Results showed that perfectionistic personal standards showed a negative relationship with fear of experiencing shame and embarrassment and a positive relationship with positive affect after success, whereas perfectionistic concern ..
- Stigma, shame, and blame experienced by patients with lung cancer: qualitative studyA Chapple
DIPEx Research Group, Department of Primary Health Care, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF
BMJ 328:1470. 2004..To draw on narrative interviews with patients with lung cancer and to explore their perceptions and experience of stigma...
- Patients' shame and attitudes toward discussing the results of literacy screeningMichael S Wolf
Health Literacy and Learning Program, Division of General Internal Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
J Health Commun 12:721-32. 2007..patients' willingness to have their reading ability documented in their medical records and the degree of shame and embarrassment associated with such disclosure...
- Predicting depressive symptoms with a new measure of shame: The Experience of Shame ScaleBernice Andrews
Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway University of London, Egham TW20 0EX, UK
Br J Clin Psychol 41:29-42. 2002To investigate whether previous findings from interview studies of a prospective relationship between shame and psychopathology (e.g. Andrews, 1995) could be replicated using questionnaires.
- Shame and implicit self-concept in women with borderline personality disorderNICOLAS RUSCH
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Freiburg, Hauptstrasse 5, D 79104 Freiburg, Germany
Am J Psychiatry 164:500-8. 2007b>Shame is considered to be a central emotion in borderline personality disorder and to be related to self-injurious behavior, chronic suicidality, and anger-hostility...
- Not so ugly after all: when shame acts as a commitment deviceIlona E de Hooge
Department of Social Psychology, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
J Pers Soc Psychol 95:933-43. 2008Most psychological theories and research on shame focus on the ugly aspects and negative consequences of this emotion. Theories on moral emotions, however, assume that shame acts as a commitment device motivating prosocial behavior...
- What does it mean to be angry at yourself? Categories, appraisals, and the problem of languagePhoebe C Ellsworth
Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1043, USA
Emotion 6:572-86. 2006..In two studies, we compared anger, self-anger, shame, and guilt, and found that self-anger shared some appraisals, action tendencies, and associated emotions with ..
- The relation of child maltreatment to shame and guilt among adolescents: psychological routes to depression and delinquencyJeffrey Stuewig
George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
Child Maltreat 10:324-36. 2005..sexual abuse, witnessing domestic violence) in childhood and parenting during adolescence influenced adolescents' shame- and guilt-proneness...
- Risk, shame and the public injector: a qualitative study of drug injecting in South WalesTim Rhodes
Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Soc Sci Med 65:572-85. 2007..with a fear of interruption, a need to maintain privacy to prevent public exposure, and an awareness or sense of shame. We argue that daily interactions involving public exposure of injecting status, combined with the negative social ..
- Components of shame and eating disturbance among clinical and non-clinical populationsJackie Doran
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Queens University Belfast, Belfast, UK
Eur Eat Disord Rev 20:265-70. 2012To examine the association between components of shame (characterological, behavioural and bodily) and eating disturbance.
- Embarrassment: its distinct form and appeasement functionsD Keltner
Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley 94720 1650, USA
Psychol Bull 122:250-70. 1997..experience, and display of embarrassment, and to a limited extent its autonomic physiology, are distinct from shame, guilt, and amusement and share the dynamic, temporal characteristics of emotion...
- The impact of shame on health-related quality of life among HIV-positive adults with a history of childhood sexual abuseElizabeth Persons
Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
AIDS Patient Care STDS 24:571-80. 2010Childhood sexual abuse is prevalent among people living with HIV, and the experience of shame is a common consequence of childhood sexual abuse and HIV infection...
- Psychosocial stressor effects on cortisol and ghrelin in emotional and non-emotional eaters: influence of anger and shameKate Raspopow
Institute of Neuroscience, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Horm Behav 58:677-84. 2010..Both shame and anger were provoked by the TSST, and although both these emotions were correlated with cortisol levels, only ..
- 20-Item Toronto Alexithymia Scale: do difficulties describing feelings assess proneness to shame instead of difficulties symbolizing emotions?T Suslow
Department of Psychiatry, University of Munster, Germany
Scand J Psychol 41:329-34. 2000..b>Shame proneness is a personality trait that is expected to be closely related to a reduced emotional self-disclosure in ..
