- Detecting influenza epidemics using search engine query data
Google Inc, 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway, Mountain View, California 94043, USA
Nature 457:1012-4. 2009
..This approach may make it possible to use search queries to detect influenza epidemics in areas with a large population of web search users...
- Climate warming and disease risks for terrestrial and marine biota
C Drew Harvell
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
Science 296:2158-62. 2002
..To improve our ability to predict epidemics in wild populations, it will be necessary to separate the independent and interactive effects of multiple climate drivers on disease impact...
- Absolute humidity modulates influenza survival, transmission, and seasonality
College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:3243-8. 2009
..This hypothesis can be further tested through future, additional laboratory, epidemiological and modeling studies...
- Influenza virus transmission is dependent on relative humidity and temperature
Anice C Lowen
Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA
PLoS Pathog 3:1470-6. 2007
..We provide direct, experimental evidence to support the role of weather conditions in the dynamics of influenza and thereby address a long-standing question fundamental to the understanding of influenza epidemiology and evolution...
- Positional cloning of the wheat vernalization gene VRN1
Department of Agronomy and Range Science, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:6263-8. 2003
..A mutation in the promoter region of AP1 would result in the lack of recognition of the repressor and in a dominant spring growth habit...
- Tracking apex marine predator movements in a dynamic ocean
B A Block
Stanford University, Biology Department, Hopkins Marine Station, Pacific Grove, California 93950, USA
Nature 475:86-90. 2011
..We identify critical habitats across multinational boundaries and show that top predators exploit their environment in predictable ways, providing the foundation for spatial management of large marine ecosystems...
- Seasonality and the dynamics of infectious diseases
Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA
Ecol Lett 9:467-84. 2006
..Finally, by focusing on well-studied examples of infectious diseases, we hope to highlight general insights that are relevant to other ecological interactions...
- Vitamin D: importance in the prevention of cancers, type 1 diabetes, heart disease, and osteoporosis
Michael F Holick
Vitamin D, Skin, and Bone Research Laboratory, Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Nutrition, Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118 2394, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 79:362-71. 2004
..The recommended adequate intakes for vitamin D are inadequate, and, in the absence of exposure to sunlight, a minimum of 1000 IU vitamin D/d is required to maintain a healthy concentration of 25(OH)D in the blood...
- Climate change and human health: present and future risks
Anthony J McMichael
National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University, Canberra 0200, Australia
Lancet 367:859-69. 2006
..Evidence and anticipation of adverse health effects will strengthen the case for pre-emptive policies, and will also guide priorities for planned adaptive strategies...
- Arabidopsis, the Rosetta stone of flowering time?
Gordon G Simpson
Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, John Innes Centre, Norwich, NR4 7UH, UK
Science 296:285-9. 2002
..This framework provides the basis to understand the evolution of different reproductive strategies and how floral pathways interact through seasonal progression...
- Absolute humidity and the seasonal onset of influenza in the continental United States
College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of America
PLoS Biol 8:e1000316. 2010
..These findings provide epidemiological support for the hypothesis that absolute humidity drives seasonal variations of influenza transmission in temperate regions...
- Defining seasonal marine microbial community dynamics
Jack A Gilbert
Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Prospect Place, Plymouth, UK
ISME J 6:298-308. 2012
..Interestingly, microbial association network analysis showed that correlations in abundance were stronger within bacterial taxa rather than between bacteria and eukaryotes, or between bacteria and environmental variables...
- Influenza A (H1N1) 2009 antibodies in residents of New South Wales, Australia, after the first pandemic wave in the 2009 southern hemisphere winter
Gwendolyn L Gilbert
Centre for Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, Institute of Clinical Pathology and Medical Research, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
PLoS ONE 5:e12562. 2010
- Impact of climate change on marine pelagic phenology and trophic mismatch
Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Science, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth PL1 2PB, UK
Nature 430:881-4. 2004
- Modeling the effects of weather and climate change on malaria transmission
Paul Edward Parham
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Grantham Institute for Climate Change, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Environ Health Perspect 118:620-6. 2010
- International study of temperature, heat and urban mortality: the 'ISOTHURM' project
Anthony J McMichael
National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Canberra, Australia
Int J Epidemiol 37:1121-31. 2008
..This study describes heat- and cold-related mortality in 12 urban populations in low- and middle-income countries, thereby extending knowledge of how diverse populations, in non-OECD countries, respond to temperature extremes...
