child rearing

Summary

Summary: The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Grandmother caregivers and caregiver burden
    Elizabeth Burgess Dowdell
    College of Nursing, Villanova University, Villanova, PA, USA
    MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 29:299-304. 2004
  2. ncbi Integrating different perspectives on socialization theory and research: a domain-specific approach
    Joan E Grusec
    University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 3G3, Canada
    Child Dev 81:687-709. 2010
  3. ncbi Maternal confidence in child rearing: comparing data from short-term prospective surveys among Japanese and Vietnamese mothers
    Aya Goto
    Department of Public Health, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Hikari gaoka 1, Fukushima 960 1295, Japan
    Matern Child Health J 12:613-9. 2008
  4. ncbi The impact of culture upon child rearing practices and definitions of maltreatment
    Anne M Ferrari
    Department of Psychology, The College of New Rochelle, NY 10805, USA
    Child Abuse Negl 26:793-813. 2002
  5. ncbi Parents' attitudes about children: associations with parental life histories and child-rearing quality
    J Daggett
    Department of Human Development, University of Kansas, Lawrence 66045, USA
    J Fam Psychol 14:187-99. 2000
  6. ncbi Appraisals of stress in child-rearing in Swedish mothers pre-schoolers with ADHD. A questionnaire study
    Christina Kadesjö
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Umea, Sweden
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 11:185-95. 2002
  7. ncbi Enduring and different: a meta-analysis of the similarity in parents' child rearing
    G W Holden
    Department of Psychology, University of Texas, Austin 78712, USA
    Psychol Bull 125:223-54. 1999
  8. ncbi Family pediatrics: report of the Task Force on the Family
    Edward L Schor
    Pediatrics 111:1541-71. 2003
  9. ncbi Symptoms of anxiety and depression among mothers of pre-school children: effect of chronic strain related to children and child care-taking
    A Naerde
    Section of Epidemiology, Department of Population Health Sciences, The National Institute of Public Health, P B 4404, Torshov, N 0403, Oslo, Norway
    J Affect Disord 58:181-99. 2000
  10. ncbi Child rearing styles, dental anxiety and disruptive behaviour; an exploratory study
    J B Krikken
    Dept Cariology, Endodontology, Pedodontology, ACTA, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 9:23-8. 2008

Detail Information

Publications241 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Grandmother caregivers and caregiver burden
    Elizabeth Burgess Dowdell
    College of Nursing, Villanova University, Villanova, PA, USA
    MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 29:299-304. 2004
    ..To describe the experience of grandmothers who are parenting their grandchildren, and determine the amount of caregiver burden felt by the grandmothers...
  2. ncbi Integrating different perspectives on socialization theory and research: a domain-specific approach
    Joan E Grusec
    University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 3G3, Canada
    Child Dev 81:687-709. 2010
    ....
  3. ncbi Maternal confidence in child rearing: comparing data from short-term prospective surveys among Japanese and Vietnamese mothers
    Aya Goto
    Department of Public Health, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Hikari gaoka 1, Fukushima 960 1295, Japan
    Matern Child Health J 12:613-9. 2008
    To investigate the confidence women feel about child rearing in Japan and Vietnam.
  4. ncbi The impact of culture upon child rearing practices and definitions of maltreatment
    Anne M Ferrari
    Department of Psychology, The College of New Rochelle, NY 10805, USA
    Child Abuse Negl 26:793-813. 2002
    ..It was hypothesized that cultural factors would be more predictive of parenting behaviors and attitudes than ethnicity as a demographic label...
  5. ncbi Parents' attitudes about children: associations with parental life histories and child-rearing quality
    J Daggett
    Department of Human Development, University of Kansas, Lawrence 66045, USA
    J Fam Psychol 14:187-99. 2000
    ..These attitudes were related to provision of lower quality home environments. Results support a constructivist approach to understanding parental social cognitions and behavior...
  6. ncbi Appraisals of stress in child-rearing in Swedish mothers pre-schoolers with ADHD. A questionnaire study
    Christina Kadesjö
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Umea, Sweden
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 11:185-95. 2002
    ..The questionnaire is suggested to be useful in clinical work and research projects on problematic child-rearing situations...
  7. ncbi Enduring and different: a meta-analysis of the similarity in parents' child rearing
    G W Holden
    Department of Psychology, University of Texas, Austin 78712, USA
    Psychol Bull 125:223-54. 1999
    ..and characteristics believed to reflect consistent, enduring qualities of parenting--the similarity in child rearing. This review evaluates the evidence for similarity and differences among 3 types of child-rearing data and ..
  8. ncbi Family pediatrics: report of the Task Force on the Family
    Edward L Schor
    Pediatrics 111:1541-71. 2003
    ..The composition of children's families and the time parents have for their children affect child rearing. Consequent to the increase in female-headed households, rising economic and personal need, and increased ..
  9. ncbi Symptoms of anxiety and depression among mothers of pre-school children: effect of chronic strain related to children and child care-taking
    A Naerde
    Section of Epidemiology, Department of Population Health Sciences, The National Institute of Public Health, P B 4404, Torshov, N 0403, Oslo, Norway
    J Affect Disord 58:181-99. 2000
    ..This study follows up previous work on the influence of social class, strain and social support on maternal mental distress when the children were 18 months old...
  10. ncbi Child rearing styles, dental anxiety and disruptive behaviour; an exploratory study
    J B Krikken
    Dept Cariology, Endodontology, Pedodontology, ACTA, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 9:23-8. 2008
    ..Also the parents' preparation of the child for dental treatment was related to behaviour and parental rearing style...
  11. ncbi Child rearing practices amongst brothel based commercial sex workers
    Geeta Pardeshi
    Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, SVNGMC, Yavatmal 445 001, Maharashtra, India
    Indian J Med Sci 60:288-95. 2006
    ..The experiences of the commercial sex workers as they fulfill the role of being a parent, have rarely been reported. Considering their socioeconomic background, profession and work pattern, the women are bound to face major challenges...
