psychological models

Summary

Summary: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Adverse health effects of high-effort/low-reward conditions
    J Siegrist
    Institute of Medical Sociology, University of Dusseldorf, Germany
    J Occup Health Psychol 1:27-41. 1996
  2. pmc Direct reciprocity with costly punishment: generous tit-for-tat prevails
    David G Rand
    Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Harvard University, Cambridge MA 02138, USA
    J Theor Biol 256:45-57. 2009
  3. ncbi A recurrent network mechanism of time integration in perceptual decisions
    Kong Fatt Wong
    Volen Center for Complex Systems, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts 02454, USA
    J Neurosci 26:1314-28. 2006
  4. ncbi Electrophysiological evidence for two steps in syntactic analysis. Early automatic and late controlled processes
    A Hahne
    Max Plank Institute of Cogniive Neuroscience, InselstraBe 22 26, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 11:194-205. 1999
  5. ncbi Sex differences in aggression between heterosexual partners: a meta-analytic review
    J Archer
    Department of Psychology, University of Central Lancashire, United Kingdom
    Psychol Bull 126:651-80. 2000
  6. ncbi A computational substrate for incentive salience
    Samuel M McClure
    Center for Theoretical Neuroscience, Human Neuroimaging Laboratory, Baylor College of Medicine, 1 Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Trends Neurosci 26:423-8. 2003
  7. ncbi Tonic dopamine: opportunity costs and the control of response vigor
    Yael Niv
    Interdisciplinary Center for Neural Computation, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, 91904, Israel
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 191:507-20. 2007
  8. ncbi A perspective on judgment and choice: mapping bounded rationality
    Daniel Kahneman
    Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Am Psychol 58:697-720. 2003
  9. pmc A behavior change model for internet interventions
    Lee M Ritterband
    Department of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences, Behavioral Health and Technology, University of Virginia Health System, PO Box 801075, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
    Ann Behav Med 38:18-27. 2009
  10. pmc Toward a theoretical model of quality-of-life appraisal: Implications of findings from studies of response shift
    Bruce D Rapkin
    Department of Psychiatry and the Behavioral Sciences, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 2:14. 2004

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications293 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Adverse health effects of high-effort/low-reward conditions
    J Siegrist
    Institute of Medical Sociology, University of Dusseldorf, Germany
    J Occup Health Psychol 1:27-41. 1996
    ..Studying adverse health effects of high-effort/low-reward conditions seems well justified, especially in view of recent developments of the labor market...
  2. pmc Direct reciprocity with costly punishment: generous tit-for-tat prevails
    David G Rand
    Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Harvard University, Cambridge MA 02138, USA
    J Theor Biol 256:45-57. 2009
    ..We find quantitative agreement between our simulation results and data from experimental observations...
  3. ncbi A recurrent network mechanism of time integration in perceptual decisions
    Kong Fatt Wong
    Volen Center for Complex Systems, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts 02454, USA
    J Neurosci 26:1314-28. 2006
    ..Our reduced two-variable neural model offers a simple yet biophysically plausible framework for studying perceptual decision making in general...
  4. ncbi Electrophysiological evidence for two steps in syntactic analysis. Early automatic and late controlled processes
    A Hahne
    Max Plank Institute of Cogniive Neuroscience, InselstraBe 22 26, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    J Cogn Neurosci 11:194-205. 1999
    ..This data pattern suggests that first-pass parsing processes are automatic, whereas second-pass parsing processes are under participants' strategic control...
  5. ncbi Sex differences in aggression between heterosexual partners: a meta-analytic review
    J Archer
    Department of Psychology, University of Central Lancashire, United Kingdom
    Psychol Bull 126:651-80. 2000
    ..Wider variations are discussed in terms of two conflicting norms about physical aggression to partners that operate to different degrees in different cultures...
  6. ncbi A computational substrate for incentive salience
    Samuel M McClure
    Center for Theoretical Neuroscience, Human Neuroimaging Laboratory, Baylor College of Medicine, 1 Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Trends Neurosci 26:423-8. 2003
    ..To the contrary, we demonstrate that both of these functions can be captured in a single computational model of the involvement of dopamine in reward prediction for the purpose of reward seeking...
  7. ncbi Tonic dopamine: opportunity costs and the control of response vigor
    Yael Niv
    Interdisciplinary Center for Neural Computation, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, 91904, Israel
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 191:507-20. 2007
    ....
  8. ncbi A perspective on judgment and choice: mapping bounded rationality
    Daniel Kahneman
    Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Am Psychol 58:697-720. 2003
    ..Variations in the accessibility of rules explain the occasional corrections of intuitive judgments. The study of biases is compatible with a view of intuitive thinking and decision making as generally skilled and successful...
