gender identity

Summary

Summary: A person's concept of self as being male and masculine or female and feminine, or ambivalent, based in part on physical characteristics, parental responses, and psychological and social pressures. It is the internal experience of gender role.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Constructions of masculinity and their influence on men's well-being: a theory of gender and health
    W H Courtenay
    Sonoma State University, CA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 50:1385-401. 2000
  2. doi Psychiatric comorbidity among patients with gender identity disorder
    Masahiko Hoshiai
    Department of Neuropsychiatry, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University, Okayama, Japan
    Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 64:514-9. 2010
  3. ncbi Psychiatric comorbidity among children with gender identity disorder
    Madeleine S C Wallien
    Department of Medical Psychology and Institute for Clinical and Experimental Neurosciences, Graduate School of Neurosciences, at the VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 46:1307-14. 2007
  4. ncbi 'It's caveman stuff, but that is to a certain extent how guys still operate': men's accounts of masculinity and help seeking
    Rosaleen O'Brien
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    Soc Sci Med 61:503-16. 2005
  5. ncbi Gender identity disorders: diagnostic and surgical aspects
    Michael Sohn
    Department of Urology, Markus Hospital, Frankfurt, Germany
    J Sex Med 4:1193-207; quiz 1208. 2007
  6. doi Romantic red: red enhances men's attraction to women
    Andrew J Elliot
    Department of Clinical and Social Sciences in Psychology, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 95:1150-64. 2008
  7. doi Sexual differentiation of the human brain in relation to gender identity and sexual orientation
    Ivanka Savic
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Prog Brain Res 186:41-62. 2010
  8. ncbi Psychiatric comorbidity of gender identity disorders: a survey among Dutch psychiatrists
    Joost a Campo
    Mondriaan Zorggroep Hospital, The Netherlands
    Am J Psychiatry 160:1332-6. 2003
  9. doi Sexual differentiation of the human brain: relation to gender identity, sexual orientation and neuropsychiatric disorders
    Ai Min Bao
    Department of Neurobiology, Key Laboratory of Medical Neurobiology of Ministry of Health of China, Zhejiang Province Key Laboratory of Neurobiology, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China
    Front Neuroendocrinol 32:214-26. 2011
  10. doi Distinctive features of female-to-male transsexualism and prevalence of gender identity disorder in Japan
    Tsuyoshi Baba
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo, Japan
    J Sex Med 8:1686-93. 2011

Detail Information

Publications345 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Constructions of masculinity and their influence on men's well-being: a theory of gender and health
    W H Courtenay
    Sonoma State University, CA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 50:1385-401. 2000
    ..Finally, it explores how social and institutional structures help to sustain and reproduce men's health risks and the social construction of men as the stronger sex...
  2. doi Psychiatric comorbidity among patients with gender identity disorder
    Masahiko Hoshiai
    Department of Neuropsychiatry, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University, Okayama, Japan
    Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 64:514-9. 2010
    ..instability seem to be important unfavorable prognostic factors for long-term psychosocial adjustment in gender identity disorder (GID). However, psychiatric comorbidity in patients with GID has rarely been assessed...
  3. ncbi Psychiatric comorbidity among children with gender identity disorder
    Madeleine S C Wallien
    Department of Medical Psychology and Institute for Clinical and Experimental Neurosciences, Graduate School of Neurosciences, at the VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 46:1307-14. 2007
    To investigate the prevalence and type of comorbidity in children with gender identity disorder (GID).
  4. ncbi 'It's caveman stuff, but that is to a certain extent how guys still operate': men's accounts of masculinity and help seeking
    Rosaleen O'Brien
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    Soc Sci Med 61:503-16. 2005
    ..g. working as a fire-fighter, or maintaining sexual performance or function). Few other studies have emphasised how men negotiate deviations from the hegemonic view of help-seeking...
  5. ncbi Gender identity disorders: diagnostic and surgical aspects
    Michael Sohn
    Department of Urology, Markus Hospital, Frankfurt, Germany
    J Sex Med 4:1193-207; quiz 1208. 2007
    ..Best results are to be expected when using multidisciplinary teams of plastic surgeons, urologists, gynecologists, and experts in sexual medicine in large volume centers...
  6. doi Romantic red: red enhances men's attraction to women
    Andrew J Elliot
    Department of Clinical and Social Sciences in Psychology, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 95:1150-64. 2008
    ..Furthermore, the findings document the value of extending research on signal coloration to humans and of considering color as something of a common language, both within and across species...
  7. doi Sexual differentiation of the human brain in relation to gender identity and sexual orientation
    Ivanka Savic
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Prog Brain Res 186:41-62. 2010
    ..According to this concept, our gender identity (the conviction of belonging to the male or female gender) and sexual orientation should be programmed into ..
  8. ncbi Psychiatric comorbidity of gender identity disorders: a survey among Dutch psychiatrists
    Joost a Campo
    Mondriaan Zorggroep Hospital, The Netherlands
    Am J Psychiatry 160:1332-6. 2003
    In the Netherlands, it is considered good medical practice to offer patients with gender identity disorder the option to undergo hormonal and surgical sex reassignment therapy...
  9. doi Sexual differentiation of the human brain: relation to gender identity, sexual orientation and neuropsychiatric disorders
    Ai Min Bao
    Department of Neurobiology, Key Laboratory of Medical Neurobiology of Ministry of Health of China, Zhejiang Province Key Laboratory of Neurobiology, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China
    Front Neuroendocrinol 32:214-26. 2011
    ..Sex differences in cognition, gender identity (an individual's perception of their own sexual identity), sexual orientation (heterosexuality, homosexuality ..
  10. doi Distinctive features of female-to-male transsexualism and prevalence of gender identity disorder in Japan
    Tsuyoshi Baba
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo, Japan
    J Sex Med 8:1686-93. 2011
    ..Consequently, detection of PCOS is an important part of health care for these individuals...
  11. ncbi Sexual differentiation of the human brain in relation to gender identity and sexual orientation
    Dick F Swaab
    The Netherlands Institutes for Neuroscience, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Funct Neurol 24:17-28. 2009
    ..In this way, our gender identity (the conviction of belonging to the male or female gender) and sexual orientation are programmed into our ..
  12. ncbi Which African men promote smaller families and why? Marital relations and fertility in a Pare community in Northern Tanzania
    Marida Hollos
    Department of Anthropology, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Soc Sci Med 58:1733-49. 2004
    ..The discussion relates the differences in the marital patterns and fertility preferences to differences in the life plans of Christians and Muslims in this community...