  12. pmc Nonabusive physical punishment and child behavior among African-American children: a systematic review
    Ivor Braden Horn
    Children Health Center at Good Hope Road, Children s National Medical Center, 2501 Good Hope Road, SE, Washington, DC 20020, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 96:1162-8. 2004
    ..This systematic review of the literature examined the impact of exposure to nonabusive physical punishment on the behavior of African-American children...
  13. pmc The assessment of recalled parental rearing behavior and its relationship to life satisfaction and interpersonal problems: a general population study
    Katja Petrowski
    Department of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatic Medicine, Dresden University of Technology, Dresden, Germany
    BMC Med Res Methodol 9:17. 2009
    ..Therefore, a short German instrument for the assessment of the recalled parental rearing behavior Fragebogen zum erinnerten elterlichen Erziehungsverhalten (FEE) was psychometrically evaluated [Recalled Parental Rearing Behavior]...
  14. ncbi Child rearing and positive deviance in the development of preschoolers: a microanalysis
    M Aruna
    National Institute of Nutrition, Jamai Osmania, P.O. Hyderabad 500 007, India
    Indian Pediatr 38:332-9. 2001
    ..their needs, were consistent in their interaction with them and were also emotionally stable during specific child rearing situations were those identified as "positive deviants" with regard to their development...
  15. ncbi Grandparents raising their grandchildren: a review of the literature and suggestions for practice
    Bert Hayslip
    Department of Psychology, University of North Texas, P O Box 311280, Denton, TX 76203 1280, USA
    Gerontologist 45:262-9. 2005
    ..We also discuss directions for research and practice concerning custodial grandparents...
  16. ncbi Child related strain and maternal mental health: a longitudinal study
    A Naerde
    Section of Epidemiology, Department of Population Health Sciences, The National Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 105:301-9. 2002
    ..To explore how normal age-related behaviour patterns and medical status affect maternal mental health in children aged 1.5-4 years...
  17. ncbi Addressing Japan's fertility decline: influences of unintended pregnancy on child rearing
    Aya Goto
    Department of Public Health, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Fukushima, Japan
    Reprod Health Matters 14:191-200. 2006
    ..b>Child rearing is often viewed as a burden...
  18. ncbi Factors affecting maternal anxiety about child rearing in Japanese mothers
    K Akazawa
    Department of Medical Informatics, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
    Acta Paediatr 88:428-30. 1999
    ..Factors concerning demographic characteristics, delivery and child rearing practice were used in multivariate logistic regression analysis...
  19. ncbi Parental cognitions and satisfaction: relationship to aggressive parental behavior in child physical abuse
    Oommen Mammen
    University of Pittsburgh, School of Medicine, USA
    Child Maltreat 8:288-301. 2003
    ..If replicated, these findings suggest it may be useful to focus on parental satisfaction in research on child physical abuse...
  20. ncbi Keeping It Together: an information KIT for parents of children and youth with special needs
    D Stewart
    CanChild Centre for Childhood Disability Research, Institute for Applied Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Child Care Health Dev 32:493-500. 2006
    ..Strategies or systems to influence parents' abilities to receive, give and use information in a way that is satisfying to them have not been well validated...
  21. ncbi How to be a good parent in bad times: constructing parenting advice about terrorism
    R Dolev
    Department of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK
    Child Care Health Dev 32:467-76. 2006
  22. ncbi Parents as experts: the position of parents of children with profound multiple disabilities
    K I de Geeter
    Department of Special Education, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
    Child Care Health Dev 28:443-53. 2002
    ..The law is increasingly taking this factor into consideration. On the one hand, parents already possess an abundance of know-how; on the other, they still have to increase their knowledge and sometimes their skills too...
  23. ncbi Family factors in child care research
    Anne Hungerford
    University of North Carolina Wilmington, USA
    Eval Rev 30:631-55. 2006
    ....
  24. ncbi [Do we need a "new" form of child rearing?]
    William Rotthaus
    Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother 34:325-7. 2006
  25. ncbi Parenting and Childhood Chronicity: making visible the invisible work
    Lynne D Ray
    Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    J Pediatr Nurs 17:424-38. 2002
    ..Minimizing consequences" reflects the struggle to balance the rest of family life and includes parenting siblings, maintaining relationships, and keeping yourself going...
  26. ncbi Parental knowledge of child sexual abuse symptoms
    Lane Geddie Pullins
    The Glen at St Joseph, Dayton, OH 45410, USA
    J Child Sex Abus 15:1-18. 2006
    ..Results suggest the need to inform parents of more indicative physical or sexual symptoms, and to target parents of lower SES background in awareness efforts. doi:10.1300/ J070v15n04_01...
  27. ncbi The importance of play in promoting healthy child development and maintaining strong parent-child bonds
    Kenneth R Ginsburg
    Pediatrics 119:182-91. 2007
    ....
  28. ncbi Parental characteristics and adolescent sexual behaviour in Bida Local Government Area of Niger State, Nigeria
    Clifford O Odimegwu
    Takemi Program in International Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Bld 1 1104, Boston, MA 02115 6086, USA
    Afr J Reprod Health 6:95-106. 2002
    ..The need for parental empowerment to be able to cope with the challenges of adolescent life in Nigeria is also stressed since adolescents who have family life education from parents are less likely to be sexually active...
  29. ncbi Parent-child development center follow-up project: child behavior problem results
    Dale L Johnson
    University of Houston, Houston, Texas, USA
    J Prim Prev 27:391-407. 2006
    ..The absence of major effects at follow-up (despite significant short-term effects) in this well-designed study must caution us against thinking of early prevention programs as inoculations...
