social conformity

Summary

Summary: Behavioral or attitudinal compliance with recognized social patterns or standards.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The role of personality in social identity: effects of field-dependence and context on reactions to threat to group distinctiveness
    Yonat Tamir
    Ramat Aviv Institute, Tel Aviv, Israel
    J Pers 75:927-53. 2007
  2. ncbi Social influence: compliance and conformity
    Robert B Cialdini
    Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 1104, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 55:591-621. 2004
  3. ncbi Conformity to cultural norms of tool use in chimpanzees
    Andrew Whiten
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife, KY16 9JP, UK
    Nature 437:737-40. 2005
  4. ncbi Why people punish defectors. Weak conformist transmission can stabilize costly enforcement of norms in cooperative dilemmas
    J Henrich
    University of Michigan, 701 Tappan Road, D3276, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1234, USA
    J Theor Biol 208:79-89. 2001
  5. ncbi Integrating the study of conformity and culture in humans and nonhuman animals
    Nicolas Claidière
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews KY16 9JP, Scotland, UK
    Psychol Bull 138:126-45. 2012
  6. ncbi Reinforcement learning signal predicts social conformity
    Vasily Klucharev
    Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition, and Behaviour, Radboud University Nijmegen, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Neuron 61:140-51. 2009
  7. ncbi Peer influences and susceptibility to smoking among California adolescents
    J B Unger
    University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles 90033, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 36:551-71. 2001
  8. ncbi Going with the flow: preschoolers prefer nondissenters as informants
    Kathleen H Corriveau
    Harvard Graduate School of Education, 512 Larsen Hall, 14 Appian Way, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Psychol Sci 20:372-7. 2009
  9. ncbi Truth, lies or self-deception? Striatal D(2/3) receptor availability predicts individual differences in social conformity
    Alice Egerton
    Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
    Neuroimage 53:777-81. 2010
  10. pmc ERP correlates of social conformity in a line judgment task
    Jing Chen
    Center for Brain and Cognitive Sciences and Department of Psychology, Peking University, Beijing, China
    BMC Neurosci 13:43. 2012

Detail Information

Publications213 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The role of personality in social identity: effects of field-dependence and context on reactions to threat to group distinctiveness
    Yonat Tamir
    Ramat Aviv Institute, Tel Aviv, Israel
    J Pers 75:927-53. 2007
    ..The second experiment assessed it with real groups (two rival schools). Findings provided support for the hypotheses. The discussion centers on the role of personality dispositions in the social identity perspective...
  2. ncbi Social influence: compliance and conformity
    Robert B Cialdini
    Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 1104, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 55:591-621. 2004
    ....
  3. ncbi Conformity to cultural norms of tool use in chimpanzees
    Andrew Whiten
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife, KY16 9JP, UK
    Nature 437:737-40. 2005
    ..A subset of chimpanzees that discovered the alternative method nevertheless went on to match the predominant approach of their companions, showing a conformity bias that is regarded as a hallmark of human culture...
  4. ncbi Why people punish defectors. Weak conformist transmission can stabilize costly enforcement of norms in cooperative dilemmas
    J Henrich
    University of Michigan, 701 Tappan Road, D3276, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1234, USA
    J Theor Biol 208:79-89. 2001
    ..Finally, once cooperation is prevalent, we show how prosocial genes favoring cooperation and punishment may invade in the wake of cultural group selection...
  5. ncbi Integrating the study of conformity and culture in humans and nonhuman animals
    Nicolas Claidière
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews KY16 9JP, Scotland, UK
    Psychol Bull 138:126-45. 2012
    ..Our review suggests excellent opportunities for social and natural scientists to join forces in building an interdisciplinary and integrative approach to the pervasive phenomenon of conformity...
  6. ncbi Reinforcement learning signal predicts social conformity
    Vasily Klucharev
    Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition, and Behaviour, Radboud University Nijmegen, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Neuron 61:140-51. 2009
    ..However, the neural mechanisms of social conformity remain unclear...
  7. ncbi Peer influences and susceptibility to smoking among California adolescents
    J B Unger
    University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles 90033, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 36:551-71. 2001
    ..Results indicate that peer influences, including perceptions of the social consequences of smoking and perceived social norms, may make adolescents susceptible to smoking...
  8. ncbi Going with the flow: preschoolers prefer nondissenters as informants
    Kathleen H Corriveau
    Harvard Graduate School of Education, 512 Larsen Hall, 14 Appian Way, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Psychol Sci 20:372-7. 2009
    ..They preferred to seek and endorse information from the informant who had belonged to the majority. The implications and scope of children's early sensitivity to group consensus are discussed...
  9. ncbi Truth, lies or self-deception? Striatal D(2/3) receptor availability predicts individual differences in social conformity
    Alice Egerton
    Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
    Neuroimage 53:777-81. 2010
    ..receptor availability and SDR reflects a tendency to present oneself positively to others, consistent with social conformity (impression management, IM), or the tendency to view one's own behavior positively (self-deceptive ..
  10. pmc ERP correlates of social conformity in a line judgment task
    Jing Chen
    Center for Brain and Cognitive Sciences and Department of Psychology, Peking University, Beijing, China
    BMC Neurosci 13:43. 2012
    ..This study investigated the temporal characteristics of neural processing involved in social conformity by recording participants' brain potentials in performing a line judgment task...
  11. ncbi The evolution of conformist transmission in social learning when the environment changes periodically
    Wataru Nakahashi
    Department of Biological Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Hongo 7 3 1, Bunkyoku, Tokyo 113 0033, Japan
    Theor Popul Biol 72:52-66. 2007
    ....
  12. ncbi The evolution of social learning rules: payoff-biased and frequency-dependent biased transmission
    Jeremy Kendal
    Department of Anthropology, University of Durham, Dawson Building, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
    J Theor Biol 260:210-9. 2009
    ....