  9. pmc A behavior change model for internet interventions
    Lee M Ritterband
    Department of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences, Behavioral Health and Technology, University of Virginia Health System, PO Box 801075, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
    Ann Behav Med 38:18-27. 2009
    ..To date, however, many of these interventions have not been grounded in theory or developed from behavior change models, and no overarching model to explain behavior change in Internet interventions has yet been published...
  10. pmc Toward a theoretical model of quality-of-life appraisal: Implications of findings from studies of response shift
    Bruce D Rapkin
    Department of Psychiatry and the Behavioral Sciences, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 2:14. 2004
    ....
  11. ncbi Virtually perfect time sharing in dual-task performance: uncorking the central cognitive bottleneck
    E H Schumacher
    Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute and Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    Psychol Sci 12:101-8. 2001
    ..Given this outcome, future research should investigate exactly when and how such sophisticated skills in dual-task performance are acquired...
  12. ncbi The logic of reprobation: assessment and action rules for indirect reciprocation
    Hannelore Brandt
    Fakultät für Mathematik, Nordbergstrasse 15, 1090 Wien, Austria
    J Theor Biol 231:475-86. 2004
    ..The model presented here is based on three specifications: each player has a personal list of images of all co-players, a specific way of judging an observed situation, and a specific strategy to decide whether to cooperate or not...
  13. ncbi Task switching: a PDP model
    Sam J Gilbert
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, United Kingdom
    Cogn Psychol 44:297-337. 2002
    ....
  14. ncbi Matching behavior and the representation of value in the parietal cortex
    Leo P Sugrue
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Neurobiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Science 304:1782-7. 2004
    ..We found that a simple model based on reward history can duplicate this behavior and that neurons in the parietal cortex represent the relative value of competing actions predicted by this model...
  15. ncbi Intentional and unintentional contributions to nonspecific preparation during reaction time foreperiods
    S A Los
    Department of Cognitive Psychology, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 27:370-86. 2001
    ..In addition, the results of 3 experiments provide support for the conditioning view by showing that unintentional contributions to nonspecific preparation can be dissociated from intentional contributions...
  16. ncbi A multidimensional model of obsessive-compulsive disorder
    David Mataix-Cols
    Institute of Psychiatry, London
    Am J Psychiatry 162:228-38. 2005
    ..This heterogeneity can reduce the power and obscure the findings from natural history studies to genome scans, neuroimaging, and clinical trials. The authors review the evidence supporting a multidimensional model of OCD...
  17. ncbi Can social psychological models be used to promote bicycle helmet use among teenagers? A comparison of the Health Belief Model, Theory of Planned Behavior and the Locus of Control
    Timo Lajunen
    Department of Psychology, Middle East Technical University, ODTU 06531, Ankara, Turkey
    J Safety Res 35:115-23. 2004
    ..Attitudes, personality and behavior. Open University Press, Milton Keynes) and Locus of Control model (LC; Psychological Monographs, (1966) (80) in understanding the intention to use bicycle helmet use among bicycle helmet owners...
  18. pmc Day-to-day dynamics of experience--cortisol associations in a population-based sample of older adults
    Emma K Adam
    School of Education and Social Policy and Cells to Society Center, Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:17058-63. 2006
    ..Results are consistent with a dynamic and transactional function of cortisol as both a transducer of psychosocial and emotional experience into physiological activation and an influence on feelings of energy and physical well-being...
  19. ncbi Knowledge may not be the best target for strategies to influence evidence-based practice: using psychological models to understand RCT effects
    D Bonetti
    Dental Health Services Research Unit, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK
    Int J Behav Med 16:287-93. 2009
    ..Interventions to enhance the implementation of evidence-based practice have a varied success rate. This may be due to a lack of understanding of the mechanism by which interventions achieve results...
  20. ncbi An empirical comparison of information-theoretic selection criteria for multivariate behavior genetic models
    Kristian E Markon
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Elliot Hall, 75 East River Road, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Behav Genet 34:593-610. 2004
    ..Results emphasize the importance of further research into theory and computation of information-theoretic criteria...
  21. ncbi Trajectories leading to school-age conduct problems
    Daniel S Shaw
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, USA
    Dev Psychol 39:189-200. 2003
    ..The implications of the results for early intervention research are discussed, with an emphasis on the identification of at-risk parent-child dyads...
  22. ncbi Fitts's law holds for action perception
    Marc Grosjean
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Munich, Germany
    Psychol Sci 18:95-9. 2007
    ..93). To our knowledge, this makes Fitts's law the first motor principle that holds in imagery and the perception of biological and non-biological agents...
