predatory behavior

Summary

Summary: Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Social learning about predators: a review and prospectus
    A S Griffin
    Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Learn Behav 32:131-40. 2004
  2. ncbi Trophic downgrading of planet Earth
    James A Estes
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95060, USA
    Science 333:301-6. 2011
  3. ncbi Rapid worldwide depletion of predatory fish communities
    Ransom A Myers
    Biology Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 4J1
    Nature 423:280-3. 2003
  4. pmc Invasive lionfish drive Atlantic coral reef fish declines
    Stephanie J Green
    Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada
    PLoS ONE 7:e32596. 2012
  5. ncbi Patterns and ecosystem consequences of shark declines in the ocean
    Francesco Ferretti
    Biology Department, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H4J1, Canada
    Ecol Lett 13:1055-71. 2010
  6. ncbi Cascading effects of the loss of apex predatory sharks from a coastal ocean
    Ransom A Myers
    Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, Halifax, NS B3H 4J1, Canada
    Science 315:1846-50. 2007
  7. ncbi Phenotypic plasticity in the interactions and evolution of species
    A A Agrawal
    Department of Botany, University of Toronto, 25 Willcocks Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3B2, Canada
    Science 294:321-6. 2001
  8. ncbi Predicting ecological consequences of marine top predator declines
    Michael R Heithaus
    Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, North Miami, FL 33181, USA
    Trends Ecol Evol 23:202-10. 2008
  9. ncbi Scaling laws of marine predator search behaviour
    David W Sims
    Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth PL1 2PB, UK
    Nature 451:1098-102. 2008
  10. ncbi Environmental context explains Lévy and Brownian movement patterns of marine predators
    Nicolas E Humphries
    Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth PL1 2PB, UK
    Nature 465:1066-9. 2010

Detail Information

Publications290 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Social learning about predators: a review and prospectus
    A S Griffin
    Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Learn Behav 32:131-40. 2004
    ..Finally, I highlight how studies of socially acquired predator avoidance can inform the design of prerelease antipredator training programs for endangered species...
  2. ncbi Trophic downgrading of planet Earth
    James A Estes
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95060, USA
    Science 333:301-6. 2011
    ..These findings emphasize the urgent need for interdisciplinary research to forecast the effects of trophic downgrading on process, function, and resilience in global ecosystems...
  3. ncbi Rapid worldwide depletion of predatory fish communities
    Ransom A Myers
    Biology Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 4J1
    Nature 423:280-3. 2003
    ..Our analysis suggests that management based on recent data alone may be misleading, and provides minimum estimates for unexploited communities, which could serve as the 'missing baseline' needed for future restoration efforts...
  4. pmc Invasive lionfish drive Atlantic coral reef fish declines
    Stephanie J Green
    Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada
    PLoS ONE 7:e32596. 2012
    ....
  5. ncbi Patterns and ecosystem consequences of shark declines in the ocean
    Francesco Ferretti
    Biology Department, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H4J1, Canada
    Ecol Lett 13:1055-71. 2010
    ..Yet more empirical evidence is needed to test the generality of these effects throughout the ocean...
  6. ncbi Cascading effects of the loss of apex predatory sharks from a coastal ocean
    Ransom A Myers
    Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, Halifax, NS B3H 4J1, Canada
    Science 315:1846-50. 2007
    ..Analogous top-down effects may be a predictable consequence of eliminating entire functional groups of predators...
  7. ncbi Phenotypic plasticity in the interactions and evolution of species
    A A Agrawal
    Department of Botany, University of Toronto, 25 Willcocks Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3B2, Canada
    Science 294:321-6. 2001
    ..Taken together, phenotypic responses in species interactions represent modifications that can lead to reciprocal change in ecological time, altered community patterns, and expanded evolutionary potential of species...
  8. ncbi Predicting ecological consequences of marine top predator declines
    Michael R Heithaus
    Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, North Miami, FL 33181, USA
    Trends Ecol Evol 23:202-10. 2008
    ..We conclude that marine predators should be managed for the maintenance of both density- and risk-driven ecological processes, and not demographic persistence alone...
  9. ncbi Scaling laws of marine predator search behaviour
    David W Sims
    Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth PL1 2PB, UK
    Nature 451:1098-102. 2008
    ..This may explain why Lévy-like behaviour seems to be widespread among diverse organisms, from microbes to humans, as a 'rule' that evolved in response to patchy resource distributions...
  10. ncbi Environmental context explains Lévy and Brownian movement patterns of marine predators
    Nicolas E Humphries
    Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth PL1 2PB, UK
    Nature 465:1066-9. 2010
    ..These results are consistent with the Lévy-flight foraging hypothesis, supporting the contention that organism search strategies naturally evolved in such a way that they exploit optimal Lévy patterns...
  11. ncbi Relationships between direct predation and risk effects
    Scott Creel
    Department of Ecology, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, USA
    Trends Ecol Evol 23:194-201. 2008
    ..Risk effects and direct effects do not necessarily change in parallel. When risk effects reduce reproduction rather than survival, they are easily mistaken for limitation by food supply...