- Stigma, shame, and blame experienced by patients with lung cancer: health promotion and support groups have a roleRory Coughlan
BMJ 329:402-3. 2004
- 'Shame on you'--the psychosocial impact of genital wartsC Jeynes
Genitourinary Medicine Department, Derriford Hospital, Plymouth, UK
Int J STD AIDS 20:557-60. 2009We aimed to investigate whether patients with genital warts experience greater feelings of shame and lower self-esteem compared with controls...
- Nuestra culpa: collective guilt and shame as predictors of reparation for historical wrongdoingRupert Brown
Department of Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, United Kingdom
J Pers Soc Psychol 94:75-90. 2008Three studies examined the hypothesis that collective guilt and shame have different consequences for reparation...
- The relation of entrapment, shame and guilt to depression, in carers of people with dementiaY Martin
Mental Health Research Unit, Kingsway Hospital, Derby, UK
Aging Ment Health 10:101-6. 2006..This study explored the relation of entrapment, shame and guilt to depression in a group of 70 carers of those with dementia...
- The association between knowledge of HPV and feelings of stigma, shame and anxietyJ Waller
Cancer Research UK Health Behaviour Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 2 16 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
Sex Transm Infect 83:155-9. 2007..know that human papillomavirus (HPV) is sexually transmitted will expect to experience higher levels of stigma, shame and anxiety if they test positive for the virus than women who are not aware of the mode of transmission and (2) ..
- Acute threat to the social self: shame, social self-esteem, and cortisol activityTara L Gruenewald
Department of Medicine Geriatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1687, USA
Psychosom Med 66:915-24. 2004..threaten the "social self" (ie, one's social value or standing) elicit increased feelings of low social worth (eg, shame), decrements in social self-esteem, and increases in cortisol, a hormone released by the hypothalamic-pituitary-..
- Social anxiety and the shame of psychosis: a study in first episode psychosisMax Birchwood
School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
Behav Res Ther 45:1025-37. 2007..were tested comparing 23 socially anxious and 56 non-anxious patients on measures of cognitive appraisals of shame/stigma of psychosis and perceived social status, controlling for depression, psychotic symptoms and general ..
- Psychological abuse and posttraumatic stress disorder in battered women: examining the roles of shame and guiltA E Street
VA Boston Healthcare System and Boston University School of Medicine, USA
Violence Vict 16:65-78. 2001..This study also explored the affective experiences of shame and guilt as important variables in the development of PTSD in battered women...
- Shame: the elephant in the roomFrank Davidoff
BMJ 324:623-4. 2002
- The relationship between shame, eating disorders and disclosure in treatmentSarah Swan
Royal Holloway, University of London, UK
Br J Clin Psychol 42:367-78. 2003This study considered shame in 68 women who had received treatment for eating disorders (EDs) compared to 72 non-clinical controls, and shame in relation to disclosure in treatment.
- Shame and community: social components in depressionT J Scheff
Department of Sociology, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
Psychiatry 64:212-24. 2001..I now offer an interpretation in the light of current studies of shame and the social bond: Recounting memories of belonging to a community temporarily resolved shame and depression...
- Psychogenic lowering of urinary cortisol levels linked to increased emotional numbing and a shame-depressive syndrome in combat-related posttraumatic stress disorderJ W Mason
Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
Psychosom Med 63:387-401. 2001..The purpose of the study was to search for the intrapsychic correlates of individual differences in cortisol levels in male Vietnam combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder...
- Suffering, shame, and silence: the stigma of HIV/AIDSLynne Duffy
Nursing Faculty, University of New Brunswick, Canada
J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 16:13-20. 2005..study in rural Zimbabwe, where approximately one third of adults are infected, revealed how stigma, suffering, shame, and silence are mutually supporting concepts that challenge health promotion efforts...
- Attitudes about sexual disclosure and perceptions of stigma and shameS D Cunningham
Division of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
Sex Transm Infect 78:334-8. 2002To determine the association between stigma and shame about having a sexually transmitted disease and adolescents' past STD related care seeking; between stigma, shame, and perceptions about disclosure of sexual behaviours to a doctor or ..