  30. ncbi Books and babies: clinical-based literacy programs
    Kristine K Fortman
    HealthPartners Research Foundation, Minneapolis, Minn 55440 1524, USA
    J Pediatr Health Care 17:295-300. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess parental response to a clinic-based literacy program at a health maintenance organization. It was hypothesized that participation would be associated with increased literacy orientation by children...
  31. ncbi The brains of babes
    Charles R Meyer
    Minn Med 89:4. 2006
  32. ncbi Parental media mediation styles for children aged 2 to 11 years
    Shari Barkin
    Department of Pediatrics, Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, Wake Forest University, 1 Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 160:395-401. 2006
    ..Studies indicate that children use media (television, video, and computer) more than the recommended limit of 2 h/d, but little is known about parents' role in mediating their children's media use...
  33. ncbi Motivation for giving birth after breast cancer
    Michal Braun
    Sharett Institute of Oncology, Hadassah University Hospital, POB 12000, Jerusalem, Israel
    Psychooncology 14:282-96. 2005
    ..give birth arises due to the potential medical, psychological and social implications of pregnancy, birth and child rearing after breast cancer...
  34. ncbi Are there universal parenting concepts among culturally diverse families in an inner-city pediatric clinic?
    Mimi McEvoy
    Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA
    J Pediatr Health Care 19:142-50. 2005
    ..This project aimed to investigate parenting concepts, which in this context pertains to philosophy of parenting and child care practices across cultures...
  35. ncbi Perceptions of parenting versus parent-child interactions among incest survivors
    Monica M Fitzgerald
    Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, 30602 3013, USA
    Child Abuse Negl 29:661-81. 2005
    ..The secondary aim of this study was to explore the constructs of internal working models of relationships and maternal psychological adjustment as potential mediators of the relation between incest history and parenting...
  36. ncbi Macrotheories: child physical punishment, injury and abuse
    Judy Cousins
    School of Nursing and Midwifery Studies, Cardiff University, USA
    Community Pract 78:276-9. 2005
    ..The paper concludes by highlighting the continuum between child physical punishment and child physical abuse...
  37. ncbi The role of depression and dissociation in the link between childhood sexual abuse and later parental practices
    Delphine Collin-Vézina
    Universite de Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Trauma Dissociation 6:71-97. 2005
    ..Dissociation also mediated the association between childhood maltreatment (physical and emotional abuse and neglect) and inconsistency in applying discipline. Implications for research and practice are discussed...
  38. ncbi Spanking in early childhood and later behavior problems: a prospective study of infants and young toddlers
    Eric P Slade
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Health Policy and Management, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Pediatrics 113:1321-30. 2004
    ..To explore the relationship of spanking frequency before age 2 with behavior problems near time of entry into school...
  39. ncbi Long-term developmental, behavioral, and attachment outcomes after international adoption
    Carol Weitzman
    Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, 333 Cedar Street, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Pediatr Clin North Am 52:1395-419, viii. 2005
    ..Instead, pediatric primary care providers can play a key role in maximizing the potential of an internationally adopted child and his or her family...
  40. ncbi The smacking controversy: what advice should we be giving parents?
    Julie Taylor
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK
    J Adv Nurs 46:311-8. 2004
    ..What should we be telling 'ordinary' families about smacking? Thus this paper presents a positional statement on the smacking controversy and outlines some pointers for practice...
  41. ncbi Co-sleeping as a window into Swedish culture: considerations of gender and health care
    Barbara Welles-Nystrom
    Division of Reproductive and Perinatal Health Care, Department of Woman and Child Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Scand J Caring Sci 19:354-60. 2005
    ..of standardized questionnaires and they were interviewed about their beliefs and practices related to child rearing and child development. A questionnaire about co-sleeping was sent post hoc to the families...
  42. ncbi Maternal perceptions and adolescent self-esteem: a six-year longitudinal study
    Kati Heinonen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Adolescence 38:669-87. 2003
    ..Additionally, perceived difficult temperament at baseline predicted hostile child-rearing attitudes at first follow-up, which further predicted low self-esteem among girls only...
  43. ncbi The Strong Parents-Strong Children Programme: parental support in serious and chronic child illness
    Helen Jerram
    Strong Parents Strong Children Foundation, Auckland
    N Z Med J 118:U1700. 2005
    ..To determine the effectiveness of an intervention programme developed to help parents manage serious child illness...
  44. ncbi The discipline survey: a new measure of parental discipline
    Rebecca Socolar
    Division of Community Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7225, USA
    Ambul Pediatr 4:166-73. 2004
    ..To develop a new measure of parental discipline of children encompassing a broad array of types of discipline and modes of administration...
  45. ncbi Authoritative parenting and parental stress in parents of pre-school and older children with developmental disabilities
    L Woolfson
    Department of Psychology, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK
    Child Care Health Dev 32:177-84. 2006
    ..Rearing a child with a developmental disability is associated with increased parental stress. Theories of stress and adjustment and bi-directional theories of child development suggest that parenting could influence these negative outcomes...
  46. ncbi Psychological outcomes in midadulthood associated with mother's child-rearing attitudes in early childhood--evidence from the 1970 British birth cohort
    Eirini Flouri
    Department of Social Policy and Social Work, University of Oxford, 32 Wellington Square, Oxford OX1 2ER, UK
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 13:35-41. 2004
    ..In addition, mother's non-authoritarian childrearing attitudes had a protective effect against later psychological distress and low self-efficacy in daughters who had experienced significant material disadvantage in early childhood...
  47. ncbi Parent opinions about the appropriate ages at which adult supervision is unnecessary for bathing, street crossing, and bicycling
    Todd R Porter
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:656-62. 2007
    ..To describe parent opinions about when typical children can engage in activities unsupervised...
  48. ncbi A study examining the health perceptions and parenting stressors of parenting African-American grandparents
    Patricia Elaine Nunn
    Patricia
    ABNF J 13:99-102. 2002
    ..The PSI identified life stress greater than parenting stress. In conclusion, additional research is needed to identify life stresses that add to the parenting burden, and grandparents' needs to continue parenting...
