attitude

Summary

Summary: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The Brief Implicit Association Test
    N Sriram
    University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
    Exp Psychol 56:283-94. 2009
  2. pmc Reward value coding distinct from risk attitude-related uncertainty coding in human reward systems
    Philippe N Tobler
    Department of Physiology, Development and Neuroscience, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3DY, UK
    J Neurophysiol 97:1621-32. 2007
  3. ncbi Perception and annoyance due to wind turbine noise--a dose-response relationship
    Eja Pedersen
    Department of Environmental Medicine, Goteborg University, P O Box 414, SE 405 30 Goteborg, Sweden
    J Acoust Soc Am 116:3460-70. 2004
  4. ncbi Understanding and using the implicit association test: I. An improved scoring algorithm
    Anthony G Greenwald
    Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle 98195 1525, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 85:197-216. 2003
  5. ncbi Health of the Implicit Association Test at age 3
    A G Greenwald
    Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Box 351525, Seattle, WA 98195 1525, USA
    Z Exp Psychol 48:85-93. 2001
  6. ncbi Measuring individual differences in implicit cognition: the implicit association test
    A G Greenwald
    Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle 98195 1525, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 74:1464-80. 1998
  7. pmc Classroom-based science research at the introductory level: changes in career choices and attitude
    Melinda Harrison
    Cabrini College, Radnor, PA 19087, USA
    CBE Life Sci Educ 10:279-86. 2011
  8. ncbi Understanding and using the Implicit Association Test: III. Meta-analysis of predictive validity
    Anthony G Greenwald
    Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 97:17-41. 2009
  9. ncbi Implicit measures in social cognition. research: their meaning and use
    Russell H Fazio
    Department of Psychology, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 1222, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 54:297-327. 2003
  10. ncbi Do amnesics exhibit cognitive dissonance reduction? The role of explicit memory and attention in attitude change
    M D Lieberman
    Department of Psychology, Franz Hall, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1563, USA
    Psychol Sci 12:135-40. 2001

Research Grants

  1. Using Doctor-Patient Teams to Reduce Health Disparities
    Louis Penner; Fiscal Year: 2007
  2. Infant Screening and Diagnosis of Duchenne Muscular Dys*
    Paul Fernhoff; Fiscal Year: 2007
  3. Community Participation Research of Breastfeeding Disparities in African American
    Tamar Ringel Kulka; Fiscal Year: 2009
  4. Efficacy of Yoga for Treatment-Resistant PTSD
    Bessel Van der Kolk; Fiscal Year: 2010
  5. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    HERMAN ALFRED TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2009
  6. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    HERMAN ALFRED TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2009
  7. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    Asoka Srinivasan; Fiscal Year: 2010
  8. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    ASOKA S SRINIVASAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
  9. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    Herman Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2010
  10. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    ASOKA S SRINIVASAN; Fiscal Year: 2011

Detail Information

Publications299 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The Brief Implicit Association Test
    N Sriram
    University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
    Exp Psychol 56:283-94. 2009
    ..Experiments 1 and 2 demonstrated that attitude BIATs had satisfactory validity when good (but not bad) was a focal category, and that identity IATs had ..
  2. pmc Reward value coding distinct from risk attitude-related uncertainty coding in human reward systems
    Philippe N Tobler
    Department of Physiology, Development and Neuroscience, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3DY, UK
    J Neurophysiol 97:1621-32. 2007
    ..These data demonstrate the distinct coding in key reward structures of the two basic and crucial decision parameters, expected value, and uncertainty...
  3. ncbi Perception and annoyance due to wind turbine noise--a dose-response relationship
    Eja Pedersen
    Department of Environmental Medicine, Goteborg University, P O Box 414, SE 405 30 Goteborg, Sweden
    J Acoust Soc Am 116:3460-70. 2004
    ..between noise annoyance and sound characteristics, as well as the influence of subjective variables such as attitude and noise sensitivity, were also assessed. A cross-sectional study was performed in Sweden in 2000...
  4. ncbi Understanding and using the implicit association test: I. An improved scoring algorithm
    Anthony G Greenwald
    Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle 98195 1525, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 85:197-216. 2003
    ..This new algorithm strongly outperforms the earlier (conventional) procedure...
  5. ncbi Health of the Implicit Association Test at age 3
    A G Greenwald
    Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Box 351525, Seattle, WA 98195 1525, USA
    Z Exp Psychol 48:85-93. 2001
    ..IAT attitude measures have often correlated only weakly with explicit (self-report) measures of the same associations...
  6. ncbi Measuring individual differences in implicit cognition: the implicit association test
    A G Greenwald
    Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle 98195 1525, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 74:1464-80. 1998
    ..Korean + pleasant for Japanese vs. Korean subjects), and (c) consciously disavowed evaluative differences (Black + pleasant vs. White + pleasant for self-described unprejudiced White subjects)...
  7. pmc Classroom-based science research at the introductory level: changes in career choices and attitude
    Melinda Harrison
    Cabrini College, Radnor, PA 19087, USA
    CBE Life Sci Educ 10:279-86. 2011
    ....
  8. ncbi Understanding and using the Implicit Association Test: III. Meta-analysis of predictive validity
    Anthony G Greenwald
    Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 97:17-41. 2009
    ..The more highly IAT and self-report measures were intercorrelated, the greater was the predictive validity of each...
  9. ncbi Implicit measures in social cognition. research: their meaning and use
    Russell H Fazio
    Department of Psychology, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 1222, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 54:297-327. 2003
    ....
  10. ncbi Do amnesics exhibit cognitive dissonance reduction? The role of explicit memory and attention in attitude change
    M D Lieberman
    Department of Psychology, Franz Hall, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1563, USA
    Psychol Sci 12:135-40. 2001
    ..we investigated the roles of explicit memory and attentional resources in the process of behavior-induced attitude change...
  11. pmc Lifting the veil of morality: choice blindness and attitude reversals on a self-transforming survey
    Lars Hall
    Lund University Cognitive Science, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
    PLoS ONE 7:e45457. 2012
    ..These results suggest a dramatic potential for flexibility in our moral attitudes, and indicates a clear role for self-attribution and post-hoc rationalization in attitude formation and change.
  12. ncbi An inkblot for attitudes: affect misattribution as implicit measurement
    B Keith Payne
    Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, OH, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 89:277-93. 2005
    ..Across studies, the task was unaffected by direct warnings to avoid bias. Advantages of the AMP include large effect sizes, high reliability, ease of use, and resistance to correction attempts...
