helping behavior

Summary

Summary: Behaviors associated with the giving of assistance or aid to individuals.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Identity and emergency intervention: how social group membership and inclusiveness of group boundaries shape helping behavior
    Mark Levine
    Department of Psychology, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YF, UK
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 31:443-53. 2005
  2. ncbi Altruistic helping in human infants and young chimpanzees
    Felix Warneken
    Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Science 311:1301-3. 2006
  3. ncbi Gratitude and prosocial behavior: helping when it costs you
    Monica Y Bartlett
    Northeastern University, MA 02115, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:319-25. 2006
  4. ncbi Reduced egg investment can conceal helper effects in cooperatively breeding birds
    A F Russell
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Science 317:941-4. 2007
  5. ncbi Young children selectively avoid helping people with harmful intentions
    Amrisha Vaish
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    Child Dev 81:1661-9. 2010
  6. ncbi Kin discrimination and the benefit of helping in cooperatively breeding vertebrates
    Ashleigh S Griffin
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Science 302:634-6. 2003
  7. pmc The effects of prosocial video games on prosocial behaviors: international evidence from correlational, longitudinal, and experimental studies
    Douglas A Gentile
    Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 35:752-63. 2009
  8. ncbi Reinterpreting the empathy-altruism relationship: when one into one equals oneness
    R B Cialdini
    Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe 85287 1104, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 73:481-94. 1997
  9. ncbi Intention-mediated selective helping in infancy
    Kristen A Dunfield
    Department of Psychology, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Psychol Sci 21:523-7. 2010
  10. ncbi Blood donors' helping behavior is driven by warm glow: more evidence for the blood donor benevolence hypothesis
    Eamonn Ferguson
    Personality, Social Psychology and Health PSPH Group, School of Psychology, and the Centre for Decision Research and Experimental Economic, Cedex, School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Transfusion 52:2189-200. 2012

Detail Information

Publications230 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Identity and emergency intervention: how social group membership and inclusiveness of group boundaries shape helping behavior
    Mark Levine
    Department of Psychology, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YF, UK
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 31:443-53. 2005
    Two experiments exploring the effects of social category membership on real-life helping behavior are reported. In Study 1, intergroup rivalries between soccer fans are used to examine the role of identity in emergency helping...
  2. ncbi Altruistic helping in human infants and young chimpanzees
    Felix Warneken
    Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Science 311:1301-3. 2006
    ..This requires both an understanding of others' goals and an altruistic motivation to help. In addition, we demonstrate similar though less robust skills and motivations in three young chimpanzees...
  3. ncbi Gratitude and prosocial behavior: helping when it costs you
    Monica Y Bartlett
    Northeastern University, MA 02115, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:319-25. 2006
    ..mediational analyses revealed that gratitude, as opposed to simple awareness of reciprocity norms, drove helping behavior. Furthering the theory that gratitude mediates prosocial behavior, Study 2 replicated the findings of Study 1 ..
  4. ncbi Reduced egg investment can conceal helper effects in cooperatively breeding birds
    A F Russell
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Science 317:941-4. 2007
    ..We suggest that failure to consider maternal egg-investment strategies can lead to underestimation of the force of selection acting on helping in avian cooperative breeders...
  5. ncbi Young children selectively avoid helping people with harmful intentions
    Amrisha Vaish
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    Child Dev 81:1661-9. 2010
    ..Children's prosocial behavior was thus mediated by the intentions behind the actor's moral behavior, irrespective of outcome. Children thus selectively avoid helping those who cause--or even intend to cause--others harm...
  6. ncbi Kin discrimination and the benefit of helping in cooperatively breeding vertebrates
    Ashleigh S Griffin
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Science 302:634-6. 2003
    ..These results suggest a general role for kin selection and that the relative importance of kin selection varies across species, as predicted by Hamilton's rule...
  7. pmc The effects of prosocial video games on prosocial behaviors: international evidence from correlational, longitudinal, and experimental studies
    Douglas A Gentile
    Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 35:752-63. 2009
    ..These similar results across different methodologies, ages, and cultures provide robust evidence of a prosocial game content effect, and they provide support for the General Learning Model...
  8. ncbi Reinterpreting the empathy-altruism relationship: when one into one equals oneness
    R B Cialdini
    Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe 85287 1104, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 73:481-94. 1997
    ..The authors suggest that empathic concern affects helping primarily as an emotional signal of oneness...
  9. ncbi Intention-mediated selective helping in infancy
    Kristen A Dunfield
    Department of Psychology, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Psychol Sci 21:523-7. 2010
    ..In the present study, we sought to determine whether the earliest instances of human helping behavior show specificity...
  10. ncbi Blood donors' helping behavior is driven by warm glow: more evidence for the blood donor benevolence hypothesis
    Eamonn Ferguson
    Personality, Social Psychology and Health PSPH Group, School of Psychology, and the Centre for Decision Research and Experimental Economic, Cedex, School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Transfusion 52:2189-200. 2012
    ..The prediction that blood donors will be motivated in general by warm glow was compared to predictions from other theoretical models: strong reciprocity and empathy...
  11. pmc Toddlers' prosocial behavior: from instrumental to empathic to altruistic helping
    Margarita Svetlova
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Child Dev 81:1814-27. 2010
    ..Developmental trajectories of social-cognitive and motivational components of early helping are discussed...
  12. ncbi Neural responses to ingroup and outgroup members' suffering predict individual differences in costly helping
    Grit Hein
    Laboratory for Social and Neural Systems Research, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Neuron 68:149-60. 2010
    ..We conclude that empathy-related insula activation can motivate costly helping, whereas an antagonistic signal in nucleus accumbens reduces the propensity to help...
  13. ncbi An additional antecedent of empathic concern: valuing the welfare of the person in need
    C Daniel Batson
    Department of Psychology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045 2160, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 93:65-74. 2007
    ..and valuing were manipulated, and each independently increased empathic concern, which, in turn, increased helping behavior. In Experiment 2, only valuing was manipulated...
