unsafe sex

Summary

Summary: Sexual behaviors which are high-risk for contracting SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES or for producing PREGNANCY.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Gay men who look for sex on the Internet: is there more HIV/STI risk with online partners?
    Graham Bolding
    City University London, London, UK
    AIDS 19:961-8. 2005
  2. pmc Elevated risk for HIV infection among men who have sex with men in low- and middle-income countries 2000-2006: a systematic review
    Stefan Baral
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e339. 2007
  3. ncbi Alcohol use and sexual risks for HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: systematic review of empirical findings
    Seth C Kalichman
    Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, 406 Babbidge Road, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Prev Sci 8:141-51. 2007
  4. pmc Environmental-structural interventions to reduce HIV/STI risk among female sex workers in the Dominican Republic
    Deanna Kerrigan
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Room 5523A, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:120-5. 2006
  5. ncbi Female sex workers and unsafe sex in urban and rural Nyanza, Kenya: regular partners may contribute more to HIV transmission than clients
    H A C M Voeten
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Trop Med Int Health 12:174-82. 2007
  6. pmc The many faces of sex work
    C Harcourt
    Sydney Sexual Health Centre, Sydney Hospital, PO Box 1614, Sydney, NSW 2001, Australia
    Sex Transm Infect 81:201-6. 2005
  7. ncbi Alcohol use and high-risk sexual behavior in Sub-Saharan Africa: a narrative review
    Sarah E Woolf-King
    Department of Psychology, Syracuse University, NY 13244, USA
    Arch Sex Behav 40:17-42. 2011
  8. ncbi Sex behaviour of men who have sex with men and risk of HIV in Andhra Pradesh, India
    Lalit Dandona
    Centre for Public Health Research, Administrative Staff College of India, Hyderabad, India
    AIDS 19:611-9. 2005
  9. pmc Disclosure of HIV status to sex partners and sexual risk behaviours among HIV-positive men and women, Cape Town, South Africa
    L C Simbayi
    Human Sciences Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
    Sex Transm Infect 83:29-34. 2007
  10. ncbi Prevalence of unsafe sex with one's steady partner either HIV-negative or of unknown HIV status and associated determinants in Cameroon (EVAL ANRS12-116 survey)
    Aissata Dia
    INSERM UMR912 SE4S, Marseille 13006, France
    Sex Transm Infect 86:148-54. 2010

Detail Information

Publications292 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Gay men who look for sex on the Internet: is there more HIV/STI risk with online partners?
    Graham Bolding
    City University London, London, UK
    AIDS 19:961-8. 2005
    ..To examine whether the excess risk for HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) seen among gay men who look for sex through the Internet occurs with men they meet online (through the Internet) rather than offline (in bars, clubs, etc)...
  2. pmc Elevated risk for HIV infection among men who have sex with men in low- and middle-income countries 2000-2006: a systematic review
    Stefan Baral
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e339. 2007
    ....
  3. ncbi Alcohol use and sexual risks for HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: systematic review of empirical findings
    Seth C Kalichman
    Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, 406 Babbidge Road, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Prev Sci 8:141-51. 2007
    ..Sexual risk reduction interventions are needed for men and women who drink and interventions should be targeted to alcohol serving establishments...
  4. pmc Environmental-structural interventions to reduce HIV/STI risk among female sex workers in the Dominican Republic
    Deanna Kerrigan
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Room 5523A, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:120-5. 2006
    ..We assessed the effectiveness of 2 environmental-structural interventions in reducing risks of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among female sex workers in the Dominican Republic...
  5. ncbi Female sex workers and unsafe sex in urban and rural Nyanza, Kenya: regular partners may contribute more to HIV transmission than clients
    H A C M Voeten
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Trop Med Int Health 12:174-82. 2007
    To compare the sexual behaviour of female sex workers in urban and rural areas in Nyanza province in Kenya, and to compare their unsafe sex with clients and with regular partners.
  6. pmc The many faces of sex work
    C Harcourt
    Sydney Sexual Health Centre, Sydney Hospital, PO Box 1614, Sydney, NSW 2001, Australia
    Sex Transm Infect 81:201-6. 2005
    ..To compile a global typography of commercial sex work...
  7. ncbi Alcohol use and high-risk sexual behavior in Sub-Saharan Africa: a narrative review
    Sarah E Woolf-King
    Department of Psychology, Syracuse University, NY 13244, USA
    Arch Sex Behav 40:17-42. 2011
    ..Based on this discussion, a model of alcohol and high-risk sexual behavior in an African context is proposed in order to integrate the existing literature and highlight areas in need of continued research...
  8. ncbi Sex behaviour of men who have sex with men and risk of HIV in Andhra Pradesh, India
    Lalit Dandona
    Centre for Public Health Research, Administrative Staff College of India, Hyderabad, India
    AIDS 19:611-9. 2005
    ..To obtain information on sex behaviour of a large sample of men who have sex with men (MSM) in India that would assist in planning HIV prevention...
  9. pmc Disclosure of HIV status to sex partners and sexual risk behaviours among HIV-positive men and women, Cape Town, South Africa
    L C Simbayi
    Human Sciences Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
    Sex Transm Infect 83:29-34. 2007
    ..The HIV epidemic continues to amplify in southern Africa and there is a growing need for HIV prevention interventions among people who have tested HIV positive...
  10. ncbi Prevalence of unsafe sex with one's steady partner either HIV-negative or of unknown HIV status and associated determinants in Cameroon (EVAL ANRS12-116 survey)
    Aissata Dia
    INSERM UMR912 SE4S, Marseille 13006, France
    Sex Transm Infect 86:148-54. 2010
    ..Our study aimed at estimating the prevalence of inconsistent condom use and at identifying its determinants in steady partnerships among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Cameroon...
  11. ncbi Causal links between binge drinking patterns, unsafe sex and HIV in South Africa: its time to intervene
    M F Chersich
    Reproductive Health and HIV Research Unit, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Int J STD AIDS 21:2-7. 2010
    ..However, given available evidence, implementation of effective interventions could alleviate much alcohol-attributable disease, including unsafe sex, sexual violence, unintended pregnancy and, likely, HIV transmission.
  12. ncbi "Serosorting" in casual anal sex of HIV-negative gay men is noteworthy and is increasing in Sydney, Australia
    Limin Mao
    National Centre in HIV Social Research, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    AIDS 20:1204-6. 2006
    ..Prevention and intervention programmes are urgently needed to alert HIV-negative gay men to the risks associated with "serosorting", and remind them of the need for consistent condom use...
  13. pmc Unprotected anal intercourse, risk reduction behaviours, and subsequent HIV infection in a cohort of homosexual men
    Fengyi Jin
    National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of New South Wales, New South Wales, Australia
    AIDS 23:243-52. 2009
    ..A range of risk reduction behaviours in which homosexual men practise unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) has been described. We aimed to assess the extent of any reduction in HIV risk associated with these behaviours...