  23. ncbi A long-term perspective on person-environment fit and ADL dependence among older Swedish adults
    Susanne Iwarsson
    Division of Gerontology and Caring Science, Lund University, Box 157, SE 221 00 Lund, Sweden
    Gerontologist 45:327-36. 2005
    ..This study described person-environment (P-E) fit and activities of daily living (ADLs) among older adults, and it explored the relationship between P-E fit and ADL dependence, testing Lawton's docility hypothesis at two points in time...
  24. pmc Smoking and the Five-Factor Model of personality
    Antonio Terracciano
    Laboratory of Personality and Cognition, National Institute on Aging, NIH, DHHS, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Addiction 99:472-81. 2004
    ..Investigating the association between personality traits and smoking status using a comprehensive model of personality, the Five-Factor Model (FFM)...
  25. ncbi Multiple spatial correspondence effects on dual-task performance
    M C Lien
    Department of Psychological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 1364, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 26:1260-80. 2000
    ..The results imply that the dual-process model is not applicable to the dual-task context. Multiple correspondence effects across tasks implicate an explanation in terms of automatic S-R translation...
  26. pmc Do changes in effort-reward imbalance at work contribute to an explanation of the social gradient in angina?
    T Chandola
    International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Occup Environ Med 62:223-30. 2005
    ..To determine whether an increase in effort-reward imbalance over time increases the risk of angina, and whether such increases are associated with lower occupational position...
  27. ncbi Utility of a Web-based intervention for individuals with type 2 diabetes: the impact on physical activity levels and glycemic control
    Chun Ja Kim
    Ajou University College of Nursing, Suwon, South Korea
    Comput Inform Nurs 24:337-45. 2006
    ..The findings of this study support the value of Web-based and printed material interventions in healthcare counseling. With increasing Web access, the effectiveness of Web-based programs offered directly to patients needs to be tested...
  28. ncbi Why people punish defectors. Weak conformist transmission can stabilize costly enforcement of norms in cooperative dilemmas
    J Henrich
    University of Michigan, 701 Tappan Road, D3276, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1234, USA
    J Theor Biol 208:79-89. 2001
    ..Finally, once cooperation is prevalent, we show how prosocial genes favoring cooperation and punishment may invade in the wake of cultural group selection...
  29. pmc Distribution of the product confidence limits for the indirect effect: program PRODCLIN
    David P MacKinnon
    Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 1104, USA
    Behav Res Methods 39:384-9. 2007
    ..Several examples are used to illustrate the PRODCLIN program. The PRODCLIN programs in rich text format may be downloaded from www.psychonomic.org/archive...
  30. ncbi Indirect reciprocity among imperfect individuals
    Michael A Fishman
    Department of Zoology, Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
    J Theor Biol 225:285-92. 2003
    ..On the contrary, we are forced to conclude that reciprocity, at least in the current case, is stable only among imperfect individuals...
  31. pmc Frames, biases, and rational decision-making in the human brain
    Benedetto De Martino
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London WC1 3AR, UK
    Science 313:684-7. 2006
    ..This finding highlights the importance of incorporating emotional processes within models of human choice and suggests how the brain may modulate the effect of these biasing influences to approximate rationality...
  32. ncbi Psychology and neurobiology of simple decisions
    Philip L Smith
    Department of Psychology, University of Melbourne, Victoria, 3010, Australia
    Trends Neurosci 27:161-8. 2004
    ..Such models provide a quantitative link between the time-course of behavioral decisions and the growth of stimulus information in neural firing data...
  33. ncbi A unified model for perceptual learning
    Aaron Seitz
    Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:329-34. 2005
    ..Our model provides insights into how neural modulators, attentional and reinforcement learning systems are related...
  34. ncbi Socio-economic status of the patient and doctor-patient communication: does it make a difference?
    S Willems
    Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, Ghent University, UZ 1K3, De Pintelaan 185, B 9000 Gent, Belgium
    Patient Educ Couns 56:139-46. 2005
    ..A more effective communication could be established by both doctors and patients through doctors' awareness of the contextual communicative differences and empowering patients to express concerns and preferences...
  35. ncbi The importance of subjectivity in perceptual errors on the emergence of indirect reciprocity
    Nobuyuki Takahashi
    Department of Behavioral Science, Graduate School of Letters, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060 0810, Japan
    J Theor Biol 243:418-36. 2006
    ..Since we believe that there is no guarantee that perceptual errors are shared among all individuals in a society, we argue that the latter moral principle may play a more important role in human interactions...
  36. ncbi Capturing the dynamics of identity formation in various ethnic groups: development and validation of a three-dimensional model
    Elisabetta Crocetti
    Department of Educational Sciences, University of Macerata, P O Box Piazzale Luigi Bertelli Contrada Vallebona, 62100 Macerata, Italy
    J Adolesc 31:207-22. 2008
    ..Implications and suggestions for future research are discussed...
