Summary: Behavioral or attitudinal compliance with recognized social patterns or standards.
Publications213 found, 100 shown here
- The role of personality in social identity: effects of field-dependence and context on reactions to threat to group distinctivenessYonat Tamir
Ramat Aviv Institute, Tel Aviv, Israel
J Pers 75:927-53. 2007..The second experiment assessed it with real groups (two rival schools). Findings provided support for the hypotheses. The discussion centers on the role of personality dispositions in the social identity perspective...
- Social influence: compliance and conformityRobert B Cialdini
Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 1104, USA
Annu Rev Psychol 55:591-621. 2004....
- Conformity to cultural norms of tool use in chimpanzeesAndrew Whiten
Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife, KY16 9JP, UK
Nature 437:737-40. 2005..A subset of chimpanzees that discovered the alternative method nevertheless went on to match the predominant approach of their companions, showing a conformity bias that is regarded as a hallmark of human culture...
- Why people punish defectors. Weak conformist transmission can stabilize costly enforcement of norms in cooperative dilemmasJ Henrich
University of Michigan, 701 Tappan Road, D3276, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1234, USA
J Theor Biol 208:79-89. 2001..Finally, once cooperation is prevalent, we show how prosocial genes favoring cooperation and punishment may invade in the wake of cultural group selection...
- Integrating the study of conformity and culture in humans and nonhuman animalsNicolas Claidière
Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews KY16 9JP, Scotland, UK
Psychol Bull 138:126-45. 2012..Our review suggests excellent opportunities for social and natural scientists to join forces in building an interdisciplinary and integrative approach to the pervasive phenomenon of conformity...
- Reinforcement learning signal predicts social conformityVasily Klucharev
Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition, and Behaviour, Radboud University Nijmegen, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Neuron 61:140-51. 2009..However, the neural mechanisms of social conformity remain unclear...
- Peer influences and susceptibility to smoking among California adolescentsJ B Unger
University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles 90033, USA
Subst Use Misuse 36:551-71. 2001..Results indicate that peer influences, including perceptions of the social consequences of smoking and perceived social norms, may make adolescents susceptible to smoking...
- Going with the flow: preschoolers prefer nondissenters as informantsKathleen H Corriveau
Harvard Graduate School of Education, 512 Larsen Hall, 14 Appian Way, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Psychol Sci 20:372-7. 2009..They preferred to seek and endorse information from the informant who had belonged to the majority. The implications and scope of children's early sensitivity to group consensus are discussed...
- Truth, lies or self-deception? Striatal D(2/3) receptor availability predicts individual differences in social conformityAlice Egerton
Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
Neuroimage 53:777-81. 2010..receptor availability and SDR reflects a tendency to present oneself positively to others, consistent with social conformity (impression management, IM), or the tendency to view one's own behavior positively (self-deceptive ..
- ERP correlates of social conformity in a line judgment taskJing Chen
Center for Brain and Cognitive Sciences and Department of Psychology, Peking University, Beijing, China
BMC Neurosci 13:43. 2012..This study investigated the temporal characteristics of neural processing involved in social conformity by recording participants' brain potentials in performing a line judgment task...
- The evolution of conformist transmission in social learning when the environment changes periodicallyWataru Nakahashi
Department of Biological Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Hongo 7 3 1, Bunkyoku, Tokyo 113 0033, Japan
Theor Popul Biol 72:52-66. 2007....
- The evolution of social learning rules: payoff-biased and frequency-dependent biased transmissionJeremy Kendal
Department of Anthropology, University of Durham, Dawson Building, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
J Theor Biol 260:210-9. 2009....
- Neural mechanisms of the influence of popularity on adolescent ratings of musicGregory S Berns
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, 101 Woodruff Circle, Suite 4000, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Neuroimage 49:2687-96. 2010..This mismatch anxiety motivates people to switch their choices in the direction of the consensus. Our data suggest that this is a major force behind the conformity observed in music tastes in some teenagers...
- Social contagion of memoryH L Roediger
Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130 4899, USA
Psychon Bull Rev 8:365-71. 2001..g., the toaster). As with other forms of social influence, false memories are contagious; one person's memory can be infected by another person's errors...
- Downregulation of the posterior medial frontal cortex prevents social conformityVasily Klucharev
Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition, and Behaviour, Radboud University Nijmegen, NL 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
J Neurosci 31:11934-40. 2011..The posterior part of the medial frontal cortex has previously been implicated in behavioral and attitudinal adjustments. Here, we provide the first interventional evidence of its critical role in social influence on human behavior...
- Neurobiological correlates of social conformity and independence during mental rotationGregory S Berns
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, 1639 Pierce Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Biol Psychiatry 58:245-53. 2005..Conformity might arise at an executive level of decision making, or it might arise because the social setting alters the individual's perception of the world...
- Social influence modulates the neural computation of valueJamil Zaki
Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Psychol Sci 22:894-900. 2011..These findings document the utility of neuroimaging to demonstrate the private acceptance of social norms...
- Do social learning and conformist bias coevolve? Henrich and Boyd revisitedJoe Yuichiro Wakano
Department of Biological Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Hongo 7 3 1, Tokyo 113 0033, Japan
Theor Popul Biol 72:504-12. 2007..In conclusion, the conditions favoring a heavy reliance on social learning are not the same as those favoring a strong conformist bias...
- In-group conformity sustains different foraging traditions in capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella)Marietta Dindo
Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, Fife, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 4:e7858. 2009..However, experimental studies to date are in conflict with such findings in concluding that capuchins, like other monkeys, show minimal capacities for social learning...
