harm reduction

Summary

Summary: The application of methods designed to reduce the risk of harm associated with certain behaviors without reduction in frequency of those behaviors. The risk-associated behaviors include ongoing and active addictive behaviors.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Full participation in harm reduction programmes is associated with decreased risk for human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C virus: evidence from the Amsterdam Cohort Studies among drug users
    Charlotte Van Den Berg
    Department of Human Retrovirology, Center for Infection and Immunity Amsterdam, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Addiction 102:1454-62. 2007
  2. ncbi Risk environments and drug harms: a social science for harm reduction approach
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, UK
    Int J Drug Policy 20:193-201. 2009
  3. ncbi Association between harm reduction intervention uptake and recent hepatitis C infection among people who inject drugs attending sites that provide sterile injecting equipment in Scotland
    Elizabeth J Allen
    Institute for Applied Social and Health Research, School of Social Sciences, University of the West of Scotland, Paisley Campus, Paisley PA1 2BE, United Kingdom
    Int J Drug Policy 23:346-52. 2012
  4. pmc Effectiveness and cost effectiveness of expanding harm reduction and antiretroviral therapy in a mixed HIV epidemic: a modeling analysis for Ukraine
    Sabina S Alistar
    Department of Management Science and Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
    PLoS Med 8:e1000423. 2011
  5. ncbi Expanding the reach of harm reduction in Thailand: experiences with a drug user-run drop-in centre
    Thomas Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver BC, V6Z 1Y6 Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 21:255-8. 2010
  6. ncbi Baseline assessment of community knowledge and attitudes toward drug use and harm reduction in Kabul, Afghanistan
    Mohammad Raza Stanekzai
    International Rescue Committee, Kabul, Afghanistan
    Drug Alcohol Rev 31:451-60. 2012
  7. ncbi Evaluation of harm reduction programs on seroincidence of HIV, hepatitis B and C, and syphilis among intravenous drug users in southwest China
    Yuhua Ruan
    State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
    Sex Transm Dis 40:323-8. 2013
  8. ncbi The impact of a police drug crackdown on drug injectors' ability to practice harm reduction: a qualitative study
    Hannah Cooper
    Medical Health and Research Institution National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, 71 West 23rd Street, 8th Floor, New York 10010, USA
    Soc Sci Med 61:673-84. 2005
  9. ncbi Decline in incidence of HIV and hepatitis C virus infection among injecting drug users in Amsterdam; evidence for harm reduction?
    Anneke S De Vos
    Julius Center, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Addiction 108:1070-81. 2013
  10. ncbi Volume of left amygdala subregion predicted temperamental trait of harm avoidance in female young subjects. A voxel-based morphometry study
    Tetsuya Iidaka
    Department of Psychiatry, Nagoya University, Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai, Showa, Nagoya, Aichi, 466 8550, Japan
    Brain Res 1125:85-93. 2006

Detail Information

Publications259 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Full participation in harm reduction programmes is associated with decreased risk for human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C virus: evidence from the Amsterdam Cohort Studies among drug users
    Charlotte Van Den Berg
    Department of Human Retrovirology, Center for Infection and Immunity Amsterdam, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Addiction 102:1454-62. 2007
    ..To investigate the impact of harm-reduction programmes on HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) incidence among ever-injecting drug users (DU) from the Amsterdam Cohort Studies (ACS)...
  2. ncbi Risk environments and drug harms: a social science for harm reduction approach
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, UK
    Int J Drug Policy 20:193-201. 2009
    A 'risk environment' framework promotes an understanding of harm, and harm reduction, as a matter of 'contingent causation'. Harm is contingent upon social context, comprising interactions between individuals and environments...
  3. ncbi Association between harm reduction intervention uptake and recent hepatitis C infection among people who inject drugs attending sites that provide sterile injecting equipment in Scotland
    Elizabeth J Allen
    Institute for Applied Social and Health Research, School of Social Sciences, University of the West of Scotland, Paisley Campus, Paisley PA1 2BE, United Kingdom
    Int J Drug Policy 23:346-52. 2012
    ..The Scottish Government has invested significantly in harm reduction interventions with the goal of reducing HCV transmission among PWID...
  4. pmc Effectiveness and cost effectiveness of expanding harm reduction and antiretroviral therapy in a mixed HIV epidemic: a modeling analysis for Ukraine
    Sabina S Alistar
    Department of Management Science and Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
    PLoS Med 8:e1000423. 2011
    ..We estimated the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of strategies for expanding methadone substitution therapy programs and ART in mixed HIV epidemics, using Ukraine as a case study...
  5. ncbi Expanding the reach of harm reduction in Thailand: experiences with a drug user-run drop-in centre
    Thomas Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver BC, V6Z 1Y6 Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 21:255-8. 2010
    ..ongoing epidemic of HIV among Thai people who inject drugs (IDU), Thailand has failed to implement essential harm reduction programmes...
  6. ncbi Baseline assessment of community knowledge and attitudes toward drug use and harm reduction in Kabul, Afghanistan
    Mohammad Raza Stanekzai
    International Rescue Committee, Kabul, Afghanistan
    Drug Alcohol Rev 31:451-60. 2012
    Problem drug use has been identified as a significant public health problem in Afghanistan. The study aim was to assess community knowledge and attitude toward drug use and harm reduction in Kabul, Afghanistan.
  7. ncbi Evaluation of harm reduction programs on seroincidence of HIV, hepatitis B and C, and syphilis among intravenous drug users in southwest China
    Yuhua Ruan
    State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
    Sex Transm Dis 40:323-8. 2013
    The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of a multifaceted harm reduction program by comparing seroincidence rates of HIV, hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and syphilis before and after implementation of harm ..
  8. ncbi The impact of a police drug crackdown on drug injectors' ability to practice harm reduction: a qualitative study
    Hannah Cooper
    Medical Health and Research Institution National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, 71 West 23rd Street, 8th Floor, New York 10010, USA
    Soc Sci Med 61:673-84. 2005
    ..methods to explore the ramifications of a police drug crackdown on drug injectors' ability to practice harm reduction. Between August and December 2000, we conducted open-ended interviews with 40 illicit-drug-injecting residents ..
  9. ncbi Decline in incidence of HIV and hepatitis C virus infection among injecting drug users in Amsterdam; evidence for harm reduction?
    Anneke S De Vos
    Julius Center, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Addiction 108:1070-81. 2013
    ..We examined possible explanations for these time trends, among which the implementation of harm reduction measures aimed at reducing the risk behaviour of IDU.
  10. ncbi Volume of left amygdala subregion predicted temperamental trait of harm avoidance in female young subjects. A voxel-based morphometry study
    Tetsuya Iidaka
    Department of Psychiatry, Nagoya University, Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai, Showa, Nagoya, Aichi, 466 8550, Japan
    Brain Res 1125:85-93. 2006
    ..With regard to the NS and RD scores, no significant sex difference was observed in the correlation. These results indicate that the temperamental traits measured using the questionnaire may have a morphological basis in the human brain...