- Spreading dead zones and consequences for marine ecosystems
Robert J Diaz
Virginia Institute of Marine Science, College of William and Mary, Gloucester Point, VA 23062, USA
Science 321:926-9. 2008
..Dead zones have now been reported from more than 400 systems, affecting a total area of more than 245,000 square kilometers, and are probably a key stressor on marine ecosystems...
- Association between climate variability and malaria epidemics in the East African highlands
Department of Biological Sciences, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:2375-80. 2004
- Spatial and temporal heterogeneity of Anopheles mosquitoes and Plasmodium falciparum transmission along the Kenyan coast
Charles M Mbogo
Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kilifi, Kenya
Am J Trop Med Hyg 68:734-42. 2003
..The field-based estimate of entomologic parameters on a district level does not provide a sensitive indicator of transmission intensity in this study...
- Continued decline of malaria in The Gambia with implications for elimination
Serign J Ceesay
Medical Research Council Laboratories, Fajara, Banjul, The Gambia
PLoS ONE 5:e12242. 2010
..Scale up of interventions has since increased with support from the Global Fund and other donors...
- Age-patterns of malaria vary with severity, transmission intensity and seasonality in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and pooled analysis
Disease Control and Vector Biology Unit, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 5:e8988. 2010
..We have, therefore, undertaken a pooled analysis of existing data from multiple sites to enable a comprehensive overview of the age-patterns of malaria outcomes under different epidemiological conditions in sub-Saharan Africa...
- The wheat VRN2 gene is a flowering repressor down-regulated by vernalization
Department of Agronomy and Range Science, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Science 303:1640-4. 2004
..Reduction of the RNA level of VRN2 by RNA interference accelerated the flowering time of transgenic winter-wheat plants by more than a month...
- Temperature, temperature extremes, and mortality: a study of acclimatisation and effect modification in 50 US cities
Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Occup Environ Med 64:827-33. 2007
..The authors examined the increase in mortality associated with hot and cold temperature in different locations, the determinants of the variability in effect estimates, and its implications for adaptation...
- Respiratory viral infections among pediatric inpatients and outpatients in Taiwan from 1997 to 1999
H P Tsai
National Health Research Institutes Tainan Virology Laboratory for Diagnosis and Research, Department of Pathology, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan
J Clin Microbiol 39:111-8. 2001
..These data expand our understanding of the etiology of acute respiratory tract viral infections among in- and outpatients in a subtropical country and may contribute to the prevention and control of viral respiratory tract infections...
- Human serum 25-hydroxycholecalciferol response to extended oral dosing with cholecalciferol
Robert P Heaney
Creighton University, Omaha, NE 68131, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 77:204-10. 2003
..The cholecalciferol inputs required to achieve or maintain any given serum 25-hydroxycholecalciferol concentration are not known, particularly within ranges comparable to the probable physiologic supply of the vitamin...
- The effect of temperature on mortality in rural Bangladesh--a population-based time-series study
Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, 1 12 4, Sakamoto, Nagasaki 852 8523, Japan
Int J Epidemiol 38:1689-97. 2009
..However, few studies have examined temperature-mortality relationship in the rural areas of developing countries. In this study we therefore aimed to characterize the daily temperature-mortality relationships in rural Bangladesh...
- Incidence, seasonality and mortality associated with influenza pneumonia in Thailand: 2005-2008
James Mark Simmerman
International Emerging Infections Program, Thailand Ministry of Public Health United States Centers for Disease Control Collaboration, Nonthaburi, Thailand
PLoS ONE 4:e7776. 2009
..Prospective data from multiple years are needed to develop vaccine policy and treatment guidelines, and improve pandemic preparedness...
