Genomes and Genes
Summary: The observable response a person makes to any situation.
Publications321 found, 100 shown here
- The neural basis of economic decision-making in the Ultimatum GameAlan G Sanfey
Center for the Study of Brain, Mind and Behavior, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
Science 300:1755-8. 2003..Further, significantly heightened activity in anterior insula for rejected unfair offers suggests an important role for emotions in decision-making...
- Contributions of the amygdala to emotion processing: from animal models to human behaviorElizabeth A Phelps
Department of Psychology, New York University, 4 6 Washington Place, New York, New York 10003, USA
Neuron 48:175-87. 2005..amygdala in humans and other animals, including implicit emotional learning and memory, emotional modulation of memory, emotional influences on attention and perception, emotion and social behavior, and emotion inhibition and regulation.
- Social contagion theory: examining dynamic social networks and human behaviorNicholas A Christakis
Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, U S A
Stat Med 32:556-77. 2013....
- Changing human behavior to prevent disease: the importance of targeting automatic processesTheresa M Marteau
Behaviour and Health Research Unit, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0SR, UK
Science 337:1492-5. 2012..These approaches are often ineffectual, which is in keeping with the observation that much human behavior is automatic, cued by environmental stimuli, resulting in actions that are largely unaccompanied by conscious ..
- Stop-signal inhibition disrupted by damage to right inferior frontal gyrus in humansAdam R Aron
Brain Mapping Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK
Nat Neurosci 6:115-6. 2003
- Action and behavior: a free-energy formulationKarl J Friston
The Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London, WC1N 3BG, UK
Biol Cybern 102:227-60. 2010..Furthermore, it accounts for many aspects of motor behavior; from retinal stabilization to goal-seeking...
- Arc in synaptic plasticity: from gene to behaviorErica Korb
Gladstone Institute of Neurological Disease, San Francisco, CA, USA
Trends Neurosci 34:591-8. 2011..We will also attempt to clarify how its molecular functions correspond to its requirement in various forms of plasticity, discuss Arc's role in behavior and disease, and highlight critical unresolved questions.
- Reinforcement learning signal predicts social conformityVasily Klucharev
Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition, and Behaviour, Radboud University Nijmegen, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Neuron 61:140-51. 2009We often change our decisions and judgments to conform with normative group behavior. However, the neural mechanisms of social conformity remain unclear...
- Sedentary behavior, physical activity, and the metabolic syndrome among U.S. adultsEarl S Ford
Division of Adult and Community Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
Obes Res 13:608-14. 2005We examined the associations among physical activity, sedentary behavior, and metabolic syndrome in a representative sample of U.S. adults.
- Neurogenesis, inflammation and behaviorRachel A Kohman
Department of Psychology, Beckman Institute, 405 N Mathews Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, United States
Brain Behav Immun 27:22-32. 2013..other immune-reactive cells in the brain can support or disrupt neural processes depending on the phenotype and behavior of the cells...
- Synaptic AMPA receptor plasticity and behaviorHelmut W Kessels
Department of Neuroscience, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093 0634, USA
Neuron 61:340-50. 2009The ability to change behavior likely depends on the selective strengthening and weakening of brain synapses...
- Defecting or not defecting: how to "read" human behavior during cooperative games by EEG measurementsFabrizio de Vico Fallani
NEILab, Scientific Institute for Research Hospitalization and Health Care IRCCS Fondazione Santa Lucia, Rome, Italy
PLoS ONE 5:e14187. 2010..e., the tendency to form two separate subgraphs--than couples playing cooperative or tit-for-tat strategies. The decision to defect can be "read" in advance by evaluating the changes of connectivity pattern in the hyper-brain network...
- Student behavior during a school closure caused by pandemic influenza A/H1N1Joel C Miller
Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America
PLoS ONE 5:e10425. 2010..The effectiveness of closing schools to reduce transmission depends largely on student/family behavior during the closure. We sought to improve our understanding of these behaviors.
- The revolution that wasn't: a new interpretation of the origin of modern human behaviorS Mcbrearty
Department of Anthropology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, USA
J Hum Evol 39:453-563. 2000..sapiens. The appearance of Middle Stone Age technology and the first signs of modern behavior coincide with the appearance of fossils that have been attributed to H. helmei, suggesting the behavior of H...
- Dopamine-dependent prediction errors underpin reward-seeking behaviour in humansMathias Pessiglione
Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
Nature 442:1042-5. 2006..We conclude that dopamine-dependent modulation of striatal activity can account for how the human brain uses reward prediction errors to improve future decisions...
- Docosahexaenoic acid for reading, cognition and behavior in children aged 7-9 years: a randomized, controlled trial (the DOLAB Study)Alexandra J Richardson
Centre for Evidence Based Intervention, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 7:e43909. 2012..Evidence from clinical trials indicates that dietary supplementation with long-chain omega-3 may improve child behavior and learning, although most previous trials have involved children with neurodevelopmental disorders such as ..
- Experience sampling during fMRI reveals default network and executive system contributions to mind wanderingKalina Christoff
Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6Z 2R8
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:8719-24. 2009Although mind wandering occupies a large proportion of our waking life, its neural basis and relation to ongoing behavior remain controversial...
- Priming intelligent behavior: an elusive phenomenonDavid R Shanks
Division of Psychology and Language Sciences, University College London, London, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 8:e56515. 2013Can behavior be unconsciously primed via the activation of attitudes, stereotypes, or other concepts? A number of studies have suggested that such priming effects can occur, and a prominent illustration is the claim that individuals' ..
- The role of nucleus accumbens dopamine in motivated behavior: a unifying interpretation with special reference to reward-seekingS Ikemoto
Behavioral Neuroscience Branch, Intramural Research Program, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
Brain Res Brain Res Rev 31:6-41. 1999..motivated behaviors accumulate, it is necessary to accommodate such data for understanding the role of NAS DA in behavior. The aim of the present paper is to provide a unifying interpretation that can account for the functions of NAS ..
- Optogenetic tools for analyzing the neural circuits of behaviorJacob G Bernstein
MIT Media Lab and McGovern Institute, Departments of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, and Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Trends Cogn Sci 15:592-600. 2011..We describe this optogenetic toolbox, how it can be used to analyze neural circuits in the brain and how optogenetics is impacting the study of cognition...
