stereotyping

Summary

Summary: An oversimplified perception or conception especially of persons, social groups, etc.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Stigma in the HIV/AIDS epidemic: a review of the literature and recommendations for the way forward
    Anish P Mahajan
    UCLA Program in Global Health, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90024, USA
    AIDS 22:S67-79. 2008
  2. ncbi HIV and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination: a conceptual framework and implications for action
    Richard Parker
    Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Soc Sci Med 57:13-24. 2003
  3. ncbi From conceptualizing to measuring HIV stigma: a review of HIV stigma mechanism measures
    Valerie A Earnshaw
    Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, 06269 1020, USA
    AIDS Behav 13:1160-77. 2009
  4. pmc Obesity stigma: important considerations for public health
    Rebecca M Puhl
    Director of Research and Weight Stigma Initiatives, Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, 309 Edwards St, New Haven, CT 06520 8369, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:1019-28. 2010
  5. ncbi How stigma interferes with mental health care
    Patrick Corrigan
    University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Am Psychol 59:614-25. 2004
  6. ncbi Perceived stigma as a predictor of treatment discontinuation in young and older outpatients with depression
    J A Sirey
    Outpatient Department, Westchester Division, New York Presbyterian Hospital, White Plains, NY, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 158:479-81. 2001
  7. ncbi Internalized stigma of mental illness: psychometric properties of a new measure
    Jennifer Boyd Ritsher
    Center for Health Care Evaluation, US Department of Veterans Affairs and Stanford University, School of Medicine, Menlo Park, CA, USA
    Psychiatry Res 121:31-49. 2003
  8. pmc HIV-related stigma and knowledge in the United States: prevalence and trends, 1991-1999
    Gregory M Herek
    Department of Psychology, University of California at Davis, 1 Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616 8686, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:371-7. 2002
  9. pmc A comparison of HIV stigma and discrimination in five international sites: the influence of care and treatment resources in high prevalence settings
    Suzanne Maman
    Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:2271-8. 2009
  10. ncbi Stigma, discrimination and the health of illicit drug users
    Jennifer Ahern
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 109 Observatory Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 88:188-96. 2007

Detail Information

Publications363 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Stigma in the HIV/AIDS epidemic: a review of the literature and recommendations for the way forward
    Anish P Mahajan
    UCLA Program in Global Health, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90024, USA
    AIDS 22:S67-79. 2008
    ..Based on the literature, we conclude by offering a set of recommendations that may represent important next steps in a multifaceted response to stigma in the HIV/AIDS epidemic...
  2. ncbi HIV and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination: a conceptual framework and implications for action
    Richard Parker
    Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Soc Sci Med 57:13-24. 2003
    ....
  3. ncbi From conceptualizing to measuring HIV stigma: a review of HIV stigma mechanism measures
    Valerie A Earnshaw
    Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, 06269 1020, USA
    AIDS Behav 13:1160-77. 2009
    ..Finally, we emphasize the utility of using three questions to guide future HIV stigma research: who is affected by, how are they affected by, and what are the outcomes of HIV stigma?..
  4. pmc Obesity stigma: important considerations for public health
    Rebecca M Puhl
    Director of Research and Weight Stigma Initiatives, Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, 309 Edwards St, New Haven, CT 06520 8369, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:1019-28. 2010
    ..These findings highlight weight stigma as both a social justice issue and a priority for public health...
  5. ncbi How stigma interferes with mental health care
    Patrick Corrigan
    University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Am Psychol 59:614-25. 2004
    ..Implications for the development of antistigma programs that might promote care seeking and participation are also reviewed...
  6. ncbi Perceived stigma as a predictor of treatment discontinuation in young and older outpatients with depression
    J A Sirey
    Outpatient Department, Westchester Division, New York Presbyterian Hospital, White Plains, NY, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 158:479-81. 2001
    ..The authors' goal was to examine the extent to which perceived stigma affected treatment discontinuation in young and older adults with major depression...
  7. ncbi Internalized stigma of mental illness: psychometric properties of a new measure
    Jennifer Boyd Ritsher
    Center for Health Care Evaluation, US Department of Veterans Affairs and Stanford University, School of Medicine, Menlo Park, CA, USA
    Psychiatry Res 121:31-49. 2003
    ..Having a validated measure of internalized stigma may encourage clinicians to include stigma reduction as a verifiable treatment goal in addition to symptom reduction...
  8. pmc HIV-related stigma and knowledge in the United States: prevalence and trends, 1991-1999
    Gregory M Herek
    Department of Psychology, University of California at Davis, 1 Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616 8686, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:371-7. 2002
    ..This study assessed the prevalence of AIDS stigma and misinformation about HIV transmission in 1997 and 1999 and examined trends in stigma in the United States during the 1990s...
  9. pmc A comparison of HIV stigma and discrimination in five international sites: the influence of care and treatment resources in high prevalence settings
    Suzanne Maman
    Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:2271-8. 2009
    ..We need effective strategies to reduce HIV stigma as treatment and care resources are scaled up in the settings that are most heavily impacted by the HIV epidemic...
  10. ncbi Stigma, discrimination and the health of illicit drug users
    Jennifer Ahern
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 109 Observatory Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 88:188-96. 2007
    ..The association of stigma and discrimination with poor health among drug users suggests the need for debate on the relative risks and benefits of stigma and discrimination in this context...
  11. ncbi Internalized stigma, discrimination, and depression among men and women living with HIV/AIDS in Cape Town, South Africa
    Leickness C Simbayi
    Social Aspects of HIV AIDS and Health, Human Sciences Research Council, P Bag X9182, Cape Town 8000, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 64:1823-31. 2007
    ..These results indicate an urgent need for social reform to reduce AIDS stigmas and the design of interventions to assist people living with HIV/AIDS to adjust and adapt to the social conditions of AIDS in South Africa...
  12. pmc Impact of HIV-related stigma on health behaviors and psychological adjustment among HIV-positive men and women
    Peter A Vanable
    Department of Psychology and Center for Health and Behavior, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York 13244 2340, USA
    AIDS Behav 10:473-82. 2006
    ..Stigma should be addressed in stress management, health promotion, and medication adherence interventions for HIV-positive people...