  14. ncbi Extrinsic rewards undermine altruistic tendencies in 20-month-olds
    Felix Warneken
    Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    Dev Psychol 44:1785-8. 2008
    The current study investigated the influence of rewards on very young children's helping behavior. After 20-month-old infants received a material reward during a treatment phase, they subsequently were less likely to engage in further ..
  15. pmc Does a helping hand mean a heavy heart? Helping behavior and well-being among spouse caregivers
    Michael J Poulin
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Psychol Aging 25:108-17. 2010
    ..Nonetheless, research indicates that helping behavior, broadly construed, promotes well-being...
  16. ncbi Coping with spousal loss: potential buffering effects of self-reported helping behavior
    Stephanie L Brown
    VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, University of Michigan, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 34:849-61. 2008
    The present study examined the role of self-reported helping behavior in attenuating the helper's depression following spousal loss...
  17. ncbi Another evaluation of touch and helping behavior
    Nicolas Gueguen
    Universite de Bretagne Sud, IUT de Vannes, France
    Psychol Rep 92:62-4. 2003
    ..Bus drivers were briefly touched by the confederate during solicitation. Analysis showed that bus drivers who were touched accepted the request more favorably but only when made by a female...
  18. ncbi Twelve-month-olds communicate helpfully and appropriately for knowledgeable and ignorant partners
    Ulf Liszkowski
    Communication Before Language Group, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Wundtlaan 1, 6525 XD Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Cognition 108:732-9. 2008
    ....
  19. ncbi The bystander-effect: a meta-analytic review on bystander intervention in dangerous and non-dangerous emergencies
    Peter Fischer
    Department of Psychology, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany
    Psychol Bull 137:517-37. 2011
    ....
  20. ncbi Identity, place, and bystander intervention: social categories and helping after natural disasters
    Mark Levine
    Department of Psychology, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YF, United Kingdom
    J Soc Psychol 144:229-45. 2004
    ..Results indicate that social category relations rather than geographical proximity or emotional reaction are most important in increasing helping behavior after natural disasters.
  21. ncbi The Kitty Genovese murder and the social psychology of helping: the parable of the 38 witnesses
    Rachel Manning
    School of Psychology, University of the West of England, Bristol, England, UK
    Am Psychol 62:555-62. 2007
    ..Finally, they suggest that the story itself has become a modern parable, the telling of which has served to limit the scope of inquiry into emergency helping...
  22. ncbi Disseminating cardiopulmonary resuscitation training by distributing 35,000 personal manikins among school children
    Dan L Isbye
    Department of Anesthesia, Section 4231, Center of Head and Orthopedics, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Blegdamsvej 9, DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Circulation 116:1380-5. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of mass distribution of CPR instructional materials among schoolchildren...
  23. ncbi Can we measure the benefits of help in cooperatively breeding birds: the case of superb fairy-wrens Malurus cyaneus?
    Andrew Cockburn
    Evolutionary Ecology Group, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
    J Anim Ecol 77:430-8. 2008
    ..These data exacerbate the paradox posed by previously reported costs that supernumeraries impose on dominant males...
  24. ncbi Effects of songs with prosocial lyrics on prosocial behavior: further evidence and a mediating mechanism
    Tobias Greitemeyer
    Department of Psychology, University of Sussex, Pevensey 1, Brighton, BN1 9QH England, United Kingdom
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 35:1500-11. 2009
    ..songs increased the accessibility of prosocial thoughts, led to more interpersonal empathy, and fostered helping behavior. However, inasmuch as cognition, affect, and behavior were measured in different studies, it remained unclear ..
  25. pmc Helping someone with problem drinking: mental health first aid guidelines - a Delphi expert consensus study
    Anna H Kingston
    Orygen Youth Health Research Centre, Centre for Youth Mental Health, University of Melbourne, 35 Poplar Rd Locked Bag 10, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia
    BMC Psychiatry 9:79. 2009
    ..This paper describes the development of mental health first aid guidelines that inform community members on how to help someone who may have, or may be developing, a drinking problem (i.e., alcohol abuse or dependence)...
  26. ncbi Illness representations of depression and perceptions of the helpfulness of social support: comparing depressed and never-depressed persons
    Manja Vollmann
    University of Konstanz, Department of Psychological Assessment and Health Psychology, P O Box 47, D 78457 Konstanz, Germany
    J Affect Disord 125:213-20. 2010
    ..These interpersonal problems could be fostered by discrepancies between depressed and never-depressed persons' illness representations of depression and/or discrepancies in the perceived helpfulness of supportive behaviors...
  27. pmc Development of mental health first aid guidelines on how a member of the public can support a person affected by a traumatic event: a Delphi study
    Claire M Kelly
    Orygen Youth Health Research Centre, Centre for Youth Mental Health, University of Melbourne, Australia
    BMC Psychiatry 10:49. 2010
    ..However, few people have the knowledge and skills required to assist. Simple guidelines may help members of the public to offer appropriate support when it is needed...
  28. pmc In spite of good intentions: patients' perspectives on problematic social support interactions
    Carla Boutin-Foster
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, New York 10021, USA
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 3:52. 2005
    ..However, their efforts may be perceived as being problematic or unhelpful. The objective of this study was to identify the characteristics of problematic social support interactions from the perspectives of patients...
  29. ncbi Effectiveness of nonresuscitative first aid training in laypersons: a systematic review
    Stijn Van de Velde
    Belgian Red Cross Flanders, Mechelen, Belgium
    Ann Emerg Med 54:447-57, 457.e1-5. 2009
    This study reviewed evidence on the effects of nonresuscitative first aid training on competence and helping behavior in laypersons.
  30. pmc Mental health first aid training for the public: evaluation of effects on knowledge, attitudes and helping behavior
    Betty A Kitchener
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
    BMC Psychiatry 2:10. 2002
    ..This paper describes the training course and reports an evaluation study looking at changes in knowledge, stigmatizing attitudes and help provided to others...