- Annual high-dose oral vitamin D and falls and fractures in older women: a randomized controlled trial
Kerrie M Sanders
Department of Clinical and Biomedical Sciences, Barwon Health, University of Melbourne, Geelong, Victoria, Australia 3220
JAMA 303:1815-22. 2010
..Improving vitamin D status may be an important modifiable risk factor to reduce falls and fractures; however, adherence to daily supplementation is typically poor...
- Global influenza seasonality: reconciling patterns across temperate and tropical regions
School of Geography and Development, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA
Environ Health Perspect 119:439-45. 2011
- Characterizing the epidemiology of the 2009 influenza A/H1N1 pandemic in Mexico
Mathematical, Computational and Modeling Sciences Center, School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States of America
PLoS Med 8:e1000436. 2011
..In this study we analyzed the epidemiological patterns of the pandemic during April-December 2009 in Mexico and evaluated the impact of nonmedical interventions, school cycles, and demographic factors on influenza transmission...
- Effects of global climate on infectious disease: the cholera model
Erin K Lipp
Center of Marine Biotechnology, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, Baltimore, Maryland 21202, USA
Clin Microbiol Rev 15:757-70. 2002
..First, the disease has a historical context linking it to specific seasons and biogeographical zones. In addition, the population dynamics of V...
- Heat effects on mortality in 15 European cities
Department of Statistics, University of Florence, Italy
Epidemiology 19:711-9. 2008
..We report the associations between daily maximum apparent temperature and daily deaths during the warm season in 15 European cities...
- Influenza-associated hospitalizations in the United States
William W Thompson
Epidemiology and Surveillance Division, National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
JAMA 292:1333-40. 2004
..Respiratory viral infections are responsible for a large number of hospitalizations in the United States each year...
- Seasonal variation in host susceptibility and cycles of certain infectious diseases
S F Dowell
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 7:369-74. 2001
..If such physiologic changes underlie human resistance to infectious diseases for large portions of the year and the changes can be identified and modified, the therapeutic and preventive implications may be considerable...
- Climate change and population declines in a long-distance migratory bird
Netherlands Institute of Ecology NIOO KNAW, PO Box 40, 6666ZG Heteren, The Netherlands
Nature 441:81-3. 2006
..Mistiming as a result of climate change is probably a widespread phenomenon, and here we provide evidence that it can lead to population declines...
- The seasonal structure of microbial communities in the Western English Channel
Jack A Gilbert
Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Prospect Place, Plymouth, PL1 3DH, UK
Environ Microbiol 11:3132-9. 2009
..There is also evidence for seasonal succession, primarily reflecting changes among dominant taxa. These changes in structure were significantly correlated to a combination of temperature, phosphate and silicate concentrations...
- Predicting the epidemic sizes of influenza A/H1N1, A/H3N2, and B: a statistical method
Center for Communicable Disease Dynamics, Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
PLoS Med 8:e1001051. 2011
..We use publicly available US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) influenza surveillance data between 1997 and 2009 to study the temporal dynamics of influenza over this period...
- Viral respiratory infections in hospitalized and community control children in Alaska
Rosalyn J Singleton
Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, Anchorage, Alaska
J Med Virol 82:1282-90. 2010
..Rhinovirus and adenovirus were detected in two-thirds of hospitalized children, but their frequent detection in control children made their role in respiratory hospitalization uncertain...
- Mapping the antigenic and genetic evolution of influenza virus
Derek J Smith
Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
Science 305:371-6. 2004
..Further, this approach offers a route to predicting the relative success of emerging strains, which could be achieved by quantifying the combined effects of population level immune escape and viral fitness on strain evolution...
- Malaria early warnings based on seasonal climate forecasts from multi-model ensembles
M C Thomson
International Research Institute for Climate and Society IRI, The Earth Institute at Columbia University, New York, New York 10964 8000, USA
Nature 439:576-9. 2006
..In years in which the forecast probability distribution is different from that of climatology, malaria decision-makers can use this information for improved resource allocation...