- Graded effects of social conformity on recognition memoryNikolai Axmacher
Department of Epileptology, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany
PLoS ONE 5:e9270. 2010..These findings indicate that differential effects of social conformity on recognition of items as old and new occur in situations with an intermediate level of group pressure.
- Smoking in movies and increased smoking among young adultsAnna V Song
Center for Tobacco Research Control and Education, University of California San Francisco, 530 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
Am J Prev Med 33:396-403. 2007..This study assessed whether smoking in the movies was associated with smoking in young adults...
- The maintenance of traditions in marmosets: individual habit, not social conformity? A field experimentMario B Pesendorfer
Department of Neurobiology and Cognition Research, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
PLoS ONE 4:e4472. 2009b>Social conformity is a cornerstone of human culture because it accelerates and maintains the spread of behaviour within a group...
- On being both with us and against us: a normative conflict model of dissent in social groupsDominic J Packer
The Ohio State University, USA
Pers Soc Psychol Rev 12:50-72. 2008..Data in support of the model are reviewed, mechanisms by which external variables may influence dissent in social groups are elaborated, and the model is linked to contemporary perspectives on collective identity...
- Cognitive and emotional conflicts of counter-conformity choice in purchasing books online: an event-related potentials studyMingliang Chen
School of Management, Zhejiang University, PR China Neuromanagement Lab, Zhejiang University, PR China
Biol Psychol 85:437-45. 2010..The N500 might be evoked by the cognitive and emotional conflicts faced by participants in counter-conformity choices. The present findings provide evidence that the N400 can be elicited by non-semantic conflicts...
- The effects of conformity on recognition judgementsMatthew B Reysen
Department of Psychological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 1364, USA
Memory 13:87-94. 2005..More specifically, it impairs participants' ability to correctly recognise material presented earlier...
- Behavioral competence as a positive youth development construct: conceptual bases and implications for curriculum developmentHing Keung Ma
Department of Education Studies, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong
Int J Adolesc Med Health 18:387-92. 2006..The general goal is to foster the development of socially acceptable character, manner, and normative behavior. This paper is part of the development of the positive youth development program in Hong Kong...
- Adolescents' transitions to behavioral autonomy after German unificationClaudia M Haase
Department of Developmental Psychology and Center for Applied Developmental Science, University of Jena, Am Steiger 3 1, D 07743 Jena, Germany
J Adolesc 31:337-53. 2008..Our findings illustrate the plasticity of autonomy transitions under conditions of social change...
- Peer crowds in a commuter college sample: the relation between self-reported alcohol use and perceived peer crowd normsFrances M Sessa
Department of Psychology, Pennsylvania State University Abington, 19001, USA
J Psychol 141:293-305. 2007..The author described the relation between self-reported use and the perceived use by members of one's peer crowd...
- Peer pressure to "Fat talk": Does audience type influence how women portray their body image?Ashley B Craig
North Carolina State University, USA
Eat Behav 8:244-50. 2007..These hypotheses were not supported using repeated measures ANOVA. Strengths and weaknesses of the study are discussed...
- Should I stay or should I go? The impact of age norms on leaving homeFrancesco C Billari
Carlo F Dondena Centre for Research on Social Dynamics and Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research, Universita Bocconi, Milan, Italy
Demography 44:181-98. 2007..In addition, the timing of leaving home is also associated with the perceived costs and benefits of leaving home and with the perceived housing market situation...
- Impact of perceived consensus on stereotypes about obese people: a new approach for reducing biasRebecca M Puhl
Department of PsychologyYale University, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
Health Psychol 24:517-25. 2005..Social consensus feedback influenced participants' attitudes and beliefs about causes of obesity. Providing information about the uncontrollable causes of obesity and supposed scientific prevalence of traits also improved attitudes...
- Youth crowds and substance use: the impact of perceived group norm and multiple group identificationKirsten T Verkooijen
Unit for Health Promotion Research, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, Denmark
Psychol Addict Behav 21:55-61. 2007..Implications for health promotion are discussed...
- Normative misperceptions and temporal precedence of perceived norms and drinkingClayton Neighbors
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Box 356560, Seattle, Washington 98195 6560, USA
J Stud Alcohol 67:290-9. 2006..The present research was designed to evaluate (1) the stability of normative misperceptions and (2) temporal precedence of perceived norms and drinking...
- Gender identity and adjustment in black, Hispanic, and white preadolescentsBrooke C Corby
Department of Psychology, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA
Dev Psychol 43:261-6. 2007..Cross-ethnic/racial investigation can aid theory building by pointing to constructs that are neglected in research with a single ethnic/racial group but that are crucial components of basic developmental processes...
- Encouraging responsible drinking among underage drinkersLaura A Brannon
Kansas State University, KS, USA
Health Mark Q 23:3-30. 2005..Underage drinkers may drink, in part, to feel more "grown up." Emphasizing that more senior students actually drink responsibly may diminish this belief and result in reduced alcohol consumption among underage students...
- Gender nonconformity and psychological distress in lesbians and gay menW Christopher Skidmore
Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Swift Hall 102, 2029 Sheridan Road, Evanston, Illinois 60208 2710, USA
Arch Sex Behav 35:685-97. 2006..We discuss the implications of these results for future studies of gender nonconformity and for the promotion of psychological health in lesbians and gay men...