  31. pmc Experiences in applying skills learned in a Mental Health First Aid training course: a qualitative study of participants' stories
    Anthony F Jorm
    ORYGEN Research Centre, University of Melbourne, Locked Bag 10, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia
    BMC Psychiatry 5:43. 2005
    ..To remedy this, a study was carried out gathering stories from participants in one of the trials, 19-21 months post-training...
  32. pmc Public beliefs about treatment and outcome of mental disorders: a comparison of Australia and Japan
    Anthony F Jorm
    ORYGEN Research Centre, Department of Psychiatry, University of Melbourne, Locked Bag 10, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia
    BMC Med 3:12. 2005
    ..Japan is also more collectivist and Australia more individualist in values. These differences might influence recognition of disorders and beliefs about treatment in the two countries...
  33. ncbi Determinants of reluctance to perform CPR among residents and applicants: the impact of experience on helping behavior
    B E Brenner
    Department of Emergency Medicine, The Brooklyn Hospital Center, NYU School of Medicine, New York, USA
    Resuscitation 35:203-11. 1997
    ..These data support the hypothesis that diminished helping behavior occurs gradually over the training period and may occur as a direct consequence of the training experience...
  34. pmc Mental health first aid responses of the public: results from an Australian national survey
    Anthony F Jorm
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
    BMC Psychiatry 5:9. 2005
    ..How they respond to that person (the mental health first aid response) may affect outcomes. However, there is no information on what members of the public might do in such circumstances...
  35. ncbi Factors affecting offspring survival and development in a cooperative bird: social, maternal and environmental effects
    A R Ridley
    Large Animal Research Group, Department of Zoology, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    J Anim Ecol 76:750-60. 2007
    ..Traditional measures of offspring survival in cooperative birds, which commonly measure survival to fledging age only, may underestimate the significant benefit of helper contributions on the survival and development of young...
  36. ncbi Social exclusion decreases prosocial behavior
    Jean M Twenge
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182 4611, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 92:56-66. 2007
    ..The implication is that rejection temporarily interferes with emotional responses, thereby impairing the capacity for empathic understanding of others, and as a result, any inclination to help or cooperate with them is undermined...
  37. ncbi Does blaming the patient with lung cancer affect the helping behavior of primary caregivers?
    Michelle M Lobchuk
    Faculty of Nursing, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    Oncol Nurs Forum 35:681-9. 2008
    ..To examine whether primary caregivers' helping behaviors are predicted by their illness attribution reactions as proposed in Weiner's model...
  38. ncbi Mimicry and helping behavior: an evaluation of mimicry on explicit helping request
    Nicolas Gueguen
    Université Bretagne Sud, UFR LSHS, Lorient, France
    J Soc Psychol 151:1-4. 2011
    Research found that mimicry behavior led to increased helping behavior toward the mimicker and is associated with higher positive evaluation of the mimicker...
  39. ncbi Adolescents' responses to peers with depression or conduct disorder
    Claire M Kelly
    ORYGEN Research Centre, Victoria, Australia
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 40:63-6. 2006
    ..To determine how young people are likely to respond to a peer with mental illness, or who has severe behavioural problems...
  40. ncbi Measurement and correlates of prosocial bystander behavior: the case of interpersonal violence
    Victoria L Banyard
    Department of Psychology, University of New Hampshire, Durham 03824, USA
    Violence Vict 23:83-97. 2008
    ....
  41. ncbi Pedagogical encounters between nurses and patients in a medical ward--a field study
    F Friberg
    School of Health Sciences, University College of Boras, 501 90 Borås, Sweden
    Int J Nurs Stud 44:534-44. 2007
    ..The major part of patient teaching research is within the area of formal teaching. In spite of the fact that spontaneous teaching occurs in everyday nursing practice, there is a lack of knowledge in this area...
  42. ncbi The principles and processes of inspiring hope in bereavement counselling: a modified grounded theory study--part one
    J R Cutcliffe
    University of Texas Tyler, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Tyler, TX 75799, USA
    J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 13:598-603. 2006
    ..Where as part two focuses on stages two and three, again highlights the categories therein and offers a discussion and conclusion...
  43. ncbi The principles and processes of inspiring hope in bereavement counselling: a modified grounded theory study--part two
    J R Cutcliffe
    University of Texas Tyler, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Tyler, TX 75799, USA
    J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 13:604-10. 2006
    ..Part two on the other hand, focuses on stages two and three, and highlights the categories therein. The paper concludes by highlighting implications arising from the findings (other discussion points have been published elsewhere)...
  44. ncbi Having a sibling with schizophrenia: a phenomenological study
    Alexia Barnable
    Western Health Authority, Mental Health and Addictions, Corner Brook, Canada
    Res Theory Nurs Pract 20:247-64. 2006
    ..Inclusion in the plan of care and recognition of their struggle is essential for individuals having a sibling with schizophrenia...
  45. ncbi Measuring peer caring behaviors of nursing students: scale development
    Chien Lin Kuo
    Department of Nursing, Junior College, Fooyin University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
    Int J Nurs Stud 44:105-14. 2007
    ..Few tools in the literature target peer caring interactions, and which were either irrelevant to our research purpose or culturally inappropriate for nursing student population in Taiwan...
  46. ncbi Perceptions of incorporating spirituality into their care: a phenomenological study of female patients on hemodialysis
    Ruth A Tanyi
    Loma Linda University, School of Public Health, CA, USA
    Nephrol Nurs J 33:532-8. 2006
    ..Participants expressed that nephrology nurses are uniquely positioned to understand their individualized spiritual needs and implement spiritual care...
  47. ncbi Women's experience of termination of a pregnancy
    M Poggenpoel
    School of Nursing, University of Johannesburg, Auckland Park, South Africa
    Curationis 29:3-9. 2006
    ..One central theme was identified from the results of the interviews and naïve sketches, namely women's experiences of a negative relationship with themselves and other persons as well as their focus on their terminated pregnancies...
