infant behavior

Summary

Summary: Any observable response or action of a neonate or infant up through the age of 23 months.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Effects of infant risk status and maternal psychological distress on maternal-infant interactions during the first year of life
    Lynn T Singer
    Departments of Pediatrics and General Medical Sciences, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    J Dev Behav Pediatr 24:233-41. 2003
  2. pmc Out of the mouths of babes: vocal production in infant siblings of children with ASD
    Rhea Paul
    Yale Child Study Center, USA Southern Connecticut State University, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 52:588-98. 2011
  3. ncbi Relationships among infant sleep patterns, maternal fatigue, and development of depressive symptomatology
    Cindy Lee Dennis
    Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Birth 32:187-93. 2005
  4. ncbi The effect of age of introduction to lumpy solids on foods eaten and reported feeding difficulties at 6 and 15 months
    K Northstone
    J Hum Nutr Diet 14:43-54. 2001
  5. pdf The development of siblings of children with autism at 4 and 14 months: social engagement, communication, and cognition
    Nurit Yirmiya
    Department of Psychology and School of Education, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Mount Scopus, Israel
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 47:511-23. 2006
  6. ncbi Parental responses to infant crying and colic: the effect on breastfeeding duration
    Cynthia R Howard
    Department of Pediatrics, The University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York 14621, USA
    Breastfeed Med 1:146-55. 2006
  7. ncbi The calming effect of a maternal breast milk odor on the human newborn infant
    Shota Nishitani
    Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, Unit of Basic Medical Sciences, Course of Medical and Dental Sciences, Nagasaki University, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, 1 12 4 Sakamoto, Nagasaki 852 8523, Japan
    Neurosci Res 63:66-71. 2009
  8. pmc Prenatal mood disturbance predicts sleep problems in infancy and toddlerhood
    Thomas G O'Connor
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester Medical Center, 300 Crittenden Blvd, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
    Early Hum Dev 83:451-8. 2007
  9. ncbi Intrauterine growth restriction affects the preterm infant's hippocampus
    Gregory A Lodygensky
    Department of Pediatrics, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Pediatr Res 63:438-43. 2008
  10. ncbi Early dyadic patterns of mother-infant interactions and outcomes of prematurity at 18 months
    Margarita Forcada-Guex
    Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Lausanne, Switzerland
    Pediatrics 118:e107-14. 2006

Research Grants

  1. Massaging Preterm Infants Enhances Growth
    Tiffany Field; Fiscal Year: 2006
  2. Prenatal Depression and a Yoga Intervention
    Tiffany M Field; Fiscal Year: 2010
  3. Neurohormonal Effects of Massage Therapy
    Tiffany Field; Fiscal Year: 2007
  4. ALCOHOL EFFECT ON HUMAN LACTATION AND INFANT BEHAVIOR
    JULIE MENNELLA; Fiscal Year: 2007
  5. Resilience in Children
    Barry Lester; Fiscal Year: 2006
  6. FUNCTIONAL SIGNIFICANCE OF EARLY IRON DEFICIENCY
    Betsy Lozoff; Fiscal Year: 2008
  7. Video Technologies for Neonatal Seizures
    NICOLAOS KARAYIANNIS; Fiscal Year: 2004
  8. Maternal Opioid Treatment: Human Experimental Research
    Barry Lester; Fiscal Year: 2009
  9. FETAL NEUROBEHAVIORAL DEVELOPMENT & POSTNATAL CONTINUITY
    JANET DI PIETRO; Fiscal Year: 2007
  10. PARENTING AND INFANT DEVELOPMENT IN ALCOHOLIC FAMILIES
    RINA EIDEN; Fiscal Year: 2009

Detail Information

Publications226 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Effects of infant risk status and maternal psychological distress on maternal-infant interactions during the first year of life
    Lynn T Singer
    Departments of Pediatrics and General Medical Sciences, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    J Dev Behav Pediatr 24:233-41. 2003
    ..Because maternal distress is more prevalent in mothers of VLBW infants postpartum, intervention efforts should focus on assessment of maternal distress and the challenges posed by the interactive behaviors of VLBW infants...
  2. pmc Out of the mouths of babes: vocal production in infant siblings of children with ASD
    Rhea Paul
    Yale Child Study Center, USA Southern Connecticut State University, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 52:588-98. 2011
    ..Language development is usually delayed in children with ASD. The present study examines the development of pre-speech vocal behavior in infants at risk for ASD due to the presence of an older sibling with the disorder...
  3. ncbi Relationships among infant sleep patterns, maternal fatigue, and development of depressive symptomatology
    Cindy Lee Dennis
    Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Birth 32:187-93. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to examine relationships among infant sleep patterns, maternal fatigue, and the development of postpartum depression in women with no major depressive symptomatology at 1 week postpartum...
  4. ncbi The effect of age of introduction to lumpy solids on foods eaten and reported feeding difficulties at 6 and 15 months
    K Northstone
    J Hum Nutr Diet 14:43-54. 2001
    ..The study aimed to document the dietary patterns of infants and determine the development of feeding difficulties as perceived by the mother according to the age at which lumpy solids were introduced into the diet...
  5. pdf The development of siblings of children with autism at 4 and 14 months: social engagement, communication, and cognition
    Nurit Yirmiya
    Department of Psychology and School of Education, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Mount Scopus, Israel
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 47:511-23. 2006
    ..To compare siblings of children with autism (SIBS-A) and siblings of children with typical development (SIBS-TD) at 4 and 14 months of age...
  6. ncbi Parental responses to infant crying and colic: the effect on breastfeeding duration
    Cynthia R Howard
    Department of Pediatrics, The University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York 14621, USA
    Breastfeed Med 1:146-55. 2006
    ..Breastfeeding is recognized as an effective method of calming infants, but the relationship of colic and the use of breastfeeding to remedy infant crying have not been tested for any effects on breastfeeding duration...
  7. ncbi The calming effect of a maternal breast milk odor on the human newborn infant
    Shota Nishitani
    Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, Unit of Basic Medical Sciences, Course of Medical and Dental Sciences, Nagasaki University, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, 1 12 4 Sakamoto, Nagasaki 852 8523, Japan
    Neurosci Res 63:66-71. 2009
    ..These results suggest that pain is relieved in human newborns when they are exposed to odors from their mother's milk...