- Task set and prefrontal cortexKatsuyuki Sakai
Department of Cognitive Neuroscience, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7 3 1 Hongo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 0033, Japan
Annu Rev Neurosci 31:219-45. 2008..The processes of representing, updating, and implementing task sets occur in parallel at multiple levels of brain organization. Neural accounts of task sets demonstrate that the brain determines our thoughts and behaviors...
- Conscious and subliminal conflicts in normal subjects and patients with schizophrenia: the role of the anterior cingulateStanislas Dehaene
Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale Commissariat à l Energie Atomique Unit 562 Cognitive Neuroimaging, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, Orsay Cedex, France
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:13722-7. 2003..Those findings suggest that subliminal conflicts are resolved without ACC contribution and that the ACC participates in a distributed conscious control network that is altered in schizophrenia...
- The unconscious will: how the pursuit of goals operates outside of conscious awarenessRuud Custers
Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, Heidelberglaan 1, 3584 CS Utrecht, Netherlands
Science 329:47-50. 2010..behavioral science recognizes that people can skillfully pursue goals without consciously attending to their behavior once these goals are set, conscious will is considered to be the starting point of goal pursuit...
- A cortical network sensitive to stimulus salience in a neutral behavioral context across multiple sensory modalitiesJonathan Downar
Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Canada
J Neurophysiol 87:615-20. 2002..A frontal-parietal-cingulate network may serve to identify and evaluate salient sensory stimuli in general...
- Neural mechanisms of transient and sustained cognitive control during task switchingTodd S Braver
Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
Neuron 39:713-26. 2003....
- Dorsal anterior cingulate cortex: a role in reward-based decision makingGeorge Bush
Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:523-8. 2002..These findings should be of interest to those studying reward, cognition, emotion, motivation, and motor control...
- CD36, a scavenger receptor involved in immunity, metabolism, angiogenesis, and behaviorRoy L Silverstein
Department of Cell Biology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
Sci Signal 2:re3. 2009..Identification of the precise CD36 signaling pathways in specific cells elicited in response to specific ligands may yield novel targets for drug development...
- Human behavior in Prisoner's Dilemma experiments suppresses network reciprocityCarlos Gracia-Lázaro
Instituto de Biocomputación y Física de Sistemas Complejos BIFI, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50018 Zaragoza, Spain
Sci Rep 2:325. 2012..We here report that when one takes into account the real behavior of people observed in the experiments, both at the mean-field level and on utterly different networks, the ..
- A new perspective on the role of the orbitofrontal cortex in adaptive behaviourGeoffrey Schoenbaum
Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
Nat Rev Neurosci 10:885-92. 2009..We suggest that this function--signalling of expected outcomes--can also explain the crucial role of the OFC in changing behaviour in the face of unexpected outcomes...
- Defining the neural mechanisms of probabilistic reversal learning using event-related functional magnetic resonance imagingRoshan Cools
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EB, United Kingdom
J Neurosci 22:4563-7. 2002..Overall, these data concur with findings in rodents and nonhuman primates of reversal-learning deficits after damage to ventral frontostriatal circuitry, and also support recent clinical findings using this task...
- Discrete emotions predict changes in cognition, judgment, experience, behavior, and physiology: a meta-analysis of experimental emotion elicitationsHeather C Lench
Department of Psychology, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 4235, USA
Psychol Bull 137:834-55. 2011..was to examine the extent to which discrete emotions elicit changes in cognition, judgment, experience, behavior, and physiology; whether these changes are correlated as would be expected if emotions organize responses across ..
- Heart rate variability explored in the frequency domain: a tool to investigate the link between heart and behaviorNicola Montano
Department of Clinical Science, Luigi Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 33:71-80. 2009....
- The microbiome-gut-brain axis: from bowel to behaviorJ F Cryan
Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland
Neurogastroenterol Motil 23:187-92. 2011The ability of gut microbiota to communicate with the brain and thus modulate behavior is emerging as an exciting concept in health and disease...
- Detecting frontotemporal dysfunction in ALS: utility of the ALS Cognitive Behavioral Screen (ALS-CBS)Susan C Woolley
Forbes Norris ALS Research Center, California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, California, USA
Amyotroph Lateral Scler 11:303-11. 2010..Further validation with larger sample sizes will clarify its clinical utility...
- Daytime naps, motor memory consolidation and regionally specific sleep spindlesMasaki Nishida
Sleep and Neuroimaging Laboratory, Department of Psychiatry, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
PLoS ONE 2:e341. 2007....
- Changing complexity in human behavior and physiology through aging and diseaseDavid E Vaillancourt
Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
Neurobiol Aging 23:1-11. 2002..It is postulated that the observed increase or decrease in complexity with aging and disease is dependent on the nature of both the intrinsic dynamics of the system and the short-term change required to realize a local task demand...
- Habituation revisited: an updated and revised description of the behavioral characteristics of habituationCatharine H Rankin
Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, 2136 West Mall, Vancouver BCV6H1B3, Canada
Neurobiol Learn Mem 92:135-8. 2009..F., & Spencer, W. A. (1966). Habituation: A model phenomenon for the study of neuronal substrates of behavior. Psychological Review, 73, 16-43]...
- Strategies and methods for research on sex differences in brain and behaviorJill B Becker
Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, 525 East University, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
Endocrinology 146:1650-73. 2005..in health and disease susceptibility, in the pharmacological effects of drugs, and in the study of brain and behavior. To investigate sex differences in brain and behavior there is a logical series of questions that should be ..
- Emotion, cognition, and behaviorR J Dolan
Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
Science 298:1191-4. 2002..The psychological consequences and mechanisms underlying the emotional modulation of cognition provide the focus of this article...
- Eye movements in natural behaviorMary Hayhoe
Department of Brain and Cognitive Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
Trends Cogn Sci 9:188-94. 2005..All of these advances are proving crucial for understanding how behavioral programs control the selection of visual information...
- Prefrontal-cingulate interactions in action monitoringW J Gehring
Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, 525 East University Avenue, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 1109, USA
Nat Neurosci 3:516-20. 2000..Lateral prefrontal damage also affected corrective behavior. Thus the lateral prefrontal cortex seemed to interact with the anterior cingulate cortex in monitoring behavior ..