  11. ncbi HIV prevalence amongst injecting drug users in Iran: a systematic review of studies conducted during the decade 1998-2007
    Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar
    Iranian Research Center for HIV AIDS IRCHA, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Keshavarz Blvd, Postal code 14197 33141, Tehran, Iran
    Int J Drug Policy 23:271-8. 2012
    ..This systematic review intended to find and collect all relevant studies, assess the quality of data and provide estimations on the national prevalence over time...
  12. ncbi Mortality among a cohort of drug users after their release from prison: an evaluation of the effectiveness of a harm reduction program in Taiwan
    Yen Fang Huang
    Centers for Disease Control, Department of Health, Taipei, Taiwan
    Addiction 106:1437-45. 2011
    ..To determine the effect of methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) on mortality among injection drug users...
  13. pmc Housing First, consumer choice, and harm reduction for homeless individuals with a dual diagnosis
    Sam Tsemberis
    Pathways to Housing, Inc, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:651-6. 2004
    ..We examined the longitudinal effects of a Housing First program for homeless, mentally ill individuals' on those individuals' consumer choice, housing stability, substance use, treatment utilization, and psychiatric symptoms...
  14. ncbi Do needle syringe programs reduce HIV infection among injecting drug users: a comprehensive review of the international evidence
    Alex Wodak
    Alcohol and Drug Service, St Vincent s Hospital, Sydney, Australia
    Subst Use Misuse 41:777-813. 2006
    ....
  15. ncbi A computerized harm minimization prevention program for alcohol misuse and related harms: randomized controlled trial
    Laura Vogl
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Addiction 104:564-75. 2009
    ..This study was the first to examine a computerized harm minimization intervention to reduce alcohol misuse and related harms in adolescents...
  16. ncbi Strategies for harm reduction among HIV-affected couples who want to conceive
    Lynn T Matthews
    Division of Infectious Disease, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 110 Francis Street, LMOB Suite GB, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    AIDS Behav 13:5-11. 2009
    ..However, for most couples such technologies are neither geographically nor economically accessible. This paper addresses the options for safer procreation among HIV-affected couples who cannot access reproductive technologies...
  17. ncbi Sexual harm reduction practices of HIV-seropositive gay and bisexual men: serosorting, strategic positioning, and withdrawal before ejaculation
    Jeffrey T Parsons
    Department of Psychology, Hunter College of the City University of New York, 695 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA
    AIDS 19:S13-25. 2005
    ..Here we focus on the use of three harm reduction strategies (serosorting, strategic positioning, and withdrawal before ejaculation) in order to decrease ..
  18. pmc Quantifying the effects of promoting smokeless tobacco as a harm reduction strategy in the USA
    Adrienne B Mejia
    Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Tob Control 19:297-305. 2010
    ..Some health professionals argue that snus should be promoted as a component of a harm reduction strategy, while others oppose this approach...
  19. pmc Failure to treat tobacco use in mental health and addiction treatment settings: a form of harm reduction?
    Judith J Prochaska
    University of California San Francisco, 401 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143 0984, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 110:177-82. 2010
    ..settings, failure to treat tobacco dependence has been rationalized by some as a clinical approach to harm reduction. That is, tobacco use is viewed as a less harmful alternative to alcohol or illicit drug use and/or other self-..
  20. ncbi The cost-effectiveness of consistent and early intervention of harm reduction for injecting drug users in Bangladesh
    Lorna Guinness
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Addiction 105:319-28. 2010
    To assess the cost-effectiveness of the CARE-SHAKTI harm reduction intervention for injecting drug users (IDUs) over a 3-year period, the impact on the cost-effectiveness of stopping after 3 years and how the cost-effectiveness might vary ..
  21. ncbi Tobacco, nicotine and harm reduction
    Jacques le Houezec
    Public Health, Tobacco Dependence, Rennes, France
    Drug Alcohol Rev 30:119-23. 2011
    ..Most toxicity due to cigarette smoking is related to the burning process...
  22. pmc A fresh look at tobacco harm reduction: the case for the electronic cigarette
    Riccardo Polosa
    Presidio G, Rodolico Unità Operativa di Medicina Interna e Medicina d Urgenza, Centro per la Prevenzione e Cura del Tabagismo CPCT, Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria Policlinico Vittorio Emanuele, Universita di Catania, Catania, Italy
    Harm Reduct J 10:19. 2013
    ..But, there is a third choice for smokers: tobacco harm reduction. It involves the use of alternative sources of nicotine, including modern smokeless tobacco products like snus ..
  23. ncbi Willingness to pay to reduce alcohol-related harm in Australian rural communities
    Dennis Petrie
    Economic Studies, University of Dundee, 3 Perth Road, Dundee, Scotland DD14HN, UK
    Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res 11:351-63. 2011
    ..These findings can be compared with the cost of implementing interventions to determine whether they are likely to be welfare enhancing...
  24. ncbi Harm reduction among at-risk elderly drinkers: a site-specific analysis from the multi-site Primary Care Research in Substance Abuse and Mental Health for Elderly (PRISM-E) study
    Heather Sophia Lee
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 24:54-60. 2009
    ..To assess the efficacy of a harm-reduction based intervention to enhance access to treatment and clinical outcomes among elderly at-risk drinkers...
  25. ncbi Times and places: Process evaluation of a peer-led HIV prevention intervention
    Julia Dickson-Gomez
    Institute for Community Research, Hartford, CT 06106, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 41:669-90. 2006
    ..conducted from 2001 to 2005, trained active drug users to be peer health advocates (PHAs) to provide harm reduction materials and information to their peers...
  26. ncbi The epidemiological impact and cost-effectiveness of HIV testing, antiretroviral treatment and harm reduction programs
    Jinghua Li
    Department of Global Health Policy, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
    AIDS 26:2069-78. 2012
    ..in the HIV epidemic in China, and explore the epidemiological impact and cost-effectiveness of expanded voluntary counseling and testing (VCT), antiretroviral treatment (ART), and harm reduction programs in preventing the spread of HIV.
  27. ncbi Rejuvenating harm reduction projects for injection drug users: Ukraine's nationwide introduction of peer-driven interventions
    Pavlo Smyrnov
    The International HIV AIDS Alliance in Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
    Int J Drug Policy 23:141-7. 2012
    ..drug users (IDUs) was implemented in five Ukrainian city-sites to test-pilot its effectiveness in rejuvenating harm reduction (HR) projects that had become moribund...
  28. ncbi A harm reduction paradox: comparing China's policies on needle and syringe exchange and methadone maintenance
    Kumi Smith
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 23:327-32. 2012
    ..MMT is expanding, with backing from multiple government ministries, however, NSEP have received less political support and funding...
