sexual behavior

Summary

Summary: Sexual activities of humans.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Relation between HIV viral load and infectiousness: a model-based analysis
    David P Wilson
    National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Lancet 372:314-20. 2008
  2. pmc Randomized, controlled intervention trial of male circumcision for reduction of HIV infection risk: the ANRS 1265 Trial
    Bertran Auvert
    Hopital Ambroise Pare, Assitance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Boulogne, France
    PLoS Med 2:e298. 2005
  3. ncbi Heterosexual risk of HIV-1 infection per sexual act: systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies
    Marie Claude Boily
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, London, UK
    Lancet Infect Dis 9:118-29. 2009
  4. ncbi Sexual transmission of HIV according to viral load and antiretroviral therapy: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Suzanna Attia
    Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Switzerland
    AIDS 23:1397-404. 2009
  5. ncbi Meta-analysis of high-risk sexual behavior in persons aware and unaware they are infected with HIV in the United States: implications for HIV prevention programs
    Gary Marks
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 39:446-53. 2005
  6. ncbi Gender-based violence, relationship power, and risk of HIV infection in women attending antenatal clinics in South Africa
    Kristin L Dunkle
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Lancet 363:1415-21. 2004
  7. pmc HIV transmission risk through anal intercourse: systematic review, meta-analysis and implications for HIV prevention
    Rebecca F Baggaley
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, Paddington, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 39:1048-63. 2010
  8. ncbi Herpes simplex virus 2 infection increases HIV acquisition in men and women: systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies
    Esther E Freeman
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    AIDS 20:73-83. 2006
  9. ncbi Intimate partner violence, relationship power inequity, and incidence of HIV infection in young women in South Africa: a cohort study
    Rachel K Jewkes
    Gender and Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    Lancet 376:41-8. 2010
  10. ncbi Changes in sexual behavior and risk of HIV transmission after antiretroviral therapy and prevention interventions in rural Uganda
    Rebecca Bunnell
    CDC Uganda, Global AIDS Program, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    AIDS 20:85-92. 2006

Detail Information

Publications366 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Relation between HIV viral load and infectiousness: a model-based analysis
    David P Wilson
    National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Lancet 372:314-20. 2008
    ..We analysed the implications of this statement at a population level...
  2. pmc Randomized, controlled intervention trial of male circumcision for reduction of HIV infection risk: the ANRS 1265 Trial
    Bertran Auvert
    Hopital Ambroise Pare, Assitance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Boulogne, France
    PLoS Med 2:e298. 2005
    ..Observational studies suggest that male circumcision may provide protection against HIV-1 infection. A randomized, controlled intervention trial was conducted in a general population of South Africa to test this hypothesis...
  3. ncbi Heterosexual risk of HIV-1 infection per sexual act: systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies
    Marie Claude Boily
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, London, UK
    Lancet Infect Dis 9:118-29. 2009
    ..Efforts are needed to better understand these differences and to quantify infectivity in low-income countries...
  4. ncbi Sexual transmission of HIV according to viral load and antiretroviral therapy: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Suzanna Attia
    Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Switzerland
    AIDS 23:1397-404. 2009
    ..To synthesize the evidence on the risk of HIV transmission through unprotected sexual intercourse according to viral load and treatment with combination antiretroviral therapy (ART)...
  5. ncbi Meta-analysis of high-risk sexual behavior in persons aware and unaware they are infected with HIV in the United States: implications for HIV prevention programs
    Gary Marks
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 39:446-53. 2005
    ..To compare the prevalence of high-risk sexual behaviors in HIV persons aware of their serostatus with that in HIV persons unaware of their status in the United States and to discuss implications for HIV prevention programs...
  6. ncbi Gender-based violence, relationship power, and risk of HIV infection in women attending antenatal clinics in South Africa
    Kristin L Dunkle
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Lancet 363:1415-21. 2004
    ..No study on women has yet assessed gender-based violence as a risk factor for HIV after adjustment for women's own high-risk behaviours, although these are known to be associated with experience of violence...
  7. pmc HIV transmission risk through anal intercourse: systematic review, meta-analysis and implications for HIV prevention
    Rebecca F Baggaley
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, Paddington, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 39:1048-63. 2010
    ..We assessed the per-act and per-partner HIV transmission risk from AI exposure for heterosexuals and MSM and its implications for HIV prevention...
  8. ncbi Herpes simplex virus 2 infection increases HIV acquisition in men and women: systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies
    Esther E Freeman
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    AIDS 20:73-83. 2006
    ..To estimate the sex-specific effect of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) on the acquisition of HIV infection...
  9. ncbi Intimate partner violence, relationship power inequity, and incidence of HIV infection in young women in South Africa: a cohort study
    Rachel K Jewkes
    Gender and Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa
    Lancet 376:41-8. 2010
    ..We assessed whether intimate partner violence and relationship power inequity increase risk of incident HIV infection in South African women...
  10. ncbi Changes in sexual behavior and risk of HIV transmission after antiretroviral therapy and prevention interventions in rural Uganda
    Rebecca Bunnell
    CDC Uganda, Global AIDS Program, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    AIDS 20:85-92. 2006
    ..The impact of antiretroviral therapy (ART) on sexual risk behavior and HIV transmission among HIV-infected persons in Africa is unknown...
  11. ncbi Estimating sexual transmission of HIV from persons aware and unaware that they are infected with the virus in the USA
    Gary Marks
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    AIDS 20:1447-50. 2006
    ..New HIV infections stem from people who are aware they are HIV positive (approximately 75% of infected persons in the USA) and those who are unaware of their HIV-positive status (approximately 25%)...
  12. ncbi Dual infection with HIV and malaria fuels the spread of both diseases in sub-Saharan Africa
    Laith J Abu-Raddad
    Statistical Center for HIV Aids Research and Prevention, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109, USA
    Science 314:1603-6. 2006
    ..Hence, transient and repeated increases in HIV viral load resulting from recurrent co-infection with malaria may be an important factor in promoting the spread of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa...
  13. pmc HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in a cohort of women involved in high-risk sexual behavior in Kampala, Uganda
    Judith Vandepitte
    MRC UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Entebbe, Uganda
    Sex Transm Dis 38:316-23. 2011
    ..Data on the HIV/STI epidemic among sex workers are so far lacking from Uganda. This paper describes the baseline epidemiology of HIV/STI in a newly established cohort of women involved in high-risk sexual behavior in Kampala, Uganda.
  14. pmc Global epidemiology of HIV infection in men who have sex with men
    Chris Beyrer
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 380:367-77. 2012
    ....
  15. ncbi Baseline integrated behavioural and biological assessment among most at-risk populations in six high-prevalence states of India: design and implementation challenges
    Tobi Saidel
    Family Health International, 4401 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    AIDS 22:S17-34. 2008
    ....
  16. ncbi New heterosexually transmitted HIV infections in married or cohabiting couples in urban Zambia and Rwanda: an analysis of survey and clinical data
    Kristin L Dunkle
    Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education and Emory Center for AIDS Research, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Lancet 371:2183-91. 2008
    ..We aimed to estimate the proportion of heterosexual transmission of HIV which occurs within married or cohabiting couples in urban Zambia and Rwanda each year...