  13. ncbi The neural basis of implicit moral attitude--an IAT study using event-related fMRI
    Qian Luo
    Unit on Affective Cognitive Neuroscience, Mood and Anxiety Program, National Institute of Mental Health, Department of Health and Human Services, 15K North Drive, Room 206, MSC 2670, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Neuroimage 30:1449-57. 2006
    ..At the neural level, implicit moral attitude, as indexed by increased BOLD response as a function of stimulus intensity, was associated with increased ..
  14. ncbi Associative and propositional processes in evaluation: an integrative review of implicit and explicit attitude change
    Bertram Gawronski
    Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
    Psychol Bull 132:692-731. 2006
    ..The present article provides an integrative review of the available evidence on implicit and explicit attitude change that is guided by a distinction between associative and propositional processes...
  15. pmc The C.R.E.A.T.E. approach to primary literature shifts undergraduates' self-assessed ability to read and analyze journal articles, attitudes about science, and epistemological beliefs
    Sally G Hoskins
    Department of Biology and The Graduate Center, City College of the City University of New York, USA
    CBE Life Sci Educ 10:368-78. 2011
    ....
  16. ncbi The single category implicit association test as a measure of implicit social cognition
    Andrew Karpinski
    Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122 6085, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 91:16-32. 2006
    ..modification of the Implicit Association Test that measures the strength of evaluative associations with a single attitude object...
  17. ncbi Attitudes and evaluations: a social cognitive neuroscience perspective
    William A Cunningham
    Department of Psychology, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:97-104. 2007
    ..This model makes predictions that inform social-cognitive and cognitive-neuroscientific accounts of evaluation...
  18. pmc Active learning and student-centered pedagogy improve student attitudes and performance in introductory biology
    Peter Armbruster
    Department of Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057, USA
    CBE Life Sci Educ 8:203-13. 2009
    ..We discuss the successes and ongoing challenges of our course restructuring and consider issues relevant to institutional change...
  19. ncbi Brain potentials show rapid activation of implicit attitudes towards young and old people
    Arie H van der Lugt
    Department of Cognitive Neuroscience, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Brain Res 1429:98-105. 2012
    ..We investigated the impact of age related attitude information in a Go/NoGo association task that paired photographs of elderly or young faces with positive or ..
  20. ncbi Attitudes and views on psychiatry: a comparison between Spanish and U.S. medical students
    Guillem Pailhez
    Department of Mental Health, Centres Assistencials Dr Emili Mira i López, Av Prat de la Riba, 171, Santa Coloma de Gramenet, 08921 Barcelona, Spain
    Acad Psychiatry 29:82-91. 2005
    ..In order to gain a broader view about the process of recruitment, we decided to compare and analyze the differences between the attitudes and views of Spanish and U.S. medical students towards psychiatry...
  21. pmc Optimism and physical health: a meta-analytic review
    Heather N Rasmussen
    Institute for Educational Research and Public Service, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA
    Ann Behav Med 37:239-56. 2009
    ..Prior research links optimism to physical health, but the strength of the association has not been systematically evaluated...
  22. ncbi Embryo donation for medical research: attitudes and concerns of potential donors
    Catherine A McMahon
    Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, Australia
    Hum Reprod 18:871-7. 2003
    ..However, studies have shown that few couples with stored embryos opt to donate them for research. Herein, the attitudes and concerns of potential embryo donors to donation of surplus embryos for medical research were examined...
  23. pmc Mapping the moral domain
    Jesse Graham
    University of Southern California, Department of Psychology, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 101:366-85. 2011
    ..These analyses provide evidence for the usefulness of Moral Foundations Theory in simultaneously increasing the scope and sharpening the resolution of psychological views of morality...
  24. ncbi Neural correlates of 'pessimistic' attitude in depression
    U Herwig
    Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland
    Psychol Med 40:789-800. 2010
    ..Brain activation associated with the 'unknown' expectation was compared with the 'known' expectation conditions...
  25. pmc How local IRBs view central IRBs in the US
    Robert Klitzman
    Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive 15, New York, NY, USA
    BMC Med Ethics 12:13. 2011
    ..Centralization of IRB reviews have been increasing in the US and elsewhere, but many questions about it remain. In the US, a few centralized IRBs (CIRBs) have been established, but how they do and could operate remain unclear...
  26. pmc HIV risk among currently married couples in rural Malawi: what do spouses know about each other?
    Philip A Anglewicz
    Graduate Group in Demography, Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6298, USA
    AIDS Behav 14:103-12. 2010
    ..In our multivariate logistic regression results, we found that marital infidelity is the most important correlate of overestimating individual and spousal HIV risk...
  27. pmc The influences of patient's trust in medical service and attitude towards health policy on patient's overall satisfaction with medical service and sub satisfaction in China
    Liyang Tang
    Department of Economics, School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
    BMC Public Health 11:472. 2011
    ..and sub satisfaction on the basis of response to patient's trust in medical service and response to patient's attitude towards health policy in China...
  28. ncbi Political attitudes vary with physiological traits
    Douglas R Oxley
    Department of Political Science, University of Nebraska Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68588, USA
    Science 321:1667-70. 2008
    ....
  29. pmc Are racial and ethnic minorities less willing to participate in health research?
    David Wendler
    Department of Clinical Bioethics, National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    PLoS Med 3:e19. 2006
    ..It is widely claimed that racial and ethnic minorities, especially in the US, are less willing than non-minority individuals to participate in health research. Yet, there is a paucity of empirical data to substantiate this claim...
  30. ncbi Disgust sensitivity predicts intuitive disapproval of gays
    Yoel Inbar
    Harvard University, Harvard Kennedy School of Government, USA
    Emotion 9:435-9. 2009
    ..The more disgust sensitive participants were, the more they showed unfavorable automatic associations with gay people as opposed to heterosexuals...
  31. ncbi Demonstrations of implicit anti-fat bias: the impact of providing causal information and evoking empathy
    Bethany A Teachman
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Gilmer Hall, P O Box 400400, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904 4400, USA
    Health Psychol 22:68-78. 2003
    ..This did not lead to lower bias compared with controls but did produce diminished implicit bias among overweight participants, suggesting an in-group bias...
