Genomes and Genes
Summary: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke from CANNABIS.
Publications222 found, 100 shown here
- Neurocognitive performance during acute THC intoxication in heavy and occasional cannabis usersJ G Ramaekers
Department of Neuropsychology and Psychopharmacology, Faculty of Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
J Psychopharmacol 23:266-77. 2009..These data indicate that cannabis use history strongly determines the behavioural response to single doses of THC...
- Moderation of the effect of adolescent-onset cannabis use on adult psychosis by a functional polymorphism in the catechol-O-methyltransferase gene: longitudinal evidence of a gene X environment interactionAvshalom Caspi
Social, Genetic, and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, United Kingdom
Biol Psychiatry 57:1117-27. 2005..The vast majority of cannabis users do not develop psychosis, however, prompting us to hypothesize that some people are genetically vulnerable to the deleterious effects of cannabis...
- Adverse health effects of non-medical cannabis useWayne Hall
School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Herston, QLD, Australia
Lancet 374:1383-91. 2009....
- Effects of chronic marijuana use on brain activity during monetary decision-makingJatin G Vaidya
Department of Psychiatry, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
Neuropsychopharmacology 37:618-29. 2012..Thus, chronic MJ users tend to strongly recruit neural circuitry involved in decision-making and reward processing (vmPFC), and probabilistic learning (cerebellum) when performing the IGT...
- A cluster of tuberculosis associated with use of a marijuana water pipeW J Munckhof
Infection Management Services, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba, Queensland, Australia
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 7:860-5. 2003..It was noted that marijuana water pipe ('bong') smoking was common amongst cases and contacts...
- High-risk behaviors associated with early smoking: results from a 5-year follow-upP L Ellickson
RAND, Santa Monica, California 90407-2138, USA
J Adolesc Health 28:465-73. 2001..Results suggest that substance use programs that target multiple problems in addition to smoking may be most effective for these high-risk adolescents...
- Neural substrates of faulty decision-making in abstinent marijuana usersKaren I Bolla
Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
Neuroimage 26:480-92. 2005..Finally, it is unclear if these neurologic findings will become progressively worse with continued heavy MJ use or if they will resolve with abstinence from MJ use...
- Understanding the relative influence of neighborhood, family, and youth on adolescent drug useDouglas A Wright
Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Rockville, Maryland 20857, USA
Subst Use Misuse 42:2159-71. 2007..We discuss the use of variance component methodology and the relevance for prevention programs...
- A cross-sectional examination of modifiable risk factors for chronic disease among a nationally representative sample of youth: are Canadian students graduating high school with a failing grade for health?Scott T Leatherdale
School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue, Waterloo ON, N2L 3G1, Canada
BMC Public Health 13:569. 2013..As such, the purpose of this study is to examine how many Canadian youth are currently failing to meet substance use and weight gain related public health guidelines...
- Chronic effects of cannabis use on the human reward system: an fMRI studyHendrika H Van Hell
Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Section Brain Function and Plasticity, University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 20:153-63. 2010..Our findings imply that chronic cannabis use as well as nicotine, may cause an altered brain response to rewarding stimuli...
- Medicinal and recreational marijuana use by patients infected with HIVMichelle D Furler
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
AIDS Patient Care STDS 18:215-28. 2004..The role of poverty in patient choice of medicinal marijuana despite access to care and the large proportion of women using marijuana for pain constitute areas for further study...
- Daily cannabis smoking as a risk factor for progression of fibrosis in chronic hepatitis CChristophe Hezode
Department of Hepatology and Gastroenterology, Hopital Henri Mondor, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Universite Paris XII, Creteil, France
Hepatology 42:63-71. 2005..In conclusion, daily cannabis smoking is significantly associated with fibrosis progression during CHC. Patients with ongoing CHC should be advised to refrain from regular cannabis use...
- The consumption of khat and other drugs in Somali combatants: a cross-sectional studyMichael Odenwald
PLoS Med 4:e341. 2007....
- Cannabidiol attenuates the appetitive effects of Delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol in humans smoking their chosen cannabisCelia J A Morgan
Clinical Psychopharmacology Unit, Research Department of Clinical, Health and Educational Psychology, University College London, London, UK
Neuropsychopharmacology 35:1879-85. 2010..Our findings suggest that CBD has potential as a treatment for cannabis dependence. The acute modulation of the incentive salience of drug cues by CBD may possibly generalize to a treatment for other addictive disorders...
- Alcohol, marijuana, and tobacco use patterns among youth in CanadaScott Thomas Leatherdale
Division of Preventive Oncology, Cancer Care Ontario, 620 University Avenue, Toronto, ON, Canada M5G 2L7
Cancer Causes Control 19:361-9. 2008..Such timely and relevant data are important for guiding future policy, programming, and surveillance activities...
- Clustering of smoking, alcohol drinking and cannabis use in adolescents in a rapidly developing countryDavid Faeh
University Institute for Social and Preventive Medicine, Lausanne, Switzerland
BMC Public Health 6:169. 2006..This study aims at examining the joint prevalence of these behaviors in adolescents in the Seychelles, a rapidly developing country in the Indian Ocean...
- The effect of cannabis compared with alcohol on drivingR Andrew Sewell
VA Connecticut Healthcare Yale University School of Medicine, West Haven, Connecticut, USA
Am J Addict 18:185-93. 2009..Future research should focus on resolving contradictions posed by previous studies, and patients who smoke cannabis should be counseled to wait several hours before driving, and avoid combining the two drugs...
