Genomes and Genes
Summary: An activity in which the organism plunges into water. It includes scuba and bell diving. Diving as natural behavior of animals goes here, as well as diving in decompression experiments with humans or animals.
Publications305 found, 100 shown here
- Physiology of diving of birds and mammalsP J Butler
School of Biological Sciences, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, United Kingdom
Physiol Rev 77:837-99. 1997This review concentrates on the physiological responses, and their control, in freely diving birds and mammals that enable them to remain submerged and sometimes quite active for extended periods of time...
- Beaked whales respond to simulated and actual navy sonarPeter L Tyack
Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e17009. 2011..The combined results indicate similar disruption of foraging behavior and avoidance by beaked whales in the two different contexts, at exposures well below those used by regulators to define disturbance...
- Deep diving mammals: Dive behavior and circulatory adjustments contribute to bends avoidanceA Fahlman
Department of Zoology, The University of British Columbia, 6270 University Blvd, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z4
Respir Physiol Neurobiol 153:66-77. 2006A mathematical model was created that predicted blood and tissue N(2) tension (P(N2)) during breath-hold diving. Measured muscle P(N2) from the bottlenose dolphin after diving repeatedly to 100 m (Tursiops truncatus [Ridgway and Howard, ..
- Investigation of the potential for vascular bubble formation in a repetitively diving dolphinD S Houser
BIOMIMETICA, 7951 Shantung Drive, Santee, CA 92071, USA
J Exp Biol 213:52-62. 2010..To test whether nitrogen gas uptake during repetitive breath-hold diving is sufficient for asymptomatic VGE formation in odontocetes, a bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus Montagu) was ..
- Differences in spatio-temporal behavior of zebrafish in the open tank paradigm after a short-period confinement into dark and bright environmentsDenis B Rosemberg
Departamento de Bioquimica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
PLoS ONE 6:e19397. 2011The open tank paradigm, also known as novel tank diving test, is a protocol used to evaluate the zebrafish behavior...
- Can diving-induced tissue nitrogen supersaturation increase the chance of acoustically driven bubble growth in marine mammals?D S Houser
SSC SD, National Research Council, Navy Marine Mammal Program, San Diego, CA, 92152 6506, U S A
J Theor Biol 213:183-95. 2001..of a dolphin dive study and a model of rectified diffusion for low-frequency exposure, we demonstrate that the diving behavior of cetaceans prior to an intense acoustic exposure may increase the chance of rectified diffusion...
- Extreme diving of beaked whalesPeter L Tyack
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
J Exp Biol 209:4238-53. 2006..of gas emboli in beaked whales stranded during naval sonar exercises have led to the hypothesis that their deep-diving may make them especially vulnerable to decompression...
- Effects of buoyancy on the diving behavior of northern elephant sealsP M Webb
Department of Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
J Exp Biol 201:2349-58. 1998..The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between such changes in buoyancy and diving behavior in northern elephant seals Mirounga angustirostris...
- Diving development in nursing harbour seal pupsC Jørgensen
Norwegian Polar Institute, Polar Environmental Center, N 9296 Tromsø, Norway
J Exp Biol 204:3993-4004. 2001This study investigated physiological and behavioural aspects of diving development in pups of the harbour seal Phoca vitulina...
- Linking movement, diving, and habitat to foraging success in a large marine predatorDeborah Austin
Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 4J1, Canada
Ecology 87:3095-108. 2006..Our goal was to determine the characteristics of diving, habitat, and movement that predict feeding...
- Could beaked whales get the bends? Effect of diving behaviour and physiology on modelled gas exchange for three species: Ziphius cavirostris, Mesoplodon densirostris and Hyperoodon ampullatusSascha K Hooker
Sea Mammal Research Unit, Scottish Oceans Institute, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife, Scotland, United Kingdom
Respir Physiol Neurobiol 167:235-46. 2009..The objective was to determine if physiology (body mass, diving lung volume, dive response) or dive behaviour (dive depth and duration, changes in ascent rate, diel behaviour) ..
- Deep-diving foraging behaviour of sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus)Stephanie L Watwood
Department of Biology, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
J Anim Ecol 75:814-25. 20061. Digital tags were used to describe diving and vocal behaviour of sperm whales during 198 complete and partial foraging dives made by 37 individual sperm whales in the Atlantic Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico and the Ligurian Sea. 2...
- Buspirone, chlordiazepoxide and diazepam effects in a zebrafish model of anxietyZachary Bencan
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, 340 Bell Building, Box 3412, Durham, NC 27710, USA
Pharmacol Biochem Behav 94:75-80. 2009..We have developed a method to assess novel environment diving behavior of zebrafish as a model of stress response and anxiolytic drug effects...
- Measuring foraging activity in a deep-diving bird: comparing wiggles, oesophageal temperatures and beak-opening angles as proxies of feedingNicolas Hanuise
Centre d Etudes Biologiques de Chize, CEBC CNRS UPR 1934, Villiers en Bois, France
J Exp Biol 213:3874-80. 2010..that take advantage of miniaturised data logging technology, most commonly: detection of (i) anomalies in diving profiles (wiggles), (ii) drops in oesophageal temperature and (iii) the opening of mouth parts (recorded with a ..
- Deep-diving behaviour of a whale shark Rhincodon typus during long-distance movement in the western Indian OceanJ M Brunnschweiler
Institute of Zoology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, Zurich, Switzerland
J Fish Biol 74:706-14. 2009..Dives to depths well into the mesopelagic and bathypelagic zones (1286 m maximum depth) were recorded in a bathymetrically non-constraining habitat. The water temperature range recorded during the fish's movement was 3.4-29.9 degrees C...
