appetitive behavior

Summary

Summary: Animal searching behavior. The variable introductory phase of an instinctive behavior pattern or sequence, e.g., looking for food, or sequential courtship patterns prior to mating.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Ventral tegmental area neurons in learned appetitive behavior and positive reinforcement
    Howard L Fields
    Ernest Gallo Clinic and Research Center and Wheeler Center for the Neurobiology of Addiction, University of California, San Francisco, Emeryville, California 94608, USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 30:289-316. 2007
  2. ncbi Ghrelin modulates brain activity in areas that control appetitive behavior
    Saima Malik
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 2B4, Canada
    Cell Metab 7:400-9. 2008
  3. pmc Rapid consolidation to a radish and protein synthesis-dependent long-term memory after single-session appetitive olfactory conditioning in Drosophila
    Michael J Krashes
    Department of Neurobiology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01605, USA
    J Neurosci 28:3103-13. 2008
  4. ncbi Influence of gene action across different time scales on behavior
    Y Ben-Shahar
    Department of Entomology, Neuroscience Program, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 320 Morrill Hall, 505 South Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Science 296:741-4. 2002
  5. ncbi Ovarian dynamics and host use
    D R Papaj
    Annu Rev Entomol 45:423-48. 2000
  6. ncbi Validation of the Japanese version of the power of food scale in a young adult population
    Takahiro Yoshikawa
    Department of Sports Medicine, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1 4 3 Asahi machi, Abenoku, Osaka 545 8585, Japan
    Psychol Rep 111:253-65. 2012
  7. ncbi Chronic intermittent amphetamine pretreatment enhances future appetitive behavior for drug- and natural-reward: interaction with environmental variables
    Christine Nocjar
    Department of Psychiatry, Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center, 10000 Brecksville Road, Brecksville, OH 44141, USA
    Behav Brain Res 128:189-203. 2002
  8. pmc Personality predicts spatial responses to food manipulations in free-ranging great tits (Parus major)
    Thijs van Overveld
    Evolutionary Ecology Group, Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, Antwerp B 2020, Belgium
    Biol Lett 6:187-90. 2010
  9. ncbi Noradrenaline and dopamine efflux in the prefrontal cortex in relation to appetitive classical conditioning
    Susana Mingote
    Netherlands Institute for Brain Research, 1105 AZ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Neurosci 24:2475-80. 2004
  10. ncbi The infralimbic cortical area commands the behavioral and vegetative arousal during appetitive behavior in the rat
    José Luis Valdés
    Facultad de Ciencias Biologicas, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago
    Eur J Neurosci 23:1352-64. 2006

Detail Information

Publications221 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Ventral tegmental area neurons in learned appetitive behavior and positive reinforcement
    Howard L Fields
    Ernest Gallo Clinic and Research Center and Wheeler Center for the Neurobiology of Addiction, University of California, San Francisco, Emeryville, California 94608, USA
    Annu Rev Neurosci 30:289-316. 2007
    ..Consequently, identifying the neurotransmitter content and projection target of VTA neurons recorded in vivo will be critical for determining their contribution to learned appetitive behaviors...
  2. ncbi Ghrelin modulates brain activity in areas that control appetitive behavior
    Saima Malik
    Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 2B4, Canada
    Cell Metab 7:400-9. 2008
    ..This demonstrates that metabolic signals such as ghrelin may favor food consumption by enhancing the hedonic and incentive responses to food-related cues...
  3. pmc Rapid consolidation to a radish and protein synthesis-dependent long-term memory after single-session appetitive olfactory conditioning in Drosophila
    Michael J Krashes
    Department of Neurobiology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01605, USA
    J Neurosci 28:3103-13. 2008
    ..Last, experiments feeding and/or starving flies after training reveals a critical motivational drive that enables appetitive LTM retrieval...
  4. ncbi Influence of gene action across different time scales on behavior
    Y Ben-Shahar
    Department of Entomology, Neuroscience Program, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 320 Morrill Hall, 505 South Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Science 296:741-4. 2002
    ..Previous research showed that allelic differences in PKG expression result in two Drosophila foraging variants. The same gene can thus exert different types of influence on a behavior...
  5. ncbi Ovarian dynamics and host use
    D R Papaj
    Annu Rev Entomol 45:423-48. 2000
    ..Some host defenses block ovarian development, suggesting that ovarian dynamics in host-specific insects should be viewed from a coevolutionary perspective...
  6. ncbi Validation of the Japanese version of the power of food scale in a young adult population
    Takahiro Yoshikawa
    Department of Sports Medicine, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1 4 3 Asahi machi, Abenoku, Osaka 545 8585, Japan
    Psychol Rep 111:253-65. 2012
    ..While no association was observed between the scores of PFS-J and Body Mass Index, the scores were higher in women than in men. Characteristics of the appetitive motives in Japan might be different from those in western countries...
  7. ncbi Chronic intermittent amphetamine pretreatment enhances future appetitive behavior for drug- and natural-reward: interaction with environmental variables
    Christine Nocjar
    Department of Psychiatry, Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center, 10000 Brecksville Road, Brecksville, OH 44141, USA
    Behav Brain Res 128:189-203. 2002
    b>Appetitive behavior for drug and sexual reward is enhanced in animals with a history of amphetamine-experience...
  8. pmc Personality predicts spatial responses to food manipulations in free-ranging great tits (Parus major)
    Thijs van Overveld
    Evolutionary Ecology Group, Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, Antwerp B 2020, Belgium
    Biol Lett 6:187-90. 2010
    ..This study is the first to show that personality traits predict the spatial response to experimentally induced changes in their natural environment...
  9. ncbi Noradrenaline and dopamine efflux in the prefrontal cortex in relation to appetitive classical conditioning
    Susana Mingote
    Netherlands Institute for Brain Research, 1105 AZ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Neurosci 24:2475-80. 2004
    ..In the rewarded session, both NA and DA efflux were increased, but in extinction, only NA was activated. The data suggest that NA has a role in the reaction to reward-predicting stimuli, which complements that of DA...
  10. ncbi The infralimbic cortical area commands the behavioral and vegetative arousal during appetitive behavior in the rat
    José Luis Valdés
    Facultad de Ciencias Biologicas, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago
    Eur J Neurosci 23:1352-64. 2006
    ..We conclude that the infralimbic area plays a central role in implementing behavioral arousing and thermal responses during an appetitive behavior.
