attitude to health

Summary

Summary: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Meta-analysis of the relationship between risk perception and health behavior: the example of vaccination
    Noel T Brewer
    Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Health Psychol 26:136-45. 2007
  2. ncbi Self-rated health and mortality: a review of twenty-seven community studies
    E L Idler
    Institute for Health, Health Care Policy, and Aging Research, Rutgers, State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick 08903, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 38:21-37. 1997
  3. ncbi US valuation of the EQ-5D health states: development and testing of the D1 valuation model
    James W Shaw
    Tobacco Control Research Branch, Behavioral Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Med Care 43:203-20. 2005
  4. ncbi Perceptions of children's body sizes among mothers living on the Texas-Mexico border (La Frontera)
    Elizabeth Reifsnider
    University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas 77555 1029, USA
    Public Health Nurs 23:488-95. 2006
  5. ncbi Acceptance of human papillomavirus vaccination among Californian parents of daughters: a representative statewide analysis
    Norman A Constantine
    Center for Research on Adolescent Health and Development, Public Health Institute, Oakland, California 94607, USA
    J Adolesc Health 40:108-15. 2007
  6. ncbi HIV and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination: a conceptual framework and implications for action
    Richard Parker
    Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Soc Sci Med 57:13-24. 2003
  7. ncbi Integrating response shift into health-related quality of life research: a theoretical model
    M A Sprangers
    Department of Medical Psychology, Academic Hospital Amsterdam, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Soc Sci Med 48:1507-15. 1999
  8. ncbi Patients' help-seeking experiences and delay in cancer presentation: a qualitative synthesis
    Lucy K Smith
    Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 6TP, UK
    Lancet 366:825-31. 2005
  9. pmc Acceptability of male circumcision for prevention of HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: a review
    N Westercamp
    Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1603 W Taylor Street, MC 923, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    AIDS Behav 11:341-55. 2007
  10. ncbi Why patients use alternative medicine: results of a national study
    J A Astin
    Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, Calif 94304 1583, USA
    JAMA 279:1548-53. 1998

Detail Information

Publications309 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Meta-analysis of the relationship between risk perception and health behavior: the example of vaccination
    Noel T Brewer
    Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Health Psychol 26:136-45. 2007
    ..Risk perceptions are central to many health behavior theories. However, the relationship between risk perceptions and behavior, muddied by instances of inappropriate assessment and analysis, often looks weak...
  2. ncbi Self-rated health and mortality: a review of twenty-seven community studies
    E L Idler
    Institute for Health, Health Care Policy, and Aging Research, Rutgers, State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick 08903, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 38:21-37. 1997
    ..We summarize and review these studies, consider various interpretations which could account for the association, and suggest several approaches to the next stage of research in this field...
  3. ncbi US valuation of the EQ-5D health states: development and testing of the D1 valuation model
    James W Shaw
    Tobacco Control Research Branch, Behavioral Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Med Care 43:203-20. 2005
    ..The EQ-5D is a brief, multiattribute, preference-based health status measure. This article describes the development of a statistical model for generating US population-based EQ-5D preference weights...
  4. ncbi Perceptions of children's body sizes among mothers living on the Texas-Mexico border (La Frontera)
    Elizabeth Reifsnider
    University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas 77555 1029, USA
    Public Health Nurs 23:488-95. 2006
    ..Photographs of children from the Berkeley Longitudinal Growth Study (on Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC] Web site) were used to stimulate discussion with mothers about child sizes...
  5. ncbi Acceptance of human papillomavirus vaccination among Californian parents of daughters: a representative statewide analysis
    Norman A Constantine
    Center for Research on Adolescent Health and Development, Public Health Institute, Oakland, California 94607, USA
    J Adolesc Health 40:108-15. 2007
    ..The ultimate goal of this research is to inform policy decisions and educational planning in this area...
  6. ncbi HIV and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination: a conceptual framework and implications for action
    Richard Parker
    Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Soc Sci Med 57:13-24. 2003
    ....
  7. ncbi Integrating response shift into health-related quality of life research: a theoretical model
    M A Sprangers
    Department of Medical Psychology, Academic Hospital Amsterdam, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Soc Sci Med 48:1507-15. 1999
    ....
  8. ncbi Patients' help-seeking experiences and delay in cancer presentation: a qualitative synthesis
    Lucy K Smith
    Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 6TP, UK
    Lancet 366:825-31. 2005
    ..We undertook a qualitative synthesis of international research evidence to provide insight into patients' experiences of recognising symptoms of cancer and seeking help...
  9. pmc Acceptability of male circumcision for prevention of HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: a review
    N Westercamp
    Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1603 W Taylor Street, MC 923, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    AIDS Behav 11:341-55. 2007
    ..We recommend pilot interventions making safe circumcision services available in conjunction with current HIV prevention strategies and evaluating the safety and acceptability of circumcision...
  10. ncbi Why patients use alternative medicine: results of a national study
    J A Astin
    Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, Calif 94304 1583, USA
    JAMA 279:1548-53. 1998
    ..Research both in the United States and abroad suggests that significant numbers of people are involved with various forms of alternative medicine. However, the reasons for such use are, at present, poorly understood...
  11. ncbi Derivation and validation of a short-form oral health impact profile
    G D Slade
    Department of Dental Ecology, University of North Carolina 27599-7450, USA
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 25:284-90. 1997
    ..05) with both the OHIP-49 and the OHIP-14. While it will be important to replicate these findings in other populations, the findings suggest that the OHIP-14 has good reliability, validity and precision...
  12. ncbi Non-response and related factors in a nation-wide health survey
    K Korkeila
    Department of General Practice, University of Turku, Finland
    Eur J Epidemiol 17:991-9. 2001
    ..To analyse selective factors associated with an unexpectedly low response rate...
  13. ncbi Reaching the Abuja target for intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy in African women: a review of progress and operational challenges
    Jenny Hill
    Child and Reproductive Health Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 11:409-18. 2006
    ....
  14. ncbi Use of the Internet and e-mail for health care information: results from a national survey
    Laurence Baker
    Department of Health Research and Policy, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, Calif 94305 5405, USA
    JAMA 289:2400-6. 2003
    ..Available estimates of use and impact vary widely. Without accurate estimates of use and effects, it is difficult to focus policy discussions or design appropriate policy activities...
  15. ncbi Changing illness perceptions after myocardial infarction: an early intervention randomized controlled trial
    Keith J Petrie
    Department of Health Psychology, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, New Zealand
    Psychosom Med 64:580-6. 2002
    ..This study was designed to examine whether a brief hospital intervention designed to alter patients' perceptions about their myocardial infarction (MI) would result in a better recovery and reduced disability...