  13. pmc Neural mechanisms of the influence of popularity on adolescent ratings of music
    Gregory S Berns
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, 101 Woodruff Circle, Suite 4000, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Neuroimage 49:2687-96. 2010
    ..This mismatch anxiety motivates people to switch their choices in the direction of the consensus. Our data suggest that this is a major force behind the conformity observed in music tastes in some teenagers...
  14. ncbi Social contagion of memory
    H L Roediger
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130 4899, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 8:365-71. 2001
    ..g., the toaster). As with other forms of social influence, false memories are contagious; one person's memory can be infected by another person's errors...
  15. ncbi Downregulation of the posterior medial frontal cortex prevents social conformity
    Vasily Klucharev
    Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition, and Behaviour, Radboud University Nijmegen, NL 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Neurosci 31:11934-40. 2011
    ..The posterior part of the medial frontal cortex has previously been implicated in behavioral and attitudinal adjustments. Here, we provide the first interventional evidence of its critical role in social influence on human behavior...
  16. ncbi Neurobiological correlates of social conformity and independence during mental rotation
    Gregory S Berns
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, 1639 Pierce Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 58:245-53. 2005
    ..Conformity might arise at an executive level of decision making, or it might arise because the social setting alters the individual's perception of the world...
  17. ncbi Social influence modulates the neural computation of value
    Jamil Zaki
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Psychol Sci 22:894-900. 2011
    ..These findings document the utility of neuroimaging to demonstrate the private acceptance of social norms...
  18. ncbi Do social learning and conformist bias coevolve? Henrich and Boyd revisited
    Joe Yuichiro Wakano
    Department of Biological Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Hongo 7 3 1, Tokyo 113 0033, Japan
    Theor Popul Biol 72:504-12. 2007
    ..In conclusion, the conditions favoring a heavy reliance on social learning are not the same as those favoring a strong conformist bias...
  19. pmc In-group conformity sustains different foraging traditions in capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella)
    Marietta Dindo
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, Fife, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 4:e7858. 2009
    ..However, experimental studies to date are in conflict with such findings in concluding that capuchins, like other monkeys, show minimal capacities for social learning...
  20. pmc Graded effects of social conformity on recognition memory
    Nikolai Axmacher
    Department of Epileptology, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany
    PLoS ONE 5:e9270. 2010
    ..These findings indicate that differential effects of social conformity on recognition of items as old and new occur in situations with an intermediate level of group pressure.
  21. pmc Smoking in movies and increased smoking among young adults
    Anna V Song
    Center for Tobacco Research Control and Education, University of California San Francisco, 530 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Am J Prev Med 33:396-403. 2007
    ..This study assessed whether smoking in the movies was associated with smoking in young adults...
  22. pmc The maintenance of traditions in marmosets: individual habit, not social conformity? A field experiment
    Mario B Pesendorfer
    Department of Neurobiology and Cognition Research, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
    PLoS ONE 4:e4472. 2009
    b>Social conformity is a cornerstone of human culture because it accelerates and maintains the spread of behaviour within a group...
  23. ncbi On being both with us and against us: a normative conflict model of dissent in social groups
    Dominic J Packer
    The Ohio State University, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Rev 12:50-72. 2008
    ..Data in support of the model are reviewed, mechanisms by which external variables may influence dissent in social groups are elaborated, and the model is linked to contemporary perspectives on collective identity...
  24. ncbi Cognitive and emotional conflicts of counter-conformity choice in purchasing books online: an event-related potentials study
    Mingliang Chen
    School of Management, Zhejiang University, PR China Neuromanagement Lab, Zhejiang University, PR China
    Biol Psychol 85:437-45. 2010
    ..The N500 might be evoked by the cognitive and emotional conflicts faced by participants in counter-conformity choices. The present findings provide evidence that the N400 can be elicited by non-semantic conflicts...
  25. ncbi The effects of conformity on recognition judgements
    Matthew B Reysen
    Department of Psychological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 1364, USA
    Memory 13:87-94. 2005
    ..More specifically, it impairs participants' ability to correctly recognise material presented earlier...
  26. ncbi Behavioral competence as a positive youth development construct: conceptual bases and implications for curriculum development
    Hing Keung Ma
    Department of Education Studies, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong
    Int J Adolesc Med Health 18:387-92. 2006
    ..The general goal is to foster the development of socially acceptable character, manner, and normative behavior. This paper is part of the development of the positive youth development program in Hong Kong...
  27. ncbi Adolescents' transitions to behavioral autonomy after German unification
    Claudia M Haase
    Department of Developmental Psychology and Center for Applied Developmental Science, University of Jena, Am Steiger 3 1, D 07743 Jena, Germany
    J Adolesc 31:337-53. 2008
    ..Our findings illustrate the plasticity of autonomy transitions under conditions of social change...
  28. ncbi Peer crowds in a commuter college sample: the relation between self-reported alcohol use and perceived peer crowd norms
    Frances M Sessa
    Department of Psychology, Pennsylvania State University Abington, 19001, USA
    J Psychol 141:293-305. 2007
    ..The author described the relation between self-reported use and the perceived use by members of one's peer crowd...
  29. ncbi Peer pressure to "Fat talk": Does audience type influence how women portray their body image?
    Ashley B Craig
    North Carolina State University, USA
    Eat Behav 8:244-50. 2007
    ..These hypotheses were not supported using repeated measures ANOVA. Strengths and weaknesses of the study are discussed...
  30. ncbi Should I stay or should I go? The impact of age norms on leaving home
    Francesco C Billari
    Carlo F Dondena Centre for Research on Social Dynamics and Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research, Universita Bocconi, Milan, Italy
    Demography 44:181-98. 2007
    ..In addition, the timing of leaving home is also associated with the perceived costs and benefits of leaving home and with the perceived housing market situation...
  31. ncbi Impact of perceived consensus on stereotypes about obese people: a new approach for reducing bias
    Rebecca M Puhl
    Department of PsychologyYale University, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
    Health Psychol 24:517-25. 2005
    ..Social consensus feedback influenced participants' attitudes and beliefs about causes of obesity. Providing information about the uncontrollable causes of obesity and supposed scientific prevalence of traits also improved attitudes...
