risk reduction behavior

Summary

Summary: Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Physical activity and stroke risk: a meta-analysis
    Chong Do Lee
    Department of Sports and Exercise Sciences, West Texas A and M University, Canyon, TX 79016, USA
    Stroke 34:2475-81. 2003
  2. pmc Text messaging as a tool for behavior change in disease prevention and management
    Heather Cole-Lewis
    Yale University School of Epidemiology and Public Health, PO Box 208034, New Haven, CT 06520 8034, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 32:56-69. 2010
  3. ncbi HIV voluntary counseling and testing and behavioral risk reduction in developing countries: a meta-analysis, 1990--2005
    Julie A Denison
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    AIDS Behav 12:363-73. 2008
  4. pmc Computer-delivered interventions for health promotion and behavioral risk reduction: a meta-analysis of 75 randomized controlled trials, 1988-2007
    David B Portnoy
    Center for Health, Intervention, and Prevention, 2006 Hillside Road, Unit 1248, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, 06269 1248, USA
    Prev Med 47:3-16. 2008
  5. ncbi Translating the Diabetes Prevention Program: a comprehensive model for prevention training and program delivery
    M Kaye Kramer
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Am J Prev Med 37:505-11. 2009
  6. ncbi Diet and lifestyle recommendations revision 2006: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Nutrition Committee
    Alice H Lichtenstein
    Circulation 114:82-96. 2006
  7. ncbi Comparison of strategies for sustaining weight loss: the weight loss maintenance randomized controlled trial
    Laura P Svetkey
    Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Duke Hypertension Center and Sarah W Stedman Nutrition and Metabolism Center, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    JAMA 299:1139-48. 2008
  8. pmc A two-year randomized trial of obesity treatment in primary care practice
    Thomas A Wadden
    Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    N Engl J Med 365:1969-79. 2011
  9. pmc A 3-year randomized trial of lifestyle intervention for cardiovascular risk reduction in the primary care setting: the Swedish Björknäs study
    Margareta K Eriksson
    Björknäs Primary Health Care Centre, Boden, Sweden
    PLoS ONE 4:e5195. 2009
  10. ncbi EUROASPIRE III. Management of cardiovascular risk factors in asymptomatic high-risk patients in general practice: cross-sectional survey in 12 European countries
    Kornelia Kotseva
    Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 17:530-40. 2010

Detail Information

Publications281 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Physical activity and stroke risk: a meta-analysis
    Chong Do Lee
    Department of Sports and Exercise Sciences, West Texas A and M University, Canyon, TX 79016, USA
    Stroke 34:2475-81. 2003
    ..Whether physical activity reduces stroke risk remains controversial. We used a meta-analysis to examine the overall association between physical activity or cardiorespiratory fitness and stroke incidence or mortality...
  2. pmc Text messaging as a tool for behavior change in disease prevention and management
    Heather Cole-Lewis
    Yale University School of Epidemiology and Public Health, PO Box 208034, New Haven, CT 06520 8034, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 32:56-69. 2010
    ..Methodological issues and gaps in the literature are highlighted, and recommendations for future studies are provided...
  3. ncbi HIV voluntary counseling and testing and behavioral risk reduction in developing countries: a meta-analysis, 1990--2005
    Julie A Denison
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    AIDS Behav 12:363-73. 2008
    ..Such expansion, however, must be accompanied by rigorous evaluation in order to test, refine and maximize the preventive benefits of learning one's HIV infection status through HIV testing and counseling...
  4. pmc Computer-delivered interventions for health promotion and behavioral risk reduction: a meta-analysis of 75 randomized controlled trials, 1988-2007
    David B Portnoy
    Center for Health, Intervention, and Prevention, 2006 Hillside Road, Unit 1248, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, 06269 1248, USA
    Prev Med 47:3-16. 2008
    ..The use of computers to promote healthy behavior is increasing. To evaluate the efficacy of these computer-delivered interventions, we conducted a meta-analysis of the published literature...
  5. ncbi Translating the Diabetes Prevention Program: a comprehensive model for prevention training and program delivery
    M Kaye Kramer
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Am J Prev Med 37:505-11. 2009
    ..A universal framework for translation of multiple aspects of the DPP intervention, including training, support, and evaluation is needed to enhance treatment fidelity in a variety of settings...
  6. ncbi Diet and lifestyle recommendations revision 2006: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Nutrition Committee
    Alice H Lichtenstein
    Circulation 114:82-96. 2006
    ..By adhering to these diet and lifestyle recommendations, Americans can substantially reduce their risk of developing cardiovascular disease, which remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States...
  7. ncbi Comparison of strategies for sustaining weight loss: the weight loss maintenance randomized controlled trial
    Laura P Svetkey
    Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Duke Hypertension Center and Sarah W Stedman Nutrition and Metabolism Center, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    JAMA 299:1139-48. 2008
    ..Behavioral weight loss interventions achieve short-term success, but re-gain is common...
  8. pmc A two-year randomized trial of obesity treatment in primary care practice
    Thomas A Wadden
    Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    N Engl J Med 365:1969-79. 2011
    ..This randomized trial compared weight loss during a 2-year period in response to three lifestyle interventions, all delivered by PCPs in collaboration with auxiliary health professionals (lifestyle coaches) in their practices...
  9. pmc A 3-year randomized trial of lifestyle intervention for cardiovascular risk reduction in the primary care setting: the Swedish Björknäs study
    Margareta K Eriksson
    Björknäs Primary Health Care Centre, Boden, Sweden
    PLoS ONE 4:e5195. 2009
    ....
  10. ncbi EUROASPIRE III. Management of cardiovascular risk factors in asymptomatic high-risk patients in general practice: cross-sectional survey in 12 European countries
    Kornelia Kotseva
    Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 17:530-40. 2010
    ..To determine whether the 2003 Joint European Societies' guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in people at high cardiovascular risk have been followed in general practice...
  11. pmc Financial incentive-based approaches for weight loss: a randomized trial
    Kevin G Volpp
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    JAMA 300:2631-7. 2008
    ..Identifying effective obesity treatment is both a clinical challenge and a public health priority due to the health consequences of obesity...
