dominance subordination

Summary

Summary: Relationship between individuals when one individual threatens or becomes aggressive and the other individual remains passive or attempts to escape.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Conditioning properties of social subordination in rats: behavioral and biochemical correlates of anxiety
    Maria Razzoli
    Behavioural Neuroscience Department, GlaxoSmithKline S p A, Psychiatry CEDD, Via Alessandro Fleming 4, 37135 Verona, Italy
    Horm Behav 50:245-51. 2006
  2. ncbi Proteomic analysis of rat hippocampus after repeated psychosocial stress
    L Carboni
    Department of Behavioural Neuroscience, Psychiatry Centre of Excellence for Drug Discovery, GlaxoSmithKline, Via A Fleming 4, 37135 Verona, Italy
    Neuroscience 137:1237-46. 2006
  3. ncbi The influence of social hierarchy on primate health
    Robert M Sapolsky
    Departments of Biological Sciences, Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Stanford University, MC 5020, Stanford, CA 94305 5020, USA
    Science 308:648-52. 2005
  4. ncbi Individual housing induces altered immuno-endocrine responses to psychological stress in male mice
    A Bartolomucci
    Dipartimento di Biologia Evolutiva e Funzionale, Universita di Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze 11A, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 28:540-58. 2003
  5. ncbi Anhedonia and motivational deficits in rats: impact of chronic social stress
    Rafal Rygula
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Gottingen, von Sieboldstr 5, D37075 Goettingen, Lower Saxony, Germany
    Behav Brain Res 162:127-34. 2005
  6. pmc Imipramine treatment and resiliency exhibit similar chromatin regulation in the mouse nucleus accumbens in depression models
    Matthew B Wilkinson
    Fishberg Department of Neuroscience, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029 6574, USA
    J Neurosci 29:7820-32. 2009
  7. ncbi Essential role of BDNF in the mesolimbic dopamine pathway in social defeat stress
    Olivier Berton
    Department of Psychiatry and Center for Basic Neuroscience, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, TX 75390 9070, USA
    Science 311:864-8. 2006
  8. pmc DeltaFosB in brain reward circuits mediates resilience to stress and antidepressant responses
    Vincent Vialou
    Fishberg Department of Neuroscience, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA
    Nat Neurosci 13:745-52. 2010
  9. pmc Quantifying food intake in socially housed monkeys: social status effects on caloric consumption
    Mark E Wilson
    Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, United States
    Physiol Behav 94:586-94. 2008
  10. ncbi Chronic psychosocial stress persistently alters autonomic function and physical activity in mice
    Alessandro Bartolomucci
    Dipartimento di Biologia Evolutiva e Funzionale, Universita di Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze 11A, 43100, Parma, Italy
    Physiol Behav 80:57-67. 2003

Detail Information

Publications187 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Conditioning properties of social subordination in rats: behavioral and biochemical correlates of anxiety
    Maria Razzoli
    Behavioural Neuroscience Department, GlaxoSmithKline S p A, Psychiatry CEDD, Via Alessandro Fleming 4, 37135 Verona, Italy
    Horm Behav 50:245-51. 2006
    ..The present procedure may provide a useful experimental model to further investigate the neurobiological mechanisms underlying anxiety-related disorders...
  2. ncbi Proteomic analysis of rat hippocampus after repeated psychosocial stress
    L Carboni
    Department of Behavioural Neuroscience, Psychiatry Centre of Excellence for Drug Discovery, GlaxoSmithKline, Via A Fleming 4, 37135 Verona, Italy
    Neuroscience 137:1237-46. 2006
    ..Several changed proteins have already been associated with stress-related responses; some of them are here described for the first time in relation to stress...
  3. ncbi The influence of social hierarchy on primate health
    Robert M Sapolsky
    Departments of Biological Sciences, Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Stanford University, MC 5020, Stanford, CA 94305 5020, USA
    Science 308:648-52. 2005
    ..Finally, I consider how these findings apply to the human realm of health, disease, and socioeconomic status...
  4. ncbi Individual housing induces altered immuno-endocrine responses to psychological stress in male mice
    A Bartolomucci
    Dipartimento di Biologia Evolutiva e Funzionale, Universita di Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze 11A, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 28:540-58. 2003
    ..In fact, individually housed mice showed high behavioral arousal, as well as altered immuno-endocrine parameters, when challenged with mild psychological novelty-stress...
  5. ncbi Anhedonia and motivational deficits in rats: impact of chronic social stress
    Rafal Rygula
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Gottingen, von Sieboldstr 5, D37075 Goettingen, Lower Saxony, Germany
    Behav Brain Res 162:127-34. 2005
    ..Since anhedonia is one of the core symptoms of depression in humans, our findings suggest that the rat chronic social stress model may be an appropriate model for depressive disorders...
  6. pmc Imipramine treatment and resiliency exhibit similar chromatin regulation in the mouse nucleus accumbens in depression models
    Matthew B Wilkinson
    Fishberg Department of Neuroscience, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029 6574, USA
    J Neurosci 29:7820-32. 2009
    ..They also raise the novel idea that certain individuals resistant to stress may naturally mount antidepressant-like adaptations in response to chronic stress...
  7. ncbi Essential role of BDNF in the mesolimbic dopamine pathway in social defeat stress
    Olivier Berton
    Department of Psychiatry and Center for Basic Neuroscience, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, TX 75390 9070, USA
    Science 311:864-8. 2006
    ..These results establish an essential role for BDNF in mediating long-term neural and behavioral plasticity in response to aversive social experiences...
  8. pmc DeltaFosB in brain reward circuits mediates resilience to stress and antidepressant responses
    Vincent Vialou
    Fishberg Department of Neuroscience, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA
    Nat Neurosci 13:745-52. 2010
    ..Together, these findings establish a previously unknown molecular pathway underlying both resilience and antidepressant action...
  9. pmc Quantifying food intake in socially housed monkeys: social status effects on caloric consumption
    Mark E Wilson
    Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, United States
    Physiol Behav 94:586-94. 2008
    ....