  32. ncbi Reflective and automatic processes in the initiation and maintenance of dietary change
    Alexander J Rothman
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, 75 East River Road, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Ann Behav Med 38:S4-17. 2009
    ..Moreover, we consider how these processes operate when people are not only initiating a change in behavior but also maintaining the behavior over time...
  33. ncbi Situating social influence processes: dynamic, multidirectional flows of influence within social networks
    Winter A Mason
    Department of Psychology and Brain Sciences, Indiana University Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Rev 11:279-300. 2007
    ....
  34. ncbi Forming attitudes that predict future behavior: a meta-analysis of the attitude-behavior relation
    Laura R Glasman
    Department of Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    Psychol Bull 132:778-822. 2006
    A meta-analysis (k of conditions = 128; N = 4,598) examined the influence of factors present at the time an attitude is formed on the degree to which this attitude guides future behavior...
  35. pmc Political orientations are correlated with brain structure in young adults
    Ryota Kanai
    University College London Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Curr Biol 21:677-80. 2011
    ....
  36. pmc Virtue or pretense? Looking behind self-declared innocence in doping
    Andrea Petroczi
    School of Life Sciences, Kingston University London, Kingston upon Thames, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 5:e10457. 2010
    ....
  37. pmc Optimism, cynical hostility, and incident coronary heart disease and mortality in the Women's Health Initiative
    Hilary A Tindle
    University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Circulation 120:656-62. 2009
    ..Trait optimism (positive future expectations) and cynical, hostile attitudes toward others have not been studied together in relation to incident coronary heart disease (CHD) and mortality in postmenopausal women...
  38. ncbi Beyond the knowledge deficit: recent research into lay and expert attitudes to food risks
    Janus Hansen
    Centre for Bioethics and Risk Assessment, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Appetite 41:111-21. 2003
    ..It suggests that an interdisciplinary, contextualised and psychologically sound approach to the study of risk is needed...
  39. pmc Communicating the results of clinical research to participants: attitudes, practices, and future directions
    David I Shalowitz
    Bioethics Program, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America
    PLoS Med 5:e91. 2008
  40. ncbi Major factors influencing breastfeeding rates: Mother's perception of father's attitude and milk supply
    S Arora
    Family Medicine Department, Hamot Medical Center, Erie, Pennsylvania, USA
    Pediatrics 106:E67. 2000
    ..To determine factors influencing feeding decisions, breastfeeding and/or bottle initiation rates, as well as breastfeeding duration...
  41. ncbi [Attitude towards women of gender schematic vs aschematic individuals]
    María Teresa Coello
    Facultad de Psicologia, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28223 Madrid, Spain
    Psicothema 23:180-8. 2011
    ..The implications of these results for the instruments used, as well as for theories, are considered...
  42. ncbi A multitrait-multimethod validation of the Implicit Association Test: implicit and explicit attitudes are related but distinct constructs
    Brian A Nosek
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 4400, USA
    Exp Psychol 54:14-29. 2007
    ..Participants (N = 287) were measured on both self-report and IAT for up to seven attitude domains...
  43. ncbi Estimating the contributions of associations and recoding in the Implicit Association Test: the ReAL model for the IAT
    Franziska Meissner
    Institute of Psychology, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Jena D 07743, Germany
    J Pers Soc Psychol 104:45-69. 2013
    ..Test (IAT), a multinomial processing tree model that allows one to mathematically separate the contributions of attitude-based evaluative associations and recoding processes in a specific IAT...
  44. ncbi System justification, the denial of global warming, and the possibility of "system-sanctioned change"
    Irina Feygina
    New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 36:326-38. 2010
    ..e., as a case of "system-sanctioned change"). Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed...
  45. ncbi Patients' attitudes towards donation of surplus cryopreserved embryos for treatment or research
    S Bangsbøll
    The Fertility Clinic and Laboratory of Reproductive Biology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Hum Reprod 19:2415-9. 2004
    ..The aim of the study was 2-fold: first, to investigate couples' reasons for not using cryopreserved embryos within the maximum storage period; second, to study their attitudes towards potential embryo donation for specific purposes...
  46. ncbi Reference and attitude in infant pointing
    Ulf Liszkowski
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Leipzig, Germany
    J Child Lang 34:1-20. 2007
    We investigated two main components of infant declarative pointing, reference and attitude, in two experiments with a total of 106 preverbal infants at 1;0...
  47. ncbi Factors influencing Malaysian public attitudes to agro-biotechnology
    Latifah Amin
    Centre for General Studies, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Darul Ehsan
    Public Underst Sci 20:674-89. 2011
    ..Attitudes towards GM soybean are also predicted by several general classes of attitude.
  48. ncbi Neural activity predicts attitude change in cognitive dissonance
    Vincent van Veen
    Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, California, USA
    Nat Neurosci 12:1469-74. 2009
    ..insula; furthermore, we found that the activation of these regions tightly predicted participants' subsequent attitude change. These effects were not observed in a control group...
  49. ncbi The rise of global warming skepticism: exploring affective image associations in the United States over time
    Nicholas Smith
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
    Risk Anal 32:1021-32. 2012
    ..The results demonstrate the important role affective imagery plays in judgment and decision-making processes, how these variables change over time, and how global warming is currently perceived by the American public...
  50. pmc Intimate partner violence attitudes and experience among women and men in Uganda
    Ilene S Speizer
    Department of Maternal and Child Health, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 206 W Franklin St, CB 8120, Chapel Hill, NC 27516, USA
    J Interpers Violence 25:1224-41. 2010
    ..Community-based prevention programs targeting men and women are needed in Uganda and elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa where gender norms that justify IPV prevail...
  51. ncbi Understanding implicit and explicit attitude change: a systems of reasoning analysis
    Robert J Rydell
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 9660, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 91:995-1008. 2006
    ..and explicit attitudes, reflecting substantial speculation about the mechanisms involved in implicit and explicit attitude formation and change...
  52. ncbi Mood and attitude predict pain outcomes following arthroscopic knee surgery
    Patricia H Rosenberger
    VA Connecticut Healthcare System, 950 Campbell Avenue, Psychology 116B, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
    Ann Behav Med 37:70-6. 2009
    ..Decreased pain represents a clinically important outcome following arthroscopic knee surgery. However, little is known about preoperative mood and attitudinal factors and their potential relationship with pain outcomes...