- Synchrony, waves, and spatial hierarchies in the spread of influenza
Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Science 312:447-51. 2006
..Outbreaks show hierarchical spatial spread evidenced by higher pairwise synchrony between more populous states. Seasons with higher influenza mortality are associated with higher disease transmission and more rapid spread than are ..
- Incidence of influenza-like illness and severe acute respiratory infection during three influenza seasons in Bangladesh, 2008-2010
International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, 68, Shaheed Tajuddin Ahmed, Sarani, Mohakhali, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
Bull World Health Organ 90:12-9. 2012
..To determine how much influenza contributes to severe acute respiratory illness (SARI), a leading cause of death in children, among people of all ages in Bangladesh...
- The use of 'altitude' in ecological research
Institute of Botany, University of Basel, Schönbeinstrasse 6, Basel, CH 4056, Switzerland
Trends Ecol Evol 22:569-74. 2007
..The confounding of the first category by the latter has introduced confusion in the scientific literature on altitude phenomena...
- Absolute humidity and pandemic versus epidemic influenza
Oregon State University, Corvallis, 97331, USA
Am J Epidemiol 173:127-35. 2011
..These findings suggest that the timing of pandemic influenza outbreaks is controlled by a combination of absolute humidity conditions, levels of susceptibility, and changes in population-mixing and contact rates...
- Estimating the impact of school closure on influenza transmission from Sentinel data
MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Department of Infectious Diseases Epidemiology, Imperial College London, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
Nature 452:750-4. 2008
..The impact of school closure would be reduced if it proved difficult to maintain low contact rates among children for a prolonged period...
- Hypovitaminosis D in British adults at age 45 y: nationwide cohort study of dietary and lifestyle predictors
Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
Am J Clin Nutr 85:860-8. 2007
..Increased awareness of the importance of vitamin D to health has led to concerns about the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D in many parts of the world...
- A weather-driven model of malaria transmission
Moshe B Hoshen
Virtual Population Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZE, UK
Malar J 3:32. 2004
..Climate is a major driving force behind malaria transmission and climate data are often used to account for the spatial, seasonal and interannual variation in malaria transmission...
- Changes in the genetic structure of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) populations in Queensland, Australia, across two seasons: implications for potential mosquito releases
N M Endersby
Centre for Environmental Stress and Adaptation Research, Department of Genetics, Bio21 Institute, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia
J Med Entomol 48:999-1007. 2011
..aegypti in proposed release areas, as well as rates of gene flow among populations in the wet and dry tropical seasons. Mosquitoes from northern Queensland were screened with genetic markers to find an optimal locality for release ..
- Cholera dynamics and El Niño-Southern Oscillation
Center of Marine Biotechnology, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, 701 East Pratt Street, Suite 236, Columbus Center, Baltimore, MD 21202, USA
Science 289:1766-9. 2000
..Cholera patterns are linked to the previously described changes in the atmospheric circulation of south Asia and, consistent with these changes, to regional temperature anomalies...
- CO/FT regulatory module controls timing of flowering and seasonal growth cessation in trees
Umea Plant Science Centre, Department of Forest Genetics and Plant Physiology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, S 90183 Umeå, Sweden
Science 312:1040-3. 2006
..This regulatory mechanism can explain the ecogenetic variation in a highly adaptive trait: the critical daylength for growth cessation displayed by aspen trees sampled across a latitudinal gradient spanning northern Europe...
- Coupling 16S-ITS rDNA clone libraries and automated ribosomal intergenic spacer analysis to show marine microbial diversity: development and application to a time series
Mark V Brown
Department of Biological Science and Wrigley Institute for Marine Studies, University of Southern California, 3616 Trousdale Parkway, AHF B4, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
Environ Microbiol 7:1466-79. 2005
..16S-ITS data allowed high-resolution identification of organisms by ITS sequence analysis, and examination of microdiversity...