  12. pmc Prevention of type 2 diabetes by lifestyle intervention in an Australian primary health care setting: Greater Green Triangle (GGT) Diabetes Prevention Project
    Tiina Laatikainen
    Greater Green Triangle University Department of Rural Health, Flinders and Deakin Universities, PO Box 423, Warrnambool, Victoria, 3280, Australia
    BMC Public Health 7:249. 2007
    ..Randomised controlled trials demonstrate a 60% reduction in type 2 diabetes incidence through lifestyle modification programmes. The aim of this study is to determine whether such programmes are feasible in primary health care...
  13. pmc Type 2 diabetes prevention in the real world: three-year results of the GOAL lifestyle implementation trial
    Pilvikki Absetz
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    Diabetes Care 32:1418-20. 2009
    ..0 +/- 5.6 kg), BMI (-0.5 +/- 2.1 kg/m(2)), and serum total cholesterol (-0.4 +/- 1.1 mmol/l). CONCLUSIONS Maintenance of risk reduction in this "real world" trial proves the intervention's potential for significant public health impact...
  14. ncbi Effect of intensive control of glucose on cardiovascular outcomes and death in patients with diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
    Kausik K Ray
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    Lancet 373:1765-72. 2009
    ..We undertook a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials to determine whether intensive treatment is beneficial...
  15. ncbi Prevalence and correlates of HIV and syphilis infections among men who have sex with men in Chongqing Municipality, China
    Yan Xiao
    National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100050, People s Republic of China
    Sex Transm Dis 36:647-56. 2009
    ..To examine the prevalence and correlates of HIV/syphilis infections and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Chongqing, China...
  16. ncbi Randomized, controlled trial of a best-practice individualized behavioral program for treatment of childhood overweight: Scottish Childhood Overweight Treatment Trial (SCOTT)
    Adrienne R Hughes
    Division of Developmental Medicine, University of Glasgow, Yorkhill Hospitals, Glasgow, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 121:e539-46. 2008
    ..The objective of this study was to determine whether a generalizable best-practice individualized behavioral intervention reduced BMI z score relative to standard dietetic care among overweight children...
  17. pmc Effect of preventive messages tailored to family history on health behaviors: the Family Healthware Impact Trial
    Mack T Ruffin
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Ann Fam Med 9:3-11. 2011
    ....
  18. pmc The effectiveness of interventions to change six health behaviours: a review of reviews
    Ruth G Jepson
    Department of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Stirling, Stirling FK94LA, UK
    BMC Public Health 10:538. 2010
    ..We excluded reviews which focussed on pharmacological treatments or those which required intensive treatments (e.g. for drug or alcohol dependency)...
  19. ncbi The health and cost benefits of work site health-promotion programs
    Ron Z Goetzel
    Department of Health and Productivity Research, Thomson Healthcare, Washington, DC 20008, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 29:303-23. 2008
    ..Federal initiatives that support cost-benefit or cost-effectiveness analyses are stressed, as is the need to invest in healthy work environments, to complement individual based interventions...
  20. pmc Lifestyle counseling for type 2 diabetes risk reduction in Dutch primary care: results of the APHRODITE study after 0.5 and 1.5 years
    Paulina W A Vermunt
    University of Tilburg, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Diabetes Care 34:1919-25. 2011
    ..In particular, the level of experience of the nurse practitioner and the availability of partner support seem to facilitate intervention success...
  21. ncbi Maintenance of weight loss after lifestyle interventions for overweight and obesity, a systematic review
    J C M Barte
    Centre for Prevention and Health Services Research, National Institute for Public Health and Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Obes Rev 11:899-906. 2010
    ..In conclusion, percentage maintenance does not clearly depend on initial weight loss. From this perspective, 10% or more weight loss can indeed be encouraged and favoured above lower weight loss goals...
  22. ncbi Assessment of physical activity - a review of methodologies with reference to epidemiological research: a report of the exercise physiology section of the European Association of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation
    Janet M Warren
    MRC Human Nutrition Research, Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, Cambridge, UK
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 17:127-39. 2010
    ..A framework is presented to guide researchers on the selection of the most suitable tool for use in a specific study...
  23. pmc Unprotected anal intercourse, risk reduction behaviours, and subsequent HIV infection in a cohort of homosexual men
    Fengyi Jin
    National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of New South Wales, New South Wales, Australia
    AIDS 23:243-52. 2009
    ..A range of risk reduction behaviours in which homosexual men practise unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) has been described. We aimed to assess the extent of any reduction in HIV risk associated with these behaviours...
  24. pmc Primary prevention of stroke by healthy lifestyle
    Stephanie E Chiuve
    Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Nutrition, 665 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Circulation 118:947-54. 2008
    ..The combination of healthy lifestyle factors is associated with lower risk of coronary heart disease, diabetes, and total cardiovascular disease. Little is known about the impact of multiple lifestyle factors on the risk of stroke...
  25. ncbi A meta-analysis of randomized control trials of home-based secondary prevention programs for coronary artery disease
    Alexander M Clark
    Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 17:261-70. 2010
    ..Home-based programs have become more common and may be more accessible or preferable to some patients. This review compared the benefits and costs of home-based programs with usual care and cardiac rehabilitation...
  26. pmc Exercise training amount and intensity effects on metabolic syndrome (from Studies of a Targeted Risk Reduction Intervention through Defined Exercise)
    Johanna L Johnson
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Duke University Medical Center and Duke Center for Living, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    Am J Cardiol 100:1759-66. 2007
    ..A higher amount of vigorous exercise had greater and more widespread benefits. Finally, there was an indication that moderate-intensity may be better than vigorous-intensity exercise for improving MS...
  27. pmc Maintaining physical activity among older adults: 24-month outcomes of the Keep Active Minnesota randomized controlled trial
    Brian C Martinson
    HealthPartners Research Foundation, Minneapolis, MN 55440 1524, USA
    Prev Med 51:37-44. 2010
    ..To evaluate the efficacy at 6-, 12-, and 24-month follow-up of Keep Active Minnesota (KAM), a telephone and mail-based intervention designed to promote physical activity (PA) maintenance among currently active adults age 50 to 70...
  28. pmc Preferences for colorectal cancer screening strategies: a discrete choice experiment
    L Hol
    Departments of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Centre, s Gravendijkwal 230, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Br J Cancer 102:972-80. 2010
    ..We conducted a study to determine the preferences of individuals and to predict uptake for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening programmes using various screening tests...
