prostitution

Summary

Summary: The practice of indulging in sexual relations for money.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Heavy episodic drinking among Kenyan female sex workers is associated with unsafe sex, sexual violence and sexually transmitted infections
    M F Chersich
    International Centre for Reproductive Health ICRH, Mombasa, Kenya
    Int J STD AIDS 18:764-9. 2007
  2. ncbi The Sonagachi Project: a sustainable community intervention program
    Smarajit Jana
    STD HIV Intervention Programme, Calcutta, India
    AIDS Educ Prev 16:405-14. 2004
  3. ncbi Baseline integrated behavioural and biological assessment among most at-risk populations in six high-prevalence states of India: design and implementation challenges
    Tobi Saidel
    Family Health International, 4401 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    AIDS 22:S17-34. 2008
  4. ncbi Effectiveness of interventions for the prevention of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in female sex workers in resource poor setting: a systematic review
    Maryam Shahmanesh
    Centre for Sexual Health and HIV Research, University College London, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 13:659-79. 2008
  5. ncbi Declines in risk behaviour and sexually transmitted infection prevalence following a community-led HIV preventive intervention among female sex workers in Mysore, India
    Sushena Reza-Paul
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    AIDS 22:S91-100. 2008
  6. ncbi The changing face of HIV in China
    Lin Lu
    Yunnan Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Yunnan, People s Republic of China
    Nature 455:609-11. 2008
  7. pmc Empowering sex workers in India to reduce vulnerability to HIV and sexually transmitted diseases
    Dallas Swendeman
    Center for Community Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 69:1157-66. 2009
  8. pmc Estimates of the number of female sex workers in different regions of the world
    J Vandepitte
    STD HIV Research and Intervention Unit, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
    Sex Transm Infect 82:iii18-25. 2006
  9. pmc Impact of five years of peer-mediated interventions on sexual behavior and sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers in Mombasa, Kenya
    Stanley Luchters
    International Centre for Reproductive Health, Mombasa, Kenya
    BMC Public Health 8:143. 2008
  10. ncbi Transactional sex among women in Soweto, South Africa: prevalence, risk factors and association with HIV infection
    Kristin L Dunkle
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, 611 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 3028, USA
    Soc Sci Med 59:1581-92. 2004

Detail Information

Publications377 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Heavy episodic drinking among Kenyan female sex workers is associated with unsafe sex, sexual violence and sexually transmitted infections
    M F Chersich
    International Centre for Reproductive Health ICRH, Mombasa, Kenya
    Int J STD AIDS 18:764-9. 2007
    ..Interventions are needed to assist female sex workers adopt safer drinking patterns. Investigation is needed for the effectiveness of such interventions in reducing unprotected sex, sexual violence and sexually transmitted infections...
  2. ncbi The Sonagachi Project: a sustainable community intervention program
    Smarajit Jana
    STD HIV Intervention Programme, Calcutta, India
    AIDS Educ Prev 16:405-14. 2004
    ..Project components appear to be replicable across settings within India and worldwide...
  3. ncbi Baseline integrated behavioural and biological assessment among most at-risk populations in six high-prevalence states of India: design and implementation challenges
    Tobi Saidel
    Family Health International, 4401 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    AIDS 22:S17-34. 2008
    ....
  4. ncbi Effectiveness of interventions for the prevention of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in female sex workers in resource poor setting: a systematic review
    Maryam Shahmanesh
    Centre for Sexual Health and HIV Research, University College London, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 13:659-79. 2008
    ..To systematically review the evidence for effectiveness of HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention interventions in female sex workers in resource poor settings...
  5. ncbi Declines in risk behaviour and sexually transmitted infection prevalence following a community-led HIV preventive intervention among female sex workers in Mysore, India
    Sushena Reza-Paul
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    AIDS 22:S91-100. 2008
    ..The key programme components were: community mobilization and peer-mediated outreach; increasing access to and utilization of sexual health services; and enhancing the enabling environment to support programme activities...
  6. ncbi The changing face of HIV in China
    Lin Lu
    Yunnan Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Yunnan, People s Republic of China
    Nature 455:609-11. 2008
    ..HIV has advanced from high-risk groups such as intravenous drug users to some in the general population, according to comprehensive new data from the south of China. What needs to be done to halt its spread?..
  7. pmc Empowering sex workers in India to reduce vulnerability to HIV and sexually transmitted diseases
    Dallas Swendeman
    Center for Community Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 69:1157-66. 2009
    ..This study's results demonstrate that, compared to narrowcast clinical and prevention services alone, empowerment strategies can significantly impact a broader range of factors to reduce vulnerability to HIV/STDs...
  8. pmc Estimates of the number of female sex workers in different regions of the world
    J Vandepitte
    STD HIV Research and Intervention Unit, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
    Sex Transm Infect 82:iii18-25. 2006
    ..To collect estimated numbers of female sex workers (FSW) and present proportions of FSW in the female population (FSW prevalence) in different regions of the world...
  9. pmc Impact of five years of peer-mediated interventions on sexual behavior and sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers in Mombasa, Kenya
    Stanley Luchters
    International Centre for Reproductive Health, Mombasa, Kenya
    BMC Public Health 8:143. 2008
    ..Impact of these interventions was evaluated among those who attended peer education and at the FSW population level...
  10. ncbi Transactional sex among women in Soweto, South Africa: prevalence, risk factors and association with HIV infection
    Kristin L Dunkle
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, 611 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 3028, USA
    Soc Sci Med 59:1581-92. 2004
    ..Research, policy and programmatic initiatives should consider the role of transactional sex in women's HIV risk, with attention to the intersecting roles of violence, poverty, and substance use in shaping women's sexual behaviour...
  11. pmc Scale-up and coverage of Avahan: a large-scale HIV-prevention programme among female sex workers and men who have sex with men in four Indian states
    Ruchi Verma
    Family Health International, New Delhi, India
    Sex Transm Infect 86:i76-82. 2010
    ....