  14. ncbi Mental health and sexual risk behaviours in a South African township: a community-based cross-sectional study
    J Smit
    Desmond Tutu HIV Centre, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Public Health 120:534-42. 2006
    ..The objective of this study was to examine the association between mental illness and HIV risk behaviours in a South African township...
  15. ncbi Unsafe sex and increased incidence of hepatitis C virus infection among HIV-infected men who have sex with men: the Swiss HIV Cohort Study
    Andri Rauch
    Division of Infectious Diseases, University Hospital Berne, Switzerland
    Clin Infect Dis 41:395-402. 2005
    ..Data on the incidence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected persons are sparse. It is controversial whether and how frequently HCV is transmitted by unprotected sexual intercourse...
  16. pmc Behavior change following diagnosis with acute/early HIV infection-a move to serosorting with other HIV-infected individuals. The NIMH Multisite Acute HIV Infection Study: III
    Wayne T Steward
    Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California, San Francisco, CA, 94105, USA
    AIDS Behav 13:1054-60. 2009
    ..These results suggest that the initial diagnosis with HIV may constitute an important component of interventions to promote risk reduction during the acute/early stages of the disease...
  17. ncbi Effects of alcohol, expectancies, and partner type on condom use in college males: event-level analyses
    Joseph LaBrie
    Department of Psychology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, CA, 90045, USA
    J Sex Res 42:259-66. 2005
    ..Improving knowledge about HIV and other STD transmission in casual partners and challenging expectancies about alcohol as a sexual disinhibitor could help decrease the spread of HIV and other STDs...
  18. pmc Consistency in the reporting of sexual behaviour by adolescent girls in Kenya: a comparison of interviewing methods
    P C Hewett
    Policy Research Division, Population Council, New York, NY 10017, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 80:ii43-8. 2004
    ....
  19. pmc Is sexual risk taking behaviour changing in rural south-west Uganda? Behaviour trends in a rural population cohort 1993-2006
    S Biraro
    Medical Research Council Uganda Virus Research Institute Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Entebbe, Uganda
    Sex Transm Infect 85:i3-11. 2009
    ..To describe sexual behaviour trends in a rural Ugandan cohort in the context of an evolving HIV epidemic, 1993-2006...
  20. ncbi HIV knowledge and risk behaviour of female sex workers in Yunnan Province, China: potential as bridging groups to the general population
    T Hesketh
    Institute of Child Health, University College, London
    AIDS Care 17:958-66. 2005
    ..Interventions must focus on these FSWs and their clients to prevent them from becoming drivers of the epidemic...
  21. ncbi Frequency, quantity, and contextual use of alcohol among sexually transmitted infection clinic patients in Cape Town, South Africa
    Seth C Kalichman
    Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 33:687-98. 2007
    ..Interventions are needed that integrate HIV risk reduction with alcohol risk reduction in South Africa...
  22. ncbi 'They bring AIDS to us and say we give it to them': Socio-structural context of female sex workers' vulnerability to HIV infection in Ibadan, Nigeria
    Jennifer Munoz
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, USA
    SAHARA J 7:52-61. 2010
    ....
  23. pmc Estimation of the sexual transmission of HIV in Kenya and Uganda on the trans-Africa highway: the continuing role for prevention in high risk groups
    C N Morris
    University of Manitoba, Manitoba, Canada
    Sex Transm Infect 82:368-71. 2006
    ..To explore the effect of transactional sex on the trans-Africa highway from Mombasa-Kampala in contributing to the HIV epidemic and the impact that an effective prevention intervention could have...
  24. ncbi Higher risk of unsafe sex and impaired quality of life among patients not receiving antiretroviral therapy in Cameroon: results from the EVAL survey (ANRS 12-116)
    Fabienne Marcellin
    INSERM, U912 SE4S, Marseille, France
    AIDS 24:S17-25. 2010
    ..Current clinical research suggests these criteria may be too stringent. This study aimed at evaluating the effect of not receiving ART on patients' psychosocial outcomes...
  25. pmc Systematic differences in risk behaviors and syphilis prevalence across types of female sex workers: a preliminary study in Liuzhou, China
    Jing Li
    National Center for STD Control, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College Institute of Dermatology, Nanjing, China
    Sex Transm Dis 39:195-200. 2012
    ..Categorization of FSWs can help prioritize HIV/STI intervention efforts. We examined 2 possible categorizations of FSWs and the relationship with syphilis infection risk in Liuzhou City, China...
  26. ncbi Prevalence and protective value of serosorting and strategic positioning among Black and Latino men who have sex with men
    Gary Marks
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 37:325-7. 2010
    ....
  27. pmc Social influence and individual risk factors of HIV unsafe sex among female entertainment workers in China
    Xiushi Yang
    Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 22:69-86. 2010
    ..Behavioral intervention is urgently needed and should take a multilevel approach, emphasizing behavioral skills training and promoting a supportive social/working environment...
  28. ncbi Gay men's current practice of HIV seroconcordant unprotected anal intercourse: serosorting or seroguessing?
    Iryna B Zablotska
    National Centre in HIV Social Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    AIDS Care 21:501-10. 2009
    ..HIV prevention should take into account these contemporary changes in behaviors, especially among HIV-negative gay men...
  29. pmc Increases in sexually transmitted infections and sexual risk behaviour without a concurrent increase in HIV incidence among men who have sex with men in San Francisco: a suggestion of HIV serosorting?
    H M Truong
    University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 82:461-6. 2006
    ..Sexually transmitted infections (STI) and unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) have been increasing among men who have sex with men (MSM) in San Francisco. However, HIV incidence has stabilised...
  30. ncbi HIV-1, sexually transmitted infections, and sexual behavior trends among men who have sex with men in Lima, Peru
    Jorge Sanchez
    Asociation Civil Impacta Salud y Educacion, Av Grimaldo Del Solar 805, Lima 18, Peru
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 44:578-85. 2007
    ..To assess and estimate trends in HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and sexual behavior among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Lima, Peru...
  31. ncbi A randomized social network HIV prevention trial with young men who have sex with men in Russia and Bulgaria
    Yuri A Amirkhanian
    Center for AIDS Intervention Research CAIR, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53202, USA
    AIDS 19:1897-905. 2005
    ..To evaluate the effects of an HIV prevention intervention with social networks of young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in St. Petersburg, Russia and Sofia, Bulgaria...
  32. ncbi Safer sexual behaviors after 12 months of antiretroviral treatment in Mombasa, Kenya: a prospective cohort
    Stanley Luchters
    International Centre for Reproductive Health, Mombasa, Kenya, International Centre for Reproductive Health, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 22:587-94. 2008
    ..b>Unsafe sex was reported by half of those sexually active in the 12 months before ART (54/107), while after 12 months ART, ..
