deception

Summary

Summary: The act of deceiving or the fact (or condition) of being deceived.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Lie-specific involvement of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in deception
    Alberto Priori
    Department of Neurological Sciences, University of Milan, Fondazione IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Mangiagalli e Regina Elena 20122, Italy
    Cereb Cortex 18:451-5. 2008
  2. pmc The contributions of prefrontal cortex and executive control to deception: evidence from activation likelihood estimate meta-analyses
    Shawn E Christ
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65203, USA
    Cereb Cortex 19:1557-66. 2009
  3. ncbi Neural correlates of different types of deception: an fMRI investigation
    G Ganis
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Cereb Cortex 13:830-6. 2003
  4. pmc Placebos without deception: a randomized controlled trial in irritable bowel syndrome
    Ted J Kaptchuk
    Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e15591. 2010
  5. ncbi Cues to deception
    Bella M DePaulo
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, USA
    Psychol Bull 129:74-118. 2003
  6. ncbi Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex specifically processes general - but not personal - knowledge deception: Multiple brain networks for lying
    Francesca Mameli
    Centro Clinico per le Neuronanotecnologie e la Neurostimolazione, Fondazione IRCCS Ca Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, 20122 Milan, Italy
    Behav Brain Res 211:164-8. 2010
  7. ncbi Lying in everyday life
    B M DePaulo
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22903, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 70:979-95. 1996
  8. pmc Neural correlates of true memory, false memory, and deception
    Nobuhito Abe
    Department of Behavioral Neurology and Cognitive Neuroscience, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan
    Cereb Cortex 18:2811-9. 2008
  9. ncbi Covariations among fMRI, skin conductance, and behavioral data during processing of concealed information
    Matthias Gamer
    Department of Psychology, Interdisciplinary Research Group Forensic Psychophysiology, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany
    Hum Brain Mapp 28:1287-301. 2007
  10. ncbi Detecting deception using functional magnetic resonance imaging
    F Andrew Kozel
    Center for Advanced Imaging Research CAIR, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 58:605-13. 2005

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications322 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Lie-specific involvement of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in deception
    Alberto Priori
    Department of Neurological Sciences, University of Milan, Fondazione IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Mangiagalli e Regina Elena 20122, Italy
    Cereb Cortex 18:451-5. 2008
    ..86 +/- 5.0%; P = 0.002). These findings show that manipulation of brain function with DLPFC tDCS specifically influences experimental deception and that distinctive neural mechanisms underlie different types of lies.
  2. pmc The contributions of prefrontal cortex and executive control to deception: evidence from activation likelihood estimate meta-analyses
    Shawn E Christ
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65203, USA
    Cereb Cortex 19:1557-66. 2009
    Previous neuroimaging studies have implicated the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and nearby brain regions in deception. This is consistent with the hypothesis that lying involves the executive control system...
  3. ncbi Neural correlates of different types of deception: an fMRI investigation
    G Ganis
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Cereb Cortex 13:830-6. 2003
    b>Deception is a complex cognitive activity, and different types of lies could arise from different neural systems...
  4. pmc Placebos without deception: a randomized controlled trial in irritable bowel syndrome
    Ted J Kaptchuk
    Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e15591. 2010
    ..However, it is widely believed that response to placebo requires concealment or deception. We tested whether open-label placebo (non-deceptive and non-concealed administration) is superior to a no-..
  5. ncbi Cues to deception
    Bella M DePaulo
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, USA
    Psychol Bull 129:74-118. 2003
    ..are lying compared with when they are telling the truth? The combined results of 1,338 estimates of 158 cues to deception are reported...
  6. ncbi Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex specifically processes general - but not personal - knowledge deception: Multiple brain networks for lying
    Francesca Mameli
    Centro Clinico per le Neuronanotecnologie e la Neurostimolazione, Fondazione IRCCS Ca Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, 20122 Milan, Italy
    Behav Brain Res 211:164-8. 2010
    Despite intensive research into ways of detecting deception in legal, moral and clinical contexts, few experimental data are available on the neural substrate for the different types of lies...
  7. ncbi Lying in everyday life
    B M DePaulo
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22903, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 70:979-95. 1996
    ..Still, social interactions in which lies were told were less pleasant and less intimate than those in which no lies were told...
  8. pmc Neural correlates of true memory, false memory, and deception
    Nobuhito Abe
    Department of Behavioral Neurology and Cognitive Neuroscience, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan
    Cereb Cortex 18:2811-9. 2008
    ..imaging (fMRI) to determine whether neural activity can differentiate between true memory, false memory, and deception. Subjects heard a series of semantically related words and were later asked to make a recognition judgment of ..
  9. ncbi Covariations among fMRI, skin conductance, and behavioral data during processing of concealed information
    Matthias Gamer
    Department of Psychology, Interdisciplinary Research Group Forensic Psychophysiology, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany
    Hum Brain Mapp 28:1287-301. 2007
    Imaging techniques have been used to elucidate the neural correlates that underlie deception. The scientifically best understood paradigm for the detection of deception, however, the guilty knowledge test (GKT), was rarely used in ..
  10. ncbi Detecting deception using functional magnetic resonance imaging
    F Andrew Kozel
    Center for Advanced Imaging Research CAIR, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 58:605-13. 2005
    The ability to accurately detect deception is presently very limited. Detecting deception might be more accurately achieved by measuring the brain correlates of lying in an individual...
  11. ncbi Dissociable roles of prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortices in deception
    Nobuhito Abe
    Department of Behavioral Neurology and Cognitive Neuroscience, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan
    Cereb Cortex 16:192-9. 2006
    Recent neuroimaging studies have shown the importance of the prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortices in deception. However, little is known about the role of each of these regions during deception...
