Genomes and Genes
attitude to health
Summary: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
Publications309 found, 100 shown here
- Meta-analysis of the relationship between risk perception and health behavior: the example of vaccinationNoel T Brewer
Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
Health Psychol 26:136-45. 2007..Risk perceptions are central to many health behavior theories. However, the relationship between risk perceptions and behavior, muddied by instances of inappropriate assessment and analysis, often looks weak...
- Self-rated health and mortality: a review of twenty-seven community studiesE L Idler
Institute for Health, Health Care Policy, and Aging Research, Rutgers, State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick 08903, USA
J Health Soc Behav 38:21-37. 1997..We summarize and review these studies, consider various interpretations which could account for the association, and suggest several approaches to the next stage of research in this field...
- US valuation of the EQ-5D health states: development and testing of the D1 valuation modelJames W Shaw
Tobacco Control Research Branch, Behavioral Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
Med Care 43:203-20. 2005..The EQ-5D is a brief, multiattribute, preference-based health status measure. This article describes the development of a statistical model for generating US population-based EQ-5D preference weights...
- Perceptions of children's body sizes among mothers living on the Texas-Mexico border (La Frontera)Elizabeth Reifsnider
University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas 77555 1029, USA
Public Health Nurs 23:488-95. 2006..Photographs of children from the Berkeley Longitudinal Growth Study (on Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC] Web site) were used to stimulate discussion with mothers about child sizes...
- Acceptance of human papillomavirus vaccination among Californian parents of daughters: a representative statewide analysisNorman A Constantine
Center for Research on Adolescent Health and Development, Public Health Institute, Oakland, California 94607, USA
J Adolesc Health 40:108-15. 2007..The ultimate goal of this research is to inform policy decisions and educational planning in this area...
- HIV and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination: a conceptual framework and implications for actionRichard Parker
Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
Soc Sci Med 57:13-24. 2003....
- Integrating response shift into health-related quality of life research: a theoretical modelM A Sprangers
Department of Medical Psychology, Academic Hospital Amsterdam, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Soc Sci Med 48:1507-15. 1999....
- Patients' help-seeking experiences and delay in cancer presentation: a qualitative synthesisLucy K Smith
Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 6TP, UK
Lancet 366:825-31. 2005..We undertook a qualitative synthesis of international research evidence to provide insight into patients' experiences of recognising symptoms of cancer and seeking help...
- Acceptability of male circumcision for prevention of HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: a reviewN Westercamp
Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1603 W Taylor Street, MC 923, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
AIDS Behav 11:341-55. 2007..We recommend pilot interventions making safe circumcision services available in conjunction with current HIV prevention strategies and evaluating the safety and acceptability of circumcision...
- Why patients use alternative medicine: results of a national studyJ A Astin
Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, Calif 94304 1583, USA
JAMA 279:1548-53. 1998..Research both in the United States and abroad suggests that significant numbers of people are involved with various forms of alternative medicine. However, the reasons for such use are, at present, poorly understood...
- Derivation and validation of a short-form oral health impact profileG D Slade
Department of Dental Ecology, University of North Carolina 27599-7450, USA
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 25:284-90. 1997..05) with both the OHIP-49 and the OHIP-14. While it will be important to replicate these findings in other populations, the findings suggest that the OHIP-14 has good reliability, validity and precision...
- Non-response and related factors in a nation-wide health surveyK Korkeila
Department of General Practice, University of Turku, Finland
Eur J Epidemiol 17:991-9. 2001..To analyse selective factors associated with an unexpectedly low response rate...
- Reaching the Abuja target for intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy in African women: a review of progress and operational challengesJenny Hill
Child and Reproductive Health Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
Trop Med Int Health 11:409-18. 2006....
- Use of the Internet and e-mail for health care information: results from a national surveyLaurence Baker
Department of Health Research and Policy, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, Calif 94305 5405, USA
JAMA 289:2400-6. 2003..Available estimates of use and impact vary widely. Without accurate estimates of use and effects, it is difficult to focus policy discussions or design appropriate policy activities...
- Changing illness perceptions after myocardial infarction: an early intervention randomized controlled trialKeith J Petrie
Department of Health Psychology, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, New Zealand
Psychosom Med 64:580-6. 2002..This study was designed to examine whether a brief hospital intervention designed to alter patients' perceptions about their myocardial infarction (MI) would result in a better recovery and reduced disability...
- Measuring patients' desire for autonomy: decision making and information-seeking preferences among medical patientsJ Ende
Section of General Internal Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Massachusetts
J Gen Intern Med 4:23-30. 1989..The conceptual and clinical implications of these findings are discussed...
- Complementary and alternative medicine use in Australia: a national population-based surveyCharlie C L Xue
World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Traditional Medicine, School of Health Sciences, Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
J Altern Complement Med 13:643-50. 2007....
- Reductions in tobacco smoke pollution and increases in support for smoke-free public places following the implementation of comprehensive smoke-free workplace legislation in the Republic of Ireland: findings from the ITC Ireland/UK SurveyG T Fong
Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 Canada
Tob Control 15:iii51-8. 2006..To evaluate the psychosocial and behavioural impact of the first ever national level comprehensive workplace smoke-free law, implemented in Ireland in March 2004...
- Willingness-to-pay for community-based insurance in Burkina FasoHengjin Dong
Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Germany
Health Econ 12:849-62. 2003..In addition, factors that influence WTP were to be identified...
- Perceived seriousness of seasonal and A(H1N1) influenzas, attitudes toward vaccination, and vaccine uptake among U.S. adults: does the source of information matter?Jurgen Maurer
RAND Corporation, Arlington, VA 22202, USA
Prev Med 51:185-7. 2010..We further documented how vaccine uptake and attitudes varied by main information source used in vaccination decisions...
- Acceptability of male circumcision and predictors of circumcision preference among men and women in Nyanza Province, KenyaC L Mattson
Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1603 W Taylor Street, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
AIDS Care 17:182-94. 2005....
- Drop-out analysis of community-based health insurance membership at Nouna, Burkina FasoHengjin Dong
Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, University of Heidelberg, INF 324, D 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
Health Policy 92:174-9. 2009..This study aims to identify the reasons why enrolled people decide not to renew their membership in following years...
- Fever phobia revisited: have parental misconceptions about fever changed in 20 years?M Crocetti
Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
Pediatrics 107:1241-6. 2001....
