treatment refusal

Summary

Summary: Patient or client refusal of or resistance to medical, psychological, or psychiatric treatment. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi How often do patients with psychosis fail to adhere to treatment programmes? A systematic review
    M Nose
    Department of Medicine and Public Health, Section of Psychiatry, University of Verona, Verona, Italy
    Psychol Med 33:1149-60. 2003
  2. ncbi Oncological management of pediatric cancer patients belonging to Jehovah's Witnesses: a two-institutional experience report
    T Tenenbaum
    Department of Pediatric Oncology, Hematology and Immunology, University Children s Hospital, Heinrich Heine University, Dusseldorf, Germany
    Onkologie 27:131-7. 2004
  3. ncbi Are patients' decisions to refuse treatment binding on health care professionals?
    Peter Murphy
    Department of Philosophy, University of Tennessee, 801 McClung Tower, Knoxville, TN 37996 0480, USA
    Bioethics 19:189-201. 2005
  4. pmc Discharges against medical advice: are race/ethnicity predictors?
    Peter Franks
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, University of California at Davis, Sacramento, California 95817, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:955-60. 2006
  5. ncbi Vaccine refusal, mandatory immunization, and the risks of vaccine-preventable diseases
    Saad B Omer
    Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health and the Emory Vaccine Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    N Engl J Med 360:1981-8. 2009
  6. pmc Costs and consequences of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's recommendations for opt-out HIV testing
    David R Holtgrave
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e194. 2007
  7. ncbi Patient education program for venous thromboembolism prevention in hospitalized patients
    Gregory Piazza
    Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Med 125:258-64. 2012
  8. pmc What happens to patients who leave hospital against medical advice?
    Stephen W Hwang
    Inner City Health Research Unit and the Division of General Internal Medicine, St Michael s Hospital and University of Toronto, Toronto, ON
    CMAJ 168:417-20. 2003
  9. ncbi 'Trusting blindly can be the biggest risk of all': organised resistance to childhood vaccination in the UK
    Pru Hobson-West
    Institute for Science and Society, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Sociol Health Illn 29:198-215. 2007
  10. ncbi A report about treatment refusal and abandonment in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia in China, 1997-2007
    Yan Rong Wang
    Department of Pediatrics, the Affiliated Shenzhen Third Hospital, Guangdong Medical College, Shenzhen, China
    Leuk Res 35:1628-31. 2011

Detail Information

Publications268 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi How often do patients with psychosis fail to adhere to treatment programmes? A systematic review
    M Nose
    Department of Medicine and Public Health, Section of Psychiatry, University of Verona, Verona, Italy
    Psychol Med 33:1149-60. 2003
    ..Its purpose is to provide an overall estimate of treatment non-adherence in community psychiatric services, and to analyse and study patient characteristics explaining the between-study heterogeneity in rates of non-adherence...
  2. ncbi Oncological management of pediatric cancer patients belonging to Jehovah's Witnesses: a two-institutional experience report
    T Tenenbaum
    Department of Pediatric Oncology, Hematology and Immunology, University Children s Hospital, Heinrich Heine University, Dusseldorf, Germany
    Onkologie 27:131-7. 2004
    ....
  3. ncbi Are patients' decisions to refuse treatment binding on health care professionals?
    Peter Murphy
    Department of Philosophy, University of Tennessee, 801 McClung Tower, Knoxville, TN 37996 0480, USA
    Bioethics 19:189-201. 2005
    ..The other argument appeals to considered judgments about cases in which disincentives are used to deter patients from refusing sound treatments...
  4. pmc Discharges against medical advice: are race/ethnicity predictors?
    Peter Franks
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, University of California at Davis, Sacramento, California 95817, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:955-60. 2006
    ..Prior literature suggests that blacks are more likely to be discharged against medical advice (DAMA)...
  5. ncbi Vaccine refusal, mandatory immunization, and the risks of vaccine-preventable diseases
    Saad B Omer
    Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health and the Emory Vaccine Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    N Engl J Med 360:1981-8. 2009
    ....
  6. pmc Costs and consequences of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's recommendations for opt-out HIV testing
    David R Holtgrave
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e194. 2007
    ..In this paper, I estimate the costs and public health impact of opt-out HIV testing relative to testing accompanied by client-centered counseling, and relative to a more targeted counseling and testing strategy...
  7. ncbi Patient education program for venous thromboembolism prevention in hospitalized patients
    Gregory Piazza
    Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Med 125:258-64. 2012
    ..We conducted a prospective cohort study to determine whether a patient education program would improve medication adherence to clinician-ordered injectable prophylactic anticoagulation...
  8. pmc What happens to patients who leave hospital against medical advice?
    Stephen W Hwang
    Inner City Health Research Unit and the Division of General Internal Medicine, St Michael s Hospital and University of Toronto, Toronto, ON
    CMAJ 168:417-20. 2003
    ..Patients who leave hospital against medical advice (AMA) may be at risk of adverse health outcomes and readmission. In this study we examined rates of readmission and predictors of readmission among patients leaving hospital AMA...
  9. ncbi 'Trusting blindly can be the biggest risk of all': organised resistance to childhood vaccination in the UK
    Pru Hobson-West
    Institute for Science and Society, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Sociol Health Illn 29:198-215. 2007
    ..These findings have implications for wider sociological debates about risk and trust in relation to health...
  10. ncbi A report about treatment refusal and abandonment in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia in China, 1997-2007
    Yan Rong Wang
    Department of Pediatrics, the Affiliated Shenzhen Third Hospital, Guangdong Medical College, Shenzhen, China
    Leuk Res 35:1628-31. 2011
    To analyze the causes and consequence of treatment refusal and abandonment in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated in Wuhan Union Hospital of China.
  11. ncbi Patients who leave emergency departments without being seen: literature review and English data analysis
    A J Clarey
    Warwick Medical School, Coventry, UK
    Emerg Med J 29:617-21. 2012
    ....