  29. ncbi Harm reduction interventions for drug injectors or heroin users in Spain: expanding coverage as the storm abates
    Gregorio Barrio
    National School of Public Health, Carlos III Health Institute, Madrid, Spain
    Addiction 107:1111-22. 2012
    To show the utility of analysing time trends of need and coverage of needle-exchange programmes (NEPs) and opioid substitution treatment (OST) to assess harm reduction policies targeting drug injectors or heroin users.
  30. pmc Methadone maintenance treatment in Spain: the success of a harm reduction approach
    Marta Torrens
    Institut de Neuropsiquiatria i Addicions, Hospital del Mar, Institut Hospital del Mar d Investigacions Mèdiques, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Passeig Maritim 25 29, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
    Bull World Health Organ 91:136-41. 2013
    ..Spain was also the European country with the highest number of cases of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome transmitted through illicit drug injection...
  31. pmc Impact of a social influence intervention on condom use and sexually transmitted infections among establishment-based female sex workers in the Philippines: a multilevel analysis
    Donald E Morisky
    Department of Community Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Health Psychol 25:595-603. 2006
    ..Because interventions were implemented at the city level, baseline and follow-up city differences were analyzed to rule out intervention effects due to preexisting differences...
  32. ncbi The organization of a community: community-based prevention of injecting drug use-related health problems
    Susan Carruthers
    Research Fellow, National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia
    Subst Use Misuse 42:1971-7. 2007
    ..the past 20 years and introduces the genesis of a new program that aims to improve peer-based, community-organized prevention and harm reduction initiatives. The project's limitations are noted and future needed research is suggested.
  33. ncbi Access to harm reduction services in Atlantic Canada: implications for non-urban residents who inject drugs
    J Parker
    School of Health and Human Performance, Dalhousie University, 6230 South St, Halifax, Canada
    Health Place 18:152-62. 2012
    ..relatively little about the challenges injection drug users (IDUs) living in such places face in accessing harm reduction services...
  34. ncbi Are Australian smokers interested in using low-nitrosamine smokeless tobacco for harm reduction?
    C E Gartner
    The University of Queensland, School of Population Health, Herston, Queensland, Australia
    Tob Control 19:451-6. 2010
    ....
  35. ncbi Smokeless tobacco as a nicotine delivery device: harm or harm reduction?
    N L Benowitz
    Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Medical Service, San Francisco General Hospital Medical Center, San Francisco, California, USA
    Clin Pharmacol Ther 90:491-3. 2011
    ..This Opinion piece discusses the controversies pertaining to ST and health, the pros and cons of ST in harm reduction, and progress in treatment for those who would like to quit ST use.
  36. pmc Harm reduction theory: users' culture, micro-social indigenous harm reduction, and the self-organization and outside-organizing of users' groups
    Samuel R Friedman
    National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, NY, United States
    Int J Drug Policy 18:107-17. 2007
    This paper discusses the user side of harm reduction, focusing to some extent on the early responses to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in each of four sets of localities-New York City, Rotterdam, Buenos Aires, and sites in Central Asia...
  37. ncbi Impact of alcohol harm reduction strategies in community sports clubs: pilot evaluation of the Good Sports program
    Bosco Rowland
    School of Psychology and Psychiatry, Monash University, Australia
    Health Psychol 31:323-33. 2012
    ..The program offers a staged accreditation process to encourage the implementation of alcohol harm-reduction strategies...
  38. ncbi Individual differences in personality traits reflect structural variance in specific brain regions
    Simona Gardini
    Department of Neuroscience, University of Parma, Italy Clinical Neuroscience Centre, University of Hull, United Kingdom
    Brain Res Bull 79:265-70. 2009
    ..These results indicate that individual differences in the main personality dimensions of NS, HA, RD and PER, may reflect structural variance in specific brain areas...
  39. ncbi Drug prevention programmes for young people: where have we been and where should we be going?
    Richard Midford
    Edith Cowan University, Perth, WA, Australia
    Addiction 105:1688-95. 2010
    ..The aim of this is to create better understanding of the elements that maximize programme effectiveness, what can be achieved by prevention programmes and how programmes can be improved...
  40. ncbi "Everyone deserves services no matter what": defining success in harm-reduction-based substance user treatment
    Heather Sophia Lee
    School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 45:2411-27. 2010
    This article reports qualitative interview data from a study of participant-generated outcomes of two harm reduction programs in the United States...
  41. ncbi Public perceptions of public drug use in four UK urban sites
    Linda Cusick
    Institute for Applied Social and Health Research, University of Paisley, The Gardner Building, Paisley PA1 2BE, UK
    Int J Drug Policy 18:10-7. 2007
    ..Cohesive communities may direct environmental regeneration in pursuit of general social improvement rather than the narrower aims of either DCRs or corporate developers...
  42. ncbi Changing the density of alcohol outlets to reduce alcohol-related problems
    Michael Livingston
    AER Centre for Alcohol Policy Research, Turning Point Alcohol and Drug Centre, Melbourne, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Rev 26:557-66. 2007
    ..But what is the state of the evidence on this question? In this Harm Reduction Digest Livingston, Chikritzhs and Room review the research literature on the effects of density of alcohol ..
  43. ncbi A review of the efficacy and effectiveness of harm reduction strategies for alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs
    Alison Ritter
    Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Rev 25:611-24. 2006
    b>Harm reduction is both a policy approach and used to describe a specific set of interventions. These interventions aim to reduce the harms associated with drug use...
  44. ncbi Women, harm reduction and HIV
    Sophie Pinkham
    International Harm Reduction Development Program, Open Society Institute, New York NY, USA
    Reprod Health Matters 16:168-81. 2008
    Gender shapes the experience of drug use and its associated risks. In most parts of the world, however, harm reduction and drug treatment programmes that tailor their services to meet women's needs are rare or nonexistent...
  45. ncbi The globalization of ayahuasca: harm reduction or benefit maximization?
    Kenneth W Tupper
    Department of Educational Studies, University of British Columbia, BC, Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 19:297-303. 2008
    ..Issues of harm reduction with respect to ayahuasca use are explored, but so too is the corollary notion of "benefit maximization."
  46. ncbi Harm reduction approaches to alcohol use: health promotion, prevention, and treatment
    G Alan Marlatt
    Addictive Behaviors Research Center, Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Box 351525, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Addict Behav 27:867-86. 2002
    b>Harm reduction approaches to alcohol problems have endured a controversial history in both the research literature and the popular media...
  47. pmc Tobacco use harm reduction, elimination, and escalation in a large military cohort
    Robert C Klesges
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:2487-92. 2010
    ..g., tobacco cessation), harm reduction (e.g., from smoking to smokeless tobacco use), and harm escalation (e.g...
  48. ncbi Does dual use jeopardize the potential role of smokeless tobacco in harm reduction?
    Kimberly Frost-Pineda
    Altria Client Services, 601 E Jackson Street, Richmond, VA 23219, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 12:1055-67. 2010
    ....
  49. ncbi The development of peer educator-based harm reduction programmes in Northern Vietnam
    Nick Walsh
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Rev 27:200-3. 2008
    ..Despite this, effective harm reduction interventions are generally lacking...
