health behavior


Summary: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Constructions of masculinity and their influence on men's well-being: a theory of gender and health
    W H Courtenay
    Sonoma State University, CA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 50:1385-401. 2000
  2. ncbi International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity
    Cora L Craig
    Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:1381-95. 2003
  3. ncbi Physical activity in the United States measured by accelerometer
    Richard P Troiano
    National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:181-8. 2008
  4. pmc Health benefits of physical activity: the evidence
    Darren E R Warburton
    School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, and the Healthy Heart Program, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC
    CMAJ 174:801-9. 2006
  5. ncbi A taxonomy of behavior change techniques used in interventions
    Charles Abraham
    Department of Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, England
    Health Psychol 27:379-87. 2008
  6. pmc Using the internet to promote health behavior change: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the impact of theoretical basis, use of behavior change techniques, and mode of delivery on efficacy
    Thomas L Webb
    Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield, Western Bank, Sheffield, UK
    J Med Internet Res 12:e4. 2010
  7. pmc Systematic review of sedentary behaviour and health indicators in school-aged children and youth
    Mark S Tremblay
    Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research, Children s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, 401 Smyth Road, Ottawa, Ontario, K1H 8L1, Canada
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:98. 2011
  8. ncbi Effective techniques in healthy eating and physical activity interventions: a meta-regression
    Susan Michie
    Centre for Outcomes Research and Effectiveness, University College London, UK
    Health Psychol 28:690-701. 2009
  9. ncbi An ecological approach to creating active living communities
    James F Sallis
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92103, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 27:297-322. 2006
  10. ncbi Revisiting the behavioral model and access to medical care: does it matter?
    R M Andersen
    Department of Health Services, School of Public Health, UCLA 90024 1772, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 36:1-10. 1995

Detail Information

Publications290 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Constructions of masculinity and their influence on men's well-being: a theory of gender and health
    W H Courtenay
    Sonoma State University, CA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 50:1385-401. 2000
    ..Finally, it explores how social and institutional structures help to sustain and reproduce men's health risks and the social construction of men as the stronger sex...
  2. ncbi International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity
    Cora L Craig
    Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:1381-95. 2003
    ..The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was developed as an instrument for cross-national monitoring of physical activity and inactivity...
  3. ncbi Physical activity in the United States measured by accelerometer
    Richard P Troiano
    National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:181-8. 2008
    ..To describe physical activity levels of children (6-11 yr), adolescents (12-19 yr), and adults (20+ yr), using objective data obtained with accelerometers from a representative sample of the U.S. population...
  4. pmc Health benefits of physical activity: the evidence
    Darren E R Warburton
    School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, and the Healthy Heart Program, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC
    CMAJ 174:801-9. 2006
    ..There appears to be a linear relation between physical activity and health status, such that a further increase in physical activity and fitness will lead to additional improvements in health status...
  5. ncbi A taxonomy of behavior change techniques used in interventions
    Charles Abraham
    Department of Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, England
    Health Psychol 27:379-87. 2008
    ..This research aimed to develop and test a theory-linked taxonomy of generally applicable behavior change techniques (BCTs)...
  6. pmc Using the internet to promote health behavior change: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the impact of theoretical basis, use of behavior change techniques, and mode of delivery on efficacy
    Thomas L Webb
    Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield, Western Bank, Sheffield, UK
    J Med Internet Res 12:e4. 2010
    The Internet is increasingly used as a medium for the delivery of interventions designed to promote health behavior change...
  7. pmc Systematic review of sedentary behaviour and health indicators in school-aged children and youth
    Mark S Tremblay
    Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research, Children s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, 401 Smyth Road, Ottawa, Ontario, K1H 8L1, Canada
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:98. 2011
    ..In particular, the evidence suggests that daily TV viewing in excess of 2 hours is associated with reduced physical and psychosocial health, and that lowering sedentary time leads to reductions in BMI...
  8. ncbi Effective techniques in healthy eating and physical activity interventions: a meta-regression
    Susan Michie
    Centre for Outcomes Research and Effectiveness, University College London, UK
    Health Psychol 28:690-701. 2009
    ..This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of active BC interventions designed to promote physical activity and healthy eating and investigate whether theoretically specified BC techniques improve outcome...
  9. ncbi An ecological approach to creating active living communities
    James F Sallis
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92103, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 27:297-322. 2006
    ..Collaborations with policy researchers may improve the likelihood of translating research findings into changes in environments, policies, and practices...
  10. ncbi Revisiting the behavioral model and access to medical care: does it matter?
    R M Andersen
    Department of Health Services, School of Public Health, UCLA 90024 1772, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 36:1-10. 1995
    ..The Behavioral Model of Health Services Use was initially developed over 25 years ago. In the interim it has been subject to considerable application, reprobation, and alteration. I review its development and assess its continued relevance...
  11. ncbi The transtheoretical model of health behavior change
    J O Prochaska
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, University of Rhode Island, Kingston 02881 0808, USA
    Am J Health Promot 12:38-48. 1997
    The transtheoretical model posits that health behavior change involves progress through six stages of change: precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, maintenance, and termination...
  12. ncbi The evolving definition of "sedentary"
    Russell R Pate
    Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Exerc Sport Sci Rev 36:173-8. 2008
  13. ncbi Diet, lifestyle, and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in women
    F B Hu
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 345:790-7. 2001
    ..Previous studies have examined individual dietary and lifestyle factors in relation to type 2 diabetes, but the combined effects of these factors are largely unknown...
  14. ncbi A brief review on correlates of physical activity and sedentariness in youth
    Klazine van der Horst
    EMGO Institute, Department of Public and Occupational Health, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:1241-50. 2007
    ..The main goal of this systematic review is to summarize and update the existing literature on correlates of young people's physical activity, insufficient physical activity, and sedentary behavior...
  15. ncbi Dissecting obesogenic environments: the development and application of a framework for identifying and prioritizing environmental interventions for obesity
    B Swinburn
    Department of Community Health, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Prev Med 29:563-70. 1999
  16. ncbi Behavior change interventions delivered by mobile telephone short-message service
    Brianna S Fjeldsoe
    School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, QLD, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 36:165-73. 2009
    The expansion and adoption of new methods of communication provide new opportunities for delivering health behavior change interventions...