  12. ncbi Top predators as biodiversity regulators: the dingo Canis lupus dingo as a case study
    Mike Letnic
    Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, University of Western Sydney, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith, NSW, Australia
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 87:390-413. 2012
    ..Finally, we discuss key issues that require consideration or warrant research before the ecological effects of dingoes can be incorporated formally into biodiversity conservation programs...
  13. ncbi Predators and the breeding bird: behavioral and reproductive flexibility under the risk of predation
    Steven L Lima
    Department of Biology, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, Indiana 47809, USA
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 84:485-513. 2009
    ..The topics highlighted herein are all in need more empirical attention, and more experimental field work whenever feasible...
  14. ncbi The effects of predator odors in mammalian prey species: a review of field and laboratory studies
    Raimund Apfelbach
    Tierphysiologie, Zoologisches Institut, Universitat Tubingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 28, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 29:1123-44. 2005
    ..Recent research is starting to uncover the neural circuitry activated by predator odors, leading to hypotheses about how such activation leads to observable effects on reproduction, foraging and feeding...
  15. ncbi Energetic constraints on the diet of terrestrial carnivores
    C Carbone
    Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, UK
    Nature 402:286-8. 1999
    ..Using a simple energetic model and known invertebrate intake rates, we predict a maximum sustainable mass of 21.5 kg, which matches the point where predators shift from small to large prey...
  16. ncbi Cascading top-down effects of changing oceanic predator abundances
    Julia K Baum
    Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
    J Anim Ecol 78:699-714. 2009
    ....
  17. ncbi Functional basis of a molecular adaptation: prey-specific toxic effects of venom from Sistrurus rattlesnakes
    H Lisle Gibbs
    Department of Evolution, Ecology and Organismal Biology, Ohio State University, 300 Aronoff Laboratory, 318 W 12th Ave, Columbus, OH 43210 1293, USA
    Toxicon 53:672-9. 2009
    ..They also emphasize the need to consider ecological and evolutionary factors other than diet alone as causes of variation in venom toxicity...
  18. ncbi Echolocation signals reflect niche differentiation in five sympatric congeneric bat species
    Björn M Siemers
    Animal Physiology, Zoological Institute, University of Tubingen, Morgenstelle 28, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Nature 429:657-61. 2004
    ....
  19. pmc Linking animal-borne video to accelerometers reveals prey capture variability
    Yuuki Y Watanabe
    National Institute of Polar Research, Tachikawa, Tokyo 190 8518, Japan
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:2199-204. 2013
    ..e., video observations, linking video to behavioral signals, and extension of signal analysis) are unique approaches to understanding the spatial and temporal variability of ecologically important events such as foraging...
  20. pmc Effects of ocean acidification on learning in coral reef fishes
    Maud C O Ferrari
    Department of Environmental Science and Policy, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e31478. 2012
    ..These results indicate that exposure to CO(2) may alter the cognitive ability of juvenile fish and render learning ineffective...
  21. pmc DNA-based diet analysis for any predator
    Glenn Dunshea
    Antarctic Wildlife Research Unit, School of Zoology, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
    PLoS ONE 4:e5252. 2009
    ..I present a general approach to detect diverse prey in the feces or gut contents of predators...
  22. pmc Ocean acidification affects prey detection by a predatory reef fish
    Ingrid L Cripps
    School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Australia
    PLoS ONE 6:e22736. 2011
    ..Thus, it is unlikely that the altered behaviour of predators is sufficient to fully compensate for the effects of ocean acidification on prey mortality...
  23. ncbi Predator diversity dampens trophic cascades
    Deborah L Finke
    Department of Entomology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA
    Nature 429:407-10. 2004
    ..We show that enhancing predator diversity dampens enemy effects on herbivores and weakens trophic cascades. Consequently, changes in diversity at higher trophic levels can significantly alter ecosystem function in natural systems...
  24. pmc Coral reef fish rapidly learn to identify multiple unknown predators upon recruitment to the reef
    Matthew D Mitchell
    Australia Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies and School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Australia
    PLoS ONE 6:e15764. 2011
    ..Upon entering an unfamiliar environment prey species are able to rapidly assess the risk of predation, enhancing their chances of survival, through the assessment of chemical stimuli...
  25. ncbi Visual prey capture in larval zebrafish is controlled by identified reticulospinal neurons downstream of the tectum
    Ethan Gahtan
    Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003, USA
    J Neurosci 25:9294-303. 2005
    ..These results suggest that MeLc and MeLr function in series with the tectum, as part of a circuit that coordinates prey capture movements...
  26. pmc Echolocating bats cry out loud to detect their prey
    Annemarie Surlykke
    Institute of Biology, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
    PLoS ONE 3:e2036. 2008
    ..We conclude that for bats with similar hunting habits, prey detection range represents a unifying constraint on the emitted intensity largely independent of call shape, body size, and close phylogenetic relationships...
  27. ncbi Structural asymmetry and the stability of diverse food webs
    Neil Rooney
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada
    Nature 442:265-9. 2006
    ..Alarmingly, the same human actions that have been implicated in the loss of biodiversity also directly erode the very structures and processes that we show to confer stability on food webs...