  10. ncbi Chronic psychosocial stress persistently alters autonomic function and physical activity in mice
    Alessandro Bartolomucci
    Dipartimento di Biologia Evolutiva e Funzionale, Universita di Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze 11A, 43100, Parma, Italy
    Physiol Behav 80:57-67. 2003
    ..No correlation emerged between the acute and the long-term autonomic responses. These results highlight the existence of a sustained autonomic activation under chronic stress, which was also affected by mice social status...
  11. ncbi Group composition affects male reproductive partitioning in a cooperatively breeding cichlid
    Dik Heg
    Department of Behavioural Ecology, University of Bern, Wohlenstrasse 50a, CH 3032 Hinterkappelen, Switzerland
    Mol Ecol 17:4359-70. 2008
    ..Dominant females should be less sensitive, because female subordinates do not appear to impose reproductive costs and can be helpful through alloparental brood care...
  12. ncbi Social conflict models: can they inform us about human psychopathology?
    Kim L Huhman
    Department of Psychology, P O Box 3966, Center for Behavioral Neuroscience, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30302 3966, USA
    Horm Behav 50:640-6. 2006
    ....
  13. pmc AKT signaling within the ventral tegmental area regulates cellular and behavioral responses to stressful stimuli
    Vaishnav Krishnan
    Department of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 64:691-700. 2008
    ..Recent evidence suggests that dopaminergic neurons of the ventral tegmental area (VTA) play a key role in the manifestation of stress vulnerability...
  14. ncbi Genetic selection for coping style predicts stressor susceptibility
    A H Veenema
    Department of Animal Physiology, Centre for Behavioural and Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
    J Neuroendocrinol 15:256-67. 2003
    ..This latter stress paradigm therefore seems promising to analyse the role of genetic factors in the individual differences in stress-related psychopathology...
  15. ncbi Social factors and individual vulnerability to chronic stress exposure
    Alessandro Bartolomucci
    Dipartimento di Biologia Evolutiva e Funzionale, Universita di Parma, Parma, Italy
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 29:67-81. 2005
    ....
  16. ncbi Resource loss and stress-related disease: is there a link?
    Alessandro Bartolomucci
    Dipartimento di Biologia Evolutiva e Funzionale, Universita di Parma, Italy
    Med Sci Monit 11:RA147-154. 2005
    ..An analysis of the human and animal literature suggests this conclusion to be true for a variety of pathologies linked to chronic stress exposure...
  17. pmc Dynamic body weight and body composition changes in response to subordination stress
    Kellie L K Tamashiro
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45237, USA
    Physiol Behav 91:440-8. 2007
    ..The visible burrow system (VBS) model of social stress may be a potential laboratory model for studying stress-associated metabolic disease, including the metabolic syndrome...
  18. ncbi Chronic social stress in a changing dietary environment
    Kellie L K Tamashiro
    Department of Psychiatry, North University of Cincinnati 2170 E Galbraith Road, E 212 Cincinnati, OH 45237, USA
    Physiol Behav 89:536-42. 2006
    ....
  19. ncbi Behavioral and physiological characterization of male mice under chronic psychosocial stress
    Alessandro Bartolomucci
    Dipartimento di Biologia Evolutiva e Funzionale, Universita di Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze 11A, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 29:899-910. 2004
    ..Our model could, thus, be regarded as a valid model to investigate the biological basis of the individual differences in the response to stressful events...
  20. ncbi Social defeat and footshock increase body mass and adiposity in male Syrian hamsters
    Matia B Solomon
    Department of Psychology, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Atlanta, GA 30302 3966, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 292:R283-90. 2007
    ..Collectively, these data demonstrate that social and nonsocial stressors increase body and lipid mass in male hamsters, suggesting that this species may prove useful for studying the physiology of stress-induced obesity in some humans...
  21. ncbi Social stress and recovery: implications for body weight and body composition
    Kellie L K Tamashiro
    Neuroscience Graduate Program, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45237, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 293:R1864-74. 2007
    ..Therefore, chronic social stress causes social status-dependent changes in BW, composition and endocrine measures that persist after repeated stress and recovery cycles and that may ultimately lead to metabolic disorders and obesity...
  22. ncbi Announced rewards counteract the impairment of anticipatory behaviour in socially stressed rats
    Johanneke E van der Harst
    Department of Animals, Science and Society, Ethology and Animal Welfare Group, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, P O Box 80 166, 3508 TD Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Behav Brain Res 161:183-9. 2005
    ..It will be discussed whether this might be caused by the highly rewarding properties of the enriched cage which probably has a therapeutical efficacy of its own...
  23. ncbi Aggression and vasotocin are associated with dominant-subordinate relationships in zebrafish
    Earl T Larson
    Department of Psychology, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Behav Brain Res 167:94-102. 2006
    ..These results suggest that the vasotocinergic system may play a role in shaping dominant-subordinate relationships and agonistic behavior in this model organism...
  24. ncbi Will words ever harm me?: escalation from verbal to physical abuse in sixth-grade classrooms
    Brenda Geiger
    Bar Ilan University, Western Galilee and Safed Campuses, Israel
    J Interpers Violence 21:337-57. 2006
    ....
  25. ncbi The expression and regulation of negative emotions: risk factors for young children's peer victimization
    Laura D Hanish
    Arizona State University, Department of Family and Human Development, Tempe 85287 2502, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 16:335-53. 2004
    ..Support for internalizing variables as risk factors for being victimized was weak. The implications of the findings for developmental models connecting symptomatology and victimization are discussed...
  26. ncbi Aggressive behavior in female golden hamsters: development and the effect of repeated social stress
    Kereshmeh Taravosh-Lahn
    Institute for Neuroscience and Psychology Department, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
    Horm Behav 46:428-35. 2004
    ..These data show significant sex differences in the development of agonistic behavior and adaptation to repeated stress in juvenile golden hamsters...
  27. ncbi Social stress and corticosterone regionally upregulate limbic N-methyl-D-aspartatereceptor (NR) subunit type NR(2A) and NR(2B) in the lizard Anolis carolinensis
    W N Meyer
    Department of Biology, University of South Dakota, 414 East Clark Street, Vermillion, SD 57069, USA
    Neuroscience 128:675-84. 2004
    ..The data also suggest that learning social roles during stressful aggressive interactions may involve NMDA receptor-mediated mechanisms...