  12. pmc The many faces of sex work
    C Harcourt
    Sydney Sexual Health Centre, Sydney Hospital, PO Box 1614, Sydney, NSW 2001, Australia
    Sex Transm Infect 81:201-6. 2005
    ..To compile a global typography of commercial sex work...
  13. ncbi Determinants of HIV prevalence among female sex workers in four south Indian states: analysis of cross-sectional surveys in twenty-three districts
    Banadakoppa M Ramesh
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    AIDS 22:S35-44. 2008
    ..In four states in southern India we explored the determinants of HIV prevalence among female sex workers (FSW), as well as factors associated with district-level variations in HIV prevalence among FSW...
  14. ncbi Power, community mobilization, and condom use practices among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, India
    Kim M Blankenship
    Department of Sociology, Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
    AIDS 22:S109-16. 2008
    ....
  15. pmc Prevalence and predictors of HIV infection among female sex workers in Kaiyuan City, Yunnan Province, China
    Haibo Wang
    National Center for AIDS STD Prevention and Control, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 27 Nanwei Rd, Beijing 100050, PR China
    Int J Infect Dis 13:162-9. 2009
    ..We undertook this study to describe the risk factors for HIV infection in female sex workers (FSWs), and to determine the commercial sex venues where FSWs are most at risk of being infected with or infecting others with HIV...
  16. pmc Risk of HIV/AIDS in China: subpopulations of special importance
    H Z Qian
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1665 University Blvd Ryals 443A, Birmingham, AL 35294 2200, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 81:442-7. 2005
    ..To describe the HIV/AIDS epidemic in mainland China...
  17. pmc Prevalence and correlates of HIV infection among female sex workers in 2 Mexico-US border cities
    Thomas L Patterson
    University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0680, USA
    J Infect Dis 197:728-32. 2008
    ..We examined human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence and correlates among female sex workers (FSWs) in Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez, 2 large cities on the Mexico-US border...
  18. ncbi Sex-work harm reduction
    Michael L Rekart
    British Columbia Centre for Disease Control, University of British Columbia, Vancouver V5Z 4R4, BC, Canada
    Lancet 366:2123-34. 2005
    ..to serious harms: drug use, disease, violence, discrimination, debt, criminalisation, and exploitation (child prostitution, trafficking for sex work, and exploitation of migrants)...
  19. ncbi Monthly antibiotic chemoprophylaxis and incidence of sexually transmitted infections and HIV-1 infection in Kenyan sex workers: a randomized controlled trial
    Rupert Kaul
    Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
    JAMA 291:2555-62. 2004
    ..Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are common in female sex workers (FSWs) and may enhance susceptibility to infection with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)...
  20. ncbi Transactional sex is the driving force in the dynamics of HIV in Accra, Ghana
    Anne Marie Côté
    Centre for International Health, University of Sherbrooke, 3001 12th Avenue North, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada J1H 5N4
    AIDS 18:917-25. 2004
    ..To delineate the population attributable fraction (PAF) of transactional sex in prevalent cases of HIV infection in the male adult population of Accra, Ghana...
  21. ncbi HIV/AIDS risk among brothel-based female sex workers in China: assessing the terms, content, and knowledge of sex work
    Yingying Huang
    Department of Sociology, Peoples University, Beijing, China
    Sex Transm Dis 31:695-700. 2004
    ..Sexual transmission of HIV in China is rapidly increasing, in part driven by commercial sex work...
  22. ncbi Factors associated with self-reported unprotected anal sex among male sex workers in Mombasa, Kenya
    Scott Geibel
    Population Council, Nairobi, Kenya
    Sex Transm Dis 35:746-52. 2008
    ..To identify social and behavioral characteristics associated with sexual risk behaviors among male sex workers who sell sex to men in Mombasa, Kenya...
  23. ncbi Skinning the goat and pulling the load: transactional sex among youth in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    R K Maganja
    Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    AIDS Care 19:974-81. 2007
    ..Programs designed to reduce HIV risk among Tanzanian youth need to take into account the transactional component of sexual relationships and how such exchanges differ according to partner type...
  24. pmc Barriers to free antiretroviral treatment access for female sex workers in Chennai, India
    Venkatesan Chakrapani
    Indian Network for People Living with HIV AIDS INP, Chennai, India
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 23:973-80. 2009
    ..Finally, it is crucial that NACO begin monitoring ART coverage of FSWs and other marginalized populations to ensure equitable ART access...
  25. pmc Violence against female sex workers in Karnataka state, south India: impact on health, and reductions in violence following an intervention program
    Tara S H Beattie
    Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    BMC Public Health 10:476. 2010
    ....
  26. ncbi Decline in the prevalence of HIV and sexually transmitted diseases among female sex workers in Cotonou, Benin, 1993-1999
    Michel Alary
    Epidemiology Research Group, Centre Hospitalier Affilié Universitaire de Québec CHA and Université Laval, Hôpital du Saint Sacrement du CHA 1050, Chemin Sainte Foy, Quebec, Quebec G1S 4L8, Canada
    AIDS 16:463-70. 2002
    ..Within an ongoing HIV/STD prevention project aimed at female sex workers (FSW) in Cotonou, Benin, we evaluated time trends in HIV and STD prevalences from 1993 to 1999...
  27. pmc Interventions among male clients of female sex workers in Benin, West Africa: an essential component of targeted HIV preventive interventions
    C M Lowndes
    Department of HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infections, Centre for Infections CfI, Health Protection Agency, 61 Colindale Avenue, Colindale, London NW9 5EQ, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 83:577-81. 2007
    ..To assess the impact of interventions targeted towards female sex workers (FSWs) and their male clients on client HIV/STI prevalence and sexual behaviour...
  28. ncbi Social and structural violence and power relations in mitigating HIV risk of drug-using women in survival sex work
    Kate Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, BC Canada
    Soc Sci Med 66:911-21. 2008
    ....