  16. ncbi Measuring patients' desire for autonomy: decision making and information-seeking preferences among medical patients
    J Ende
    Section of General Internal Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Massachusetts
    J Gen Intern Med 4:23-30. 1989
    ..The conceptual and clinical implications of these findings are discussed...
  17. ncbi Complementary and alternative medicine use in Australia: a national population-based survey
    Charlie C L Xue
    World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Traditional Medicine, School of Health Sciences, Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
    J Altern Complement Med 13:643-50. 2007
    ....
  18. pmc Reductions in tobacco smoke pollution and increases in support for smoke-free public places following the implementation of comprehensive smoke-free workplace legislation in the Republic of Ireland: findings from the ITC Ireland/UK Survey
    G T Fong
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 Canada
    Tob Control 15:iii51-8. 2006
    ..To evaluate the psychosocial and behavioural impact of the first ever national level comprehensive workplace smoke-free law, implemented in Ireland in March 2004...
  19. ncbi Willingness-to-pay for community-based insurance in Burkina Faso
    Hengjin Dong
    Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Germany
    Health Econ 12:849-62. 2003
    ..In addition, factors that influence WTP were to be identified...
  20. ncbi Perceived seriousness of seasonal and A(H1N1) influenzas, attitudes toward vaccination, and vaccine uptake among U.S. adults: does the source of information matter?
    Jurgen Maurer
    RAND Corporation, Arlington, VA 22202, USA
    Prev Med 51:185-7. 2010
    ..We further documented how vaccine uptake and attitudes varied by main information source used in vaccination decisions...
  21. ncbi Acceptability of male circumcision and predictors of circumcision preference among men and women in Nyanza Province, Kenya
    C L Mattson
    Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1603 W Taylor Street, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    AIDS Care 17:182-94. 2005
    ....
  22. ncbi Drop-out analysis of community-based health insurance membership at Nouna, Burkina Faso
    Hengjin Dong
    Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, University of Heidelberg, INF 324, D 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Health Policy 92:174-9. 2009
    ..This study aims to identify the reasons why enrolled people decide not to renew their membership in following years...
  23. ncbi Fever phobia revisited: have parental misconceptions about fever changed in 20 years?
    M Crocetti
    Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Pediatrics 107:1241-6. 2001
    ....
  24. ncbi Social marketing in public health
    Sonya Grier
    The University of Pennsylvania, Colonial Penn Center, Philadelphia, 19104, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 26:319-39. 2005
    ..Our aim is practical: to enhance public health professionals' knowledge of the key elements of social marketing and how social marketing may be used to plan public health interventions...
  25. ncbi Parents' perceptions of their child's weight and health
    Kathryn C Eckstein
    University of Tennessee Health Science Center College of Medicine, Memphis, Tennessee, USA
    Pediatrics 117:681-90. 2006
    ..This study explored parents' perceptions about their child's appearance and health and evaluated a tool to determine parents' visual perception of their child's weight...
  26. ncbi Factors that are associated with parental acceptance of human papillomavirus vaccines: a randomized intervention study of written information about HPV
    Amanda F Dempsey
    Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Pediatrics 117:1486-93. 2006
    ....
  27. pmc Attitudes and beliefs about secondhand smoke and smoke-free policies in four countries: findings from the International Tobacco Control Four Country Survey
    Andrew Hyland
    Department of Health Behavior, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Elm and Carlton Streets, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 11:642-9. 2009
    ....
  28. pmc Evidence for secular trends in children's physical activity behaviour
    J Dollman
    School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    Br J Sports Med 39:892-7; discussion 897. 2005
    ....
  29. ncbi Are QALYs based on time trade-off comparable?--A systematic review of TTO methodologies
    Trude Arnesen
    National Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
    Health Econ 14:39-53. 2005
    ..This review of the TTO elicited on own behalf, shows that limiting cost-utility analysis to include only quality life weights from one method and one perspective is not enough to ensure that QALYs are comparable...
  30. ncbi Young teenagers' perceptions of their own and others' bodies: a qualitative study of obese, overweight and 'normal' weight young people in Scotland
    Wendy Wills
    Centre for Research in Primary and Community Care, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, UK
    Soc Sci Med 62:396-406. 2006
    ..These findings are important as they contradict the common perception that being overweight/obese is related to body dissatisfaction and that young people have a fear of fatness...
  31. ncbi Socioeconomic conditions, lifestyle factors, and self-rated health among men and women in Sweden
    Anu Molarius
    Västmanland County Council, Department of Community Medicine Västerås, Sweden
    Eur J Public Health 17:125-33. 2007
    ..Few studies, however, have investigated the independent effect of material and psychosocial conditions as well as lifestyle factors on self-rated health...
  32. ncbi Estimating an EQ-5D population value set: the case of Japan
    Aki Tsuchiya
    School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, UK
    Health Econ 11:341-53. 2002
    ..001 for 8 of 12 coefficients; F-test). Thirdly, using alternative models, the predictions are improved so that the local Japanese value set achieves MAE in the order of 0.01...
  33. ncbi Pain catastrophizing and kinesiophobia: predictors of chronic low back pain
    H Susan J Picavet
    Department of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Am J Epidemiol 156:1028-34. 2002
    ..These cognitive and emotional factors should be considered when prevention programs are developed for chronic low back pain and related disability...
  34. ncbi Patterns of vaccination acceptance
    P Streefland
    Royal Tropical Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Soc Sci Med 49:1705-16. 1999
    ..The article also develops conceptual tools for the analysis of acceptance and non-acceptance and discusses explanatory theoretical perspectives...
  35. ncbi 'It brought joy in my home as in the area of my wife.' How recently circumcised adult men ascribe value to and make sense of male circumcision
    Katrine Lundsby
    Department of International Health, Immunology and Microbiology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Glob Public Health 7:352-66. 2012
    ....
  36. ncbi Declining subscriptions to the Maliando Mutual Health Organisation in Guinea-Conakry (West Africa): what is going wrong?
    Bart Criel
    Department of Public Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, B 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
    Soc Sci Med 57:1205-19. 2003
    ..However, the main reason for the lack of interest in the scheme, is the poor quality of care offered to members of the MHO at the health centre...
  37. pmc Applying systematic review methods to studies of people's views: an example from public health research
    Angela Harden
    Social Science Research Unit, 18 Woburn Square, London WC1H 0NS, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 58:794-800. 2004
    ..This methodology is likely to create greater opportunities for people's own perspectives and experiences to inform policies to promote their health...
  38. pmc Factors influencing Chinese male's willingness to undergo circumcision: a cross-sectional study in western China
    Xiaobo Yang
    School of Public Health and Guangxi Key Laboratory Cultivation Base of AIDS Prevention and Treatment, Guangxi Medical University, Guangxi, China
    PLoS ONE 7:e30198. 2012
    ..The goal of this survey was to explore the acceptability of MC among the Chinese and to identify factors associated with circumcision preference...