  12. ncbi What does the brain do when you fake it? An FMRI study of pantomimed and real grasping
    G Kroliczak
    Canadian Institutes of Health Research Group in Action and Perception, Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
    J Neurophysiol 97:2410-22. 2007
    ..Moreover, pantomimed grasping may not tap object-related areas within the ventral stream, but rather may rely on mechanisms within the right hemisphere that are recruited by artificial and less practiced actions...
  13. ncbi Behavioural and functional anatomical correlates of deception in humans
    S A Spence
    SCANLab, Academic Department of Psychiatry, University of Sheffield, The Longley Centre, Norwood Grange Drive, Sheffield S5 7JT, UK
    Neuroreport 12:2849-53. 2001
    ..05, corrected). These findings were replicated using an alternative protocol. Ventrolateral prefrontal cortex may be engaged in generating lies or withholding the truth...
  14. ncbi Telling truth from lie in individual subjects with fast event-related fMRI
    Daniel D Langleben
    University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Hum Brain Mapp 26:262-72. 2005
    b>Deception is a clinically important behavior with poorly understood neurobiological correlates...
  15. ncbi The contribution of executive processes to deceptive responding
    Ray Johnson
    Department of Psychology, Queens College, 65 30 Kissena Blvd, Flushing, NY 11367, USA
    Neuropsychologia 42:878-901. 2004
    ..Thus, the data indicate that anterior cingulate cortex plays a key role in making deceptive responses...
  16. ncbi Everyday lies in close and casual relationships
    B M DePaulo
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22903, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 74:63-79. 1998
    ..Also consistent with predictions, lies told to closer partners were more often discovered...
  17. ncbi Temporal course of executive control when lying about self- and other-referential information: an ERP study
    Xiaoqing Hu
    Department of Psychology, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, PR 321004, China
    Brain Res 1369:149-57. 2011
    Recent neuroimaging studies have been trying to investigate the neural correlates of deception. To explore the temporal course of neural activity underlying deception, we recorded event-related potentials (ERPs) while participants were ..
  18. pmc Time and encoding effects in the concealed knowledge test
    Travis L Seymour
    Psychology Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 34:177-87. 2009
    Although the traditional "lie detector" test is used frequently in forensic contexts, it has (like most test of deception) some limitations...
  19. ncbi Detecting deception by manipulating cognitive load
    Aldert Vrij
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:141-2. 2006
  20. ncbi Tell-tale eyes: children's attribution of gaze aversion as a lying cue
    Shiri Einav
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford, England
    Dev Psychol 44:1655-67. 2008
    ..Furthermore, the growing appreciation of the stereotypic gaze behavior associated with lying and the reputed female advantage in gaze sensitivity may reflect differential processing of multimodal communication...
  21. ncbi The cognition of deception: the role of executive processes in producing lies
    Victor A Gombos
    Department of Psychology, Claremont Graduate University, Claremont, CA 91711, USA
    Genet Soc Gen Psychol Monogr 132:197-214. 2006
    The cognitive processes used in deception have been largely overlooked in the literature on deception...
  22. ncbi A truth that's told with bad intent: an ERP study of deception
    Ricardo E Carrión
    Department of Psychiatry, Zucker Hillside Hospital, Long Island, NY 11004, United States
    Cognition 114:105-10. 2010
    ..However, the cognitive and neural underpinnings of deception are still poorly understood...
  23. pmc The contribution of mere recognition to the p300 effect in a concealed information test
    Ewout H Meijer
    Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 34:221-6. 2009
    ..Results showed that with both familiar faces, and autobiographical information, mere recognition was sufficient to elicit a P300...
  24. ncbi Pilfering ravens, Corvus corax, adjust their behaviour to social context and identity of competitors
    Thomas Bugnyar
    Department of Biology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
    Anim Cogn 9:369-76. 2006
    ....
  25. ncbi Neural processes underlying self- and other-related lies: an individual difference approach using fMRI
    Giorgio Ganis
    Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Soc Neurosci 4:539-53. 2009
    ..The results confirmed both hypotheses and supported the utility of this individual differences approach in the study of deception in particular, as well in the study of complex cognitive phenomena more generally.
  26. ncbi Sex and personality traits influence the difference between time taken to tell the truth or lie
    Tom F D Farrow
    Department of Academic Clinical Psychiatry, University of Sheffield, The Longley Centre, Northern General Hospital, UK
    Percept Mot Skills 97:451-60. 2003
    ..These preliminary data suggest that response time is systematically longer when telling a lie and that personality variables may play a part in this process...
  27. ncbi Brain mechanisms for inferring deceit in the actions of others
    Julie Grezes
    Laboratoire de Physiologie de la Perception et de l Action, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique College de France, 75005 Paris, France
    J Neurosci 24:5500-5. 2004
    ..We suggest that these activations reflect the observers' judgements of social intentions toward themselves and might reflect an emotional response to being deceived...
  28. ncbi The production and detection of deception in an interactive game
    Kamila E Sip
    Center of Functionally Integrative Neuroscience CFIN, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark
    Neuropsychologia 48:3619-26. 2010
    This experiment tests how people produce and detect deception while playing a computerized version of the dice game, Meyer...
  29. ncbi The self in conflict: the role of executive processes during truthful and deceptive responses about attitudes
    Ray Johnson
    Department of Psychology, Queens College CUNY Flushing, NY 11367, USA
    Neuroimage 39:469-82. 2008
    ..In addition, given that previous studies of deception have not included valence manipulations, we also wanted to determine whether the goodness/badness aspect of the ..
  30. pmc Subliminal salience search illustrated: EEG identity and deception detection on the fringe of awareness
    Howard Bowman
    Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience and Cognitive Systems CCNCS, School of Computing, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e54258. 2013
    We propose a novel deception detection system based on Rapid Serial Visual Presentation (RSVP)...