- Social marketing in public healthSonya Grier
The University of Pennsylvania, Colonial Penn Center, Philadelphia, 19104, USA
Annu Rev Public Health 26:319-39. 2005..Our aim is practical: to enhance public health professionals' knowledge of the key elements of social marketing and how social marketing may be used to plan public health interventions...
- Parents' perceptions of their child's weight and healthKathryn C Eckstein
University of Tennessee Health Science Center College of Medicine, Memphis, Tennessee, USA
Pediatrics 117:681-90. 2006..This study explored parents' perceptions about their child's appearance and health and evaluated a tool to determine parents' visual perception of their child's weight...
- Factors that are associated with parental acceptance of human papillomavirus vaccines: a randomized intervention study of written information about HPVAmanda F Dempsey
Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
Pediatrics 117:1486-93. 2006....
- Attitudes and beliefs about secondhand smoke and smoke-free policies in four countries: findings from the International Tobacco Control Four Country SurveyAndrew Hyland
Department of Health Behavior, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Elm and Carlton Streets, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA
Nicotine Tob Res 11:642-9. 2009....
- Evidence for secular trends in children's physical activity behaviourJ Dollman
School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia
Br J Sports Med 39:892-7; discussion 897. 2005....
- Are QALYs based on time trade-off comparable?--A systematic review of TTO methodologiesTrude Arnesen
National Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
Health Econ 14:39-53. 2005..This review of the TTO elicited on own behalf, shows that limiting cost-utility analysis to include only quality life weights from one method and one perspective is not enough to ensure that QALYs are comparable...
- Young teenagers' perceptions of their own and others' bodies: a qualitative study of obese, overweight and 'normal' weight young people in ScotlandWendy Wills
Centre for Research in Primary and Community Care, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, UK
Soc Sci Med 62:396-406. 2006..These findings are important as they contradict the common perception that being overweight/obese is related to body dissatisfaction and that young people have a fear of fatness...
- Socioeconomic conditions, lifestyle factors, and self-rated health among men and women in SwedenAnu Molarius
Västmanland County Council, Department of Community Medicine Västerås, Sweden
Eur J Public Health 17:125-33. 2007..Few studies, however, have investigated the independent effect of material and psychosocial conditions as well as lifestyle factors on self-rated health...
- Estimating an EQ-5D population value set: the case of JapanAki Tsuchiya
School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, UK
Health Econ 11:341-53. 2002..001 for 8 of 12 coefficients; F-test). Thirdly, using alternative models, the predictions are improved so that the local Japanese value set achieves MAE in the order of 0.01...
- Pain catastrophizing and kinesiophobia: predictors of chronic low back painH Susan J Picavet
Department of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
Am J Epidemiol 156:1028-34. 2002..These cognitive and emotional factors should be considered when prevention programs are developed for chronic low back pain and related disability...
- Patterns of vaccination acceptanceP Streefland
Royal Tropical Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Soc Sci Med 49:1705-16. 1999..The article also develops conceptual tools for the analysis of acceptance and non-acceptance and discusses explanatory theoretical perspectives...
- 'It brought joy in my home as in the area of my wife.' How recently circumcised adult men ascribe value to and make sense of male circumcisionKatrine Lundsby
Department of International Health, Immunology and Microbiology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Glob Public Health 7:352-66. 2012....
- Declining subscriptions to the Maliando Mutual Health Organisation in Guinea-Conakry (West Africa): what is going wrong?Bart Criel
Department of Public Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, B 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
Soc Sci Med 57:1205-19. 2003..However, the main reason for the lack of interest in the scheme, is the poor quality of care offered to members of the MHO at the health centre...
- Applying systematic review methods to studies of people's views: an example from public health researchAngela Harden
Social Science Research Unit, 18 Woburn Square, London WC1H 0NS, UK
J Epidemiol Community Health 58:794-800. 2004..This methodology is likely to create greater opportunities for people's own perspectives and experiences to inform policies to promote their health...
- Factors influencing Chinese male's willingness to undergo circumcision: a cross-sectional study in western ChinaXiaobo Yang
School of Public Health and Guangxi Key Laboratory Cultivation Base of AIDS Prevention and Treatment, Guangxi Medical University, Guangxi, China
PLoS ONE 7:e30198. 2012..The goal of this survey was to explore the acceptability of MC among the Chinese and to identify factors associated with circumcision preference...
- Disclosure of CAM use to medical practitioners: a review of qualitative and quantitative studiesA Robinson
Monash University School of Rural Health, P O Box 424, Traralgon, VIC 3844, Australia
Complement Ther Med 12:90-8. 2004..This literature review aims to provide an understanding of the degree to which patients disclose their use of CAM to their medical practitioners, and their reasons for not doing so...
- Stigma as a barrier to recovery: Perceived stigma and patient-rated severity of illness as predictors of antidepressant drug adherenceJ A Sirey
Department of Psychiatry, New York Presbyterian Hospital, Westchester Division, White Plains, NY 10605, USA
Psychiatr Serv 52:1615-20. 2001..The authors examined the impact of barriers that were present at the initiation of antidepressant drug therapy on medication adherence in a mixed-age sample of outpatients with major depression...
- Beliefs and expectations of Canadian parents who bring febrile children for medical careMark C Enarson
Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Pediatrics 130:e905-12. 2012..The purpose of this survey was to study the beliefs, expectations, and satisfaction of Canadian parents regarding fever and the treatment of their febrile children...
- Comprehensive smoke-free policies attract more support from smokers in Europe than partial policiesUte Mons
Unit Cancer Prevention and WHO Collaborating Centre for Tobacco Control, German Cancer Research Center, DKFZ, Heidelberg, Germany
Eur J Public Health 22:10-6. 2012..Support for smoke-free policies increases over time and particularly after implementation of the policy. In this study we examined whether the comprehensiveness of such policies moderates the effect on support among smokers...
- Attitudes toward preventive services and lifestyle: the views of primary care patients in Europe. the EUROPREVIEW patient studyCarlos Brotons
Sardenya Primary Health Care Center, Sardenya, Barcelona, Spain
Fam Pract 29:i168-i176. 2012..For preventive interventions in general practice to succeed, patients' points of view must be taken into account in addition to those of GPs...