  11. pmc Bees do not use nearest-neighbour rules for optimization of multi-location routes
    Mathieu Lihoreau
    Biological and Experimental Psychology Group, School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Queen Mary, University of London, London, UK
    Biol Lett 8:13-6. 2012
    ....
  12. ncbi Appetitive behavior: impact of amygdala-dependent mechanisms of emotional learning
    Barry J Everitt
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EB, UK
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 985:233-50. 2003
    ....
  13. ncbi The effects of linear and cyclic analogs of Locmi-DH, Dippu-DH(46) and Dippu-DH(31) on appetitive behavior in Locusta migratoria
    Charoula Kaskani
    Department of Chemistry, University of Patras, Patras, Greece
    Peptides 34:258-61. 2012
    The effects of analogs of the diuretic peptides Locmi-DH, Dippu-DH(46) and Dippu-DH(31) on two aspects of appetitive behavior are investigated in previously food-deprived nymphs of Locusta migratoria...
  14. pmc A neural circuit mechanism integrating motivational state with memory expression in Drosophila
    Michael J Krashes
    Department of Neurobiology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 364 Plantation Street, Worcester, MA 01605, USA
    Cell 139:416-27. 2009
    ..Therefore, dNPF and dopamine provide a motivational switch in the mushroom body that controls the output of appetitive memory...
  15. ncbi Memory for the content of caches by scrub jays (Aphelocoma coerulescens)
    N S Clayton
    Department of Neurobiology, Physiology, and Behavior, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 25:82-91. 1999
    ..Thus jays remember the specific foods they cache and recover by a mnemonic process that cannot be explained in terms of simple associations between the foods and their cache locations...
  16. ncbi The sectored foraging field: a novel design to quantify spatial strategies, learning, memory, and emotion
    Gretchen L Hermes
    Institute for Mind and Biology, The University of Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Neurobiol Learn Mem 84:69-73. 2005
    ..Cognitive performance of group-housed rats subsequent to food and cue removal was significantly impaired, yet enhanced in isolates...
  17. ncbi Acquisition of a palatable-food-sustained appetitive behavior in satiated rats is dependent on the dopaminergic response to this food in limbic areas
    C Gambarana
    Department of Neuroscience, University of Siena, Via Aldo Moro 4, 53100 Siena, Italy
    Neuroscience 121:179-87. 2003
    ..dopamine output in the nucleus accumbens shell (NAcS) and do not acquire vanilla sugar (VS)-sustained appetitive behavior (VAB). Rats treated with lithium for 3 weeks also show decreased NAcS dopamine output, yet they acquire VAB...
  18. pmc Regulation of gustatory physiology and appetitive behavior by the Drosophila circadian clock
    Abhishek Chatterjee
    Department of Biology and Center for Biological Clocks Research, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 3258, USA
    Curr Biol 20:300-9. 2010
    ..Here we examine gustatory physiology, tastant-evoked appetitive behavior, and food ingestion to understand clock-dependent regulation of the Drosophila gustatory system.
  19. ncbi Social feedback and the emergence of leaders and followers
    Jennifer L Harcourt
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    Curr Biol 19:248-52. 2009
    ..We conclude that leadership in this case is reinforced by positive social feedback...
  20. ncbi The application of genetic algorithms in behavioural ecology, illustrated with a model of anti-predator vigilance
    Graeme D Ruxton
    Institute of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK
    J Theor Biol 250:435-48. 2008
    ..We also emphasise the potential for GA models to be more transparent about model assumptions regarding underlying biology than analytic models...
  21. ncbi Uncertainty about nest position influences systematic search strategies in desert ants
    Tobias Merkle
    Theoretical Biology, IZMB, University of Bonn, Kirschallee 1, D 53115 Bonn, Germany
    J Exp Biol 209:3545-9. 2006
    ..Hence, the density of the systematic search pattern is correlated with the ants' confidence in their path integrator. This confidence decreases with increasing foraging distances...
  22. pmc Context-dependent interaction leads to emergent search behavior in social aggregates
    Colin Torney
    School of Mathematical Sciences and Complex and Adaptive Systems Laboratory, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:22055-60. 2009
    ..This behavior illustrates an alternative pathway to the evolution of higher cognitive capacity via the emergent, group-level intelligence that can result from local interactions...
  23. ncbi Food encounter rates of simulated termite tunnels with variable food size/distribution pattern and tunnel branch length
    S H Lee
    Department of Entomology and Nematology, Ft Lauderdale Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Ft Lauderdale, Florida 33314, USA
    J Theor Biol 243:493-500. 2006
    ..We also discussed the relationship between the branch tunnel length and the tunnel search pattern in minimizing the redundancy of overlapping branches...
  24. ncbi Parallel incentive processing: an integrated view of amygdala function
    Bernard W Balleine
    Department of Psychology and the Brain Research Institute, University of California Los Angeles, Box 951563, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1563, USA
    Trends Neurosci 29:272-9. 2006
    ..Given that there is little if any direct behavioral evidence for the serial model, we suggest that more attention should be given to the claims of the parallel view...
  25. pmc Central localization of plasticity involved in appetitive conditioning in Lymnaea
    Volko A Straub
    Sussex Centre for Neuroscience, Department of Biology and Environmental Science, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, BN1 9QG, United Kingdom
    Learn Mem 11:787-93. 2004
    ..It also identifies the cerebral ganglia of Lymnaea as an important site for neuronal plasticity and forms the basis for detailed cellular studies of neuronal plasticity...
  26. ncbi Exposure to appetitive food stimuli markedly activates the human brain
    Gene Jack Wang
    Medical Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973, USA
    Neuroimage 21:1790-7. 2004
    ..Here we assess the response of the human brain to the presentation of appetitive food stimuli during food presentation using PET and FDG...
  27. ncbi Genetic dissection of honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) foraging behavior
    R E Page
    Department of Entomology, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
    J Hered 91:474-9. 2000
    ..The different QTLs, pln1, pln2, and pln3, appear to have different effects, revealing the complex genetic architecture of honeybee foraging behavior...
  28. ncbi Context cues eliminate retroactive interference effects in honeybees Apis mellifera
    Ken Cheng
    Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
    J Exp Biol 208:1019-24. 2005
    ..Contextual cues thus guide memory retrieval, and prevent any confusions about which response (that appropriate for task 1 or for task 2) to perform...
