guilt

Summary

Summary: Subjective feeling of having committed an error, offense or sin; unpleasant feeling of self-criticism. These result from acts, impulses, or thoughts contrary to one's personal conscience.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi An exploration of the relationship between mental pollution and OCD symptoms
    Jesse R Cougle
    Laboratory for the Study of Anxiety Disorders, Department of Psychology, University of Texas, 1 University Station A8000, Austin, TX 78712 0187, USA
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 39:340-53. 2008
  2. pmc Neural systems for guilt from actions affecting self versus others
    Rajendra A Morey
    Duke UNC Brain Imaging and Analysis Center, Duke University, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Neuroimage 60:683-92. 2012
  3. ncbi Guilt-selective functional disconnection of anterior temporal and subgenual cortices in major depressive disorder
    Sophie Green
    Neuroscience and Aphasia Research Unit, School of Psychological Sciences, The University of Manchester and Manchester Academic Health Sciences Centre, Manchester, England
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 69:1014-21. 2012
  4. ncbi Deontological and altruistic guilt: evidence for distinct neurobiological substrates
    Barbara Basile
    Neuroimaging Laboratory, Santa Lucia Foundation, IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    Hum Brain Mapp 32:229-39. 2011
  5. pmc Selective functional integration between anterior temporal and distinct fronto-mesolimbic regions during guilt and indignation
    Sophie Green
    The University of Manchester, School of Psychological Sciences, Manchester, UK
    Neuroimage 52:1720-6. 2010
  6. ncbi Defining guilt in depression: a comparison of subjects with major depression, chronic medical illness and healthy controls
    Kayhan Ghatavi
    Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Ontario, Toronto, Canada
    J Affect Disord 68:307-15. 2002
  7. ncbi Brain activation associated with evaluative processes of guilt and embarrassment: an fMRI study
    Hidehiko Takahashi
    Section of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan
    Neuroimage 23:967-74. 2004
  8. ncbi Guilt, fear, submission, and empathy in depression
    Lynn E O'Connor
    The Wright Institute, 2728 Durant Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    J Affect Disord 71:19-27. 2002
  9. ncbi Survivor guilt, submissive behaviour and evolutionary theory: the down-side of winning in social comparison
    L E O'Connor
    The Wright Institute and the San Francisco Psychotherapy Research Group, CA 94704, USA
    Br J Med Psychol 73:519-30. 2000
  10. ncbi Are shame and guilt related to distinct self-discrepancies? A test of Higgins's (1987) hypotheses
    J P Tangney
    Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia 22030, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 75:256-68. 1998

Detail Information

Publications285 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi An exploration of the relationship between mental pollution and OCD symptoms
    Jesse R Cougle
    Laboratory for the Study of Anxiety Disorders, Department of Psychology, University of Texas, 1 University Station A8000, Austin, TX 78712 0187, USA
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 39:340-53. 2008
    ..Lastly, a third study found that both MPQ subscales predicted OC symptoms after controlling for general distress, trait guilt, and disgust sensitivity. Potential uses of the MPQ as a clinical and research instrument are discussed.
  2. pmc Neural systems for guilt from actions affecting self versus others
    Rajendra A Morey
    Duke UNC Brain Imaging and Analysis Center, Duke University, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Neuroimage 60:683-92. 2012
    b>Guilt is a core emotion governing social behavior by promoting compliance with social norms or self-imposed standards...
  3. ncbi Guilt-selective functional disconnection of anterior temporal and subgenual cortices in major depressive disorder
    Sophie Green
    Neuroscience and Aphasia Research Unit, School of Psychological Sciences, The University of Manchester and Manchester Academic Health Sciences Centre, Manchester, England
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 69:1014-21. 2012
    ..general increases of negative emotions and are unable to explain biases toward emotions entailing self-blame (eg, guilt) relative to those associated with blaming others (eg, indignation)...
  4. ncbi Deontological and altruistic guilt: evidence for distinct neurobiological substrates
    Barbara Basile
    Neuroimaging Laboratory, Santa Lucia Foundation, IRCCS, Rome, Italy
    Hum Brain Mapp 32:229-39. 2011
    The feeling of guilt is a complex mental state underlying several human behaviors in both private and social life...
  5. pmc Selective functional integration between anterior temporal and distinct fronto-mesolimbic regions during guilt and indignation
    Sophie Green
    The University of Manchester, School of Psychological Sciences, Manchester, UK
    Neuroimage 52:1720-6. 2010
    It has been hypothesized that the experience of different moral sentiments such as guilt and indignation is underpinned by activation in temporal and fronto-mesolimbic regions and that functional integration between these regions is ..
  6. ncbi Defining guilt in depression: a comparison of subjects with major depression, chronic medical illness and healthy controls
    Kayhan Ghatavi
    Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Ontario, Toronto, Canada
    J Affect Disord 68:307-15. 2002
    Although guilt is a widely accepted feature of depression, there is limited and inconsistent data defining the nature of this symptom...
  7. ncbi Brain activation associated with evaluative processes of guilt and embarrassment: an fMRI study
    Hidehiko Takahashi
    Section of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan
    Neuroimage 23:967-74. 2004
    ..magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we examined the similarities and differences between evaluative process of guilt and that of embarrassment at the neural basis level...
  8. ncbi Guilt, fear, submission, and empathy in depression
    Lynn E O'Connor
    The Wright Institute, 2728 Durant Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    J Affect Disord 71:19-27. 2002
    This study compares self-focused motivations (fear of negative evaluation, social comparison, and fear of envy) and other-focused motivations (empathy and interpersonal guilt) in submissive behavior and depression.
  9. ncbi Survivor guilt, submissive behaviour and evolutionary theory: the down-side of winning in social comparison
    L E O'Connor
    The Wright Institute and the San Francisco Psychotherapy Research Group, CA 94704, USA
    Br J Med Psychol 73:519-30. 2000
    ..In this study we hypothesized that survivor guilt, the type of guilt associated with feeling better off than others, is also linked to submissive behaviour...
  10. ncbi Are shame and guilt related to distinct self-discrepancies? A test of Higgins's (1987) hypotheses
    J P Tangney
    Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia 22030, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 75:256-68. 1998
    ..229 undergraduates examined whether specific self-discrepancies are differentially related to shame proneness and guilt proneness. Contrary to E. T...