- Acceptability of early infant male circumcision as an HIV prevention intervention in Zimbabwe: a qualitative perspectiveWebster Mavhu
Zimbabwe AIDS Prevention Project, Department of Community Medicine, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe
PLoS ONE 7:e32475. 2012..Willingness was associated with knowledge of HIV and male circumcision. This qualitative study was conducted to better understand this issue...
- Care giver perception of children's obesity-related health risk: a study of African American familiesD Young-Hyman
Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore 21201, USA
Obes Res 8:241-8. 2000..To examine care giver perception of children's weight-related health risk in African American families...
- Information seeking and social support in online health communities: impact on patients' perceived empathyPriya Nambisan
Department of Health Policy, Management and Behavior, School of Public Health, University at Albany, SUNY, New York, USA
J Am Med Inform Assoc 18:298-304. 2011..This study examines the relative impact of these two distinct functions-that is, as an information seeking forum and as a social support forum-on patients' perceived empathy in online health communities...
- Young adult smokers' perceptions of plain packaging: a pilot naturalistic studyCrawford Moodie
Institute for Social Marketing, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, Scotland, UK
Tob Control 20:367-73. 2011..To explore the impact, if any, that using plain (non-branded) cigarette packs in real-life settings has on young adult smokers...
- The effect of patients' preferences on racial differences in access to renal transplantationJ Z Ayanian
Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
N Engl J Med 341:1661-9. 1999..In the United States, black patients undergo renal transplantation less often than white patients, but few studies have directly assessed the association between race and patients' preferences with respect to transplantation...
- True health vs response styles: exploring cross-country differences in self-reported healthHendrik Jürges
Mannheim Research Institute for the Economics of Aging, University of Mannheim, D 68131 Mannheim, Germany
Health Econ 16:163-78. 2007..If differences in reporting styles are taken into account, cross-country variations in general health are reduced but not eliminated. Failing to account for differences in reporting styles may yield misleading results...
- A population-based evaluation of a publicly funded, school-based HPV vaccine program in British Columbia, Canada: parental factors associated with HPV vaccine receiptGina Ogilvie
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
PLoS Med 7:e1000270. 2010..We report on the level of uptake of the first dose of the HPV vaccine, and determine parental factors associated with receipt of the HPV vaccine, in a publicly funded school-based HPV vaccine program in British Columbia, Canada...
- The applicability of the theory of planned behavior to the intention to quit smoking across workplaces in southern TaiwanS C Hu
Department of Public Health, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan
Addict Behav 23:225-37. 1998..Habit had no significant contribution to the intention to quit in the TPB model. Detailed discussions of the results are provided...
- The dynamics of stigma in leprosyM L Heijnders
Research Fellow, Trimbos Institute
Int J Lepr Other Mycobact Dis 72:437-47. 2004..Stigma enforces already existing inequalities in social class, gender, and age...
- The influence of subjective life expectancy on health state valuations using a 10 year TTOF E van Nooten
Department of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Health Econ 18:549-58. 2009..To investigate if subjective life expectancy (SLE) impacts the willingness to trade-off (WTT) and the number of years traded-off in a 10-years time trade-off (TTO) exercise to obtain health state valuations...
- How "bad" does the pain have to be? A qualitative study examining adherence to pain medication in older adults with osteoarthritisJoanna E M Sale
Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, 76 Grenville Street, Rm 812B, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 1B2
Arthritis Rheum 55:272-8. 2006..To explore the experience of adherence to pain medication in older adults with osteoarthritis (OA)...
- Parental disconnect between perceived and actual weight status of children: a metasynthesis of the current researchJessica Doolen
Department of Physiologic Nursing, School of Nursing, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
J Am Acad Nurse Pract 21:160-6. 2009..The purpose of this article was to review the current research literature on parental perceptions about their children's weight...
- Parents as their infant's primary caregivers in a neonatal intensive care unitKerstin Hedberg Nyqvist
Pediatric Nursing, Uppsala University, Uppsala, University Children s Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden
J Pediatr Nurs 24:153-63. 2009..Agreement was reached about parents as their infants' primary caregivers, based on individual assessment of parents' willingness and ability, with nurses acting as educators and supporters instead of caregivers...
- How acceptable are innovative health-care technologies? A survey of public beliefs and attitudes in England and WalesMichael Calnan
MRC HSRC, Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, P O Box 901, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
Soc Sci Med 60:1937-48. 2005....
- Condom use and its correlates among female sex workers in Hanoi, VietnamTrung Nam Tran
Department of Epidemiology, UCLA School of Public Health, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
AIDS Behav 10:159-67. 2006..Condom promotion should focus on FSWs and their partners. Negative attitudes toward FSWs and condom promotion need to be changed to reduce stigmatization of FSWs and to make condom use a norm in the society...
- Causal attributions, lifestyle change, and coronary heart disease: illness beliefs of patients of South Asian and European origin living in the United KingdomAliya Darr
Centre for Research in Primary Care, Institute of Health Sciences and Public Health Research, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom
Heart Lung 37:91-104. 2008..We examined and compared the illness beliefs of South Asian and European patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) about causal attributions and lifestyle change...
- Public beliefs about schizophrenia and depression: similarities and differencesMatthias C Angermeyer
University of Leipzig, Dept of Psychiatry, Johannisallee 20, 04317 Leipzig, Germany
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 38:526-34. 2003..However, recent studies suggest that considerable differences exist between the various disorders. Therefore, we set out to examine similarities and differences of the public's conceptions of schizophrenia and major depression...
- Predictors of adolescent self-rated health. Analysis of the National Population Health SurveyEvelyn R Vingilis
Population and Community Health Unit, University of Western Ontario, 100 Collip Circle, Suite 245, London, ON N6G 4X8
Can J Public Health 93:193-7. 2002..To examine what factors predict adolescents' concepts of their health...
- Perceived needs of parents of critically ill infants in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)K Ward
Langston University and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Hillcrest Medical Center, Tulsa, OK, USA
Pediatr Nurs 27:281-6. 2001..To identify the perceived needs of parents of infants in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)...
- The common-sense model of self-regulation of health and illness: how can we use it to understand and respond to our patients' needs?E D Hale
Rheumatology (Oxford) 46:904-6. 2007
- The decline of female circumcision in Egypt: evidence and interpretationOmaima el-Gibaly
Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Assiut University, USA
Soc Sci Med 54:205-20. 2002..When the analysis includes boys as well as uncircumcised girls, a large gender gap emerges, with boys considerably more supportive of the practice than are their female counterparts...