  32. ncbi Youth crowds and substance use: the impact of perceived group norm and multiple group identification
    Kirsten T Verkooijen
    Unit for Health Promotion Research, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, Denmark
    Psychol Addict Behav 21:55-61. 2007
    ..Implications for health promotion are discussed...
  33. pmc Normative misperceptions and temporal precedence of perceived norms and drinking
    Clayton Neighbors
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Box 356560, Seattle, Washington 98195 6560, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 67:290-9. 2006
    ..The present research was designed to evaluate (1) the stability of normative misperceptions and (2) temporal precedence of perceived norms and drinking...
  34. ncbi Gender identity and adjustment in black, Hispanic, and white preadolescents
    Brooke C Corby
    Department of Psychology, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA
    Dev Psychol 43:261-6. 2007
    ..Cross-ethnic/racial investigation can aid theory building by pointing to constructs that are neglected in research with a single ethnic/racial group but that are crucial components of basic developmental processes...
  35. ncbi Encouraging responsible drinking among underage drinkers
    Laura A Brannon
    Kansas State University, KS, USA
    Health Mark Q 23:3-30. 2005
    ..Underage drinkers may drink, in part, to feel more "grown up." Emphasizing that more senior students actually drink responsibly may diminish this belief and result in reduced alcohol consumption among underage students...
  36. ncbi Gender nonconformity and psychological distress in lesbians and gay men
    W Christopher Skidmore
    Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Swift Hall 102, 2029 Sheridan Road, Evanston, Illinois 60208 2710, USA
    Arch Sex Behav 35:685-97. 2006
    ..We discuss the implications of these results for future studies of gender nonconformity and for the promotion of psychological health in lesbians and gay men...
  37. ncbi Examination of a sociocultural model of disordered eating among male and female adolescents
    Emma Halliwell
    Centre for Appearance Research, School of Psychology, University of the West of England, UK
    Br J Health Psychol 11:235-48. 2006
    ..Additionally, it examines how self-reported body-mass index and perceived weight status influence associations within the model...
  38. ncbi Fitting in matters: markers of in-group belonging and academic outcomes
    Daphna Oyserman
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1248, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:854-61. 2006
    ..Mediational analyses suggest that markers of belongingness have their impact via peer-group choice...
  39. ncbi When personality and culture clash: the psychological distress of allocentrics in an individualist culture and idiocentrics in a collectivist culture
    Catherine L Caldwell-Harris
    Department of Psychology, Boston University, MA 02215, USA
    Transcult Psychiatry 43:331-61. 2006
    ..Having an orientation inconsistent with societal values may thus be a risk factor for poor mental health...
  40. ncbi Sexual initiation, substance use, and sexual behavior and knowledge among vocational students in northern Thailand
    Alice Liu
    Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA
    Int Fam Plan Perspect 32:126-35. 2006
    ..Thailand has undergone dramatic social changes in the last two decades, yet little is known about factors related to sexual initiation among adolescents...
  41. ncbi Asian Americans and racism: when bad things happen to "model minorities."
    Alvin N Alvarez
    Department of Counseling, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA 94132, USA
    Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol 12:477-92. 2006
    ..To understand how Asian Americans regard racism, it is useful to have an understanding of racial identity theory and the manner in which Asian Americans are socialized to perceive racism...
  42. ncbi Examining body dissatisfaction in young men within a biopsychosocial framework
    Anna M Bardone-Cone
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Body Image 5:183-94. 2008
    ....
  43. ncbi Perceived experiences with sexism among adolescent girls
    Campbell Leaper
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Cruz, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    Child Dev 79:685-704. 2008
    ..Furthermore, girls' social gender identity (i.e., perceived gender typicality and gender-role contentedness) and gender-egalitarian attitudes were related to perceived sexism...
  44. ncbi The structure of drinking motives in First Nations adolescents in Nova Scotia
    Christopher J Mushquash
    Dalhousie University, Department of Psychology, Life Sciences Centre, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H 4J1, Canada
    Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res 15:33-52. 2008
    ..The factor structure of the Drinking Motives Questionnaire - Revised (DMQ-R; Cooper, 1994) was examined in a sample of First Nations (i.e., Mi'kmaq) adolescents...
  45. ncbi The impact of relational demographics on perceived managerial trustworthiness: similarity or norms?
    Dora C Lau
    Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Management, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong, PRC
    J Soc Psychol 148:187-208. 2008
    ..The authors discuss the theoretical and practical implications of the study...
  46. doi Teenagers who refrain from having sex may experience social, emotional consequences
    D Hollander
    Perspect Sex Reprod Health 40:118. 2008
  47. ncbi How do friends influence smoking uptake? Findings from qualitative interviews with identical twins
    Kim McLeod
    The Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, The Cancer Council Victoria, Carlton, Victoria 3053, Australia
    J Genet Psychol 169:117-31. 2008
    ..Adolescents and young adults are aware of the messages that smoking can convey to others and exploit these images to construct a social identity...
  48. ncbi The mediational role of adolescents' friends in relations between activity breadth and adjustment
    Sandra D Simpkins
    School of Social and Family Dynamics, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 3701, USA
    Dev Psychol 44:1081-94. 2008
    ..Friends' negative characteristics significantly mediated these relations in CAB, but not in MADICS...
  49. ncbi Defining body deception and its role in peer based social comparison theories of body dissatisfaction
    Tom Hildebrandt
    Eating and Weight Disorders Program, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L Levy Place, Box 1230, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Body Image 5:299-306. 2008
    ..An integrated model for the role of body deception in body image disturbance is proposed...