  33. ncbi Lymphogranuloma venereum proctitis in men who have sex with men is associated with anal enema use and high-risk behavior
    Henry J C de Vries
    STI Outpatient Clinic, Cluster Infectious Diseases, Public Health Service Amsterdam The Netherlands
    Sex Transm Dis 35:203-8. 2008
    ..In the industrialized world, lymphogranuloma venereum proctitis (LGVP) has been reported only in men who have sex with men. Factors responsible for the outbreak remain to be elucidated...
  34. pmc The context of economic insecurity and its relation to violence and risk factors for HIV among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, India
    Elizabeth Reed
    George Washington University, School of Public Health and Health Services, Department of Prevention and Community Health, 2175 K St NW, Ste 700, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Public Health Rep 125:81-9. 2010
    ..We examined the context of economic insecurity and debt among female sex workers (FSWs), how this context varies among FSWs, and its association with experiences of violence and sexual risk factors for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)...
  35. ncbi Factors associated with self-reported unprotected anal sex among male sex workers in Mombasa, Kenya
    Scott Geibel
    Population Council, Nairobi, Kenya
    Sex Transm Dis 35:746-52. 2008
    ..To identify social and behavioral characteristics associated with sexual risk behaviors among male sex workers who sell sex to men in Mombasa, Kenya...
  36. pmc Efficacy of a brief behavioral intervention to promote condom use among female sex workers in Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico
    Thomas L Patterson
    University of California, San Diego, CA, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:2051-7. 2008
    ..We examined the efficacy of a brief behavioral intervention to promote condom use among female sex workers in Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico...
  37. pmc Greater risk for HIV infection of black men who have sex with men: a critical literature review
    Gregorio A Millett
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, Mail Stop E 45, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:1007-19. 2006
    ..Evidence was insufficient to evaluate the remaining hypotheses.Future studies must address these hypotheses to provide additional explanations for the greater prevalence of HIV infection among Black MSM...
  38. pmc Behavioral surveillance among people at risk for HIV infection in the U.S.: the National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System
    Kathleen M Gallagher
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Public Health Rep 122:32-8. 2007
    ..This information in turn can be used to identify gaps in prevention services and target new prevention activities with the goal of reducing new HIV infections in the United States...
  39. pmc Suppressed cellular alloimmune responses in HIV-exposed seronegative female sex workers
    W Jennes
    Department of Microbiology, Laboratory of Immunology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
    Clin Exp Immunol 143:435-44. 2006
    ..Our data support the hypothesis that suppressed cellular alloimmune responses may play a role in protection against HIV infection...
  40. ncbi HIV prevalence and correlates of unprotected anal intercourse among men who have sex with men, Jinan, China
    Shiman Ruan
    Jinan Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Jinan, China
    AIDS Behav 12:469-75. 2008
    ..No participant had previously tested for HIV. Risk for HIV transmission is widespread among MSM throughout China; basic prevention programs are urgently needed...
  41. pmc An exploration of contextual factors that influence HIV risk in female sex workers in Mexico: The Social Ecological Model applied to HIV risk behaviors
    Sandra E Larios
    San Diego State University University of California San Diego, Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego, CA, USA
    AIDS Care 21:1335-42. 2009
    ..Understanding the contextual factors associated with condom use among subgroups of FSWs has important implications for the development of HIV prevention interventions...
  42. pmc The most severe HIV epidemic in Europe: Ukraine's national HIV prevalence estimates for 2007
    Y V Kruglov
    Ukrainian AIDS Centre, Vul Amosova 5, Kyiv, Ukraine
    Sex Transm Infect 84:i37-i41. 2008
    ..To revise the national HIV estimates and quantify the magnitude of the HIV epidemic in Ukraine at the end of 2007...
  43. pmc Intimate partner violence is as important as client violence in increasing street-based female sex workers' vulnerability to HIV in India
    Subadra Panchanadeswaran
    Adelphi University School of Social Work, Garden City, New York, NY, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 19:106-12. 2008
    ..This study documents street-based female sex workers' experiences of client and intimate partners, examines the intersections of violence, alcohol use in condom use, and highlights survival strategies used to avert harm...
  44. ncbi HIV risk behaviours among contracted and non-contracted male migrant workers in India: potential role of labour contractors and contractual systems in HIV prevention
    Niranjan Saggurti
    HIV and AIDS Programme, Population Council, New Delhi, India
    AIDS 22:S127-36. 2008
    ..To assess the HIV risk behaviours of male migrant contracted and non-contracted labourers in India and to understand the role of contract labour systems for use in HIV prevention efforts...
  45. ncbi Methods to recruit and retain a cohort of young-adult injection drug users for the Third Collaborative Injection Drug Users Study/Drug Users Intervention Trial (CIDUS III/DUIT)
    Richard S Garfein
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, MS E 45, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 91:S4-17. 2007
    ..S. policy to only fund proven-effective HIV prevention interventions, insights into conducting intervention trials among young IDUs are provided here by describing methods and participants' characteristics in the CIDUS III/DUIT study...
  46. pmc Internet as a tool to access high-risk men who have sex with men from a resource-constrained setting: a study from Peru
    M M Blas
    Unit of STD and HIV, School of Public Health, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Av Honorio Delgado 430 Urb Ingenieria, Lima 31 Peru Apartado 4314
    Sex Transm Infect 83:567-70. 2007
    ..The objective of this study was to assess the use of the internet as an alternative tool to access this population...
  47. pmc A population-based study on alcohol and high-risk sexual behaviors in Botswana
    Sheri D Weiser
    Physicians for Human Rights, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Med 3:e392. 2006
    ..While alcohol use is strongly associated with HIV infection in Africa, few population-based studies have characterized the association of alcohol use with specific high-risk sexual behaviors...
  48. ncbi High levels of risk behavior among people living with HIV Initiating and waiting to start antiretroviral therapy in Cape Town South Africa
    Thomas P Eisele
    Department of International Health and Development, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, 1440 Canal Street, Suite 2200, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    AIDS Behav 12:570-7. 2008
    ..50-3.84), respectively], were twice as likely to have had unprotected sex their last time. Results suggest an urgent need to strengthen prevention interventions among HIV-positive individuals on and about to start ART in this setting...
  49. pmc Condom negotiations among female sex workers in the Philippines: environmental influences
    Lianne A Urada
    Division of Global Public Health, Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e33282. 2012
    ..This study assesses environmental and individual factors associated with condom negotiation among FSWs at high risk for acquiring HIV in a large urban setting of Metro Manila, Philippines...
  50. pmc Anal and dry sex in commercial sex work, and relation to risk for sexually transmitted infections and HIV in Meru, Kenya
    M Schwandt
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, R3E OW3
    Sex Transm Infect 82:392-6. 2006
    ....