  48. ncbi Getting it right: Australian primiparas' views about breastfeeding: A quasi-experimental study
    Wendy A Hall
    School of Nursing, University of British Columbia, T 201 2211 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V6T 2B5
    Int J Nurs Stud 44:786-95. 2007
    ..The study documented Australian primigravidas' perceptions about breastfeeding...
  49. ncbi Peer support relationships: an unexplored interpersonal process in mental health
    R Coatsworth-Puspoky
    Geriatric Psychiatry, Regional Mental Health Care, London, ON, Canada
    J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 13:490-7. 2006
    ..Understanding the processes and factors that contribute to the development/deterioration of PSRs will enable clinicians and C/Ss to assess and promote the development of healthy, supportive PSRs in mental health...
  50. ncbi Meaning-making in the aftermath of sudden infant death syndrome
    Guenther Krueger
    Simon Fraser University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada
    Nurs Inq 13:163-71. 2006
    ..Parents' own accounts of their post-SIDS experience are consistent with these newer theories. Comprehending how parents cope and reconstruct their lives is an important element in providing appropriate psychological support services...
  51. ncbi The importance of being there: perspectives of social support by adolescents with cancer
    Roberta Lynn Woodgate
    Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, University of Manitoba, R3T 2N2, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    J Pediatr Oncol Nurs 23:122-34. 2006
    ..Although the 3 key supportive relationships were essential in helping adolescents get through cancer, these relationships were at times a source of stress for adolescents...
  52. ncbi Verbal and social interactions in Swedish forensic psychiatric nursing care as perceived by the patients and nurses
    Mikael Rask
    School of Health Sciences and Social Work, Vaxjo University, Vaxjo, Sweden
    Int J Ment Health Nurs 15:100-10. 2006
    ..The differences between patients' and nurses' perceptions on the interactions as well as the clinical implications of these differences are discussed...
  53. ncbi Death and help expected from nurses when dying
    Fu Jin Shih
    National Yang Ming University School of Nursing, Taipei, Taiwan
    Nurs Ethics 13:360-75. 2006
    ..The results support the belief of dying as a transition occurring when life weans itself from the mortal world and prepares for an afterlife...
  54. ncbi And--how was it for you dad?
    Linda Greening
    Cheltenham and Tewkesbury PCT
    Community Pract 79:184-7. 2006
    ..It is recommended that research should be extended further in order to develop a validated questionnaire to assist men to think about how they feel on becoming a father...
  55. ncbi Development and validation of the Emotional Intimacy Scale
    Vaughn G Sinclair
    Vanderbilt University School of Nursing, Nashville, TN 37240 0008, USA
    J Nurs Meas 13:193-206. 2005
    ..The EIS is a brief measure of emotional intimacy with good psychometric properties...
  56. ncbi Impact of eating disorders on family life: individual parents' stories
    Sharon Hillege
    School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Australian Catholic University, NSW, Australia
    J Clin Nurs 15:1016-22. 2006
    ..The objective was to give a voice to parents in order to develop new understandings of their experience leading to more appropriate clinical decision-making...
  57. ncbi Mutual caring of elderly Korean couples
    Taesung Ahn
    Ansan College, Korea
    J Transcult Nurs 18:28-34. 2007
    ..The close linkage and interaction of desire for care, desire for reliance, and expectations were confirmed. The findings suggested establishing a holistic support network for these elders...
  58. ncbi Being family: the family experience when an adult member is hospitalized with a critical illness
    Sandra K Eggenberger
    School of Nursing, Minnesota State University, Mankato, MN 56001, USA
    J Clin Nurs 16:1618-28. 2007
    ..The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand and interpret the 'family experience' with an adult member hospitalized with a critical illness...
  59. ncbi Caring in a technological environment: how is this possible?
    Selma Alliex
    School of Nursing, College of Health, Notre Dame University, Fremantle, Australia
    Contemp Nurse 17:32-43. 2004
    ..Maximizing was characterized by the nurses' added effort in trying to meet the humanistic needs of the patient in the presence of technology. The focus of the interaction was person-centred...
  60. ncbi Caring for those without words: a perspective on aphasia
    John A Liechty
    Oaklawn Psychiatric Hospital, Goshen, IN, USA
    J Neurosci Nurs 39:316-8. 2007
    ..However, emotional or psychological struggles are a large component of a patient's suffering. If these realities are ignored, a medical professional will be much less effective on any level...
  61. ncbi Back to basics: assessment, communication, caring, and follow-up: a lesson from a couple's journey with multiple myeloma
    Sharon K Coon
    University of Oklahoma Medical Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA
    Clin J Oncol Nurs 11:825-9. 2007
    ....
  62. ncbi The lived experience of losing a loved one to a sudden death in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
    Petra Brysiewicz
    School of Nursing, University of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
    J Clin Nurs 17:224-31. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to describe the lived experiences of families in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, who had lost a loved one to a sudden death...
  63. ncbi Experiences of alcohol dependence: a qualitative study
    Jane Dyson
    The Open University
    J Fam Health Care 17:211-4. 2007
    ....
  64. ncbi Perceptions of nurses' caring behaviors by trauma patients
    Janice S Hayes
    University of Northern Colorado, USA
    J Trauma Nurs 14:187-90. 2007
    ..The average rating for the sample was 4.8. Patients receiving care through trauma services expressed an overall positive perception of caring from the nursing staff while there was room for improvement in some areas...
  65. ncbi The lived experience of closeness in partners of cancer patients in the home care setting
    Inger Palm
    Clinic of Palliative Care, Vrinnevi Hospital, 601 82 Norrköping, Sweden
    Int J Palliat Nurs 14:6-13. 2008
    ..Experiencing closeness is of great importance when the disease is no longer curable and time is limited. Partners need professional help to facilitate this experience...