  12. ncbi Upper-limb prosthetics: critical factors in device abandonment
    Elaine Biddiss
    Bloorview Research Institute, Toronto, Canada
    Am J Phys Med Rehabil 86:977-87. 2007
    ..To investigate the roles of predisposing characteristics, established need, and enabling resources in upper-limb prosthesis use and abandonment...
  13. pmc Missed appointments in primary care: questionnaire and focus group study of health professionals
    Mahvash Husain-Gambles
    Department of General Practice, University Of Leeds College of Medicine, Leeds, UK
    Br J Gen Pract 54:108-13. 2004
    ..Little is known about how missed appointments, and the people who miss them, are managed in primary care, or about effective strategies for managing missed appointments...
  14. ncbi Measurement, correlates, and health outcomes of medication adherence among seniors
    Shelly A Vik
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Ann Pharmacother 38:303-12. 2004
    ..To provide a comprehensive review of the literature on the measurement, correlates, and health outcomes of medication adherence among community-dwelling older adults...
  15. ncbi Refusing HIV testing in an urgent care setting: results from the "Think HIV" program
    Rebecca V Liddicoat
    Department of Medicine, Greater Los Angeles Veterans Affairs, Los Angeles, California 90073, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 20:84-92. 2006
    ..If routine HIV testing programs are to be successful, strategies must be developed to increase HIV test acceptance among patients most likely to refrain from testing...
  16. ncbi Discharge against medical advice from inpatient psychiatric treatment: a literature review
    Michael Brook
    Department of Psychology, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, North Chicago, IL 60064, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 57:1192-8. 2006
    ..Specifically, definitions, prevalence, predictors, temporal patterns, consequences, and interventions pertaining to such discharge were explored...
  17. ncbi Treatment non-adherence in affective disorders
    Ravi Lingam
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Claremont House, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 105:164-72. 2002
    ..The aim of this paper is to review the prevalence, predictors and methods for improving medication adherence in unipolar and bipolar affective disorders...
  18. pmc Leaving against medical advice (AMA): risk of 30-day mortality and hospital readmission
    Justin M Glasgow
    The Center for Research in the Implementation of Innovative Strategies in Practice CRIISP at the Iowa City VA Medical Center, 601 Highway 6 West, Mailstop 152, Iowa, IA 52246 2208, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 25:926-9. 2010
    ..With 1-2% of patients leaving the hospital against medical advice (AMA), the potential for these patients to suffer adverse health outcomes is of major concern...
  19. ncbi Parental vaccine safety concerns in 2009
    Gary L Freed
    Division of General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, University of Michigan, 300 North Ingalls Building 6E08, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0456, USA
    Pediatrics 125:654-9. 2010
    ..The objective of this study was to characterize the current prevalence of parental vaccine refusal and specific vaccine safety concerns and to determine whether such concerns were more common in specific population groups...
  20. ncbi Determinants of absconding by patients on acute psychiatric wards
    L Bowers
    St Bartholomew School of Nursing and Midwifery, City University, London, England
    J Adv Nurs 32:644-9. 2000
    ..Further investigation is required to determine exactly what it is that consultant psychiatrists and ward nurses do that affects absconding rates...
  21. pmc Patient, hospital, and general practitioner characteristics associated with non-attendance: a cohort study
    William Hamilton
    Public Health Medicine, North and East Devon Health Authority, Exeter
    Br J Gen Pract 52:317-9. 2002
    ..Targeting of strategies to reduce non-attendance is possible using these results...
  22. ncbi Prevalence of and risk factors for medication nonadherence in patients with schizophrenia: a comprehensive review of recent literature
    Jonathan P Lacro
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, and Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, 92161, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 63:892-909. 2002
    ..This article reviews recent literature on the prevalence of and risk factors for medication nonadherence in patients with schizophrenia...
  23. ncbi Prosthesis rejection in children with a unilateral congenital arm defect
    K Postema
    St Maartenskliniek, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Clin Rehabil 13:243-9. 1999
    ..To determine the rate of rejection for prosthetic use in children and to investigate reasons for this rejection...
  24. ncbi Psychological insulin resistance in patients with type 2 diabetes: the scope of the problem
    William H Polonsky
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:2543-5. 2005
  25. ncbi Who are the children leaving the emergency department without being seen by a physician?
    Nathalie Gaucher
    Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, CHU Sainte Justine, Universite de Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Acad Emerg Med 18:152-7. 2011
    ..Waiting times to see a physician in emergency departments (EDs) are growing, and a greater number of patients are leaving the ED without being seen by a physician (LWBS)...
  26. ncbi Associations of mental, and medical illnesses with against medical advice discharges: the National Hospital Discharge Survey, 1988-2006
    Rima Tawk
    Division of Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1603 West Taylor Street, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Adm Policy Ment Health 40:124-32. 2013
    ..Prospective primary data collection that would include patient, physician, and hospital variables is recommended...
  27. ncbi A mother who refuses to vaccinate her child
    Sanford R Kimmel
    Department of Clinical Family Medicine, Medical College of Ohio, Toledo, USA
    Am Fam Physician 67:651, 655-6. 2003
  28. ncbi Refusal of care: patients' well-being and physicians' ethical obligations: "but doctor, I want to go home"
    Joseph A Carrese
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, and Program on Ethics in Clinical Practice, Phoebe R Berman Bioethics Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    JAMA 296:691-5. 2006
    ....
  29. ncbi Impact of addition of philosophical exemptions on childhood immunization rates
    Joseph W Thompson
    Arkansas Center for Health Improvement, Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas 72201, USA
    Am J Prev Med 32:194-201. 2007
    ..This retrospective study conducted in 2006 describes the impact of philosophical exemption legislation in Arkansas...
  30. ncbi Risks and benefits of the single versus the triple MMR vaccine: how can health professionals reassure parents?
    Deborah McGreevy
    University of Brighton, c o Clinical Research Centre, 49 Darley Road, Eastbourne BN20 7UR, England
    J R Soc Promot Health 125:84-6. 2005
    ....