  51. ncbi Alcohol's effects on sexual decision making: an integration of alcohol myopia and individual differences
    Kelly Cue Davis
    Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98105, USA
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 68:843-51. 2007
    ....
  52. pmc Indicators of mobility, socio-economic vulnerabilities and HIV risk behaviours among mobile female sex workers in India
    Niranjan Saggurti
    Population Council, New Delhi, India
    AIDS Behav 16:952-9. 2012
    ..HIV prevention interventions aimed at FSWs require an increased attention to address the socio-economic vulnerabilities including alcohol use, with particular emphasis on those FSWs who are on the move in India and elsewhere...
  53. ncbi Casual sexual encounters among gay men: familiarity, trust and unprotected anal intercourse
    Iryna B Zablotska
    National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    AIDS Behav 15:607-12. 2011
    ..HIV prevention services should address this issue and develop programs to improve men's skills in negotiating safer sex...
  54. pmc Reasons for non- use of condoms and self- efficacy among female sex workers: a qualitative study in Nepal
    Laxmi Ghimire
    School of Medicine, Public Health Department, University of Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
    BMC Womens Health 11:42. 2011
    ..We assessed the non-use of condoms in sex work with intimate sex partners by female sex workers (FSWs) and the associated self-efficacy to inform the planning of STI/HIV prevention programmes in the general population...
  55. pmc Knowing your HIV/AIDS epidemic and tailoring an effective response: how did India do it?
    Sema K Sgaier
    Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Capital Court Building, 3rd Floor, Left Wing, Olof Palme, Munirka, New Delhi 110067, India
    Sex Transm Infect 88:240-9. 2012
    ..The authors argue that India is an example of how 'know your epidemic, know your response' message can effectively be implemented at scale and presents important lessons to help other countries design their evidence generation systems...
  56. ncbi Correlates of paid sex among men who have sex with men in Chennai, India
    P A Newman
    University of Toronto, Centre for Applied Social Research, Faculty of Social Work, 246 Bloor Street West, Toronto, ON, Canada M5S1A1
    Sex Transm Infect 84:434-8. 2008
    ..To assess correlates of paid sex among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Chennai, India...
  57. pmc Clients of female sex workers as a bridging population in Vietnam
    Nhu T Nguyen
    Family Health International, Vietnam Country Office, Hanoi, Vietnam
    AIDS Behav 13:881-91. 2009
    ..identify factors associated with being potential and active bridgers, and assess the association of drug use and unsafe sex with HIV and/or STI prevalence...
  58. pmc Police violence and sexual risk among female and transvestite sex workers in Serbia: qualitative study
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, London WC1E 7HT
    BMJ 337:a811. 2008
    ..To explore female and transvestite sex workers' perceptions of risk in the sex work environment in Serbia...
  59. pmc Relation of sexual risks and prevention practices with individuals' stigmatising beliefs towards HIV infected individuals: an exploratory study
    H Liu
    Prevention Research Center, School of Medicine, Wayne State University, 4201 St Antoine, UHC 6D, Detroit, MI 48201 2196, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 81:511-6. 2005
    ..To investigate how an individual's stigmatising beliefs towards people living with HIV are related to his or her own sexual risk and protective behaviours...
  60. ncbi Testing for HIV and sexually transmissible infections within a mainly online sample of gay men who engage in group sex
    G P Prestage
    National Centre in HIV, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of New South Whales, Sydney, Australia
    Sex Transm Infect 85:70-4. 2009
    ..Group sex among gay men has been associated with other HIV risk behaviours. Gay men who engage in group sex may be at increased risk of infection with HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STI)...
  61. pmc Multilevel analysis of HIV related risk behaviors among heroin users in a low prevalence community
    Huizhen Li
    Stanley Ho Centre for Emerging Infectious Diseases, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, PR China
    BMC Public Health 9:137. 2009
    ..This study explores the relative importance of individual and community level characteristics in the practice of HIV-related risk behaviors in IDU in Hong Kong where the HIV prevalence has remained low at below 1%...
  62. ncbi Sexually transmitted disease/HIV risk behaviour among women who have sex with women
    Valdir Monteiro Pinto
    National STD AIDS program, Brasilia, Brazil
    AIDS 19:S64-9. 2005
    ..To analyse the epidemiological aspects of sexually transmitted diseases (STD) among women who have sex with women (WSW) in São Paulo, Brazil...
  63. pmc A study of HIV/AIDS related knowledge, attitude and behaviors among female sex workers in Shanghai China
    Yong Cai
    School of Public Health affiliated with Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200025, PR China
    BMC Public Health 10:377. 2010
    ..Therefore, this study aimed to assess the HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitude and risk behaviors among FSWs operating in Shanghai China...
  64. pmc Alcohol use, partner type, and risky sexual behavior among college students: Findings from an event-level study
    Jennifer L Brown
    Center for Health and Behavior, Department of Psychology, Syracuse University, 430 Huntington Hall, Syracuse, New York 13244, USA jlbrow03syr edu
    Addict Behav 32:2940-52. 2007
    ..These effects remained in analyses that controlled for sex-related alcohol expectancies, sensation seeking, and typical alcohol use. Findings confirm that the effects of alcohol vary according to the context in which it is used...
  65. ncbi Substance use, substance choice, and unprotected anal intercourse among young Asian American and Pacific Islander men who have sex with men
    Kyung Hee Choi
    Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California San Francisco, 50 Beale Street, Ste 1300, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 17:418-29. 2005
    ..One third of sampled young API MSM used drugs or alcohol during sex. The co-occurrence of ecstasy and popper use and unprotected sex underscores the need to develop HIV prevention programs focusing on particular drugs...
  66. pmc Drug use, interpersonal attraction, and communication: situational factors as predictors of episodes of unprotected anal intercourse among Latino gay men
    Patrick A Wilson
    Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    AIDS Behav 13:691-9. 2009
    ..The findings highlight the importance of considering the impact of sexual situations and interactions with sex partners when studying HIV risk among LGM and when designing interventions...
  67. pmc Client demands for unsafe sex: the socioeconomic risk environment for HIV among street and off-street sex workers
    Kathleen N Deering
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 63:522-31. 2013
    ....
  68. ncbi The influence of power, poverty and agency in the negotiation of condom use for female sex workers in mainland China
    Susanne Y P Choi
    The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Sha Tin, Hong Kong
    Cult Health Sex 9:489-503. 2007
    ..Future HIV intervention programmes need to take these factors into account in order to meet the needs of different groups of women sex workers...
  69. ncbi HIV-related risk behaviors among female sex workers in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    Tooru Nemoto
    Public Health Institute, 180 Grand Ave, Suite 750, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 20:435-53. 2008
    ..This study recommends future HIV prevention programs for FSWs in Vietnam that target their specific risk behaviors and work environments...