  66. ncbi Helping partnerships that facilitate recovery from severe mental illness
    Kathleen Hope Anthony
    Ohio Department of Mental Health, Northcoast Behavioral Healthcare Toledo Campus, Toledo, Ohio 43614, USA
    J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv 46:24-8, 29-33. 2008
    ....
  67. ncbi How does information influence hope in family members of traumatic coma patients in intensive care unit?
    Sofie T L Verhaeghe
    Nursing Science, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    J Clin Nurs 16:1488-97. 2007
    ..To assess the interplay between hope and the information provided by health care professionals...
  68. ncbi Seizing possibilities for positive family caregiving in nursing homes
    Ursula Kellett
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, Research Centre for Clinical Practice Innovation, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia
    J Clin Nurs 16:1479-87. 2007
    ..This paper explores the ways family members reconstruct meaning through seizing possibilities for positive caregiving in nursing homes...
  69. ncbi The soul of sorrow work: grief and therapeutic interventions with families
    Nancy J Moules
    University of Calgary, Canada
    J Fam Nurs 13:117-41. 2007
    ..The family members and the clinicians bring us to an understanding that, often, it is the willingness to step off of the map that makes for the best traveling companion in the spiritual walk of grief...
  70. ncbi Our first child was incompatible with life: understanding miscarriage as a lived experience
    Mathhew V Morrissey
    Canterbury Christchurch University College, North Holmes Road, Kent, CT1 1QU
    Int J Psychiatr Nurs Res 12:1415-28. 2007
    ..What we need now to do is move beyond a medical experience into creating a space where a woman can feel safe and loved to grieve for all that is lost and all that could have been...
  71. ncbi Nursing the social wound: public health nurses' experiences of screening for woman abuse
    Fiona Webster
    London Health Sciences Centre, Ontario, Canada
    Can J Nurs Res 38:136-53. 2006
    ..Her client's personal growth over time, rather than the single act of leaving an abusive relationship, now defined a successful client interaction. The authors also discuss implications for practice that arise from these accounts...
  72. ncbi Do cancer patients always want to talk about difficult emotions? A qualitative study of cancer inpatients communication needs
    Kirsti Kvåle
    Institute for Postgraduate Studies, Betanien Diaconal College of Nursing, Vestlundsveien 19, 5145 Fyllingsdalen, Norway
    Eur J Oncol Nurs 11:320-7. 2007
    ..This conversation seemed to support their coping strategies by helping them to find meaning and hope, and must be recognized as important aspects of spiritual and emotional care...
  73. ncbi Multiple sclerosis patients talking with healthcare providers about emotions
    Carmel Parker White
    Department of Child Development and Family Relations at East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA
    J Neurosci Nurs 39:89-101. 2007
    ..Nurses can help MS patients deal with their uncertainty and emotional challenges by being willing to inquire about emotions and emotional well-being...
  74. ncbi Strategies in caring for women with postpartum psychosis--an interview study with psychiatric nurses
    Inger Engqvist
    School of Life Science, University of Skovde, Skovde, Sweden
    J Clin Nurs 16:1333-42. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to explore strategies in caring for women with postpartum psychosis used by nurses...
  75. ncbi Social support in cyberspace: a content analysis of communication within a Huntington's disease online support group
    Neil S Coulson
    Institute of Work, Health and Organisations, University of Nottingham, UK
    Patient Educ Couns 68:173-8. 2007
    ..The aim of this study is to examine the provision of social support in messages posted to a HD online support group bulletin board...
  76. ncbi 'Take my hand, help me out': mental health service recipients' experience of the therapeutic relationship
    Mona M Shattell
    School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC 27402, USA
    Int J Ment Health Nurs 16:274-84. 2007
    ..Knowing the whole person, rather than knowing the person only as a service recipient, is key for practising nurses and nurse educators interested in enhancing the therapeutic potential of relationships...
  77. ncbi Living with moderate or severe traumatic brain injury: the meaning of family members' experiences
    Eija Jumisko
    Department of Health Sciences, Lulea University of Technology, SE 971 87, Lulea, Sweden
    J Fam Nurs 13:353-69. 2007
    ..Hope and natural love from close relatives, the afflicted person, and other family members give the family members strength. It is important that professionals pay more attention to the suffering of close relatives...
  78. ncbi How do family caregivers describe their needs for professional help?
    Michael J Yedidia
    Rutgers Center for State Health Policy in New Brunswick, NJ, USA
    Am J Nurs 108:35-7. 2008
  79. ncbi Synergy towards health: a nursing intervention model for women living with fibromyalgia, and their spouses
    Hélène Sylvain
    Universite du Quebec a Rimouski, Quebec, Canada
    J Adv Nurs 38:264-73. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to develop a consensus-based nursing intervention model for women living with fibromyalgia, their spouses and nurses working in a community health centre in Québec, Canada...
  80. ncbi A modified grounded theory study of how psychiatric nurses work with suicidal people
    John R Cutcliffe
    University of Tennessee, Knoxville, USA
    Int J Nurs Stud 43:791-802. 2006
    ....
  81. ncbi What is supportive when an adult next-of-kin is in critical care?
    Ingrid Johansson
    Intensive Care Clin c, Helsingborg Hospital Co, Helsingborg, Sweden
    Nurs Crit Care 10:289-98. 2005
    ..Recommendations for future practice are presented...
  82. ncbi Interactions between family members and staff in intensive care units--an observation and interview study
    Ing Mari Söderström
    Department of Health and Behavioural Sciences, Kalmar University, S 391 82 Kalmar, Sweden
    Int J Nurs Stud 43:707-16. 2006
    ..Research about interactions between family members and staff are sparse, although family members' needs and experiences in intensive care units are well researched areas...
  83. ncbi Dimensions of culture care for substance-dependent African American women
    Joanne T Ehrmin
    College of Nursing, Medical University of Ohio, USA
    J Transcult Nurs 16:117-25. 2005
    ..Gender/cultural-specific care needs in relation to social structure, ethnohistory, and cultural context were discovered to influence the women's health/well-being as they moved through recovery...