- Examination of a sociocultural model of disordered eating among male and female adolescentsEmma Halliwell
Centre for Appearance Research, School of Psychology, University of the West of England, UK
Br J Health Psychol 11:235-48. 2006..Additionally, it examines how self-reported body-mass index and perceived weight status influence associations within the model...
- Fitting in matters: markers of in-group belonging and academic outcomesDaphna Oyserman
Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1248, USA
Psychol Sci 17:854-61. 2006..Mediational analyses suggest that markers of belongingness have their impact via peer-group choice...
- When personality and culture clash: the psychological distress of allocentrics in an individualist culture and idiocentrics in a collectivist cultureCatherine L Caldwell-Harris
Department of Psychology, Boston University, MA 02215, USA
Transcult Psychiatry 43:331-61. 2006..Having an orientation inconsistent with societal values may thus be a risk factor for poor mental health...
- Sexual initiation, substance use, and sexual behavior and knowledge among vocational students in northern ThailandAlice Liu
Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA
Int Fam Plan Perspect 32:126-35. 2006..Thailand has undergone dramatic social changes in the last two decades, yet little is known about factors related to sexual initiation among adolescents...
- Asian Americans and racism: when bad things happen to "model minorities."Alvin N Alvarez
Department of Counseling, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA 94132, USA
Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol 12:477-92. 2006..To understand how Asian Americans regard racism, it is useful to have an understanding of racial identity theory and the manner in which Asian Americans are socialized to perceive racism...
- Examining body dissatisfaction in young men within a biopsychosocial frameworkAnna M Bardone-Cone
Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
Body Image 5:183-94. 2008....
- Perceived experiences with sexism among adolescent girlsCampbell Leaper
Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Cruz, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
Child Dev 79:685-704. 2008..Furthermore, girls' social gender identity (i.e., perceived gender typicality and gender-role contentedness) and gender-egalitarian attitudes were related to perceived sexism...
- The structure of drinking motives in First Nations adolescents in Nova ScotiaChristopher J Mushquash
Dalhousie University, Department of Psychology, Life Sciences Centre, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H 4J1, Canada
Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 15:33-52. 2008..The factor structure of the Drinking Motives Questionnaire - Revised (DMQ-R; Cooper, 1994) was examined in a sample of First Nations (i.e., Mi'kmaq) adolescents...
- The impact of relational demographics on perceived managerial trustworthiness: similarity or norms?Dora C Lau
Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Management, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong, PRC
J Soc Psychol 148:187-208. 2008..The authors discuss the theoretical and practical implications of the study...
- Teenagers who refrain from having sex may experience social, emotional consequencesD Hollander
Perspect Sex Reprod Health 40:118. 2008
- How do friends influence smoking uptake? Findings from qualitative interviews with identical twinsKim McLeod
The Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, The Cancer Council Victoria, Carlton, Victoria 3053, Australia
J Genet Psychol 169:117-31. 2008..Adolescents and young adults are aware of the messages that smoking can convey to others and exploit these images to construct a social identity...
- The mediational role of adolescents' friends in relations between activity breadth and adjustmentSandra D Simpkins
School of Social and Family Dynamics, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 3701, USA
Dev Psychol 44:1081-94. 2008..Friends' negative characteristics significantly mediated these relations in CAB, but not in MADICS...
- Defining body deception and its role in peer based social comparison theories of body dissatisfactionTom Hildebrandt
Eating and Weight Disorders Program, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L Levy Place, Box 1230, New York, NY 10029, USA
Body Image 5:299-306. 2008..An integrated model for the role of body deception in body image disturbance is proposed...
- A randomized test of a small-group interactive social norms interventionDaniel William Reilly
University of Tennessee s Safety, Environment, and Education SEE Center, Knoxville, TN 37996 4800, USA
J Am Coll Health 57:53-60. 2008..An increasingly popular but not yet well-validated social-norms-based intervention consists of providing normative feedback to students in small groups...
- Body dissatisfaction and body change behaviors in Chile: the role of sociocultural factorsDavid Mellor
School of Psychology, Deakin University, Burwood 3125, Melbourne, Australia
Body Image 5:205-15. 2008..These findings are discussed in relation to research conducted in other contexts, and it is concluded that findings from other locations may not be applied universally...
- Factor structure of the Japanese Interpersonal Competence ScaleTomomi Matsudaira
Department of Clinical Behavioral Sciences Psychological Medicine, Kumamoto University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto, Japan
Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 62:142-51. 2008..Assessing social competence is important for clinical and preventive interventions of depression. The aim of the present paper was to examine the factor structure of the Japanese Interpersonal Competence Scale (JICS)...
- Values as protective factors against violent behavior in Jewish and Arab high schools in IsraelAriel Knafo
Department of Psychology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem 91905, Israel
Child Dev 79:652-67. 2008..In schools in which violence was more common, power values' relationship with adolescents' self-reported violence was especially positive, and the relationship of universalism with self-reported violence was especially negative...
- Ethnic differences and the closing of the sex gap in alcohol use among college-bound studentsWilliam R Corbin
Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
Psychol Addict Behav 22:240-8. 2008..In contrast, for Latinos, particularly Latina women, family characteristics may be an important target for prevention...
- Assessing college students' attitudes toward responsible drinking messages to identify promising binge drinking intervention strategiesValerie K Pilling
Department of Psychology, Kansas State University, USA
Health Commun 22:265-76. 2007..Participants receiving the more personalized messages did report more favorable attitudes toward the responsible drinking message...