  17. ncbi Does tailoring matter? Meta-analytic review of tailored print health behavior change interventions
    Seth M Noar
    Department of Communication, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0042, USA
    Psychol Bull 133:673-93. 2007
    Although there is a large and growing literature on tailored print health behavior change interventions, it is currently not known if or to what extent tailoring works...
  18. pmc A meta-analysis of computer-tailored interventions for health behavior change
    Paul Krebs
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065, USA
    Prev Med 51:214-21. 2010
    ..A sufficient number of outcome studies from these interventions are now available to facilitate the quantitative analysis of effect sizes, permitting moderator analyses that were not possible with previous systematic reviews...
  19. ncbi Enhancing treatment fidelity in health behavior change studies: best practices and recommendations from the NIH Behavior Change Consortium
    Albert J Bellg
    Appleton Cardiology Associates, Appleton Heart Institute, Appleton, WI 54911, USA
    Health Psychol 23:443-51. 2004
    ..This article describes a multisite effort by the Treatment Fidelity Workgroup of the National Institutes of Health Behavior Change Consortium (BCC) to identify treatment fidelity concepts and strategies in health behavior ..
  20. pmc The effectiveness of Web-based vs. non-Web-based interventions: a meta-analysis of behavioral change outcomes
    Dean J Wantland
    Department of Community Health Systems, University of California, San Francisco, N531M, School of Nursing, San Francisco CA 94143, USA
    J Med Internet Res 6:e40. 2004
    ..The use and effectiveness of Web-based interventions to encourage an individual's change in behavior compared to non-Web-based interventions have not been substantially reviewed...
  21. pmc Association of socioeconomic position with health behaviors and mortality
    Silvia Stringhini
    Inserm U1018, Centre for research in Epidemiology and Population Health, Hopital Paul Brousse, Bât 15 16, 16 Avenue Paul Vaillant Couturier, 94807 Villejuif Cedex, France
    JAMA 303:1159-66. 2010
    ..Previous studies may have underestimated the contribution of health behaviors to social inequalities in mortality because health behaviors were assessed only at the baseline of the study...
  22. pmc Multilevel analyses of neighbourhood socioeconomic context and health outcomes: a critical review
    K E Pickett
    Department of Health Studies, University of Chicago, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, MC 2007, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 55:111-22. 2001
    ..Multilevel or contextual analyses of social factors and health represent a possible reconciliation between two divergent epidemiological paradigms-individual risk factor epidemiology and an ecological approach...
  23. ncbi Understanding environmental influences on walking; Review and research agenda
    Neville Owen
    Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 27:67-76. 2004
    ..Walking is the most common physical activity behavior of adults; environmental innovations may be able to influence rates of participation...
  24. ncbi An experimental study of homophily in the adoption of health behavior
    Damon Centola
    Sloan School, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA
    Science 334:1269-72. 2011
    ..We found that homophily significantly increased overall adoption of a new health behavior, especially among those most in need of it.
  25. pmc Measuring the built environment for physical activity: state of the science
    Ross C Brownson
    Prevention Research Center in St Louis, George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Am J Prev Med 36:S99-123.e12. 2009
    ..In particular, further research is needed to improve the technical quality of measures, understand the relevance to various population groups, and understand the utility of measures for science and public health...
  26. ncbi Diet or diet plus physical activity versus usual care in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes: the Early ACTID randomised controlled trial
    R C Andrews
    School of Clinical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Lancet 378:129-39. 2011
    ..We investigated the effects of diet and physical activity on blood pressure and glucose concentrations...
  27. ncbi Sedentary behavior and dietary intake in children, adolescents, and adults. A systematic review
    Natalie Pearson
    School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Victoria, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 41:178-88. 2011
    ..This may allow for better interpretation of the diversity of findings concerning sedentary behavior and weight status...
  28. ncbi Computer-tailored health interventions delivered over the Web: review and analysis of key components
    Mia Liza A Lustria
    College of Information, Florida State University, 270 Louis Shores Building, Tallahassee, FL 32306 2100, United States
    Patient Educ Couns 74:156-73. 2009
    ..This systematic review explores how computer-tailored, behavioral interventions implemented and delivered via the Web have been operationalized in a variety of settings...
  29. pmc Engagement in a diabetes self-management website: usage patterns and generalizability of program use
    Russell E Glasgow
    Institute for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente, Denver, CO, USA
    J Med Internet Res 13:e9. 2011
    ..A key concern is whether levels of engagement in Internet programs are sufficient to promote and sustain behavior change...
  30. pmc Combined impact of health behaviours and mortality in men and women: the EPIC-Norfolk prospective population study
    Kay Tee Khaw
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 5:e12. 2008
    ..We aimed to quantify the potential combined impact of four health behaviours on mortality in men and women living in the general community...
  31. ncbi Effects of comprehensive lifestyle modification on blood pressure control: main results of the PREMIER clinical trial
    Lawrence J Appel
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Md 21205 2233, USA
    JAMA 289:2083-93. 2003
    ..The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet also lowers BP. To date, no trial has evaluated the effects of simultaneously implementing these lifestyle recommendations...
  32. ncbi Physical activity and television watching in relation to risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus in men
    F B Hu
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Arch Intern Med 161:1542-8. 2001
    ..Television (TV) watching, a major sedentary behavior in the United States, has been associated with obesity. We hypothesized that prolonged TV watching may increase risk for type 2 diabetes...
  33. ncbi Evidence suggesting that a chronic disease self-management program can improve health status while reducing hospitalization: a randomized trial
    K R Lorig
    Stanford University School of Medicine, California, USA
    Med Care 37:5-14. 1999
    ..It also explored the differential effectiveness of the intervention for subjects with specific diseases and comorbidities...
  34. ncbi Researching health inequalities in adolescents: the development of the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) family affluence scale
    Candace Currie
    Child and Adolescent Health Research Unit, University of Edinburgh, St Leonard s Land, Holyrood Road, Edinburgh EH8 8AQ, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 66:1429-36. 2008
    ..Finally, ongoing FAS validation work is described together with ideas for future development of the measure...
