Summary: Behaviors associated with the giving of assistance or aid to individuals.
Publications230 found, 100 shown here
- Identity and emergency intervention: how social group membership and inclusiveness of group boundaries shape helping behaviorMark Levine
Department of Psychology, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YF, UK
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 31:443-53. 2005Two experiments exploring the effects of social category membership on real-life helping behavior are reported. In Study 1, intergroup rivalries between soccer fans are used to examine the role of identity in emergency helping...
- Altruistic helping in human infants and young chimpanzeesFelix Warneken
Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
Science 311:1301-3. 2006..This requires both an understanding of others' goals and an altruistic motivation to help. In addition, we demonstrate similar though less robust skills and motivations in three young chimpanzees...
- Gratitude and prosocial behavior: helping when it costs youMonica Y Bartlett
Northeastern University, MA 02115, USA
Psychol Sci 17:319-25. 2006..mediational analyses revealed that gratitude, as opposed to simple awareness of reciprocity norms, drove helping behavior. Furthering the theory that gratitude mediates prosocial behavior, Study 2 replicated the findings of Study 1 ..
- Reduced egg investment can conceal helper effects in cooperatively breeding birdsA F Russell
Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
Science 317:941-4. 2007..We suggest that failure to consider maternal egg-investment strategies can lead to underestimation of the force of selection acting on helping in avian cooperative breeders...
- Young children selectively avoid helping people with harmful intentionsAmrisha Vaish
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
Child Dev 81:1661-9. 2010..Children's prosocial behavior was thus mediated by the intentions behind the actor's moral behavior, irrespective of outcome. Children thus selectively avoid helping those who cause--or even intend to cause--others harm...
- Kin discrimination and the benefit of helping in cooperatively breeding vertebratesAshleigh S Griffin
Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
Science 302:634-6. 2003..These results suggest a general role for kin selection and that the relative importance of kin selection varies across species, as predicted by Hamilton's rule...
- The effects of prosocial video games on prosocial behaviors: international evidence from correlational, longitudinal, and experimental studiesDouglas A Gentile
Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 35:752-63. 2009..These similar results across different methodologies, ages, and cultures provide robust evidence of a prosocial game content effect, and they provide support for the General Learning Model...
- Reinterpreting the empathy-altruism relationship: when one into one equals onenessR B Cialdini
Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe 85287 1104, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 73:481-94. 1997..The authors suggest that empathic concern affects helping primarily as an emotional signal of oneness...
- Intention-mediated selective helping in infancyKristen A Dunfield
Department of Psychology, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
Psychol Sci 21:523-7. 2010..In the present study, we sought to determine whether the earliest instances of human helping behavior show specificity...
- Blood donors' helping behavior is driven by warm glow: more evidence for the blood donor benevolence hypothesisEamonn Ferguson
Personality, Social Psychology and Health PSPH Group, School of Psychology, and the Centre for Decision Research and Experimental Economic, Cedex, School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
Transfusion 52:2189-200. 2012..The prediction that blood donors will be motivated in general by warm glow was compared to predictions from other theoretical models: strong reciprocity and empathy...
- Toddlers' prosocial behavior: from instrumental to empathic to altruistic helpingMargarita Svetlova
Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
Child Dev 81:1814-27. 2010..Developmental trajectories of social-cognitive and motivational components of early helping are discussed...
- Neural responses to ingroup and outgroup members' suffering predict individual differences in costly helpingGrit Hein
Laboratory for Social and Neural Systems Research, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Neuron 68:149-60. 2010..We conclude that empathy-related insula activation can motivate costly helping, whereas an antagonistic signal in nucleus accumbens reduces the propensity to help...
- An additional antecedent of empathic concern: valuing the welfare of the person in needC Daniel Batson
Department of Psychology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045 2160, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 93:65-74. 2007..and valuing were manipulated, and each independently increased empathic concern, which, in turn, increased helping behavior. In Experiment 2, only valuing was manipulated...
- Extrinsic rewards undermine altruistic tendencies in 20-month-oldsFelix Warneken
Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
Dev Psychol 44:1785-8. 2008The current study investigated the influence of rewards on very young children's helping behavior. After 20-month-old infants received a material reward during a treatment phase, they subsequently were less likely to engage in further ..
- Does a helping hand mean a heavy heart? Helping behavior and well-being among spouse caregiversMichael J Poulin
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Psychol Aging 25:108-17. 2010..Nonetheless, research indicates that helping behavior, broadly construed, promotes well-being...
- Coping with spousal loss: potential buffering effects of self-reported helping behaviorStephanie L Brown
VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, University of Michigan, USA
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 34:849-61. 2008The present study examined the role of self-reported helping behavior in attenuating the helper's depression following spousal loss...
- Another evaluation of touch and helping behaviorNicolas Gueguen
Universite de Bretagne Sud, IUT de Vannes, France
Psychol Rep 92:62-4. 2003..Bus drivers were briefly touched by the confederate during solicitation. Analysis showed that bus drivers who were touched accepted the request more favorably but only when made by a female...
- Twelve-month-olds communicate helpfully and appropriately for knowledgeable and ignorant partnersUlf Liszkowski
Communication Before Language Group, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Wundtlaan 1, 6525 XD Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Cognition 108:732-9. 2008....
- The bystander-effect: a meta-analytic review on bystander intervention in dangerous and non-dangerous emergenciesPeter Fischer
Department of Psychology, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany
Psychol Bull 137:517-37. 2011....