  39. ncbi Disclosure of CAM use to medical practitioners: a review of qualitative and quantitative studies
    A Robinson
    Monash University School of Rural Health, P O Box 424, Traralgon, VIC 3844, Australia
    Complement Ther Med 12:90-8. 2004
    ..This literature review aims to provide an understanding of the degree to which patients disclose their use of CAM to their medical practitioners, and their reasons for not doing so...
  40. ncbi Stigma as a barrier to recovery: Perceived stigma and patient-rated severity of illness as predictors of antidepressant drug adherence
    J A Sirey
    Department of Psychiatry, New York Presbyterian Hospital, Westchester Division, White Plains, NY 10605, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 52:1615-20. 2001
    ..The authors examined the impact of barriers that were present at the initiation of antidepressant drug therapy on medication adherence in a mixed-age sample of outpatients with major depression...
  41. ncbi Beliefs and expectations of Canadian parents who bring febrile children for medical care
    Mark C Enarson
    Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Pediatrics 130:e905-12. 2012
    ..The purpose of this survey was to study the beliefs, expectations, and satisfaction of Canadian parents regarding fever and the treatment of their febrile children...
  42. pmc Comprehensive smoke-free policies attract more support from smokers in Europe than partial policies
    Ute Mons
    Unit Cancer Prevention and WHO Collaborating Centre for Tobacco Control, German Cancer Research Center, DKFZ, Heidelberg, Germany
    Eur J Public Health 22:10-6. 2012
    ..Support for smoke-free policies increases over time and particularly after implementation of the policy. In this study we examined whether the comprehensiveness of such policies moderates the effect on support among smokers...
  43. ncbi Attitudes toward preventive services and lifestyle: the views of primary care patients in Europe. the EUROPREVIEW patient study
    Carlos Brotons
    Sardenya Primary Health Care Center, Sardenya, Barcelona, Spain
    Fam Pract 29:i168-i176. 2012
    ..For preventive interventions in general practice to succeed, patients' points of view must be taken into account in addition to those of GPs...
  44. pmc Acceptability of early infant male circumcision as an HIV prevention intervention in Zimbabwe: a qualitative perspective
    Webster Mavhu
    Zimbabwe AIDS Prevention Project, Department of Community Medicine, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe
    PLoS ONE 7:e32475. 2012
    ..Willingness was associated with knowledge of HIV and male circumcision. This qualitative study was conducted to better understand this issue...
  45. ncbi Care giver perception of children's obesity-related health risk: a study of African American families
    D Young-Hyman
    Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore 21201, USA
    Obes Res 8:241-8. 2000
    ..To examine care giver perception of children's weight-related health risk in African American families...
  46. pmc Information seeking and social support in online health communities: impact on patients' perceived empathy
    Priya Nambisan
    Department of Health Policy, Management and Behavior, School of Public Health, University at Albany, SUNY, New York, USA
    J Am Med Inform Assoc 18:298-304. 2011
    ..This study examines the relative impact of these two distinct functions-that is, as an information seeking forum and as a social support forum-on patients' perceived empathy in online health communities...
  47. ncbi Young adult smokers' perceptions of plain packaging: a pilot naturalistic study
    Crawford Moodie
    Institute for Social Marketing, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, Scotland, UK
    Tob Control 20:367-73. 2011
    ..To explore the impact, if any, that using plain (non-branded) cigarette packs in real-life settings has on young adult smokers...
  48. ncbi The effect of patients' preferences on racial differences in access to renal transplantation
    J Z Ayanian
    Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 341:1661-9. 1999
    ..In the United States, black patients undergo renal transplantation less often than white patients, but few studies have directly assessed the association between race and patients' preferences with respect to transplantation...
  49. ncbi True health vs response styles: exploring cross-country differences in self-reported health
    Hendrik Jürges
    Mannheim Research Institute for the Economics of Aging, University of Mannheim, D 68131 Mannheim, Germany
    Health Econ 16:163-78. 2007
    ..If differences in reporting styles are taken into account, cross-country variations in general health are reduced but not eliminated. Failing to account for differences in reporting styles may yield misleading results...
  50. pmc A population-based evaluation of a publicly funded, school-based HPV vaccine program in British Columbia, Canada: parental factors associated with HPV vaccine receipt
    Gina Ogilvie
    University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    PLoS Med 7:e1000270. 2010
    ..We report on the level of uptake of the first dose of the HPV vaccine, and determine parental factors associated with receipt of the HPV vaccine, in a publicly funded school-based HPV vaccine program in British Columbia, Canada...
  51. ncbi The applicability of the theory of planned behavior to the intention to quit smoking across workplaces in southern Taiwan
    S C Hu
    Department of Public Health, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan
    Addict Behav 23:225-37. 1998
    ..Habit had no significant contribution to the intention to quit in the TPB model. Detailed discussions of the results are provided...
  52. ncbi The dynamics of stigma in leprosy
    M L Heijnders
    Research Fellow, Trimbos Institute
    Int J Lepr Other Mycobact Dis 72:437-47. 2004
    ..Stigma enforces already existing inequalities in social class, gender, and age...
  53. ncbi The influence of subjective life expectancy on health state valuations using a 10 year TTO
    F E van Nooten
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Health Econ 18:549-58. 2009
    ..To investigate if subjective life expectancy (SLE) impacts the willingness to trade-off (WTT) and the number of years traded-off in a 10-years time trade-off (TTO) exercise to obtain health state valuations...
  54. ncbi How "bad" does the pain have to be? A qualitative study examining adherence to pain medication in older adults with osteoarthritis
    Joanna E M Sale
    Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, 76 Grenville Street, Rm 812B, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 1B2
    Arthritis Rheum 55:272-8. 2006
    ..To explore the experience of adherence to pain medication in older adults with osteoarthritis (OA)...
  55. ncbi Parental disconnect between perceived and actual weight status of children: a metasynthesis of the current research
    Jessica Doolen
    Department of Physiologic Nursing, School of Nursing, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
    J Am Acad Nurse Pract 21:160-6. 2009
    ..The purpose of this article was to review the current research literature on parental perceptions about their children's weight...
  56. ncbi Parents as their infant's primary caregivers in a neonatal intensive care unit
    Kerstin Hedberg Nyqvist
    Pediatric Nursing, Uppsala University, Uppsala, University Children s Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden
    J Pediatr Nurs 24:153-63. 2009
    ..Agreement was reached about parents as their infants' primary caregivers, based on individual assessment of parents' willingness and ability, with nurses acting as educators and supporters instead of caregivers...
  57. ncbi How acceptable are innovative health-care technologies? A survey of public beliefs and attitudes in England and Wales
    Michael Calnan
    MRC HSRC, Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, P O Box 901, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    Soc Sci Med 60:1937-48. 2005
    ....