  35. ncbi Website-delivered physical activity interventions a review of the literature
    Corneel Vandelanotte
    Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, The University of Queensland, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 33:54-64. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to systematically review the research findings and outcomes of website-delivered physical activity interventions and to identify relationships of intervention attributes with behavioral outcomes...
  36. pmc Neighborhood built environment and income: examining multiple health outcomes
    James F Sallis
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:1285-93. 2009
    ..Lower- and higher-income groups benefited similarly from living in high-walkability neighborhoods. Adults in higher-income neighborhoods had lower BMI and higher physical QoL...
  37. ncbi The spread of behavior in an online social network experiment
    Damon Centola
    Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA
    Science 329:1194-7. 2010
    ..I investigated the effects of network structure on diffusion by studying the spread of health behavior through artificially structured online communities...
  38. ncbi Associations between objectively measured habitual physical activity and adiposity in children and adolescents: Systematic review
    David Jiménez-Pavón
    Department of Health and Human Performance, Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences INEF, Technic University of Madrid, Spain
    Int J Pediatr Obes 5:3-18. 2010
    ..However, prospective longitudinal studies are warranted; there is a need for more research on younger children, and for more 'dose-response' evidence...
  39. pmc Test-retest reliability and construct validity of the ENERGY-child questionnaire on energy balance-related behaviours and their potential determinants: the ENERGY-project
    Amika S Singh
    VU University Medical Center, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Dpt, of Public and Occupational Health, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:136. 2011
    ..Therefore, reliable and valid tools to measure these variables in large-scale population research are needed...
  40. pmc A systematic review of information and communication technology-based interventions for promoting physical activity behavior change in children and adolescents
    Patrick W C Lau
    Department of Physical Education, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, China
    J Med Internet Res 13:e48. 2011
    ..Although several systematic reviews have documented the effects of ICT-based interventions on PA behavior, very few have focused on children and adolescents specifically...
  41. ncbi Socioeconomic status and health behaviors in adolescence: a review of the literature
    Margaret D Hanson
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, 2136 West Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z4
    J Behav Med 30:263-85. 2007
    ..The goal of this review was to determine the direction of associations between SES and health behaviors during the period of adolescence...
  42. pmc Online alcohol interventions: a systematic review
    Angela White
    Centre for Youth Substance Abuse Research, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia
    J Med Internet Res 12:e62. 2010
    ..There has been a significant increase in the availability of online programs for alcohol problems. A systematic review of the research evidence underpinning these programs is timely...
  43. ncbi Food store types, availability, and cost of foods in a rural environment
    Angela D Liese
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 107:1916-23. 2007
    ..To characterize the built nutritional environment in terms of types and number of food stores, availability, and cost of selected food items in a rural area...
  44. ncbi CHAMPS physical activity questionnaire for older adults: outcomes for interventions
    A L Stewart
    University of California San Francisco, Institute for Health and Aging, San Francisco, CA 94143 0646, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:1126-41. 2001
  45. ncbi Characteristics of visitors and revisitors to an Internet-delivered computer-tailored lifestyle intervention implemented for use by the general public
    Wendy Brouwer
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Health Educ Res 25:585-95. 2010
    ..e. men, older and lower educated persons...
  46. pmc Computer-delivered interventions for health promotion and behavioral risk reduction: a meta-analysis of 75 randomized controlled trials, 1988-2007
    David B Portnoy
    Center for Health, Intervention, and Prevention, 2006 Hillside Road, Unit 1248, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, 06269 1248, USA
    Prev Med 47:3-16. 2008
    ..The use of computers to promote healthy behavior is increasing. To evaluate the efficacy of these computer-delivered interventions, we conducted a meta-analysis of the published literature...
  47. ncbi Who succeeds in maintaining weight loss? A conceptual review of factors associated with weight loss maintenance and weight regain
    K Elfhag
    Obesity Unit, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden
    Obes Rev 6:67-85. 2005
    ..Factors that may pose a risk for weight regain include a history of weight cycling, disinhibited eating, binge eating, more hunger, eating in response to negative emotions and stress, and more passive reactions to problems...
  48. ncbi Physical activity, including walking, and cognitive function in older women
    Jennifer Weuve
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02215, USA
    JAMA 292:1454-61. 2004
    ..Physical activity may help maintain cognitive function in older adults...
  49. ncbi The descriptive epidemiology of sitting. A 20-country comparison using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ)
    Adrian Bauman
    Prevention Research Collaboration, Sydney University, Sydney, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 41:228-35. 2011
    ..Recent epidemiologic evidence points to the health risks of prolonged sitting, that are independent of physical activity, but few papers have reported the descriptive epidemiology of sitting in population studies with adults...
  50. ncbi Internet-based chronic disease self-management: a randomized trial
    Kate R Lorig
    Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94306, USA
    Med Care 44:964-71. 2006
    ..The small-group Chronic Disease Self-Management Program (CDSMP) has proven effective in changing health-related behaviors and improving health statuses. An Internet-based CDSMP was developed to reach additional chronic-disease patients...
  51. ncbi Sedentary behaviour and obesity development in children and adolescents
    Juan Pablo Rey-López
    HELENA Study Group, School of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Edificio Cervantes, 2nd Floor, C Corona de Aragón 42, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 18:242-51. 2008
    ..Mechanisms that explain the link between sedentariness and obesity are also discussed. Finally, future studies should take into account important mediators such as socioeconomic status and family structure...
  52. pmc Why have physical activity levels declined among Chinese adults? Findings from the 1991-2006 China Health and Nutrition Surveys
    Shu Wen Ng
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7411, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:1305-14. 2009
    ..Intervention strategies to promote physical activity in the workplace, at home, for transit and via exercise should be considered a major health priority in China...
  53. pmc Rates and determinants of repeated participation in a web-based behavior change program for healthy body weight and healthy lifestyle
    Marieke W Verheijden
    TNO Quality of Life, CE Leiden, The Netherlands
    J Med Internet Res 9:e1. 2007
    ..However, because of the known dose-response relationship between the intensity and frequency of counseling and the behavior change outcomes, selective retention may also be a concern...
  54. ncbi Meta-analysis of the relationship between risk perception and health behavior: the example of vaccination
    Noel T Brewer
    Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Health Psychol 26:136-45. 2007
    Risk perceptions are central to many health behavior theories. However, the relationship between risk perceptions and behavior, muddied by instances of inappropriate assessment and analysis, often looks weak.