- The process of symptom appraisal: cognitive and emotional responses to detecting potentially malignant oral symptomsSuzanne E Scott
Health Psychology Section, Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, United Kingdom
J Psychosom Res 62:621-30. 2007....
- The impact of cigarette pack design, descriptors, and warning labels on risk perception in the U.SMaansi Bansal-Travers
Department of Health Behavior, Division of Cancer Prevention and Population Sciences, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Elm and Carlton Streets, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA
Am J Prev Med 40:674-82. 2011..In the U.S., limited evidence exists on the impact of colors and brand imagery used in cigarette pack design...
- Lay perceptions of evidence-based information--a qualitative evaluation of a website for back pain sufferersClaire Glenton
Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services, Pb 7004 St Olavs Plass, 0130 Oslo, Norway
BMC Health Serv Res 6:34. 2006..After developing the BackInfo website where the results of Cochrane systematic reviews on the effects of low back pain were adapted and presented to lay users we evaluated how users responded to this information...
- Facilitators and barriers to exercising among people with osteoarthritis: a phenomenological studyUnnur Petursdottir
Bjarg Rehabilitation Center, Bugdusida 1, 603 Akureyri, Iceland
Phys Ther 90:1014-25. 2010..However, these individuals seem to exercise less frequently than the general population and seem to have limited adherence to exercising...
- Nonspecific medication side effects and the nocebo phenomenonArthur J Barsky
Department of Psychiatry, Brigham and Women s Hospital, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115, USA
JAMA 287:622-7. 2002....
- 'Could you please pass one of those health leaflets along?': exploring health, morality and resistance through focus groupsMichele L Crossley
Turner Dental School, University of Manchester, Higher Cambridge Street, Manchester, Lancs M15 6FH, UK
Soc Sci Med 55:1471-83. 2002..One of the main aims of this analysis is to illustrate how, through the everyday nature of such debates, health remains an intrinsically moral phenomenon...
- Oral health literacy among female caregivers: impact on oral health outcomes in early childhoodW F Vann
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
J Dent Res 89:1395-400. 2010..Caregiver oral health literacy has a multidimensional impact on reported oral health outcomes in infants and young children...
- Socio-demographic predictors of self-rated health in the Republic of Ireland: findings from the National Survey on Lifestyle, Attitudes and Nutrition, SLANC C Kelleher
Health Research Board Unit on Health Status and Health Gain, Department of Health Promotion, Clinical Sciences Institute, National University of Ireland, Costello Road, Shantalla, Galway City, Ireland
Soc Sci Med 57:477-86. 2003..25 CI 1.19-4.24) were predictive in the final model. A multi-level analysis showed that area level of affluence was not significantly predictive of self-rated health when individual level factors were taken into account...
- Role of mechanical and psychosocial factors in the onset of forearm pain: prospective population based studyG J Macfarlane
Unit of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, School of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, Medical School, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PT, UK
BMJ 321:676-9. 2000....
- The application and impact of computer-generated personalized nutrition education: a review of the literatureJ Brug
Open University, Department of Social Sciences, P O Box 2960, 6401 Heerlen DL, Netherlands
Patient Educ Couns 36:145-56. 1999..Furthermore, computer-tailored nutrition education also appears to have a greater impact in motivating people to change their diet, their fat intake in particular, although at present no definite conclusions can be drawn...
- Smokers in four stages of readiness to changeA Dijkstra
Department of Health Education, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
Addict Behav 23:339-50. 1998..The longitudinal results showed that the stage of readiness to change at pretest was highly predictive of quitting at both follow-ups. It is concluded that this stage model is worthy of support...
- Medication beliefs and adherence to antidepressants in primary careJudith Russell
Child andAdolescent Mental Health Services, Counties Manukau District Health Board, Manukau, Auckland
N Z Med J 121:14-20. 2008..The aim of this study was to determine whether patient beliefs about the necessity and concerns about medication were associated with adherence among those presenting with depression in primary care...
- Twenty-four month incidence of root caries among a diverse group of adultsG H Gilbert
School of Dentistry, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Ala 35294 0007, USA
Caries Res 35:366-75. 2001..1) Describe for a diverse sample the 24-month incidence of root caries, and (2) test its association with a broad range of clinical, behavioral, financial, and sociodemographic factors...
- Perceived barriers to flexible sigmoidoscopy screening for colorectal cancer among UK ethnic minority groups: a qualitative studyK L Austin
UCL Health Behaviour Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
J Med Screen 16:174-9. 2009..Specifically, beliefs about bowel cancer, perceived barriers to the test and ideas about ways to increase uptake were investigated...
- Population-based cohort study of incident and persistent arm pain: role of mental health, self-rated health and health beliefsK T Palmer
MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, Community Clinical Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, England SO16 6YD, UK
Pain 136:30-7. 2008..Thus, SRH and mental health indices were strong predictors of incident and persistent arm pain in adults from the community, while persistence was also predicted by beliefs about causation and prognosis...
- Integrative medicine: enhancing quality in primary health careSandra Grace
The Education for Practice Institute, Charles Sturt University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
J Altern Complement Med 16:945-50. 2010..The aim of the research was to understand the contribution IM can make to the quality of primary care practices from the perspectives of consumers and providers of IM...
- Illness perceptions predict attendance at cardiac rehabilitation following acute myocardial infarction: a systematic review with meta-analysisDavid P French
School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
J Psychosom Res 61:757-67. 2006..The aim of this meta-analysis was to examine whether illness perceptions really predict attendance at cardiac rehabilitation and to examine factors that moderate this relationship...
- Screening for cognitive impairment, Alzheimer's disease and other dementias: opinions of European caregivers, payors, physicians and the general publicJ Bond
Institute of Health and Society and Institute for Ageing and Health, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
J Nutr Health Aging 14:558-62. 2010..In order to do this effectively, further work is required to identify good assessment guidelines for use during opportunistic screening for cognitive impairment in primary care...
- Attitudes to voluntary counselling and testing for HIV among pregnant women in rural south-west UgandaR Pool
Medical Research Council Programme on AIDS in Uganda, Entebbe, Uganda
AIDS Care 13:605-15. 2001..Women were concerned that if their husbands found out they were HIV-positive they would be blamed and separation or domestic violence might result...