  13. doi Demographics, behavior problems, and psychosexual characteristics of adolescents with gender identity disorder or transvestic fetishism
    Kenneth J Zucker
    Gender Identity Service, Child, Youth, and Family Program, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Sex Marital Ther 38:151-89. 2012
    ..quantitative comparative analysis of data from an assessment protocol for adolescents referred clinically for gender identity disorder (n = 192; 105 boys, 87 girls) or transvestic fetishism (n = 137, all boys)...
  14. ncbi Prenatal sex hormone effects on child and adult sex-typed behavior: methods and findings
    Celina C C Cohen-Bendahan
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, and Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 29:353-84. 2005
    ..We conclude with suggestions for interpreting and conducting studies of the behavioral effects of prenatal hormones...
  15. ncbi A meta-analytic review of sex differences in facial expression processing and their development in infants, children, and adolescents
    E B McClure
    Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Psychol Bull 126:424-53. 2000
    ..Possible directions for future study are discussed, with emphasis on the need to integrate the infant literature with research focused on older children and adults...
  16. ncbi Role congruity theory of prejudice toward female leaders
    Alice H Eagly
    Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA
    Psychol Rev 109:573-98. 2002
    ..Evidence from varied research paradigms substantiates that these consequences occur, especially in situations that heighten perceptions of incongruity between the female gender role and leadership roles...
  17. ncbi Androgens, androgen receptors, and male gender role behavior
    J D Wilson
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, Texas 75390 8857, USA
    Horm Behav 40:358-66. 2001
    ..These findings indicate that androgens are important determinants of gender role behavior (and probably of gender identity) and that this action is mediated by the androgen receptor and not the result of conversion of androgen to ..
  18. pmc Addressing gender dynamics and engaging men in HIV programs: lessons learned from Horizons research
    Julie Pulerwitz
    Program for Appropriate Technology in Health, Washington, DC, USA
    Public Health Rep 125:282-92. 2010
    ..The portfolio of work reveals the potential and importance of directly addressing gender dynamics in HIV- and violence-prevention programs for both men and women...
  19. ncbi Sexual differentiation of the brain and behavior
    Dick F Swaab
    Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience, Meibergdreef 47, 1105 BA Amsterdam ZO, The Netherlands
    Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 21:431-44. 2007
    ..During this time, gender identity (the feeling of being a man or a woman), sexual orientation, and other behaviors are programmed...
  20. doi Moving forward on women's gender-related HIV vulnerability: the good news, the bad news and what to do about it
    Geeta Rao Gupta
    International Center for Research on Women, Washington, DC, USA
    Glob Public Health 6:S370-82. 2011
    ....
  21. ncbi Gender differences in personality traits across cultures: robust and surprising findings
    P T Costa
    National Institute on Aging, National Institute of Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21224 6825, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 81:322-31. 2001
    ..Possible explanations for this surprising finding are discussed, including the attribution of masculine and feminine behaviors to roles rather than traits in traditional cultures...
  22. ncbi Gender differences in self-esteem: a meta-analysis
    K C Kling
    Psychology Department, University of Wisconsin Madison 53706, USA
    Psychol Bull 125:470-500. 1999
    ..24). Taken together, the 2 analyses provide evidence that males score higher on standard measures of global self-esteem than females, but the difference is small. Potential reasons for the small yet consistent effect size are discussed...
  23. ncbi Gender dynamics in the primary sexual relationships of young rural South African women and men
    LUCIA F O'SULLIVAN
    Department of Family and Social Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461, USA
    Cult Health Sex 8:99-113. 2006
    ..Efforts aimed at improving acceptance and adoption of alternative scripts for women and men may help to broaden young people's repertoire of HIV prevention options...
  24. ncbi Gender differences in erotic plasticity: the female sex drive as socially flexible and responsive
    R F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 7123, USA
    Psychol Bull 126:347-74; discussion 385-9. 2000
    ....
  25. ncbi Gay identity, interpersonal violence, and HIV risk behaviors: an empirical test of theoretical relationships among a probability-based sample of urban men who have sex with men
    Michael V Relf
    Department of Professional Nursing, Georgetown University School of Nursing and Health Studies, Washington, D C, USA
    J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 15:14-26. 2004
    ..Also of importance, battering victimization was identified as a key mediating variable between childhood sexual abuse, gay identity, and adverse early life experiences and HIV risk behaviors among urban MSM...
  26. ncbi Gender identity: a multidimensional analysis with implications for psychosocial adjustment
    S K Egan
    Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, USA
    Dev Psychol 37:451-63. 2001
    This study examined the relations between components of gender identity and psychosocial adjustment. The aspects of gender identity assessed were (a) feelings of psychological compatibility with one's gender (i.e....
  27. ncbi Testosterone during pregnancy and gender role behavior of preschool children: a longitudinal, population study
    Melissa Hines
    Department of Psychology, City University, London, UK
    Child Dev 73:1678-87. 2002
    ..Although other, unmeasured factors may explain the relation, the results suggest that normal variability in T levels prenatally may contribute to the development of individual differences in the gender role behavior of preschool girls...
  28. ncbi Constructions of masculinity following prostatectomy-induced impotence
    John Oliffe
    University of British Columbia, School of Nursing, T 289 2211 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 2B5
    Soc Sci Med 60:2249-59. 2005
    ..The findings disrupt essentialist constructions of male sexuality and impotence, and provide valuable insight for clinical practice...
  29. doi "Everyone has a right to, like, check their box:" findings on a measure of gender identity from a cognitive testing study with adolescents
    Kerith Jane Conron
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J LGBT Health Res 4:1-9. 2008
    ..youth, a small but high-risk population, are hindered by a lack of knowledge about how to accurately measure gender identity. Adolescents (n = 30) participated in semistructured qualitative interviews after completing a close-ended ..
  30. ncbi Estimates of emotional and psychometric intelligence: evidence for gender-based stereotypes
    K V Petrides
    Department of Psychology, University College, London, England
    J Soc Psychol 144:149-62. 2004
    ....
  31. doi Gender identity in disorders of sex development: review article
    Jennifer H Yang
    Division of Pediatric Urology, University of California, San Francisco Children s Hospital, San Francisco, California, USA
    Urology 75:153-9. 2010
    ..Although determining the most appropriate gender is a difficult task, this review will help clarify some of the issues at hand...