  55. pmc Online interventions for social marketing health behavior change campaigns: a meta-analysis of psychological architectures and adherence factors
    Brian Cugelman
    Statistical Cybermetrics Research Group, Wolverhampton Business School, University of Wolverhampton, Wolverhampton, United Kingdom
    J Med Internet Res 13:e17. 2011
  56. ncbi Physical activity and sedentary behavior: a population-based study of barriers, enjoyment, and preference
    Jo Salmon
    School of Health Sciences, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, Australia
    Health Psychol 22:178-88. 2003
    ..These constructs can be used to examine individual and environmental influences on physical activity and sedentary behavior in specific populations and could inform the development of targeted interventions...
  57. ncbi The effectiveness of tailored feedback and action plans in an intervention addressing multiple health behaviors
    H de Vries
    Maastricht University, Department of Health Education and Promotion, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Am J Health Promot 22:417-25. 2008
    ..Examine the effects of three iterative tailored feedback letters addressing smoking; physical activity; and fruit, vegetable, and fat intake, and test the additional effects of providing feedback on action plans...
  58. ncbi Parents as agents of change in childhood obesity--from research to practice
    Moria Golan
    School of Nutritional Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
    Int J Pediatr Obes 1:66-76. 2006
    ..01) and with less weight loss (p < 0.05). Omitting the obese child from direct intervention and targeting parents only is a cost-effective approach with integrated messages for the management of weight-related problems...
  59. ncbi Telephone-delivered interventions for physical activity and dietary behavior change: an updated systematic review
    Ana D Goode
    Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 42:81-8. 2012
    ..The purpose of this systematic review is to update the evidence for their potential to inform translation, including effectiveness in promoting maintenance, reporting on implementation, and costs...
  60. pmc The Look AHEAD study: a description of the lifestyle intervention and the evidence supporting it
    Thomas A Wadden
    University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA corrected
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:737-52. 2006
    ..After Year 4, participants are offered monthly individual visits. The intervention is delivered by a multidisciplinary team that includes medical staff who monitor participants at risk of hypoglycemic episodes...
  61. pmc The effectiveness of interventions to change six health behaviours: a review of reviews
    Ruth G Jepson
    Department of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Stirling, Stirling FK94LA, UK
    BMC Public Health 10:538. 2010
    ..We excluded reviews which focussed on pharmacological treatments or those which required intensive treatments (e.g. for drug or alcohol dependency)...
  62. ncbi Tracking of activity and sedentary behaviors in childhood: the Iowa Bone Development Study
    Kathleen F Janz
    Department of Health and Sport Studies, University of Iowa, Iowa City, 52242, USA
    Am J Prev Med 29:171-8. 2005
    ..This study examined the tracking of activity and sedentary behavior in relation to adiposity during middle childhood...
  63. pmc Weight loss treatment influences untreated spouses and the home environment: evidence of a ripple effect
    A A Gorin
    Department of Psychology, Center for Health, Intervention and Prevention, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 32:1678-84. 2008
    ..To examine whether a weight loss program delivered to one spouse has beneficial effects on the untreated spouse and the home environment...
  64. ncbi Systematic review of school-based interventions that focus on changing dietary intake and physical activity levels to prevent childhood obesity: an update to the obesity guidance produced by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence
    T Brown
    School of Health and Social Care, University of Teesside, Middlesbrough, UK
    Obes Rev 10:110-41. 2009
    ..Physical activity interventions, particularly in girls in primary schools, may help to prevent these children from becoming overweight in the short term...
  65. ncbi Validity and reliability of measures of television viewing time and other non-occupational sedentary behaviour of adults: a review
    Bronwyn K Clark
    Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Obes Rev 10:7-16. 2009
    ..To strengthen future epidemiological and health behaviour studies, the development of reliable and valid self-report instruments that cover the full range of leisure-time sedentary behaviour is a priority...
  66. ncbi Preschool children and physical activity: a review of correlates
    Trina Hinkley
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Burwood, Vic, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 34:435-441. 2008
    ..This paper reviews articles investigating correlates of preschool children's physical activity behaviors published in peer-reviewed journals between 1980 and March 2007...
  67. pmc Using internet and mobile phone technology to deliver an automated physical activity program: randomized controlled trial
    Robert Hurling
    Unilever Corporate Research, Colworth, Bedford, United Kingdom
    J Med Internet Res 9:e7. 2007
    The Internet has potential as a medium for health behavior change programs, but no controlled studies have yet evaluated the impact of a fully automated physical activity intervention over several months with real-time objective feedback ..
  68. pmc Computer-tailored dietary behaviour change interventions: a systematic review
    Leonie M Neville
    Centre for Health Advancement, New South Wales Department of Health, 73 Miller Street, North Sydney New South Wales 2060, Australia
    Health Educ Res 24:699-720. 2009
    ..Further research is required to address these limitations of the evidence...
  69. pmc Investigating predictors of visiting, using, and revisiting an online health-communication program: a longitudinal study
    Jonathan Van 't Riet
    Wageningen University and Research Centre, Agricultural Economics Research Institute, The Hague, Netherlands
    J Med Internet Res 12:e37. 2010
    ..However, exposure to Internet-delivered health-communication programs is generally low. Research investigating predictors of exposure is needed to be able to effectively disseminate online interventions...
  70. ncbi Strategies to facilitate exposure to internet-delivered health behavior change interventions aimed at adolescents or young adults: a systematic review
    Rik Crutzen
    Maastricht University Caphri, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Health Educ Behav 38:49-62. 2011
    ..Nevertheless, exposure-specific theories need to be developed and objective exposure measures should be tracked and reported in future studies...
  71. pmc Periodic prompts and reminders in health promotion and health behavior interventions: systematic review
    Jillian P Fry
    Center for a Livable Future, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Med Internet Res 11:e16. 2009
    b>Health behavior interventions using periodic prompts have utilized technology, such as the Internet, that allows messages to be sent to participants in cost-effective ways...