- Does discussion of family planning improve knowledge of partner's attitude toward contraceptives?Laurie F DeRose
Department of Sociology and Maryland Population Research Center, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
Int Fam Plan Perspect 30:87-93. 2004..However, it is not known whether this finding also applies to contexts more typical of Sub-Saharan Africa, where approval is not as high...
- Implementing a rural programme of prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Zimbabwe: first 18 months of experienceFreddy Perez
Institut de Santé Publique, d Epidémiologie et de Développement ISPED, Universite Victor Segalen, Bordeaux, France
Trop Med Int Health 9:774-83. 2004..To report on activities and lessons learned during the first 18 months of a rural programme of prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) in Zimbabwe...
- Influenza vaccination coverage against seasonal and pandemic influenza and their determinants in France: a cross-sectional surveySophie Vaux
Department of Infectious Diseases, Institut de Veille Sanitaire, French Institute for Public Health Surveillance, Saint Maurice, France
BMC Public Health 11:30. 2011..Groups of people were defined and prioritised for vaccination...
- Challenging and changing gender attitudes among young men in Mumbai, IndiaRavi K Verma
Horizons Population Council, New Delhi, India
Reprod Health Matters 14:135-43. 2006..The results suggest that the pilot was successful in reaching and engaging young men to critically discuss gender dynamics and health risk, and in shifting key gender-related attitudes...
- Predicting therapeutic alliance in clients with psychosis and substance misuseChristine Barrowclough
School of Psychological Sciences, The University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
J Nerv Ment Dis 198:373-7. 2010..Symptom severity and substance use measures were unrelated to alliance. Consistent with previous studies, rating perspectives differed, with clients rating alliance more positive than therapists...
- Kidney transplant candidates' views of the transplant allocation systemO N Louis
Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
J Gen Intern Med 12:478-84. 1997..Although attitudes toward the allocation system differed by race, with African American patients more suspicious of the system, the importance patients placed on antigen matching did not appear to differ by race...
- Comparison of the minimally important difference for two health state utility measures: EQ-5D and SF-6DStephen J Walters
Health Economics and Decision Science, School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, UK
Qual Life Res 14:1523-32. 2005..Empirical work is required to determine what the smallest change is in utility scores that can be regarded as important and whether this change in utility value is constant across measures and conditions...
- Helping someone with problem drinking: mental health first aid guidelines - a Delphi expert consensus studyAnna H Kingston
Orygen Youth Health Research Centre, Centre for Youth Mental Health, University of Melbourne, 35 Poplar Rd Locked Bag 10, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia
BMC Psychiatry 9:79. 2009..This paper describes the development of mental health first aid guidelines that inform community members on how to help someone who may have, or may be developing, a drinking problem (i.e., alcohol abuse or dependence)...
- Graphic Canadian cigarette warning labels and adverse outcomes: evidence from Canadian smokersDavid Hammond
Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1, Canada
Am J Public Health 94:1442-5. 2004..We assessed the impact of graphic Canadian cigarette warning labels...
- [Measuring the quality of life in economic evaluations: the Dutch EQ-5D tariff]L M Lamers
Instituut Beleid en Management Gezondheidszorg, Erasmus MC, Postbus 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 149:1574-8. 2005..To value EQ-5D health states by a general Dutch public. EQ-5D is a standardised questionnaire that is used to calculate quality-adjusted life-years for cost-utility analysis...
- Applying health behavior theory to multiple behavior change: considerations and approachesSeth M Noar
Department of Communication, 248 Grehan Building, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0042, USA
Prev Med 46:275-80. 2008..There has been a dearth of theorizing in the area of multiple behavior change. The purpose of the current article was to examine how health behavior theory might be applied to the growing research terrain of multiple behavior change...
- Prejudice and schizophrenia: a review of the 'mental illness is an illness like any other' approachJ Read
Department of Psychology, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
Acta Psychiatr Scand 114:303-18. 2006..Many anti-stigma programmes use the 'mental illness is an illness like any other' approach. This review evaluates the effectiveness of this approach in relation to schizophrenia...
- Measuring health-related quality of life in adolescents and young adults: Swedish normative data for the SF-36 and the HADS, and the influence of age, gender, and method of administrationAnna Jörngården
Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial Oncology, Uppsala University, Uppsala Science Park, Dag Hammarskjölds väg 10 B, S 751 83 Uppsala, Sweden
Health Qual Life Outcomes 4:91. 2006..Additionally, the influence of age and gender, as well as method of administration, was investigated...
- Structural violence against Kothi-identified men who have sex with men in Chennai, India: a qualitative investigationVenkatesan Chakrapani
Indian Network of People Living with HIV AIDS, Chennai, India
AIDS Educ Prev 19:346-64. 2007....
- Health-promoting behaviors and psychosocial well-being of university students in Hong KongRegina L T Lee
School of Nursing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Public Health Nurs 22:209-20. 2005....
- Addressing gender dynamics and engaging men in HIV programs: lessons learned from Horizons researchJulie Pulerwitz
Program for Appropriate Technology in Health, Washington, DC, USA
Public Health Rep 125:282-92. 2010..The portfolio of work reveals the potential and importance of directly addressing gender dynamics in HIV- and violence-prevention programs for both men and women...
- Correlates of susceptibility to smoking among Mexican origin youth residing in Houston, Texas: a cross-sectional analysisAnna V Wilkinson
Department of Epidemiology, Unit 1340, The University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, PO Box 301439, Houston, TX 77230 1439, USA
BMC Public Health 8:337. 2008..In this analysis we examined the relationship between susceptibility to smoking and well-known risk factors associated with smoking initiation among a cohort of 11 to 13 year old Mexican origin youth residing in Houston, Texas...
- Using multiple sources of knowledge to reach clinical understanding of chronic fatigue syndromeCarolyn A Chew-Graham
School of Community Based Medicine, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
Ann Fam Med 6:340-8. 2008..Current policy in the United Kingdom recommends management in primary care. We explored how patients with CFS/ME and family physicians understand this condition and how their understanding might affect the primary care consultation...
Research Grants103 found, 100 shown here
- SEXUAL HEALTH PRACTICES OF HOMELESS ADOLESCENTSDONNA REW; Fiscal Year: 2005..The expected outcome is an effective, brief intervention for promoting sexual health that can be delivered to homeless adolescents in an unsheltered environment. ..