  53. ncbi Taste perception and implicit attitude toward sweet related to body mass index and soft drink supplementation
    Francesco Sartor
    College of Health and Behavioral Sciences, Bangor University, Bangor LL57 2PZ, UK
    Appetite 57:237-46. 2011
    These studies examined the differences in sweet taste perception and implicit attitude toward sweet between normal-weight and overweight/obese adults; and tested the effects of soft drink consumption on sweet taste, explicit preference ..
  54. pmc Developing an observing attitude: an analysis of meditation diaries in an MBSR clinical trial
    Catherine E Kerr
    Harvard Osher Research Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Clin Psychol Psychother 18:80-93. 2011
    ..their experience throughout the trial were able, by the end of the trial, to demonstrate an observing, witnessing attitude towards their own distress...
  55. ncbi A multi-site randomized controlled trial of a cognitive skills programme for male mentally disordered offenders: social-cognitive outcomes
    A E Cullen
    Department of Forensic and Neurodevelopmental Sciences, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
    Psychol Med 42:557-69. 2012
    ..In the first RCT of a cognitive skills programme with MDOs we aimed to determine if participation in the Reasoning and Rehabilitation (R&R) programme was associated with improvements in social-cognitive skills and thinking styles...
  56. ncbi Decision making and risk attitude of the common marmoset in a gambling task
    Hironobu Tokuno
    Laboratory of Brain Structure, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science, Kamikitazawa, Setagaya, Tokyo 156 8506, Japan
    Neurosci Res 71:260-5. 2011
    ..An additional task with reduction in the expected value of the preferred choice revealed that risk-aversive marmosets were slower to adjust their choices to such reductions than risk-prone animals...
  57. ncbi The influence of one's own body weight on implicit and explicit anti-fat bias
    Marlene B Schwartz
    Yale University, Department of Psychology, P O Box 208205, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:440-7. 2006
    ..This study examined the influence of one's own body weight on the strength of implicit and explicit anti-fat bias...
  58. pmc Impact of clerkship in the attitudes toward psychiatry among Portuguese medical students
    Miguel Xavier
    Department of Mental Health, Cedoc, Faculdade de Ciencias Medicas, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal
    BMC Med Educ 10:56. 2010
    ..Medical students' attitude toward psychiatry has been pointed as a predictor of recruitment...
  59. pmc How unrealistic optimism is maintained in the face of reality
    Tali Sharot
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, University College London, London, UK
    Nat Neurosci 14:1475-9. 2011
    ..These findings indicate that optimism is tied to a selective update failure and diminished neural coding of undesirable information regarding the future...
  60. ncbi Knowledge, attitude, perception of malaria and evaluation of malaria parasitaemia among pregnant women attending antenatal care clinic in metropolitan Lagos, Nigeria
    N C Iriemenam
    Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Medicine of the University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
    J Vector Borne Dis 48:12-7. 2011
    ..This study was designed to access knowledge, attitude, perception and home management of malaria among consenting pregnant women attending antenatal care (ANC) clinic.
  61. ncbi To continue or discontinue storage of cryopreserved embryos? Patients' decisions in view of their child wish
    V Provoost
    Bioethics Institute Ghent, Ghent University, Blandijnberg 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Hum Reprod 26:861-72. 2011
    ....
  62. ncbi Prevalence of leisure noise-induced tinnitus and the attitude toward noise in university students
    Annick Gilles
    University Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Antwerp University Hospital, Edegem, Belgium
    Otol Neurotol 33:899-906. 2012
    ..The present study provides prevalence numbers for noise-induced tinnitus (NIT) in this group, the attitude toward loud music, and the factors influencing the use of hearing protection (HP).
  63. ncbi Intergroup trust in Northern Ireland
    Tania Tam
    University of Oxford, UK
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 35:45-59. 2009
    ..These studies further our understanding of the psychological mechanisms underlying the formation of intergroup trust and behavior in areas of conflict...
  64. ncbi Attitudes of couples with stored frozen embryos toward conditional embryo donation
    Catherine A McMahon
    Psychology Department, Macquarie University, North Ryde, New South Wales, Australia
    Fertil Steril 91:140-7. 2009
    ..To survey clients with stored frozen embryos regarding intention to donate embryos to other couples and attitudes toward conditional donation...
  65. ncbi Can imagined interactions produce positive perceptions? Reducing prejudice through simulated social contact
    Richard J Crisp
    Centre for the Study of Group Processes, Department of Psychology, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent CT2 7NP, United Kingdom
    Am Psychol 64:231-40. 2009
    ....
  66. ncbi Promoting the Middle East peace process by changing beliefs about group malleability
    Eran Halperin
    Lauder School of Government, Diplomacy and Strategy, Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya, Herzliya 46150, Israel
    Science 333:1767-9. 2011
    ....
  67. pmc Mystical experiences occasioned by the hallucinogen psilocybin lead to increases in the personality domain of openness
    Katherine A MacLean
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Psychopharmacol 25:1453-61. 2011
    ..The findings suggest a specific role for psilocybin and mystical-type experiences in adult personality change...
  68. ncbi Systematic review of qualitative studies exploring parental beliefs and attitudes toward childhood vaccination identifies common barriers to vaccination
    Edward Mills
    University of Oxford, UK
    J Clin Epidemiol 58:1081-8. 2005
    ..To determine whether a systematic review of qualitative studies can lead to identification of consistent themes across studies, using barriers toward childhood vaccination as an example...
  69. pmc The association between Colombian medical students' healthy personal habits and a positive attitude toward preventive counseling: cross-sectional analyses
    John Duperly
    Department of Social Medicine, Universidad de los Andes Medical School, Bogota, Colombia
    BMC Public Health 9:218. 2009
    ..Data from the U.S. indicates that medical students with healthy personal habits have a better attitude towards preventive counseling...
  70. ncbi Mechanisms of mindfulness
    Shauna L Shapiro
    Department of Counseling Psychology, Santa Clara University, CA 95053 0201, USA
    J Clin Psychol 62:373-86. 2006
    ..Potential implications and future directions for the empirical study of mechanisms involved in mindfulness are addressed...
  71. pmc Process and dynamics of traditional selling wild edible mushrooms in tropical Mexico
    Felipe Ruán-Soto
    Herbario Eizi Matuda, Escuela de Biologia, Universidad de Ciencias y Artes de Chiapas, Libramiento Norte Poniente S N C, P, 29039, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, Mexico
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2:3. 2006
    ..Our aims were to describe the dynamics related to the traditional selling process of wild mushrooms and to determine the tendencies of informants toward mushrooms (mycophily vs. mycophoby)...