- Identity, place, and bystander intervention: social categories and helping after natural disastersMark Levine
Department of Psychology, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YF, United Kingdom
J Soc Psychol 144:229-45. 2004..Results indicate that social category relations rather than geographical proximity or emotional reaction are most important in increasing helping behavior after natural disasters.
- The Kitty Genovese murder and the social psychology of helping: the parable of the 38 witnessesRachel Manning
School of Psychology, University of the West of England, Bristol, England, UK
Am Psychol 62:555-62. 2007..Finally, they suggest that the story itself has become a modern parable, the telling of which has served to limit the scope of inquiry into emergency helping...
- Disseminating cardiopulmonary resuscitation training by distributing 35,000 personal manikins among school childrenDan L Isbye
Department of Anesthesia, Section 4231, Center of Head and Orthopedics, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Blegdamsvej 9, DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
Circulation 116:1380-5. 2007..The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of mass distribution of CPR instructional materials among schoolchildren...
- Can we measure the benefits of help in cooperatively breeding birds: the case of superb fairy-wrens Malurus cyaneus?Andrew Cockburn
Evolutionary Ecology Group, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
J Anim Ecol 77:430-8. 2008..These data exacerbate the paradox posed by previously reported costs that supernumeraries impose on dominant males...
- Effects of songs with prosocial lyrics on prosocial behavior: further evidence and a mediating mechanismTobias Greitemeyer
Department of Psychology, University of Sussex, Pevensey 1, Brighton, BN1 9QH England, United Kingdom
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 35:1500-11. 2009..songs increased the accessibility of prosocial thoughts, led to more interpersonal empathy, and fostered helping behavior. However, inasmuch as cognition, affect, and behavior were measured in different studies, it remained unclear ..
- Helping someone with problem drinking: mental health first aid guidelines - a Delphi expert consensus studyAnna H Kingston
Orygen Youth Health Research Centre, Centre for Youth Mental Health, University of Melbourne, 35 Poplar Rd Locked Bag 10, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia
BMC Psychiatry 9:79. 2009..This paper describes the development of mental health first aid guidelines that inform community members on how to help someone who may have, or may be developing, a drinking problem (i.e., alcohol abuse or dependence)...
- Illness representations of depression and perceptions of the helpfulness of social support: comparing depressed and never-depressed personsManja Vollmann
University of Konstanz, Department of Psychological Assessment and Health Psychology, P O Box 47, D 78457 Konstanz, Germany
J Affect Disord 125:213-20. 2010..These interpersonal problems could be fostered by discrepancies between depressed and never-depressed persons' illness representations of depression and/or discrepancies in the perceived helpfulness of supportive behaviors...
- Development of mental health first aid guidelines on how a member of the public can support a person affected by a traumatic event: a Delphi studyClaire M Kelly
Orygen Youth Health Research Centre, Centre for Youth Mental Health, University of Melbourne, Australia
BMC Psychiatry 10:49. 2010..However, few people have the knowledge and skills required to assist. Simple guidelines may help members of the public to offer appropriate support when it is needed...
- In spite of good intentions: patients' perspectives on problematic social support interactionsCarla Boutin-Foster
Division of General Internal Medicine, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, New York 10021, USA
Health Qual Life Outcomes 3:52. 2005..However, their efforts may be perceived as being problematic or unhelpful. The objective of this study was to identify the characteristics of problematic social support interactions from the perspectives of patients...
- Effectiveness of nonresuscitative first aid training in laypersons: a systematic reviewStijn Van de Velde
Belgian Red Cross Flanders, Mechelen, Belgium
Ann Emerg Med 54:447-57, 457.e1-5. 2009This study reviewed evidence on the effects of nonresuscitative first aid training on competence and helping behavior in laypersons.
- Mental health first aid training for the public: evaluation of effects on knowledge, attitudes and helping behaviorBetty A Kitchener
Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
BMC Psychiatry 2:10. 2002..This paper describes the training course and reports an evaluation study looking at changes in knowledge, stigmatizing attitudes and help provided to others...
- Experiences in applying skills learned in a Mental Health First Aid training course: a qualitative study of participants' storiesAnthony F Jorm
ORYGEN Research Centre, University of Melbourne, Locked Bag 10, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia
BMC Psychiatry 5:43. 2005..To remedy this, a study was carried out gathering stories from participants in one of the trials, 19-21 months post-training...
- Public beliefs about treatment and outcome of mental disorders: a comparison of Australia and JapanAnthony F Jorm
ORYGEN Research Centre, Department of Psychiatry, University of Melbourne, Locked Bag 10, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia
BMC Med 3:12. 2005..Japan is also more collectivist and Australia more individualist in values. These differences might influence recognition of disorders and beliefs about treatment in the two countries...
- Determinants of reluctance to perform CPR among residents and applicants: the impact of experience on helping behaviorB E Brenner
Department of Emergency Medicine, The Brooklyn Hospital Center, NYU School of Medicine, New York, USA
Resuscitation 35:203-11. 1997..These data support the hypothesis that diminished helping behavior occurs gradually over the training period and may occur as a direct consequence of the training experience...
- Mental health first aid responses of the public: results from an Australian national surveyAnthony F Jorm
Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
BMC Psychiatry 5:9. 2005..How they respond to that person (the mental health first aid response) may affect outcomes. However, there is no information on what members of the public might do in such circumstances...
- Factors affecting offspring survival and development in a cooperative bird: social, maternal and environmental effectsA R Ridley
Large Animal Research Group, Department of Zoology, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
J Anim Ecol 76:750-60. 2007..Traditional measures of offspring survival in cooperative birds, which commonly measure survival to fledging age only, may underestimate the significant benefit of helper contributions on the survival and development of young...