  31. ncbi Compliance with osteoporosis medications
    Daniel H Solomon
    Divisions of Pharmacoepidemiology, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02120, USA
    Arch Intern Med 165:2414-9. 2005
    ..This study was undertaken to assess the level and determinants of compliance with drugs prescribed for osteoporosis...
  32. pmc Predictors of nonadherence to screening colonoscopy
    Thomas D Denberg
    Department of Medicine, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences, Denver, Colo 80262, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 20:989-95. 2005
    ....
  33. pmc Patients' refusal of surgery strongly impairs breast cancer survival
    Helena M Verkooijen
    Geneva Cancer Registry, Institute for Social and Preventive Medicine, Geneva University, Switzerland
    Ann Surg 242:276-80. 2005
    ..To compare patient and tumor characteristics and survival between women who refused and women who accepted surgery for breast cancer...
  34. ncbi Treatment refusal and abandonment in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia in Indonesia: an analysis of causes and consequences
    Mei Neni Sitaresmi
    Department of Pediatric, Faculty of Medicine, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
    Psychooncology 19:361-7. 2010
    b>Treatment refusal and abandonment are common causes of treatment failure in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in many developing countries...
  35. ncbi Discharge of hospitalized under-fives against medical advice in Benin City, Nigeria
    A N Onyiriuka
    Department of Child Health, College of Medical Sciences Universit of Benin Benin City, Nigeria
    Niger J Clin Pract 10:200-4. 2007
    ..To determine the incidence of discharge against medical advice (DAMA) among under-fives in Benin City, document reasons for these discharges and suggest ways of reducing its occurrence...
  36. ncbi Factors influencincing discharge against medical advice among paediatric patients in Abakaliki, Southeastern Nigeria
    Roland Chidi Ibekwe
    Department of Paediatrics, Ebonyi State University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Nigeria
    J Trop Pediatr 55:39-41. 2009
    ..DAMA at the study site is closely asssociated with parental poverty and ignorance. Neonates and older children with surgical conditions are the most vulnerable group. Policies should be targeted at protecting these groups...
  37. ncbi Resistance to insulin therapy among patients and providers: results of the cross-national Diabetes Attitudes, Wishes, and Needs (DAWN) study
    Mark Peyrot
    Department of Sociology, Loyola College, Baltimore, MD 21210 2699, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:2673-9. 2005
    ..To examine the correlates of patient and provider attitudes toward insulin therapy...
  38. ncbi Outcomes of breast cancer in patients who use alternative therapies as primary treatment
    Eugene Y Chang
    Legacy Cancer Services, Surgical Associates, 1130 NW 22nd St, Ste 500, Portland, OR 97210, USA
    Am J Surg 192:471-3. 2006
    ..Some breast cancer patients opt for alternative treatments in place of conventional treatments. The lack of published data on the outcome of this strategy may contribute to this trend...
  39. ncbi Correlates of self-reported nonadherence to antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected patients: the Swiss HIV Cohort Study
    Tracy R Glass
    Basel Institute for Clinical Epidemiology, University Hospital Basel, CH 4056 Basel, Switzerland
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 41:385-92. 2006
    ..Adherence is one of the most crucial issues in the clinical management of HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART)...
  40. pmc Factors associated with patients who leave acute-care hospitals against medical advice
    Said A Ibrahim
    Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Veterans Administration Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, PA 15240, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:2204-8. 2007
    ..We examined hospital- and patient-related factors associated with discharge against medical advice (termed self-discharge) after emergency admission to acute-care hospitals...
  41. ncbi Risk factors associated with default among new pulmonary TB patients and social support in six Russian regions
    W M Jakubowiak
    WHO TB Control Programme in the Russian Federation, Office of the Special Representative of the WHO Director General in Russia, 28, Ostozhenka St, 119034 Moscow, Russia
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 11:46-53. 2007
    ..Tuberculosis (TB) services in six Russian regions in which social support programmes for TB patients were implemented...
  42. ncbi Reasons for incomplete immunisation among Australian children. A national survey of parents
    Glenda L Lawrence
    National Centre for Immunisation Research and Surveillance of Vaccine Preventable Diseases, University of Sydney and The Children s Hospital at Westmead, New South Wales
    Aust Fam Physician 33:568-71. 2004
    ..Incomplete immunisation among Australian children may be due to parents disagreeing with immunisation rather than medical contraindications or access issues...
  43. ncbi Profile of and control measures for paediatric discharges against medical advice
    C N Okoromah
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
    Niger Postgrad Med J 11:21-5. 2004
    ..This study was aimed at ascertaining the prevalence rate and the determining clinical, sociodemographic factors as well as caregivers' perceptions associated with paediatric DAMA with the view of proferring possible control measures...
  44. ncbi Nonattendance at outpatient endoscopy
    L A Adams
    Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Australia
    Endoscopy 36:402-4. 2004
    ..Nonattendance at outpatient endoscopy leads to inefficiency and delay in diagnosis. We aimed to identify factors associated with failure to attend outpatient gastroscopy and colonoscopy...
  45. ncbi Predictors of noncompliance in patients with schizophrenia
    Diana O Perkins
    University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Department of Psychiatry, Chapel Hill 27599 7160, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 63:1121-8. 2002
    ..The health belief model views noncompliance as a decision made by the patient, arrived at after weighing the perceived risks and benefits of treatment...
  46. pmc "I'm going home": discharges against medical advice
    David J Alfandre
    Department of Veterans Affairs National Center for Ethics in Health Care, 423 E 23rd St 10E, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Mayo Clin Proc 84:255-60. 2009
    ....
  47. ncbi Hospitalized patients with asthma who leave against medical advice: characteristics, reasons, and outcomes
    Alan P Baptist
    Allergy Immunology Section, Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 119:924-9. 2007
    ..A discharge against medical advice (AMA) after an asthma hospitalization is a frustrating problem for health care providers, yet little is known about this occurrence...