  72. ncbi Parent-child attitude congruence on type and intensity of physical activity: testing multiple mediators of sedentary behavior in older children
    Cheryl B Anderson
    Baylor College of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Children s Nutrition Research Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Health Psychol 28:428-38. 2009
    ....
  73. pmc Capturing medical students' idealism
    Janice K Smith
    Department of Family Medicine, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Tex 77555 1123, USA
    Ann Fam Med 4:S32-7; discussion S58-60. 2006
    ..International electives can provide valuable learning experiences to help achieve these goals...
  74. ncbi Implicit attitudes towards homosexuality: reliability, validity, and controllability of the IAT
    R Banse

    Z Exp Psychol 48:145-60. 2001
    ..motivation to control prejudiced behavior, thus providing independent evidence for the validity of the implicit attitude measure. Neither explicit nor implicit attitudes could be changed by persuasive messages...
  75. ncbi Attitudes toward psychiatry as a prospective career among students entering medical school
    D Feifel
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego 92103 8620, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 156:1397-402. 1999
    ..In order to determine whether this disinclination toward psychiatry occurs before versus during medical school, this study surveyed medical students at the start of their freshman year...
  76. ncbi Attitude survey of adverse drug-reaction reporting by health care professionals across the European Union. The European Pharmacovigilance Research Group
    K J Belton
    Wolfson Unit of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 52:423-7. 1997
    ..Accumulating evidence suggests that doctors' attitudes to national ADR reporting schemes are significant determinants of reporting rates...
  77. ncbi The pursuit of self-interest: self-interest bias in attitude judgment and persuasion
    Peter R Darke
    University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    J Pers Soc Psychol 89:864-83. 2005
    Self-interest affected the direction of attitudes in 4 studies exploring attitude judgment and persuasion. Experiment 1 showed that both self-interest and symbolic concerns predicted attitudes...
  78. ncbi Associations between self-reported and objective physical environmental factors and use of a community rail-trail
    P J Troped
    Department of Health Promotion and Education, School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Prev Med 32:191-200. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS. Environmental barriers such as travel distance and hilly terrain should be considered when planning community trails. A better understanding of such factors may lead to more effective promotion of trail use...
  79. ncbi The effects of mindset on behavior: self-regulation in deliberative and implemental frames of mind
    David A Armor
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 29:86-95. 2003
    ..Moreover, participants in the deliberation condition underperformed relative to the participants in the implemental condition, demonstrating that deliberative and implemental thinking can influence behavior as well as cognition...
  80. ncbi Prejudice from thin air: The effect of emotion on automatic intergroup attitudes
    David DeSteno
    Department of Psychology, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Psychol Sci 15:319-24. 2004
    ..The implications of these findings for emotion-induced biases in implicit intergroup cognition in particular, and in social cognition in general, are considered...
  81. ncbi Biology, politics, and the emerging science of human nature
    James H Fowler
    Department of Political Science, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Science 322:912-4. 2008
    ..We describe recent advances and argue that biologists and political scientists must work together to advance a new science of human nature...
  82. ncbi Research on stored biological samples: the views of Ugandans
    David Wendler
    Unit on Vulnerable Populations, Department of Clinical Bioethics, Warren G Magnuson Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    IRB 27:1-5. 2005
  83. ncbi Math = male, me = female, therefore math not = me
    Brian A Nosek
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 83:44-59. 2002
    ..These results point to the opportunities and constraints on personal preferences that derive from membership in social groups...
  84. ncbi Dispositional optimism and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in a prospective cohort of elderly dutch men and women
    Erik J Giltay
    Psychiatric Center GGZ Delfland, Delft Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 61:1126-35. 2004
    ..Major depression is known to be related to higher cardiovascular mortality. However, epidemiological data regarding dispositional optimism in relation to mortality are scanty...
  85. ncbi Predicting parents' decisions on MMR immunisation: a mixed method investigation
    Judith Gellatly
    School of Nursing, University of Manchester, Edinburgh, UK
    Fam Pract 22:658-62. 2005
    ..Increasing uptake rates for MMR vaccination requires an understanding of factors leading parents to decide for and against vaccination, particularly in the light of recent developments...
  86. ncbi Understanding and using the Implicit Association Test: II. Method variables and construct validity
    Brian A Nosek
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Box 400400, Charlottesville, VA 22911, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 31:166-80. 2005
    ..Together, these analyses provide additional construct validation for the IAT and suggest practical guidelines to users of the IAT...
  87. ncbi Attitudes to walking and cycling among children, young people and parents: a systematic review
    T Lorenc
    Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, 18 Woburn Square, London WC1H0NR, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:852-7. 2008
    ..Policy needs to be based on evidence about people's views of walking and cycling as well as effects of interventions...
  88. ncbi Negative attitude of highly educated parents and health care workers towards future vaccinations in the Dutch childhood vaccination program
    E Hak
    University Medical Center Utrecht, Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Health Care, HP Str 6 131, P O Box 85060, 3508 AB Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Vaccine 23:3103-7. 2005
    ..It is unknown whether further expansion of the Dutch childhood vaccination program with other vaccines will be accepted and whom should be targeted in educational strategies...
  89. ncbi The effect of a psychiatric attachment on students' attitudes to and intention to pursue psychiatry as a career
    Monica McParland
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, University College London, UK
    Med Educ 37:447-54. 2003
    ..The relationships between attitudes, career intentions and academic performance were examined...
  90. ncbi Where do children usually play? A qualitative study of parents' perceptions of influences on children's active free-play
    Jenny Veitch
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Hwy, Burwood VIC 3125, Australia
    Health Place 12:383-93. 2006
    ..The study findings have important implications for future urban planning and children's opportunities for active free-play...
  91. ncbi Development of a scale for attitude toward condom use for migrant workers in India
    Arunansu Talukdar
    Department of Medicine, Calcutta National Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, India
    Indian J Med Sci 62:55-61. 2008
    ..In spite of the proven efficacy of condom, some moral, social and psychological obstacles are still prevalent, hindering the use of condoms...