  31. ncbi Students come to medical schools prepared to cheat: a multi-campus investigation
    Suncana Kukolja Taradi
    Department of Physiology and Immunology, University of Zagreb School of Medicine, Salata, Croatia
    J Med Ethics 36:666-70. 2010
    ....
  32. ncbi Lying in the scanner: covert countermeasures disrupt deception detection by functional magnetic resonance imaging
    Giorgio Ganis
    Department of Radiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Neuroimage 55:312-9. 2011
    ..no fMRI study has examined directly the effect of countermeasures, methods used by prevaricators to defeat deception detection procedures...
  33. pmc Lying about the valence of affective pictures: an fMRI study
    Tatia M C Lee
    Laboratory of Neuropsychology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    PLoS ONE 5:e12291. 2010
    ..The key finding is that the neural activity associated with deception is valence-related...
  34. ncbi Detecting deception in pain expressions: the structure of genuine and deceptive facial displays
    Marilyn L Hill
    Arthritis Institute, St Joseph s Hospital, 268 Grosvenor St, P O Box 5777, London, Ontario, Canada N6A 4V2
    Pain 98:135-44. 2002
    ..including study of temporal patterns and contiguity of facial actions as well as the occurrence of specific deception cues...
  35. ncbi The role of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in deception when remembering neutral and emotional events
    Ayahito Ito
    Department of Behavioral Neurology and Cognitive Neuroscience, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 2 1 Seiryo machi, Aoba ku, Sendai 980 8575, Japan
    Neurosci Res 69:121-8. 2011
    We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate the neural correlates of deception while remembering neutral events and emotional events...
  36. ncbi Deception in psychology: moral costs and benefits of unsought self-knowledge
    Lisa Bortolotti
    Philosophy Department, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    Account Res 13:259-75. 2006
    Is it ethically permissible to use deception in psychological experiments? We argue that, provided some requirements are satisfied, it is possible to use deceptive methods without producing significant harm to research participants and ..
  37. ncbi The P300-based, complex trial protocol for concealed information detection resists any number of sequential countermeasures against up to five irrelevant stimuli
    Elena Labkovsky
    Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
    Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 37:1-10. 2012
    We previously tested the P300-based Complex Trial protocol for deception detection against 2 and 4 countered of 4 irrelevant stimuli. The protocol detected 90-100% of these subjects with <10% false positives...
  38. ncbi Brain activity during simulated deception: an event-related functional magnetic resonance study
    D D Langleben
    Department of Psychiatry, Treatment Research Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Neuroimage 15:727-32. 2002
    TheGuilty Knowledge Test (GKT) has been used extensively to model deception. An association between the brain evoked response potentials and lying on the GKT suggests that deception may be associated with changes in other measures of ..
  39. ncbi Cues to deception and ability to detect lies as a function of police interview styles
    Aldert Vrij
    Psychology Department, King Henry Building, University of Portsmouth, King Henry 1 Street, Portsmouth, PO1 2DY, United Kingdom
    Law Hum Behav 31:499-518. 2007
    ..Finally, manual RM coding resulted in more verbal cues to deception than automatic coding of the RM criteria utilising the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) software ..
  40. ncbi The truth about lying: inhibition of the anterior prefrontal cortex improves deceptive behavior
    Ahmed A Karim
    Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology, University of Tuebingen, Gartenstrasse 29, Tuebingen, Germany
    Cereb Cortex 20:205-13. 2010
    Recent neuroimaging studies have indicated a predominant role of the anterior prefrontal cortex (aPFC) in deception and moral cognition, yet the functional contribution of the aPFC to deceptive behavior remains unknown...
  41. ncbi Accuracy of deception judgments
    Charles F Bond
    Department of Psychology, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX 76129, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Rev 10:214-34. 2006
    We analyze the accuracy of deception judgments, synthesizing research results from 206 documents and 24,483 judges. In relevant studies, people attempt to discriminate lies from truths in real time with no special aids or training...
  42. ncbi Neural correlates of forgiveness for moral transgressions involving deception
    Akiko Hayashi
    Department of Behavioral Neurology and Cognitive Neuroscience, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan
    Brain Res 1332:90-9. 2010
    ..the neural mechanisms underlying the willingness to forgive another person's moral transgression involving deception. During scanning, 12 subjects were asked to judge the forgivability of a perpetrator's moral transgression...
  43. pmc Social and cognitive correlates of children's lying behavior
    Victoria Talwar
    Department of Educational and Counselling Psychology, McGill University, 3700 McTavish, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Child Dev 79:866-81. 2008
    ..Children's lying was related to their moral evaluations. These findings suggest that social and cognitive factors may play an important role in children's lie-telling abilities...
  44. ncbi Appearing truthful generalizes across different deception situations
    Mark G Frank
    School of Communication, Information, and Library Studies, Rutgers The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 86:486-95. 2004
    The authors investigated whether the ability to appear truthful is specific to deception situations...
  45. ncbi Reaction time of motor responses in two-stimulus paradigms involving deception and congruity with varying levels of difficulty
    Jennifer M C Vendemia
    Department of Psychology, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Behav Neurol 16:25-36. 2005
    b>Deception research has focused on identifying peripheral nervous system markers while ignoring cognitive mechanisms underlying those markers...
  46. ncbi Non-invasive brain stimulation in the detection of deception: scientific challenges and ethical consequences
    Bruce Luber
    Division of Brain Stimulation and Therapeutic Modulation, Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Behav Sci Law 27:191-208. 2009
    ..As such, there has been interest in whether these tools may represent novel technologies for deception detection by altering a person's ability to engage brain networks involved in conscious deceit...
  47. ncbi Types of deception revealed by individual differences in cognitive abilities
    Charity J Morgan
    Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    Soc Neurosci 4:554-69. 2009
    ..Each type of lie was predicted by a distinct set of MRAB scores. These results provide further evidence that deception is a multifaceted process and that different kinds of lies arise from the operation of different cognitive ..