- Developing Health Behaviors in Middle AdolescenceDONNA LYNN REW; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- A Longitudinal Study of Health Risk Behavior in YouthDONNA REW; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Predictors of Adolescent Girls Physical ActivityKIRSTEN DAVISON; Fiscal Year: 2007..Such information is essential to designing effective prevention programs that promote recommended levels of physical activity during adolescence. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Physical Activity and Quality of Life in Multiple SclerosisRobert Motl; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Stigma & Behavioral Health in Urban Employers from China & USPatrick Corrigan; Fiscal Year: 2007..Data from this study will be especially important for the development of future stigma-change programs. ..
- Promoting Adherence to Mammography Use in Chinese Ameri*Judy Wang; Fiscal Year: 2006..This type of intervention will be feasible to disseminate, has broad potential reach, and holds the promise of decreasing disparities in outcomes in this understudied and growing minority population. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- INTERPERSONAL CONTEXT OF HIV RISK IN IMPOVERISHED WOMENJoan Tucker; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- A Home-Based Parent-Child Intervention to Promote Children's Energy BalanceChristine Jackson; Fiscal Year: 2008..The proposed research aims to develop a program that will meet this need. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Community Influences on Young People's HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes & PracticesRobert Stephenson; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Conspiracies, Perceived Discrimination & Sexual BehaviorSheryl Thorburn; Fiscal Year: 2003..Findings from this study will inform efforts to prevent HIV and other STDs, as well as unintended pregnancy, among African Americans nationally. ..
- Community factors shaping the sexual behavior of malesRobert Stephenson; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- DRUGS USE, SOCIAL CONTEXT, AND HIV RISK IN HOMELESS YOUTHJoan S Tucker; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Intervention to Prevent Onset of Smoking in ChildhoodChristine Jackson; Fiscal Year: 2008..Secondary analysis: A proportional odds model will test the effects of anti-smoking socialization on susceptibility to smoking among children abstinent at final follow-up. ..
- PREVENTING INITIATION OF SMOKING BY CHILDRENChristine Jackson; Fiscal Year: 2001..Survival analysis will test the effects of anti-smoking socialization on children's initiation of smoking. ..
- Exploring Attitudes About Data Disclosure and Data-Sharing in Genomics ResearchSusanne Haga; Fiscal Year: 2008..The success of large-scale genomics research initiatives will depend on the support and participation of the public and therefore, their views are critically important to obtain. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Social Control and Well-Being Among Older AdultsJoan Tucker; Fiscal Year: 2002..The ultimate goal of this line of research is to design effective and age-appropriate interventions that utilize social networks to encourage engagement in healthy behavior. ..
- Childhood Factors and Teen Smoking--An 8 Year Follow upChristine Jackson; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Disparate Metastatic Breast Cancer Symptom Severity and Management BarriersMargaret Rosenzweig; Fiscal Year: 2007..Supportive activities will take place at the Yale University School of Nursing, Harvard University and through the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. ..
- RELIGION, AGING, AND HEALTHNeal Krause; Fiscal Year: 2007..Included among these procedures are individual growth curve models and latent variable structural equation models. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- A Pilot Smoking Cessation Study for Newly Diagnosed Lung Cancer PatientsElyse Park; Fiscal Year: 2008..We propose to assess the efficacy and potential feasibility of a combined behavioral and pharmacological treatment program that is integrated into the thoracic oncology setting. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- EFFECT OF HEART DISEASE EDUCATION ON OLDER WOMENNoreen Clark; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- Asset-Ownership Development Among HIV-Orphaned ChildrenFRED SSEWAMALA; Fiscal Year: 2006..The family economic empowerment intervention has high levels of family and community involvement, a feature very appealing to the governments and donor community. ..
- Assessing depression in African American cancer patientsAmy Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Nail Salon Hazards and Health EffectsCora Roelofs; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Isothiocyanates, Limonene and Breast Cancer PreventionCynthia Thomson; Fiscal Year: 2006..This research will provide the foundation for future phytochemical assessment, a critical gap in current cancer prevention-diet research. ..
- Tobacco Control in S.Africa: Prevention and Capacity Bu*Ken Resnicow; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- ADHD: Detection and Service UseRegina Bussing; Fiscal Year: 2008..The research team has an extensive track record of success with similar study designs and will use innovative technologies to adhere to an efficient management plan. ..
- Religion and Cancer-Related Behaviors In Black AmericansCheryl Holt; Fiscal Year: 2009..RS has great potential for use in the development of more effective cancer communication interventions for African Americans. ..
- Gender Differences in Bladder Cancer Risk FactorsChristopher A Loffredo; Fiscal Year: 2010..squamous). The results of this study will help establish the best preventive measures for bladder cancer in men and women, by appropriately directing the resources of the public health sector for effective cancer control. ..
- Brief, Primary Care CBT for Unmedicated Depressed YouthGregory N Clarke; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Emotional Reactivity: A Trigger of Atrial FibrillationRachel Lampert; Fiscal Year: 2008..Determining triggers of AF, and identifying individuals at increased risk of recurrence, may lead to future therapeutic interventions aimed at decreasing the effects of triggers on the individual patient. ..
- Predictors of Dietary Quality in Low-Income Pregnant WomenEileen R Fowles; Fiscal Year: 2010..More effective targeted strategies initiated within this narrow window of time may reduce the number of low birth weight infants and improve obstetrical outcomes. ..
- IMPROVING INFORMED CONSENT IN DIVERSE POPULATIONSMarvella Ford; Fiscal Year: 2003..Study compliance will be included in the analyses as a covariate. Study findings can be used to enhance the quality of future research by improving the informed consent process. ..
- HMO TREATMENT OF DEPRESSION & SUBSTANCE ABUSEGregory Clarke; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- WELLNESS CIRCLES--AN AMERICAN INDIAN APPROACHFelicia Hodge; Fiscal Year: 2002..Phase III will consist of data analysis and evaluation. The leadership of this team includes American Indian investigators experienced in cancer control research and knowledgeable in the provision of culturally sensitive care. ..
- ANALYZING TOBACCO DOCUMENTS ON CIGARETTE DESIGNLynn Kozlowski; Fiscal Year: 2004..Collections (with standardized abstracts controlled vocabulary terms) will be made available on the Internet. Reports will be submitted to peer-reviewed journals. ..