  28. ncbi Involvement of the lateral septum and the ventral Hippocampus in the emotional sequelae induced by social defeat: role of glucocorticoid receptors
    Gaston Calfa
    Departamento de Farmacologia, Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, Haya de la Torre y Medina Allende, Ciudad Universitaria, 5000 Cordoba, Argentina
    Behav Brain Res 181:23-34. 2007
    ..Moreover, the GR localized within the LS played an essential role in the modulation of this emotional state...
  29. ncbi Biobehavioural correlates of hand preference in free-ranging female primates
    G C Westergaard
    LABS of Virginia, Inc, Yemassee, SC, 29902, USA
    Laterality 9:267-85. 2004
    ....
  30. ncbi Social defeat-induced contextual conditioning differentially imprints behavioral and adrenal reactivity: a time-course study in the rat
    Maria Razzoli
    Behavioural Neuroscience, Department of Biology, Psychiatry CEDD GlaxoSmithKline Research Centre, Via Alessandro Fleming 4, 37135 Verona, Italy
    Physiol Behav 92:734-40. 2007
    ..These data give further support to the lasting effects of this social stress model, bestowing a special emphasis upon the impact of its psychological component and upon the relevance of its development and maintenance over time...
  31. ncbi Violent victimization in the community and children's subsequent peer rejection: the mediating role of emotion dysregulation
    Brynn M Kelly
    Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, 3620 McClintock Avenue, SGM 501, Los Angeles, CA 90089 1061, USA
    J Abnorm Child Psychol 36:175-85. 2008
    ..In addition, we found evidence that victimization by community violence and peer rejection are reciprocally related over time. The developmental implications of these findings are discussed...
  32. ncbi Psychometric properties of the Peer Interactions in Primary School (PIPS) Questionnaire
    Thomas P Tarshis
    Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA
    J Dev Behav Pediatr 28:125-32. 2007
    ..Unfortunately, many interventions that address bullying and victimization are yet to be empirically validated. One problem is the lack of a psychometrically sound instrument for the measurement of bullying and victimization...
  33. ncbi The stress response to sensory contact in mice: genotype effect of the stimulus animal
    Alexa H Veenema
    Department of Animal Physiology, Center for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurosciences, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 30:550-7. 2005
    ..These results open a new avenue to investigate mechanisms underlying genotypic-dependent stress responses...
  34. ncbi Effects of raclopride on aggression and stress in diversely selected chicken lines
    Rachel L Dennis
    Livestock Behaviour Research Unit, USDA ARS, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA Purdue University, Animal Science Department, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
    Behav Brain Res 175:104-11. 2006
    ..The data further indicate that the sympathetic-adreno-medullary axis is directly involved in regulating both stress coping strategy and aggressiveness...
  35. ncbi Corticotropin-releasing factor type II (CRF-sub-2) receptors in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis modulate conditioned defeat in Syrian hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus)
    Matthew A Cooper
    Department of Psychology and Center for Behavioral Neuroscience, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30302 3966, USA
    Behav Neurosci 119:1042-51. 2005
    ..The authors' results provide evidence that CRF-sub-2 receptors in the BNST, but not CRF-sub-1 receptors, are an important component in the neural circuitry regulating conditioned defeat...
  36. ncbi Food competition and social experience effects on V1a receptor binding in the forebrain of male Long-Evans hooded rats
    Alicia Askew
    Center for Behavioral Neuroscience, Morris Brown College, Atlanta, GA 30314, USA
    Horm Behav 49:328-36. 2006
    ..In the rat, V(1a)R binding in several forebrain areas seems to be affected by brief periods of social interactions, and, in the LS, it also appears to be related to dominance status...
  37. ncbi The reported effects of bullying on burn-surviving children
    Ruth B Rimmer
    Arizona Burn Center, Maricopa Medical Center, 2601 East Roosevelt, Phoenix, Arizona, USA
    J Burn Care Res 28:484-9. 2007
    ..Participation in a bullying course appears to give children a forum that increases their willingness to disclose personal bullying experiences and can provide them with prevention information and a safe place to seek help...
  38. pmc Repeated social defeat causes increased anxiety-like behavior and alters splenocyte function in C57BL/6 and CD-1 mice
    Steven G Kinsey
    Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Brain Behav Immun 21:458-66. 2007
    ..These data indicate that social disruption stress causes an increase in anxiety-like behaviors, but not depressive-like behaviors...
  39. ncbi Social psychological processes in family and school: more evidence on their relative etiological significance for bullying behavior
    Thormod Idsoe
    Centre for Behavioural Research, University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway
    Aggress Behav 34:460-74. 2008
    ..In general, the variables related to the parents were of more importance for bullying behavior than the variables related to the teachers...
  40. ncbi Punking and bullying: strategies in middle school, high school, and beyond
    Debby A Phillips
    Seattle University, USA
    J Interpers Violence 22:158-78. 2007
    ....
  41. ncbi Seasonal changes in chronic social interactions and physiological states in female rat-like hamsters (Tscheskia triton)
    Da Wei Wang
    State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents in Agriculture, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 25 Beisihuanxi Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100080, China
    Physiol Behav 89:420-7. 2006
    ..Thus, our data suggest that the behavioral traits observed in our experiment support the solitary lifestyle of adult female rat-like hamsters and physiological state show some differences between social ranks or in both seasons...
  42. ncbi Can the "challenge hypothesis" be applied to insects?
    Stephen T Trumbo
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Connecticut, Waterbury, CT 06702, USA
    Horm Behav 51:281-5. 2007
    ..These findings, and a brief review of the burying beetle literature, suggest that the challenge hypothesis, as applied to testosterone and vertebrates, does not yet have an analogous model for JH and insects...
  43. ncbi Weak winner effect in a less aggressive mammal: correlations with corticosterone but not testosterone
    Temitayo O Oyegbile
    Department of Psychology, 1202 West Johnson Street, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, 53706, United States
    Physiol Behav 89:171-9. 2006
    ....
  44. ncbi Social stress decreases marking behavior independently of testosterone in Mongolian gerbils
    Hiroshi Yamaguchi
    Laboratory of Veterinary Ethology, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 8657, Japan
    Horm Behav 47:549-55. 2005
    ....