  37. pmc An empirical evaluation of alternative methods of estimation for confirmatory factor analysis with ordinal data
    David B Flora
    Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA
    Psychol Methods 9:466-91. 2004
    ..Further, WLS performed adequately only at the largest sample size but led to substantial estimation difficulties with smaller samples. Finally, robust WLS performed well across all conditions...
  38. pmc Models of response inhibition in the stop-signal and stop-change paradigms
    Frederick Verbruggen
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 33:647-61. 2009
    ..We present evidence that favors the independent horse-race model but also some evidence that challenges the model. We end with a discussion of recent models that elaborate the role of a stop process in inhibiting a response...
  39. ncbi The role of theory in HIV prevention
    M Fishbein
    Public Policy Center, Annenberg School for Communication University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
    AIDS Care 12:273-8. 2000
    ..This paper will describe and define these variables and show how they can be used in the development of behavioural interventions...
  40. ncbi Dopamine, prediction error and associative learning: a model-based account
    Andrew Smith
    Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Network 17:61-84. 2006
    ..The model distinguishes itself from existing accounts by offering novel predictions pertaining to the firing of dopamine neurons in various untested behavioral scenarios...
  41. ncbi Distracted and confused?: selective attention under load
    Nilli Lavie
    Department of Psychology and Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:75-82. 2005
    ....
  42. pmc Multiple determinants of externalizing behavior in 5-year-olds: a longitudinal model
    Sanny Smeekens
    Department of Developmental Psychology, Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Abnorm Child Psychol 35:347-61. 2007
    ..Furthermore, mediated pathways of influence were found for the parent-child interaction at 15 months (via disorganized attachment) and parental ego-resiliency (via negative parent-child interaction at 28 months)...
  43. ncbi How many kinds of consciousness?
    David M Rosenthal
    Program in Philosophy, Neuroscience, and Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, MO, USA
    Conscious Cogn 11:653-65. 2002
    ..Once the two kinds of phenomenality have been distinguished, the way is clear to explain qualitative consciousness by appeal to a model such as the higher-order-thought hypothesis...
  44. ncbi Putting the psychology back into psychological models: mechanistic versus rational approaches
    Yasuaki Sakamoto
    Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, New Jersey, USA
    Mem Cognit 36:1057-65. 2008
    ....
  45. ncbi Potential roles of parental self-efficacy in parent and child adjustment: a review
    Tracy L Jones
    Department of Psychology, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 20208, USA
    Clin Psychol Rev 25:341-63. 2005
    ....
  46. ncbi Psychological models of professional decision making
    Mandeep K Dhami
    City University, London, United Kingdom
    Psychol Sci 14:175-80. 2003
    ..Problematically, these earlier decisions were not significantly related to case characteristics. These findings have implications for the types of models researchers use to capture professional decision-making policies...
  47. ncbi Validation evidence for Turkish adaptation of Champion's Health Belief Model Scales
    Sebahat Gozum
    Department of Public Health Nursing, Ataturk University School of Nursing, Erzurum, Turkey
    Cancer Nurs 27:491-8. 2004
    ..Psychometric testing demonstrated satisfactory internal consistency and validity of the instrument for this group of women. It can be used in planning and testing interventions to improve BSE beliefs and practice...
  48. pmc Imitation dynamics predict vaccinating behaviour
    Chris T Bauch
    Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Guelph Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1
    Proc Biol Sci 272:1669-75. 2005
    ..This suggests that using game theoretical models to predict, and even manage, the population dynamics of vaccinating behaviour may be feasible...
  49. ncbi Adaptive face coding and discrimination around the average face
    Gillian Rhodes
    The University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
    Vision Res 47:974-89. 2007
    ..We conclude that adaptive face coding does not enhance discrimination around the average face...
  50. ncbi Schizophrenia
    Jim Van Os
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, South Limburg Mental Health Research and Teaching Network, EURON, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, Netherlands
    Lancet 374:635-45. 2009
    ..Although current treatments provide control rather than cure, long-term hospitalisation is not required and prognosis is better than traditionally assumed...
  51. ncbi The use of theory in health behavior research from 2000 to 2005: a systematic review
    Julia E Painter
    Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Rd, NE, Rm 530, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Ann Behav Med 35:358-62. 2008
    ..No previous reviews have assessed the extent to which theory is used (that is, operationalized and tested) in empirical research...
  52. ncbi Conflict, collusion or collaboration in consultations about medically unexplained symptoms: the need for a curriculum of medical explanation
    Peter Salmon
    Division of Clinical Psychology, University of Liverpool, Whelan Building, Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L69 3GB, UK
    Patient Educ Couns 67:246-54. 2007
    ..To identify the basis of the communication problems that characterise consultations about medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) and to identify implications for clinical education...