- Capacity to Appoint a Proxy for Research ConsentScott Kim; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- Communication Intervention with Melanoma FamiliesDeborah Bowen; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- PPM-PREP: Peer-Mentored Preparedness for Adults with Developmental DisabilitiesDAVID PAUL EISENMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010..Lessons learned will lend support for rigorously testing this intervention in broader samples. ..
- Context & Correlates of Health Behaviors in South IndiaMARIA L EKSTRAND; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Influences on Adherence to ARVs in UgandaNorma Ware; Fiscal Year: 2007..Practical intervention strategies will be derived as the basis for intervention design and testing, which follow as next steps from this research. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- A Hope Intervention to Influence Quality of Life among Female Survivors of ChildhMary Ann Cantrell; Fiscal Year: 2009..These concerns are highlighted in the Institute of Medicine's (IOM) report on improving the care for childhood cancer survivors (Hewitt, Weiner, &Simone, 2003). ..
- Behavioral Couples Therapy for Women Alcoholic PatientsTIMOTHY O FARRELL; Fiscal Year: 2008..We will explore possible improvements in children's functioning after their parents receive BCT and potential mediators and moderators of outcome. ..
- Determinants of cancer risk in low-income housingGlorian Sorensen; Fiscal Year: 2009..Clearly articulated hypotheses specify the nature of associations to be examined here. ..
- Community-Based Approach to Designing an AIDS Program for HIV+ Mothers in IndiaAdeline Nyamathi; Fiscal Year: 2008..These findings will lead to future funding to actually develop and test a newly designed program. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Mental Health Status of Male Help-Seekers for Partner Violence VictimizationDENISE HINES; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Implementing Health Promotion Activities in Native EmployersDeborah Bowen; Fiscal Year: 2008..Finally, it will further develop an intervention model that can be used in multiple settings, and used to change multiple risk factors for chronic disease. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- NORTHWEST CANCER GENETICS NETWORKDeborah Bowen; Fiscal Year: 2006..This mix of disciplines is essential to support the infrastructure required to collect crucial data on individuals seeking genetic testing, as well as those with known family histories. ..
- A Mindfulness Approach to HIV Treatment Side EffectsMallory Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2007..The findings from this study, in conjunction with our ongoing research studies, will provide foundation and guidance, including effect size data, for larger studies of MBSR for HIV disease. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Race and Health Outcomes Associated with ObesityChristina Wee; Fiscal Year: 2009..Our findings could also guide the setting of public health priorities and the targeting of specific initiatives to reduce racial disparities in healthcare and mortality. ..
- Refinement and Enhancement of Agricultural Safety Curricula for Children (REACCH)Deborah Reed; Fiscal Year: 2009..Children's injury rates may be reduced through their participation in tested community-based, developmentally appropriate interventions that are grounded in local values. ..
- Using Doctor-Patient Teams to Reduce Health DisparitiesLouis Penner; Fiscal Year: 2007..If successful, the study should provide an exportable means of improving communication between physicians and minority group patients and reducing disparities in health care. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- PSYCHIATRIC AND PHYSICAL EFFECTS OF CAREGIVINGRichard Schulz; Fiscal Year: 2001..Mortality rates among care-recipients are high enough in this study to enable us to examine the effects of bereavement in a relatively large sample of elderly spousal pairs. ..
- CANCER PREVENTION FOR UNIONIZED BLUE COLLAR WORKERSGlorian Sorensen; Fiscal Year: 2003..This study is a Phase II methods development study designed to provide the basis for further research on cancer prevention interventions in collaboration with unions. ..
- TB/HIV RISK REDUCTION WITH HOMELESS AND DRUG ADDICTEDAdeline Nyamathi; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Competence to Consent in Schizophrenia ResearchScott Kim; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Cultural Model of Prevention in African-American WomenKatrina Armstrong; Fiscal Year: 2004..This understanding may lay the groundwork for improved understanding and trust between biomedical practitioners and African American patients. ..
- COPING WITH HIV SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT SIDE EFFECTSMallory Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Eating Behaviors in Homebound Older AdultsJULIE LOCHER; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Health Behaviors in Adolescent Cancer SurvivorsJennifer Ford; Fiscal Year: 2004..The study findings will address a national priority and advance behavioral science by identifying theory-driven covariates that impact the health-protective and health-damaging behaviors of adolescent cancer survivors. ..
- Socioeconomics Status&Respiratory/Cardiovascular HealthEdith Chen; Fiscal Year: 2003..These analyses could have implications for how to time interventions to reduce health disparities in children, and for understanding the mediators that drive the relationship between SES and childhood health. ..
- Identifying Essential Skills for Violence PreventionALBERT FARRELL; Fiscal Year: 2003..Completion of this work will set the stage for subsequent large-scale evaluation studies. ..
- MDMA/Club Drug Use & STD/HIV Sex Risk Behavior in OhioRobert Carlson; Fiscal Year: 2005..The results can inform future sex risk-reduction interventions as well as club drug prevention and treatment initiatives. ..
- RESIDENT ASSESSMENT OF PAIN MANAGEMENT (RAPM)Joan Teno; Fiscal Year: 2001..abstract_text> ..
- Motivational Interviewing & CBT for Generalized AnxietyHENNY WESTRA; Fiscal Year: 2007..The development of a motivational pretreatment has potentially widespread application since it can be used in combination with a variety of therapy approaches for a variety of prevalent and pernicious mental health problems beyond GAD. ..
- Health Values and Treatment of Pediatric Type 2 DiabetesERINN RHODES; Fiscal Year: 2006..This importantresearch will assist Dr. Rhodes in advancing toward her long-term goal of improving the health and quality of life of children with and at risk of T2DM. ..
- DOMESTIC VIOLENCE OUTCOMES FOR BEHAVIORAL COUPLE THERAPYTIMOTHY O FARRELL; Fiscal Year: 2002..This objectives aims (1) to extend our initial pilot study findings to female alcoholic patients and (2) to explore explanatory models for domestic violence before and after BCT among female alcoholic patients. ..
- Caregiver Intervention for Caregivers of SCI PatientsRichard Schulz; Fiscal Year: 2006..The analytic plan will enable us to assess causal links between treatment components and specific outcomes as well as explore cultural and racial variations in treatment effectiveness. ..
- HMO COLLABORATIVE CARE TREATMENT FOR DEPRESSED YOUTHGregory Clarke; Fiscal Year: 2002..We predict that while initial HMO health care utilization and costs will be higher for the CC-CBT intervention will be more cost effective (e.g., units of improvement per unit of cost) compared to usual care. ..