  29. ncbi The HIV/AIDS Surveillance Project mapping approach: an innovative approach for mapping and size estimation for groups at a higher risk of HIV in Pakistan
    Faran Emmanuel
    HIV AIDS Surveillance Project, Agriteam Canada Consulting Ltd, and Centre for Global Public Health, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    AIDS 24:S77-84. 2010
    ..We developed a mapping approach to gather data on distribution, number of settings, operational typologies and estimated size of female sex workers (FSWs), male sex workers, hijra sex workers and injection drug users in Pakistan...
  30. ncbi The role of collectives in STI and HIV/AIDS prevention among female sex workers in Karnataka, India
    S S Halli
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    AIDS Care 18:739-49. 2006
    ..More longitudinal and qualitative studies are required to better understand the nature of sex worker collectives and the benefits that they can provide...
  31. ncbi Another decade of social scientific work on sex work: a review of research 1990-2000
    I Vanwesenbeeck
    Netherlands Institute of Social Sexological Research Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Annu Rev Sex Res 12:242-89. 2001
    The international, psychological and sociological research literature on prostitution from 1990 through 2000 is reviewed. The stage is set by scanning topics and perspectives in earlier writings...
  32. pmc Assessment of intervention outcome in the absence of baseline data: 'reconstruction' of condom use time trends using retrospective analysis of survey data
    C M Lowndes
    Department HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infections, Centre for Infections, Health Protection Agency, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 86:i49-55. 2010
    ..The authors used a novel method of analysing cross-sectional survey data to 'reconstruct' condom use rates in presurvey years, and to assess the relationship between Avahan and time trends in condom use among female sex workers (FSWs)...
  33. ncbi Substance use, sexual risk, and violence: HIV prevention intervention with sex workers in Pretoria
    Wendee M Wechsberg
    Substance Abuse Treatment Evaluations and Interventions, Behavioral Health Research Division, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    AIDS Behav 10:131-7. 2006
    ..This study demonstrates the feasibility of implementing cross-cultural behavioral HIV prevention interventions, and supports the need for future studies of women's contextual issues and the effectiveness of targeted interventions...
  34. pmc HIV prevention among sex workers in India
    Ishika Basu
    STD HIV Intervention Programme, Calcutta, India
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 36:845-52. 2004
    ..This study supports the efficacy of the Sonagachi model intervention in increasing condom use and maintaining low HIV prevalence among sex workers...
  35. pmc Violence victimisation, sexual risk and sexually transmitted infection symptoms among female sex workers in Thailand
    Michele R Decker
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 86:236-40. 2010
    ..This study sought to compare sexual risk and STI symptoms among FSW based on recent violence exposure...
  36. pmc A prospective study assessing the effects of introducing the female condom in a sex worker population in Mombasa, Kenya
    S C Thomsen
    Family Health International, Institute for Family Health, NC 27709, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 82:397-402. 2006
    ..To assess the impact and costs of adding female condoms to a male condom promotion and distribution peer education programme for sex workers in Mombasa, Kenya...
  37. ncbi HIV and STIs in clients and female sex workers in mining regions of Gejiu City, China
    Jun Jie Xu
    National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
    Sex Transm Dis 35:558-65. 2008
    ..To investigate HIV/sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among female sex workers (FSWs) and clients in a mining region of China...
  38. pmc The context of economic insecurity and its relation to violence and risk factors for HIV among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, India
    Elizabeth Reed
    George Washington University, School of Public Health and Health Services, Department of Prevention and Community Health, 2175 K St NW, Ste 700, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Public Health Rep 125:81-9. 2010
    ..We examined the context of economic insecurity and debt among female sex workers (FSWs), how this context varies among FSWs, and its association with experiences of violence and sexual risk factors for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)...
  39. ncbi Review of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers in China
    Adrienne N Poon
    Association of Schools of Public Health, Washington, DC, USA
    AIDS Care 23:5-25. 2011
    ..Theory-based interventions to reduce the incidence and prevalence of HIV/STIs need to be piloted with successful models scaled-up...
  40. ncbi "Nobody gives a damn if I live or die": violence, drugs, and street-level prostitution in inner-city Hartford, Connecticut
    Nancy Romero-Daza
    Hispanic Health Council, Hartford, CT, USA
    Med Anthropol 22:233-59. 2003
    ..the tenets of critical medical anthropology, this article illustrates the relation between violence, drug use, prostitution, and HIV risk in a group of 35 impoverished women living in inner-city Hartford, Connecticut...
  41. pmc Intimate partner violence is as important as client violence in increasing street-based female sex workers' vulnerability to HIV in India
    Subadra Panchanadeswaran
    Adelphi University School of Social Work, Garden City, New York, NY, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 19:106-12. 2008
    ..This study documents street-based female sex workers' experiences of client and intimate partners, examines the intersections of violence, alcohol use in condom use, and highlights survival strategies used to avert harm...
  42. pmc Food insufficiency is associated with high-risk sexual behavior among women in Botswana and Swaziland
    Sheri D Weiser
    Physicians for Human Rights, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Med 4:1589-97; discussion 1598. 2007
    ..We tested the hypothesis that food insufficiency is associated with HIV transmission behavior...
  43. pmc Modelling HIV/AIDS epidemics in Botswana and India: impact of interventions to prevent transmission
    Nico J D Nagelkerke
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Bull World Health Organ 80:89-96. 2002
    ..To describe a dynamic compartmental simulation model for Botswana and India, developed to identify the best strategies for preventing spread of HIV/AIDS...
  44. ncbi Effect of interventions to control sexually transmitted disease on the incidence of HIV infection in female sex workers
    P D Ghys
    Projet RETRO-CI Abidjan,
    AIDS 15:1421-31. 2001
    ..3 versus 7.6 per 100 person-years; P = 0.5). CONCLUSION: National AIDS control programs should consider adopting as policy the type of integrated approach used in this intervention study for HIV prevention in female sex workers...
  45. ncbi Sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers in Yunnan, China
    Xiang Sheng Chen
    National Center for STD and Leprosy Control, 12 Jiangwangmiao Street, Nanjing 210 042, China
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 19:853-60. 2005
    ..Policies and prevention strategies for STI/HIV need to focus on high-risk subpopulations, such as sex workers (particularly sex workers who inject drugs) and their clients...
