risk taking

Summary

Summary: Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Risk taking and novelty seeking in adolescence: introduction to part I
    Ann E Kelley
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin Madison Medical School, 6001 Research Park Boulevard, Madison, WI 53719, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1021:27-32. 2004
  2. ncbi Evaluation of a behavioral measure of risk taking: the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART)
    C W Lejuez
    Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park 20742, USA
    J Exp Psychol Appl 8:75-84. 2002
  3. ncbi Associations of sexual risk taking among Kenyan female sex workers after enrollment in an HIV-1 prevention trial
    Geeta Yadav
    Faculty of Arts and Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 38:329-34. 2005
  4. ncbi The neural basis of financial risk taking
    Camelia M Kuhnen
    Stanford Graduate School of Business, 518 Memorial Way, S479, Stanford, California, 94305, USA
    Neuron 47:763-70. 2005
  5. ncbi Reliability of the 1999 youth risk behavior survey questionnaire
    Nancy D Brener
    Division of Adolescent and School Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    J Adolesc Health 31:336-42. 2002
  6. ncbi Risk-sensitive neurons in macaque posterior cingulate cortex
    Allison N McCoy
    Department of Neurobiology, Duke University Medical Center, Box 3209, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Nat Neurosci 8:1220-7. 2005
  7. ncbi Highly active antiretroviral therapy and sexual risk behavior: a meta-analytic review
    Nicole Crepaz
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 292:224-36. 2004
  8. ncbi Peer influence on risk taking, risk preference, and risky decision making in adolescence and adulthood: an experimental study
    Margo Gardner
    Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA
    Dev Psychol 41:625-35. 2005
  9. ncbi Neural correlates of voluntary and involuntary risk taking in the human brain: an fMRI Study of the Balloon Analog Risk Task (BART)
    Hengyi Rao
    Center for Functional Neuroimaging, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Neuroimage 42:902-10. 2008
  10. ncbi The Sonagachi Project: a sustainable community intervention program
    Smarajit Jana
    STD HIV Intervention Programme, Calcutta, India
    AIDS Educ Prev 16:405-14. 2004

Detail Information

Publications324 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Risk taking and novelty seeking in adolescence: introduction to part I
    Ann E Kelley
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin Madison Medical School, 6001 Research Park Boulevard, Madison, WI 53719, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1021:27-32. 2004
    b>Risk taking and novelty seeking are hallmarks of typical adolescent behavior...
  2. ncbi Evaluation of a behavioral measure of risk taking: the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART)
    C W Lejuez
    Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park 20742, USA
    J Exp Psychol Appl 8:75-84. 2002
    The present study (N = 86) sought to evaluate a laboratory-based behavioral measure of risk taking (the Balloon Analogue Risk Task; BART) and to test associations between this measure and self-report measures of risk-related constructs ..
  3. ncbi Associations of sexual risk taking among Kenyan female sex workers after enrollment in an HIV-1 prevention trial
    Geeta Yadav
    Faculty of Arts and Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 38:329-34. 2005
    ..Female sex workers (FSWs) often lack the ability to negotiate safer sex and are at high risk for HIV-1 infection and sexually transmitted infections (STIs)...
  4. ncbi The neural basis of financial risk taking
    Camelia M Kuhnen
    Stanford Graduate School of Business, 518 Memorial Way, S479, Stanford, California, 94305, USA
    Neuron 47:763-70. 2005
    ..Thus, consideration of anticipatory neural mechanisms may add predictive power to the rational actor model of economic decision making...
  5. ncbi Reliability of the 1999 youth risk behavior survey questionnaire
    Nancy D Brener
    Division of Adolescent and School Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    J Adolesc Health 31:336-42. 2002
    ..To assess the test-retest reliability of the 1999 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) questionnaire...
  6. ncbi Risk-sensitive neurons in macaque posterior cingulate cortex
    Allison N McCoy
    Department of Neurobiology, Duke University Medical Center, Box 3209, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Nat Neurosci 8:1220-7. 2005
    ..CGp activation was better predicted by the subjective salience of a chosen target than by its actual value. These data suggest that CGp signals the subjective preferences that guide visual orienting...
  7. ncbi Highly active antiretroviral therapy and sexual risk behavior: a meta-analytic review
    Nicole Crepaz
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 292:224-36. 2004
    ..Evidence suggests that since highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) became available, the prevalence of unprotected sex and the incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) have increased...
  8. ncbi Peer influence on risk taking, risk preference, and risky decision making in adolescence and adulthood: an experimental study
    Margo Gardner
    Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA
    Dev Psychol 41:625-35. 2005
    ..2 questionnaire measures assessing risk preference and risky decision making, and 1 behavioral task measuring risk taking. Participants in each age group were randomly assigned to complete the measures either alone or with 2 same-..
  9. ncbi Neural correlates of voluntary and involuntary risk taking in the human brain: an fMRI Study of the Balloon Analog Risk Task (BART)
    Hengyi Rao
    Center for Functional Neuroimaging, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Neuroimage 42:902-10. 2008
    ..mechanisms underlying decision making during risk, yet little is known about the effect of voluntary choice on risk taking. The Balloon Analog Risk Task (BART), in which subjects inflate a virtual balloon that can either grow larger ..
  10. ncbi The Sonagachi Project: a sustainable community intervention program
    Smarajit Jana
    STD HIV Intervention Programme, Calcutta, India
    AIDS Educ Prev 16:405-14. 2004
    ..Project components appear to be replicable across settings within India and worldwide...
  11. ncbi Acute stress modulates risk taking in financial decision making
    Anthony J Porcelli
    Department of Psychology, 101 Warren St, Rutgers University, Newark, NJ 07102, USA
    Psychol Sci 20:278-83. 2009
    ..This suggests that stress modulates risk taking, potentially exacerbating behavioral bias in subsequent decision making...
  12. pmc Variability in nucleus accumbens activity mediates age-related suboptimal financial risk taking
    Gregory R Samanez-Larkin
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 2130, USA
    J Neurosci 30:1426-34. 2010
    ..This age-related effect was mediated by a neural measure of temporal variability in nucleus accumbens activity. These findings reveal a novel neural mechanism by which aging may disrupt rational financial choice...
  13. ncbi The Internet as a newly emerging risk environment for sexually transmitted diseases
    M McFarlane
    Division of Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 284:443-6. 2000
    ..Transmission of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with unprotected sex among multiple anonymous sex partners. The role of the Internet in risk of STDs is not known...