  32. doi The gender identity/gender dysphoria questionnaire for adolescents and adults
    Joseph J Deogracias
    University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Sex Res 44:370-9. 2007
    The present study reports on the construction of a dimensional measure of gender identity (gender dysphoria) for adolescents and adults...
  33. ncbi Taxometric analyses of sexual orientation and gender identity
    S W Gangestad
    Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque 87131 1161, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 78:1109-21. 2000
    ..considerations, the current study tested whether taxa underlie sexual orientation and related measures of gender identity. Two taxometric procedures, maximum covariance, making hits maximum (MAXCOV) and mean above minus below a cut ..
  34. ncbi Gender differences in unipolar depression: an update of epidemiological findings and possible explanations
    C Kuehner
    Division of Genetic Epidemiology in Psychiatry, Central Institute of Mental Health, Mannheim, Germany
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 108:163-74. 2003
    ..To give an update on epidemiological findings on sex differences in the prevalence of unipolar depression and putative risk factors...
  35. ncbi Gender role behavior in children with XY karyotype and disorders of sex development
    Martina Jürgensen
    Department of Child and Adolescent Medicine, University Hospital Schleswig Holstein, Campus Lubeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, D 23538 Lubeck, Germany
    Horm Behav 51:443-53. 2007
    ..effects reared as girls showed increased "boyish" behaviors, they did not show increased signs of gender identity confusion or instability on a group level...
  36. ncbi Placing gender at the centre of health programming: challenges and limitations
    Carol Vlassoff
    Pan American Health Organization, WHO, Paramaribo, Suriname
    Soc Sci Med 54:1713-23. 2002
    ....
  37. ncbi Clinical characteristics of patients with gender identity disorder at a Japanese gender identity disorder clinic
    Nobuyuki Okabe
    Department of Neuropsychiatry, Okayama University, Okayama, Japan
    Psychiatry Res 157:315-8. 2008
    The aim of this study was to examine the clinical characteristics of patients with gender identity disorder (GID) at a GID clinic in Japan...
  38. ncbi Adaptation aftereffects in the perception of gender from biological motion
    Nikolaus F Troje
    Department of Psychology, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    J Vis 6:850-7. 2006
    ..We discuss this adaptation aftereffect as a tool to characterize and probe the mechanisms underlying biological motion perception...
  39. doi Association study of gender identity disorder and sex hormone-related genes
    Hiroshi Ujike
    Department of Neuropsychiatry, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, Japan
    Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 33:1241-4. 2009
    To investigate the biological mechanism of gender identity disorder (GID), five candidate sex hormone-related genes, encoding androgen receptor (AR), estrogen receptors alpha (ERalpha) and beta (ERbeta), aromatase (CYP19), and ..
  40. pmc Sexual orientation and gender identity/expression related peer victimization in adolescence: a systematic review of associated psychosocial and health outcomes
    Kate L Collier
    HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, New York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia University, New York 10032, USA
    J Sex Res 50:299-317. 2013
    ..and health outcomes associated with peer victimization related to adolescent sexual orientation and gender identity or expression. Using four electronic databases and supplementary methods, we identified 39 relevant studies...
  41. ncbi Cross-sex hormone treatment does not change sex-sensitive cognitive performance in gender identity disorder patients
    Ira R Haraldsen
    Department of Psychiatry, Ulleval University Hospital, University of Oslo, 0407 Oslo, Norway
    Psychiatry Res 137:161-74. 2005
    Cognitive performance in untreated early onset gender identity disorder (GID) patients might correspond to their born sex and not to their perceived gender...
  42. doi Gender role, life satisfaction, and wellness: androgyny in a southwestern Ontario sample
    Reagan Gale-Ross
    Department of Psychology, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, Canada
    Can J Aging 28:135-46. 2009
    ..Older men's self-reported physical health functioning and general wellness did not differ significantly by gender role. Limitations and implications are discussed...
  43. ncbi Masculinity, femininity, and transsexualism
    Anna Herman-Jeglińska
    Department of Neurophysiology, Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology, Warsaw, Poland
    Arch Sex Behav 31:527-34. 2002
    This study examined the relationship between sex role and gender identity in a Polish transsexual population where, unlike in Western countries, male-to-female (MF) transsexualism is much less common than female-to-male (FM) ..
  44. doi Gender identity disorder in twins: a review of the case report literature
    Gunter Heylens
    Department of Sexology and Gender Problems, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium
    J Sex Med 9:751-7. 2012
    The etiology of gender identity disorder (GID) remains largely unknown. In recent literature, increased attention has been attributed to possible biological factors in addition to psychological variables.
  45. doi Gender nonconformity, intelligence, and sexual orientation
    Qazi Rahman
    Biological and Experimental Psychology Group, School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Queen Mary University of London, Mile End Road, London, E1 4NS, UK
    Arch Sex Behav 41:623-30. 2012
    ..They also support growing evidence that quantitative measures of sex-atypicality are useful in the study of trait sexual orientation...
  46. ncbi Independent effects of personality and sex on self-estimated intelligence: evidence from Austria
    Stefan Stieger
    Department of Basic Psychological Research School of Psychology, University of Vienna, Austria
    Psychol Rep 107:553-63. 2010
    ..Sex and personality effects appear to be largely independent. Thus, being male, emotionally stable, and open to new experiences is likely to result in higher self-estimates of spatial and logical abilities...
  47. ncbi Demonstrating the acquired familiarity of faces by using a gender-decision task
    Ruth Clutterbuck
    School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Perception 33:159-68. 2004
    ....
  48. ncbi Birth order in girls with gender identity disorder
    K J Zucker
    Child and Adolescent Gender Identity Clinic, Child and Family Studies Centre, Clarke Institute of Psychiatry, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 7:30-5. 1998
    This study examined the birth order of girls with gender identity disorder (N = 22)...
  49. ncbi Gender identity disorder: a literature review from a developmental perspective
    Tomer Shechner
    Department of Psychology, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Israel
    Isr J Psychiatry Relat Sci 47:132-8. 2010
    ..Seven domains are reviewed in relation to gender variant behavior in general, and to Gender Identity Disorder (GID) in particular: theories of normative gender development, phenomenology, prevalence, assessment,..
  50. ncbi Sibling sex ratio of boys with gender identity disorder
    K J Zucker
    Child and Adolescent Gender Identity Clinic, Child and Family Studies Centre, Clarke Institute of Psychiatry, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 38:543-51. 1997
    Sibling sex ratio (the ratio of brothers to sisters) was calculated for 444 boys with gender identity disorder (or with behaviors consistent with this diagnosis)...