  48. pmc Patient risk profiles and practice variation in nonadherence to antidepressants, antihypertensives and oral hypoglycemics
    Liset van Dijk
    NIVEL, Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    BMC Health Serv Res 7:51. 2007
    ..An additional objective is to explore differences in nonadherence among patients from different general practices...
  49. ncbi Who leaves against medical advice?
    J Jeremiah
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital, Brown University School of Medicine, Providence 02903, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 10:403-5. 1995
    ..However, the patients leaving AMA were more likely to return for care within the next week than were the control patients...
  50. ncbi Use of standardized patients to examine physicians' communication strategies when addressing vaccine refusal: a pilot study
    Kristina A Bryant
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, United States
    Vaccine 27:3616-9. 2009
    ..The median recorded encounter lasted 19 min. SMs represent a novel strategy for studying physician/parent communication about vaccines...
  51. ncbi Patterns of vaccination acceptance
    P Streefland
    Royal Tropical Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Soc Sci Med 49:1705-16. 1999
    ..The article also develops conceptual tools for the analysis of acceptance and non-acceptance and discusses explanatory theoretical perspectives...
  52. pmc Self-restriction of medications due to cost in seniors without prescription coverage
    M A Steinman
    Division of Geriatrics, San Francisco VA Medical Center, University of California San Francisco 94121, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 16:793-9. 2001
    ..We sought to identify which elderly patients are at highest risk of restricting their medications because of cost, and how prescription coverage modifies this risk...
  53. ncbi Allergic to generics
    Troyen A Brennan
    Brigham and Women s Hospital, Partners Community HealthCare, Harvard Medical School, and Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Ann Intern Med 141:126-30. 2004
    ....
  54. ncbi Adherence to antiretroviral therapy among HIV-positive children: examination of the role of caregiver health beliefs
    R G Steele
    Clinical Child Psychology Program, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA
    AIDS Care 13:617-29. 2001
    ..Results are discussed in terms of implications for patient care and for future research in this area. The addition of behavioural and motivational components to traditional educational approaches may positively impact treatment results...
  55. ncbi Estimating the proportion of patients infected with HIV who will die of comorbid diseases
    R Scott Braithwaite
    VAMC New Haven and Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn, USA
    Am J Med 118:890-8. 2005
    ..Effective antiretroviral therapies have improved the prognosis for patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We aimed to estimate the likelihood that HIV-infected patients would die of comorbid disease...
  56. pmc Non-compliance is the predominant cause of aspirin resistance in chronic coronary arterial disease patients
    Kenneth A Schwartz
    Ingham Regional Medical Center
    J Transl Med 6:46. 2008
    ..This report compares the relative frequency of aspirin resistance between known compliant and non-compliance subjects to demonstrate that non-compliance is the predominant cause of aspirin resistance...
  57. ncbi Increasing immunization coverage. American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Community Health Services. American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Practice and Ambulatory Medicine
    David L Wood
    Pediatrics 112:993-6. 2003
    ..Pediatricians also can proactively communicate with parents to ensure they understand the overall safety and efficacy of vaccines...
  58. ncbi Responding to parental refusals of immunization of children
    Douglas S Diekema
    Pediatrics 115:1428-31. 2005
    ....
  59. ncbi Lack of aspirin effect: aspirin resistance or resistance to taking aspirin?
    Gad Cotter
    Clinical Pharmacological Research Unit, The Cardiology Institute, Zerifin, Israel
    Am Heart J 147:293-300. 2004
    ..Determining which of these factors predicts poor outcome would inform potential intervention strategies...
  60. ncbi Childhood immunization refusal: provider and parent perceptions
    Doren D Fredrickson
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Kansas, Wichita, USA
    Fam Med 36:431-9. 2004
    ..This study was conducted to estimate, based on reports from health care providers and parents, the frequency of and reasons for immunization refusal...
  61. pmc Cost-related skipping of medications and other treatments among Medicare beneficiaries between 1998 and 2000. Results of a national study
    Ira B Wilson
    The Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies, Tufts New England Medical Center, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 20:715-20. 2005
    ..To report rates of cost-related skipping of medications and other treatments, assess correlates of skipping, examine changes in skipping between 1998 and 2000, and identify factors associated with changes in skipping...
  62. pmc What is meant by intention to treat analysis? Survey of published randomised controlled trials
    S Hollis
    Medical Statistics Unit, Fylde College, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YF
    BMJ 319:670-4. 1999
    ..To assess the methodological quality of intention to treat analysis as reported in randomised controlled trials in four large medical journals...
  63. ncbi Initial appointment nonattendance in child and family mental health clinics
    C B Benway
    Yale University, Department of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, School of Nursing, New Haven, CT, USA
    Am J Orthopsychiatry 73:419-28. 2003
    ..However, it is noted that the research on underlying factors is not utilized in structuring these interventions. Suggestions for future research to address this problem are offered...
  64. pmc Effects of enhanced depression treatment on diabetes self-care
    Elizabeth H B Lin
    Center for Health Studies, Group Health Cooperative, Seattle, Wash 98101, USA
    Ann Fam Med 4:46-53. 2006
    ..We reported earlier that enhanced depression care reduces depression symptoms but not hemoglobin A1c level. This study examined effects of depression interventions on self-management among depressed diabetic patients...
  65. ncbi Non-attendance at an orthopaedic and trauma specialist outpatient department of a regional hospital
    Joanne W Y Chung
    Associate Professor, School of Nursing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hunghom, Hong Kong
    J Nurs Manag 12:362-7. 2004
    ..To assess the extent of and reasons for non-attendance in the Orthopaedic and Trauma Specialist Outpatient Department...
  66. pmc Vaccine criticism on the World Wide Web
    Richard K Zimmerman
    Department of Family Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    J Med Internet Res 7:e17. 2005
    ..The Internet can influence perceptions about vaccines because it is the fastest growing source of consumer health information. However, few studies have analyzed vaccine criticism on the Web...