  49. ncbi [Parenting anxiety and childhood development of twins as compared to singletons]
    Reiko Nishihara
    Course of Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University
    Nihon Koshu Eisei Zasshi 53:831-41. 2006
    ..This study aims to investigate whether mothers of twins have more parenting anxiety than those of singletons and whether parenting anxiety affects child's mental development in both twin and singleton groups...
  50. ncbi The factors of child physical abuse in Korean immigrant families
    M S Park
    Department of Social Welfare, Sangji University, Wonju City, South Korea
    Child Abuse Negl 25:945-58. 2001
    ..It also implies that intervention and prevention efforts of child abuse should be targeted at more than one level of the environment...
  51. ncbi [Candid, not monitored children run less risk of becoming delinquent]
    H Stattin
    , Orebro universitet
    Lakartidningen 98:3009-13. 2001
    ..Family dysfunction from the child's perspective was based on whether they believed that their parents trusted them, and parents' perceptions of family dysfunction were based on their trust in the child...
  52. ncbi Pediatric unintentional injury: behavioral risk factors and implications for prevention
    David C Schwebel
    Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    J Dev Behav Pediatr 28:245-54. 2007
    ....
  53. ncbi Does endorsement of physical discipline matter? Assessing moderating influences on the maternal and child psychological correlates of physical discipline in African American families
    Vonnie C McLoyd
    Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 3270, USA
    J Fam Psychol 21:165-75. 2007
    ..Conclusions and implications for future research are discussed...
  54. ncbi Prevalence, correlates, and persistence of maternal depression
    Sarah McCue Horwitz
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Case School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 4945, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 16:678-91. 2007
    ....
  55. ncbi The relationship between parenting factors and trait anxiety: mediating role of cognitive errors and metacognition
    Bridie Gallagher
    University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
    J Anxiety Disord 22:722-33. 2008
    ..396 p<0.0001). Both cognitive distortions and metacognition were found to partially mediate the relationship between discipline style and trait anxiety. The implications of these findings and areas for future research are discussed...
  56. ncbi Predictors of adult attitudes toward corporal punishment of children
    Marie Hélène Gagné
    School of Psychology, Laval University, Quebec, Canada
    J Interpers Violence 22:1285-304. 2007
    ..On the other hand, respondents who reported more severe physical violence or psychological abuse in childhood were less in favor of spanking. Findings are discussed in terms of prevention of CP and family coercion cycle...
  57. ncbi Mothers' knowledge of young child development in a developing country
    I O Ertem
    Developmental Behavioural Pediatrics Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
    Child Care Health Dev 33:728-37. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine maternal knowledge about child development in Turkey...
  58. ncbi Parenting programmes: a systematic review and synthesis of qualitative research
    G A Kane
    Kennet and North Wiltshire PCT, Calne Family Health Centre, Calne, Wiltshire, UK
    Child Care Health Dev 33:784-93. 2007
    ....
  59. ncbi Reciprocal influences between maternal discipline techniques and aggression in children and adolescents
    Michael J Sheehan
    Department of Psychology, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts 02454 9110, USA
    Aggress Behav 34:245-55. 2008
    ....
  60. ncbi Maternal punishment practices in a rural area of Turkey
    Kadriye Buldukoglu
    Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing Department, Antalya School of Health, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey
    Child Care Health Dev 34:180-4. 2008
    ..We examined a number of maternal characteristics that influence punishment practices in a rural area of Turkey...
  61. ncbi Parents' stories of grandparenting concerns in the three-generational family: generativity, optimism, and forgiveness
    Michael W Pratt
    Department of Psychology, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada N2L 3C5
    J Pers 76:581-604. 2008
    ..Parental generativity may thus serve to encourage greater forgiveness and optimism among the generations of the family...
  62. ncbi Every family: a population approach to reducing behavioral and emotional problems in children making the transition to school
    Matthew R Sanders
    Parenting and Family Support Centre, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, 4072, QLD, Australia
    J Prim Prev 29:197-222. 2008
    ..The authors provide an excellent example of multilevel prevention planning, coordination, execution, and evaluation...
  63. ncbi South Asian parents' constructions of praising their children
    Nupur Dhingra Paiva
    Community Child and Adolescent Mental Health Team, London, UK
    Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry 13:191-207. 2008
    ..These themes have some fundamental implications for the practice of clinical psychology in multicultural communities...
  64. ncbi Families in a state of flux: the experience of grandparents in autism spectrum disorder
    J K Margetts
    University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    Child Care Health Dev 32:565-74. 2006
    ..This study sets out to examine the grandparents' own perspective in an exploratory way using a qualitative approach to answer the question, 'What is the experience like?'..
  65. ncbi "Care for Development" intervention in rural China: a prospective follow-up study
    Xingming Jin
    Department of Paediatric Development and Behaviour, Shanghai Children s Medical Centre, Shanghai, China
    J Dev Behav Pediatr 28:213-8. 2007
    ..The CFD materials are based on the Mother's Card, which contained age-specific messages on how caregivers can better play and communicate with a child...
  66. pmc First-generation Korean-American parents' perceptions of discipline
    Eunjung Kim
    Assistant Professor, Family and Child Nursing, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    J Prof Nurs 23:60-8. 2007
    ..These findings indicated that Korean-American parents' perceptions of discipline strategies were shaped by living in two cultures and were different from western viewpoints...
  67. ncbi [Relationship between characteristic behaviors of children with AD/HD and mothers' parenting styles]
    Shoko Mano
    Department of Nursing, Ehime Prefectural University of Health Sciences, Iyo gun, Ehime
    No To Hattatsu 39:19-24. 2007
    ..These results suggest that mothers of children with AD/HD are likely to have a strict and reproachful parenting style as a result of a lack of attachment with the child...