  51. ncbi Parental investment theory and gender differences in the evolution of inhibition mechanisms
    D F Bjorklund
    Department of Psychology, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton 33431, USA
    Psychol Bull 120:163-88. 1996
    ....
  52. doi Minding the body: situating gender identity diagnoses in the ICD-11
    Jack Drescher
    Department of Psychiatry, New York Medical College, New York, USA
    Int Rev Psychiatry 24:568-77. 2012
    ..clinical and research data to inform the revision of diagnostic categories related to sexuality and gender identity that are currently included in the mental and behavioural disorders chapter of ICD-10, and making initial ..
  53. ncbi Do the BSRI and PAQ really measure masculinity and femininity?
    Juan Fernandez
    Departamento de Psicologia Evolutiva y de la Educacion, Facultad de Psicologia, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Campus de Somosaguas, 28223 Madrid, Spain
    Span J Psychol 13:1000-9. 2010
    ....
  54. doi Regional cerebral blood flow changes in female to male gender identity disorder
    Hideyuki Nawata
    Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan
    Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 64:157-61. 2010
    Despite a range of research on gender identity disorder (GID), at present there is no scientific consensus on whether the etiology of GID is mental or physical...
  55. doi Sex and gender traps and springboards: a focus group study among gender researchers in medicine and health sciences
    Monica Christianson
    Department of Nursing, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    Health Care Women Int 33:739-55. 2012
    ..Here the specific views of gender researchers in medicine and health sciences-"medical insiders"-bring new challenges into focus...
  56. ncbi The relationship of gender, gender identity, and coping strategies in late adolescents
    Kimberly Renk
    Department of Psychology, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816, USA
    J Adolesc 26:159-68. 2003
    The relationships among gender, gender identity, and coping in late adolescents were examined...
  57. pmc HIV, gender, race, sexual orientation, and sex work: a qualitative study of intersectional stigma experienced by HIV-positive women in Ontario, Canada
    Carmen H Logie
    Women s College Research Institute, Women s College Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS Med 8:e1001124. 2011
    ..The study objective was to explore experiences of stigma and coping strategies among HIV-positive women in Ontario, Canada...
  58. doi Construction of masculinities among men aged 85 and older in the north of Sweden
    Lena Alex
    Department of Nursing, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    J Clin Nurs 17:451-9. 2008
    ..The aim was to analyse the construction of masculinities among men aged 85 and older...
  59. doi Moving beyond behaviour: advancing HIV risk prevention epistemologies and interventions (A report on the state of the literature)
    Alton F Phillips
    Department of Sociology, New York University, New York, NY, USA
    Glob Public Health 6:577-92. 2011
    ....
  60. doi Galanin neurons in the intermediate nucleus (InM) of the human hypothalamus in relation to sex, age, and gender identity
    Alicia Garcia-Falgueras
    Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience, Institute of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Science, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Comp Neurol 519:3061-84. 2011
    ..We investigated its population of galanin-immunoreactive (Gal-Ir) neurons in relation to sex, age, and gender identity in the postmortem brain of 77 subjects...
  61. doi Stress-coping strategies of patients with gender identity disorder
    Yosuke Matsumoto
    Department of Neuropsychiatry, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, Japan
    Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 63:715-20. 2009
    Previous research has not addressed gender differences in coping strategies among patients with gender identity disorder (GID). Nor has the relationship of coping strategies to other demographic characteristics ever been clarified in GID...
  62. doi A report from a single institute's 14-year experience in treatment of male-to-female transsexuals
    Ciro Imbimbo
    University Federico II, Department of Urology, Naples, Italy
    J Sex Med 6:2736-45. 2009
    b>Gender identity disorder or transsexualism is a complex clinical condition, and prevailing social context strongly impacts the form of its manifestations...
  63. doi How queer!--the development of gender identity and sexual orientation in LGBTQ-headed families
    Arlene Istar Lev
    Choices Counseling and Consulting, and State University New York at Albany, School of Social Welfare, Albany, NY 12203, USA
    Fam Process 49:268-90. 2010
    ..The extant research on LGBTQ-headed families has minimized the complexity of children's developing gender identity and sexual orientation living in queer families, and has been guided by heteronormative assumptions that ..
  64. doi Exchange of sex for resources: HIV risk and gender norms in Cabo Delgado, Mozambique
    Sarah Bandali
    Department of Population Studies, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Cult Health Sex 13:575-88. 2011
    ..Nuanced understandings of gender dynamics and its influence on sexual risk taking and risk-reduction efforts in different local contexts are required...
  65. doi Suicidal ideation among patients with gender identity disorder
    Seishi Terada
    Department of Neuropsychiatry, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2 5 1 Shikata cho, Kita ku, Okayama 700 8558, Japan
    Psychiatry Res 190:159-62. 2011
    ..the prevalence of suicidal ideation and self-mutilation including suicide attempts among patients with gender identity disorder (GID) and the relationship of those behaviors to demographic characteristics...
  66. pmc Gender identity and substance use among students in two high schools in Monterrey, Mexico
    Stephen Kulis
    Southwest Interdisciplinary Research Center, Arizona State University, 411 N Central Avenue, Suite 720, Mailcode 4320, Phoenix, AZ 85004 0693, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 95:258-68. 2008
    This study explored relationships between several hypothesized dimensions of gender identity and substance use outcomes within a non-probability sample of adolescents in Monterrey, Mexico...
  67. ncbi Etiology, clinical profile, gender identity and long-term follow up of patients with ambiguous genitalia in India
    A C Ammini
    Department of Endocrinology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
    J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 15:423-30. 2002
    ..Sex of rearing and gender identity were concordant in all except the patients with perineal hypospadias with normal Leydig cell response...
  68. pmc HIV prevention and primary care for transgender women in a community-based clinic
    Rita M Melendez
    Sexuality Studies Department, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, USA
    J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 20:387-97. 2009
    ..Community-based health care settings can be ideal locales for HIV prevention and primary care for TW...
  69. ncbi The biology of human psychosexual differentiation
    Louis Gooren
    Department of Endocrinology, Vrije Universiteit Medical Center, PO Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Horm Behav 50:589-601. 2006
    Most attempts to identify biological underpinnings of gender identity and sexual orientation in humans have investigated effects of sex steroids, so pivotal in the differentiation of the genitalia, showing strong parallels between ..