  92. ncbi On attitude towards HIV/AIDS among Iranian students (case study: high school students in Shiraz City)
    Majeed Movahed
    Department of Sociology, Shiraz University, Shiraz 7194685115, Iran
    Pak J Biol Sci 13:271-8. 2010
    Young people are of particular importance in state policies against AIDS. The present study investigated the attitude toward HIV/AIDS and related socio-cultural factors among 600 high school students in Shiraz, Iran...
  93. ncbi Secondary transfer effects from imagined contact: group similarity affects the generalization gradient
    Jake Harwood
    University of Arizona, Tucson, USA
    Br J Soc Psychol 50:180-9. 2011
    ..contact with an illegal immigrant on attitudes towards illegal immigrants and subsequent effects of that attitude change on feelings about other groups (secondary transfer)...
  94. pmc Fibromyalgia and the therapeutic relationship: where uncertainty meets attitude
    Sean M Hayes
    Performance Optimization Solutions, AXDEV Group Inc, Brossard, Quebec
    Pain Res Manag 15:385-91. 2010
    ..Fibromyalgia remains underdiagnosed and suboptimally treated even though it affects an estimated 3.3% of Canadians. The present study examines knowledge and attitudinal challenges affecting optimal care...
  95. ncbi Predicting whether multiculturalism positively or negatively influences White Americans' intergroup attitudes: the role of ethnic identification
    Kimberly Rios Morrison
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 36:1648-61. 2010
    ..The results are discussed in terms of their implications for threat perceptions, ethnic identification, and conceptions of diversity...
  96. pmc Glad you asked: participants' opinions of re-consent for dbGap data submission
    Evette J Ludman
    Group Health Research Institute, USA
    J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics 5:9-16. 2010
    ..These results suggest that re-consent for dbGaP deposition may be advisable in certain cases to anticipate and honor participant preferences...
  97. ncbi Reading habits and attitude toward medical humanities of basic science students in a medical college in Western Nepal
    P Ravi Shankar
    Department of Pharmacology, Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal
    Teach Learn Med 20:308-13. 2008
    ..The Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal, admits students from Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, and other countries to the undergraduate medical course...
  98. ncbi Residents' and program directors' attitudes toward research during anesthesiology training: a Canadian perspective
    Lisa C Silcox
    Queen s University, Department of Anesthesiology, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Anesth Analg 102:859-64. 2006
    ....
  99. ncbi A dirty word or a dirty world?: Attribute framing, political affiliation, and query theory
    David J Hardisty
    Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Psychol Sci 21:86-92. 2010
    ..The effect of attribute labeling on query order is shown to depend on the representations of either taxes or offsets held by people with different political affiliations...
  100. ncbi Parental attitude toward behavioral management techniques in dental practice with schoolchildren in Kuwait
    Saleh Muhammad
    National School Oral Health Program, Ministry of Health, Salmiya, Kuwait
    Med Princ Pract 20:350-5. 2011
    The objective of this study was to evaluate the parental attitude toward different management techniques used during dental treatment of schoolchildren in Kuwait.
  101. pmc University students and HIV in Namibia: an HIV prevalence survey and a knowledge and attitude survey
    Ingrid H de Beer
    PharmAccess Foundation Namibia, Windhoek, Namibia
    J Int AIDS Soc 15:9. 2012
    ..The purpose of this study was to estimate HIV prevalence, to assess the knowledge of and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS, and to assess access to healthcare among university students in Namibia...

Research Grants89

  1. Using Doctor-Patient Teams to Reduce Health Disparities
    Louis Penner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..If successful, the study should provide an exportable means of improving communication between physicians and minority group patients and reducing disparities in health care. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  2. Infant Screening and Diagnosis of Duchenne Muscular Dys*
    Paul Fernhoff; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These data points will be tracked throughout the project. ..
  3. Community Participation Research of Breastfeeding Disparities in African American
    Tamar Ringel Kulka; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..E.S.T (Breastfeeding, Education &Support Team) Alliance for Babies} and propose to conduct community participation research of breastfeeding disparities in African American women in Durham County, North Carolina. ..
  4. Efficacy of Yoga for Treatment-Resistant PTSD
    Bessel Van der Kolk; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..F., Spitz, A.M., Edwards, V., et al. (1997). Relationship of childhood abuse and household dysfunction to many of the leading causes of death in adults: The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study. Am J Preventive Med, 14, 245-258. ..
  5. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    HERMAN ALFRED TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    HERMAN ALFRED TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    Asoka Srinivasan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    ASOKA S SRINIVASAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    Herman Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    ASOKA S SRINIVASAN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. PS11-003 Minority AIDS Research Initiative
    BRIDGETTE MERCEDEZ BRAWNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Given that adolescent health is imperative to public health, the proposed research is timely, innovative and bears great significance. ..
  12. Neuropeptide modulation of biogenic amine function and aggression in a crustacean
    Maria A Sosa; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The typical behaviors of each morphotype vary quite markedly in aggression, territoriality and attitude towards females...
  13. Parenting, Adolescent Self-Regulation, and Risk-Taking Across Cultures
    Jennifer E Lansford; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It will inform theories of the nature of adolescent development and will shape interventions to prevent health-compromising and illegal risky behaviors. ..
  14. A rational approach to liver toxicity monitoring in methotrexate users
    Gabriela Schmajuk; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This mentored career development award will provide the skills, mentorship, and experience necessary to propel her to independence. ..
  15. RidCancerPain Intervention in a Hispanic Population Along the US-Mexico Border
    KRISTYNIA MARIE contact ROBINSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  16. A dataset for the study of the social determinants of health.
    Peter A Muennig; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This dataset will greatly advance scientific understanding of the social causation of disease and health disparities. ..
  17. Food Environment, Diet Quality and Disparities in Obesity
    Adam Drewnowski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This interdisciplinary project on the built environment, behavior and health brings together experts from nutrition, geography, epidemiology, medicine, statistics and urban design. ..
  18. Ethical and Legal Challenges in Communicating Individual Biomonitoring and Person
    Rachel Morello-Frosch; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  19. Financial Risks and Ethnic/Racial Disparities in Live Kidney Donation
    TANJALA PURNELL; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  20. A+ Head Start Intervention for Smoke Free Homes
    Cynthia S Rand; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  21. Predictors of Prenatal Care Providers Counseling Women on Tobacco Use/Exposure
    BETH LEONG PINELES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..With the variety of tools and datasets obtained and compiled for this project, we will gain a better understanding of which physicians follow PHS, USPSTF, and ACOG guidelines, and how to identify those who do not. ..