  11. ncbi Introducing the GASP scale: a new measure of guilt and shame proneness
    Taya R Cohen
    Tepper School of Business, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 100:947-66. 2011
    ..for deterring unethical and antisocial behavior, there is disagreement about how 2 prototypical moral emotions--guilt and shame--should be defined, differentiated, and measured...
  12. ncbi Shame, guilt, and depressive symptoms: a meta-analytic review
    Sangmoon Kim
    Department of Psychology, Syracuse University, 430 Huntington Hall, Syracuse, NY 13244, USA
    Psychol Bull 137:68-96. 2011
    ..Recent theoretical and empirical work has facilitated the drawing of sharp conceptual distinctions between shame and guilt. A clear view of these distinctions has permitted development of a research literature aimed at evaluating the ..
  13. ncbi Guilt-specific processing in the prefrontal cortex
    Ullrich Wagner
    Department of Neuroscience, University Medical School, University of Geneva, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland
    Cereb Cortex 21:2461-70. 2011
    b>Guilt is a central moral emotion due to its inherent link to norm violations, thereby affecting both individuals and society...
  14. ncbi 'Feelings of guilt due to self-inflicted disease': a grounded theory of suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
    Gunilla Lindqvist
    School of Health Sciences and Social Work, Vaxjo University, Sweden
    J Health Psychol 15:456-66. 2010
    ..A substantive theory was generated showing that the main concern was feelings of guilt due to self-inflicted disease associated with smoking habits...
  15. ncbi The validity of psychophysiological detection of information with the Guilty Knowledge Test: a meta-analytic review
    Gershon Ben-Shakhar
    Department of Psychology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
    J Appl Psychol 88:131-51. 2003
    ..12. The authors discuss factors that might limit the generalizability of these results and recommend further research of the GKT in realistic setups...
  16. ncbi Appraisal antecedents of shame and guilt: support for a theoretical model
    Jessica L Tracy
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, 2136 West Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 32:1339-51. 2006
    Four studies used experimental and correlational methods to test predictions about the antecedents of shame and guilt derived from an appraisal-based model of self-conscious emotions (Tracy & Robins, 2004)...
  17. ncbi The role of shame and guilt in traumatic events: a clinical model of shame-based and guilt-based PTSD
    D A Lee
    Traumatic Stress Clinic, Camden and Islington Community Mental Health Services NHS Trust, London, UK
    Br J Med Psychol 74:451-66. 2001
    ..This article highlights the need to address other emotional responses, in particular shame and guilt, when assessing and treating PTSD. Hence, it presents two clinical models of shame-based PTSD and guilt-based PTSD...
  18. pmc Economic games quantify diminished sense of guilt in patients with damage to the prefrontal cortex
    Ian Krajbich
    Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    J Neurosci 29:2188-92. 2009
    ..incorporates terms for the disutility of unequal payoffs, with parameters that index behaviors normally evoked by guilt and envy...
  19. ncbi The role of public exposure in moral and nonmoral shame and guilt
    Richard H Smith
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40506, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 83:138-59. 2002
    ..traditions assume that shame results more from the public exposure of a transgression or incompetence than guilt does, this distinction has little empirical support...
  20. ncbi Thermal image analysis for polygraph testing
    Ioannis Pavlidis
    University of Houston, USA
    IEEE Eng Med Biol Mag 21:56-64. 2002
  21. ncbi Shame- and guilt-proneness: relationships with anxiety disorder symptoms in a clinical sample
    Thomas A Fergus
    Northern Illinois University, Hoffman Estates, IL 60115, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 24:811-5. 2010
    Researchers postulate that both shame and guilt are emotions important to anxiety disorders...
  22. ncbi Guilt in young children: development, determinants, and relations with a broader system of standards
    Grazyna Kochanska
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242 1407, USA
    Child Dev 73:461-82. 2002
    In this comprehensive study of the early development of guilt, 106 children were observed in laboratory paradigms in which they were led to believe that they had damaged valuable objects, during two separate sessions at each of the ..
  23. pmc Biogenetic models of psychopathology, implicit guilt, and mental illness stigma
    NICOLAS RUSCH
    Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Psychiatry Res 179:328-32. 2010
    ..Automatic associations between Mental Illness and Guilt and between Self and Guilt were measured by the Brief Implicit Association Test...
  24. ncbi Association between parental guilt and oral health problems in preschool children
    Thiago Saads Carvalho
    Department of Preventive, Restorative and Pediatric Dentistry, Univ of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
    Braz Oral Res 26:557-63. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the presence of parental guilt and its association with early childhood caries (ECC), traumatic dental injuries (TDI) and malocclusion (AMT) in ..
  25. ncbi Development of fear and guilt in young children: stability over time and relations with psychopathology
    Erika Baker
    School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Tower Building, Park Place, Cardiff CF10 3AT, UK
    Dev Psychopathol 24:833-45. 2012
    ..We also examined the association between behavioral and physiological measures of fear and guilt and whether fear in infancy predicts guilt in toddlers...
  26. ncbi Impact of childhood traumatic events, trauma-related guilt, and avoidant coping strategies on PTSD symptoms in female survivors of domestic violence
    Amy E Street
    National Center for PTSD, Women s Health Sciences Division, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts 02130, USA
    J Trauma Stress 18:245-52. 2005
    ..the direct and indirect effects of experiences of potentially traumatic events in childhood, trauma-related guilt, and the use of avoidant coping strategies on level of PTSD symptomatology among a sample of female survivors of ..
  27. ncbi Intensity of habitual guilt in men and women: differences in interpersonal sensitivity and the tendency towards anxious-aggressive guilt
    Itziar Etxebarria
    Universidad del Pais Vasco, Spain
    Span J Psychol 12:540-54. 2009
    In this study we analyzed gender differences in the intensity of habitual guilt, as well as those in interpersonal sensitivity and the tendency towards experiencing feelings of guilt with a high anxious-aggressive component...
  28. ncbi Inequality as ingroup privilege or outgroup disadvantage: the impact of group focus on collective guilt and interracial attitudes
    Adam A Powell
    Department of Psychology, University of Kansas, 1415 Jaywalk Blvd, Lawrence, KS 66049, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 31:508-21. 2005
    ..In both experiments, a White privilege framing resulted in greater collective guilt and lower racism compared to a Black disadvantage framing...