  13. pmc Attitudes of mental health professionals toward people with schizophrenia and major depression
    Carlos Nordt
    Psychiatric University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    Schizophr Bull 32:709-14. 2006
    ..The study concludes that the better knowledge of mental health professionals and their support of individual rights neither entail fewer stereotypes nor enhance the willingness to closely interact with mentally ill people...
  14. ncbi Correlates and consequences of internalized stigma for people living with mental illness: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    James D Livingston
    Forensic Psychiatric Services Commission, BC Mental Health and Addiction Services, British Columbia, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 71:2150-61. 2010
    ..The study also highlights the need for greater attention on disentangling the true nature of the relationship between internalized stigma and other psychosocial variables...
  15. ncbi Is obesity stigmatizing? Body weight, perceived discrimination, and psychological well-being in the United States
    Deborah Carr
    Department of Sociology, Institute for Health, Health Care Policy, and Aging Research, Rutgers University, 30 College Avenue, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 46:244-59. 2005
    ..Our findings offer further support for the pervasive stigma of obesity and the negative implications of stigmatized identities for life chances...
  16. ncbi Perspectives of HIV-related stigma in a community in Vietnam: a qualitative study
    Alice Gaudine
    School of Nursing, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, NL, Canada
    Int J Nurs Stud 47:38-48. 2010
    ..While HIV/AIDS is increasing in Vietnam, very few published studies focus on HIV-related stigma in Vietnam. This study reports on findings from a community development project to reduce HIV-related stigma within one community in Vietnam...
  17. ncbi Disclosure of HIV among black African men and women attending a London HIV clinic
    T Calin
    Royal Holloway University, London
    AIDS Care 19:385-91. 2007
    ..Clinicians seeking to assist members of this population to disclose need to assess the specific reasons for and barriers against disclosure for that individual...
  18. ncbi What about psychiatrists' attitude to mentally ill people?
    Christoph Lauber
    Psychiatric University Hospital, Militarstrasse 8, PO Box 1930, 8021 Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Psychiatry 19:423-7. 2004
    ..Firstly, to assess and, secondly, to compare experts' and lay attitudes towards community psychiatry and the respective social distance towards mentally ill people...
  19. ncbi Mental illness stigma: concepts, consequences, and initiatives to reduce stigma
    NICOLAS RUSCH
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Freiburg, Hauptstrasse 5, D 79104 Freiburg, Germany
    Eur Psychiatry 20:529-39. 2005
    ..Well-designed anti-stigma initiatives will help to diminish negative consequences of mental illness stigma...
  20. ncbi High levels of misconceptions and stigma in a community highly endemic for podoconiosis in southern Ethiopia
    Bereket Yakob
    School of Public Health, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 102:439-44. 2008
    ..Community interventions for podoconiosis must include education components aimed at dispelling misconceptions and stigma...
  21. ncbi Stigma: ignorance, prejudice or discrimination?
    Graham Thornicroft
    Br J Psychiatry 190:192-3. 2007
    ..The main challenge in future is to identify which interventions will produce behaviour change to reduce discrimination against people with mental illness...
  22. pmc The impact of universal access to antiretroviral therapy on HIV stigma in Botswana
    William R Wolfe
    Physicians for Human Rights, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:1865-71. 2008
    ..We sought to examine the impact of treatment access on HIV stigma in Botswana 3 years after the introduction of a national program of universal access to antiretroviral therapy...
  23. ncbi Stigma and its public health implications
    Bruce G Link
    Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Lancet 367:528-9. 2006
  24. ncbi Exploring HIV stigma and quality of life for persons living with HIV infection
    William L Holzemer
    School of Nursing, University of California San Francisco, CA, USA
    J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 20:161-8. 2009
    ..This study empirically documents that perceived HIV stigma had a significantly negative impact upon quality of life for a broad sample of people living with HIV infection...
  25. ncbi Stigma rises despite antiretroviral roll-out: a longitudinal analysis in South Africa
    Brendan Maughan-Brown
    AIDS and Society Research Unit, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch, 7701, Cape Town, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 70:368-74. 2010
    ..They also indicate the imperative for renewed efforts to reduce stigma, perhaps through interventions to weaken the association between HIV/AIDS and death, to reduce fear of HIV/AIDS, and to recast HIV as a chronic manageable disease...
  26. ncbi Stigma as a barrier to recovery: Perceived stigma and patient-rated severity of illness as predictors of antidepressant drug adherence
    J A Sirey
    Department of Psychiatry, New York Presbyterian Hospital, Westchester Division, White Plains, NY 10605, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 52:1615-20. 2001
    ..The authors examined the impact of barriers that were present at the initiation of antidepressant drug therapy on medication adherence in a mixed-age sample of outpatients with major depression...
  27. pmc HIV-related stigma: adapting a theoretical framework for use in India
    Wayne T Steward
    Department of Medicine, Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
    Soc Sci Med 67:1225-35. 2008
    ....
  28. ncbi An attribution model of public discrimination towards persons with mental illness
    Patrick Corrigan
    University of Chicago, Center for Psychiatric Rehabilitation, 7230 Arbor Drive, Tinley Park, IL 60477, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 44:162-79. 2003
    ..The results from this study also suggest that familiarity with mental illness reduces discriminatory responses...
  29. ncbi Subjective experiences of stigma. A focus group study of schizophrenic patients, their relatives and mental health professionals
    Beate Schulze
    University of Leipzig, Department of Psychiatry, Johannisallee 20, 04317 Leipzig, Germany
    Soc Sci Med 56:299-312. 2003
    ..The consequences for conceptualisations of stigma and the development of effective strategies to reduce stigma and discrimination because of schizophrenia are discussed...
  30. pmc Stigma, social support, and depression among people living with HIV in Thailand
    Li Li
    Center for Community Health, Semel Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    AIDS Care 21:1007-13. 2009
    ..This study aims to examine complex relationships among demographics, HIV-related stigma, and social support and their impact on depression among PLWHA in Thailand...
  31. ncbi Reducing the gender achievement gap in college science: a classroom study of values affirmation
    Akira Miyake
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA
    Science 330:1234-7. 2010
    ..Benefits were strongest for women who tended to endorse the stereotype that men do better than women in physics. A brief psychological intervention may be a promising way to address the gender gap in science performance and learning...