- Rift Valley fever during rainy seasons, Madagascar, 2008 and 2009
Soa Fy Andriamandimby
Institut Pasteur, Antananarivo, Madagascar
Emerg Infect Dis 16:963-70. 2010
During 2 successive rainy seasons, January 2008 through May 2008 and November 2008 through March 2009, Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) caused outbreaks in Madagascar...
- Mortality benefits of influenza vaccination in elderly people: an ongoing controversy
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
Lancet Infect Dis 7:658-66. 2007
..The remaining evidence base is currently insufficient to indicate the magnitude of the mortality benefit, if any, that elderly people derive from the vaccination programme...
- Impact of influenza vaccination on seasonal mortality in the US elderly population
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 6613, USA
Arch Intern Med 165:265-72. 2005
..We tried to reconcile these conflicting findings by adjusting excess mortality estimates for aging and increased circulation of influenza A(H3N2) viruses...
- Long-term decline in krill stock and increase in salps within the Southern Ocean
British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environment Research Council, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 OET, UK aat bas ac uk
Nature 432:100-3. 2004
..As krill densities decreased last century, salps appear to have increased in the southern part of their range. These changes have had profound effects within the Southern Ocean food web...
- Thyrotrophin in the pars tuberalis triggers photoperiodic response
Division of Biomodelling, Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University, Furo cho, Chikusa ku, Nagoya 464 8601, Japan
Nature 452:317-22. 2008
..Increased TSH in the pars tuberalis therefore seems to trigger long-day photoinduced seasonal breeding...
- Are meteorological parameters associated with acute respiratory tract infections?
Jean Baptist du Prel
Kinderklinik, Paediatrische Infektiologie and Zentrum Praeventive Paediatrie, Universitaetsmedizin, Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet, Mainz, Germany
Clin Infect Dis 49:861-8. 2009
..Aiming at better predictions of the seasonal activity of ARI pathogens, we investigated the influence of climate on hospitalizations for ARIs...
- Climate-driven increases in global terrestrial net primary production from 1982 to 1999
Ramakrishna R Nemani
School of Forestry, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59801, USA
Science 300:1560-3. 2003
..The largest increase was in tropical ecosystems. Amazon rain forests accounted for 42% of the global increase in net primary production, owing mainly to decreased cloud cover and the resulting increase in solar radiation...
- Seasonal transmission of bluetongue virus by Culicoides sonorensis (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) at a southern California dairy and evaluation of vectorial capacity as a predictor of bluetongue virus transmission
A C Gerry
Department of Entomology, University of California, Riverside 92521, USA
J Med Entomol 38:197-209. 2001
..The utility of vectorial capacity and its component variables is discussed for this system...
- Large-scale forest girdling shows that current photosynthesis drives soil respiration
Department of Forest Ecology, SLU, Umea, Sweden
Nature 411:789-92. 2001
..Our results indicate that models of soil respiration should incorporate measures of photosynthesis and of seasonal patterns of photosynthate allocation to roots...
- Multiplicity of Plasmodium falciparum infection in asymptomatic children in Senegal: relation to transmission, age and erythrocyte variants
Department of Immunology, Stockholm University, S 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
Malar J 7:17. 2008
..This study aimed to examine the MOI in asymptomatic children between two and ten years of age and to relate it to erythrocyte variants, clinical attacks, transmission levels and other parasitological indexes...
- Diversity and productivity in a long-term grassland experiment
Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
Science 294:843-5. 2001
- Identifying the most productive breeding sites for malaria mosquitoes in The Gambia
Disease Control and Vector Biology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Malar J 8:62. 2009
..This study aimed to determine the characteristics of larval habitats most frequently and most densely populated by anopheline larvae and to estimate the numbers of adults produced in different habitats...
- Rapid changes in flowering time in British plants
A H Fitter
Department of Biology, University of York, York YO10 5DD, UK
Science 296:1689-91. 2002
..Annuals are more likely to flower early than congeneric perennials, and insect-pollinated species more than wind-pollinated ones...