  58. ncbi Condom use and its correlates among female sex workers in Hanoi, Vietnam
    Trung Nam Tran
    Department of Epidemiology, UCLA School of Public Health, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    AIDS Behav 10:159-67. 2006
    ..Condom promotion should focus on FSWs and their partners. Negative attitudes toward FSWs and condom promotion need to be changed to reduce stigmatization of FSWs and to make condom use a norm in the society...
  59. ncbi Causal attributions, lifestyle change, and coronary heart disease: illness beliefs of patients of South Asian and European origin living in the United Kingdom
    Aliya Darr
    Centre for Research in Primary Care, Institute of Health Sciences and Public Health Research, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom
    Heart Lung 37:91-104. 2008
    ..We examined and compared the illness beliefs of South Asian and European patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) about causal attributions and lifestyle change...
  60. ncbi Public beliefs about schizophrenia and depression: similarities and differences
    Matthias C Angermeyer
    University of Leipzig, Dept of Psychiatry, Johannisallee 20, 04317 Leipzig, Germany
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 38:526-34. 2003
    ..However, recent studies suggest that considerable differences exist between the various disorders. Therefore, we set out to examine similarities and differences of the public's conceptions of schizophrenia and major depression...
  61. ncbi Predictors of adolescent self-rated health. Analysis of the National Population Health Survey
    Evelyn R Vingilis
    Population and Community Health Unit, University of Western Ontario, 100 Collip Circle, Suite 245, London, ON N6G 4X8
    Can J Public Health 93:193-7. 2002
    ..To examine what factors predict adolescents' concepts of their health...
  62. ncbi Perceived needs of parents of critically ill infants in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)
    K Ward
    Langston University and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Hillcrest Medical Center, Tulsa, OK, USA
    Pediatr Nurs 27:281-6. 2001
    ..To identify the perceived needs of parents of infants in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)...
  63. ncbi The common-sense model of self-regulation of health and illness: how can we use it to understand and respond to our patients' needs?
    E D Hale
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 46:904-6. 2007
  64. ncbi The decline of female circumcision in Egypt: evidence and interpretation
    Omaima el-Gibaly
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Assiut University, USA
    Soc Sci Med 54:205-20. 2002
    ..When the analysis includes boys as well as uncircumcised girls, a large gender gap emerges, with boys considerably more supportive of the practice than are their female counterparts...
  65. ncbi The process of symptom appraisal: cognitive and emotional responses to detecting potentially malignant oral symptoms
    Suzanne E Scott
    Health Psychology Section, Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Psychosom Res 62:621-30. 2007
    ....
  66. pmc The impact of cigarette pack design, descriptors, and warning labels on risk perception in the U.S
    Maansi Bansal-Travers
    Department of Health Behavior, Division of Cancer Prevention and Population Sciences, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Elm and Carlton Streets, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA
    Am J Prev Med 40:674-82. 2011
    ..In the U.S., limited evidence exists on the impact of colors and brand imagery used in cigarette pack design...
  67. pmc Lay perceptions of evidence-based information--a qualitative evaluation of a website for back pain sufferers
    Claire Glenton
    Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services, Pb 7004 St Olavs Plass, 0130 Oslo, Norway
    BMC Health Serv Res 6:34. 2006
    ..After developing the BackInfo website where the results of Cochrane systematic reviews on the effects of low back pain were adapted and presented to lay users we evaluated how users responded to this information...
  68. ncbi Facilitators and barriers to exercising among people with osteoarthritis: a phenomenological study
    Unnur Petursdottir
    Bjarg Rehabilitation Center, Bugdusida 1, 603 Akureyri, Iceland
    Phys Ther 90:1014-25. 2010
    ..However, these individuals seem to exercise less frequently than the general population and seem to have limited adherence to exercising...
  69. ncbi Nonspecific medication side effects and the nocebo phenomenon
    Arthur J Barsky
    Department of Psychiatry, Brigham and Women s Hospital, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    JAMA 287:622-7. 2002
    ....
  70. ncbi 'Could you please pass one of those health leaflets along?': exploring health, morality and resistance through focus groups
    Michele L Crossley
    Turner Dental School, University of Manchester, Higher Cambridge Street, Manchester, Lancs M15 6FH, UK
    Soc Sci Med 55:1471-83. 2002
    ..One of the main aims of this analysis is to illustrate how, through the everyday nature of such debates, health remains an intrinsically moral phenomenon...
  71. pmc Oral health literacy among female caregivers: impact on oral health outcomes in early childhood
    W F Vann
    Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    J Dent Res 89:1395-400. 2010
    ..Caregiver oral health literacy has a multidimensional impact on reported oral health outcomes in infants and young children...
  72. ncbi Socio-demographic predictors of self-rated health in the Republic of Ireland: findings from the National Survey on Lifestyle, Attitudes and Nutrition, SLAN
    C C Kelleher
    Health Research Board Unit on Health Status and Health Gain, Department of Health Promotion, Clinical Sciences Institute, National University of Ireland, Costello Road, Shantalla, Galway City, Ireland
    Soc Sci Med 57:477-86. 2003
    ..25 CI 1.19-4.24) were predictive in the final model. A multi-level analysis showed that area level of affluence was not significantly predictive of self-rated health when individual level factors were taken into account...
  73. pmc Role of mechanical and psychosocial factors in the onset of forearm pain: prospective population based study
    G J Macfarlane
    Unit of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, School of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, Medical School, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PT, UK
    BMJ 321:676-9. 2000
    ....
  74. ncbi The application and impact of computer-generated personalized nutrition education: a review of the literature
    J Brug
    Open University, Department of Social Sciences, P O Box 2960, 6401 Heerlen DL, Netherlands
    Patient Educ Couns 36:145-56. 1999
    ..Furthermore, computer-tailored nutrition education also appears to have a greater impact in motivating people to change their diet, their fat intake in particular, although at present no definite conclusions can be drawn...
  75. ncbi Smokers in four stages of readiness to change
    A Dijkstra
    Department of Health Education, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Addict Behav 23:339-50. 1998
    ..The longitudinal results showed that the stage of readiness to change at pretest was highly predictive of quitting at both follow-ups. It is concluded that this stage model is worthy of support...
  76. ncbi Medication beliefs and adherence to antidepressants in primary care
    Judith Russell
    Child andAdolescent Mental Health Services, Counties Manukau District Health Board, Manukau, Auckland
    N Z Med J 121:14-20. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to determine whether patient beliefs about the necessity and concerns about medication were associated with adherence among those presenting with depression in primary care...
  77. ncbi Twenty-four month incidence of root caries among a diverse group of adults
    G H Gilbert
    School of Dentistry, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Ala 35294 0007, USA
    Caries Res 35:366-75. 2001
    ..1) Describe for a diverse sample the 24-month incidence of root caries, and (2) test its association with a broad range of clinical, behavioral, financial, and sociodemographic factors...