  32. ncbi Making fun of patients: medical students' perceptions and use of derogatory and cynical humor in clinical settings
    Delese Wear
    Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine, Rootstown, Ohio, USA
    Acad Med 81:454-62. 2006
    ..quot; This study examines one dimension of this phenomenon: how medical students perceive and use derogatory and cynical humor directed at patients...
  33. ncbi A dual-process model of reactions to perceived stigma
    John B Pryor
    Department of Psychology, Illinois State University, Normal, IL, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 87:436-52. 2004
    ..The 1st involved participants' reactions to persons with HIV/AIDS, and the 2nd, participants' reactions to 15 different stigmatizing conditions...
  34. ncbi Social relationships, stigma and adherence to antiretroviral therapy for HIV/AIDS
    N C Ware
    Harvard Medical School, Department of Social Medicine, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    AIDS Care 18:904-10. 2006
    ..Results suggest that persons with HIV/AIDS will not consistently subordinate other interests to prioritize adherence. Interventions aimed at supporting long-term adherence must address experienced conflicts between 'health' and 'life'...
  35. ncbi Stereotyping and evaluation in implicit race bias: evidence for independent constructs and unique effects on behavior
    David M Amodio
    Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 91:652-61. 2006
    Implicit stereotyping and prejudice often appear as a single process in behavior, yet functional neuroanatomy suggests that they arise from fundamentally distinct substrates associated with semantic versus affective memory systems...
  36. pmc Relationships of stigma and shame to gonorrhea and HIV screening
    J Dennis Fortenberry
    Section of Adolescent Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:378-81. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess the relationships between stigma and shame associated with seeking treatment for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and undergoing testing for gonorrhea and HIV...
  37. ncbi Internalization of weight bias: Implications for binge eating and emotional well-being
    Rebecca M Puhl
    Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, 309 Edwards Street, New Haven, CT 06520 8369, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:19-23. 2007
    ..This study examined the relationship between internalization of negative weight-based stereotypes and indices of eating behaviors and emotional well-being in a sample of overweight and obese women...
  38. ncbi The dynamics of stigma in leprosy
    M L Heijnders
    Research Fellow, Trimbos Institute
    Int J Lepr Other Mycobact Dis 72:437-47. 2004
    ..Stigma enforces already existing inequalities in social class, gender, and age...
  39. pmc An integrated process model of stereotype threat effects on performance
    Toni Schmader
    Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    Psychol Rev 115:336-56. 2008
    ..The active monitoring mechanism disrupts performance on sensorimotor tasks directly. Empirical evidence for these assertions is reviewed, and implications for interventions designed to alleviate stereotype threat are discussed...
  40. ncbi Stigma about depression and its impact on help-seeking intentions
    Lisa J Barney
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 40:51-4. 2006
    ..The aim of this article was to examine community help-seeking intentions and stigmatizing beliefs associated with depression...
  41. ncbi How smart do you think you are? A meta-analysis on the validity of self-estimates of cognitive ability
    Philipp Alexander Freund
    Department of Psychology, Leuphana University at Lüneburg, Germany
    Psychol Bull 138:296-321. 2012
    ..This information is potentially relevant for career counselors, personnel recruiters, and teachers...
  42. ncbi Perceptions of discrimination among persons with serious mental illness
    Patrick Corrigan
    University of Chicago Center for Psychiatric Rehabilitation, Tinley Park, Illinois, 60477, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 54:1105-10. 2003
    ....
  43. ncbi Knowing is half the battle: teaching stereotype threat as a means of improving women's math performance
    Michael Johns
    Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    Psychol Sci 16:175-9. 2005
    ..The results suggest that teaching about stereotype threat might offer a practical means of reducing its detrimental effects...
  44. ncbi The impact of weight stigma on caloric consumption
    Natasha A Schvey
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 19:1957-62. 2011
    ..This directly challenges the notion that pressure to lose weight in the form of weight stigma will have a positive, motivating effect on overweight individuals...
  45. pmc Depression is not an inevitable outcome of disclosure avoidance: HIV stigma and mental health in a cohort of HIV-infected individuals from Southern India
    Wayne T Steward
    Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Psychol Health Med 16:74-85. 2011
    ..Amidst ongoing perceptions and experiences of stigma, HIV-positive individuals can achieve significant improvements in their acceptance of the disease and in mental well-being...
  46. ncbi Assessment of weight stigma
    Enrica N Ruggs
    Department of Psychology, Rice University, Houston, TX 77005, USA
    Obes Facts 3:60-9. 2010
    ..Furthermore, this article highlights 4 dimensions that are important to consider when assessing weight stigma, regardless of the research methodology used...
  47. ncbi At issue: Stop the stigma: call mental illness a brain disease
    Patrick W Corrigan
    Center for Psychiatric Rehabilitation at Evanston Northwestern Healthcare, 1033 University Place, Suite 450, Evanston, IL 60201, USA
    Schizophr Bull 30:477-9. 2004
    ..We propose a balanced approach that combats the various myths about mental illness with factual information...
  48. ncbi Social appraisal of adult ADHD: stigma and influences of the beholder's Big Five personality traits
    Will H Canu
    Department of Psychology, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC 28608, USA
    J Atten Disord 11:700-10. 2008
    ..This study investigates social stigma associated with a diagnosis of ADHD in adulthood and whether Big Five personality traits predict appraisals of affected individuals...
  49. ncbi Fat phobia scale revisited: the short form
    J G Bacon
    White Bear Lake Area Community Counseling Center, White Bear Lake, Minnesota, USA
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25:252-7. 2001
    ..Future research should focus on developing scale norms for the general population and conducting research on fat phobia in males and among different ethnic groups...
  50. ncbi Familiarity with and social distance from people who have serious mental illness
    P W Corrigan
    University of Chicago Center for Psychiatric Rehabilitation, Tinley Park, Illinois 60477, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 52:953-8. 2001
    ..This study examined the effects of familiarity with and social distance from persons who have serious mental illness on stigmatizing attitudes about mental illness...