  45. ncbi Demographic differences in the prevalence, co-occurrence, and correlates of adolescent bullying at school
    Kellie E Carlyle
    Hugh Downs School of Human Communication, Arizona State University, PO Box 871205, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
    J Sch Health 77:623-9. 2007
    ..This article focuses on 2 dimensions of bullying behaviors--aggression and victimization--and examines demographic variation in their prevalence, co-occurrence, and association with other health outcomes...
  46. ncbi Stress-induced changes in brain serotonergic activity, plasma cortisol and aggressive behavior in Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) is counteracted by L-DOPA
    E Hoglund
    Evolutionary Biology Centre, Department of Limnology, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 20, SE 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
    Physiol Behav 74:381-9. 2001
    ..These results suggest that L-DOPA counteracts the stress-induced inhibition of aggressive behavior, and at the same time inhibits stress-induced effects on brain serotonergic activity and plasma cortisol concentrations...
  47. ncbi Comparison of emotional responses in monkeys with rhinal cortex or amygdala lesions
    Martine Meunier
    Department of Cognitive Neurosciences, Institut des Sciences Cognitives, Bron, France
    Emotion 2:147-61. 2002
    ..These findings raise the possibility that the rhinal cortex and amygdala have distinct, interactive functions in normal behavioral adaptation to affective stimuli...
  48. ncbi Parallel changes in agonistic and non-agonistic behaviors during dominance hierarchy formation in crayfish
    J Herberholz
    Georgia State University, Department of Biology, 24 Peachtree Center Ave NE, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
    J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol 189:321-5. 2003
    ..The strikingly similar changes in both agonistic and non-agonistic behaviors following the decision on status suggest related underlying neural mechanisms...
  49. ncbi Are subordinates always stressed? A comparative analysis of rank differences in cortisol levels among primates
    D H Abbott
    Department of Obstetrics Gynecology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Horm Behav 43:67-82. 2003
    ....
  50. ncbi Selective antiaggressive effect of an alpha-2 adrenoceptor agonist naphthylmedetomidine in mice
    Martin Votava
    Charles University in Prague, 3rd Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacology Department, Prague, Czech Republic
    Aggress Behav 34:394-403. 2008
    ..This study suggests that naphthylmedetomidine may have clinical potential as antiaggressive drug...
  51. ncbi Cyberbullying: another main type of bullying?
    Robert Slonje
    Goldsmiths College, University of London, UK
    Scand J Psychol 49:147-54. 2008
    ..Findings are discussed in relation to similarities and differences between cyberbullying and the more traditional forms of bullying...
  52. ncbi [Mobbing, bullying and other forms of aggression among pupils as a source of stress in school. How far the "victims" are involved?]
    Inge Seiffge-Krenke
    Psychologisches Institut der Johannes Gutenberg Universität Mainz, Abt Entwicklungs und Pädagogische Psychologie, Mainz
    Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr 57:60-74. 2008
    ..Based on this case study, it became obvious that it necessary to precisely analyse the own contribution for eliciting and maintaining aggression...
  53. ncbi Cyberbullying: its nature and impact in secondary school pupils
    Peter K Smith
    Unit for School and Family Studies, Goldsmiths College, University of London, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 49:376-85. 2008
    ..Cyberbullying describes bullying using mobile phones and the internet. Most previous studies have focused on the prevalence of text message and email bullying...
  54. ncbi Bullying perspectives among rural youth: a mixed methods approach
    J C Kulig
    University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada
    Rural Remote Health 8:923. 2008
    ..This article focuses specifically on the perceptions and experiences of bullying among rural youth that were generated from the Qualitative Phase One interviews and Quantitative Phase Two responses...
  55. ncbi [The study of exploratory behavior in CBA/Lac male mice under influence of positive and negative social interactions]
    T V Lipina
    Zh Vyssh Nerv Deiat Im I P Pavlova 58:194-201. 2008
    ..On the other hand, the experience of repeated daily aggression forms the enhanced motivational excitement that prevents a relevant response to a neutral stimulus...
  56. ncbi The effects of the introduction of the no-smoking policy at HMYOI Warren Hill on bullying behaviour
    Sally Lawrence
    HMYOI Warren Hill
    Int J Prison Health 4:134-45. 2008
    ..The findings from this study are being used in the development of a new Violence Reduction Policy at HMYOI Warren Hill...
  57. ncbi The effects of social dominance on the production and behavior of grazing dairy cows offered forage supplements
    C J C Phillips
    Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, England, United Kingdom
    J Dairy Sci 85:51-9. 2002
    ..The results suggest that production can increase when dominant and subordinate cows that are offered forage in a competitive situation are separated, whereas there is no benefit in separating them if they are at pasture all day...
  58. ncbi Social stressors and coping mechanisms in wild female baboons (Papio hamadryas ursinus)
    Catherine Crockford
    Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Horm Behav 53:254-65. 2008
    ....
  59. ncbi Effects of weasel odor on behavior and physiology of two hamster species
    Jian Xu Zhang
    State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents in Agriculture, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China
    Physiol Behav 79:549-52. 2003
    ..In addition, the similarities in the behavioral and physiological responses to the predator odor between the two species of hamsters showed that the responses to predator odor might be innate...
  60. ncbi Corticosterone response in a resident-intruder-paradigm depends on social state and coping style in adolescent male Balb-C mice
    Belinda Pletzer
    Department of Cell Biology, Paris Lodron University Salzburg, Austria
    Neuro Endocrinol Lett 28:585-90. 2007
    ....
  61. ncbi Behavioral and neuroendocrine correlates of displaced aggression in trout
    Øyvind Øverli
    Biology Department and Neuroscience Group, University of South Dakota, Vermillion, SD 57069, USA
    Horm Behav 45:324-9. 2004
    ..Thus, subordinate individuals may serve as stress-reducing means of aggressive outlet, and displaced aggression toward such individuals appears to be a behavioral stress coping strategy in fishes...
  62. ncbi Building relationships and combating bullying: effectiveness of a school-based social skills group intervention
    Melissa E DeRosier
    3 C Institute for Social Development, Cary, NC 27511, USA
    J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 33:196-201. 2004
    ..Discussion focuses on the benefits of heterogeneous versus homogeneous groups of participants and the potential value of utilizing generic social skills training protocols...