  78. ncbi Perceived barriers to flexible sigmoidoscopy screening for colorectal cancer among UK ethnic minority groups: a qualitative study
    K L Austin
    UCL Health Behaviour Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    J Med Screen 16:174-9. 2009
    ..Specifically, beliefs about bowel cancer, perceived barriers to the test and ideas about ways to increase uptake were investigated...
  79. pmc Population-based cohort study of incident and persistent arm pain: role of mental health, self-rated health and health beliefs
    K T Palmer
    MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, Community Clinical Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, England SO16 6YD, UK
    Pain 136:30-7. 2008
    ..Thus, SRH and mental health indices were strong predictors of incident and persistent arm pain in adults from the community, while persistence was also predicted by beliefs about causation and prognosis...
  80. ncbi Integrative medicine: enhancing quality in primary health care
    Sandra Grace
    The Education for Practice Institute, Charles Sturt University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    J Altern Complement Med 16:945-50. 2010
    ..The aim of the research was to understand the contribution IM can make to the quality of primary care practices from the perspectives of consumers and providers of IM...
  81. ncbi Illness perceptions predict attendance at cardiac rehabilitation following acute myocardial infarction: a systematic review with meta-analysis
    David P French
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    J Psychosom Res 61:757-67. 2006
    ..The aim of this meta-analysis was to examine whether illness perceptions really predict attendance at cardiac rehabilitation and to examine factors that moderate this relationship...
  82. ncbi Screening for cognitive impairment, Alzheimer's disease and other dementias: opinions of European caregivers, payors, physicians and the general public
    J Bond
    Institute of Health and Society and Institute for Ageing and Health, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    J Nutr Health Aging 14:558-62. 2010
    ..In order to do this effectively, further work is required to identify good assessment guidelines for use during opportunistic screening for cognitive impairment in primary care...
  83. ncbi Attitudes to voluntary counselling and testing for HIV among pregnant women in rural south-west Uganda
    R Pool
    Medical Research Council Programme on AIDS in Uganda, Entebbe, Uganda
    AIDS Care 13:605-15. 2001
    ..Women were concerned that if their husbands found out they were HIV-positive they would be blamed and separation or domestic violence might result...
  84. ncbi Does discussion of family planning improve knowledge of partner's attitude toward contraceptives?
    Laurie F DeRose
    Department of Sociology and Maryland Population Research Center, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
    Int Fam Plan Perspect 30:87-93. 2004
    ..However, it is not known whether this finding also applies to contexts more typical of Sub-Saharan Africa, where approval is not as high...
  85. ncbi Implementing a rural programme of prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Zimbabwe: first 18 months of experience
    Freddy Perez
    Institut de Santé Publique, d Epidémiologie et de Développement ISPED, Universite Victor Segalen, Bordeaux, France
    Trop Med Int Health 9:774-83. 2004
    ..To report on activities and lessons learned during the first 18 months of a rural programme of prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) in Zimbabwe...
  86. pmc Influenza vaccination coverage against seasonal and pandemic influenza and their determinants in France: a cross-sectional survey
    Sophie Vaux
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Institut de Veille Sanitaire, French Institute for Public Health Surveillance, Saint Maurice, France
    BMC Public Health 11:30. 2011
    ..Groups of people were defined and prioritised for vaccination...
  87. ncbi Challenging and changing gender attitudes among young men in Mumbai, India
    Ravi K Verma
    Horizons Population Council, New Delhi, India
    Reprod Health Matters 14:135-43. 2006
    ..The results suggest that the pilot was successful in reaching and engaging young men to critically discuss gender dynamics and health risk, and in shifting key gender-related attitudes...
  88. ncbi Predicting therapeutic alliance in clients with psychosis and substance misuse
    Christine Barrowclough
    School of Psychological Sciences, The University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
    J Nerv Ment Dis 198:373-7. 2010
    ..Symptom severity and substance use measures were unrelated to alliance. Consistent with previous studies, rating perspectives differed, with clients rating alliance more positive than therapists...
  89. pmc Kidney transplant candidates' views of the transplant allocation system
    O N Louis
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 12:478-84. 1997
    ..Although attitudes toward the allocation system differed by race, with African American patients more suspicious of the system, the importance patients placed on antigen matching did not appear to differ by race...
  90. ncbi Comparison of the minimally important difference for two health state utility measures: EQ-5D and SF-6D
    Stephen J Walters
    Health Economics and Decision Science, School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, UK
    Qual Life Res 14:1523-32. 2005
    ..Empirical work is required to determine what the smallest change is in utility scores that can be regarded as important and whether this change in utility value is constant across measures and conditions...
  91. pmc Helping someone with problem drinking: mental health first aid guidelines - a Delphi expert consensus study
    Anna H Kingston
    Orygen Youth Health Research Centre, Centre for Youth Mental Health, University of Melbourne, 35 Poplar Rd Locked Bag 10, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia
    BMC Psychiatry 9:79. 2009
    ..This paper describes the development of mental health first aid guidelines that inform community members on how to help someone who may have, or may be developing, a drinking problem (i.e., alcohol abuse or dependence)...
  92. pmc Graphic Canadian cigarette warning labels and adverse outcomes: evidence from Canadian smokers
    David Hammond
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1, Canada
    Am J Public Health 94:1442-5. 2004
    ..We assessed the impact of graphic Canadian cigarette warning labels...
  93. ncbi [Measuring the quality of life in economic evaluations: the Dutch EQ-5D tariff]
    L M Lamers
    Instituut Beleid en Management Gezondheidszorg, Erasmus MC, Postbus 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 149:1574-8. 2005
    ..To value EQ-5D health states by a general Dutch public. EQ-5D is a standardised questionnaire that is used to calculate quality-adjusted life-years for cost-utility analysis...
  94. ncbi Applying health behavior theory to multiple behavior change: considerations and approaches
    Seth M Noar
    Department of Communication, 248 Grehan Building, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0042, USA
    Prev Med 46:275-80. 2008
    ..There has been a dearth of theorizing in the area of multiple behavior change. The purpose of the current article was to examine how health behavior theory might be applied to the growing research terrain of multiple behavior change...
  95. ncbi Prejudice and schizophrenia: a review of the 'mental illness is an illness like any other' approach
    J Read
    Department of Psychology, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 114:303-18. 2006
    ..Many anti-stigma programmes use the 'mental illness is an illness like any other' approach. This review evaluates the effectiveness of this approach in relation to schizophrenia...