  28. pmc Tigers and their prey: Predicting carnivore densities from prey abundance
    K Ullas Karanth
    Wildlife Conservation Society, India Program, 26 2, Aga Abbas Ali Road, Apartment 403, Bangalore, Karnataka 560042, India
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:4854-8. 2004
    ..In addition to generating important insights into carnivore ecology and conservation, the study provides a potentially useful model for the rigorous conduct of macroecological science...
  29. ncbi Shared signals -'alarm calls' from plants increase apparency to herbivores and their enemies in nature
    Rayko Halitschke
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, E443 Corson Hall, 14853 Ithaca, NY, USA
    Ecol Lett 11:24-34. 2008
    ..The implications of these conflicting ecological effects for the evolution of induced volatile emissions and for the development of sustainable agricultural practices are discussed...
  30. ncbi Stability in real food webs: weak links in long loops
    Anje Margriet Neutel
    Department of Environmental Sciences, Utrecht University, Post Office Box 80115, 3508 TC Utrecht, Netherlands
    Science 296:1120-3. 2002
    ..Loop-weight analysis could be a useful tool for exploring the structure and organization of complex communities...
  31. pmc Fin-tail coordination during escape and predatory behavior in larval zebrafish
    Phil McClenahan
    School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland, Australia
    PLoS ONE 7:e32295. 2012
    ..Here, we employ kinematics analyses to describe the movements of the pectoral fins during escape and predatory behavior. In accord with previous studies, we find roles for the pectoral fins in slow swimming and immediately after ..
  32. pmc Insights into the ecology and evolutionary success of crocodilians revealed through bite-force and tooth-pressure experimentation
    Gregory M Erickson
    Department of Biological Science, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e31781. 2012
    ..How these factors relate to biomechanical performance during feeding and their relevance to crocodilian evolutionary success are not known...
  33. ncbi A nutritionally mediated risk effect of wolves on elk
    David Christianson
    Department of Ecology, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana 59717, USA
    Ecology 91:1184-91. 2010
    ..Nutritionally mediated risk effects may be important for understanding predator-prey dynamics in wild populations, but such effects could be masked as bottom-up forces if antipredator responses are not considered...
  34. pmc The vomeronasal organ mediates interspecies defensive behaviors through detection of protein pheromone homologs
    Fabio Papes
    Department of Cell Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Cell 141:692-703. 2010
    ..This co-option of existing sensory mechanisms provides a molecular solution to the difficult problem of evolving a variety of species-specific molecular detectors...
  35. ncbi Exposure to predation generates personality in threespined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus)
    Alison M Bell
    School of Integrative Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Ecol Lett 10:828-34. 2007
    ..The behavioural correlation was produced by both selection by predators and behavioural plasticity. These results support the hypothesis that certain correlations between behaviours might be adaptive in some environments...
  36. ncbi Co-mimics have a mutualistic relationship despite unequal defences
    Hannah M Rowland
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Liverpool, Biosciences Building, Crown Street, Liverpool L69 7ZB, UK
    Nature 448:64-7. 2007
    ..By ignoring the effects of density, current theories may have overestimated the parasitic costs imposed by less defended mimics on highly defended models...
  37. ncbi Taxon-specific PCR for DNA barcoding arthropod prey in bat faeces
    Matt R K Zeale
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Woodland Road, Bristol, UK
    Mol Ecol Resour 11:236-44. 2011
    ..The methodology developed here provides new opportunities for the study of bat diets and will be of great benefit to the conservation of these ecologically important predators...
  38. ncbi Global patterns in predator-prey size relationships reveal size dependency of trophic transfer efficiency
    Carolyn Barnes
    Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, Lowestoft, Suffolk NR33 0HT, United Kingdom
    Ecology 91:222-32. 2010
    ....
  39. pmc Replenishment of fish populations is threatened by ocean acidification
    Philip L Munday
    Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies and School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:12930-4. 2010
    ..Our results show that additional CO(2) absorbed into the ocean will reduce recruitment success and have far-reaching consequences for the sustainability of fish populations...
  40. ncbi Cannibalism among phytoseiid mites: a review
    Peter Schausberger
    Institute of Plant Protection, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Peter Jordanstrasse 82, A 1190 Vienna, Austria
    Exp Appl Acarol 29:173-91. 2003
    ....
  41. ncbi Fitness consequences of individual specialisation in resource use and trophic morphology in European eels
    Julien Cucherousset
    Centre for Conservation Ecology and Environmental Sciences, School of Applied Sciences, Bournemouth University, Poole, Dorset, UK
    Oecologia 167:75-84. 2011
    ..e. narrower and broader headed individuals), demonstrating the existence of disruptive selection associated with individual specialisation...
  42. ncbi Deep-diving foraging behaviour of sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus)
    Stephanie L Watwood
    Department of Biology, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    J Anim Ecol 75:814-25. 2006
    ....