  46. ncbi Condom use, power and HIV/AIDS risk: sex-workers bargain for survival in Hillbrow/Joubert Park/Berea, Johannesburg
    J M Wojcicki
    Department of Social Anthropology, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 53:99-121. 2001
    ..This focus on agency is important in trying to lessen the stigma and discrimination that sex-workers face at the hands of clients, pimps/managers, police and health care workers...
  47. pmc Structural and environmental barriers to condom use negotiation with clients among female sex workers: implications for HIV-prevention strategies and policy
    Kate Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Am J Public Health 99:659-65. 2009
    ..We investigated the relationship between environmental-structural factors and condom-use negotiation with clients among female sex workers...
  48. ncbi Behavioral studies of female sex workers in China: a literature review and recommendation for future research
    Yan Hong
    Department of Social and Behavioral Health, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, 1266 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843 1266, USA
    AIDS Behav 12:623-36. 2008
    ..Future behavioral intervention programs need to be multi-faceted and incorporate environmental and structural factors for different groups of FSWs...
  49. pmc Pursuing scale and quality in STI interventions with sex workers: initial results from Avahan India AIDS Initiative
    R Steen
    World Health Organization, Regional Office for South East Asia, Indraprastha Estate, Mahatma Gandhi Marg, New Delhi 110 002, India
    Sex Transm Infect 82:381-5. 2006
    ..India AIDS Initiative (Avahan), funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, is scaling up interventions with sex workers (SWs) and other high risk populations in India's six highest HIV prevalence states...
  50. ncbi HIV prevalence and predictors of infection in sex-trafficked Nepalese girls and women
    Jay G Silverman
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    JAMA 298:536-42. 2007
    ..Inadequate empirical data exist to characterize this phenomenon and its related health consequences, such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection...
  51. pmc Role of core and bridging groups in the transmission dynamics of HIV and STIs in Cotonou, Benin, West Africa
    C M Lowndes
    Groupe de recherche en épidémiologie de l Université Laval, Hôpital du Saint Sacrement du CHA, Quebec, Canada
    Sex Transm Infect 78:i69-77. 2002
    ....
  52. pmc Information dynamics shape the sexual networks of Internet-mediated prostitution
    Luis E C Rocha
    Department of Physics, Umea University, 901 87 Umea, Sweden
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:5706-11. 2010
    Like many other social phenomena, prostitution is increasingly coordinated over the Internet. The online behavior affects the offline activity; the reverse is also true...
  53. ncbi Correlates of partner violence among female street-based sex workers: substance abuse, history of childhood abuse, and HIV risks
    N El-Bassel
    Social Intervention Group, Columbia University, New York, NY 10025, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 15:41-51. 2001
    ....
  54. ncbi Can sex workers regulate police? Learning from an HIV prevention project for sex workers in southern India
    Monica Rao Biradavolu
    Duke Global Health Institute, Durham, NC, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:1541-7. 2009
    ....
  55. ncbi Environmental-structural factors significantly associated with consistent condom use among female sex workers in the Dominican Republic
    Deanna Kerrigan
    Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Room E7141, Baltimore, MD 21245, USA
    AIDS 17:415-23. 2003
    ..To examine the influence of environmental-structural factors in promoting consistent condom use (CCU) among female sex workers (FSW) and their regular paying partners in the Dominican Republic...
  56. pmc Condom use with female sex workers among male clients in Sichuan Province, China: the role of interpersonal and venue-level factors
    Cui Yang
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Urban Health 87:292-303. 2010
    ..The present study findings underscore the need for comprehensive HIV prevention approaches that integrate individual, interpersonal, and venue-level factors to reduce HIV risk behaviors among CSMCs in China...
  57. ncbi Alcohol and transactional sex: how risky is the mix?
    Alison H Norris
    Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Soc Sci Med 69:1167-76. 2009
    ..We posit explanations for discrepancies we found through the concepts of sensationalization, self-exceptionalization, and the influence of an authoritative moral discourse...
  58. ncbi Age and economic asymmetries in the sexual relationships of adolescent girls in sub-Saharan Africa
    Nancy Luke
    International Center for Research on Women, Washington, DC, USA
    Stud Fam Plann 34:67-86. 2003
    ..The review discusses directions for further research and the implications of current knowledge for future interventions...
  59. ncbi "Women's bodies are shops": beliefs about transactional sex and implications for understanding gender power and HIV prevention in Tanzania
    Joyce Wamoyi
    National Institute for Medical Research, Mwanza, Tanzania
    Arch Sex Behav 40:5-15. 2011
    ....
  60. ncbi Bangladesh moves from being a low-prevalence nation for HIV to one with a concentrated epidemic in injecting drug users
    T Azim
    International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh ICDDR, B Mohakhali, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Int J STD AIDS 19:327-31. 2008
    ..9%) followed by female street-based sex workers (8.6%). However, rates in female sex workers in Dhaka declined significantly over the years (P < 0.001). Bangladesh has to act urgently to prevent escalation of the epidemic...
  61. ncbi Syphilis among female sex workers in southwestern China: potential for HIV transmission
    Yuhua Ruan
    State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
    Sex Transm Dis 33:719-23. 2006
    ..The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of syphilis infection among female sex workers in a southwestern Chinese city along a drug trafficking route...
  62. ncbi HIV risk in Karachi and Lahore, Pakistan: an emerging epidemic in injecting and commercial sex networks
    Asma Bokhari
    National AIDS Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Government of Pakistan, Pakistan
    Int J STD AIDS 18:486-92. 2007
    ..The HIV epidemic has entered IDU and male and female commercial sex networks in Karachi and Lahore. Targeted intervention services must be scaled up and risk group surveillance intensified...
  63. ncbi Having the rug pulled from under your feet: one project's experience of the US policy reversal on sex work
    Joanna Busza
    Centre for Population Studies, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Health Policy Plan 21:329-32. 2006
    ..allocation of US government funds to organizations that 'promote or advocate' legalization and practice of prostitution and sex trafficking...
