Genomes and Genes
Summary: Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.
Publications290 found, 100 shown here
- Social learning about predators: a review and prospectusA S Griffin
Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Learn Behav 32:131-40. 2004..Finally, I highlight how studies of socially acquired predator avoidance can inform the design of prerelease antipredator training programs for endangered species...
- Trophic downgrading of planet EarthJames A Estes
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95060, USA
Science 333:301-6. 2011..These findings emphasize the urgent need for interdisciplinary research to forecast the effects of trophic downgrading on process, function, and resilience in global ecosystems...
- Rapid worldwide depletion of predatory fish communitiesRansom A Myers
Biology Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 4J1
Nature 423:280-3. 2003..Our analysis suggests that management based on recent data alone may be misleading, and provides minimum estimates for unexploited communities, which could serve as the 'missing baseline' needed for future restoration efforts...
- Invasive lionfish drive Atlantic coral reef fish declinesStephanie J Green
Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada
PLoS ONE 7:e32596. 2012....
- Patterns and ecosystem consequences of shark declines in the oceanFrancesco Ferretti
Biology Department, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H4J1, Canada
Ecol Lett 13:1055-71. 2010..Yet more empirical evidence is needed to test the generality of these effects throughout the ocean...
- Cascading effects of the loss of apex predatory sharks from a coastal oceanRansom A Myers
Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, Halifax, NS B3H 4J1, Canada
Science 315:1846-50. 2007..Analogous top-down effects may be a predictable consequence of eliminating entire functional groups of predators...
- Phenotypic plasticity in the interactions and evolution of speciesA A Agrawal
Department of Botany, University of Toronto, 25 Willcocks Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3B2, Canada
Science 294:321-6. 2001..Taken together, phenotypic responses in species interactions represent modifications that can lead to reciprocal change in ecological time, altered community patterns, and expanded evolutionary potential of species...
- Predicting ecological consequences of marine top predator declinesMichael R Heithaus
Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, North Miami, FL 33181, USA
Trends Ecol Evol 23:202-10. 2008..We conclude that marine predators should be managed for the maintenance of both density- and risk-driven ecological processes, and not demographic persistence alone...
- Scaling laws of marine predator search behaviourDavid W Sims
Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth PL1 2PB, UK
Nature 451:1098-102. 2008..This may explain why Lévy-like behaviour seems to be widespread among diverse organisms, from microbes to humans, as a 'rule' that evolved in response to patchy resource distributions...
- Environmental context explains Lévy and Brownian movement patterns of marine predatorsNicolas E Humphries
Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth PL1 2PB, UK
Nature 465:1066-9. 2010..These results are consistent with the Lévy-flight foraging hypothesis, supporting the contention that organism search strategies naturally evolved in such a way that they exploit optimal Lévy patterns...
- Relationships between direct predation and risk effectsScott Creel
Department of Ecology, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, USA
Trends Ecol Evol 23:194-201. 2008..Risk effects and direct effects do not necessarily change in parallel. When risk effects reduce reproduction rather than survival, they are easily mistaken for limitation by food supply...
- Top predators as biodiversity regulators: the dingo Canis lupus dingo as a case studyMike Letnic
Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, University of Western Sydney, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith, NSW, Australia
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 87:390-413. 2012..Finally, we discuss key issues that require consideration or warrant research before the ecological effects of dingoes can be incorporated formally into biodiversity conservation programs...
- Predators and the breeding bird: behavioral and reproductive flexibility under the risk of predationSteven L Lima
Department of Biology, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, Indiana 47809, USA
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 84:485-513. 2009..The topics highlighted herein are all in need more empirical attention, and more experimental field work whenever feasible...
- The effects of predator odors in mammalian prey species: a review of field and laboratory studiesRaimund Apfelbach
Tierphysiologie, Zoologisches Institut, Universitat Tubingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 28, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 29:1123-44. 2005..Recent research is starting to uncover the neural circuitry activated by predator odors, leading to hypotheses about how such activation leads to observable effects on reproduction, foraging and feeding...
- Energetic constraints on the diet of terrestrial carnivoresC Carbone
Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, UK
Nature 402:286-8. 1999..Using a simple energetic model and known invertebrate intake rates, we predict a maximum sustainable mass of 21.5 kg, which matches the point where predators shift from small to large prey...
- Cascading top-down effects of changing oceanic predator abundancesJulia K Baum
Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
J Anim Ecol 78:699-714. 2009....