  84. ncbi Waiting for cardiac surgery--support experienced by next of kin
    Bodil Ivarsson
    Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University Hospital of Lund, SE 221 85 Lund, Sweden
    Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs 4:145-52. 2005
    ..Next of kin (NoK) play a crucial role for patients waiting for cardiac surgery...
  85. ncbi Despairing women and healing outcomes: a unitary appreciative nursing perspective
    W Richard Cowling
    School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23225, USA
    ANS Adv Nurs Sci 28:94-106. 2005
    ....
  86. ncbi Health promotion in palliative care: the patients' perception of therapeutic interaction with the palliative nurse in the primary care setting
    Jane Richardson
    Community Palliative Care Team, Hospiscare, Exeter, Devon, UK
    J Adv Nurs 40:432-40. 2002
    ....
  87. ncbi Out of sight, out of mind: the impact of 9/11 on HIV-positive persons
    Donna Gallagher
    New England AIDS Education and Training Center, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 13:32-6. 2002
    ..The impact of the tragedy has significantly affected PLWHIV, providers, and families day-to-day lives in many ways. This study reveals the initial impact during the first few months after the 9/11 event...
  88. ncbi The role of social support in facilitating postpartum women's return to employment
    Marcia Gruis Killien
    Department of Family and Child Nursing, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 34:639-46. 2005
    ..More than half of mothers with infants under 1 year are employed. This study explored the role of social support in facilitating women's return to employment during the 1st year postpartum...
  89. ncbi Family strategies for supporting involvement in meaningful activity by persons with dementia
    Alison Phinney
    School of Nursing, Centre for Research on Personhood in Dementia, University of British Columbia, T201 2211 Westbrook Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 2B5
    J Fam Nurs 12:80-101. 2006
    ..These strategies allowed families to sustain meaning for both the person with dementia and the family itself. Significance for practice and ideas for future research are discussed...
  90. ncbi 'Making it better': self-perceived roles of family caregivers of older people living in care homes: a qualitative study
    Sue Davies
    Department of Community, Ageing, Rehabilitation, Education and Research, School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Sheffield, UK
    Int J Nurs Stud 43:281-91. 2006
    ..However, the nature of the family caregiving role within the care home setting is poorly understood...
  91. ncbi Childhood brain tumors: children's and siblings' concerns regarding the diagnosis and phase of illness
    Katherine Freeman
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, and Montefiore Medical Center Biostatistics Unit, Bronx, NY 10467, USA
    J Pediatr Oncol Nurs 20:133-40. 2003
    ..Consideration of problems and helpful resources will provide the framework for developing and evaluating intervention strategies at each phase of illness...
  92. ncbi Family members' experience of participation in the needs of assessment when their older next of kin becomes in need of public home help: a qualitative interview study
    Ann Christin Janlöv
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Unit of Caring Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
    Int J Nurs Stud 43:1033-46. 2006
    ..Ways must be found to facilitate their situation. Their participation in the needs assessment of their next of kin may be crucial...
  93. ncbi Fathers parenting chronically ill children: concerns and coping strategies
    Judith K Hovey
    Oakland University School of Nursing, Rochester, Michigan, USA
    Issues Compr Pediatr Nurs 28:83-95. 2005
    ..Two strategies were the same for both groups; all dealt with problem solving and information gathering. Nurses can address fathers' concerns and support them in the use of positive coping strategies, which supports family-centered care...
  94. ncbi Meeting the needs of siblings of children with cancer
    Katherine L Ballard
    Department of Oncology and Haematology, Birmingham Children s Hospital, Birmingham, England
    Pediatr Nurs 30:394-401. 2004
    ..004) and more able (p < 0.01) to take their child to therapeutic interventions. The weekend interventions and leaflets developed as a result of this study are described...
  95. ncbi Being in tune with oneself, children, and parents: meanings of being a supporter to families with children who disabilities as narrated by parent-selected professionals
    Britt Marie Lindblad
    Department of Health Sciences, University of Borås, Boras, Sweden
    J Pediatr Nurs 20:214-23. 2005
    ....
  96. ncbi Mid-life widows' narratives of support and non-support
    Elizabeth Scannell-Desch
    Division of Nursing, Mount Saint Mary College, Newburgh, New York 12550, USA
    J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv 43:40-7. 2005
    ..3. Nurses can serve as advocates for widows in using, and teaching others to use, therapeutic communication. 4. Each widow's experience and grieving trajectory is unique...
  97. ncbi Grooming relationships between breeding females and adult group members in cooperatively breeding moustached tamarins (Saguinus mystax)
    Petra Löttker
    Department of Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, German Primate Centre, Gottingen, Germany
    Am J Primatol 69:1159-72. 2007
    ..breeding per group, polyandrous matings, dizygotic twinning, delayed offspring dispersal, and intensive helping behavior. In this system, breeding females profit from the presence of helpers but also helpers profit from staying in ..
  98. ncbi [Doing voluntary extra work? Organizational citizenship behavior in the hospital--a comparison between physicians and nurses]
    S Boerner
    Fachbereich Politik und Verwaltungswissenschaft, Lehrstuhl für Management, insbesondere Strategie und Führung, Universitat Konstanz
    Gesundheitswesen 67:770-6. 2005
    ..Matters of interest include the extent of Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) shown on the one hand and on the other hand which conditions stimulate the OCB of both physicians and nurses, respectively...
  99. ncbi Sex ratios when helpers stay at the nest
    Geoff Wild
    Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
    Evolution 60:2012-22. 2006
    ..second model), the direction of sex-ratio bias is determined solely by the size of the benefit of helping behavior. When this benefit is small, sex-ratio evolution is primarily influenced by local resource competition and ..
  100. ncbi Phylogenetic analysis of twinning in callitrichinae
    M Ah-King
    Department of Zoology, Stockholm University, Sweden
    Am J Primatol 51:135-46. 2000
    ..From this analysis we infer that helping behavior and male care preceded the origin of twinning, and that these traits did not coevolve with, but might have ..