- Geographic expansion of dengue: the impact of international travel
Department of Medicine, Travelers Screening and Vaccination Clinic, National University Hospital of Singapore, National University of Singapore, 5, Lower Kent Ridge, Singapore 119074
Med Clin North Am 92:1377-90, x. 2008
..Epidemics of dengue, their seasonality, and oscillations over time are reflected by the epidemiology of dengue in travelers. Sentinel surveillance of travelers could augment existing national public health surveillance systems...
- Excess winter mortality in Europe: a cross country analysis identifying key risk factors
J D Healy
Department of Environmental Studies, University College Dublin, Richview Campus, Dublin 14, Ireland
J Epidemiol Community Health 57:784-9. 2003
..Multiple time series data on a variety of risk factors are analysed against seasonal-mortality patterns in 14 European countries to identify key relations Subjects and setting: Excess winter deaths (all causes), 1988-97, EU-14...
- Cold and heat waves in the United States
A G Barnett
School of Public Health and Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, 60 Musk Avenue, Kelvin Grove, Australia
Environ Res 112:218-24. 2012
..Cold or heat waves earlier in the cool or warm season may be more dangerous because of a build up in the susceptible pool or a lack of preparedness for extreme temperatures...
- Genome-wide transcriptional analysis of grapevine berry ripening reveals a set of genes similarly modulated during three seasons and the occurrence of an oxidative burst at vèraison
Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology IASMA Research Center, Via E, Mach 1, 38010 S, Michele a Adige TN, Italy
BMC Genomics 8:428. 2007
..Despite this relevance, little is known about the transcriptional changes and the regulatory circuits underlying the biochemical and physical changes occurring during berry development...
- Serologic markers for detecting malaria in areas of low endemicity, Somalia, 2008
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Emerg Infect Dis 16:392-9. 2010
..by microscopy in cross-sectional surveys of samples from persons during the dry (0/1,178) and wet (0/1,128) seasons. Antibody responses against P. falciparum or P. vivax were detected in 17.9% (179/1,001) and 19...
- Vernalization requires epigenetic silencing of FLC by histone methylation
Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park, Colney, Norwich NR4 7UH, UK
Nature 427:164-7. 2004
..The epigenetic memory of winter is thus mediated by a 'histone code' that specifies a silent chromatin state conserved between animals and plants...
- The association between extreme precipitation and waterborne disease outbreaks in the United States, 1948-1994
F C Curriero
Department of Biostatistics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
Am J Public Health 91:1194-9. 2001
..CONCLUSIONS: The statistically significant association found between rainfall and disease in the United States is important for water managers, public health officials, and risk assessors of future climate change...
- Evaluation of the antibody response to Anopheles salivary antigens as a potential marker of risk of malaria
Institut de recherche pour le developpement IRD, UR24 Epidémiologie et Prévention Unit, Centre IRD de Hann, BP 1386, Dakar, Senegal
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 100:363-70. 2006
..These results suggest that evaluation of antisalivary Ab responses could be a useful approach for identifying a marker for the risk of malaria transmission...
- Pyrosequencing reveals contrasting seasonal dynamics of taxa within Baltic Sea bacterioplankton communities
Anders F Andersson
Limnology Department of Ecology and Evolution, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
ISME J 4:171-81. 2010
- School closure and mitigation of pandemic (H1N1) 2009, Hong Kong
Joseph T Wu
The University of Hong Kong School of Public Health, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People s Republic of China
Emerg Infect Dis 16:538-41. 2010
..Secondary schools closed for summer vacation shortly afterwards. By fitting a model of reporting and transmission to case data, we estimated that transmission was reduced approximately 25% when secondary schools closed...
- Impact of intermittent preventive treatment with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine targeting the transmission season on the incidence of clinical malaria in children in Mali
Malaria Research and Training Center, Departments of Epidemiology of Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Medicine Pharmacy and Dentistry, University of Bamako, P O Box 1805, Bamako, Mali
Malar J 7:123. 2008
..However in most areas malaria morbidity and mortality remain high in older children...