  50. ncbi A randomized test of a small-group interactive social norms intervention
    Daniel William Reilly
    University of Tennessee s Safety, Environment, and Education SEE Center, Knoxville, TN 37996 4800, USA
    J Am Coll Health 57:53-60. 2008
    ..An increasingly popular but not yet well-validated social-norms-based intervention consists of providing normative feedback to students in small groups...
  51. ncbi Body dissatisfaction and body change behaviors in Chile: the role of sociocultural factors
    David Mellor
    School of Psychology, Deakin University, Burwood 3125, Melbourne, Australia
    Body Image 5:205-15. 2008
    ..These findings are discussed in relation to research conducted in other contexts, and it is concluded that findings from other locations may not be applied universally...
  52. ncbi Factor structure of the Japanese Interpersonal Competence Scale
    Tomomi Matsudaira
    Department of Clinical Behavioral Sciences Psychological Medicine, Kumamoto University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto, Japan
    Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 62:142-51. 2008
    ..Assessing social competence is important for clinical and preventive interventions of depression. The aim of the present paper was to examine the factor structure of the Japanese Interpersonal Competence Scale (JICS)...
  53. ncbi Values as protective factors against violent behavior in Jewish and Arab high schools in Israel
    Ariel Knafo
    Department of Psychology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem 91905, Israel
    Child Dev 79:652-67. 2008
    ..In schools in which violence was more common, power values' relationship with adolescents' self-reported violence was especially positive, and the relationship of universalism with self-reported violence was especially negative...
  54. pmc Ethnic differences and the closing of the sex gap in alcohol use among college-bound students
    William R Corbin
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 22:240-8. 2008
    ..In contrast, for Latinos, particularly Latina women, family characteristics may be an important target for prevention...
  55. ncbi Assessing college students' attitudes toward responsible drinking messages to identify promising binge drinking intervention strategies
    Valerie K Pilling
    Department of Psychology, Kansas State University, USA
    Health Commun 22:265-76. 2007
    ..Participants receiving the more personalized messages did report more favorable attitudes toward the responsible drinking message...
  56. ncbi Examining "fat talk" experimentally in a female dyad: how are women influenced by another woman's body presentation style?
    Katheryn L Tucker
    Department of Psychology, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC 28608, United States
    Body Image 4:157-64. 2007
    ..Findings support the recursive nature of the social psychology of body image such that personal body image dissatisfaction is partially influenced by fat talk social norms...
  57. ncbi Don't take another bite: how sociocultural norms for appearance affect women's eating behavior
    Erin J Strahan
    Wilfrid Laurier University, Brantford Campus, 73 George Street, Brantford, Ont, Canada N3T 2Y3
    Body Image 4:331-42. 2007
    ..In Study 4, we found that exposure to thin images led to activation of an association between heaviness and rejection and that the more this association was activated, the less participants ate...
  58. ncbi Relationships amongst body dissatisfaction, internalisation of the media body ideal and perceived pressure from media in adolescent girls and boys
    Christine Knauss
    School of Psychological Science, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Melbourne 3086, Australia
    Body Image 4:353-60. 2007
    ..Differences in extent of internalization and pressure may contribute to higher body dissatisfaction in girls than boys. These sociocultural factors may affect girls and boys differently...
  59. ncbi Asian and European American cultural values and communication styles among Asian American and European American college students
    Yong S Park
    Department of Counseling, Clinical, and School Psychology, University of California, USA
    Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol 14:47-56. 2008
    ....
  60. pmc Peer group contexts of girls' and boys' academic experiences
    Robert Crosnoe
    Department of Sociology and Population Research Center, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station A1700, Austin, TX 78712 1088, USA
    Child Dev 79:139-55. 2008
    ..These associations tended to be stronger toward the end of high school and weaker among adolescents with a prior record of failure in school. Each of these patterns was somewhat more consistent among girls...
  61. ncbi Implicit ingroup metafavoritism: subtle preference for ingroup members displaying ingroup bias
    Luigi Castelli
    University of Padova
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 34:807-18. 2008
    ..Overall, results indicated the presence of dual attitudes in the perception of ingroup members and the strict interconnection between intergroup behaviors and intragroup perception...
  62. pmc Condom use among high-risk adolescents: anticipation of partner disapproval and less pleasure associated with not using condoms
    Larry K Brown
    Rhode Island Hospital, CORO West, Ste 204, 1 Hoppin St, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    Public Health Rep 123:601-7. 2008
    ..We determined the association of demographic, psychosocial, and contextual factors with condom use among a large community sample of at-risk adolescents recruited from four locations in the U.S...
  63. ncbi Self-esteem, authoritarianism, and democratic values in the face of threat
    Barbara A Shaffer
    Department of Psychology and Social Sciences, Mount Aloysius College, Cresson, PA 16630 1999, USA
    Psychol Rep 95:311-6. 2004
    ..The results are interpreted in light of theories addressing authoritarianism and self-esteem...
  64. ncbi The role of social norms and friends' influences on unhealthy weight-control behaviors among adolescent girls
    Marla E Eisenberg
    Division of Epidemiology, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, 1300 Second Street SE, Ste 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Soc Sci Med 60:1165-73. 2005
    ..Implications for school-based interventions to reduce UWCBs are discussed...
  65. ncbi On the behavioral consequences of infrahumanization: the implicit role of uniquely human emotions in intergroup relations
    Jeroen Vaes
    Department of Developmental Psychology and Socialization, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
    J Pers Soc Psychol 85:1016-34. 2003
    ..The role of infrahumanization underlying prejudice and discrimination is discussed...
  66. ncbi Myopic social prediction and the solo comparison effect
    Don A Moore
    Graduate School of Industrial Administration, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 85:1121-35. 2003
    ..The discussion relates the results to other literatures including overly optimistic self-evaluation, false consensus, overconfidence, and social comparison...
  67. ncbi Taking a stand: using psychoanalysis to explore the positioning of subjects in discourse
    Stephen Frosh
    School of Psychology, Birbeck College, University of London, UK
    Br J Soc Psychol 42:39-53. 2003
    ..The argument is illustrated by data from a qualitative study of young masculinities, exploring the ways in which some individual boys take up positions in various degrees of opposition to the dominant ideology of 'hegemonic' masculinity...