  43. ncbi Consumer-resource body-size relationships in natural food webs
    Ulrich Brose
    Department of Biology, Darmstadt University of Technology, Darmstadt, Germany
    Ecology 87:2411-7. 2006
    ..If recent studies that relate body-size ratios to interaction strengths are general, our results suggest that mean consumer-resource interaction strengths may vary systematically across different habitat categories and consumer types...
  44. pmc Molecular diet analysis of two african free-tailed bats (molossidae) using high throughput sequencing
    Kristine Bohmann
    Centre for GeoGenetics, Natural History Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark
    PLoS ONE 6:e21441. 2011
    ..condylurus and C. pumilus in the Simunye region of Swaziland at the time of year when the samples were collected, although as more complete databases against which to compare the sequences are generated this may have to be re-evaluated...
  45. ncbi Lower predation risk for migratory birds at high latitudes
    L McKinnon
    Departement de Biologie, Université du Québec à Rimouski and Centre d Etudes Nordiques, Rimouski, Quebec, G5L3A1, Canada
    Science 327:326-7. 2010
    ..These results provide evidence that birds migrating farther north may acquire reproductive benefits in the form of lower nest predation risk...
  46. ncbi Prey tracking by larval zebrafish: axial kinematics and visual control
    Melissa B McElligott
    Department of Biology, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Brain Behav Evol 66:177-96. 2005
    ..Such locomotor strategies may be conserved and elaborated upon by other larval and adult fishes...
  47. pmc Sport hunting, predator control and conservation of large carnivores
    Craig Packer
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e5941. 2009
    ..Effective conservation of these animals will require new harvest strategies and improved monitoring to counter demands for predator control by livestock producers and local communities...
  48. ncbi Prey capture by larval zebrafish: evidence for fine axial motor control
    Melissa A Borla
    Department of Biology, Northeastern University, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    Brain Behav Evol 60:207-29. 2002
    ..These findings will necessitate a significant increase in the complexity of current models of descending motor control in fishes...
  49. ncbi Disentangling a rainforest food web using stable isotopes: dietary diversity in a species-rich ant community
    Nico Blüthgen
    Department of Animal Ecology I, University of Bayreuth, 95440, Bayreuth, Germany
    Oecologia 137:426-35. 2003
    ..This study demonstrates that stable isotopes provide a powerful tool for quantitative analyses of trophic niche partitioning and plasticity in complex and diverse tropical omnivore communities...
  50. ncbi Jellyfish aggregations and leatherback turtle foraging patterns in a temperate coastal environment
    Jonathan D R Houghton
    Department of Biological Sciences, Institute of Environmental Sustainability, University of Wales Swansea, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, United Kingdom
    Ecology 87:1967-72. 2006
    ..5% of leatherback distribution could be explained by these hotspots, with the inference that these coastal features may be sufficiently consistent in space and time to drive long-term foraging associations...
  51. pmc Fishery-independent data reveal negative effect of human population density on Caribbean predatory fish communities
    Christopher D Stallings
    Department of Zoology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e5333. 2009
    ..However, data are often insufficient at region-wide scales to assess the effects of extraction in coral reef ecosystems of developing nations...
  52. ncbi Contrasting patterns of individual specialization and trophic coupling in two marine apex predators
    Philip Matich
    Marine Sciences Program, Florida International University, 3000 NE 151st, North Miami, FL 33181, USA
    J Anim Ecol 80:294-305. 2011
    ..7. Individual specialization may be an important feature of trophic dynamics of highly mobile marine top predators and should be explicitly considered in studies of marine food webs and the ecological role of top predators...
  53. ncbi Predator-prey size relationships in an African large-mammal food web
    Norman Owen-Smith
    Centre for African Ecology, School of Animal, Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Wits 2050, South Africa
    J Anim Ecol 77:173-83. 2008
    ..Nevertheless, the large carnivore assemblage was dominated overwhelmingly by the largest predator, which contributed the major share of animals killed across a wide size range...
  54. ncbi Plant chemistry and natural enemy fitness: effects on herbivore and natural enemy interactions
    Paul J Ode
    Department of Entomology, North Dakota State University, Fargo, 58105, USA
    Annu Rev Entomol 51:163-85. 2006
    ..Explicit tests are required to determine whether natural enemies can act as selective forces on plant defense. Finally, further studies of natural systems are crucial to understanding the evolution of multitrophic relationships...
  55. pmc Parasites dominate food web links
    Kevin D Lafferty
    Western Ecological Research Center, U S Geological Survey, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:11211-6. 2006
    ..These results show that food webs are very incomplete without parasites. Most notably, recognition of parasite links may have important consequences for ecosystem stability because they can increase connectance and nestedness...
  56. ncbi Ocean acidification disrupts the innate ability of fish to detect predator olfactory cues
    Danielle L Dixson
    ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, and School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia
    Ecol Lett 13:68-75. 2010
    ....
  57. ncbi Revisiting the classics: considering nonconsumptive effects in textbook examples of predator-prey interactions
    Barbara L Peckarsky
    Department of Zoology, 453 Birge Hall, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    Ecology 89:2416-25. 2008
    ....