  72. ncbi Using self-determination theory to promote physical activity and weight control: a randomized controlled trial in women
    Marlene N Silva
    Faculty of Human Kinetics, Technical University of Lisbon, Estrada da Costa, Cruz Quebrada, 1495 688, Lisbon, Portugal
    J Behav Med 33:110-22. 2010
    ..Findings are fully consistent with previous studies conducted within this theoretical framework in other areas of health behavior change.
  73. ncbi Tracking of sedentary behaviours of young people: a systematic review
    Stuart J H Biddle
    School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, UK
    Prev Med 51:345-51. 2010
    ..To review the empirical evidence concerning the strength of tracking of sedentary behaviours from childhood and adolescence...
  74. ncbi Creating healthy food and eating environments: policy and environmental approaches
    Mary Story
    Healthy Eating Research Program, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454 1015, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 29:253-72. 2008
    ..The status of measurement and evaluation of nutrition environments and the need for action to improve health are highlighted...
  75. pmc Harnessing context sensing to develop a mobile intervention for depression
    Michelle Nicole Burns
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, United States
    J Med Internet Res 13:e55. 2011
    ..Mobile phones can also provide ecological momentary interventions that deliver tailored assistance during problematic situations. However, such approaches have not yet been used to treat major depressive disorder...
  76. ncbi Parents are key players in the prevention and treatment of weight-related problems
    Moria Golan
    School of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
    Nutr Rev 62:39-50. 2004
    ..This paper reviews the environmental risk factors and parents' role in the prevention and treatment of children's weight-related problems...
  77. pmc Correlates of time spent walking and cycling to and from work: baseline results from the commuting and health in Cambridge study
    Jenna Panter
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Sciences, Cambridge, UK
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:124. 2011
    ..We assessed these associations using baseline data from a quasi-experimental cohort study of the effects of major transport infrastructural developments in Cambridge, UK...
  78. ncbi The impact of a Mediterranean diet and healthy lifestyle on premature mortality in men and women
    Piet A van den Brandt
    Department of Epidemiology, Schools for Oncology and Developmental Biology and Public Health and Primary Care, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Netherlands
    Am J Clin Nutr 94:913-20. 2011
    ..The Mediterranean diet has been associated with reduced mortality; few studies have investigated the combined impact of the Mediterranean diet with other modifiable lifestyle factors...
  79. pmc Agreement between activPAL and ActiGraph for assessing children's sedentary time
    Nicola D Ridgers
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Hwy, Burwood 3125 Melbourne, Australia
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 9:15. 2012
  80. ncbi Diet and lifestyle recommendations revision 2006: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Nutrition Committee
    Alice H Lichtenstein
    Circulation 114:82-96. 2006
    ..By adhering to these diet and lifestyle recommendations, Americans can substantially reduce their risk of developing cardiovascular disease, which remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States...
  81. pmc Bringing loyalty to e-Health: theory validation using three internet-delivered interventions
    Rik Crutzen
    Maastricht University Caphri, Maastricht, Netherlands
    J Med Internet Res 13:e73. 2011
    ..We focused on user perceptions resulting in e-loyalty (ie, intention to visit an intervention again and to recommend it to others). A background theory for e-loyalty, however, is still lacking for Internet-delivered interventions...
  82. ncbi Obesity and the environment: where do we go from here?
    James O Hill
    Center for Human Nutrition, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Science 299:853-5. 2003
    ..Having a specific behavioral target for the prevention of weight gain may be key to arresting the obesity epidemic...
  83. ncbi Environmental and psychosocial correlates of accelerometer-assessed and self-reported physical activity in Belgian adults
    Delfien Van Dyck
    Fund for Scientific Research Flanders, Ghent, Belgium
    Int J Behav Med 18:235-45. 2011
    ..To develop effective interventions to increase PA, it is necessary to understand the most important PA correlates and to investigate whether correlates are similar in different population subgroups...
  84. ncbi Physical activity intervention studies: what we know and what we need to know: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism (Subcommittee on Physical Activity); Council on Cardiovascula
    Bess H Marcus
    Brown Medical School, USA
    Circulation 114:2739-52. 2006
    ..Our second purpose is to offer new ideas and recommendations to improve the state of the science within each area and, where possible, to propose ideas to help bridge the gaps between these existing categories of research...
  85. ncbi Diet, physical activity, and sedentary behaviors as risk factors for overweight in adolescence
    Kevin Patrick
    University of California, San Diego, San Diego State University, and Kaiser Permanente Medical Group, San Diego, CA 92093 0811, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 158:385-90. 2004
    ..The proportion of overweight adolescents has increased, but the behavioral risk factors for overweight youth are not well understood...
  86. ncbi Motivational interviewing in health settings: a review
    Eileen Britt
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Patient Educ Couns 53:147-55. 2004
    ..The current paper provides an overview of MI, with particular reference to its application to health problems...
  87. pmc Meta-analysis of workplace physical activity interventions
    Vicki S Conn
    School of Nursing, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA
    Am J Prev Med 37:330-9. 2009
    ..This comprehensive meta-analysis integrated the extant wide range of worksite physical activity intervention research...
  88. ncbi The effect of season and weather on physical activity: a systematic review
    P Tucker
    Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Western Ontario, Ontario, Canada
    Public Health 121:909-22. 2007
    ..This study reviewed previous studies to explore the effect of season, and consequently weather, on levels of physical activity...
  89. ncbi Effects of comprehensive lifestyle modification on diet, weight, physical fitness, and blood pressure control: 18-month results of a randomized trial
    Patricia J Elmer
    Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, Oregon 97227, USA
    Ann Intern Med 144:485-95. 2006
    ..The main 6-month results from the PREMIER trial showed that comprehensive behavioral intervention programs improve lifestyle behaviors and lower blood pressure...
  90. ncbi Toward a better understanding of the influences on physical activity: the role of determinants, correlates, causal variables, mediators, moderators, and confounders
    Adrian E Bauman
    School of Community Medicine and Public Health, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 23:5-14. 2002
    ..This article examines the factors that are correlated with and that may have a causal relationship to physical activity...
  91. ncbi The continuing epidemics of obesity and diabetes in the United States
    A H Mokdad
    Data Management Division, National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MS E62, 1600 Clifton Rd, NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 286:1195-200. 2001
    ..Recent reports show that obesity and diabetes have increased in the United States in the past decade...