  68. ncbi Adolescent girls' perceptions of goodness and badness and the role of will in their behavioral decisions
    Amanda K Nelson
    Department of Applied Psychology, Steinhardt School of Education, New York University, 239 Greene Street, Fifth Floor, New York, New York 10003, USA
    Adolescence 38:421-40. 2003
    ..In these two groups overall, decisions about how to behave seem influenced by both inner standards and relational pulls. Differences between the two groups are also discussed...
  69. ncbi Unbearable weight: young adult women's experiences of being overweight
    Chang Yu-Jen
    National Yang Ming University
    J Nurs Res 12:153-60. 2004
    ..To protect the public's mental and physical health, nurses should play an active role in weight education based on a deeper and more dynamic understanding of being overweight...
  70. ncbi Sexual identity development in the context of compulsory heterosexuality
    Julie Konik
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    J Pers 72:815-44. 2004
    ..These individuals also stressed the importance of having support or modeling for their sexual identity...
  71. ncbi Body image among adolescent girls and boys: a longitudinal study
    Diane Carlson Jones
    Department of Educational Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 3600, USA
    Dev Psychol 40:823-35. 2004
    ..There was no evidence of mediation among the boys and limited support for it among the girls...
  72. ncbi Ideal gender identity related to parent images and locus of control: Jungian and social learning perspectives
    Hiroko Shimoda
    Graduate School of Education and Human Development, Nagoya University
    Psychol Rep 94:1187-201. 2004
    ..Implication of measures was discussed...
  73. ncbi The name of the game: predictive power of reputations versus situational labels in determining prisoner's dilemma game moves
    Varda Liberman
    The Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya, Israel
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 30:1175-85. 2004
    ..The implications of these findings, and the potential contribution of the present methodology to the classic pedagogical strategy of the demonstration experiment, are discussed...
  74. ncbi Are social norms campaigns really magic bullets? assessing the effects of students' misperceptions on drinking behavior
    Shelly Campo
    Departments of Community and Behavioral Health, and Communication Studies, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Health Commun 15:481-97. 2003
    ..Results indicate that drinking behavior is positively related to perceptions of friends' drinking as suggested by the theory of planned behavior, which emphasizes subjective as opposed to social norms...
  75. ncbi A two-stage model of peer influence in adolescent substance use: individual and relationship-specific differences in susceptibility to influence
    Kathryn A Urberg
    Department of Psychology, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    Addict Behav 28:1243-56. 2003
    ..When the second stage was examined, only high peer acceptance and high friendship quality resulted in adolescents being more apt to conform to their friend's substance-use behaviors...
  76. ncbi Avenues to prestige among adolescents in public and religiously affiliated high schools
    J Jill Suitor
    Department of Sociology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
    Adolescence 39:229-41. 2004
    ....
  77. ncbi Physical attractiveness, social connectedness, and individuality: an autophotographic study
    Stephen J Dollinger
    Department of Psychology, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale 62901, USA
    J Soc Psychol 142:25-32. 2002
    ..Thus, the attractive participants depicted themselves as very socially connected; however, they were neither more conventional-superficial nor more individualistic-creative than their less attractive peers in their photo essays...
  78. ncbi The focus group method: insights from focus group interviews on sexual health with adolescents
    Abbey Hyde
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, University College Dublin, Belfield Campus, Dublin 4, Ireland
    Soc Sci Med 61:2588-99. 2005
    ..We conclude by arguing that although far from flawless, focus groups are a valuable method for gathering data about health issues...
  79. ncbi Psychosocial correlates of alternate tobacco product use during early adolescence
    Kenneth P Tercyak
    Lombardi Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20007 4104, USA
    Prev Med 35:193-8. 2002
    ..The objective was to assess psychosocial correlates of alternate tobacco product (chew/snuff, cigar, pipe, bidi, kretek) use...
  80. ncbi Naming oneself criminal: gender difference in offenders' identity negotiation
    Brenda Geiger
    Department of Criminology, Bar Ilan University, Western Galilee Campus, P O Box 2125, Acre 24121, Israel
    Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 49:194-209. 2005
    ..Rehabilitation guidelines would build female offenders' personal strengths while redirecting those exhibited by male offenders into lawful enterprises...
  81. ncbi 'Rakter dosh'--corrupting blood: The challenges of preventing thalassemia in Bengal, India
    Sreeparna Chattopadhyay
    Brown University, Box 1921, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Soc Sci Med 63:2661-73. 2006
    ..identities, thereby creating a disjuncture between the goals of the prevention program and people's need for social conformity, and ultimately between medical desirability and social desirability...
  82. ncbi Adolescent brain development, risk-taking and vulnerability to addiction
    Jacques Dayan
    Inserm EPHE Universite de Caen Basse Normandie, Unité U923, GIP Cyceron, CHU Cote de Nacre, Caen, France
    J Physiol Paris 104:279-86. 2010
    ..adolescence may lead to or favour initiation of drug use, such as sensation-seeking, gregariousness and social conformity. These aspects, however, cannot be dissociated from the increased sex drive and quest for an integrated self...
  83. ncbi The psychological bases of ideology and prejudice: testing a dual process model
    John Duckitt
    Department of Psychology, University of Auckland, New Zealand
    J Pers Soc Psychol 83:75-93. 2002
    ..equation modeling with data from American and White Afrikaner students supported the model, suggesting that social conformity and belief in a dangerous world influence authoritarian attitudes, whereas toughmindedness and belief in a ..
  84. ncbi College students with tattoos and piercings: motives, family experiences, personality factors, and perception by others
    G B Forbes
    Department of Behavioral Sciences, Millikin University, Decatur, IL 62522, USA
    Psychol Rep 89:774-86. 2001
    ..are associated with significantly more risk-taking behavior, greater use of alcohol and marijuana, and less social conformity. However, the traditional stereotype that body modifications are indicators of social or personal pathology ..