  63. ncbi Aggression and defeat: persistent effects on cocaine self-administration and gene expression in peptidergic and aminergic mesocorticolimbic circuits
    Klaus A Miczek
    Department of Psychology, Tufts University, Bacon Hall, 530 Boston Avenue, Medford, MA 02155, USA
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 27:787-802. 2004
    ..Social stress alters the feedback from prefrontal cortex and thereby may contribute to the dysregulation of dopaminergic activity that is necessary for cocaine self-administration...
  64. ncbi Social experience alters the response to social stress in mice
    Ronit Avitsur
    Section of Oral Biology, College of Dentistry, The Ohio State University, 305 West 12th Avenue, PO Box 182357, Columbus, OH 43218 2357, USA
    Brain Behav Immun 17:426-37. 2003
    ..Together, these findings indicate that environmental factors, such as previous social experiences, may alter the susceptibility to the effects of future social stress in inbred mice...
  65. ncbi Metabolic and endocrine consequences of social stress in a visible burrow system
    Kellie L K Tamashiro
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, 231 Albert Sabin Way, Box 670559, Cincinnati, OH 45267 0559, USA
    Physiol Behav 80:683-93. 2004
    ..In summary, the VBS model of chronic social stress is an ethologically relevant animal model and provides a valuable tool for studies of stress-related conditions and pathologies...
  66. ncbi Serotonergic response to social stress and artificial social sign stimuli during paired interactions between male Anolis carolinensis
    W J Korzan
    Biology and Neuroscience, University of South Dakota, 414 East Clark Street, Vermillion, SD 57069 2390, USA
    Neuroscience 123:835-45. 2004
    ..Furthermore, social status and central serotonergic activity was influenced by a visual cue, the presence or absence of postorbital eyespots on an opponent...
  67. ncbi Post-conception reproductive competition in cooperatively breeding common marmosets
    Wendy Saltzman
    Department of Biology, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
    Horm Behav 53:274-86. 2008
    ..Our findings further suggest that infanticide by breeding females may have selected for the evolution of reproductive restraint in subordinate female marmosets...
  68. ncbi Repeated social stress and the development of agonistic behavior: individual differences in coping responses in male golden hamsters
    Joel C Wommack
    Psychology Department and Institute for Neuroscience, The University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station, A8000, Austin, TX 78712, USA
    Physiol Behav 80:303-8. 2003
    ..Our data also suggest that submissive behavior is a form of coping that attenuates the behavioral consequences of social subjugation in male golden hamsters...
  69. ncbi [Anxiolytic effect of the dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate: mu-opioid mechanism]
    M V Ovsiukova
    Institute of Physiology, Russian Acad Med Sci, 4 Timakov St, Novosibirsk 630117, Russia
    Ross Fiziol Zh Im I M Sechenova 89:598-604. 2003
    ..Naltrexone (0.25 mg/kg, for 20 min before DHEAS injection) blocked this effect...
  70. ncbi Polarity and form regulation in development and reconstitution
    Y Schiffmann
    Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, Silver Street, Cambridge CB3 9EW, UK
    Prog Biophys Mol Biol 75:19-74. 2001
    ....
  71. ncbi Why do some siblings attack each other? Comparative analysis of aggression in avian broods
    Alejandro Gonzalez-Voyer
    Laboratorio de Conducta, Instituto de Ecologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico D F, 04510, Mexico
    Evolution 61:1946-55. 2007
    ..This aggressive competition has mostly been studied in birds, where it is often combined with dominance subordination, aggressive intimidation, and siblicide...
  72. ncbi Plasma corticosterone in American kestrel siblings: effects of age, hatching order, and hatching asynchrony
    Oliver P Love
    Avian Science and Conservation Centre, McGill University, 21111 Lakeshore Drive, Ste Anne de Bellevue, Quebec, H9X 3V9, Canada
    Horm Behav 43:480-8. 2003
    ....
  73. ncbi Bullying in elementary school, high school, and college
    Mark S Chapell
    Department of Psychology, Rowan University, New Jersey 08028, USA
    Adolescence 41:633-48. 2006
    ....
  74. ncbi [Effects of dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate on sexual motivation in male mice with different psychoemotional statuses]
    A V Amikishieva
    Ross Fiziol Zh Im I M Sechenova 92:1212-20. 2006
    ..The highest dose of dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate had inhibitory effects on stability of the sexual interest in the male mice of all experimental groups...
  75. ncbi Stress-induced increase of testosterone: contributions of social status and sympathetic reactivity
    K Chichinadze
    I Beritashvili Institute of Physiology, 14 Gotua Street, 0160 Tbilisi, Georgia
    Physiol Behav 94:595-603. 2008
    ....
  76. pmc Dnmt3a regulates emotional behavior and spine plasticity in the nucleus accumbens
    Quincey LaPlant
    Fishberg Department of Neuroscience, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA
    Nat Neurosci 13:1137-43. 2010
    ..These data establish the importance of Dnmt3a in the NAc in regulating cellular and behavioral plasticity to emotional stimuli...
  77. ncbi Cyberbullying among adolescents: the role of affective and cognitive empathy, and gender
    Rebecca P Ang
    Division of Psychology, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, 14 Nanyang Drive, Singapore, 637332, Singapore
    Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 41:387-97. 2010
    ..Implications of these findings include the need for empathy training and the importance of positive caregiver-child relationships in reducing cyberbullying behavior among adolescents...
  78. ncbi Individual variation in paternal responses of virgin male California mice (Peromyscus californicus): behavioral and physiological correlates
    Trynke R de Jong
    Department of Biology, University of California, Riverside, California 92521, USA
    Physiol Biochem Zool 85:740-51. 2012
    ....
  79. ncbi Socio-economic, socio-political and socio-emotional variables explaining school bullying: a country-wide multilevel analysis
    Enrique Chaux
    Universidad de Los Andes, Bogota, Colombia
    Aggress Behav 35:520-9. 2009
    ..These results may help us advance toward understanding how the larger context relates to school bullying, and what socio-emotional competencies may help us prevent the negative effects of a violent and unequal environment...