  92. pmc Using the internet for health-related activities: findings from a national probability sample
    Nancy L Atkinson
    Department of Public and Community Health, Public Health Informatics Research Laboratory, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 2611, USA
    J Med Internet Res 11:e4. 2009
    ..However, little is known about the distribution and use of different kinds of eHealth tools across the population or within population subgroups...
  93. ncbi Factors associated with medication nonadherence in patients with COPD
    Johnson George
    Department of Pharmacy Practice, Victorian College of Pharmacy, Monash University, Parkville, Australia
    Chest 128:3198-204. 2005
  94. ncbi A mere measurement effect for anticipated regret: impacts on cervical screening attendance
    Tracy Sandberg
    Institute of Psychological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Br J Soc Psychol 48:221-36. 2009
    ..The discussion considers the implications for understanding the 'mere measurement effect' and the use of anticipated regret to change behaviour...
  95. ncbi Emotions and preventive health behavior: worry, regret, and influenza vaccination
    Gretchen B Chapman
    Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854 8020, USA
    Health Psychol 25:82-90. 2006
    ..Third, anticipated and experienced emotions had implications for subsequent vaccination decisions. Those who did not vaccinate in the 1st year but had high levels of worry and regret were likely to be vaccinated the following year...
  96. pmc Toward a theory-driven model of acculturation in public health research
    Ana F Abraido-Lanza
    Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:1342-6. 2006
    ..A public health perspective that incorporates the roles of structural and cultural forces in acculturation may help identify mechanisms underlying links between acculturation and health among Latinos...
  97. ncbi A systematic review of selected interventions for worksite health promotion. The assessment of health risks with feedback
    Robin E Soler
    National Center for Health Marketing, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Am J Prev Med 38:S237-62. 2010
  98. pmc Material, psychosocial, and behavioural factors in the explanation of educational inequalities in mortality in The Netherlands
    Floor V A van Oort
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:214-20. 2005
    ..To assess the direct and indirect contributions of material, behavioural, and psychosocial factors to the explanation of educational inequalities in mortality simultaneously...
  99. ncbi Psychosocial and environmental correlates of adolescent sedentary behaviors
    Gregory J Norman
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Pediatrics 116:908-16. 2005
    ..To determine correlates of sedentary behaviors in adolescents through the examination of psychosocial and environmental variables...
  100. pmc Maternal care and birth outcomes among ethnic minority women in Finland
    Maili Malin
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Public Health 9:84. 2009
    ..The aim of this study is to compare the access to and use of maternity services, and their outcomes among ethnic minority women having a singleton birth in Finland...
  101. ncbi Dietary supplement use among elite young German athletes
    Hans Braun
    Institute of Biochemistry, German Research Center of Elite Sport, German Sport University Cologne, Germany
    Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 19:97-109. 2009
    ..The survey shows that supplement use is common and widespread among German elite young athletes. This stands in strong contrast to recommendations by leading sport organizations against supplement use by underage athletes...

Research Grants96

  1. Understanding Change in Physical Activity Postpartum
    KELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..stages and transitions through these stages may be effective points to intervene and to promote preventive health behavior. Pregnancy is one such triggering life event, since women experience rapid weight gain during pregnancy and ..
  2. Spousal communication and cancer prevention behavior
    KELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..communication are needed, because previous interventions attempting to leverage spousal influence in changing health behavior have achieved limited success...
  3. Chicago Endothelial Function Study
    Louise C Hawkley; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..11/07) Page. Form Page 4 ..
  4. Risk of Adverse Outcomes after Spinal Cord Injury: A Longitudinal Study
    James S Krause; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
    James Krause; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Risk profiles will be generated to identify individuals at greatest risk for early mortality. Separate analyses and risk profiles will be generated based on injury severity, gender and race/ethnicity. ..
  6. Functional Health CAT in Diabetes
    Carolyn Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
    Grace Ma; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. A Partnership to Promote Physical Activity and Healthy Eating in AME Churches
    Sara Wilcox; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The inclusion of PA, use of a CBPR approach, engagement of church decision makers, and focus on the church's ..
  9. Risk and Maintenance Factors for Bulimic Pathology
    Eric Stice; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
    Eric Stice; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Thus, the proposed study should be the definitive test of this new promising eating disorder prevention program and should significantly advance our knowledge regarding the prevention of this pervasive psychiatric problem. ..
  11. Eating Disorder Prevention Program Effectiveness Trial
    Eric Stice; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g. will use random assignment, an attention control condition, blinded diagnostic interviews, multiple-reporter data, and a long-term follow-up). ..
  12. Maintaining Physical Activity in Ethnic Minority Women
    Rebecca Lee; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..If supported, hypotheses will suggest that the sustained effect of SOCO strategies is moderated by environmental supports. ..
  13. Psychological distress in survivors of head/neck cancer
    Henrietta Logan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. Developing Endophenotypes for Responses to Exercise
    Angela Bryan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The ultimate goal of this research is to develop exercise promotion interventions for sedentary individuals that incorporate knowledge about individual differences in the experience of immediate reward after exercise. ..
  15. Economic Analysis of the Impact of Food Advertisements
    John Cawley; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Together these data allow us to calculate a precise measure of the advertisements to which each youth was exposed. This will allow us to better estimate how food advertising impacts youth consumption. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  16. A Culturally Appropriate Cervical Cancer Intervention for Underserved Vietnamese
    Grace X Ma; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Kerry Courneya; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Fitness will be re-assessed immediately after the intervention period. ..
  18. Marijuana use, gender, and adolescent HIV sexual risk
    Angela Bryan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
    Bonnie Spring; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Results will indicate whether CHO cravers show an increased family prevalence of diabetes and display evidence of insulin resistance and blunting of the expected rise in the tryptophan ratio and leptin concentration after CHO intake. ..
  20. ACCISS: Activating Collaborative CIS Support Services
    Bonnie Spring; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The study examines the impact on medical follow-up and provider-patient communication. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  21. Health Behavior Trajectories Following Chronic Illness in Mid to Late Life
    Jason T Newsom; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..There have been few studies of long-term changes in health behavior following illness and little investigation into the pre-existing factors that may be associated with ..