- Serotonin selectively influences moral judgment and behavior through effects on harm aversionMolly J Crockett
Department of Experimental Psychology, Behavioural and Clinical Neuroscience Institute, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EB, United Kingdom
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:17433-8. 2010Aversive emotional reactions to real or imagined social harms infuse moral judgment and motivate prosocial behavior. Here, we show that the neurotransmitter serotonin directly alters both moral judgment and behavior through increasing ..
- Hierarchical models of behavior and prefrontal functionMatthew M Botvinick
Department of Psychology, Princeton Neuroscience Institute, Green Hall, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
Trends Cogn Sci 12:201-8. 2008The recognition of hierarchical structure in human behavior was one of the founding insights of the cognitive revolution...
- Towards a functional neuroanatomy of self processing: effects of faces and wordsT T Kircher
Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry and GKT School of Medicine, De Crespigny Park, SE5 8AF, London, UK
Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 10:133-44. 2000..The self-relevant stimuli engaged to a differential extent long term and working memory, semantic and emotional processes. We suggest that regions activated by these stimuli are engaged in self-processing...
- Intrinsic brain activity sets the stage for expression of motivated behaviorMarcus E Raichle
Department of Radiology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
J Comp Neurol 493:167-76. 2005..such constraint and potential modulation is achieved likely involves processes that emerge from the coordinated behavior of multiple brain systems, and functional brain imaging techniques such as PET and fMRI are beginning to help us ..
- Visceral influences on brain and behaviorHugo D Critchley
Psychiatry, Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Brighton BN1 9RR, UK
Neuron 77:624-38. 2013..Here, we review the role of these pathways as sources of biases to perception, cognition, emotion, and behavior and arguably the dynamic basis to the concept of self.
- Ghrelin influences novelty seeking behavior in rodents and menCaroline Hansson
Department of Physiology Endocrinology, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, The Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
PLoS ONE 7:e50409. 2012..between this trait and drug and alcohol abuse, led us to hypothesize that ghrelin may influence novelty seeking behavior. To test this possibility we applied several complementary rodent models of novelty seeking behavior, i.e...
- The cerebrospinal fluid: regulator of neurogenesis, behavior, and beyondMauro W Zappaterra
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, 11301 Wilshire Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90073, USA
Cell Mol Life Sci 69:2863-78. 2012..In this review, we will discuss the development of the choroid plexus-CSF system, and review the current literature on how the CSF actively regulates mammalian brain development, behavior, and responses to traumatic brain injury.
- Collective behavior in the spatial spreading of obesityLazaros K Gallos
Levich Institute and Physics Department, City College of New York, New York, NY 10031, USA
Sci Rep 2:454. 2012..the weaker correlations found in the underlying population distribution indicating the presence of collective behavior, i.e., individual habits may have negligible influence in shaping the patterns of spreading...
- Privacy-preserved behavior analysis and fall detection by an infrared ceiling sensor networkShuai Tao
Division of Computer Science, Hokkaido University, Kita 8 Nishi 5, Kita ku, Sapporo 060 0808, Japan
Sensors (Basel) 12:16920-36. 2012An infrared ceiling sensor network system is reported in this study to realize behavior analysis and fall detection of a single person in the home environment...
- Alcoholism: a systems approach from molecular physiology to addictive behaviorRainer Spanagel
Department of Psychopharmacology, Central Institute of Mental Health, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany
Physiol Rev 89:649-705. 2009..approach is not very practical if a better understanding of the pathological processes leading to an addictive behavior is to be achieved...
- Changing physicians' behavior: what works and thoughts on getting more things to workJeremy M Grimshaw
Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Health Research Institute, Center for Best Practices, Institute of Population Health, University of Ottawa, Ontario
J Contin Educ Health Prof 22:237-43. 2002..Since this problem is compounded by the lack of a theoretical base for conceptualizing physician behavior change, we suggest exploring the applicability of behavioral theories to the understanding of professional ..
- From circuits to behavior: a bridge too far?Matteo Carandini
University College London, London, UK
Nat Neurosci 15:507-9. 2012Neuroscience seeks to understand how neural circuits lead to behavior. However, the gap between circuits and behavior is too wide...
- Causal connectivity of evolved neural networks during behaviorAnil K Seth
The Neurosciences Institute, 10640 John Jay Hopkins Drive, San Diego, CA 92121, USA
Network 16:35-54. 2005To show how causal interactions in neural dynamics are modulated by behavior, it is valuable to analyze these interactions without perturbing or lesioning the neural mechanism...
- HCN channels in behavior and neurological disease: too hyper or not active enough?Alan S Lewis
Davee Department of Neurology and Clinical Neurosciences, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
Mol Cell Neurosci 46:357-67. 2011..nervous system, and changes in I(h) alter cellular input-output properties and neuronal circuitry important for behavior such as learning and memory...
- The hippocampal learning-behavior translation and the functional significance of hippocampal dysfunction in schizophreniaTobias Bast
School of Psychology and Institute of Neuroscience, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
Curr Opin Neurobiol 21:492-501. 2011How is hippocampal learning, including place learning, translated into behavior? The hippocampus integrates, along its septotemporal axis, substrates of rapid place learning, including entorhinal-hippocampal connectivity, with functional ..
- Epilepsy, cognition, and behavior: The clinical pictureAnne T Berg
Epilepsy Center, Northwestern Children s Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois, USA
Epilepsia 52:7-12. 2011..The mounting evidence argues strongly for the recognition of epilepsy as part of a spectrum of disorders and against the notion that even uncomplicated epilepsy can a priori be considered benign...
- Substance use and mental health trends among U.S. military active duty personnel: key findings from the 2008 DoD Health Behavior SurveyRobert M Bray
RTI International, 3040 Cornwallis Road, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 2194, USA
Mil Med 175:390-9. 2010..Examine substance use and mental health issues among U.S. military personnel...
- Bayesian models: the structure of the world, uncertainty, behavior, and the brainIris Vilares
Departments of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiology, and Applied Mathematics, Northwestern University, 345E Superior St Onterie, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1224:22-39. 2011..on humans and other animals have shown that uncertainty due to unreliable or incomplete information affects behavior. Recent studies have formalized uncertainty and asked which behaviors would minimize its effect...
- Phenotypic effects of leptin replacement on morbid obesity, diabetes mellitus, hypogonadism, and behavior in leptin-deficient adultsJulio Licinio
Center for Pharmacogenomics, Neuropsychiatric Institute, Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1761, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:4531-6. 2004..resolution of type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypogonadism, and beneficial effects on ingestive and noningestive behavior. These results highlight the role of the leptin pathway in adults with key effects on the regulation of body ..