- Social exclusion decreases prosocial behaviorJean M Twenge
Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182 4611, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 92:56-66. 2007..The implication is that rejection temporarily interferes with emotional responses, thereby impairing the capacity for empathic understanding of others, and as a result, any inclination to help or cooperate with them is undermined...
- Does blaming the patient with lung cancer affect the helping behavior of primary caregivers?Michelle M Lobchuk
Faculty of Nursing, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
Oncol Nurs Forum 35:681-9. 2008..To examine whether primary caregivers' helping behaviors are predicted by their illness attribution reactions as proposed in Weiner's model...
- Mimicry and helping behavior: an evaluation of mimicry on explicit helping requestNicolas Gueguen
Université Bretagne Sud, UFR LSHS, Lorient, France
J Soc Psychol 151:1-4. 2011Research found that mimicry behavior led to increased helping behavior toward the mimicker and is associated with higher positive evaluation of the mimicker...
- Adolescents' responses to peers with depression or conduct disorderClaire M Kelly
ORYGEN Research Centre, Victoria, Australia
Aust N Z J Psychiatry 40:63-6. 2006..To determine how young people are likely to respond to a peer with mental illness, or who has severe behavioural problems...
- Measurement and correlates of prosocial bystander behavior: the case of interpersonal violenceVictoria L Banyard
Department of Psychology, University of New Hampshire, Durham 03824, USA
Violence Vict 23:83-97. 2008....
- Pedagogical encounters between nurses and patients in a medical ward--a field studyF Friberg
School of Health Sciences, University College of Boras, 501 90 Borås, Sweden
Int J Nurs Stud 44:534-44. 2007..The major part of patient teaching research is within the area of formal teaching. In spite of the fact that spontaneous teaching occurs in everyday nursing practice, there is a lack of knowledge in this area...
- The principles and processes of inspiring hope in bereavement counselling: a modified grounded theory study--part oneJ R Cutcliffe
University of Texas Tyler, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Tyler, TX 75799, USA
J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 13:598-603. 2006..Where as part two focuses on stages two and three, again highlights the categories therein and offers a discussion and conclusion...
- The principles and processes of inspiring hope in bereavement counselling: a modified grounded theory study--part twoJ R Cutcliffe
University of Texas Tyler, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Tyler, TX 75799, USA
J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 13:604-10. 2006..Part two on the other hand, focuses on stages two and three, and highlights the categories therein. The paper concludes by highlighting implications arising from the findings (other discussion points have been published elsewhere)...
- Having a sibling with schizophrenia: a phenomenological studyAlexia Barnable
Western Health Authority, Mental Health and Addictions, Corner Brook, Canada
Res Theory Nurs Pract 20:247-64. 2006..Inclusion in the plan of care and recognition of their struggle is essential for individuals having a sibling with schizophrenia...
- Measuring peer caring behaviors of nursing students: scale developmentChien Lin Kuo
Department of Nursing, Junior College, Fooyin University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Int J Nurs Stud 44:105-14. 2007..Few tools in the literature target peer caring interactions, and which were either irrelevant to our research purpose or culturally inappropriate for nursing student population in Taiwan...
- Perceptions of incorporating spirituality into their care: a phenomenological study of female patients on hemodialysisRuth A Tanyi
Loma Linda University, School of Public Health, CA, USA
Nephrol Nurs J 33:532-8. 2006..Participants expressed that nephrology nurses are uniquely positioned to understand their individualized spiritual needs and implement spiritual care...
- Women's experience of termination of a pregnancyM Poggenpoel
School of Nursing, University of Johannesburg, Auckland Park, South Africa
Curationis 29:3-9. 2006..One central theme was identified from the results of the interviews and naïve sketches, namely women's experiences of a negative relationship with themselves and other persons as well as their focus on their terminated pregnancies...
- Getting it right: Australian primiparas' views about breastfeeding: A quasi-experimental studyWendy A Hall
School of Nursing, University of British Columbia, T 201 2211 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V6T 2B5
Int J Nurs Stud 44:786-95. 2007..The study documented Australian primigravidas' perceptions about breastfeeding...
- Peer support relationships: an unexplored interpersonal process in mental healthR Coatsworth-Puspoky
Geriatric Psychiatry, Regional Mental Health Care, London, ON, Canada
J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 13:490-7. 2006..Understanding the processes and factors that contribute to the development/deterioration of PSRs will enable clinicians and C/Ss to assess and promote the development of healthy, supportive PSRs in mental health...
- Meaning-making in the aftermath of sudden infant death syndromeGuenther Krueger
Simon Fraser University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada
Nurs Inq 13:163-71. 2006..Parents' own accounts of their post-SIDS experience are consistent with these newer theories. Comprehending how parents cope and reconstruct their lives is an important element in providing appropriate psychological support services...
- The importance of being there: perspectives of social support by adolescents with cancerRoberta Lynn Woodgate
Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, University of Manitoba, R3T 2N2, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
J Pediatr Oncol Nurs 23:122-34. 2006..Although the 3 key supportive relationships were essential in helping adolescents get through cancer, these relationships were at times a source of stress for adolescents...
- Verbal and social interactions in Swedish forensic psychiatric nursing care as perceived by the patients and nursesMikael Rask
School of Health Sciences and Social Work, Vaxjo University, Vaxjo, Sweden
Int J Ment Health Nurs 15:100-10. 2006..The differences between patients' and nurses' perceptions on the interactions as well as the clinical implications of these differences are discussed...