- Functional basis of a molecular adaptation: prey-specific toxic effects of venom from Sistrurus rattlesnakesH Lisle Gibbs
Department of Evolution, Ecology and Organismal Biology, Ohio State University, 300 Aronoff Laboratory, 318 W 12th Ave, Columbus, OH 43210 1293, USA
Toxicon 53:672-9. 2009..They also emphasize the need to consider ecological and evolutionary factors other than diet alone as causes of variation in venom toxicity...
- Echolocation signals reflect niche differentiation in five sympatric congeneric bat speciesBjörn M Siemers
Animal Physiology, Zoological Institute, University of Tubingen, Morgenstelle 28, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
Nature 429:657-61. 2004....
- Linking animal-borne video to accelerometers reveals prey capture variabilityYuuki Y Watanabe
National Institute of Polar Research, Tachikawa, Tokyo 190 8518, Japan
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:2199-204. 2013..e., video observations, linking video to behavioral signals, and extension of signal analysis) are unique approaches to understanding the spatial and temporal variability of ecologically important events such as foraging...
- Effects of ocean acidification on learning in coral reef fishesMaud C O Ferrari
Department of Environmental Science and Policy, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America
PLoS ONE 7:e31478. 2012..These results indicate that exposure to CO(2) may alter the cognitive ability of juvenile fish and render learning ineffective...
- DNA-based diet analysis for any predatorGlenn Dunshea
Antarctic Wildlife Research Unit, School of Zoology, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
PLoS ONE 4:e5252. 2009..I present a general approach to detect diverse prey in the feces or gut contents of predators...
- Ocean acidification affects prey detection by a predatory reef fishIngrid L Cripps
School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Australia
PLoS ONE 6:e22736. 2011..Thus, it is unlikely that the altered behaviour of predators is sufficient to fully compensate for the effects of ocean acidification on prey mortality...
- Predator diversity dampens trophic cascadesDeborah L Finke
Department of Entomology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA
Nature 429:407-10. 2004..We show that enhancing predator diversity dampens enemy effects on herbivores and weakens trophic cascades. Consequently, changes in diversity at higher trophic levels can significantly alter ecosystem function in natural systems...
- Coral reef fish rapidly learn to identify multiple unknown predators upon recruitment to the reefMatthew D Mitchell
Australia Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies and School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Australia
PLoS ONE 6:e15764. 2011..Upon entering an unfamiliar environment prey species are able to rapidly assess the risk of predation, enhancing their chances of survival, through the assessment of chemical stimuli...
- Visual prey capture in larval zebrafish is controlled by identified reticulospinal neurons downstream of the tectumEthan Gahtan
Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003, USA
J Neurosci 25:9294-303. 2005..These results suggest that MeLc and MeLr function in series with the tectum, as part of a circuit that coordinates prey capture movements...
- Echolocating bats cry out loud to detect their preyAnnemarie Surlykke
Institute of Biology, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
PLoS ONE 3:e2036. 2008..We conclude that for bats with similar hunting habits, prey detection range represents a unifying constraint on the emitted intensity largely independent of call shape, body size, and close phylogenetic relationships...
- Structural asymmetry and the stability of diverse food websNeil Rooney
Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada
Nature 442:265-9. 2006..Alarmingly, the same human actions that have been implicated in the loss of biodiversity also directly erode the very structures and processes that we show to confer stability on food webs...
- Tigers and their prey: Predicting carnivore densities from prey abundanceK Ullas Karanth
Wildlife Conservation Society, India Program, 26 2, Aga Abbas Ali Road, Apartment 403, Bangalore, Karnataka 560042, India
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:4854-8. 2004..In addition to generating important insights into carnivore ecology and conservation, the study provides a potentially useful model for the rigorous conduct of macroecological science...
- Shared signals -'alarm calls' from plants increase apparency to herbivores and their enemies in natureRayko Halitschke
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, E443 Corson Hall, 14853 Ithaca, NY, USA
Ecol Lett 11:24-34. 2008..The implications of these conflicting ecological effects for the evolution of induced volatile emissions and for the development of sustainable agricultural practices are discussed...
- Stability in real food webs: weak links in long loopsAnje Margriet Neutel
Department of Environmental Sciences, Utrecht University, Post Office Box 80115, 3508 TC Utrecht, Netherlands
Science 296:1120-3. 2002..Loop-weight analysis could be a useful tool for exploring the structure and organization of complex communities...
- Fin-tail coordination during escape and predatory behavior in larval zebrafishPhil McClenahan
School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland, Australia
PLoS ONE 7:e32295. 2012..Here, we employ kinematics analyses to describe the movements of the pectoral fins during escape and predatory behavior. In accord with previous studies, we find roles for the pectoral fins in slow swimming and immediately after ..