- Examining "fat talk" experimentally in a female dyad: how are women influenced by another woman's body presentation style?Katheryn L Tucker
Department of Psychology, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC 28608, United States
Body Image 4:157-64. 2007..Findings support the recursive nature of the social psychology of body image such that personal body image dissatisfaction is partially influenced by fat talk social norms...
- Don't take another bite: how sociocultural norms for appearance affect women's eating behaviorErin J Strahan
Wilfrid Laurier University, Brantford Campus, 73 George Street, Brantford, Ont, Canada N3T 2Y3
Body Image 4:331-42. 2007..In Study 4, we found that exposure to thin images led to activation of an association between heaviness and rejection and that the more this association was activated, the less participants ate...
- Relationships amongst body dissatisfaction, internalisation of the media body ideal and perceived pressure from media in adolescent girls and boysChristine Knauss
School of Psychological Science, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Melbourne 3086, Australia
Body Image 4:353-60. 2007..Differences in extent of internalization and pressure may contribute to higher body dissatisfaction in girls than boys. These sociocultural factors may affect girls and boys differently...
- Asian and European American cultural values and communication styles among Asian American and European American college studentsYong S Park
Department of Counseling, Clinical, and School Psychology, University of California, USA
Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol 14:47-56. 2008....
- Peer group contexts of girls' and boys' academic experiencesRobert Crosnoe
Department of Sociology and Population Research Center, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station A1700, Austin, TX 78712 1088, USA
Child Dev 79:139-55. 2008..These associations tended to be stronger toward the end of high school and weaker among adolescents with a prior record of failure in school. Each of these patterns was somewhat more consistent among girls...
- Implicit ingroup metafavoritism: subtle preference for ingroup members displaying ingroup biasLuigi Castelli
University of Padova
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 34:807-18. 2008..Overall, results indicated the presence of dual attitudes in the perception of ingroup members and the strict interconnection between intergroup behaviors and intragroup perception...
- Condom use among high-risk adolescents: anticipation of partner disapproval and less pleasure associated with not using condomsLarry K Brown
Rhode Island Hospital, CORO West, Ste 204, 1 Hoppin St, Providence, RI 02903, USA
Public Health Rep 123:601-7. 2008..We determined the association of demographic, psychosocial, and contextual factors with condom use among a large community sample of at-risk adolescents recruited from four locations in the U.S...
- Self-esteem, authoritarianism, and democratic values in the face of threatBarbara A Shaffer
Department of Psychology and Social Sciences, Mount Aloysius College, Cresson, PA 16630 1999, USA
Psychol Rep 95:311-6. 2004..The results are interpreted in light of theories addressing authoritarianism and self-esteem...
- The role of social norms and friends' influences on unhealthy weight-control behaviors among adolescent girlsMarla E Eisenberg
Division of Epidemiology, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, 1300 Second Street SE, Ste 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
Soc Sci Med 60:1165-73. 2005..Implications for school-based interventions to reduce UWCBs are discussed...
- On the behavioral consequences of infrahumanization: the implicit role of uniquely human emotions in intergroup relationsJeroen Vaes
Department of Developmental Psychology and Socialization, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
J Pers Soc Psychol 85:1016-34. 2003..The role of infrahumanization underlying prejudice and discrimination is discussed...
- Myopic social prediction and the solo comparison effectDon A Moore
Graduate School of Industrial Administration, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 85:1121-35. 2003..The discussion relates the results to other literatures including overly optimistic self-evaluation, false consensus, overconfidence, and social comparison...
- Taking a stand: using psychoanalysis to explore the positioning of subjects in discourseStephen Frosh
School of Psychology, Birbeck College, University of London, UK
Br J Soc Psychol 42:39-53. 2003..The argument is illustrated by data from a qualitative study of young masculinities, exploring the ways in which some individual boys take up positions in various degrees of opposition to the dominant ideology of 'hegemonic' masculinity...
- Adolescent girls' perceptions of goodness and badness and the role of will in their behavioral decisionsAmanda K Nelson
Department of Applied Psychology, Steinhardt School of Education, New York University, 239 Greene Street, Fifth Floor, New York, New York 10003, USA
Adolescence 38:421-40. 2003..In these two groups overall, decisions about how to behave seem influenced by both inner standards and relational pulls. Differences between the two groups are also discussed...
- Unbearable weight: young adult women's experiences of being overweightChang Yu-Jen
National Yang Ming University
J Nurs Res 12:153-60. 2004..To protect the public's mental and physical health, nurses should play an active role in weight education based on a deeper and more dynamic understanding of being overweight...
- Sexual identity development in the context of compulsory heterosexualityJulie Konik
Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
J Pers 72:815-44. 2004..These individuals also stressed the importance of having support or modeling for their sexual identity...
- Body image among adolescent girls and boys: a longitudinal studyDiane Carlson Jones
Department of Educational Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 3600, USA
Dev Psychol 40:823-35. 2004..There was no evidence of mediation among the boys and limited support for it among the girls...
- Ideal gender identity related to parent images and locus of control: Jungian and social learning perspectivesHiroko Shimoda
Graduate School of Education and Human Development, Nagoya University
Psychol Rep 94:1187-201. 2004..Implication of measures was discussed...
- The name of the game: predictive power of reputations versus situational labels in determining prisoner's dilemma game movesVarda Liberman
The Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya, Israel
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 30:1175-85. 2004..The implications of these findings, and the potential contribution of the present methodology to the classic pedagogical strategy of the demonstration experiment, are discussed...