  22. Parent-Child Communication & Health Risk Behavior
    SUSAN RIESCH; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Hierarchical modeling will be used to test the effects of the intervention and the mediational processes. ..
    Eric Stice; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Agras' and Taylor's labs, (2) learn state-of- the-art treatments for eating pathology and other adolescent psychopathology, (3) take courses in quantitative techniques, methodology, and ethics, and (4) receive training in grant writing. ..
  24. Social Exchanges and Mortality
    Jason Newsom; Fiscal Year: 2008
  25. Depression Prevention Program for High-Risk Adolescents
    Eric Stice; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Thus, the proposed project should provide a rigorous evaluation of this promising brief prevention program and should advance knowledge regarding the prevention of this pernicious psychiatric problem. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. Work-Family Conflicts of Older Women
    Rachel Pruchno; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Bonnie Spring; Fiscal Year: 2001
    Rachel Pruchno; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Analyses would focus on both cross-sectional and prospective longitudinal relationships using a combination of a regression, structural equation modeling, and categorical data analysis techniques. ..
    Lora Burke; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Additionally, the study will provide information on the role of treatment preference, its effect on behavioral and clinical outcomes, and participants' characteristics by treatment preference. ..
  30. Role of home environment in weight loss maintenance
    Amy Gorin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The data collected in the ancillary study will provide new information about the reach of behavioral weight loss treatment and about the role of the home environment in weight loss. ..
  31. Prevention of Postpartum Weight Retention
    Rena Wing; Fiscal Year: 2009
  32. Gender Violence and HIV Risk Reduction in South Africa
    Leickness Simbayi; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  33. Translatability of Wellness Programs for Older Workers
    Susan Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  34. A Selective Prevention Program for High School Seniors
    Chudley Werch; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
    Karen Cullen; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Positive findings from this study should be applicable to middle schools where snack bars are available. ..
    Abby King; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Possible moderators and mediators of the response to intervention will be explored, as will costs associated with each intervention program. ..
    Abby King; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..One such potentially efficacious strategy is regular physical activity, a health behavior that typically diminishes with age...
  38. Treatment goals at the end of life
    Terri Fried; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Fried s continued success, Yale offers the resources necessary to ensure Dr. Fried s continued development as an independent investigator. ..
  39. Organized Self-Management Support for Chronic Depression
    Evette Ludman; Fiscal Year: 2005
  40. Behavioral and Academic Adjustment in Elementary School
    Margaret Caughy; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
    Luisa Borrell; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  42. Impact of sleepiness on heart failure self-care
    Barbara Riegel; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This study is expected to expand existing knowledge and clarify our understanding of the mechanisms linking EDS, failed self-care, poor HRQL, and unplanned hospitalizations in persons with heart failure. ..
  43. Meeting Community Needs Across the Prevention Spectrum
    Paul Cleary; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Abstract Not Provided ..
  44. Attention and Adult Emotion Regulation
    Derek M Isaacowitz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  45. Effect of Exercise on Prevention of Weight Gain
    John Jakicic; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The results of this study will have a significant impact on exercise recommendations for preventing weight gain in adults. ..
  46. Reducing Risk in Cardiac Rehabilitation: Partners Together in Health (PaTH) Inter
    Bernice Yates; Fiscal Year: 2009
  47. LA Health:Primary and Secondary Obesity Prevention
    Donald Williamson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..tests of strategies that modify the child's environment as a primary prevention strategy and provide health behavior modification via classroom instruction and internet counseling as a secondary prevention strategy...
  48. Organ Donation in the Black Community: A Focus on Family
    Kimberly Arriola; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Mediation will be tested through structural equation modeling. ..
  49. Mother-Infant Conflict and Problem Behavior Development
    Margaret Caughy; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..It will also enhance our knowledge of the processes of developing attachment and behavior problems in toddlers. ..
  50. External Costs of Obesity
    Jay Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  51. Antidepressant & Behavioral Adherence Intervention for Depressed HIV Patients
    Glenn Wagner; Fiscal Year: 2008 component will be based on principles of cognitive-behavioral therapy and the IMB model of health behavior, and will consist of 5 individual core sessions (Weeks 00,1, 2, 4, 8) plus one maintenance module (beginning ..
  52. Social Cognitive Theory and PA after Endometrial Cancer
    Karen Basen Engquist; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Results of the study will provide a rigorous test of Social Cognitive Theory as it is applied to physical activity, and will inform the development of effective interventions for cancer survivors. ..
  53. Hearing Therapies for the Future
    Gabrielle Saunders; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..S. population over the age of 65 years, and most (83%) individuals over the age of 70 years. By targeting NIHL, therefore, this conference has potential to benefit all Americans. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  54. Heterosexual HIV Risk Behavior in Homeless Men
    Suzanne L Wenzel; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Participants in these discussions may Include, for example, representalives from AIOS Project L.A., The Black AIDS Institute, Shetter Partnership, and Common Ground. ..
  55. An Internet-based intervention for problem drinking
    John Cunningham; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Secondary hypotheses will address the mediating or moderating role of perceived drinking norms, perceived risk and the problem drinker's social reasons for drinking. ..
  56. A Multimedia Program to Promote Exercise by Older Adults
    A Irvine; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Delivered via Internet/Intranet or CD/DVD-ROM, the system may be used from homes or in conjunction with classes in senior centers. The program will be evaluated in a randomized trial. ..
  57. Health Effects of Racial Segregation on Aging Adults
    Joseph Sudano; Fiscal Year: 2009
  58. Online Social Networking for HIV Prevention
    Sheana S Bull; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. 4. Randomize discrete networks to a trial examining the efficacy of My_Network for Health_Space for maintaining abstinence, increasing condom use, and increasing testing for HIV among participants. ..
  59. Diet and Breast Density over Time in US Chinese Women
    Marilyn Tseng; Fiscal Year: 2009
  60. Promoting Healthy Weight with "Stability First"
    Michaela Kiernan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g., depressive symptoms), and weight stability;(2b) examine baseline moderators (e.g., gender);and (2c) investigate mediators (e.g., deprivation, effort and attention, and self-efficacy). ..