  58. ncbi Nutrient-specific foraging in invertebrate predators
    David Mayntz
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Science 307:111-3. 2005
    ....
  59. pmc Reconstructing web evolution and spider diversification in the molecular era
    Todd A Blackledge
    Department of Biology and Integrated Bioscience Program, University of Akron, Akron, OH 44325 3908, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:5229-34. 2009
    ..These behavioral shifts in silk and web production by spiders thus likely played a key role in the dramatic evolutionary success and ecological dominance of spiders as predators of insects...
  60. ncbi Eating local: influences of habitat on the diet of little brown bats (Myotis lucifugus)
    E L Clare
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    Mol Ecol 20:1772-80. 2011
    ..Our study outlines a model system to investigate the abiotic and biotic interactions between habitat factors through this simple food chain to the top predator...
  61. ncbi Species response to environmental change: impacts of food web interactions and evolution
    Jason P Harmon
    Department of Zoology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Science 323:1347-50. 2009
    ..Our results illustrate how ecological and evolutionary complexities should be incorporated into predictions of the consequences of environmental change for species' populations...
  62. ncbi Measuring foraging activity in a deep-diving bird: comparing wiggles, oesophageal temperatures and beak-opening angles as proxies of feeding
    Nicolas Hanuise
    Centre d Etudes Biologiques de Chize, CEBC CNRS UPR 1934, Villiers en Bois, France
    J Exp Biol 213:3874-80. 2010
    ....
  63. ncbi Minimizing predation risk in a landscape of multiple predators: effects on the spatial distribution of African ungulates
    Maria Thaker
    School of Biological and Conservation Sciences, University of KwaZulu Natal, Westville Campus, Private Bag X54001, Durban 4000, South Africa
    Ecology 92:398-407. 2011
    ..We expect similar decision rules to drive the distribution pattern of ungulates in other African savannas and in other multi-predator systems, especially where predators differ in their hunting modes...
  64. pmc Vespertilionid bats control the width of their biosonar sound beam dynamically during prey pursuit
    Lasse Jakobsen
    Institute of Biology, University of Southern Denmark, DK 5230 Odense, Denmark
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:13930-5. 2010
    ..We predict that future studies will reveal dynamic control of beam width in a broad range of acoustically communicating animals...
  65. ncbi Animal escapology I: theoretical issues and emerging trends in escape trajectories
    Paolo Domenici
    CNR IAMC Localitá Sa Mardini, 09072 Torregrande Or, Italy
    J Exp Biol 214:2463-73. 2011
    ....
  66. ncbi Fish farms, parasites, and predators: implications for salmon population dynamics
    Martin Krkosek
    Centre for Mathematical Biology, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G1, Canada
    Ecol Appl 21:897-914. 2011
    ..These findings indicate that predation is an important component of salmon-louse dynamics and has implications for estimating mortality, reducing infection, and developing conservation policy...
  67. ncbi Indirect effects and traditional trophic cascades: a test involving wolves, coyotes, and pronghorn
    Kim Murray Berger
    Department of Wildland Resources, Utah State University, Logan, Utah 84322 5230, USA
    Ecology 89:818-28. 2008
    ....
  68. ncbi Intense echolocation calls from two 'whispering' bats, Artibeus jamaicensis and Macrophyllum macrophyllum (Phyllostomidae)
    Signe Brinkløv
    Institute of Biology, University of Southern Denmark SDU, Campusvej 55, 5230 Odense M, Denmark
    J Exp Biol 212:11-20. 2009
    ..Our results support increasing evidence that echolocating bats in general are much louder than previously thought. We discuss the importance of loud calls and large output flexibility for both species in an ecological context...
  69. pmc Grouper as a natural biocontrol of invasive lionfish
    Peter J Mumby
    Marine Spatial Ecology Lab, School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland, Australia
    PLoS ONE 6:e21510. 2011
    ..Thus, chronic overfishing will probably prevent natural biocontrol of lionfishes in the Caribbean...
  70. ncbi The positive effects of negative interactions: can avoidance of competitors or predators increase resource sampling by prey?
    Adrian V Bell
    Department of Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, USA
    Theor Popul Biol 76:52-8. 2009
    ..Prey tended to congregate with resources and predators generally congregated with prey...
  71. pmc Allometry indicates giant eyes of giant squid are not exceptional
    Lars Schmitz
    Department of Evolution and Ecology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    BMC Evol Biol 13:45. 2013
    ..However, it is poorly understood how the eye size of giant and colossal squid compares to that of other aquatic organisms when scaling effects are considered...
  72. ncbi Counteracting selective regimes and host preference evolution in ecotypes of two species of walking-sticks
    C P Sandoval
    Marine Science Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara 93106, USA
    Evolution 59:2405-13. 2005
    ..Our results shed light onto which traits are involved in the initial stages of ecological specialization and ecologically based reproductive isolation...
  73. ncbi Hierarchical patch dynamics and animal movement pattern
    Per Fauchald
    Division for Arctic Ecology, The Polar Environmental Center, Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, 9296 Tromsø, Norway
    Oecologia 149:383-95. 2006
    ..Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) is the dominant food item of Antarctic petrels and we suggest that our findings reflect the spatial dynamics of krill in the area...