- Death and help expected from nurses when dyingFu Jin Shih
National Yang Ming University School of Nursing, Taipei, Taiwan
Nurs Ethics 13:360-75. 2006..The results support the belief of dying as a transition occurring when life weans itself from the mortal world and prepares for an afterlife...
- And--how was it for you dad?Linda Greening
Cheltenham and Tewkesbury PCT
Community Pract 79:184-7. 2006..It is recommended that research should be extended further in order to develop a validated questionnaire to assist men to think about how they feel on becoming a father...
- Development and validation of the Emotional Intimacy ScaleVaughn G Sinclair
Vanderbilt University School of Nursing, Nashville, TN 37240 0008, USA
J Nurs Meas 13:193-206. 2005..The EIS is a brief measure of emotional intimacy with good psychometric properties...
- Impact of eating disorders on family life: individual parents' storiesSharon Hillege
School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Australian Catholic University, NSW, Australia
J Clin Nurs 15:1016-22. 2006..The objective was to give a voice to parents in order to develop new understandings of their experience leading to more appropriate clinical decision-making...
- Mutual caring of elderly Korean couplesTaesung Ahn
Ansan College, Korea
J Transcult Nurs 18:28-34. 2007..The close linkage and interaction of desire for care, desire for reliance, and expectations were confirmed. The findings suggested establishing a holistic support network for these elders...
- Being family: the family experience when an adult member is hospitalized with a critical illnessSandra K Eggenberger
School of Nursing, Minnesota State University, Mankato, MN 56001, USA
J Clin Nurs 16:1618-28. 2007..The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand and interpret the 'family experience' with an adult member hospitalized with a critical illness...
- Caring in a technological environment: how is this possible?Selma Alliex
School of Nursing, College of Health, Notre Dame University, Fremantle, Australia
Contemp Nurse 17:32-43. 2004..Maximizing was characterized by the nurses' added effort in trying to meet the humanistic needs of the patient in the presence of technology. The focus of the interaction was person-centred...
- Caring for those without words: a perspective on aphasiaJohn A Liechty
Oaklawn Psychiatric Hospital, Goshen, IN, USA
J Neurosci Nurs 39:316-8. 2007..However, emotional or psychological struggles are a large component of a patient's suffering. If these realities are ignored, a medical professional will be much less effective on any level...
- Back to basics: assessment, communication, caring, and follow-up: a lesson from a couple's journey with multiple myelomaSharon K Coon
University of Oklahoma Medical Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA
Clin J Oncol Nurs 11:825-9. 2007....
- The lived experience of losing a loved one to a sudden death in KwaZulu-Natal, South AfricaPetra Brysiewicz
School of Nursing, University of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
J Clin Nurs 17:224-31. 2008..The aim of this study was to describe the lived experiences of families in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, who had lost a loved one to a sudden death...
- Experiences of alcohol dependence: a qualitative studyJane Dyson
The Open University
J Fam Health Care 17:211-4. 2007....
- Perceptions of nurses' caring behaviors by trauma patientsJanice S Hayes
University of Northern Colorado, USA
J Trauma Nurs 14:187-90. 2007..The average rating for the sample was 4.8. Patients receiving care through trauma services expressed an overall positive perception of caring from the nursing staff while there was room for improvement in some areas...
- The lived experience of closeness in partners of cancer patients in the home care settingInger Palm
Clinic of Palliative Care, Vrinnevi Hospital, 601 82 Norrköping, Sweden
Int J Palliat Nurs 14:6-13. 2008..Experiencing closeness is of great importance when the disease is no longer curable and time is limited. Partners need professional help to facilitate this experience...
- Helping partnerships that facilitate recovery from severe mental illnessKathleen Hope Anthony
Ohio Department of Mental Health, Northcoast Behavioral Healthcare Toledo Campus, Toledo, Ohio 43614, USA
J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv 46:24-8, 29-33. 2008....
- How does information influence hope in family members of traumatic coma patients in intensive care unit?Sofie T L Verhaeghe
Nursing Science, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
J Clin Nurs 16:1488-97. 2007..To assess the interplay between hope and the information provided by health care professionals...
- Seizing possibilities for positive family caregiving in nursing homesUrsula Kellett
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Research Centre for Clinical Practice Innovation, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia
J Clin Nurs 16:1479-87. 2007..This paper explores the ways family members reconstruct meaning through seizing possibilities for positive caregiving in nursing homes...
- The soul of sorrow work: grief and therapeutic interventions with familiesNancy J Moules
University of Calgary, Canada
J Fam Nurs 13:117-41. 2007..The family members and the clinicians bring us to an understanding that, often, it is the willingness to step off of the map that makes for the best traveling companion in the spiritual walk of grief...
- Our first child was incompatible with life: understanding miscarriage as a lived experienceMathhew V Morrissey
Canterbury Christchurch University College, North Holmes Road, Kent, CT1 1QU
Int J Psychiatr Nurs Res 12:1415-28. 2007..What we need now to do is move beyond a medical experience into creating a space where a woman can feel safe and loved to grieve for all that is lost and all that could have been...
- Nursing the social wound: public health nurses' experiences of screening for woman abuseFiona Webster
London Health Sciences Centre, Ontario, Canada
Can J Nurs Res 38:136-53. 2006..Her client's personal growth over time, rather than the single act of leaving an abusive relationship, now defined a successful client interaction. The authors also discuss implications for practice that arise from these accounts...