- Are social norms campaigns really magic bullets? assessing the effects of students' misperceptions on drinking behaviorShelly Campo
Departments of Community and Behavioral Health, and Communication Studies, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
Health Commun 15:481-97. 2003..Results indicate that drinking behavior is positively related to perceptions of friends' drinking as suggested by the theory of planned behavior, which emphasizes subjective as opposed to social norms...
- A two-stage model of peer influence in adolescent substance use: individual and relationship-specific differences in susceptibility to influenceKathryn A Urberg
Department of Psychology, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
Addict Behav 28:1243-56. 2003..When the second stage was examined, only high peer acceptance and high friendship quality resulted in adolescents being more apt to conform to their friend's substance-use behaviors...
- Avenues to prestige among adolescents in public and religiously affiliated high schoolsJ Jill Suitor
Department of Sociology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
Adolescence 39:229-41. 2004....
- Physical attractiveness, social connectedness, and individuality: an autophotographic studyStephen J Dollinger
Department of Psychology, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale 62901, USA
J Soc Psychol 142:25-32. 2002..Thus, the attractive participants depicted themselves as very socially connected; however, they were neither more conventional-superficial nor more individualistic-creative than their less attractive peers in their photo essays...
- The focus group method: insights from focus group interviews on sexual health with adolescentsAbbey Hyde
School of Nursing and Midwifery, University College Dublin, Belfield Campus, Dublin 4, Ireland
Soc Sci Med 61:2588-99. 2005..We conclude by arguing that although far from flawless, focus groups are a valuable method for gathering data about health issues...
- Psychosocial correlates of alternate tobacco product use during early adolescenceKenneth P Tercyak
Lombardi Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20007 4104, USA
Prev Med 35:193-8. 2002..The objective was to assess psychosocial correlates of alternate tobacco product (chew/snuff, cigar, pipe, bidi, kretek) use...
- Naming oneself criminal: gender difference in offenders' identity negotiationBrenda Geiger
Department of Criminology, Bar Ilan University, Western Galilee Campus, P O Box 2125, Acre 24121, Israel
Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 49:194-209. 2005..Rehabilitation guidelines would build female offenders' personal strengths while redirecting those exhibited by male offenders into lawful enterprises...
- 'Rakter dosh'--corrupting blood: The challenges of preventing thalassemia in Bengal, IndiaSreeparna Chattopadhyay
Brown University, Box 1921, Providence, RI 02912, USA
Soc Sci Med 63:2661-73. 2006..identities, thereby creating a disjuncture between the goals of the prevention program and people's need for social conformity, and ultimately between medical desirability and social desirability...
- Adolescent brain development, risk-taking and vulnerability to addictionJacques Dayan
Inserm EPHE Universite de Caen Basse Normandie, Unité U923, GIP Cyceron, CHU Cote de Nacre, Caen, France
J Physiol Paris 104:279-86. 2010..adolescence may lead to or favour initiation of drug use, such as sensation-seeking, gregariousness and social conformity. These aspects, however, cannot be dissociated from the increased sex drive and quest for an integrated self...
- The psychological bases of ideology and prejudice: testing a dual process modelJohn Duckitt
Department of Psychology, University of Auckland, New Zealand
J Pers Soc Psychol 83:75-93. 2002..equation modeling with data from American and White Afrikaner students supported the model, suggesting that social conformity and belief in a dangerous world influence authoritarian attitudes, whereas toughmindedness and belief in a ..
- College students with tattoos and piercings: motives, family experiences, personality factors, and perception by othersG B Forbes
Department of Behavioral Sciences, Millikin University, Decatur, IL 62522, USA
Psychol Rep 89:774-86. 2001..are associated with significantly more risk-taking behavior, greater use of alcohol and marijuana, and less social conformity. However, the traditional stereotype that body modifications are indicators of social or personal pathology ..
- Personality in patients with pituitary adenomas is characterized by increased anxiety-related traits: comparison of 70 acromegalic patients with patients with non-functioning pituitary adenomas and age- and gender-matched controlsC Sievers
Department of Endocrinology, Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Munich, Germany
Eur J Endocrinol 160:367-73. 2009..We examined whether patients with acromegaly showed an altered personality profile compared with patients with non-functioning pituitary adenomas and healthy controls...
- Solitary and social heavy drinking, suicidal ideation, and drinking motives in underage college drinkersVivian M Gonzalez
Research Institute on Addictions, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14206, USA
Addict Behav 34:993-9. 2009..Solitary heavy drinking is a potentially dangerous coping strategy for an individual experiencing suicidal ideation...
- Change in psychosocial functioning and social relations among women in residential substance abuse treatmentD K Knight
Institute of Behavioral Research, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth 76129, USA
J Subst Abuse 13:533-47. 2001....
- Parallel tool industries in New Caledonian crowsGavin R Hunt
Department of Psychology, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019 Auckland, New Zealand
Biol Lett 3:173-5. 2007..in hunter-gatherers are mainly based on strict sexual division of labour that is highly reliant on social conformity. Here, we show that 12 individuals in a population of New Caledonian crows on Maré Island had strong ..
- Psychological correlates of trading sex for money among African American crack cocaine smokersJan M H Risser
Division of Epidemiology, Center for Infectious Diseases, University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston Health Science Center, Houston, Texas, USA
Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 32:645-53. 2006..lower self-esteem, greater depression and anxiety, poorer decision-making confidence, more hostility, less social conformity, greater risk taking behaviors, and more problems growing up, compared to previous and never traders...