- Dissociation of reward anticipation and outcome with event-related fMRIB Knutson
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, 20892-1610, USA
Neuroreport 12:3683-7. 2001..These findings suggest that reward anticipation and outcomes may differentially recruit distinct regions that lie along the trajectory of ascending dopamine projections...
- Predicting consumer behavior with Web searchSharad Goel
Microeconomics and Social Systems, Yahoo Research, 111 West 40th Street, New York, NY 10018, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:17486-90. 2010..Here we show that what consumers are searching for online can also predict their collective future behavior days or even weeks in advance...
- Ages for the Middle Stone Age of southern Africa: implications for human behavior and dispersalZenobia Jacobs
GeoQuEST Research Centre, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales 2522, Australia
Science 322:733-5. 2008..Comparison with climatic records shows that these bursts of innovative behavior cannot be explained by environmental factors alone.
- Intra-individual variability in behavior: links to brain structure, neurotransmission and neuronal activityStuart W S MacDonald
Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet, Gavlegatan 16, S 113 30 Stockholm, Sweden
Trends Neurosci 29:474-80. 2006....
- Environmental contaminant-mixture effects on CNS development, plasticity, and behaviorDeanna D Wormley
Department of Pharmacology, Meharry Medical College, Nashville, TN 37208, USA
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 197:49-65. 2004..receptor (NMDA) mRNA expression, (3) long-term potentiation (LTP), (4) fixed-ratio performance learning behavior, and (5) experience-dependent activity related cytoskeletal-associated protein (Arc) mRNA and protein expression ..
- The limbic lobe and its output channels: implications for emotional functions and adaptive behaviorLennart Heimer
Department of Neurosurgery and Neuroscience, University of Virginia, Box 800212, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 30:126-47. 2006..desire to move beyond the limbic system in efforts to explain key facets of emotional functions and motivational behavior. This review promotes an anatomical viewpoint, which originated as a result of histotechnical advances...
- Adaptive human behavior in epidemiological modelsEli P Fenichel
School of Life Sciences and ecoSERVICES Group, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 4501, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:6306-11. 2011..policy to manage epidemics focuses on motivating people, through social distancing policies, to alter their behavior to reduce contacts and reduce public disease risk. Person-to-person contacts drive human disease dynamics...
- Behavior-specific changes in transcriptional modules lead to distinct and predictable neurogenomic statesSriram Chandrasekaran
Center for Biophysics and Computational Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:18020-5. 2011..853 individual honey bees exhibiting 48 distinct behavioral phenotypes in naturalistic contexts, we report that behavior-specific neurogenomic states can be inferred from the coordinated action of transcription factors (TFs) and their ..
- Electrophysiological correlates for response inhibition in a Go/NoGo taskH Bokura
Department of Internal Medicine III, Shimane Medical University, 89 1, Enya, Izumo, 693 8501, Shimane, Japan
Clin Neurophysiol 112:2224-32. 2001..Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) during a Go/NoGo task were investigated to elucidate the electrophysiological basis for executive and inhibitory control of responses...
- Using EEG to explore how rTMS produces its effects on behaviorJeffrey S Johnson
Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin Madison, 53719, USA
Brain Topogr 22:281-93. 2010A commonly held view is that, when delivered during the performance of a task, repetitive TMS (rTMS) influences behavior by producing transient "virtual lesions" in targeted tissue...
- Searching for genes underlying behavior: lessons from circadian rhythmsJoseph S Takahashi
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
Science 322:909-12. 2008..to gene) approaches to uncover genes that drive the molecular mechanism of circadian clocks and control circadian behavior has been unprecedented...
- Stimulation of subterritories of the subthalamic nucleus reveals its role in the integration of the emotional and motor aspects of behaviorLuc Mallet
Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale AVENIR Group, Behavior, Emotion, and Basal Ganglia, 75013 Paris, France
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:10661-6. 2007..This observation suggests that the STN plays a role in the control of a complex behavior that includes emotional as well as cognitive and motor components...
- Monoamine oxidase: from genes to behaviorJ C Shih
Department of Molecular Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90033, USA
Annu Rev Neurosci 22:197-217. 1999..MAO A and B knock-out mice exhibit distinct differences in neurotransmitter metabolism and behavior. MAO A knock-out mice have elevated brain levels of serotonin, norephinephrine, and dopamine and manifest ..
- The immune system and developmental programming of brain and behaviorStaci D Bilbo
Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, 572 Research Drive, Box 91050, Durham, NC 27708, USA
Front Neuroendocrinol 33:267-86. 2012..Immune molecules have a powerful impact on neuroendocrine function, including hormone-behavior interactions, during health as well as sickness...
- Color in context: psychological context moderates the influence of red on approach- and avoidance-motivated behaviorBrian P Meier
Department of Psychology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, United States of America
PLoS ONE 7:e40333. 2012..and achievement-relevant contexts, respectively, but in all existing empirical work approach and avoidance behavior has been studied in separate tasks and separate experiments...
- Stochastic models of decisions about motion direction: behavior and physiologyJochen Ditterich
Center for Neuroscience and Section of Neurobiology, Physiology and Behavior, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Neural Netw 19:981-1012. 2006..Overall, the data favor a diffusion model with time-variant gain and leaky integrators. The integration time constant, however, turns out not to be well-constrained by the data...
- Oseltamivir prescription and regulatory actions vis-à-vis abnormal behavior risk in Japan: drug utilization study using a nationwide pharmacy databaseHisashi Urushihara
Department of Pharmacoepidemiology, Graduate School of Medicine and Public Health, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
PLoS ONE 6:e28483. 2011..issued in Japan to restrict oseltamivir use in children aged 10-19 years because of safety concerns over abnormal behavior. The effectiveness and validity of regulatory risk minimization actions remain to be reviewed, despite their ..
- From men to mice: CHRNA5/CHRNA3, smoking behavior and diseaseJennifer J Ware
Department of Psychological Medicine, Cardiff University, 1st Floor Neuadd Meirionnydd, Heath Park Campus, Cardiff CF14 4YS, United Kingdom
Nicotine Tob Res 14:1291-9. 2012..Two highly correlated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within this region--rs16969968 in CHRNA5 and rs1051730 in CHRNA3--have generated particular interest...