  53. ncbi Comorbidity of anxiety and unipolar mood disorders
    S Mineka
    Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 49:377-412. 1998
    ..This work has focused on both the cognitive content of anxiety and depression and on the effects that anxiety and depression have on information processing for mood-congruent material...
  54. ncbi Neural substrates of implicit and explicit emotional processes: a unifying framework for psychosomatic medicine
    Richard D Lane
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Arizona, 1501 N Campbell Ave, Tucson, AZ 85724 5002, USA
    Psychosom Med 70:214-31. 2008
    ..The implications of this psychobiological model for research in psychosomatic medicine are discussed...
  55. ncbi The Prospective and Retrospective Memory Questionnaire (PRMQ): Normative data and latent structure in a large non-clinical sample
    John R Crawford
    Department of Psychology, King s College, University of Aberdeen, UK
    Memory 11:261-75. 2003
    ..In addition, tables are provided to allow users to assess the reliability and abnormality of differences between an individual's scores on the Prospective and Retrospective scales...
  56. ncbi A factor model of the functional psychoses and the relationship of factors to clinical variables and brain morphology
    A M McIntosh
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Edinburgh
    Psychol Med 31:159-71. 2001
    ..We propose that the use of symptom factors may facilitate the investigation of the underlying mechanisms of psychotic illness...
  57. ncbi Psychological and behavioral mechanisms influencing the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in cancer patients
    K Hirai
    Graduate School of Human Sciences, Osaka University, 1 2 Yamadaoka, Suita Osaka 565 0871, Japan
    Ann Oncol 19:49-55. 2008
    ....
  58. ncbi Adolescent resilience: a framework for understanding healthy development in the face of risk
    Stevenson Fergus
    Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 48109, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 26:399-419. 2005
    ..We then discuss implications that resilience research has for intervention and describe some resilience-based interventions...
  59. pmc Cortical substrates for exploratory decisions in humans
    Nathaniel D Daw
    Gatsby Computational Neuroscience Unit, University College London UCL, Alexandra House, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Nature 441:876-9. 2006
    ....
  60. ncbi Limbic corticostriatal systems and delayed reinforcement
    Rudolf N Cardinal
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EB, UK
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1021:33-50. 2004
    ....
  61. ncbi A normative perspective on motivation
    Yael Niv
    Interdisciplinary Center for Neural Computation, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:375-81. 2006
    ..However, in novel states, we propose that outcome-independent, global effects of the utilities can 'energize' habitual actions...
  62. ncbi Stage theories of health behavior: conceptual and methodological issues
    N D Weinstein
    Department of Human Ecology, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick 08903, USA
    Health Psychol 17:290-9. 1998
    ..The most commonly used design, which involves cross-sectional comparisons of people believed to be in different stages, is shown to have only limited value for testing whether behavior change follows a stage process...
  63. ncbi Is job strain a major source of cardiovascular disease risk?
    Karen L Belkic
    Karolinska Institute, Department of Oncology Medical Radiation Physics, PO Box 260, Stockholm, SE 17176 Sweden
    Scand J Work Environ Health 30:85-128. 2004
    ..Additional intervention studies are needed to examine the impact of ameliorating job strain upon CVD-related outcomes...
  64. ncbi The association between traumatic experience, paranoia and hallucinations: a test of the predictions of psychological models
    A Gracie
    King s College London, Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 116:280-9. 2007
    ..The current study investigated the relationship between trauma and predisposition to hallucinations and to paranoia in a non-clinical sample...
  65. ncbi Factors associated with breast self-examination practices and beliefs in female workers at a Muslim community
    Ilknur Aydin Avci
    Nursing Department, Samsun Health School, Ondokuz May University, Public Health Nursing, Turkey
    Eur J Oncol Nurs 12:127-33. 2008
    ..Higher levels of health motivation and higher perceived self-efficacy of BSE were also significantly associated with knowledge of BSE...
  66. ncbi Double dissociations in visual and spatial short-term memory
    Karl Christoph Klauer
    Psychologisches Institut, Rheinische Friedrich Wilhelms Universitat Bonn, Bonn, Germany
    J Exp Psychol Gen 133:355-81. 2004
    ....
  67. ncbi Continuity of temperament from infancy to middle childhood
    Niina Komsi
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, P O Box 9, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
    Infant Behav Dev 29:494-508. 2006
    ..These findings give empirical credence to Rothbart's theory by replicating and extending previous findings in significant ways...
  68. ncbi Load theory of selective attention and cognitive control
    Nilli Lavie
    Department of Psychology, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Exp Psychol Gen 133:339-54. 2004
    ..This theory resolves the long-standing early versus late selection debate and clarifies the role of cognitive control in selective attention...
  69. ncbi Working memory and language: an overview
    Alan Baddeley
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, 8 Woodland Rd, Bristol, BS8 1TN, UK
    J Commun Disord 36:189-208. 2003
    ..An attempt throughout is made to link the model to its role in both normal and disordered language functions...