  29. ncbi Evidence-based HIV behavioral prevention from the perspective of the CDC's HIV/AIDS Prevention Research Synthesis Team
    Cynthia M Lyles
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 18:21-31. 2006
    ....
  30. ncbi Does physical activity reduce the risk of prostate cancer? A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Yupeng Liu
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Harbin Medical University, Heilongjiang, People s Republic of China
    Eur Urol 60:1029-44. 2011
    ..Numerous observational epidemiologic studies have evaluated the association between physical activity and prostate cancer (PCa); however, the existing results are inconsistent...
  31. pmc Predictors of primary care referrals to a vascular disease prevention lifestyle program among participants in a cluster randomised trial
    Megan E Passey
    University of Sydney, Lismore, Australia
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:234. 2012
    ..This paper examines patient and practice predictors of referral to a lifestyle modification program (LMP) offered as part of a cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) of prevention of vascular disease in primary care...
  32. ncbi EUROASPIRE III: a survey on the lifestyle, risk factors and use of cardioprotective drug therapies in coronary patients from 22 European countries
    Kornelia Kotseva
    Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 16:121-37. 2009
    ....
  33. pmc Initial efficacy of MI, TTM tailoring and HRI's with multiple behaviors for employee health promotion
    James O Prochaska
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, 2 Chafee Road, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
    Prev Med 46:226-31. 2008
    ....
  34. ncbi Lifestyle intervention for preventing weight gain in young adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis of RCTs
    L Hebden
    The University of Sydney, School of Molecular Bioscience, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Obes Rev 13:692-710. 2012
    ..Future trials conducted over longer periods with larger samples are urgently required to develop effective programmes that will protect against weight gains in future generations...
  35. ncbi The emergence of "lifestyle medicine" as a structured approach for management of chronic disease
    Garry J Egger
    Centre for Health Promotion Research, Sydney, NSW
    Med J Aust 190:143-5. 2009
    ..When used in a multidisciplinary setting, lifestyle medicine offers potential cost and effectiveness benefits, which are beginning to be realised...
  36. pmc Community Outreach and Cardiovascular Health (COACH) Trial: a randomized, controlled trial of nurse practitioner/community health worker cardiovascular disease risk reduction in urban community health centers
    Jerilyn K Allen
    School of Nursing, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 525 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 4:595-602. 2011
    ....
  37. ncbi Cost-effectiveness analysis of interventions to prevent cardiovascular disease in Vietnam
    Duc Anh Ha
    Ministry of Health, 138A Giangvo, Hanoi, Vietnam
    Health Policy Plan 26:210-22. 2011
    ..The burden of CVD will continue to rise unless effective interventions for addressing its underlying risk factors are put in place...
  38. ncbi Interventions addressing general parenting to prevent or treat childhood obesity
    Sanne M P L Gerards
    Department of Health Promotion, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Int J Pediatr Obes 6:e28-45. 2011
    ..These interventions provide evidence that the promotion of authoritative parenting is an effective strategy for the prevention and management of childhood obesity...
  39. ncbi Healthy lifestyle and preventable death: findings from the Japan Collaborative Cohort (JACC) Study
    Akiko Tamakoshi
    Department of Public Health, Aichi Medical University School of Medicine, Aichi, Japan
    Prev Med 48:486-92. 2009
    ..To evaluate the effect of baseline combination of 6 lifestyle factors on all-cause mortality...
  40. ncbi The impact of individually-tailored lifestyle advice in the colorectal cancer screening context: a randomised pilot study in North-West London
    Kathryn A Robb
    Cancer Research UK Health Behaviour Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Prev Med 51:505-8. 2010
    ..The present study examined the impact on diet, alcohol and physical activity of providing individually-tailored advice in the context of flexible sigmoidoscopy (FS) screening...
  41. ncbi Lifestyle intervention leading to moderate weight loss normalizes postprandial triacylglycerolemia despite persisting obesity
    Maria I Maraki
    Laboratory of Nutrition and Clinical Dietetics, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University, Athens, Greece
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 19:968-76. 2011
    ....
  42. pmc Behavioural interventions for HIV positive prevention in developing countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Caitlin E Kennedy
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205 1996, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 88:615-23. 2010
    ....
  43. ncbi Prevalence and protective value of serosorting and strategic positioning among Black and Latino men who have sex with men
    Gary Marks
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 37:325-7. 2010
    ....
  44. ncbi Diabetes risk reduction behaviors among U.S. adults with prediabetes
    Linda S Geiss
    CDC, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Prev Med 38:403-9. 2010
    ..However, the extent to which U.S. adults with prediabetes are making lifestyle changes consistent with reducing risk is unknown...
  45. pmc Health improvement and prevention study (HIPS) - evaluation of an intervention to prevent vascular disease in general practice
    Mahnaz Fanaian
    Centre for Primary Health Care and Equity, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052, Australia
    BMC Fam Pract 11:57. 2010
    ....
  46. ncbi Cardiovascular disease risk reduction: the Massachusetts WISEWOMAN project
    Anne M Stoddard
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Massachusetts Amherst, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 13:539-46. 2004
    ....
  47. pmc Predictors of attrition and weight loss success: Results from a randomized controlled trial
    Anthony N Fabricatore
    University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 3535 Market Street, Ste 3108, Philadelphia, PA 19104 3309, United States
    Behav Res Ther 47:685-91. 2009
    ..As a process variable, early weight loss appears to have more predictive value than early attendance at treatment sessions or early adherence...
  48. ncbi Delaying progression to type 2 diabetes among high-risk Spanish individuals is feasible in real-life primary healthcare settings using intensive lifestyle intervention
    B Costa
    Jordi Gol Primary Care Research Institute, Diabetes and Metabolism, Catalan Health Institute, Reus, Tarragona Barcelona, Spain
    Diabetologia 55:1319-28. 2012
    ..To assess the feasibility and effectiveness of an active real-life primary care lifestyle intervention in preventing type 2 diabetes within a high-risk Mediterranean population...
  49. ncbi Adjustable gastric banding and conventional therapy for type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial
    John B Dixon
    Centre for Obesity Research and Education, Monash University Medical School, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    JAMA 299:316-23. 2008
    ..Observational studies suggest that surgically induced loss of weight may be effective therapy for type 2 diabetes...