  61. Biological and Behavioral Mechanisms of Smoking in Schizophrenia
    Jennifer Tidey; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In turn, this information could be used to develop novel treatment strategies for these smokers. ..
  62. Macro-social & Parent Influence on Adolescents' Drug Use
    Matthew Farrelly; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Generalized Growth Mixture Modeling will be used to test the study hypotheses. ..
  63. Incentives Plus Bupropion for Smoking in Schizophrenics
    Jennifer Tidey; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study will provide significant information regarding the efficacy and feasibility of using a combination of contingency management and smoking pharmacotherapy to treat smoking in schizophrenics. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  64. The Role of Attention in Self-Regulation.
    Traci Mann; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..An enhanced understanding of the personal and situational sources of maladaptive selfregulation will contribute to the promotion of mental health and well-being among at-risk individuals. ..
  65. Pleasant Events and Moods: A Time-Series Analysis
    Brent Mausbach; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The remaining participants will receive no feedback. All participants will receive a one-month follow-up to determine if those receiving detailed feedback experience fewer negative emotions and more positive emotions. ..
  66. Ecodevelopmental Classes of Youth Drug Use/Risky Sex
    Guillermo Prado; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This study has the potential to help reduce health disparities in Hispanic populations. ..
  67. Causal Effects of Schooling on Adult and Child Health
    JERE BEHRMAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  68. Cancer Caregiving and the Stress Process
    Nancy Schoenberg; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
    Linda Larkey; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Research Question 1: Which source of cancer risk discussions will improve the rates of patient compliance with the recommended colorectal early detection tests more, physician or staff initiated? ..
  70. Smokeless Tobacco Use and Cessation in Rural Appalachia
    MARY WEWERS; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Multivariate logistic regression analyses will be performed to describe a model of quitter versus continuing user. Oral health status will also be evaluated at 12 months post intervention. ..
  71. Enhancing Exercise Participation in Overweight Women
    John Jakicic; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..It is believed that this proposed study will lead to improvements in exercise participation in overweight women, which will result in improvements in the long-term treatment of obesity. ..
  72. The Effects of Community Social and Built Environment on Physical Activity
    Ming Wen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..the community level?; and 5) How are the above relationships sensitive to geographic aggregation levels of community? What are the most appropriate aggregation levels relevant to physical activity? [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  73. Inhalant Use/Dependence: Incidence and Comorbidity
    Li Tzy Wu; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Gaps in our knowledge of the natural course of inhalant use will be specified for future research. ..
    STEPHENIE LEMON; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..influence and interact with perceived risk and emotional distress over time, the role of coping style and health behavior in the adaption process...
  75. Healthy Home Offerings via the Mealtime Environment:HOME
    Jayne Fulkerson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The intervention developed in this project and the preliminary trial results, including formative and process evaluation data, will be used to inform a future full- scale and fully-powered research study. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  76. Tobacco Cessation via Public Health Dental Clinics
    Judith Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..4) The RE-AIM framework will be used to translate and evaluate the intervention in a "real world'' setting. 5) It is a disseminable model that, if effective, can used by public dental clinics throughout the US. ..
    Janet Stanford; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
    DAVID MACKINNON; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The overall purpose of the grant is to use advanced as well as more common statistical methods to extract the maximum important information from these data and publish the results. ..
    JOHN JEMMOTT; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results of this project will contribute to the development of effective HIV/STD risk-reduction programs for inner-city Black ..
  80. Enhancing Support for Women w/Type 2 Diabetes: Follow-Up
    Deborah Toobert; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  81. PRIDE: Program to Reduce Incontinence by Diet & Exercise
    Rena Wing; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..If effective in womenwith incontinence, the methods and strategies of this innovative motivationally-focusedmaintenance intervention can beexamined n other obese populations. ..
  82. Prevention of Adolescent Driving Under the Influence
    DAVID MACKINNON; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In addition, more common statistical methods will be used to extract the maximum information from these data The findings in one project site will be cross-validated in the other site. ..
  83. NSAIDS and Other Medications in Prostate Cancer Etiology
    Janet Stanford; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Results of the study may provide unique insights on the pathogenesis of this complex disease and lead to innovative strategies for prostate cancer prevention. ..
  84. Developing a Score of Communicative Participation
    Kathryn Yorkston; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Finally, the PIs will generate a long-term research plan to continue the validation process. This plan will serve as a proposal for a research project grant (R01) funding by NIH. ..
  85. Enhancing Long-Term 5-a-Day Behavior Change in Worksites
    Shirley Beresford; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  86. Tobacco Quitlines: An Adjunct to Dental Interventions
    Judith Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In addition, we will conduct an economic analysis to determine the relative cost effectiveness of each intervention. ..
  87. Relaxation response with acupuncture for HIV patients
    Bei Hung Chang; Fiscal Year: 2004
  88. Maternal Opioid Treatment: Human Experimental Research
    Hendree Jones; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  89. Family Connections Across Generations and Nations
    James Jackson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The proposed study will help us anticipate, understand, and design support programs to cope with the challenges and problems facing individuals at all generation positions, families, and societies in the new century. ..
  90. Socioeconimic Patterning of Inflammation and Hemostasis
    Ana Diez Roux; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The study will provide a unique opportunity to elucidate the links between socioeconomic factors, stress, inflammation and hemostasis in a large and diverse population-based sample. ..
  91. Scientific Advances in CAM by Allied Health and Nursing
    Riva Touger Decker; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Intended outcomes of the annual conferences include electronically published proceedings, new and collaborative research and CAM research agendas and priorities for allied health and nursing that can be shared with the key associations. ..
  92. Treating the Partners of Drug Using Preg Women: Stage II
    Hendree Jones; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  93. Estrogen, Metabolism, Menopause, and Health Outcomes
    MaryFran Sowers; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This is a unique opportunity to prospectively integrate lifestyle elements with measures of hormone metabolism pathways into a comprehensive examination of multiple human health effects. ..
  94. Training Therapists to Administer Contingency Management
    Nancy Petry; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Both short-term and long-term efficacy, as well as cost-effectiveness, will be evaluated when CM is administered by community-based therapists. ..
  95. Partners in Action: A UM/ Little Haiti Collaborative United Against Breast Cancer
    Erin Kobetz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..