  51. ncbi Development and psychometric properties of the reported and intended behaviour scale (RIBS): a stigma-related behaviour measure
    S Evans-Lacko
    Health Service and Population Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
    Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci 20:263-71. 2011
    ....
  52. pmc HIV stigma and nurse job satisfaction in five African countries
    Maureen L Chirwa
    Kamuzu College of Nursing, University of Malawi, Blantyre, Malawi
    J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 20:14-21. 2009
    ..Perceived HIV stigma was the strongest predictor of job dissatisfaction. These results provide new areas for intervention strategies that might enhance the work environment for nurses in these countries...
  53. ncbi Perceptions and experiences of tuberculosis among African patients attending a tuberculosis clinic in London
    K E Nnoaham
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 10:1013-7. 2006
    ..Little is known of the social and cultural issues influencing the uptake of and attitudes to tuberculosis (TB) care by people of African extraction living in the UK...
  54. pmc "We, the AIDS people. . .": how antiretroviral therapy enables Zimbabweans living with HIV/AIDS to cope with stigma
    Catherine Campbell
    Health, Community, and Development Group, Institute of Social Psychology, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK
    Am J Public Health 101:1004-10. 2011
    ..Much remains to be learned about the complex interaction of economic and psychosocial dimensions of poverty, treatment availability, and conservative sexual moralities in driving HIV/AIDS stigma in specific settings...
  55. ncbi The stigma of mental illness: effects of labelling on public attitudes towards people with mental disorder
    M C Angermeyer
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 108:304-9. 2003
    ..Aim of the study is to examine the impact of labelling on public attitudes towards people with schizophrenia and major depression...
  56. ncbi Voluntary HIV testing, disclosure, and stigma among injection drug users in Bali, Indonesia
    Kathleen Ford
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 48104 3028, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 16:487-98. 2004
    ..There were serious concerns about others being ashamed of them and the impact of HIV on relationships with spouses and sexual partners and on employment...
  57. ncbi Measuring mental illness stigma
    Bruce G Link
    Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, 722 West 168th Street, Room 1609, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Schizophr Bull 30:511-41. 2004
    ..Our conceptualization of stigma processes leads us to consider components of labeling, stereotyping, cognitive separating, emotional reactions, status loss, and discrimination...
  58. ncbi A method for the quantitative analysis of the layering of HIV-related stigma
    D D Reidpath
    School of Health and Social Care, Brunel University, Uxbgidge, UK
    AIDS Care 17:425-32. 2005
    ..The importance of understanding the layering of stigma for the development of effective interventions is also discussed...
  59. ncbi Active ingredients in anti-stigma programmes in mental health
    Vanessa Pinfold
    Rethink, Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, UK
    Int Rev Psychiatry 17:123-31. 2005
    ....
  60. ncbi Care and secrecy: being a mother of children living with HIV in Burkina Faso
    Fabienne Hejoaka
    Centre d Etudes Africaines Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris, France
    Soc Sci Med 69:869-76. 2009
    ..Finally, women's engagement in child care invites us to look beyond the essentialist approach of women's vulnerability conveyed by international discourse to characterise the situation of women facing the HIV/AIDS impact...
  61. ncbi Recursive processes in self-affirmation: intervening to close the minority achievement gap
    Geoffrey L Cohen
    Department of Psychology, University of Colorado, Muenzinger Psychology Building, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
    Science 324:400-3. 2009
    ..Implications for psychological theory and educational practice are discussed...
  62. ncbi Hate crimes and stigma-related experiences among sexual minority adults in the United States: prevalence estimates from a national probability sample
    Gregory M Herek
    Psychology Department, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    J Interpers Violence 24:54-74. 2009
    ..Employment and housing discrimination were significantly more likely among gay men and lesbians than among bisexual men and women. Implications for future research and policy are discussed...
  63. ncbi Prejudice and schizophrenia: a review of the 'mental illness is an illness like any other' approach
    J Read
    Department of Psychology, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 114:303-18. 2006
    ..Many anti-stigma programmes use the 'mental illness is an illness like any other' approach. This review evaluates the effectiveness of this approach in relation to schizophrenia...
  64. ncbi The relation between perception and behavior, or how to win a game of trivial pursuit
    A Dijksterhuis
    Department of Social Psychology, University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Pers Soc Psychol 74:865-77. 1998
    ..The authors explain their results by claiming that perception had a direct and pervasive impact on overt behavior (cf. J.A. Bargh, M. Chen, & L. Burrows, 1996). Implications for human social behavior are discussed...
  65. ncbi Mental health consumers' experience of stigma
    O F Wahl
    Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
    Schizophr Bull 25:467-78. 1999
    ..Limitations to generalization of results include the self-selection, relatively high functioning of participants, and respondent connections to a specific advocacy organization-the National Alliance for the Mentally Ill...
  66. ncbi Automaticity of social behavior: direct effects of trait construct and stereotype-activation on action
    J A Bargh
    Department of Psychology, New York University, New York 10003, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 71:230-44. 1996
    ..Implications of this automatic behavior priming effect for self-fulfilling prophecies are discussed, as is whether social behavior is necessarily mediated by conscious choice processes...
  67. ncbi Meta-analysis of health and demographic correlates of stigma towards people living with HIV
    C Logie
    Factor Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    AIDS Care 21:742-53. 2009
    ..Additionally, HIV-related stigma scales should be developed and validated, so that future studies using them are able to report findings that are operationally and conceptually consistent...
  68. ncbi Perception of stigma among family members of individuals with schizophrenia and major affective disorders in rural Ethiopia
    T Shibre
    Department of Community Health, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 36:299-303. 2001
    ..Beliefs about causes differ from those held by professionals. Popular beliefs and attitudes must be taken into account when planning for intervention...
  69. ncbi Management of HIV-related stigma and adherence to HAART: evidence from a large representative sample of outpatients attending French hospitals (ANRS-EN12-VESPA 2003)
    P Peretti-Watel
    Regional Centre for Disease Control of South Eastern France, Marseilles, France
    AIDS Care 18:254-61. 2006
    ....