- Time scale hierarchies in the functional organization of complex behaviorsDionysios Perdikis
Theoretical Neuroscience Group, UMR6233, Institut Science du Mouvement, University of the Mediterranean, Marseille, France
PLoS Comput Biol 7:e1002198. 2011..e., not from trajectories in phase space or time)...
- A role for WNT/β-catenin signaling in the neural mechanisms of behaviorKimberly A Maguschak
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
J Neuroimmune Pharmacol 7:763-73. 2012..Here we summarize the role of Wnt/β-catenin signaling in the postnatal brain and discuss recent studies suggesting that deregulated Wnt signaling can result in altered behavior and cognitive disorders.
- Do parents recognize autistic deviant behavior long before diagnosis? Taking into account interaction using computational methodsCatherine Saint-Georges
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, AP HP, Groupe Hospitalier Pitie Salpetriere, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
PLoS ONE 6:e22393. 2011....
- Modeling dad: animal models of paternal behaviorAmanda C Kentner
Hotckiss Brain Institute, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 34:438-51. 2010..on the interactions between mothers and offspring, with little research directed at understanding paternal behavior. In animal studies, experimenters correlate paternal behaviors with those seen in rodent or primate mothers, ..
- Early-childhood poverty and adult attainment, behavior, and healthGreg J Duncan
Department of Education, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
Child Dev 81:306-25. 2010..of poverty between a child's prenatal year and 5th birthday for several adult achievement, health, and behavior outcomes, measured as late as age 37...
- DNA methylation, behavior and early life adversityMoshe Szyf
Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, McGill University, 3655 Sir William Osler Promenade, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1Y6, Canada
J Genet Genomics 40:331-8. 2013..Particularly important is the environment early in life including both the prenatal and postnatal social environments. ..
- The genetics of sex differences in brain and behaviorTuck C Ngun
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Gonda Center, Room 5506, 695 Charles Young Drive South, Los Angeles, CA 90095 7088, United States
Front Neuroendocrinol 32:227-46. 2011..Ultimately, the study of the biological basis for sex differences will improve healthcare for both men and women...
- Calculating consequences: brain systems that encode the causal effects of actionsSaori C Tanaka
Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences and Computation and Neural Systems Program, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
J Neurosci 28:6750-5. 2008..These results reveal the involvement of distinct brain regions in the computational processes that establish the causal efficacy of actions, providing insight into the neural mechanisms underlying the adaptive control of behavior.
- Dynamic interaction of object- and space-based attention in retinotopic visual areasNotger G Müller
Cognitive Neurology Unit, Department of Neurology, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, 60590 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
J Neurosci 23:9812-6. 2003..Objects, hence, also guide spatial search, and this may account for the behaviorally observed delay in processing parts of an unattended object...
- Simple sequence repeats: genetic modulators of brain function and behaviorJohn W Fondon
McDermott Center for Human Growth and Development and Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA
Trends Neurosci 31:328-34. 2008..SSRs can affect neuronal differentiation, brain development and even behavioral evolution...
- Of mice and men--universality and breakdown of behavioral organizationToru Nakamura
The Center for Advanced Medical Engineering and Informatics, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan
PLoS ONE 3:e2050. 2008....
- Omega-3 DHA and EPA for cognition, behavior, and mood: clinical findings and structural-functional synergies with cell membrane phospholipidsParris M Kidd
University of California, Berkeley, California, USA
Altern Med Rev 12:207-27. 2007..DHA is proven essential to pre- and postnatal brain development, whereas EPA seems more influential on behavior and mood. Both DHA and EPA generate neuroprotective metabolites...
- New lower nicotine cigarettes can produce compensatory smoking and increased carbon monoxide exposureAndrew A Strasser
Transdisciplinary Tobacco Use Research Center, University of Pennsylvania, 3535 Market Street, Suite 4100, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States
Drug Alcohol Depend 86:294-300. 2007..low nicotine cigarettes suggests smokers will compensate for lower nicotine delivery by increasing their puffing behavior to extract more nicotine...
- Forming attitudes that predict future behavior: a meta-analysis of the attitude-behavior relationLaura R Glasman
Department of Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
Psychol Bull 132:778-822. 2006..influence of factors present at the time an attitude is formed on the degree to which this attitude guides future behavior. The findings indicated that attitudes correlated with a future behavior more strongly when they were easy to ..
- Human category learning 2.0F Gregory Ashby
Department of Psychology, University of California Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1224:147-61. 2011..covered include (1) How do the various systems interact? (2) Are there different neural systems for categorization and category representation? (3) How does automaticity develop in each system? and (4) Exactly how does each system learn?..
- Economic games on the internet: the effect of $1 stakesOfra Amir
Department of Information Systems Engineering, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Be er Sheva, Israel
PLoS ONE 7:e31461. 2012..Using Mturk, we recruited 756 subjects and examined their behavior in four canonical economic games, with two payoff conditions each: a stakes condition, in which subjects' ..
- The shift from local to global visual processing in 6-year-old children is associated with grey matter lossNicolas Poirel
UMR 6232, CI NAPS, CNRS, CEA, Caen University and Paris Descartes University, Sorbonne, France
PLoS ONE 6:e20879. 2011..The brain regions involved in this shift in visual preference have not been described...
- Motivation of extended behaviors by anterior cingulate cortexClay B Holroyd
Department of Psychology, University of Victoria, P O Box 3050 Victoria, BC V8W 3P5, Canada
Trends Cogn Sci 16:122-8. 2012..has emerged between neuropsychological theories suggesting a primary role for ACC in motivating or 'energizing' behavior, and neuroimaging-inspired theories emphasizing its contribution to cognitive control and reinforcement learning...
- Tracking the unconscious generation of free decisions using ultra-high field fMRIStefan Bode
Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
PLoS ONE 6:e21612. 2011..These results give further evidence that FPC stands at the top of the prefrontal executive hierarchy in the unconscious generation of free decisions...
- Multisensory guidance of orienting behaviorJoost X Maier
Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Neurobiology, Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, LSRC B203, Durham NC 27708, USA
Hear Res 258:106-12. 2009..A common view is that the brain needs to reconcile these differences in order to control behavior, such as orienting gaze to the location of a sound source...