  74. pmc Prey patch patterns predict habitat use by top marine predators with diverse foraging strategies
    Kelly J Benoit-Bird
    College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e53348. 2013
    ..This supports the hypothesis that patchiness may be critical for understanding predator-prey relationships in pelagic marine systems more generally...
  75. ncbi Detecting predators and locating competitors while foraging: an experimental study of a medium-sized herbivore in an African savanna
    Olivier Pays
    LEESA, Groupe Ecologie et Conservation, Universite d Angers, Angers, France
    Oecologia 169:419-30. 2012
    ....
  76. ncbi Scale-invariant movements of fishermen: the same foraging strategy as natural predators
    Sophie Bertrand
    Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Centre de Recherche Halieutique Méditerranéenne et Tropicale, Sète Cedex, France
    Ecol Appl 17:331-7. 2007
    ..00) among the family of Lévy random walks. This Lagrangian approach opens several perspectives in terms of operational management of the pelagic fish stock...
  77. pmc The relative influence of competition and prey defenses on the phenotypic structure of insectivorous bat ensembles in southern Africa
    M Corrie Schoeman
    Department of Zoology, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa
    PLoS ONE 3:e3715. 2008
    ....
  78. pmc Insect aquaplaning: Nepenthes pitcher plants capture prey with the peristome, a fully wettable water-lubricated anisotropic surface
    Holger F Bohn
    Zoologie II, Biozentrum, Am Hubland, 97074 Wurzburg, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:14138-43. 2004
    ..Experiments on Nepenthes alata show that the trapping mechanism of the peristome is also essential in Nepenthes species with waxy inner pitcher walls...
  79. pmc Herbivore physiological response to predation risk and implications for ecosystem nutrient dynamics
    Dror Hawlena
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:15503-7. 2010
    ....
  80. ncbi Predation, development, and oviposition by the predatory mite Amblyseius swirkii (Acari: Phytoseiidae) on tomato russet mite (Acari: Eriophyidae)
    Hong Hyun Park
    Greenhouse and Processing Crops Research Centre, Harrow, Ontario N0R 1G0, Canada
    J Econ Entomol 103:563-9. 2010
    ..lycopersici and that their populations can be maintained using alternative food sources such as cattail pollen. We suggest that the effectiveness of A. swirskii against A. lycopersici under field conditions needs next to be investigated...
  81. pmc Foraging success of biological Lévy flights recorded in situ
    Nicolas E Humphries
    Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth PL1 2PB, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:7169-74. 2012
    ..Our findings add support to the possibility that biological Lévy flight may have naturally evolved as a search strategy in response to sparse resources and scant information...
  82. ncbi Masquerade: camouflage without crypsis
    John Skelhorn
    Division of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Faculty of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK
    Science 327:51. 2010
    ....
  83. ncbi Size-spectra dynamics from stochastic predation and growth of individuals
    Richard Law
    Biology Department, University of York, P O Box 373, York YO105YW, United Kingdom
    Ecology 90:802-11. 2009
    ..Wavelength depends on the size of prey relative to the size of predator, and wave speed depends on how fast mass moves through the spectrum...
  84. ncbi Measurements of foraging success in a highly pelagic marine predator, the northern elephant seal
    P W Robinson
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, 100 Shaffer Road, Santa Cruz, CA 95060, USA
    J Anim Ecol 79:1146-56. 2010
    ..4. These results support the use of transit rate as an index of foraging success: a metric that is easily derived from tracking measurements on a wide range of marine species...
  85. ncbi A comparative analysis of the evolution of imperfect mimicry
    Heather D Penney
    Department of Biology, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, K1S 5B6, Canada
    Nature 483:461-4. 2012
    ....
  86. ncbi Scavenging: how carnivores and carrion structure communities
    Erin E Wilson
    Division of Biological Sciences, University of California at San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, MC0116, La Jolla, CA 92093 0116, USA
    Trends Ecol Evol 26:129-35. 2011
    ..Furthermore, more energy is generally transferred per link via scavenging than predation. Thus, future food-web research should consider scavenging, especially in light of how major global changes can affect scavengers...
  87. ncbi Macronutrient content of plant-based food affects growth of a carnivorous arthropod
    Shawn M Wilder
    Department of Entomology, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA
    Ecology 92:325-32. 2011
    ..In addition, greater access to plant-based resources in the introduced range of S. invicta may help to explain the high densities achieved by this species throughout the southeastern United States...
  88. ncbi Foraging decisions and behavioural flexibility in trap-building predators: a review
    Inon Scharf
    Department of Biology II, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Grosshadernerstr 2, D 82152 Planegg Martinsried, Germany
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 86:626-39. 2011
    ....
  89. ncbi Effect of food on immature development, consumption rate, and relative growth rate of Toxorhynchites splendens (Diptera: Culicidae), a predator of container breeding mosquitoes
    D Dominic Amalraj
    Vector Control Research Centre, Pondicherry, India
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 100:893-902. 2005
    ..This adaptive life characteristic strategy of this predator is useful for mass-rearing for large scale field release programmes in the control of container breeding mosquitoes is discussed...