  29. ncbi New P300-based protocol to detect concealed information: resistance to mental countermeasures against only half the irrelevant stimuli and a possible ERP indicator of countermeasures
    J Peter Rosenfeld
    Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA
    Psychophysiology 47:1002-10. 2010
    ..Iall) or none (0%, Probe vs. Imax). In the CM group, 100% were detected based on Probe versus Iall (92% based on Probe vs Imax). A new event-related potential at Fz and Cz at 900 ms indexed CM use...
  30. ncbi How does the mode of inheritance of a genetic condition influence families? A study of guilt, blame, stigma, and understanding of inheritance and reproductive risks in families with X-linked and autosomal recessive diseases
    Cynthia A James
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Genet Med 8:234-42. 2006
    ..While the mode of inheritance of a genetic condition has long been considered to have not only medical, but also psychosocial consequences for families, this supposition has never been tested...
  31. ncbi Responsibility, guilt, and decision under risk
    Francesco Mancini
    Scuola di Specializzazione in Psicoterapia Cognitiva, Associazione di Psicologia Cognitiva, Rome, Italy
    Psychol Rep 93:1077-9. 2003
    ..People who evaluate themselves as guilty are expected to show a risk-averse preference (context of guilt)...
  32. ncbi Measuring shame and guilt by self-report questionnaires: a validation study
    NICOLAS RUSCH
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Freiburg, Hauptstrasse 5, D 79104 Freiburg, Germany
    Psychiatry Res 150:313-25. 2007
    Quantitative assessment of shame and guilt using self-report questionnaires can help to understand the role of these emotions in various mental disorders...
  33. ncbi The role of anticipated guilt in intentions to register as organ donors and to discuss organ donation with family
    Xiao Wang
    Department of Communication, Rochester Institute of Technology, NY 14623 5604, USA
    Health Commun 26:683-90. 2011
    This project extends previous cognition-based organ donation research by addressing the role of anticipated guilt in individuals' intentions to register as donors and to discuss organ donation with family under the theoretical framework ..
  34. pmc Shame and guilt in preschool depression: evidence for elevations in self-conscious emotions in depression as early as age 3
    Joan Luby
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 50:1156-66. 2009
    ..illustrate that depression can arise in the preschool period and that the complex self-conscious emotions of guilt and shame may develop normatively as early as age 3...
  35. pmc Hypothesis: grandiosity and guilt cause paranoia; paranoid schizophrenia is a psychotic mood disorder; a review
    Charles Raymond Lake
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160 7341, USA
    Schizophr Bull 34:1151-62. 2008
    ..For example, it is hypothesized here that 2 common mood-based symptoms, grandiosity and guilt, may underlie functional paranoia...
  36. ncbi Guilt, shame, and suicidal ideation in a military outpatient clinical sample
    Craig J Bryan
    National Center for Veterans Studies, The University of Utah, 260 S Central Campus Dr, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
    Depress Anxiety 30:55-60. 2013
    ..b>Guilt (feeling bad about what you did to another) and shame (feeling bad about who you are) have been proposed as ..
  37. ncbi Guilt and pride are heartfelt, but not equally so
    Melike M Fourie
    ACSENT laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa
    Psychophysiology 48:888-99. 2011
    We examined the cardiovascular physiology of guilt and pride to elucidate physiological substrates underpinning the behavioral motivations of these moral emotions...
  38. pmc Inappropriate and excessive guilt: instrument validation and developmental differences in relation to depression
    Carlos Tilghman-Osborne
    Department of Psychology and Human Development, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203 5721, USA
    J Abnorm Child Psychol 40:607-20. 2012
    Inappropriate or excessive guilt is listed as a symptom of depression by the American Psychiatric Association (1994)...
  39. ncbi Effects of three PTSD treatments on anger and guilt: exposure therapy, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing, and relaxation training
    Jennifer A Stapleton
    University of Regina
    J Trauma Stress 19:19-28. 2006
    ..of prolonged exposure, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing, and relaxation training on trait anger and guilt and on trauma-related anger and guilt within the context of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatment...
  40. ncbi The relationship between sex guilt and sexual desire in a community sample of Chinese and Euro-Canadian women
    Jane S T Woo
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia
    J Sex Res 49:290-8. 2012
    ..A recent study of university students found that sex guilt is one mechanism by which culture influences sexual desire among Chinese and Euro-Canadian women...
  41. pmc Use of parental guilt induction among depressed parents
    Aaron Rakow
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA
    J Fam Psychol 25:147-51. 2011
    This study builds on prior research by Rakow et al. (2009) by examining the role of parental guilt induction in the association between parent depressive symptoms and child internalizing problems in a sample of parents with a history of ..
  42. ncbi Combat-related guilt mediates the relations between exposure to combat-related abusive violence and psychiatric diagnoses
    Brian P Marx
    Behavioral Sciences Division of the VA National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System, 150 S Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    Depress Anxiety 27:287-93. 2010
    This study examined the degree to which combat-related guilt mediated the relations between exposure to combat-related abusive violence and both Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) in Vietnam Veterans.
  43. ncbi Exploring negative emotion in women experiencing intimate partner violence: shame, guilt, and PTSD
    J Gayle Beck
    Department of Psychology, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN 38152, USA
    Behav Ther 42:740-50. 2011
    This study explored the association of shame and guilt with PTSD among women who had experienced intimate partner violence (IPV). Sixty-three women were assessed by a research clinic serving the mental health needs of women IPV survivors...
  44. ncbi Effects of anger, guilt, and envy on moral hypocrisy
    Evan Polman
    New York University, Stern School of Business, New York, NY 10012, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 38:129-39. 2012
    ..In two studies, they found that (a) anger increased moral hypocrisy, (b) guilt eliminated moral hypocrisy, and (c) envy reversed moral hypocrisy...
  45. ncbi Self-conscious emotions and depression: rumination explains why shame but not guilt is maladaptive
    Ulrich Orth
    Department of Psychology, University of Berne, Switzerland
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 32:1608-19. 2006
    Feelings of shame and guilt are factors associated with depression...
  46. ncbi Fear of guilt from behaving irresponsibly in obsessive-compulsive disorder
    Francesco Mancini
    Scuola di Specializzazione in Psicoterapia Cognitiva Associazione di Psicologia Cognitiva APC, Via Marcantonio Colonna, 60, Rome 00192, Italy
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 35:109-20. 2004
    ..we propose that this thesis may be improved by emphasizing that instead, OCD may be characterized by a fear of guilt that would result from behaving irresponsibly and/or from not behaving responsibly...