  68. ncbi Up too late. Hectic lives rob kids of sleep and health
    Samantha Levine
    US News World Rep 133:50-1, 54, 56-8 passim. 2002
  69. ncbi Maternal characteristics and maternal limit-setting styles
    Elizabeth A Lecuyer-Maus
    College of Nursing, Washington State University Vancouver, USA
    Public Health Nurs 19:336-44. 2002
    ....
  70. ncbi Neighborhood safety and social involvement: associations with parenting behaviors and depressive symptoms among African American and Euro-American mothers
    Nancy E Hill
    Department of Psychology, Duke University, Box 90085, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
    J Fam Psychol 16:209-19. 2002
    ..Although there were similarities across ethnic groups, the relation between social involvement and mothers' withdrawal of interactions with their children differed across groups...
  71. ncbi Relations among perceived parental rearing behaviors, attachment style, and worry in anxious children
    Amy M Brown
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 22:263-72. 2008
    ..Parenting style and attachment were found to make independent contributions to worry. The results are compared to those from Muris et al.'s community study, and implications for future research are discussed...
  72. ncbi Spanking. Point
    Wasim Saadeh
    Department of Ambulatory Academic Pediatrics, MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44109, USA
    Clin Pediatr (Phila) 41:87-8; discussion 90-1. 2002
  73. ncbi [Tips and advice for twins' parents]
    Francoise Lebrun
    Service de médecine néonatale de Port Royal, 75679 Paris
    Rev Prat 56:2255-9. 2006
    ..These children and their families should be monitored so than they can be best advised at the various steps in providing care to and raising twins...
  74. ncbi Are there long-term effects of early child care?
    Jay Belsky
    Institute for the Study of Children, Families and Social Issues, Birkbeck University of London, UK
    Child Dev 78:681-701. 2007
    ..Discussion focuses on mechanisms responsible for these effects, the potential collective consequences of small child-care effects, and the importance of the ongoing follow-up at age 15...
  75. ncbi Parents of deaf children seeking hearing loss-related information on the internet: the Australian experience
    Ann Porter
    Aussie Deaf Kids, Sydney, Australia
    J Deaf Stud Deaf Educ 12:518-29. 2007
    ..However, the study suggested that half the parents have talked to their doctor or hearing professional about information they found on the Internet, which is an encouraging tendency...
  76. ncbi Etiology of atopy in infancy: the KOALA Birth Cohort Study
    Ischa Kummeling
    Department of Epidemiology, Care and Public Health Research Institute Caphri, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Pediatr Allergy Immunol 16:679-84. 2005
    ..In addition, pregnant women (n = 491) with 'alternative lifestyles' with regard to child rearing practices, dietary habits (organic, vegetarian), vaccination schemes and/or use of antibiotics, were recruited ..
  77. ncbi Just how happy is the happy puppet? An emotion signaling and kinship theory perspective on the behavioral phenotype of children with Angelman syndrome
    William M Brown
    Department of Psychology, Intercultural Institute on Human Development and Aging, Long Island University, 191 Willoughby Street, Suite 1A, Brooklyn, NY 11201, USA
    Med Hypotheses 63:377-85. 2004
    ..We expected that because the ultimate goal of paternal genes is to increase the child rearing burden of mothers, the Angelman behavioral phenotype should exhibit the emotion signaling characteristics that ..
  78. ncbi Temperament and parental child-rearing style: unique contributions to clinical anxiety disorders in childhood
    Ingeborg E Lindhout
    Triversum, Centre for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Alkmaar, The Netherlands
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 18:439-46. 2009
    ..Child-rearing and the child's temperament were assessed by means of parental questionnaire (Child Rearing Practices Report (CRPR) (Block in The Child-Rearing Practices Report. Institute of Human Development...
  79. ncbi Dental hygiene workforce issues: a Minnesota study
    Sarah Verville Basile
    University of Minnesota, School of Dentistry, MN, USA
    J Dent Hyg 81:11. 2007
    ..The study also assessed the reasons for maintaining an active license after withdrawal, and the factors that might entice an individual to return to the dental hygiene workforce...
  80. pmc How does poverty beget poverty?
    Linda S Pagani
    Ecole de Psychoéducation, Centre de Recherche de l Hôpital Sainte Justine, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec
    Paediatr Child Health 12:693-7. 2007
    ..Ces caractéristiques deviennent plus décourageantes lorsque les enfants non résilients deviennent les parents de la génération suivante...
  81. ncbi The working practices and career satisfaction of dental therapists in New Zealand
    K M S Ayers
    Department of Oral Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Otago, New Zealand
    Community Dent Health 24:257-63. 2007
    ..To describe the working practices and level of career satisfaction of dental therapists in New Zealand...
  82. ncbi Inconsolable night-time awakening: beyond night terrors
    David M Snyder
    Child Development Services, Exceptional Parents Unlimited, Fresno, CA, USA
    J Dev Behav Pediatr 29:311-4. 2008
    ..Physical examination was normal (including growth measurements) and the developmental examination was age-appropriate. Upon completion of the assessment, she was engaging, playful, and cooperative with the pediatrician...
  83. ncbi The influences of family environment on personality traits
    K Nakao
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience Psychiatry, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka, Japan
    Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 54:91-5. 2000
    ..The effects of family environment (maternal and paternal participation in child rearing before and after 4years of age, child-rearing style, parental relationship, sibling relationship, number of ..
  84. ncbi Inconsolable night-time awakening: beyond night terrors
    David M Snyder
    Child Development Services, Exceptional Parents Unlimited, Fresno, CA, USA
    J Dev Behav Pediatr 31:S7-10. 2010
    ..Physical examination was normal (including growth measurements) and the developmental examination was age-appropriate. Upon completion of the assessment, she was engaging, playful, and cooperative with the pediatrician...