  101. ncbi Short-term and long-term effects of violent media on aggression in children and adults
    Brad J Bushman
    Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 160:348-52. 2006
    ..We also tested the theory-driven hypothesis that short-term effects should be greater for adults and long-term effects should be greater for children...

Research Grants64

  1. Therapeutic Helping among Oxford House Residents
    Judah Viola; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Specifically, the research proposes an investigation of how helping behavior impacts the health and recovery process of individuals who suffer from drug abuse and dependence...
  2. Family Background and Subsequent Helping Behavior
    MARK WILHELM; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..proposed research is to estimate the relationship between children's family background and their subsequent helping behavior as young adults...
  3. College Bystanders: Coaching Students With Technology to Help Intoxicated peers
    Andrea L Dunn; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Computer Assisted Bystander Intervention (CABI) program for college students that will normalize student helping behavior and teach students skills to monitor their friends and intervene before negative alcohol-related events occur...
  4. Enhancing Informal Caregiving to Support Diabetes Self-Management
    John D Piette; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Broader societal benefit may occur through increased helping behavior and strengthened social ties...
  5. Telemonitoring Enhanced Support for Depression Self Management
    James E Aikens; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Societal benefit may also occur through the promotion of helping behavior and social ties...
  6. Maintenance and correlates of cooperative behavior in therapeutic communities
    KEITH LEVERETT WARREN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of TC treatment (De Leon, 2000), the five Ohio TCs have recorded several hundred thousand incidents of helping behavior in agency databases. These records include givers and recipients as well as dates...
  7. Suicide Behavior in College Students and Peers'Response
    AMANDA GEAN GARCIA-WILLIAMS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..little understanding of how college students experience a suicidal peer or the factors that predict prosocial helping behavior toward a suicidal peer...
  8. ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION OF HELPING BEHAVIOR
    JERRAM BROWN; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Among the most important of these is helping behavior. Insight into the evolution of such shared features can often be obtained more conveniently in birds than ..
  9. MOOD MANAGEMENT TRAINING FOR ALCOHOL DEPENDENT SMOKERS
    Christi Patten; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Dependent measures include 7-day point prevalence smoking abstinence verified with expired air carbon monoxide and alcohol and drug abstinence verified with breathalyzer, urine drug screen and informant report. ..
  10. Tobacco Cessation Treatment for Pregnant Alaska Natives
    Christi Patten; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The overall health related objective of this line of research is to develop effective treatment programs with and for Alaska Native pregnant women that will ultimately reduce the risk of tobacco-related disease. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. Lanaguge, Community, and Older Immigrant Households
    Jeffrey Burr; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Third, using the double cohort method, age and immigration cohort effects on patterns of household complexity are examined to test life cycle and assimilation hypotheses. ..
  12. Intervention for Support Persons to Help Smokers Quit
    Christi Patten; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Support persons (N=60) will be recruited and randomly assigned to self-help intervention or telephone counseling. The smokers will be enrolled as study subjects but will be contacted for assessments only. ..
  13. Video Game Violence
    BRAD BUSHMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  14. Dine College/Mayo Clinic: Developing Cancer Researchers
    Christi Patten; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. Acculturation and Alcohol among U.S. Latinas
    Sarah Zemore; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  16. Individual and Community Factors in Independent Living
    Jeffrey Burr; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In our model building, we pay particular attention to sample size issues and the potential for problems associated with endogeneity. ..
  17. INTERNET--HOME BASED TREATMENT FOR ADOLESCENT SMOKERS
    Christi Patten; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Adolescents will be recruited for participation in the study from four geographically and ethnically diverse locations. The study will be conducted by the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN and the University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI. ..
  18. The Secure Base Function of Caregiving in Relationships
    BROOKE FEENEY; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. Enhancing Bystander Efficacy to Prevent Sexual Violence: Extending Primary Preven
    Victoria L Banyard; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed research will enable us to replicate our work in this area on a larger scale in two very different communities serving college-age individuals. ..
  20. Evolutionary Graph Theory and Its Applications
    Martin Nowak; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results promise a new structuralevolutionary framework for understanding processes that are of vital importance to medicine. ..
  21. EBP Leadership Summit: Improving health outcomes for high risk children and teens
    Bernadette Melnyk; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..S. to improve health outcomes for our nation's children and adolescents. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. Social Support and Depression Among Dialysis Patients
    Stephanie Brown; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The results of this project will be used to develop and test a mental health intervention for dialysis patients that takes into consideration the potential risks and benefits of social support. ..
  23. Making Alcoholics Anonymous Easier: A Group TSF Approach
    LEE KASKUTAS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..If effective, MAAEZ should be of wide interest to providers, as it can be rapidly incorporated into existing programs, offering a succinct manual for brief interventions in group-oriented treatment. ..
  24. Co-Rumination and Adjustment: A Multi-Method Assessment
    Amanda J Rose; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Understanding co-rumination may be important for anticipating the emotional risks for youth who have close relationships and for developing prevention and treatment programs to promote their mental health. ..
  25. Outcomes of Triaged Family Care in Advanced Cancer
    Laurel Northouse; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Overall, this study will examine intervention effects in dyads facing advanced cancer, in conjunction with program dose and patients' baseline risk for distress. ..
  26. Religion, Aging, and Mexican American Health
    Neal Krause; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..To compare and contrast race differences in religiousness as well as race differences in the relationship between religion and health among older Whites, older Blacks, and older Mexican Americans. ..
  27. Gastric Tube Placement in Young Children
    Marsha Ellett; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Results from this study will increase the safety of using gastric tubes in young children. ..
  28. Youth and Parent Knowledge of Diabetes Complications
    Tim Wysocki; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Preventing Adverse Reactions in Novice Blood Donors
    Christopher R France; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Because we are working directly with the American Red Cross, our findings can be quickly translated into practice. ..