  64. pmc Interim modelling analysis to validate reported increases in condom use and assess HIV infections averted among female sex workers and clients in southern India following a targeted HIV prevention programme
    Michael Pickles
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College, St Mary s Campus, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 86:i33-43. 2010
    ....
  65. ncbi Containing HIV/AIDS in India: the unfinished agenda
    Padma Chandrasekaran
    Avahan India AIDS Initiative, The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, New Delhi, India
    Lancet Infect Dis 6:508-21. 2006
    ....
  66. ncbi High prevalence of syphilis and other sexually transmitted diseases among sex workers in China: potential for fast spread of HIV
    A van den Hoek
    Municipal Health Service, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    AIDS 15:753-9. 2001
    ..Sex workers and their clients appeared to play an important role in the spread of STD. Prostitution is illegal in China, and therefore no specific services exist for sex workers unless they are arrested and ..
  67. ncbi Gender and HIV risk behavior among intravenous drug users in Sichuan Province, China
    Susanne Y P Choi
    Department of Sociology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Sha Tin, NT, Hong Kong
    Soc Sci Med 62:1672-84. 2006
    ..Practical implications of the findings for HIV/AIDS prevention and intervention work in China are discussed...
  68. ncbi The necessary contradictions of 'community-led' health promotion: a case study of HIV prevention in an Indian red light district
    Flora Cornish
    Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK
    Soc Sci Med 64:496-507. 2007
    ..We suggest that existing optimistic expectations of participation inhibit acknowledgement of the troubling work of balancing power relations. Rather than denying such power relations, projects should be expected to plan for them...
  69. ncbi Structural stigma, sex work and HIV: contradictions and lessons learnt from a community-led structural intervention in southern India
    Monica Rao Biradavolu
    Department of Sociology, Battelle Tompkins Hall, American University, 4400 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016 8072, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 66:ii95-99. 2012
    ..Such a conceptualisation resonates with the growing emphasis on structural interventions for HIV prevention that attempt to alter the social context of risk...
  70. ncbi Community development and HIV/STI-related vulnerability among female sex workers in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Deanna Kerrigan
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Health Educ Res 23:137-45. 2008
    ..Findings indicate that internalized stigma and socioeconomic pressures may have constrained the scope and pace of community mobilization in this setting during the study observation period...
  71. pmc Evaluating large-scale HIV prevention interventions: study design for an integrated mathematical modelling approach
    M C Boily
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, Norfolk Place, W2 1PG, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 83:582-9. 2007
    ..There is an urgent need to evaluate HIV prevention interventions, thereby improving our understanding of what works, under what circumstances and what is cost effective...
  72. pmc Male use of female sex work in India: a nationally representative behavioural survey
    Michelle F Gaffey
    Centre for Global Health Research, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital and Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 6:e22704. 2011
    ..Given the large number of men using FSW, interventions for the much smaller number of FSW remains the most efficient strategy for curbing heterosexual HIV transmission in India...
  73. ncbi Prostitution in Vancouver: violence and the colonization of First Nations women
    Melissa Farley
    Prostitution Research and Education, San Francisco Ca 94116 0254, USA
    Transcult Psychiatry 42:242-71. 2005
    ..percent of our interviewees were women from Canada's First Nations, a significant overrepresentation in prostitution compared with their representation in Vancouver generally (1.7-7%)...
  74. ncbi Sex workers in Vietnam: how many, how risky?
    Truong Tan Minh
    Khanh Hoa Department of Health Service, Vietnam
    AIDS Educ Prev 16:389-404. 2004
    ..16%), and more likely to have clients who inject drugs (16% vs. 13%). This assessment has implications for planning programs to reduce sex work and its risks in Vietnam and potentially other countries...
  75. pmc Reasons for non- use of condoms and self- efficacy among female sex workers: a qualitative study in Nepal
    Laxmi Ghimire
    School of Medicine, Public Health Department, University of Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
    BMC Womens Health 11:42. 2011
    ..We assessed the non-use of condoms in sex work with intimate sex partners by female sex workers (FSWs) and the associated self-efficacy to inform the planning of STI/HIV prevention programmes in the general population...
  76. pmc Estimation of the sexual transmission of HIV in Kenya and Uganda on the trans-Africa highway: the continuing role for prevention in high risk groups
    C N Morris
    University of Manitoba, Manitoba, Canada
    Sex Transm Infect 82:368-71. 2006
    ..To explore the effect of transactional sex on the trans-Africa highway from Mombasa-Kampala in contributing to the HIV epidemic and the impact that an effective prevention intervention could have...
  77. pmc Economically motivated relationships and transactional sex among unmarried African American and white women: results from a U.S. national telephone survey
    Kristin L Dunkle
    Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Public Health Rep 125:90-100. 2010
    ..We explored links among economically motivated relationships, transactional sex, and risk behavior for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among unmarried African American and white women...
  78. pmc Predictors of consistent condom use based on the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills (IMB) model among female sex workers in Jinan, China
    Hua Zhang
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong Province, China
    BMC Public Health 11:113. 2011
    ....
  79. ncbi 'I just need to be flashy on campus': female students and transactional sex at a university in Zimbabwe
    Tsitsi Masvawure
    Department of Anthropology and Archaeology, Centre for the Study of AIDS, University of Pretoria, South Africa
    Cult Health Sex 12:857-70. 2010
    ..Findings suggest the importance of taking into account the contexts in which transactional sex occurs. Transactional sex takes different shapes and holds different meanings depending on where it manifests itself...
  80. pmc Organizational policy recommendations for control of STI/HIV among female sex workers in China: regular examination of workers in social hygiene clinics
    Donald E Morisky
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    AIDS Care 23:83-95. 2011
    ....
  81. ncbi Drug use and sexual risk behaviours among female Russian IDUs who exchange sex for money or drugs
    E G Benotsch
    Center for AIDS Intervention Research, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee 53202, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 15:343-7. 2004
    ..Effective HIV prevention programmes targeted at this group are urgently needed and are likely to be a cost-effective step in curtailing the spread of HIV in the region...