  29. ncbi How does an invasive social wasp deal with changing contextual cues while foraging?
    M Lozada
    Laboratorio Ecotono, INIBIOMA, Quintral 1250, 8400 Bariloche, Argentina
    Environ Entomol 38:803-8. 2009
    ..This highlights the high plasticity with which V. germanica responds to unpredictable contextual changes while foraging...
  30. ncbi The effect of lesions of the insular cortex on instrumental conditioning: evidence for a role in incentive memory
    B W Balleine
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    J Neurosci 20:8954-64. 2000
    ....
  31. ncbi Effect of soil type and moisture availability on the foraging behavior of the Formosan subterranean termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae)
    Mary L Cornelius
    USDA ARS, Southern Regional Research Center, 1100 Robert E Lee Boulevard, New Orleans, LA 70124, USA
    J Econ Entomol 103:799-807. 2010
    ..The interaction of soil type and moisture availability influences the distribution of foraging termites in microhabitats...
  32. ncbi Light-induced activation of distinct modulatory neurons triggers appetitive or aversive learning in Drosophila larvae
    Christian Schroll
    Lehrstuhl für Genetik und Neurobiologie, Theodor Boveri Institut für Biowissenschaften, Universitat Wurzburg, Biozentrum, Am Hubland, 97074 Wurzburg, Germany
    Curr Biol 16:1741-7. 2006
    ..These findings demonstrate that antagonistic modulatory subsystems are sufficient to substitute for aversive and appetitive reinforcement during classical conditioning...
  33. ncbi Distinctive neuronal networks and biochemical pathways for appetitive and aversive memory in Drosophila larvae
    Ken Honjo
    Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
    J Neurosci 29:852-62. 2009
    ..These results as a whole suggest that the genetically programmed memory circuitries might provide predisposition in the efficacy of inducing longer-lived memory components in associative learning...
  34. ncbi Honeybee memory: navigation by associative grouping and recall of visual stimuli
    S W Zhang
    Research School of Biological Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
    Neurobiol Learn Mem 72:180-201. 1999
    ..Associative grouping and recall of visual stimuli, demonstrated here for the first time in honeybees, provide an effective means of retrieving the appropriate navigational information from memory...
  35. ncbi Foraging behaviour in domestic pigs (Sus scrofa): remembering and prioritizing food sites of different value
    S Held
    Department of Clinical Veterinary Science, Centre for Behavioural Biology, University of Bristol, Langford, BS40 5DU, UK
    Anim Cogn 8:114-21. 2005
    ..This suggests for the first time that domestic pigs have the ability to discriminate between food sites of different relative value and to remember their respective locations...
  36. ncbi Effects of a maternal low protein isocaloric diet on milk leptin and progeny serum leptin concentration and appetitive behavior in the first 21 days of neonatal life in the rat
    Claudia J Bautista
    Department of Reproductive Biology, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion Salvador Zubiran, Mexico City, Mexico, 14000, Mexico
    Pediatr Res 63:358-63. 2008
    ..These data suggest that fetal nutrition modifies timing of neonatal leptin surge and may contribute to the development of altered appetite and metabolic disorders in later life...
  37. ncbi Prior morphine experience induces long-term increases in social interest and in appetitive behavior for natural reward
    Christine Nocjar
    Department of Psychiatry, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44106, United States
    Behav Brain Res 181:191-9. 2007
    ....
  38. pmc Appetitive conditioning: neural bases and implications for psychopathology
    C Martin-Soelch
    Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 31:426-40. 2007
    ..The ultimate goal of this review is to stimulate new avenues of research that have direct links to molecular biology, and thus could prove to be invaluable to progress in the understanding and treatment of psychiatric disabilities...
  39. ncbi Responsiveness to sucrose affects tactile and olfactory learning in preforaging honey bees of two genetic strains
    R Scheiner
    Institut für Okologie und Biologie, Technische Universitat Berlin, Franklinstr 28 29, D 10587, Berlin, Germany
    Behav Brain Res 120:67-73. 2001
    ..Extinction of conditioned responses correlates with acquisition. Responses to alternative stimuli are independent of responsiveness to sucrose...
  40. ncbi Imipramine restores the long-term impairment of appetitive behavior in socially stressed rats
    J C Von Frijtag
    Department of Animals and Society, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 17, 3584 CL Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 162:232-8. 2002
    ..The absence of the appetitive responses suggests a decreased sensitivity to reward. This might be homologous to anhedonia, a symptom of human depression...
  41. ncbi D1 dopamine receptor dDA1 is required in the mushroom body neurons for aversive and appetitive learning in Drosophila
    Young Cho Kim
    Department of Biology and The Huck Institute Neuroscience Graduate Program, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    J Neurosci 27:7640-7. 2007
    ..The findings described here unambiguously clarify the critical roles of D1 dopamine receptor in aversive and appetitive pavlovian conditioning...
  42. pmc Putative γ-aminobutyric acid neurons in the ventral tegmental area have a similar pattern of plasticity as dopamine neurons during appetitive and aversive learning
    Yun Bok Kim
    Department of Neuroscience, University of Pittsburgh, A210 Langley Hall, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Eur J Neurosci 32:1564-72. 2010
    ..This pattern of plasticity was not selective for putative dopamine neurons and generalized to other cells, suggesting that the temporally precise information transfer from the VTA may be mediated by faster acting GABA neurons...
  43. ncbi Neurokinin type-3 receptor stimulation impairs ethanol-associated appetitive behavior in Wistar rats
    Craig J Slawecki
    The Scripps Research Institute, Department of Neuropharmacology, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 27:1962-70. 2003
    ..In a follow-up study, senktide's effects on ethanol self-administration after intracerebroventricular (ICV) infusion were examined...
  44. ncbi Tunnel orientation and search pattern sequence of the formosan subterranean termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae)
    C E Campora
    Department of Plant and Environmental Protection Sciences, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu 96822, USA
    J Econ Entomol 94:1193-9. 2001
    ..Also described is the generalized sequence of events as foragers tunnel throughout the arenas...