- Do cancer patients always want to talk about difficult emotions? A qualitative study of cancer inpatients communication needsKirsti Kvåle
Institute for Postgraduate Studies, Betanien Diaconal College of Nursing, Vestlundsveien 19, 5145 Fyllingsdalen, Norway
Eur J Oncol Nurs 11:320-7. 2007..This conversation seemed to support their coping strategies by helping them to find meaning and hope, and must be recognized as important aspects of spiritual and emotional care...
- Multiple sclerosis patients talking with healthcare providers about emotionsCarmel Parker White
Department of Child Development and Family Relations at East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA
J Neurosci Nurs 39:89-101. 2007..Nurses can help MS patients deal with their uncertainty and emotional challenges by being willing to inquire about emotions and emotional well-being...
- Strategies in caring for women with postpartum psychosis--an interview study with psychiatric nursesInger Engqvist
School of Life Science, University of Skovde, Skovde, Sweden
J Clin Nurs 16:1333-42. 2007..The aim of this study was to explore strategies in caring for women with postpartum psychosis used by nurses...
- Social support in cyberspace: a content analysis of communication within a Huntington's disease online support groupNeil S Coulson
Institute of Work, Health and Organisations, University of Nottingham, UK
Patient Educ Couns 68:173-8. 2007..The aim of this study is to examine the provision of social support in messages posted to a HD online support group bulletin board...
- 'Take my hand, help me out': mental health service recipients' experience of the therapeutic relationshipMona M Shattell
School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC 27402, USA
Int J Ment Health Nurs 16:274-84. 2007..Knowing the whole person, rather than knowing the person only as a service recipient, is key for practising nurses and nurse educators interested in enhancing the therapeutic potential of relationships...
- Living with moderate or severe traumatic brain injury: the meaning of family members' experiencesEija Jumisko
Department of Health Sciences, Lulea University of Technology, SE 971 87, Lulea, Sweden
J Fam Nurs 13:353-69. 2007..Hope and natural love from close relatives, the afflicted person, and other family members give the family members strength. It is important that professionals pay more attention to the suffering of close relatives...
- How do family caregivers describe their needs for professional help?Michael J Yedidia
Rutgers Center for State Health Policy in New Brunswick, NJ, USA
Am J Nurs 108:35-7. 2008
- Synergy towards health: a nursing intervention model for women living with fibromyalgia, and their spousesHélène Sylvain
Universite du Quebec a Rimouski, Quebec, Canada
J Adv Nurs 38:264-73. 2002..The purpose of this study was to develop a consensus-based nursing intervention model for women living with fibromyalgia, their spouses and nurses working in a community health centre in Québec, Canada...
- A modified grounded theory study of how psychiatric nurses work with suicidal peopleJohn R Cutcliffe
University of Tennessee, Knoxville, USA
Int J Nurs Stud 43:791-802. 2006....
- What is supportive when an adult next-of-kin is in critical care?Ingrid Johansson
Intensive Care Clin c, Helsingborg Hospital Co, Helsingborg, Sweden
Nurs Crit Care 10:289-98. 2005..Recommendations for future practice are presented...
- Interactions between family members and staff in intensive care units--an observation and interview studyIng Mari Söderström
Department of Health and Behavioural Sciences, Kalmar University, S 391 82 Kalmar, Sweden
Int J Nurs Stud 43:707-16. 2006..Research about interactions between family members and staff are sparse, although family members' needs and experiences in intensive care units are well researched areas...
- Dimensions of culture care for substance-dependent African American womenJoanne T Ehrmin
College of Nursing, Medical University of Ohio, USA
J Transcult Nurs 16:117-25. 2005..Gender/cultural-specific care needs in relation to social structure, ethnohistory, and cultural context were discovered to influence the women's health/well-being as they moved through recovery...
- Waiting for cardiac surgery--support experienced by next of kinBodil Ivarsson
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University Hospital of Lund, SE 221 85 Lund, Sweden
Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs 4:145-52. 2005..Next of kin (NoK) play a crucial role for patients waiting for cardiac surgery...
- Despairing women and healing outcomes: a unitary appreciative nursing perspectiveW Richard Cowling
School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23225, USA
ANS Adv Nurs Sci 28:94-106. 2005....
- Health promotion in palliative care: the patients' perception of therapeutic interaction with the palliative nurse in the primary care settingJane Richardson
Community Palliative Care Team, Hospiscare, Exeter, Devon, UK
J Adv Nurs 40:432-40. 2002....
- Out of sight, out of mind: the impact of 9/11 on HIV-positive personsDonna Gallagher
New England AIDS Education and Training Center, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 13:32-6. 2002..The impact of the tragedy has significantly affected PLWHIV, providers, and families day-to-day lives in many ways. This study reveals the initial impact during the first few months after the 9/11 event...
- The role of social support in facilitating postpartum women's return to employmentMarcia Gruis Killien
Department of Family and Child Nursing, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 34:639-46. 2005..More than half of mothers with infants under 1 year are employed. This study explored the role of social support in facilitating women's return to employment during the 1st year postpartum...
- Family strategies for supporting involvement in meaningful activity by persons with dementiaAlison Phinney
School of Nursing, Centre for Research on Personhood in Dementia, University of British Columbia, T201 2211 Westbrook Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 2B5
J Fam Nurs 12:80-101. 2006..These strategies allowed families to sustain meaning for both the person with dementia and the family itself. Significance for practice and ideas for future research are discussed...