- Insights into the ecology and evolutionary success of crocodilians revealed through bite-force and tooth-pressure experimentationGregory M Erickson
Department of Biological Science, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida, United States of America
PLoS ONE 7:e31781. 2012..How these factors relate to biomechanical performance during feeding and their relevance to crocodilian evolutionary success are not known...
- A nutritionally mediated risk effect of wolves on elkDavid Christianson
Department of Ecology, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana 59717, USA
Ecology 91:1184-91. 2010..Nutritionally mediated risk effects may be important for understanding predator-prey dynamics in wild populations, but such effects could be masked as bottom-up forces if antipredator responses are not considered...
- The vomeronasal organ mediates interspecies defensive behaviors through detection of protein pheromone homologsFabio Papes
Department of Cell Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
Cell 141:692-703. 2010..This co-option of existing sensory mechanisms provides a molecular solution to the difficult problem of evolving a variety of species-specific molecular detectors...
- Exposure to predation generates personality in threespined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus)Alison M Bell
School of Integrative Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
Ecol Lett 10:828-34. 2007..The behavioural correlation was produced by both selection by predators and behavioural plasticity. These results support the hypothesis that certain correlations between behaviours might be adaptive in some environments...
- Co-mimics have a mutualistic relationship despite unequal defencesHannah M Rowland
School of Biological Sciences, University of Liverpool, Biosciences Building, Crown Street, Liverpool L69 7ZB, UK
Nature 448:64-7. 2007..By ignoring the effects of density, current theories may have overestimated the parasitic costs imposed by less defended mimics on highly defended models...
- Taxon-specific PCR for DNA barcoding arthropod prey in bat faecesMatt R K Zeale
School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Woodland Road, Bristol, UK
Mol Ecol Resour 11:236-44. 2011..The methodology developed here provides new opportunities for the study of bat diets and will be of great benefit to the conservation of these ecologically important predators...
- Global patterns in predator-prey size relationships reveal size dependency of trophic transfer efficiencyCarolyn Barnes
Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, Lowestoft, Suffolk NR33 0HT, United Kingdom
Ecology 91:222-32. 2010....
- Replenishment of fish populations is threatened by ocean acidificationPhilip L Munday
Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies and School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:12930-4. 2010..Our results show that additional CO(2) absorbed into the ocean will reduce recruitment success and have far-reaching consequences for the sustainability of fish populations...
- Cannibalism among phytoseiid mites: a reviewPeter Schausberger
Institute of Plant Protection, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Peter Jordanstrasse 82, A 1190 Vienna, Austria
Exp Appl Acarol 29:173-91. 2003....
- Fitness consequences of individual specialisation in resource use and trophic morphology in European eelsJulien Cucherousset
Centre for Conservation Ecology and Environmental Sciences, School of Applied Sciences, Bournemouth University, Poole, Dorset, UK
Oecologia 167:75-84. 2011..e. narrower and broader headed individuals), demonstrating the existence of disruptive selection associated with individual specialisation...
- Deep-diving foraging behaviour of sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus)Stephanie L Watwood
Department of Biology, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
J Anim Ecol 75:814-25. 2006....
- Consumer-resource body-size relationships in natural food websUlrich Brose
Department of Biology, Darmstadt University of Technology, Darmstadt, Germany
Ecology 87:2411-7. 2006..If recent studies that relate body-size ratios to interaction strengths are general, our results suggest that mean consumer-resource interaction strengths may vary systematically across different habitat categories and consumer types...
- Molecular diet analysis of two african free-tailed bats (molossidae) using high throughput sequencingKristine Bohmann
Centre for GeoGenetics, Natural History Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark
PLoS ONE 6:e21441. 2011..condylurus and C. pumilus in the Simunye region of Swaziland at the time of year when the samples were collected, although as more complete databases against which to compare the sequences are generated this may have to be re-evaluated...
- Lower predation risk for migratory birds at high latitudesL McKinnon
Departement de Biologie, Université du Québec à Rimouski and Centre d Etudes Nordiques, Rimouski, Quebec, G5L3A1, Canada
Science 327:326-7. 2010..These results provide evidence that birds migrating farther north may acquire reproductive benefits in the form of lower nest predation risk...
- Prey tracking by larval zebrafish: axial kinematics and visual controlMelissa B McElligott
Department of Biology, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Brain Behav Evol 66:177-96. 2005..Such locomotor strategies may be conserved and elaborated upon by other larval and adult fishes...
- Sport hunting, predator control and conservation of large carnivoresCraig Packer
Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States of America
PLoS ONE 4:e5941. 2009..Effective conservation of these animals will require new harvest strategies and improved monitoring to counter demands for predator control by livestock producers and local communities...
- Prey capture by larval zebrafish: evidence for fine axial motor controlMelissa A Borla
Department of Biology, Northeastern University, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
Brain Behav Evol 60:207-29. 2002..These findings will necessitate a significant increase in the complexity of current models of descending motor control in fishes...
- Disentangling a rainforest food web using stable isotopes: dietary diversity in a species-rich ant communityNico Blüthgen
Department of Animal Ecology I, University of Bayreuth, 95440, Bayreuth, Germany
Oecologia 137:426-35. 2003..This study demonstrates that stable isotopes provide a powerful tool for quantitative analyses of trophic niche partitioning and plasticity in complex and diverse tropical omnivore communities...
- Jellyfish aggregations and leatherback turtle foraging patterns in a temperate coastal environmentJonathan D R Houghton
Department of Biological Sciences, Institute of Environmental Sustainability, University of Wales Swansea, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, United Kingdom
Ecology 87:1967-72. 2006..5% of leatherback distribution could be explained by these hotspots, with the inference that these coastal features may be sufficiently consistent in space and time to drive long-term foraging associations...
- Fishery-independent data reveal negative effect of human population density on Caribbean predatory fish communitiesChristopher D Stallings
Department of Zoology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
PLoS ONE 4:e5333. 2009..However, data are often insufficient at region-wide scales to assess the effects of extraction in coral reef ecosystems of developing nations...
- Contrasting patterns of individual specialization and trophic coupling in two marine apex predatorsPhilip Matich
Marine Sciences Program, Florida International University, 3000 NE 151st, North Miami, FL 33181, USA
J Anim Ecol 80:294-305. 2011..7. Individual specialization may be an important feature of trophic dynamics of highly mobile marine top predators and should be explicitly considered in studies of marine food webs and the ecological role of top predators...
- Predator-prey size relationships in an African large-mammal food webNorman Owen-Smith
Centre for African Ecology, School of Animal, Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Wits 2050, South Africa
J Anim Ecol 77:173-83. 2008..Nevertheless, the large carnivore assemblage was dominated overwhelmingly by the largest predator, which contributed the major share of animals killed across a wide size range...
- Plant chemistry and natural enemy fitness: effects on herbivore and natural enemy interactionsPaul J Ode
Department of Entomology, North Dakota State University, Fargo, 58105, USA
Annu Rev Entomol 51:163-85. 2006..Explicit tests are required to determine whether natural enemies can act as selective forces on plant defense. Finally, further studies of natural systems are crucial to understanding the evolution of multitrophic relationships...
- Parasites dominate food web linksKevin D Lafferty
Western Ecological Research Center, U S Geological Survey, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:11211-6. 2006..These results show that food webs are very incomplete without parasites. Most notably, recognition of parasite links may have important consequences for ecosystem stability because they can increase connectance and nestedness...
- Ocean acidification disrupts the innate ability of fish to detect predator olfactory cuesDanielle L Dixson
ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, and School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia
Ecol Lett 13:68-75. 2010....
- Revisiting the classics: considering nonconsumptive effects in textbook examples of predator-prey interactionsBarbara L Peckarsky
Department of Zoology, 453 Birge Hall, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
Ecology 89:2416-25. 2008....
- Nutrient-specific foraging in invertebrate predatorsDavid Mayntz
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
Science 307:111-3. 2005....
- Reconstructing web evolution and spider diversification in the molecular eraTodd A Blackledge
Department of Biology and Integrated Bioscience Program, University of Akron, Akron, OH 44325 3908, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:5229-34. 2009..These behavioral shifts in silk and web production by spiders thus likely played a key role in the dramatic evolutionary success and ecological dominance of spiders as predators of insects...
- Eating local: influences of habitat on the diet of little brown bats (Myotis lucifugus)E L Clare
Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
Mol Ecol 20:1772-80. 2011..Our study outlines a model system to investigate the abiotic and biotic interactions between habitat factors through this simple food chain to the top predator...
- Species response to environmental change: impacts of food web interactions and evolutionJason P Harmon
Department of Zoology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Science 323:1347-50. 2009..Our results illustrate how ecological and evolutionary complexities should be incorporated into predictions of the consequences of environmental change for species' populations...
- Measuring foraging activity in a deep-diving bird: comparing wiggles, oesophageal temperatures and beak-opening angles as proxies of feedingNicolas Hanuise
Centre d Etudes Biologiques de Chize, CEBC CNRS UPR 1934, Villiers en Bois, France
J Exp Biol 213:3874-80. 2010....
- Minimizing predation risk in a landscape of multiple predators: effects on the spatial distribution of African ungulatesMaria Thaker
School of Biological and Conservation Sciences, University of KwaZulu Natal, Westville Campus, Private Bag X54001, Durban 4000, South Africa
Ecology 92:398-407. 2011..We expect similar decision rules to drive the distribution pattern of ungulates in other African savannas and in other multi-predator systems, especially where predators differ in their hunting modes...
- Vespertilionid bats control the width of their biosonar sound beam dynamically during prey pursuitLasse Jakobsen
Institute of Biology, University of Southern Denmark, DK 5230 Odense, Denmark
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:13930-5. 2010..We predict that future studies will reveal dynamic control of beam width in a broad range of acoustically communicating animals...
- Animal escapology I: theoretical issues and emerging trends in escape trajectoriesPaolo Domenici
CNR IAMC Localitá Sa Mardini, 09072 Torregrande Or, Italy
J Exp Biol 214:2463-73. 2011....
- Fish farms, parasites, and predators: implications for salmon population dynamicsMartin Krkosek
Centre for Mathematical Biology, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G1, Canada
Ecol Appl 21:897-914. 2011..These findings indicate that predation is an important component of salmon-louse dynamics and has implications for estimating mortality, reducing infection, and developing conservation policy...
- Indirect effects and traditional trophic cascades: a test involving wolves, coyotes, and pronghornKim Murray Berger
Department of Wildland Resources, Utah State University, Logan, Utah 84322 5230, USA
Ecology 89:818-28. 2008....
- Intense echolocation calls from two 'whispering' bats, Artibeus jamaicensis and Macrophyllum macrophyllum (Phyllostomidae)Signe Brinkløv
Institute of Biology, University of Southern Denmark SDU, Campusvej 55, 5230 Odense M, Denmark
J Exp Biol 212:11-20. 2009..Our results support increasing evidence that echolocating bats in general are much louder than previously thought. We discuss the importance of loud calls and large output flexibility for both species in an ecological context...
- Grouper as a natural biocontrol of invasive lionfishPeter J Mumby
Marine Spatial Ecology Lab, School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland, Australia
PLoS ONE 6:e21510. 2011..Thus, chronic overfishing will probably prevent natural biocontrol of lionfishes in the Caribbean...
- The positive effects of negative interactions: can avoidance of competitors or predators increase resource sampling by prey?Adrian V Bell
Department of Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, USA
Theor Popul Biol 76:52-8. 2009..Prey tended to congregate with resources and predators generally congregated with prey...
- Allometry indicates giant eyes of giant squid are not exceptionalLars Schmitz
Department of Evolution and Ecology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
BMC Evol Biol 13:45. 2013..However, it is poorly understood how the eye size of giant and colossal squid compares to that of other aquatic organisms when scaling effects are considered...
- Counteracting selective regimes and host preference evolution in ecotypes of two species of walking-sticksC P Sandoval
Marine Science Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara 93106, USA
Evolution 59:2405-13. 2005..Our results shed light onto which traits are involved in the initial stages of ecological specialization and ecologically based reproductive isolation...
- Hierarchical patch dynamics and animal movement patternPer Fauchald
Division for Arctic Ecology, The Polar Environmental Center, Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, 9296 Tromsø, Norway
Oecologia 149:383-95. 2006..Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) is the dominant food item of Antarctic petrels and we suggest that our findings reflect the spatial dynamics of krill in the area...
- Prey patch patterns predict habitat use by top marine predators with diverse foraging strategiesKelly J Benoit-Bird
College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of America
PLoS ONE 8:e53348. 2013..This supports the hypothesis that patchiness may be critical for understanding predator-prey relationships in pelagic marine systems more generally...
- Detecting predators and locating competitors while foraging: an experimental study of a medium-sized herbivore in an African savannaOlivier Pays
LEESA, Groupe Ecologie et Conservation, Universite d Angers, Angers, France
Oecologia 169:419-30. 2012....
- Scale-invariant movements of fishermen: the same foraging strategy as natural predatorsSophie Bertrand
Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Centre de Recherche Halieutique Méditerranéenne et Tropicale, Sète Cedex, France
Ecol Appl 17:331-7. 2007..00) among the family of Lévy random walks. This Lagrangian approach opens several perspectives in terms of operational management of the pelagic fish stock...
- The relative influence of competition and prey defenses on the phenotypic structure of insectivorous bat ensembles in southern AfricaM Corrie Schoeman
Department of Zoology, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa
PLoS ONE 3:e3715. 2008....
- Insect aquaplaning: Nepenthes pitcher plants capture prey with the peristome, a fully wettable water-lubricated anisotropic surfaceHolger F Bohn
Zoologie II, Biozentrum, Am Hubland, 97074 Wurzburg, Germany
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:14138-43. 2004..Experiments on Nepenthes alata show that the trapping mechanism of the peristome is also essential in Nepenthes species with waxy inner pitcher walls...
- Herbivore physiological response to predation risk and implications for ecosystem nutrient dynamicsDror Hawlena
School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:15503-7. 2010....
- Predation, development, and oviposition by the predatory mite Amblyseius swirkii (Acari: Phytoseiidae) on tomato russet mite (Acari: Eriophyidae)Hong Hyun Park
Greenhouse and Processing Crops Research Centre, Harrow, Ontario N0R 1G0, Canada
J Econ Entomol 103:563-9. 2010..lycopersici and that their populations can be maintained using alternative food sources such as cattail pollen. We suggest that the effectiveness of A. swirskii against A. lycopersici under field conditions needs next to be investigated...
- Foraging success of biological Lévy flights recorded in situNicolas E Humphries
Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth PL1 2PB, United Kingdom
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:7169-74. 2012..Our findings add support to the possibility that biological Lévy flight may have naturally evolved as a search strategy in response to sparse resources and scant information...
- Masquerade: camouflage without crypsisJohn Skelhorn
Division of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Faculty of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK
Science 327:51. 2010....
- Size-spectra dynamics from stochastic predation and growth of individualsRichard Law
Biology Department, University of York, P O Box 373, York YO105YW, United Kingdom
Ecology 90:802-11. 2009..Wavelength depends on the size of prey relative to the size of predator, and wave speed depends on how fast mass moves through the spectrum...
- Measurements of foraging success in a highly pelagic marine predator, the northern elephant sealP W Robinson
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, 100 Shaffer Road, Santa Cruz, CA 95060, USA
J Anim Ecol 79:1146-56. 2010..4. These results support the use of transit rate as an index of foraging success: a metric that is easily derived from tracking measurements on a wide range of marine species...
- A comparative analysis of the evolution of imperfect mimicryHeather D Penney
Department of Biology, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, K1S 5B6, Canada
Nature 483:461-4. 2012....
- Scavenging: how carnivores and carrion structure communitiesErin E Wilson
Division of Biological Sciences, University of California at San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, MC0116, La Jolla, CA 92093 0116, USA
Trends Ecol Evol 26:129-35. 2011..Furthermore, more energy is generally transferred per link via scavenging than predation. Thus, future food-web research should consider scavenging, especially in light of how major global changes can affect scavengers...
- Macronutrient content of plant-based food affects growth of a carnivorous arthropodShawn M Wilder
Department of Entomology, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA
Ecology 92:325-32. 2011..In addition, greater access to plant-based resources in the introduced range of S. invicta may help to explain the high densities achieved by this species throughout the southeastern United States...
- Foraging decisions and behavioural flexibility in trap-building predators: a reviewInon Scharf
Department of Biology II, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Grosshadernerstr 2, D 82152 Planegg Martinsried, Germany
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 86:626-39. 2011....
- Effect of food on immature development, consumption rate, and relative growth rate of Toxorhynchites splendens (Diptera: Culicidae), a predator of container breeding mosquitoesD Dominic Amalraj
Vector Control Research Centre, Pondicherry, India
Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 100:893-902. 2005..This adaptive life characteristic strategy of this predator is useful for mass-rearing for large scale field release programmes in the control of container breeding mosquitoes is discussed...
- Translocation as a tool for mitigating conflict with leopards in human-dominated landscapes of IndiaVidya Athreya
Kaati Trust, Raanwara, Bavdhan, Pune, India
Conserv Biol 25:133-41. 2011....
- Slippery or sticky? Functional diversity in the trapping strategy of Nepenthes carnivorous plantsVincent Bonhomme
Universite Montpellier II, CNRS, UMR AMAP botAnique et bioinforMatique de l Architecture des Plantes, CIRAD TA A51 PS2 Boulevard de la Lironde, Montpellier Cedex 5, France
New Phytol 191:545-54. 2011..The entomofauna specific to the plant's habitat may exert selective pressures, favouring one trapping strategy at the expense of the other...
- Large nonlethal effects of an invasive invertebrate predator on zooplankton population growth rateKevin L Pangle
Michigan State University, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, 13 Natural Resources Building, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 1222, USA
Ecology 88:402-12. 2007..Our results further indicate that invasive species can have strong nonlethal, behaviorally based effects, despite short evolutionary coexistence with prey species...
- Cues of intraguild predators affect the distribution of intraguild preyYasuyuki Choh
Section of Population Biology, Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Oecologia 163:335-40. 2010..Hence, IG-prey changed their distribution and oviposition in response to cues of IG-predators. This might weaken the strength of IG-predation, possibly providing more opportunities for IG-prey and IG-predators to co-exist...
- Behavioral plasticity in an invaded system: non-native whelks recognize risk from native crabsEmily W Grason
Biology Department, Western Washington University, Bellingham, WA 98225, USA
Oecologia 169:105-15. 2012..Together, these findings demonstrate several ways that the risk-assessment strategies could be important in establishment and post-establishment dynamics of invasive prey...
- A comprehensive assessment of the effects of Bt cotton on Coleomegilla maculata demonstrates no detrimental effects by Cry1Ac and Cry2AbYunhe Li
Department of Entomology, Cornell University NYSAES, Geneva, New York, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e22185. 2011..maculata. More importantly, this study demonstrates a comprehensive system for assessing the risk of genetically modified plants on non-target organisms...
- Carnivore diet analysis based on next-generation sequencing: application to the leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) in PakistanWasim Shehzad
Laboratoire d Ecologie Alpine, CNRS UMR 5553, Universite Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France
Mol Ecol 21:1951-65. 2012..It can be applied to other carnivore species with only a slight adjustment relating to the design of the blocking oligonucleotide. It is robust and simple to implement and allows the possibility of very large-scale analyses...
- Cheating on a mutualism: indirect benefits of ant attendance to a coccidophagous coccinellidHeidi Liere
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
Environ Entomol 37:143-9. 2008..orbigera. This is the first time that this kind of indirect positive effect is reported for an ant and a coccidophagous coccinellid. Furthermore, this indirect positive effect may be key to the persistence of A. orbigera's populations...
- Interactions among predators and the cascading effects of vertebrate insectivores on arthropod communities and plantsKailen A Mooney
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 2525, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:7335-40. 2010..Instead, vertebrate intraguild preda-tion is associated with strengthened trophic cascades, and insectivores function as dominant predators in terrestrial plant-arthropod communities...
- Diversity cascades and malaria vectorsJohn C Carlson
Department of Pediatrics, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
J Med Entomol 46:460-4. 2009..gambiae populations. The increase in vector abundance as a result of reduced predator diversity highlights the public health value in conserving native insect diversity...
- Noise pollution changes avian communities and species interactionsClinton D Francis
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado at Boulder, 334 UCB, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
Curr Biol 19:1415-9. 2009....
- Evolutionary diversification in stickleback affects ecosystem functioningLuke J Harmon
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho 83844 3051, USA
Nature 458:1167-70. 2009..It is well known that ecological factors influence adaptive radiation. We demonstrate that adaptive radiation, even over short timescales, can have profound effects on ecosystems...
- NEUROETHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIORAL CONTROLJANET LEONARD; Fiscal Year: 1992..by looking at interactions among three types of behavior in the opisthobranch mollusc, Navanax inermis: 1) predatory behavior; 2) male sexual behavior; and 3) female sex behavior...
- Cortical Representational Plasticity of Oral StructuresKENNETH CATANIA; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- DEVELOPMENT AND ORGANIZATION OF SOMATOSENSORY CORTEXKENNETH CATANIA; Fiscal Year: 2002..Results will be interpreted in a comparative framework to identify principles that may be generalized to other species and other sensory systems. ..
- The organization and plasticity of cortical areas representing the dentitionKENNETH CATANIA; Fiscal Year: 2009..The long-term goal of these experiments is to identify general principles of brain organization and plasticity. ..
- Olfactory Development: Cell Proliferation and MaturationCHARLES DERBY; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Container mosquitoes and microorganism productivitySTEVEN JULIANO; Fiscal Year: 2003..This research will increase our knowledge of determinants of vector mosquito production and distribution and abundance. ..
- Mathematical Modeling of the Superspreaders of Antibiotic-Resistante BacteriaShigui Ruan; Fiscal Year: 2010..The proposed work will lead to a better understanding of the factors which contribute to the spread of ARB, and will allow the development and implementation of effective public health policies. ..