  14. ncbi Towards an understanding of sexual risk behavior in people living with HIV: a review of social, psychological, and medical findings
    Nicole Crepaz
    AIDS 16:135-49. 2002
  15. ncbi The error-related negativity is related to risk taking and empathy in young men
    Diane L Santesso
    Department of Psychology, Brock University, St Catharines, Ontario, Canada
    Psychophysiology 46:143-52. 2009
    We related self-report measures of risk taking and empathy to the error-related negativity (ERN) elicited during a flanker task in boys in late adolescence...
  16. ncbi Genetic influences on impulsivity, risk taking, stress responsivity and vulnerability to drug abuse and addiction
    Mary Jeanne Kreek
    Laboratory of the Biology of Addictive Diseases, The Rockefeller University, New York, New York, USA
    Nat Neurosci 8:1450-7. 2005
    Genetic variation may partially underlie complex personality and physiological traits--such as impulsivity, risk taking and stress responsivity--as well as a substantial proportion of vulnerability to addictive diseases...
  17. pmc Wired: energy drinks, jock identity, masculine norms, and risk taking
    Kathleen E Miller
    University at Buffalo, Research Institute on Addictions, Buffalo, NY 14203, USA
    J Am Coll Health 56:481-9. 2008
    The author examined gendered links among sport-related identity, endorsement of conventional masculine norms, risk taking, and energy-drink consumption.
  18. ncbi The role of mother-daughter sexual risk communication in reducing sexual risk behaviors among urban adolescent females: a prospective study
    M Katherine Hutchinson
    School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Adolesc Health 33:98-107. 2003
    ..To prospectively examine the relationship between mother-daughter communication about sex and selected sexual risk behaviors among inner-city adolescent females...
  19. ncbi Teenage drinking and the onset of alcohol dependence: a cohort study over seven years
    Yvonne A Bonomo
    Centre for Adolescent Health, Murdoch Children s Research Institute
    Addiction 99:1520-8. 2004
    ..To determine whether adolescent alcohol use and/or other adolescent health risk behaviour predisposes to alcohol dependence in young adulthood...
  20. ncbi Attitudes towards highly active antiretroviral therapy are associated with sexual risk taking among HIV-infected and uninfected homosexual men
    David E Ostrow
    Loyola University School of Medicine, Maywood, Illinois, USA
    AIDS 16:775-80. 2002
    ..To determine whether attitudes towards highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) are associated with unprotected anal sex among sexually active homosexual men...
  21. ncbi Distinct neural mechanisms of risk and ambiguity: a meta-analysis of decision-making
    Amy L Krain
    New York University Child Study Center, New York University School of Medicine, 215 Lexington Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA
    Neuroimage 32:477-84. 2006
    ..These findings provide evidence for the dissociation of neural circuits underlying risky and ambiguous decision-making, reflecting differential involvement of affective "hot" and cognitive "cool" processes...
  22. ncbi Sexual risk, nitrite inhalant use, and lack of circumcision associated with HIV seroconversion in men who have sex with men in the United States
    Susan P Buchbinder
    AIDS Office, San Francisco Department of Public Health, San Francisco, CA, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 39:82-9. 2005
    ..8, PAR = 7%). Having a large number of male sex partners, nitrite inhalant use, and engaging in receptive anal sex explained the majority of infections in this cohort and should be targeted in prevention strategies for MSM...
  23. ncbi Explaining disparities in HIV infection among black and white men who have sex with men: a meta-analysis of HIV risk behaviors
    Gregorio A Millett
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS 21:2083-91. 2007
    ..To identify factors that contribute to the racial disparity in HIV prevalence between black and white men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States...
  24. ncbi Activation of prefrontal cortex by transcranial direct current stimulation reduces appetite for risk during ambiguous decision making
    Shirley Fecteau
    Berenson Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation, Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Neurosci 27:6212-8. 2007
    ..behaviors; however, when the contralateral DLPFC was modulated with cathodal tCDS, an important decrease in risk taking was observed...
  25. pmc Endogenous steroids and financial risk taking on a London trading floor
    J M Coates
    Department of Physiology, Development and Neuroscience, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3DY, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:6167-72. 2008
    Little is known about the role of the endocrine system in financial risk taking. Here, we report the findings of a study in which we sampled, under real working conditions, endogenous steroids from a group of male traders in the City of ..
  26. pmc High-risk behaviors among men who have sex with men in 6 US cities: baseline data from the EXPLORE Study
    Beryl A Koblin
    New York Blood Center, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:926-32. 2003
    ..We describe the prevalence of risk behaviors at baseline among men who have sex with men (MSM) who were enrolled in a randomized behavioral intervention trial conducted in 6 US cities...
  27. ncbi Review of sampling hard-to-reach and hidden populations for HIV surveillance
    Robert Magnani
    Family Health International, Arlington, VA, USA
    AIDS 19:S67-72. 2005
    ..However, as its applicability to HIV surveillance in resource-poor settings has yet to be established, further field trials are needed before a firm conclusion can be reached...
  28. ncbi Performance on the IOWA card task by adolescents and adults
    William H Overman
    Psychology Department, University of North Carolina, 601 South College Road, Wilmington, NC 28401, USA
    Neuropsychologia 42:1838-51. 2004
    ..Males tended to choose on the basis of long-term outcome. Results are discussed in terms of adolescent brain development and decision-making differences between males and females...
  29. pmc Risk compensation in HIV prevention: implications for vaccines, microbicides, and other biomedical HIV prevention technologies
    Lisa A Eaton
    University of Connecticut, Department of Psychology, 406 Babbidge Road, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Curr HIV/AIDS Rep 4:165-72. 2007
    ..We conclude that behavioral risk compensation should be addressed by implementing adjunct behavioral risk-reduction interventions to avoid negating the preventive benefits of biomedical HIV prevention technologies...
  30. ncbi Childhood behavior problems linked to sexual risk taking in young adulthood: a birth cohort study
    Sandhya Ramrakha
    Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Research Unit, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago Medical School, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 46:1272-9. 2007
    ..To study whether behavioral and emotional problems during childhood predicted early sexual debut, risky sex at age 21 years, and sexually transmitted infections up to age 21 years. Some possible mediational pathways were also explored...
  31. ncbi The development of reproductive strategy in females: early maternal harshness --> earlier menarche --> increased sexual risk taking
    Jay Belsky
    Instititute for Study of Children, Families and Social Issues, Birkbeck University of London, 7 Bedford Square, London WC1B 3RA, United Kingdom
    Dev Psychol 46:120-8. 2010
    ..socialization-that pubertal maturation plays a role in linking early rearing experience with adolescent sexual risk taking (i.e., frequency of sexual behavior) and, perhaps, other risk taking (e.g...