  48. pmc Do parkinsonian patients have trouble telling lies? The neurobiological basis of deceptive behaviour
    Nobuhito Abe
    Department of Behavioral Neurology and Cognitive Neuroscience, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 2 1 Seiryo machi, Aoba ku, Sendai 980 8575, Japan
    Brain 132:1386-95. 2009
    ....
  49. ncbi Neural correlates of telling lies: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study at 4 Tesla
    K Luan Phan
    Department of Psychiatry, Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Acad Radiol 12:164-72. 2005
    Intentional deception (ie, lying) is a complex cognitive act, with important legal, moral, political, and economic implications...
  50. ncbi Psychopathic traits and deception: functional magnetic resonance imaging study
    Rachael S Fullam
    Centre for Forensic Behavioural Science, School of Psychology, Psychiatry and Psychological Medicine, Monash University, Victorian Institute of Forensic Mental Health, Locked Bag 10, Fairfield VIC 3078, Australia
    Br J Psychiatry 194:229-35. 2009
    There is relatively little existing information regarding the neural correlates of deception in individuals with psychopathic traits.
  51. ncbi How the brain shapes deception: an integrated review of the literature
    Nobuhito Abe
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Neuroscientist 17:560-74. 2011
    ..do people tell a lie? One useful approach to addressing this question is to elucidate the neural substrates for deception. Recent conceptual and technical advances in functional neuroimaging have enabled exploration of the psychology ..
  52. ncbi Law & psychiatry: The new lie detectors: neuroscience, deception, and the courts
    Paul S Appelbaum
    Division of Psychiatry, Law, and Ethics, Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 58:460-2. 2007
    ..Issues related to the use of such evidence in courts are discussed. The author concludes that neither approach is currently supported by enough data regarding its accuracy in detecting deception to warrant use in court.
  53. ncbi Who lies?
    D A Kashy
    Department of Psychology, Texas A and M University, College Station 77843 4235, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 70:1037-51. 1996
    ....
  54. ncbi Dangerous deception--hiding the evidence of adverse drug effects
    Jerry Avorn
    Harvard Medical School and Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics at Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, USA
    N Engl J Med 355:2169-71. 2006
  55. ncbi Leading a conspecific away from food in ravens (Corvus corax)?
    Thomas Bugnyar
    Konrad Lorenz Research Station, 4645 Grünau 11, Austria
    Anim Cogn 7:69-76. 2004
    ..These interactions between the two males illustrate the ravens' potential for deceptively manipulating conspecifics. We discuss under which circumstances ravens might use this capacity...
  56. ncbi The evolution and psychology of self-deception
    William von Hippel
    School of Psychology, University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia
    Behav Brain Sci 34:1-16; discussion 16-56. 2011
    In this article we argue that self-deception evolved to facilitate interpersonal deception by allowing people to avoid the cues to conscious deception that might reveal deceptive intent...
  57. ncbi Detecting deception: the scope and limits
    Kamila E Sip
    Center for Functional Integrative Neuroscience, Aarhus University Hospital, Nørrebrogade 44, Building 30, DK 8000 Arhus C, Denmark
    Trends Cogn Sci 12:48-53. 2008
    With the increasing interest in the neuroimaging of deception and its commercial application, there is a need to pay more attention to methodology...
  58. ncbi Lying about facial recognition: an fMRI study
    S Bhatt
    ISIS Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Box 571479, WA, DC 20057 1479, USA
    Brain Cogn 69:382-90. 2009
    Novel deception detection techniques have been in creation for centuries. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a neuroscience technology that non-invasively measures brain activity associated with behavior and cognition...
  59. ncbi Limitations to the detection of deception: true and false recollections are poorly distinguished using an event-related potential procedure
    John J B Allen
    Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 0068, USA
    Soc Neurosci 4:473-90. 2009
    The utility of using indices of neural function to identify deception relies on finding highly reliable and valid approaches that adequately identify the guilty and exonerate the innocent...
  60. ncbi Individual differences in judging deception: accuracy and bias
    Charles F Bond
    Department of Psychology, Texas Christian University, TX, USA
    Psychol Bull 134:477-92. 2008
    The authors report a meta-analysis of individual differences in detecting deception, confining attention to occasions when people judge strangers' veracity in real-time with no special aids...
  61. ncbi Intentional false responding shares neural substrates with response conflict and cognitive control
    Jennifer Maria Nuñez
    Department of Neurology and Neuroscience, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Neuroimage 25:267-77. 2005
    ....
  62. ncbi Seventeen-month-olds appeal to false beliefs to interpret others' referential communication
    Victoria Southgate
    Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, School of Psychology, Birkbeck, University of London, UK
    Dev Sci 13:907-12. 2010
    ..Our results show that manipulating whether or not a communicator has a false belief leads infants to different interpretations of the same communicative act, and demonstrate early mental state attribution in a pragmatic context...
  63. ncbi Deceiving others: distinct neural responses of the prefrontal cortex and amygdala in simple fabrication and deception with social interactions
    Nobuhito Abe
    Department of Behavioral Neurology and Cognitive Neuroscience, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 2 1 Seiryo machi, Aoba ku, Sendai 980 8575, Japan
    J Cogn Neurosci 19:287-95. 2007
    ..these techniques has gradually enabled clarification of the functional contributions of the prefrontal cortex in deception with respect to executive function, the specific roles of subregions within the prefrontal cortex and other ..
  64. ncbi Differentiation of deception using pupillary responses as an index of cognitive processing
    D P Dionisio
    San Diego State University, USA
    Psychophysiology 38:205-11. 2001
    The deception literature has predominantly focused on detection of guilty individuals using electrodermal measures. Little research has examined other psychophysiological measures or the mechanisms underlying deception...