  50. ncbi Brave new world of tobacco disease prevention: promoting dual tobacco-product use?
    Jack E Henningfield
    Am J Prev Med 23:226-8. 2002
  51. ncbi Tuberculosis and HIV in people who inject drugs: evidence for action for tuberculosis, HIV, prison and harm reduction services
    Haileyesus Getahun
    Stop TB Department, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
    Curr Opin HIV AIDS 7:345-53. 2012
    ..To provide a comprehensive summary of the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of HIV-related tuberculosis (TB) in people who inject drugs (PWIDs), and recommend actions to enhance the clinical and programmatic responses to the epidemic...
  52. ncbi Global Fund investments in harm reduction from 2002 to 2009
    Jamie Bridge
    The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, Chemin de Blandonnet 8, 1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
    Int J Drug Policy 23:279-85. 2012
    ..and Malaria is the leading multilateral donor for HIV programmes and encourages applicants to include harm reduction interventions in their proposals...
  53. ncbi Young people and drugs: next generation of harm reduction
    Simona Merkinaite
    Eurasian Harm Reduction Network, Siauliu 5 1 21, Vilnius 01133, Lithuania
    Int J Drug Policy 21:112-4. 2010
    ..The Eurasian Harm Reduction assessment of young peoples' (under 25) drug use, risk behaviours and service availability and accessibility ..
  54. ncbi Harm reduction: what is it?
    Isidore S Obot
    Department of Behavioral Health Sciences, Morgan State University, School of Public Health and Policy, Baltimore, MD 21251, USA
    Addiction 102:691. 2007
  55. ncbi Is harm reduction profitable? An analytical framework for corporate social responsibility based on an epidemic model of addictive consumption
    Sophie Massin
    Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne, Centre d Economie de la Sorbonne, Maison des Sciences Economiques, 106 112 Boulevard de l Hôpital, 75647 Paris Cedex 13, France
    Soc Sci Med 74:1856-63. 2012
    ..It advances that reputation effects are crucial in this issue and that determining whether harm reduction practices are costly or profitable for the producers can help to assess the sincerity of their discourse...
  56. ncbi Key harm reduction interventions and their impact on the reduction of risky behavior and HIV incidence among people who inject drugs in low-income and middle-income countries
    Arin Dutta
    Futures Group International, Washington, District of Columbia, USA
    Curr Opin HIV AIDS 7:362-8. 2012
    ..This article reviews the evidence for the benefits of scaling up key interventions as a combination prevention and treatment package for PWID...
  57. pmc Maximising harm reduction in early specialty training for general practice: validation of a safety checklist
    Paul Bowie
    Department of Postgraduate General Practice Education, NHS Education for Scotland, 2 Central Quay, Glasgow, UK, G3 8BW
    BMC Fam Pract 13:62. 2012
    ..However adherence to a checklist reminder may improve the reliability of task delivery and maximise harm reduction. We aimed to prioritise the most safety-critical issues to be addressed in the first 12-weeks of specialty ..
  58. ncbi Building a European consensus on minimum quality standards for drug treatment, rehabilitation and harm reduction
    Michael P Schaub
    Swiss Research Institute for Public Health and Addiction, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Addict Res 19:314-24. 2013
    ..inventory of quality standards and initiated a consensus-building process, aiming at establishing a set of European minimum quality standards (MQS) for treatment/rehabilitation and harm reduction in the field of drug abuse and dependence.
  59. ncbi Smokers' perceptions of smokeless tobacco and harm reduction
    Mojgan Sami
    Department of Planning, Policy and Design, School of Social Ecology, University of California, Irvine, CA, USA
    J Public Health Policy 33:188-201. 2012
    Existing survey data indicate that most smokers are not receptive to harm reduction incentives of switching to smokeless tobacco (SLT). Little is known about the underlying reasons for these views...
  60. pmc Online drug user-led harm reduction in Hungary: a review of "Daath"
    Levente Moro
    Department of Addiction Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Semmelweis University, P, O, Box 229, HU 1444 Budapest, Hungary
    Harm Reduct J 10:18. 2013
    b>Harm reduction has been increasingly finding its way into public drug policies and healthcare practices worldwide, with successful intervention measures justifiably focussing on the highest-risk groups, such as injecting drug users...
  61. ncbi Vietnam moves forward with harm reduction: an assessment of progress
    G Reid
    World Health Organization Office for South East Asia, HIV and AIDS Unit, New Delhi, India
    Glob Public Health 6:168-80. 2011
    ..However, 2006 saw the government formally endorse harm reduction interventions...
  62. pmc The association between use of snus and quit rates for smoking: results from seven Norwegian cross-sectional studies
    Karl E Lund
    Norwegian Institute for Alcohol and Drug Research, UK
    Addiction 106:162-7. 2011
    ..Swedish studies have shown that experience of using snus is associated with an increased probability of being a former smoker. We examined whether this result is also found in Norway...
  63. ncbi Measuring costs of alcohol harm to others: a review of the literature
    Héctor José Navarro
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Depend 114:87-99. 2011
    ..People other than the drinker experience harmful consequences from alcohol misuse, accounting for part of the economic burden to society. Little has been done on costing harm to others...
  64. ncbi Accelerated transition to injection among male heroin initiates in Hanoi, Vietnam: implications for early harm reduction interventions
    Michael C Clatts
    School of Public Health, University of Puerto Rico, PO Box 365067, San Juan, PR
    J Community Health 36:999-1003. 2011
    ..Critical intervention goals include delaying the onset of injection and improved education about safer drug sharing and drug injection practices...
  65. doi Harm reduction and human rights: finding common cause
    Jonathan Cohen
    Law and Health Initiative, Open Society Institute Public Health Program, New York, New York, USA
    AIDS 22:S93-4. 2008
  66. ncbi Challenges and opportunities to integrating family members of injection drug users into harm reduction efforts within the Atlantic Canadian context
    Lois A Jackson
    School of Health and Human Performance, Faculty of Health Professions, Dalhousie University, 1459 Oxford Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 4R2
    Int J Drug Policy 22:385-92. 2011
    ..injection drug users' (IDUs) relationships with non-drug using family members in order to understand the potential opportunities for, and challenges to, having these family members provide harm reduction services (e.g., clean syringes).
  67. ncbi Emerging HIV epidemics in Muslim countries: assessment of different cultural responses to harm reduction and implications for HIV control
    Catherine S Todd
    Division of International Health and Cross Cultural Medicine, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, Mailstop 0622, La Jolla, CA 92093 0622, USA
    Curr HIV/AIDS Rep 4:151-7. 2007
    b>Harm reduction, including needle exchange and opioid substitution therapy, has been demonstrated to reduce high-risk behavior and HIV infection among injection drug users...