- Media-portrayed idealized images, body shame, and appearance anxietyFiona Monro
School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Int J Eat Disord 38:85-90. 2005This study was designed to determine the effects of media-portrayed idealized images on young women's body shame and appearance anxiety, and to establish whether the effects depend on advertisement type and on participant self-..
- Silence, stigma, and shame: a postmodern analysis of distress during menopauseMarcianna Nosek
University of San Francisco, School of Nursing, San Francisco, CA, USA
ANS Adv Nurs Sci 33:E24-36. 2010..Findings include experiences of shame related to symptom experience and prevailing social discourses on menopause and aging...
- Managing shame and stigma: case studies of female carers of people with AIDS in southern ThailandNilmanat Kittikorn
Department of Adult Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Prince of Songkla University, Thailand
Qual Health Res 16:1286-301. 2006The authors of this article discuss the effects of shame and stigma on female caregivers of people living with AIDS in southern Thailand...
- Shame and posttraumatic stress disorderJennie Leskela
Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55417, USA
J Trauma Stress 15:223-6. 2002..b>Shame is an emotion closely related to guilt but is a distinct affective state...
- Blame, shame, and contamination: the impact of mental illness and drug dependence stigma on family membersPatrick W Corrigan
Institute of Psychology, Illinois Institute of Technology, 3424 South Slate Street, Chicago, IL 60616, USA
J Fam Psychol 20:239-46. 2006..Family stigma related to drug dependence, however, is worse than for other health conditions, with family members being blamed for both the onset and offset of a relative's disorder and likely to be socially shunned...
- Guilt and shame: experiences of parents of self-harming adolescentsGlenda McDonald
School of Nursing, University of Western Sydney, Penrith, NSW, Australia
J Child Health Care 11:298-310. 2007..Findings reveal that mothers experienced guilt and shame, and that these feelings shaped their reactions and responses...
- An exploration of the relationship between mental pollution and OCD symptomsJesse R Cougle
Laboratory for the Study of Anxiety Disorders, Department of Psychology, University of Texas, 1 University Station A8000, Austin, TX 78712 0187, USA
J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 39:340-53. 2008..Lastly, a third study found that both MPQ subscales predicted OC symptoms after controlling for general distress, trait guilt, and disgust sensitivity. Potential uses of the MPQ as a clinical and research instrument are discussed...
- Patient dignity in persons with spinal cord injuryHeather G Belanger
Patient Safety Center of Inquiry, James A Haley Veterans Hospital, University of South Florida College of Nursing, Tampa, Florida, USA
SCI Nurs 20:25-9. 2003..The purpose of this article is, therefore, to critically review the relevant literature on patient dignity with an aim toward eventual development and validation of a Dignity Assessment Tool...
- Living with dementia yields a heteronomous and lost existenceRune Svanström
School of Health Sciences and SocialWork, Växjö University and Skaraborg Institute
West J Nurs Res 26:671-87. 2004..Whatever those with dementia and their spouses do, they have no real influence over their situation, which leads to feelings of awkwardness, perplexity, and futility...
- Accepting and adjusting: older women's experiences of living with urinary incontinenceGunnel Andersson
Department of Urology, Orebro University Hospital and Centre for Evidence Based Medicine and Assessment of Medical Technology Orebro, Sweden
Urol Nurs 28:115-21. 2008..The aim of this study was to describe experiences of living with urinary incontinence (UI) among persons who do not desire further assessment and treatment...
- Psychological needs of patients when dressing a fungating wound: a literature reviewM L Goode
East Barnet Health Centre, 149 East Barnet Road, New Barnet, Herts EN4 8QZ, UK
J Wound Care 13:380-2. 2004
- Implantation of physiologically functional bioengineered innervated IAS constructKhalil N Bitar; Fiscal Year: 2010..The shame, embarrassment, and stigma associated with these conditions pose significant barriers to seeking professional ..
- Interpersonal and intrapersonal conflict and their association with substance useH Jonathon Rendina; Fiscal Year: 2013..or casual) sexual partners, cognitive conflicts that result from fear of interpersonal rejection and intrapersonal shame are likely to influence the synergistic relationship between disclosure, substance use, and condom use...
- Development of an Intervention for Non-Suicidal Self-Injury in Young AdultsMargaret S Andover; Fiscal Year: 2012..Consequences of NSSI are severe, including physical injury ranging in medical severity, distress from shame associated with the behavior, social isolation, psychological symptoms, and increased risk and lethality of NSSI ..