- Cognitive and psychomotor effects in males after smoking a combination of tobacco and cannabis containing up to 69 mg delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)Claudine C Hunault
National Poisons Information Center, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
Psychopharmacology (Berl) 204:85-94. 2009..Acute cognitive and psychomotor effects of THC among recreational users after smoking cannabis cigarettes containing such high doses are unknown...
- Daily cannabis use: a novel risk factor of steatosis severity in patients with chronic hepatitis CChristophe Hezode
Department of Hepatology and Gastroenterology, Groupe Hospitalier Henri Mondor Albert Chenevier, Creteil, France
Gastroenterology 134:432-9. 2008..Two recent studies indicate that endocannabinoids promote experimental steatosis via activation of hepatic CB1 receptors. We therefore investigated the impact of cannabis smoking on steatosis severity during CHC...
- Cognition and motor control as a function of Delta9-THC concentration in serum and oral fluid: limits of impairmentJ G Ramaekers
Experimental Psychopharmacology Unit, Department of Neurocognition, Faculty of Psychology, Maastricht University, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
Drug Alcohol Depend 85:114-22. 2006..It is concluded that serum THC concentrations between 2 and 5 ng/ml establish the lower and upper range of a THC limit for impairment...
- Neuroimaging of marijuana smokers during inhibitory processing: a pilot investigationStaci A Gruber
Cognitive Neuroimaging Laboratory, Brain Imaging Center, McLean Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Belmont, MA 02478, USA
Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 23:107-18. 2005....
- Impact of cannabidiol on the acute memory and psychotomimetic effects of smoked cannabis: naturalistic study: naturalistic study [corrected]Celia J A Morgan
Clinical Psychopharmacology Unit, University College London, Gower St, London WC1E 6BT, UK
Br J Psychiatry 197:285-90. 2010..Street cannabis is known to contain varying levels of each cannabinoid...
- Influence of cannabis use on severity of hepatitis C diseaseJulie H Ishida
Department of Medicine, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 6:69-75. 2008..Complications of HCV infection are primarily related to the development of advanced fibrosis and whether cannabis use is a risk factor for more severe fibrosis is controversial...
- Effects of marijuana smoking on pulmonary function and respiratory complications: a systematic reviewJeanette M Tetrault
Clinical Epidemiology Research Center, Department of Veterans Affairs Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 950 Campbell Avenue, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
Arch Intern Med 167:221-8. 2007The relationship between marijuana smoking and pulmonary function or respiratory complications is poorly understood; therefore, we conducted a systematic review of the impact of marijuana smoking on pulmonary function and respiratory ..
- Is the party over? Cannabis and juvenile psychiatric disorder: the past 10 yearsJoseph M Rey
University of Sydney, Australia
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 43:1194-205. 2004..To critically review cannabis research during the past 10 years in relation to rates of use, behavioral problems, and mental disorders in young people...
- Implications of plasma Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol, 11-hydroxy-THC, and 11-nor-9-carboxy-THC concentrations in chronic cannabis smokersErin L Karschner
Chemistry and Drug Metabolism, Intramural Research Program, National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21224, USA
J Anal Toxicol 33:469-77. 2009..THC's presence in plasma for seven days of abstinence suggests its detection may not indicate recent use in daily cannabis users...
- Risk factors for oral cancer in newly diagnosed patients aged 45 years and younger: a case-control study in Southern EnglandC D Llewellyn
Department of Oral Medicine and Pathology, Guy s, King s and St Thomas Dental Institute, WHO Collaborating Centre for Oral Cancer and Precancer, King s College London, Denmark Hill Campus, London, UK
J Oral Pathol Med 33:525-32. 2004..This case-control study aimed to identify the risk factors for oral cancer in patients aged 45 years and under...
- Histopathologic and molecular alterations in bronchial epithelium in habitual smokers of marijuana, cocaine, and/or tobaccoS H Barsky
Department of Pathology, University of California, Los Angeles, USA
J Natl Cancer Inst 90:1198-205. 1998....
- Developmental epidemiology of drug use and abuse in adolescence and young adulthood: Evidence of generalized riskR H C Palmer
Institute for Behavioral Genetics, UCB 447 Boulder, CO 80309 0447, USA
Drug Alcohol Depend 102:78-87. 2009..Our data also confirm either a generalized risk or correlated risk factors for early onset substance use and subsequent development of SUDs...
- The association between marijuana smoking and lung cancer: a systematic reviewReena Mehra
Department of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 6003, USA
Arch Intern Med 166:1359-67. 2006The association between marijuana smoking and lung cancer is unclear, and a systematic appraisal of this relationship has yet to be performed...
- Emerging patterns of cannabis and other substance use in Aboriginal communities in Arnhem Land, Northern Territory: a study of two communitiesAlan R Clough
Menzies School of Health Research Darwin Northern Territory, Australia
Drug Alcohol Rev 23:381-90. 2004..Action is required to reduce cannabis use, especially in combination with other substances...
- Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation after recreational marijuana smoking: another "holiday heart"?Emmanuel Charbonney
Internal Medicine Department, University Hospital Geneva, Switzerland
Swiss Med Wkly 135:412-4. 2005..We report a case of paroxysmal AF after marijuana smoking in a 22 year old female with no other identifiable triggers and normal echocardiography...
- Marijuana use and car crash injuryStephanie Blows
The George Institute for International Health, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Addiction 100:605-11. 2005..To investigate the relationship between marijuana use prior to driving, habitual marijuana use and car crash injury...
- Tobacco and marijuana use among adolescents and young adults: a systematic review of their co-useDanielle E Ramo
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, 401 Parnassus Avenue, Box TRC 0984, San Francisco, CA 94114, USA
Clin Psychol Rev 32:105-21. 2012..A sufficient literature base has documented that TOB and MJ use are strongly related in young people, yet few consistent correlates and consequences of co-use have been identified to inform intervention targets...