  17. pmc A surprising prevention success: why did the HIV epidemic decline in Zimbabwe?
    Daniel T Halperin
    Harvard University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Med 8:e1000414. 2011
  18. pmc Behavioural strategies to reduce HIV transmission: how to make them work better
    Thomas J Coates
    UCLA Program in Global Health, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Lancet 372:669-84. 2008
    ..Fifth, we need to get the simple things right. The fundamentals of HIV prevention need to be agreed upon, funded, implemented, measured, and achieved. That, presently, is not the case...
  19. pmc Effect of concurrent sexual partnerships on rate of new HIV infections in a high-prevalence, rural South African population: a cohort study
    Frank Tanser
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa
    Lancet 378:247-55. 2011
    ..However, the effect of concurrent partnerships on HIV incidence has not been appropriately tested in a sub-Saharan African setting...
  20. ncbi Syphilis and HIV seroconversion among a 12-month prospective cohort of men who have sex with men in Shenyang, China
    Jun Jie Xu
    Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China
    Sex Transm Dis 37:432-9. 2010
    ..Cross-sectional studies have found a high prevalence of syphilis and HIV infection among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China...
  21. pmc Per-contact probability of HIV transmission in homosexual men in Sydney in the era of HAART
    Fengyi Jin
    National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of New South Wales, Darlinghurst, Australia
    AIDS 24:907-13. 2010
    ..The objective of this study is to estimate per-contact probability of HIV transmission in homosexual men due to unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) in the era of HAART...
  22. ncbi Declines in risk behaviour and sexually transmitted infection prevalence following a community-led HIV preventive intervention among female sex workers in Mysore, India
    Sushena Reza-Paul
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    AIDS 22:S91-100. 2008
    ..The key programme components were: community mobilization and peer-mediated outreach; increasing access to and utilization of sexual health services; and enhancing the enabling environment to support programme activities...
  23. pmc HIV decline in Zimbabwe due to reductions in risky sex? Evidence from a comprehensive epidemiological review
    Simon Gregson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 39:1311-23. 2010
    ..We assessed the contributions of rising mortality, falling HIV incidence and sexual behaviour change to the decline in HIV prevalence...
  24. ncbi Effectiveness of interventions for the prevention of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in female sex workers in resource poor setting: a systematic review
    Maryam Shahmanesh
    Centre for Sexual Health and HIV Research, University College London, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 13:659-79. 2008
    ..To systematically review the evidence for effectiveness of HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention interventions in female sex workers in resource poor settings...
  25. ncbi Sexual behaviour in Britain: partnerships, practices, and HIV risk behaviours
    A M Johnson
    Centre for Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Department of Primary Care and Population Sciences, Royal Free and University College Medical School, Mortimer Market Centre, WC1E 6AU, London, UK
    Lancet 358:1835-42. 2001
    ....
  26. ncbi Human immunodeficiency virus prevalence is increasing among men who have sex with men in China: findings from a review and meta-analysis
    Eric Pui Fung Chow
    The Kirby Institute for Infection and Immunity in Society, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Sex Transm Dis 38:845-57. 2011
    ..This study aimed to estimate the magnitude and time trends of HIV prevalence among MSM in different geographical regions of China through a systemic review and meta-analysis...
  27. ncbi Sexual behavior of HIV discordant couples after HIV counseling and testing
    Susan Allen
    Department of Epidemiology and International Health, School of Public Health, University of Alabama in Birmingham, 35294, USA
    AIDS 17:733-40. 2003
    b>Sexual behavior following voluntary HIV counseling and testing (VCT) is described in 963 cohabiting heterosexual couples with one HIV positive and one HIV negative partner ('discordant couples')...
  28. ncbi Efficacy of Carraguard for prevention of HIV infection in women in South Africa: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
    Stephanie Skoler-Karpoff
    Population Council, New York, NY, USA
    Lancet 372:1977-87. 2008
    ..We assessed Carraguard, a carrageenan-based compound developed by the Population Council, for its efficacy and long-term safety in prevention of HIV infection in women...
  29. ncbi Sexual behavior in the United States: results from a national probability sample of men and women ages 14-94
    Debby Herbenick
    Center for Sexual Health Promotion, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA
    J Sex Med 7:255-65. 2010
    Despite a demonstrated relationship between sexual behaviors and health, including clinical risks, little is known about contemporary sexual behavior.
  30. pmc A call to action for comprehensive HIV services for men who have sex with men
    Chris Beyrer
    Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 380:424-38. 2012
    ..To address HIV in MSM will take continued research, political will, structural reform, community engagement, and strategic planning and programming, but it can and must be done...
  31. pmc Impact of five years of peer-mediated interventions on sexual behavior and sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers in Mombasa, Kenya
    Stanley Luchters
    International Centre for Reproductive Health, Mombasa, Kenya
    BMC Public Health 8:143. 2008
    ..Impact of these interventions was evaluated among those who attended peer education and at the FSW population level...
  32. ncbi Risk factors for HIV infection among men who have sex with men
    Beryl A Koblin
    Laboratory of Infectious Disease Prevention, The New York Blood Center, New York, New York 10021, USA
    AIDS 20:731-9. 2006
    ..Risk factors for HIV acquisition were examined in a recent cohort of men who have sex with men (MSM)...
  33. ncbi Concurrent sexual partnerships and the HIV epidemics in Africa: evidence to move forward
    Timothy L Mah
    AIDS Prevention Research Project, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    AIDS Behav 14:11-6; dicussion 34-7. 2010
    ....
  34. doi "Know your epidemic, know your response": a useful approach, if we get it right
    David Wilson
    World Bank, Washington, DC, USA
    Lancet 372:423-6. 2008
  35. ncbi The prevalence of bacterial vaginosis in the United States, 2001-2004; associations with symptoms, sexual behaviors, and reproductive health
    Emilia H Koumans
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 34:864-9. 2007
    ..We determined prevalence and associations with BV among a representative sample of women of reproductive age in the United States...
  36. ncbi Factors that shape young people's sexual behaviour: a systematic review
    Cicely Marston
    Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Lancet 368:1581-6. 2006
    ..We undertook a systematic review to identify key themes emerging from such research, to help inform policymakers developing sexual health programmes, and guide future research...
  37. ncbi Sexual behaviour in Britain: reported sexually transmitted infections and prevalent genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection
    K A Fenton
    Centre for Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Department of Primary Care, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, London, UK
    Lancet 358:1851-4. 2001
    ..The results have potentially wide application for proposed chlamydia screening programmes which, given the demonstrated prevalence, must now proactively seek to involve men...
  38. ncbi Men who have sex with men and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa
    Adrian D Smith
    Department of Public Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Lancet 374:416-22. 2009
    ..The belated response to MSM with HIV infection needs rapid and sustained national and international commitment to the development of appropriate interventions and action to reduce structural and social barriers to make these accessible...
  39. pmc Transactional sex with casual and main partners among young South African men in the rural Eastern Cape: prevalence, predictors, and associations with gender-based violence
    Kristin L Dunkle
    Emory University Atlanta, GA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 65:1235-48. 2007
    ..HIV prevention interventions need to explicitly address transactional sex in the context of ideas about masculinity, which place a high emphasis on heterosexual success with, and control of, women...