  67. ncbi Health provider determinants of nonattendance in pediatric otolaryngology patients
    Arnon D Cohen
    Clalit Health Services, Siaal Research Center for Family Medicine and Primary Care, Beer Sheva, Israel
    Laryngoscope 115:1804-8. 2005
    ..Nonattendance for otolaryngology appointments disrupts the management of medical care and leads to ineffective use of resources. The determinants of nonattendance in pediatric otolaryngology patients have not been well documented...
  68. ncbi Improving adherence to antidepressants: a systematic review of interventions
    Anton C M Vergouwen
    Department of Psychiatry, Sint Lucas Andreas Hospital, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Clin Psychiatry 64:1415-20. 2003
    ..Effectiveness of antidepressant medication is reduced by patients' nonadherence. Several interventions to improve adherence in patients diagnosed with unipolar depression have been tested...
  69. ncbi Residual arachidonic acid-induced platelet activation via an adenosine diphosphate-dependent but cyclooxygenase-1- and cyclooxygenase-2-independent pathway: a 700-patient study of aspirin resistance
    Andrew L Frelinger
    Center for Platelet Function Studies, Department of Pediatrics, UMass Memorial Medical Center, 55 Lake Ave N, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA
    Circulation 113:2888-96. 2006
    ..Thrombotic events still occur in aspirin-treated patients with coronary artery disease...
  70. ncbi Discontinuing or switching selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors
    Scott A Bull
    The Permanente Medical Group Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA, USA
    Ann Pharmacother 36:578-84. 2002
    ....
  71. ncbi Development and validation of a new measure to evaluate psychological resistance to insulin treatment
    Frank Petrak
    Department for Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, LWL Clinic Dortmund Ruhr University of Bochum, Dortmund, Germany
    Diabetes Care 30:2199-204. 2007
    ..To develop a psychometric questionnaire to measure psychological barriers to insulin treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes...
  72. ncbi Nonadherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy: clinically relevant patient categorization based on electronic event monitoring
    Eric Van Wijngaerden
    Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospitals of KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 18:327-30. 2002
    ..0001) between the two groups. Adherent patients had a better outcome, as shown by a larger drop in viral load (p = 0.011) and rise in CD4+ cell count (p = 0.035), showing that the algorithm-based categorization is clinically relevant...
  73. ncbi Issues regarding nonattendance at a paediatric dermatology centre
    K L Hon
    Department of Paediatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong
    Clin Exp Dermatol 27:711-3. 2002
    ..Data in this retrospective study confirm that there is a gender disparity in hospital nonattendance. More dermatological referrals but more nonattendance were associated with the male patients...
  74. ncbi Absconding of patients from an independent UK psychiatric hospital: a 3-year retrospective analysis of events and characteristics of absconders
    G L Dickens
    St Andrew's Hospital, Northampton, UK
    J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 8:543-50. 2001
    ..There is a need for more detailed studies of absconding by patients within the Adolescent Mental Health Service subgroup where the absconding rate was relatively high and engagement in risk activity whilst AWOL relatively frequent...
  75. ncbi Mortality and morbidity in patients with very low postoperative Hb levels who decline blood transfusion
    Jeffrey L Carson
    Department of Medicine, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, USA
    Transfusion 42:812-8. 2002
    ..Guidelines for allogeneic transfusion emphasize minimizing use to avoid transmission of serious illness. However, there is little information on the risks associated from withholding transfusion...
  76. pmc Race and hospital discharge against medical advice
    E Moy
    Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 88:658-60. 1996
    ..Optimization of the delivery of inpatient services to patients of all races requires addressing this inequity...
  77. ncbi Factors associated with nonadherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy: a 5-year follow-up analysis with correction for the bias induced by missing data in the treatment maintenance phase
    Maria Patrizia Carrieri
    INSERM U379, Marseille, France
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 41:477-85. 2006
    ..Reasons for nonadherence are multifactorial. Psychosocial interventions and the selection of the best-tolerated regimens are needed to improve long-term adherence of HIV-infected patients to their lifelong treatment...
  78. pmc Jehovah's Witnesses in the emergency department: what are their rights?
    S Woolley
    Bristol Royal Infirmary Bristol Royal Hospital for Children, Bristol, UK
    Emerg Med J 22:869-71. 2005
    ..Adult JWs have fought to protect their autonomy when making both contemporaneous and advance treatment refusal. The refusal of blood products by JWs raises ethical and legal dilemmas that are not easily answered...
  79. pmc Patients discharged against medical advice from a general medicine service
    S N Weingart
    Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Mass 02215, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 13:568-71. 1998
    ..Patients who left the hospital against medical advice included many disadvantaged individuals without ongoing primary care...
  80. ncbi An economic review of compliance with medication therapy in the treatment of schizophrenia
    Patricia Thieda
    RTI Health Solutions, RTI International, 3040 Cornwallis Road, PO Box 12194, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 54:508-16. 2003
    ..The authors examined published economic evaluations of schizophrenia and antipsychotic therapies to determine the role of compliance with medication therapy in the economic cost of schizophrenia...
  81. ncbi Predictors of medication-refill adherence in an indigent rural population
    Joel M Schectman
    Department of Medicine, University of Virginia, PO Box 800744, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
    Med Care 40:1294-300. 2002
    ..We evaluated the association of medication refill adherence with demographic and prescription characteristics to determine whether such factors could guide intervention strategies in an indigent rural population...
  82. pmc Physicians' evaluations of patients' decisions to refuse oncological treatment
    T van Kleffens
    VU University Medical Center, Department of Philosophy and Medical Ethics, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Med Ethics 31:131-6. 2005
    ..To gain insight into the standards of rationality that physicians use when evaluating patients' treatment refusals...
  83. ncbi Investigating non-attendance at colposcopy clinic
    A S Yassin
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Trafford General Hospital, Manchester, UK
    J Obstet Gynaecol 22:79-80. 2002
    ..The incidence of non-attendance was 23.7%. Younger age, smoking, occurrence of pregnancy, previous history of termination of pregnancy, anxiety and follow-up appointments were more common in non-attenders...