  80. ncbi Comparing children and adolescents engaged in cyberbullying to matched peers
    Kimberly Twyman
    Department of Pediatrics, Saint Louis University, St Louis, Missouri 63104, USA
    Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw 13:195-9. 2010
    ....
  81. ncbi Do chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) spontaneously take turns in a reciprocal cooperation task?
    Shinya Yamamoto
    Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University, Aichi, Japan
    J Comp Psychol 123:242-9. 2009
    ..These findings suggest that there is some difficulty in the occurrence of reciprocal cooperation in chimpanzees. Chimpanzees, differently from humans, might play a donor's role only on the partner's request, but not spontaneously...
  82. pmc Disruption of neuroendocrine stress responses to acute ferret odor by medial, but not central amygdala lesions in rats
    Cher V Masini
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience and Center for Neuroscience, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
    Brain Res 1288:79-87. 2009
    ..These results suggest that the MeA is an important structure involved in the HPA axis responses to predator odors, in support of previous studies investigating behavioral responses under similar conditions...
  83. ncbi English perceptions of elder abuse
    Maria Daskalopoulos
    Psychology Department, Boston University, MA 02215, USA
    J Elder Abuse Negl 18:33-50. 2006
    ..A positive relationship was found between age and the number of examples of physical neglect given at the moderate level and the number of examples of emotional abuse given at the mild level...
  84. ncbi fruitless regulates aggression and dominance in Drosophila
    Eleftheria Vrontou
    Research Institute of Molecular Pathology, Dr Bohr Gasse 7, A 1030 Vienna, Austria
    Nat Neurosci 9:1469-71. 2006
    ..Here we show that sex-specific splicing of the fruitless gene plays a critical role in determining who and how a fly fights, and whether a dominance relationship forms...
  85. pmc Adolescent male rats exposed to social defeat exhibit altered anxiety behavior and limbic monoamines as adults
    Michael J Watt
    Neuroscience Group, Division of Basic Biomedical Sciences, Sanford School of Medicine, University of South Dakota, Vermillion, SD 57069, USA
    Behav Neurosci 123:564-76. 2009
    ..This model offers potential for identifying specific mechanisms induced by severe adolescent social stress that may contribute to increased adult male vulnerability to psychopathology...
  86. ncbi Sexual agency versus relational factors: a study of condom use antecedents among high-risk young African American women
    Richard A Crosby
    College of Public Health, University of Kentucky, 121 Washington Avenue, Lexington, KY 40506, USA
    Sex Health 5:41-7. 2008
    ..In the present study, the relative roles of personal sexual agency and relational factors in determining whether young African American women engaged in unprotected vaginal sex (UVS) were studied...
  87. ncbi Biogenic amine levels, reproduction and social dominance in the queenless ant Streblognathus peetersi
    Virginie Cuvillier-Hot
    Institut de Recherche sur la Biologie de l Insecte, Universite Francois Rabelais, CNRS UMR 6035, Faculte des Sciences, Parc de Grandmont, 37200 Tours, France
    Naturwissenschaften 93:149-53. 2006
    ....
  88. ncbi Effects of hormone replacement therapy and social stress on body fat distribution in surgically postmenopausal monkeys
    J M Wallace
    Department of Pathology, The Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1040, USA
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 23:518-27. 1999
    ..To investigate the effects of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and social stress on body fat distribution in an animal model of women's health, the female cynomolgus macaque (Macaca fascicularis)...
  89. ncbi Social rank strategies in hierarchical relationships
    Marc A Fournier
    Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Pers Soc Psychol 83:425-33. 2002
    ..Findings implicated inferiority and threat as fundamental dimensions underlying the behavior of the social rank system...
  90. ncbi Behavioural dominance and Taenia crassiceps parasitism in BALB/c male mice
    B E F Gourbal
    Unité de Parasitologie Fondamentale et Fonctionnelle, Laboratoire d Ecologie Evolutive Parasitaire, UMR 7103 CNRS, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, 9 Quai St Bernard, Bat C, 4th Floor, cc 175 75252 Paris cedex 05, France
    Parasitol Res 88:912-7. 2002
    ..The results are discussed on the basis of the parasite manipulation hypothesis and host optimal foraging and decision-making theories...
  91. ncbi [Dominance and resistance in nursing work]
    S M Nóbrega-Therrien
    Departamento de Saude Publica, Universidade Estadual do Ceara
    Rev Bras Enferm 54:420-5. 2001
    ..Responding to this situation, nurses have been utilizing individual and informal resistance mechanisms and strategies, but also formal and collective resistance strategies have been used, these latter less frequently...
  92. ncbi Social stress in tree shrews as an animal model of depression: an example of a behavioral model of a CNS disorder
    Eberhard Fuchs
    Clinical Neurobiology Laboratory, German Primate Center, Gottingen, Germany
    CNS Spectr 10:182-90. 2005
    ..Although further research is required to validate this model fully, it provides an adequate and interesting non-rodent experimental paradigm for preclinical research on depression...
  93. ncbi Social status interacts with badge size and neuroendocrine physiology to influence sexual behavior in male house sparrows (Passer domesticus)
    Lauren V Riters
    Department of Zoology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisc 53706, USA
    Brain Behav Evol 63:141-50. 2004
    ....
  94. ncbi Official records of bullying incidents among young offenders: what can they tell us and how useful are they?
    Jane L Ireland
    Psychology Department Ashworth Hospital, Maghull L31 1HW, UK
    J Adolesc 25:669-79. 2002
    ..The results are discussed with reference to how useful official records of bullying are as a method of measuring the nature/extent of bullying...
  95. ncbi Dialectical dialogue: the struggle for speech, repressive silence, and the shift to multiplicity
    Z Gurevitch
    Faculty of Social Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem
    Br J Sociol 52:87-104. 2001
    ..Together they will portray an idea of the 'social' as a critical dialogic stance with its inherent dialectical betweenness and potential opening and expanding multiplicity...
  96. ncbi Relation of threatened egotism to violence and aggression: the dark side of high self-esteem
    R F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 7123, USA
    Psychol Rev 103:5-33. 1996
    ..The mediating process may involve directing anger outward as a way of avoiding a downward revision of the self-concept...