  70. ncbi Birth order and sexual orientation in men: evidence for two independent interactions
    Anthony F Bogaert
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Brock University, St Catharines, Canada
    J Biosoc Sci 38:811-9. 2006
    ..If these findings prove reliable, it raises the possibility that different aetiological factors underlie the birth order/sexual orientation relationship in men...
  71. doi Birth order and ratio of brothers to sisters in Spanish transsexuals
    Esther Gomez-Gil
    Unidad de Identidad de Género, Instituto Clínic de Neurociencias, Servicio de Psiquiatria, Hospital Clinic, Universidad de Barcelona, Spain
    Arch Sex Behav 40:505-10. 2011
    ....
  72. ncbi Fraternal birth order and birth weight in probably prehomosexual feminine boys
    Ray Blanchard
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health Clarke Site, 250 College Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5T 1R8
    Horm Behav 41:321-7. 2002
    ..boys and 261 control girls referred to the same service for reasons unrelated to sexual orientation or gender identity disorder and assumed, from base-rate probabilities, to be preheterosexual...
  73. doi Human nonverbal courtship behavior--a brief historical review
    Monica M Moore
    Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Webster University, St Louis, MO 63119, USA
    J Sex Res 47:171-80. 2010
    ..The article ends by elucidating some key features of human nonverbal courtship behavior that have become apparent after scrutinizing these data...
  74. ncbi Female competition: causes, constraints, content, and contexts
    Anne Campbell
    Psychology Department, Durham University, South Road, Durham, DH1 3LE, England
    J Sex Res 41:16-26. 2004
    ..Data from criminology, psychology, evolutionary biology, and anthropology are used to support these proposals...
  75. doi Male gender identity in complete androgen insensitivity syndrome
    Guy T'sjoen
    Department of Endocrinology, Center for Sexology and Genderproblems, Ghent University Hospital, Belgium
    Arch Sex Behav 40:635-8. 2011
    Women and girls with complete androgen insensitivity syndrome (CAIS) invariably have a female typical core gender identity. In this case report, we describe the first case of male gender identity in a CAIS individual raised female ..
  76. doi Body dissatisfaction and body change behaviors in Chile: the role of sociocultural factors
    David Mellor
    School of Psychology, Deakin University, Burwood 3125, Melbourne, Australia
    Body Image 5:205-15. 2008
    ..These findings are discussed in relation to research conducted in other contexts, and it is concluded that findings from other locations may not be applied universally...
  77. ncbi Sexual differentiation of the human brain: relevance for gender identity, transsexualism and sexual orientation
    D F Swaab
    Netherlands Institute for Brain Research, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Gynecol Endocrinol 19:301-12. 2004
    ..effects of testosterone on the developing fetal brain are of major importance for the development of male gender identity and male heterosexual orientation. Solid evidence for the importance of postnatal social factors is lacking...
  78. ncbi Hormonally active agents in the environment and children's behavior: assessing effects on children's gender-dimorphic outcomes
    David E Sandberg
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, and Pediatric Psychiatry and Psychology, Children s Hospital of Buffalo, 14222, USA
    Epidemiology 14:148-54. 2003
    ..Early sex hormone exposure contributes to gender-dimorphic behavioral development in mammals, including humans. Environmental toxicants concentrated in contaminated sport fish can interfere with the actions of sex steroids...
  79. doi Wives' attitudes toward gender roles and their experience of intimate partner violence by husbands in Central Province, Sri Lanka
    Achini Jayatilleke
    University of Tokyo, Japan
    J Interpers Violence 26:414-32. 2011
    ....
  80. ncbi Gender identity development and issues
    Kenneth J Zucker
    Child and Adolescent Gender Identity Clinic, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am 13:551-68, vii. 2004
    ..of children and adolescents who have sex-typed behavioral patterns that correspond to the diagnosis of Gender Identity Disorder, as defined in the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders...
  81. ncbi What can the Samoan "Fa'afafine" teach us about the Western concept of gender identity disorder in childhood?
    Paul L Vasey
    Department of Psychology, University of Lethbridge, 4401 University Drive, Lethbridge, Alberta, T1K 3M4, Canada
    Perspect Biol Med 50:481-90. 2007
    This article examines whether gender identity disorder in childhood (GIDC) constitutes a mental disorder as outlined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV-TR)...
  82. ncbi Genetic and environmental influences on individual differences in masculinity, femininity, and gender diagnosticity: analyzing data from a classic twin study
    R Lippa
    Department of Psychology, California State University, Fullerton 92834 6846, USA
    J Pers 67:127-55. 1999
    ..Finally, (4) the estimated within-sex heritability of GD (.53) is significantly greater than the estimated within-sex heritabilities of either M (.36) or F (.38)...
  83. ncbi Masculine girls and feminine boys: genetic and environmental contributions to atypical gender development in early childhood
    Ariel Knafo
    Department of Psychology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91905, Israel
    J Pers Soc Psychol 88:400-12. 2005
    ..The results are discussed in light of past studies and potential implications for atypical gender development...
  84. ncbi The Recalled Childhood Gender Questionnaire-Revised: a psychometric analysis in a sample of women with congenital adrenal hyperplasia
    Heino F L Meyer-Bahlburg
    New York State Psychiatric Institute and Dept of Psychiatry, Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive, NYSPI Unit 15, New York, NY 1003, USA
    J Sex Res 43:364-7. 2006
    ..We conclude that the first 2 RCGQ-R scales show good psychometric qualities, but that the third scale needs to be further evaluated in a sample that includes women with gender identity disorder.
  85. ncbi A retrospective study of childhood gender-atypical behavior in Samoan fa'afafine
    Nancy H Bartlett
    Department of Psychology, Mount Saint Vincent University, 166 Bedford Hwy, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3M 2J6, Canada
    Arch Sex Behav 35:659-66. 2006
    ....
  86. ncbi Gender identity of children and young adults with 5alpha-reductase deficiency
    E P Praveen
    Department ofEndocrinology and Metabolism, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 21:173-9. 2008
    ..Our assessment of these children reveals that they had male gender identity from childhood...
  87. doi Recalled sex-typed behavior in childhood and sports' preferences in adulthood of heterosexual, bisexual, and homosexual men from Brazil, Turkey, and Thailand
    Fernando Luiz Cardoso
    Laboratório de Gênero, Sexualidade e Corporeidade, Santa Catarina State University UDESC, Rua Benevenuta Bartlet James, 69, Florianopolis, Santa Catarina, Cep 88 015 630, Brazil
    Arch Sex Behav 38:726-36. 2009
    ..These results, coupled with previous cross-cultural research, suggest that cross-gender behavior in childhood may characterize most male homosexuals regardless of their cultural milieu...