  70. ncbi Living with a concealable stigmatized identity: the impact of anticipated stigma, centrality, salience, and cultural stigma on psychological distress and health
    Diane M Quinn
    Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut
    J Pers Soc Psychol 97:634-51. 2009
    ....
  71. pmc The impact of taking or not taking ARVs on HIV stigma as reported by persons living with HIV infection in five African countries
    Lucy N Makoae
    National University of Lesotho, Lesotho, South Africa
    AIDS Care 21:1357-62. 2009
    ..This study examined the impact of taking or not taking antiretroviral (ARV) medications on stigma, as reported by people living with HIV infection in five African countries...
  72. pmc HIV-related stigma in health care settings: a survey of service providers in China
    Li Li
    Semel Institute Center for Community Health, UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90024, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 21:753-62. 2007
    ..A better understanding of HIV-related discrimination in health care settings requires consideration of both individual and institutional factors...
  73. ncbi Stigma as a barrier to recovery: The consequences of stigma for the self-esteem of people with mental illnesses
    B G Link
    Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 52:1621-6. 2001
    ..The objective of this study was to determine whether stigma affects the self-esteem of persons who have serious mental illnesses or whether stigma has few, if any, effects on self-esteem...
  74. ncbi The stigma of alcohol dependence compared with other mental disorders: a review of population studies
    Georg Schomerus
    Department of Psychiatry, Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald, Rostocker Chaussee 70, 18437 Stralsund, Germany
    Alcohol Alcohol 46:105-12. 2011
    ..Stigma is likely to aggravate the severe medical and social consequences of alcohol dependence. We aim to explore the characteristics of the alcohol dependence stigma by comparing it with the stigma of other conditions...
  75. pmc The development and validation of the HIV/AIDS Stigma Instrument - Nurse (HASI-N)
    Leana R Uys
    University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    AIDS Care 21:150-9. 2009
    ..The HASI-N is the first inductively derived instrument measuring stigma experienced and enacted by nurses. It has the potential to be used not only to measure stigma, but also to develop stigma-reduction interventions...
  76. ncbi What the voice reveals: within- and between-category stereotyping on the basis of voice
    Sei Jin Ko
    Department of Psychology, University of Groningen, Netherlands
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 32:806-19. 2006
    ..report research that attempts to shift the traditional focus of visual cues to auditory cues as a basis for stereotyping. Moreover, their approach examines whether gender-signaling vocal cues lead not only to between-category but ..
  77. ncbi Conceptualizing control in social cognition: how executive functioning modulates the expression of automatic stereotyping
    B Keith Payne
    Department of Psychology, Ohio State University, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 89:488-503. 2005
    ..Race bias in weapon identification was used to measure stereotyping, and a process dissociation procedure was used to measure automatic and controlled components of performance...
  78. ncbi Community study of knowledge of and attitude to mental illness in Nigeria
    Oye Gureje
    Department of Psychiatry, University College Hospital, PMB 5116, Ibadan, Nigeria
    Br J Psychiatry 186:436-41. 2005
    ..The improvement of community tolerance of people with mental illness is important for their integration. Little is known about the knowledge of and attitude to mental illness in sub-Saharan Africa...
  79. ncbi Sociocultural and psychological features of perceived stigma reported by people with epilepsy in Benin
    Florentina Rafael
    Universite de Limoges, IFR 145 GEIST, Institut de Neurologie Tropicale, EA 3174 NeuroEpidémiologie Tropicale et Comparée, Limoges, France
    Epilepsia 51:1061-8. 2010
    ..We assessed perceived stigma and identified sociocultural and psychological factors explaining greater stigma among people with epilepsy (PWE) in Benin...
  80. ncbi Stereotype threat and the exercise/dietary health intentions of overweight women
    Jason D Seacat
    Western New England College, Psychology, Springfield, MA, USA
    J Health Psychol 14:556-67. 2009
    ..Analyses with a community sample of 100 clinically overweight women showed that priming overweight women to think about weight-related stereotypes led to significantly diminished exercise and dietary health intentions...
  81. ncbi Obesity: attitudes of undergraduate student nurses and registered nurses
    Man Yuk Poon
    Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong, China
    J Clin Nurs 18:2355-65. 2009
    ..To investigate undergraduate student nurses' and registered nurses' attitudes towards obese persons and towards the management of obese patients...
  82. pmc The development and psychometric properties of a new scale to measure mental illness related stigma by health care providers: the Opening Minds Scale for Health Care Providers (OMS-HC)
    Aliya Kassam
    Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, 3330 Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, AB, Canada
    BMC Psychiatry 12:62. 2012
    ..Many scales used to measure attitudes towards people with mental illness that exist today are not adequate because they do not have items that relate specifically to the role of the health care provider...
  83. ncbi The Stigma Scale: development of a standardised measure of the stigma of mental illness
    Michael King
    Department of Mental Health Sciences, Royal Free and University College Medical School, Rowland Hill Street, London NW3 4QP, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 190:248-54. 2007
    ..There is concern about the stigma of mental illness, but it is difficult to measure stigma consistently...
  84. ncbi Reducing the racial achievement gap: a social-psychological intervention
    Geoffrey L Cohen
    Department of Psychology, University of Colorado, Muenzinger Psychology Building, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
    Science 313:1307-10. 2006
    ..These results suggest that the racial achievement gap, a major social concern in the United States, could be ameliorated by the use of timely and targeted social-psychological interventions...
  85. ncbi Math = male, me = female, therefore math not = me
    Brian A Nosek
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 83:44-59. 2002
    ..These results point to the opportunities and constraints on personal preferences that derive from membership in social groups...
  86. ncbi HIV stigma, disclosure and psychosocial distress among Thai youth living with HIV
    C Rongkavilit
    Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Children s Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 21:126-32. 2010
    ..18, P < 0.01). In conclusion, the12-item Stigma Scale was reliable for TYLH. Increasing public understanding and education could reduce stigma and improve mental health and quality of life in TYLH...
  87. ncbi Implementing local projects to reduce the stigma of mental illness
    Richard Warner
    Epidemiol Psichiatr Soc 17:20-5. 2008
    ..The involvement of consumers is important in working with police officers. Project organizers should be on the lookout for useful changes that can become permanent...