  47. ncbi The role of interpersonal harm in distinguishing regret from guilt
    Marcel Zeelenberg
    Department of Social Psychology, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Emotion 8:589-96. 2008
    Regret and guilt are emotions that are produced by negative outcomes for which one is responsible...
  48. ncbi Guilt and depression: a cross-cultural comparative study
    T Stompe
    Psychiatric University Clinic, Vienna, Austria
    Psychopathology 34:289-98. 2001
    ..Kraepelin's investigations in Java [Cbl Nervenheilk Psychiatr 1904; 27:468-469], one crucial question regarding guilt in the course of depression has still not been decided: Is there a more or less stable connection independent of ..
  49. ncbi I won't let you down... or will I? Core self-evaluations, other-orientation, anticipated guilt and gratitude, and job performance
    Adam M Grant
    Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, 3620 Locust Walk, Suite 2000 SH DH, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6370, USA
    J Appl Psychol 95:108-21. 2010
    ..are more likely to increase job performance for other-oriented employees, who tend to anticipate feelings of guilt and gratitude...
  50. ncbi Tracking the trajectory of shame, guilt, and pride across the life span
    Ulrich Orth
    Department of Psychology, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    J Pers Soc Psychol 99:1061-71. 2010
    The authors examined age differences in shame, guilt, and 2 forms of pride (authentic and hubristic) from age 13 years to age 89 years, using cross-sectional data from 2,611 individuals...
  51. ncbi What does it mean to be angry at yourself? Categories, appraisals, and the problem of language
    Phoebe C Ellsworth
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1043, USA
    Emotion 6:572-86. 2006
    ..In two studies, we compared anger, self-anger, shame, and guilt, and found that self-anger shared some appraisals, action tendencies, and associated emotions with anger, others ..
  52. ncbi Pathological guilt: a persistent yet overlooked treatment factor in obsessive-compulsive disorder
    Leslie J Shapiro
    OCD Institute, McLean Hospital, Belmont, MA 02478, USA
    Ann Clin Psychiatry 23:63-70. 2011
    b>Guilt appears to be a factor that may increase the severity of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and negatively impact treatment outcomes...
  53. pmc Triangulating the neural, psychological, and economic bases of guilt aversion
    Luke J Chang
    Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    Neuron 70:560-72. 2011
    ..they can better serve their interests by acting selfishly? One potential mechanism is that the anticipation of guilt can motivate cooperative behavior...
  54. ncbi A dynamic model of guilt: implications for motivation and self-regulation in the context of prejudice
    David M Amodio
    Department of Psychology, New York University, NY 10003, USA
    Psychol Sci 18:524-30. 2007
    b>Guilt is widely recognized as an important self-regulatory emotion, yet alternative theoretical accounts view guilt primarily as either a punishment cue or a prosocial motivator...
  55. ncbi 'Munchausen's syndrome by proxy' or a 'miscarriage of justice'? An initial application of functional neuroimaging to the question of guilt versus innocence
    Sean A Spence
    Academic Clinical Psychiatry, University of Sheffield, The Longley Centre, Norwood Grange Drive, Sheffield, UK
    Eur Psychiatry 23:309-14. 2008
    ..How might investigators obtain objective evidence of guilt or innocence? Here, we examine the case of a woman convicted of poisoning a child...
  56. ncbi The relation of child maltreatment to shame and guilt among adolescents: psychological routes to depression and delinquency
    Jeffrey Stuewig
    George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
    Child Maltreat 10:324-36. 2005
    ..witnessing domestic violence) in childhood and parenting during adolescence influenced adolescents' shame- and guilt-proneness...
  57. ncbi [Guiltless guilty--trauma-related guilt and posttraumatic stress disorder in former Ugandan child soldiers]
    Fionna Klasen
    Universitatsklinikum Hamburg Eppendorf, Klinik fur Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie des Kindes und Jugendalters
    Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr 60:125-42. 2011
    ..Affective and cognitive aspects of guilt were assessed with the Trauma-related Guilt Inventory (TRGI) and PTSD with a diagnostic interview (MINI-KID)...
  58. ncbi Development of the Weight- and Body-Related Shame and Guilt scale (WEB-SG) in a nonclinical sample of obese individuals
    Matthias Conradt
    Psychology Department, University of Marburg, Marburg, Germany
    J Pers Assess 88:317-27. 2007
    ..the evaluation of the psychometric properties of a new self-report measure of Weight- and Body-Related Shame and Guilt (WEB-SG)...
  59. ncbi Guilt, blame and responsibility: men's understanding of their role in the transmission of BRCA1/2 mutations within their family
    Nina Hallowell
    Public Health Sciences, The Medical School, University of Edinburgh, and Western Australia Centre for Cancer and Palliative Care Research, Perth, UK
    Sociol Health Illn 28:969-88. 2006
    ..It is noted that men engage in a form of narrative reconstruction in which they draw upon discourses of guilt and blame or fate and predestiny in an effort to present themselves as morally responsible or blameless...
  60. ncbi Guilt and emptiness: women's experiences of miscarriage
    Annsofie Adolfsson
    Department of Obstetric and Gynecology, Karnsjukhuset, Skovde, Sweden
    Health Care Women Int 25:543-60. 2004
    ..Later they feel guilt and emptiness...
  61. ncbi Exploration of guilt among mothers who do not breastfeed: the physician's role
    Miriam Labbok
    Center for Infant and Young Child Feeding and Care, Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    J Hum Lact 24:80-4. 2008
    Physicians commonly state the concern that, if they promote breastfeeding, they may "impose guilt upon those who do not breastfeed...
  62. ncbi Psychological abuse and posttraumatic stress disorder in battered women: examining the roles of shame and guilt
    A E Street
    VA Boston Healthcare System and Boston University School of Medicine, USA
    Violence Vict 16:65-78. 2001
    ..This study also explored the affective experiences of shame and guilt as important variables in the development of PTSD in battered women...
  63. ncbi The thrust of the problem: bodily inhibitions and guilt as a function of mortality salience and neuroticism
    Jamie L Goldenberg
    Department of Psychology, University of South Florida, 4202 East Fowler Ave, PCD 4118G, Tampa, FL 33620 7200, USA
    J Pers 76:1055-80. 2008
    ..g., sex, dancing) may be inhibited and cause guilt. Further, individuals high in neuroticism may be especially vulnerable to such difficulties...
