social behavior


Summary: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The chameleon effect: the perception-behavior link and social interaction
    T L Chartrand
    Department of Psychology, New York University, New York 10003, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 76:893-910. 1999
  2. ncbi The spread of obesity in a large social network over 32 years
    Nicholas A Christakis
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 357:370-9. 2007
  3. ncbi The mirror-neuron system
    Giacomo Rizzolatti
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Sezione di Fisiologia, Via Volturno, 3, Universita di Parma 43100, Parma, Italy
    Annu Rev Neurosci 27:169-92. 2004
  4. pmc The collective dynamics of smoking in a large social network
    Nicholas A Christakis
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 358:2249-58. 2008
  5. ncbi The "Reading the Mind in the Eyes" Test revised version: a study with normal adults, and adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism
    S Baron-Cohen
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 42:241-51. 2001
  6. ncbi Collective memory and spatial sorting in animal groups
    Iain D Couzin
    Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation, School of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, U K
    J Theor Biol 218:1-11. 2002
  7. pmc The social brain: neural basis of social knowledge
    Ralph Adolphs
    California Institute of Technology Caltech, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 60:693-716. 2009
  8. ncbi Oxytocin, vasopressin, and the neurogenetics of sociality
    Zoe R Donaldson
    Center for Behavioral Neuroscience, Yerkes Regional Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Science 322:900-4. 2008
  9. ncbi Antisocial punishment across societies
    Benedikt Herrmann
    Centre for Decision Research and Experimental Economics, University of Nottingham, School of Economics, Sir Clive Granger Building, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    Science 319:1362-7. 2008
  10. ncbi Essential role of BDNF in the mesolimbic dopamine pathway in social defeat stress
    Olivier Berton
    Department of Psychiatry and Center for Basic Neuroscience, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, TX 75390 9070, USA
    Science 311:864-8. 2006

Detail Information

Publications314 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The chameleon effect: the perception-behavior link and social interaction
    T L Chartrand
    Department of Psychology, New York University, New York 10003, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 76:893-910. 1999
    ..Experiment 3 showed that dispositionally empathic individuals exhibit the chameleon effect to a greater extent than do other people...
  2. ncbi The spread of obesity in a large social network over 32 years
    Nicholas A Christakis
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 357:370-9. 2007
    ..The prevalence of obesity has increased substantially over the past 30 years. We performed a quantitative analysis of the nature and extent of the person-to-person spread of obesity as a possible factor contributing to the obesity epidemic...
  3. ncbi The mirror-neuron system
    Giacomo Rizzolatti
    Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Sezione di Fisiologia, Via Volturno, 3, Universita di Parma 43100, Parma, Italy
    Annu Rev Neurosci 27:169-92. 2004
    ..We stress, in particular, those properties specific to the human mirror-neuron system that might explain the human capacity to learn by imitation. We conclude by discussing the relationship between the mirror-neuron system and language...
  4. pmc The collective dynamics of smoking in a large social network
    Nicholas A Christakis
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 358:2249-58. 2008
    ..We examined the extent of the person-to-person spread of smoking behavior and the extent to which groups of widely connected people quit together...
  5. ncbi The "Reading the Mind in the Eyes" Test revised version: a study with normal adults, and adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism
    S Baron-Cohen
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 42:241-51. 2001
    ..The Revised Eyes Test has improved power to detect subtle individual differences in social sensitivity...
  6. ncbi Collective memory and spatial sorting in animal groups
    Iain D Couzin
    Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation, School of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, U K
    J Theor Biol 218:1-11. 2002
    ..These results are considered in the context of the evolution and ecological importance of animal groups...
  7. pmc The social brain: neural basis of social knowledge
    Ralph Adolphs
    California Institute of Technology Caltech, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 60:693-716. 2009
    ..Some of these processes likely account for aspects of human social behavior that are unique, such as our culture and civilization...
  8. ncbi Oxytocin, vasopressin, and the neurogenetics of sociality
    Zoe R Donaldson
    Center for Behavioral Neuroscience, Yerkes Regional Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Science 322:900-4. 2008
    There is growing evidence that the neuropeptides oxytocin and vasopressin modulate complex social behavior and social cognition...
  9. ncbi Antisocial punishment across societies
    Benedikt Herrmann
    Centre for Decision Research and Experimental Economics, University of Nottingham, School of Economics, Sir Clive Granger Building, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    Science 319:1362-7. 2008
    ..Our results show that punishment opportunities are socially beneficial only if complemented by strong social norms of cooperation...
  10. ncbi Essential role of BDNF in the mesolimbic dopamine pathway in social defeat stress
    Olivier Berton
    Department of Psychiatry and Center for Basic Neuroscience, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, TX 75390 9070, USA
    Science 311:864-8. 2006
    ..These results establish an essential role for BDNF in mediating long-term neural and behavioral plasticity in response to aversive social experiences...
  11. pmc Via freedom to coercion: the emergence of costly punishment
    Christoph Hauert
    Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Department of Mathematics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Science 316:1905-7. 2007
    ..Paradoxically, the freedom to withdraw from the common enterprise leads to enforcement of social norms. Joint enterprises that are compulsory rather than voluntary are less likely to lead to cooperation...
  12. ncbi The functional architecture of human empathy
    Jean Decety
    Social Cognitive Neuroscience, Institute for Learning and Brain Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 7988, USA
    Behav Cogn Neurosci Rev 3:71-100. 2004
    ..This functional model may be used to make specific predictions about the various empathy deficits that can be encountered in different forms of social and neurological disorders...
  13. ncbi Oxytocin increases trust in humans
    Michael Kosfeld
    University of Zurich, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Nature 435:673-6. 2005
    ..These results concur with animal research suggesting an essential role for oxytocin as a biological basis of prosocial approach behaviour...
  14. ncbi Molecular adaptations underlying susceptibility and resistance to social defeat in brain reward regions
    Vaishnav Krishnan
    Department of Psychiatry, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center UTSWMC, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, TX 75390 9070, USA
    Cell 131:391-404. 2007
  15. pmc Amygdala volume and social network size in humans
    Kevin C Bickart
    Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Nat Neurosci 14:163-4. 2011
    ..These findings indicate that the amygdala is important in social behavior.
  16. ncbi Understanding and sharing intentions: the origins of cultural cognition
    Michael Tomasello
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    Behav Brain Sci 28:675-91; discussion 691-735. 2005
    ..The developmental outcome is children's ability to construct dialogic cognitive representations, which enable them to participate in earnest in the collectivity that is human cognition...