  65. ncbi Darwin, deception, and facial expression
    Paul Ekman
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1000:205-21. 2003
    Darwin did not focus on deception. Only a few sentences in his book mentioned the issue...
  66. ncbi The action dynamics of overcoming the truth
    Nicholas D Duran
    Department of Psychology, University of Memphis, 202 Psychology Building, Memphis, TN 38152 3230, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 17:486-91. 2010
    ..Supplemental figures and a list of the sentence stimuli may be downloaded from http://pbr.psychonomic-journals.org/content/supplemental...
  67. ncbi Detecting deception in a bluffing body: the role of expertise
    Natalie Sebanz
    Centre for Cognition, Donders Institute for Brian, Cognition, and Behavior, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Psychon Bull Rev 16:170-5. 2009
    Studies of deception detection traditionally have focused on verbal communication. Nevertheless, people commonly deceive others through nonverbal cues...
  68. ncbi Pointing, withholding information, and deception in capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella)
    R W Mitchell
    Department of Psychology, Eastern Kentucky University, Richmond 40475, USA
    J Comp Psychol 111:351-61. 1997
    ....
  69. ncbi Attempting to hide our real thoughts: electrophysiological evidence from truthful and deceptive responses during evaluation
    Guangheng Dong
    Department of Psychology, Zhejiang Normal University, 688 Yingbin Road, Jinhua, 321004 Zhejiang, PR China
    Neurosci Lett 479:1-5. 2010
    ..Truthfulness towards attractive items was more easily conveyed than truthfulness towards unattractive items, as indicated by the smaller contingent negative variation (CNV). The potential reasons for these results are discussed...
  70. ncbi Debriefing and accountability in deceptive research
    Franklin G Miller
    Department of Bioethics, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Kennedy Inst Ethics J 18:235-51. 2008
    Debriefing is a standard ethical requirement for human research involving the use of deception. Little systematic attention, however, has been devoted to explaining the ethical significance of debriefing and the specific ethical ..
  71. ncbi Assigned versus random, countermeasure-like responses in the p300 based complex trial protocol for detection of deception: task demand effects
    John B Meixner
    Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208 2700, USA
    Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 34:209-20. 2009
    We recently introduced an accurate and countermeasure resistant P300-based deception detection test called the complex trial protocol (Rosenfeld et al. in Psychophysiology 45(6):906-919, 2008)...
  72. pmc Spontaneous innovation for future deception in a male chimpanzee
    Mathias Osvath
    Department of Cognitive Science, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
    PLoS ONE 7:e36782. 2012
    The ability to invent means to deceive others, where the deception lies in the perceptually or contextually detached future, appears to require the coordination of sophisticated cognitive skills toward a single goal...
  73. pmc The neural correlates of identity faking and concealment: an FMRI study
    Xiao Pan Ding
    School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, P R China
    PLoS ONE 7:e48639. 2012
    ..These results suggest that different neural systems associated with both identity processing and deception were involved in identity concealment and faking.
  74. ncbi The therapeutic placebo: the case for patient deception
    Kathleen M Boozang
    Health Law and Policy Program, Seton Hall University School of Law, USA
    Fla Law Rev 54:687-746. 2002
  75. ncbi Colour mimicry and sexual deception by Tongue orchids (Cryptostylis)
    A C Gaskett
    Department Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, 2109, Australia
    Naturwissenschaften 97:97-102. 2010
    ..distances, sexually deceptive orchids lure pollinators with counterfeit insect sex pheromones, but close-range deception with colour mimicry is a tantalising possibility...
  76. pmc Lying in the elementary school years: verbal deception and its relation to second-order belief understanding
    Victoria Talwar
    Department of Educational and Counselling Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, PQ, Canada
    Dev Psychol 43:804-10. 2007
    ..This ability is also positively correlated with children's 2nd-order belief scores, suggesting that theory of mind understanding plays an important role in children's ability to lie consistently...
  77. ncbi Placebo: the lie that comes true?
    Stewart Justman
    Liberal Studies Program, University of Montana, Liberal Arts Bldg 101, Missoula, MT 59812, USA
    J Med Ethics 39:243-8. 2013
    ..placebos has fallen into discredit, the use of half-truths and exaggerations-neither of which is technically a deception-becomes an ever more inviting possibility...
  78. ncbi New measures improve the accuracy of the directed-lie test when detecting deception using a mock crime
    Brian G Bell
    Department of Educational Psychology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
    Physiol Behav 94:331-40. 2008
    ..New physiological measures, skin potential excursion and a new respiratory measure improved the accuracy of the directed-lie test such that 86% of the innocent participants and 93% of the guilty participants were correctly classified...
  79. ncbi An object cue is more effective than a word in ERP-based detection of deception
    Tim R H Cutmore
    School of Psychology, Griffith University, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Int J Psychophysiol 71:185-92. 2009
    Recent studies of deception have used a form of the guilty knowledge test along with the oddball P300 event-related potential (ERP) to uncover hidden memories. These studies typically have used words as the cuing stimuli...
  80. ncbi Practice effects, workload, and reaction time in deception
    Jennifer M C Vendemia
    University of South Carolina, Department of Psychology, Columbia 29209, USA
    Am J Psychol 118:413-29. 2005
    Cognitive theorists argue that deception may involve attentional capture, working memory load, or perceived incongruity with memory, whereas psychophysiologists argue for stimulus salience, arousal, and emotion...
  81. pmc The use of deception in public health behavioral intervention trials: a case study of three online alcohol trials
    Jim McCambridge
    a London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
    Am J Bioeth 13:39-47. 2013
    Some public health behavioral intervention research studies involve deception. A methodological imperative to minimize bias can be in conflict with the ethical principle of informed consent...
  82. ncbi Police lie detection accuracy: the effect of lie scenario
    Maureen O'Sullivan
    Department of Psychology, University of San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94117, USA
    Law Hum Behav 33:530-8. 2009
    Although most people are not better than chance in detecting deception, some groups of police professionals have demonstrated significant lie detection accuracy...
  83. ncbi A plea for pragmatism in clinical research ethics
    David H Brendel
    Harvard Medical School, McLean Hospital, Belmont, MA 02478, USA
    Am J Bioeth 8:24-31. 2008
    ..We also show how pragmatic considerations might influence the debate about the use of deception in clinical research...
  84. ncbi Truth, lies or self-deception? Striatal D(2/3) receptor availability predicts individual differences in social conformity
    Alice Egerton
    Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
    Neuroimage 53:777-81. 2010
    ..the Lie scale of the revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, and IM and SDE were measured using the Paulhus Deception Scales. Analysis of personality variables revealed a positive relationship between Lie and log IM (r=0.64, p=0...
  85. ncbi An event-related potential study of deception to self preferences
    Shen Tu
    Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality SWU, Ministry of Education, Chongqing, China
    Brain Res 1247:142-8. 2009
    ..and control during deceptive decision-making; and (2) the generators of P1000-2000 were localized near the cuneus (CU) and the cingulate gyrus, which might be involved in conflict coordination in working memory due to deception.
  86. ncbi The Red Herring technique: a methodological response to the problem of demand characteristics
    Cara Laney
    University of California, Irvine, CA, USA
    Psychol Res 72:362-75. 2008
    ..We used two separate levels of deception. In addition to giving subjects a typical untrue rationale for the study (i.e...
  87. ncbi Academic dishonesty among undergraduates from private medical schools in India. Are we on the right track?
    Thirunavukkarasu Arun Babu
    Sri Lakshmi Narayana Institute of Medical Sciences SLIMS, India
    Med Teach 33:759-61. 2011
    ..Though doctors are considered to be respectful role models of professionalism and ethics, medical students are no strangers to academic dishonesty...
  88. ncbi From little white lies to filthy liars: the evolution of honesty and deception in young children
    Victoria Talwar
    Department of Educational and Counselling Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Adv Child Dev Behav 40:139-79. 2011
    ..The current review examines the development of deception among children...
  89. ncbi Self-assessment or self deception? A lack of association between nursing students' self-assessment and performance
    Pamela Baxter
    School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    J Adv Nurs 67:2406-13. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to examine senior year nursing students' ability to self-assess their performance when responding to simulated emergency situations...
  90. ncbi Milgram and Tuskegee--paradigm research projects in bioethics
    Emma Cave
    Department of Law, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom
    Health Care Anal 11:27-40. 2003
    ..What is discussed is thus often constructions of these studies that are closer to hypothetical examples than to the real studies...
  91. pmc Detecting deception in movement: the case of the side-step in rugby
    Sébastien Brault
    M2S Mouvement Sport Santé Laboratory, University of Rennes 2 Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan, Rennes, France
    PLoS ONE 7:e37494. 2012
    ..05). In this paper we not only present a mathematical model that describes how deception in body-based movement is detected, but we also show how perceptual expertise is manifested in action expertise...
  92. ncbi Relationships between conscientiousness, self-efficacy, self-deception, and learning over time
    Sunhee Lee
    Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, USA
    J Appl Psychol 87:1175-82. 2002
    The present study examined the dual mediating effects of self-efficacy and self-deception on the relationship between conscientiousness and learning over time...
  93. pmc Undergraduate and postgraduate pharmacy students' perceptions of plagiarism and academic honesty
    Greg Ryan
    Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sydney, Australia
    Am J Pharm Educ 73:105. 2009
    ..To assess undergraduate and postgraduate pharmacy students' perceptions of plagiarism and academic honesty...
  94. pmc Lyin' eyes: ocular-motor measures of reading reveal deception
    Anne E Cook
    Educational Psychology Department, University of Utah, 1705 Campus Center Dr, Rm 113, Salt Lake City, UT 84115, USA
    J Exp Psychol Appl 18:301-13. 2012
    Our goal was to evaluate an alternative to current methods for detecting deception in security screening contexts...
  95. ncbi A comparison of methods for the analysis of event-related potentials in deception detection
    J J Allen
    Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson 85721 0068, USA
    Psychophysiology 34:234-40. 1997
    ..One or the other method may be preferred depending upon incentive to deceive, the cost of incorrect decisions, and the availability of extra psychophysiological data...
  96. ncbi Look who's talking! Facial appearance can bias source monitoring
    Robert A Nash
    Department of Psychology, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK
    Memory 18:451-7. 2010
    ..We suggest possible real-life consequences of these stereotype-driven source-monitoring biases...
  97. ncbi Hemispheric asymmetry and deception detection
    Sarah Malcolm
    Cognitive Neuroimaging Laboratory, Montclair State University, Upper Montclair, NJ 07043, USA
    Laterality 10:103-10. 2005
    Previous research has indicated a possible right hemisphere advantage in deception detection including a possible left ear advantage in decoding deceptive statements...
  98. pmc Neocortex size predicts deception rate in primates
    Richard W Byrne
    School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, Fife KY16 9JU, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 271:1693-9. 2004
    ..b>Deception of conspecifics in social circumstances is an exception, because a corpus of field data is available that ..
  99. ncbi Effects of deception on exercise performance: implications for determinants of fatigue in humans
    Mark Robert Stone
    School of Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 44:534-41. 2012
    ....
  100. ncbi Effect of deception of distance on prolonged cycling performance
    S Paterson
    School of Human Movement Studies, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, NSW, Australia
    Percept Mot Skills 98:1017-26. 2004
    This study examined the effect of deception of distance end-point on prolonged cycling performance. 21 subjects were randomly allocated to three groups (n = 7 per group)...
  101. ncbi "He's guilty!": investigator bias in judgments of truth and deception
    Christian A Meissner
    Department of Psychology, Florida International University, University Park, Miami, Florida 33199, USA
    Law Hum Behav 26:469-80. 2002
    Detecting deception is an inherently difficult task, but one that plays a critical role for law enforcement investigators in the interrogation room...

Research Grants66

  1. Incentive-Based Intervention for Smoking Cessation and Prevention in High Schools
    Suchitra Krishnan Sarin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..free" lifestyle will allow for high school wide implementation of this project and decrease rates of potential deception in self-reports of smoking status...
  2. Ethical Approaches to Genotype-Driven Research Recruitment
    LAURA MARI BESKOW; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..tension between avoiding the introduction of potentially unwanted and uncertain information, and avoiding deception when explaining to prospective participants the purposes of the research and why they are being approached for ..
  3. Social Memory with Age: Behavioral and Neural Mechanisms
    Angela Gutchess; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..While general memory and its neural correlates may be relatively preserved with age, breakdowns in specific memory could leave older adults vulnerable to fraud and deception.
  4. Self-Structure and Ethical Behavior
    Carolin J Showers; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..characteristics of the self, and is operationalized in terms of existing, well-established measures of self-deception and self-structure. The project applies an existing model of the evaluative organization of the self (i.e...
  5. EFFECT OF COMMUNICATION MEDIUM ON INTERPERSONAL INTERACT
    Richard Robins; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..These cues have well-documented links to interpersonal variables, such as dominance, affiliation, trust, deception, and affective responses...
  6. PREDICTORS AND PARAMETERS OF HUMAN GRIEVING
    George Bonanno; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..g., dispositional self-deception, and to general functioning, e.g...
  7. REPRESSIVE RESPONSES TO SELF-CONCEPT THREATS
    ROY BAUMEISTER; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Repression and self-deception have long been identified as central factors in mental illness, while the maintenance of self-esteem is vital to ..
  8. Linguistic Analyses of Tobacco Industry Documents
    Donald Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Previous analyses of released tobacco industry documents succeeded in unearthing certain instances of industry deception and manipulation that deepened the threat to public health posed by tobacco use...
  9. SOCIAL INFLUENCE ON MEMORY ACROSS THE ADULT LIFESPAN
    Colleen Kelley; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..alters memory responses, people may experience negative consequences including increased vulnerability to deception and fraud...
  10. THE RECOGNITION OF MENTALISTIC AGENTS IN INFANCY
    Susan Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..both our own and others' mental states for the purposes of complex problem-solving and learning, not to mention deception. When and how this ability becomes available to children is therefore of particular theoretical importance...
  11. COMMUNICATION OF DECEPTION
    BELLA DE PAULO; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Plans for professional growth include gaining expertise in literature from other disciplines relevant to deception, and in the application of sophisticated systems of conversation analysis.
  12. DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN'S UNDERSTANDING OF PRETEND
    Angeline Lillard; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..at different ages is important to clarifying our expectations of them, understanding their vulnerabilities to deception, and so on...
  13. COMMUNICATION THROUGH NONVERBAL BEHAVIOR
    Paul Ekman; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..2) Deception and demeanor, determining whether it is possible to improve accuracy in judgments made on the basis of demeanor, ..
  14. Cognitive and Social Determinants of Children's Memory
    GABRIELLE PRINCIPE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. Functional neuromaging of cue-induced heroin craving
    Daniel Langleben; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Implementation of this training and research plan will help the candidate to become an independent investigator in the neuropsychiatry of addiction. ..
  16. DOT and fMRI Studies of Visual Perception and Imagery
    Giorgio Ganis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  17. Human Subjects Research Enhancement Program
    MICHELLE CHRISTY; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..will be accomplished through the use of hands-on workshops, conveying the history of human subjects research and assigning exercises wherein students will study such topics as informed consent, stress, and deception.
  18. Children's Conceptions of Lying: East-West Comparisons
    GAIL HEYMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In the legal domain, our findings can assist legal practitioners in developing culturally sensitive procedures to assess child witnesses'competence and credibility in courts of law. ..
  19. Views of Privacy of Genetic Information
    Robert Klitzman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The findings of this study can enhance further policy, professional and public education, and future research in this area. ..
  20. Using Team Simulation to Improve Error Disclosure to Patients and Safety Culture
    Thomas Gallagher; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Improving team communication and disclosure following harmful errors can enhance transparency and safety culture, increase patient satisfaction, and ultimately promote patient safety. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  21. THE DEVELOPMENT OF ABILITY CONCEPTIONS
    GAIL HEYMAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Together, these studies should provide a nuanced picture of the way in which children of different ages reason about ability, the factors affecting their reasoning, and the motivational consequences. ..
  22. Views and Approaches Toward Research Integrity Among IRBs
    Robert Klitzman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We anticipate that the data from this study will serve as a significant foundation in assisting future research and the improvement of Rl through guidelines, education and other capacity building. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. Trait and State Frontal Brain Asymmetry in Depression
    John Allen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Secondary aims address methodological and treatment-related questions, as well as assessing gender and menstrual cycle effects that may moderate the relationship between frontal EEG asymmetry and depression. ..
  24. Investigating Neurocircuitry of Geriatric Depression
    FRANK KOZEL; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The numerous clinical trials of mood disorders presently ongoing at UTSW provide a wealth of subjects for which different imaging hypotheses can be developed and tested...
  25. Do Labels Help Infants Form Non-Obvious Categories?
    VIKRAM JASWAL; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..By considering the role of labeling in the formation of categories, this research will make important contributions to the fields of cognitive and language development. ..