  88. ncbi Children's beliefs about causes of childhood depression and ADHD: a study of stigmatization
    Daniel Coleman
    Graduate School of Social Work, Portland State University, P O Box 751 SSW, Portland, OR 97207, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 60:950-7. 2009
    ....
  89. ncbi HIV/AIDS and maternity care in Kenya: how fears of stigma and discrimination affect uptake and provision of labor and delivery services
    J M Turan
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences and Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California, San Francisco, US
    AIDS Care 20:938-45. 2008
    ..Such interventions may improve the quality of maternity care, increase utilization and contribute to overall improvements in maternal health, while also enhancing prevention of mother-to-child-transmission and HIV care...
  90. ncbi Impact of changing the Japanese term for "schizophrenia" for reasons of stereotypical beliefs of schizophrenia in Japanese youth
    Hidehiko Takahashi
    Department of Molecular Neuroimaging, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 4 9 1 Anagawa, Inage Ku, Chiba, Japan
    Schizophr Res 112:149-52. 2009
    ..The old term was strongly associated with "criminal", and this association became significantly weaker with the new term. The strategy of renaming holds considerable promise for tempering negative bias toward this disorder in Japan...
  91. ncbi Interventions to reduce the stigma associated with severe mental illness: experiences from the open the doors program in Germany
    Wolfgang Gaebel
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Heinrich Heine University Dusseldorf, Bergische Landstrasse 2, 40629 Düsseldorf, Germany
    Can J Psychiatry 48:657-62. 2003
    ..Improved knowledge should in turn abolish prejudice and negative perceptions and facilitate the social reintegration of those suffering from mental illness...
  92. ncbi Perceptions of obesity across the lifespan
    Michelle R Hebl
    Department of Psychology, Rice University, Houston, Texas, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:S46-52. 2008
    Previous research on obesity stereotyping has almost extensively involved looking at the perceptions that 5-21-year-old individuals have toward members of their own age in-group...
  93. ncbi Implicit and explicit stigma of mental illness: links to clinical care
    Tara S Peris
    Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, UCLA Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, Los Angeles, California 90024, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 196:752-60. 2008
    ..Further, explicit (but not implicit) biases predicted more negative patient prognoses, but implicit (and not explicit) biases predicted over-diagnosis, underscoring the value of using both implicit and explicit measures...
  94. ncbi Overlapping mental representations of self, ingroup, and outgroup: unraveling self-stereotyping and self-anchoring
    Sabine Otten
    University of Groningen, The Netherlands
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 32:957-69. 2006
    ..Besides on inferences from ingroup to self (self-stereotyping) however, self-ingroup overlap could also be based on inferences from the self to the ingroup (self-anchoring)...
  95. ncbi Implicit self-stigma in people with mental illness
    NICOLAS RUSCH
    Joint Research Programs in Psychiatric Rehabilitation, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, IL, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 198:150-3. 2010
    ..Our results suggest that implicit self-stigma is a measurable construct and is associated with negative outcomes. Attempts to reduce self-stigma should take implicit processes into account...
  96. pmc Retraining attitudes and stereotypes to affect motivation and cognitive capacity under stereotype threat
    Chad E Forbes
    University of Arizona, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 99:740-54. 2010
    ..Implications for interventions to reduce stereotype threat are discussed...
  97. ncbi Understanding and influencing the stigma of mental illness
    Patrick W Corrigan
    Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago 60616, USA
    J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv 46:42-8. 2008
    ..Stigma change for label avoidance is not as well understood but may include the education and contact approaches used for public stigma. Evidence-based approaches to stigma change need to be substantiated by rigorous investigations...
  98. pmc Development and validation of a culturally appropriate HIV/AIDS Stigma Scale for Puerto Rican health professionals in training
    NELSON VARAS-DIAZ
    Graduate School of Social Work Beatriz Lassalle, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, PR, Puerto Rico
    AIDS Care 21:1259-70. 2009
    ..These dimensions in turn were subcomponents of a higher-order general stigma factor. Implications and limitations of these findings are discussed...
  99. ncbi Weight stigmatization and ideological beliefs: relation to psychological functioning in obese adults
    Kelli E Friedman
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, 3116 North Duke Street, Suite 209, Durham, NC 27704, USA
    Obes Res 13:907-16. 2005
    ..This study evaluated the relation among weight-based stigmatization, ideological beliefs about weight, and psychological functioning in an obese, treatment-seeking sample...
  100. ncbi Reducing psychiatric stigma and discrimination--evaluating an educational intervention with the police force in England
    V Pinfold
    Health Service Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 38:337-44. 2003
    ..This paper evaluates the effectiveness of a mental health training intervention with the police force in England...
  101. pmc HIV-related discriminatory attitudes of healthcare workers in Bangladesh
    Mohammad Bellal Hossain
    Public and Environmental Health Research Unit, Department of Public Health and Policy London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 51 Bedford Square, London, WCI B 3DP, UK
    J Health Popul Nutr 28:199-207. 2010
    ..The results indicate that programmes to reduce irrational fear about transmission of HIV are urgently needed...

Research Grants63

  1. AGING, INHIBITION, AND STEREOTYPING AND PREJUDICE
    MARILYNN BREWER; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Elderly people were also more prejudiced than young people, and these differences in stereotyping and prejudice were mediated by age differences in inhibitory ability...
  2. The Influence of Prejudice on Stereotype Formation
    KURT BONIECKI; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..in an effort to pull out the roots of prejudice, they focus their research on understanding and fighting stereotyping. In contrast to this prevailing assumption, classic theorists proposed that negative stereotypes are the result ..
  3. Mental Illness in Children's TV
    OTTO WAHL; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In particular, negative stereotyping in mass media, particularly television, has been implicated as an important mechanism by which societal ..
  4. Clinicians' Concepts of Racial/Ethnic Differences in the Management of Chronic Il
    Linda M Hunt; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..interpretation and application of genetic knowledge while avoiding possible misinterpretation and racial/ethnic stereotyping. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: As genetics becomes increasingly central to medical care, there is a clear need for ..
  5. Stereotyping in medical student decision-making: presence, origins and solutions
    Robert L Williams; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. PREP Scholars
    Stefan A Czerwinski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Enrichment will be provided by short workshops in biostatistics, stereotyping, scientific writing and scientific presentations and ethics...