- 'Making it better': self-perceived roles of family caregivers of older people living in care homes: a qualitative studySue Davies
Department of Community, Ageing, Rehabilitation, Education and Research, School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Sheffield, UK
Int J Nurs Stud 43:281-91. 2006..However, the nature of the family caregiving role within the care home setting is poorly understood...
- Childhood brain tumors: children's and siblings' concerns regarding the diagnosis and phase of illnessKatherine Freeman
Department of Epidemiology and Population Health of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, and Montefiore Medical Center Biostatistics Unit, Bronx, NY 10467, USA
J Pediatr Oncol Nurs 20:133-40. 2003..Consideration of problems and helpful resources will provide the framework for developing and evaluating intervention strategies at each phase of illness...
- Family members' experience of participation in the needs of assessment when their older next of kin becomes in need of public home help: a qualitative interview studyAnn Christin Janlöv
Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Unit of Caring Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Int J Nurs Stud 43:1033-46. 2006..Ways must be found to facilitate their situation. Their participation in the needs assessment of their next of kin may be crucial...
- Fathers parenting chronically ill children: concerns and coping strategiesJudith K Hovey
Oakland University School of Nursing, Rochester, Michigan, USA
Issues Compr Pediatr Nurs 28:83-95. 2005..Two strategies were the same for both groups; all dealt with problem solving and information gathering. Nurses can address fathers' concerns and support them in the use of positive coping strategies, which supports family-centered care...
- Meeting the needs of siblings of children with cancerKatherine L Ballard
Department of Oncology and Haematology, Birmingham Children s Hospital, Birmingham, England
Pediatr Nurs 30:394-401. 2004..004) and more able (p < 0.01) to take their child to therapeutic interventions. The weekend interventions and leaflets developed as a result of this study are described...
- Being in tune with oneself, children, and parents: meanings of being a supporter to families with children who disabilities as narrated by parent-selected professionalsBritt Marie Lindblad
Department of Health Sciences, University of Borås, Boras, Sweden
J Pediatr Nurs 20:214-23. 2005....
- Mid-life widows' narratives of support and non-supportElizabeth Scannell-Desch
Division of Nursing, Mount Saint Mary College, Newburgh, New York 12550, USA
J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv 43:40-7. 2005..3. Nurses can serve as advocates for widows in using, and teaching others to use, therapeutic communication. 4. Each widow's experience and grieving trajectory is unique...
- Grooming relationships between breeding females and adult group members in cooperatively breeding moustached tamarins (Saguinus mystax)Petra Löttker
Department of Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, German Primate Centre, Gottingen, Germany
Am J Primatol 69:1159-72. 2007..breeding per group, polyandrous matings, dizygotic twinning, delayed offspring dispersal, and intensive helping behavior. In this system, breeding females profit from the presence of helpers but also helpers profit from staying in ..
- [Doing voluntary extra work? Organizational citizenship behavior in the hospital--a comparison between physicians and nurses]S Boerner
Fachbereich Politik und Verwaltungswissenschaft, Lehrstuhl für Management, insbesondere Strategie und Führung, Universitat Konstanz
Gesundheitswesen 67:770-6. 2005..Matters of interest include the extent of Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) shown on the one hand and on the other hand which conditions stimulate the OCB of both physicians and nurses, respectively...
- Sex ratios when helpers stay at the nestGeoff Wild
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
Evolution 60:2012-22. 2006..second model), the direction of sex-ratio bias is determined solely by the size of the benefit of helping behavior. When this benefit is small, sex-ratio evolution is primarily influenced by local resource competition and ..
- Phylogenetic analysis of twinning in callitrichinaeM Ah-King
Department of Zoology, Stockholm University, Sweden
Am J Primatol 51:135-46. 2000..From this analysis we infer that helping behavior and male care preceded the origin of twinning, and that these traits did not coevolve with, but might have ..
- Short-term and long-term effects of violent media on aggression in children and adultsBrad J Bushman
Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 160:348-52. 2006..We also tested the theory-driven hypothesis that short-term effects should be greater for adults and long-term effects should be greater for children...
- Therapeutic Helping among Oxford House ResidentsJudah Viola; Fiscal Year: 2004..Specifically, the research proposes an investigation of how helping behavior impacts the health and recovery process of individuals who suffer from drug abuse and dependence...
- Family Background and Subsequent Helping BehaviorMARK WILHELM; Fiscal Year: 2004..proposed research is to estimate the relationship between children's family background and their subsequent helping behavior as young adults...
- College Bystanders: Coaching Students With Technology to Help Intoxicated peersAndrea L Dunn; Fiscal Year: 2012..Computer Assisted Bystander Intervention (CABI) program for college students that will normalize student helping behavior and teach students skills to monitor their friends and intervene before negative alcohol-related events occur...
- Enhancing Informal Caregiving to Support Diabetes Self-ManagementJohn D Piette; Fiscal Year: 2013..Broader societal benefit may occur through increased helping behavior and strengthened social ties...
- Telemonitoring Enhanced Support for Depression Self ManagementJames E Aikens; Fiscal Year: 2013..Societal benefit may also occur through the promotion of helping behavior and social ties...
- Maintenance and correlates of cooperative behavior in therapeutic communitiesKEITH LEVERETT WARREN; Fiscal Year: 2010..of TC treatment (De Leon, 2000), the five Ohio TCs have recorded several hundred thousand incidents of helping behavior in agency databases. These records include givers and recipients as well as dates...