  50. ncbi Randomised controlled trial adapting US school obesity prevention to England
    R R Kipping
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol, BS8 2PR, UK
    Arch Dis Child 93:469-73. 2008
    ..To determine whether a school obesity prevention project developed in the United States can be adapted for use in England...
  51. pmc Behavioural interventions for weight management in pregnancy: a systematic review of quantitative and qualitative data
    Fiona Campbell
    School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, 30 Regent Court, 30 Regent Street, Sheffield S1 4DA, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:491. 2011
    ..This systematic review sought to assess the effectiveness of behavioural interventions to prevent excessive weight gain in pregnancy and explore the factors that influence intervention effectiveness...
  52. pmc Reduction of diabetes risk in routine clinical practice: are physical activity and nutrition interventions feasible and are the outcomes from reference trials replicable? A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Magnolia Cardona-Morrell
    Sydney School of Public Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
    BMC Public Health 10:653. 2010
    ..The objective of this review is to determine whether lifestyle interventions delivered to high-risk adult patients in routine clinical care settings are feasible and effective in achieving reductions in risk factors for diabetes...
  53. ncbi Worksite health promotion programs with environmental changes: a systematic review
    Luuk H Engbers
    Department of Public and Occupational Health, Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Am J Prev Med 29:61-70. 2005
    ..This review aimed to systematically assess the effectiveness of WHPPs with environmental modifications, on physical activity, dietary intake, and health risk indicators...
  54. ncbi Is prevention a fantasy, or the future of medicine? A panoramic view of recent data, status, and direction in cardiovascular prevention
    Richard Kones
    Cardiometabolic Research Institute and Institute for Spirituality and Health at Texas Medical Center, 8181 Fannin Street, U314, Houston, TX 77054, USA
    Ther Adv Cardiovasc Dis 5:61-81. 2011
    ..Environmental and social changes will be necessary, along with major supportive adjustments in the food industry and the assistance of the media. Cooperation is critical to the success of such an initiative...
  55. ncbi The 45 year old health check - feasibility and impact on practices and patient behaviour
    Cheryl Amoroso
    Centre for Primary Health Care and Equity, University of New South Wales
    Aust Fam Physician 38:358-62. 2009
    ..The 45 year old health check (MBS item 717) for patients aged 45-49 years was introduced in 2006. This study evaluated its impact on preventive care and patient reported risk factors...
  56. ncbi A 10-year systematic review of HIV/AIDS mass communication campaigns: Have we made progress?
    Seth M Noar
    Department of Communication, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506 0042, USA
    J Health Commun 14:15-42. 2009
    ..e., preexperimental) outcome evaluation designs. Implications of these results for improved design, implementation, and evaluation of HIV/AIDS campaign efforts are discussed...
  57. ncbi Promoting physical activity for older adults: the challenges for changing behavior
    Lawrence R Brawley
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Prev Med 25:172-83. 2003
    ..The final challenge proposed is research to examine viable ways of linking these interventions to population-based health promotion activity programs...
  58. ncbi Translating the diabetes prevention program into a hospital-based weight loss program
    Sherry L Pagoto
    Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, MA, USA
    Health Psychol 27:S91-8. 2008
    ..Using the diffusion of innovations model, we describe the adoption of the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) Lifestyle Intervention into a hospital-based program and report feasibility, acceptability, and outcomes...
  59. ncbi Effect of weight loss and lifestyle changes on vascular inflammatory markers in obese women: a randomized trial
    Katherine Esposito
    Center for Obesity Management, Department of Geriatrics and Metabolic Diseases, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy
    JAMA 289:1799-804. 2003
    ..Obesity is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, which may be mediated by increased secretion of proinflammatory cytokines by adipose tissue...
  60. ncbi Impact of 3-year lifestyle intervention on postprandial glucose metabolism: the SLIM study
    C Roumen
    Department of Human Biology, Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute Maastricht, NUTRIM, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Diabet Med 25:597-605. 2008
    ....
  61. ncbi Maternal self-efficacy regarding children's eating and sedentary behaviours in the early years: associations with children's food intake and sedentary behaviours
    Karen Campbell
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Burwood, Melbourne, Australia
    Int J Pediatr Obes 5:501-8. 2010
    ....
  62. pmc Costs associated with the primary prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus in the diabetes prevention program
    William H Hernan
    The Diabetes Prevention Program Coordinating Center, Biostatistics Center, George Washington University, Rockville, Maryland 20852, USA
    Diabetes Care 26:36-47. 2003
    ..To describe the costs of the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) interventions to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes...
  63. ncbi Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes): design and methods for a clinical trial of weight loss for the prevention of cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes
    Donna H Ryan
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center
    Control Clin Trials 24:610-28. 2003
    ..Other outcomes include components of CVD risk, cost and cost-effectiveness, diabetes control and complications, hospitalizations, intervention processes, and quality of life...
  64. ncbi Treatment of vascular risk factors is associated with slower decline in Alzheimer disease
    Yan Deschaintre
    Universite Lille Nord de France, INSERM UMR 744, Institut Pasteur de Lille, 1 rue Calmette, 59019 Lille Cedex, France
    Neurology 73:674-80. 2009
    ..The aim of this observational study was to evaluate whether the treatment of VRF is associated with a slower cognitive decline in patients who have AD without cerebrovascular disease (CVD)...
  65. ncbi Effect of changes on body weight and lifestyle in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
    Ayako Suzuki
    Gastroenterology and Hepat ology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street, SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    J Hepatol 43:1060-6. 2005
    ..The effects of lifestyle modifications in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are incompletely defined. We aimed at determining the association of changes in body weight and lifestyle with changes in serum ALT levels...
  66. ncbi A randomized trial of sequential and simultaneous multiple behavior change interventions for physical activity and fat intake
    Corneel Vandelanotte
    Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, Level 3, Public Health Building, The University of Queensland, Herston Road, Herston Queensland 4006, Australia
    Prev Med 46:232-7. 2008
    ....
  67. ncbi Blood pressure reduction and secondary prevention of stroke and other vascular events: a systematic review
    Parveen Rashid
    Centre for Vascular Research, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Stroke 34:2741-8. 2003
    ..High blood pressure is a risk factor for stroke recurrence. We assessed the effectiveness of lowering blood pressure in preventing recurrent vascular events in patients with previous stroke or transient ischemic attack...