  96. pmc Measuring health-related quality of life in adolescents and young adults: Swedish normative data for the SF-36 and the HADS, and the influence of age, gender, and method of administration
    Anna Jörngården
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial Oncology, Uppsala University, Uppsala Science Park, Dag Hammarskjölds väg 10 B, S 751 83 Uppsala, Sweden
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 4:91. 2006
    ..Additionally, the influence of age and gender, as well as method of administration, was investigated...
  97. ncbi Structural violence against Kothi-identified men who have sex with men in Chennai, India: a qualitative investigation
    Venkatesan Chakrapani
    Indian Network of People Living with HIV AIDS, Chennai, India
    AIDS Educ Prev 19:346-64. 2007
    ....
  98. ncbi Health-promoting behaviors and psychosocial well-being of university students in Hong Kong
    Regina L T Lee
    School of Nursing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong
    Public Health Nurs 22:209-20. 2005
    ....
  99. pmc Addressing gender dynamics and engaging men in HIV programs: lessons learned from Horizons research
    Julie Pulerwitz
    Program for Appropriate Technology in Health, Washington, DC, USA
    Public Health Rep 125:282-92. 2010
    ..The portfolio of work reveals the potential and importance of directly addressing gender dynamics in HIV- and violence-prevention programs for both men and women...
  100. pmc Correlates of susceptibility to smoking among Mexican origin youth residing in Houston, Texas: a cross-sectional analysis
    Anna V Wilkinson
    Department of Epidemiology, Unit 1340, The University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, PO Box 301439, Houston, TX 77230 1439, USA
    BMC Public Health 8:337. 2008
    ..In this analysis we examined the relationship between susceptibility to smoking and well-known risk factors associated with smoking initiation among a cohort of 11 to 13 year old Mexican origin youth residing in Houston, Texas...
  101. pmc Using multiple sources of knowledge to reach clinical understanding of chronic fatigue syndrome
    Carolyn A Chew-Graham
    School of Community Based Medicine, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Ann Fam Med 6:340-8. 2008
    ..Current policy in the United Kingdom recommends management in primary care. We explored how patients with CFS/ME and family physicians understand this condition and how their understanding might affect the primary care consultation...

Research Grants103 found, 100 shown here

  1. SEXUAL HEALTH PRACTICES OF HOMELESS ADOLESCENTS
    DONNA REW; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The expected outcome is an effective, brief intervention for promoting sexual health that can be delivered to homeless adolescents in an unsheltered environment. ..
  2. Developing Health Behaviors in Middle Adolescence
    DONNA LYNN REW; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  3. A Longitudinal Study of Health Risk Behavior in Youth
    DONNA REW; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  4. Predictors of Adolescent Girls Physical Activity
    KIRSTEN DAVISON; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Such information is essential to designing effective prevention programs that promote recommended levels of physical activity during adolescence. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  5. Physical Activity and Quality of Life in Multiple Sclerosis
    Robert Motl; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. Stigma & Behavioral Health in Urban Employers from China & US
    Patrick Corrigan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Data from this study will be especially important for the development of future stigma-change programs. ..
  7. Promoting Adherence to Mammography Use in Chinese Ameri*
    Judy Wang; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This type of intervention will be feasible to disseminate, has broad potential reach, and holds the promise of decreasing disparities in outcomes in this understudied and growing minority population. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  8. INTERPERSONAL CONTEXT OF HIV RISK IN IMPOVERISHED WOMEN
    Joan Tucker; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. A Home-Based Parent-Child Intervention to Promote Children's Energy Balance
    Christine Jackson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The proposed research aims to develop a program that will meet this need. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  10. Community Influences on Young People's HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes & Practices
    Robert Stephenson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. Conspiracies, Perceived Discrimination & Sexual Behavior
    Sheryl Thorburn; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Findings from this study will inform efforts to prevent HIV and other STDs, as well as unintended pregnancy, among African Americans nationally. ..
  12. Community factors shaping the sexual behavior of males
    Robert Stephenson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. DRUGS USE, SOCIAL CONTEXT, AND HIV RISK IN HOMELESS YOUTH
    Joan S Tucker; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  14. Intervention to Prevent Onset of Smoking in Childhood
    Christine Jackson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Secondary analysis: A proportional odds model will test the effects of anti-smoking socialization on susceptibility to smoking among children abstinent at final follow-up. ..
  15. PREVENTING INITIATION OF SMOKING BY CHILDREN
    Christine Jackson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Survival analysis will test the effects of anti-smoking socialization on children's initiation of smoking. ..
  16. Exploring Attitudes About Data Disclosure and Data-Sharing in Genomics Research
    Susanne Haga; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The success of large-scale genomics research initiatives will depend on the support and participation of the public and therefore, their views are critically important to obtain. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  17. Social Control and Well-Being Among Older Adults
    Joan Tucker; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The ultimate goal of this line of research is to design effective and age-appropriate interventions that utilize social networks to encourage engagement in healthy behavior. ..
  18. Childhood Factors and Teen Smoking--An 8 Year Follow up
    Christine Jackson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  19. Disparate Metastatic Breast Cancer Symptom Severity and Management Barriers
    Margaret Rosenzweig; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Supportive activities will take place at the Yale University School of Nursing, Harvard University and through the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. ..
  20. RELIGION, AGING, AND HEALTH
    Neal Krause; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Included among these procedures are individual growth curve models and latent variable structural equation models. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  21. A Pilot Smoking Cessation Study for Newly Diagnosed Lung Cancer Patients
    Elyse Park; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..We propose to assess the efficacy and potential feasibility of a combined behavioral and pharmacological treatment program that is integrated into the thoracic oncology setting. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. EFFECT OF HEART DISEASE EDUCATION ON OLDER WOMEN
    Noreen Clark; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  23. Asset-Ownership Development Among HIV-Orphaned Children
    FRED SSEWAMALA; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The family economic empowerment intervention has high levels of family and community involvement, a feature very appealing to the governments and donor community. ..
  24. Assessing depression in African American cancer patients
    Amy Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. Nail Salon Hazards and Health Effects
    Cora Roelofs; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  26. Isothiocyanates, Limonene and Breast Cancer Prevention
    Cynthia Thomson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This research will provide the foundation for future phytochemical assessment, a critical gap in current cancer prevention-diet research. ..
  27. Tobacco Control in S.Africa: Prevention and Capacity Bu*
    Ken Resnicow; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. ADHD: Detection and Service Use
    Regina Bussing; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The research team has an extensive track record of success with similar study designs and will use innovative technologies to adhere to an efficient management plan. ..
  29. Religion and Cancer-Related Behaviors In Black Americans
    Cheryl Holt; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..RS has great potential for use in the development of more effective cancer communication interventions for African Americans. ..
  30. Gender Differences in Bladder Cancer Risk Factors
    Christopher A Loffredo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..squamous). The results of this study will help establish the best preventive measures for bladder cancer in men and women, by appropriately directing the resources of the public health sector for effective cancer control. ..