  88. ncbi Genetic and environmental influences on cross-gender behavior and relation to behavior problems: a study of Dutch twins at ages 7 and 10 years
    C E M van Beijsterveldt
    Department of Biological Psychology, Vrije Universiteit, Van der Boechorststraat 1, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Arch Sex Behav 35:647-58. 2006
    ..Cross-gender behavior was associated with higher scores on Internalizing and Externalizing problems, both in boys and in girls...
  89. ncbi Genders, sexes, and health: what are the connections--and why does it matter?
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boson, MA 02115, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 32:652-7. 2003
    ..Because our science will only be as clear and error-free as our thinking, greater precision about whether and when gender relations, sex-linked biology, both, or neither matter for health is warranted...
  90. ncbi Male-to-female transsexuals have female neuron numbers in a limbic nucleus
    F P Kruijver
    Graduate School Neurosciences Amsterdam, The Netherlands Institute for Brain Research
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 85:2034-41. 2000
    ..from a previous brain study in male-to-female transsexuals was whether the reported difference according to gender identity in the central part of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BSTc) was based on a neuronal difference in ..
  91. ncbi Genetic and environmental influences on sexual orientation and its correlates in an Australian twin sample
    J M Bailey
    Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208 2710, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 78:524-36. 2000
    ..and assessed their sexual orientation and 2 related traits: childhood gender nonconformity and continuous gender identity. Men and women differed in their distributions of sexual orientation, with women more likely to have slight-..
  92. ncbi The effect of power in sexual relationships on sexual and reproductive health: an examination of the evidence
    A K Blanc
    Blancroft Research International, 11718 Lightfall Court, Columbia, MD 21044, USA
    Stud Fam Plann 32:189-213. 2001
    ..Although many challenges remain, results to date suggest that when the role of gender-based power is made an integral feature of sexual and reproductive health programs, there is a considerable payoff for both women and men...
  93. ncbi Testing the prenatal hormone hypothesis of tic-related disorders: gender identity and gender role behavior
    Gerianne M Alexander
    Texas A and M University, Department of Psychology, College Station, 77843, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 16:407-20. 2004
    ..These findings therefore support the hypothesis that an altered androgen-dependent process of sexual differentiation during prenatal life may contribute to the development of tic-related disorders...
  94. ncbi Does gender identity influence children's psychological well-being?
    Jennifer L Yunger
    Department of Psychology, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA
    Dev Psychol 40:572-82. 2004
    This study examined influences of gender identity on change in preadolescents' adjustment over time...
  95. ncbi Are you looking at me? Eye gaze and person perception
    C Neil Macrae
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, USA
    Psychol Sci 13:460-4. 2002
    ..e., direct) eye gaze elicited facilitated categorical responses. The implications of these findings for recent treatments of person perception are considered...
  96. ncbi Transgender health: findings from two needs assessment studies in Philadelphia
    Gretchen P Kenagy
    Jane Addams College of Social Work, University of Illinois at Chicago, 60607 7134, USA
    Health Soc Work 30:19-26. 2005
    ..These findings suggest that prevention services that specifically address HIV/AIDS, suicide, and violence among transgender people are urgently needed...
  97. pmc Consensus statement on management of intersex disorders
    I A Hughes
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Box 116, Level 8, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK
    Arch Dis Child 91:554-63. 2006
  98. doi A five-year follow-up study of Swedish adults with gender identity disorder
    Annika Johansson
    Department of Psychiatry, Sexology Clinic, St Lars omr, MC huset, 221 85, Lund, Sweden
    Arch Sex Behav 39:1429-37. 2010
    ..28 years), and non-homosexually oriented (56 vs. 15%). In conclusion, almost all patients were satisfied with the sex reassignment; 86% were assessed by clinicians at follow-up as stable or improved in global functioning...
  99. ncbi Gender development in women with congenital adrenal hyperplasia as a function of disorder severity
    Heino F L Meyer-Bahlburg
    NYS Psychiatric Institute Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive, NYSPI Unit 15, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Arch Sex Behav 35:667-84. 2006
    ..In terms of gender identity, two SW women were gender-dysphoric, and a third had changed to male in adulthood...
  100. ncbi The pursuit of muscularity among adolescent boys in Fiji and Tonga
    Lina A Ricciardelli
    School of Psychology, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia
    Body Image 4:361-71. 2007
    ..Boys' reasons for pursing muscularity included the attainment of strength and fitness, sporting performance, physical work, dominance, and health. These findings are examined in relation to previous research with Western adolescent boys...
  101. ncbi Androgen and psychosexual development: core gender identity, sexual orientation and recalled childhood gender role behavior in women and men with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH)
    Melissa Hines
    Department of Psychology, City University, Northampton Square, London, EC1V 0HB, UK
    J Sex Res 41:75-81. 2004
    We assessed core gender identity, sexual orientation, and recalled childhood gender role behavior in 16 women and 9 men with CAH and in 15 unaffected female and 10 unaffected male relatives, all between the ages of 18 and 44 years...

Research Grants74

  1. STATISITICAL DESIGN, MONITORING &COORD. OF VISION CLINICAL TRIALS &EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Keri Hammel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Also, there will be a measurement of pressure in the eye and thickness of the cornea. To study patients'DNA, the researchers will obtain a bloo..
  2. STATISITICAL DESIGN, MONITORING &COORD. OF VISION CLINICAL TRIALS &EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Keri Hammel; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Also, there will be a measurement of pressure in the eye and thickness of the cornea. To study patients'DNA, the researchers will obtain a bloo..
  3. Understanding/ Treating Neuropsychiatric Symptoms of Pediatric Physical Illness
    Eva Szigethy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  4. High Throughput Genotyping and DNA Sequencing for Studying the Genetic Contributi
    Sonia Dua; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The contractor is responsible for providing staff with the credentials required by CLIA. ..
  5. Novel Mitochondrial Mechanisms of Ethanol-Induced Cardiac Injury in Aged Females
    DONNA HOPE KORZICK; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  6. ROLE OF Rac AND REACTIVE OXYGEN SPECIES IN KAPOSI'S SARCOMA VIRAL ONCOGENESIS
    Enrique A Mesri; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..So our work will allow us to not only to identify mechanisms of KS carcinogenesis but also will help to identify potential new target and new drugs for anti-KS therapy. ..