- Aggression, Emotion, and Borderline Personality Disorder Features in WomenLori N Scott; Fiscal Year: 2013..model of female aggression that articulates the potentially mediating role of difficulties regulating shame and anger, especially in the context of perceived interpersonal rejection, in the association between BPD and ..
- Shame as a Risk Factor for Severe and Costly Outcomes in Body Dysmorphic DisorderHilary Weingarden; Fiscal Year: 2013..The present study addresses this gap by testing shame as a central risk factor for more severe outcomes in those with BDD vs...
- Impact of AIDS Disclosure on Rural African American Men.SUSAN WICKHAM GASKINS; Fiscal Year: 2010..There are potential negative consequences to disclosure, such as rejection and shame, but disclosure is critical to accessing supportive resources and services necessary for positive health outcomes...
- Jail-Based Treatment to Reduce Substance Abuse, Recidivism and Risky BehaviorJune P Tangney; Fiscal Year: 2013..The primary aims are to better understand the role of moral emotions (i.e., shame, guilt and empathy) and moral cognitions (i.e...
- Predicting Attention to HIV-Relevant InformationAllison Earl; Fiscal Year: 2011..In addition, the model outlines the reasons for this proposed relation as participants'anticipated stigma, shame, and fear of being stigmatized as a result of paying attention to materials...
- Past Experiences and Current Mammography BehaviorsEileen Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2005..The investigator found that perceptions formed during puberty that left the women with feelings of shame regarding their breasts has a lasting effect that can have an impact on women's current mammography screening ..
- Implications of Jail Inmates'Perceived Stigma for Post-Release Substance DependeKELLY ELIZABETH MOORE; Fiscal Year: 2013..This project will test whether this process varies as a function of inmates'race, optimism, shame-proneness, and social identity as a criminal...
- EPIDEMIOLOGY OF TORTURE AND TRAUMA IN TWO REFUGEE GROUPSMichael Hollifield; Fiscal Year: 2000..and 3) to test the hypotheses that there is an association between trauma type as the independent variable, shame, guilt and cultural variables as moderators, and psychiatric diagnoses, symptoms, impairment and treatment seeking ..
- Trichotillomania Referral Education Awareness and Treatment (TREAT)SALVATORE LIBRETTO; Fiscal Year: 2007..TTM is one of the more obscure, understudied, and undertreated psychiatric disorders. People with TTM often feel shame, poor self-esteem, and feel and become isolated from others...
- Expressed Emotion and Stigma among Chinese-Americans with SchizophreniaLawrence Yang; Fiscal Year: 2009..g., shame) experienced by Chinese-Americans with schizophrenia...
- Molecular Diagnosis of pathogenic fungiRobert Akins; Fiscal Year: 2007..Lack of widely used molecular tools for identifying fungi is a shame, given the high mortality rates associated with systemic fungal infections that are often diagnosed too late...
- Exposure to Shame in Borderline Personality DisorderSHIREEN RIZVI; Fiscal Year: 2002..provided by applicant): The study proposed here seeks to develop and test an intervention for the experience of shame in borderline personality disorder (BPD)...
- COGNITIVE PROCESSES IN PTSD: TREATMENTPatricia Resick; Fiscal Year: 2004..Guilt and shame will be studied as secondary emotions along with a range of beliefs about oneself and the world...
- THE PSYCHOLOGICAL MEANING OF VIOLENCE-RELATED INJURIESTerri Weaver; Fiscal Year: 2000..Body Image Disturbance, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, self-esteem and Identity, Core Cognitive Beliefs, Shame, Substance Use, and Depression), interpersonal functioning (Occupation and Social) and general physical ..
- Gender Identity and HIV RiskWalter Bockting; Fiscal Year: 2003..social sex role, and HIV risk in a transgender sample; and (3) Determine the impact of gender-related stigma, shame, and affirmation and disclosure of identity on HIV risk and protective behaviors...
- The Role of Imagery Perspective in Self-Esteem and ShameLISA LIBBY; Fiscal Year: 2005..self-esteem, visual perspective in imagery of negative autobiographical events, and the propensity to experience shame. When people recall or imagine events in their lives, they often see those events in their mind's eye...