  82. pmc A profile of HIV risk factors in the context of sex work environments among migrant female sex workers in Beijing, China
    Huso Yi
    HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University and New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY, USA
    Psychol Health Med 15:172-87. 2010
    ..In the massive internal migration in China, disadvantages in economic sectors drive women to become involved in sex work. HIV prevention strategies must target socio-structural factors embedded in sex work environments...
  83. ncbi Food insecurity, HIV/AIDS pandemic and sexual behaviour of female commercial sex workers in Lagos metropolis, Nigeria
    J L Oyefara
    Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria
    SAHARA J 4:626-35. 2007
    ..In conclusion, hunger and malnutrition were the factors that pushed young women into prostitution in Nigeria and these same factors hindered them from practicing safe sex within the sex industry...
  84. pmc Social influence and individual risk factors of HIV unsafe sex among female entertainment workers in China
    Xiushi Yang
    Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 22:69-86. 2010
    ..Behavioral intervention is urgently needed and should take a multilevel approach, emphasizing behavioral skills training and promoting a supportive social/working environment...
  85. ncbi Drug sharing with clients as a risk marker for increased violence and sexual and drug-related harms among survival sex workers
    K Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    AIDS Care 20:228-34. 2008
    ....
  86. pmc Prevalence and structural correlates of gender based violence among a prospective cohort of female sex workers
    Kate Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    BMJ 339:b2939. 2009
    To examine the prevalence and structural correlates of gender based violence against female sex workers in an environment of criminalised prostitution.
  87. ncbi The burden and determinants of HIV and sexually transmitted infections in a population-based sample of female sex workers in Goa, India
    M Shahmanesh
    Centre for Sexual Health and HIV Research, University College London, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 85:50-9. 2009
    ..Understanding the way in which societal and individual factors interact to shape sex workers' vulnerability would better inform interventions...
  88. ncbi Application of cumulative odds logistic model on risk factors analysis for sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers in Kaiyuan city, Yunnan province, China
    H Wang
    National Center for AIDS STD Prevention and Control, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, PR China
    Sex Transm Infect 85:290-5. 2009
    ..To investigate the epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections (STI) among female sex workers (FSW) in Kaiyuan city, Yunnan province, China, and to identify risk factors associated with STI...
  89. pmc Impact of a social influence intervention on condom use and sexually transmitted infections among establishment-based female sex workers in the Philippines: a multilevel analysis
    Donald E Morisky
    Department of Community Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Health Psychol 25:595-603. 2006
    ..Because interventions were implemented at the city level, baseline and follow-up city differences were analyzed to rule out intervention effects due to preexisting differences...
  90. pmc An exploration of contextual factors that influence HIV risk in female sex workers in Mexico: The Social Ecological Model applied to HIV risk behaviors
    Sandra E Larios
    San Diego State University University of California San Diego, Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego, CA, USA
    AIDS Care 21:1335-42. 2009
    ..Understanding the contextual factors associated with condom use among subgroups of FSWs has important implications for the development of HIV prevention interventions...
  91. pmc "... But then he became my sipa": the implications of relationship fluidity for condom use among women sex workers in Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Kirsten Stoebenau
    Institute for Population Health, University of Ottawa, 1 Stewart St, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5 Canada
    Am J Public Health 99:811-9. 2009
    ..It is important to examine the influence of the meaning of sexual relationships on condom use for HIV prevention. Policy implications for HIV prevention work with sex workers are considered...
  92. ncbi Dhandha, dharma and disease: traditional sex work and HIV/AIDS in rural India
    John O'Neil
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 59:851-60. 2004
    ..We conclude that interventions designed to empower women collectively in these communities that are consistent with cultural traditions are needed to lead to healthier sexual behaviours and reduced risk of HIV/AIDS infection...
  93. ncbi Appropriateness and execution challenges of three formal size estimation methods for high-risk populations in India
    Selvaraj Vadivoo
    National Institute of Epidemiology, Chennai, India
    AIDS 22:S137-48. 2008
    ..To describe formal, external to programme methods for size estimation of high-risk populations and compare execution challenges and validity of results...
  94. ncbi The 100% condom use programme in Asia
    Wiwat Rojanapithayakorn
    World Health Organization China, Beijing, China
    Reprod Health Matters 14:41-52. 2006
    ..The 100% Condom Use Programmes in Thailand and Cambodia, which are being implemented on a nationwide basis, are the main reason for the decline in the HIV epidemic. Scaling-up of activities is taking place in all other six countries...
  95. ncbi From people to places: focusing AIDS prevention efforts where it matters most
    Sharon S Weir
    Department of Epidemiology School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27516, USA
    AIDS 17:895-903. 2003
    ..To develop and implement a method to identify and characterize places where people meet new sexual partners and to assess HIV prevention program coverage in those places...
  96. ncbi Ties of dependence: AIDS and transactional sex in rural Malawi
    Ann Swidler
    Department of Sociology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1980, USA
    Stud Fam Plann 38:147-62. 2007
    ..Transactional sex is described as akin to prostitution, a degraded form of sexual expression forced on vulnerable women by economic desperation...
  97. pmc HIV infection and risk characteristics among female sex workers in Hanoi, Vietnam
    Trung Nam Tran
    Department of Epidemiology, University of California, Los Angeles, School of Public Health, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1772, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 39:581-6. 2005
    ..Intervention strategies should include reduction of both stigmatization and sharing of drug paraphernalia, promotion of nonstigmatizing voluntary testing and counseling, and aggressive marketing and promotion of condoms...
  98. ncbi HIV, syphilis, hepatitis C and risk behaviours among commercial sex male clients in Sichuan province, China
    Cui Yang
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 2213 McElderry Street, 2nd Floor, Baltimore 21205, USA
    Sex Transm Infect 86:559-64. 2010
    ..The risk factors for prevalent syphilis infection are also examined...
  99. pmc The relationship of trauma to mental disorders among trafficked and sexually exploited girls and women
    Mazeda Hossain
    Gender, Violence and Health Centre, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Am J Public Health 100:2442-9. 2010
    ..We explored the association between traumatic events and mental health among girls and women trafficked for sexual exploitation...