- Disparities by race in heat-related mortality in four US cities: the role of air conditioning prevalence
Marie S O'Neill
The Robert Wood Johnson Health and Society Scholars Program, Center for Social Epidemiology and Population Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48104 2548, USA
J Urban Health 82:191-7. 2005
..Central AC prevalence explained some of the differences in heat effects by race, but room-unit AC did not. Efforts to reduce disparities in heat-related mortality should consider access to AC...
- Large deletions within the first intron in VRN-1 are associated with spring growth habit in barley and wheat
Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, One Shields Av, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Mol Genet Genomics 273:54-65. 2005
..Epistatic interactions between VRN-H2 and the VRN-H1 allele with the intron 1 deletion suggest that the deleted region may include a recognition site for the flowering repression mediated by the product of the VRN-H2 gene of barley...
- Epidemiology and seasonality of respiratory tract virus infections in the tropics
Lynette Pei Chi Shek
Department of Paediatrics, National University of Singapore, Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 119074
Paediatr Respir Rev 4:105-11. 2003
..Despite the absence of a winter season, consistent seasons of infection, albeit less distinct, have been observed...
- Modelling the global constraints of temperature on transmission of Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax
Peter W Gething
Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
Parasit Vectors 4:92. 2011
- Hypovitaminosis D prevalence and determinants among African American and white women of reproductive age: third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994
Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta 30341 3717, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 76:187-92. 2002
..African American women are at higher risk of vitamin D deficiency than are white women, but few studies have examined determinants of hypovitaminosis D in this population...
- Malaria in the African highlands: past, present and future
S W Lindsay
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Durham, England
Bull World Health Organ 76:33-45. 1998
..We further recommend that a regional modelling approach should be adopted to assess the extent and severity of this problem and help improve disease surveillance and the quality of health care delivered in this unstable ecosystem...
- Mortality displacement of heat-related deaths: a comparison of Delhi, São Paulo, and London
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom
Epidemiology 16:613-20. 2005
..We compare the extent to which short-term mortality displacement can explain heat deaths in Delhi, São Paulo, and London given contrasting demographic and health profiles...
- The effect of season and weather on physical activity: a systematic review
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Western Ontario, Ontario, Canada
Public Health 121:909-22. 2007
..This study reviewed previous studies to explore the effect of season, and consequently weather, on levels of physical activity...
- Seasonal influenza vaccine and protection against pandemic (H1N1) 2009-associated illness among US military personnel
Matthew C Johns
Division of GEIS Operations, Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America
PLoS ONE 5:e10722. 2010
..A novel A/H1N1 virus is the cause of the present influenza pandemic; vaccination is a key countermeasure, however, few data assessing prior seasonal vaccine effectiveness (VE) against the pandemic strain of H1N1 (pH1N1) virus are available...
- Pathogenesis and transmission of swine-origin 2009 A(H1N1) influenza virus in ferrets
Vincent J Munster
National Influenza Center and Department of Virology, Erasmus Medical Center, 3015GE Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Science 325:481-3. 2009
..These data suggest that the 2009 A(H1N1) influenza virus has the ability to persist in the human population, potentially with more severe clinical consequences...
- Challenging claims in the study of migratory birds and climate change
Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis CEES, Department of Biology, University of Oslo, Norway
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 86:928-46. 2011
..A proper integration across biological disciplines seems essential for the field's transition from affirming patterns to understanding mechanisms and making robust predictions regarding future consequences of shifting phenologies...
- Excess cardiovascular mortality associated with cold spells in the Czech Republic
Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic
BMC Public Health 9:19. 2009
..No comprehensive study on cold-related mortality in central Europe has been carried out despite the fact that cold air invasions are more frequent and severe in this region than in western and southern Europe...
- Has the impact of heat waves on mortality changed in France since the European heat wave of summer 2003? A study of the 2006 heat wave
INSERM, U754, IFR69, Universite Paris Sud 11, Epidémiologie Environnementale des Cancers, Villejuif, France
Int J Epidemiol 37:309-17. 2008
..In order to evaluate the effectiveness of those measures, the observed excess mortality during the 2006 heat wave was compared to the expected excess mortality...