  70. pmc Effects of sex work on the prevalence of syphilis among injection drug users in 3 Russian cities
    Lucy Platt
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behavior, Imperial College, London, England
    Am J Public Health 97:478-85. 2007
    ..We examined risk factors for syphilis infection among injection drug users in 3 Russian Federation cities, focusing particular attention on the potential roles of gender and sex work...
  71. ncbi Commercial sex venues, syphilis and methamphetamine use among female sex workers
    Dianming Kang
    Shandong Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Jinan, Shandong Province, P R China
    AIDS Care 23:26-36. 2011
    ....
  72. ncbi High-risk sex among mobile female sex workers in the context of jatras (religious festivals) in Karnataka, India
    S S Halli
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba Winnipeg, Winnipeg, Canada
    Int J STD AIDS 21:746-51. 2010
    ..Condom availability and accessibility at jatras should be a priority for HIV prevention programmes, and such programmes should make efforts to introduce outreach activities at jatras...
  73. ncbi Alcohol misuse, sexual risk behaviour and adverse sexual health outcomes: evidence from Britain's national probability sexual behaviour surveys
    Catherine R H Aicken
    Centre for Sexual Health and HIV Research, Research Department of Infection and Population Health, University College London, Mortimer Market Centre, off Capper Street, London WC1E 6JB, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 33:262-71. 2011
    ..We examine changes in these associations using representative data from two consecutive surveys...
  74. ncbi Effects of structural intervention on increasing condom availability and reducing risky sexual behaviours in gay bathhouse attendees
    Nai Ying Ko
    Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan
    AIDS Care 21:1499-507. 2009
    ..Our findings highlight the importance of extension of condom distribution inside the bathhouses to increase condom use among bathhouse patrons...
  75. pmc Symptoms of substance dependence and risky sexual behavior in a probability sample of HIV-negative men who have sex with men in Chicago
    Mary Ellen Mackesy-Amiti
    Community Outreach Intervention Projects, Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1603W Taylor St, Chicago, IL 60612, United States
    Drug Alcohol Depend 110:38-43. 2010
    ..This study examines the relationship between self-reported symptoms of substance dependence and risky sexual behavior among 187 HIV-negative men who have sex with men...
  76. ncbi Contemporary HIV diagnoses trends in Australia can be predicted by trends in unprotected anal intercourse among gay men
    Iryna B Zablotska
    National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    AIDS 24:1955-8. 2010
    ..Increasing UAIC was strongly associated with increasing numbers of HIV diagnoses 2 years later (P = 0.001). This suggests an important public health role of UAIC as a predictor of changes in HIV diagnoses in Australia...
  77. pmc The intersecting risks of substance use and HIV risk among substance-using South African men and women
    Felicia A Browne
    RTI International, Substance Abuse Treatment, Evaluations and Interventions Research Program, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709 2194, USA
    Curr Opin Psychiatry 23:205-9. 2010
    ....
  78. ncbi [Data analysis of national HIV comprehensive surveillance sites among female sex workers from 2004 to 2008]
    Lan Wang
    National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100050, China
    Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 43:1009-15. 2009
    ....
  79. pmc Violence victimisation, sexual risk and sexually transmitted infection symptoms among female sex workers in Thailand
    Michele R Decker
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 86:236-40. 2010
    ..This study sought to compare sexual risk and STI symptoms among FSW based on recent violence exposure...
  80. pmc Sexual practices among unmarried adolescents in Tanzania
    Method R Kazaura
    Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    BMC Public Health 9:373. 2009
    ..Knowledge of these practices among adolescents may be a basis to create awareness among adolescents on practices that involve risks. This study aims to assess sexual practices among unmarried adolescents in Tanzania...
  81. ncbi Sexual behavior and drinking style among teenagers: a population-based study in Finland
    Hanna M Lavikainen
    School of Public Health, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
    Health Promot Int 24:108-19. 2009
    ..Thus, it could be effective to combine both alcohol education and sex education, including contraceptive counseling, in early adolescence...
  82. pmc Structural factors associated with an increased risk of HIV and sexually transmitted infection transmission among street-involved youth
    Brandon D L Marshall
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    BMC Public Health 9:7. 2009
    ....
  83. ncbi The associations of binge alcohol use with HIV/STI risk and diagnosis among heterosexual African American men
    Anita Raj
    Social Behavioral Sciences Department, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 101:101-6. 2009
    ....
  84. ncbi Sexual risk behaviour among HIV-positive individuals in clinical care in urban KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
    Susan M Kiene
    Center for Health HIV Intervention and Prevention, Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
    AIDS 20:1781-4. 2006
    ..These findings highlight the need for linking HIV prevention and care in Africa...
  85. ncbi HIV-risk behavior among injecting or non-injecting drug users in Cape Town, Pretoria, and Durban, South Africa
    Charles D H Parry
    Alcohol and Drug Abuse Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, South Africa
    Subst Use Misuse 44:886-904. 2009
    ..The findings suggest greater synergy is needed between drug- and HIV-intervention sectors and that consideration should be given to making various risk-reduction strategies more accessible. The study's limitations have been noted...
  86. pmc Psychosocial correlates of unprotected sex without disclosure of HIV-positivity among African-American, Latino, and White men who have sex with men and women
    Matt G Mutchler
    AIDS Project Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Arch Sex Behav 37:736-47. 2008
    ..Addressing norms for condom use and disclosure between male partners is recommended, especially for homosexually identified MSMW...
  87. ncbi The evaluation of the JEWEL project: an innovative economic enhancement and HIV prevention intervention study targeting drug using women involved in prostitution
    S G Sherman
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Care 18:1-11. 2006
    ..The pilot indicated effectiveness of a novel, HIV prevention, economic enhancement intervention upon HIV sexual risk behaviours and drug utilization patterns...
  88. ncbi Unprotected intercourse for extra money among commercial sex workers in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo
    M Ntumbanzondo
    Yale University School of Medicine, CT 06520 8034, USA
    AIDS Care 18:777-85. 2006
    ..8% of CSWs), episodes of condom failure (56.8% of CSWs), and unprotected intercourse with regular noncommercial partners (only 5.3% of CSWs with noncommercial partners always used condoms with these partners)...
  89. pmc Substance use and sexual behaviours of Japanese men who have sex with men: a nationwide internet survey conducted in Japan
    Yasuharu Hidaka
    Department of Global Health and Socio Epidemiology, Kyoto University School of Public Health Yoshidakonoe cho, Sakyo ku, Kyoto 606 8501, Japan
    BMC Public Health 6:239. 2006
    ..This Internet survey explored the extent of substance use and its association with sexual risk behaviours among Japanese MSM...