  68. ncbi Association between use of nicotine replacement therapy for harm reduction and smoking cessation: a prospective study of English smokers
    Emma Beard
    Cancer Research UK Health Behaviour Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London, WC1E 7HB, UK
    Tob Control 22:118-22. 2013
    It is important to know how far smokers' attempts at using nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) for smoking 'harm reduction' (reducing harm from continued smoking) promote or undermine cessation...
  69. ncbi Controlling HIV among injecting drug users: the current status of harm reduction
    Alex Wodak
    HIV AIDS Policy Law Rev 11:77-80. 2006
    HIV among injecting drug users is now a critical issue in global HIV control. Harm reduction strategies have been considered effective, safe and affordable for at least 15 years...
  70. ncbi The children of mama coca: coca, cocaine and the fate of harm reduction in South America
    Francisco I Bastos
    Oswaldo Cruz Foundation FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Int J Drug Policy 18:99-106. 2007
    ..The current challenges faced by harm reduction in the region are analysed from the perspective of the history of coca and its different uses in South America...
  71. ncbi From alcoholism treatment to the alcohol harm reduction strategy for England: an overview of alcohol policy since 1950
    Betsy Thom
    The School of Health and Social Sciences, Middlesex University, Enfield, England
    Am J Addict 14:416-25. 2005
    With the publication of the Alcohol Harm Reduction Strategy for England in 2004,(1) it is timely to reflect on the social and political contexts that have influenced alcohol policy...
  72. ncbi Establishments licensed to serve alcohol and their contribution to police-recorded crime in Australia: further opportunities for harm reduction
    Shelley C Rowe
    School of Medicine and Public Health, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan NSW, Australia
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 71:909-16. 2010
    ..To address this deficiency, this study was undertaken to describe the association between such establishments and incidents of crime using enhanced police-recorded, alcohol-related crime intelligence...
  73. ncbi Optimal timing of use reduction vs. harm reduction in a drug epidemic model
    Jonathan P Caulkins
    Carnegie Mellon University, H John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 20:480-7. 2009
    Opponents of harm reduction fear that reducing harmfulness might increase use, and opponents of use reduction fear that efforts to reduce use can increase harmfulness...
  74. pmc The fourth pillar of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: harm reduction and the international human right to health
    Benjamin Mason Meier
    Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Public Health Rep 121:494-500. 2006
  75. ncbi "It's not rocket science, what I do": Self-directed harm reduction strategies among drug using ethno-racially diverse gay and bisexual men
    Nicole R Greenspan
    AIDS Committee of Toronto, Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 22:56-62. 2011
    Research on harm reduction has typically focused on broad-based or organisational strategies such as needle exchange and opiate substitute programmes...
  76. ncbi Recent quitters' interest in recycling and harm reduction
    Anne M Joseph
    Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research of Health Services Research and Development, and University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55417, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 6:1075-7. 2004
    ..These data suggest that this population would welcome further help in quitting or reducing smoking shortly following failure, and that smokers do not commonly relapse to a precontemplation stage of change...
  77. ncbi Alcohol policy and harm reduction in Australia
    Wendy Loxley
    National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Rev 24:559-68. 2005
    ..my colleagues from the National Drug Research Institute who are experts in the alcohol field to write this Harm Reduction Digest...
  78. ncbi Implementation of harm reduction in Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia
    Anya Sarang
    Russian Harm Reduction Network, Moscow, Russia
    Int J Drug Policy 18:129-35. 2007
    b>Harm reduction (HR) interventions began in Central-Eastern Europe and Central Asia in the mid-1980s with the establishment of substitution treatment (ST) in Yugoslavia...
  79. pmc Harm reduction services as a point-of-entry to and source of end-of-life care and support for homeless and marginally housed persons who use alcohol and/or illicit drugs: a qualitative analysis
    Ryan McNeil
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    BMC Public Health 12:312. 2012
    ..This article explores the role of harm reduction services in end-of-life care services delivery to homeless and marginally housed persons who use alcohol and/..
  80. ncbi Cloninger's temperament and character dimensions of personality in patients with major depressive disorder
    Feryal Cam Celikel
    Department of Psychiatry, Gaziosmanpasa University School of Medicine, 60100 Tokat, Turkey
    Compr Psychiatry 50:556-61. 2009
    ..68 +/- 8.11 years) did not show significant correlations with TCI scales. This study confirms the relationship between harm avoidance and depression and suggests a relationship between self-directedness and depression...
  81. ncbi Commentary: Understanding the origins of anger, contempt, and disgust in public health policy disputes: applying moral psychology to harm reduction debates
    Jess Alderman
    School of Public Health and Health Professions, University at Buffalo, SUNY, Buffalo, New York 14214 3079, USA
    J Public Health Policy 31:1-16. 2010
    ..Applying this work to harm reduction debates, specifically the use of smokeless tobacco to reduce harm from tobacco use, we attempt to explain why ..
  82. ncbi Harm reduction: a new perspective on substance abuse services
    Samuel A MacMaster
    College of Social Work, University of Tennessee, Nashville 37210, USA
    Soc Work 49:356-63. 2004
    This article provides information on harm reduction, a recent development in substance abuse services in response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic...
  83. ncbi The effectiveness of harm reduction in preventing HIV among injecting drug users
    Alex Wodak
    Alcohol and Drug Service, St Vincent s Hospital, Darlinghurst NSW
    N S W Public Health Bull 21:69-73. 2010
    There is now compelling evidence that harm reduction approaches to HIV prevention among injecting drug users are effective, safe and cost-effective...
  84. ncbi Malaysia and harm reduction: the challenges and responses
    Gary Reid
    The Centre for Harm Reduction, The Macfarlane Burnet Institute for Medical Research and Public Health, GPO Box 2284, Melbourne 3001, Australia
    Int J Drug Policy 18:136-40. 2007
    ..Further, data suggest high risk drug use practices are widespread. Harm reduction initiatives have only recently been introduced in Malaysia...
  85. pmc Maximising the highs and minimising the lows: harm reduction guidance within ecstasy distribution networks
    Camille Jacinto
    Institute for Scientific Analysis, 390 Fourth Street, 2nd Floor, Suite D, San Francisco, CA 94107, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 19:393-400. 2008
    ..Little is known about how users build and share knowledge concerning the highs and lows of Ecstasy and the role that Ecstasy sellers play in the exchange of this information...
  86. ncbi Is groin injecting an ethical boundary for harm reduction?
    Peter G Miller
    National Addiction Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London SE58AF, UK
    Int J Drug Policy 19:486-91. 2008
    ..It has been proposed that groin injecting is becoming normalised among UK injecting drug users (IDUs), yet harm reduction strategies are currently piecemeal and some may be crossing the boundary of responsible provision of ..
  87. ncbi Doing harm reduction better: syringe exchange in the United States
    Don C Des Jarlais
    Beth Israel Medical Center, 160Water Street 24th Floor, NewYork, NY 10038, USA
    Addiction 104:1441-6. 2009
    ..To trace the growth of syringe exchange programs (SEPs) in the United States since 1994-95 and assess the current state of SEPs...