  85. ncbi Personality in patients with pituitary adenomas is characterized by increased anxiety-related traits: comparison of 70 acromegalic patients with patients with non-functioning pituitary adenomas and age- and gender-matched controls
    C Sievers
    Department of Endocrinology, Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Munich, Germany
    Eur J Endocrinol 160:367-73. 2009
    ..We examined whether patients with acromegaly showed an altered personality profile compared with patients with non-functioning pituitary adenomas and healthy controls...
  86. pmc Solitary and social heavy drinking, suicidal ideation, and drinking motives in underage college drinkers
    Vivian M Gonzalez
    Research Institute on Addictions, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14206, USA
    Addict Behav 34:993-9. 2009
    ..Solitary heavy drinking is a potentially dangerous coping strategy for an individual experiencing suicidal ideation...
  87. ncbi Change in psychosocial functioning and social relations among women in residential substance abuse treatment
    D K Knight
    Institute of Behavioral Research, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth 76129, USA
    J Subst Abuse 13:533-47. 2001
    ....
  88. pmc Parallel tool industries in New Caledonian crows
    Gavin R Hunt
    Department of Psychology, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019 Auckland, New Zealand
    Biol Lett 3:173-5. 2007
    ..in hunter-gatherers are mainly based on strict sexual division of labour that is highly reliant on social conformity. Here, we show that 12 individuals in a population of New Caledonian crows on Maré Island had strong ..
  89. ncbi Psychological correlates of trading sex for money among African American crack cocaine smokers
    Jan M H Risser
    Division of Epidemiology, Center for Infectious Diseases, University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston Health Science Center, Houston, Texas, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 32:645-53. 2006
    ..lower self-esteem, greater depression and anxiety, poorer decision-making confidence, more hostility, less social conformity, greater risk taking behaviors, and more problems growing up, compared to previous and never traders...
  90. pmc How the opinion of others affects our valuation of objects
    Daniel K Campbell-Meiklejohn
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Curr Biol 20:1165-70. 2010
    ..with others about the value of an object and whether or not there is evidence, at the neural level, for social conformity through which we change object valuation...
  91. ncbi Social and emotional functioning following bilateral and unilateral neurosurgical prefrontal cortex lesions
    J Bramham
    UCD School of Psychology, Belfield, Dublin, Ireland
    J Neuropsychol 3:125-43. 2009
    ..questionnaire was used to examine five factors of functioning: emotion recognition; empathy; social conformity; antisocial behaviour; and sociability...
  92. ncbi Taking a first puff: cigarette smoking experiences among ethnically diverse adolescents
    C S Alexander
    Department of Population and Family Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 1901, USA
    Ethn Health 4:245-57. 1999
    ..g. urban vs rural)...
  93. pmc Attention moderates the fearlessness of psychopathic offenders
    Joseph P Newman
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 67:66-70. 2010
    ..behavior is generally attributed to a fundamental, amygdala-mediated deficit in fearlessness that undermines social conformity. An alternative view is that psychopathy involves an attention-related deficit that undermines the ..
  94. ncbi The INSPIRE study: are different personality traits related to disease-specific quality of life (IBDQ) in distressed patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease?
    Birgitte Boye
    Institute of Psychiatry, University of Oslo, Norway
    Inflamm Bowel Dis 14:680-6. 2008
    ....
  95. ncbi Influence of family, religion, and social conformity on client participation in sexual reorientation therapy
    Elaine M Maccio
    School of Social Work, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
    J Homosex 57:441-58. 2010
    ..actual or expected family reactions to the disclosure of one's same-sex sexuality, religious fundamentalism, social conformity, and several demographic variables...
  96. ncbi The fear survey schedule for children-revised (FSSC-HI): ethnocultural variations in children's fearfulness
    G N Shore
    Department of Psychology, University of Hawaii, Honolulu 96822, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 12:437-61. 1998
    ..to those described in previous versions of the FSSC, whereas the seventh was unique, reflecting children's social conformity fears...
  97. ncbi Noras on the road: family and marriage of lesbian women in Shanghai
    Lucetta Yip Lo Kam
    Gender Studies, Chinese University, Hong Kong
    J Lesbian Stud 10:87-103. 2006
    ..It is found that almost all of the women interviewed are experiencing the pressure of social conformity most severely from their immediate family, and the social expectation of marriage...
  98. ncbi A motivational model of alcohol misuse in emerging adulthood
    Grace Kong
    Department of Psychology, St John s University, Jamaica, NY 11439, United States
    Addict Behav 35:855-60. 2010
    ..Results of multiple regression analysis testing multiple mediators indicated that social alcohol expectancies were associated with alcohol misuse through the mediated pathways of enhancement drinking motives...
  99. ncbi Predictors of polydrug use among four ethnic groups: a 12-year longitudinal study
    E R Galaif
    Substance Abuse Research Center, Psychology Department, University of California, Los Angeles 90095 1563, USA
    Addict Behav 24:607-31. 1999
    ..Early parental support/bonding predicted less adult Polydrug Use for Caucasians. For Latinos, general social conformity and low liberalism decreased cigarette use as an adult...
  100. ncbi Models of the relationship of stress, depression, and other psychosocial factors to smoking behavior: a comparison of a cohort of students in grades 6 and 8
    J J Koval
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
    Prev Med 30:463-77. 2000
    ..In addition, the data were used to determine the set of risk factors for initiation of smoking most pertinent to the experience of the cohort...
  101. ncbi Construct validity of rorschach variables for alexithymia
    Piero Porcelli
    Psychosomatic Unit, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, Ospedale De Bellis, Castellana Grotte, Italy
    Psychosomatics 43:360-9. 2002
    ..groups, alexithymic subjects were more likely to show an impoverished fantasy life, poorly adapted emotional expression, poor coping resources, concrete and stereotypical thinking, and social conformity with compromised relationships.