  70. ncbi Global workspace theory of consciousness: toward a cognitive neuroscience of human experience
    Bernard J Baars
    The Neurosciences Institute, 10640 John Jay Hopkins Dv, San Diego, CA 92121, USA
    Prog Brain Res 150:45-53. 2005
    ..These findings are consistent with the GW hypothesis, which is now favored by a number of scientists and philosophers...
  71. pmc The nature of letter crowding as revealed by first- and second-order classification images
    Anirvan S Nandy
    Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089 1061, USA
    J Vis 7:5.1-26. 2007
    ..However, the feature-masking account and a front-end version of the spatial attention account of crowding are not supported by our data...
  72. ncbi Clarifying quality of life assessment: do theoretical models capture the underlying cognitive processes?
    Elsbeth F Bloem
    Department of Medical Psychology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, PO Box 22700, 1100 DE, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Qual Life Res 17:1093-102. 2008
    ..Tourangeau et al.'s (The psychology of survey response, 2000) and Rapkin and Schwartz' (Health Qual Life Outcomes 2:14, 2004) cognitive process models form the basis for this analysis scheme...
  73. ncbi Cognition in mania and depression: psychological models and clinical implications
    Samuel R Chamberlain
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, UK
    Curr Psychiatry Rep 6:451-8. 2004
    ..Diagnostic and Statistical Manual criteria and psychological models strongly implicate cognitive dysfunctions as being integral to our understanding of these disorders...
  74. ncbi Indirect reciprocity can stabilize cooperation without the second-order free rider problem
    Karthik Panchanathan
    Center for Behavior, Evolution, and Culture and Department of Anthropology, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    Nature 432:499-502. 2004
    ..However, we also show that such a strategy cannot invade a population in which indirect reciprocity is not linked to collective action, thus leaving unexplained how collective action arises...
  75. ncbi Trading off speed and accuracy in rapid, goal-directed movements
    Mark Dean
    Department of Economics, New York University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Vis 7:10.1-12. 2007
    ..Overall, the performance of 13 out of 16 subjects was indistinguishable from optimal. We concluded that in planning movements, humans take into account their own SAT to maximize expected gain...
  76. pmc From social structural factors to perceptions of relationship quality and loneliness: the Chicago health, aging, and social relations study
    Louise C Hawkley
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Biopsychological Sciences Building, 940 East 57th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 63:S375-84. 2008
    ..The objective of this study was to test a conceptual model of loneliness in which social structural factors are posited to operate through proximal factors to influence perceptions of relationship quality and loneliness...
  77. ncbi Can psychological models bridge the gap between clinical guidelines and clinicians' behaviour? A randomised controlled trial of an intervention to influence dentists' intention to implement evidence-based practice
    D Bonetti
    School of Psychology, University of St Andrews
    Br Dent J 195:403-7; discussion 387. 2003
    ..Research using psychological models demonstrates that changing intention is very important in changing behaviour...
  78. ncbi Interventions to prevent weight gain: a systematic review of psychological models and behaviour change methods
    W Hardeman
    General Practice and Primary Care Research Unit, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24:131-43. 2000
    ..To identify and review published interventions aimed at the prevention of weight gain...
  79. ncbi Predictors of influenza vaccine acceptance among healthy adults
    G B Chapman
    Psychology Department, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, USA
    Prev Med 29:249-62. 1999
    ..Few studies have examined flu shot acceptance among healthy adults in workplace settings, even though influenza vaccine is recommended for this group as well...
  80. pmc Further development of YBOCS dimensions in the OCD Collaborative Genetics study: symptoms vs. categories
    Anthony Pinto
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown Medical School, Butler Hospital, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    Psychiatry Res 160:83-93. 2008
    ..The results support investigation of this multidimensional model in OCD genetic linkage studies...
  81. ncbi Knowing--in medicine
    Joachim P Sturmberg
    Monash University and Newcastle University, Australia
    J Eval Clin Pract 14:767-70. 2008
    ..Medical knowledge is inherently uncertain, and we require a context-driven flexible approach to knowledge discovery and application, in clinical practice as well as in health service planning...
  82. ncbi Self-esteem and resilience: the connection with risky behavior among adolescents
    Zuzana Veselska
    Kosice Institute for Society and Health, and Department of Educational Psychology and Health Psychology, Faculty of Arts, PJ Safarik University, Moyzesova 16, 040 01, Kosice, Slovakia
    Addict Behav 34:287-91. 2009
    ..These results imply that the prevention of substance use should target not only specific individual characteristics, but also the possible risk or protective influences of the social environment, i.e. the family and social network...