  88. ncbi Needle exchange as a safe haven in an unsafe world
    Joan Macneil
    School of Nursing, University of Victoria, Victoria, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Rev 30:26-32. 2011
    ..The purpose of this paper is to describe the meaning of needle exchange programs from the perspectives of users who access such programs...
  89. ncbi The fine line between harm reduction and harm production--development of a clinical policy on femoral (groin) injecting
    Deborah Zador
    National Addiction Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
    Eur Addict Res 14:213-8. 2008
    ..This paper reports the reasons for, and outcome of, development of a clinical policy on injecting into the deep femoral vein (groin injecting)...
  90. ncbi Essentiality of HIV testing and education for effective HIV control in the national pilot harm reduction program: the Taiwan experience
    Hsin ya Lee
    School of Pharmacy, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
    Kaohsiung J Med Sci 28:79-85. 2012
    In 2005, a national pilot harm reduction program (PHRP), which mainly included a methadone maintenance treatment program (MMTP) and a needle/syringe exchange program (NSP), was implemented in Taiwan...
  91. ncbi Rapid scale up of harm reduction in China
    Sheena G Sullivan
    National Center for AIDS, STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 27 Nanwei Road, Beijing 100050, China
    Int J Drug Policy 18:118-28. 2007
    ..Faced with this dual epidemic, the government has begun testing harm reduction strategies in recent years...
  92. ncbi Moving from a project to programmatic response: scaling up harm reduction in Asia
    Anindya Chatterjee
    HIV AIDS Asia Regional Program, Thailand
    Int J Drug Policy 21:134-6. 2010
    ..Since then Asia has seen a significant scaling up of harm reduction, despite very limited resources and difficult policy and legislative environments...
  93. ncbi Harm reduction through a social justice lens
    Bernadette Pauly
    School of Nursing, University of Victoria, Box 1700, Victoria, BC V8W 2Y2, Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 19:4-10. 2008
    ..Morbidity and mortality are significantly increased among those who are street involved. Incorporation of a harm reduction philosophy in health care has the potential to shift the moral context of health care delivery and enhance ..
  94. ncbi Shifting moral values to enhance access to health care: harm reduction as a context for ethical nursing practice
    Bernadette Bernie Pauly
    School of Nursing, University of Victoria, Box 1700, Victoria, BC V8W 2Y2, Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 19:195-204. 2008
    ..The purpose of this paper is to describe the underlying value tensions that impact ethical nursing practice and affect equity in access to health care for those who are street involved...
  95. ncbi Tobacco harm reduction: how rational public policy could transform a pandemic
    David Sweanor
    Int J Drug Policy 18:70-4. 2007
    ..A pragmatic, public-health approach to tobacco control would recognize a continuum of risk and encourage nicotine users to move themselves down the risk spectrum by choosing safer alternatives to smoking--without demanding abstinence...
  96. pmc Comparison of the toxicity of smoke from conventional and harm reduction cigarettes using human embryonic stem cells
    SABRINA LIN
    UCR Stem Cell Center, University of California, Riverside, California 92521, USA
    Toxicol Sci 118:202-12. 2010
    This study evaluated the hypothesis that smoke from harm reduction cigarettes impedes attachment and proliferation of H9 human embryonic stem cells (hESCs)...
  97. ncbi Community pharmacy harm reduction services for drug misusers: national service delivery and professional attitude development over a decade in Scotland
    Catriona Matheson
    Department of General Practice and Primary Care, Foresterhill Health Centre, University of Aberdeen, Westburn Road, Aberdeen AB25 2AY, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 29:350-7. 2007
    ..This paper reports a third Scotland-wide survey of pharmacies enabling service delivery to be charted over a decade...
  98. ncbi The ethical, legal and social context of harm reduction
    Bernadette Pauly
    School of Nursing, University of Victoria, British Columbia
    Can Nurse 103:19-23. 2007
    b>Harm reduction is part of a comprehensive approach to dealing with the harms of drug use...
  99. ncbi Alcohol identification and brief advice in England: A major plank in alcohol harm reduction policy
    Don Lavoie
    Department of Health Health Improvement, London, UK
    Drug Alcohol Rev 29:608-11. 2010
    ..Lavoie D. Alcohol identification and brief advice in England: A major plank in alcohol harm reduction policy.
  100. pmc Injecting and HIV prevalence among young heroin users in three Spanish cities and their association with the delayed implementation of harm reduction programmes
    Luis de la Fuente
    Centro Nacional de Epidemiologia, Instituto, de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, C Sinesio Delgado 6, 28029 Madrid, Spain
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:537-42. 2006
    To evaluate changes in the prevalence of HIV infection among young heroin users in three Spanish cities, and their association with harm reduction programmes (HRPs).
  101. pmc Tobacco harm reduction: what do the experts think?
    E G Martin
    Department of Health Management and Policy, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, 109 South Observatory, Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48109 2029, USA
    Tob Control 13:123-8. 2004
    ..opinions about the future of, and potential to improve individual and public health through "tobacco harm reduction" (THR), the use of novel nicotine containing products purporting to reduce the health risks from ..

Research Grants63

  1. Tobacco Products and Atherosclerotic Disease
    Sanjay Srivastava; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..useful in evaluating the contribution of HPHCs to tobacco product toxicity in humans;assessing the extent of harm reduction in PREPs and in developing policies for regulating HPHCs in smokeless tobacco, cigarettes and emerging tobacco ..
  2. Differential Redox &Electrophilic Toxicities of Modified Tobacco Products
    Norbert Staimer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and/or redox-active conjugated ketones from different cigarette brands marketed as being modified for harm reduction. Conjugated ketones, such as unsaturated ?,?-aldehydes and quinones are of toxicological importance because ..
  3. Predictors of Smokeless Tobacco and Dual Use in the US Military
    Robert C Klesges; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..At the same time, ST is also increasingly being proposed as a harm reduction strategy for cigarette smokers...
  4. Engaging Homeless Youth in Vocational Training to Meet Their Mental Health Needs
    Kristin M Ferguson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  5. Laboratory based Evaluation of Tobacco Harm Reduction
    Jerry M Rice; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This concept is known as harm reduction, and could be achieved through the aid of new strategies and tobacco products that provide an alternate source ..
  6. Evaluation of Oral Tobacco as a Harm Reduction Method for Smokers
    Dorothy K Hatsukami; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Oral non-combusted tobacco products have the greatest likelihood of leading to harm reduction compared to other potential reduced exposure products (Gray et al., 2005;Hatsukami &Hecht, 2005)...
  7. Overdose Risk Assessment, Counseling and Naloxone Prescription in Health Care
    Ingrid A Binswanger; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Community-based harm reduction organizations have developed effective overdose education and naloxone distribution programs for heroin and ..
  8. HIV, HCV and STI Risk Associated with Nonmedical Use of Prescription Opioids
    Travis Wendel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These risks are exacerbated by the fact that harm reduction services aimed at preventing HIV among IDUs typically serve older heroin injectors who have been found to ..
  9. Predictors of Smokeless Tobacco and Dual Use in the US Military
    Robert C Klesges; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Determine baseline and follow-up prevalence and predictors of the perceived health benefits and perceived harm reduction of these new and emerging tobacco products relative to cigarette smoking among US Airmen;(3) Evaluate the ..
  10. Family Planning-based Partner Abuse Intervention to Reduce Unintended Pregnancy
    Jay G Silverman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the RCPVI provides 1) client education and assessment regarding IPV and reproductive coercion;2) discussion of harm reduction behaviors to reduce risk for unintended pregnancy and IPV victimization;3) supported referrals to IPV victim ..
  11. Community-based Family Planning Intervention to Reduce Partner Violence
    Elizabeth Miller; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..consists of: 1) Enhanced Screening to increase client awareness of IPV/SA and facilitate IPV/SA disclosure, 2) Harm Reduction Counseling to assist clients in developing harm reduction and safety planning strategies to reduce risk of ..
  12. Addressing Hepatitis C and Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Current and Future Epidemics
    HOLLY C HAGAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..an integrated knowledge-exchange approach to providing our target audiences (policymakers, public health and harm reduction practice communities, PWID and HIV+MSM) with the knowledge and tools to implement evidence-based HCV control ..
  13. High Dose Nicotine Patch Therapy for Smokeless Tobacco Use
    Jon O Ebbert; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..ST is increasingly being promoted as a harm reduction strategy for cigarette smoking, and two of the world's largest cigarette manufacturers have entered the ..
  14. Models For Tobacco Product Evaluation
    Peter G Shields; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..kinds of methods and measures that FDA and other regulatory groups around the world might apply to evaluating harm reduction potential of new and modified tobacco products...
  15. Emory WIHS CRS - Longitudinal Cohort
    GINA MARIA WINGOOD; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..an innovative implementable smartphone intervention designed to enhance antiretroviral adherence, promote harm reduction, reduce STDs incidence, and improve overall clinical and biomedical outcomes among HIV-infected and at-risk ..
  16. Exploring smokers'perceptions of differing smokeless tobacco news messages
    Olivia Wackowski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Smokeless tobacco products (SLT) are at the center of a harm reduction debate in the tobacco control community, with some arguing that SLT can be a less harmful alternative for smokers and others ..
  17. Harm reduction with pharmacotherapy for homeless adults with alcohol dependence
    Susan E Collins; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..include a 24-week follow-up and will test the relative efficacy of 3 active treatment combinations-1) XR-NTX+harm reduction counseling, 2) placebo+harm reduction counseling and 3) harm reduction counseling only (HRC)-compared to the ..
  18. Internet-Based HIV Prevention for Methamphetamine-Using MSM: Formative Research
    JOHNNY MICHAEL WILKERSON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..When working with men not receptive to traditional condom-based prevention messages, a harm reduction approach has the potential to reinvigorate HIV prevention...
  19. Tribal Colleges and Universities Behavior Wellness Study (TCU-BeWell)
    Bonnie M Duran; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A college- level intervention for policy and systems change will also be tested aimed at: (1) instituting a harm reduction policy that supports a shift from zero tolerance alcohol policies, (2) integrating behavioral health resources ..
  20. Patterns of Drug Use and Abuse in the Brazilian Rave Culture
    James Inciardi; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposal states that they will distribute "harm reduction" literature at club events and that is positive...
  21. Understanding PrEP Implementation Among Club Drug Using Men Who Have Sex With Men
    Jennifer A Mitty; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..2010). Although harm reduction strategies such as needle exchange programs have been shown to decrease HIV infection among injection drug ..
  22. Varieties of Impulsivity in Opiate and Stimulant Users
    JASMIN L VASSILEVA; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..abstract_text> ..
  23. Navigator Enhanced Case Management for Jail Inmates
    Janet Myers; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Base on harm reduction, motivational interviewing and general social work principles, this model uses assertive community treatment ..
  24. Intergenerational Transmission of Alcohol Involvement
    Susan E Luczak; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Knowledge of such processes will inform future prevention and harm reduction research and efforts.
  25. Effects of Alcohol and Emotion Regulation on Performance Monitoring
    ERIKA HENRY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Second, and more generally, this work can inform efforts aimed at drinking-related harm reduction by providing key data on the underlying psychological (i.e...
  26. Smokeless tobacco marketing approaches to Ohio Appalachian populations
    MARY WEWERS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The concept of "harm reduction" was introduced to address smokers who persist, despite continuing risks...
  27. Evaluating Low Ignition Propensity Cigarette Legislation
    RICHARD O CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Taken together, these studies comprise a comprehensive evaluation of the potential impacts of this harm-reduction policy, which will inform policymakers in other jurisdictions considering similar regulations. ..
  28. Drug Use and Harm Reduction in Argentina
    SHANA HARRIS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..in curbing disease transmission, various non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in Argentina begun adopting harm reduction as an alternate means of addressing the health of drug users...
  29. Multidisciplinary Approach to Reduce Injury and Alcohol Use
    Craig A Field; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..regarding brief intervention with injured patients to include an evaluation of the treatment referral and harm reduction components...
  30. StaySafe: Reducing Risk Among Adolescents
    Laurie Bauman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..StaySafe will provide a basic HIV/STD harm reduction intervention in 8 sessions based on Social Cognitive Theory...
  31. Smokers and PREPs: Measurement of Inhaled and Exhaled Tobacco Smoke Particulate
    Sydney Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The continuing human health toll of tobacco use has prompted the public health community to evaluate harm reduction approaches...
  32. RE-AIM Evaluation of Tailored Smoking Harm Reduction
    Russell Glasgow; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Based upon preliminary work and previous experience with harm reduction interventions with smokers, we will offer a harm reduction program with the goal of helping smokers achieve a ..
  33. International Conference on Tobacco Induced Diseases
    Denis Kinane; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Molecular biology of cancer/xenobiotics gene polymorphisms; 16. Cessation Techniques; 17. Harm Reduction; 18. Addiction therapy; 19. Rates of success; 20...
  34. Rapid Assessment for Drug Abuse and Risky Sex (RADARS)
    ROBIN INLANDER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..two areas: 1) increasing the end-user's knowledge about sexual and substance abuse/use risk factors and harm reduction, and their understanding of their own risk-taking in these areas and;2) the success of the RADARS tool in ..
  35. NICOTINE AND SMOKING CESSATION IN SCHIZOPHRENIA
    A Evins; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..therapy interventions in patients with the dual diagnoses of addiction and major mental illness, study of harm reduction strategies in patients with schizophrenia unable to attain abstinence, and studies of the effect of nicotinic ..
  36. Adapting the SiSTA/SiHLE/WiLLOW Prevention Trilogy for Black Men
    TAMARA J KUHN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..sub-populations of Black MSM;the presentation of risk reduction activities within an explicit sexual health/harm reduction framework, an approach called for by practitioners and public health officials in recent years (Goldhanner &..