- Sexuality, HIV/Drug in 3 Groups of Asian/Gay/Bi Men/MSMFrank Wong; Fiscal Year: 2007..The extentto which socialrolesor perceivedse;(ualorientationare relatedtostigma,shame,and lossof face amongAAPI MSM, andwhethertheseare inturnrelatedto HIV-relatedriskattitudesand practicesis unclear...
- EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN LOW SES CHILDRENIKECHUKWU UKEJE; Fiscal Year: 2002..parental socialization practices lead to differences in children's expression of the self-conscious emotions of shame and pride...
- Stigma and Psychosis: A Prospective StudyBruce Link; Fiscal Year: 2007..events in the period before, during and after their first hospitalization, b) develop ratings that assess shame, embarrassment, humiliation, anger and other stigma-related feelings by coding audiotapes and transcripts of open-..
- Development of the Trauma Appraisal QuestionnaireANNE DEPRINCE; Fiscal Year: 2005..g., betrayal, anger, shame) may also contribute to the prediction of PTSD and posttraumatic distress more generally...
- Depression and Motivation: Twin Outcomes of Self-Objectification and Their EffectShelly Grabe; Fiscal Year: 2007..g., shame, disordered eating behavior)...
- ADAPTATION TO SEXUAL ABUSE FROM CHILDHOOD TO ADULTHOODCandice Feiring; Fiscal Year: 2003..Our research examines variations in children's adjustment to the trauma of sexual abuse as a function of shame and attribution style measured at the time of discovery and as they develop through adolescence and into adulthood...
- Family-to-Family: Psychoeducation to Improve Children's Outcomes in HIV+ FamiliesLi Li; Fiscal Year: 2009..HIV+ parent's and family caregivers'health mental health, parenting skills, and family bonds are intermediate outcomes. ..
- HIV Related Stigma among Service Providers in ChinaLi Li; Fiscal Year: 2005..These data will prepare the team to conduct a randomized controlled trial across different levels of health care providers in China. ..
- TEA for Families & Children: Preparation for a Randomized TrialLi Li; Fiscal Year: 2010..The goal of this study is to develop and pilot an intervention for PLH and their family members in order to improve the long term health, mental health and behavioral adjustment of the children in poor, rural areas in China. ..
- Stigma & Behavioral Health in Urban Employers from China & USPatrick Corrigan; Fiscal Year: 2007..Data from this study will be especially important for the development of future stigma-change programs. ..
- FAMILY PROCESSES, RISK AND PRESCHOOL EMOTION REGULATIONPamela Cole; Fiscal Year: 2005..The findings will assist in building a theoretical model for the role of language in the socialization of adaptive emotional functioning and in risk for behavior problems. ..
- Cognitive and Emotional Mechanisms in Chronic GriefGeorge Bonanno; Fiscal Year: 2009..e., attentional preoccupation with social-moral rejection);and an exacerbation of their deficits in emotion regulation when they are primed with the representation of the deceased spouse. ..
- Vaginal Microbicide Acceptability STD/HIV PreventionJ Fortenberry; Fiscal Year: 2006..This team is substantially experienced in conducting clinical and marketing research with adolescents addressing topics of sexual behavior, sexually transmitted diseases and acceptance of STD-related vaccines. ..
- A Culturally-Based Family Therapy for SchizophreniaAmy Weisman; Fiscal Year: 2007..The Pi's long term goal is to develop effective culturally informed family interventions for schizophrenia and related disorders, in Spanish and in English. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Aging, Acculturation, and Health: Korean American EldersYuri Jang; Fiscal Year: 2005..This study is an important step in expanding our understanding of the unique experiences of minority elders; further research will be developed based on the results from this pilot research. ..
- Development of Relationship Dynamics and STI/HIV RiskJ Fortenberry; Fiscal Year: 2007..Developmental trends in relationship formation, relationship quality, coital frequency and condom use will be assessed by latent growth curve analysis. ..
- Optimizing HIV Treatment Adherence Among Postpartum Women in South AfricaJENNIFER SAYLES; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Reducing the Adverse Impact of Mental Illness Stigma Among Family CaregiversDeborah Perlick; Fiscal Year: 2009..The proposed research represents a novel approach to improving stigma coping based on sound social psychological principles and modeled after a widely-disseminated anti-stigma program for consumers. ..