  85. ncbi Comparison of child-rearing problems between mothers with multiple children who conceived after infertility treatment and mothers with multiple children who conceived spontaneously
    Yoshie Yokoyama
    College of Medical Technology, Kyoto University, 53 Kawahara cho, Shogoin, Sakyo ku, Kyoto, 606 8507 Japan
    Twin Res 6:89-96. 2003
    ..Furthermore, the odds ratio indicated that mothers who used no methods for alleviating stress were twice as likely to have depressive symptoms than those who did...
  86. ncbi Otitis media in early childhood in relation to children's school-age language and academic skills
    Joanne E Roberts
    Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 8180, USA
    Pediatrics 110:696-706. 2002
    ..To examine whether otitis media with effusion (OME) and associated hearing loss during the first 4 years of life are related to the language development and academic achievement of children between 4 years of age and second grade...
  87. ncbi [Anxiety and associated factors in mothers of twins or triplets as compared with mothers of singleton children]
    Masako Sugimoto
    Nishinomiya City Public Health Authority
    Nihon Koshu Eisei Zasshi 55:213-20. 2008
    ..The purpose of this survey was to study anxiety and associated factors in the mothers of twins or triplets as compared with the mothers of singleton children...
  88. ncbi Genitalia in human figure drawings: childrearing practices and child sexual abuse
    R A Hibbard
    Department of Pediatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis 46223
    J Pediatr 116:822-8. 1990
    ..This study confirms our previous report that the presence of genitalia spontaneously drawn on a child's drawing of a human figure is associated with alleged sexual abuse...
  89. ncbi Choice of food and food traditions in pre-war Bosnia-Herzegovina: focus group interviews with immigrant women in Sweden
    Inger M Jonsson
    Department of Community Medicine and Public Health, Orebro County Council, Sweden
    Ethn Health 7:149-61. 2002
    ..The purpose was to introduce the subject of food, health and migration into public health work and develop culture-adapted food and health advice...
  90. ncbi Suspected child abuse among victims of home accidents being admitted to the emergency department: a prospective survey from Turkey
    Ozlem Gencer
    Dokuz Eylul University School of Medicine, Department of Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Izmir, Turkey
    Pediatr Emerg Care 22:794-803. 2006
    ....
  91. ncbi Early childhood caries in northern Philippines
    Khristine Marie G Cariño
    Department of Oral Health Promotion, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 31:81-9. 2003
    ..To determine prevalence and severity of early childhood caries (ECC) among children in northern Philippines. Further, to describe and determine the impact of child-rearing practices and dental visits on caries status...
  92. ncbi The working practices and job satisfaction of dental nurses in Trinidad and Tobago: findings of a national survey
    R S Naidu
    School of Dentistry, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Eric Williams Medical Sciences Complex, Trinidad, West Indies
    Int Dent J 52:321-4. 2002
    ..To describe the working practices and level of job satisfaction of dental nurses in Trinidad and Tobago...
  93. ncbi Prevalence and correlates of malnutrition among children in rural minority areas of China
    Y Li
    Department of Developmental Medical Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Japan
    Pediatr Int 41:549-56. 1999
    ..The present study aimed to estimate the prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition with various anthropometric indices and examine its correlates in a large sample of poor rural minority children...
  94. ncbi The evolution of sex differences in language, sexuality, and visual-spatial skills
    R Joseph
    Brain Research Laboratory, San Jose, California 95126, USA
    Arch Sex Behav 29:35-66. 2000
    ..Similar labor divisions are evident over the course of human evolution. "Woman's work" such as child rearing, gathering, and domestic tool construction and manipulation contributed to the functional evolution of Broca's ..
  95. ncbi Postpartum sexuality concerns among first-time parents from one U.S. academic hospital
    Lisa Pastore
    Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
    J Sex Med 4:115-23. 2007
    ..Sexual perceptions and activities are influenced by pregnancy and childbirth due to both physical and emotional changes...
  96. ncbi Child-rearing in an indigenous Sami population in Norway: a cross-cultural comparison of parental attitudes and expectations
    Cecilie Javo
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Tromsø, Norway
    Scand J Psychol 45:67-78. 2004
    ..The study challenges the Individualism-Collectivism construct for apparently confounding the individualism common in European liberalism with the individual autonomy commonly encountered among hunting-gathering peoples...
  97. ncbi Anthropometry as a tool for measuring malnutrition: impact of the new WHO growth standards and reference
    M B Duggan
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Mbarara, Uganda College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi
    Ann Trop Paediatr 30:1-17. 2010
    ..It is possible that the required charts and tables may not be accessible to those working in traditional health/nutrition services which are often poorly equipped...
  98. ncbi Role of african-american fathers in child-rearing and oral health practices in an inner city environment--a brief communication
    Hillary Broder
    Department of Community Health, University of Medicine and Dentistry, Newark, NJ 07103, USA
    J Public Health Dent 66:138-43. 2006
    ..This study assesses parenting behaviors, health behaviors and attitudes in a sample of disadvantaged African-American fathers and evaluates the potential of fathers as recipients of oral health promotion interventions...
  99. ncbi Effect of depression and psychosocial stressors on cessation self-efficacy in mothers who smoke
    Melanie K Prusakowski
    Department of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine, Carilion Roanoke Memorial Hospital, 1906 Belleview Avenue, Roanoke, VA 24014, USA
    Matern Child Health J 15:620-6. 2011
    ..quit smoking, including social cues around pregnancy, post partum depression, financial and other pressures of child rearing, being a role model and concern that secondhand smoke might affect their child's health...
  100. ncbi What are the primary concerns of recently graduated surgeons and how do they differ from those of the residency training years?
    S G Gabram
    Department of Surgery, Loyola University Medical Center, 2160 S First Ave, Maywood, IL 60153, USA
    Arch Surg 136:1109-14. 2001
    ..Graduated surgeons have differences in concerns when comparisons are made between fellows and practicing surgeons, practicing surgeons and residents, and male and female surgeons...