  45. ncbi Appetitive instrumental learning requires coincident activation of NMDA and dopamine D1 receptors within the medial prefrontal cortex
    Anne E Baldwin
    Neuroscience Training Program and Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin Madison Medical School, Madison Wisconsin 53719 1176, USA
    J Neurosci 22:1063-71. 2002
    ....
  46. ncbi Synergistic and regulatory effects of orbitofrontal cortex on amygdala-dependent appetitive behavior
    A C Roberts
    Department of Physiology, Development and Neuroscience, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3DY, UK
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1121:297-319. 2007
    ..research in marmosets that have focused on the role of the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) in amygdala-dependent appetitive behavior. The first demonstrates the important contribution of both the OFC and the amygdala to conditioned ..
  47. ncbi Electrolytic lesions to nucleus accumbens core and shell have dissociable effects on conditioning to discrete and contextual cues in aversive and appetitive procedures respectively
    H J Cassaday
    School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, University Park, UK
    Behav Brain Res 160:222-35. 2005
    ..Thus, whilst the shell and core lesions produced dissociable effects on discrete cue and contextual conditioning, the conclusions to be drawn depend on the procedural variant in use...
  48. ncbi General and outcome-specific forms of Pavlovian-instrumental transfer: the effect of shifts in motivational state and inactivation of the ventral tegmental area
    Laura H Corbit
    Ernest Gallo Clinic and Research Center, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, Emeryville, CA 94608, USA
    Eur J Neurosci 26:3141-9. 2007
    ....
  49. ncbi The nucleus accumbens as part of a basal ganglia action selection circuit
    Saleem M Nicola
    Ernest Gallo Clinic and Research Center, University of California, San Francisco, 5858 Horton St, Ste 200, Emeryville, CA 94608, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 191:521-50. 2007
    ..However, the specific nature of this contribution is unclear. In contrast, significant advances have been made in understanding the role of the dorsal striatum in action selection and decision making...
  50. pmc Concurrent second-order schedules: some effects of variations in response number and duration
    Diane M Sealey
    University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand
    J Exp Anal Behav 84:19-35. 2005
    ..The response and time bias measures appeared to arise as by-products of the changes in operant-unit completions...
  51. pmc Disruption of responding maintained by conditioned reinforcement: alterations in response-conditioned-reinforcer relations
    Gregory A Lieving
    West Virginia University, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 86:197-209. 2006
    ..Baseline rates of observing were decreased less by signaled delays than by unsignaled delays. Disruptions in response-conditioned-reinforcer relations produce similar behavioral effects to those found with primary reinforcement...
  52. ncbi Olfactory conditioning experiments in a food-searching passerine bird in semi-natural conditions
    A Mennerat
    Centre d Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, UMR 5175 du CNRS, 1919 Route de Mende, F 34293 Montpellier cedex 5, France
    Behav Processes 70:264-70. 2005
    ..Additional experiments will be required to better understand the observed sex differences in response to the experimental set up, and in what context free-ranging individuals use olfaction...
  53. ncbi Spatial associative memory: a possible species difference in rats and pigeons
    Christina M Thorpe
    Department of Psychology, The University of British Columbia, 2136 West Mall, Vancouver BC, Canada V6T 1Z4
    Behav Processes 70:301-6. 2005
    ..Unlike pigeons, rats responded at chance levels following each of these retention intervals. This finding adds to previous research suggesting differences in cognitive processes in rats and pigeons...
  54. ncbi The subthalamic nucleus exerts opposite control on cocaine and 'natural' rewards
    Christelle Baunez
    Laboratoire de Neurobiologie de la Cognition, Unité Mixte de Recherche 6155 Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Université de Provence, 13402 Marseille Cedex 20, France
    Nat Neurosci 8:484-9. 2005
    ..Modulating the activity of the subthalamic nucleus might prove to be a new target for the treatment of cocaine addiction...
  55. pmc The differentiation of response numerosities in the pigeon
    Armando Machado
    University of Minho, Portugal
    J Exp Anal Behav 88:153-78. 2007
    ..A mathematical model for the differentiation of response numerosity in Fixed Consecutive Number schedules is proposed...
  56. pmc Contingency tracking during unsignaled delayed reinforcement
    Josue Keely
    West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506 6040, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 88:229-47. 2007
    ....
  57. ncbi Effects of runway shift and stay rules on rats' serial pattern learning in the T-maze
    Jerome Cohen
    Department of Psychology, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, Canada
    Learn Behav 32:500-11. 2004
    ..We discussed these effects in terms of rats' natural foraging strategies and as a factor that interacts with other within- and between-series variables that affect serial pattern behavior...
  58. ncbi Lesions of rat infralimbic cortex result in disrupted retardation but normal summation test performance following training on a Pavlovian conditioned inhibition procedure
    S E V Rhodes
    School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3AT, UK
    Eur J Neurosci 26:2654-60. 2007
    ..This suggests a selective role for the IL MPFC in the competition for behavioural control between the inhibitory and excitatory associations of a single stimulus...
  59. pmc Resistance to change of forgetting functions and response rates
    Amy L Odum
    Department of Psychology, Utah State University, Logan, Utah 84322, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 84:65-75. 2005
    ..These data also suggest that the disruptability of remembering depends on the conditions of reinforcement, but the way in which remembering is disrupted depends on the nature of the disruptor...
  60. pmc On the classic and modern theories of matching
    J J McDowell
    Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 84:111-27. 2005
    ....
  61. pmc Fix and sample with rats in the dynamics of choice
    Carlos F Aparicio
    University of Guadalajara CUCS CEAA, Antigua Escuela de Medicina, Hospital 230, Jalisco, Mexico
    J Exp Anal Behav 86:43-63. 2006
    ..This study supports the idea that reinforcer sequences control choice between reinforcers, pulses in preference, and visits following reinforcers...
  62. ncbi Effect of various discriminative stimuli on choice behavior in male siamese fighting fish (Betta splendens)
    B B Craft
    The University of Montana, USA
    Percept Mot Skills 104:575-80. 2007
    ..Of particular note is the effect size and observed power obtained for the Bubble group, which was the only group which supported a reasonably powerful test for discrimination, given a sample size of 12 subjects and 0.94 effect size...
  63. ncbi Reduction of cocaine seeking by a food-based inhibitor in rats
    Stanley J Weiss
    Department of Psychology, American University, Washington, DC 20016, USA
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 15:359-67. 2007
    ....