  7. A Soft Topical Antiandrogenic Drug
    Wei Chu Xu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The synthesis and discovery of an optimal locally active androgen antagonist to be applied to the skin to treat acne, alopecia, seborrhea (and hirsutism in women) are the subjects of this application. ..
  8. IMMUNOGENETICS OF COLLAGEN INDUCED ARTHRITIS IN MICE
    Chella David; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The findings would shed light on the role of immune system in health and disease and may identify new therapeutic approaches for arthritis. ..
  9. Nanoparticle Coupled Antioxidants for Respiratory Illness in Veterans
    RODNEY JON SCHLOSSER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will use a murine model of allergic fungal rhinosinusitis with exacerbation by smoke or DEP exposure to determine the efficacy of antiMUC1-SOD/CAT-NPs. ..
  10. Epigenetics of Sex Differences in Brain and Behavior
    BRIDGET NUGENT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  11. Maternal obesity depresses essential fatty acid transport in the placenta
    PERRIE F O'TIERNEY-GINN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The proposed studies will help us understand how obesity during pregnancy alters the placental transfer of nutrients from mother to child and how this impacts neonatal nutrition. ..
  12. Central Action of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor in Male and Female Rats
    Haifei Shi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  13. Phage Display for Improved Peptide-based Tumor Targeting and Imaging Agents
    Susan L Deutscher; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This work is significant and relevant to the VA mission because the peptides discovered here may translate into novel prostate, breast, and ovarian cancer diagnostics and therapeutics for our veterans. ..
  14. Maternal obesity depresses essential fatty acid transport in the placenta
    PERRIE F O'TIERNEY-GINN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. Understanding Pain of Gastrointestinal Origin in Women that Serve in OEF/OIF
    Beverley Greenwood-Van Meerveld; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Moreover, we will examine whether rats exposed to ELS show altered behavioral responses to chronic stress in adulthood compared to age-matched controls ..
  16. Cell signaling as a leukemia biomarker
    JAMES WILLIAM JACOBBERGER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  17. Neural Functioning of Feeding Centers in Obese Youth
    ROBERT STANLEY SHERWIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  18. Identification of Proteins Important for Male Osteoporosis
    Hong Wen Deng; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This project aims to identify proteins that are important to male osteoporosis. The findings will provide essential scientific basis for effective prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the disease. ..
  19. X chromosome, injury and infection
    Zoltan Spolarics; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Better understanding of the protecting cellular mechanisms that are in effect during septic conditions could lead to advanced protocols in treating the critically ill. ..
  20. MAPPING OF ARTHRITIS SUSCEPTIBILITY GENES
    Tibor T Glant; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We propose to reduce the size of these regions in the mouse genome, which cannot be done in human population, and select candidate genes that may be involved in arthritis susceptibility and disease severity. ..
  21. Disease chronicity in juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM): Epigenetic clues
    Lauren M Pachman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The goal is to identify specific markers, like microRNA, or "turned on genes" that may be key to repair the vascular damage and to identify more effective medical interventions. ..
  22. Respiratory and autonomic plasticity following intermittent hypoxia
    JASON HAROLD MATEIKA; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Consequently, determining the mechanisms that may impact on apnea severity and exacerbate autonomic perturbations associated with this disorder is important, as is discovering novel treatments. ..
  23. Yale Drug Abuse, Addiction, and HIV Research Scholars (Yale-DAHRS)
    PATRICK O'CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  24. PET Imaging of Myocardial Oxidative Stress in T2DM
    KOORESH ISAAC SHOGHI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  25. Dietary Supplement Creatine for Adolescent Females with SSRI-Resistant Depression
    PERRY FRANKLIN RENSHAW; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Finally, depression in women is linked to several major medical illnesses. Thus, a novel intervention for adolescent females with MDD has the potential to broadly impact public health, beyond the boundaries of psychiatry. ..
  26. PS11-003 Minority AIDS Research Initiative
    BRIDGETTE MERCEDEZ BRAWNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Given that adolescent health is imperative to public health, the proposed research is timely, innovative and bears great significance. ..
  27. Immune Development: Role of Milk Cell Transfer and Recipient Gender
    Ameae M Walker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Results may also lead to the development of procedures for safely enhancing immunity in children. ..
  28. Epistasis in Steroidogenic Genes in the Prediction of Alzheimer's Disease
    CRAIG STEPHEN ATWOOD; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Successful completion of these studies would enable the development of prognostic and diagnostic tests for AD, and provide insights into the neuroendocrine mechanisms of AD. ..
  29. Mechanisms Regulating Reduced c-Kit-Dependent EAE Susceptibility in Male SJL Mice
    MELISSA ANN BROWN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These mice provide a perfect system to explore the how c-kit signaling, in concert with influences from male sex hormones, confers neuroprotection and may lead to better therapies for this devastating CNS disease. ..
  30. Multivariate CART for survival with dental applications
    Martha E Nunn; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  31. Exploring persistent epigenetic changes after prenatal famine exposure in humans
    L H Lumey; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The required medical examination records and biological materials for this study have been previously collected and stored and pending funding will be immediately available for analysis. ..
  32. Metabolic impact of fructose restriction in obese children
    Jean Marc Schwarz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  33. Mechanisms of Airway Smooth Muscle Hypertrophy
    Marc B Hershenson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Completion of this work will provide insight into the pathogenesis of BPD, lead to the development of more accurate biomarkers, and provide new information on the role of matricellular proteins in lung fibrosis. ..
  34. Nitric Oxide and gastric motility in female diabetics
    Pandu R Gangula; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Further, it may lead to the discovery of novel therapeutic targets for the management of this challenging clinical syndrome. ..
  35. IMMUNOGENETICS OF COLLAGEN INDUCED ARTHRITIS IN MICE
    Veena Taneja; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The findings would shed light on the role of MHC, immune system in health and disease and may identify new therapeutic approaches for arthritis. ..
  36. Genetics of Angiotensinogen-Mediated Hypertension: Stage, Background & Gender
    Donald E Kohan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our goal is to advance the specificity of clinical management and treatment of EH. ..
  37. Imaging of Aortic Atherosclerosis and Inflammation in the Metabolic Syndrome
    Warren J Manning; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  38. Gender Bias in Lupus: Contribution of Sex Chromosomes
    Ram Raj Singh; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The results of the proposed study will not only aid our understanding of lupus, but will also potentially lead to identification of newer targets of treatment. ..