- How the opinion of others affects our valuation of objectsDaniel K Campbell-Meiklejohn
Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, London WC1N 3BG, UK
Curr Biol 20:1165-70. 2010..with others about the value of an object and whether or not there is evidence, at the neural level, for social conformity through which we change object valuation...
- Social and emotional functioning following bilateral and unilateral neurosurgical prefrontal cortex lesionsJ Bramham
UCD School of Psychology, Belfield, Dublin, Ireland
J Neuropsychol 3:125-43. 2009..questionnaire was used to examine five factors of functioning: emotion recognition; empathy; social conformity; antisocial behaviour; and sociability...
- Taking a first puff: cigarette smoking experiences among ethnically diverse adolescentsC S Alexander
Department of Population and Family Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 1901, USA
Ethn Health 4:245-57. 1999..g. urban vs rural)...
- Attention moderates the fearlessness of psychopathic offendersJoseph P Newman
Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
Biol Psychiatry 67:66-70. 2010..behavior is generally attributed to a fundamental, amygdala-mediated deficit in fearlessness that undermines social conformity. An alternative view is that psychopathy involves an attention-related deficit that undermines the ..
- The INSPIRE study: are different personality traits related to disease-specific quality of life (IBDQ) in distressed patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease?Birgitte Boye
Institute of Psychiatry, University of Oslo, Norway
Inflamm Bowel Dis 14:680-6. 2008....
- Influence of family, religion, and social conformity on client participation in sexual reorientation therapyElaine M Maccio
School of Social Work, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
J Homosex 57:441-58. 2010..actual or expected family reactions to the disclosure of one's same-sex sexuality, religious fundamentalism, social conformity, and several demographic variables...
- The fear survey schedule for children-revised (FSSC-HI): ethnocultural variations in children's fearfulnessG N Shore
Department of Psychology, University of Hawaii, Honolulu 96822, USA
J Anxiety Disord 12:437-61. 1998..to those described in previous versions of the FSSC, whereas the seventh was unique, reflecting children's social conformity fears...
- Noras on the road: family and marriage of lesbian women in ShanghaiLucetta Yip Lo Kam
Gender Studies, Chinese University, Hong Kong
J Lesbian Stud 10:87-103. 2006..It is found that almost all of the women interviewed are experiencing the pressure of social conformity most severely from their immediate family, and the social expectation of marriage...
- A motivational model of alcohol misuse in emerging adulthoodGrace Kong
Department of Psychology, St John s University, Jamaica, NY 11439, United States
Addict Behav 35:855-60. 2010..Results of multiple regression analysis testing multiple mediators indicated that social alcohol expectancies were associated with alcohol misuse through the mediated pathways of enhancement drinking motives...
- Predictors of polydrug use among four ethnic groups: a 12-year longitudinal studyE R Galaif
Substance Abuse Research Center, Psychology Department, University of California, Los Angeles 90095 1563, USA
Addict Behav 24:607-31. 1999..Early parental support/bonding predicted less adult Polydrug Use for Caucasians. For Latinos, general social conformity and low liberalism decreased cigarette use as an adult...
- Models of the relationship of stress, depression, and other psychosocial factors to smoking behavior: a comparison of a cohort of students in grades 6 and 8J J Koval
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
Prev Med 30:463-77. 2000..In addition, the data were used to determine the set of risk factors for initiation of smoking most pertinent to the experience of the cohort...
- Construct validity of rorschach variables for alexithymiaPiero Porcelli
Psychosomatic Unit, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, Ospedale De Bellis, Castellana Grotte, Italy
Psychosomatics 43:360-9. 2002..groups, alexithymic subjects were more likely to show an impoverished fantasy life, poorly adapted emotional expression, poor coping resources, concrete and stereotypical thinking, and social conformity with compromised relationships.
- Motives for Simultaneous Alcohol and Tobacco Use in Young AdultsRYAN SCOTT TRIM; Fiscal Year: 2013..Finally, we expect that SATU cues will elicit greater BOLD and craving responses than alcohol-only cues in those who report frequent simultaneous use. ..
- Female Anti-Problem Drinking Group & Campus InitiativesJoseph LaBrie; Fiscal Year: 2006..Campus awareness will increase and campus culture will be changed. Evaluation/analysis plan is included. ..
- The Role of Peer Relations on Youth Eating and Choices of ActivitiesSarah Jeanne Salvy; Fiscal Year: 2010..Findings from this study may improve understanding of barriers to weight loss in overweight youths and past non-adherence to health recommendations. ..
- Peer Influence on Eating Behavior in Overweight and Normal Weight YouthsSarah Jeanne Salvy; Fiscal Year: 2008..This study is designed to understand differences in responses to the social and food environment between overweight and non overweight youths. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Mood and Substance Use Among College StudentsJeffrey Simons; Fiscal Year: 2003..Better understanding of the etiological paths of substance use problems may be useful for early identification of individuals at risk for substance use problems and may inform the development of effective interventions. ..
- YOUNG CHILDREN'S VULNERABILITY TO SUBSTANCE USEThomas Wills; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Risk for Alcohol Problems Among College StudentsJeffrey Simons; Fiscal Year: 2006..Better understanding of the etiological paths to alcohol use problems may be useful for early identification of individuals at risk for alcohol use problems and may inform the development of effective interventions. ..