- SECRETIONS OF ARTHROPODSThomas Eisner; Fiscal Year: 2008..Insects are major vectors of disease. An understanding of how insects depend on natural products for regulation of their biotic interactions is of broad applied significance to both medicine and agriculture. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Development and transmission of alarm behaviorsAlberto Palleroni; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- JWatcher-event recorder and behavioral analysis programDANIEL BLUMSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2004..While we will continue to freely-distribute the software, on-going support and routine updates will be supported by the sales of a detailed users manual, which will include laboratory exercises suitable for teaching. ..
- Neural mechanisms of auditory stream segregation in an insect auditory neuronJEFFREY TRIBLEHORN; Fiscal Year: 2008..A working model system involving the katydid TN-1 auditory neuron could also serve a secondary purpose as a system for examining how information processing can be disrupted. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Effect of social environment on memory, hippocampal structure and neurogenesisVLADIMIR PRAVOSUDOV; Fiscal Year: 2009..This study will provide important information on the effects of social environment on memory and the hippocampus which, in turn, might help better understand consequences of social disorders for mental health and the brain. ..
- Hippocampal neurogenesis and memoryVLADIMIR PRAVOSUDOV; Fiscal Year: 2008..Memory is an important aspect of mental health and the proposed research will provide new insights into better understanding of human memory disorders. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Gene Expression Levels Across Diverse GenomesSamuel Karlin; Fiscal Year: 2006..A third major objective of our research will be to extend our codon usage methods for predicting gene expression levels to eukaryotic genomes, including yeast, D. melanogaster, C. elegans, and human. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Locus Coeruleus-Norepinephrine System Regulation of Prepulse InhibitionVaishali P Bakshi; Fiscal Year: 2010..This proposal will study the neurobiology of the information-processing deficits seen in illnesses like schizophrenia in order to ultimately develop new treatments for these diseases. ..
- HIGH-THROUGHPUT SCEENS FOR ASSESSING TASTE SENSITIVITYJOHN GLENDINNING; Fiscal Year: 2001..A normative data-base for both screens will be established and made available to the scientific community. The assay procedures developed will be applicable by a single laboratory technician with limited experience. ..
- MOLECULAR SEQUENCE DATASamuel Karlin; Fiscal Year: 2001..by spacings between repeats, and by properties of repeat families (intergenic, coding, direct, inverted, mixed). ..
- NEURAL CONTROL OF SENSORY ACQUISITIONMark Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2004..The modeling framework is used to quantitatively evaluate the contributions of afferent convergence and spatiotemporal filtering in the ELL maps to the enhancement of the signal and the suppression of the background. ..
- The effect of stress on memory and the brainVLADIMIR PRAVOSUDOV; Fiscal Year: 2004..This study will add to our knowledge of the effects of stress on mental health and will help us to understand the evolution and adaptive significance of stress responses. ..
- NEUROETHOLOGY: NEUROBIOLOGY. EVOLUTION AND BEHAVIORCynthia Moss; Fiscal Year: 2005..It is noteworthy that the core faculty of our training program have strong records of recruiting and retaining women and minorities, a high priority among the members of our research group. ..
- Effects of Stress and Adrenal Functioning on CognitionJILL MATEO; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- Dynamic sensorimotor control for spatial orientationCynthia Moss; Fiscal Year: 2008..Together, these studies have wide-ranging impact for neuroscience, biological research techniques, robotics design, control theory and the development of assistive medical devices. ..
- CRCNS: Innovative technologies inspired by biosonarCynthia Moss; Fiscal Year: 2007..It will also lay the foundation for a wide range of biomedical applications, such as implantable neural prostheses, ultra-lightweight low power sensors, controllers, medical tool design, and sonar-based assistive medical devices. ..
- Neural Analysis of Maternal AggressionSTEPHEN GAMMIE; Fiscal Year: 2006..Basic research into sex differences in aggression, then, is important to understanding the biological underpinnings of sex and gender differences in social behavior, health, and disease. ..
- Role of limbic-midbrain Axis in Aggressive BehaviorAllan Siegel; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- CD40 Regulation of IL-4 and IFN-g Effects on FibroblastsSergei Atamas; Fiscal Year: 2003..immune cells. The proposed study may contribute to our understanding of the role T cells in the development of fibrosis and lead to novel therapeutic approaches in these diseases. ..
- Molecular Mechanism of PARC-Mediated Lung FibrosisSergei Atamas; Fiscal Year: 2007..4. Analyze the effects of pulmonary adenovector-mediated gene transfer of PARC on lung fibrosis in intact mouse lung and bleomycin-treated mouse lung. ..