  68. ncbi Suicide prevention strategies: a systematic review
    J John Mann
    New York State Psychiatric Institute, Division of Neuroscience, New York, NY 10032, USA
    JAMA 294:2064-74. 2005
    ..Some developed nations have implemented national suicide prevention plans. Although these plans generally propose multiple interventions, their effectiveness is rarely evaluated...
  69. ncbi A well-being programme in severe mental illness. Reducing risk for physical ill-health: a post-programme service evaluation at 2 years
    Shubulade Smith
    PO Box 23, Institute of Psychiatry, DeCrespigny Park, Camberwell, London, SE5 8AF, UK
    Eur Psychiatry 22:413-8. 2007
    ..Cardiovascular disease is more prevalent in patients with severe mental illness (SMI) than in the general population...
  70. pmc Testing the predictive power of the transtheoretical model of behavior change applied to dietary fat intake
    Julie A Wright
    Boston University Medical Center, General Internal Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Health Educ Res 24:224-36. 2009
    ..This study revised effect size estimates for future theory testing on the TTM applied to dietary fat...
  71. pmc A meta-analysis of the efficacy of HIV/AIDS prevention interventions in Asia, 1995-2009
    Judy Y Tan
    University of Connecticut, Department of Psychology, Center for Health, Intervention, and Prevention, Unit 1248, Storrs, CT 06269, United States
    Soc Sci Med 75:676-87. 2012
    ..The impact of structural factors on HIV intervention efficacy must be considered when implementing and evaluating behavioral interventions. Implications and recommendations for HIV/AIDS interventions are discussed...
  72. pmc The efficacy of a relationship-based HIV/STD prevention program for heterosexual couples
    Nabila El-Bassel
    Social Intervention Group, Columbia University School of Social Work, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:963-9. 2003
    ..This study examined the efficacy of a relationship-based HIV/sexually transmitted disease prevention program for heterosexual couples and whether it is more effective when delivered to the couple or to the woman alone...
  73. pmc Serosorting and sexual risk behaviour according to different casual partnership types among MSM: the study of one-night stands and sex buddies
    Wijnand Van den Boom
    Department of Research, Cluster Infectious Diseases, Public Health Service Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
    AIDS Care 24:167-73. 2012
    ..At this time, we suggest that a distinction between the one-night stand and the sex buddy should be incorporated in future studies as men behave significantly different with the two partner types...
  74. ncbi HIV discrimination and the health of women living with HIV
    Gina M Wingood
    Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health, 1518 Clifton Rd NE, Rm 556, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Women Health 46:99-112. 2007
    ..Eradication of HIV discrimination remains an important public health priority...
  75. ncbi The behavioral response to personalized genetic information: will genetic risk profiles motivate individuals and families to choose more healthful behaviors?
    Colleen M McBride
    Social and Behavioral Research Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 31:89-103. 2010
    ..Another promising area for research is consideration of using genetic information to identify risk shared within kinship networks and to expand the influence of behavior change beyond the individual...
  76. ncbi An empirical assessment of implementation, adaptation, and tailoring: the evaluation of CDC's National Diffusion of VOICES/VOCES
    Camilla Harshbarger
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 18:184-97. 2006
    ..More effective interventions of short duration and minimum complexity to easily match with existing resources and conditions of agency capacity among HIV prevention providers in the community are needed...
  77. pmc Reducing diabetes risk in American Indian women
    Janice L Thompson
    Office of Native American Diabetes Programs, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, The University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA
    Am J Prev Med 34:192-201. 2008
    ..American Indians experience high rates of type 2 diabetes. The impact of low-intensity interventions on diabetes risk among young American Indian women is unknown...
  78. pmc A motivation-focused weight loss maintenance program is an effective alternative to a skill-based approach
    D S West
    Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, College of Public Health, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR 7205, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 35:259-69. 2011
    ..Individuals often indicate that waning motivation prompts cessation of effective weight management behaviors. Therefore, a novel weight loss maintenance program that specifically targets motivational factors was evaluated...
  79. pmc The Sydney Diabetes Prevention Program: a community-based translational study
    Stephen Colagiuri
    Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition and Exercise, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia
    BMC Public Health 10:328. 2010
    ..The current challenge is to translate this evidence into routine community settings, determine feasible and effective ways of delivering the intervention and providing on-going support to sustain successful behavioural changes...
  80. ncbi Community-based peer intervention to reduce HIV risk among men who have sex with men in Sichuan province, China
    Yuwen Duan
    School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Anhui Province, China
    AIDS Educ Prev 25:38-48. 2013
    ..39, 95% CI = 0.15-0.99). Findings suggest that a community-based intervention involving popular opinion leaders can decrease sexual risk behavior among MSM in China...
  81. ncbi Inactivity, exercise, and visceral fat. STRRIDE: a randomized, controlled study of exercise intensity and amount
    Cris A Slentz
    Division of Cardiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    J Appl Physiol 99:1613-8. 2005
    ..Importantly, a modest increase over the CDC/ACSM exercise recommendations resulted in significant decreases in visceral, subcutaneous, and total abdominal fat without changes in caloric intake...
  82. ncbi Bariatric surgery versus lifestyle interventions for morbid obesity--changes in body weight, risk factors and comorbidities at 1 year
    Catia Martins
    Obesity Research Group, Department of Cancer Research and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    Obes Surg 21:841-9. 2011
    ..Few studies have looked at non-surgical alternatives for morbid obese patients. This study aims to compare 1-year weight loss and changes in risk factors and comorbidities after bariatric surgery and three conservative treatments...
  83. pmc Influence of familial risk on diabetes risk-reducing behaviors among U.S. adults without diabetes
    Man Huei Chang
    Office of Public Health Genomics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Diabetes Care 34:2393-9. 2011
    ..To test the association of family history of diabetes with the adoption of diabetes risk-reducing behaviors and whether this association is strengthened by physician advice or commonly known factors associated with diabetes risk...
  84. ncbi Changing patterns of sexual behaviour in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy
    Jonathan Elford
    City University, London, UK
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 19:26-32. 2006
    ..To describe changing patterns of sexual behaviour in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy among gay/bisexual men in Europe, Canada, USA and Australia...