- Net carbon dioxide losses of northern ecosystems in response to autumn warming
LSCE, UMR CEA CNRS, Bâtiment 709, CE, L Orme des Merisiers, F 91191 Gif sur Yvette, France
Nature 451:49-52. 2008
..If future autumn warming occurs at a faster rate than in spring, the ability of northern ecosystems to sequester carbon may be diminished earlier than previously suggested...
- Mapping the basic reproduction number (R₀) for vector-borne diseases: a case study on bluetongue virus
N A Hartemink
Theoretical Epidemiology, Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Epidemics 1:153-61. 2009
- Spatial and temporal variations of malaria epidemic risk in Ethiopia: factors involved and implications
Tarekegn Abose Abeku
Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Centre, PO Box 1738, 3000 DR, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Acta Trop 87:331-40. 2003
..A period of low incidence during previous transmission seasons might have aggravated the events, possibly due to low level of immunity in affected populations...
- Photoperiodic control of seasonality in birds
Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire, UK
J Biol Rhythms 16:365-80. 2001
..Avian breeding seasons tend to be of shorter duration and more asymmetric with respect to changes in photoperiod...
- Global application of stable hydrogen and oxygen isotopes to wildlife forensics
Gabriel J Bowen
Department of Biology, University of Utah, 257 South 1400 East, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
Oecologia 143:337-48. 2005
..These maps are available in GIS format at http://www.waterisotopes.org...
- An outbreak of serotype 1 Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis in northern Ghana with features that are characteristic of Neisseria meningitidis meningitis epidemics
Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland
J Infect Dis 192:192-9. 2005
..These epidemics are generally caused by Neisseria meningitidis, an organism that is considered to be uniquely capable of causing meningitis epidemics...
- Space-time clustering of childhood malaria at the household level: a dynamic cohort in a Mali village
Medical Statistics and Informatics Research Team, LIF UMR 6166 CNRS Aix Marseille University, Faculty of Medicine, 27 Bd Jean Moulin 13385 Marseille Cedex 05, France
BMC Public Health 6:286. 2006
..The aim of this study was to identify, spatially and temporally, high-risk zones of malaria, at the household level (resolution of 1 to 3 m)...
- The evolution of epidemic influenza
Martha I Nelson
Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, Department of Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
Nat Rev Genet 8:196-205. 2007
- The prevalence of vitamin D inadequacy amongst women with osteoporosis: an international epidemiological investigation
Vrije Universiteit Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, and Nottingham City Hospital, David Evans Medical Research Centre, UK
J Intern Med 260:245-54. 2006
..A high prevalence of inadequacy has been reported in many studies but the prevalence of inadequacy amongst women with osteoporosis in different regions of the world has not been well characterized...
- Seasonality of rotavirus disease in the tropics: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Department of Environmental Science, University of California, Berkeley, USA
Int J Epidemiol 38:1487-96. 2009
..We present a systematic review and meta-analysis on the seasonal epidemiology of rotavirus in the tropics, including 26 studies reporting continuous monthly rotavirus incidence for which corresponding climatological data was available...
- Inapparent infections and cholera dynamics
Aaron A King
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
Nature 454:877-80. 2008
..Our experience suggests that the confrontation of time-series data with mechanistic models is likely to revise our understanding of the ecology of many infectious diseases...
- Seasonal transmission potential and activity peaks of the new influenza A(H1N1): a Monte Carlo likelihood analysis based on human mobility
Center for Complex Networks and Systems Research, School of Informatics and Computing, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA
BMC Med 7:45. 2009
- Nosema ceranae in European honey bees (Apis mellifera)
Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7044, 75007 Uppsala, Sweden
J Invertebr Pathol 103:S73-9. 2010
..The recent advancements in N. ceranae genetics, with a draft assembly of the N. ceranae genome available, are discussed and the need for increased research on the impacts of this parasite on European honey bees is emphasized...