- Effectiveness of Suicide Hotline TrainingMadelyn S Gould; Fiscal Year: 2010..Few such opportunities arise for research studies to have such policy relevance, in other words, to have a direct impact on existing and future policy decisions. ..
- Enhanced Prescription Drug Label Design to Improve Patient Understanding and UseMichael S Wolf; Fiscal Year: 2010..This study will advance the science related to Rx labeling practices. Findings will directly inform clinical practice and state and federal policies for improving patient medication information and safety. ..
- PRESCHOOL DEPRESSIVE SYNDROMESJoan Luby; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- A Services Approach to Preventive Mental Health for Adolescent RefugeesStevan Weine; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in the Phase 1 cohort of the Safe Passage StudyBavanisha Vythilingum; Fiscal Year: 2008..By identifying early markers of FASD, this project aims to contribute to earlier diagnosis and thus intervention during critical developmental phases. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- MULTICENTER TRIAL OF FUNCTIONAL BOWEL DISORDERSDouglas Drossman; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- SYMPTOMS AND ILLNESS BEHAVIORS OF HIV-INFECTED ADULTSKarolynn Siegel; Fiscal Year: 2002..All of which are important factors in adapting to life with what may become a chronic illness as more people live longer with the infection and do so within the context of a rapidly changing health care system. ..
- HIV Prevention Among SMI in Transitional HousingKathleen Sikkema; Fiscal Year: 2002..Since transitional housing is a common component of integrated systems of care for those with SMI or DD, the potential for broad dissemination of research findings throughout programs nationally is substantial. ..
- MEASUREMENT OF ADAPTIVE STYLE IN CHILDREN WITH CANCERSean Phipps; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- IN-DEPTH LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF HIV-INFECTED WOMENPatricia Stevens; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Bipolar Illness Therapy, Family Burden, Costs & HealthDeborah Perlick; Fiscal Year: 2003..They will help us understand how family burden and coping impact on the health and health practices of caregivers of person with bipolar illness. ..
- Evaluating Iatrogenic Risk of Suicide Screening ProgramMadelyn Gould; Fiscal Year: 2004..This information will be used to guide the development of more safe and effective school-based suicide prevention/intervention programs. ..
- Symptom Interpretation & Oral Health among Harlem AdultsKarolynn Siegel; Fiscal Year: 2005..In depth face-to-face, focused interviews will be conducted with 120 adults. As in several of the principal Investigator's previous federally funded investigations, qualitative research methods will be employed. ..
- Help Seeking by At-Risk Youth After Suicide ScreeningsMadelyn Gould; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Emotions and Behavioral Outcomes in Neglected ChildrenMichael Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2006..Differences in children's shame, pride, and negative self-blaming cognitions following failure are likely to be affected by neglect because ..
- The impact of androgen ablation therapy on cognition in*Christian Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2006..2. To determine the severity of cognitive impairment in men over the age of 65 who have received androgen ablation therapy for 2 years. ..
- Young Sexually Abused Children: Optimal Cognitive Behavior Therapy StrategiesEsther Deblinger; Fiscal Year: 2007..Assessments will be conducted at pre- and post-treatment, 6- and 12-month follow-ups. ..
- Self-Focused Attention and Nonconscious Self-EvaluationPAUL SILVIA; Fiscal Year: 2005..Examining the cognitive processes that give rise to automatic self-evaluation will enhance psychology's understanding of how to prevent, treat, and regulate maladaptive and self-defeating patterns of thought. ..
- Rural Child/Adolescent Mental Health Service UseCRAIG HEFLINGER; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- The Influence of Emotion Regulation on the Neural Systems of Reward ProcessingMauricio Delgado; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- VOUCHER-BASED INCENTIVES IN A PREVENTION SETTINGCATHY REBACK; Fiscal Year: 2008....
- Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Pathological GamblingJon Grant; Fiscal Year: 2008..This award would provide me with the necessary background for further studies in the treatment of pathological gambling and the training for an independent patient-oriented research career. ..
- CO-OCCURING DRUG AND MENTAL DISORDERS IN YOUTHCRAIG HEFLINGER; Fiscal Year: 2001..The project builds on program of health services research by the Principal Investigator that has focused on child, adolescent, and family behavioral health issues. ..