  64. ncbi The relation of entrapment, shame and guilt to depression, in carers of people with dementia
    Y Martin
    Mental Health Research Unit, Kingsway Hospital, Derby, UK
    Aging Ment Health 10:101-6. 2006
    ..This study explored the relation of entrapment, shame and guilt to depression in a group of 70 carers of those with dementia...
  65. ncbi Nuestra culpa: collective guilt and shame as predictors of reparation for historical wrongdoing
    Rupert Brown
    Department of Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, United Kingdom
    J Pers Soc Psychol 94:75-90. 2008
    Three studies examined the hypothesis that collective guilt and shame have different consequences for reparation...
  66. ncbi The Guilt Inventory
    W H Jones
    University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
    Psychol Rep 87:1039-42. 2000
    The Guilt Inventory contains subscales measuring trait guilt, state guilt, and moral standards. Previous research has suggested the reliability of these scales and the validity of their interpretations...
  67. ncbi How visual images of chocolate affect the craving and guilt of female dieters
    Ben C Fletcher
    School of Psychology, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, Hertfordshire AL10 9AB, UK
    Appetite 48:211-7. 2007
    ..It is suggested that dietary restriction increases desire for forbidden foods, in the form of craving, and may induce negative affect such as guilt, anxiety and depression.
  68. ncbi Assessment of guilt and shame in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer compared with patients with breast and prostate cancer
    Noelle K Loconte
    University of Wisconsin Paul P Carbone Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    Clin Lung Cancer 9:171-8. 2008
    Patients with lung cancer might feel more guilt and shame resulting from previous smoking...
  69. ncbi Post-traumatic stress disorder, survivor guilt and substance use--a study of hospitalised Nigerian army veterans
    G T Okulate
    68 Nigerian Army Reference Hospital, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria
    S Afr Med J 96:144-6. 2006
    To investigate the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and survivor guilt in a sample of hospitalized soldiers evacuated from the Liberian and Sierra-Leonean wars in which Nigerians were involved as peace keepers...
  70. ncbi [The German short version of the interpersonal guilt questionnaire--Validation in a population-based sample and clinical application]
    Cornelia Albani
    Klinik für Psychotherapie und Psychosomatische Medizin, Universitatsklinikum Leipzig, Anstalt öffentlichen Rechts
    Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol 52:189-97. 2002
    ..German short version "Fragebogen zu interpersonellen Schuldgefühlen" (FIS) of the "Interpersonal Guilt Questionnaire" (IGQ) developed by O'Connor et al...
  71. ncbi When guilt evokes self-punishment: evidence for the existence of a Dobby Effect
    Rob M A Nelissen
    Department of Social Psychology, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Emotion 9:118-22. 2009
    Feelings of guilt may be resolved in various ways...
  72. ncbi Guilt and shame: experiences of parents of self-harming adolescents
    Glenda McDonald
    School of Nursing, University of Western Sydney, Penrith, NSW, Australia
    J Child Health Care 11:298-310. 2007
    ..Findings reveal that mothers experienced guilt and shame, and that these feelings shaped their reactions and responses...
  73. ncbi Heart transplantation experiences: a phenomenological approach
    Maria Lúcia Araújo Sadala
    Nursing Department, Medical School of Botucatu, Sao Paulo State University UNESP, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Clin Nurs 17:217-25. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to understand the heart transplantation experience based on patients' descriptions...
  74. ncbi The moral experience of parents regarding life-support decisions for their critically-ill children: a preliminary study in France
    Franco A Carnevale
    Montreal Children s Hospital, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Canada
    J Child Health Care 10:69-82. 2006
    ..responsible for life-support decisions; (3) the child's concerns and wishes need to be better heard; (4) maternal guilt; and (5) physicians require better training in parent communication...
  75. ncbi Seeing and being seen: narcissistic pride and narcissistic humiliation
    John Steiner
    Int J Psychoanal 87:939-51. 2006
    ..The need to avoid or cut short such humiliation may be so acute that the patient cannot deal with guilt and other emotions connected with loss which might otherwise be bearable...
  76. ncbi The relationships among self-blame, psychological distress, and sexual victimization
    Kimberly Hanson Breitenbecher
    Department of Psychology, BEP 357, Northern Kentucky University, Highland Heights, 41099, USA
    J Interpers Violence 21:597-611. 2006
    ..Although behavioral self-blame was associated with perceived avoidability of future assaults, it was not associated with lower psychological distress or reduced frequency of past victimizations...
  77. ncbi Living donation decision making: recipients' concerns and educational needs
    Amy D Waterman
    Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Prog Transplant 16:17-23. 2006
    ..Addressing these concerns through education may increase the rates of living donation...
  78. ncbi Difficulties experienced by families with disabled children
    Esine Sen
    Pediatric Clinic, Mersin University School of Medicine Research and Administration Hospital, Mersin, Turkey
    J Spec Pediatr Nurs 12:238-52. 2007
    ..This study was designed to determine the difficulties experienced by families with disabled children...
  79. ncbi Posttraumatic shame and guilt
    John P Wilson
    Cleveland State University, Ohio, USA
    Trauma Violence Abuse 7:122-41. 2006
    Posttraumatic shame and guilt are important dimensions of posttraumatic syndromes, including simple and complex post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  80. ncbi Treatment of PTSD: a comparison of imaginal exposure with and without imagery rescripting
    Arnoud Arntz
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, University of Maastricht, PO Box 616, NL 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 38:345-70. 2007
    ..IE+IR was more effective for anger control, externalization of anger, hostility and guilt, especially at follow-up. Less strong effects were found on shame and internalized anger...
  81. ncbi Towards malecentric communication: sensitizing health professionals to the realities of male childhood sexual abuse survivors
    Eli Teram
    Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Issues Ment Health Nurs 27:499-517. 2006
    ..health professionals, there are gender-based differences related to the perceptions of victimhood and manhood; guilt and shame; homophobia; disclosure of abuse; and the expression of vulnerability...
  82. ncbi Child sexual abuse, coping responses, self-blame, posttraumatic stress disorder, and adult sexual revictimization
    Henrietta H Filipas
    University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
    J Interpers Violence 21:652-72. 2006
    ..The only factor that predicted revictimization in this study was the number of maladaptive coping strategies used. Implications of these findings are discussed...
  83. ncbi Cultural attribution of mental health suffering in Chinese societies: the views of Chinese patients with mental illness and their caregivers
    Fei Hsiu Hsiao
    College of Nursing, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taiwan
    J Clin Nurs 15:998-1006. 2006
    ..This study examined the cultural attribution of distress in the Chinese, the special role of the family in distress and the specific emotional reactions within distress dictated by culture...