  7. Strategies for reducing the impact of implicit stereotyping of Hispanics in recom
    Jeffrey A Stone; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..provided by applicant): The current proposal seeks support for research on the role of implicit or unconscious stereotyping in the unequal treatment of Hispanics who seek healthcare...
  8. Make an IMPACT: A Culturally Sensitive Intimate Partner Violence Prevention Tool
    CARMELA GINA LOMONACO; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..content within IMPACT will be more relevant to a wider audience and remove any implication of racial/ethnic stereotyping, which thus, reduces further stigmatization...
  9. Informed Consent for Latinos with Schizophrenia
    Barton W Palmer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It is important to avoid stereotyping Latinos as being characterized by a monolithic background, preferences, or skills;key factors likely relevant ..
  10. ICU Triage Decisions for Elders with End Stage Cancer: the Role of Patient Race
    Amber E Barnato; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..conditions have demonstrated race-based differences in diagnosis and treatment, ranging from overt prejudice, stereotyping and discrimination to the application of rules of conditional probability in the context of uncertainty...
  11. Effect of implicit racial bias on recommendation of patients for total knee repla
    Mohammed Norman Oliver; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Racial stereotyping and bias have been identified as factors in the delivery of cardiovascular disease care, pain management, and ..
  12. Experiences of Black Trauma Patients: Why are there disparate racial outcomes?
    SARA JACOBY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..There is a dearth of research that investigates the way that interactional phenomenon (bias, stereotyping, and uncertainty in race-discordant patient-clinician interactions) contributes to the development of these ..
  13. Interventions targeting age bias and its expression as discrimination
    Nicole M Lindner; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..that the unchallenged assumption that the self is stable and unchanging over time influences age biases and stereotyping. In this three-study dissertation project, I propose a brief intervention in which participants are asked to ..
  14. Cells to Society (C2s): The Center on Social Disparities and Health
    PATRICIA LINDSAY CHASE LANSDALE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..relationships and health includes studies of family stress and child well-being, and prejudice and stereotyping in inter-group relations...
  15. MENSTRUALLY RELATED CHANGES IN COGNITIVE FUNCTION
    Uriel Halbreich; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..It will also contribute to settle the sex bias originating from stereotyping entire population based on impressions derived from few individuals.
  16. CSUN - San Fernando Valley Center to Reduce Health Disparities
    HAROLD L HELLENBRAND; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..behaviors;or a medical examination room to study health care issues such as communication, expectations, and stereotyping. Thus far, we have collaborative agreements with 7 departments spanning three colleges, with 28 RIMI faculty ..
  17. National Consortium for Multicultural Education for Health Professionals Annual M
    OLIVIA DENISE CARTER-POKRAS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..a meeting focused on an under-addressed topic in cultural competency education in medical education: Bias and stereotyping. To reduce costs, increase participation, and maximize collaboration, the meeting will be scheduled to coincide ..
  18. Gender Development in Infants and Toddlers
    Maya Sen; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..However, stereotyping may develop earlier in life...
  19. On the malleability of automatic stereotyping
    Nilanjana Dasgupta; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The final goal is to examine whether the malleability of automatic self and group stereotyping is dependent on how frequently people encounter counterstereotypes...
  20. PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS OF DENTOFACIAL MALOCCLUSION
    LEE GRABER; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..the general esthetics of malocclusion in order to examine its impact on rated attractiveness and physiognomic stereotyping. Evaluations of personality and behavior patterns will be made in people with normal occlusions, treated and ..
  21. STEROTYPE EFFICIENCY AND ENCODING FLEXIBILITY
    Jeffrey Sherman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The central aim of the proposed research is to test a model of stereotyping that can account for this efficiency...
  22. EFFECTS OF FAMILY STRUCTURE STEREOTYPES ON NURSES
    Lawrence Ganong; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..include investigation of the presence of family structure stereotypes but also the pragmatic effects of such stereotyping on nurses' behaviors will be examined...
  23. APPLYING CONNECTIONIST MODELS IN SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
    ELIOT SMITH; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..significant phenomena in social psychology, particularly social judgement and inference, person perception, and stereotyping. These topics relate to mental health in several ways...
  24. THE SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY OF GROUP PERCEPTION AND SMOKING
    Steven Sherman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..will examine the antecedents and consequences of entitativity, and will explore the role of entitativity in stereotyping and ingroup/outgroup differentiation...
  25. INTERDEPENDENCE AND CATEGORY-BASED RESPONSES
    SUSAN FISKE; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..e rigid thinking, motivation to think, dysphonic thinking, and stereotyping of traditional outgroups) in combination with power...
  26. THE PRECONSCIOUS ANALYSIS OF THE SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT
    JOHN BARGH; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..as a kind or a shy act), (b) the categorical placement of individuals as members of social groups (as in stereotyping), and (c) the evaluative (i.e., good vs. bad) meaning of frequently experienced social stimuli...
  27. NCMHD Center of Excellence in Nutritional Genomics
    Raymond Rodriguez; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..educating health care professionals about the non-biological factors contributing to health disparities such as stereotyping, bias, racism and other bad practices in biomedical research and health care delivery, and (iii) establishing ..
  28. Stigma & Behavioral Health in Urban Employers from China & US
    Patrick Corrigan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Data from this study will be especially important for the development of future stigma-change programs. ..
  29. PERCEIVING GROUPS AS ENTITIES
    David Hamilton; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..conceptual framework for analyzing perceptions of groups in a variety of contexts and that has implications for stereotyping, self- stereotyping, and ingroup-outgroup differentiation, and outlines a series of investigations testing the ..
  30. ANTECEDENTS AND CONSEQUENCES OF BELIEF CERTAINTY
    WILLIAM SWANN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..the links between belief certainty and several important phenomena, including error in person perception, stereotyping, and low self-esteem...
  31. INFLUENCES ON INTERRACIAL PERCEPTION AND INTERACTION
    David Hamilton; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Some of the proposed experiments investigate the role of cognitive processes in stereotyping. This research studies the processes involved in the encoding organization, and retrieval of information about ..