  8. pmc Prenatal mood disturbance predicts sleep problems in infancy and toddlerhood
    Thomas G O'Connor
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester Medical Center, 300 Crittenden Blvd, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
    Early Hum Dev 83:451-8. 2007
    ..Experimental animal data link prenatal stress with sleep disturbance in offspring, but the link in humans is unclear...
  9. ncbi Intrauterine growth restriction affects the preterm infant's hippocampus
    Gregory A Lodygensky
    Department of Pediatrics, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Pediatr Res 63:438-43. 2008
    ..We conclude that hippocampal development in IUGR is altered and might result from a combination of maternal corticosteroid hormone exposure, hypoxemia, and micronutrient deficiency...
  10. ncbi Early dyadic patterns of mother-infant interactions and outcomes of prematurity at 18 months
    Margarita Forcada-Guex
    Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Lausanne, Switzerland
    Pediatrics 118:e107-14. 2006
    ..The second purpose was to examine the potential impact of these dyadic patterns on the infant's behavioral and developmental outcomes at 18 months of corrected age...
  11. ncbi The preservation of two infant temperaments into adolescence
    Jerome Kagan
    Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Monogr Soc Res Child Dev 72:1-75, vii; discussion 76-91. 2007
  12. ncbi Prematurity, maternal stress and mother-child interactions
    Carole Muller-Nix
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University Hospital Lausanne, Avenue Pierre Decker 5, Lausanne 1011, Switzerland
    Early Hum Dev 79:145-58. 2004
    ..Few studies have explored the relationship between maternal stress and the quality of parent-infant interaction...
  13. ncbi Neonatal urinary cotinine correlates with behavioral alterations in newborns prenatally exposed to tobacco smoke
    Giuseppina Mansi
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, University Federico II, 80010 Naples, Italy
    Pediatr Res 61:257-61. 2007
    ..364). Neonatal behavior can be significantly altered in a dose-dependent manner even after modest prenatal exposure to tobacco smoke...
  14. ncbi Probiotics to prevent or treat excessive infant crying: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Valerie Sung
    Department of Paediatrics, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia2Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Parkville, Australia3Centre for Community Child Health, Royal Children s Hospital, Parkville, Australia
    JAMA Pediatr 167:1150-7. 2013
    ..Results from larger rigorously designed studies applicable to all crying infants will help draw more definitive conclusions. ..
  15. ncbi How much sucrose is too much sucrose?
    C Celeste Johnston
    Pediatrics 119:226. 2007
  16. pmc Infants perceived as "fussy" are more likely to receive complementary foods before 4 months
    Heather Wasser
    Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27516, USA
    Pediatrics 127:229-37. 2011
    ..Our purpose was to assess early infant-feeding patterns in a cohort of low-income black mothers and to examine associations between maternal perception of infant temperament and complementary feeding (CF) before 4 months...
  17. pmc Night waking, sleep-wake organization, and self-soothing in the first year of life
    B L Goodlin-Jones
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, Davis 95817, USA
    J Dev Behav Pediatr 22:226-33. 2001
    ..Results emphasize the individual and contextual factors that effect the development of self-soothing behavior during the first year of life...
  18. ncbi A descriptive study investigating the use and nature of baby-led weaning in a UK sample of mothers
    Amy Brown
    Department of Psychology, School of Human Sciences, Swansea University, Swansea, UK
    Matern Child Nutr 7:34-47. 2011
    ..Levels of anxiety about weaning and feeding were lower in mothers who adopted a BLW approach. These findings provide an insight into BLW practices and the characteristics of a small population of users...
  19. ncbi Iron and zinc supplementation promote motor development and exploratory behavior among Bangladeshi infants
    Maureen M Black
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:903-10. 2004
    ..Iron and zinc deficiency are prevalent during infancy in low-income countries...
  20. ncbi The calming effect of a familiar odor on full-term newborns
    Cécile Rattaz
    Faculte de Psychologie et des Sciences de l Education, Universite de Geneve, Geneva, Switzerland
    J Dev Behav Pediatr 26:86-92. 2005
    ..These findings indicate that smelling a familiar odor reduces agitation during the heel stick and diminishes distress after the procedure...
  21. pmc The development of gaze following and its relation to language
    Rechele Brooks
    Institute for Learning and Brain Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle 98195 7920, USA
    Dev Sci 8:535-43. 2005
    ..Implications for social cognition are discussed in light of the developmental shift in gaze following between 9 and 11 months of age...
  22. ncbi The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Network Neurobehavioral Scale procedures
    Barry M Lester
    Brown Medical School, Infant Development Center, Women and Infants Hospital and Bradley Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island 02903, USA
    Pediatrics 113:641-67. 2004
    ..Rating scales with scoring criteria are provided for each item. With training and certification, users of the manual will be able to reliably administer and score the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Network Neurobehavioral Scale...
  23. ncbi History and description of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Network Neurobehavioral Scale
    Barry M Lester
    Brown Medical School, Infant Development Center, Women and Infants Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island 02903, USA
    Pediatrics 113:634-40. 2004
    ..Finally we discuss the developmental model on which the NNNS is based and consider the implications of using the examination...
  24. ncbi Television and DVD/video viewing in children younger than 2 years
    Frederick J Zimmerman
    Child Health Institute, and Department of Health Services, University of Washington, and the Children s Hospital and Regional Medical Center, Seattle 98115, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:473-9. 2007
    ..To determine the television-, DVD-, and video-viewing habits of children younger than 2 years...
  25. pmc Maternal smoking during pregnancy and neonatal behavior: a large-scale community study
    Laura R Stroud
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    Pediatrics 123:e842-8. 2009
    ..To investigate the influence of prospectively measured smoking during pregnancy on aspects of neonatal behavior in a large community sample...
  26. ncbi Zinc supplementation during pregnancy and effects on mental development and behaviour of infants: a follow-up study
    Jena D Hamadani
    Centre for Health and Population Research, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh
    Lancet 360:290-4. 2002
    ..We assessed these infants at age 13 months to establish the effect of antenatal zinc supplementation on infant development and behaviour...