- Tobacco and cannabis co-occurrence: does route of administration matter?Arpana Agrawal
Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, 660 S Euclid, CB 8134, St Louis, MO 63110, United States
Drug Alcohol Depend 99:240-7. 2009..Qualitative research suggests that a shared route of administration (i.e. via inhalation) for the common forms of both tobacco (i.e. cigarettes) and cannabis (i.e. joints) may contribute to their co-occurring use...
- Executive function deficits in short-term abstinent cannabis usersSue McHale
Brain, Behaviour and Cognition Group, Sheffield Hallam University, UK
Hum Psychopharmacol 23:409-15. 2008....
- Lung bullae and pulmonary fibrosis associated with marijuana smokingT D Phan
Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Monash Medical Centre, Clayton Road, Melbourne, Victoria 3168, Australia
Australas Radiol 49:411-4. 2005..These features can be associated with marijuana smoking. The differential diagnoses in this patient are also discussed.
- Drinking, cannabis use and driving among Ontario studentsEdward M Adlaf
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health and the Department of Public Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON
CMAJ 168:565-6. 2003..7% reported driving within an hour after using cannabis. Our study shows that a sizeable proportion of adolescents are exposed to alcohol- and drug-related driving risks...
- Driving under the influence of cannabis: a 10-year study of age and gender differences in the concentrations of tetrahydrocannabinol in bloodAlan W Jones
Department of Forensic Genetics and Forensic Toxicology, National Board of Forensic Medicine, Sweden
Addiction 103:452-61. 2008..This paper compares age, gender and the concentrations of THC in blood of individuals apprehended for driving under the influence of drugs (DUID) in Sweden, where a zero-tolerance law operates...
- Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) serum concentrations and pharmacological effects in males after smoking a combination of tobacco and cannabis containing up to 69 mg THCClaudine C Hunault
National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, P O Box 1, 3720 BA, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
Psychopharmacology (Berl) 201:171-81. 2008..55% THC cigarettes) is unknown. To be able to perform suitable exposure risk analysis, it is important to know if there is a linear relation at higher doses...
- Antinociceptive, subjective and behavioral effects of smoked marijuana in humansM K Greenwald
Behavioral Pharmacology Research Unit, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
Drug Alcohol Depend 59:261-75. 2000..Naltrexone did not significantly influence marijuana dose-effect curves, suggesting no role of endogenous opiates in marijuana-induced antinociception under these conditions...
- The relationship of cigars, marijuana, and blunts to adolescent bidi useCristine D Delnevo
Department of Health Education and Behavioral Science, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey School of Public Health, Newark, NJ, USA
Public Health Rep 121:603-8. 2006..Previous research suggests that bidi, cigar, and marijuana use may be interrelated, but to date, this hypothesis has not been empirically tested...
- Mediation of a preventive intervention's 6-year effects on health risk behaviorsAna C Soper
VA Northern California Healthcare System, USA
Psychol Addict Behav 24:300-10. 2010..Ways in which this study furthers our understanding of pathways through which evidence-based preventive interventions affect health risk behaviors are discussed...
- Impairment due to cannabis and ethanol: clinical signs and additive effectsJørgen G Bramness
Norwegian Centre for Addiction Research, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
Addiction 105:1080-7. 2010..The purpose of this study was to see how different clinical tests and observations were related to blood THC concentrations and to determine whether the combined influence of THC and ethanol was different from either drug alone...
- Cannabis use in Canada: the need for a 'public health' approachBenedikt Fischer
Centre for Applied Research in Mental Health and Addictions CARMHA, Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, BC, Canada
Can J Public Health 100:101-3. 2009..Given the large cannabis user population, especially among young people, and the failure of the criminalization approach to discourage use, a public health framework for cannabis use is urgently needed in Canada...
- Pharmacokinetic properties of delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol in oral fluid of occasional and chronic usersStefan W Toennes
Institute of Forensic Toxicology, University of Frankfurt, Kennedyallee 104, D 60596 Frankfurt Main, Germany
J Anal Toxicol 34:216-21. 2010..5) with no difference between chronic and occasional users. The large inter- and intraindividual variability observed precludes a reliable estimation of THC serum concentrations from oral fluid data using this collection device...
- Effects of acute smoked marijuana on complex cognitive performanceC L Hart
Division on Substance Abuse, New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 10032, USA
Neuropsychopharmacology 25:757-65. 2001Although the ability to perform complex cognitive operations is assumed to be impaired following acute marijuana smoking, complex cognitive performance after acute marijuana use has not been adequately assessed under experimental ..
- Cannabis use and outcome of recent onset psychosisAnton Grech
Department of Psychiatry, Mount Carmel Hospital, Malta
Eur Psychiatry 20:349-53. 2005..To test the hypothesis that recent onset psychotic patients who use cannabis will have psychotic symptoms that are more severe and more persistent than those who do not use cannabis...
- High-potency marijuana impairs executive function and inhibitory motor controlJohannes G Ramaekers
Experimental Psychopharmacology Unit, Department of Neurocognition, Faculty of Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Neuropsychopharmacology 31:2296-303. 2006..Use of higher doses of THC in controlled studies may offer a reliable indication of THC induced impairment as compared to lower doses of THC that have traditionally been used in performance studies...
- The natural course of cannabis use, abuse and dependence during the first decades of lifeAxel Perkonigg
Institute of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Technische Universitaet Dresden, Germany
Addiction 103:439-49; discussion 450-1. 2008..The current study estimated rates and risk factors associated with stability and variation in cannabis use patterns, cannabis abuse and cannabis dependence in a community sample over a 10-year period...
- Effects of alcohol and other drugs on driver performanceE J D Ogden
Centre for Drugs and Driving, Swinburne University of Technology, Australia
Traffic Inj Prev 5:185-98. 2004..No one test or group of tests currently meets the need for detecting and documenting impairment, either in the laboratory or at the roadside...
- Is alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis use as well as polydrug use increasing in France?Marie Choquet
National Institute of Health and Medical Research INSERM, U 472, 12 avenue Paul Vaillant Couturier, Villejuif 94807, France
Addict Behav 29:607-14. 2004..0); (3) among girls; (4) among youngsters aged 15 and more. In summary, these patterns of increase were quite different from those we expected for France, a wet and masculine culture...
- Real-world memory and executive processes in cannabis users and non-usersJ E Fisk
Department of Psychology, University of Central Lancashire, UK
J Psychopharmacol 22:727-36. 2008....
- Association of cannabis use with prodromal symptoms of psychosis in adolescenceJouko Miettunen
Department of Psychiatry, University of Oulu, PO Box 5000, 90014 University of Oulu, Finland
Br J Psychiatry 192:470-1. 2008..23; 95% CI 1.70-2.94). A dose-response effect was seen. We conclude that cannabis use is associated with prodromal symptoms of psychosis in adolescence...
- Associations between tobacco and cannabis use in remote indigenous populations in Northern AustraliaAlan R Clough
Menzies School of Health Research, Darwin, NT, Australia
Addiction 100:346-53. 2005..To assess whether cannabis use, recently taken up by many indigenous Australians in remote communities, has reinforced tobacco use...
- Cognitive and subjective dose-response effects of acute oral Delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in infrequent cannabis usersH Valerie Curran
Psychopharmacology Laboratories, Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1 6BT, UK
Psychopharmacology (Berl) 164:61-70. 2002....
- Early invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in a leukemia patient linked to aspergillus contaminated marijuana smokingM Szyper-Kravitz
Department of Medicine E, Sapir Medical Center-Meir Hospital, Kfar Saba, Tel-Aviv, Israel
Leuk Lymphoma 42:1433-7. 2001..Physicians should be aware of this potentially lethal complication of "hookah" and marijuana smoking in immunocompromised hosts.
- The relation between childhood proactive and reactive aggression and substance use initiationPaula J Fite
Department of Psychology, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA
J Abnorm Child Psychol 36:261-71. 2008..However, high levels of reactive aggression that did not lead to peer rejection were negatively associated with risk for initiation of tobacco and marijuana use. Implications for intervention are discussed...
- Reliability and validity of self-reported smoking in an anonymous online survey with young adultsDanielle E Ramo
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, 401 Parnassus Avenue, Box TRC 0984, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
Health Psychol 30:693-701. 2011..The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of self-reported smoking and smoking-related cognitions obtained from an online survey...
- Modulation of the effects of alcohol on driving-related psychomotor skills by chronic exposure to cannabisA Wright
School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
Psychopharmacology (Berl) 160:213-9. 2002....
- Increases in alcohol and marijuana use during the transition out of high school into emerging adulthood: The effects of leaving home, going to college, and high school protective factorsHelene Raskin White
Center of Alcohol Studies, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 607 Allison Road, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854 8001, USA
J Stud Alcohol 67:810-22. 2006..We also examined how protective factors in late adolescence predict post-high school substance use and moderate the effects of leaving home and going to college...
- Misperceptions of college student marijuana use: implications for preventionJason R Kilmer
The Evergreen State College, 2700 Evergreen Parkway NW Seminar 14130, Olympia, Washington 98505, USA
J Stud Alcohol 67:277-81. 2006..It was hypothesized that students would overestimate the marijuana use of students in general and that perceptions about the prevalence of marijuana use would be related to drug-related consequences...
- Comparison of smoked marijuana and oral Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol in humansCarl L Hart
Division on Substance Abuse, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA
Psychopharmacology (Berl) 164:407-15. 2002..Yet, there has been no systematic comparison of repeated doses of oral delta(9)-THC with repeated doses of smoked marijuana in the same individuals...
- Contributions of the social context to the development of adolescent substance use: a multivariate latent growth modeling approachS C Duncan
Oregon Research Institute, Eugene 97403, USA
Drug Alcohol Depend 50:57-71. 1998..Inept parental monitoring, parent-child conflict, peer deviance, academic failure, gender, and age, were significant predictors of initial levels and the trajectory of substance use...
- Comparative effects of alcohol and marijuana on mood, memory, and performanceS J Heishman
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
Pharmacol Biochem Behav 58:93-101. 1997..These data are useful for understanding the relative performance impairment produced by alcohol and marijuana at the delivered doses and the relationship between their subjective and behavioral effects...
- Some go without a cigarette: characteristics of cannabis users who have never smoked tobaccoJ C Suris
Research Group on Adolescent Health, Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:1042-7. 2007..To estimate the prevalence of youth who use cannabis but have never been tobacco smokers and to assess the characteristics that differentiate them from those using both substances or neither substance...
- Cannabis use and psychosis: a longitudinal population-based studyJ van Os
Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, European Graduate School of Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Am J Epidemiol 156:319-27. 2002..001). Results confirm previous suggestions that cannabis use increases the risk of both the incidence of psychosis in psychosis-free persons and a poor prognosis for those with an established vulnerability to psychotic disorder...
- Cannabis as a risk factor for psychosis: systematic reviewDavid M Semple
Division of Psychiatry, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
J Psychopharmacol 19:187-94. 2005..Addressing cannabis use, particularly in vulnerable populations, is likely to have beneficial effects on psychiatric morbidity...
- Natural mentors and adolescent resiliency: a study with urban youthMarc A Zimmerman
School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109 2029, USA
Am J Community Psychol 30:221-43. 2002..Direct and indirect (mediated) effects of natural mentors are explored for problem behaviors and school attitudes. The potential importance of natural mentors is supported, and implications for future research are considered...
- Marijuana smoking vs cannabinoids for glaucoma therapyK Green
Department of Ophthalmology, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, USA
Arch Ophthalmol 116:1433-7. 1998..A perspective is given on the use of marijuana and the cannabinoids in the treatment of glaucoma...
- Epidemiologic review of marijuana use and cancer riskMia Hashibe
International Agency for Research on Cancer, 69008 Lyon, France
Alcohol 35:265-75. 2005..In the cohort studies, increased risks of lung or colorectal cancer due to marijuana smoking were not observed, but increased risks of prostate and cervical cancers among non-tobacco smokers, as well ..
- Separate and combined effects of marijuana and alcohol on mood, equilibrium and simulated drivingAnthony Liguori
Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
Psychopharmacology (Berl) 163:399-405. 2002..However, the extent to which the drugs have additive effects on both of these measures is unknown...
- School-level substance use: effects on early adolescents' alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana useSylvie Mrug
Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, CH 415, 1530 3rd Avenue South, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 1170, USA
J Stud Alcohol Drugs 71:488-95. 2010..This study examined school-wide levels of alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use in relation to early adolescents' substance use and the role of peer deviance and parenting practices as modifiers of school-level effects...
- Respiratory and immunologic consequences of marijuana smokingDonald P Tashkin
Deportment of Medicine, UCLA School of Medicine, 90095 1690, USA
J Clin Pharmacol 42:71S-81S. 2002..The potential for marijuana smoking to predispose to the development of respiratory malignancy is suggested by several lines of evidence, ..
- Economic and cultural correlates of cannabis use among mid-adolescents in 31 countriesTom ter Bogt
Trimbos Institute, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Addiction 101:241-51. 2006..Country characteristics were derived from publicly available economic databases and previously conducted cross-national surveys on substance use...
- Cannabis and driving: a new perspectiveCarl J O'Kane
Health Promotion Unit, Central Coast Health, PO Box 361, Gosford, New South Wales 2250, Australia
Emerg Med (Fremantle) 14:296-303. 2002..A review of testing methods, laboratory and real driving studies, and recent epidemiological studies is presented. Suggestions for methods of further data collection and future public policy are made...
- Adolescents' beliefs about marijuana use: a comparison of regular users, past users and never/occasional usersBernard Plancherel
University Psychiatric Clinic for Children and Adolescents, Lausanne, Switzerland
J Drug Educ 35:131-46. 2005..The latter attribute more negative consequences to marijuana use such as diminished driving ability and school performance and a pathway to hard drugs...
- Alcohol and cannabis use in Urban, African American, first-episode schizophrenia-spectrum patients: associations with positive and negative symptomsMichael T Compton
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
J Clin Psychiatry 68:1939-45. 2007....
- The epidemiology of alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine use among Mexican American, Puerto Rican, Cuban American, and other Latin American eighth-grade students in the United States: 1991-2002Jorge Delva
Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, Room 2344, PO Box 1248, 426 Thompson St, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
Am J Public Health 95:696-702. 2005..We compared trends in and correlates of marijuana use, cocaine use, and heavy alcohol use for adolescents of Mexican American, Puerto Rican, Cuban, and other Latin American heritage in the United States...
- Marijuana use motives: concurrent relations to frequency of past 30-day use and anxiety sensitivity among young adult marijuana smokersMarcel O Bonn-Miller
The University of Vermont, Department of Psychology, 2 Colchester Avenue, John Dewey Hall, Burlington, VT 05405 0134, USA
Addict Behav 32:49-62. 2007..These results are discussed in relation to the clinical implications of better understanding the role of motivation for marijuana use among emotionally vulnerable young adults...
- Young adult smoker risk perceptions of traditional cigarettes and nontraditional tobacco productsPatricia A Richter
Office on Smoking and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway NE, MS K 50, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
Am J Health Behav 30:302-12. 2006..To explore risk perceptions of traditional and nontraditional tobacco products (NTPs) among young adult smokers...
- Cannabis and psychosis: what is the link?Mohamed Ben Amar
Faculties of Continuing Education and Graduate Studies, University of Montreal, Quebec, Canada
J Psychoactive Drugs 39:131-42. 2007..This conclusion should be mitigated by uncertainty arising from cannabis use assessment, psychosis measurement, reverse causality and control of residual confounding...
- Effects of cannabis on pulmonary structure, function and symptomsSarah Aldington
Medical Research Institute of New Zealand, P O Box 10055, Wellington 6143, New Zealand
Thorax 62:1058-63. 2007....
- Escalation and initiation of younger adolescents' substance use: the impact of perceived peer useELIZABETH J D'AMICO
RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California 90407 2138, USA
J Adolesc Health 39:481-7. 2006..The current study assessed the impact of peer influence on both initiation and escalation of cigarette, alcohol, and marijuana use among sixth, seventh, and eighth graders...
- Promoting healthy choices: the importance of differentiating between ordinary and high risk cannabis use among high-school studentsJennifer E Butters
Centre for Urban Health Initiatives, The University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Subst Use Misuse 40:845-55. 2005..The implications for health promotion initiatives in the school are discussed...
- The clustering of risk behaviors among Caribbean youthSally Ann Ohene
Center for Adolescent Health and Development, University of Minnesota, 200 Oak Street, SE, Suite 260, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
Matern Child Health J 9:91-100. 2005..To examine the relationships among risk behaviors for Caribbean youth; and to determine the correlations between initiation of sexual activity and other risk behaviors...
- Potentially modifiable psychosocial factors associated with alcohol use during early adolescencePeter W Callas
Medical Biostatistics, University of Vermont, Hills Building, 105 Carrigan Drive, Burlington 05405, USA
Addict Behav 29:1503-15. 2004..Modifiable perceptions of alcohol use were strongly associated with actual use in this adolescent sample, providing a basis for intervention program design...
- Relations between normative beliefs and initiation intentions toward cigarette, alcohol and marijuanaR Scott Olds
Health Promotion Program, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio 44242, USA
J Adolesc Health 37:75. 2005..To examine the relations between normative beliefs and intentions to initiate cigarette, alcohol, and marijuana use among adolescents reporting no prior use...
- First cannabis use: does onset shift to younger ages? Findings from 1988 to 2003 from the Dutch National School Survey on Substance UseKarin Monshouwer
Trimbos Institute Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction, 3500 VJ Utrecht, The Netherlands
Addiction 100:963-70. 2005..To investigate the hypothesis that changes in cannabis prevalence among Dutch secondary school students (aged 12-17 years) were paralleled by shifts in the age of first cannabis use...
- 'You can't go without a fag...you need it for your hash'--a qualitative exploration of smoking, cannabis and young peopleAmanda Amos
Public Health Sciences, Edinburgh University, Edinburgh, UK
Addiction 99:77-81. 2004..To examine the relationship between smoking tobacco and cannabis use among smokers in their mid-to-late teens...
- Pneumorachis and pneumomediastinum caused by repeated Müller's maneuvers: complications of marijuana smokingE Hazouard
Department of Pneumology, INSERM EMI U 00 10, Bretonneau University Hospital, Tours, France
Ann Emerg Med 38:694-7. 2001..High-concentration oxygen therapy to achieve nitrogen washout was used...
- Cannabis use and dependence among Australian adults: results from the National Survey of Mental Health and WellbeingW Swift
Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Australia
Addiction 96:737-48. 2001..To examine: (i) the prevalence of cannabis use and DSM-IV cannabis dependence among Australian adults, and (ii) correlates of level of cannabis involvement...
- Cannabis users in the general Canadian populationA C Ogborne
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, London, Ontario, Canada
Subst Use Misuse 35:301-11. 2000..The association between regular cannabis use, "heavy" drinking, and other risk behaviors poses challenges to prevention and harm-reduction initiatives...
- Marijuana use and increased risk of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neckZ F Zhang
Department of Epidemiology, University of California at Los Angeles School of Public Health, and Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, 90095 1772, USA
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 8:1071-8. 1999..The results need to be interpreted with some caution in drawing causal inferences because of certain methodological limitations, especially with regard to interactions...
- Psychological and social sequelae of cannabis and other illicit drug use by young people: a systematic review of longitudinal, general population studiesJohn Macleod
Department of Primary Care and General Practice, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
Lancet 363:1579-88. 2004..Past reviews have generally been non-systematic, have often included cross-sectional data, and have underappreciated the extent of methodological problems associated with interpretation...
- Marijuana use and risk of oral squamous cell carcinomaKarin A Rosenblatt
Department of Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, Illinois, USA
Cancer Res 64:4049-54. 2004..Marijuana use was not associated with OSCC risk in this large, population-based study...
- Legalization of marijuana: potential impact on youthAlain Joffe
Pediatrics 113:e632-8. 2004..Recommendations are included in the accompanying policy statement...
- Associations between past alcohol, cannabis, and cocaine use and current schizotypy among first-degree relatives of patients with schizophrenia and non-psychiatric controlsMichael T Compton
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, 30303, GA, USA
Psychiatr Q 80:143-54. 2009..More frequent/heavier use of alcohol in the 25-29 age-range, and cannabis in early adulthood, were associated with more schizotypy. The use of addictive substances, particularly cannabis, is related to schizotypy in complex ways...
- Genotype effects of CHRNA7, CNR1 and COMT in schizophrenia: interactions with tobacco and cannabis useStanley Zammit
Department of Psychological Medicine, Cardiff University, Heath Park, Cardiff, UK
Br J Psychiatry 191:402-7. 2007..Genetic variations might modify associations between schizophrenia and cannabis or tobacco use...
- The cigar as a drug delivery device: youth use of bluntsStephen Soldz
Social Science Research and Evaluation, Inc and Boston Graduate School of Psychoanalysis, Boston, MA, USA
Addiction 98:1379-86. 2003..We investigated rates of blunt use; whether cigar use reported in surveys may actually be blunt use; the relationship of blunt to cigar use; characteristics of blunt users; brands of cigars used to make blunts; and drugs added to blunts...
- Cannabis use for chronic non-cancer pain: results of a prospective surveyMark A Ware
McGill University Health Center, Pain Center, Montreal General Hospital, Room D10 137, 1650 Cedar Avenue, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3G 1A4
Pain 102:211-6. 2003..Clinical trials of cannabis for chronic non-cancer pain are warranted...
- Behavioral Economic Analysis of Medical Marijuana Use in HIV+ PatientsMark K Greenwald; Fiscal Year: 2013..and recreational users;12/group from Aim 1), conduct a laboratory-based, double blind, placebo-controlled, marijuana smoking evaluation (cumulative 0, 4, 8 and 12 puffs from 3.5% delta 9-THC cigarettes)...
- Evaluation of harmful effects of cannabis smoke on vascular endothelial functionMATTHEW LAWRENCE SPRINGER; Fiscal Year: 2012..One of the most pervasive, yet unsubstantiated, public beliefs surrounding marijuana smoking is that its effects on its smokers and bystanders alike are benign relative to the effects of tobacco...
- Pharmacotherapy of Cannabinoid Withdrawal: Pre-Clinical StudiesLance R McMahon; Fiscal Year: 2010..of daily marijuana users experience withdrawal upon discontinuation of use, which is reported to drive marijuana smoking. Pharmacotherapy of marijuana withdrawal is associated with decreased relapse to marijuana use in the ..
- Treatment of Cannabinoid Withdrawal in Rhesus MonkeysLance R McMahon; Fiscal Year: 2013..Withdrawal that occurs in over one-half of daily marijuana users is responsible, in part, for marijuana smoking. However, cannabinoids in marijuana produce a variety of therapeutic effects (analgesic and anti-emetic ..
- OCULAR CANNABINOID EFFECTSGregory Liou; Fiscal Year: 2001..Recent legislation allows medicinal marijuana smoking and laws exist permitting marijuana research in disease treatment...
- COCAINE EXPOSED INFANTS--CARDIAC PROBLEMS AND OUTCOMESudhir Mehta; Fiscal Year: 2001..exposed to cocaine during pregnancy; because of the widespread concurrent use of alcohol, cigarette and marijuana smoking among these mothers, these infants will be included under Group l...
- QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF A METHOD DEVELOPMENT FOR CANNC Cook; Fiscal Year: 2000..related compounds is required for a variety of studies involving pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of marijuana smoking, pharmacology and toxicology of cannabinoids, and other drugs of abuse...
- Cannabis Dependence: Imaging and Medication DevelopmentScott Lukas; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- EFFECTS OF MARIJUANA ON EARLY PREGNANCYSUDHANSU DEY; Fiscal Year: 1999..One of the major concerns, among many central and peripheral effects of habitual marijuana smoking or exposure to cannabinoid derivatives, is their reported adverse effects on reproductive functions, ..
- POLYDRUG ABUSE-IMAGING AND BEHAVIORScott Lukas; Fiscal Year: 2006..Results of these studies may also reveal why cue-induced craving has not been a good predictor of relapse as there may be significant cross generalization among the cues that can trigger relapse in successfully treated patients. ..
- MARIJUANA SMOKING: BEHAVIORAL AND BIOLOGICAL EFFECTSMaxine Stitzer; Fiscal Year: 1993b>Marijuana smoking has been implicated as a risk factor in cancer due to the known carcinogens in marijuana smoke. However, dosage exposure is very difficult to quantitate with an agent administered via the inhalation route...
- NICE (Neurocognitive Index of Cannabis Effects) SystemAlan Gevins; Fiscal Year: 2002..is currently no standard means for assessing the cognitive and neurophysiological changes resulting from marijuana smoking. Accordingly, we propose to develop a self-contained device, the NICE (Neurocognitive Index of Cannabis ..
- Brief Interventions for nicotine and cannabis useThomas Babor; Fiscal Year: 2007..of the study are to answer the following questions: 1) Does exposure to smoking cessation therapy reduce marijuana smoking? 2) Does a marijuana-specific BI reduce marijuana use following smoking cessation therapy? 3) Does the more ..
- Medication Development for Marijuana RelapseMargaret Haney; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- NOVEL COCAINE PHARMACOTHERAPIES: LAB STUDIESMargaret Haney; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- THC AND MARIJUANA--EFFECTS IN INDIVIDUALS WITH HIV/AIDSMargaret Haney; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- DRUGS OF ABUSE AND HUMAN AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIORScott D Lane; Fiscal Year: 2010..The results of such studies may guide and supplement future clinical studies aimed at the suppression of human aggression, which may in turn impact other impulse problem behaviors. ..
- Mechanisms in Risk Taking: Disinhibitory Drugs of AbuseSCOTT LANE; Fiscal Year: 2006..Quantitative analyses of behavior patterns will be used to identify factors that may mediate this relationship. ..
- MARIJUANA EFFECTS ON BASIC BEHAVIORAL MECHANISMSSCOTT LANE; Fiscal Year: 2004..Collectively, these studies are designed to help elucidate the effects of marijuana on basic learning mechanisms, and the role of marijuana in the etiology of socially detrimental behavior. ..
- Longitudinal Patterns and Predictors of Smoking BehaviorJanet Audrain McGovern; Fiscal Year: 2008..Results from this study can be used to inform the timing, level, type, and specific target of smoking interventions. ..
- A Behavioral Economic Approach to Smoking CessationJanet Audrain McGovern; Fiscal Year: 2007..g., adolescents, older adults) and to other contexts (e.g., prevention). ..
- Childhood Predictors and Consequences of Adult SmokingJudith Brook; Fiscal Year: 2008..Identification of childhood and adolescent factors that can lessen or compensate for the impact of tobacco use on later functioning would provide additional aids for effective prevention and treatment efforts. ..
- HEALTH PROMOTION FOR WOMEN AT RISK FOR BREAST CANCERJanet Audrain McGovern; Fiscal Year: 2002..The information obtained from this project should be applicable to groups at high risk for developing other cancers (e.g., colon cancer). ..
- Childhood Determinants of Adolescent / Adult Drug UseJudith S Brook; Fiscal Year: 2010..Identification of childhood and adolescent factors that can exacerbate the impact of substance use consequences on later adult functioning would provide additional information necessary for effective treatment efforts. ..
- Distal Lung Inflammation Effect on Asthma ExacerbationsDonald Tashkin; Fiscal Year: 2008..This study has the potential to clarify the contribution of the "silent zone" to the persistent morbidity encountered with asthma. ..
- Drug Effects on Behavior: Workplace ImplicationsCarl Hart; Fiscal Year: 2008..Together, the data from the proposed studies will have substantial public health impact and will serve both educational and public policy functions. ..