  101. ncbi Relationship between parental bonding and mood disorder in six European countries
    Dirk Heider
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Leipzig, Johannisallee 20, 04317 Leipzig, Germany
    Psychiatry Res 143:89-98. 2006
    ..It would be of interest to assess whether this also holds for the rest of Europe and non-European countries...

Research Grants63

  1. Prenatal Bisphenol A and Sexually Dimorphic Neurodevelopment
    Bernard Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  2. Convergent Versus Parallel Striatal Afferents
    Daniel S Zahm; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The proposed studies will reveal non-dopaminergic and dopaminergic mechanisms that modulate LPO-elicited locomotor activation, which we propose contributes to the neural processes that underlie impulsive decision-making. ..
  3. Intergenerational impact of war: A prospective longitudinal study
    Theresa Stichick Betancourt; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..I particular, as war-affected youth start families of their own, opportunities exist to examine how child rearing is influenced by childhood war experiences and interruptions in social relationships due to war...
  4. Synaptic Transmission In Mammalian Cutaneous Touch Receptors
    Srdjan Maksimovic; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..feeding and dressing, but also for more complicated social interactions such as mating, bonding and successful child rearing. Despite decades of research, the molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying touch sensitivity are largely ..
  5. Early Childhood Development for the Poor: Impacting at Scale
    KONSTANTINOS MEGHIR; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The formation of groups could further reduce costs and enhance the dissemination of good child rearing practices...
  6. Women's physical activity and eating habits: Influence of work-family balance
    Joseph G Grzywacz; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The results can also be used to inform workplace programs designed to promote healthy physical activity and eating habits. ..
  7. FOLLOW-UP OF THE MULTIMODAL TREATMENT STUDY OF CHILDREN WITH ATTENTION DEFICIT H
    Karen Wells; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..g., SES) variables. This current contract supports assessment and data collection for follow-up year 12 of the MTA study, at the seven original sites. Each site is supported by an individual contract to that site. ..
  8. FOLLOW-UP OF THE MULTIMODAL TREATMENT STUDY OF CHILDREN WITH ATTENTION DEFICIT H
    Stephen Hinshaw; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..g., SES) variables. This current contract supports assessment and data collection for follow-up year 12 of the MTA study, at the seven original sites. Each site is supported by an individual contract to that site. ..
  9. FOLLOW-UP OF THE MULTIMODAL TREATMENT STUDY OF CHILDREN WITH ATTENTION DEFICIT H
    Brooke S G Molina; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..g., SES) variables. This current contract supports assessment and data collection for follow-up year 12 of the MTA study, at the seven original sites. Each site is supported by an individual contract to that site. ..
  10. CHILD CUSTODY & MONEY TRANSFERS IN DIVORCE NEGOTIATIONS
    H Peters; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..legal and physical custody arrangements are becoming more common, thus allowing fathers greater input into child rearing. In this proposal we explore the relationship between child custody/visitation arrangements and financial ..
  11. FOLLOW-UP OF THE MULTIMODAL TREATMENT STUDY OF CHILDREN WITH ADHD (MTA)
    Lily Hechtman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g., SES) variables. This current contract supports assessment and data collection for follow-up year 12 of the MTA study, at the seven original sites. Each site is supported by an individual contract to that site. ..
  12. Funding for MTA study (NIMH) - Duke
    Karen Wells; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g., SES) variables. This current contract supports assessment and data collection for follow-up year 12 of the MTA study, at the seven original sites. Each site is supported by an individual contract to that site. ..
  13. Funding for MTA study (NIMH) - Columbia
    Laurence Greenhill; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g., SES) variables. This current contract supports assessment and data collection for follow-up year 12 of the MTA study, at the seven original sites. Each site is supported by an individual contract to that site. ..
  14. Funding for MTA study (NIMH) - Berkeley
    Stephen Hinshaw; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g., SES) variables. This current contract supports assessment and data collection for follow-up year 12 of the MTA study, at the seven original sites. Each site is supported by an individual contract to that site. ..
  15. FOLLOW-UP OF THE MULTIMODAL TREATMENT STUDY OF CHILDREN WITH ADHD (MTA)
    Lily Hechtman; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..g., SES) variables. This current contract supports assessment and data collection for follow-up year 12 of the MTA study, at the seven original sites. Each site is supported by an individual contract to that site. ..
  16. In-Home Prevention of SA risks in Native Teen Families
    John T Walkup; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  17. Investigation into meta-parenting
    GEORGE HOLDEN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In turn, this construct should help investigators better understand parenting social cognition processes, child-rearing behavior, and the nature of effective parenting. ..
  18. PREGNANT ADDICTS AND OFFSPRING: EVALUATING INTERVENTION
    Judy Howard; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ....
  19. Cocaine, Self-Regulation, and Maternal/Child Aggression
    Denise Hien; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..One independently initiated revision includes: (1) addition of a cultural consultant (and his team) with expertise in child assessment and parenting across cultural groups. ..
  20. Implementing Parent Management Training in Norway
    Marion Forgatch; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Annual surveys will be conducted to study beliefs and attitudes within experimental and control community agencies throughout Norway. ..
  21. NEUROPSYCHOLOGY, BEHAVIOR DISORDER & DELINQUENCY RISK
    Terrie Moffitt; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The longitudinal risk design of the PYS is well-suited to supporting these research goals...
  22. PARENTING, CULTURE, NEIGHBORHOODS & ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOR
    Elizabeth Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  23. DEVELOPMENTAL CONSEQUENCES OF CHILD ABUSE AND VIOLENCE
    PENELOPE TRICKETT; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..such as cortisol dysregulation, are associated with this type of violence exposure, and to understand how the child rearing context of the home (including the presence of abuse) may mediate this impact...
  24. SUBSPECKLE VISIBILITY SMALL HYPOECHOGENIC BREAST TUMORS
    BERNARD STEINBERG; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..many young and in their child rearing years...