- Suicide Behavior in College Students and Peers'ResponseAMANDA GEAN GARCIA-WILLIAMS; Fiscal Year: 2013..little understanding of how college students experience a suicidal peer or the factors that predict prosocial helping behavior toward a suicidal peer...
- ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION OF HELPING BEHAVIORJERRAM BROWN; Fiscal Year: 1980..Among the most important of these is helping behavior. Insight into the evolution of such shared features can often be obtained more conveniently in birds than ..
- MOOD MANAGEMENT TRAINING FOR ALCOHOL DEPENDENT SMOKERSChristi Patten; Fiscal Year: 2002..Dependent measures include 7-day point prevalence smoking abstinence verified with expired air carbon monoxide and alcohol and drug abstinence verified with breathalyzer, urine drug screen and informant report. ..
- Tobacco Cessation Treatment for Pregnant Alaska NativesChristi Patten; Fiscal Year: 2006..The overall health related objective of this line of research is to develop effective treatment programs with and for Alaska Native pregnant women that will ultimately reduce the risk of tobacco-related disease. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Lanaguge, Community, and Older Immigrant HouseholdsJeffrey Burr; Fiscal Year: 2006..Third, using the double cohort method, age and immigration cohort effects on patterns of household complexity are examined to test life cycle and assimilation hypotheses. ..
- Intervention for Support Persons to Help Smokers QuitChristi Patten; Fiscal Year: 2005..Support persons (N=60) will be recruited and randomly assigned to self-help intervention or telephone counseling. The smokers will be enrolled as study subjects but will be contacted for assessments only. ..
- Video Game ViolenceBRAD BUSHMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Dine College/Mayo Clinic: Developing Cancer ResearchersChristi Patten; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Acculturation and Alcohol among U.S. LatinasSarah Zemore; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Individual and Community Factors in Independent LivingJeffrey Burr; Fiscal Year: 2002..In our model building, we pay particular attention to sample size issues and the potential for problems associated with endogeneity. ..
- INTERNET--HOME BASED TREATMENT FOR ADOLESCENT SMOKERSChristi Patten; Fiscal Year: 2001..Adolescents will be recruited for participation in the study from four geographically and ethnically diverse locations. The study will be conducted by the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN and the University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI. ..
- The Secure Base Function of Caregiving in RelationshipsBROOKE FEENEY; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Enhancing Bystander Efficacy to Prevent Sexual Violence: Extending Primary PrevenVictoria L Banyard; Fiscal Year: 2010..The proposed research will enable us to replicate our work in this area on a larger scale in two very different communities serving college-age individuals. ..
- Evolutionary Graph Theory and Its ApplicationsMartin Nowak; Fiscal Year: 2009..The results promise a new structuralevolutionary framework for understanding processes that are of vital importance to medicine. ..
- EBP Leadership Summit: Improving health outcomes for high risk children and teensBernadette Melnyk; Fiscal Year: 2007..S. to improve health outcomes for our nation's children and adolescents. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Social Support and Depression Among Dialysis PatientsStephanie Brown; Fiscal Year: 2005..The results of this project will be used to develop and test a mental health intervention for dialysis patients that takes into consideration the potential risks and benefits of social support. ..
- Making Alcoholics Anonymous Easier: A Group TSF ApproachLEE KASKUTAS; Fiscal Year: 2007..If effective, MAAEZ should be of wide interest to providers, as it can be rapidly incorporated into existing programs, offering a succinct manual for brief interventions in group-oriented treatment. ..
- Co-Rumination and Adjustment: A Multi-Method AssessmentAmanda J Rose; Fiscal Year: 2010..Understanding co-rumination may be important for anticipating the emotional risks for youth who have close relationships and for developing prevention and treatment programs to promote their mental health. ..
- Outcomes of Triaged Family Care in Advanced CancerLaurel Northouse; Fiscal Year: 2008..Overall, this study will examine intervention effects in dyads facing advanced cancer, in conjunction with program dose and patients' baseline risk for distress. ..
- Religion, Aging, and Mexican American HealthNeal Krause; Fiscal Year: 2010..To compare and contrast race differences in religiousness as well as race differences in the relationship between religion and health among older Whites, older Blacks, and older Mexican Americans. ..
- Gastric Tube Placement in Young ChildrenMarsha Ellett; Fiscal Year: 2008..Results from this study will increase the safety of using gastric tubes in young children. ..
- Youth and Parent Knowledge of Diabetes ComplicationsTim Wysocki; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Preventing Adverse Reactions in Novice Blood DonorsChristopher R France; Fiscal Year: 2010..Because we are working directly with the American Red Cross, our findings can be quickly translated into practice. ..
- NURSING INTERVENTIONS FOLLOWING SUDDEN CARDIAC ARRESTCYNTHIA DOUGHERTY; Fiscal Year: 2001..The findings are expected to be generalizable to other populations of high risk patients who leave the hospital after a very short stay, and to whom close follow-up cre by advanced practice nurses would be advantageous. ..
- Black HIV+ Mothers Influence Behaviors on DaughtersJulie Cederbaum; Fiscal Year: 2008..This preliminary research will form the foundation for future work examining the impact of an HIV serostatus on mother-daughter communication and it's impact on HIV risk reduction. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Stroke Recovery in Underserved PopulationsGlenn Ostir; Fiscal Year: 2009..The work is also important as it has the potential to "contribute important insights into why some do well and others do poorly in the face of persistent challenges." ..