  85. pmc The Fremantle Primary Prevention Study: a multicentre randomised trial of absolute cardiovascular risk reduction
    Tom Brett
    General Practice and Primary Care Research Unit, School of Medicine, University of Notre Dame Australia, Freemantle, Western Australia
    Br J Gen Pract 62:e22-8. 2012
    ..Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of global mortality. Risk factor management in clinical practice often relies on relative risk modification rather than the more appropriate absolute risk assessment...
  86. ncbi An active strategy to identify individuals eligible for type 2 diabetes prevention by lifestyle intervention in Dutch primary care: the APHRODITE study
    P W A Vermunt
    Scientific Centre for Transformation in Care and Welfare Tranzo, University of Tilburg, Tilburg
    Fam Pract 27:312-9. 2010
    ..In this article we describe the process of recruiting the study participants...
  87. ncbi Short-term results of a community-based program on promoting healthy lifestyle for prevention and control of chronic diseases in a developing country setting: Isfahan Healthy Heart Program
    Roya Kelishadi
    Pediatric Preventive Cardiology Department, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
    Asia Pac J Public Health 23:518-33. 2011
    ..This program succeeded in improving some aspects of lifestyle in its different target groups. The authors suggest that the synergy of activities intensified the dose of interventions and led to this improvement...
  88. ncbi Interventions to reduce sexual risk for human immunodeficiency virus in adolescents: a meta-analysis of trials, 1985-2008
    Blair T Johnson
    Center for Health, Intervention, and Prevention, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1248, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 165:77-84. 2011
    ..To provide an updated review of the efficacy of behavioral interventions to reduce sexual risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among adolescents...
  89. ncbi Prevention of HIV/AIDS among injecting drug users in Russia: opportunities and barriers to scaling-up of harm reduction programmes
    Elena Tkatchenko-Schmidt
    Institute for Health and Human Development, University of East London, UK
    Health Policy 85:162-71. 2008
    ..to examine attitudes of Russian policy-makers and HIV stakeholders towards harm reduction (HR) scale up, focusing on the factors constraining the scale-up process...
  90. ncbi How effective were lifestyle interventions in real-world settings that were modeled on the Diabetes Prevention Program?
    Mohammed K Ali
    Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 31:67-75. 2012
    ..26 percentage point. We conclude that costs associated with diabetes prevention can be lowered without sacrificing effectiveness, using nonmedical personnel and motivating higher attendance at program sessions...
  91. ncbi Changing the odds. What do we learn from prevention studies targeted at people with a positive family history of type 2 diabetes?
    Wieke H Heideman
    Department of Medical Psychology, The EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Prim Care Diabetes 5:215-21. 2011
    ..They can and should be approached with the aim to raise risk awareness and promote healthy eating, weight loss and physical activity, thereby reducing their risk of developing diabetes...
  92. pmc Older people's perspectives on fall risk and fall prevention programs: a literature review
    Siobhan McMahon
    Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ, USA
    Int J Older People Nurs 6:289-98. 2011
    ..Implications for practice include individual, interpersonal, organizational and community level considerations for improving fall prevention efforts...
  93. ncbi Joint and separate evaluation of risk reduction: impact on sensitivity to risk reduction magnitude in the context of 4 different risk information formats
    Dorte Gyrd-Hansen
    University of Southern Denmark, Institute of Public Health, Odense, Denmark
    Med Decis Making 31:E1-10. 2011
    ..The authors investigated the impact of separate versus joint evaluations in a health care context in which laypeople were presented with the possibility of participating in risk-reducing drug therapies...
  94. ncbi Dementia literacy: recognition and beliefs on dementia of the Australian public
    Lee Fay Low
    Dementia Collaborative Research Centre, School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Alzheimers Dement 5:43-9. 2009
    ..Dementia is a growing health problem worldwide and in Australia. Little research has been conducted on dementia literacy in the community...
  95. ncbi Can the onset of type 2 diabetes be delayed by a group-based lifestyle intervention? A randomised control trial
    Susan M Moore
    Faculty of Life and Social Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia
    Psychol Health 26:485-99. 2011
    ..The intervention group also changed their diagnostic status from pre-diabetes to non-diabetes at a greater rate than the wait group (43% vs. 26%) who received standard care from their GPs...
  96. pmc Preliminary findings of an adapted evidence-based woman-focused HIV intervention on condom use and negotiation among at-risk women in Pretoria, South Africa
    Wendee M Wechsberg
    Substance Abuse Treatment Evaluations and Interventions, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 2194, USA
    J Prev Interv Community 38:132-46. 2010
    ..The findings indicate that gender-based interventions for women may result in increased condom negotiation skills...
  97. ncbi Goal setting as a health behavior change strategy in overweight and obese adults: a systematic literature review examining intervention components
    Erin S Pearson
    Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
    Patient Educ Couns 87:32-42. 2012
    ..This paper describes goal setting components used for behavior change specific to diet and physical activity in community-based interventions targeting overweight and obese adults...
  98. pmc Second-year results of an obesity prevention program at the Dow Chemical Company
    Ron Z Goetzel
    Institute for Health and Productivity Studies, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 52:291-302. 2010
    ..Evaluate innovative, evidence-based approaches to organizational/supportive environmental interventions aimed at reducing the prevalence of obesity among Dow employees after 2 years of implementation...
  99. pmc Risk reduction for HIV-positive African American and Latino men with histories of childhood sexual abuse
    John K Williams
    Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, Semel Institute of Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California, Los Angeles, 760 Westwood Plaza, Suite C8 871C, Los Angeles, CA 90024 1759, USA
    Arch Sex Behav 37:763-72. 2008
    ....
  100. pmc Cessation of alcohol drinking, tobacco smoking and the reversal of head and neck cancer risk
    Manuela Marron
    International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
    Int J Epidemiol 39:182-96. 2010
    ..However, it is unclear how many years must pass following cessation of these habits before the risk is reduced, and whether the risk ultimately declines to the level of never smokers or never drinkers...
  101. ncbi Treating mixed hyperlipidemia and the atherogenic lipid phenotype for prevention of cardiovascular events
    Melvyn Rubenfire
    Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich 48106, USA
    Am J Med 123:892-8. 2010
    ....