  40. pmc A single sex pheromone receptor determines chemical response specificity of sexual behavior in the silkmoth Bombyx mori
    Takeshi Sakurai
    Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
    PLoS Genet 7:e1002115. 2011
    ..in which a single pheromone component, (E, Z)-10,12-hexadecadienol (bombykol), is sufficient to elicit full sexual behavior. We have previously shown that the sex pheromone receptor BmOR1 mediates specific detection of bombykol in ..
  41. ncbi Alcohol use and high-risk sexual behavior in Sub-Saharan Africa: a narrative review
    Sarah E Woolf-King
    Department of Psychology, Syracuse University, NY 13244, USA
    Arch Sex Behav 40:17-42. 2011
    ..This article is a review of empirical studies on the association of alcohol and high-risk sexual behavior in SSA, with a focus on measurable outcomes generated from quantitative data...
  42. pmc Male migration and risky sexual behavior in rural India: is the place of origin critical for HIV prevention programs?
    Niranjan Saggurti
    HIV and AIDS Program, Population Council, New Delhi 110003, India
    BMC Public Health 11:S6. 2011
    ..The paucity of information on men's risky sexual behaviors in places of origin limits the decision to initiate HIV prevention interventions among populations in high out-migration areas in India...
  43. ncbi Using respondent-driven sampling methodology for HIV biological and behavioral surveillance in international settings: a systematic review
    Mohsen Malekinejad
    School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA
    AIDS Behav 12:S105-30. 2008
    ..This review has shown that RDS is an effective technique, when designed and implemented appropriately, to sample most-at-risk populations for HIV biological and behavioral surveys...
  44. pmc Individual differences in nucleus accumbens activity to food and sexual images predict weight gain and sexual behavior
    Kathryn E Demos
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755, USA
    J Neurosci 32:5549-52. 2012
    ..to many of the most vexing problems facing contemporary society, from overeating and obesity to impulsive sexual behavior and STDs...
  45. pmc Transmission of Chlamydia trachomatis through sexual partnerships: a comparison between three individual-based models and empirical data
    Christian L Althaus
    Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
    J R Soc Interface 9:136-46. 2012
    ..We suggest that the Gini coefficient is a useful measure for calibrating infectious disease models that include risk structure and highlight the need to estimate this measure for other STIs...
  46. pmc Decreased sexual risk behavior in the era of HAART among HIV-infected urban and rural South Africans attending primary care clinics
    Kartik K Venkatesh
    Department of Community Health, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    AIDS 24:2687-96. 2010
    ..In light of increasing access to HAART in sub-Saharan Africa, we conducted a longitudinal study to assess the impact of HAART on sexual risk behaviors among HIV-infected South Africans in urban and rural primary care clinics...
  47. pmc The role of reinfection and partner notification in the efficacy of Chlamydia screening programs
    Janneke C M Heijne
    Division of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
    J Infect Dis 203:372-7. 2011
    ..Effective management of sex partners to prevent reinfection might need to be strengthened in chlamydia control programs...
  48. pmc Timing is everything: international variations in historical sexual partnership concurrency and HIV prevalence
    Martina Morris
    Departments of Statistics and Sociology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    PLoS ONE 5:e14092. 2010
    ..But measures of the prevalence of concurrency alone do not adequately capture the impact concurrency will have on transmission dynamics. The importance of overlap duration and coital exposure are examined here...
  49. ncbi A systematic review and meta-analysis of quantitative interviewing tools to investigate self-reported HIV and STI associated behaviours in low- and middle-income countries
    Anna E Phillips
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 39:1541-55. 2010
    ..This study aims to determine whether such novel tools minimize misreporting of sensitive information...
  50. pmc Sexual risk factors for HIV infection in early and advanced HIV epidemics in sub-Saharan Africa: systematic overview of 68 epidemiological studies
    Li Chen
    Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 2:e1001. 2007
    ..It is commonly assumed that sexual risk factors for heterosexual HIV transmission in sub-Saharan Africa, such as multi-partner sex, paid sex and co-infections, become less important as HIV epidemics mature and prevalence increases...
  51. pmc Intravaginal insertion in KwaZulu-Natal: sexual practices and preferences in the context of microbicide gel use
    Mitzy Gafos
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
    Cult Health Sex 12:929-42. 2010
    ..Study findings provide evidence that vaginal microbicide gels may be more acceptable in communities where intravaginal insertion is practiced than was previously thought...
  52. pmc Bacterial vaginosis and HIV acquisition: a meta-analysis of published studies
    Julius Atashili
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7435, USA
    AIDS 22:1493-501. 2008
    ..To assess and summarize the published literature on the extent to which bacterial vaginosis may increase the risk of HIV acquisition...
  53. pmc Prevalence and predictors of HIV infection among female sex workers in Kaiyuan City, Yunnan Province, China
    Haibo Wang
    National Center for AIDS STD Prevention and Control, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 27 Nanwei Rd, Beijing 100050, PR China
    Int J Infect Dis 13:162-9. 2009
    ..We undertook this study to describe the risk factors for HIV infection in female sex workers (FSWs), and to determine the commercial sex venues where FSWs are most at risk of being infected with or infecting others with HIV...
  54. ncbi Effectiveness of HIV prevention for youth in sub-Saharan Africa: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized and nonrandomized trials
    Kristien Michielsen
    International Centre for Reproductive Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    AIDS 24:1193-202. 2010
    ..Systematically assess the effectiveness of HIV-prevention interventions in changing sexual behaviour of young people (10-25 years) in sub-Saharan Africa...
  55. ncbi HIV transmission risk behavior among HIV-infected adults in Uganda: results of a nationally representative survey
    Rebecca Bunnell
    Global AIDS Program, National Center for HIV, Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Entebbe, Uganda
    AIDS 22:617-24. 2008
    ..Evaluate factors associated with HIV transmission risk behavior among HIV-infected adults in Uganda...
  56. pmc Effect of herpes simplex suppression on incidence of HIV among women in Tanzania
    Deborah Watson-Jones
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London
    N Engl J Med 358:1560-71. 2008
    ..This study tested the hypothesis that HSV-2 suppressive therapy reduces the risk of HIV acquisition...
  57. ncbi Secretive females or swaggering males? An assessment of the quality of sexual partnership reporting in rural Tanzania
    Soori Nnko
    National Institute for Medical Research, Mwanza, Tanzania
    Soc Sci Med 59:299-310. 2004
    ..For men, however, there is only a weak association between number of partnerships and the risk of HIV, and it cannot be excluded that men, especially single men, exaggerate the number of sexual partners...
  58. ncbi Increased risk of incident HIV during pregnancy in Rakai, Uganda: a prospective study
    Ronald H Gray
    Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, USA
    Lancet 366:1182-8. 2005
    ..HIV acquisition is significantly higher during pregnancy than in the postpartum period. We did a prospective study to estimate HIV incidence rates during pregnancy and lactation...
  59. ncbi HIV infection does not disproportionately affect the poorer in sub-Saharan Africa
    Vinod Mishra
    Macro International Inc, Calverton, Maryland, USA
    AIDS 21:S17-28. 2007
    ..Wealthier populations do better than poorer ones on most measures of health status, including nutrition, morbidity and mortality, and healthcare utilization...
  60. pmc Exploring the diversity of Gardnerella vaginalis in the genitourinary tract microbiota of monogamous couples through subtle nucleotide variation
    A Murat Eren
    Department of Computer Science, University of New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e26732. 2011
    ..vaginalis biotypes, as well as more recent genomic comparisons of G. vaginalis isolates from symptomatic and asymptomatic women, suggest that particular G. vaginalis strains may play a key role in the pathogenesis of BV...
  61. pmc The relationship between intimate partner violence, rape and HIV amongst South African men: a cross-sectional study
    Rachel Jewkes
    School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    PLoS ONE 6:e24256. 2011
    ..To investigate the associations between intimate partner violence, rape and HIV among South African men...
  62. pmc Male circumcision decreases acquisition and increases clearance of high-risk human papillomavirus in HIV-negative men: a randomized trial in Rakai, Uganda
    Ronald H Gray
    Department of Population, Family, and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    J Infect Dis 201:1455-62. 2010
    ..HR-HPV clearance was determined in men with prior genotype-specific HR-HPV infections. Rate ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of HR-HPV acquisition were estimated by Poisson multiple regression...
  63. ncbi Young people's sexual health in South Africa: HIV prevalence and sexual behaviors from a nationally representative household survey
    Audrey E Pettifor
    Reproductive Health Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    AIDS 19:1525-34. 2005
    ..To determine the prevalence of HIV infection, HIV risk factors, and exposure to national HIV prevention programs, and to identify factors associated with HIV infection among South African youth, aged 15-24 years...
  64. pmc HIV-related high-risk behaviors among Chinese migrant construction laborers in Nantong, Jiangsu
    Xun Zhuang
    National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
    PLoS ONE 7:e31986. 2012
    ..Recent surveillance statistics indicate that HIV prevalence among returning migrants has increased significantly...
  65. pmc A study of sexuality and health among older adults in the United States
    Stacy Tessler Lindau
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, IL 60637, USA
    N Engl J Med 357:762-74. 2007
    ..Despite the aging of the population, little is known about the sexual behaviors and sexual function of older people...
  66. ncbi Willingness to use HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis and the likelihood of decreased condom use are both associated with unprotected anal intercourse and the perceived likelihood of becoming HIV positive among Australian gay and bisexual men
    Martin Holt
    National Centre in HIV Social Research, The University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052, Australia
    Sex Transm Infect 88:258-63. 2012
    ..To investigate willingness to use HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and the likelihood of decreased condom use among Australian gay and bisexual men...
  67. ncbi Reasons for not HIV testing, testing intentions, and potential use of an over-the-counter rapid HIV test in an internet sample of men who have sex with men who have never tested for HIV
    Duncan A MacKellar
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 38:419-28. 2011
    ..Correlates of main reasons for not HIV testing, HIV testing intentions, and potential use of an over-the-counter rapid HIV test (OTCRT) among men who have sex with men who have never tested for HIV (NTMSM) are unknown...
  68. pmc The impact of socio-demographic and religious factors upon sexual behavior among Ugandan university students
    Anette Agardh
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Social Medicine and Global Health, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    PLoS ONE 6:e23670. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between sociodemographic and religious factors and their impact on sexual behavior among university students in Uganda.
  69. ncbi Anal intercourse among female sex workers in East Africa is associated with other high-risk behaviours for HIV
    Nienke J Veldhuijzen
    Academic Medical Center of the University of Amsterdam and Amsterdam Institute for Global Health and Development, PO Box 22700, 1100 DE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Sex Health 8:251-4. 2011
    ..Little is known about the prevalence of heterosexual anal intercourse (AI), its correlates and its role in the spread of HIV. Prevention messaging seldom, if ever, includes AI...
  70. ncbi Highly active antiretroviral therapy and sexual risk behavior: a meta-analytic review
    Nicole Crepaz
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 292:224-36. 2004
    ..Evidence suggests that since highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) became available, the prevalence of unprotected sex and the incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) have increased...
  71. ncbi Evaluation of genital sites and sampling techniques for detection of human papillomavirus DNA in men
    Bethany A Weaver
    Center for AIDS and STD Research, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Harborview Medical Center, 325 9th Avenue, Box 359931, Seattle, WA 98104 USA
    J Infect Dis 189:677-85. 2004
    ..The HPV prevalence was similar for circumcised and uncircumcised men. Testing multiple sites increased the number of men for whom HPV DNA was detected...
  72. pmc Risk behaviors and reasons for not getting tested for HIV among men who have sex with men: an online survey in Peru
    Magaly M Blas
    Epidemiology, HIV and STD Unit, School of Public Health and Administration, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru
    PLoS ONE 6:e27334. 2011
    ..Given that MSM are frequent users of the Internet, understanding the risk behaviors and the reasons for not getting tested among MSM who surf the Internet may improve the tailoring of future online behavioral interventions...
  73. ncbi Age-disparate and intergenerational sex in southern Africa: the dynamics of hypervulnerability
    Suzanne Leclerc-Madlala
    Human Sciences Research Council of South Africa, Private Bag, Pretoria, South Africa
    AIDS 22:S17-25. 2008
    ....
  74. ncbi Prevalence and correlates of HIV and syphilis infections among men who have sex with men in Chongqing Municipality, China
    Yan Xiao
    National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100050, People s Republic of China
    Sex Transm Dis 36:647-56. 2009
    ..To examine the prevalence and correlates of HIV/syphilis infections and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Chongqing, China...
  75. pmc Successes and challenges of HIV prevention in men who have sex with men
    Patrick S Sullivan
    Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta 30322, GA, USA
    Lancet 380:388-99. 2012
    ..Scale-up of HIV prevention programmes for MSM is difficult because of homophobia and bias, suboptimum access to HIV testing and care, and financial constraints...
  76. ncbi Sexual behavior and HIV transmission risk of Ugandan adults taking antiretroviral therapy: 3 year follow-up
    Rose Apondi
    CDC Uganda, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Entebbe, Uganda
    AIDS 25:1317-27. 2011
    Long-term impact of antiretroviral therapy (ART) on sexual HIV-transmission risk in Africa is unknown. We assessed sexual behavior changes and estimated HIV transmission from HIV-infected adults on ART in Uganda.
  77. ncbi Sex-work harm reduction
    Michael L Rekart
    British Columbia Centre for Disease Control, University of British Columbia, Vancouver V5Z 4R4, BC, Canada
    Lancet 366:2123-34. 2005
    ..Straightforward and achievable steps are available to improve the day-to-day lives of sex workers while they continue to work. Conceptualising and debating sex-work harm reduction as a new paradigm can hasten this process...
  78. ncbi A resurgent HIV-1 epidemic among men who have sex with men in the era of potent antiretroviral therapy
    Daniela Bezemer
    HIV Monitoring Foundation, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    AIDS 22:1071-7. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to quantify the impact that highly active antiretroviral therapy had on the epidemic...
  79. pmc Prevalence and correlates of HIV infection among female sex workers in 2 Mexico-US border cities
    Thomas L Patterson
    University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0680, USA
    J Infect Dis 197:728-32. 2008
    ..We examined human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence and correlates among female sex workers (FSWs) in Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez, 2 large cities on the Mexico-US border...
  80. ncbi Safer sexual behaviors after 12 months of antiretroviral treatment in Mombasa, Kenya: a prospective cohort
    Stanley Luchters
    International Centre for Reproductive Health, Mombasa, Kenya, International Centre for Reproductive Health, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 22:587-94. 2008
    ..Unsafe sexual behavior (unprotected sex with an HIV-negative or unknown status partner) before starting ART and 12 months thereafter ..
  81. ncbi Acceptability of the internet-based Chlamydia screening implementation in the Netherlands and insights into nonresponse
    Katie E Greenland
    Epidemiology and Surveillance Unit, Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Sex Transm Dis 38:467-74. 2011
    ....
  82. ncbi Gender-based violence and HIV: relevance for HIV prevention in hyperendemic countries of southern Africa
    Neil Andersson
    Centro de Investigacion de Enfermedades Tropicales, Universidad Autonoma de Guerrero, Calle Pino, Acapulco, Mexico
    AIDS 22:S73-86. 2008
    ..Effective interventions are likely to include a structural component, and a GBV awareness component...
  83. pmc Workplace and HIV-related sexual behaviours and perceptions among female migrant workers
    H Yang
    Prevention Research Center the Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    AIDS Care 17:819-33. 2005
    ..Intervention strategies should be tailored to address occupational-related factors...
  84. ncbi Changes in sexual behaviours: from secular trends to public health policies
    Nathalie Bajos
    Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, Paris, France
    AIDS 24:1185-91. 2010
    ..To explore the relative contribution of secular trends and public health policies to changes in sexual behaviour...
  85. pmc A mixed methods and triangulation model for increasing the accuracy of adherence and sexual behaviour data: the Microbicides Development Programme
    Robert Pool
    Centre for International Health Research CRESIB, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    PLoS ONE 5:e11600. 2010
    ..In a companion paper some of the results from this model are presented [1]...
  86. pmc Transmission clustering drives the onward spread of the HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men in Quebec
    Bluma G Brenner
    McGill University AIDS Centre, Lady Davis Institute, Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec
    J Infect Dis 204:1115-9. 2011
    ..5 months) correlated with cluster membership size (r(2) = 0.174, F = 4.424, P = .047). PHI cohort data revealed variations in social networks and risk behaviors among the 3 groups, suggesting the need for tailored prevention measures...
  87. ncbi Age, sexual behavior and human papillomavirus infection in oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancers
    Elaine M Smith
    Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Int J Cancer 108:766-72. 2004
    ..An exfoliated oral cytology test for HPV was a significant predictor of HR types in the cancers, suggesting that an oral rinse may provide an early biomarker of infected tumors...
  88. ncbi Male circumcision, penile human papillomavirus infection, and cervical cancer in female partners
    Xavier Castellsague
    Servei d Epidemiologia i Registre del Cancer, Institut Catala d Oncologia, Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
    N Engl J Med 346:1105-12. 2002
    ..It is uncertain whether male circumcision reduces the risks of penile human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in the man and of cervical cancer in his female partner...
  89. pmc Routine HIV testing in Botswana: a population-based study on attitudes, practices, and human rights concerns
    Sheri D Weiser
    Physicians for Human Rights, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Med 3:e261. 2006
    ..The Botswana government recently implemented a policy of routine or "opt-out" HIV testing in response to the high prevalence of HIV infection, estimated at 37% of adults...
  90. pmc Long-term biological and behavioural impact of an adolescent sexual health intervention in Tanzania: follow-up survey of the community-based MEMA kwa Vijana Trial
    Aoife M Doyle
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 7:e1000287. 2010
    ..A further impact evaluation survey in 2007/8 ( approximately 9 years post-intervention) tested this hypothesis...
  91. pmc Outcomes of a randomized community-level HIV prevention intervention for women living in 18 low-income housing developments
    K J Sikkema
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, USA
    Am J Public Health 90:57-63. 2000
    ..Women in impoverished inner-city neighborhoods are at high risk for contracting HIV. A randomized, multisite community-level HIV prevention trial was undertaken with women living in 18 low-income housing developments in 5 US cities...
  92. pmc Concurrent sexual partnerships do not explain the HIV epidemics in Africa: a systematic review of the evidence
    Larry Sawers
    Department of Economics, American University, Washington, DC, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 13:34. 2010
    ..Policy makers should turn attention to drivers of African HIV epidemics that are policy sensitive and for which there is substantial epidemiological evidence...
  93. ncbi High recurrence rates of bacterial vaginosis over the course of 12 months after oral metronidazole therapy and factors associated with recurrence
    Catriona S Bradshaw
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, The Alfred Hospital, Victoria, Australia
    J Infect Dis 193:1478-86. 2006
    ..We wished to determine recurrences of bacterial vaginosis (BV) after treatment over the course of 12 months and to establish factors associated with recurrence...
  94. ncbi Oral sexual behaviors associated with prevalent oral human papillomavirus infection
    Gypsyamber D'Souza
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Infect Dis 199:1263-9. 2009
    ..046, for trend) or open-mouthed kissing partners (P = .023, for trend) but not vaginal sex partners. Oral sex and open-mouthed kissing are associated with the development of oral HPV infection...
  95. pmc Information dynamics shape the sexual networks of Internet-mediated prostitution
    Luis E C Rocha
    Department of Physics, Umea University, 901 87 Umea, Sweden
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:5706-11. 2010
    ..We also found that the number of sellers scales sublinearly with city size, so this type of prostitution does not, comparatively speaking, benefit much from an increasing concentration of people...
  96. ncbi Desire for children and pregnancy risk behavior among HIV-infected men and women in Uganda
    Sylvia Nakayiwa
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC Uganda, Uganda Virus Research Institute, P O Box 49, Entebbe, Uganda
    AIDS Behav 10:S95-104. 2006
    ..PMTCT and other HIV prevention and care programs should ensure provision of family planning for HIV-infected populations who do not want to become pregnant...
  97. ncbi Factors associated with HIV sero-status in young rural South African women: connections between intimate partner violence and HIV
    R Jewkes
    Gender and Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Private Bag X385, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
    Int J Epidemiol 35:1461-8. 2006
    ..This paper aims to describe factors associated with HIV sero-status in young, rural South African women and the relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV) and HIV...
  98. ncbi Who participates in the Dutch Chlamydia screening? A study on demographic and behavioral correlates of participation and positivity
    Eline L M Op de Coul
    Epidemiology and Surveillance Unit, Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Sex Transm Dis 39:97-103. 2012
    ..We studied who was reached in the first screening round by relating participation and chlamydia positivity to sociodemographic and sexual risk factors...
  99. pmc Evaluation of a peer network-based sexual risk reduction intervention for men in beer halls in Zimbabwe: results from a randomized controlled trial
    Katherine Fritz
    International Center for Research on Women, Washington, DC, USA
    AIDS Behav 15:1732-44. 2011
    ..It remains an imperative to find ways to productively engage men in AIDS prevention, especially in those venues where male bonding, alcohol consumption, and sexual risk behavior are intertwined...
  100. ncbi A delicate balance: risk factors for acquisition of bacterial vaginosis include sexual activity, absence of hydrogen peroxide-producing lactobacilli, black race, and positive herpes simplex virus type 2 serology
    Thomas L Cherpes
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 35:78-83. 2008
    ..The etiology of bacterial vaginosis (BV) is poorly understood, but better definition of the risk factors associated with its acquisition should improve our understanding of this complex disease entity...
  101. pmc An integrated structural intervention to reduce vulnerability to HIV and sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers in Karnataka state, south India
    Vandana Gurnani
    Karnataka Health Promotion Trust, Rajajinagar, Bangalore 560 044, India
    BMC Public Health 11:755. 2011
    ..We mobilised FSWs and appraised them of their legal rights, and worked with FSWs and people with HIV/AIDS to implement sensitization and awareness training for more than 175 government officials, 13,500 police and 950 journalists...

Research Grants79

  1. Epigenetics of Sex Differences in Brain and Behavior
    BRIDGET NUGENT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Based on a preliminary finding that lowering neonatal DNMT activity defeminizes sexual behavior in adulthood, we predict that DNMT enzyme inhibition during the perinatal critical period will result in ..
  2. Mechanism of Age-Related Change in Estrogen Receptor Beta Expression in Rat Brain
    JENNE MITCHELL WESTBERRY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Estrogen plays a crucial role in coordinating the neuroendocrine events that control sexual development, sexual behavior and reproduction. Additionally, estrogen modulates numerous additional facets of brain function...
  3. PS11-003 Minority AIDS Research Initiative
    BRIDGETTE MERCEDEZ BRAWNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..HIV/STI risk, intervention development, testing the intervention's effects on HIV/STI risk related sexual behavior and STI incidence, and testing the mediation of effects of the intervention...
  4. Effects of brain-selective estradiol on gene expression and female sex behavior
    Kim Wallen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We propose to use sexual behavior as a model estrogen-responsive system with which to test DHED's potential therapeutic effects...
  5. Genomic adaptation to HIV infection of the CNS in opioid-abusers
    Rajnish S Dave; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Opioid-abusers are cognitively impaired and suffer from neurological dysfunctions that may lead to high-risk sexual behavior, poor adherence to antiretroviral regimens and promote onset of co-morbid conditions such as hepatitis-C ..
  6. WNT and gonadotropin mediated regulation of ovarian steroidogenesis
    JENNIFER HERNANDEZ GIFFORD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..estrogen levels influence numerous physiological and pathological processes including fertility and sexual behavior, bone remodeling and the development of various endocrine cancers...
  7. Anabolic-androgenic steroids enhance motivation
    Ruth I Wood; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..hope to understand why AAS abuse predisposes individuals to engage in inappropriate and excessive aggression, sexual behavior and drug use, and to unravel the underlying neural mechanisms...
  8. Development of an HIV Risk Reduction Intervention Protocol for Adolescent Africn-
    GWENDOLYN D CHILDS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..It is imperative that these interventions target girls prior to the onset of high-risk sexual behavior, which according to the Alabama STI surveillance reports would be those females age 14 and younger...
  9. CONNECTIONS OF THE LIMBIC SYSTEM AND HYPOTHALAMUS
    Larry W Swanson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..on cardiovascular and endocrine (for example, blood glucose) measures, anxiety and mood, aggressive behavior, sexual behavior and physiology (for example, the menstrual cycle), and disturbances of normal sleep and wakefulness patterns...
  10. HAART optimism, drug use and risky sexual behavior among MSM in British Columbia.
    Robert Stephen Hogg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  11. HIV Prevention Intervention for Young Transgender Women
    MATTHEW JAMES MIMIAGA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e., >10%), with the largest percentage among YTW (ages 29 and younger). High rates of risky sexual behavior and HIV infection among this population of young women indicate a need for comprehensive HIV prevention ..
  12. Investigation of Gi/o Signaling in the 5HT System
    DAVINA GUTIERREZ; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..has been demonstrated to play important roles in various physiological functions such as mood, sexual behavior, feeding, sleep/wake cycle, memory, cognition, blood pressure regulation and breathing (Mooney et al., 1998)...
  13. Regulation of Leydig cell function by small noncoding RNAs
    Wei Yan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Normal T production is critical not only for normal sperm production and male fertility, but also for normal sexual behavior and male-specific physiology in general...
  14. Ecdysone modulation of sexual behavior in Drosophila melanogaster
    GEOFFREY GANTER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    We will explore the control of sexual behavior of the fruit fly by the steroid hormone ecdysone...
  15. From Child Maltreatment to Adolescent Substance Abuse: Risks, Protective Factors
    Penelope K Trickett; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..A second focal adolescent outcome of this study is high-risk sexual behavior, which is commonly associated with substance abuse...
  16. HIV and Substance Use Prevention for South African Youth and Families
    Leickness Simbayi; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..will target personal attributes, peer and partner relationship processes, and family context to reduce risky sexual behavior and drug/alcohol use among South African youth...
  17. Reducing HIV Risk in Adult Women with Intellectual Disabilities
    JENNIFER J WELLS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Knowledge, Testing and Condom Use, and 3) we will develop a program on Relationship Negotiations around sexual behavior. Program 1 on sex and sexuality, and program 3 on relationship negotiations will include messages tailored ..
  18. HORMONE-NEUROTRANSMITTER INTERACTIONS IN THE BRAIN
    Elaine M Hull; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Glutamate elicits MPOA DA release, via NO, and is important for both sexual behavior and sexual learning...
  19. Psychosexual Intervention for Gynecologic Cancer Patients
    Barbara L Andersen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Primary outcome measures assess sexual behavior, responsiveness, and satisfaction, and sexual pain...
  20. HPV Disease in the Era of HPV Vaccines
    Laura A Koutsky; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..At each visit, a nurse practitioner will conduct a face-to-face medical and sexual behavior interview (supplemented with bi-weekly online sexual behavior diaries) and collect cervical specimens for Pap ..
  21. Social and Motivational Properties of Vasoactive Intestinal Polypeptide Circuits
    James L Goodson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..there are excellent reasons to expect that VIP circuits also influence aggressive behavior, sociality, sexual behavior and pair bonding;and more general aspects of motivation and anxiety...
  22. Steroid Catecholamine Interactions and Behavior
    Gregory F Ball; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..that the fast actions of estrogens produced by brain aromatase are important for the activation of appetitive sexual behavior (motivational aspects) while the slower genomic actions are important for the activation of copulatory ..
  23. Sexual Health among Low-Income Female CSWs in China
    JENNIFER ZHIHUAN HUANG BOUEY; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Little is known about their sexual health (e.g. prevalence of STI, unprotected and other high-risk sexual behavior) and how they associated with the nature of their work (e.g...
  24. Rewarding experience and the aging brain
    Erica R Glasper; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..involve a rewarding or motivating component-examples including running, eating a high fat diet, and sexual behavior. Each of these experiences activates the HPA axis...
  25. Transgenic Tethered Peptides
    Michael N Nitabach; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..physiological, and behavioral processes: metabolism, lifespan, pain sensation, circadian rhythms, sleep, sexual behavior, etc...
  26. HIV risk and venues for meeting sex partners
    Christian Grov; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In addition to identifying venue-level patterns and the prevalence of HIV-associated risk behavior (i.e., sexual behavior specific to the venues where partners were met), this study will focus on identifying venue- level ..
  27. Prevenitng HIV/STIs in Central Indian High Risk Women: A Pilot Intervention
    Thomas L Patterson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..infections among subpopulations that, for various social and economic reasons, engage in high-risk sexual behavior. This project seeks to adapt a counseling program that has been successful in reducing the risk behavior of ..
  28. COMT Genotype and Risky Decision Making in HIV and Methamphetamine Dependence
    Mariana Cherner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..who are HIV infected and its association with HIV transmission risk behaviors, particularly high-risk sexual behavior. METH use strongly alters brain dopaminergic function...
  29. Social attachment and reproductive regulation
    HEATHER ELIZABETH WATTS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Given the importance of these neuropeptides in the formation of social attachments and for sexual behavior, they may be mechanistically important in transducing intersexual social cues to the reproductive axis...
  30. Coaching Parents to Manage Youth Stress through Recreation and Culture
    Howard C Stevenson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..stress that promotes academic disengagement and peer aggression can reduce greater and related public health problems of substance abuse, unprotected sexual behavior, poor eating habits, physical inactivity and violence perpetration.
  31. Developmental Ah receptor Activity in the CNS: Neurogenesis and Neurotoxicity
    Lisa A Opanashuk; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Deficits in cognitive function, locomotor development, and sexual behavior are some of the most sensitive endpoints associated with perinatal exposure to dioxin-like chemicals...
  32. Digital Star: HIV Prevention for Youth in Mental Health Treatment
    Josh S Spitalnick; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It is the first and only intervention to have demonstrated an improvement in safer sexual behavior for youth in mental health treatment, a group that is at- risk and not otherwise targeted with interventions ..
  33. Interventions to decrease HIV infectiousness in Uganda
    Connie L Celum; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..population-level HIV infectiousness, and 2) HIV transmission potential, a composite measure of viral load and sexual behavior among HIV+ persons with HIV- or unknown serostatus partners, who have the greatest impact on HIV spread...
  34. ACES: Abstinence and Contraception Education Storehouse
    JOSEFINA JAYME CARD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..selected as effective by a Scientist Expert Panel in preventing teen pregnancy/STI/HIV or their risky sexual behavior antecedents...
  35. HPV CAPSID ANTIBODIES
    Denise A Galloway; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..sera from our existing cohorts of young women and men, for whom there are repeated serological, HPV DNA, and sexual behavior measures...
  36. Preventing HIV/AIDS Among Teens in Juvenile Justice
    Geri R Donenberg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..are disproportionately AA, and compared to the general population, juvenile offenders (JO) report more risky sexual behavior, drug and alcohol use, and psychiatric disorders, and are more likely to test positive for STIs...
  37. Gendered Social Context of Adolescent HIV Risk Behavior in Ghana
    Jeffrey B Bingenheimer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..with individual developmental processes and local epidemiological circumstances to shape emerging patterns of sexual behavior among youth in these communities...
  38. Dissatisfaction Retained and the Sex Behavior Network
    MICHAEL B MCKEOWN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..b>Sexual behavior is particularly amenable as there are multiple different male and female behaviors and neural or ..
  39. HIV Testing and Educating Male Partners to Improve Maternal and Infant Outcomes
    Carey Farquhar; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..men during their partner's pregnancy and providing HIV testing to male partners will reduce risky sexual behavior, increase facility deliveries and contraception use postpartum, improve breastfeeding practices, and increase ..
  40. An Integrated HIV Prevention Model for African American Mothers and Daughters
    Geri R Donenberg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..family-based program for teens in psychiatric care to simultaneously reduce women's and girls'risky sexual behavior and delay girls'sexual debut...
  41. Pass the Popcorn: Children's perceptions of 'obesogenic'culture in movies
    Eliana M Perrin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..has established the prevalence and influence of negative health messages in movies, especially smoking, sexual behavior, and alcohol use...
  42. A novel rodent model of dopamine agonist-induced impulsive control disorders
    T Celeste Napier; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..treated with DA agonists develop impulse control disorders (ICDs) such as gambling disorders, compulsive sexual behavior, compulsive buying, and binge-eating...
  43. Reducing Violence and HIV Risk Among War-Exposed Liberian Youth
    Nathan B Hansen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..adaptive coping and health-promoting behavior;(2) decrease maladaptive coping strategies such as high-risk sexual behavior and substance use;and (3) decrease traumatic distress, depressive symptoms and social-isolation...
  44. From Pheromone Receptors to Social Behaviors
    HUBERT O AMREIN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This grant will investigate the specific role of pheromone receptors in complex social behaviors including sexual behavior, aggression and rejection, using the Drosophila as a model system...
  45. Clinical & Cost Effectiveness of HPV Vaccination in the US
    Sue Goldie; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..observed patterns in HPV type-specific prevalence, invasive cancer, and temporal variation in factors such as sexual behavior and smoking;(2) to develop a dynamic transmission model of HPV 16 and 18 to estimate the population-level ..
  46. HIV PREVALENCE, SEXUAL BEHAVIOR, AND ATTITUDES TOWARD CIRCUMCISION: COLOMBIAN MSM
    Maria Cecilia Zea; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..groups, and 28 life history interviews) to explore the context of life in the four cities for MSM, including sexual behavior patterns, social networks, stigma associated with homosexuality and HIV, violence, migration, and ..
  47. HIV/AIDS Prevention for Men with Intellectual Disabilities
    JENNIFER J WELLS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..e., initial Phase I development effort) will focus on HIV/AIDS transmission and prevention related to sexual behavior. The Phase I program, "Respect Now" will develop a fully functional interactive CD-ROM prototype that ..
  48. Barbershop-Based HIV/STD Risk Reduction for African American Young Men
    Loretta Sweet Jemmott; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The Specific Aims are focused on testing the intervention's effects on sexual behavior and STD incidence and testing the mediation of effects of the intervention...
  49. Exposure to violence and unsafe sex in late adolescent African American women
    HELEN WADSWORTH WILSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Dating violence and unsafe sexual behavior represent major public health concerns that disproportionately affect young AA women...
  50. SOUTH AFRICAN ADOLESCENT HEALTH PROMOTION PROJECT
    JOHN BARTON JEMMOTT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the research proposed in this competing continuation application is to identify predictors of risky and safer sexual behavior and sexually transmitted disease (STD) among South African adolescents...
  51. HIV/AIDS Prevention with African American heterosexual men attending college: A
    Robert E Aronson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..All eligible and willing men will complete an initial baseline assessment designed to measure current sexual behavior, and cultural, social, and psychological influences on sexual behavior and healthcare utilization...
  52. Impact of PrEP Messaging on Comprehension, Acceptability, and Risk Among MSM
    Sarit A Golub; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..strategy;(2) Estimate the impact of each of these factors on individual risk-perception and predicted sexual behavior in the context of PrEP use;(3) Identify individual-level factors, (i.e...