- METHADONE ANONYMOUS--BEHAVIORAL THERAPY DEVELOPMENTMarc Galanter; Fiscal Year: 2003..standard MMT only). The development of the MA manual and results of this evaluation will provide pilot data for preparation of an RO1 proposal. ..
- OBESITY PREVENTION IN BLACK TEENS: GO GIRLS! IIKen Resnicow; Fiscal Year: 2003..To control for cluster randomization effects in outcome analyses, we will utilize SAS/PROC MIXED, with church as the unit of analysis. ..
- Social Messages and Teen Sexual Health: Voices of Urban African American YouthMolly Secor Turner; Fiscal Year: 2007..In addition, field notes will be recorded. The proposed study will be conducted with the guidance of established community consultants. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Risks for Opioid Use and Abuse in Contrasting Chronic Pain PopulationsMark Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Ten Year Longitudinal Analyses/Risk for Dental Caries in HIV Seropositive WomenStefanie Russell; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Chromium Effects in Imparied Glucose ToleranceDavid Katz; Fiscal Year: 2006..By contributing to knowledge related to potential diabetes prevention strategies, this study addresses one of the more pressing public health issues in the US today. ..
- Tobacco Cessation via Public Health Dental ClinicsJudith Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2008..4) The RE-AIM framework will be used to translate and evaluate the intervention in a "real world'' setting. 5) It is a disseminable model that, if effective, can used by public dental clinics throughout the US. ..
- Tobacco Quitlines: An Adjunct to Dental InterventionsJudith Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2006..In addition, we will conduct an economic analysis to determine the relative cost effectiveness of each intervention. ..
- Re-Engineering Hospital Care for ChildrenKenneth McConnochie; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Valuation of Primary Care-Integrated TelehealthKenneth McConnochie; Fiscal Year: 2006..Direct and indirect costs will be assessed. Study B will assess integration in primary care, for example by measuring impact on continuity of care, adherence to well-child visit schedules and immunization rates. ..
- Evaluation of Telemedicine for Children with Special Healthcare NeedsKenneth McConnochie; Fiscal Year: 2009..Moreover, by integrating clinicians from the medical home, we promote another cardinal attribute of quality, continuity of care. ..
- Volunteer Activities on Long-Term Care ResidentsHon Yuen; Fiscal Year: 2002..It is expected that findings will support the activity theory of aging and validate the beneficial effects of residents in LTC facilities participating in structured volunteer activities. ..
- A Technology-Enhanced Nursing Intervention for Hospice CaregiversGeorge Demiris; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- IVMT for Fibromyalgia Syndrome: A Pilot StudyDavid Katz; Fiscal Year: 2004..The identification of an effective, safe, inexpensive therapy for fibromyalgia would represent a great advance, and a major contribution to the public health. ..
- Oral Health in People with Systemic SclerosisHon Yuen; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- A Multiethnic Internet Study on Menopausal SymptomsEun Ok Im; Fiscal Year: 2008....
- CANCER COURSES FOR NURSES WORKING WITH MINORITY GROUPSSandra Millon Underwood; Fiscal Year: 2004..to be tested will focus on the degree to which the program facilitates the integration of didactic content, thoughtful discussions, clinical/laboratory experiences, related literature, evidence-based information obtained from the ..
- Intervention for Support Persons to Help Smokers QuitChristi Patten; Fiscal Year: 2005..Support persons (N=60) will be recruited and randomly assigned to self-help intervention or telephone counseling. The smokers will be enrolled as study subjects but will be contacted for assessments only. ..
- SCHOOL BASED DRUG PREVENTION PROGRAMChristopher Ringwalt; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- PTSD and Substance Use/Abuse in YouthPing Wu; Fiscal Year: 2005..It is hoped that the findings from this project will provide useful information for clinicians and policy makers, so as to improve service delivery for youth with PTSD and substance use/abuse after traumatic events. ..
- MOTHER /DAUGHTER HIV RISK REDUCTION INTERVENTIONBarbara Dancy; Fiscal Year: 2007..Multiple logistic regression, multiple linear regression, and proportional hazard models will be used to analyze the data. ..
- Research on Economic Conditions, Public Policy, and FamiAriel Kalil; Fiscal Year: 2005..Results and discussion from this meeting will highlight the most promising new methods for conducting empirical work in this area and a roadmap for how results from such studies can be applied to public policy research. ..
- NEIGHBORHOOD ENVIRONMENTS AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASEAna Diez Roux; Fiscal Year: 2002..The investigators point ut that the proposed study builds on existing cohort studies of cardiovascular disease to explore hypotheses relevant to understanding the factors contributing to SES differences in CVD risk. ..
- Quality of Life of African American Cancer SurvivorsCarol Ferrans; Fiscal Year: 2004..The controls as a group will be matched to the survivor group on age, gender, health insurance, status, and education level. Data will be collected by telephone interview and from medical records. ..
- IMPLICIT AND EXPLICIT MEMORY FOR FACES IN SOCIAL PHOBIAMeredith Coles; Fiscal Year: 2002..Findings from this study will be utilized to inform existing models of the psychopathology underlying SP and explore possible refinements in existing treatment interventions. ..
- Adolescent Use of Substance Use Treatment ServicesPing Wu; Fiscal Year: 2006..The findings of the study will provide useful information for clinicians and policy makers, who can use it to improve service delivery for adolescents with substance use problems. ..
- Socioeconimic Patterning of Inflammation and HemostasisAna Diez Roux; Fiscal Year: 2007..The study will provide a unique opportunity to elucidate the links between socioeconomic factors, stress, inflammation and hemostasis in a large and diverse population-based sample. ..
- Antioxidant nutrients and Oxidative DNA Damage in Afric*Jessie Satia; Fiscal Year: 2005..In addition, this work would potentially provide investigators with a validated instrument for assessing antioxidant nutrient exposure in population-based studies in the U.S. ..
- Cognitive Vulnerability to Changes in OC SymptomsMeredith Coles; Fiscal Year: 2007..Documentation of the feasibility of computer-based administration of study questionnaires would greatly facilitate future longitudinal research on OCD. ..
- Health Status, Age, and Emotion RegulationSusan Charles; Fiscal Year: 2009....