  97. ncbi Effects of social conflict on immune responses and E. coli growth within closed chambers in mice
    D Dreau
    Department of General Surgery Research, Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, NC 28203, USA
    Physiol Behav 67:133-40. 1999
    ..Taken together, these results suggest that stress may modulate the host immune response by altering both bacterial growth and resistance to infection...
  98. ncbi [Stalking: unwelcome company. The psychopathology of a modern phenomenon]
    C Schneider
    Klinisches Institut für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie, Universitatsklinikum Dusseldorf
    MMW Fortschr Med 147:30, 32, 33 passim. 2005
    ..They do, however, respond to stalking with anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorders, which need to be recognized and treated...
  99. pmc Bullying and victimization among adolescents: the role of ethnicity and ethnic composition of school class
    Miranda H M Vervoort
    The Netherlands Institute for Social Research, The Hague, The Netherlands
    J Youth Adolesc 39:1-11. 2010
    ..Our findings suggest that, in order to understand bullying and victimization in schools in ethnically diverse cultures, the ethnic background of adolescents and the ethnic composition of school classes should be taken into account...
  100. ncbi Physical provocation potentiates aggression in male rats receiving anabolic androgenic steroids
    Marilyn Y McGinnis
    Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
    Horm Behav 41:101-10. 2002
    ..Our results show that while AAS alone does not induce the indiscriminate and unprovoked aggression characteristic of 'roid rage, TP heightens the animals sensitivity to..
  101. ncbi Relation between psychosocial risk factors and incident erectile dysfunction: prospective results from the Massachusetts Male Aging Study
    A B Araujo
    New England Research Institutes, Watertown, MA 02472, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 152:533-41. 2000
    ..8 years later. The results suggest that new cases of ED are much more likely to occur among men who exhibit a submissive personality. The implications of these findings are discussed...

Research Grants59

  1. The Role of Corticotropin-Releasing Factor in Primate Maternal Behavior
    Wendy Saltzman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Ultimately, this research will have implications for the understanding and treatment of stress-related psychopathology in women. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  2. Mechanisms of Stress-Induced Changes in Behavior
    Matthew Cooper; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The experiments in the current proposal will provide valuable information on the neurobiological mechanisms underlying stress-related disorders. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  3. Social Defeat and Cocaine Self-Administration in Mice
    Jasmine Yap; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  4. Impact of Social Stress on TLR4-Induced Microbicidal Activity of CD11b+ Cells
    Michael Bailey; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Defining the stress-induced cellular changes that enhance immune functioning could stimulate new therapeutic approaches to treating infectious diseases. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  5. Relational Vulnerability, Aggression, and Depression
    NICKI CRICK; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  6. Behavioral effects of cardiac arrest in mice
    ANNE DEVRIES; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  7. Transition to Kindergarten and Relational Aggression
    NICKI CRICK; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Assessments will include naturalistic observations plus teacher and self-reports of children's social behavior and experiences and adaptation to kindergarten (social-psychological and academic adjustment). ..
  8. SOCIOBIOLOGICAL FACTORS IN EXPERIMENTAL STROKE OUTCOME
    ANNE DEVRIES; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. REGULATION OF SEROTONERGIC NEUROTRANSMISSION
    Donald Edwards; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The use to which serotonin is put by the HGNs will be determined, as will the effects of serotonin uptake on other adjacent and well-studied serotonergic systems, including those that modulate posture and escape. ..
  10. PF-L-DOPA: a MRI tool for developmental neurobiology
    Sherry Dingman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This new MRI methods will reveal structural and functional brain alterations during development, making it possible to monitor the neurobiological impact of exposure to drugs. ..
  11. A Rodent Model of Behavioral Inhibition
    SONIA CAVIGELLI; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This research will provide the basis for future research on the development and long-term consequences of behavioral inhibition / shyness. ..
  12. Marriage, Birth and Divorce After Terrorist Attack
    CATHERINE COHAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The broad goals are to extend theory about how family formation and dissolution are affected by this unique period event and to inform services for disaster victims. ..
  13. NEUROENDOCRINE CONTROL OF REPRODUCTIVE BEHAVIOR
    LAUREN RITERS; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In addition, this research could lay the groundwork for future studies on the etiology of disorders related to sexual arousal...
  14. REGULATION OF CELLULAR EXCITABILITY BY STRESS HORMONES
    DAVID MC COBB; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Thus, the goal is to elucidate molecular mechanisms by which stress experiences, life stages, and genes adapt and/or limit the mechanisms of catecholamine secretion. ..
  15. Neural circuitry of submissive behavior and treatment response in social anxiety
    Franklin Schneier; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  16. ANATOMY OF THE PRIMATE AMYGDALOID COMPLEX
    David G Amaral; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This work provides essential normative data to study influences like circulating hormones or social experience on amygdala maturation. ..
  17. NEUROBIOLOGY OF PRIMATE SOCIAL BEHAVIOR
    David Amaral; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These studies will provide important insights into the neurobiology of normal social behavior and may contribute to an understanding of pathologies of social communication in disorders such as autism. ..
  18. TRAINING PROGRAM IN SYSTEMS NEUROSCIENCE
    David Amaral; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. DO GLUCOCORTICOIDS EXACERBATE GP120 NEUROENDANGERMENT
    Robert Sapolsky; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..That, coupled with the possible implications of the stressfulness of HIV infection prompt the proposed studies. ..
  20. Neuroendocrine mediation of socially induced anovulation
    Mark Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This project will clarify the neuroendocrine mechanisms mediating socially-induced gonadotropin deficiency and will thus enhance the ability of health providers to diagnose and treat FHCA in women. ..
  21. Testosterone Affects Transient Readiness for Action
    JAMES DABBS; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The correlational study will examine dominance and nurturance as moderator variables that guide the effects of testosterone toward antisocial or prosocial behavior among college students. ..
  22. Individual. Parnet, and School-Level Protective Factors in Early Adolescence
    ALBERT FARRELL; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. PSYCHOMOTOR STIMULANTS AND AGGRESSION IN ANIMALS
    KLAUS MICZEK; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Reversal of cross-sensitization from stress may be a means by which to prevent the transition to out-of-control compulsive-like drug taking. ..
  24. Identifying Essential Skills for Violence Prevention
    ALBERT FARRELL; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Completion of this work will set the stage for subsequent large-scale evaluation studies. ..