  27. pmc How well do clinical pain assessment tools reflect pain in infants?
    Rebeccah Slater
    Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 5:e129. 2008
    ....
  28. ncbi Normative neurobehavioral performance of healthy infants on the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Network Neurobehavioral Scale
    Edward Z Tronick
    Child Development Unit, Children s Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Pediatrics 113:676-8. 2004
    ..Descriptive statistics and percentiles are provided for the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Network Neurobehavioral Scale summary scores. These tables can be used as quasinorms for comparison with other infants of this age...
  29. pmc Depressed mothers' infants are less responsive to faces and voices
    Tiffany Field
    Touch Research Institute, University of Miami Medical School, Miami, FL 33101, USA
    Infant Behav Dev 32:239-44. 2009
    ..Interaction coaching was used during the postnatal period to help these dyads with their interactions and ultimately facilitate the infants' development...
  30. ncbi Evaluation of analgesic effect of skin-to-skin contact compared to oral glucose in preterm neonates
    Nájala Borges de Sousa Freire
    Faculty of Physiotherapy, CEST, Sao Luis, Maranhao, Brazil
    Pain 139:28-33. 2008
    ..0001), and a lower PIPP (Premature Infant Pain Profile) score (p=0.0001) were observed in group 2. In conclusion, skin-to-skin contact produced an analgesic effect in preterm newborns during heel lancing...
  31. ncbi Infants recognize similar goals across dissimilar actions involving object manipulation
    Eric L Olofson
    Wabash College, Department of Psychology, Crawfordsville, IN 47933, United States
    Cognition 118:258-64. 2011
    ..Infants in both experiments looked significantly longer at test actions depicting a novel implied goal, suggesting that infants glossed over some surface-level motion details and compared implied goals...
  32. ncbi A prospective study on the persistence of infant crying, sleeping and feeding problems and preschool behaviour
    G Schmid
    Department of Psychology, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Acta Paediatr 99:286-90. 2010
    ..e. excessive crying (>3 months of age), feeding and sleeping difficulties from infancy to preschool age, and to evaluate whether RP at 5 months are predictive of preschool adaptive behaviour and social skills...
  33. pmc Preventing abusive head trauma resulting from a failure of normal interaction between infants and their caregivers
    Ronald G Barr
    Developmental Neurosciences and Child Health, Child and Family Research Institute, British Columbia Children s Hospital, University of British Columbia Faculty of Medicine, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:17294-301. 2012
    ..If effective, there may be important implications for prevention of infant abuse nationally and internationally...
  34. ncbi Heart rate variability in premature infants during feeding
    Lisa Brown
    School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298 0567, USA
    Biol Res Nurs 8:283-93. 2007
    ..Maternal feeding behavior was not associated with infant HRV. Discovering the ways in which maternal feeding behavior contributes to infant physiologic regulation may require study of the relationship of HRV to infant feeding behavior...
  35. ncbi Childbirth complications affect young infants' behavior
    Carolina de Weerth
    Developmental Psychology, Radboud University Nijmegen, P O Box 9104, 6500 HE, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 16:379-88. 2007
    ..In this study, we examine how mode of delivery and delivery complications are related to the behavior and cortisol reactivity of infants during the first 2 months...
  36. ncbi The effect of postnatal depression on mother-infant interaction, infant response to the Still-face perturbation, and performance on an Instrumental Learning task
    Charles Stanley
    Sunderland Royal Hospital
    Dev Psychopathol 16:1-18. 2004
    ..nondepressed women, depressed mothers' interactions were both less contingent and less affectively attuned to infant behavior. Postnatal depression did not adversely affect the infant's performance in either the Still-face perturbation ..
  37. ncbi Risk factors for suboptimal infant breastfeeding behavior, delayed onset of lactation, and excess neonatal weight loss
    Kathryn G Dewey
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis 95616 8669, USA
    Pediatrics 112:607-19. 2003
    ....
  38. pmc Initial validation of the Behavioral Indicators of Infant Pain (BIIP)
    Liisa Holsti
    Centre for Community Child Health Research, Child and Family Research Institute, Vancouver, Canada
    Pain 132:264-72. 2007
    ..64, p<0.01) as were correlations between the BIIP and mean heart rate (r=0.45, p<0.01). In this initial study, the BIIP has been shown to be a reliable, valid scale for assessing acute pain in preterm infants in the NICU...
  39. pmc Is it painful or not? Discriminant validity of the Behavioral Indicators of Infant Pain (BIIP) scale
    Liisa Holsti
    Community Child Health Research, Child and Family Research Institute, Vancouver, Canada
    Clin J Pain 24:83-8. 2008
    ....
  40. pmc Maternal resolution of grief after preterm birth: implications for infant attachment security
    Prachi E Shah
    Division of Child Behavioral Health, Department of Pediatrics, Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Pediatrics 127:284-92. 2011
    ..We hypothesized that mothers with unresolved grief would be more likely to have insecurely attached infants at 16 months and that this association would be partially mediated by maternal interaction quality...
  41. ncbi Reliability of two behavioral tools to assess pain in preterm neonates
    Ruth Guinsburg
    Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Sao Paulo Med J 121:72-6. 2003
    ..One of the main difficulties in adequately treating the pain of neonatal patients is the scarcity of validated pain evaluation methods for this population...
  42. ncbi Delayed introduction of lumpy foods to children during the complementary feeding period affects child's food acceptance and feeding at 7 years of age
    Helen Coulthard
    School of Psychology, Birmingham University, Birmingham, UK
    Matern Child Nutr 5:75-85. 2009
    ..Health professionals must encourage the progression from purees and exposure to important food groups...
  43. ncbi Is baby-led weaning feasible? When do babies first reach out for and eat finger foods?
    Charlotte M Wright
    Paediatric Epidemiology and Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Matern Child Nutr 7:27-33. 2011
    ..Baby-led weaning is probably feasible for a majority of infants, but could lead to nutritional problems for infants who are relatively developmentally delayed...