Research Grants66

  1. Motives for Simultaneous Alcohol and Tobacco Use in Young Adults
    RYAN SCOTT TRIM; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Finally, we expect that SATU cues will elicit greater BOLD and craving responses than alcohol-only cues in those who report frequent simultaneous use. ..
  2. Female Anti-Problem Drinking Group & Campus Initiatives
    Joseph LaBrie; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Campus awareness will increase and campus culture will be changed. Evaluation/analysis plan is included. ..
  3. The Role of Peer Relations on Youth Eating and Choices of Activities
    Sarah Jeanne Salvy; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Findings from this study may improve understanding of barriers to weight loss in overweight youths and past non-adherence to health recommendations. ..
  4. Peer Influence on Eating Behavior in Overweight and Normal Weight Youths
    Sarah Jeanne Salvy; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This study is designed to understand differences in responses to the social and food environment between overweight and non overweight youths. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  5. Mood and Substance Use Among College Students
    Jeffrey Simons; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Better understanding of the etiological paths of substance use problems may be useful for early identification of individuals at risk for substance use problems and may inform the development of effective interventions. ..
  6. YOUNG CHILDREN'S VULNERABILITY TO SUBSTANCE USE
    Thomas Wills; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  7. Risk for Alcohol Problems Among College Students
    Jeffrey Simons; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Better understanding of the etiological paths to alcohol use problems may be useful for early identification of individuals at risk for alcohol use problems and may inform the development of effective interventions. ..
  8. Neurobiological Circuits of Gain and Loss During Risky Decision Making
    Gregory S Berns; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  9. TREATMENT OF SOCIAL PHOBIA--MEDIATORS AND MODERATORS
    Stefan Hofmann; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The main hypothesis is that perceived emotional control will mediate treatment outcome and generality of effectiveness independent of the specific treatment condition. ..
  10. Self-control and alcohol problems: Psychological mechanisms
    Jeffrey S Simons; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..To enhance understanding of alcohol disorder etiology, a theory-based, multi-level model of self control, goal-setting, and alcohol consumption and use disorder symptoms will be tested. ..
  11. D-Cycloserine Enhancement of Exposure in Social Phobia
    Stefan G Hofmann; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study addresses an important public health issue by assessing an intervention that may lead to a more efficient and effective application of empirically based psychosocial interventions for the treatment of SAD. ..
  12. Personalized Feedback Intervention for Marijuana Use
    Christine Lee; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  13. NEUROIMAGING OG NOVELTY DETECTION IN COCAINE DEPENDENCE
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. INTEGRATION OF BIFURCATION THEORY AND CONTINUOUS FMRI
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The integration of bifurcation theory with continuous fMRI is anticipated to have a significant impact on the way in which fMRI experiments are conducted and will yield new techniques for the study of neuropsychiatric illness. ..
  15. Religiosity and Adolescent Alcohol Use
    Thomas Wills; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The results will have implications for understanding the mechanism of relationships between religiosity and alcohol use, and will have implications for design of prevention programs in school or community settings. ..
  16. INTEGRATION OF BIFURCATION THEORY AND CONTINUOUS FMRI
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The integration of bifurcation theory with continuous fMRI is anticipated to have a significant impact on the way in which fMRI experiments are conducted and will yield new techniques for the study of neuropsychiatric illness. ..
  17. Hyperscan:Simultaneous fMRI across the internet
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Linking together two 3 T scanners, one at Emory University and one at Princeton University, the biological substrates associated with human-human interaction will be compared to human-computer interaction. ..
  18. Neurobiology of Reward and Preference in Adolescence
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. Individual. Parnet, and School-Level Protective Factors in Early Adolescence
    ALBERT FARRELL; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  20. Marijuana use patterns: Temporal change in predictors, perceptions, and ad impact
    WILLIAM CRANO; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. Therapeutic Schools: Affect Management & HIV Prevention
    Larry Brown; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results are capable of impacting the large number of teens in therapeutic settings treatment as well as informing other interventions with high-risk youth. ..
  22. Modeling Household Dynamics and Land Use
    Barbara Entwisle; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Proof of concept" is the goal of the application. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. Smoking Versus Alternative Reinforcers in Adolescents
    Suzanne Colby; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Study findings will advance our understanding of reinforcement mechanisms underlying adolescent smoking, which could also have implications for understanding and treating adolescent drug use more generally. ..
  24. Anxiety Sensitivity and Smoking
    Michael Zvolensky; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  25. HIV Perceived Norms and Communication Among Drug Users
    Melissa Davey Rothwell; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These results may be used for development of both individual and social interventions, as well as contribute to the production of policies targeted at HIV prevention among IDUs. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. Preventing Violence Against Women: A Web-Based Approach
    Laura Salazar; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These outcomes[unreadable] will be assessed via web-administered interviews at baseline, postintervention, and at 6 months. ..
  27. MIGRATION, CONTRACEPTION, AND SOCIAL NETWORKS
    Barbara Entwisle; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Prosposed statistical techniques take account of selectivity and patterns of clustering ..
  28. Targeted Peer Victimization and the Development of Negative Self-schemas in Youth
    David A Cole; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The only change is to eliminate one wave of the laboratory data collection. We will simultaneously be submitting a new R01 to extend the proposed 2-year project longitudinally and to add a brain imaging component. ..
  29. Brief Alcohol Intervention for School-to-Work Transitions
    Suzanne M Colby; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed research would test the effects of BMI specifically in the under-studied and under-treated population of heavy drinking non-college young adults. ..
  30. BRIEF ADOLESCENT ALCOHOL/HIV PREVENTION INTERVENTIONS
    Bradley Boekeloo; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Although the study targets adolescents in primary care, the brief interventions could be more broadly administered if shown effective. ..