  32. ncbi Risk taking differences on a behavioral task as a function of potential reward/loss magnitude and individual differences in impulsivity and sensation seeking
    Marina A Bornovalova
    University of Maryland, United States
    Pharmacol Biochem Behav 93:258-62. 2009
    ..W., Richards, J.B., Ramsey, S.E., Stuart, G.L., et al. (2002). Evaluation of a Behavioral Measure of Risk Taking: The Balloon Analogue Risk Test (BART). J Exp Psychol, Appl, 8, 75-84.; Lejuez, C., Aklin, W., Jones, H...
  33. ncbi Anticipatory stress influences decision making under explicit risk conditions
    Katrin Starcke
    Department of Physiological Psychology, University of Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany
    Behav Neurosci 122:1352-60. 2008
    ..Our results indicate that stress can lead to disadvantageous decision making even when explicit and stable information about outcome contingencies is provided...
  34. ncbi The health status of young adults in the United States
    M Jane Park
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Adolescent Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0503, USA
    J Adolesc Health 39:305-17. 2006
    ....
  35. ncbi Decision-making in a risk-taking task: a PET study
    Monique Ernst
    Intramural Research Program of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Neuropsychopharmacology 26:682-91. 2002
    ..The findings provide a framework for future investigations of decision-making in maladaptive behaviors...
  36. ncbi Limited knowledge and use of HIV post- and pre-exposure prophylaxis among gay and bisexual men
    Albert Y Liu
    Department of Medicine, San Francisco Department of Public Health, San Francisco, CA, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 47:241-7. 2008
    ..Media reports have suggested substantial levels of community PrEP use despite its unproven effectiveness...
  37. pmc Age-related differences in neural activities during risk taking as revealed by functional MRI
    Tatia M C Lee
    Laboratory of Neuropsychology, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong, China
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 3:7-15. 2008
    ..dearth of research that seeks to understand such age-related changes in the neural activities associated with risk taking. To address this research issue, 21 men (12 young men, mean age 29.9 +/- 6.2 years and 9 older men, mean age 65...
  38. ncbi Effect of computer-assisted self-interviews on reporting of sexual HIV risk behaviours in a general population sample: a methodological experiment
    A M Johnson
    Department of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Royal Free and University College Medical School, Mortimer Market Centre, London, UK
    AIDS 15:111-5. 2001
    ..We assessed the feasibility of using a computer-assisted self-completion interview (CASI) in comparison with pen-and-paper self-completion interview (PAPI)...
  39. ncbi Multiple risk behavior and injury: an international analysis of young people
    William Pickett
    Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 2V7
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 156:786-93. 2002
    ..Multiple risk behavior plays an important role in the social etiology of youth injury, yet the consistency of this observation has not been examined multinationally...
  40. ncbi China's floating population and the potential for HIV transmission: a social-behavioural perspective
    A F Anderson
    School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University Kokomo, Kokomo, Indiana 46904 9003, USA
    AIDS Care 15:177-85. 2003
    ..Given the sheer size and broad movement of this population, it is contended that it may well be a 'tipping point' factor in AIDS prevention and control in China...
  41. ncbi Methodology of the youth risk behavior surveillance system
    Nancy D Brener
    Division of Adolescent and School Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    MMWR Recomm Rep 53:1-13. 2004
    ..YRBSS is evolving to meet the needs of CDC and other users of the data...
  42. ncbi Understanding perceptions of HIV risk among adolescents in KwaZulu-Natal
    Kate MacIntyre
    Department of International Health and Development, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, USA
    AIDS Behav 8:237-50. 2004
    ....
  43. ncbi Discrete coding of reward probability and uncertainty by dopamine neurons
    Christopher D Fiorillo
    Institute of Physiology, University of Fribourg, CH 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
    Science 299:1898-902. 2003
    ..The coding of uncertainty suggests a possible role for dopamine signals in attention-based learning and risk-taking behavior...
  44. ncbi Gender and HIV risk behavior among intravenous drug users in Sichuan Province, China
    Susanne Y P Choi
    Department of Sociology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Sha Tin, NT, Hong Kong
    Soc Sci Med 62:1672-84. 2006
    ..Practical implications of the findings for HIV/AIDS prevention and intervention work in China are discussed...
  45. ncbi Drugs and sexual effects: role of drug type and gender
    Richard A Rawson
    UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs, Los Angeles, CA 90025, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 22:103-8. 2002
    ..Development of a valid measure assessing the type and strength of these relationships may be beneficial for use by treatment programs in promoting abstinence from drug and alcohol use and preventing relapse...
  46. ncbi HIV knowledge and risk behaviour of female sex workers in Yunnan Province, China: potential as bridging groups to the general population
    T Hesketh
    Institute of Child Health, University College, London
    AIDS Care 17:958-66. 2005
    ..Interventions must focus on these FSWs and their clients to prevent them from becoming drivers of the epidemic...
  47. pmc Genetic determinants of financial risk taking
    Camelia M Kuhnen
    Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e4362. 2009
    ..linked to emotional behavior, anxiety and addiction (5-HTTLPR and DRD4) are significant determinants of risk taking in investment decisions...
  48. pmc Greater risk for HIV infection of black men who have sex with men: a critical literature review
    Gregorio A Millett
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, Mail Stop E 45, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:1007-19. 2006
    ..Evidence was insufficient to evaluate the remaining hypotheses.Future studies must address these hypotheses to provide additional explanations for the greater prevalence of HIV infection among Black MSM...
  49. ncbi Effectiveness of the derived Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT-C) in screening for alcohol use disorders and risk drinking in the US general population
    Deborah A Dawson
    Laboratory of Epidemiology and Biometry, Division of Intramural Clinical and Biological Research, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 9304, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 29:844-54. 2005
    ..The three consumption questions from the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT-C) are increasingly used as a screener for alcohol use disorders (AUDs) and risk drinking...
  50. ncbi The effects of insula damage on decision-making for risky gains and losses
    Joshua A Weller
    Decision Research, 1201 Oak Street, Suite 200, Eugene, OR 97401, USA
    Soc Neurosci 4:347-58. 2009
    ..However, each neural region seems to provide a distinct contribution to the overall process of decision-making...
  51. ncbi Heterosexual anal intercourse increases risk of HIV infection among young South African men
    Tim Lane
    Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    AIDS 20:123-5. 2006
    ..7, 95% CI 1.0-3.0). The associated risk was more pronounced among men aged 15-19 years (OR 4.3, 95% CI 1.5-12.1). The association among women was not significant (OR 1.2, 95% CI 0.7-2.0)...
  52. pmc Reward value coding distinct from risk attitude-related uncertainty coding in human reward systems
    Philippe N Tobler
    Department of Physiology, Development and Neuroscience, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3DY, UK
    J Neurophysiol 97:1621-32. 2007
    ..These data demonstrate the distinct coding in key reward structures of the two basic and crucial decision parameters, expected value, and uncertainty...
  53. ncbi Differences in risk-taking propensity across inner-city adolescent ever- and never-smokers
    C W Lejuez
    Department of Psychlogy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 7:71-9. 2005
    ..e., self-report measures and behavioral tasks) to identify adolescents' risk-taking susceptibilities and engagement in smoking and other risk-taking behaviors...
  54. pmc Establishing a cohort at high risk of HIV infection in South Africa: challenges and experiences of the CAPRISA 002 acute infection study
    Francois van Loggerenberg
    Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa CAPRISA, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    PLoS ONE 3:e1954. 2008
    ..To describe the baseline demographic data, clinical characteristics and HIV-incidence rates of a cohort at high risk for HIV infection in South Africa as well as the challenges experienced in establishing and maintaining the cohort...
  55. pmc Food insufficiency is associated with high-risk sexual behavior among women in Botswana and Swaziland
    Sheri D Weiser
    Physicians for Human Rights, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Med 4:1589-97; discussion 1598. 2007
    ..We tested the hypothesis that food insufficiency is associated with HIV transmission behavior...
  56. ncbi Neural correlates of adaptive decision making for risky gains and losses
    Joshua A Weller
    Decision Research, Eugene, Oregon 97401, USA
    Psychol Sci 18:958-64. 2007
    ..This research further demonstrates the role of emotion in decision competence...
  57. ncbi Binge drinking and associated health risk behaviors among high school students
    Jacqueline W Miller
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy, NE, Mailstop K 55, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Pediatrics 119:76-85. 2007
    ....
  58. ncbi HIV voluntary counseling and testing and behavioral risk reduction in developing countries: a meta-analysis, 1990--2005
    Julie A Denison
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    AIDS Behav 12:363-73. 2008
    ..Such expansion, however, must be accompanied by rigorous evaluation in order to test, refine and maximize the preventive benefits of learning one's HIV infection status through HIV testing and counseling...
  59. pmc High prevalence of HIV, HIV/hepatitis C virus coinfection, and risk behaviors among injection drug users in Chennai, India: a cause for concern
    Sunil S Solomon
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 49:327-32. 2008
    ..To estimate the prevalence of HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) coinfections and current risk behaviors among HIV-positive and -negative injection drug users (IDUs) in Chennai, India...
  60. ncbi The role of sexually transmitted diseases in HIV transmission
    Shannon R Galvin
    Division of Infectious Diseases, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7030, USA
    Nat Rev Microbiol 2:33-42. 2004
    ..Targeted STD detection and treatment should have a central role in HIV prevention in these emerging epidemics...
  61. pmc Sexual uses of alcohol and drugs and the associated health risks: a cross sectional study of young people in nine European cities
    Mark A Bellis
    Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University, Castle House, North Street, Liverpool, L3 2AY, UK
    BMC Public Health 8:155. 2008
    ..Understanding of the association between sex and substance use, and specifically the strategic roles for which young people utilise substances to facilitate sexual activity, remains limited...
  62. pmc Khat and alcohol use and risky sex behaviour among in-school and out-of-school youth in Ethiopia
    Derege Kebede
    Department of Community Health, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Public Health 5:109. 2005
    ..This study was conducted to describe the magnitude of risky sexual behaviour (unprotected sex and early initiation of sexual activity) and its association with Khat and alcohol consumption in Ethiopian youths...
  63. ncbi HIV risk behaviours among contracted and non-contracted male migrant workers in India: potential role of labour contractors and contractual systems in HIV prevention
    Niranjan Saggurti
    HIV and AIDS Programme, Population Council, New Delhi, India
    AIDS 22:S127-36. 2008
    ..To assess the HIV risk behaviours of male migrant contracted and non-contracted labourers in India and to understand the role of contract labour systems for use in HIV prevention efforts...
  64. pmc New inroads in preventing adolescent drug use: results from a large-scale trial of project ALERT in middle schools
    Phyllis L Ellickson
    RAND, Santa Monica, CA 90407 2138, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:1830-6. 2003
    ..We evaluated the revised Project ALERT drug prevention program across a wide variety of Midwestern schools and communities...
  65. ncbi Trends in smoking, diet, physical exercise, and attitudes toward health in European university students from 13 countries, 1990-2000
    Andrew Steptoe
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London, WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    Prev Med 35:97-104. 2002
    ..Smoking, diet, and physical exercise are key determinants of health. This study assessed changes over 10 years and their relationship to changes in health beliefs and risk awareness...
  66. ncbi HIV, syphilis and heterosexual bridging among Peruvian men who have sex with men
    Stephen Tabet
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    AIDS 16:1271-7. 2002
    ....
  67. ncbi Theories of reasoned action and planned behavior as models of condom use: a meta-analysis
    D Albarracin
    Department of Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611, USA
    Psychol Bull 127:142-61. 2001
    ..The strength of these associations, however, was influenced by the consideration of past behavior. Implications of these results for HIV prevention efforts are discussed...
  68. ncbi Risk-taking propensity and risky sexual behavior of individuals in residential substance use treatment
    C W Lejuez
    Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park 20742, USA
    Addict Behav 29:1643-7. 2004
    ..The potential importance of risk-taking propensity the better understanding HIV risk through engagement in RSB is discussed...
  69. ncbi Under-reporting of alcohol consumption in household surveys: a comparison of quantity-frequency, graduated-frequency and recent recall
    Tim Stockwell
    National Drug Research Institute, Perth, Australia
    Addiction 99:1024-33. 2004
    ..To compare alternative survey methods for estimating (a) levels of at risk alcohol consumption and (b) total volume of alcohol consumed per capita in comparison with estimates from sales data and to investigate reasons for under-reporting...
  70. ncbi Life-history trade-offs favour the evolution of animal personalities
    Max Wolf
    Theoretical Biology Group, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, University of Groningen, Kerklaan 30, 9751 NN Haren, The Netherlands
    Nature 447:581-4. 2007
    ..Moreover, it explains the common finding that explorative behaviour and risk-related traits like boldness and aggressiveness are common characteristics of animal personalities...
  71. pmc Sexual and injection risk among women who inject methamphetamine in San Francisco
    Jennifer Lorvick
    Urban Health Program, RTI International, 28 2nd Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
    J Urban Health 83:497-505. 2006
    ..In addition, existing interventions for drug-injecting women may need to be adapted to better meet the risks of female MA injectors...
  72. ncbi Meta-analytic examination of online sex-seeking and sexual risk behavior among men who have sex with men
    Adrian Liau
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 33:576-84. 2006
    ..To estimate the percentage of men who have sex with men (MSM) who have used the Internet to look for sex partners and to examine the prevalence of risky sex among MSM who have and have not sought partners online...
  73. pmc Costs and consequences of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's recommendations for opt-out HIV testing
    David R Holtgrave
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e194. 2007
    ..In this paper, I estimate the costs and public health impact of opt-out HIV testing relative to testing accompanied by client-centered counseling, and relative to a more targeted counseling and testing strategy...
  74. ncbi Trust, trustworthiness, and trust propensity: a meta-analytic test of their unique relationships with risk taking and job performance
    Jason A Colquitt
    Department of Management, Warrington College of Business Administration, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 7165, USA
    J Appl Psychol 92:909-27. 2007
    ..Our meta-analysis of 132 independent samples summarized the relationships between the trust variables and both risk taking and job performance (task performance, citizenship behavior, counterproductive behavior)...
  75. ncbi Moderating effects of age on the alcohol and sexual risk taking association: an online daily diary study of men who have sex with men
    Brian Mustanski
    Department of Psychiatry MC 747, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1747 W Roosevelt Rd, Chicago, IL 60613, USA
    AIDS Behav 12:118-26. 2008
    ..Previous research has been inconsistent regarding the link between alcohol consumption and sexual risk taking among MSM...
  76. ncbi Same-sex behavior and high rates of HIV among men attending sexually transmitted infection clinics in Pune, India (1993-2002)
    Amita Gupta
    Division of Infectious Disease, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 600 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 43:483-90. 2006
    ..To determine HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevalence, trends, and risk behaviors of men who have sex with men (MSM) and compare these with those of non-MSM attending STI clinics in Pune, India over a 10-year period...
  77. ncbi Perpetration of partner violence and HIV risk behaviour among young men in the rural Eastern Cape, South Africa
    Kristin L Dunkle
    Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    AIDS 20:2107-14. 2006
    ..To examine associations between the perpetration of intimate partner violence and HIV risk behaviour among young men in rural South Africa...
  78. ncbi Migration, mobility and sexual risk behavior in Mumbai, India: mobile men with non-residential wife show increased risk
    Niranjan Saggurti
    HIV and AIDS Program, Population Council, New Delhi, 110003, India
    AIDS Behav 13:921-7. 2009
    ....
  79. ncbi Young people: the centre of the HIV epidemic
    Roeland Monasch
    United Nations Children s Fund, 6 Fairbridge Avenue, Belgravia, Harare, Zimbabwe
    World Health Organ Tech Rep Ser 938:15-41; discussion 317-41. 2006
    ..It assesses whether young people have access to the information, skills and services required to reduce their vulnerability and whether there has been any reduction in HIV prevalence among 15--24-year-olds...
  80. pmc "... But then he became my sipa": the implications of relationship fluidity for condom use among women sex workers in Antananarivo, Madagascar
    Kirsten Stoebenau
    Institute for Population Health, University of Ottawa, 1 Stewart St, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5 Canada
    Am J Public Health 99:811-9. 2009
    ..It is important to examine the influence of the meaning of sexual relationships on condom use for HIV prevention. Policy implications for HIV prevention work with sex workers are considered...
  81. ncbi Nucleus accumbens activation mediates the influence of reward cues on financial risk taking
    Brian Knutson
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Neuroreport 19:509-13. 2008
    ..resonance imaging research, nucleus accumbens (NAcc) activation spontaneously increases before financial risk taking. As anticipation of diverse rewards can increase NAcc activation, even incidental reward cues may influence ..
  82. ncbi Gay men who look for sex on the Internet: is there more HIV/STI risk with online partners?
    Graham Bolding
    City University London, London, UK
    AIDS 19:961-8. 2005
    ..To examine whether the excess risk for HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) seen among gay men who look for sex through the Internet occurs with men they meet online (through the Internet) rather than offline (in bars, clubs, etc)...
  83. ncbi Incarceration and risk for HIV infection among injection drug users in Bangkok
    Kachit Choopanya
    Bangkok Metropolitan Administration, Bangkok, Thailand
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 29:86-94. 2002
    ..Previous cross-sectional studies have shown strong relationships between incarceration and HIV infection but have not been able to assess potential causal pathways...
  84. ncbi Effects of alcohol intoxication on the perceived consequences of risk taking
    K Fromme
    Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin 78712, USA
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 5:14-23. 1997
    In 2 laboratory studies, the authors tested the hypothesis that intoxicated risk taking results from alcohol's effects on negative outcome expectancies...
  85. pmc Bisexuality, sexual risk taking, and HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men accessing voluntary counseling and testing services in Mumbai, India
    Sameer Kumta
    Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, New Delhi, India
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 53:227-33. 2010
    ..To describe sociodemographics, sexual risk behavior, and estimate HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevalence among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Mumbai, India...
  86. ncbi Focusing HIV prevention on those most likely to transmit the virus
    Gary R West
    Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 19:275-88. 2007
    ....
  87. ncbi Determinants of sexual risk-taking among young HIV-negative gay and bisexual men
    S A Strathdee
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol 19:61-6. 1998
    ..HIV prevention programs aimed at young gay/bisexual men should include sexual abuse counselling and foster community norms supporting safer sex practices...
  88. ncbi Protecting adolescents from harm. Findings from the National Longitudinal Study on Adolescent Health
    M D Resnick
    Adolescent Health Program, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455, USA
    JAMA 278:823-32. 1997
    ..The main threats to adolescents' health are the risk behaviors they choose. How their social context shapes their behaviors is poorly understood...
  89. ncbi Adolescent HIV prevalence, sexual risk, and willingness to participate in HIV vaccine trials
    Heather B Jaspan
    Desmond Tutu HIV Centre, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    J Adolesc Health 39:642-8. 2006
    ..To determine human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence, sexual risk behaviors, and attitudes toward HIV vaccine trials among 11-19 year-olds in a peri-urban community near Cape Town, South Africa...
  90. ncbi Risk taking in adolescence: what changes, and why?
    Laurence Steinberg
    Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1021:51-8. 2004
    Extant studies of age differences in cognitive processes relevant to risk taking and decision making, such as risk perception and risk appraisal, indicate few significant age differences in factors that might explain why adolescents ..
  91. ncbi Functional connectivity with anterior cingulate and orbitofrontal cortices during decision-making
    M X Cohen
    Department of Epileptology, University of Bonn, Germany
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 23:61-70. 2005
    ....
  92. ncbi HIV prevalence and associated risks in young men who have sex with men. Young Men's Survey Study Group
    L A Valleroy
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention NCHSTP, Mailstop E 46, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 284:198-204. 2000
    ....
  93. pmc Risk taking in general practice: GP out-of-hours referrals to hospital
    Jenny C Ingram
    RDS SW Bristol, Education Centre, University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust, Bristol
    Br J Gen Pract 59:e16-24. 2009
    ..Emergency admissions to hospital at night and weekends are distressing for patients and disruptive for hospitals. Many of these admissions result from referrals from GP out-of-hours (OOH) providers...
  94. ncbi Alcohol use and risk taking among regular ecstasy users
    Courtney Breen
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of NSW, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Subst Use Misuse 41:1095-109. 2006
    ..Safe sex messages should address the sexual risk associated with substance use and should be tailored to reducing alcohol consumption, particularly targeting "heavy" alcohol users. The study's limitations are noted...
  95. pmc Correlates of injection drug use among female sex workers in two Mexico-U.S. border cities
    Steffanie A Strathdee
    School of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 92:132-40. 2008
    ..To characterize the overlap between injection drug use and sex work by women in Tijuana and Cd. Juarez, situated on the Mexico-U.S. border...
  96. ncbi [Influence of socio-cultural context on risk perception and negotiation of protection among poor homosexual males on the Peruvian coast]
    Ximena Salazar
    Facultad de Salud Pública y Administración, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru
    Cad Saude Publica 22:2097-104. 2006
    ..Risk perception is analyzed on the socio-cultural plane, allowing one to explain the limited negotiating capacity of this population, even though they have extensive knowledge of HIV/AIDS and its consequences...
  97. pmc Two sides of the same story: alcohol use and HIV risk taking in South India
    Daniela C Rodríguez
    School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
    AIDS Behav 14:S136-46. 2010
    ..This may include strategies to defuse volatile situations, safe ways of improving the sexual experience, and interventions aimed at alleviating loneliness and isolation for migrants...
  98. ncbi Effect of ethanol on psychomotor performance and on risk taking behaviour
    K Farquhar
    Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    J Psychopharmacol 16:379-84. 2002
    ..Other performance tests showed that ethanol produced the expected impairment of both speed and accuracy. These results suggest that risk-taking is not increased by ethanol at doses approaching the UK legal limit for driving...
  99. ncbi Age and gender differences in risk-taking behaviour as an explanation for high incidence of motor vehicle crashes as a driver in young males
    Cathy Turner
    School of Population Health, Mayne Medical School, University of Queensland, Herston, Queensland 4006, Australia
    Inj Control Saf Promot 10:123-30. 2003
    ..The challenge for public health professionals is to determine suitable strategies to modify risk-taking behaviour in young or male drivers...
  100. ncbi Increased activation in the right insula during risk-taking decision making is related to harm avoidance and neuroticism
    Martin P Paulus
    Laboratory of Biological Dynamics and Theoretical Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0603, USA
    Neuroimage 19:1439-48. 2003
    Decision making and risk taking are interrelated processes that are important for daily functioning...
  101. ncbi Declining HIV prevalence and risk behaviours in Zambia: evidence from surveillance and population-based surveys
    K Fylkesnes
    Institute of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tromsø, Norway
    AIDS 15:907-16. 2001
    ..To examine trends in HIV prevalence and behaviours in Zambia during the 1990s...

Research Grants78

  1. Parenting, Adolescent Self-Regulation, and Risk-Taking Across Cultures
    Jennifer E Lansford; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It will inform theories of the nature of adolescent development and will shape interventions to prevent health-compromising and illegal risky behaviors. ..
  2. How do Amine Neurons Work?
    Edward A Kravitz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Arousal, reward, learning and memory, risk taking behavior, aggression and stress related behavioral and physiological responses are some of the multitude of ..
  3. Violence Exposure, Immune Function &HIV/AIDS Risks in African American Young Ad
    FROUGH SAADATMAND; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  4. Development of an HIV Risk Reduction Intervention Protocol for Adolescent Africn-
    GWENDOLYN D CHILDS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..With a growing HIV epidemic in the Southern part of the United States, it is imperative to develop HIV risk reduction programs for African American adolescent girls prior to sexual debut or onset of high-risk sexual behavior. ..
  5. HIV Prevention Intervention for Young Transgender Women
    MATTHEW JAMES MIMIAGA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the previous four months) among YTW, ages 16-24;and 2) to examine the degree to which improvements in sexual risk taking are mediated by the conceptual mediators of the intervention: transgender adaptation and integration, ..
  6. Emotion Regulation in Adolescence: A Social Affective Neuroscience Approach
    JENNIFER S contact SILK; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Tools that can identify initial disruptions in emotion regulation and facilitate early intervention during this period of relative plasticity could lead to long-term reductions in health-related cost and suffering in adulthood. ..
  7. Serotonergic Contribution to Adolescent Risk Taking
    ANDREW EMMETT ARRANT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Risk taking behavior peaks during adolescence and can lead to undesired behaviors such as drug use and unsafe sexual activity...
  8. HIV and Substance Use Prevention for South African Youth and Families
    Leickness Simbayi; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Likewise, despite high-risk taking among teens in psychiatric care, and the World Health Organization's statement that "there can be no ..
  9. Neurobehavioral and fMRI Research in HIV Infection and Cocaine Dependence
    Christina S Meade; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and results may help shed light on the mechanisms underlying neuropsychiatric disorders characterized by risk taking and impulsivity...
  10. Environment, Psychosocial Stress and Self-regulatory Development
    SARA BURR JOHNSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This project can inform interventions to improve self-regulatory functioning in vulnerable children;it can also shed light on biomarkers of risk and resilience that transcend socioeconomic status. ..
  11. Self-Regulation &Attentional Mechanisms of Sexual Risk Taking in Young Drinkers
    KATHRYN ROSE MACAPAGAL; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..inhibit HIV/STI risk behaviors, and that modifying attention to sexual risk and reward cues can decrease sexual risk taking in sexually active young drinkers...
  12. COMT Genotype and Risky Decision Making in HIV and Methamphetamine Dependence
    Mariana Cherner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Findings will add to the understanding of individual differences in response to risk-reduction interventions and have the potential to inform the tailoring of future interventions. ..
  13. Understanding Resilience in Adolescent Girls: Parent, Peer, and Emotion Dynamics
    AMANDA S MORRIS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..and relationship qualities that moderate the relation between emotion dysregulation and depressive symptoms and risk taking behavior (i.e., risky sex, substance use)...
  14. The Gist of Hot and Cold Cognition in Adolescents Risky Decision Making
    VALERIE FRANCES REYNA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These hypotheses make starkly different predictions about adolescent risk taking and effects of incentives on their behavior...
  15. Neurophysiological analysis of accumbens activity during risk-taking behavior
    JONATHAN ADAM SUGAM; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The results of these studies will provide invaluable insight into the neurocircuitry involved in normal risk-taking behavior and may have implications for the risk-taking involved in drug addiction. ..
  16. Mouthgard BITES (Behavior, Impulsivity, Theory Evaluation Study)
    DAWN COMSTOCK; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This includes risk taking and failing to take known preventive measures to ensure long-term health...
  17. Oklahoma Family Health Patterns: A Study Across Generations
    William R Lovallo; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Prevention of complex disorders such as alcoholism requires early identification of those persons who are most at risk, and this project seeks to provide new information about such risk. ..
  18. Neuroeconomics of Framing Effects and Risk Attitudes in Early Dementia
    Winston Chiong; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. Epigenetics behind long-term and transgenerational effects of adolescent behavior
    Alexander Meissner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It is anticipated that this information will generate new hypotheses for how to reverse the long-lasting consequences of poor adolescent behaviors. ..
  20. Violence, Drug Use &AIDS in South African Youth: A U.S./South Africa Research Co
    FROUGH SAADATMAND; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. HIV/AIDS &Alcohol-Related Outcomes:Translational Evidence-Based Interventions
    Patricia E Molina; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Efficacy of the intervention will lead to improved adherence to and effectiveness of ART, improved quality of life, and decreased risky behaviors that promote HIV transmission. ..
  22. HUMAN GENETIC VARIATION IN FATTY ACID METABOLISM AND SUDDEN CARDIAC ARREST
    DAVID STUART SISCOVICK; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..As a result, the proposed research has implications both for the development of new knowledge and the application of knowledge to reduce mortality from sudden cardiac arrest in the community. ..
  23. Role of D3 receptors in drug-induced impulsivity in a rat model of Parkinson's di
    STEPHANIE E TEDFORD; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  24. Screening and Brief Intervention in the ED among Mexican-origin Young Adults
    Robert H Woolard; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..abstract_text> ..
  25. Mental and Physical Health of Men Who Sustain Partner Violence and Their Children
    DENISE ANN HINES; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  26. A Unique Natural Model for Studying the Mechanisms Underlying Social Behavior
    Donna L Maney; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Here, we will study these influences in an animal model with a natural polymorphism that provides a unique opportunity to characterize the processes underlying aggression and parenting. ..
  27. Controlled breathing and neural markers of self-regulation in adolescent smokers
    Dara Ghahremani; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  28. Neuronal Pathways for Social Rejection: fMRI Studies
    DAVID TAI HSU; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This proposal seeks to understand how the brain processes social rejection. The results may help us to identify those who are vulnerable to the effects of social rejection, and lead to innovative treatments and preventive measures. ..
  29. Impulsivity, Risk Taking, Stress and Nicotine Abstinence in Young Adult Smokers
    TY STEPHEN SCHEPIS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the need for improved treatments aimed at ameliorating impediments to abstinence, such as impulsivity and risk taking. Findings indicate that impulsive smokers have greater trouble achieving lasting cessation, perhaps through ..
  30. A Process Model of Adolescent Risk Taking Behavior
    JEREMY PAUL JAMIESON; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..proposed research seeks to shed light on some of the situational and physiological underpinnings of adolescent risk taking behavior...
  31. Web-Based Substance Abuse STD/HIV Prevention
    W Gill Woodall; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  32. Alcohol-Related Risk and Protective Factors among Mexican Students
    Lee Strunin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..related risk behavior and protective factors, cultural attributes that may modify or prevent the likelihood of risk taking, among entering first year university students in Mexico City, the largest urban area in Mexico, and will ..
  33. Alcohol and Energy Drink Use, Expectancies and Sexual Risk Taking
    Kathleen E Miller; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  34. Agricultural Livelihoods, Food Security, and Women's Risk of HIV Infection
    SANDRA MCCOY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This research will lead to a better understanding of how economics shape women's vulnerability to HIV infection and whether supporting productive agricultural livelihoods can reduce this risk among rural women. ..
  35. INHIBITORY DEFICITS IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL MODELS OF BIPOLAR DISORDER
    William Perry; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Completion of this work will assist in understanding the underlying brain dysfunction of BD as well as assist in discovering and developing novel treatments. ..
  36. An Interactive Video Game for HIV Prevention in At-Risk Adolescents
    LYNN ELIZABETH FIELLIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..If successful, the results of this research will be video game technology that can improve individual and public health and decrease HIV transmission. ..
  37. VULNERABILITY TO ANXIOLYTIC ABUSE IN WOMEN
    Suzette M Evans; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This careful characterization will provide important information for prevention strategies and guide drug abuse treatment in these groups of individuals. ..
  38. Gene-Environment Interaction Effects on HIV Risk
    Brian Mustanski; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..To complement and extend the MYS database, we will gather detailed assessments of sexual risk taking, substance use, externalizing behaviors, neighborhood risks and resources, family factors, and personality from ..
  39. The Elimination of Health Disparities through Translation Research
    Carol E Kaufman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  40. Parental Military Deployment and Adolescent Mental/Behavioral Health
    Aubrey J Rodriguez; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Internalizing disorders (i.e., depression, anxiety) and risk taking behaviors (i.e...
  41. Genetic Influences on Adolescent Decision-Making and Alcohol Use
    Kathryn Paige Harden; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The proposed research will thus integrate neuroscientific theories of adolescent brain development with behavioral genetic research methods, in order to identify novel specific endophenotypes for adolescent risk-taking. ..
  42. Maternal Lifestyles Study Phase V
    Seetha Shankaran; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..A thorough understanding of the consequences of prenatal cocaine exposure and associated maternal lifestyle is necessary to the development of treatment and public policy initiatives. ..
  43. Mechanisms of Sleep Disturbance in Children with Generalized Anxiety Disorder
    Candice A Alfano; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Over the long-term, data will inform the development of empirically-based interventions for children with both sleep and anxiety disorders. ..
  44. Do brain differences influence HIV risk behavior? A study of young urban women
    Anne M Teitelman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..BBVs for the HSR v LSR group in 4 domains with HIV risk-relevance (heightened reward sensitivity, greater risk taking and poor inhibition of reward impulses, and greater rejection sensitivity), using selected fMRI probes and ..
  45. Culturally-Specific HIV Prevention with Latino Adolescent Alcohol Abusers
    Lynn Hernandez; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..targets specific risk and protective factors associated with Hispanic adolescents'drinking and sexual risk taking behaviors...
  46. Sexual Behavior Trajectories from Adolescence to Adulthood
    Carolyn T Halpern; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. Affective influences on adolescent sexual risk behavior: Couple &family contexts
    VINCENT M GUILAMO-RAMOS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the importance of emotions and emotion regulation as potentially important determinants of adolescent sexual risk taking. The study will test four intriguing models of couple member influence when analyzing the contribution of ..
  48. Combined effects of alcohol and caffeine on agency judgment, impulsivity and risk
    ADRIENNE JULIE HEINZ; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Behavioral data will include performance on a series of computerized tasks assessing risk taking and risk perception, impulsivity, and judgments of agency...
  49. Maternal Lifestyle Study 12-15 Year Follow Up.
    Charles R Bauer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..delinquency), psychopathology and risk taking behaviors, (e.g. adolescent pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases)...
  50. Maternal Lifestyle Study Phase 5
    Barry M Lester; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..A thorough understanding of the consequences of prenatal cocaine exposure and associated maternal lifestyles is necessary to the development of treatment and public policy initiatives. ..
  51. Maternal Lifestyle Study Phase 5
    Henrietta S Bada; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..poor school performance), physiological reactivity, antisocial behavior (e.g. delinquency), psychopathology, risk taking behavior (e.g., adolescent pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases)...
  52. Impact of Adolescent Alcohol Exposure on Prefrontal Cortical Function in the Adul
    L Judson Chandler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Together, these studies will yield novel and exciting new finding and will significantly advance our understanding of the effect of adolescent alcohol exposure on cognitive function and behavioral control in the adult. ..
  53. Adolescent risk-taking, dopamine signaling, and cocaine: a vicious circle
    Marci R Mitchell; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Risk taking behavior is strongly associated with drug use;however, the nature of the relationship between risk taking and drug use is not well established...
  54. Serosorting Intervention for HIV Negative MSM
    Lisa A Eaton; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..will result in less risk-related serosorting beliefs, greater knowledge/awareness of HIV transmission risk taking, increased HIV status disclosure, reductions in number of sex partners, unprotected sex acts, and incident STIs ..
  55. Men?s Assessment of Social Support and Risk Networks
    David G Ostrow; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  56. Alcohol Screening in an Ethnically Diverse Sample of Adolescents in Primary Care
    ELIZABETH J D'AMICO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will also explore whether there is differential effectiveness of the intervention depending upon risk level (i.e., moderate or high). ..
  57. Neural consequences of sleep loss and sleep physiology on the human reward system
    STEPHANIE MORGAN GREER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and life- threatening behaviors, exemplified by abusive drug addiction, impulsive thrill seeking and adverse risk taking. These reward mechanisms are supported, in part, by activity in dopamine pathways of the brain, including the ..
  58. Variability in Brain Function Underlying Motivated Behavior in Adolescence
    Beatriz Luna; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  59. Relationships, Sexual Norms, and HIV Prevention Among African American Youth
    KARIN KRISTINA COYLE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..based intervention components that aim to promote relationship development as an avenue of reducing sexual risk taking behaviors: (1) a skills- and norm-based HIV, other STI, and pregnancy prevention curriculum that will focus on ..
  60. Stereotype threat and risk-taking propensity among Asian Americans young adults
    Derek Iwamoto; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We hypothesize that risk taking on the task will be highest for the group in the "failure" (bottom 10th percentile) group due to activation of ..
  61. Reducing Alcohol-Related HIV Risk in African American Females
    Jennifer L Monahan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  62. Behavioral Measurement of Negative Reinforcement in Adolescent Alcohol Use/Abuse
    Carl W Lejuez; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Predominantly, these models focus on some aspect of positive reinforcement, that is, how risk taking is influenced by the novelty, excitement and/or arousal associated with alcohol use...
  63. RISK-TAKING, AROUSAL, MARIJUANA AND SEXUAL DECISIONS
    Rick Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    Existing models of the relationship between attitudes and sexual risk taking behavior assume that sexual behavior is primarily the result of rational decision-making...
  64. Analyzing the Effectiveness of a Non-Verbal Response Card: Evidence from Ethiopia
    David Lindstrom; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..particularly critical issue as survey research focuses increased attention on sensitive topics, such as sexual risk taking, illicit substance use, domestic violence, and attitudes regarding sexual behavior, racial preferences, and ..
  65. Individual differences in relapse to nicotine
    Ceylan Isgor; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  66. Drug Abuse and Risky Sex in Borderline Personality
    ULRIKE NONE FESKE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..between borderline personality disorder (BPD) and a) substance use/substance use disorder and b) sexual risk taking/adverse reproductive outcomes (STDs/HIV;unplanned pregnancies) in women...
  67. ALCOHOL USE AND INJURY OUTCOMES IN THE US ARMY
    Nicole Bell; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..S. Army Health Risk Appraisal (HRA) data, including self-reports of drinking and other risk taking behaviors, with an existing computerized health outcomes database...
  68. ALCOHOL USE AND INJURY OUTCOMES IN THE US ARMY
    Nicole Bell; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..S. Army Health Risk Appraisal (HRA) data, including self-reports of drinking and other risk taking behaviors, with an existing computerized health outcomes database...
  69. Autonomous Treatment of Opioid Abuse
    Roger J Narayan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Addiction to heroin has several long-term consequences, including molecular changes in the brain, hepatitis-risk taking behavior, HIV-risk taking behavior, and criminal behavior...
  70. Dopaminergic modulation of cost/benefit decision making during aging
    Paul Phillips; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..How these changes impact economic choices is unknown. The proposed work will use behavioral and neurochemical methods to study age-related changes in economic decision making in rats. ..
  71. HIV and Sober Intimate Behavior (HSIB)
    GERARDINE WURZBURG; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..drugs, as well as alcohol, can increase HIV transmission risk through its impact on decision making and sexual risk taking. To address this issue, State of the Art, Inc...
  72. Trucker Networks, Drug use, and Disease Transmission
    Sevil Sonmez; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..and computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI) versions of a survey instrument to assess truckers' risk taking, their highway, social and risk networks, and the acquisition of STI/HIV and other blood-borne and sexually ..
  73. Translation and Dissemination of Simulator for Novice Drivers
    R Allen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..includes: 1) traditional driver education material;2) an assessment tool for categorizing a student's risk taking tendencies;3) components to form and shape the student's attitude about driving safety;4) a desk top ..
  74. The Influence of Emotion Regulation on the Neural Systems of Reward Processing
    Mauricio Delgado; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  75. Femininity Ideology and Adolescent Girls' Risk Behaviors
    EMILY IMPETT; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..e., femininity ideology) contribute to adolescent girls'sexual risk taking behaviors. This research investigates the role of three specific aspects of femininity ideology (i.e...
  76. Club drug use/sexual risk-taking among Latino/other MSM
    JOHN ECHEVERRY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  77. RISK-TAKING, ALCOHOL, AND HIV PREVENTION IN YOUTH
    Rick Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  78. TREATMENT FOR DUALLY DEPENDENT METHADONE PATIENTS
    Nancy Petry; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....