  90. ncbi Rapid assessment of HIV risk behavior in drug using sex workers in three cities in South Africa
    Charles D H Parry
    Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, Cape Town, 7505, South Africa
    AIDS Behav 13:849-59. 2009
    ..Interventions recognizing the role of drug abuse in HIV transmission should be prioritized, and issues of access to services, stigma and power relations must be considered...
  91. ncbi HIV disclosure and unsafe sex among HIV-infected women in Cameroon: results from the ANRS-EVAL study
    Sandrine Loubiere
    INSERM, U912 SE4S, Marseille, France
    Soc Sci Med 69:885-91. 2009
    ..0% had practiced abstinence and 47.4% only safe sex, whereas 17.6% had engaged in unsafe sex at least once...
  92. pmc A strategy for selecting sexual partners believed to pose little/no risks for HIV: serosorting and its implications for HIV transmission
    Lisa A Eaton
    University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
    AIDS Care 21:1279-88. 2009
    ..Risk reduction messages should also highlight the limitations of relying on one's own and partner's HIV status in making sexual risk decisions...
  93. pmc The use of rectal douches among HIV-uninfected and infected men who have unprotected receptive anal intercourse: implications for rectal microbicides
    Alex Carballo-Dieguez
    HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, New York State Psychiatric Institute, Unit 15, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 10032, USA
    AIDS Behav 12:860-6. 2008
    ..Given the popularity of pre-coital douching and its frequency, a harmless rectal douche that could deliver a rectal microbicide could have great acceptability...
  94. pmc Don't ask, don't tell: patterns of HIV disclosure among HIV positive men who have sex with men with recent STI practising high risk behaviour in Los Angeles and Seattle
    P M Gorbach
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Box 951772, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 900095 1772, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 80:512-7. 2004
    ..Themes as to why MSM attending sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinics in Los Angeles and Seattle do and do not disclose their HIV status are identified...
  95. pmc High rates of unprotected sex occurring among HIV-positive individuals in a daily diary study in South Africa: the role of alcohol use
    Susan M Kiene
    Departments of Medicine and Community Health, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University and Rhode Island Hospital, 593 Eddy Street, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 49:219-26. 2008
    ..The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence of unprotected sex and to examine the association between alcohol consumption before sex and unprotected sex among HIV-positive individuals in Cape Town, South Africa...
  96. ncbi Alcohol use and sexual behaviour among risky drinkers and bar and shebeen patrons in Gauteng province, South Africa
    Neo K Morojele
    Alcohol and Drug Abuse Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Private Bag X385, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 62:217-27. 2006
    ..This study suggests a need for multi-faceted HIV intervention strategies for reducing levels of alcohol abuse in general, and enhancing protective sexual behaviours among alcohol-using populations...
  97. ncbi Alcohol and sexual risk behavior among men who have sex with men in South african township communities
    Tim Lane
    Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California, San Francisco, 50 Beale Street, 13th Floor, San Francisco, CA, 94105, USA
    AIDS Behav 12:S78-85. 2008
    ..3, 95% CI 0.1, 0.7). Township MSM in South Africa are at high risk of HIV infection. Targeted sexual health and risk reduction interventions that address the link between alcohol use and HIV risk are urgently needed...
  98. pmc Size matters: the number of prostitutes and the global HIV/AIDS pandemic
    John R Talbott
    Africans Against Aids, Inc, New York, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 2:e543. 2007
    ..One of the most cited research papers in the field, utilizing cross country regression analysis to analyze other correlates with this HIV prevalence data, is flawed in that it weights each country's results by the country's population...
  99. pmc Increase in HIV sexual risk behaviour in homosexual men in Scotland, 1996-2002: prevention failure?
    G J Hart
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 81:367-72. 2005
    ..To investigate trends in homosexual men's sexual risk behaviour for HIV infection in Scotland...
  100. ncbi Reduced rates of HIV acquisition during unprotected sex by Kenyan female sex workers predating population declines in HIV prevalence
    Joshua Kimani
    Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
    AIDS 22:131-7. 2008
    ..We examined temporal trends in HIV prevalence and per-act incidence, adjusted for behavioral and other variables, in FSWs from Nairobi, Kenya...
  101. pmc Interactive "Video Doctor" counseling reduces drug and sexual risk behaviors among HIV-positive patients in diverse outpatient settings
    Paul Gilbert
    Division of Behavioral Sciences, Professionalism, and Ethics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 3:e1988. 2008
    ..Positive Choice, an interactive, patient-tailored computer program, was developed in the United States to improve clinic-based assessment and counseling for risky behaviors...

Research Grants78

  1. Early social stress, novelty seeking, and impulsive behavior
    David M Lyons; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Consequently, there is an urgent need for new mechanistic insights to guide the development of public health policies and interventions designed to alleviate the detrimental long-term effects of exposure to early social stress. ..
  2. Computerized Counseling to Promote Positive Prevention and HIV Health in Kenya
    Ann Elizabeth Kurth; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We will conduct a randomized controlled trial to establish efficacy in this high-HIV burden setting, and transmission dynamics modeling and economic evaluation to determine intervention cost-effectiveness. ..
  3. Prevenitng HIV/STIs in Central Indian High Risk Women: A Pilot Intervention
    Thomas L Patterson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We hypothesize that the intervention arm will report reduced episodes of unsafe sex and will improve with respect to theoretically-important indicators of change (e.g...
  4. HIV risk and venues for meeting sex partners
    Christian Grov; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..g., lighting;sound;perceived social norms around unsafe sex, drug, or alcohol use;perception of anonymity) in an effort to determine their impact on participant's ..
  5. PRIMARY HIV PREVENTION IN PREGNANT AND LACTATING UGANDAN WOMEN:A RANDOMIZED TRIAL
    Jaco Homsy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The findings of this study will inform policy about the effectiveness of retesting and counseling HIV-negative pregnant and lactating women in sSA. ..
  6. Community-Based Participatory Research to Develop School-Based HIV Screening
    Rebecca R Swenson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  7. Pathways to Recovery: Older Substance Users
    Christy K Scott; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., quality of life, functioning, disability, death), (5) To evaluate whether there are age related changes in the impact of the cumulative pattern of HIV risk behaviors on future HIV status and other health outcomes. ..
  8. Safer sex intervention for male clients of female sex workers in Tijuana, Mexico
    Thomas L Patterson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  9. Adolescent Conflict, Physiological Stress, and Risky Health Behaviors
    LAUREN ANNE SPIES; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  10. A Molecular-Social Network Investigation of HIV-HCV Co-infection in Chinese MSM
    Frank Y Wong; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Although there are limited data, HCV incidence is also thought to be increasing. However, the contribution of unsafe sex to ongoing HCV transmission among high-risk groups such as MSM (men who have sex with men) is not well ..
  11. HIV/AIDS Prevention for Men with Intellectual Disabilities
    JENNIFER J WELLS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and physically painful, are characterized by extreme power imbalance, and because of their passivity, prone to unsafe sex practices (Thompson, 1994)...