  39. Endothelin-1 and androgen in prostate cancer bone metastasis and bone health
    Gregory A Clines; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  40. Impact of AMP-activated kinase on sex differences in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
    John P Konhilas; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Therefore, it is of major clinical significance that the mechanistic link be determined between cardiac disease, sex/gender differences and energetic regulators in the heart. ) ..
  41. Epigenetic Regulation Of Sex-dependent Liver Cancer
    Arlin B Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..These studies are the first to define epigenetic modifiers of liver sexual differentiation, and to interrogate a novel mechanism of gender-specific tumor promotion predicated on chromatin sensitivity to inflammation. ..
  42. VITamin D and OmegA-3 TriaL: Effects on Bone Structure and Architecture
    MERYL SUSAN LEBOFF; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Findings from this proposal will fill gaps in knowledge and inform clinical and public health recommendations. ..
  43. Mechanisms for Cardiovascular Effects of air pollutants: Effect of Age and Sex
    BRITT HOLMEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  44. Genes and Hormonal Fetal Antecedents to Sex Differencs in the Brain in Depression
    Jill M Goldstein; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..An understanding of the fetal mechanisms associated with sex differences in MOD will have etiologic imolications and imoortance for the development of sex-specific treatments and prevention of MOD. ..
  45. White matter changes in HIV models
    Pamela E Knapp; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Culture studies with viral protein and HIV test whether oligodendrocytes are directly affected. ..
  46. GENDER DIFFERENCES IN STIMULANT ACTION
    Cynthia M Kuhn; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  47. Humoral factors in gender differences in blood pressure control
    Jane F Reckelhoff; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Results from these studies will provide new information that can be used to design new therapeutic options to treat HT in women with hyperandrogenemia, such as in PCOS. ..
  48. Endothelial Progenitor Cells in Brain Arteriovenous Malformations
    Yongmei Chen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Identification of EPCs as an operant process in brain AVMs can suggest lines of investigation to develop new treatment modalities. ..
  49. Mediators &prognostic value of muscle mass &function in chronic kidney disease
    Francis Perry Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Controls will be matched based upon age, race, gender eGFR, and baseline muscle mass but be selected from the lowest quintile. The primary analysis will use mixed-effects models clustered at the matched-pair level. ..
  50. Feto-maternal DNA/RNA Trafficking: Biology and Application
    Diana W Bianchi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Genomic analysis in the proposed aims will lead to novel insights regarding fetal biological processes, which will result in entirely new approaches to fetal therapy. ..
  51. Role of Estrogen Receptors in Lupus-Modulators of the Inflammatory Response
    Gary S Gilkeson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  52. Detection of Prostate Cancer Genomic Signatures in Blood
    Amin I Kassis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In this Challenge grant application, we describe methods for the identification of tumor-specific signatures within the WBCs of men known to have prostate cancer. ..
  53. Shared Mechanisms of Valvular and Vascular Calcification
    JOEL DAVID MORRISETT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  54. Molecular Analysis of GnRH Action
    Mark S Roberson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Moreover, these studies will define the in vivo impact of genetic loss of key GnRH-regulated signaling molecules on fertility. ..
  55. Ethnic/Racial Variation in Intracerebral Hemorrhage (ERICH)
    Daniel Woo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Yet we know little about the biologic differences that lead to this ethnic disparity. Our proposal will compare minorities with ICH to controls from the same population as well as explore genetic, radiographic and outcomes differences. ..
  56. Adipocyte Renin-Angiotensin System and Programming of Hypertension
    Mina Desai; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our proposed studies will therefore determine the role of adipose renin-angiotensin system in development of adult hypertension and obesity in growth restricted newborns. ..
  57. Sex Differences in Complement during Myocarditis/DCM
    Delisa Fairweather; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This research will provide further insight into the function of complement pathways that applies to other cardiovascular and autoimmune diseases that are influenced by sex/gender. ..
  58. The Role of Cyp2b in Toxicant Metabolism and Sensitivity
    William S Baldwin; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  59. Gender Selectivity to Colon Cancer Chemoprevention by NSAIDS
    RAMESH K contact WALI; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These findings will have an important bearing on the healthcare recommendations for colon cancer chemoprevention which have to be cognizant of this gender selective efficacy for maximum cost-benefit potential of NSAIDS. ..
  60. Human Papillomavirus Association with Subsets of Colorectal Cancer
    Polly A Newcomb; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..With the recent licensure of an effective vaccine against HPV, it is important to characterize the total burden of disease associated with this virus. ..
  61. Establishing the Precursors of Osteoporosis in Children
    Xiping Xu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  62. IMMUNOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF HEMORRHAGE
    Irshad H Chaudry; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  63. Gender-Differences in Cardiac Repolarization/Arrhythmias
    Guy Salama; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  64. Anxiety Sensitivity, Menstrual Cycle Phase, and Panic-Relevant Responding
    Yael Nillni; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..e., premenstrual cycle phase) that may interact to elicit anxious responding. Results will have implications for prevention, assessment, treatment, and future research using laboratory paradigms to study panic vulnerability in women. ..
  65. Sex Hormones and Rat Anterior Cruciate Ligament Strength
    William A Romani; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These studies are important and they will help direct future studies to identify women at risk for ACL injury and develop novel strategies to prevent their occurrence. ..
  66. STEROID REGULATION OF ION CHANNELS
    Leslie Henderson; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  67. GENDER, HORMONES & ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT COMPLIANCE
    David Perrin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  68. Gender Factors Influencing Susceptability to Influenza
    Sabra L Klein; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  69. Gender Differences in Caloric Restriction Cardioprotection
    Lin Yan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  70. Measurement of Gender Differences in Disability and Care
    Kathryn Yount; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  71. Ethnicity, Gender & Social Support in Knee Osteoarthritis
    HUAN CHANG; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Characterization of these differences will also shed important new light on patient decision making, enabling health care providers to help patients improve function and quality of life. ..
  72. Auditory enhancement in female speech
    Andrew Lotto; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  73. Identification of a gender-specific rat arthritis locus
    Percio Gulko; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This aim will also provide additional insight into the Cia12 gene function. On Aim 4 the specific gene will be identified based on candidate gene analysis or positional cloning, and disease-causing allelic variations characterized. ..
  74. GENDER & OPIOID EFFECTS, INCLUDING ANALGESIA
    James Zacny; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..of drug effect, or both? and f) If there is a gender effect, is it specific to the behavioral endpoint of analgesia or is it a generalized phenomenon that cuts across other variables such as mood and psychomotor/cognitive performance? ..