- Intranasal Methamphetamine: A Pharmacotherapy ModelCarl Hart; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- SCLERODERMA LUNG STUDYDonald Tashkin; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- LUNG HEALTH STUDY--LONG TERM FOLLOW UPDonald Tashkin; Fiscal Year: 2002..All ten of the original LHS clinical centers plan to participate in this study. To minimize bias, all surviving participants of the LHS will be invited to participate, giving a potential sample size of 5600. ..
- Marijuana and Mood: Frontal Predictors of BehaviorStaci Gruber; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Marijuana's Acute Effects on Risk Taking, Sexual/HIV risk, and ImpulsivityJane Metrik; Fiscal Year: 2009..This research may help understand the process of risk taking and making impulsive decisions by separating the actual drug effects from those of placebo and beliefs about marijuana. ..
- ACUTE MARIJUANA EFFECTS ON REGIONAL CEREBRAL BLOOD FLOWDANIEL O LEARY; Fiscal Year: 2007..Finally, cognitive tasks requiring self-paced timing and other putative cerebellar functions will be used to assess the functional consequences of cerebellar hypoperfusion in chronic users of marijuana. ..
- Pulmonary Mitochondrial Injury Caused by TetrahydrocannabinolTheodore Sarafian; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- INTERPERSONAL CONTEXT OF HIV RISK IN IMPOVERISHED WOMENJoan Tucker; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Prenatal Cannabis & Cigarette Exposure - OutcomePeter Fried; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Panic and Smoking CessationMichael Zvolensky; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Sensitivity to Emotional DistressMichael Zvolensky; Fiscal Year: 2002..Findings from this investigation should result in improved methods of identifying smokers at-risk for early lapse, so that they may be targeted for nicotine dependence treatments that will meet their specific needs. ..
- Frontal Neural Mechanisms and Risk for Substance AbuseStaci Gruber; Fiscal Year: 2003..Additionally, findings from this project will provide the foundation for future grant applications aimed at examining the role of the prefrontal cortex in substance abuse. ..
- Anxiety Sensitivity and SmokingMichael Zvolensky; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Social Control and Well-Being Among Older AdultsJoan Tucker; Fiscal Year: 2002..The ultimate goal of this line of research is to design effective and age-appropriate interventions that utilize social networks to encourage engagement in healthy behavior. ..
- DRUGS USE, SOCIAL CONTEXT, AND HIV RISK IN HOMELESS YOUTHJoan S Tucker; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Smoking and Panic VulnerabilityMichael Zvolensky; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Treatment Utilization for Alcohol-Related ProblemsLi Tzy Wu; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- A BRIEF ALCOHOL INTERVENTION FOR INCARCERATED WOMENMichael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2007..If effective, this brief alcohol intervention can be readily integrated into existing programs for incarcerated women who will soon be reintegrating into the community. ..
- MENTAL HEALTH AND BEHAVIOR IN ADOLESCENT STD PREVENTIONLydia Shrier; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Inhalant Use/Dependence: Incidence and ComorbidityLi Tzy Wu; Fiscal Year: 2005..Gaps in our knowledge of the natural course of inhalant use will be specified for future research. ..
- Extended Release Mixed Amphetamine Salts for Adult ADHD and Cocaine DependenceFrances Rudnick Levin; Fiscal Year: 2010..Here a nearly unique opportunity exists to treat two conditions, ADHD and cocaine dependence, with a single medication, hopefully leading to improved treated outcome in this difficult-to-treat population. ..
- Self-control and alcohol problems: Psychological mechanismsJeffrey S Simons; Fiscal Year: 2010..To enhance understanding of alcohol disorder etiology, a theory-based, multi-level model of self control, goal-setting, and alcohol consumption and use disorder symptoms will be tested. ..
- 7th International Conference on Urban HealthDavid Vlahov; Fiscal Year: 2008..In particular, the environmental health impacts urbanization and urban areas affect a growing proportion of the world's population. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Mental health in NYC after WTC disasterDavid Vlahov; Fiscal Year: 2005..e., n=2000 for final cohort). We will use multivariable analyses and hierarchical modeling to address key research hypotheses in this proposal. ..
- Antidepressants During Office-based BuprenorphineMichael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2008..The focus of this study, the evaluation of combinations of medications, to treat substance-related disorders, fits squarely within the emphasis of this RFA. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- A Brief Marijuana Intervention for Adolescent WomenMichael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2008..If effective, this brief marijuana intervention can be readily integrated into existing women's primary care sites. ..
- SOCIAL INFLUENCES ON ADOLESCENT ALCOHOL USE DEVELOPMENTSusan Duncan; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Cannabinoids, Neural Synchrony and Information ProcessingDEEPAK D SOUZA; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Combined Pharmacotherapies for Cocaine DependenceFrances Levin; Fiscal Year: 2008..3. To explore a set of related secondary outcomes (treatment retention, global functioning, and HIV risk behavior) as well as moderators and mediators potentially reflective of mechanism of action. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Expanded Syringe Access Program--NY EvaluationDavid Vlahov; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Smoking Cessation Among Methadone Maintained PatientsMichael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2005..A3. To test the effects of the treatments on methadone treatment outcomes including methadone dose changes and continued use of illicit drugs, as measured by urine toxicologies. ..
- Sleep Disturbance in Marijuana WithdrawalKaren Bolla; Fiscal Year: 2004..New treatments for alleviating the unpleasant symptoms of marijuana withdrawal would likely increase the number of heavy marijuana users who successfully complete treatment. ..
- Motivation and Attention in Marijuana Use and WithdrawalAnthony Liguori; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..