  84. ncbi Time and money: effects of no-shows at a family practice residency clinic
    C G Moore
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia 29203, USA
    Fam Med 33:522-7. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: Failed appointments pose financial as well as administrative problems for residency practices. Proactive reminder systems are needed to promote patient attendance...
  85. ncbi Who decides--the patient, the physician or the rabbi?
    Shimon M Glick
    Lord Rabbi Immanuel Jakobovits Center for Jewish Medical Ethics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University, Israel
    Assia Jew Med Ethics 4:20-30. 2004
  86. ncbi [Compliance of patients admitted with consent to psychiatric hospital]
    Stanisław Dabrowski
    Z Instytutu Psychiatrii i Neurologii w Warszawie
    Psychiatr Pol 39:125-37. 2005
    ..The aim of the study is to assess the interrelation between three earlier described types of consent to inpatient treatment and compliance as well as some aspects of patients' autonomy...
  87. ncbi [Evaluation of following the regulations of informed consent for treatment in a psychiatric hospital]
    Stanisław Dabrowski
    Z Instytutu Psychiatrii i Neurologii w Warszawie
    Psychiatr Pol 39:139-50. 2005
    ..The aim of this paper was to evaluate the frequency of following the regulations of informed consent for treatment in a psychiatric hospital...
  88. pmc Brief report: risk factors for pneumococcal vaccine refusal in adults: a casecontrol study
    Lesley S Miller
    Division of General Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 20:650-2. 2005
    ..Invasive pneumococcal disease is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Despite availability of an effective vaccine, many patients refuse vaccination...
  89. ncbi Adherence and nonadherence to antipsychotic medications
    Yoriko Kozuki
    Department of Psychosocial and Community Health, University of Washington, School of Nursing, Seattle, Washington 98195 7263, USA
    Issues Ment Health Nurs 26:379-96. 2005
    ..Lower mood scores predicted four out of five reasons for nonadherence. Adherence and nonadherence behaviors were determined by different variables and were not mirror opposites...
  90. ncbi Understanding the legal implications of living wills
    Fiona Haas
    Respiratory Centre, St Richard s Hospital, Chichester
    Nurs Times 101:34-7. 2005
    ..In recognising the legality of advance refusals of treatment, nurses need to be aware that they must abide by such a refusal...
  91. ncbi Attitudes toward antipsychotic medication: the impact of clinical variables and relationships with health professionals
    Jennifer C Day
    Pharmacy Department, Mersey Care NHS Trust, Merseyside, England
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:717-24. 2005
    ..Although patient variables such as insight and symptoms that contribute toward attitudes have been identified, the contributions of relationship and service factors have not been adequately studied...
  92. ncbi Respecting the autonomy of irrational patients
    Arnold Blank
    Arch Intern Med 165:590. 2005
  93. ncbi The not unreasonable standard for assessment of surrogates and surrogate decisions
    Rosamond Rhodes
    Department of Medical Education, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Theor Med Bioeth 25:367-85. 2004
    ..This paper provides a model for acceptable surrogate decisions and a standard for blocking inappropriate surrogates. Only decisions based on widely shared reasons are allowable for surrogate refusal of highly beneficial treatment...
  94. ncbi Strategies for enhancing the nurse's role in assessing and promoting a patient's decisional capacity
    Marcia Sue DeWolf Bosek
    Department of Adult Health Nursing and Program in Ethics and Department of Religion, Health and Human Values, Rush University, Chicago, IL, USA
    JONAS Healthc Law Ethics Regul 7:75-8. 2005
  95. ncbi Precommitment issues in bioethics
    John A Robertson
    University of Texas School of Law, USA
    Tex Law Rev 81:1849-76. 2003
  96. pmc Treating competent patients by force: the limits and lessons of Israel's Patient's Rights Act
    M L Gross
    Department of Political Science, University of Haifa, Israel
    J Med Ethics 31:29-34. 2005
    ..These concerns reach past Israel and should engage healthcare professionals wary that respect for autonomy may sometimes cause avoidable harm...
  97. ncbi The right of a minor in Israel to participate in the decision-making process concerning his or her medical treatment
    Yehiel S Kaplan
    University of Haifa, Israel
    Fordham Int Law J 25:1085-168. 2002
  98. ncbi Questioning our principles: anthropological contributions to ethical dilemmas in clinical practice
    Carolyn Sargent
    Department of Anthropology, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas, USA
    Camb Q Healthc Ethics 15:123-34. 2006
  99. ncbi Medicinal products and consent by mentally capacitated patients
    Bridgit Dimond
    University of Glamorgan, UK
    Br J Nurs 12:1106-7. 2003
    ..He was therefore advised that he would require insulin and regular blood testing. He failed to comply with this regimen and the community nurse wondered if he could be compelled to have his medication. What is the law?..
  100. ncbi The anorexia talking?
    Jacinta Tan
    Ethox, Oxford Centre for Ethics and Communication in Health Care, Division of Medicine, University of Oxford, OX3 7LF, Oxford, UK
    Lancet 362:1246. 2003
  101. ncbi Non-adherence to tuberculosis treatment in the eastern Tarai of Nepal
    D F Wares
    TB Leprosy Control Programme, The Britain Nepal Medical Trust, Biratnagar
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 7:327-35. 2003
    ..Tarai districts, eastern Nepal...

Research Grants64

  1. Novel Methodology for Rapid Antibiotic Susceptibiility Testing in S. aureus
    Alexis F Sauer Budge; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Here, we propose to address the gap in antibiotic susceptibility diagnostics by developing a novel technique for rapid detection of antibiotic susceptibility using Staphylococcus aureus as our model system. ..
  2. The Role of RGS Proteins in the Regulation of Taste Transduction
    Staci P Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our results will help define the role of RGS proteins in shaping the duration and potency of tastant signaling. ..
  3. BIOMEDICAL (APPLIED/EXPLORATORY)
    JUDITH GWATHMEY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This therapy applies to a category of orphan diseases which typically afflict impoverished and disenfranchised populations;therefore, commercial opportunity is global...