  44. pmc Relations between behavioral and cardiac autonomic reactivity to acute pain in preterm neonates
    S J Morison
    Center for Community Health and Health Evaluation Research, British Columbia Research Institute for Children s and Women s Health, Vancouver, Canada
    Clin J Pain 17:350-8. 2001
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess relations and concordance between behavioral and physiologic reactivity to pain in preterm neonates at 32 weeks postconceptional age as a function of gestational age at birth...
  45. ncbi Childhood derivatives of high and low reactivity in infancy
    J Kagan
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Child Dev 69:1483-93. 1998
    ....
  46. ncbi Taxonic structure of infant reactivity: evidence from a taxometric perspective
    S A Woodward
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland St, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Psychol Sci 11:296-301. 2000
    ..5 years. These results provide objective empirical support for a central tenet in our theoretical model by supporting the taxonicity of infant reactivity...
  47. ncbi Early interventions involving parents to improve neurodevelopmental outcomes of premature infants: a meta-analysis
    J A Vanderveen
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    J Perinatol 29:343-51. 2009
    ..To determine in a systematic review, whether interventions for infant development that involve parents, improve neurodevelopment at 12 months corrected age or older...
  48. ncbi Excessive infantile crying: a review of the literature
    T Long
    School of Healthcare Studies, University of Leeds, United Kingdom
    J Child Health Care 5:111-6. 2001
    ..Progress has been made in some aspects of excessive crying, and other approaches hold promise of success, but wide gaps remain with regard to cause and treatment...
  49. ncbi Pain and distress reactivity and recovery as early predictors of temperament in toddlers born preterm
    Vivian Caroline Klein
    Department of Neurosciences and Behavior, School of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Early Hum Dev 85:569-76. 2009
    ..Pain reactivity may reflect underlying mechanisms of constitutional aspects of temperament...
  50. ncbi Medicalizing normality? Management of irritability in babies
    K Armstrong
    The Riverton Centre, Clayfield, Queensland, Australia
    J Paediatr Child Health 36:301-5. 2000
    ....
  51. ncbi Is a nappy change stressful to neonates?
    Evalotte Mörelius
    Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine Division of Paediatrics, Linkoping University Hospital, SE 581 85 Linkoping, Sweden
    Early Hum Dev 82:669-76. 2006
    ..The aim was to investigate whether NICU infants have different pattern of stress and pain responses than healthy newborns when challenged by a non-painful everyday care routine...
  52. ncbi A systematic integrative review of infant pain assessment tools
    Lenora J Duhn
    Women s and Children s Programs, Kingston General Hospital, Ontario, Canada
    Adv Neonatal Care 4:126-40. 2004
    ..To examine the issue of pain assessment in infants by acquiring all available published pain assessment tools and evaluating their reported reliability, validity, clinical utility, and feasibility...
  53. ncbi Prevalence, stability, and outcomes of cry-fuss and sleep problems in the first 2 years of life: prospective community-based study
    Melissa Wake
    Centre for Community Child Health, Royal Children s Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
    Pediatrics 117:836-42. 2006
    ..To report the prevalence and stability of cry-fuss problems during the first 4 months of life and sleep problems from 2 to 24 months and relationships between the persistence of cry-fuss and sleep problems and outcomes at 24 months...
  54. ncbi Salivary cortisol response in mother-infant dyads at high psychosocial risk
    E Morelius
    Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine Division of Paediatrics, Linkoping University Hospital, Linkoping, Sweden
    Child Care Health Dev 33:128-36. 2007
    ..The aim of the present study was to investigate the adrenocortical response to diaper change in mother-infant dyads with psychosocial risk factors...
  55. pmc Specific Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program movements are associated with acute pain in preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit
    Liisa Holsti
    Centre for Community Child Health Research, British Columbia Research Institute for Children s and Women s Health, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Pediatrics 114:65-72. 2004
    ..The objective of this study was to identify developmentally relevant movements indicative of pain in preterm infants...
  56. ncbi Double-blind placebo-controlled trial of omeprazole in irritable infants with gastroesophageal reflux
    David John Moore
    Centre for Paediatric and Adolesent Gastroenterology, Women s and Children s Hospital, North Adelaide, SA 5006, Australia
    J Pediatr 143:219-23. 2003
    ..To assess the efficacy of omeprazole in treating irritable infants with gastroesophageal reflux and/or esophagitis...
  57. pmc Improving infant sleep and maternal mental health: a cluster randomised trial
    Harriet Hiscock
    Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
    Arch Dis Child 92:952-8. 2007
    ..To determine whether a community-delivered intervention targeting infant sleep problems improves infant sleep and maternal well-being and to report the costs of this approach to the healthcare system...
  58. pmc The reliability and validity of the Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised
    Stephanie H Parade
    The University of North Carolina at Greensboro, 248 Stone, PO Box 26170, Greensboro, NC 27402 6170, USA
    Infant Behav Dev 31:637-46. 2008
    The reliability and validity of the Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised was examined in a sample of 6-month-old infants and their parents...
  59. ncbi Prenatal maternal cortisol levels and infant behavior during the first 5 months
    Carolina de Weerth
    Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University Medical Center Utrecht, HP A01 468 Postbox 85500, 3508 GA Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Early Hum Dev 74:139-51. 2003
    ..In this paper, we have examined links between late pregnancy cortisol levels and infant behavior during the first 5 months of life.
  60. pmc Behavioral reactivity and approach-withdrawal bias in infancy
    Amie Ashley Hane
    Department of Psychology, Williams College, Bronfman Science Center, Williamstown, MA 01267, USA
    Dev Psychol 44:1491-6. 2008
    ..Positively reactive infants exhibited significantly more approach behavior than controls and exhibited a pattern of left frontal asymmetry. Results support the notion that approach-withdrawal bias underlies reactivity in infancy...
  61. ncbi Smoking during pregnancy and newborn neurobehavior
    Karen L Law
    Brown Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    Pediatrics 111:1318-23. 2003
    ..This was a prospective study of the effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy on newborn neurobehavior, including dose-response relationships using self-report and a bioassay of nicotine exposure...
  62. ncbi Treatment of maternal mood disorder and infant behaviour disturbance in an Australian private mothercraft unit: a follow-up study
    J Fisher
    Key Centre for Women s Health in Society, School of Population Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Arch Womens Ment Health 7:89-93. 2004
    ..One month post-discharge maternal mood is significantly improved and infant behaviour more manageable compared with functioning on admission...
  63. ncbi The association between physiological and behavioral pain measures in 0- to 3-year-old infants after major surgery
    M van Dijk
    Department of Pediatric Surgery, Netherlands Institute of Health Sciences, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Pain Symptom Manage 22:600-9. 2001
    ..These data demonstrate large interindividual differences in behavior-physiology correlations after major surgery in 0- to 3-year-old infants. These differences should be further explored in future research...
  64. ncbi Prenatal exposure to maternal depression and cortisol influences infant temperament
    Elysia Poggi Davis
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, University of California, Irvine, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 46:737-46. 2007
    ..Few prospective studies of human pregnancy have examined the consequences of prenatal exposure to stress and stress hormones...
  65. ncbi A longitudinal study of prospective control in catching by full-term and preterm infants
    Nanna Sønnichsen Kayed
    Developmental Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7491, Trondheim, Norway
    Exp Brain Res 194:245-58. 2009
    ..More follow-up research is needed to investigate whether problems with extracting the relevant perceptual information for action could be an early indication of later perceptuo-motor difficulties...
  66. pmc Maternal smoking during pregnancy and newborn neurobehavior: effects at 10 to 27 days
    Laura R Stroud
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    J Pediatr 154:10-6. 2009
    ..To examine effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy on newborn neurobehavior at 10 to 27 days...
  67. ncbi The relation between infants' perception of catchableness and the control of catching
    Paulion van Hof
    Institute for Fundamental and Clinical Human Movement Sciences, VU University Amsterdam
    Dev Psychol 44:182-94. 2008
    ..They conclude that the present study supports the proposal that, even in prelocomotor infants, the development of perception is intricately linked to or constrained by development in the visual control of action...
  68. ncbi Postnatal depression, anxiety and unsettled infant behaviour
    C McMahon
    Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Sydney, Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, NSW 2065, Australia
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 35:581-8. 2001
    ..This study compares maternal mood, marital satisfaction and infant temperament in 128 mothers admitted to the residential care unit of a parentcraft hospital and 58 mothers in a demographically matched group...
  69. ncbi Quality of reaching and postural control in young preterm infants is related to neuromotor outcome at 6 years
    Bjørg Fallang
    Oslo University College, Health Sciences, Physiotherapy Programme, 0130 Oslo, Norway
    Pediatr Res 58:347-53. 2005
    ..This suggests that a relatively immobile postural behavior points to a mild form of brain dysfunction...
  70. ncbi Attribution of beliefs by 13-month-old infants
    Luca Surian
    Department of Cognitive Sciences and Education, University of Trento, Trento, Italy
    Psychol Sci 18:580-6. 2007
    ..We discuss the viability of more conservative explanations and the relation between this early ability and later forms of theory of mind that appear only after children have become experienced verbal communicators...
  71. pmc Linking gene, brain, and behavior: DRD4, frontal asymmetry, and temperament
    Louis A Schmidt
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada
    Psychol Sci 20:831-7. 2009
    ..We discuss how the interaction of genetic and endoenvironmental factors may confer risk and protection for different behavioral styles in children...
  72. ncbi Anticipatory reaching of seven- to eleven-month-old infants in occlusion situations
    Margot van Wermeskerken
    Research Institute MOVE, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Infant Behav Dev 34:45-54. 2011
    ....
  73. ncbi Infants' visual anticipation of object structure in grasp planning
    Tracy M Barrett
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708 0086, USA
    Infant Behav Dev 31:1-9. 2008
    ..Further research should investigate the discrepancies between infants' grasp planning and their grasp execution...
  74. ncbi Cocaine-exposed infant behavior during Still-Face: risk factor analyses
    Marilyn W Lewis
    College of Social Work, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Am J Orthopsychiatry 79:60-70. 2009
    ..Because this interaction was evident in this cohort at 24 months, future research is needed to determine at what age an interaction begins to emerge in this cohort...
  75. pmc The effects of prenatal cocaine use on infant development
    Gale A Richardson
    Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 3811 O Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Neurotoxicol Teratol 30:96-106. 2008
    ..These findings are consistent with other reports in the literature and with the hypothesis that prenatal cocaine exposure affects development through changes in neurotransmitter systems...
  76. ncbi The retention effects of an adult's emotional displays on infant behavior
    Matthew J Hertenstein
    Department of Psychology, DePauw University, Greencastle, IN 41135, USA
    Child Dev 75:595-613. 2004
    ..goal of this investigation was to study the regulatory retention effects of an adult's emotional displays on infant behavior. In Study 1, 11- and 14-month-old infants were tested in a social-referencing-like paradigm in which a 1-hr ..
  77. ncbi The "smellscape" of mother's breast: effects of odor masking and selective unmasking on neonatal arousal, oral, and visual responses
    Sébastien Doucet
    Equipe d Ethologie et de Psychobiologie Sensorielle Centre des Sciences du Goût UMR 5170 CNRS, Dijon, France
    Dev Psychobiol 49:129-38. 2007
    ..This study shows that volatile compounds originating in areolar secretions or milk release mouthing, stimulate eye opening, and delay and reduce crying in newborns...
  78. ncbi [Pilot study of early breastfeeding difficulties of term newborns: incidence and risk factors]
    M P Michel
    Departement de Pediatrie, CHU Morvan, 5, avenue Foch, 29609 Brest Cedex, France
    Arch Pediatr 14:454-60. 2007
    ....
  79. ncbi Prenatal PCB exposure and neonatal behavioral assessment scale (NBAS) performance
    P Stewart
    Center for Neurobehavioral Effects of Environmental Toxics, Department of Psychology, State University of New York at Oswego, 13126, USA
    Neurotoxicol Teratol 22:21-9. 2000
    ....
  80. ncbi Making up is hard to do, especially for mothers with high levels of depressive symptoms and their infant sons
    M Katherine Weinberg
    Harvard Medical School and Children s Hospital, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 47:670-83. 2006
    ..Therefore, this study evaluated the effects of maternal depressive symptom status, infant gender, and interactional context on mother-infant affective expressiveness and the dyadic features of their interactions...
  81. ncbi The crying baby
    Harriet Hiscock
    Centre for Community Child Health, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children s Hospital, Melbourne
    Aust Fam Physician 35:680-4. 2006
    ..Up to 20% of parents report a problem with their infant crying in the first 3 months of life. The majority of babies have no organic cause of crying and most crying subsides by 3-4 months...
  82. ncbi Terrible ones? Assessment of externalizing behaviors in infancy with the Child Behavior Checklist
    Jantien Van Zeijl
    Centre for Child and Family Studies, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 47:801-10. 2006
    ..This study investigated the occurrence, cross-informant agreement, 1-year stability, and context characteristics of externalizing behaviors in 12-month-old children, as compared to 24- and 36-month-olds...
  83. ncbi The effect of postpartum depression on child cognitive development and behavior: a review and critical analysis of the literature
    S L Grace
    University Health Network Women s Health Program, Toronto ON M5G, Canada
    Arch Womens Ment Health 6:263-74. 2003
    ..However, chronic or recurrent maternal depression, rather than postpartum depression per se is likely related to later effects on the child. These adverse effects of PPD based on sex of infant are discussed...
  84. ncbi Infant crying and abuse
    Sijmen A Reijneveld
    Department of Health Sciences, Groningen University, PO Box 196, 9700 AD Groningen, Netherlands
    Lancet 364:1340-2. 2004
    ..Clinicians should be aware of the risks of abuse in children known to cry a lot and should target interventions at parents to help them cope with this crying...
  85. ncbi Prenatal alcohol exposure alters biobehavioral reactivity to pain in newborns
    Tim F Oberlander
    Department of Pediatrics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 34:681-92. 2010
    ..5 oz absolute alcohol/d) drinkers (controls)...
  86. ncbi Feeding patterns of full-term and preterm infants at forty weeks postconceptional age
    Barbara Medoff-Cooper
    School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    J Dev Behav Pediatr 23:231-6. 2002
    ..0001), mean maximum pressure (p < .0001), and intersuck width/interburst width (p = .02). The findings from this study demonstrate the importance of both maturation at birth and experience as factors influencing feeding behaviors...
  87. ncbi Clinical response to 2 commonly used switch formulas occurs within 1 day
    Carol Lynn Berseth
    Mead Johnson Nutritionals, Evansville, Indiana 47721, USA
    Clin Pediatr (Phila) 48:58-65. 2009
    ..PHF, with a protein profile patterned more closely on human breast milk, improved symptoms of formula intolerance as well as soy-based formula...
  88. ncbi Natural history and familial relationships of infant spilling to 9 years of age
    A James Martin
    Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Women s and Children s Hospital, South Australia, Australia
    Pediatrics 109:1061-7. 2002
    ..To determine the natural history of infant spilling (regurgitation/vomiting) during the first 2 years of life and to determine the relationship between infant spilling and gastroesophageal reflux (GER) symptoms at 9 years of age...
  89. ncbi Infant feeding patterns in the first 6 months: an assessment in full-term infants
    Neta Nevo
    Department of Pediatrics, Ministry of Health, Israel
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 45:234-9. 2007
    ..We also investigated the reasons for choosing the first formula, infant formula changes, the addition of formulas to supplement breast-feeding, and various aspects related to formula thickening...
  90. ncbi How mothers respond to their crying infant
    Kerri Wade
    Children s Mercy Hospitals and Clinics, Kansas City, MO, USA
    J Pediatr Health Care 19:347-53. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to allow mothers who are at high risk for abusing their child to describe how they manage when their infant cries...
  91. ncbi Neonatal behavioral assessment scale as a predictor of later developmental disabilities of low birth-weight and/or premature infants
    Shohei Ohgi
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Health Promotion, Nagasaki University School of Medicine, 1 12 4 Sakamoto, Nagasaki 852 8523, Japan
    Brain Dev 25:313-21. 2003
    ..The NBAS could help clinicians to develop a management protocol for infants at risk for developmental disabilities as well as to identify neonates at risk of developmental disabilities...
  92. pmc From mother's mouth to infant's brain
    Marilyn Augustyn
    Department of Pediatrics, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 92:F82. 2007
  93. ncbi More than maternal sensitivity shapes attachment: infant coping and temperament
    Marina Fuertes
    Child Development Unit, Children s Hospital, 1295 Boylston Street, Suite 320, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1094:292-6. 2006
    ..These findings show that attachment quality is influenced by multiple factors, including infant temperament, coping behavior, and maternal sensitivity...
  94. ncbi Crying behaviour in early infancy is associated with developmental outcome at two years of age in very low birth weight infants
    Petriina Munck
    Department of Pediatrics, Turku University Hospital, and Department of Psychology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland
    Acta Paediatr 97:332-6. 2008
    ..To evaluate the association between infant fussing and crying and developmental outcome in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants...
  95. ncbi Researching colic: a crying matter. Part 2: treatments
    Ruth Hewston
    University of Warwick
    Pract Midwife 10:30-3. 2007
  96. ncbi Factors affecting exclusive breastfeeding of healthy babies aged zero to four months: a community-based study of Turkish women
    Zekiye Karaçam
    Adnan Menderes University, Aydin School of Health, Aydin, Turkey
    J Clin Nurs 17:341-9. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that affect exclusive breastfeeding of healthy babies aged 0-4 months...
  97. ncbi Lavender bath oil reduces stress and crying and enhances sleep in very young infants
    Tiffany Field
    Touch Research Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33101, USA
    Early Hum Dev 84:399-401. 2008
    ..These findings support a body of research showing the relaxing and sleep-inducing properties of lavender aroma...
  98. ncbi Researching colic: a crying matter. Part 1: Causes and risk factors
    Ruth Hewston
    University of Warwick
    Pract Midwife 10:20-3. 2007
  99. ncbi Infant responsiveness and maternal confidence in the neonatal period
    Kåre S Olafsen
    Center for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Tromsø, Norway
    Scand J Psychol 48:499-509. 2007
    ..Prematurely born infants should be examined more thoroughly in aspects of arousal at the time of discharge...
  100. ncbi The development of maternal touch across the first year of life
    Sari Goldstein Ferber
    Department of Neonatology Wolfson Medical Center, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel
    Early Hum Dev 84:363-70. 2008
    ..Results contribute to specifying the role of touch as it evolves across the first year of life within the global mother-infant communication system...
  101. ncbi Methods used to eliminate colic in infants in the eastern parts of Turkey
    Esra Karaca Ciftçi
    Department of Child Health Nursing, Atatürk University Erzurum Health School, Erzurum, Turkey
    Public Health Nurs 24:503-10. 2007
    ..This study was carried out to delineate the methods used by mothers to eliminate colic in their infants and to determine the efficacy of the various methods...

Research Grants68

  1. Massaging Preterm Infants Enhances Growth
    Tiffany Field; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. Prenatal Depression and a Yoga Intervention
    Tiffany M Field; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We would expect that yoga would decrease depression, increase vagal activity, decrease cortisol and increase gestational age (decrease prematurity). ..
  3. Neurohormonal Effects of Massage Therapy
    Tiffany Field; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The K05 would allow me to increase my research time including being mentored and mentoring students from 25 to 75% time. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  4. ALCOHOL EFFECT ON HUMAN LACTATION AND INFANT BEHAVIOR
    JULIE MENNELLA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..AIM 3: To explore the role of early experiences with ethanol in mothers' milk and the emotional context of such experiences, on the recognition of, and preference for, the sensory properties of ethanol ..
  5. Resilience in Children
    Barry Lester; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. FUNCTIONAL SIGNIFICANCE OF EARLY IRON DEFICIENCY
    Betsy Lozoff; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. Video Technologies for Neonatal Seizures
    NICOLAOS KARAYIANNIS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. Maternal Opioid Treatment: Human Experimental Research
    Barry Lester; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. FETAL NEUROBEHAVIORAL DEVELOPMENT & POSTNATAL CONTINUITY
    JANET DI PIETRO; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. PARENTING AND INFANT DEVELOPMENT IN ALCOHOLIC FAMILIES
    RINA EIDEN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. Family Imaging Study of Children at Risk for Anxiety
    Jerrold Rosenbaum; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  12. Family Transitions Following the Birth of Sibling
    BRENDA VOLLING; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  13. Emotions and Behavioral Outcomes in Neglected Children
    Michael Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. Growth Outcomes in Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia at 36 Weeks Postconceptional Age
    Deborah Steward; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Further, nutritional intervention may also decrease the severity of BPD. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. Child Temperament and Diet: Predictors of Weight Gain
    John Worobey; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  16. Does Early Experience Improve Preterm Neurodevelopment?
    Heidelise Als; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The expected reduction in learning and school failure for the increasing numbers of preterm-born children in the nation's schools, would give the study and the intervention, significant national public health importance., ..
  17. Emotion, communication, & EEG: Development & risk
    Daniel Messinger; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  18. Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Children
    Michael Scheeringa; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..We will measure the change in children's symptoms, and change in parents' symptoms and distress levels, in addition to the adaptation and implementation measures from Phase 1. ..
  19. Maltreated Children's Emotions and Self-Cognitions
    Michael Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  20. Naive Observers' Ratings of Behavior: A Multi-Construct Validation Study
    Daniel Messinger; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  21. Development of Self-regulation in High Risk Infants
    Julie Poehlmann; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Preschool Children
    Michael Scheeringa; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. Toddler Feeding Styles
    Maureen M Black; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  24. Prenatal Drug Exposure: Effects on Adolescent Brain and Behavioral Development
    Maureen Black; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This application examines adacemic performance, socio-emotional functioning, and drug use among adolescents exposed to cocaine and/or heroin prenatally ..
  25. Family Transitions and Children's Sibling Relationships
    BRENDA VOLLING; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. Development of short-term memory: Chunking in infancy
    Lisa Feigenson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  27. Infancy to Adolescence: fMRI and Risk for Anxiety Disorder
    Carl Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The significance of these efforts for the mental health of adolescents is discussed. ..
  28. Preterm Fetal Growth Restriction and Developmental Care
    Heidelise Als; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The study will be significant in understanding ways to reduce long-term functional morbidities in FGR infants, as well as in identifying opportunities for enhancing last trimester brain development. ..
  29. Maternal antidepressant use and fetal neurobehavior
    Amy Salisbury; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..A secondary aim of this study is to examine the stability of the individual differences of neurobehavioral measures from the fetal to newborn period. ..
  30. Role of Maternal Emotion in Mother-Infant Interaction
    Hui Chin Hsu; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  31. TRAUMATIZED YOUNG CHILDREN--RISK FOR MALADAPTATION
    Michael Scheeringa; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..One- and 2-year follow-up assessments will be conducted. ..
  32. AT-RISK IRRITABLE INFANTS
    Jude Cassidy; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Home observations of maternal and infant behavior will be made at 6m (pre-intervention) and 9m (immediate post-intervention)...
  33. Vagal Tone and Social Behaviors in Autism
    STEPHEN SHEINKOPF; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This study may provide information on the biological basis of the social deficits in autism and may also help develop methods that can be used to study autism in infancy. ..
  34. NEURODEVELOPMENT AND EXPERIENCE: BEHAVIOR, QEEG AND MRI
    Heidelise Als; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  35. ZINC AND IRON SUPPLEMENTATION: IMPACT ON DEVELOPMENT
    Maureen Black; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The results have important public health implications regarding the timing of micronutrient supplementation and the relationship between micronutrient deficiency and children's behavior and development. ..
  36. Maternal Sensitivity to Negative Infant Emotions
    Esther Leerkes; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Results will extend our knowledge of the processes that influence maternal sensitivity in emotionally arousing settings, a critical context for children's emotional development. ..
  37. WHO MULTICENTER GROWTH REFERENCE STUDY: U.S. SITE
    Kathryn Dewey; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The data will be pooled by WHO to create a new growth reference, applicable to all infants and children internationally. ..