  53. Enhancement of Sexual Motivation
    Chana K Akins; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..by applicant): There is considerable evidence for a co-morbid relationship between cocaine abuse and risky sexual behavior. Clinical studies have shown a correlation between cocaine use and risky sexual practices such as increased ..
  54. IYG-Family: Beyond "the talk" to effective pregnancy, STI, and HIV prevention
    Ross Shegog; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..IYG-F, youth who access IYG-F will demonstrate significantly greater intentions to abstain from initiation of sexual behavior. 2...
  55. Injectable Contraception and HIV/HSV-2 Incidence in Young South African Women
    Sinead Delany-Moretlwe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Aim 2: Through the use of computer assisted self-interviews, we will collect sensitive sexual behavior information from all women (N=600) during quarterly visits and assess impact of IC and associated risk ..
  56. Hormones and Sex Differences in the Musk Shrew
    LOUISE FREEMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..RELEVANCE TO PUBLIC HEALTH) In the regulation of sexual behavior, the musk shrew differs from commonly studied rodents but shares certain similarities with primates, ..
  57. PREVALENCE AND DETERMINANTS OF ORAL HPV INFECTION IN THE US POPULATION
    Maura L Gillison; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. sexual behavior, tobacco use, alcohol use, marijuana use) by age, gender, race and birth cohort and compare these to ..
  58. Common Themes in Reproductive Diversity
    Ellen D Ketterson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..research on steroid hormones, maternal stress, changing environments, maternal and infant health, and healthy sexual behavior and reproduction, using human, non-human model systems, and evolutionarily diverse non- model systems will ..
  59. Enhancing Psychological Capital to Foster Health Outcomes in Homeless Young Women
    DONNA LYNN REW; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..optimism) in the context of setting goals and identifying strategies to curtail their risky substance use and sexual behavior. An attention control group will receive general information about street safety and staying healthy...
  60. Neural Predictors of Self-Regulation Failure and Success for Appetitive Behavior
    Todd F Heatherton; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..society, from drug abuse and addiction, to smoking and cancer, to overeating and obesity, to impulsive sexual behavior and HIV/AIDS...
  61. Web-Based Substance Abuse STD/HIV Prevention
    W Gill Woodall; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..risk of contracting HIV/STD, and self-efficacy skills related to remaining abstinent, negotiating safe sexual behavior, and using condoms...
  62. STI/HIV Prevention: Sexual milieu of African American Collage Students
    NAOMI M HALL-BYERS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..better understanding of factors associated with African American college students'risky and responsible sexual behavior is needed to help guide the development of strategies and interventions to reduce the rate of HIV infection ..
  63. STEROID REGULATION OF ION CHANNELS
    Leslie Henderson; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..nucleus (VMN) of the hypothalamus and preoptic area (POA) as playing a key role in mediating adult sexual behavior. Although the sexually dimorphic nature of these nuclei and the importance of GABAergic transmission within ..
  64. The importance of Early Sexual Experiences Among Men Who Have Sex With Men
    Matthew Golden; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..S. Despite the widely acknowledged importance of sexual behavior in defining HIV/STI transmission dynamics, little is known about how MSM form patterns of sexual behavior, ..
  65. Community factors shaping the sexual behavior of males
    Robert Stephenson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..of HIV and although much attention has been given to the individual and familial factors that influence male sexual behavior, the role of community factors in shaping male sexual behavior remains poorly understood...
  66. RISK-TAKING, AROUSAL, MARIJUANA AND SEXUAL DECISIONS
    Rick Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    Existing models of the relationship between attitudes and sexual risk taking behavior assume that sexual behavior is primarily the result of rational decision-making...
  67. STRATEGIES TO REDUCE HIV SEXUAL RISK PRACTICES
    Robert Freeman; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..related to sexual activities and apply this information to the development of interventions to reduce risky sexual behavior. Second, the study will empirically test the efficacy of developed interventions to reduce sexual risk...
  68. Adolescent Latino Sexual Behavior: More Reactive or Reasoned?
    FELISA GONZALES; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..design and quantitative analysis skills necessary to study contextual influences on Latino adolescent sexual behavior;and 3) to examine whether and how risk images, maternal- adolescent acculturation gaps, and perceptions of ..
  69. Analyzing the Effectiveness of a Non-Verbal Response Card: Evidence from Ethiopia
    David Lindstrom; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..topics, such as sexual risk taking, illicit substance use, domestic violence, and attitudes regarding sexual behavior, racial preferences, and discrimination...
  70. A NEW NEUROENDOCRINE MODEL OF SEASONAL BEHAVIORS
    MARY MENDONCA; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..are basal, and 2) are heterothermic, with arousal from hibernation being a potent and rapid stimulator of sexual behavior. Therefore, an external cue (i.e...
  71. Validating Sexual Behavior by Y-chromosome PCR
    Jonathan Zenilman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Estimating reporting bias and validity of self-reports are a major issue in sexual behavior and condom use research. Incident STDs as biomarkers are expensive, and not useful in low-incident populations...
  72. BRAIN OXYTOCIN RECEPTORS--FUNCTION AND STRUCTURE
    LORETTA FLANAGAN CATO; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..multidisciplinary research program to reveal the mechanisms whereby ovarian steroid hormones regulate female sexual behavior in rats...
  73. Distress Tolerance: Links with Family Emotional Climate and Adolescent HIV Risk
    Jude Cassidy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..2007). Although links of low distress tolerance with risky sexual behavior have not been examined previously, there are theoretical and empirical reasons that suggest that this link ..
  74. A NOVEL ENDOCRINE DISRUPTING AGENT AND BREAST CANCER
    Barry Markaverich; Fiscal Year: 2007
    Endocrine disruptive (ED) agents in ground corncob bedding and foods block male and female sexual behavior and cyclicity in the rat and stimulate breast and prostate cancer cell proliferation...
  75. Role of Endogenous Opioids in Male Reproductive Behavior
    Lique Coolen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Taken together, these studies lead to the hypothesis that endogenous opioid peptides are released during sexual behavior. However, to date, the site(s) of release and action of the endogenous peptides are still unclear...
  76. ALCOHOL USE AND HIV RISK AMONG ADOLESCENTS ON PROBATION
    Angela Bryan; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Alcohol use is commonly cited as a reason for high levels of risky sexual behavior among adolescents such as those involved in the criminal justice system (Brook, Balka, Abernathy, & ..
  77. REDUCING THE RISK OF SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED HIV INFECTION
    JOHN JEMMOTT; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Baseline analyses will seek to determine whether correlates of risky sexual behavior suggested by prior research and theory are evident in this population; prospective analyses will seek to ..
  78. 12-Step Recovery and HIV Risk Among Gay and Bisexual Men
    Thomas Lyons; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..men in community-based Alcoholics Anonymous, Narcotics Anonymous and Crystal Meth Anonymous on high HIV risk sexual behavior. The project will qualitatively explore mechanisms behind the association between program involvement and ..
  79. Life Skills Curriculum as an HIV/STD Prevention Strategy
    Susan Pick; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..prevention suggests that there are several factors that affect and, in some measure, predict high-risk sexual behavior in adolescents...