  4. Modulating Eicosanoids to Treat Tuberculosis: Personalized, Host-directed Therapy
    David M Tobin; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The tailoring of effective adjunctive therapies based on patient genotype could have immediate impact on the treatment of TB meningitis, a particularly deadly form of the disease. ..
  5. Organizational Factors Associated with Improved Inpatient Pediatric Asthma Care
    Flory L Nkoy; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  6. Nurse Delivered Cell-Phone HIV Adherence Intervention
    Seth C Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The intervention under study has utility for people living with HIV/AIDS In resource limited rural and urban settings. ..
  7. TB Surrogate Markers for Assessing Reponse to Treatment (TB SMART Study)
    GEORGE B SIGAL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Upon completion of comprehensive qualification and validation studies proposed, we will be ready to release the multiplexed, ECL biomarker panel assay as "Qualified Kits" to be used and evaluated in prospective Phase 2 and 3 trials. ..
  8. Improving Post-Hospital Transitions and Ambulatory Care for Children with Asthma
    Flory L Nkoy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our research will make significant contributions to translational science methods for assuring high quality of asthma care for all children. ..
  9. Risperidone Subcutaneous Implant
    FRANCIS JOSEPH MARTIN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The final outcome will be an improvement in patient lives, and a reduction in overall healthcare costs. ..
  10. Risk Prediction and Computational Tools for Cancer Patient Adherence.
    Jakka Sairamesh; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This technology has tremendous relevance for improved quality of care, proactive management of chronic diseases and patient safety. ..
  11. HIV Treatment Refusal Among Adults Presenting for Testing in Soweto, South Africa
    INGRID THERESA KATZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  12. Risperidone Subcutaneous Implant
    FRANCIS JOSEPH MARTIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  13. Novel Biophotonics Methodology for Colon Cancer Screening
    Vadim Backman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In the future, this test can be implemented during an annual exam by a primary care physician to determine the need for colonoscopy. ..
  14. Uncontrolled hypertension - the role of medication adherence and clinical inertia
    IAN MATTHEW KRONISH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  15. Transforming Colorectal Cancer Screening through Multimodal Spectral Markers
    Hemant K Roy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our approach is to develop a minimally intrusive, highly accurate pre-screen that would allow tailoring timing/intensity of screening and surveillance. ..
  16. THE CLINICAL EFFECTIVENESS OF PHARMACY ADHERENCE INFORMATION FOR DIABETES CONTROL
    Keoki Williams; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Analyses will control for cluster randomization effects. The introduction of sustainable medication adherence monitoring in clinical practice holds great potential to improve health outcomes among patients with diabetes. ..
  17. EVALUATION OF HOME ASTHMA TELEMONITORING (HAT) IN ADULTS
    Joseph Finkelstein; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Lastly, we will evaluate the HAT impact on behavioral and cognitive components of asthma self-care, including phase of asthma self-regulation, asthma self-efficacy and knowledge. ..
  18. DRUG TREATMENT REFUSAL IMPACT ON SEVERELY MENTALLY ILL
    Julie Zito; Fiscal Year: 1992
    A prospective study of drug treatment refusal will be conducted in 180 state psychiatric hospital admissions, aged 18-55, who are involuntarily committed and legally competent...
  19. Development of a P.gingivalis vaccine
    Eric Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The recombinant proteins, protein fragments and synthetic peptide multivalent constructs will be tested as defined vaccines against P. gingivalis in murine models of disease. ..
  20. Brain Plasticity Based Training for Focal Dystonia
    Michael Merzenich; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. Health Literacy and Patient Adherence: A Meta-analysis
    M DiMatteo; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This work will also examine trends over time in the development and evolution of substantive and methodological issues in health literacy and patient adherence. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. DRUG DISCOVERY FOR PERSISTENT TUBERCULOSIS
    James Sacchettini; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Indeed, the primary goal of this proposal is to develop new chemotherapeutics for the treatment of persistent M. tuberculosis infections. ..
  23. Tailored Cognitive-Behavior Therapy for Chronic Pain
    RALPH COBURN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Patients receiving tailored CBT will also improve treatment adherence and lower treatment refusal and dropout rates...
  24. Early Warning Method and Technologies for Improving Cancer Care and Targeted Inte
    Jakka Sairamesh; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This technology has tremendous relevance for improved quality of care, proactive management of chronic diseases and patient safety. ..
  25. DEVELOPING A COMPUTER BASED ADHERENCE ASSESSMENT TOOL
    HANK CHEN; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..A tool that would save them the time of conducting assessments while providing them with valuable information about their patients would have strong commercial potential. ..
  26. Evaluating reasons for variations in LDL levels
    P Ho; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  27. Physician Uncertainty Reduction for Hypertension Control
    David J Hyman; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The research team has collaborated with both health systems in previous studies, and is experienced in conducting hypertension control and behavioral intervention studies in the target population. ..
  28. IMPROVING COMPLIANCE WITH ANTIRETROVIRAL MEDICATIONS
    Marc Rosen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The primary outcome measure will be MEMS-measured adherence to correct dose-time. Secondary outcome measures will include cost-effectiveness and viral load. ..
  29. Traetment Goals at the End of Life
    Terri Fried; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  30. OUTPATIENT NURSE MANAGED HIV ADHERENCE TRIAL
    William Holzemer; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Evidence is also provided to support the feasibility of utilizing nurse case managers to delivery a home care-based adherence intervention. ..
  31. Peer Support--Congestive Heart Failure Self-Management
    MARY ELLEN HEISLER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..If found effective, this approach could be used to improve health outcomes among patients with other chronic conditions, such as depression, chronic pain, or diabetes. ..
  32. Disparities in prostate cancer decision-making and QOL
    Thomas Denberg; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Knowledge gained will also lead to interventions for patients and clinicians to improve the decision-making process. ..