  31. A Culturally Appropriate Cervical Cancer Intervention for Underserved Vietnamese
    Grace X Ma; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  32. MEASURING DEPENDENCE AND WITHDRAWAL IN TEEN SMOKERS
    Suzanne Colby; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Thus, it will provide a greater understanding of nicotine withdrawal as a maintaining factor of adolescent smoking, and thereby provide an empirical basis for enhancing smoking cessation approaches for youth. ..
  33. STD/PREGNANCY PROTECTION - SEXUALLY ACTIVE ADOLESCENTS
    Linda Bearinger; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..It will also contribute to the, as yet, underdeveloped knowledge base of adolescent dual method use. ..
  34. Transitions in Smoking Among Adolescent Minority Girls
    Tracy Nichols; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  35. Race/Ethnic Variability in survey Question Processing and Response
    Timothy Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This is an important goal, as health surveys are one of the key yardsticks by which public health disparities are measured. ..
  36. Stepped Care for Mandated College Students
    Brian Borsari; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  37. Assessment of Appearance and Performance Enhancing Drug Use
    Thomas Hildebrandt; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  38. Social Stress Among Mothers in Treatment
    DANICA KNIGHT; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Finally, models representing the relative contribution of various stressors in predicting month 3 outcomes will be developed using multivariate techniques. ..
  39. Youth Gangs: drug use, sexual behavior, violence & HIV risk
    Bill Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Findings from this study will inform new approaches towards preventing high risk behaviors among youth gang members, and forward a public health agenda benefiting future young gang members. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  40. Smoking and Panic Vulnerability
    Michael Zvolensky; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. YOUTH VIOLENCE--UNMET NEED FOR MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES
    Edgardo Menvielle; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The use of a prospective design with state of the art instrumentation and focus groups will provide a research database that will facilitate and stimulate intervention research. ..
  42. Panic and Smoking Cessation
    Michael Zvolensky; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  43. THE CONTEXT OF ADOLESCENT SUBSTANCE USE
    Susan Ennett; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Hierarchical Linear Modeling and Latent Curve Analysis will be used to test the study hypotheses. ..
  44. ASIAN TOBACCO EDUCATION & CANCER AWARENESS RESEARCH INIT
    Grace Ma; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  45. Tobacco Control Policies and Youth Smoking Transitions
    James Nonnemaker; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The panel data and the discrete-time hazard model allow for the control of unobserved individual and state-level effects. ..
  46. PROJECT TOWARDS NO DRUG ABUSE COMPONENTS ANALYSIS
    STEVEN SUSSMAN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We will apply a series of sophisticated models to analyze the collected data for potential experimental, mediational and moderational effects as specified by hypotheses generated from the underlying theoretical base. ..
  47. SOCIAL COMPARISON--DEVELOPMENT AND FUNCTIONAL ANALYSES
    DIANE RUBLE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Similar though less direct implications are foreseen with respect to the proposed research on performance-related self esteem in school, and affective disorders after the birth of a first child. ..
  48. INTEGRATIVE THEORY OF SOCIAL PERCEPTION AND JUDGMENT
    ELIOT SMITH; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  49. Indicated Prevention with At-Risk Gamblers
    Mary Larimer; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In addition, there is virtually no research evaluating mediators or moderators of gambling intervention efficacy. ..
  50. AIDS Volunteerism and Client Health:Exploring Community
    Mark Snyder; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  51. Life Skills Curriculum as an HIV/STD Prevention Strategy
    Susan Pick; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Qualitative measures will also be used to assess perceived impact and impressions of curriculum among both teachers and students, providing the basis for widespread dissemination among government officials in Mexico. ..
  52. Biometrical Modeling of Fertility Using the NLSY
    JOSEPH RODGERS; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Potential moderators/mediators include education, family structure, and quality of the family environment. ..
  53. A MULTICOMPONENT MODEL OF SELF-CONCEPT FORMATION
    ALLEN MCCONNELL; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..behavior, personal outlook, social comparison, and experience of emotion) for social functioning and mental health, an understanding of how self-concepts are formed, and the consequences of forming them, is important. ..
  54. An Affect Management Intervention for Juvenile Offenders
    Larry Brown; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  55. A Cultural Investigation of Self-Improving Motivations
    STEVEN HEINE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  56. Reducing Inhalant Use in Young Adolescents
    WILLIAM CRANO; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..It is hypothesized that messages focusing on social identity will be most effective in this population--especially if delivered by a peer source. ..
  57. Pediatric Cancer Prevention and Control
    KENNETH TERCYAK; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..I expect that this intervention will lead to the development of an R01 grant to evaluate the effectiveness of alternate interventions for pediatric smoking cessation in medical and other settings. ..
  58. Malt Liquor Use-A Community College Study
    Meng Jinn Chen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The ultimate goal is to determine what steps can be taken to help prevent alcohol abuse and related problems among young people. ..
  59. HIV Prevention for Youth with Severe Mental Illness
    Larry K Brown; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  60. Neural bases of automatic and controlled affective responses to smoking cues
    Brian Payne; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The prevalence of nicotine addiction and the widespread health implications of smoking make clear the relevance of these considerations for drug addiction and public health more generally. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  61. Female Condom Use in South African College Students
    Joanne Mantell; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..If successful, this brief intervention should be widely replicable in other similar settings. ..
  62. HIV, ABUSE AND PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS AMONG YOUTH
    Larry Brown; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Condom use attitudes will be measured, including intentions, decisional balance, peer and family norms, and self-efficacy. These variables will be examined at pretest, at posttest, and at three-and six-month follow-up. ..
  63. Recognition and Referral Skills for RAs-Alcohol and Other Drug Problems
    Dennis Thombs; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..e., better linkage of substance abusing undergraduates with professional treatment services. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  64. STEPPED CARE VS BEST AVAILABLE CARE FOR BULIMIA NERVOSA
    WILLIAM AGRAS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  65. Executive Control in Implicit Attitude Measurement
    Brian Payne; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The third series examines more complex situations (e.g. the presence of an African American experimenter) which might influence implicit prejudice measures through both routes. ..