  100. ncbi The impact of out-migrants and out-migration on the HIV/AIDS epidemic: a case study from south-west India
    Kathleen N Deering
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    AIDS 22:S165-81. 2008
    ....
  101. pmc Establishing a cohort at high risk of HIV infection in South Africa: challenges and experiences of the CAPRISA 002 acute infection study
    Francois van Loggerenberg
    Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa CAPRISA, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    PLoS ONE 3:e1954. 2008
    ..To describe the baseline demographic data, clinical characteristics and HIV-incidence rates of a cohort at high risk for HIV infection in South Africa as well as the challenges experienced in establishing and maintaining the cohort...

Research Grants63

  1. Typology of Street Prostitutes:Risk & Well-Being
    CELIA WILLIAMSON; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..qualitative grounded theory research project is to identify the types of prostitutes involved in street level prostitution. This will be accomplished over a 2 year period by attending to the specific aims of the project which are (1) ..
  2. COMBINING DRUG TREATMENT WITH LAW ENFORCEMENT
    REGINA BRISGONE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..of previous work, this project will use interviews to establish baselines for onset of drug use and entry into prostitution, and to look for relationships between the two trajectories...
  3. Helping Women Prisoners Reduce HIV Risk After Release
    CATHERINE FOGEL; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A unique constellation of factors contribute to this increased risk including histories of promiscuity, prostitution, exchange of sex for drugs, and numerous sexually transmitted diseases...
  4. Improving Antibodies to Virion Based HIV Vaccines
    Kathie Grovit-Ferbas; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Furthermore, the increased likelihood of sexual violence and prostitution among refugee populations broadens and accelerates the spread of HIV...
  5. Global Health Partnership at UCSD and SDSU
    Steffanie Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..is a nexus for other health problems caused by air, water and other environmental contaminants, drug abuse and prostitution which has spawned a large number of research projects on these topics...
  6. Examining the Geographies of Immigrant Sex Work: An Exploratory Study of HIV Risk
    Lois Takahashi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Most health-related research on sex work has focused on street prostitution, leaving substantial gaps in knowledge about HIV risk for "indoor" or "off-street" sex workers, who have become ..
  7. Testing a Comorbid PTSD &Substance/Alcohol Use Intervention in Delinquent Girls
    Amy E Lansing; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..among high-risk and delinquent girls and a pattern that often results in future arrests (substance use, prostitution)...
  8. Reducing drug use and HIV risk in drug-dependent adults arrested for prostitution
    Anthony DeFulio; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..risk for acquiring and transmitting HIV, and many drug dependent adults who have been arrested on charges of prostitution fit this profile...
  9. TOWAR: a comprehensive Training on Women's Addiction and Recovery
    NENA PORTIA MESSINA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g., HIV-risk behavior, mental health, physical health, prostitution, child-custody, trauma, domestic violence, etc.);2...
  10. Vstreet-G: A Web-Based Serious Game for Emancipating Youth on Life Skills
    LEE WHITE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..their impact on such public health problems as homelessness, physical and mental illness, drug abuse, and prostitution. This project, by providing life skills awareness and training, will help increase the chances for the at-risk ..
  11. Microbicide/Female Condom Acceptability for Sex Workers
    Margaret Weeks; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..of microbicides/female condoms, including ethnic/cultural beliefs, peer norms, personal risk context (prostitution, migration, abusive partners), economic conditions, social settings, partners and partner relationships, and ..
  12. CONTROLLED STUDY OF INFANT HIV ENCEPHALOPATHY
    David Coulter; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Mothers at risk for HIV infection because of intravenous drug abuse, prostitution, sexual partnership with HIV-positive persons or repeated blood transfusions will be offered HIV screening ..
  13. An Ethnographic and Economic Investigation of the Fresh Start Program (Detroit)
    JULIETTE KATHRYN RODDY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..an alternative to jail time for these women, who are arrested in periodic sweeps of neighborhoods where street prostitution is common...
  14. Drinking Behaviors of Migrant & Non-Migrant Farmworkers
    Michael Duke; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Furthermore, because of the prevalence of prostitution at migrant camps, alcohol may also impede judgement regarding condom use, thus putting them at risk for HIV and ..
  15. HETEROSEXUAL TRANSMISSION OF HIV
    Margaret Fischl; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Factors to be evaluated will include length of prostitution, contact with prostitutes, number of sexual partners, number of sexual encounters, types of sexual activity, ..
  16. HIV IN STREET YOUTH--EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PREVENTION
    Neal Halsey; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..These children and adolescents support themselves by performing odd jobs, petty theft, and prostitution. Exposure to male homosexuals and bisexuals by receptive anal intercourse is common in young children and ..
  17. FAMILY THERAPY OUTCOME FOR RUNAWAY ADOLESCENTS
    Natasha Slesnick; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..unique in the range and intensity of associated problems, including high rates of suicide attempts, pregnancy, prostitution, comorbid diagnoses and criminality...
  18. INTERVENTION EFFICACY TARGETING MALE PROSTITUTES
    Mark Williams; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..description of the structures of HIV information, motivation, and behavioral skills within a context of male prostitution. This information will be the basis for developing the sexual risk reduction intervention to be tested in Phase ..
  19. PEER INTERVENTION EFFECT ON HIV RISK IN DRUG USING WOMEN
    Judith Cohen; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..different racial/ethnic groups, and women with different risk circumstance or cofactors for HIV transmission, such as drug use that is not IV, working in prostitution, prior or concurrent STDs or other vaginal infections, and pregnancy.
  20. Microbicide Acceptance--Prevent HIV in High-Risk Women
    Margaret Weeks; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..g., drug use, prostitution, abusive partners), economic conditions, social settings, partners and partner relationships, and concern for ..
  21. ASSESSING BEHAVIOR AMONG WOMEN AT HIGH RISK OF HIV
    David Kanouse; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The proposed research will extend these analyses (10 to analyze the characteristics of women involved in street prostitution in Los Angeles County during the field period; (2) develop weighted incidence estimates for encounters between ..
  22. Sexual Behavior, Sexual Networks and STDs in China
    GIOVANNA MERLI; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..resident population, rural migrants and women working in entertainment establishments at risk of engaging in prostitution. Respondents will be asked to give details about themselves, their partners and the behavioral repertoires of ..
  23. Antiretroviral Therapy and HIV-1 Infectivity in Women
    RAYMOND SCOTT MCCLELLAND; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  24. HIV Intervention among Women at High Risk
    Xiushi Yang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Findings will have far reaching implications for effective HIV prevention intervention among women at high risk in China. China's success will in turn be a key to global success in preventing the spread of HIV. ..
  25. Medical Anthropology at the Intersections: Celebrating 50 Years of Interdisciplin
    Mark Padilla; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. Development of the Partner Violence Perpetration Among *
    Jay Silverman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This comparison will be vital to determining whether the risk and protective factors identified are relevant to present interventions for men who batter their female partners. ..
  27. Mechanisms for Relations of Domestic Violence to Poor Maternal and Infant Health
    Jay Silverman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. PRETREATMENT FOR AFRICAN AMERICAN CRACK ABUSERS
    Wendee Wechsberg; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  29. Woman Focused HIV Prevention with African-Americans
    Wendee Wechsberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..05/01) Page 3 Form Page 3 ..
  30. Risk Reduction Intervention for Highly Vulnerable Emerging Adults Males
    Jeffrey T Parsons; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..If effective, the intervention will help minimize the negative physical and psychological effects associated with club drug use, and reduce HIV infections among emerging adult males. ..
  31. " Evaluating a Microeconomic Intervention for High Risk Women in India"
    SUSAN GAIL SHERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Ultimately, the evaluation will provide the cost effectiveness of such an intervention as well as the impact on HIV/STI incidence and risky behaviors. ..
  32. SECONDARY PREVENTION AMONG HIV POSITIVE ALCOHOL ABUSERS
    Jeffrey Parsons; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Participants will complete assessment batteries at intake, and at 1-week, 3, 6, 9, and 12 month follow-ups in order to assess short-term and long-term effects. ..
  33. Patterns and Contexts of Club Drug Abuse
    Jeffrey Parsons; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Mixed-methods strategies will be used to examine the qualitative and quantitative data together in order to further understand the data and potential implications for intervention development. ..
  34. Behavior Change and Maintenance Intervention for HIV+ MSM Methamphetamine Users
    Thomas L Patterson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g., binge use, injection, polydrug use) and key psychosocial factors (e.g., sexual compulsivity, experiences of abuse) will be explored. ..
  35. HIV RISK AND PARTNER VIOLENCE--MEN ON METHADONE
    Nabila El Bassel; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Data from the proposed study will help inform assessment, treatment and referral protocols to reduce partner violence and HIV-risk behaviors among men and women in MMTPs. ..
  36. HIV/STI Prevention for Drug-Involved Couples
    Louisa Gilbert; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Sharp from St. Luke's Hospital in New York City, and Dr. Fals-Stewart from the Research Institute on Addictions at the University of Buffalo. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  37. Intervention for Female Workers in Mexico
    Thomas Patterson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Subgroup differences in the effectiveness of the intervention based on social, contextual, and interpersonal factors will be explored. ..
  38. Preventing HIV and other STDs among drug-involved women
    Nabila El Bassel; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The SWRD Program will be directed by Dr. Nabila El-Bassel and co-directed by Drs. Steven Schinke and Mary McKay, all CUSSW faculty with strong programs of federally funded research related to substance abuse and HIV. ..
  39. Functional Skills Training For Late Life Schizophrenia
    Thomas Patterson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Data will allow us to determine short-term effects of our intervention, effectiveness of maintenance sessions, and post-intervention duration of treatment effects. ..
  40. Risks for HIV and STIs among Moscow Sex Workers
    Chris Beyrer; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. Adherence Intervention for HIV + Alcohol Users
    Jeffrey Parsons; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Multivariate repeated measures analyses and growth curve modeling, using both continuous and dichotomous outcome variables, will be used to assess the impact of the intervention on both adherence and alcohol use. ..
  42. Randomized trial of HIV / STD prevention in Zimbabwean youth
    Frances Cowan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The most valid method will then be used in the final outcomes survey for the parent trial. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  43. HIV BEHAVIORS IN INJECTING AND NONINJECTING DRUG USERS
    Susan Sherman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Additionally, we are complementing our research with the inclusion of NIUs of whom we will compare and contrast with our new injectors and, observe factors associated with the transition into an injecting career. ..
  44. PARTNER ABUSE AND HIV IN WOMEN RECEIVING EMERGENCY CARE
    Nabila El Bassel; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  45. Development and Evaluation of a Group HIV Intervention for Gender Stigmatized Per
    Jeffrey Parsons; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  46. Woman-Focused HIV Prevention with Pregnant African-Americans in Treatment
    Wendee Wechsberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..g., HIV status, age, stage of pregnancy, relationships with men) that may influence response to the treatment. ..
  47. HIV Prevention in South Africa
    Wendee Wechsberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Aim 3. To examine the moderating and mediating effects of such factors as abuse history, HIV status, AOD use, psychological distress, and relationship power on the effectiveness of the HIV prevention interventions. ..
  48. Social Network of a Highly Active HIV/STD Core Group
    Mark Williams; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  49. Peer Intervention as Pedagogic Paradigm in Kinshasa SPH
    Frieda Behets; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Main outcome measures will be self reported sexual risk behaviors and STI/HIV incidence. The work will inform HIV prevention policy and strengthen research and training at KSPH ..
  50. RCT of Russian IDU Peer Network HIV Prevent Intervention
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  51. Positive Choices Research Project
    Mark Williams; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..About one-third of newly infected African Americans are women. The disease in the African American community is directly and indirectly linked to the crack cocaine epidemic. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  52. A Services Approach to Preventive Mental Health for Adolescent Refugees
    Stevan Weine; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....