- Fetal behaviorJan G Nijhuis
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Academic Hospital Maastricht, P O Box 5800, 6202 AZ Maastricht, The Netherlands
Neurobiol Aging 24:S41-6; discussion S47-9, S51-2. 2003Fetal behavior reflects the activity of the fetal central nervous system (CNS). Insight in fetal behavior is crucial for the understanding of normal fetal well-being and in the evaluation of the possibly compromised fetus...
- The time course of the influence of valence and arousal on the implicit processing of affective picturesChunliang Feng
State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
PLoS ONE 7:e29668. 2012..Our results suggest that valence and arousal effects on implicit affective processing are more complicated than previous ERP studies with explicit tasks have revealed...
- Episodic memory in frontotemporal dementia: a critical reviewMichael Hornberger
Neuroscience Research Australia, Sydney, NSW 2031, Australia
Brain 135:678-92. 2012..Together, recent clinical and experimental findings and the historical evidence represent a strong case for a re-evaluation of the importance of memory disturbance in the clinical diagnosis of frontotemporal dementia...
- Acceptance and Commitment Therapy as a Treatment for OCDSteven Hayes; Fiscal Year: 2007..Instead, it focuses on stepping back from ones obsessions and focusing behavior change on following ones values rather than decreasing uncomfortable private events such as anxiety or obsessions...
- Cannabinoid Receptor Function in Alcoholism: Effects of D-9-THCDEEPAK D SOUZA; Fiscal Year: 2008..lower levels of alcohol preference and consumption, 2) slower rate of acquisition of alcohol drinking behavior, 3) lower alcohol sensitivity, and 4) blunted alcohol-induced dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens...
- Cannabinoids, Neural Synchrony and Information ProcessingDEEPAK D SOUZA; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- GLYCINE-KETAMINE INTERACTIONS IN HEALTHY SUBJECTSDEEPAK D SOUZA; Fiscal Year: 2002..Pilot data (n=12) towards this proposal suggests that glycine reduces ketamine-induced perceptual alterations, negative symptoms and impairments on recall without worsening positive symptoms. ..
- NEUROBIOLOGY OF CANNABIS EFFECTSDEEPAK D SOUZA; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Linking Affect to Action: Critical Contributions of the Orbitofrontal CortexGeoffrey Schoenbaum; Fiscal Year: 2006..The participation of minorities and women has been emphasized at each level (organizers, speakers, students). Thus the conference will address important scientific, social, and educational issues. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Pathology and Treatment of Cytokine-Induced DepressionAndrew Miller; Fiscal Year: 2008..Proinflammatory cytokines have been found to influence neurobiologic function including neurochemistry and behavior, and induce a depressive syndrome that has overlapping features with major depression...
- Reward System Recovery Following Behavioral Activation Therapy in DepressionGABRIEL DICHTER; Fiscal Year: 2007..Such a strategy is consistent with NIMH's mission to reduce the burden of psychiatric disorders. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Maternal Opioid Treatment: Human Experimental ResearchBarry Lester; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- Rapid Effects of Estradiol in the BrainJill Becker; Fiscal Year: 2007..It may also be important for our understanding and treatment of a number of neurological disorders including stroke, Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease where estradiol may be neuroprotective. ..
- DYNAMIC PATTERNS IN COMPLEX BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMSJ A Scott Kelso; Fiscal Year: 2006unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): All cognition and behavior, from perception and memory to decision-making and action, requires the activation of specialized areas in the brain as well as the means to globally coordinate ..
- Mechanisms of Radiation Induced Fatigue in CancerJulienne Bower; Fiscal Year: 2006..Together with a targeted program of didactic instruction, this project will prepare the candidate to become a fully independent behavioral scientist in the field of cancer prevention and control research. ..
- Steroid Hormones Regulatory Mechanisms and BehaviorSHAILAJA MANI; Fiscal Year: 2006..regulate cellular functions in the central nervous system resulting in changes in physiology and reproductive behavior in a variety of species...
- Psychoneuroimmunology and Mind-Body InterventionsJanice Kiecolt Glaser; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- College Drinking: A Twin StudyAndrey Anokhin; Fiscal Year: 2006..the effects of transition to college and, alternatively, entry into workforce on changes in drinking behavior; (2) to determine, using family-based non-collegiate controls, the relative role of dispositional (pre-existing) ..
- Neural Mechanisms of MTBI: A Prospective fMRI ApproachJ A Scott Kelso; Fiscal Year: 2008..This individualized approach should provide important insights into the structural and dynamic mechanisms underlying recovery of function in the human brain. ..
- Pathophysiology of IFN-alpha-induced Sleep DisturbancesAndrew Miller; Fiscal Year: 2008..Moreover, this work will identify novel targets for the development of treatment strategies for sleep alterations in medically ill patients. ..
- Fetal and Infant Neurobehavior in Opiate Dependent WomenLauren Jansson; Fiscal Year: 2009..Information gained from this proposal has the potential to significantly impact the way in which we treat the difficult and high-risk population of opiate dependent pregnant women. ..
- Hormones Neuronal Phosphoproteins and BehaviorSHAILAJA MANI; Fiscal Year: 2008..regulate functions in the central nervous system resulting in alterations in physiology and reproductive behavior. One means by which estradiol and progesterone exert their neural effects on reproductive behavior is via their ..
- Nursing Home Pain Management Algorithm Clinical TrialMary Ersek; Fiscal Year: 2009..Findings from this study will assist NH staff to assess and treat pain effectively in cognitively intact and impaired residents. Long-term follow-up will establish the persistence of changes in clinical practice and resident outcomes. ..
- Behavioral factors in the surgical treatment of obesityThomas Wadden; Fiscal Year: 2009..The study, by examining ghrelin and other appetite-related hormones, also will enhance knowledge of the regulation of body weight following GBP. ..
- Development of Basic Components of Decision MakingBETTY CASEY; Fiscal Year: 2008..The proposed studies are in response to RFA # DA-04-009 Behavioral and Cognitive Processes Related to Adolescent Drug Abuse. ..
- Mental Health Conferences: Comparative & Primate StudiesJudy Cameron; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Drug Effects on Behavior: Workplace ImplicationsCarl Hart; Fiscal Year: 2008..Together, the data from the proposed studies will have substantial public health impact and will serve both educational and public policy functions. ..