  22. The Ethics of Fragile X Genetic Screening and Testing Across the Lifespan
    Kruti Acharya; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The results of the proposed research will be used to develop an R01 application examining the lifetime risks and benefits of carrying a genetic diagnosis for these conditions. ..
  23. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia in Stable Heart Failure
    Nancy S Redeker; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We plan to test the effects of cognitive behavioral therapy, on sleep, daytime symptoms, and function middle-aged and older adults who have heart failure. ..
  24. Waterpipe tobacco smoke: toxicant exposure and effects
    THOMAS EVAN EISSENBERG; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The positive health impact of this type of research on tobacco cigarette smoking is well-documented;this project seeks similar positive outcomes on another potentially lethal form of tobacco use. ..
  25. Workplace Health Promotion
    MARGARET A HANNON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  26. HAART optimism, drug use and risky sexual behavior among MSM in British Columbia.
    Robert Stephen Hogg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  27. Personality and Health Services Use and Expenditures of Older Persons
    Bruce Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  28. Daily Mouth Care to Prevent Pneumonia in Nursing Homes: A Systems-Level Approach
    Sheryl Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We expect this project to result in a pragmatic, system-level, comprehensive mouth care program that can be widely adopted and sustained and which will result in fewer episodes of pneumonia and related cost savings. ..
  29. HIV Prevention Intervention for Young Transgender Women
    MATTHEW JAMES MIMIAGA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  30. Community-Academic Partnership: Building an Infrastructure to Improve Health for
    Beth A Marks; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  31. Development and Pilot Test of an Elective BSO Decision Support Guide
    Miriam Kuppermann; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  32. Reducing Health Disparities by Decreasing Weight Bias in Community Healthcare Set
    Jeanne M Ferrante; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Weight bias is a negative attitude toward, belief about, or behavior against people who are overweight and obese...
  33. Tailored telehealth weight management tool to overweight adults with disabilities
    DERSHUNG YANG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  34. Peer groups for healthy pregnancy &HIV prevention for young Malawian women
    Kathleen F Norr; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  35. Maryland Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System: population-based surveillan
    Diana Cheng; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Two publications have been accepted for 2011 - a book chapter and journal research article on alcohol use during pregnancy. ..
  36. Optimizing Survivorship and Surveillance after Treatment for Colorectal Cancer
    MARVELLA ELIZABETH FORD; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The study results will lead to a future R01 trial in which the theoretically guided recommendations for targeted intervention strategies and messages developed in this study will be tested to improve adherence. ..
  37. Michigan Pregnancy Risk Assessment and Monitoring System (MI PRAMS)
    Robert Wahl; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In conclusion, Michigan plans to not only continue but also to improve the process and expand the PRAMS data use. ..
  38. Mothers and Others: Family-based Obesity Prevention for Infants and Toddlers
    Margaret E Bentley; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  39. Influences of Parental Smoking on Pre-teen Reactivity to Smoking-Related Stimuli
    CATHERINE ANN FORESTELL; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  40. Caregiver Illness Perception and Childs Early Childhood Caries Status
    Mary Beth Slusar; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..investigate the effect of parent/caregiver predisposing (socio- demographic, oral health behavior, knowledge, attitude, beliefs, psychosocial factors, dental fear), enabling (dental insurance, access, personal dentist, perception of ..
  41. Enhancing Group Identify May Improve Effectiveness of Diabetes Self-Management Ed
    JANET SUTTIE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Second, we will evaluate if ways to foster group identity, such as naming each group receiving education or doing group competitions, increase health behaviors that result in better control of diabetes. ..
  42. Cognitive and Psychosocial Benefit of Caregiver Training for Ugandan HIV Children
    MICHAEL JOSEPH BOIVIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  43. Extracorporeal Support for Emergent (Uncontrolled) Donation Following Cardiac Dea
    Shawn J Pelletier; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  44. The 1200 Patients Project: Studying Clinical Implementation of Pharmacogenomics
    PETER HUGH O'DONNELL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  45. Drug tourism to Mexico: Impact of Mexicos new drug law on HIV-HCV-TB in US IDUs
    Richard S Garfein; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This study exploits a rare natural experiment to evaluate the impact of opposing drug policies on interconnected, bordering communities, and will provide important insights for future policies. ..
  46. Longitudinal Study of Dental Caries in VLBW Infants
    Suchitra S Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It is also of public health interest since interventions to target knowledge, attitude, beliefs, and oral health practices can be implemented in programs for special needs children, and there by ..
  47. Stress and Drug Use Vulnerability in Rural African Americans
    Ezemenari M Obasi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Such research is needed in order to inform theory, research, prevention, and intervention efforts aimed at elimination health disparities that disproportionately impact this community. ..
  48. Feasibility, benefits, and acceptability of lowering the BAC standard in the US
    David W Eby; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., driver, those who served the alcohol, alcohol manufacturer);and demographics. The results should be useful for states that want to reduce unintentional AID-related death and injuries by lowering the illegal BAC limit for driving. ..
  49. CFFONE: A Cell Phone Support Program for Adolescents with Cystic Fibrosis
    KEVIN F DAWKINS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  50. Using Community Based Participatory Research to Improve Health in Children
    LUISA contact SEIJO MALDONADO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our long term goal is to establish programs to ameliorate the social, psychological, and physical environments of the community that lead to poor health in children ..
  51. Development of Behavioral and Social Interventions that Reduce Stigma and Improve
    Crystal M Fuller; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Customers from the intervention pharmacy will complete a brief attitude scale on attitudes toward HIV, IDUs and stigma, watch an educational video on the importance of health screening (..
  52. Exploring the Attitudes and Use of Family Cancer History and Biospecimen Collecti
    JANET JEANNE KELLY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Throughout this project as researchers, we hope to increase our understanding of culturally appropriate approaches to discussions and practices in family health history, biospecimen collection and cancer genomic research. ..
  53. Step2 CS Training in Alcohol Addiction and the Medical Consequences of Alcohol
    MARY P METCALF; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  54. Recruiting Rural Parents/Infants to Health Research Projects: Atopic Dermatitis
    Steven R Feldman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Analysis of the textual data resulting from these tape- recorded interviews will be based on computer-assisted systematic techniques that provide valid and reliable results. ..