  64. pmc Individual differences in the attribution of incentive salience to a reward-related cue: influence on cocaine sensitization
    Shelly B Flagel
    Molecular and Behavioral Neuroscience Institute, The University of Michigan, 205 Zina Pitcher Place, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Behav Brain Res 186:48-56. 2008
    ....
  65. pmc Second-order schedules of token reinforcement with pigeons: implications for unit price
    Christopher E Bullock
    University of Florida, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 85:95-106. 2006
    ....
  66. pmc Some tests of response membership in acquired equivalence classes
    Peter J Urcuioli
    Department of Psychological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 2004, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 86:81-107. 2006
    ..These results do not support the hypothesis that different defined responses can become members of acquired equivalence classes...
  67. pmc Feedback functions, optimization, and the relation of response rate to reinforcer rate
    Paul L Soto
    Department of Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 85:57-71. 2006
    ..Furthermore, the present experiment illustrates the benefit of arranging feedback functions to investigate assumptions about the variables that control schedule performance...
  68. pmc Discriminability and sensitivity to reinforcer magnitude in a detection task
    Brent Alsop
    Department of Psychology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Exp Anal Behav 85:41-56. 2006
    ..Extant behavioral models of signal detection cannot easily accommodate these results...
  69. pmc Measuring resistance to change at the within-session level
    François Tonneau
    Centro de Estudios de Alcoholismo y Adicciones, Antigua Escuela de Medicina, Calle Hospital 320, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
    J Exp Anal Behav 86:109-21. 2006
    ..By analyzing response rate at a within-session level, we were able to confirm a central prediction of the resistance-to-change framework while discarding normalization artifacts as a plausible explanation of our results...
  70. pmc Choice between single and multiple reinforcers in concurrent-chains schedules
    James E Mazur
    Psychology Department, Southern Connecticut State University, New Haven 06515, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 86:211-22. 2006
    ..The implications of these findings for models of concurrent-chains performance are discussed...
  71. ncbi Effect of stimulus orderability and reinforcement history on transitive responding in pigeons
    Olga F Lazareva
    University of Iowa, IA 52242, USA
    Behav Processes 72:161-72. 2006
    ..Behav. 23, 207-217; Siemann, M., Delius, J.D., 1998. Algebraic learning and neural network models for transitive and non-transitive responding. Eur. J. Cogn. Psychol. 10, 307-334] failed to predict pigeons' responding in the BD test...
  72. ncbi Stimulation of serotonin2C receptors influences cocaine-seeking behavior in response to drug-associated stimuli in rats
    Silvia Burbassi
    Experimental Psychopharmacology, Department of Neuroscience, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Via La Masa 19, 20156 Milan, Italy
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 196:15-27. 2008
    ....
  73. ncbi Effects of partial reinforcement and time between reinforced trials on terminal response rate in pigeon autoshaping
    Daniel A Gottlieb
    University of Pennsylvania, PA, USA
    Behav Processes 72:6-13. 2006
    ..It is suggested that researchers who study pigeon autoshaping train animals on a common task prior to training them under different conditions...
  74. ncbi Long-term effects of suppressing the preratio pause
    Adam Derenne
    Department of Psychology, University of North Dakota, PO Box 8380, Grand Forks, ND 58202, USA
    Behav Processes 72:32-7. 2006
    ..The results suggest the possibility that reduced pause durations can be self-maintained by the resulting increase in reinforcement rates...
  75. ncbi Reduction of impulsivity with amphetamine in an appetitive fixed consecutive number schedule with cue for optimal performance in rats
    Marion Rivalan
    Universite Bordeaux 2, Universite Bordeaux 1, CNRS, UMR 5227, 146 rue Léo Saignat BP31, 33076, Bordeaux Cedex, France
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 192:171-82. 2007
    ..This may interact with the measures and mask the beneficial effects of psychostimulants-the most commonly used treatment for ADHD-on impulsivity, given that these drugs speed up the internal clock...
  76. ncbi Dose-related effects of the acetylcholinesterase inhibitor tacrine on cocaine and food self-administration in rats
    Kenneth Grasing
    Kansas City VA Medical Center, Research Service, 151, 4801 Lindwood Boulevard, Kansas City, MO 64128, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 196:133-42. 2008
    ..Tacrine is a centrally acting, reversible cholinesterase inhibitor that also inhibits monoamine oxidase (MAO) and blocks reuptake of dopamine (DA) and serotonin...
  77. ncbi Rapid acquisition of choice and timing in pigeons
    Elizabeth G E Kyonka
    Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, New Zealand
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 33:392-408. 2007
    ..Overall, results support cognitive models that assume that initial-link choice is based on an all-or-none decision process, and that choice and timing are mediated by a common representation of delay...
  78. pmc Negative automaintenance omission training is effective
    Federico Sanabria
    Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe 85287 1104, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 86:1-10. 2006
    ..The model faithfully reproduced cumulative records, and yielded estimates of terminal rates under negative automaintenance that were close to operant level...
  79. ncbi Targeted deletion of the GluR-1 AMPA receptor in mice dissociates general and outcome-specific influences of appetitive rewards on learning
    Alexander W Johnson
    School of Psychology, Cardiff University, UK
    Behav Neurosci 121:1192-202. 2007
    ..The results support the hypothesis that GluR-1 deletion impairs the associative activation of a representation of the sensory-specific incentive motivational properties of an appetitive reward...
  80. pmc A limited role for mediodorsal thalamus in devaluation tasks
    Charles L Pickens
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, USA
    Behav Neurosci 122:659-76. 2008
    ....
  81. ncbi Momentary maximizing and optimal foraging theories of performance on concurrent VR schedules
    James S MacDonall
    Department of Psychology, Fordham University, 441 E Fordham Road, Bronx, NY 10458, USA
    Behav Processes 72:283-99. 2006
    ....
  82. ncbi Effects of cycloheximide on extinction in an appetitively motivated operant conditioning task depend on re-exposure duration
    Pawel Mierzejewski
    Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, Sobieskiego 9 St, PL 02957, Warsaw, Poland
    Neurosci Lett 441:307-10. 2008
    ....
  83. ncbi Responses of tonically active neurons in the monkey striatum discriminate between motivationally opposing stimuli
    Sabrina Ravel
    Institut de Neurosciences Physiologiques et Cognitives, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 13402 Marseille Cedex 20, France
    J Neurosci 23:8489-97. 2003
    ..The adaptation of TAN responses such as observed in the present study likewise reflects a neuronal system that adjusts to the motivational information about environmental events...
  84. ncbi Competition among spatial cues in a naturalistic food-carrying task
    Brett M Gibson
    University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Learn Behav 31:143-59. 2003
    ..The competition between beacon and place cues reflected learned irrelevance for place cues (Experiment 4). The findings differ from those of some studies of associative interactions between cue and place learning in other paradigms...
  85. pmc Functional interaction between the hippocampus and nucleus accumbens shell is necessary for the acquisition of appetitive spatial context conditioning
    Rutsuko Ito
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EB, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 28:6950-9. 2008
    ....
  86. pmc Stimulus control of cocaine self-administration
    Stanley J Weiss
    Department of Psychology, American University, Washington, DC 20016, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 79:111-35. 2003
    ..The stimulus control revealed in cumulative records was indistinguishable from that achieved with food under these schedules, suggesting that common mechanisms may underlie the control of cocaine- and food-maintained behavior...
  87. pmc Building blocks of self-control: increased tolerance for delay with bundled rewards
    George Ainslie
    Department of Psychiatry, Coatesville Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Temple University, Pennsylvania 19320, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 79:37-48. 2003
    ..Because bundling in humans may be based on the perception that one's current choice is predictive of future choices, the data presented here may demonstrate an important building block of self-control...
  88. ncbi Importance of trials versus accumulating time across trials in partially reinforced appetitive conditioning
    Mark E Bouton
    Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405, USA
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 29:62-77. 2003
    ..The results underscore the importance of temporal variables in conditioning but are more consistent with trial-based accounts than time-accumulation accounts of conditioning...
  89. pmc Response rate viewed as engagement bouts: resistance to extinction
    Richard L Shull
    Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, 27402 6164, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 77:211-31. 2002
    ..g., Nevin & Grace, 2000) that resistance to extinction in the presence of a discriminative stimulus is determined more by the stimulus-reinforcer (Pavlovian) than by the stimulus-response-reinforcer (operant) contingency...
  90. pmc Preference and resistance to change with constant- and variable-duration terminal links: independence of reinforcement rate and magnitude
    Randolph C Grace
    University of Canterbury, Department of Psychology, Christchurch, New Zealand
    J Exp Anal Behav 77:233-55. 2002
    ..A single structural relation linking preference and resistance to change describes all the data from this and several related studies...
  91. ncbi Lesions of the basolateral amygdala disrupt selective aspects of reinforcer representation in rats
    P Blundell
    Department of Psychology, University of York, Heslington, York, YO10 5DD United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 21:9018-26. 2001
    ..These results suggest that the BLA is involved in the representation of the sensory aspects of motivationally significant events...
  92. pmc The generality of selective observing
    Scott T Gaynor
    Western Michigan University and University of North Carolina at Greensboro, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 77:171-87. 2002
    ....
  93. pmc The resistance to change of observing
    Timothy A Shahan
    Department of Psychology, Utah State University, Logan 84322, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 80:273-93. 2003
    ..These results suggest that quantitative descriptions of resistance to change derived with simple food-maintained responding may be applicable to observing, and perhaps by extension, to attending...
  94. ncbi Context conditional flavor preferences in the rat based on fructose and maltodextrin reinforcers
    Dominic M Dwyer
    School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Park Place, Cardiff CF10 3AT, UK
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 34:294-302. 2008
    ..The differences between fructose- and maltodextrin-based preferences are discussed in terms of configural and elemental learning processes...
  95. pmc Rapid acquisition of preference in concurrent chains: effects of d-amphetamine on sensitivity to reinforcement delay
    Wei Min Ta
    University of Canterbury New Zealand
    J Exp Anal Behav 89:71-91. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that a reduction in the sensitivity to reinforcement delay may be an important behavioral mechanism of the effects of psychomotor stimulants...
  96. ncbi Dissociation of the role of nucleus accumbens dopamine in responding to reward-predictive cues and waiting for reward
    Ken T Wakabayashi
    Ernest Gallo Clinic and Research Center, University of California, San Francisco, Emeryville, CA 94608, USA
    Behav Brain Res 154:19-30. 2004
    ..These results suggest that waiting for reward without increased caloric energy expenditure does not require NAc dopamine...
  97. ncbi Extracellular level of basolateral amygdalar dopamine responding to reversal of appetitive-conditioned discrimination in young and old rats
    Masahiko Nomura
    Department of Physiology, Saitama Medical School, Saitama 350 0495, Japan
    Brain Res 1018:241-6. 2004
    ..These results suggest that in reversal discrimination, basolateral amygdalar dopamine efflux correlates with the manner of age-related conditioned response rather than the ability to learn...
  98. ncbi Effect of contingent auditory stimuli on concurrent schedule performance: an alternative punisher to electric shock
    Phil Reed
    Department of Psychology, Swansea University, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK
    Behav Processes 78:421-8. 2008
    ..They also suggest that a loud auditory stimulus can be used as a positive punisher in a choice situation for rats, when the duration of the tone is brief, and the reinforcement schedule maintaining responses is lean...
  99. ncbi Time-dependent changes in alcohol-seeking behaviour during abstinence
    Przemyslaw Bienkowski
    Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, 9 Sobieskiego St, PL 02957 Warsaw, Poland
    Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 14:355-60. 2004
    ....
  100. ncbi On the relationship between anticipatory behaviour in a Pavlovian paradigm and Pavlovian-to-Instrumental Transfer in rats (Rattus norvegicus)
    Ruud van den Bos
    Ethology and Animal Welfare, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 17, NL 3584 CL, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Behav Brain Res 153:397-408. 2004
    ..It is suggested that in the PIT procedure, the CS induces a chain of behavioural responses of which lever pressing is just a single element and that the Pavlovian test, in principle, is more sensitive...
  101. ncbi The effect of orbital prefrontal cortex lesions on performance on a progressive ratio schedule: implications for models of inter-temporal choice
    S Kheramin
    Psychopharmacology Section, Division of Psychiatry, University of Nottingham, Room B109, Medical School, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK
    Behav Brain Res 156:145-52. 2005
    ....