- Influence of wing loading on the trade-off between pursuit-diving and flight in common guillemots and razorbillsC B Thaxter
Institute of Integrative and Comparative Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK
J Exp Biol 213:1018-25. 2010..bird that use their wings for underwater propulsion are thought to face evolutionary trade-offs between flight and diving, leading to the prediction that species with different wing areas relative to body mass (i.e...
- Differences of acute versus chronic ethanol exposure on anxiety-like behavioral responses in zebrafishPriya Mathur
Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences, Programs in Biological Sciences and Human Genetics, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 2811, United States
Behav Brain Res 219:234-9. 2011..chronic ethanol exposure on anxiety-like behaviors in zebrafish, using two behavioral paradigms, the Novel Tank Diving Test and the Light/Dark Choice Assay. Acute ethanol exposure exerted significant dose-dependent anxiolytic effects...
- Exercise and nitric oxide prevent bubble formation: a novel approach to the prevention of decompression sickness?Ulrik Wisløff
Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
J Physiol 555:825-9. 2004..Consequently, the aims of the present study were to determine whether protection against bubble formation in 'diving' rats was provided by (1) chronic and acute administration of a NO-releasing agent and (2) exercise less than 20 h ..
- Time to eat: measurements of feeding behaviour in a large marine predator, the northern elephant seal Mirounga angustirostrisCarey E Kuhn
National Marine Mammal Laboratory, Alaska Fisheries Science Center NOAA, 7600 Sand Point Way NE, Seattle, WA 98115, USA
J Anim Ecol 78:513-23. 2009..In addition, by combining direct and indirect measures of feeding, this study has provided support for the use of foraging indicators in marine predators...
- Increased cortical thickness in sports experts: a comparison of diving players with the controlsGaoxia Wei
Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences CAS, Beijing, People s Republic of China
PLoS ONE 6:e17112. 2011..a significant positive correlation between the mean cortical thickness of the right parahippocampal gyrus and the training experience was detected, which might indicate the effect of extensive training on diving players' brain structure.
- To what extent might N2 limit dive performance in king penguins?A Fahlman
North Pacific Universities Marine Mammal Research Consortium, UBC Marine Mammal Research Unit, Room 247, AERL, 2202 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada
J Exp Biol 210:3344-55. 2007..Furthermore, adipose tissue could also help reduce DCS risk during the first few dives in a bout by functioning as a sink to buffer extreme levels of N2...
- The human diving response, its function, and its controlG E Foster
Health and Integrative Physiology Laboratory, School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
Scand J Med Sci Sports 15:3-12. 2005The purpose of this review is to outline the physiological responses associated with the diving response, its functional significance, and its cardiorespiratory control. This review is separated into four major sections...
- Passive acoustic detection of deep-diving beaked whalesWalter M X Zimmer
NATO Undersea Research Centre, Viale San Bartolomeo 400, 19138 La Spezia, Italy
J Acoust Soc Am 124:2823-32. 2008..7 km, provided the listening duration exceeds the deep dive interval, about 2.5 h on average. Detection ranges beyond 4 km are unlikely and would require low ambient noise or special sound propagation conditions...
- Sink or swim: strategies for cost-efficient diving by marine mammalsT M Williams
Department of Biology, EMS A316, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
Science 288:133-6. 2000Locomotor activity by diving marine mammals is accomplished while breath-holding and often exceeds predicted aerobic capacities...
- Estimating the effect of lung collapse and pulmonary shunt on gas exchange during breath-hold diving: the Scholander and Kooyman legacyA Fahlman
Global Diving Research, Ottawa, ON, Canada K2J 5E8
Respir Physiol Neurobiol 165:28-39. 2009..collapse (pulmonary shunt) on the uptake and removal of O(2), CO(2) and N(2) in blood and tissue of breath-hold diving mammals...
- Trigemino-autonomic connections in the muskrat: the neural substrate for the diving responseW M Panneton
Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, St Louis University Medical School, 1402 South Grand Blvd, St Louis, MO 63104 1004, USA
Brain Res 874:48-65. 2000Stimulation of the anterior ethmoidal nerve of the muskrat produces a cardiorespiratory depression similar to the diving response...
- Seasonal movements, aggregations and diving behavior of Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) revealed with archival tagsAndreas Walli
Tuna Research and Conservation Center, Stanford University, Hopkins Marine Station, Pacific Grove, CA, USA
PLoS ONE 4:e6151. 2009Electronic tags were used to examine the seasonal movements, aggregations and diving behaviors of Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) to better understand their migration ecology and oceanic habitat utilization...
- Expanded niche for white sharksAndre M Boustany
Tuna Research and Conservation Center, Stanford University and Monterey Bay Aquarium, Hopkins Marine Station, Pacific Grove, California 93950, USA
Nature 415:35-6. 2002..Here we report the tracking of movements of white sharks by using pop-up satellite archival tags, which reveal that their migratory movements, depth and ambient thermal ranges are wider than was previously thought...
- Intersexual differences in the diving behaviour of foraging subantarctic cormorant (Phalacrocorax albiventer) and Japanese cormorant (P. filamentosus)A Kato
National Institute of Polar Research, Tokyo, Japan
C R Acad Sci III 322:557-62. 1999Cormorants feed by feet-propelled diving. How cormorants optimize foraging is of a particular interest in relation to the understanding of the feeding strategies of diving birds, as well as within the debate about cormorants' impact on ..
- Diving metabolism and thermoregulation in common and thick-billed murresD A Croll
Physiological Research Laboratory, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA 92093
J Comp Physiol B 163:160-6. 1993The diving and thermoregulatory metabolic rates of two species of diving seabird, common (Uria aalge) and thick-billed murres (U. lomvia), were studied in the laboratory...
- Managing dive tourism for the sustainable use of coral reefs: validating diver perceptions of attractive site featuresMaria C Uyarra
School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
Environ Manage 43:1-16. 2009..However, variation in accuracy of perceptions owing to demographic factors and attribute type suggests the need for caution when using public perceptions to develop environmental management strategies, particularly for coral reefs...
- Bubbles, microparticles, and neutrophil activation: changes with exercise level and breathing gas during open-water SCUBA divingStephen R Thom
Institute for Environmental Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
J Appl Physiol (1985) 114:1396-405. 2013The study goal was to evaluate responses in humans following decompression from open-water SCUBA diving with the hypothesis that exertion underwater and use of a breathing mixture containing more oxygen and less nitrogen (enriched air ..
- Recursive filtering for zero offset correction of diving depth time series with GNU R package diveMoveSebastián P Luque
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
PLoS ONE 6:e15850. 2011Zero offset correction of diving depth measured by time-depth recorders is required to remove artifacts arising from temporal changes in accuracy of pressure transducers...
- Nighttime foraging by deep diving echolocating odontocetes off the Hawaiian islands of Kauai and Ni'ihau as determined by passive acoustic monitorsWhitlow W L Au
Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, Kaneohe, Hawaii 96744, USA
J Acoust Soc Am 133:3119-27. 2013..A variety of deep diving odontocetes, including pilot whales, Risso's dolphins, sperm whales, spinner and pan-tropical spotted dolphins, ..
- Effect of a single, open-sea, air scuba dive on human micro- and macrovascular functionKate Lambrechts
Orphy Laboratory, Universite de Bretagne Occidentale, 29200, Brest, France
Eur J Appl Physiol 113:2637-45. 2013Previous studies have shown that bubble formation induced endothelial damage on conduit arteries. We aim to evaluate the effect of diving on microvascular and macrovascular function.
- Foraging in the darkness of the Southern Ocean: influence of bioluminescence on a deep diving predatorJade Vacquié-Garcia
Centre d Etudes Biologiques de Chizé CEBC, CNRS UPR 1934, Villiers en Bois, France
PLoS ONE 7:e43565. 2012How non-echolocating deep diving marine predators locate their prey while foraging remains mostly unknown...
- Relationship between chlorophyll a concentration, light attenuation and diving depth of the Southern elephant seal Mirounga leoninaThomas Jaud
Marine Predator Department, Centre Biologique de Chizé, Villiers en Bois, France
PLoS ONE 7:e47444. 2012..Therefore, change in phytoplankton concentration may not only have a direct effect on SES's prey abundance but may also determine their vertical accessibility with likely consequences on SES foraging efficiency...
- Diving behaviour of whale sharks in relation to a predictable food pulseRachel T Graham
Wildlife Conservation Society, PO Box 37, Punta Gorda, Belize
J R Soc Interface 3:109-16. 2006We present diving data for four whale sharks in relation to a predictable food pulse (reef fish spawn) and an analysis of the longest continuous fine-resolution diving record for a planktivorous shark...
- Seasonal changes in buoyancy and diving behaviour of adult grey sealsC A Beck
Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 4J1
J Exp Biol 203:2323-30. 2000..changes in body fat content and body mass result in seasonal changes in buoyancy, which in turn may influence diving behaviour...
- Evolution of mammalian diving capacity traced by myoglobin net surface chargeScott Mirceta
Institute of Integrative Biology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZB, UK
Science 340:1234192. 2013..mammalian phylogeny and reveal an adaptive molecular signature of elevated myoglobin net surface charge in diving species that is mechanistically linked with maximal myoglobin concentration...
- Deadly diving? Physiological and behavioural management of decompression stress in diving mammalsS K Hooker
Sea Mammal Research Unit, Scottish Oceans Institute, University of St Andrews, Fife, UK
Proc Biol Sci 279:1041-50. 2012..The basic pathology and cause are relatively well known to human divers. Breath-hold diving marine mammals were thought to be relatively immune to DCS owing to multiple anatomical, physiological and ..
- Lunar cycles in diel prey migrations exert a stronger effect on the diving of juveniles than adult Galápagos fur sealsM Horning
Department of Marine Biology, Texas A and M University at Galveston 77551, USA
Proc Biol Sci 266:1127-32. 1999In our study of the development of diving in Galápagos fur seals, we analysed changes in diving activity and body mass trends over the lunar cycle...
- Cerebral white-matter lesions in asymptomatic military diversIclal Erdem
Department of Radiology, Taksim Teaching and Research Hospital, Taksim, Istanbul, Turkey
Aviat Space Environ Med 80:2-4. 2009There is some concern that over a period of years, diving may produce cumulative neurological injury even in divers who have no history of decompression sickness...
- The diving physiology of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). I. Balancing the demands of exercise for energy conservation at depthT M Williams
Department of Biology, Earth and Marine Science Building, A 316, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
J Exp Biol 202:2739-48. 1999During diving, marine mammals must rely on the efficient utilization of a limited oxygen reserve sequestered in the lungs, blood and muscles...
- Arterial blood gases during diving in elite apnea diversC M Muth
Division of Pathophysiology and Process Development in Anaesthesia, Department of Anaesthesiology, University Medical School Ulm, Parkstrasse 11, 89073 Ulm, Germany
Int J Sports Med 24:104-7. 2003..0/3.9 kPa before diving vs. 5.7/5.9 kPa at the end of the bottom time), probably due to the CO2 storage capacity of the blood...
- Prognostic factors of spinal cord decompression sickness in recreational diving: retrospective and multicentric analysis of 279 casesJean Eric Blatteau
Institut de Recherche Biomédicale des Armées, Antenne Toulon, UMR MD2, P2COE Université de la Méditerranée, BP 20548, 83041, Toulon Cedex 9, France
Neurocrit Care 15:120-7. 2011This study aims to determine the potential risk factors associated with the development of severe diving-related spinal cord decompression sickness (DCS).
- Transatlantic migration and deep mid-ocean diving by basking sharkMauvis A Gore
University Marine Biological Station, Millport, Isle of Cumbrae, UK
Biol Lett 4:395-8. 2008..This result provides the first evidence for a link between European and American populations and indicates that basking sharks make use of deep-water habitats beyond the shelf edge...
- Behavioral inference of diving metabolic rate in free-ranging leatherback turtlesCorey J A Bradshaw
School for Environmental Research, Institute of Advanced Studies, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Northern Territory 0909, Australia
Physiol Biochem Zool 80:209-19. 2007..From this index of ADL and the known mass-specific oxygen storage capacity (To(2)) of leatherbacks, we inferred diving metabolic rate (DMR) as To2/ADL...
- Nutritional status changes in humans during a 14-day saturation dive: the NASA Extreme Environment Mission Operations V projectScott M Smith
NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX 77058, USA
J Nutr 134:1765-71. 2004..To determine whether saturation diving has nutrition-related effects similar to those of spaceflight, we conducted a clinical nutritional assessment of ..
- Stomach temperature telemetry reveals temporal patterns of foraging success in a free-ranging marine mammalDeborah Austin
Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B2H 4J1, Canada
J Anim Ecol 75:408-20. 2006..free-ranging grey seals using stomach temperature telemetry to test if previously reported sex differences in the diving, movement and diet were reflected in the temporal pattern of foraging success. 2...
- Extreme human breath-hold divingG Ferretti
Department of Physiology, University Medical Centre, 1 rue Michel Servet, 1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland
Eur J Appl Physiol 84:254-71. 2001In this paper, the respiratory, circulatory and metabolic adjustments to human extreme breath-hold diving are reviewed...
- Mechanism of the human diving responseB A Gooden
Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Queen s Medical Centre, University of Nottingham, U K
Integr Physiol Behav Sci 29:6-16. 1994The diving response in human beings is characterized by breath-holding, slowing of the heart rate (diving bradycardia), reduction of limb blood flow and a gradual rise in the mean arterial blood pressure...
- The development of diving bradycardia in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)S R Noren
Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Department, Center for Ocean Health, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95060, USA
J Comp Physiol B 174:139-47. 2004..To determine if diving bradycardia improves with age, cardiac patterns from trained immature and mature bottlenose dolphins ( Tursiops ..
- Decompression sickness following breath-hold divingJ D Schipke
Research Group Experimental Surgery, University Hospital Duesseldorf, Germany
Res Sports Med 14:163-78. 2006Despite convincing evidence of a relationship between breath-hold diving and decompression sickness (DCS), the causal connection is only slowly being accepted...
- Activation of the trigeminal medullary dorsal horn during voluntary diving in ratsPaul F McCulloch
Department of Physiology, Midwestern University, 555 31st Street, Downers Grove, IL 60515, USA
Brain Res 1051:194-8. 2005Fos immunohistochemistry was used to indicate whether activation of trigeminal neurons occurs in voluntarily diving rats...
- Diving into old age: muscular senescence in a large-bodied, long-lived mammal, the Weddell seal (Leptonychotes weddellii)Allyson G Hindle
Department of Marine Biology, Texas A and M University at Galveston, 5007 Avenue U, Galveston, TX 77551, USA
J Exp Biol 212:790-6. 2009..theory of aging supports the suggestion that exercise hypoxia, as regularly incurred during apneustic foraging in diving mammals might lead to cellular dysfunction and accelerated aging...
- Diving and swimming performance of white whales, Delphinapterus leucas: an assessment of plasma lactate and blood gas levels and respiratory ratesS A Shaffer
Marine Sciences Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
J Exp Biol 200:3091-9. 1997..We studied trained white whales with the specific goal of assessing their diving and swimming performance. Two adult whales performed dives to a test platform suspended at depths of 5-300 m...
- Total body oxygen stores and physiological diving capacity of California sea lions as a function of sex and ageMichael J Weise
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California Santa Cruz, Center for Ocean Health, 100 Shaffer Road, Santa Cruz, CA 95060, USA
J Exp Biol 210:278-89. 2007..To evaluate the influence of oxygen storage capacity on aerobic diving capacity, we examined the extent to which blood and muscle oxygen stores varied as a function of age, body size ..
- Hematological response and diving response during apnea and apnea with face immersionErika Schagatay
Department of Natural Sciences, Mid Sweden University, 851 70, Sundsvall, Sweden
Eur J Appl Physiol 101:125-32. 2007Increased hematocrit (Hct) attributable to splenic contraction accompanies human apneic diving or apnea with face immersion. Apnea also causes heart rate reduction and peripheral vasoconstriction, i.e...
- Effects of physical and apnea training on apneic time and the diving response in humansE Schagatay
Department of Animal Physiology, Lund University, Sweden
Eur J Appl Physiol 82:161-9. 2000The aim of this investigation was to study separately the effects of physical training and apnea training on the diving response and apneic time in humans...
- The physiology and pathophysiology of human breath-hold divingPeter Lindholm
Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Insitutet, Stockholm, Sweden
J Appl Physiol (1985) 106:284-92. 2009..of physiological reactions, limitations, and pathophysiological mechanisms associated with human breath-hold diving. Breath-hold duration and ability to withstand compression at depth are the two main challenges that have been ..
- Total haemoglobin mass and spleen contraction: a study on competitive apnea divers, non-diving athletes and untrained control subjectsNicole Prommer
Arbeitsbereich Sportmedizin, Universitat, 95440, Bayreuth, Germany
Eur J Appl Physiol 101:753-9. 2007In diving mammals splenic contraction increases circulating red cell volume, whereas in humans increased haemoglobin concentrations have been reported...
- Swimming gaits, passive drag and buoyancy of diving sperm whales Physeter macrocephalusPatrick J O Miller
Sea Mammal Research Unit, University of St Andrews, Fife, KY16 8LB, Scotland
J Exp Biol 207:1953-67. 2004Drag and buoyancy are two primary external forces acting on diving marine mammals. The strength of these forces modulates the energetic cost of movement and may influence swimming style (gait)...
- Tracheal compression delays alveolar collapse during deep diving in marine mammalsBrian L Bostrom
Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, 6270 University Boulevard, Vancouver, B C V6T 1Z4, Canada
Respir Physiol Neurobiol 161:298-305. 2008..upper airways; an adaptation that allows air to move from the alveoli into the upper airways, during breath-hold diving. Alveolar collapse is thought occur between 30 and 100 m and studies that have attempted to estimate gas exchange ..
- The rat: a laboratory model for studies of the diving responseW Michael Panneton
Department of Pharmacological and Physiological Science, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63104 1028, USA
J Appl Physiol (1985) 108:811-20. 2010..These effects are collectively termed the diving response, potentially the most powerful autonomic reflex known...
- Path analysis of self-efficacy and diving performance revisitedDeborah L Feltz
Department of Kinesiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA
J Sport Exerc Psychol 30:401-11. 2008The Feltz (1982) path analysis of the relationship between diving efficacy and performance showed that, over trials, past performance was a stronger predictor than self-efficacy of performance...
- Foraging Blainville's beaked whales (Mesoplodon densirostris) produce distinct click types matched to different phases of echolocationM Johnson
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
J Exp Biol 209:5038-50. 2006..It is suggested that the two click types are adapted to the separate problems of target detection and classification versus capture of low target strength prey in a cluttered acoustic environment...
- Pharmacological blockade of the dive response: effects on heart rate and diving behaviour in the harbour seal (Phoca vitulina)Nicole M Elliott
Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z4
J Exp Biol 205:3757-65. 2002While diving, harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) manage their oxygen stores through cardiovascular adjustments, including bradycardia, a concurrent reduction in cardiac output, and peripheral vasoconstriction...
- Effect of heliox, oxygen and air breathing on helium bubbles after heliox divingO Hyldegaard
Laboratory ofHyperbaric Medicine, Department of Anaesthesia, Centre of Head and Orthopaedics, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark
Undersea Hyperb Med 34:107-22. 2007..If recompression beyond the maximum treatment pressure of oxygen is required, these results indicate that a breathing mixture of heliox may be better than air during the treatment of decompression sickness following heliox diving.
- The diving behaviour of green turtles undertaking oceanic migration to and from Ascension Island: dive durations, dive profiles and depth distributionG C Hays
School of Biological Sciences, University of Wales Swansea, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK
J Exp Biol 204:4093-8. 2001..do not behave invariantly, but instead alternate between periods of travelling just beneath the surface and diving deeper...
- Speciation of Iberian diving beetles in Pleistocene refugia (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae)Ignacio Ribera
Department of Entomology, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK
Mol Ecol 13:179-93. 2004..genes 16S rRNA and cytochrome oxidase I to establish the relationships of 27 of the 34 endemic Iberian species of diving beetles in the family Dytiscidae, and to investigate their level of divergence...
- A single air dive reduces arterial endothelial function in manA O Brubakk
Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
J Physiol 566:901-6. 2005..that these bubbles can lead to endothelial dysfunction in the pulmonary artery but no data exist on the effect of diving on arterial endothelial function...
- The physiological basis of diving to depth: birds and mammalsG L Kooyman
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla 92093 0204, USA
Annu Rev Physiol 60:19-32. 1998..A hallmark of animals diving to depth is a substantial elevation of muscle myoglobin concentration...
- Dive and beak movement patterns in leatherback turtles Dermochelys coriacea during internesting intervals in French GuianaSabrina Fossette
IPHC Département Ecologie, Physiologie, Ethologie, ULP, CNRS, 23 rue Becquerel, 67087 Strasbourg, France
J Anim Ecol 77:236-46. 2008..we investigate the possibility of this active behaviour being associated with foraging, by studying concurrently diving and beak movement patterns in gravid females equipped with IMASEN (Inter-MAndibular Angle SENsor). 2...
- Flexible foraging movements of leatherback turtles across the North Atlantic OceanGraeme C Hays
Biological Sciences, Institute of Environmental Sustainability, University of Wales, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK
Ecology 87:2647-56. 2006..However, their behavior may be different in their sabbatical years away from nesting beaches. Our results highlight the importance of whole-ocean fishing gear regulations to minimize turtle bycatch...
- Decompression illnessRichard D Vann
Department of Anesthesiology and Center for Hyperbaric Medicine and Environmental Physiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
Lancet 377:153-64. 2011..Treatment is, in most cases, effective although residual deficits can remain in serious cases, even after several recompressions...
- Activation of brainstem catecholaminergic neurons during voluntary diving in ratsPaul F McCulloch
Department of Physiology, Midwestern University, 555 31st Street, Downers Grove, IL 60515, USA
Brain Res 984:42-53. 2003..On the day of the experiment the rats were randomly separated into a Diving group that repetitively dived underwater, a Swimming group that repetitively swam on the surface of the water, and ..
- The cardiovascular and endocrine responses to voluntary and forced diving in trained and untrained ratsPaul F McCulloch
Dept of Physiology, Midwestern Univ, 555 31st St, Downers Grove, IL 60515, USA
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 298:R224-34. 2010The mammalian diving response, consisting of apnea, bradycardia, and increased total peripheral resistance, can be modified by conscious awareness, fear, and anticipation...
- Buoyancy and maximal diving depth in penguins: do they control inhaling air volume?Katsufumi Sato
National Institute of Polar Research, 1 9 10 Kaga, Itabashi, Tokyo 173 8515, Japan
J Exp Biol 205:1189-97. 2002..This suggests that penguins regulate their air volume to optimize the costs and benefits of buoyancy...
- Electrical stimulation of the anterior ethmoidal nerve produces the diving responseP F McCulloch
Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, 1402 South Grand Blvd, St Louis, MO 63104, USA
Brain Res 830:24-31. 1999..This cardiorespiratory response, often called the diving response, is usually initiated by nasal stimulation...
- Metabolic regulation in diving birds and mammalsPatrick J Butler
School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
Respir Physiol Neurobiol 141:297-315. 2004..for durations that are consistent with their elevated stores of usable oxygen and their metabolic rate while diving being similar to that when they are resting at the surface of the water...
- Diving response and arterial oxygen saturation during apnea and exercise in breath-hold diversJohan P A Andersson
Department of Animal Physiology, Lund University, SE 223 62 Lund, Sweden
J Appl Physiol (1985) 93:882-6. 2002This study addressed the effects of apnea in air and apnea with face immersion in cold water (10 degrees C) on the diving response and arterial oxygen saturation during dynamic exercise...
- Antioxidant pretreatment and reduced arterial endothelial dysfunction after divingAnte Obad
Department of Physiology, University of Split School of Medicine, Split, Croatia
Aviat Space Environ Med 78:1114-20. 2007..In this study we prospectively evaluated the effect of long-term antioxidants at a lower RDA dose on arterial endothelial function...
- Apnea diving: long-term neurocognitive sequelae of repeated hypoxemiaLynne Ridgway
University of Queensland, St Lucia, Brisbane, Australia
Clin Neuropsychol 20:160-76. 2006..A brief review of the literature on the physiological and neurological adaptations involved in the "human diving reflex" is presented...
- Eat now, pay later? Evidence of deferred food-processing costs in diving sealsCarol E Sparling
Sea Mammal Research Unit, Gatrry Marine Laboratory, University of St Andrews, Fife KY16 8LB, UK
Biol Lett 3:94-8. 2007..g. digestion) that are incompatible with the physiological adjustments to diving until after periods of active foraging...
- Effects of hydrographic variability on the spatial, seasonal and diel diving patterns of southern elephant seals in the eastern Weddell SeaMartin Biuw
Norwegian Polar Institute, Polar Environmental Centre, Tromsø, Norway
PLoS ONE 5:e13816. 2010..CTD-SRDLs) to examine the importance of hydrographic variability, ice cover and season on the movements and diving behavior of southern elephant seals in the eastern Weddell Sea region during their overwinter feeding trips from ..
- Poor flight performance in deep-diving cormorantsYuuki Y Watanabe
National Institute of Polar Research, Tachikawa, Tokyo 190 8518, Japan
J Exp Biol 214:412-21. 2011Aerial flight and breath-hold diving present conflicting morphological and physiological demands, and hence diving seabirds capable of flight are expected to face evolutionary trade-offs regarding locomotory performances...
- The diving bell and the spider: the physical gill of Argyroneta aquaticaRoger S Seymour
Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
J Exp Biol 214:2175-81. 2011..It creates a dome-shaped web between aquatic plants and fills the diving bell with air carried from the surface...
- Health status of professional divers and offshore oil industry workersJohn A S Ross
Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
Occup Med (Lond) 57:254-61. 2007..To compare the health status of UK professional divers and age-matched non-divers and to contrast offshore divers (OSDs) with non-offshore divers (NOSDs)...
- Interspecific variation in diving activity among Anopheles gambiae Giles, An. arabiensis Patton, and An. funestus Giles (Diptera: Culicidae) larvaeNobuko Tuno
Department of Vector Ecology and Environment, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki, University, Nagasaki 852 8523, Japan
J Vector Ecol 32:112-7. 2007..This study examined forced and voluntary diving behavior and submergence tolerance in the three major African malaria vectors, Anopheles gambiae Giles, An...
- Diving heart rate development in postnatal harbour seals, Phoca vitulinaDanielle K Greaves
Department of Biology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada
Physiol Biochem Zool 78:9-17. 2005Harbour seals, Phoca vitulina, dive from birth, providing a means of mapping the development of the diving response, and so our objective was to investigate the postpartum development of diving bradycardia...
- B-type natriuretic peptide secretion following scuba divingClaudio Passino
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Fondazione G Monasterio, Pisa, Italy
Biomark Med 5:205-9. 2011..To examine the neurohormonal effects of a scuba dive, focusing on the acute changes in the plasma concentrations of the different peptide fragments from the B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) precursor...
- Effects of successive air and nitrox dives on human vascular functionJasna Marinovic
Department of Physiology, University of Split School of Medicine, Soltanska 2, 21000 Split, Croatia
Eur J Appl Physiol 112:2131-7. 2012SCUBA diving is regularly associated with asymptomatic changes in cardiac, pulmonary and vascular function...
- Mobility, expansion and management of a multi-species scuba diving fishery in East AfricaHampus Eriksson
Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
PLoS ONE 7:e35504. 2012Scuba diving fishing, predominantly targeting sea cucumbers, has been documented to occur in an uncontrolled manner in the Western Indian Ocean and in other tropical regions...
- Early genetic responses in rat vascular tissue after simulated divingIngrid Eftedal
Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
Physiol Genomics 44:1201-7. 2012b>Diving causes a transient reduction of vascular function, but the mechanisms behind this are largely unknown...
- The effects of acute oral antioxidants on diving-induced alterations in human cardiovascular functionAnte Obad
Department of Physiology, University of Split School of Medicine, Soltanska 2, 21000 Split, Croatia
J Physiol 578:859-70. 2007b>Diving-induced acute alterations in cardiovascular function such as arterial endothelial dysfunction, increased pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) and reduced heart function have been recently reported...
- Body density affects stroke patterns in Baikal sealsYuuki Watanabe
Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 1 15 1 Minamidai, Nakano, Tokyo 164 8639, Japan
J Exp Biol 209:3269-80. 2006..These four data sets revealed the general diving patterns of Baikal seals and also provided direct insights into the influence of buoyancy on these patterns...
- The physiological and behavioural development of diving in Australian fur seal (Arctocephalus pusillus doriferus) pupsL M Spence-Bailey
School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, VIC 3125, Australia
J Comp Physiol B 177:483-94. 2007The physiological and behavioural development of diving was examined in Australian fur seal (Arctocephalus pusillus doriferus) pups to assess whether animals at weaning are capable of exploiting the same resources as adult females...
- Cardiovascular and thermal responses to SCUBA divingT J Doubt
Division of Heart and Vascular Diseases, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 28:581-6. 1996Recreational SCUBA diving exposes individuals to environmental stresses not often encountered in other types of activity...
- Hemodynamic changes induced by recreational scuba divingAlain Boussuges
IMNSSA, B P 610, 83800 Toulon, France
Chest 129:1337-43. 2006Cardiac changes induced by scuba diving were investigated using Doppler echocardiography.
- Acoustic and diving behavior of sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) during natural and depredation foraging in the Gulf of AlaskaDelphine Mathias
Marine Physical Laboratory, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0238, USA
J Acoust Soc Am 132:518-32. 2012..These results suggest that depredation efforts might be measured remotely with passive acoustic monitoring at close ranges...
- Nicotine Modulation of Parasympathetic Cardiac NeuronsDavid Mendelowitz; Fiscal Year: 2013DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The trigeminocardiac and diving reflexes are among the most powerful autonomic reflexes...
- MECHANISM OF CARDIORESPIRATORY RHYTHM IN NEONATESDavid Mendelowitz; Fiscal Year: 2013The diving reflex is the most powerful autonomic reflex. Stimulation of the diving reflex evokes a pronounced bradycardia with heart rate decreasing up to 51% upon a single facial submersion...
- Independent Scientist Development Award in Oxidative Stress and ApneaRudy M Ortiz; Fiscal Year: 2013..them to naturally adapt to extreme environmental conditions such as prolonged fasting and apnea (both sleep- and diving- induced) that may promote oxidative stress and its related pathologies...
- Mechanisms of Oxidative Stress and Inflammation during Prolonged Fasting and SleeRudy M Ortiz; Fiscal Year: 2013..weaned and commence a 2- 3 month long fast, all-the-while continuing to develop organ systems required for diving that will ensue following their postweaning fast...
- Neural Substrates and Mechanisms Underlying Rumination in DepressionNEIL PATRICK JONES; Fiscal Year: 2013..These results will facilitate the identification of mechanisms diving rumination in depression...
- Neural Circulatory Control in the Long QT SyndromeVirend Somers; Fiscal Year: 2006..swimming) have abnormal responses to chemoreflex activation, particularly during apnea, and abnormalities in the diving reflex response...
- Beyond GFP and aequorin: Ocean-wide study of fluorescent and luminous proteinsMikhail Matz; Fiscal Year: 2009..Our sampling methods include plankton towing, blue water SCUBA diving, midwater trawling and submersible/ROV operations...
- Chemical disruption of Wnt-mediated signal transductionLawrence Lum; Fiscal Year: 2013..These studies should facilitate a transition from front-line anti-cancer agents that are generally toxic to rapidly diving cells to those that are tailored to the underlying genetics of individual cancers.
- CALCIUM CONTROL IN MUSKRAT HEARTSTHOMAS MCKEAN; Fiscal Year: 1992DESCRIPTION (adapted from the applicant's abstract): During very long underwater excursions, diving mammals experience hypoxic conditions (arterial PO2+15 torr) that would be fatal to humans and other terrestrial animals...
- ANTIAIDS AGENTS FROM MARINE ORGANISMSMark Hamann; Fiscal Year: 2000..allows a collector to extend the depth and time spent on a dive significantly beyond the limitations imposed by diving with conventional SCUBA...
- Inhibition of Integrase-Mediated Viral Nuclear TransportMark Muesing; Fiscal Year: 2005..The fact that our mutants are defective in dividing as well as non-diving cells is concordant with recent data indicating that nuclear transport of the HIV-1 genome is independent of ..
- SLEEP APNEA IN SEALS: METABOLIC IMPLICATIONSMichael Castellini; Fiscal Year: 1991..of similarities between hypoxia tolerance during sleep apnea and metabolic regulation during breath-hold diving. 3) Application of the findings to comparative studies of hypoxia tolerance during sleep apnea or chronic hypoxia ..
- EXERCISE AND ANIMAL MODELS OF HYPERTENSIONCHARLES TIPTON; Fiscal Year: 1992..Finally we intend to develop a unit that allows investigators to study the anatomical and physiological effects of swimming on rats without the trauma of repeated submergences and the consequences of the diving reflex.
- PREPARING THE UHMS LIBRARY HOLDINGS FOR ONLINE ACCESSDONALD CHANDLER; Fiscal Year: 2001..non-profit scientific and medical association with a mandate to expand and disseminate the body of knowledge of diving and hyperbaric medicine. It was founded in 1967 and incorporated in 1972...
- WORKSHOP ON RESPIRATORY CONTROL IN DIVINGCHARLES SHILLING; Fiscal Year: 1980..society is to organize, conduct, and report the findings of a workshop dealing with "Respiratory Control in Diving." This workshop is timely because there have been a number of unexplained episodes of loss of consciousness and ..
- Extraocular muscle stem cells for DMD therapyTejvir Khurana; Fiscal Year: 2005..First, adult muscle has been shown to contain stem cells that are capable of diving, transdifferentiation and engraftment...
- SEMINAL DOCUMENTS OF DEEP SEA DIVING, 1860-1960CHARLES SHILLING; Fiscal Year: 1980..that have appeared over the years and that deal with the subject of hyperbaric activity, principally deep sea diving. Much of the early work is still significant, but it exists in rare book and periodical collections or in the ..
- THE CPA: SOMATIC AND AUTONOMIC SYSTEMSW Panneton; Fiscal Year: 2004..The cardiorespiratory depression (the diving response) seen after stimulation of he upper respiratory tract (URT) has served as my model...
- Trigeminal Autonomic InteractionsPaul McCulloch; Fiscal Year: 2002..Having a better understanding of brainstem cardiorespiratory integration might provide a neurological basis for the etiology of SIDS. ..
- Does Nasal Stimulation Activate Presympathetic Neurons?Paul McCulloch; Fiscal Year: 2005..As such, this research has implications for understanding the etiology of neurogenic hypertension. ..
- Adolescence: A Sensitive Period for Nicotine AddictionEdward Levin; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Nicotinic-Antipsychotic Drug Interactions and CognitionEdward Levin; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Behavioral Genetics and Toxic ResponseEdward Levin; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Marine Toxin Impacts on Neurobehavioral FunctionEdward Levin; Fiscal Year: 2003..The forum will provide an opportunity for methodological and theoretical issues to be integrated in the context of each talk as well as in a discussion session at the end of the symposium. ..
- CO POISONING IN THE CONTEXT OF A REPERFUSION INJURYStephen Thom; Fiscal Year: 2003..The research plan is aimed to test the hypothesis that immune responses and the associated oxidative stress cause neurological injuries. ..
- AUTONOMIC REGULATION OF AIRWAY SMOOTH MUSCLE TONEBRENDAN CANNING; Fiscal Year: 2001..It is anticipated that this information will improve our understanding of the role of the autonomic innervation of the healthy and diseased lung. ..
- HYPOXIC EFFECTS ON MAMMALIAN RESPIRATORY NEURAL NETWORKJAN M RAMIREZ; Fiscal Year: 2010..Our studies are directly relevant for SIDS as increasing evidence indicates that SIDS victims have diminished gasping and fail to arouse. Moreover SIDS victims have disturbed noradrenergic and serotonergic metabolism. ..
- Reflexes and Supraesophageal Consequences of Reflux DiseaseBrendan J Canning; Fiscal Year: 2010..This research may also help identify novel therapeutic strategies for treating both GERD and chronic cough. ..
- The Effect of Statins on Skeletal Muscle FunctionPAUL DAVIS THOMPSON; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Nitric oxide and mitochondrial biogenesis in sepsisClaude A Piantadosi; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- The Effect of Pulmonary Interstitial Edema on Gas ExchangeG Prisk; Fiscal Year: 2009..3) Define and quantify the relationship between alterations in the heterogeneity of pulmonary blood flow and lung water content using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and X-ray techniques. ..
- HORMONAL REGULATION OF LUNG DEVELOPMENT; PTHrP BIOLOGYJohn Torday; Fiscal Year: 2009..These studies will provide important insights to the pathophysiology and treatment of chronic lung diseases of the newborn and adult alike. ..
- Lung Injury Protection by Coagulation BlockadeCLAUDE PIANTADOSI; Fiscal Year: 2008..A successfully optimized strategy could greatly attenuate persistence of pulmonary inflammation and facilitate the resolution of human ARDS. ..
- Substance P in the Central Respiratory Neural NetworkJAN RAMIREZ; Fiscal Year: 2007..The expected outcome of this research plan will provide important concepts relevant for RS as it will lead to a better understanding of why low levels of SP cause irregular respiratory activity. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- "Post-partum steroid withdrawal-induced depression"REBECCA CRAFT; Fiscal Year: 2006..Findings from the proposed model will enhance our understanding of the etiology of PPD and possibly lead to improved treatment options. ..
- KININS AS MEDIATORS OF HUMAN REACTIONSBRENDAN CANNING; Fiscal Year: 2003..These rigorous studies will not only clarify the role of BK in airway diseases, but will also have broader relevance by providing new and important insights into how neural function is altered in asthma and rhinitis. ..
- Deposition of 0.5 to 2 Micron Aerosol in the Human LungG Prisk; Fiscal Year: 2003..5 to 1 micron). Such information will provide a much-improved basis for the assessment of exposure to small inhaled particles both in long duration spaceflight and on Earth. ..