  25. PSYCHOLOGICAL INTERVENTION FOR WOMEN WITH BREAST CANCER
    BARBARA ANDERSEN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  26. Interdisciplinary Investigation of Biological Signatures of Autism Subtypes
    JUDY A VAN DE WATER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We already have strong evidence for at least an autoimmune type of autism and this research will lead to more effective efforts at preventing future cases of autism and treating existing children with autism. ..
  27. Gene Therapy, Stress and Hippocampal Function
    Robert Sapolsky; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We will then determine whether these vectors can protect neurogenesis from the inhibitory effects of GCs and, in the case of the chimeric vector, harness this to produce stimulatory estrogenic effects. ..
  28. Effects of social factors on cardiac arrest outcome
    ANNE DEVRIES; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  29. Impact of Response-Focused Affect Modulation Strategies
    Heath Demaree; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Moreover, the proposed research will assess the impact of response-focused strategies on behavioral output, cognitive functioning (left- and right-frontal neuropsychological tasks), and self-reported mood. ..
  30. AIDS Volunteerism and Client Health:Exploring Community
    Mark Snyder; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  31. ANDROGENIZED FEMALE AS A MODEL FOR P0LYCYSTIC OVARIAN SY
    David Abbott; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Such results would offer novel insights into the origin and mechanism of PCOS, and would provide a unifying determinant for a multifactorial syndrome. ..
  32. Mechanisms Influencing Sexual Risk Taking
    Erick Janssen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  33. Neuro-Genetics of Social Dominance-Submission Patterns
    Roger Kroes; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..the potential to shed light on sociopathological processes that can initiate the cascade of brain events toward depression, and thereby provide new ideas for biological interventions that may retard the depressive cascade ..
  34. Neuroendocrine mechanisms of emotional behavior
    AARON JASNOW; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These data will contribute to our knowledge of the hormonal mechanisms underlying fear and anxiety. ..
  35. SYNAPTIC INTEGRATION AND PLASTICITY IN COMMAND NEURONS
    Donald Edwards; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This will be studied with standard electrophyiological techniques. ..
  36. Neuroanatomy of social Function in FTD
    Katherine Rankin; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  37. ANTECEDENTS AND CONSEQUENCES OF BELIEF CERTAINTY
    WILLIAM SWANN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Studies are proposed to examine more directly the hypothesized confidence-bolstering effects of information that confirms people's self-views and specify how increasing self- certainty bolsters self-esteem. ..
  38. Parasite/Host Interactions and the Neurobiology of Fear
    Robert Sapolsky; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In Specific Aim 3, we will examine the effects of Toxoplasma infection on cell number and volume, and on dendritic morphology in brain regions implicated in the prior two Specific Aims in the effects of Toxo. ..
  39. Combination Treatment for PTSD After the WTC Attack
    Franklin Schneier; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Findings may enhance public health through the study of maximization of treatment response for this serious and common psychiatric disorder. ..
  40. PSYCHOBIOLOGY OF ESTROGEN RECEPTOR MODULATORS
    Mark Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These data will provide not only a better understanding of the biology of SERMs but will also help clinicians and patients evaluate of these compounds on behavioral health. ..
  41. Contextual Influences in Prisoner Research
    JOHN EDENS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These data will be the first of their kind and will inform policy makers and IRB boards about offender groups'views of potential threats to voluntary research participation in these settings. ..
  42. Conference on Reproductive Psychophysiology
    Erick Janssen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In addition, selected members of the pre-conference workshop will work together to formulate and publish guidelines for psychophysiological measurement. ..
  43. Pro-inflammatory glucocorticoid effects in the CNS
    Robert M Sapolsky; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposal begins to dissect the molecular mechanisms underlying these unexpected and damaging pro-inflammatory GC effects. ..
  44. Social Regulation of GnRH Release
    Wayne Korzan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The expected results will contribute to our understanding of how neural plasticity both control and depend on social behavior. ..
  45. Gene therapy against conditioned fear
    Robert Sapolsky; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  46. HOSTILITY, MARITAL INTERACTION AND HEALTH IN AGING
    Timothy Smith; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..g., fluid and crystallized intelligence). The long-term goal of the research is to identify potentially modifiable determinants of cardiovascular risk, marital adjustment, and cognitive aging in adulthood. ..
  47. Dopamine function in social phobia & related conditions
    Franklin Schneier; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Better understanding of the neurocircuitry associated with GSP holds promise for improving diagnosis and treatment strategies. ..
  48. Fundamental Goals and Risky Decision-Making
    JON MANER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..g., substance use disorders), as well as exaggerated risk-aversion. ..
  49. Cardiovascular-Oxytocin Links in Social Interaction
    Timothy Smith; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Explication of the psychobiology of social support and related psychosocial risk factors in personal relationships could guide the refinement of risk reducing, preventive interventions. ..
  50. Neurobiology of Social Attraction and Preference
    Aras Petrulis; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This data will provide novel insights into how sexual attraction and preference is generated by the nervous system and how sensory and internal state cues interact to regulate motivated behavior. ..
  51. Reward and reinforcement in implicit power motivation
    OLIVER SCHULTHEISS; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In addition, the role of facial aflective expressions as indicators of power motivation reward and the time course of the hypothesized power motivation reward and reinforcement effects will be explored in these studies. ..
  52. BEHAVIORAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES OF LOSS
    Mark Laudenslager; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The present application seeks to identify developmental factors affecting the HPA axis and the balance of CORT and DHEA with consequences for individual differences in rates of progression in immunodeficiency disease. ..
  53. ALCOHOL BENZODIAZEPHINES AND AGGRESSION IN ANIMALS
    KLAUS MICZEK; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  54. SPECIFIC PATHOGEN FREE RHESUS MACAQUE BREEDING PROGRAM
    Greg Westergaard; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Implicit in this objective is management of the existing SPF rhesus macaque resource and development of additional animal resources, including selective breeding of MHC-defined rhesus (up to 140 over a five-year period). ..
  55. Combined Pharmaco/Behavior Therapy in Adolescent Smokers
    KEVIN GRAY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Results of the study will help improve the current state of knowledge for smoking cessation in adolescent smokers. ..