Research Grants63

  1. Brain Activation responses in adolescents with genetic predisposition to obesity
    Susan Carnell; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..and genetics (CU);fMRI analysis journal club (CUMC/ NYSPI);seminars on obesity research (NYORC) and appetitive behavior (CU);and department-specific grand rounds (CUMC and SLR). Dr...
  2. Neurobehavioral Correlates of Familial/genetic obesity risk in adolescents
    Susan Carnell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and genetics (CU);fMRI analysis journal club (CUMC/ NYSPI);seminars on obesity research (NYORC) and appetitive behavior (CU);and department-specific grand rounds (CUMC and SLR). Dr...
  3. Animal Models Workshop: The Physiology of Weight Loss Surgery
    LEE MICHAEL KAPLAN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..surgical procedures provide a particularly valuable window on the physiological regulation of body weight, appetitive behavior, energy utilization, glucose homeostasis, lipid metabolism and other related regulatory processes...
  4. Motivational Changes for Nutritionally Relevant Tastes after Gastric Bypass
    Alan C Spector; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The progressive ratio task is a pure measure of appetitive behavior and is designed for applications in which the reinforcer delivery needs to be limited to obviate satiation...
  5. Revving-Up Exercise for Sustained Weight-Loss by Altering Neurological Reward &D
    Nora L Nock; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..No prior studies have evaluated the effects of 'assisted'exercise on appetitive behavior in any population...
  6. Multisensory Integration for Food Perception and Behavior in Drosophila
    Ping Shen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Deficiencies in the dopamine (DA) system blocked the capacity of the appetitive odor to elicit the appetitive behavior. We have also identified a small number of third-order olfactory neurons that synthesize DA...
  7. Neural Predictors of Self-Regulation Failure and Success for Appetitive Behavior
    Todd F Heatherton; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Collectively, these studies will provide novel insights into individual differences in sef-regulatory success and failure. ..
  8. Pharmacological interventions to diminish nicotine associated responding
    Rick A Bevins; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..approaches to deepening transfer of extinction, hence diminishing the control of nicotine over acquired appetitive behavior. In doing so, the experiments in this application introduce new methods for studying interoceptive stimuli ..
  9. Energy Dysregulation: Behavioral and Biological Signals
    Terry L Davidson; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..We will investigate the possibilities that inhibition of eating and appetitive behavior relies on the hippocampus, a brain structure that appears to play an important role in behavioral ..
  10. Mu-opioid systems in the prefrontal cortex: role in appetitive behavior
    JESUS MENA; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Thus, we propose to explore the neuropharmacology and anatomical substrates underlying these effects, and to investigate the precise behavioral constructs underlying our observed effects. ..
  11. MULTIPLE TRANSDUCTION PATHWAYS IN OLFACTORY NEURONS
    Mary Lucero; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Proline, AMP, and ADP stimulate appetitive behavior and depolarizing receptor potentials...
  12. Behavioral Mechanisms of CNS Melanocortin Action
    Stephen Benoit; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In one series of experiments, we will assess whether MC peptides influence pre-ingestive stimuli or appetitive behavior using sophisticated behavioral paradigms...
  13. Appetitive and Defensive Motivation in the Accumbens
    Sheila Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..and efferent structures) and psychological characteristics (affective and rewarding properties) involved in appetitive behavior elicited from rostral shell sites versus defensive behavior elicited from caudal shell sites...
  14. ACQUISITION OF APPETITE
    WARREN HALL; Fiscal Year: 2002
    DESCRIPTION: Goal-seeking appetitive behavior characterizes motivation. Despite its importance in systems from basic biological desires to complex achievement drives, the developmental origins of appetitive behavior are poorly understood...
  15. Serotonin Transporter Kinetics In Vivo by Microdialysis/Capillary UPLC
    Stephen Weber; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..functions including mood, anxiety states, cognition, reward-related behavior, motor activity and appetitive behavior. The presynaptic plasma membrane serotonin transporter (SERT) takes up serotonin from the extracellular ..
  16. NEUROPSYCHIATRIC EFFECTS OF TESTOSTERONE IN MEN
    Stuart Seidman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis mediates important aspects of social, emotional, cognitive, and appetitive behavior in human males...
  17. Glutaminase Knockouts and drug dependence
    Stephen Rayport; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Behavioral testing of the mutant mice will then be done to evaluate changes in their motor activity, appetitive behavior, propensity to manifest psychostimulant sensitization, and vulnerability to self-administration...
  18. REWARD AND LEARNING MECHANISMS IN INFANCY
    WARREN HALL; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..These studies continue an ongoing investigation of appetitive behavior in developing rats that has: (a) defined an emerging and experience-vulnerable response system for rooting, ..
  19. MINORITY PREDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM
    ERIN HANLON; Fiscal Year: 2004
    A better understanding of sleep and appetitive behavior is particularly relevant in view of the fact that a variety of common disorders of appetitive behaviors, such as eating disorders and substance abuse, often develop in adolescents, ..
  20. IV COCAINE ABUSE TREATMENT: A LABORATORY MODEL
    RICHARD FOLTIN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. LABORATORY ANALYSIS OF COCAINE ABSTINENCE
    RICHARD FOLTIN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  22. Responses and Equivalence Classes
    Peter Urcuioli; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. Divided Attention and Reinforcement Variables
    TIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. The Role of Food Viscosity in Calorie Intake Regulation
    Terry Davidson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  25. Alcohol Cues:Opioid Anatagonism/ Behavioral Economics
    TIMOTHY SHAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Future studies could examine the role of specific opioid receptor subtypes or other receptor systems in the effects of alcohol cues and their relationship to genetic susceptibility to alcoholism. ..
  26. GUSTATORY THALAMUS AND TASTE GUIDED BEHAVIOR
    STEPHEN REILLY; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The results of the research proposed in this application will significantly enhance our understanding of the information processing role(s) of the thalamic taste area of the rat. ..
  27. Processes of Discrimination and Attention
    DONALD BLOUGH; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The work stresses the collection of quantitative data suitable for mathematical modeling; an exemplar model of discrimination and memory is used to predict key results. ..
  28. CB1 Receptors: Cocaine Reinforcement and Relapse
    Sara Ward; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The second goal is to employ this set of procedures to assess the role of the CB1 receptor system in cocaine's reinforcing effects and relapse to cocaine seeking. ..