  30. NURSING INTERVENTIONS FOLLOWING SUDDEN CARDIAC ARREST
    CYNTHIA DOUGHERTY; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The findings are expected to be generalizable to other populations of high risk patients who leave the hospital after a very short stay, and to whom close follow-up cre by advanced practice nurses would be advantageous. ..
  31. Black HIV+ Mothers Influence Behaviors on Daughters
    Julie Cederbaum; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This preliminary research will form the foundation for future work examining the impact of an HIV serostatus on mother-daughter communication and it's impact on HIV risk reduction. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  32. Stroke Recovery in Underserved Populations
    Glenn Ostir; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The work is also important as it has the potential to "contribute important insights into why some do well and others do poorly in the face of persistent challenges." ..
  33. Health Behavior Trajectories Following Chronic Illness in Mid to Late Life
    Jason T Newsom; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  34. Measuring Confrontation During Recovery
    Douglas Polcin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..g., criminal justice and mental health). Findings will help clarify the types of confrontations that facilitate recovery from addiction and those that are counterproductive. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  35. Using Doctor-Patient Teams to Reduce Health Disparities
    Louis Penner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..If successful, the study should provide an exportable means of improving communication between physicians and minority group patients and reducing disparities in health care. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  36. In-Depth Examination of Disparities in Cancer Outcomes
    Cathy Bradley; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  37. Balancing Hope & Truth-Telling for Patients with Ca/COPD
    J Curtis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These strategies will be described and translated into interventions targeting nurses, physicians, and teams who provide care for patients with cancer, COPD, and other life-limiting diseases. ..
  38. LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES OF LONG TERM CANCER SURVIVORS
    Cathy Bradley; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  39. The evolution of parasitism in rhizobial bacteria
    JOEL SACHS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  40. Unmet Need: An Acute/Chronic Care Link
    Susan Allen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. COST-EFFECTIVENESS OF HMO RESIDENTIAL & OUTPATIENT CARE
    LEE KASKUTAS; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The study will confirm treatment content and will identify patient characteristics associated with successful treatment outcomes in each setting. ..
  42. Healthy Living in Two Worlds
    HILARY WEAVER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The curriculum emphasizes family involvement and is grounded in a recognition that contemporary urban Native youth reside within a multicultural context or "Two Worlds." ..
  43. A Lifestyle Change Program to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes
    Robin Whittemore; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..3. To explore the reach, adoption, implementation, and maintenance of a lifestyle change program delivered by NPs in primary care settings. ..
  44. Parents' Interpretation and Use of Genetic Information
    Agatha Gallo; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The results will inform professionals working with families, and contribute to the development of expert clinical judgment as a basis for addressing families' questions and concerns about a child's genetic condition. ..
  45. An Interactionist Model of Interpersonal Dependency
    Robert Bornstein; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..g., depression). ..
  46. Improving Physician Skill at Providing End-of-Life Care
    J Curtis; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The results will allow investigators and others to develop targeted educational and systemic interventions to improve the quality of this care. ..
  47. WEB DUBOIS COLLECTIVE RESEARCH INSTITUTE
    MARGARET SPENCER; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..g., color prejudice, under employment) that suggest the need to essentially redefine success or productivity within minority communities constrained by unique and chronic economic, social,a nd political issues. ..
  48. HYPERTENSION, RISK FOR HYPERTENSION AND HYPOALGESIA
    Christopher France; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This information could be used to identify the best candidates for behavioral and other risk reduction efforts. ..
  49. PROSTATE CANCER--FAMILY CARE FOR PATIENTS AND SPOUSES
    Laurel Northouse; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Overall, this study will test the effectiveness of a family-based program of care in improving clinical outcomes, and test the ability of a model to predict which patients and spouses are at increased risk of poorer quality of life. ..
  50. Adolescent Remedial Reading Project
    MARY CALHOON; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  51. Peer Support--Congestive Heart Failure Self-Management
    MARY ELLEN HEISLER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..If found effective, this approach could be used to improve health outcomes among patients with other chronic conditions, such as depression, chronic pain, or diabetes. ..
  52. Life Support Decisions for Extremely Premature Infants
    Karen Kavanaugh; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Analysis of data will focus on summarizing each case and identifying themes within and across cases. Data from this study will be used in a subsequent intervention study. ..
  53. A Randomized Trial of the STAR Program for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
    David Mandell; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Findings from the proposed study would provide timely and critical evidence regarding the implementation and effectiveness of one promising practice, with direct relevance to translation of findings into practice and policy. ..
  54. Acceptance of Colorectal Cancer Risk Factor Feedback
    WILLIAM KLEIN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  55. Reducing Depressive Symptoms in Low-Income Mothers
    Linda Beeber; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..By helping these mothers better utilize Early Head Start resources, the positive benefits of the intervention can be maintained and thus result in lasting benefit for the child as well as the mother. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  56. EGO DEPLETION PATTERNS AND SELF-CONTROL FAILURE
    ROY BAUMEISTER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The fourth section will explore several implications and applications of the depletion of self: vulnerability to loss of self-esteem from ego threat; prejudice; procrastination; and overeating. ..
  57. IMPROVING MEDICATION ADHERENCE IN COMORBID CONDITIONS
    Jacqueline Dunbar Jacob; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  58. Destructive Effects of Social Rejection
    ROY BAUMEISTER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The fifth project will examine social exclusion outside the laboratory, in order to elucidate how exclusion affects people in everyday life. ..
  59. Learner Verification of Cervical Cancer Education with Mexican Immigrant Women
    Jennifer Hunter; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  60. BREEDING BIOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR OF MONOGAMOUS PRIMATES
    Charles Snowdon; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..By understanding the interaction of experience and hormones in facilitating care of infants by fathers and non-reproductive helpers in tamarins we hope to provide information of value to human families. ..
  61. Social Anxiety Disorder and Emotion Regulation
    TODD KASHDAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Findings could ultimately lead to the development of more effective intervention efforts. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  62. Alcohol Abuse Prevention: Overcoming Three Barriers
    NOAH GOLDSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..