  33. MEDICATION ADHERENCE INTERVENTION FOR HIV+ PERSONS
    Debra Murphy; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  34. INTERVENING AT PRODROMAL STAGES OF PSYCHOSIS
    Diana Perkins; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The results of this study will guide the design of future intervention studies and are anticipated to provide pilot data for an R01 testing novel treatment strategies with patients in the prodromal stage of psychotic illness. ..
  35. Brief Nursing Intervention to Prevent Poor Psychosocial Outcomes in Living Donors
    Mary Amanda Dew; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  36. IMPACT OF MENTAL HEALTH ADVANCE DIRECTIVES
    Debra Srebnik; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Multi- stakeholder focus groups will be conducted for Aim 2c. Electronic information systems will provide demographic, diagnostic, level-of-functioning, outpatient commitment status and service utilization data. ..
  37. RELAPSE AND PREDICTORS OF DEPRESSION IN PREGNANCY
    Lee Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Delineating of these subgroups provides an opportunity to screen for women "at risk" for relapse and allows for thoughtful treatment plan. ..
  38. MAJOR DEPRESSION, ANXIETY, AND LUNG TRANSPLANTATION
    Mary Amanda Dew; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..An ultimate aim of the analyses is to refine hypotheses about the predictive sequence of effects under investigation and thereby to revise the study's conceptual model for subsequent intervention efforts. ..
  39. Maternal HIV: Intervention to Assist Disclosure to Children
    Debra Murphy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Few interventions, other than for prevention or medication adherence, are available for women living with HIV;this study will evaluate an intervention that will help HIV-positive mothers deal with a serious family issue. ..
  40. Behavioral Interventions for the Dually Diagnosed
    Marc Rosen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. Schizophenia Libility Genes among African-Americans
    Joseph McEvoy; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Finally, we have an outstanding track record of African American participation in research studies, and a deep appreciation of their population genetics. ..
  42. Payees, Disability Payments and Dual Diagnosis
    Marc Rosen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These studies will address fundamental questions about dispensing of disability payments and assignment of payees to dually diagnosed beneficiaries, questions that cannot be ethically addressed by prospective trials. ..
  43. Symptom Assessment After Stem Cell Transplant
    John Graham Pole; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  44. Coding Audiotapes of Clinic Visits for Adherence Content
    Ira Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..While this work focuses on adherence with ARVs for HIV disease, the GMIAS has been designed to be easily generalizable to other conditions and research problems in MD-PT communication. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  45. Enhancing the Prospective Prediction of Psychosis
    Diana Perkins; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Each site has proven its ability to recruit prodromal patients in a previous collaboration. ..
  46. Risk and Predictors of Postpartum Depression
    Lee Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..AItshuler, Dr. Hendrick), and the Emory Women's Mental Health Program at Emory University School of Medicine (Dr. Stowe). [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  47. Treatment goals at the end of life
    Terri Fried; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Fried s continued success, Yale offers the resources necessary to ensure Dr. Fried s continued development as an independent investigator. ..
  48. Perceived AIDS Stigma: A Multinational African Study
    William Holzemer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Aim 3 proposes a quasi-experimental design to test the impact of community-level stigma reducing interventions within national nurses associations on its nurse members. ..
  49. Hospice Intervention for Older Adults With End Stage Renal Disease
    Lewis Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  50. Lifestyle Adherence in High CVD Risk African-Americans
    David Hyman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  51. Psychiatric Morbidity Late Post Heart Transplant
    Mary Amanda Dew; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Data collection will involve semi-structured interviews, Txp Program staff evaluations, and medical record reviews. ..
  52. EFFECTIVENESS OF INVOLUNTARY OUTPATIENT COMMITMENT
    Marvin Swartz; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. Effective Treatment for Prescription Opioid Abuse
    STACEY SIGMON; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Development of efficacious treatments for this emerging population will help to reduce the vast economic and societal costs associated with prescription opioid abuse. ..
  54. Contingent Reinforcement of Compliance in Drug Users
    Marc Rosen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Important process measures will be whether IMF (cues to remember doses, changes in substance use). A secondary aim will be to evaluate the temporal concordance between use of substances and medication non-compliance. ..
  55. STDS, FERTILITY, MARRIAGE AND DEMOGRAPHIC PROJECTION
    Ronald Gray; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In collaboration with the U.S. Bureau of Census, data from the proposed study will be used to revise demographic projections of the effects of HIV on population growth, composition and AIDS orphanhood. ..
  56. ASSESSMENT MODE AND VALIDITY OF SELF-REPORTS IN CHILDREN
    Bruce Bender; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Results from this investigation are expected to have immediate and direct implication for clinical research in asthma and with other chronic conditions. ..
  57. Searching for ADHD Susceptibility Genes
    Stephen V Faraone; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..That, in turn, should facilitate the search for newer, more effective treatments for the disorder. ..
  58. Reducing the Disproportionate Burden of Orofacial Injury
    Vivek Shetty; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  59. CLINICAL INVESTIGATION OF DRUG ABUSE DISORDERS
    Kathleen Brady; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The candidate would also use the time and funding provided through this award to continue to expand her activities in mentoring fellows and junior faculty. ..
  60. Medication Adherence in Older Psychotic People
    Jonathan Lacro; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..g., medication adherence, medication side effects, psychopathology, insight, health beliefs, quality of life, functioning, etc.) will be collected at baseline, and at 3 months (immediately post-intervention), 6 months, and 12 months...
  61. Subjective vs. Objective Assessment of Functional Status
    Paula Carder; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Future research would compare health and service outcomes to the functional status domains identified through this qualitative study. ..
  62. Role of Altered CCK Response in Bulimia Nervosa
    Sandra L Hannon Engel; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  63. PROSPECTIVE STUDY OF TARDIVE DYSKINESIA DEVELOPMENT
    John Kane; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This strategy will provide a rapid and cost-effective answer to a critical question. ..
  64. Intervention to Close Digital Divide in AIDS Care
    Seth Kalichman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..If successful, the experimental intervention could be readily implemented as a community-based program by AIDS Service Organizations, health centers, and community-based Internet access providers. ..