  31. Brief, Primary Care CBT for Unmedicated Depressed Youth
    Gregory N Clarke; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  32. Emotional Reactivity: A Trigger of Atrial Fibrillation
    Rachel Lampert; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Determining triggers of AF, and identifying individuals at increased risk of recurrence, may lead to future therapeutic interventions aimed at decreasing the effects of triggers on the individual patient. ..
  33. Predictors of Dietary Quality in Low-Income Pregnant Women
    Eileen R Fowles; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..More effective targeted strategies initiated within this narrow window of time may reduce the number of low birth weight infants and improve obstetrical outcomes. ..
  34. IMPROVING INFORMED CONSENT IN DIVERSE POPULATIONS
    Marvella Ford; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Study compliance will be included in the analyses as a covariate. Study findings can be used to enhance the quality of future research by improving the informed consent process. ..
  35. HMO TREATMENT OF DEPRESSION & SUBSTANCE ABUSE
    Gregory Clarke; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  36. WELLNESS CIRCLES--AN AMERICAN INDIAN APPROACH
    Felicia Hodge; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Phase III will consist of data analysis and evaluation. The leadership of this team includes American Indian investigators experienced in cancer control research and knowledgeable in the provision of culturally sensitive care. ..
  37. ANALYZING TOBACCO DOCUMENTS ON CIGARETTE DESIGN
    Lynn Kozlowski; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Collections (with standardized abstracts controlled vocabulary terms) will be made available on the Internet. Reports will be submitted to peer-reviewed journals. ..
  38. Capacity to Appoint a Proxy for Research Consent
    Scott Kim; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  39. Communication Intervention with Melanoma Families
    Deborah Bowen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  40. PPM-PREP: Peer-Mentored Preparedness for Adults with Developmental Disabilities
    DAVID PAUL EISENMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Lessons learned will lend support for rigorously testing this intervention in broader samples. ..
  41. Context & Correlates of Health Behaviors in South India
    MARIA L EKSTRAND; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  42. Influences on Adherence to ARVs in Uganda
    Norma Ware; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Practical intervention strategies will be derived as the basis for intervention design and testing, which follow as next steps from this research. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  43. A Hope Intervention to Influence Quality of Life among Female Survivors of Childh
    Mary Ann Cantrell; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These concerns are highlighted in the Institute of Medicine's (IOM) report on improving the care for childhood cancer survivors (Hewitt, Weiner, &Simone, 2003). ..
  44. Behavioral Couples Therapy for Women Alcoholic Patients
    TIMOTHY O FARRELL; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..We will explore possible improvements in children's functioning after their parents receive BCT and potential mediators and moderators of outcome. ..
  45. Determinants of cancer risk in low-income housing
    Glorian Sorensen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Clearly articulated hypotheses specify the nature of associations to be examined here. ..
  46. Community-Based Approach to Designing an AIDS Program for HIV+ Mothers in India
    Adeline Nyamathi; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These findings will lead to future funding to actually develop and test a newly designed program. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  47. Mental Health Status of Male Help-Seekers for Partner Violence Victimization
    DENISE HINES; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  48. Implementing Health Promotion Activities in Native Employers
    Deborah Bowen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Finally, it will further develop an intervention model that can be used in multiple settings, and used to change multiple risk factors for chronic disease. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  49. NORTHWEST CANCER GENETICS NETWORK
    Deborah Bowen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This mix of disciplines is essential to support the infrastructure required to collect crucial data on individuals seeking genetic testing, as well as those with known family histories. ..
  50. A Mindfulness Approach to HIV Treatment Side Effects
    Mallory Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The findings from this study, in conjunction with our ongoing research studies, will provide foundation and guidance, including effect size data, for larger studies of MBSR for HIV disease. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  51. Race and Health Outcomes Associated with Obesity
    Christina Wee; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Our findings could also guide the setting of public health priorities and the targeting of specific initiatives to reduce racial disparities in healthcare and mortality. ..
  52. Refinement and Enhancement of Agricultural Safety Curricula for Children (REACCH)
    Deborah Reed; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Children's injury rates may be reduced through their participation in tested community-based, developmentally appropriate interventions that are grounded in local values. ..
  53. Using Doctor-Patient Teams to Reduce Health Disparities
    Louis Penner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..If successful, the study should provide an exportable means of improving communication between physicians and minority group patients and reducing disparities in health care. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  54. PSYCHIATRIC AND PHYSICAL EFFECTS OF CAREGIVING
    Richard Schulz; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Mortality rates among care-recipients are high enough in this study to enable us to examine the effects of bereavement in a relatively large sample of elderly spousal pairs. ..
  55. CANCER PREVENTION FOR UNIONIZED BLUE COLLAR WORKERS
    Glorian Sorensen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This study is a Phase II methods development study designed to provide the basis for further research on cancer prevention interventions in collaboration with unions. ..
  56. TB/HIV RISK REDUCTION WITH HOMELESS AND DRUG ADDICTED
    Adeline Nyamathi; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  57. Competence to Consent in Schizophrenia Research
    Scott Kim; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  58. Cultural Model of Prevention in African-American Women
    Katrina Armstrong; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This understanding may lay the groundwork for improved understanding and trust between biomedical practitioners and African American patients. ..
  59. COPING WITH HIV SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT SIDE EFFECTS
    Mallory Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  60. Eating Behaviors in Homebound Older Adults
    JULIE LOCHER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  61. Health Behaviors in Adolescent Cancer Survivors
    Jennifer Ford; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The study findings will address a national priority and advance behavioral science by identifying theory-driven covariates that impact the health-protective and health-damaging behaviors of adolescent cancer survivors. ..
  62. Socioeconomics Status&Respiratory/Cardiovascular Health
    Edith Chen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These analyses could have implications for how to time interventions to reduce health disparities in children, and for understanding the mediators that drive the relationship between SES and childhood health. ..
  63. Identifying Essential Skills for Violence Prevention
    ALBERT FARRELL; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Completion of this work will set the stage for subsequent large-scale evaluation studies. ..
  64. MDMA/Club Drug Use & STD/HIV Sex Risk Behavior in Ohio
    Robert Carlson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The results can inform future sex risk-reduction interventions as well as club drug prevention and treatment initiatives. ..
  65. RESIDENT ASSESSMENT OF PAIN MANAGEMENT (RAPM)
    Joan Teno; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  66. Motivational Interviewing & CBT for Generalized Anxiety
    HENNY WESTRA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The development of a motivational pretreatment has potentially widespread application since it can be used in combination with a variety of therapy approaches for a variety of prevalent and pernicious mental health problems beyond GAD. ..
  67. Health Values and Treatment of Pediatric Type 2 Diabetes
    ERINN RHODES; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This importantresearch will assist Dr. Rhodes in advancing toward her long-term goal of improving the health and quality of life of children with and at risk of T2DM. ..