  83. ncbi Maternal and contextual influences and the effect of temperament development during infancy on parenting in toddlerhood
    David J Bridgett
    School of Medicine, Child Study Center, Yale University, 230 S Frontage Rd, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Infant Behav Dev 32:103-16. 2009
    ..The implications for models of early emotion regulation and incorporating changes in temperament over time into developmentally sensitive models (e.g., emerging parenting practices and developmental psychopathology) are discussed...
  84. pmc The uncrowded window of object recognition
    Denis G Pelli
    Department of Psychology and Center for Neural Science, New York University, 6 Washington Place, New York, New York 10003, USA
    Nat Neurosci 11:1129-35. 2008
    ..The region where object spacing exceeds critical spacing is the 'uncrowded window'. Observers cannot recognize objects outside of this window and its size limits the speed of reading and search...
  85. ncbi Decision makers conceive of their choices as interventions
    York Hagmayer
    Department of Psychology, University of Gottingen, Germany
    J Exp Psychol Gen 138:22-38. 2009
    ..Boundary conditions on causal decision making and examples of faulty causal inferences in choice (e.g., self-deception) are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved)...
  86. ncbi Inequality constrained analysis of variance: a Bayesian approach
    Irene Klugkist
    Department of Methodology and Statistics, University of Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands
    Psychol Methods 10:477-93. 2005
    ..The article concludes with two illustrations: a one-way analysis of covariance and an analysis of a three-way table of ordered means...
  87. ncbi A cognitive model of posttraumatic stress disorder
    A Ehlers
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, UK
    Behav Res Ther 38:319-45. 2000
    ..Recent studies have provided preliminary support for several aspects of the model...
  88. ncbi A review of recent developments in research and theories on human contingency learning
    Jan De Houwer
    Department of Psychology, University of Ghent, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Q J Exp Psychol B 55:289-310. 2002
    ..We provide a brief review of these recent developments and try to point to issues that need to be addressed in future research...
  89. ncbi Can virtual reality be used to investigate persecutory ideation?
    Daniel Freeman
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, Denmark Hill, London, UK
    J Nerv Ment Dis 191:509-14. 2003
    ..Virtual reality may prove to be a valuable methodology for developing an understanding of persecutory ideation...
  90. ncbi The potential synergy between cognitive models and modern psychometric models
    Jakob B Bjorner
    National Institute of Occupational Health, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Qual Life Res 12:261-74. 2003
    ..Such analyses provide new possibilities for combining psychometrics and cognitive methods...
  91. ncbi Testing a theoretical model of exercise behavior for older adults
    Barbara Resnick
    University of Maryland School of Nursing, Baltimore, USA
    Nurs Res 52:80-8. 2003
    ..Understanding the factors that explain exercise behavior in older adults will help structure interventions that motivate these individuals to initiate and adhere to regular exercise...
  92. pmc Factors related to medication adherence in memory disorder clinic patients
    R L Ownby
    Department of Psychology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, USA
    Aging Ment Health 10:378-85. 2006
    ..Results thus suggest that efforts to educate patients about the likely response of their medical condition to treatment and to assess and deal with medication side effects might improve patient adherence...
  93. ncbi Explaining medically unexplained symptoms-models and mechanisms
    Winfried Rief
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Marburg, Gutenbergstrasse 18, 35032 Marburg, Germany
    Clin Psychol Rev 27:821-41. 2007
    ..We conclude that psychological mechanisms such as expectation, distraction, and memory processes need to be integrated with biological models to aid understanding of MUS...
  94. ncbi Phobias and preparedness: the selective, automatic, and encapsulated nature of fear
    Susan Mineka
    Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208 2710, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 52:927-37. 2002
    ..Finally, we propose that there are two levels of fear conditioning, with an emotional level that is relatively independent of the cognitive contingency level, each mediated by different brain areas...
  95. ncbi Pathological gambling: a comprehensive review of biobehavioral findings
    Anna E Goudriaan
    Academic Medical Center University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam Institute for Addicition Research, The Netherlands
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 28:123-41. 2004
    ..A framework for future studies is suggested, indicating the need for studies that integrate knowledge from different research areas, and that employ stricter diagnostic screening methods and inclusion of clinical control groups...
  96. ncbi A pathways model of problem and pathological gambling
    Alex Blaszczynski
    Department of Psychology, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Addiction 97:487-99. 2002
    ..These groups include (a) behaviourally conditioned problem gamblers, (b) emotionally vulnerable problem gamblers and (c) antisocial, impulsivist problem gamblers. The implications for clinical management are discussed...
  97. ncbi 1987 Volvo award in clinical sciences. A new clinical model for the treatment of low-back pain
    G Waddell
    Orthopaedic Department, Western Infirmary, Glasgow, Scotland
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 12:632-44. 1987
    ..Management must change from a negative philosophy of rest for pain to more active restoration of function. Only a new model and understanding of illness by physicians and patients alike makes real change possible...