  90. ncbi Translocation as a tool for mitigating conflict with leopards in human-dominated landscapes of India
    Vidya Athreya
    Kaati Trust, Raanwara, Bavdhan, Pune, India
    Conserv Biol 25:133-41. 2011
    ....
  91. ncbi Slippery or sticky? Functional diversity in the trapping strategy of Nepenthes carnivorous plants
    Vincent Bonhomme
    Universite Montpellier II, CNRS, UMR AMAP botAnique et bioinforMatique de l Architecture des Plantes, CIRAD TA A51 PS2 Boulevard de la Lironde, Montpellier Cedex 5, France
    New Phytol 191:545-54. 2011
    ..The entomofauna specific to the plant's habitat may exert selective pressures, favouring one trapping strategy at the expense of the other...
  92. ncbi Large nonlethal effects of an invasive invertebrate predator on zooplankton population growth rate
    Kevin L Pangle
    Michigan State University, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, 13 Natural Resources Building, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 1222, USA
    Ecology 88:402-12. 2007
    ..Our results further indicate that invasive species can have strong nonlethal, behaviorally based effects, despite short evolutionary coexistence with prey species...
  93. pmc Cues of intraguild predators affect the distribution of intraguild prey
    Yasuyuki Choh
    Section of Population Biology, Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Oecologia 163:335-40. 2010
    ..Hence, IG-prey changed their distribution and oviposition in response to cues of IG-predators. This might weaken the strength of IG-predation, possibly providing more opportunities for IG-prey and IG-predators to co-exist...
  94. ncbi Behavioral plasticity in an invaded system: non-native whelks recognize risk from native crabs
    Emily W Grason
    Biology Department, Western Washington University, Bellingham, WA 98225, USA
    Oecologia 169:105-15. 2012
    ..Together, these findings demonstrate several ways that the risk-assessment strategies could be important in establishment and post-establishment dynamics of invasive prey...
  95. pmc A comprehensive assessment of the effects of Bt cotton on Coleomegilla maculata demonstrates no detrimental effects by Cry1Ac and Cry2Ab
    Yunhe Li
    Department of Entomology, Cornell University NYSAES, Geneva, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e22185. 2011
    ..maculata. More importantly, this study demonstrates a comprehensive system for assessing the risk of genetically modified plants on non-target organisms...
  96. ncbi Carnivore diet analysis based on next-generation sequencing: application to the leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) in Pakistan
    Wasim Shehzad
    Laboratoire d Ecologie Alpine, CNRS UMR 5553, Universite Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France
    Mol Ecol 21:1951-65. 2012
    ..It can be applied to other carnivore species with only a slight adjustment relating to the design of the blocking oligonucleotide. It is robust and simple to implement and allows the possibility of very large-scale analyses...
  97. ncbi Cheating on a mutualism: indirect benefits of ant attendance to a coccidophagous coccinellid
    Heidi Liere
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Environ Entomol 37:143-9. 2008
    ..orbigera. This is the first time that this kind of indirect positive effect is reported for an ant and a coccidophagous coccinellid. Furthermore, this indirect positive effect may be key to the persistence of A. orbigera's populations...
  98. pmc Interactions among predators and the cascading effects of vertebrate insectivores on arthropod communities and plants
    Kailen A Mooney
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 2525, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:7335-40. 2010
    ..Instead, vertebrate intraguild preda-tion is associated with strengthened trophic cascades, and insectivores function as dominant predators in terrestrial plant-arthropod communities...
  99. pmc Diversity cascades and malaria vectors
    John C Carlson
    Department of Pediatrics, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    J Med Entomol 46:460-4. 2009
    ..gambiae populations. The increase in vector abundance as a result of reduced predator diversity highlights the public health value in conserving native insect diversity...
  100. ncbi Noise pollution changes avian communities and species interactions
    Clinton D Francis
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado at Boulder, 334 UCB, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
    Curr Biol 19:1415-9. 2009
    ....
  101. ncbi Evolutionary diversification in stickleback affects ecosystem functioning
    Luke J Harmon
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho 83844 3051, USA
    Nature 458:1167-70. 2009
    ..It is well known that ecological factors influence adaptive radiation. We demonstrate that adaptive radiation, even over short timescales, can have profound effects on ecosystems...

Research Grants27

  1. NEUROETHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIORAL CONTROL
    JANET LEONARD; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..by looking at interactions among three types of behavior in the opisthobranch mollusc, Navanax inermis: 1) predatory behavior; 2) male sexual behavior; and 3) female sex behavior...
  2. Cortical Representational Plasticity of Oral Structures
    KENNETH CATANIA; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. DEVELOPMENT AND ORGANIZATION OF SOMATOSENSORY CORTEX
    KENNETH CATANIA; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Results will be interpreted in a comparative framework to identify principles that may be generalized to other species and other sensory systems. ..