  68. DOMESTIC VIOLENCE OUTCOMES FOR BEHAVIORAL COUPLE THERAPY
    TIMOTHY O FARRELL; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This objectives aims (1) to extend our initial pilot study findings to female alcoholic patients and (2) to explore explanatory models for domestic violence before and after BCT among female alcoholic patients. ..
  69. Caregiver Intervention for Caregivers of SCI Patients
    Richard Schulz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The analytic plan will enable us to assess causal links between treatment components and specific outcomes as well as explore cultural and racial variations in treatment effectiveness. ..
  70. HMO COLLABORATIVE CARE TREATMENT FOR DEPRESSED YOUTH
    Gregory Clarke; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We predict that while initial HMO health care utilization and costs will be higher for the CC-CBT intervention will be more cost effective (e.g., units of improvement per unit of cost) compared to usual care. ..
  71. METHADONE ANONYMOUS--BEHAVIORAL THERAPY DEVELOPMENT
    Marc Galanter; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..standard MMT only). The development of the MA manual and results of this evaluation will provide pilot data for preparation of an RO1 proposal. ..
  72. OBESITY PREVENTION IN BLACK TEENS: GO GIRLS! II
    Ken Resnicow; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..To control for cluster randomization effects in outcome analyses, we will utilize SAS/PROC MIXED, with church as the unit of analysis. ..
  73. Social Messages and Teen Sexual Health: Voices of Urban African American Youth
    Molly Secor Turner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, field notes will be recorded. The proposed study will be conducted with the guidance of established community consultants. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  74. Risks for Opioid Use and Abuse in Contrasting Chronic Pain Populations
    Mark Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  75. Ten Year Longitudinal Analyses/Risk for Dental Caries in HIV Seropositive Women
    Stefanie Russell; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  76. Chromium Effects in Imparied Glucose Tolerance
    David Katz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..By contributing to knowledge related to potential diabetes prevention strategies, this study addresses one of the more pressing public health issues in the US today. ..
  77. Tobacco Cessation via Public Health Dental Clinics
    Judith Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..4) The RE-AIM framework will be used to translate and evaluate the intervention in a "real world'' setting. 5) It is a disseminable model that, if effective, can used by public dental clinics throughout the US. ..
  78. Tobacco Quitlines: An Adjunct to Dental Interventions
    Judith Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In addition, we will conduct an economic analysis to determine the relative cost effectiveness of each intervention. ..
  79. Re-Engineering Hospital Care for Children
    Kenneth McConnochie; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  80. Valuation of Primary Care-Integrated Telehealth
    Kenneth McConnochie; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Direct and indirect costs will be assessed. Study B will assess integration in primary care, for example by measuring impact on continuity of care, adherence to well-child visit schedules and immunization rates. ..
  81. Evaluation of Telemedicine for Children with Special Healthcare Needs
    Kenneth McConnochie; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Moreover, by integrating clinicians from the medical home, we promote another cardinal attribute of quality, continuity of care. ..
  82. Volunteer Activities on Long-Term Care Residents
    Hon Yuen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..It is expected that findings will support the activity theory of aging and validate the beneficial effects of residents in LTC facilities participating in structured volunteer activities. ..
  83. A Technology-Enhanced Nursing Intervention for Hospice Caregivers
    George Demiris; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  84. IVMT for Fibromyalgia Syndrome: A Pilot Study
    David Katz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The identification of an effective, safe, inexpensive therapy for fibromyalgia would represent a great advance, and a major contribution to the public health. ..
  85. Oral Health in People with Systemic Sclerosis
    Hon Yuen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  86. A Multiethnic Internet Study on Menopausal Symptoms
    Eun Ok Im; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  87. CANCER COURSES FOR NURSES WORKING WITH MINORITY GROUPS
    Sandra Millon Underwood; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..to be tested will focus on the degree to which the program facilitates the integration of didactic content, thoughtful discussions, clinical/laboratory experiences, related literature, evidence-based information obtained from the ..
  88. Intervention for Support Persons to Help Smokers Quit
    Christi Patten; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Support persons (N=60) will be recruited and randomly assigned to self-help intervention or telephone counseling. The smokers will be enrolled as study subjects but will be contacted for assessments only. ..
  89. SCHOOL BASED DRUG PREVENTION PROGRAM
    Christopher Ringwalt; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  90. PTSD and Substance Use/Abuse in Youth
    Ping Wu; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..It is hoped that the findings from this project will provide useful information for clinicians and policy makers, so as to improve service delivery for youth with PTSD and substance use/abuse after traumatic events. ..
  91. MOTHER /DAUGHTER HIV RISK REDUCTION INTERVENTION
    Barbara Dancy; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Multiple logistic regression, multiple linear regression, and proportional hazard models will be used to analyze the data. ..
  92. Research on Economic Conditions, Public Policy, and Fami
    Ariel Kalil; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Results and discussion from this meeting will highlight the most promising new methods for conducting empirical work in this area and a roadmap for how results from such studies can be applied to public policy research. ..
  93. NEIGHBORHOOD ENVIRONMENTS AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
    Ana Diez Roux; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The investigators point ut that the proposed study builds on existing cohort studies of cardiovascular disease to explore hypotheses relevant to understanding the factors contributing to SES differences in CVD risk. ..
  94. Quality of Life of African American Cancer Survivors
    Carol Ferrans; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The controls as a group will be matched to the survivor group on age, gender, health insurance, status, and education level. Data will be collected by telephone interview and from medical records. ..
  95. IMPLICIT AND EXPLICIT MEMORY FOR FACES IN SOCIAL PHOBIA
    Meredith Coles; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Findings from this study will be utilized to inform existing models of the psychopathology underlying SP and explore possible refinements in existing treatment interventions. ..
  96. Adolescent Use of Substance Use Treatment Services
    Ping Wu; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The findings of the study will provide useful information for clinicians and policy makers, who can use it to improve service delivery for adolescents with substance use problems. ..
  97. Socioeconimic Patterning of Inflammation and Hemostasis
    Ana Diez Roux; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The study will provide a unique opportunity to elucidate the links between socioeconomic factors, stress, inflammation and hemostasis in a large and diverse population-based sample. ..
  98. Antioxidant nutrients and Oxidative DNA Damage in Afric*
    Jessie Satia; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In addition, this work would potentially provide investigators with a validated instrument for assessing antioxidant nutrient exposure in population-based studies in the U.S. ..
  99. Cognitive Vulnerability to Changes in OC Symptoms
    Meredith Coles; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Documentation of the feasibility of computer-based administration of study questionnaires would greatly facilitate future longitudinal research on OCD. ..
  100. Health Status, Age, and Emotion Regulation
    Susan Charles; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....