Research Grants64

  1. Communication Skills Intervention to Promote Transition into Survivorship
    Steven Horwitz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  2. Network Supported Engagement in HIV Care for Younger Black Men
    DEXTER ROMMELL VOISIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Such SCs are likely important not only to retention in care, but also to sustained health maintenance, risk reduction behavior maintenance and long-term adherence to antiretrovirals (ARVs)...
  3. Social Network Dynamics, HIV, and Risk Reduction Among Younger Black MSM
    John Schneider; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This research is a necessary step in the development of scientifically-based network interventions that can complement combination interventions targeted to diverse YBMSM groups and their extended networks. ..
  4. HIV Prevention Research and Infrastructure Development in Syria and Middle East
    David W Seal; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..of HIV/STI risk and preventive behavior and gain insight into the factors impeding or facilitating risk reduction behavior through examination of individual and interpersonal influences within a broader sociocultural and ..
  5. HIV RISK REDUCTION FOR INCARCERATED WOMEN
    TED BRASFIELD; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..in their longitudinal assessment for 18-months after prison release the researchers will identify the extent to which participation in each condition is associated with risk reduction behavior after release back into the community.
  6. Efficacy of Group Intervention to Reduce Stress Symptoms
    CHERYL E GORE FELTON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..specific aims of the proposed study are: a) to determine if decreasing trauma-related stress improves HIV risk reduction behavior above a standard HIV risk reduction intervention alone;b) to determine whether key variables (i.e...
  7. HIV Risk Reduction Predictors in Russian Social Networks
    Yuri Amirkhanian; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..behavior change effects, the mechanisms by which the intervention works, for whom it works best, and how risk reduction behavior changes were made and how they positively or negatively influence participants' relationships...
  8. EFFECTIVE TREATMENTS FOR COCAINE ABUSE AND HIV RISK
    Jeffrey Hoffman; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..AIDS education and training in risk reduction behavior will be included in all of the treatment programs and all patients will be encouraged to participate in ..
  9. MOTHER /DAUGHTER HIV RISK REDUCTION INTERVENTION
    Barbara Dancy; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..of preparing mothers with the knowledge and skills needed to assist their daughters to develop HIV risk reduction behavior. The specific aim is to examine systematically over a two-year period the effectiveness of the Mother/..
  10. GENERAL TECHNOLOGY FOR AIDS RISK BEHAVIOR CHANGE
    Jeffrey Fisher; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..existing level of AIDS risk reduction knowledge, to understand the unique motivational determinants of risk reduction behavior within the group and to determine the level of risk reduction behavioral skills within the group...
  11. LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF AIDS RISK AMONG DRUG USERS
    Merrill Singer; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..These methods will be used to track risk reduction behavior changes over time and to compare long-term efficacy of AIDS prevention intervention for this high-risk ..
  12. Reducing Risk & Trauma-Related Stress In Persons w/AIDS
    Cheryl Gore Felton; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..specific aims of the proposed study are: a) to determine if decreasing trauma-related stress improves HIV risk reduction behavior above a standard HIV risk reduction intervention alone; b) to determine whether key variables (i.e...
  13. HIV PREVENTION FOR SMIA AND THEIR NETWORKS
    ANTON SOMLAI; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..focus on making behavior changes to reduce risk for AIDS; or a 7-session group intervention that teaches risk reduction behavior changes but also teaches and engages participants to effectively communicate AIDS prevention messages to ..
  14. HIV TESTING/RISK REDUCTION AMONG INNER-CITY WOMEN
    Joanne Mantell; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ....
  15. Feasibility of CBVCT in SW venues in Lima Peru
    Sixto Sanchez; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..and counseling programs and the need to overcome barriers to clinic access in hard-to-reach populations with the goal of identifying individuals with early-stage HIV infection and motivate risk reduction behavior change.
  16. HIV RISK REDUCTION FOR PERSONS WITH MENTAL ILLNESS
    Laura Otto Salaj; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..As alcohol use may directly and indirectly affect HIV risk reduction behavior change, interventions that first directly and effectively address alcohol use, then address HIV risk ..
  17. Helping Families Reduce HIV in African American Youth
    LARRY ICARD; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..professional led). In addition to assessing risk reduction behavior outcomes, variables hypothesized to mediate the intervention's effects will also be assessed...
  18. Gender Violence and HIV Risk Reduction in South Africa
    Leickness Simbayi; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  19. Alcohol and HIV Risk Reduction in South Africa
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Results of the proposed research will provide critical information about the role of alcohol in HIV transmission risks and will offer urgently needed strategies for improving HIV prevention interventions in South Africa. ..
  20. HIV TREATMENT ADHERENCE FOR PERSONS WITH LOW-LITERACY
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Results of the proposed research will provide critical information about improving HIV treatment adherence with low-literacy populations that is needed prior to conducting larger and more expensive clinical trials. ..
  21. HIV Treatment Adherence/Risk Reduction Integrated
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..If shown effective, the intervention model will have implications for community and clinical services for people living with HIV-AIDS. ..
  22. Intervention to Close Digital Divide in AIDS Care
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..If successful, the experimental intervention could be readily implemented as a community-based program by AIDS Service Organizations, health centers, and community-based Internet access providers. ..
  23. BRIEF HIV RISK REDUCTION COUNSELING
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Results of the proposed study will guide the allocation of HIV prevention resources in establishing brief and effective HIV risk reduction counseling services for populations vulnerable to HIV infection. ..
  24. Brief HIV Prevention Counseling in South Africa
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Results of this research will therefore test a clinic-based HIV prevention intervention model that is urgently needed in South Africa. ..
  25. Optimizing HIV Risk Reduction for HIV Positive IDUs
    Michael Copenhaver; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  26. Testing a Community-Friendly Risk Reduction Intervention for Injection Drug Users
    Michael Copenhaver; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..If found to be effective in the proposed trial, CHRP has the potential to be fully integrated, as designed, within many other resource-limited CBOs where large numbers of high risk drug users participate in drug treatment. ..