  4. The organization and plasticity of cortical areas representing the dentition
    KENNETH CATANIA; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The long-term goal of these experiments is to identify general principles of brain organization and plasticity. ..
  5. Olfactory Development: Cell Proliferation and Maturation
    CHARLES DERBY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. Container mosquitoes and microorganism productivity
    STEVEN JULIANO; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This research will increase our knowledge of determinants of vector mosquito production and distribution and abundance. ..
  7. Mathematical Modeling of the Superspreaders of Antibiotic-Resistante Bacteria
    Shigui Ruan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed work will lead to a better understanding of the factors which contribute to the spread of ARB, and will allow the development and implementation of effective public health policies. ..
  8. SECRETIONS OF ARTHROPODS
    Thomas Eisner; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Insects are major vectors of disease. An understanding of how insects depend on natural products for regulation of their biotic interactions is of broad applied significance to both medicine and agriculture. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. Development and transmission of alarm behaviors
    Alberto Palleroni; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. JWatcher-event recorder and behavioral analysis program
    DANIEL BLUMSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..While we will continue to freely-distribute the software, on-going support and routine updates will be supported by the sales of a detailed users manual, which will include laboratory exercises suitable for teaching. ..
  11. Neural mechanisms of auditory stream segregation in an insect auditory neuron
    JEFFREY TRIBLEHORN; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..A working model system involving the katydid TN-1 auditory neuron could also serve a secondary purpose as a system for examining how information processing can be disrupted. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  12. Effect of social environment on memory, hippocampal structure and neurogenesis
    VLADIMIR PRAVOSUDOV; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This study will provide important information on the effects of social environment on memory and the hippocampus which, in turn, might help better understand consequences of social disorders for mental health and the brain. ..
  13. Hippocampal neurogenesis and memory
    VLADIMIR PRAVOSUDOV; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Memory is an important aspect of mental health and the proposed research will provide new insights into better understanding of human memory disorders. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  14. Gene Expression Levels Across Diverse Genomes
    Samuel Karlin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..A third major objective of our research will be to extend our codon usage methods for predicting gene expression levels to eukaryotic genomes, including yeast, D. melanogaster, C. elegans, and human. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. Locus Coeruleus-Norepinephrine System Regulation of Prepulse Inhibition
    Vaishali P Bakshi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This proposal will study the neurobiology of the information-processing deficits seen in illnesses like schizophrenia in order to ultimately develop new treatments for these diseases. ..
  16. HIGH-THROUGHPUT SCEENS FOR ASSESSING TASTE SENSITIVITY
    JOHN GLENDINNING; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..A normative data-base for both screens will be established and made available to the scientific community. The assay procedures developed will be applicable by a single laboratory technician with limited experience. ..
  17. MOLECULAR SEQUENCE DATA
    Samuel Karlin; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..by spacings between repeats, and by properties of repeat families (intergenic, coding, direct, inverted, mixed). ..
  18. NEURAL CONTROL OF SENSORY ACQUISITION
    Mark Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The modeling framework is used to quantitatively evaluate the contributions of afferent convergence and spatiotemporal filtering in the ELL maps to the enhancement of the signal and the suppression of the background. ..
  19. The effect of stress on memory and the brain
    VLADIMIR PRAVOSUDOV; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This study will add to our knowledge of the effects of stress on mental health and will help us to understand the evolution and adaptive significance of stress responses. ..
  20. NEUROETHOLOGY: NEUROBIOLOGY. EVOLUTION AND BEHAVIOR
    Cynthia Moss; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..It is noteworthy that the core faculty of our training program have strong records of recruiting and retaining women and minorities, a high priority among the members of our research group. ..
  21. Effects of Stress and Adrenal Functioning on Cognition
    JILL MATEO; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  22. Dynamic sensorimotor control for spatial orientation
    Cynthia Moss; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Together, these studies have wide-ranging impact for neuroscience, biological research techniques, robotics design, control theory and the development of assistive medical devices. ..
  23. CRCNS: Innovative technologies inspired by biosonar
    Cynthia Moss; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..It will also lay the foundation for a wide range of biomedical applications, such as implantable neural prostheses, ultra-lightweight low power sensors, controllers, medical tool design, and sonar-based assistive medical devices. ..
  24. Neural Analysis of Maternal Aggression
    STEPHEN GAMMIE; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Basic research into sex differences in aggression, then, is important to understanding the biological underpinnings of sex and gender differences in social behavior, health, and disease. ..
  25. Role of limbic-midbrain Axis in Aggressive Behavior
    Allan Siegel; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  26. CD40 Regulation of IL-4 and IFN-g Effects on Fibroblasts
    Sergei Atamas; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..immune cells. The proposed study may contribute to our understanding of the role T cells in the development of fibrosis and lead to novel therapeutic approaches in these diseases. ..
  27. Molecular Mechanism of PARC-Mediated Lung Fibrosis
    Sergei Atamas; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..4. Analyze the effects of pulmonary adenovector-mediated gene transfer of PARC on lung fibrosis in intact mouse lung and bleomycin-treated mouse lung. ..