  38. RISK AND RESILENCE IN CHILDREN OF INCARCERATED MOTHERS
    Julie Poehlmann; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Funding is sought under the RO3 mechanism because the principal investigator is a new investigator and so that the validity of the proposed analytic model can be determined. ..
  39. ATTACHMENT AND RELATIONSHIPS IN ADOLESCENCE
    Jude Cassidy; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Measures will include the Adult Attachment Interview, questionnaire measures, observations of behavioral interaction, peer-, teacher-, and self- reports of social relations and behavior, and experimental information-processing tasks. ..
  40. Infant spatial categorization
    Marianella Casasola; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Finally, the findings will document whether the development of infant spatial categorization varies in infants and toddlers raised in different cultures and with languages other than English. ..
  41. EMOTION REGULATION FROM INFANCY TO TODDLERHOOD
    JULIA BRAUNGART RIEKER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..4) With respect to the above-mentioned questions, to compare processes occurring for infant-mother dyads versus infant-father dyads. ..
  42. Prenatal Programming of Infant Temperament
    Elysia Davis; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Prospective studies, such as this one, are needed to better understand processes that might underlie this association. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  43. Prenatal Glucocorticoids Influence Brain and Behavior
    Elysia Poggi Davis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This project will provide the first opportunity to examine the independent influence of fetal exposure to GC's in a group of children born at term. ..
  44. BIOSOCIAL ACTIVATION OF SEX-LINKED COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR
    GERIANNE ALEXANDER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This information will therefore increase understanding of the relations among typical or atypical reproductive events (e.g., puberty, hormone deficiency, pregnancy) and cognition. ..
  45. HPA Reactivity, Puberty, & Sex Differences in Depression
    Laura Stroud; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This work has implications for targeted intervention and prevention efforts to diminish sex differences in adolescent depression. It should also elucidate basic interactions between the gonadal and stress axes over puberty. ..
  46. STANDARDIZATION OF THE NRN: NEUROBEHAVIORAL SCALE
    Edward Tronick; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..e., for the term group this is the same as Birth +1 day), and 3] at 44 weeks GA. Gestational age will be carefully defined using the converging measures. ..
  47. Prenatal Neuroendocrine Mediators of Young Adult Smoking
    Laura Stroud; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Further, elucidating mechanisms underlying the MSDPoffspring smoking link will also represent a first step toward preventing the transmission of MSDP. ..
  48. PRENATAL COCAINE USE--10 YEAR FOLLOW UP
    GALE RICHARDSON; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  49. JOINT ATTENTION AND PRETERM INFANTS' COMPETENCE
    Susan Landry; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..5, 31.5, 33.5, 34.5 mo. in combination with four PALS I assessment time points at 5.5, 7, 10.5, and 12 mo. to determine intervention effects. ..
  50. PREVENTIVE INTERVENTION--TODDLERS OF DEPRESSED MOTHERS
    Dante Cicchetti; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This investigation also will increase understanding of the developmental contributors to psychopathological outcomes in offspring of depressed mothers. ..
  51. XYLITOL FOR ACUTE OTITIS MEDIA PROPHYLAXIS
    Louis Vernacchio; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..A preliminary estimate of the effect size of xylitol treatment from the pilot RCT will suggest whether the effect if sufficiently large to warrant a large formal RCT to be proposed. ..
  52. Neural Analysis of Maternal Aggression
    STEPHEN GAMMIE; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Basic research into sex differences in aggression, then, is important to understanding the biological underpinnings of sex and gender differences in social behavior, health, and disease. ..
  53. Development of Perceptual Organization in Infancy
    Ramesh Bhatt; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Knowledge about the development of this fundamental mental ability will also provide insights into understanding deviations from the normal course of perceptual-cognitive development. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  54. PRENATAL PCB EXPOSURE AND COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT
    Paul Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In addition, school records for each child's New York State mandatory testing of English Language Arts and Math will be obtained for comparative analysis. ..
  55. Early Maternal Strategy Instruction in an At-Risk Sample
    Daniel Shaw; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In addition, both mother and teacher reports and school records will be used to evaluate the child's academic and social adjustment in the early school years. ..
  56. Transgenerational Effects of Poverty and Geographic Isolation on the HPA System
    WILLIAM MILLS KOONCE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed study is set to investigate this unique, although sizeable, population of American families. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  57. Social & Language Deficits in Autism-Biology & Treament
    Marian Sigman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  58. AROUSAL AND ATTENTION IN HIGH RISK NEONATES
    JUDITH GARDNER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Results will be analyzed using multivariate, multilevel statistical procedures including GEE and SEM, as appropriate. ..
  59. TRANSITION TO NIPPLE FEEDING FOR PRETERM INFANTS
    Gail McCain; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Parental reports about their infants' feeding problems at 3 months post hospital discharge will be content analyzed. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  60. SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL INTEGRATION IN OBJECT PERCEPTION
    PHILIP KELLMAN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The results will have manifold implications for understanding normal and impaired human function, for constructing artificial (including robotic) vision systems for probing the neural mechanisms of perception. ..
  61. The Economics of Mental Health Disparties
    Frederick Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Finally, the last 18 months of the grant will be devoted to developing a new research protocol on the role of time preference (i.e., impatience or delay of gratification) in determining patient demand for mental health services. ..
  62. RUPP-PI
    John Walkup; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..It describes a 5-year multisite 3-arm, double blind, placebo substitution intervention to establish the optimal length of antidepressant treatment in children and adolescents with Major Depressive Disorder. ..
  63. Factors affecting the development of individual differences in long-term memory
    Leslie Carver; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Using measures of behavior and brain activity, we will investigate what effect these different experiences have on the development of long-term memory later in the first year of life. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  64. EFFECTS OF TEMPORAL STRUCTURE ON MEMORY FOR EVENTS
    Patricia Bauer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Investigations of the long-term fate of early memories, and of the impact of early determinants on later auto-biographical reports, are the subjects of the final three experiments. ..
  65. Pre-birth predictors of early coparenting
    James McHale; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Regression analyses will also examine pre-birth risk scores, proposed child moderators, and predictor-by-moderator interactions in explaining variance in 3 month coparenting indices. ..
  66. Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal Treatment Study
    John Walkup; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..