- The Functional Neuroanatomy of Acute Nicotinic Modulation of Impulsivity in WomenAlexandra Potter; Fiscal Year: 2008..This model may be useful for the examination of other drugs of abuse. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Genes Influencing Social BehaviorsDONALD WELLS PFAFF; Fiscal Year: 2010..with all interesting results followed up by a novel antisense DNA technique - and measure an interesting behavior maternal aggression (as part of reproduction), compared to an 'affiliative behavior', maternal care ..
- Brain Development Following InstitutionalizationBETTY CASEY; Fiscal Year: 2008..We will recruit a typically developing population of children to assess deviations or delays in the development of amygdala and hippocampal volume and function. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Errors and Expectancies in OFC and VTA and their Roles in Associative LearningGEOFFREY M SCHOENBAUM; Fiscal Year: 2010..This proposal will test this hypothesis, using inactivation and single-unit recording to ask how OFC is involved learning and in the calculation of prediction errors in dopaminergic VTA neurons during Pavlovian blocking. ..
- Long-Term Outcomes of Childhood-Onset EpilepsyAnne Berg; Fiscal Year: 2006..This in turn could help lessen the burdens associated with childhood-and adolescent-onset epilepsy for the individual, the family, and society as a whole. ..
- Development of Prediction and Reward Related CircuitryBETTY CASEY; Fiscal Year: 2004..an R21 application in response to RFA DA-02-001 entitled "Neuroimaging Technology Development to Assess Brain and Behavior in Pediatric Populations"...
- Intranasal Methamphetamine: A Pharmacotherapy ModelCarl Hart; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- LIFESTYLE ACTIVITY FOR WEIGHT MANAGEMENTThomas Wadden; Fiscal Year: 2003..The predicted superiority of lifestyle activity is based on extensive pilot data and, if confirmed, should significantly improve the management of obesity and its associated health complications. ..
- ADRENAL STEROID-IMMUNE INTERACTIONS IN VIRAL INFECTIONSAndrew Miller; Fiscal Year: 2002..Taken together, these studies will provide the foundation for developing new treatment strategies for immunomodulation drawing upon advances in neuroendocrinology and the neurosciences. ..
- ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCES ON BRAIN PLASTICITYDavid Crews; Fiscal Year: 2002..temperature have been found in morphology, secretion of and sensitivity to steroid hormones, sociosexual behavior, reproductive success, and in the neuroanatomy and metabolic activity of brain areas that mediate sociosexual ..
- METHADONE, BUPRENORPHINE AND FETAL DEVELOPMENTLauren Jansson; Fiscal Year: 2004..Upon completing the 5-year funding period, Dr. Jansson plans to have written an RO1 grant application to pursue research ideas identified during KO8 funding. ..
- Chronic Pain Self-Management for the ElderlyMary Ersek; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- HIGH FREQUENCY BURST FIRING IN VISUAL CORTEXHal Blumenfeld; Fiscal Year: 2002..The information provided by these studies may yield insights into the mechanisms of normal cortical rhythmic oscillations, and suggest new therapies for the therapeutic management of epileptic seizures. ..
- Psychoneuroimmunology and Mind-Body MedicineJanice Kiecolt Glaser; Fiscal Year: 2005..Accordingly, a psychoneuroimmunology focus for these mechanistic studies will provide a way to clarify mechanisms while assessing clinical efficacy. ..
- Interaction of Brain Norepinephrine/Galanin in StressDavid Morilak; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Symposium on Challenging Behavior in CHARGE SyndromeTIMOTHY HARTSHORNE; Fiscal Year: 2003..One issue that has been of considerable concern to parents is the development of severe behavior problems...
- BIOBEHAVIORAL MARKERS OF RISK FOR NICOTINE ADDICTIONAndrey Anokhin; Fiscal Year: 2005..Although a strong genetic contribution to smoking behavior has been well documented by recent studies, little is known about biobehavioral mechanisms that might mediate ..
- BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION AND PHARMACOTHERAPY FOR OBESITYThomas Wadden; Fiscal Year: 2002..b>Behavior therapy facilitates adherence to exercise and medication recommendations, whereas pharmacotherapy, by reducing ..
- BRAIN MECHANISMS OF REPRODUCTIVE BEHAVIORDonald Pfaff; Fiscal Year: 2002The most advanced system for understanding neural and molecular mechanisms of mammalian behavior is the effect of estradiol (E) on lordosis behavior by the female rat upon mounting by the male...
- IFN ALPHA-INDUCED DEPRESSIONAndrew Miller; Fiscal Year: 2003..interferon a (IFNa) to humans has been shown to induce a depression-like syndrome, also referred to as "sickness behavior," that includes symptoms of depressed mood, anhedonia, anorexia, fatigue, and disrupted sleep...
- ADRENAL STEROID--IMMUNE INTERACTIONSAndrew Miller; Fiscal Year: 2003..into an examination of the impact of the type I interferon (IFN), IFNalpha, on neuroendocrine function and behavior in patients undergoing high dose IFNalpha therapy for malignant melanoma...
- HIV/AIDS CLINICAL RESEARCH TRAINING PROGRAMAndrew Miller; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- TRAINING PROGRAM IN NEUROBIOLOGY AND BEHAVIORDavid Crews; Fiscal Year: 2003..grant at the University of Texas at Austin focusing on interdisciplinary training in the biological bases of behavior. A small select group of behavioral neuroscientists from the Psychology and Zoology departments of the University ..
- Functional neuroanatomical deficits in ADHD familiesBETTY CASEY; Fiscal Year: 2003..Imaging will be performed at corresponding imaging sites at DUMC, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, and Stanford University respectively. ..
- EVOLUTION OF BRAIN-BEHAVIOR CONTROLLING MECHANISMSDavid Crews; Fiscal Year: 2009..on androgens in all vertebrates studied, but the mechanisms by which these hormones influence the brain and behavior are not well understood...
- SIESTA NAPS IN OLDER PEOPLETimothy Monk; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- Drug Abuse: Sex differences in developmental and environmental influencesJill B Becker; Fiscal Year: 2010..the consequences for both sexes is an enhanced response to cocaine which increases vulnerability for drug taking behavior. Prenatal stress exposes the developing organism to increased levels of glucocorticoids at a time during which ..