  98. ncbi Culture and inattentional blindness: a global workspace perspective
    Rodrick Wallace
    The New York State Psychiatric Institute, Box 47, 1051 Riverside Dr, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Theor Biol 245:378-90. 2007
    ....
  99. ncbi Uncertainty appraisal coping and quality of life in breast cancer survivors
    Tipaporn Wonghongkul
    Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
    Cancer Nurs 29:250-7. 2006
    ..All 3 variables explained 21.8% variance of quality of life. Uncertainty and harm appraisal influence quality of life in breast cancer survivors. Suggestions and further implications were included...
  100. ncbi Women's views of caring for family members: use of respite care
    Sirpa Salin
    Department of Nursing Science, University of Tampere, Pirkanmaa Hospital District, Finland
    J Gerontol Nurs 33:37-45. 2007
    ..The results of the study challenge health care professionals to commit themselves to family-centered work, in which knowing the family's history and current life situation is key to providing high-quality services...
  101. ncbi Factors related to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease readmission in Taiwan
    Yea Jyh Chen
    Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106 4906, USA
    West J Nurs Res 28:105-24. 2006
    ..The study reinforced the need for identification of cultural differences and low functioning as risk factors for early readmission so they can be addressed in discharge planning...

Research Grants17

  1. Using Doctor-Patient Teams to Reduce Health Disparities
    Louis Penner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..If successful, the study should provide an exportable means of improving communication between physicians and minority group patients and reducing disparities in health care. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  2. HEALTH BELIEFS AND ALCOHOL USE IN PREGNANT WOMEN
    Maria Testa; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Future research will also be applied towards prevention; for example, through the development of educational strategies based on the health belief variables examined in this study...
  3. GENDER IDENTITY, AND SEC STEREOTYPES
    RICHARD ASHMORE; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ....
  4. SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS IN TEEN AND ADULT SMOKING
    Steven Sherman; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..originally followed between 1980-1983 to prospectively predict adolescent smoking initiation from social psychological models. Additional follow-ups were conducted in 1987-1988 and 1993-1994 (each with 73% participation of the total ..
  5. The Daily Experience of Somatic Anxiety and Worry in Lung Cancer Survivors
    KEITH ROBERT ARONSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  6. Message Framing Effects on Youth's Smoking Behavior
    Isaac Lipkus; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Adolescent and young adult smoking cessation programs have applied stage-based and social psychological models of attitude-behavior relations...
  7. USE OF FLICKER TO ANALYZE THE VISUAL SYSTEM
    Andrew Stockman; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. Bracing in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (BrAIST)
    Stuart Weinstein; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..recruitment, mapping the model of psychosocial reaction to the condition and its treatment, modeling psychological models of treatment adherence and the development of objective measures of adherence, validating radiographic ..
  9. HIV-RELATED RISK BEHAVIOR AMONG BLACK GAY & BISEXUAL MEN
    Vickie Mays; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..health care in this population; 3> seek to identify predictor of risk detection behaviors using social psychological models of attitude-behavior relationships; 4> examine methodological issues in the area of assessing ethnic ..
  10. ADVERTISING & YOUTHFUL EXPERIMENTATION WITH ALCOHOL
    Paul Gruenewald; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The long term goal of this study is to provide a causal analysis of the effects of advertising exposure that can be used as the basis for future prevention efforts...
  11. ACCEPTANCE AND POLYSUBSTANCE ABUSING METHADONE CLIENTS
    Steven Hayes; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Many psychological models of substance abuse suggest that substance abusers use, in part, to reduce (i.e...
  12. Drug Abuse, Psychological Variables and Suicide Attempts
    Gregory Brown; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  13. Attentional Recovery: Behavioral, ERP and fMRI Measures
    Alexandra List; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Although the data will contribute to psychological models of attentional allocation, they will also importantly broaden the understanding of recovery from neglect (..
  14. SERIAL-PATTERN LEARNING IN RATS
    STEPHEN FOUNTAIN; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Such a model would be useful for the areas of behavioral neuroscience, behavioral pharmacology, and behavioral toxicology. The resulting psychological model will contribute to our general understanding of animal cognitive capacity...
  15. Emotional Mechanisms /Blood-Injection-Injury Phobia
    Olubunmi Olatunji; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This research will provide an important contribution to the understanding of the emotions that mediate BII phobia, thus potentially providing a foundation for incorporating effective treatment strategies. ..
  16. NEURAL RECORDINGS AND REACTION TIME MODELS
    Roger Ratcliff; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. Biometrical Modeling of Fertility Using the NLSY
    JOSEPH RODGERS; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Potential moderators/mediators include education, family structure, and quality of the family environment. ..