  17. ncbi Sociability and preference for social novelty in five inbred strains: an approach to assess autistic-like behavior in mice
    S S Moy
    North Carolina STAART Center for Autism Research, Neurodevelopmental Disorders Research Center, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Genes Brain Behav 3:287-302. 2004 terms of potential applications of the new methods, and the proper controls for the interpretation of social behavior data, including assays for health, relevant sensory abilities and motor functions...
  18. ncbi Uniquely human social cognition
    Rebecca Saxe
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology 46 4019, 43 Vassar St, Cambridge MA, 02138, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 16:235-9. 2006
  19. ncbi Visual fixation patterns during viewing of naturalistic social situations as predictors of social competence in individuals with autism
    Ami Klin
    Yale Child Study Center, Yale University, 230 S Frontage Rd, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 59:809-16. 2002
    ..Enhanced ecological validity was intended to maximize between-group effect sizes and assess the predictive utility of experimental variables relative to outcome measures of social competence...
  20. ncbi The social neuroscience of empathy
    Tania Singer
    University of Zurich, Laboratory for Social and Neural Systems Research, Zurich, Switzerland
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1156:81-96. 2009
  21. ncbi "Economic man" in cross-cultural perspective: behavioral experiments in 15 small-scale societies
    Joseph Henrich
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Behav Brain Sci 28:795-815; discussion 815-55. 2005
    ..Fifth, in many cases experimental play appears to reflect the common interactional patterns of everyday life...
  22. ncbi Social cognitive neuroscience: a review of core processes
    Matthew D Lieberman
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 1563, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 58:259-89. 2007
  23. ncbi Social evaluation by preverbal infants
    J Kiley Hamlin
    Yale University, Department of Psychology, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 8205, USA
    Nature 450:557-9. 2007
    ..This capacity may serve as the foundation for moral thought and action, and its early developmental emergence supports the view that social evaluation is a biological adaptation...
  24. ncbi A unifying view of the basis of social cognition
    Vittorio Gallese
    Department of Neuroscience, Section of Physiology, University of Parma, Italy
    Trends Cogn Sci 8:396-403. 2004
    ..A similar mechanism, but involving the activation of viscero-motor centers, underlies the experiential understanding of the emotions of others...
  25. pmc Genomic comparison of the ants Camponotus floridanus and Harpegnathos saltator
    Roberto Bonasio
    Department of Biochemistry, New York University School of Medicine, 522 First Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA
    Science 329:1068-71. 2010
    ..Our findings provide clues on the molecular differences between castes in these two ants and establish a new experimental model to study epigenetics in aging and behavior...
  26. pmc Genes and social behavior
    Gene E Robinson
    Department of Entomology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 505 South Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Science 322:896-900. 2008 the organization and functioning of neural circuits and molecular pathways in the brain that support social behavior? How does social experience interact with information in the genome to modulate brain activity? Here, we ..
  27. ncbi Markets, religion, community size, and the evolution of fairness and punishment
    Joseph Henrich
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, 2136 West Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada
    Science 327:1480-4. 2010
    ..These results suggest that modern prosociality is not solely the product of an innate psychology, but also reflects norms and institutions that have emerged over the course of human history...
  28. ncbi The computation of social behavior
    Timothy E J Behrens
    Oxford Centre for Functional MRI of the Brain FMRIB Centre, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Science 324:1160-4. 2009
    Neuroscientists are beginning to advance explanations of social behavior in terms of underlying brain mechanisms. Two distinct networks of brain regions have come to the fore...
  29. ncbi Interacting minds--a biological basis
    C D Frith
    Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Science 286:1692-5. 1999
    ..These observations suggest that the ability to mentalize has evolved from a system for representing actions...
  30. pmc Modulating social behavior with oxytocin: how does it work? What does it mean?
    Patricia S Churchland
    Philosophy Department, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr, La Jolla, CA 92093 0119, USA
    Horm Behav 61:392-9. 2012
    Among its many roles in body and brain, oxytocin influences social behavior. Understanding the precise nature of this influence is crucial, both within the broader theoretical context of neurobiology, social neuroscience and brain ..
  31. pmc Promoting social behavior with oxytocin in high-functioning autism spectrum disorders
    Elissar Andari
    Centre de Neuroscience Cognitive, Unité Mixte de Recherche 5229, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 69675 Bron, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:4389-94. 2010
    ..Thus, under oxytocin, patients respond more strongly to others and exhibit more appropriate social behavior and affect, suggesting a therapeutic potential of oxytocin through its action on a core dimension of autism.
  32. ncbi Costly punishment across human societies
    Joseph Henrich
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, 1557 Dickey Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Science 312:1767-70. 2006
    ..These findings are consistent with models of the gene-culture coevolution of human altruism and further sharpen what any theory of human cooperation needs to explain...
  33. ncbi The amygdala theory of autism
    S Baron-Cohen
    Departments of Experimental Psychology and Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, UK
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 24:355-64. 2000
    ..The amygdala is therefore proposed to be one of several neural regions that are abnormal in autism. We conclude that the amygdala theory of autism contains promise and suggest some new lines of research...
  34. pmc Automated monitoring and analysis of social behavior in Drosophila
    Heiko Dankert
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA
    Nat Methods 6:297-303. 2009
    ..Ethograms may be constructed automatically from these measurements, saving considerable time and effort. This technology should enable large-scale screens for genes and neural circuits controlling courtship and aggression...
  35. ncbi Social semantics: altruism, cooperation, mutualism, strong reciprocity and group selection
    S A West
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, Edinburgh, UK
    J Evol Biol 20:415-32. 2007
    ..We draw examples from all areas, but especially recent work on humans and microbes...
  36. pmc Two-year-olds with autism orient to non-social contingencies rather than biological motion
    Ami Klin
    Yale Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06519 1124, USA
    Nature 459:257-61. 2009
    ..This observation has far-reaching implications for understanding the altered neurodevelopmental trajectory of brain specialization in autism...
  37. ncbi Dissociable medial prefrontal contributions to judgments of similar and dissimilar others
    Jason P Mitchell
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, William James Hall, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Neuron 50:655-63. 2006
    ..The overlap between judgments of self and similar others suggests the plausibility of "simulation" accounts of social cognition, which posit that perceivers can use knowledge about themselves to infer the mental states of others...
  38. ncbi Oxytocin modulates neural circuitry for social cognition and fear in humans
    Peter Kirsch
    Cognitive Neuroscience Group, Center for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Justus Liebig University, D 35385 Giessen, Germany
    J Neurosci 25:11489-93. 2005
  39. ncbi Coordinated punishment of defectors sustains cooperation and can proliferate when rare
    Robert Boyd
    Department of Anthropology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90064, USA
    Science 328:617-20. 2010
    ..We show that punishment can proliferate when rare, and when it does, it enhances group-average payoffs...
  40. ncbi Frontal lobe contributions to theory of mind
    V E Stone
    University of Cambridge, Department of Experimental Psychology, Cambridge, CB2 3EB, UK
    J Cogn Neurosci 10:640-56. 1998
    ..In contrast, no specific theory of mind deficits were evident in the unilateral dorsolateral frontal lesion patients. The dorsolateral lesion patients had difficulty only on versions of the tasks that placed demands on working memory...
  41. pmc Oxytocin: the great facilitator of life
    Heon Jin Lee
    Section on Neural Gene Expression, NIMH, NIH, DHHS, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Prog Neurobiol 88:127-51. 2009
    ..Many, if not most, of Oxt's functions, from social interactions (affiliation, aggression) and sexual behavior to eventual parturition, lactation and maternal behavior, may be viewed as specifically facilitating species propagation...
  42. ncbi Impulse control and underlying functions of the left DLPFC mediate age-related and age-independent individual differences in strategic social behavior
    Nikolaus Steinbeis
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig 04303, Germany
    Neuron 73:1040-51. 2012
  43. ncbi Empirical analysis of an evolving social network
    Gueorgi Kossinets
    Department of Sociology and Institute for Social and Economic Research and Policy, Columbia University, 420 West 118th Street, MC 3355, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Science 311:88-90. 2006
    ..In the absence of global perturbations, average network properties appear to approach an equilibrium state, whereas individual properties are unstable...
  44. ncbi Social cognition and the brain: a meta-analysis
    Frank Van Overwalle
    Department of Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussel, Belgium
    Hum Brain Mapp 30:829-58. 2009
  45. ncbi Evolution of cooperation and conflict in experimental bacterial populations
    Paul B Rainey
    Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3RB, UK
    Nature 425:72-4. 2003
  46. pmc Why copy others? Insights from the social learning strategies tournament
    L Rendell
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Biology, University of St Andrews, Queen s Terrace, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9TS, UK
    Science 328:208-13. 2010
    ..The winning strategy (discountmachine) relied nearly exclusively on social learning and weighted information according to the time since acquisition...
  47. ncbi Collecting close-contact social mixing data with contact diaries: reporting errors and biases
    T Smieszek
    ETH Zurich, Institute for Environmental Decisions, Natural and Social Science Interface, Zurich, Switzerland
    Epidemiol Infect 140:744-52. 2012
    ..We estimated that the probability of forgetting a contact of ≤5 min duration is greater than 50%. Furthermore, the number of forgotten contacts appears to be proportional to the total number of contacts...
  48. ncbi Perceptions of moral character modulate the neural systems of reward during the trust game
    M R Delgado
    Department of Psychology, 6 Washington Place, New York University, New York, New York 10003, USA
    Nat Neurosci 8:1611-8. 2005
  49. ncbi Social learning promotes institutions for governing the commons
    Karl Sigmund
    Faculty of Mathematics, University of Vienna, A 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Nature 466:861-3. 2010
  50. ncbi Behavioral manifestations of autism in the first year of life
    Lonnie Zwaigenbaum
    Department of Paediatrics, McMaster Children s Hospital, McMaster University, PO Box 2000, Hamilton, Ont, Canada L8N 3Z5
    Int J Dev Neurosci 23:143-52. 2005
  51. ncbi Oxytocin, vasopressin, and human social behavior
    Markus Heinrichs
    Department of Psychology, University of Freiburg, Freiburg i Br, Germany
    Front Neuroendocrinol 30:548-57. 2009 indispensable for social relationships, studies are beginning to dissect the roles of OT and AVP in human social behavior. New experimental paradigms and technologies in human research allow a more nuanced investigation of the ..
  52. pmc Functional brain correlates of social and nonsocial processes in autism spectrum disorders: an activation likelihood estimation meta-analysis
    Adriana Di Martino
    Phyllis Green and Randolph Cowen Institute for Pediatric Neuroscience at the New York University NYU Child Study Center, New York, New York 10016, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 65:63-74. 2009
    ..Here, we provide an objective, unbiased survey of functional brain abnormalities in ASD, related to both social and nonsocial processing...
  53. ncbi Genetics of human social behavior
    Richard P Ebstein
    Department of Psychology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91905, Israel
    Neuron 65:831-44. 2010
    ..genes engaging the social brain has occurred in the past decade, aided by deep insights accumulated about social behavior in lower mammals...
  54. ncbi Oxytocin increases retention of social cognition in autism
    Eric Hollander
    Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 61:498-503. 2007
    ..This study explored the effect of intravenous oxytocin administration on the retention of social information in autism...
  55. ncbi Automaticity of social behavior: direct effects of trait construct and stereotype-activation on action
    J A Bargh
    Department of Psychology, New York University, New York 10003, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 71:230-44. 1996
    ..Implications of this automatic behavior priming effect for self-fulfilling prophecies are discussed, as is whether social behavior is necessarily mediated by conscious choice processes.
  56. ncbi The human amygdala in social judgment
    R Adolphs
    Department of Neurology, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City 52242, USA
    Nature 393:470-4. 1998
    ..The amygdala appears to be an important component of the neural systems that help retrieve socially relevant knowledge on the basis of facial appearance...
  57. ncbi Reflective and impulsive determinants of social behavior
    Fritz Strack
    Department of Psychology, University of Wurzburg, Germany
    Pers Soc Psychol Rev 8:220-47. 2004
    This article describes a 2-systems model that explains social behavior as a joint function of reflective and impulsive processes...
  58. pmc Conditional calcineurin knockout mice exhibit multiple abnormal behaviors related to schizophrenia
    Tsuyoshi Miyakawa
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, The Picower Center for Learning and Memory and RIKEN Massachusetts Institute of Technology Neuroscience Research Center, Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:8987-92. 2003
    ..Collectively, the abnormalities of CN mutant mice are strikingly similar to those described for schizophrenia. We propose that alterations affecting CN signaling could comprise a contributing factor in schizophrenia pathogenesis...
  59. pmc The evolution of antisocial punishment in optional public goods games
    David G Rand
    Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Nat Commun 2:434. 2011
    ..As opposed to an altruistic act that promotes cooperation, punishment is mostly a self-interested tool for protecting oneself against potential competitors...
  60. pmc Neuroligin-1 deletion results in impaired spatial memory and increased repetitive behavior
    Jacqueline Blundell
    Departments of Neurology and Psychiatry, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, 75390 8813, USA
    J Neurosci 30:2115-29. 2010
  61. ncbi Optimal traffic organization in ants under crowded conditions
    Audrey Dussutour
    Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale, UMR CNRS 5169, Universite Paul Sabatier, 118 route de Narbonne, F 31062 Toulouse Cedex 4, France
    Nature 428:70-3. 2004
    ..The balancing mechanism between cohesive and dispersive forces appears to be generic in natural, urban and transportation systems...
  62. pmc A hub-and-spoke circuit drives pheromone attraction and social behaviour in C. elegans
    Evan Z Macosko
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Laboratory of Neural Circuits and Behavior, The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, New York 10065, USA
    Nature 458:1171-5. 2009
    ..The coordination of social behaviours by RMG suggests an anatomical hub-and-spoke model for sensory integration in aggregation, and points to functions for related circuit motifs in the C. elegans wiring diagram...
  63. pmc Social transfer of pathogenic fungus promotes active immunisation in ant colonies
    Matthias Konrad
    Evolutionary Biology, IST Austria Institute of Science and Technology Austria, Klosterneuburg, Austria
    PLoS Biol 10:e1001300. 2012
    ..Interestingly, humans have also utilised the protective effect of low-level infections to fight smallpox by intentional transfer of low pathogen doses ("variolation" or "inoculation")...
  64. pmc Structural and dynamical patterns on online social networks: the Spanish May 15th movement as a case study
    Javier Borge-Holthoefer
    Instituto de Biocomputación y Física de Sistemas Complejos BIFI, Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain
    PLoS ONE 6:e23883. 2011
    ..Our study represents a first step towards the use of data from online social media to comprehend modern societal dynamics...
  65. pmc Emergence of responsible sanctions without second order free riders, antisocial punishment or spite
    Christian Hilbe
    Evolutionary Theory Group, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, D 24306 Plon, Germany
    Sci Rep 2:458. 2012
    ..Thus, our willingness to punish free riders is ultimately a selfish decision rather than an altruistic act; punishment serves as a warning, showing that one is not willing to accept unfair treatments...
  66. pmc A standardized protocol for repeated social defeat stress in mice
    Sam A Golden
    Fishberg Department of Neuroscience, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA
    Nat Protoc 6:1183-91. 2011
    ..The automated detection of social avoidance allows a marked increase in throughput, reproducibility and quantitative analysis. This protocol is highly adaptable, but in its most common form it requires 3-4 weeks for completion...
  67. ncbi Fairness versus reason in the ultimatum game
    M A Nowak
    Institute for Advanced Study, Einstein Drive, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Science 289:1773-5. 2000
    ..We show that fairness will evolve if the proposer can obtain some information on what deals the responder has accepted in the past. Hence, the evolution of fairness, similarly to the evolution of cooperation, is linked to reputation...
  68. ncbi Validation of a brief quantitative measure of autistic traits: comparison of the social responsiveness scale with the autism diagnostic interview-revised
    John N Constantino
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Autism Dev Disord 33:427-33. 2003
    ..Q. and exhibited inter-rater reliability on the order of 0.8. The SRS is a valid quantitative measure of autistic traits, feasible for use in clinical settings and for large-scale research studies of autism spectrum conditions...
  69. pmc Modeling users' activity on twitter networks: validation of Dunbar's number
    Bruno Goncalves
    School of Informatics and Computing, Center for Complex Networks and Systems Research, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e22656. 2011
    ..We propose a simple model for users' behavior that includes finite priority queuing and time resources that reproduces the observed social behavior.
  70. ncbi The influence of social hierarchy on primate health
    Robert M Sapolsky
    Departments of Biological Sciences, Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Stanford University, MC 5020, Stanford, CA 94305 5020, USA
    Science 308:648-52. 2005
    ..Finally, I consider how these findings apply to the human realm of health, disease, and socioeconomic status...
  71. pmc Yawn contagion and empathy in Homo sapiens
    Ivan Norscia
    Centro Interdipartimentale Museo di Storia Naturale e del Territorio, Universita di Pisa, Calci, Pisa, Italy
    PLoS ONE 6:e28472. 2011
    ..In conclusion, our results demonstrate that yawn contagion is primarily driven by the emotional closeness between individuals and not by other variables, such as gender and nationality...
  72. ncbi "I had so much it didn't seem fair": Eight-year-olds reject two forms of inequity
    Peter R Blake
    Graduate School of Education, Harvard University, 510 Larsen Hall, 14 Appian Way, Cambridge, MA 02138, United States
    Cognition 120:215-24. 2011
    ..By contrast, 8-year-olds rejected both forms of inequity. These results suggest that two distinct mechanisms underlie the development of the two forms of inequity aversion...
  73. ncbi Designing mouse behavioral tasks relevant to autistic-like behaviors
    Jacqueline N Crawley
    Mouse Behavioral Phenotyping Laboratory, Neurodevelopmental Disorders Research Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev 10:248-58. 2004
  74. ncbi Autism during infancy: a retrospective video analysis of sensory-motor and social behaviors at 9-12 months of age
    G T Baranek
    Center for Development and Learning, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 27599 7255, USA
    J Autism Dev Disord 29:213-24. 1999
  75. ncbi Cleaner wrasses Labroides dimidiatus are more cooperative in the presence of an audience
    Ana Pinto
    Institute of Biology, University of Neuchatel, Rue Emile Argand 11, 2000 Neuchatel, Switzerland
    Curr Biol 21:1140-4. 2011
    ..containing an audience of eavesdropping bystanders has also been proposed to have important consequences for social behavior, including levels of cooperation [8]...
  76. ncbi Theory of mind in patients with frontal variant frontotemporal dementia and Alzheimer's disease: theoretical and practical implications
    Carol Gregory
    Fulbourn Hospital, Cambridge, UK
    Brain 125:752-64. 2002
    ..This study supports the hypothesis that patients with fvFTD, but not those with Alzheimer's disease, are impaired on tests of ToM, and may explain some of the abnormalities in interpersonal behaviour that characterize fvFTD...
  77. ncbi Reciprocity: weak or strong? What punishment experiments do (and do not) demonstrate
    Francesco Guala
    Department of Economics, University of Milan, 20122 Milan, Italy
    Behav Brain Sci 35:1-15. 2012
    ..The lack of field evidence for costly punishment suggests important constraints about what forms of cooperation can or cannot be sustained by means of decentralised policing...
  78. ncbi Collective cognition in animal groups
    Iain D Couzin
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 13:36-43. 2009
    ..It is proposed that important commonalities exist with the understanding of neuronal processes and that much could be learned by considering collective animal behavior in the framework of cognitive science...
  79. pmc Estimating the impact of school closure on social mixing behaviour and the transmission of close contact infections in eight European countries
    Niel Hens
    Interuniversity Institute for Biostatistics and Statistical Bioinformatics, Hasselt University, Agoralaan 1, B3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium
    BMC Infect Dis 9:187. 2009
    ..Of particular interest is the potential impact of school closure as a means of controlling pandemic influenza (and potentially other pathogens)...
  80. ncbi Early social attention impairments in autism: social orienting, joint attention, and attention to distress
    Geraldine Dawson
    Department of Psychology, Center on Human Development and Disability, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Dev Psychol 40:271-83. 2004
    ..These results help to clarify the nature of social attention impairments in autism, offer clues to developmental mechanisms, and suggest targets for early intervention...
  81. ncbi Social norms and human cooperation
    Ernst Fehr
    University of Zurich, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Trends Cogn Sci 8:185-90. 2004
    ..Moreover, the explicit study of sanctioning behavior provides instruments for measuring social norms and has also led to deeper insights into the proximate and ultimate forces behind human cooperation...
  82. ncbi Diminishing reciprocal fairness by disrupting the right prefrontal cortex
    Daria Knoch
    Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, University of Zurich, Blumlisalpstrasse 10, 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Science 314:829-32. 2006
    ..Importantly, however, subjects still judge such offers as very unfair, which indicates that the right DLPFC plays a key role in the implementation of fairness-related behaviors...
  83. ncbi Copying actions and copying outcomes: social learning through the second year
    Mark Nielsen
    Early Cognitive Development Unit, School of Psychology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    Dev Psychol 42:555-65. 2006
    ..Finally, 24-month-old subjects predominantly focused on copying the model's specific actions. However, they were less likely to produce the modeled outcome when the model acted non-socially...
  84. pmc Neural correlates of mentalizing-related computations during strategic interactions in humans
    Alan N Hampton
    Computation and Neural Systems Program and Division of Humanities and Social Sciences, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, M C 228 77, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:6741-6. 2008
    ..These results suggest dissociable contributions of different parts of the mentalizing network to the computations underlying higher-order strategizing in humans...
  85. ncbi The neurobiology of social cognition
    R Adolphs
    The University of Iowa, Department of Neurology, Division of Cognitive Neuroscience, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 11:231-9. 2001
    ..Open questions remain about the domain-specificity of social cognition, about its overlap with emotion and with communication, and about the methods best suited for its investigation...
  86. pmc The social brain: allowing humans to boldly go where no other species has been
    Uta Frith
    ICN, UCL, London, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:165-76. 2010
    ..The use of deliberate social signals can serve to increase reputation and trust and facilitates teaching. This is likely to be a critical factor in the steep cultural ascent of mankind...
  87. ncbi Six quantitative trait loci influence task thresholds for hygienic behaviour in honeybees (Apis mellifera)
    Peter R Oxley
    Behaviour and Genetics of Social Insects Laboratory, School of Biological Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
    Mol Ecol 19:1452-61. 2010
    ..These candidates will allow molecular characterization of this distinctive behavioural mode of disease resistance, as well as providing the opportunity for marker-assisted selection for this commercially significant trait...
  88. pmc Trophallaxis and prophylaxis: social immunity in the carpenter ant Camponotus pennsylvanicus
    Casey Hamilton
    Department of Biology, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Biol Lett 7:89-92. 2011
    ..The externalization and sharing of an individual's immune responses via trophallaxis could be an important component of social immunity, allowing insect colonies to thrive under high pathogenic pressures...
  89. ncbi Effects of the enteric bacterial metabolic product propionic acid on object-directed behavior, social behavior, cognition, and neuroinflammation in adolescent rats: Relevance to autism spectrum disorder
    Derrick F MacFabe
    The Kilee Patchell Evans Autism Research Group, Department of Psychology, Division of Developmental Disabilities, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
    Behav Brain Res 217:47-54. 2011
    ..bacteria in the gut, to adolescent (41 ± 4 days) male rats in a study of restricted/repetitive behavior, social behavior, and cognition. The goal was to further evaluate the effects of PPA in young rodents. PPA (4 μl of 0...
  90. ncbi CD38 is critical for social behaviour by regulating oxytocin secretion
    Duo Jin
    Kanazawa University 21st Century COE Program on Innovative Brain Science on Development, Learning and Memory, Kanazawa 920 8640, Japan
    Nature 446:41-5. 2007
    ..These results reveal that CD38 has a key role in neuropeptide release, thereby critically regulating maternal and social behaviours, and may be an element in neurodevelopmental disorders...
  91. pmc Inferring the structure and dynamics of interactions in schooling fish
    Yael Katz
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:18720-5. 2011
    ..The interactions revealed here may help account for the rapid changes in speed and direction that enable real animal groups to stay cohesive and amplify important social information...
  92. ncbi Intergenerational transmission of subthreshold autistic traits in the general population
    John N Constantino
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 57:655-60. 2005
    ..Subthreshold autistic social impairments are known to aggregate in the family members of autistic probands; therefore, we conducted this study to examine the intergenerational transmission of such traits in the general population...
  93. ncbi Social network size affects neural circuits in macaques
    J Sallet
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3UD, UK
    Science 334:697-700. 2011
    ..The changes have potential implications for an animal's success in a social context; gray matter differences in similar areas were also correlated with each animal's dominance within its social network...
  94. ncbi Beauty in a smile: the role of medial orbitofrontal cortex in facial attractiveness
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, 12 Queen Square, London WC1 3BG, UK
    Neuropsychologia 41:147-55. 2003
    ..Responses in this region were further enhanced by a smiling facial expression, suggesting that the reward value of an attractive face as indexed by medial OFC activity is modulated by a perceiver directed smile...
  95. pmc Quorum decision-making facilitates information transfer in fish shoals
    Ashley J W Ward
    Centre for Mathematical Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:6948-53. 2008
    ..This study shows that effective and accurate information transfer in groups may be gained only through nonlinear responses of group members to each other, thus highlighting the importance of quorum decision-making...
  96. pmc On optimal decision-making in brains and social insect colonies
    James A R Marshall
    Department of Computer Science, School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Woodland Road, Bristol BS8 1UB, UK
    J R Soc Interface 6:1065-74. 2009
    ..Our approach also represents the first attempt to identify a common theoretical framework for the study of decision-making in diverse biological systems...
  97. ncbi Spontaneous emergence of leaders and followers in foraging pairs
    Sean A Rands
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    Nature 423:432-4. 2003
    ..Moreover, the strategy that gives rise to this behaviour can be implemented by a simple 'rule of thumb' that requires no detailed knowledge of the state of other individuals...
  98. ncbi Policing stabilizes construction of social niches in primates
    Jessica C Flack
    Santa Fe Institute, Santa Fe, New Mexico 87501, USA
    Nature 439:426-9. 2006
    ..The structure of such networks plays a critical role in infant survivorship, emergence and spread of cooperative behaviour, social learning and cultural traditions...
  99. pmc Collegial decision making based on social amplification leads to optimal group formation
    Jean Marc Amé
    Service d Ecologie Sociale CP231, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, avenue F D Roosevelt 50, B 1050 Brussels, Belgium
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:5835-40. 2006
    ..This mechanism leads to optimal mean benefit for group individuals. Our model points to a generic self-organized collective decision-making process independent of animal species...
  100. ncbi Using data on social contacts to estimate age-specific transmission parameters for respiratory-spread infectious agents
    Jacco Wallinga
    National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Am J Epidemiol 164:936-44. 2006
    ..These findings have important implications for controlling future outbreaks of novel respiratory-spread infectious agents...
  101. ncbi Gaze direction differentially affects avoidance tendencies to happy and angry faces in socially anxious individuals
    Karin Roelofs
    Leiden University Institute for Psychological Research, Clinical Psychology Unit, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 48:290-4. 2010

Research Grants74

  1. CRF-Oxytocin Interaction in the Regulation of Stress and Affect
    Joanna Dabrowska; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Dr. Young, a world-renowned expert in the neurobiology of oxytocin and social behavior, will provide training in the pharmacology of oxytocin and the oxytocin receptor, and he will guide me in the ..
  2. A Computational Framework for Mapping Long Range Genetic Circuits
    Tolga Tasdizen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Nowhere is this need clearer than for the brain system controlling social behavior and emotion, where dysregulation of circuitry has been implicated in the most devastating mental illnesses, ..
  3. Chemical approaches for studying the biology of CD38
    Hening Lin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..cells, and its deregulation is found to contribute to several different human diseases, including leukemia, social behavior defects, diabetes, and osteoporosis...
  4. Function and Structure Adaptations in Forebrain Development
    PAT R LEVITT; Fiscal Year: 2013 alterations in cortical interneuron development, intermittent seizures, increased anxiety and reduced social behavior in mice...
  5. NeuroMolecular consequences of adolescent binge drinking
    Toni R Pak; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..for all of the aims will employ both cutting-edge proteomic and epigenetic techniques, along with classical social behavior tasks, to gain a broad mechanistic understanding of how alcohol can produce long-term, possibly permanent ..
    Timothy E Holy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..present in natural bodily secretions, such as urine, and represent a prime candidate for organizing mammalian social behavior. In mice, behavioral or physiological responses mediated by the accessory olfactory system frequently involve ..
    Thomas J Rowell; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..a longitudinal study to examine neurochemical and neuroendocrine correlates of aggressive and affiliative/social behavior and determine how position in the dominance hierarchy is associated with these parameters...
  8. Measuring Altered Social Behavior in Neurodegenerative Disease
    Katherine P Rankin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Changes in social behavior and personality are often the first symptoms of a neurodegenerative disorder, and eventually occur in the course of most dementias...
  9. Foxp2 regulation of sex specific transcriptional pathways and brain development
    JERALD MICHAEL BOWERS; Fiscal Year: 2013 exploring how suppression of Foxp2 during the neonatal developmental period impacts both vocalization and social behavior differently in males versus females...
  10. Young Development of a Novel PET Ligand for Detecting Oxytocin Receptors in Brain
    Larry J Young; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Oxytocin (OT) is a neuropeptide that has been implicated in the regulation of social cognition and social behavior both in animal models and in humans...
    Ned H Kalin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Because of similarities in brain structure and social behavior, the rhesus monkey represents the ideal animal model for understanding the biological underpinnings of AT...
  12. The Ecology, Emergence and Pandemic Potential of Nipah virus in Bangladesh
    Peter Daszak; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We propose that human population density and social behavior in Bangladesh, NiV viral biology, NiV ecology in fruit bats, and interactions between bats, livestock and ..
  13. Octopamine Neuroanatomy and Functioning in Fruit Fly Social Behavior
    KYLE LYNN GOBROGGE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..a model system to study the neurochemical genetic organization of the brain and its relevance to programming social behavior. The display of aggression and courtship behavior in the fruit fly is sexually dimorphic - with males ..
  14. Hormonal Modulation of Aggression in Drosophila
    Edward A Kravitz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..provided by applicant): Aggression is an innate behavior that is a nearly universal feature of the social behavior of animals...
  15. Mechanisms of Stress-Enhanced Aversive Conditioning
    Jelena Radulovic; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..oxytocin receptors (Oxtr), respectively, are potently activated during social interactions and co-regulate social behavior. However, the delayed effects of mGluR5 and Oxtr on affective processes markedly differ: the adverse effects ..
  16. The role of Type 3 deiodinase in Brain Sexual Differentiation
    Arturo Hernandez; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The lack of an active D3 also results in alterations in brain structure, abnormal social behavior and decreased levels of certain neuropeptides related to behavioral functions...
  17. Inflammation, Stress, and Social Behavior: Using Ecological Assessments and Model
    Charles Raison; Fiscal Year: 2012
  18. Metrics and tools for phenotyping sociality and development in animal models
    Jeffrey C Schank; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..and software) that will enable scientists to rapidly assess whether laboratory mice are developing normal social behavior. Such biomedical assessment tools are urgently needed for studying and remediating illnesses such as autism ..
  19. Characterization of the Transcriptome in an Emerging Model for Social Behavior
    James W Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Behavior, Behavioral Change, and Prevention and specific Challenge Topic, 01-GM-102: Model organisms for social behavior studies...
  20. Oxytocin Receptors and Social Behavior
    Larry J Young; Fiscal Year: 2013 applicant): Oxytocin (OT) is a neuropeptide that plays an important role in regulating many aspects of social behavior, including maternal nurturing, social information processing, and social attachment...
  21. Mechanisms Underlying Tauopathy Following Traumatic Brain Injury
    David Brody; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..assess both short term and longer-term pathological and behavioral outcomes, including innovative tests of social behavior and mood regulation in mice. 3) There are three types of JNK in the brain called JNK1, JNK2 and JNK3...
  22. Social and Motivational Properties of Vasoactive Intestinal Polypeptide Circuits
    James L Goodson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..are found at high density in all brain area that are known to contribute to parental care, and throughout social behavior circuits more generally...
  23. Integrative Neurobiology of Social Processes
    S Marc Breedlove; Fiscal Year: 2013 signals, and because hormones affect myriad targets in the body, including the brain, to coordinate social behavior. These hormone-sensitive systems permit us to study molecular events, too: secretion of specific hormones, ..
  24. Steroid Catecholamine Interactions and Behavior
    Gregory F Ball; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In addition to the preoptic area, aromatase is widely distributed in brain nuclei of the social behavior network...
  25. Neurogenetic Model of Social Behavior Heterogeneity in Autism Spectrum Disorders
    Michael L Platt; Fiscal Year: 2010 Duke University, Yale University, and the University of Puerto Rico to develop a model of heterogeneity in social behavior in a nonhuman primate model in an ethologically natural context, identify genetic variation associated with ..
  26. Vasopressin in the regulation of serotonin and anxiety
    BENJAMIN DAVID ROOD; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Disorders that disrupt our social behavior have devastating consequences for individuals, families, and society at large...
  27. Epigenetic Influence on Thyroid Hormone Action in the Brain and on Behavior
    Arturo Hernandez; Fiscal Year: 2013 humans, such as neonatal and adult patterns of brain gene expression, adult brain morphology and social behavior. In addition, we propose to define the epigenetic footprint of thyroid hormone by analyzing in certain ..
  28. Cognitive and socioemotional development after postnatal anesthesia
    Mark G Baxter; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Experiments in rodents have demonstrated long-term impairments in cognition and social behavior after administration of general anesthetics early in life...
  29. Design & Synthesis of Novel CNS-Active Oxytocin and Vasopressin Receptor Ligands
    Edward Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Vasopressin and oxytocin are key factors that have been shown to have profound effects in animal models of social behavior. These models are being used to understand more fully, human social deficit disorders such as the symptoms ..
  30. Synaptic Plasticity, Memory and Social Behavior
    ..on protein synthesis-dependent hippocampal synaptic plasticity, as well as hippocampus-dependent memory, and social behavior. Electrophysiological, behavioral and biochemical analysis will be used to determine whether protein ..
  31. The role of vasopressin in the social deficits of autism
    Karen J Parker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..However, preclinical research has shown that in an OT receptor null (Oxtr-/-)mouse model of autism, social behavior is modulated selectively through brain AVP V1a receptors and that AVP administration rescues social deficits ..
  32. Long-term benefits of dog ownership: Effects on stress and social behavior
    Kristen Jacobson; Fiscal Year: 2013
  33. Modeling Schizophrenia with Altered Expression of Neuregulin 1 (Nrg1)
    NANCY MEIYUN CHIU BIVENS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and endophenotypes of schizophrenia such as sensory motor gating (Pre-pulse inhibition), abnormal social behavior, working memory deficits, and altered brain morphology...
  34. Genetics of Brain and Behavioral Modifications in Response to Social Interactions
    Sergey V Nuzhdin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Although common across taxa, social learning requires the integration of associative learning, memory and social behavior (LMS);and these vary considerably among individuals within a species...
  35. Limbic-Basal Ganglia Circuitry in PTSD
    Ludise Malkova; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The field of social behavior research still lacks appropriate animal models for social pathology that leads to inappropriate aggression, ..
  36. Postmenopausal Monkey Resource
    CYNTHIA LOUISE BETHEA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will obtain longitudinal assessments of social behavior, activity, temperature, cognitive function, brain structure, immune function, fat accumulation, glucose ..
  37. Implantable Minipump For Tetherless Drug Self-Administration In Mice
    ..This experimental tool will allow examination of the effects of complex behaviors (e.g. social behavior, maternal behavior) and complex environments on addiction...
  38. Stressor controllability and anxiety: role of serotonin and prefrontal cortex.
    JOHN PAUL CHRISTIANSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The aims have significant relevance to the Affect and Social Behavior program because the behavioral and neural components of stressor controllability and anxiety are similar to ..
  39. Paternal Care, Affiliation and Vasopressin: Mechanisms of Monogamy
    Alexander G Ophir; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The proposed studies will examine how causal manipulations of a neuropeptide receptor that regulates social behavior, V1aR, influence the behavioral phenotypes constituting mammalian monogamy...
  40. Serotonin, Maternal Behavior and Postpartum Depression
    Ming Li; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Maternal behavior in rats is a highly motivated and well-organized social behavior. It is an ecologically valid animal model for the study of basic psychological processes such as emotion, motivation,..
  41. Mood, mother and infant: The psychobiology of impaired dyadic development
    Alison M Stuebe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Recent work implicates reductions in oxytocin, a neuropeptide that plays a central role in mothering and social behavior, in the pathophysiology of this disorder...
  42. Social Influences on drug reward and monoamines
    Sondra T Bland; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..deprivation (isolation rearing) has been used as a model of adolescent adversity that produces changes in social behavior as well as alterations in the responses to drugs of abuse...
    Margaret M McCarthy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The neurologic origins of both normal and pathological social behavior remain poorly understood...
  44. Synaptic processing in the basal ganglia
    David J Perkel; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..experimentally accessible model of human vocal learning that also exemplifies the acquisition of complex social behavior. A male songbird learns his courtship song by first memorizing his father's song, and later using ..
  45. Social Outcomes in Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury
    Keith O Yeates; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..information processing;and (4) study the linkages among brain structures, social information processing, and social behavior and adjustment among children with TBI...
  46. Williams Syndrome: A Model for Linking Genes, Neural Systems and Social Phenotype
    JULIE RUTH KORENBERG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Studies will target genes implicated in social behavior within the WS region...
  47. Emotion processing: Risk for psychopathology
    Seth D Pollak; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..sensitivity to emotion-related contingencies in their environments, which is critical for understanding social behavior and related to problems such as anxiety and depression;(2) examine the efficiency with which children ..
  48. Metagenetic analysis of microbial community behavior
    JO E HANDELSMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The application addresses broad challenge area Model organisms for social behavior studies: Identification and development of model organisms that allow for integrative analyses of the genetic, ..
  49. Sex-specific regulation of social behavior: Focus on oxytocin and neural circuits
    Kelly M Dumais; Fiscal Year: 2013 the brain as OT is an evolutionarily highly conserved neuropeptide, plays a key role in the regulation of social behavior in humans and other species, and has therapeutic potential in the treatment of social dysfunction in ASD and ..
  50. Prenatal ethanol exposure effects on reward circuitry and ethanol consumption
    JAMES PATRICK RICE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Although deficits in several brain regions related to social behavior and learning and memory have been identified in animals exposed to moderate levels of ethanol in utero, few ..
  51. Role of neuroligins in long-term plasticity at excitatory and inhibitory synapses
    Holly Sue Engelman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..knockout of neuroliginl or knock-in of a mutation found in autistic patients are known to have impaired social behavior. Recent studies have found mutations in many activity-dependent genes in autistic patients, and it is ..
  52. Molecular Mechanisms of Social Behavior
    Anna V Kukekova; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..characterize the genetic loci determining fox behavioral phenotypes to yield insights into the genetics of social behavior and its underlying molecular mechanisms, not only in foxes, but in other mammals, including humans...
  53. Psychosocial disruption of estradiol action on behavior
    Donna J Toufexis; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We hypothesize that E2's ability to positively affect emotional and social behavior is compromised in individuals experiencing chronic unpredictable psychosocial stress, and that this factor ..
  54. A Unique Natural Model for Studying the Mechanisms Underlying Social Behavior
    Donna L Maney; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Animal models, particularly those in which definitive neuroendocrine and genetic links to social behavior have been described, are therefore valuable systems in which to study the hormones and genes that influence ..
  55. Argentine ants: A system a study genes involved in human behavioral disease
    CHRISTOPHER DAVID SMITH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Experimentation with behavior genes in humans is not feasible, making the development of a 'social behavior'animal model system desirable...
  56. Role of HDAC6 in a murine model of affective disorder and antidepressant action
    Olivier Berton; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..First, this proposal will increase our understanding of the fundamental mechanisms of complex social behavior relevant to the socio-affective component of depressive symptomatology...
  57. Orchestra: A high performance biomedical supercomputing collaborative
    Marcos Athanasoulis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..performance computing in all areas of biomedical research, ranging from genomics to epidemiology, models of social behavior, computational cell biology and clinical, medical and translational computing...
  58. Predicting deficits in social competence for pediatric brain tumor survivors
    KATHRYN A VANNATTA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e., social information processing skills, social behavior and interactions, social adjustment) and contextual resources (i.e...
  59. Progestogens'non-classical effects and mechanisms for social &mood processes
    Cheryl Anne Frye; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..3a,5a-THP levels in the midbrain VTA both facilitate, and are enhanced by, affective and social behavior. The pregnane X receptor (PXR) mediates the production of, and/or metabolism to, various neurobiological ..
  60. Neurodevelopmental Mechanisms of Social Behavior
    PAT R LEVITT; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..As characterized in primary sensory systems, the development of social behavior is likely to be influenced by gene-environment interactions that govern the ontogeny of brain circuits...
  61. Animal Model of Genetics and Social Behavior in Autism Spectrum Disorders
    Michael L Platt; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Evidence suggests that individual variation in social behavior in ASD, as well as within the typically developing human population, arises from a combination of genetic ..
  62. Dissecting hormonal &neural control of social behavior in a transgenic cichlid
    SCOTT ALAN JUNTTI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  63. Youth produced videos to reduce UV exposure in adolescents
    Lori A Crane; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..six research aims, utilizing two theoretical frameworks, Theory of Planned Behavior and Theory of Normative Social Behavior. Specific Aim 1 involves conducting qualitative "elicitation" interviews with adolescents to determine ..
  64. Neurogenomics of Social Behavior: Songbird Models
    David F Clayton; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..01) Behavior, Behavioral Change, and Prevention and specific Challenge Topic, 01-GM-102: Model organisms for social behavior studies...
    PATRICIA GOWATY; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..of these variables to parental allocation tactics and dispersal of offspring, variables that mediate social behavior in one species...
  66. Oxytocin, Postnatal Experience & Adult Maternal Behavior
    Cort Pedersen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..studies of early maternal separation effects in rats demonstrate that postnatal nurturing also shapes adult social behavior and stress responses in lower mammals...
    Michael Pereira; Fiscal Year: 1992
    The first longitudinal, comparative investigation of social structure and development of social behavior in lemurs is proposed...
    Allyson Washburn; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The proposed pilot work is preliminary to a longitudinal study of the relationships among social behavior, social cognition, and general cognitive status in dementia patients and in a group of controls matched for ..
  69. Allosteric Potentiators of the Oxytocin System for the Control of Social Motivati
    Michael Jarstfer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    The biochemical underpinnings of complex social behavior are poorly understood...
    Sandra J Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) includes a constellation of symptoms and deficits in social behavior has become acknowledged as possibly one of the most debilitating symptoms...
    Pauline Yahr; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The expression of sex behavior can clearly affect both the mental and physical health of men and their partners. ..
  72. Extending Social Skills Training for Children Through Interactive Technology
    MELISSA DEROSIER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..SST) is supported as an efficacious method for significantly improving children's peer relations, social behavior, and emotional adjustment and reducing risk of developmental psychopathology...
  73. Neural Circuitry of Social Behavior in Bonnet Macaques
    Jack Gorman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    In attempting to understand the fundamental neurobiology of social behavior, a primate animal model would be ideal...
  74. Extending Evidence-Based Social Skills Training to Young Children
    JANEY MCMILLEN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..research supports the use of social skills training (SST) for improving children's peer relations, social behavior, and emotional adjustment (see Greenberg, Domitrovich, and Bumbarger, 2001, for review)...