  12. Exposure to violence and unsafe sex in late adolescent African American women
    HELEN WADSWORTH WILSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..To capture the interactive processes that contribute to violence and unsafe sex in romantic relationships, we will also attempt to interview a romantic partner of each young woman and observe ..
  13. Enhancement of Sexual Motivation
    Chana K Akins; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The current application is a preclinical model used to investigate how drugs of abuse alter sexual motivation. ..
  14. Partner Violence and Reproductive Coercion Among Native American Women
    Elizabeth Miller; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  15. Reducing Urban Women's HIV Risk: Soap Opera Videos on Video Capable Cell Phones
    Rachel Jones; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The popularity of the cell phone and use of the Internet for multimedia provide a new communication channel to address health disparities. ..
  16. Antiretroviral periconception HIV prevention for HIV discordant couples
    RENEE ANNETTE HEFFRON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The final result of this research will be a coordinated, client- centered, evidence-based, risk reduction intervention to minimize the HIV-1 risk that couples face during peri- conception periods. ..
  17. Preventing HIV Infection Among MSM in Southern India
    David D Celentano; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The intervention involves the establishment of Men's Wellness Centers that offer comprehensive, integrated services. ..
  18. A South African Pilot Worksite Parenting Program to Prevent HIV Among Adolescents
    Laura M Bogart; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The program will be based on our successful NIH- funded US worksite program, which had substantial effects on parent-child communication about sex. ..
  19. Disparities in sexually transmitted infections among young women: Role of individ
    SARAH ELIZABETH WIEHE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..From a public health and health services perspective, this information will aid in guiding policy and individually-targeted action in STI treatment and prevention. ..
  20. Harnessing the power of text messaging to invigorate AMSM HIV preventive behavior
    Michele Ybarra; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..3, 16 We have two secondary efficacy outcomes: 1) sexual abstinence, and 2) increased HIV testing rates following the CDC's recommendation of twice annual HIV testing for MSM. ..
  21. Do brain differences influence HIV risk behavior? A study of young urban women
    Anne M Teitelman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  22. Pilot Study of Skills-Building as HIV Prevention for Male Sex Workers in Peru
    Thomas J Coates; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Results of this study will be used to develo an R01 for the implementation and assessment of a longer-term intervention with fletes. ..
  23. Impact of Adolescent Alcohol Exposure on Prefrontal Cortical Function in the Adul
    L Judson Chandler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Together, these studies will yield novel and exciting new finding and will significantly advance our understanding of the effect of adolescent alcohol exposure on cognitive function and behavioral control in the adult. ..
  24. Intermittent Naltrexone among Polysubstance Users
    Glenn Milo Santos; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..GEE binomial and negative binomial models will be used to assess treatment effects on meth use, drinking and sexual behavior. ..
  25. Psychological and Cognitive Mechanisms of Sexual Compulsivity and HIV Risk
    Michael H Miner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..However, while the association between SC and unsafe sex has considerable em- pirical support, the manner in which SC confers this increased risk, and therefore how to ..
  26. Serosorting Intervention for HIV Negative MSM
    Lisa A Eaton; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Effective and novel strategies for reducing risk taking among men who have sex with men are urgently needed to reduce the disproportionate rate of incident HIV infections among this highest risk group. ..
  27. A Self-Assessment Intervention for Young Adult Polydrug Users at Risk for HIV
    Steven P Kurtz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  28. Using SNA to Examine the Long-Term Outcomes of Socially Excluded Adolescents
    RICHARD CARL GILMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  29. Using CBPR to Address HIV Risk in Heterosexual Black Men: The MEN Count Program
    Anita Raj; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g., HIV risk perceptions and safer sex self-efficacy) as well as contextual risk factors (i.e., unemployment and homelessness). ..
  30. A Computerized family-based youth HIV and drug abuse prevention in Kazakhstan
    Leyla Ismayilova; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The study will be led by an investigative team from Columbia University Global Health Research Center of Central Asia (PI: Dr. Ismayilova) in collaboration with local partners providing services to at-risk youth. ..
  31. Primary Care-Based Interventions to Reduce Alcohol Use Among HIV Patients
    Michael J Silverberg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Drinking at these levels can compromise antiretroviral (ART) treatment and increase rates of depression, unsafe sex, and mortality...
  32. Alcohol and Condom Use Resistance in Sexually Coercive/Violent Men
    Kelly Cue Davis; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  33. Proyecto Parejas: HIV/STI Risks among FSWs and their Non-Commercial Partners
    Steffanie A Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  34. DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF A JAMAICAN MOTHER-DAUGHTER HIV RISK-REDUCTION PROGRAM
    M Katherine Hutchinson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Findings from this study will contribute to the development of effective HIV risk-reduction programs for Jamaican adolescent girls and young women. ..
  35. PS07-003, Minority HIV/AIDS Research Initiative
    JOSE EDUARDO NANIN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..e., sexual identity, drug use, unsafe sex, gay-related stigma, HIV-related stigma, gay community attachment, and ethnic community attachment) relate to ..
  36. Context & Correlates of Health Behaviors in South India
    MARIA L EKSTRAND; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  37. Neurobehavioral Determinants of Adolescent Substance Use and HIV/STD Behaviors
    Brooks King-Casas; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  38. Implementation of a Sexual Health Intervention for YMSM in Two Vietnamese Cities
    Giang M Le; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  39. Reducing stress with parenting-focused mindfulness to prevent youth substance use
    TARA MARIE CHAPLIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Longitudinal data on substance use in at-risk youth. P-MBSR could be a cost-effective strategy to reduce stress and stress-related disorders in at-risk adults and at the same time prevent drug use and risk behavior in their children. ..
  40. Reward Processing in Adolescence
    Beatriz Luna; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We propose studies that can inform these literatures by providing information regarding the limitations and vulnerabilities in brain processing present in adolescence and how these affect reward assessment and decision making. ..
  41. Evaluating a Structural and Behavioral HIV Risk Reduction Program for Black Men
    Jay G Silverman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Additionally, quality assurance and process evaluation efforts will be conducted to ensure high quality program adherence and delivery, as well as to support program replication should the model prove effective. ..
  42. A Randomized Controlled Trial and Cohort Study of HIV Testing and Linkage to Care
    Josiah D Rich; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  43. Online Training and Support for Effective Implementation of RTR
    REGINA FIRPO TRIPLETT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..If this model proves to be effective, the online skills-based training developed under this grant will provide an accessible, low-cost, "always-on" training and implementation support service. ..
  44. HIV Sexual Risk Behavior: Methamphetamine and Delay Discounting of Sexual Rewards
    MATTHEW WAYNE JOHNSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Ultimately, completion of this project will increase our understanding of sexual HIV risk behavior, inform HIV prevention and education efforts, and provide a new and empirically developed tool for examining sexual risk behavior. ..