  27. Interventions to Enhance HIV Medication Adherence in Zambia
    Deborah Jones; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. A Healthy Transition for Newly Released HIV-Infected Prisoners
    Michael Copenhaver; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Enhancing HIV Medication Adherence in India
    DEBORAH LYNNE JONES; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  30. TEEN LIFESTYLE COMPUTER GAME TO REDUCE CANCER RISK
    Moshe Engelberg; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..SIMTEEN should ultimately prove an effective model for utilizing entertainment to facilitate cancer risk-reduction behavior among many underserved populations. ..
  31. Cost-Effectiveness of Preventing Acute-Phase HIV Transmission
    Steven Pinkerton; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results will inform scientific and policy discussions on the importance of interventions to reduce acute-phase transmission. ..
  32. Mentor Mothers: A Sustainable Family Intervention in South African Townships
    Mary J Rotheram Borus; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The intervention's impact will be assessed over 15 months in a design that is a blend of an efficacy and effectiveness trial. ..
  33. NIMH Collaboration HIV/STD Intervention Trial in China
    MARY ROTHERAM BORUS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We will initiate the intervention in the control markets from 12/06-12/07. We will participate in publishing cross-site papers throughout the next three years. ..
  34. MOTHERS LIVING WITH HIV AND THEIR ADOLESCENT CHILDREN
    MARY ROTHERAM BORUS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  35. IMPACT OF AIDS ON ADOLESCENTS TRANSITION TO ADULTHOOD
    MARY ROTHERAM BORUS; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  36. INTERVENTIONS FOR SUBSTANCE USING YOUTH LIVING WITH HIV
    MARY ROTHERAM BORUS; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  37. HIV/STD PREVENTION COST-EFFECTIVENESS: METHODS & APPLICS
    Steven Pinkerton; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  38. COST-EFFECTIVENESS OF HIV PRIMARY PREVENTION
    Steven Pinkerton; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Upon completion of the analyses we will summarize and widely disseminate the results. ..
  39. HEALTH RELATED INTERVENTIONS FOR PERSONS LIVING WITH HIV
    MARY ROTHERAM BORUS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  40. Simulation Tool for HIV/STD Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
    Steven Pinkerton; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. 2/2-Preventing Eating Disorders and Reducing Comorbidity
    DENISE ELLA WILFLEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..If so, this finding, combined with our previous research would have a major public health impact on reducing eating disorder rates. ..
  42. Reducing HIV Risk in AOD Abusing Multi-Cultural Youth
    Robert Malow; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  43. CBT for Adherence and Depression in Diabetes
    Steven A Safren; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Both groups-will receive diabetes education from a dietitian and a diabetes nurse educator. ..
  44. Effectiveness of Psychological Treatment for BED
    Denise Wilfley; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study promises to not only clarify the most efficacious overall treatment for individuals with BED, but also to identify sub-groups for whom specific treatments are indicated. ..
  45. Gene-Specific Responses to Exercise in Discordant Twins
    Paul Williams; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..DNA samples will be shared with other institutions to cross-validate gene associations identified from training studies or other designs. ..
  46. Multiple Behavior SBIRT Model of Drug Abuse Among Emerging Adults in Primary Care
    Chudley E Werch; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Project ..
  47. Childhood Obesity Treatment: A Maintenance Approach
    DENISE ELLA WILFLEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  48. PROSPECTIVE STUDY OF HEALTH IN RUNNERS AND WALKERS
    Paul Williams; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..1%). Additionally, a detectable reduction in breast cancer risk as small as 1.5% per mile run in women is calculated, which is below the 1.7% reduction in risk estimated from other published data. ..
  49. PRETREATMENT FOR AFRICAN AMERICAN CRACK ABUSERS
    Wendee Wechsberg; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  50. Motivating HIV+ Women: Risk Reduction and ART Adherence
    MARCIA HOLSTAD; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Regression analyses will be used to test the effects of the mediators. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  51. CBT for depression & adherence in HIV methadone patients
    Steven Safren; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Participants will be followed for one-year post-randomization. ..
  52. HIV PREVENTION FOR ADOLESCENTS: RESEARCH TO PRACTICE
    Robert Malow; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..If successful, this research will delineate important HIV risk factors and new intervention strategies that can be practically implemented with high-risk adolescents within their communities. ..
  53. Rapid Responses to Problem Drinking on College Campuses
    SCOTT RHODES; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Although the environmental intervention should be more than one year, the minimum time would be one academic year with a one year follow up. A pilot study with a historically black college or university is also proposed. ..
  54. Woman-Focused HIV Prevention with Pregnant African-Americans in Treatment
    Wendee Wechsberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..g., HIV status, age, stage of pregnancy, relationships with men) that may influence response to the treatment. ..
  55. Reducing HIV Risk among Mexican Youth
    Antonia Villarruel; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  56. Trabajando Juntos: Working for Health Disparity Reduction among Latinos
    SCOTT RHODES; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  57. Efficacy of CBT for Residual ADHD in Adults
    Susan Sprich; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..We propose to build on this work by conducting an adequately-powered efficacy study comparing [unreadable] CBT to a credible, placebo-control psychotherapy. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  58. HIV PREVENTION IN HAITIAN YOUTH
    Robert Malow; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..If successful, this research will provide important new intervention strategies that can be practically implemented with high-risk H-A adolescents. ..
  59. C-CAPRELA: Cervical Cancer Prevention for Latinas
    SCOTT RHODES; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..developing effective interventions to reduce those disparities, and facilitating intervention delivery." [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  60. CANCER COURSES FOR NURSES WORKING WITH MINORITY GROUPS
    Sandra Millon Underwood; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..to be tested will focus on the degree to which the program facilitates the integration of didactic content, thoughtful discussions, clinical/laboratory experiences, related literature, evidence-based information obtained from the ..
  61. HIV Prevention in South Africa
    Wendee Wechsberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Aim 3. To examine the moderating and mediating effects of such factors as abuse history, HIV status, AOD use, psychological distress, and relationship power on the effectiveness of the HIV prevention interventions. ..
  62. An Audio Music Self-Management Adherence Program to Improve ART Adherence
    MARCIA HOLSTAD; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..If successful, the resultant higher levels of adherence will reduce viral load, thus reducing infectiousness, promoting health, and increasing quality of life. ..
  63. GENETIC TIES AND THE FUTURE OF THE FAMILY
    Mark Rothstein; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..All lines of research would culminate in a major conference in the fall of 2002. The conference would be open to the public and structured to attract a diverse audience. ..