  37. ADOLESCENT TRAJECTORIES FOR HOMELESSNESS & RISK FOR HIV
    Norweeta Milburn; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..S. are proposed. Australia differs from the U.S. in policies of harm reduction, needle exchange, national programs for positive sexual health, and the organization and distribution of ..
  38. Brief Intervention to Reduce Injury in Minorities
    Raul Caetano; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..a randomized controlled trial of a brief alcohol intervention based upon motivational interviewing and harm reduction to reduce alcohol consumption and injury following admission to an emergency room or trauma department for ..
  39. Behavioral Economics of Help-seeking in AUD
    John McKellar; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..and varying modes of delivery (individual, telephone, internet, books) and varying goals (abstinence, harm reduction)...
  40. Preventing HIV Among IDUs in Yaroslavl Russia
    ROBERT BROADHEAD; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..HIV prevention was successfully demonstrated in a one- site study from 1996-1998, funded by the International Harm Reduction Development Program of the Open Society Institute, New York City...
  41. An Internet-Based Program for the Reduction and Prevention of High-Risk Drinking
    Andrea Paiva; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..b>Harm reduction programs that do focus on behavior change have not taken advantage of the Internet, a widely used, low- cost, ..
  42. LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF AIDS RISK AMONG DRUG USERS
    Merrill Singer; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..and relapse into high risk following a period of risk reduction; 2) to assess the impact of a theory driven harm reduction booster intervention against a comparison 'placebo' general health education track in promoting longer term ..
  43. SERVICE OUTREACH TO HOMELESS DRUG USERS
    Stephen Magura; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Narcotics Anonymous [NA]), alternative 12 step meetings (Recoveries Anonymous [RA]), and a low threshold, harm reduction group therapy (Education and Skills for Recovery); the latter two options will be offered directly by the ..
  44. ETIOLOGY OF SUBSTANCE USE IN AUSTRALIA /USA
    Richard Catalano; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..of substance use; Specifically, to examine the extent and effect of differences in normative messages of harm reduction versus abstinence in prevention programs and school policies; To test the comparative fit of the Social ..
  45. A Simulation of Tobacco Policy, Smoking and Lung Cancer
    David Levy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..7) Critically examine the methods that are traditionally used to project lung cancer deaths and determine how the estimates depend on the sensitivity to key parameters. ..
  46. Novel HIV Prevention for African American, Methamphetamine-Involved Male Couples
    Elwin Wu; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Donald McVinney from the Harm Reduction Coalition. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]
  47. CENTER FOR THE NEUROBEHAVIORAL STUDY OF ALCOHOL
    David Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..animal models of alcohol abuse and alcoholism to identify neurobiological factors as targets for prevention, harm reduction or treatment strategies related to the course of alcoholism...
  48. SOCIAL SUPPORT AND HIV RISK--WOMEN OFFENDERS IN RECOVERY
    GREGORY FALKIN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    In addition to harm reduction approaches, the combined process of drug- free treatment and recovery is a significant HIV risk reduction strategy for woman who inject drugs and engage in risky sexual activities...
  49. HOW MUCH DOES SHE REALLY DRINK? AN HMO INTERVENTION
    GABRIEL ESCOBAR; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program has implemented a substance abuse harm reduction program known as Early Start in 15 obstetrics clinics in California...
  50. The PARC Education Program for First DUIs: Two-Year Followup of 43,000 Offenders
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This harm reduction approach grows out of research on the reasons DUI offenders fail to avoid additional arrests for impaired ..
  51. HIV Risk and Neighborhood Networks of New IDUs
    Alan Neaigus; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..the transmission networks of new IDUs may also be influenced by neighborhood differences in the provision of harm reduction and other health services, as well as other differences in the social and physical environment of ..
  52. HIV Prevention for Dual Diagnosed Persons
    W Klinkenberg; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..cognitive-behavioral sexual risk reduction (CB); 2) CB + Health Education (HE); or 3) CB + substance use harm reduction (HR)...
  53. Party Drug Prevention for Youth
    Melodie Fearnow Kenney; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Prevention efforts to date include educational campaigns and harm reduction programs which are limited in scope and difficult to evaluate...
  54. Environmental Methods with Town and Greek Coalitions
    Frances Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..implementation of a complementary range of EM initiatives related to alcohol access, policy/law enforcement, harm reduction, and marketing/promotion (Specific Aims 1b and 2b)...
  55. MEASURING ELDER ALCOHOL USE AND HEALTH PUBLIC HOUSING
    Mark Sciegaj; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..associated use of emergency medical services by elders, (3) the effectiveness of alcohol risk management and harm reduction strategies for older persons...
  56. Support services for the Tobacco Harm Reduction Network
    Dorothy K Hatsukami; Fiscal Year: 2011
    This contract provides support services for the Tobacco Harm Reduction Network managed by the Tobacco Control Research Branch located within the NCI Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences.
  57. 11TH - 15TH ANNUAL MEETINGS AND SYMPOSIA
    Thomas Kosten; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The following six symposium topics have been selected for the 11th Annual Meeting: Harm Reduction: Defining It and Doing It Properly in Order to Reduce Harm; Pharmacologic Treatment of Comorbid Depression, ..
  58. A HARM REDUCTION APPROACH FOR REDUCING DWI RECIDIVISM
    Thomas Nochajski; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..offenders that includes the use of motivational interviewing strategies within the context of a comprehensive harm reduction approach focusing on decreasing future harm related to alcohol and drug use, including DWI recidivism...
  59. Family Process and HIV Risk Reduction in Young IDU's
    Lawrence Ouellet; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..the effects of involving parents in their children?s substance use intervention, including treatment and harm reduction. The purposes of the proposed study are to 1) determine the feasibility of involving parents in a three-..
  60. TOBACCO HARM REDUCTION NETWORK (THRN).
    Dorothy Hatsukami; Fiscal Year: 2010
    This contract is in support of activities conducted by the National Cancer Institute's DCCPS Tobacco Control Branch as part of the Tobacco Harm Reduction Network. "
  61. A NOVEL HARM REDUCTION APPROACH FOR RESISTANT SMOKERS
    VESTA BRUE; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Smoking reduction is increasingly recognized as a first step in moving refractory tobacco users toward harm reduction and later stages of change, including the ideal of abstinence...
  62. BEHAVIORAL MANAGEMENT AND STRESS RESPONSES IN HIV/AIDS
    Neil Schneiderman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..increased the need for psychosocial interventions that can concurrently facilitate drug adherence, promote harm reduction, decrease anxiety and depressed affect, improve quality of life, and explore possibilities for optimizing ..
  63. Behavioral Risk in Men Recruited Online
    Sabina Hirshfield; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..behavior(s) associated with HIV infection, potentially amenable to online education, prevention and/or harm reduction. Specific Aims: The specific aims include examining the association between drug and alcohol use and the ..