  45. Determining the neurological and behavioral substrates of ethanol and discounting
    Travis M Moschak; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  46. Using Technology to Prevent HIV in Indian Wine Shops
    David D Celentano; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..We also propose to collaborate with the government to implement the first of its kind partnership to intervene in alcohol service venues in Chennai, India. ..
  47. Behavioral activation and HIV risk reduction for MSM with crystal meth abuse
    MATTHEW JAMES MIMIAGA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..in activities that do not involve meth use or sex contributes to the continued use of meth and potentially unsafe sex. The intervention approach was developed and piloted through a NIDA-funded R03, and the proposed pilot RCT is ..
  48. Acquisition of Bacterial Vaginosis in Lesbians
    Jeanne M Marrazzo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our overall goal is to combine human genetic studies with detailed microbiologic and behavioral assessment of women with and without BV and their male partners to elucidate the pathogenesis of BV. ..
  49. Online Partnering of Heterosexuals and HIV Risk
    Karolynn Siegel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..raised significant concerns about the Internet's potential to facilitate sexual encounters that result in unsafe sex and place individuals at risk for STD/HIV...
  50. Alcohol Effects on Cognitive &Affective Mediation of Women's Decision Making
    Jeanette Norris; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Background and situational models will be examined using longitudinal data analytic techniques, including survival analysis, latent transition analysis, and growth curve modeling. ..
  51. PS08-002, DEV AND TESTING OF HIV PREV INTERVENTION TARGETING BLACK MSM/W
    Jennifer L Lauby; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  52. Treating South African Pregnant Women for Methamphetamine
    Wendee M Wechsberg; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The proposed study also holds the promise of helping to improve the health of two generations of South Africans, Coloured women and their children. ..
  53. Using Implicit Measures to Improve Prediction of Hazardous Drinking
    Kristen P Lindgren; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  54. Preventing High-Risk Sexual Behaviors in Young Heterosexual Latino Couples
    DAVID PEREZ JIMENEZ; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..is designed to test the impact of the modified intervention in: (1) increasing male condom use, (2) decreasing unsafe sex behaviors, (3) reducing the number of sexual partners;and (4) increasing mutual monogamy...
  55. Women's Life Events &HIV Transmission Potential: A Multidisciplinary Study
    RAYMOND SCOTT MCCLELLAND; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  56. Multilevel HIV Prevention Intervention for Young African American Men
    Susan M Kegeles; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..4) Examine the potential integration of biomedical HIV prevention methods into UBE through administering and analyzing quantitative data from the survey and qualitative data from the interviews. ..
  57. Reducing HIV Risk Among Adolescents
    LAURA M WIDMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Future Directions: The skills achieved and the rich preliminary data from this proposal will directly support a future R01 application to conduct a full clinical trial of the sexual communication intervention. ..
  58. The Causal Role of Acute Alcohol Consumption in Risky Sex among HIV-Positive MSM
    Paul Shuper; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  59. Structural Factors to Lower Alcohol-Related HIV Risk
    B R Simon Rosser; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..targeting Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) appears to be failing, while a syndemic of high alcohol/drug use and unsafe sex is increasing...
  60. Relationships as a Context for HIV Prevention in Vulnerable Youth
    Brian Mustanski; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The long-term goal of this proposed research is the development of an innovative couples HIV prevention intervention for YMSM that may have a high impact in reducing the number of new transmissions among this vulnerable population. ..
  61. Alcohol Screening &Brief lntervention in Juvenile Justice: Filling the Gap
    LYN A STEIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It is crucial to evaluate the Guide in a variety of settings where youth at risk for alcohol problems may benefit from it. ..
  62. HIV Vaccines Targeting Glycan Epitopes: Improvement of a Vaccine Tested In IDUs
    PHILLIP WAYNE BERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  63. Contextual Influences on Sexual Risk among Latino MSM
    MARIA ZEA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The triangulation of findings will enable us to interpret results and further refine the theoretical model of contextual factors of sexual risk among these three groups of Latino MSM. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  64. The Role of Dead Space Syringes in HIV Epidemics Amount IDU's - Drug Abuse Aspect
    William A Zule; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This in turn could reduce sexual transmission of HIV from IDUs to the general population. ..
  65. NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial (Russia)
    ANTON SOMLAI; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  66. HIV RISK REDUCTION FOR INCARCERATED WOMEN
    TED BRASFIELD; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  67. Microbicide/Female Condom Acceptability for Sex Workers
    Margaret Weeks; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In the last 6 months of the project we will finalize data analyses and an intervention program to promote the female condom and/or microbicides for a subsequent study. ..
  68. Prevention Technologies for Sexual and Reproductive Health Conference
    Susan Ivey; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Unsafe sex is the second most important risk factor for disability and death in the world's poorest communities and the ninth most important in developed countries...
  69. Trucker Networks, Drug use, and Disease Transmission
    Sevil Sonmez; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..trucker networks' risk-taking via a cohort prospective study and in initiating an assessment process that will lead to risk/infection/disease mapping across trucking routes as well as risk reduction interventions. ..
  70. DRUG USE AND HIV RISK AMONG YOUTH
    Samuel Friedman; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..These findings can help target interventions where they are most needed and develop strategies to prevent high-risk drug use, high-risk sex, and infection with HIV. ..
  71. HIV Risk Reduction for Women with Incarcerated Partners
    Olga Grinstead; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  72. Love, Marriage, and HIV: Gender and HIV Risk
    Jennifer Hirsch; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  73. Effects of Media on Adolescent AIDS-Related Behavior
    Martin Fishbein; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..It has often been argued that the media industry encourages unsafe sex by irresponsibly portraying sexual behaviors...
  74. Khat Chewing: Its Association with HIV Status and CD4 T Cells
    Della Berhanu; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  75. DRINKING, SEX AND HIV RISK AMONG BLACK ADOLESCENTS
    Lee Strunin; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Information obtained in the study will inform intervention programs targeted to Black youth...
  76. A Randomized Trial of HIV Prevention in Harare Beerhalls
    Katherine Fritz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Two post-intervention surveys, one conducted at the end of the intervention and the another one year later will assess the immediate and long-term outcomes of the intervention. ..
  77. COMPARISON OF THREE LEVELS OF METHADONE INTERVENTION
    Donald Calsyn; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Optional HIV testing will be available. Changes in risk behavior, drug use patterns and HIV serostatus will be used to assess the effectiveness of the various interventions and to determine if one is superior to the others. ..
  78. Economic Opportunity for Zimbabwean Adolescent Orphans
    Philip Darney; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..e., factors related to participant adherence, satisfaction, and understanding of the intervention mediate observed effects. ..