  84. ncbi Translation of the short version of the Perinatal Grief Scale into Swedish
    Annsofie Adolfsson
    Central Hospital Skövde, Skovde, Sweden
    Scand J Caring Sci 20:269-73. 2006
    ..One instrument that measures the specific grief, such as the grief after miscarriage is the Perinatal Grief Scale (PGS) that was designed to measure grief after perinatal loss and has good reliability and validity...
  85. ncbi Nurses' feelings and thoughts about using physical restraints on hospitalized older patients
    Yeu Hui Chuang
    Lecturer, Department of Nursing, Chung Hwa College of Medical Technology, Tainan, Taiwan
    J Clin Nurs 16:486-94. 2007
    ..To explore nurses' feelings and thoughts about physically restraining older hospitalized patients...
  86. ncbi Experiences of alcohol dependence: a qualitative study
    Jane Dyson
    The Open University
    J Fam Health Care 17:211-4. 2007
    ....
  87. ncbi Perceptions of conscience in relation to stress of conscience
    Christina Juthberg
    Umeå Universitiy, Umeå and Mid Sweden University, Ornsköldsvik, Sweden
    Nurs Ethics 14:329-43. 2007
    ....
  88. ncbi Shame and implicit self-concept in women with borderline personality disorder
    NICOLAS RUSCH
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Freiburg, Hauptstrasse 5, D 79104 Freiburg, Germany
    Am J Psychiatry 164:500-8. 2007
    ..The authors examined levels of self-reported shame, guilt, anxiety, and implicit shame-related self-concept in women with borderline personality disorder and assessed the ..
  89. ncbi Failures of reproduction: problematising 'success' in assisted reproductive technology
    Kathleen Peters
    University of Western Sydney, Penrith South, NSW, Australia
    Nurs Inq 14:125-31. 2007
    ..Moreover, how success rates are manipulated raises ethical issues for all involved: clients, counsellors, and nursing and medical professionals...
  90. ncbi Toward a theory of self-reconciliation following mistakes in nursing practice
    Nancy J Crigger
    William Jewell College, Liberty, MO 64068, USA
    J Nurs Scholarsh 39:177-83. 2007
    ..To explore nurses' responses to making mistakes in hospital-based practice in the US...
  91. ncbi The specter of shame in substance misuse
    Shelly A Wiechelt
    School of Social Work, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland 21250, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 42:399-409. 2007
    ..Empirical research on shame and addiction and the theoretical and operational definitions that underpin them are discussed. Potential areas of further inquiry are highlighted. Implications for clinical practice are discussed...
  92. ncbi The impact of posttraumatic stress disorder on dysfunctional implicit and explicit emotions among women with borderline personality disorder
    NICOLAS RUSCH
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:537-9. 2007
    ..Shame and guilt proneness, anxiety, anger-hostility, and general psychopathology were assessed by self-report measures...
  93. ncbi Serious untoward incidents and their aftermath in acute inpatient psychiatry: the Tompkins Acute Ward study
    Len Bowers
    St Bartholomew School of Nursing and Midwifery, City University, London, UK
    Int J Ment Health Nurs 15:226-34. 2006
    ..Staff reported feelings of shock, depression, demoralization, upset, loss, and grief, followed by ruminations, guilt, and anxiety. Levels of containment increased, as did the focus on risk assessment...
  94. ncbi Forgiveness and its limits: a psychological and psychoanalytic perspective
    Ethel Spector Person
    College of Physicians amd Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10023, USA
    Psychoanal Rev 94:389-408. 2007
  95. ncbi Coping strategies and predictors of general well-being in women with breast cancer in the People's Republic of China
    Jingzhi Li
    HOPE School of Nursing, Wuhan University, Wuhan, People s Republic of China
    Nurs Health Sci 9:199-204. 2007
    ..The findings indicated planning, positive reframing, and self-distraction were the most commonly used coping strategies. The best predictors of general well-being were employment status and the coping method, self-blame...
  96. ncbi Reintegrative Shaming Theory, moral emotions and bullying
    Maria M Ttofi
    Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    Aggress Behav 34:352-68. 2008
    ..Children were also asked questions about the emotions they would have felt (i.e. shame, remorse, guilt or anger) if they were in the position of the child in the vignette...
  97. pmc Moral emotions and moral behavior
    June Price Tangney
    Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia 22030, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 58:345-72. 2007
    ..We first focus on a triad of negatively valenced "self-conscious" emotions-shame, guilt, and embarrassment. As in previous decades, much research remains focused on shame and guilt...
  98. ncbi How do you distinguish between grief and depression?
    Ginette G Ferszt
    College of Nursing, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA
    Nursing 36:60-1. 2006
  99. ncbi Caring for children with learning disabilities who present problem behaviours: a maternal perspective
    Robert F Johnson
    Leicestershire Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service, Leicester, UK
    J Child Health Care 10:188-98. 2006
    ..It is proposed that the amalgamated impact of these can weaken parents' coping resources and, therefore, may prove to be as significant to the negative association with maternal wellbeing as the problem behaviour...
  100. ncbi Experiences of guilt and shame in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia: a qualitative interview study
    Jan C Frich
    Research Unit for General Practice, Institute of General Practice and Community Medicine, P O Box 1130, Blindern, University of Oslo, N 0318 Oslo, Norway
    Patient Educ Couns 69:108-13. 2007
    To explore patients' experiences of guilt and shame with regard to how they manage familial hypercholesterolemia.
  101. ncbi Facing registration: the expectations and the unexpected
    Mary Mooney
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, Trinity College Dublin, 24 D Olier Street, Dublin 2, Ireland
    Nurse Educ Today 27:840-7. 2007
    ..Management and staff must remain cognisant of the fact that many newly registered nurses have relatively limited clinical experience at the time of registration...

Research Grants63

  1. Mechanisms Underlying Social Cooperative Behavior
    LUKE JOSEPH CHANG; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..However, another possible mechanism underlying this behavior is that people are guilt averse and make decisions that minimize their anticipated guilt...
  2. Self-Determination Theory and Lifestyle Behaviors in Barrett's Esophagus Patients
    HODA J BADR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..e., behaving to avoid guilt or because of a demand from an external agent) undermines it...