- Neurobiological Circuits of Gain and Loss During Risky Decision MakingGregory S Berns; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- TREATMENT OF SOCIAL PHOBIA--MEDIATORS AND MODERATORSStefan Hofmann; Fiscal Year: 2002..The main hypothesis is that perceived emotional control will mediate treatment outcome and generality of effectiveness independent of the specific treatment condition. ..
- Self-control and alcohol problems: Psychological mechanismsJeffrey S Simons; Fiscal Year: 2010..To enhance understanding of alcohol disorder etiology, a theory-based, multi-level model of self control, goal-setting, and alcohol consumption and use disorder symptoms will be tested. ..
- D-Cycloserine Enhancement of Exposure in Social PhobiaStefan G Hofmann; Fiscal Year: 2010..This study addresses an important public health issue by assessing an intervention that may lead to a more efficient and effective application of empirically based psychosocial interventions for the treatment of SAD. ..
- Personalized Feedback Intervention for Marijuana UseChristine Lee; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- NEUROIMAGING OG NOVELTY DETECTION IN COCAINE DEPENDENCEGregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- INTEGRATION OF BIFURCATION THEORY AND CONTINUOUS FMRIGregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2003..The integration of bifurcation theory with continuous fMRI is anticipated to have a significant impact on the way in which fMRI experiments are conducted and will yield new techniques for the study of neuropsychiatric illness. ..
- Religiosity and Adolescent Alcohol UseThomas Wills; Fiscal Year: 2002..The results will have implications for understanding the mechanism of relationships between religiosity and alcohol use, and will have implications for design of prevention programs in school or community settings. ..
- INTEGRATION OF BIFURCATION THEORY AND CONTINUOUS FMRIGregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2002..The integration of bifurcation theory with continuous fMRI is anticipated to have a significant impact on the way in which fMRI experiments are conducted and will yield new techniques for the study of neuropsychiatric illness. ..
- Hyperscan:Simultaneous fMRI across the internetGregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2002..Linking together two 3 T scanners, one at Emory University and one at Princeton University, the biological substrates associated with human-human interaction will be compared to human-computer interaction. ..
- Neurobiology of Reward and Preference in AdolescenceGregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Individual. Parnet, and School-Level Protective Factors in Early AdolescenceALBERT FARRELL; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Marijuana use patterns: Temporal change in predictors, perceptions, and ad impactWILLIAM CRANO; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Therapeutic Schools: Affect Management & HIV PreventionLarry Brown; Fiscal Year: 2008..The results are capable of impacting the large number of teens in therapeutic settings treatment as well as informing other interventions with high-risk youth. ..
- Modeling Household Dynamics and Land UseBarbara Entwisle; Fiscal Year: 2008..Proof of concept" is the goal of the application. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Smoking Versus Alternative Reinforcers in AdolescentsSuzanne Colby; Fiscal Year: 2007..Study findings will advance our understanding of reinforcement mechanisms underlying adolescent smoking, which could also have implications for understanding and treating adolescent drug use more generally. ..
- Anxiety Sensitivity and SmokingMichael Zvolensky; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- HIV Perceived Norms and Communication Among Drug UsersMelissa Davey Rothwell; Fiscal Year: 2006..These results may be used for development of both individual and social interventions, as well as contribute to the production of policies targeted at HIV prevention among IDUs. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Preventing Violence Against Women: A Web-Based ApproachLaura Salazar; Fiscal Year: 2008..These outcomes[unreadable] will be assessed via web-administered interviews at baseline, postintervention, and at 6 months. ..
- MIGRATION, CONTRACEPTION, AND SOCIAL NETWORKSBarbara Entwisle; Fiscal Year: 2001..Prosposed statistical techniques take account of selectivity and patterns of clustering ..
- Targeted Peer Victimization and the Development of Negative Self-schemas in YouthDavid A Cole; Fiscal Year: 2010..The only change is to eliminate one wave of the laboratory data collection. We will simultaneously be submitting a new R01 to extend the proposed 2-year project longitudinally and to add a brain imaging component. ..
- Brief Alcohol Intervention for School-to-Work TransitionsSuzanne M Colby; Fiscal Year: 2010..The proposed research would test the effects of BMI specifically in the under-studied and under-treated population of heavy drinking non-college young adults. ..
- BRIEF ADOLESCENT ALCOHOL/HIV PREVENTION INTERVENTIONSBradley Boekeloo; Fiscal Year: 2001..Although the study targets adolescents in primary care, the brief interventions could be more broadly administered if shown effective. ..
- A Culturally Appropriate Cervical Cancer Intervention for Underserved VietnameseGrace X Ma; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- MEASURING DEPENDENCE AND WITHDRAWAL IN TEEN SMOKERSSuzanne Colby; Fiscal Year: 2001..Thus, it will provide a greater understanding of nicotine withdrawal as a maintaining factor of adolescent smoking, and thereby provide an empirical basis for enhancing smoking cessation approaches for youth. ..
- STD/PREGNANCY PROTECTION - SEXUALLY ACTIVE ADOLESCENTSLinda Bearinger; Fiscal Year: 2001..It will also contribute to the, as yet, underdeveloped knowledge base of adolescent dual method use. ..
- Transitions in Smoking Among Adolescent Minority GirlsTracy Nichols; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Race/Ethnic Variability in survey Question Processing and ResponseTimothy Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2009..This is an important goal, as health surveys are one of the key yardsticks by which public health disparities are measured. ..