  29. Developing a Model of Transitive Behavior
    Karen Lionello DeNolf; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Ultimately, this rat model will lead to advances in the assessment of non-language based symbolic behavior, and to applications in the fields of behavioral toxicology and animal models of developmental disabilities. ..
  30. Neuropharmacology of Learned Food Preferences
    Anthony Sclafani; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..It will advance our understanding of the basic mechanisms involved in the development of food preferences and may provide insights into the clinical treatment of overeating and obesity. ..
  31. US Specific and General Processes in Pavlovian Learning
    ANDREW DELAMATER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..More globally, it is hoped that these studies will provide a much firmer basis upon which to think about the cognitive and motivational foundations of learning. ..
  32. DETERMINANTS OF CHOICE
    George Collier; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Knowledge of the fundamental processes by which environmental and physiological factors interact to affect behavioral choice is prerequisite for a complete analysis of human feeding and regulation and their associated disorders. ..
  33. MECHANISMS OF TIME DISCRIMINATION
    JONATHON CRYSTAL; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  34. Brain Damage and Recovery of Function in the Adult System
    Mei Fang Cheng; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In sum, the present proposal seeks to determine the role of lesion-induced neurogenesis in the context of the recovery of function in the mature dove brain. ..
  35. HUMAN FOOD INTAKE CONTROL--GASTRIC & INTESTINAL FACTORS
    Harry Kissileff; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..e. satiety), a newly developed questionnaire, which can discriminate these two modes of intake inhibition, will be employed. ..
  36. Basal ganglia modulation of trigeminal intralaminar nuclei thalamic activity
    Eric Chudler; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These studies will help explain the complex sensory symptoms exhibited by patients with PD and may suggest new treatment strategies to alleviate such pain. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  37. Caffeine-induced modulation of GABAergic transmission
    Masako Isokawa; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  38. Developing Computer Based Treatments for Addiction
    M Rosenthal; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Assessment measures will be collected at baseline, post-treatment, and 6-month follow-up. Results from this Stage la/b study will be used to direct the implementation of a future Stage 2 efficacy trial. ..
  39. Modeling choice in interventions for behavior disorders
    JAMES MACDONALL; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed research will help in understanding how to design interventions that help individuals make better choices. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  40. Effort-related Functions of Nucleus Accumbens Adenosine A2A Receptors
    John D Salamone; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  41. Cognitive Processing in Human Infants and Primates
    Justin Wood; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  42. Cellular bases of noncoincidence learning in Hermissenda
    Joseph Farley; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Ratiometric fura-2 imaging methods will be used to see if the interstimulus intervals that result in successful EU-conditioning match a specific [Ca2+]i level. ..
  43. Effects of Stress on Pathology of Parkinson's Disease
    GERLINDE METZ; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These approaches will provide the opportunity to understand factors involved in the pathology of PD and to develop novel therapeutic strategies for neurodegenerative motor disorders. ..
  44. DRUGS OF ABUSE AND COMPLEX BEHAVIOR
    JOSEPH GALIZIO; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..An overarching goal of the project is to continue to develop and evaluate the utility of these new methodologies as tools in the assessment of drug effects on learning. ..
  45. Dynamic fMRI Analyses of Hypoglycemia Unawareness
    Yijun Liu; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Development of both temporal and spatial reference systems for the in vivo modeling of glycemia regulation and hypoglycemia unawareness. ..
  46. SUBSTANCE USE AMONG CHILDREN OF ALCOHOLICS
    Laurie Chassin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. Effects of Aging on Cancellation Tasks
    VICTOR MARK; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The findings will provide normative data for future research to determine whether cancellation tests may be sensitive to functional decline in aging and neurologic disorders. ..
  48. MOOD EFFECTS OF DEEP BRAIN STIMULATION IN PARKINSONS
    Mark George; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Thus, we plan to use interleaved fMRI and DBS to directly examine the effects of DBS on hypothesized brain circuits and to correlate this with immediate and longer-term (4 week) behavioral outcomes (mood and cognition). ..
  49. QUALITY OF LIFE IN ADULT CANCER SURVIVORS
    Charles Carver; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These people can continue providing important information about the experience of cancer survivorship and what qualities make the process easier or harder. ..
  50. Androgenic And Antiandorgenic Interactions Of PC-SPES
    CHARLES ROSELLI; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Specific Aim 3: To evaluate the effect of PCSPES on Cytochrome P450-mediated metabolism of androgenic and antiandrogenic drugs by the liver, in order to identify possible interactions of PC-SPES with other hormone therapies. ..
  51. Striatal Acetylcholine and Behavioral Flexibility
    MICHAEL RAGOZZINO; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  52. NMR Imaging of Prostate Cancer Using Ligands
    Jean King; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. Nicotinic-Antipsychotic Drug Interactions and Cognition
    Edward Levin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. Dopamine D2 and Adenosine A2A roles:Tremulous Movements
    John Salamone; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  55. Social Isolation, Behavior, and Autonomic Function
    ANGELA GRIPPO; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  56. Associatively-activated event representations
    Peter Holland; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The proposed research provides a basis for the understanding of basic processing of imaginal events in associative learning. ..
  57. FMRI Analysis of a Neural Network Involved in Depression
    Yijun Liu; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Aim 3: to test the working hypothesis that the pregenual cingulate cortex governs selection of salient emotional stimuli. ..
  58. Functioning Imaging of Emergent Learning
    MICHAEL SCHLUND; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..verbal) and different mechanisms (contingencies vs. instructions). Results obtained with healthy adult subjects will help us to further test and develop our model of frontal-striatal involvement in SE. ..
  59. The amygdala & cortical receptive field plasticity
    NORMAN WEINBERGER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  60. SENSITIZATION AND CONDITIONING WITH ETHANOL
    KENT BERRIDGE; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  61. COGNITIVE EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL IN PERI-ADOLESCENT MONKEYS
    MICHAEL TAFFE; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This exploratory study will provide evidence regarding the risks posed to cognition by heavy alcohol drinking in the peri-adolescent period. ..
  62. MEMORY PROCEDURES FOR DRUG ASSESSMENTS
    Anthony Wright; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Understanding how memory works and the mechanisms of drugs and drug abuse on memory is necessary for any effective treatment regime. ..