- Cholinergic Effects on Inhibition and Delay in ADHDAlexandra Potter; Fiscal Year: 2005..Recent evidence suggests that two models of the cognitive underpinnings of impulsive behavior, the behavioral inhibition model (Bl) and the delay aversion (DA) model, contribute independently to ADHD ..
- Frontostriatal Development and Cognitive ControlBETTY CASEY; Fiscal Year: 2005DESCRIPTION: One key feature of cognitive and behavioral development is the gradual ability to override one behavior in favor of another or to suppress attention to irrelevant information in favor of more relevant information...
- Cognitive and Emotional Processes in Decision-MakingALAN SANFEY; Fiscal Year: 2007..field of neuroeconomics, which attempts understand the component processes of decision-making by examining both behavior and the underlying neural substrates...
- 2007 Catecholamines Gordon Research ConferenceJill Becker; Fiscal Year: 2007..applicant): Catecholamines are investigated using a broad range of approaches: molecular biology, simple systems, behavior and clinical studies...
- Resilience in ChildrenBarry Lester; Fiscal Year: 2006..C. The conference is being organized by Barry M. Lester, Ph.D., Professor of Psychiatry & Human Behavior and Pediatrics, and Director, Infant Development Center, Brown Medical School...
- Exercise Effects on the Primate Nigrostriatal PathwayJudy Cameron; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- The effects of SAMe on reward circuitry in depressionDiego Pizzagalli; Fiscal Year: 2007..A better understanding of the mechanisms of actions of SAMe should, in turn, provide a foundation for future clinical trials. ..
- Neuroimmune Mechanisms of Glucocorticoid ResistanceAndrew H Miller; Fiscal Year: 2010..Taken together, these studies will help identify novel targets for the treatment of mood disorders in both medically ill and medically healthy patients. ..
- Preventing spike-wave epileptogenesis: critical periods & neuroimaging biomarkersHal Blumenfeld; Fiscal Year: 2010..untreated animals. We will also investigate the anatomical basis of white matter DTI abnormalities through electron microscopy to determine changes in axons and myelin in affected regions. 2. ..
- TREATMENT OF EARLY ONSET SCHIZOPHRENIA SPECTRUM (TEOSS)Robert Findling; Fiscal Year: 2005..This study will provide information about the comparative effectiveness of the most commonly used and representative antipsychotic drugs in youth with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. ..
- Human Laboratory Model of Cocaine Treatment: Behavioral Economic AnalysisMark K Greenwald; Fiscal Year: 2010..Therefore, tests of cocaine medications need to be conducted in synchrony with behavior therapies also taking into account individual differences in order to understand the mechanisms of interaction ..
- Fronto-Striatal Dysfunction in IFNa-Induced DepressionAndrew Miller; Fiscal Year: 2008..Proinflammatory cytokines have been found to influence neurobiologic function including neurochemistry and behavior, and induce a depressive syndrome that has overlapping features with major depression...
- BUPRENORPHINE ABUSE BY HUMANS--LABORATORY STUDIESSandra Comer; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Adolescence: A Sensitive Period for Nicotine AddictionEdward Levin; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- GENOTYPE/PHENOTYPE CORRELATIONS IN WILLIAMS SYNDROMECAROLYN MERVIS; Fiscal Year: 2009..tests of language, memory, and visuospatial abilities;and measures of personality, temperament, and adaptive behavior. 3) Identify genes responsible for specific phenotypic features of WS...
- MCH Modulation of Neurotransmission in the LH areaXiao Bing Gao; Fiscal Year: 2005..The funding of this research proposal is important for the applicant to continue this course. A career development plan is also documented in this proposal. ..
- THE LONG-TERM IMPACT OF A NETWORK OUTREACH INTERVENTIONCarl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2002..sequelae, STIs are risk factors for HIV infection and transmission, are biological markers of HIV-related sexual behavior, and help validate self-reports of risk behaviors...
- BOLD fMRI in MR research to map learning historiesMICHAEL SCHLUND; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Opioid Antagonist Discrimination: A Model of WithdrawalAlison Oliveto; Fiscal Year: 2011..This paradigm provides a sensitive, standard, objective, systematic method to identify potential agents for enhancing OW treatment which can be examined further in a detox protocol. ..
- STROKE INCIDENCE AND RISK FACTORS IN A TRI-ETHNIC REGIONRalph Sacco; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Behavioral Effects of GHB in Healthy VolunteersALISON OLIVETO BEAUDOIN; Fiscal Year: 2003..This study will also potentially establish a standard methodology to characterize systematically the behavioral effects of GHB in humans. ..
- Conduct Disorder and Depression in ChildhoodTheodore Beauchaine; Fiscal Year: 2006..Findings obtained should further our understanding of the autonomic substrates of CD, depression, and their comorbidity, and may have differential treatment implications for depressed probands who do and do not present with comorbid CD. ..
- Role of Kv3 Potassium Channels in Arousal-State DynamicsRolf Joho; Fiscal Year: 2008..altered neuronal firing patterns in distinct neuronal subpopulations with the correspondingly altered sleep-wake behavior. Hence, Kv3 mutant mice will serve as well-defined models to study the pathophysiology of hyperactivity and sleep ..
- Tailored Activity to Improve Affect in Dementia at HomeLaura Gitlin; Fiscal Year: 2006..This pilot study will provide critical data by which to refine and standardize the intervention manual and protocols, and structure the design of a large-scale randomized clinical trial. ..
- NEURAL RECORDINGS AND REACTION TIME MODELSRoger Ratcliff; Fiscal Year: 2003..The second aim of the research is to investigate the joint behavior of small subsets of the neuronal populations that decide the direction, distance, and timing of eye movements...
- Hypothalamic Leptin and Insulin SignalingChristopher Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2007..that leptin is capable of acting in either the forebrain (hypothalamus) or hindbrain to regulate feeding behavior. However, the relative importance of these 2 areas in sensing changes in circulating leptin is poorly ..
- Advanced Reproductive Age and Environmental HealthStephanie Engel; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Vagal Tone and Social Behaviors in AutismSTEPHEN SHEINKOPF; Fiscal Year: 2004..This study may provide information on the biological basis of the social deficits in autism and may also help develop methods that can be used to study autism in infancy. ..
- Wise Mind: Environmental Approach for Obesity PreventionDonald Williamson; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..