  32. INFLUENCE OF MEMORY STRUCTURES ON IMPRESSION CHANGE
    John Lingle; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Development of the theoretical model is seen as having important significance for a variety of cognitive tasks, including estimates of event frequency, stereotyping, and medical diagnosis.
  33. THE INFLUENCE OF AGING SELF-STEREOTYPES ON HEALTH
    Becca Levy; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Together, these studies offer an excellent training opportunity and the possibility of identifying a new risk factor for disability and mortality that could be targeted by a psychosocial intervention. ..
  34. Positive Age Stereotypes Across the LifeSpan
    Becca R Levy; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Further, we are able to reduce the originally proposed start-up time, because a portion of the data management was undertaken for the preliminary study. ..
  35. Conscious and Non-Conscious Goal Pursuit
    TANYA CHARTRAND; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..state upon succeeding or failing at a conscious or nonconscious goal, (c) their subsequent self-enhancement and stereotyping, and (d) their performance at a later task after succeeding or failing at an initial conscious or nonconscious ..
  36. BELIEFS RE: GENETIC CAUSES OF GENDER, CLASS & RACE DIFFS
    Toby Jayaratne; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..increase our knowledge about the role genetic explanations may play in gender, class and racial antagonism and stereotyping, and 3) inform those in the field of human genetics about the social and ethnical implications of their work...
  37. NARRATIVES AND SOCIAL INFORMATION PROCESSING
    ROBERT WYER; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..g., conflict in close relationships, stereotyping, etc.)...
  38. TEA for Families & Children: Preparation for a Randomized Trial
    Li Li; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The goal of this study is to develop and pilot an intervention for PLH and their family members in order to improve the long term health, mental health and behavioral adjustment of the children in poor, rural areas in China. ..
  39. SOCIAL COGNITION AND AGING
    Thomas Hess; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  40. Family-to-Family: Psychoeducation to Improve Children's Outcomes in HIV+ Families
    Li Li; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..HIV+ parent's and family caregivers'health mental health, parenting skills, and family bonds are intermediate outcomes. ..
  41. HIV Related Stigma among Service Providers in China
    Li Li; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These data will prepare the team to conduct a randomized controlled trial across different levels of health care providers in China. ..
  42. HIV Stigma in a population of adults age 50 and over
    CHARLES EMLET; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..It will also provide valuable qualitative information on how HIV stigma scales may be improved upon to better capture the experiences of older adults. ..
  43. The Association Between Providers' Ethnic/Racial Biases and Hypertension Control
    Irene V Blair; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..By combining the theory and methods of social psychology with those of health outcomes research, this line of work represents an innovative approach to elucidating the causes of a serious public health problem. ..
  44. Role of Visual Cues in Stereotyping
    IRENE BLAIR; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Nonetheless, there is very little theory or research on the role of physical appearance in stereotyping. The goal of the present proposal is to fill that gap...
  45. Stigma and Psychosis: A Prospective Study
    Bruce Link; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  46. MASTER OF SCIENCE DEGREE IN CLINICAL INVESTIGATION
    Michael Lichtenstein; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. INTENTIONAL AND AUTOMATIC PROCESSES IN TRAIT INFERENCES
    JAMES ULEMAN; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..have over these processing stages and their results, and (c) broaden the range of methods available for studying person perception processes that are basic to a wide range of social phenomena, from psychiatric diagnoses to stereotyping.
  48. Mental-illness stigma and status processes in interpersonal interactions
    Jo Phelan; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Results from these studies will inform intervention efforts that seek the best ways to harness the power of interpersonal contact in reducing mental illness stigma. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  49. Stigma Psychoeducation for Black Mental Health Clients
    Jennifer Alvidrez; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  50. GENES, DISEASE & STIGMA: A STUDY OF PUBLIC ATTITUDES
    Jo Phelan; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..By identifying the attitudes and beliefs that drive stigmatization and discrimination, the investigators will be better poised to address the social consequences of the expansion of knowledge about the human genome. ..
  51. Development of Race Bias in Face Recognition
    Jennifer Eberhardt; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results will further our understanding of the neural underpinnings of same-race bias in face recognition and open new avenues of research, integrating developmental neuroscience with the social sciences. ..
  52. Understanding and Reducing the Stigma of Mental Illness
    Jo Phelan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These resources will be supplemented with training visits to Stanford University and the University of Akron to consult and collaborate with leading experts in expectation states research. ..
  53. POSITIVELEY AGING - PHASE II APPLICATION
    Michael Lichtenstein; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We will test the hypothesis that in-school personal support will facilitate dissemination beyond what can be achieved solely by computer based distance learning techniques. ..
  54. Genetics and Stigma: The Role of Mass Media
    Jo Phelan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Open-ended responses will be coded quantitatively to assess deviations in recall from the content of the article as well as attitudinal reactions. ..
  55. Optimizing HIV Treatment Adherence Among Postpartum Women in South Africa
    JENNIFER SAYLES; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  56. Influence of Peers on School Readiness and Adjustment
    Carol Martin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  57. ADAPTATION TO SEXUAL ABUSE FROM CHILDHOOD TO ADULTHOOD
    Candice Feiring; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  58. Face Overgeneralization, Prejudice, and Stereotypes
    LESLIE ZEBROWITZ; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..to strangers to vary with their facial resemblance to known individuals contributes to racial prejudice and stereotyping. The connectionist modeling experiments seek to demonstrate that the physical similarity between two faces can ..
  59. The role of interpersonal processes in self-stereotyping
    Stacey Sinclair; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  60. Coping, Community Functioning and Severe Mental Illness
    Philip Yanos; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This data will be analyzed using multilevel modeling approaches and will provide a crucial adjunct to the retrospective data from the first study. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  61. POSITIVELY AGING: OPTIMIZING MOBILITY ACROSS LIFE
    Michael Lichtenstein; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..3. To disseminate the new materials through the internet and teacher workshops. ..
  62. Face Impressions: Neuroscience & VR Training and Research
    LESLIE ZEBROWITZ; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..It also provides a foundation for research that may elucidate neural bases of social deficits, as in autism, and develop intervention techniques to modify reactions to faces. ..