  3. Children's Responses to Sibling Death in NICU/PICU in 3 Racial/Ethnic Groups
    JoAnne M Youngblut; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Many children respond to a sibling's death with anger, aggression, guilt, depression, suicidal thoughts and attempts, anxiety, poor school performance distance from parents, and confusion...
  4. Pain and Well-being in Older Women: The Roles of Activity and Motivation
    Suzanne C Segerstrom; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..When activity is externally motivated by guilt or control, pain will inhibit activity and activity will adversely affect EWB;when activity is autonomously ..
  5. Extending Response Modulation to Children with Callous/Unemotional Traits
    SARAH HAAS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..CU traits refer to a shallow range of emotions including low empathy, a lack of guilt or remorse, and a lack of caring about behavioral performance...
  6. Center for ELSI Research on Psychiatric Neurologic and Behavioral Genetics
    PAUL STUART APPELBAUM; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..e., guilt and sentencing for crimes by persons with genetic propensities to criminal behavior)...
  7. Jail-Based Treatment to Reduce Substance Abuse, Recidivism and Risky Behavior
    June P Tangney; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The primary aims are to better understand the role of moral emotions (i.e., shame, guilt and empathy) and moral cognitions (i.e...
  8. Raising Literacy and Capacity for Incontinence and Skin Care in Dementia
    Donna Bliss; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Despite reductions in their direct care obligations, caregivers feel anxiety and guilt after NH placement and develop new worries about the adequacy of care...
  9. Increasing live donor kidney transplant among Blacks on the transplant waitlist
    Francis L Weng; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. transplant candidates'lack of knowledge about LDKT;fears regarding donor's future health;guilt;and discomfort with discussing LDKT) could plausibly increase LDKT among Blacks...
  10. CBT for Adherence and Depression in Diabetes
    Steven A Safren; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g., poor concentration, low motivation, decreased interest, sad mood, increased feelings of guilt and worthlessness, and suicidal ideation) can interfere with important behaviors necessary to manage a health ..
  11. Implementing Newborn Screening for Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy in the Community
    Jerry Mendell; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..families at risk for having more sons with DMD (multiple boys with DMD leads to overwhelming financial expenses, guilt-laden parents, and increased incidence of divorce)...
  12. Development of a Novel HIV Risk Reduction Intervention for Abused Women
    THERESA ELAINE SENN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e., the traumagenic dynamics constructs of traumatic sexualization, interpersonal trust, guilt, and powerlessness), as well as the typical antecedents of sexual risk behavior (i.e...
  13. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF TORTURE AND TRAUMA IN TWO REFUGEE GROUPS
    Michael Hollifield; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..and 3) to test the hypotheses that there is an association between trauma type as the independent variable, shame, guilt and cultural variables as moderators, and psychiatric diagnoses, symptoms, impairment and treatment seeking as ..
  14. EFFECTS OF WOMEN'S SEXUALITY
    Gail Wyatt; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Two studies including the Mosher Sex Guilt Scale will be conducted in order to identify its utility with multi ethnic community samples ranging across ..
  15. EXERTING CONTROL OVER PREJUDICED RESPONSES
    MARGO MONTEITH; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..g., feelings of guilt). Through the development and operation of cues for control, implicit biases and their consequences can be changed...
  16. DRINKING AND CONDITIONED ANXIETY
    Claude Steele; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..the relationship between drinking and "conditioned anxieties" such as cognitive dissonance (Festinger, 1957) and guilt, that are aroused by behaviors and events which contradict an individual's internalized values and self-concepts...
  17. COGNITIVE PROCESSES IN PTSD: TREATMENT
    Patricia Resick; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..b>Guilt and shame will be studied as secondary emotions along with a range of beliefs about oneself and the world...
  18. Spousal Relationships and Adjustment in Lung Cancer
    CINDY CARMACK; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..illness, a possible history of substance abuse in addition to tobacco dependence, the likelihood of experiencing guilt or self-blame because of their disease cause, and a possible past history of psychological distress...
  19. Maternal Control and African American Adolescents
    FAWN MCNEIL; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..to control the child's psychological processes in order to control the child's behavior through love withdrawal, guilt induction, and attempts at controlling the child' s thoughts and feelings...
  20. Stress Management Program for Rural Family Caregivers
    KYLE FERGUSON; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..designed to improve caregiver health and wellbeing; how to access social support; how to cope with caregiver guilt, anger, and frustration...
  21. Evidentiary Injury Findings after Sexual Assault
    Sarah Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Women who have been sexually assaulted have identified feelings of guilt and humiliation, a fear of retribution by the perpetrator, and a general lack of knowledge and trust of the ..
  22. Improving Effectiveness: Treatment Outcome Research
    Tara Galovski; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Standardized Trauma Interview, 4.) PTSD Diagnostic Scale, 5.) Beck Depression Inventory - II, 6.) Trauma-Related Guilt Inventory, 7.) Pennebaker Inventory of Limbic Languidness...
  23. DEVELOPMENTAL CHANGE IN PERCEIVED CONTINGENCY
    John Weisz; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..The research has significant implications for the study of achievement attributions, clinical phenomena (e.g., grief and guilt), and social judgments (e.g., the "just world" hypothesis).
  24. MENTAL HEALTH CONSEQUENCES OF VIOLENT VICTIMIZATION
    Grant Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..2) To examine the relationship between peritraumatic reactions (i.e., dissociation, arousal, fear, guilt, etc.) and subsequent PTSD symptom severity...
  25. AGING, INHIBITION, AND STEREOTYPING AND PREJUDICE
    MARILYNN BREWER; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..are discussed that examine whether unintended stereotyping and prejudice among the elderly lead to feelings of guilt, loss of self-control, and negative mood states, which in turn are often associated with negative mental and ..
  26. Emotion regulation in depression: neural bases of reappraisal
    Daniel G Dillon; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..For individuals, MDD is associated with a range of symptoms, including feelings of hopelessness and guilt and extending to anhedonia, apathy, disturbances in appetite and sleep, and problems with concentration and memory...
  27. The Relation Between Parental Guilt Induction and Child Internalizing Outcomes
    Aaron Rakow; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..primary goal of the present NRSA proposal is to define empirical linkages between parental depression, parental guilt induction, and internalizing outcomes in children...
  28. APPLIED HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
    Sandra Graham; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The application requests stipends, tuition, fees, and training-related expenses for four predoctoral fellows and two postdoctoral fellows in each of five years. ..