- Health Behavior Trajectories Following Chronic Illness in Mid to Late LifeJason T Newsom; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Measuring Confrontation During RecoveryDouglas Polcin; Fiscal Year: 2008..g., criminal justice and mental health). Findings will help clarify the types of confrontations that facilitate recovery from addiction and those that are counterproductive. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Using Doctor-Patient Teams to Reduce Health DisparitiesLouis Penner; Fiscal Year: 2007..If successful, the study should provide an exportable means of improving communication between physicians and minority group patients and reducing disparities in health care. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- In-Depth Examination of Disparities in Cancer OutcomesCathy Bradley; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Balancing Hope & Truth-Telling for Patients with Ca/COPDJ Curtis; Fiscal Year: 2005..These strategies will be described and translated into interventions targeting nurses, physicians, and teams who provide care for patients with cancer, COPD, and other life-limiting diseases. ..
- LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES OF LONG TERM CANCER SURVIVORSCathy Bradley; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- The evolution of parasitism in rhizobial bacteriaJOEL SACHS; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Unmet Need: An Acute/Chronic Care LinkSusan Allen; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- COST-EFFECTIVENESS OF HMO RESIDENTIAL & OUTPATIENT CARELEE KASKUTAS; Fiscal Year: 2003..The study will confirm treatment content and will identify patient characteristics associated with successful treatment outcomes in each setting. ..
- Healthy Living in Two WorldsHILARY WEAVER; Fiscal Year: 2006..The curriculum emphasizes family involvement and is grounded in a recognition that contemporary urban Native youth reside within a multicultural context or "Two Worlds." ..
- A Lifestyle Change Program to Prevent Type 2 DiabetesRobin Whittemore; Fiscal Year: 2006..3. To explore the reach, adoption, implementation, and maintenance of a lifestyle change program delivered by NPs in primary care settings. ..
- Parents' Interpretation and Use of Genetic InformationAgatha Gallo; Fiscal Year: 2004..The results will inform professionals working with families, and contribute to the development of expert clinical judgment as a basis for addressing families' questions and concerns about a child's genetic condition. ..
- An Interactionist Model of Interpersonal DependencyRobert Bornstein; Fiscal Year: 2004..g., depression). ..
- Improving Physician Skill at Providing End-of-Life CareJ Curtis; Fiscal Year: 2004..The results will allow investigators and others to develop targeted educational and systemic interventions to improve the quality of this care. ..
- WEB DUBOIS COLLECTIVE RESEARCH INSTITUTEMARGARET SPENCER; Fiscal Year: 2003..g., color prejudice, under employment) that suggest the need to essentially redefine success or productivity within minority communities constrained by unique and chronic economic, social,a nd political issues. ..
- HYPERTENSION, RISK FOR HYPERTENSION AND HYPOALGESIAChristopher France; Fiscal Year: 2003..This information could be used to identify the best candidates for behavioral and other risk reduction efforts. ..
- PROSTATE CANCER--FAMILY CARE FOR PATIENTS AND SPOUSESLaurel Northouse; Fiscal Year: 2005..Overall, this study will test the effectiveness of a family-based program of care in improving clinical outcomes, and test the ability of a model to predict which patients and spouses are at increased risk of poorer quality of life. ..
- Adolescent Remedial Reading ProjectMARY CALHOON; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Peer Support--Congestive Heart Failure Self-ManagementMARY ELLEN HEISLER; Fiscal Year: 2009..If found effective, this approach could be used to improve health outcomes among patients with other chronic conditions, such as depression, chronic pain, or diabetes. ..
- Life Support Decisions for Extremely Premature InfantsKaren Kavanaugh; Fiscal Year: 2007..Analysis of data will focus on summarizing each case and identifying themes within and across cases. Data from this study will be used in a subsequent intervention study. ..
- A Randomized Trial of the STAR Program for Children with Autism Spectrum DisorderDavid Mandell; Fiscal Year: 2009..Findings from the proposed study would provide timely and critical evidence regarding the implementation and effectiveness of one promising practice, with direct relevance to translation of findings into practice and policy. ..
- Acceptance of Colorectal Cancer Risk Factor FeedbackWILLIAM KLEIN; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Reducing Depressive Symptoms in Low-Income MothersLinda Beeber; Fiscal Year: 2008..By helping these mothers better utilize Early Head Start resources, the positive benefits of the intervention can be maintained and thus result in lasting benefit for the child as well as the mother. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- EGO DEPLETION PATTERNS AND SELF-CONTROL FAILUREROY BAUMEISTER; Fiscal Year: 2001..The fourth section will explore several implications and applications of the depletion of self: vulnerability to loss of self-esteem from ego threat; prejudice; procrastination; and overeating. ..
- IMPROVING MEDICATION ADHERENCE IN COMORBID CONDITIONSJacqueline Dunbar Jacob; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Destructive Effects of Social RejectionROY BAUMEISTER; Fiscal Year: 2007..The fifth project will examine social exclusion outside the laboratory, in order to elucidate how exclusion affects people in everyday life. ..
- Learner Verification of Cervical Cancer Education with Mexican Immigrant WomenJennifer Hunter; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- BREEDING BIOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR OF MONOGAMOUS PRIMATESCharles Snowdon; Fiscal Year: 2006..By understanding the interaction of experience and hormones in facilitating care of infants by fathers and non-reproductive helpers in tamarins we hope to provide information of value to human families. ..
- Social Anxiety Disorder and Emotion RegulationTODD KASHDAN; Fiscal Year: 2007..Findings could ultimately lead to the development of more effective intervention efforts. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Alcohol Abuse Prevention: Overcoming Three BarriersNOAH GOLDSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..