  25. ETHICAL & POLICY ISSUES IN CYSTIC FIBROSIS SCREENING
    Neil Holtzman; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The rates of acceptance of screening among a well-informed population and the effect of being identified as a carrier will provide better guidance to public policy related to genetic screening...
  26. Mutual Regulatory Processes in Black Mother-Infant Dyads
    Marjorie Beeghly; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..e., variations in household composition, social support, and child rearing attitudes such as warmth versus strictness, and racial socialization), 3] evaluate whether MR variables ..
  27. EMOTION REGULATION AND EARLY BEHAVIOR PROBLEMS
    Cynthia Stifter; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Finally, measures of depression, marital satisfaction, life stresses, child rearing disagreements, parent regulatory strategies and family structure will be obtained...
  28. AIDS RISK--A STUDY OF IDU FATHERS AND THEIR CHILDREN
    David Brook; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The significance of the study lies in its attempt to examine a greatly under-researched area--the role of the IDU father in his child's drug behavior and ability to cope. ..
  29. AIDS RISK--PUERTO RICAN IDU FATHERS AND THEIR CHILDREN
    David Brook; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The significance of the study lies in its attempt to examine a greatly under-researched area--the role of the Puerto Rican IDU father in his child's ability to cope and in his child's drug behavior. ..
  30. INDIAN WELLNESS PREVENTIVE INTERVENTION PROJECT
    Philip Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  31. DRUG USE--A MULTIGENERATIONAL STUDY
    Judith Brook; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..By focusing on ways to improve the psychosocial environment of the young child at risk, one can not only lessen the likelihood of later drug use, but also effect changes that will "break the chain" of generational risk transmission. ..
  32. SOCIAL COGNITION AND MOTHERS' RESPONSES TO MISBEHAVIOR
    GEORGE HOLDEN; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Although the consequences of child rearing have long been studied, there has been relatively little attention to understanding the cognitive mediators of ..
  33. REASONING ABOUT PROSOCIAL BEHAVIOR
    Nancy Eisenberg; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..role-taking abilities (with 2 or more measures), c) the children's religious training, and d) parental child rearing practices...
  34. CHILD REARING ACROSS GENERATIONS
    Mark Greenberg; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..It is expected that insight into these issues afforded by this research will prove useful to those seeking to prevent problematic parenting from developing or promote competent parenting. ..
  35. DRUG USE--GENERATIONAL TRANSMISSION IN MINORITY YOUTH
    Gary Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..By focusing on ways to improve the psychosocial environment of the young child at risk, one can not only lesser the likelihood of later drug use, but also effect changes that "break the chain" of generational risk transmission.) ..
  36. Ecology of HIV /AIDS and Child Mental Health in Tanzania
    Felton Earls; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..promote the social support of primary caregivers of preschool and preadolescent children, 2) to improve their child rearing skills and 3) to improve the physical growth and mental health of their children...
  37. SIBLING MUTUAL INTERACTION, DRUG USE, AND DEVIANCE
    David Rowe; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Most previous research on deviance has identified parental role models and child rearing practices as the probable cause of familial resemblance...
  38. FAMILY SIZE AND LATER KIN CONTACTS: A PILOT STUDY
    JOAN ALDOUS; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..These models are the following: "Size Constraint" (the effect of number of children on child rearing patterns as they affected present parent-child ties); "Completing Loyalties" (present occupational commitment, ..
  39. Developing Effective Treatments for Child Physical Abuse
    MELISSA RUNYON; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Parental attributions about failure associated with child rearing situations, and children's abuse-related attributions will be examined for their moderating influences on an ..
  40. CHILDHOOD NUTRITION, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, AND CV HEALTH
    Jane Kotchen; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..We also hypothesize that activity levels and patterns of dietary intake will be similar among family members...
  41. PREDICTION & PRIMARY PREVENTION OF CHILD MALTREATMENT
    Robert Brayden; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Event history regression analysis will be used to examine precursors of health and development outcomes of infants and psychological changes in the mothers...
  42. IMPACT OF NEGLECT ON ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT
    PENELOPE TRICKETT; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Measures will focus on physical development, social competence, problem behaviors, and social deviance-including substance abuse and delinquency. ..
  43. Family Factors, Childcare Quality, & Cognitive Outcomes
    ELIZABETH PUNGELLO; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  44. WOMEN AND COCAINE--A DESCRIPTIVE STUDY
    Marsha Rosenbaum; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ....
  45. Interparental Conflict and Parenting: The Role of Gender
    Melissa Sturge Apple; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Only wave one data will be used for the present proposal. Constructs examined in the present proposal were measured using multiple methods and multiple informants. ..
  46. IMPACT OF MATERNAL BREAST CANCER ON CHILDREN
    Kathryn Vannatta; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..for study because it is one of the most common forms of cancer and causes of death among women in their child rearing years...
  47. THE DEVELOPMENT OF ORIENTATIONS TOWARD PEER INTERACTION
    DIANE RUBLE; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Plans include writing theoretical pieces that describe self-socialization and distinguish it from other socialization approaches, and that discuss how it may help resolve longstanding discrepancies in the literature on child rearing.
  48. Biosocial risk factors for childhood behavior problems
    Jianghong Liu; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Postnatal psychosocial risk factors include parenting, child rearing disagreements, domestic violence, and home environment...
  49. FERTILITY PROCESSES IN LOW FERTILITY COUNTRIES
    RONALD RINDFUSS; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We hypothesize that the supply of childcare affects the incompatibility of work and child rearing - in essence, the degree of incompatibility between these two roles varies across time and space...
  50. THE PERFECT MOTHER: MOTHERS AND PHYSICIANS, 1850-2000
    RIMA APPLE; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..not unchanging; yet to whatever extent it did evolve, one central contradiction of the medical management of child rearing persisted throughout: it placed mothers in a position of great responsibility but little authority...
  51. Grandmothers, Caregiving, Families, and Transitions
    Carol Musil; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....