  26. ACUPUNCTURE IN THE TREATMENT OF DEPRESSION
    John Allen; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  27. Structural Brain Imaging in Psychopathy
    Yaling Yang; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..By uncovering the neural basis of psychopathy, this proposal will hopefully provide valuable scientific knowledge that will facilitate the development of prevention and treatment of this disorder. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. Influencing Children's Beliefs Through Language
    VIKRAM JASWAL; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..And yet, children should not be entirely credulous: Due to error, ignorance, or deception, people sometimes say things that are false...
  29. Data Coordinating Center for Sleep Heart Health
    Marie Diener West; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  30. Long Term Recovery Among Convicted Drunk Drivers
    Sandra Lapham; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  31. X-ray structures of HIV-1 neutralizing sites
    Ian Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These studies all have the common goal of providing essential structural information on HIV-1 proteins and anti-HIV-1 antibodies to help guide efforts in vaccine and inhibitor design. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  32. Cooperative Planning of the SDSU/UCSD Cancer Center Par*
    Elizabeth Klonoff; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  33. Social Aggression: Growth and Outcomes
    Marion Underwood; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  34. Environmental Methods for Reducing Collegiate Drinking
    Mark Wood; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The dual long-term objectives of this research are to provide college administrators with an enhanced armamentarium for reducing collegiate alcohol abuse while furthering the science of prevention. ..
  35. STRUCTURAL IMMUNOLOGY OF CLASSICAL AND NON-CLASSICAL MHC
    Ian A Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  36. The West Virginia Smoking Cessation or Reduction in Pregnancy Treatment Trial
    RICHARD ANTHONY WINDSOR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..0+ smokers. These Aims have not been empirically documented for a patient/providers population of a Medicaid supported state-wide prenatal program. ..
  37. SMS Turkey: Harnessing the power of TXT messaging to promote smoking cessation
    Michele Ybarra; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The high reach of cell phones allows us to potentially reach smokers who would otherwise not utilize traditional smoking cessation services, representing the possibility of a large public health impact. ..
  38. Participant Perspectives on Drug Use/HIV Research Ethics
    Celia Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  39. COMPUTER EDUCATION FOR BREAST CANCER GENETIC TESTING
    Michael Green; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  40. Gene x Environment Factors in Smoking Cessation
    Andrew Hyland; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. Testing explicit theoretical models of drinking/driving
    Sandra Lapham; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  42. NEWBORN GENETIC SCREENING:FOR WHOSE BENEFIT?
    Lainie Ross; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..OUTCOMES: The major outcomes will be a series of peer-reviewed articles and a full-length book entitled Newborn Genetic Screening: In whose Interest? For whose Benefit? ..
  43. XRAY STUDIES OF EPO AND IL2 RECEPTOR COMPLEXES
    Ian Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The crystallographic study of IL-2 mutants and various forms of the receptor complex should give insights into the structure and function of this key receptor in T cell growth and proliferation. ..
  44. Executive Functioning and Pretense in Development
    STEPHANIE CARLSON; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Specifically, a pretense context (symbolically represented rewards) will be used in an attempt to enhance children's self control. ..
  45. Behavioral correlates of fMRI response in cocaine users
    Rita Goldstein; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  46. Ethics: A Bridge for Communities and Scientists
    Ann Cook; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  47. Advanced Colorectal Neoplasia Following Polypectomy
    Maria Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Given that data were collected through the conduct of the studies, this results in a cost-effective and highly efficient approach for assessing this important research area. ..
  48. Mentoring the Responsible Conduct of Research
    Celia Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  49. RESTENOSIS AND ENDOTHELIAL PROLIFERATION
    Douglas Losordo; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Together these studies will result in a better understanding of the mechanisms, which govern EC recovery at sites of balloon injury and may lead to novel therapeutic strategies targeting endothelial recovery. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  50. Repeated Attempts at Recollection and False Memories
    LINDA HENKEL; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Dissemination of the findings from this project will benefit older adults by providing insights into some causes and remedies of age-related source memory declines. ..
  51. PREVENTION OF ALCOHOL ABUSE AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS
    Mark Wood; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..More effective interventions would result in fewer injuries from acute intoxication and lessen the risk for the development of alcoholism as a result of chronic alcohol abuse. ..
  52. RANDOMIZED SANCTIONS TO REDUCE DRUNK DRIVING RECIDIVISM
    Sandra Lapham; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Finally, the process will be evaluated to monitor the interventions and to enable replication of the protocol in other jurisdictions. ..
  53. Factors Related to Juvenile Drug Court Completion
    MEGAN RUTHERFORD; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  54. Fordham Resident Alcohol Prevention Program
    Celia Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  55. Cigarette smoking and colorectal cancer risk
    Andrew Hyland; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  56. A Website for Outpatient Quality of Life Assessment
    Albert Wu; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The overall impact will be to enhance the comprehensiveness of data available for clinical research. ..
  57. Phonetic and prosodic effects in perceptual assimilation
    JAMES HARNSBERGER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  58. Consequences of Prenatal Cocaine Exposure in Adolescence
    Virginia Delaney Black; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The proposed research will provide data critical to understanding the impact of prenatal cocaine exposure in adolescence, and to shape future studies of problem behaviors in late adolescence and early adulthood. ..
  59. Innovative Training Methods for Improving Work Outcome
    Robert Kern; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  60. Multiple Factors Affecting Placebo Response in PD
    Christopher Goetz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Defining these determinant influences will help enhance placebo responses in clinical practice and control them in clinical trials. ..
  61. Methodology of Phase I and II trials of anticancer CAM
    Andrew Vickers; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  62. JUDGEMENT OF CAUSAL EFFICACY
    BARBARA SPELLMAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This research also has practical implications for education, the legal system, and cognitive therapy techniques. ..
  63. Emotion, Reactivity, and Memory in Early Childhood
    Jodi Quas; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This knowledge will benefit educators, clinicians, legal professionals, and others charged with the responsibility of obtaining accurate and complete accounts from children across a variety of contexts. ..