  29. Treatment of Early Age Mania (TEAM)
    Joan Luby; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The chief study statistician, Dr. Satish lyengar is subcontracted to the coordinating site at Washington U in St. Louis and Dr. Philip Lavori is a major consultant for statistical analyses. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. Screening for GAD among Frail Elderly
    Gretchen Diefenbach; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The R03 will provide pilot data to support a subsequent R34 to develop and pilot test a cognitive behavioral treatment for use within the community-based program. ..
  31. A Culturally-Based Family Therapy for Schizophrenia
    Amy Weisman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The Pi's long term goal is to develop effective culturally informed family interventions for schizophrenia and related disorders, in Spanish and in English. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  32. PRESCHOOL DEPRESSIVE SYNDROMES
    Joan Luby; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  33. PREDOCTORAL RESEARCH TRAINING IN MINORITY MENTAL HEALTH
    Luis Zayas; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Our goal is to produce highly trained mental health investigators with interest, skills, and experience in addressing the psychiatric and psychosocial needs of Hispanic and other minority populations. ..
  34. MODEL OF HYPERCORTISOLISM FOR MAJOR DEPRESSION
    Alan F Schatzberg; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  35. Mechanisms and Gender Differences on Anxiety-Depression Comorbidity
    LISA STARR; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..I will examine these questions in 2samples: 1) highly stressed law students (n=250); 2) individuals with comorbid GAD/depression (n=40). [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  36. Repeated Attempts at Recollection and False Memories
    LINDA HENKEL; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Dissemination of the findings from this project will benefit older adults by providing insights into some causes and remedies of age-related source memory declines. ..
  37. Cognitive Psychology of Traumatic Memory
    Richard McNally; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..g., fantasy proneness, imagery ability) that predict performance in these memory tasks is proposed. ..
  38. A Chronic Grief Intervention for Alzheimer's Cargivers
    Olimpia Paun; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This study will develop a group- based chronic grief management intervention to improve spouse caregiver grief and depression after their loved one is placed in a nursing home. ..
  39. Mechanisms of Depression and Cardiovascular Pathology
    ANGELA GRIPPO; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  40. HPA AXIS/DOPAMINE INTERACTIONS IN PSYCHOTIC DEPRESSION
    Alan Schatzberg; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Of particular importance is that the treatment may be effective even when given intermittently. ..
  41. Controlled Randomized Anger Reduction in Hypertensives
    Karina Davidson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  42. Mediators of the Impact of Family Conflict on Child Mala
    JOHN GRYCH; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Research on conflict schemas also has the potential to identify avenues for intervening with children exposed to marital aggression and preventing the transmission of violence to their adult relationships. ..
  43. 25TH IABCR CONGRESS CONFERENCE: PERSONALIZED BREAST CANCER THERAPY
    Robert Cardiff; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The session will also include a plenary lecture from Dr. A Ullrich who pioneered the concept of targeting the HER2 oncogene in the treatment of breast cancer. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  44. Functional neuromaging of cue-induced heroin craving
    Daniel Langleben; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Implementation of this training and research plan will help the candidate to become an independent investigator in the neuropsychiatry of addiction. ..
  45. Exercise to Aid Smoking Cessation in Adolescent Girls
    Melissa Napolitano; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Therefore, this study will serve as a pilot for a larger clinical trial. Successful smoking cessation in adolescent girls could contribute to the future reduction of chronic disease mortality in this group. ..
  46. Reducing Methamphetamine Use and HIV Sex-risk Behaviors in Out-of-Treatment MSM
    CATHY REBACK; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  47. Developing Interventions for Latino Children, Youth and Families
    Luis Zayas; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  48. Gastric Tube Placement in Young Children
    Marsha Ellett; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Results from this study will increase the safety of using gastric tubes in young children. ..
  49. Cocaine-Exposed Children & ERP Studies of Neurocognition
    Linda Mayes; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Such information may then lead to better definition and treatment of these developmental problems. ..
  50. Views of Privacy of Genetic Information
    Robert Klitzman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The findings of this study can enhance further policy, professional and public education, and future research in this area. ..
  51. TEACHING RESOURCEFULNESS TO CHRONICALLY ILL OLDER ELDERS
    Jaclene Zauszniewski; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This study is unique in comparing the separate and additive effects over time of two interventions, LRT and HSBT, on physical and psychological health in functionally impaired elders. ..
  52. THE UCLA CLINICAL NUTRITION RESEARCH UNIT
    David Heber; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The UCLA CNRU is serving as a regional and national resource at the cutting edge of nutrition and cancer prevention research...
  53. LATINOS FACING STIGMA
    Jesus Ramirez Valles; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. Practicing Self-Control Lowers the Risk of Smoking Lapse
    Mark Muraven; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Information from this study will increase our comprehension of self-control and the regulation of smoking, which may be useful in the design of smoking cessation programs. ..
  55. ALCOHOL EFFECT ON HUMAN LACTATION AND INFANT BEHAVIOR
    JULIE MENNELLA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..AIM 3: To explore the role of early experiences with ethanol in mothers' milk and the emotional context of such experiences, on the recognition of, and preference for, the sensory properties of ethanol ..
  56. Role of NFAT Proteins in CD154 Gene Regulation and Lupus
    RANDALL CRON; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Ultimately, these studies may lead to alternative approaches to inhibiting NFAT activity, and the subsequent over-expression of CD154, in SLE T cells. ..
  57. BIOLOGY OF NEOPLASTIC TRANSFORMATION IN BREAST CANCER
    Robert Cardiff; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The goal of this project is to develop a well-characterized model for breast cancer development and to dissect the molecular pathways involved in tumor formation. ..
  58. Sociocultural Processes in Latina Suicide Attempts
    Luis Zayas; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Key research goals are to determine if, and how, the explanatory factors hypothesized in the literature play a role in the attempts, and to invite the emergence of factors not considered previously. ..
  59. Increased HIV-1 Transcription in T-helper 2 Cells
    RANDALL CRON; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Lastly, they will provide knowledge regarding the use of NFAT inhibitors (cyclosporin) for prevention of graft rejection in HIV. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  60. Aversive Interpersonal Events, Psychopathology, and Health
    Michael McCullough; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  61. Stigma & Behavioral Health in Urban Employers from China & US
    Patrick Corrigan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Data from this study will be especially important for the development of future stigma-change programs. ..
  62. IMPACT OF CHILD NEGLECT IN SUBSTANCE ABUSE FAMILIES
    Ada Mezzich; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..