- Stepped Care for Mandated College StudentsBrian Borsari; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- Assessment of Appearance and Performance Enhancing Drug UseThomas Hildebrandt; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Social Stress Among Mothers in TreatmentDANICA KNIGHT; Fiscal Year: 2002..Finally, models representing the relative contribution of various stressors in predicting month 3 outcomes will be developed using multivariate techniques. ..
- Youth Gangs: drug use, sexual behavior, violence & HIV riskBill Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2006..Findings from this study will inform new approaches towards preventing high risk behaviors among youth gang members, and forward a public health agenda benefiting future young gang members. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Smoking and Panic VulnerabilityMichael Zvolensky; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- YOUTH VIOLENCE--UNMET NEED FOR MENTAL HEALTH SERVICESEdgardo Menvielle; Fiscal Year: 2003..The use of a prospective design with state of the art instrumentation and focus groups will provide a research database that will facilitate and stimulate intervention research. ..
- Panic and Smoking CessationMichael Zvolensky; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- THE CONTEXT OF ADOLESCENT SUBSTANCE USESusan Ennett; Fiscal Year: 2004..Hierarchical Linear Modeling and Latent Curve Analysis will be used to test the study hypotheses. ..
- ASIAN TOBACCO EDUCATION & CANCER AWARENESS RESEARCH INITGrace Ma; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Tobacco Control Policies and Youth Smoking TransitionsJames Nonnemaker; Fiscal Year: 2004..The panel data and the discrete-time hazard model allow for the control of unobserved individual and state-level effects. ..
- PROJECT TOWARDS NO DRUG ABUSE COMPONENTS ANALYSISSTEVEN SUSSMAN; Fiscal Year: 2003..We will apply a series of sophisticated models to analyze the collected data for potential experimental, mediational and moderational effects as specified by hypotheses generated from the underlying theoretical base. ..
- SOCIAL COMPARISON--DEVELOPMENT AND FUNCTIONAL ANALYSESDIANE RUBLE; Fiscal Year: 2003..Similar though less direct implications are foreseen with respect to the proposed research on performance-related self esteem in school, and affective disorders after the birth of a first child. ..
- INTEGRATIVE THEORY OF SOCIAL PERCEPTION AND JUDGMENTELIOT SMITH; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Indicated Prevention with At-Risk GamblersMary Larimer; Fiscal Year: 2005..In addition, there is virtually no research evaluating mediators or moderators of gambling intervention efficacy. ..
- AIDS Volunteerism and Client Health:Exploring CommunityMark Snyder; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Life Skills Curriculum as an HIV/STD Prevention StrategySusan Pick; Fiscal Year: 2006..Qualitative measures will also be used to assess perceived impact and impressions of curriculum among both teachers and students, providing the basis for widespread dissemination among government officials in Mexico. ..
- Biometrical Modeling of Fertility Using the NLSYJOSEPH RODGERS; Fiscal Year: 2006..Potential moderators/mediators include education, family structure, and quality of the family environment. ..
- A MULTICOMPONENT MODEL OF SELF-CONCEPT FORMATIONALLEN MCCONNELL; Fiscal Year: 2002..behavior, personal outlook, social comparison, and experience of emotion) for social functioning and mental health, an understanding of how self-concepts are formed, and the consequences of forming them, is important. ..
- An Affect Management Intervention for Juvenile OffendersLarry Brown; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- A Cultural Investigation of Self-Improving MotivationsSTEVEN HEINE; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Reducing Inhalant Use in Young AdolescentsWILLIAM CRANO; Fiscal Year: 2005..It is hypothesized that messages focusing on social identity will be most effective in this population--especially if delivered by a peer source. ..
- Pediatric Cancer Prevention and ControlKENNETH TERCYAK; Fiscal Year: 2006..I expect that this intervention will lead to the development of an R01 grant to evaluate the effectiveness of alternate interventions for pediatric smoking cessation in medical and other settings. ..
- Malt Liquor Use-A Community College StudyMeng Jinn Chen; Fiscal Year: 2003..The ultimate goal is to determine what steps can be taken to help prevent alcohol abuse and related problems among young people. ..
- HIV Prevention for Youth with Severe Mental IllnessLarry K Brown; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Neural bases of automatic and controlled affective responses to smoking cuesBrian Payne; Fiscal Year: 2006..The prevalence of nicotine addiction and the widespread health implications of smoking make clear the relevance of these considerations for drug addiction and public health more generally. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Female Condom Use in South African College StudentsJoanne Mantell; Fiscal Year: 2008..If successful, this brief intervention should be widely replicable in other similar settings. ..
- HIV, ABUSE AND PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS AMONG YOUTHLarry Brown; Fiscal Year: 2004..Condom use attitudes will be measured, including intentions, decisional balance, peer and family norms, and self-efficacy. These variables will be examined at pretest, at posttest, and at three-and six-month follow-up. ..
- Recognition and Referral Skills for RAs-Alcohol and Other Drug ProblemsDennis Thombs; Fiscal Year: 2008..e., better linkage of substance abusing undergraduates with professional treatment services. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- STEPPED CARE VS BEST AVAILABLE CARE FOR BULIMIA NERVOSAWILLIAM AGRAS; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Executive Control in Implicit Attitude MeasurementBrian Payne; Fiscal Year: 2004..The third series examines more complex situations (e.g. the presence of an African American experimenter) which might influence implicit prejudice measures through both routes. ..