  55. HPV Knowledge Awareness and Vaccine Acceptability among Inner City Black Males
    SHERRIE LEE WALLINGTON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The proposed study design provides experiential (focus groups), attitude/behavioral, (survey research-cross sectional and convenience sampling), and expert data (key informant interviews)..
  56. Behavioral and Virologic Impact of HPV Immunization
    Jessica A Kahn; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This application addresses several objectives of Healthy People 2010, including reducing the proportion of persons with HPV infection (objective 25-5) and reducing the death rate from cervical cancer (objective 3-4). ..
  57. Birth Outcomes Among Adolescents
    EMILY WHEELER HARVILLE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  58. An Investigation of the Clinical Utility of a Prolonged Grief Disorder Diagnosis
    Holly Gwen Prigerson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Findings from this study will inform development of a larger field trial to determine the impact of PGD on patient outcomes. ..
  59. Attitudes Regarding Prenatal and Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis For Inherited
    Lisa Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  60. Intensive Outpatient v. Outpatient Treatment with Buprenorphine among African Ame
    Shannon Gwin Mitchell; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  61. Oral Health Promotion During Prenancy in a Group Prenatal Care Model
    SALLY HENDERSON ADAMS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  62. Online Training for Methadone Maintenance Treatment Providers
    HILARY LIBERTY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Whereas face-to-face courses have geographical restrictions, a CAI course can be taken anywhere a computer is available. This course will meet an important public health need, timely training for MMT staff. ..
  63. Beliefs about Genes & Environment as Causes of Behavior
    Eleanor Singer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..By including four questions about genetic testing among those we add to the survey, we will be able to investigate beliefs about genetic and environmental influences on behavior. ..
  64. Youth produced videos to reduce UV exposure in adolescents
    Lori A Crane; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  65. Analyzing the Effectiveness of a Non-Verbal Response Card: Evidence from Ethiopia
    David Lindstrom; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..To the extent that this methodology is proven useful for improving the accuracy of reports of sensitive behaviors in the Ethiopian context, it has potential for widespread use in other developing and low-literacy settings. ..
  66. Community Influences on Young People's HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes & Practices
    Robert Stephenson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  67. Help Seeking Behavior in College Women
    ANGELA F AMAR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It is clear from the literature that college students experience IPV and experience health consequences. Therefore, it is important to determine ways to increase identification of victims so that services can be provided. ..
  68. The Emergence and Development of Social Group Attitudes
    KRISTINA OLSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..attitudes in older children, a wider range of measures can be used including both implicit and explicit racial attitude measures, questionnaires (adapted from work in adult social cognition) assessing the preference for the ..
  69. ELSI Issues: Colon Cancer and Cancer Genomics Research
    Patricia A Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study will also explore ethical implications of issues associated with trust and social obligation, and develop points to consider in recommendations for cancer genomic studies and recruitment protocols. ..
  70. Mental Health Effects of the Khmer Rouge Trials in Cambodia
    JEFFREY H SONIS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Since individually-oriented treatments, such as medications, may be inadequate to meet public mental health needs in societies exposed to war or terrorism, tribunals may be useful and cost-effective mental health interventions. ..
  71. Teens and Exposure to HIV Risk on the Web
    Ralph DiClemente; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Given the controversy surrounding teens' exposure to sexual content on the Web, there is a compelling need to examine the impact of these exposures on teens' sexual health. ..
  72. Addiction Medicine Physicians and Care for Hepatitis C
    ALAIN LITWIN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Data from this study will have relevance to both drug abuse treatment policy and clinical practice. ..
  73. DISCRIMINATORY ATTITUDES AND KNOWLEDGE ABOUT AIDS
    Robert Blendon; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ....
  74. Improved Cancer Screening: Life Skills Training in S Texas Hispanic Communities
    Thelma Hurd; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Durable community partnerships have been developed that will enable a multi-tiered, community based approach to cancer control and prevention that respects and complements Hispanic sub-populations'culture. ..
  75. Genetics, Genomic Research, and Consent: Attitudes of Pediatric Cancer Survivors
    ANDREA PATENAUDE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  76. Improving Problem-Solving Performance of Students with Mathematics Difficulties
    ASHA KIRON JITENDRA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Problem Solving Subtest of the SAT-10, Mathematical Word Problem Solving (WPS) Test, WPS probes, and an Attitude Toward Mathematics Subtest of the Test of Mathematical Abilities (TOMA)...
  77. Religious Organizations' Responses to HIV/AIDS
    Magdalena Szaflarski; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Our study might also provide information to public health officials as to what kinds of religious organizations they should reach out to in order to sponsor HIV-related work. ..
  78. ADOLESCENT MISCONCEPTIONS ABOUT HORMONAL CONTRACEPTION
    LIANA CLARK; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Increased usage and improved compliance with Depo-Provera, Norplant and the oral contraceptive pill will result in an overall decrease in the rate of unintended adolescent pregnancy. ..
  79. GENDER, RACE AND COHORT DIFFERENCES IN ABORTION ATTITUDE
    Koray Tanfer; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..antecedents of abortion attitudes for the 1983 and the 1991 cohorts of women focusing on the factors that affect attitude formation; (3) Race differences in the abortion attitudes and in the antecedents of the abortion attitudes among ..
  80. UNDERSTANDING THE DECISION TO USE CONDOMS--SUPPLEMENT
    Diane Morrison; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The findings of this study should suggest specific attitude-change interventions that will lead to increased condom use among members of these high-risk groups...
  81. Spirituality and Motives for Drinking and Not Drinking
    Thomas Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The project also provides a means of integrating and testing specific hypotheses regarding the causal links between religiousness/spirituality and alcohol use and problems. ..
  82. Hypertension-Prevention Beliefs Among African Americans
    Rosalind Peters; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Participant perceptions will be explored regarding behavioral beliefs (informational component that underlies the attitude toward preventive behaviors), normative beliefs (concerns the likelihood that important others will approve or ..
  83. The Role of Dentists in Addressing Childhood Obesity
    Alice Curran; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..If dentists have the resources and skills, they may be able to become partners with primary care to support prevention and intervention efforts that will be required to successfully address obesity in the United States. ..
  84. ADOLESCENT SOCIALIZATION AND HETEROSEXUAL BEHAVIOR
    MICHAEL MICKLIN; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ....