Summary: The study, based on direct observation, use of statistical records, interviews, or experimental methods, of actual practices or the actual impact of practices or policies.
Publications213 found, 100 shown here
- Environmental scanning as a moderator of strategy-performance relationships: an empirical analysis of physical therapy facilitiesMark A Davis
Department of Management, University of North Texas, Denton, TX 76203 5429, USA
Health Serv Manage Res 21:81-92. 2008..However, a paradoxical pattern of results has possible implications for clinician managers in subacute care settings as well as the interpretation of scanning activities...
- A systematic review of empirical research on self-reported racism and healthYin Paradies
Centre for Health and Society, University of Melbourne, Australia
Int J Epidemiol 35:888-901. 2006..Ensuring the quality of studies in this field will allow future research to reveal the complex role that racism plays as a determinant of population health...
- Perceptual organization in schizophrenia spectrum disorders: empirical research and theoretical implicationsPeter J Uhlhaas
Department of Neurophysiology, Max Planck Institute for Brain Research, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Psychol Bull 131:618-32. 2005..These suggest that deficits in perceptual organization may be one manifestation of a wider disturbance in the integration of contextually related information across space and time...
- Empirical research on empathy in medicine-A critical reviewReidar Pedersen
Department of General Practice and Community Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
Patient Educ Couns 76:307-22. 2009There is a growing amount of empirical research on empathy in medicine. This critical review assesses methodological limitations in this body of research that have not received adequate attention.
- The birth of the empirical turn in bioethicsPascal Borry
Center for Biomedical Ethics and Law, Faculty of Medicine, K U Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer 35 3, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
Bioethics 19:49-71. 2005..Now, bioethics tends to accommodate more empirical research. Three hypotheses explain this emergence...
- Replicating empirical research in behavioral ecology: how and why it should be done but rarely ever isClint D Kelly
Department of Biology, University of Toronto at Mississauga, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
Q Rev Biol 81:221-36. 2006..I also explain how to employ various statistics to test the replicability of a series of studies and illustrate these using published studies from the literature...
- Nursing and patient safety in the operating roomHerdis Alfredsdottir
Operating Room, National University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
J Adv Nurs 61:29-37. 2008..This paper is a report of a study to identify what operating room nurses believe influences patient safety and how they see their role in enhancing patient safety...
- The role of empirical research in bioethicsAlexander A Kon
University of California Davis, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
Am J Bioeth 9:59-65. 2009..While many have argued that empirical research merely illuminates current practices and cannot inform normative ethics, others assert that research-based ..
- Roughly right or precisely wrong? Systematic review of quality-of-life weights elicited with the time trade-off methodTrude Arnesen
Institute for Applied International Studies, Borggt 2B, Pb 2947 Toyen, N 0608 Oslo, Norway
J Health Serv Res Policy 9:43-50. 2004..How reliable are the results of this method, when limited to one specific perspective, as input for cost-utility analysis?..
- The QALY model and individual preferences for health states and health profiles over time: a systematic review of the literatureAki Tsuchiya
Centre for Well being in Public Policy, School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
Med Decis Making 25:460-7. 2005....
- Sociology of pharmaceuticals development and regulation: a realist empirical research programmeJohn Abraham
School of Social Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, UK
Sociol Health Illn 30:869-85. 2008....
- Empirical research about same-sex intimate partner violence: a methodological reviewChristine E Murray
Department of Counseling and Educational Development, The University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, North Carolina, USA
J Homosex 56:361-86. 2009This article presents a systematic review of empirical research examining intimate partner violence among same-sex couples. Seventeen studies that met the inclusion criteria were rated using a 15-item evaluation questionnaire...
- Constructing empirical bioethics: Foucauldian reflections on the empirical turn in bioethics researchRichard E Ashcroft
Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, United Kingdom
Health Care Anal 11:3-13. 2003..The analysis in this paper is based on Foucauldian ideas, and on recent work in the history of the human sciences. The paper closes with some open questions for theoretical work in the sociology and philosophy of bioethics...
- The rise of empirical research in medical ethics: a MacIntyrean critique and proposalRyan E Lawrence
Columbia University Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry, New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1051 Riverside Drive, Box 103, New York, NY 10032, USA
J Med Philos 36:206-16. 2011Hume's is/ought distinction has long limited the role of empirical research in ethics, saying that data about what something is cannot yield conclusions about the way things ought to be...
- Current empirical research in neonatal bioethicsCameron H Swinton
The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
Acta Paediatr 99:1773-81. 2010..In this paper, we review recent empirical research in neonatal bioethics...
- Empirical data and moral theory. A plea for integrated empirical ethicsBert Molewijk
Departments of Medical Decision Making and Medical Ethics, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands
Med Health Care Philos 7:55-69. 2004..The paper ends with three suggestions for consideration on some of the future challenges of integrated empirical ethics...
- 'Nobody tosses a dwarf!' The relation between the empirical and the normative reexaminedCarlo Leget
Tilburg University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Religious Studies and Theology, Tilburg, The Netherlands
Bioethics 23:226-35. 2009..In each stage, we explore the perspective from both the empirical (sociological) and the normative ethical point of view. We conclude by applying our five-stage critical applied ethics to the example of dwarf tossing...
- What is the role of empirical research in bioethical reflection and decision-making? An ethical analysisPascal Borry
Center for Biomedical Ethics and Law, K U Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer 35 3, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
Med Health Care Philos 7:41-53. 2004The field of bioethics is increasingly coming into contact with empirical research findings. In this article, we ask what role empirical research can play in the process of ethical clarification and decision-making...
- Empirical ethics and its alleged meta-ethical fallaciesRob de Vries
Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, IQ Healthcare, Section Ethics, Philosophy and History of Medicine, The Netherlands
Bioethics 23:193-201. 2009..Moreover, it answers the question of whether empirical ethics (necessarily) commits these three basic meta-ethical fallacies...
- Symbiotic empirical ethics: a practical methodologyLucy Frith
University of Liverpool Institute of Psychology, Health and Society, The Waterhouse Buildings, Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L69 3GL, United Kingdom
Bioethics 26:198-206. 2012..field of academic inquiry; and recent trends in scholarship have been towards more engagement with empirical research. This 'empirical turn' has provoked extensive debate over how such 'descriptive' research carried out in the ..
- Integrated empirical ethics: in search for clarifying identitiesBert Molewijk
Department of Medical Decision Making, Leiden University Medical Centre LUMC, Leiden, The Netherlands
Med Health Care Philos 7:85-7; discussion 89-91. 2004
- What 'empirical turn in bioethics'?Samia Hurst
Institute for Biomedical Ethics, CMU 1 Rue Michel Servet, 1211 Geneva samia hurst unige ch
Bioethics 24:439-44. 2010..Conducting empirical research to inform normative reasoning is the usual meaning given to the term 'empirical turn'...
- Competence of mentally ill patients: a comparative empirical studyJ Vollmann
Institute for History of Medicine and Medical Ethics, Friedrich Alexander University, Erlangen Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany
Psychol Med 33:1463-71. 2003..The outcome of an objective test instrument is presented and compared with clinical assessment of competence by the attending physician...
- A conceptual and empirical review of the meaning, measurement, development, and teaching of intervention competence in clinical psychologyBrian A Sharpless
Center for Psychotherapy Research, University of Pennsylvania, 3535 Market Street, 6th Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Clin Psychol Rev 29:47-56. 2009..Lastly, we discuss several potential impediments to large scale competence assessment and education, such as the heterogeneity of therapeutic orientations and what could be termed a lack of transparency in clinical training...
- Reflective equilibrium and empirical data: third person moral experiences in empirical medical ethicsMartine De Vries
Department of Medical Ethics and Health Law, Leiden University Medical Center, The Netherlands
Bioethics 24:490-8. 2010..This 'empirical turn' is especially visible in bioethics. There are various ways of combining empirical research and ethical reflection...
- Systematic empirical research versus clinical case studies: a valid antagonism?Morris N Eagle
Derner Institute for Advanced Psychological Studies, Adelphi University, Los Angeles, USA
J Am Psychoanal Assoc 59:791-818. 2011This paper considers the issue of systematic empirical research versus clinical case studies raised by Hoffman (2009)...
- Prediction of cancer incidence in the Nordic countries: empirical comparison of different approachesBjørn Møller
Kreftregisteret, Institute of Population Based Cancer Research, N 0310 Oslo, Norway
Stat Med 22:2751-66. 2003....
- Productive innovations in hospitals: an empirical research on the relation between technology and productivity in the Dutch hospital industryJos L T Blank
Institute for Public Sector Efficiency Studies, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
Health Econ 18:665-79. 2009..The index numbers are included in the cost function specification and estimation. The results indicate that technical change is non-neutral and output- biased and that some technologies affect cost in beneficial ways...
- De-escalation therapy in ventilator-associated pneumoniaJordi Rello
Critical Care Department, Joan XXIII University Hospital, University Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain
Crit Care Med 32:2183-90. 2004..To evaluate de-escalation of antibiotic therapy in patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia...
- Empiric broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy of nosocomial pneumonia in the intensive care unit: a prospective observational studyFrancisco Alvarez-Lerma
Servicio de Medicina Intensiva, Hospital del Mar, Barcelona, Spain
Crit Care 10:R78. 2006....
- Procedural misconceptions and informed consent: insights from empirical research on the clinical trials industryJill A Fisher
Consortium for Science, Policy and Outcomes, Arizona State University, USA
Kennedy Inst Ethics J 16:251-68. 2006..In the context of biomedical research, procedural misconceptions can be seen to function as root causes of therapeutic misconceptions...
- Evidence-based medicine and its role in ethical decision-makingPascal Borry
Center for Biomedical Ethics and Law, K U Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer, Leuven, Belgium
J Eval Clin Pract 12:306-11. 2006..of norms, values, principles and ethical theories can lead to other choices than those proposed by empirical research findings. Ethical decision making must be informed and legitimated by the best available medical research...
- Evidence-based ethics? On evidence-based practice and the "empirical turn" from normative bioethicsMaya J Goldenberg
Department of Philosophy, Michigan State University, 503 South Kedzie Hall, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
BMC Med Ethics 6:E11. 2005....
- An empirical explanation of aperture effectsKyongje Sung
Center for Cognitive Neuroscience and Department of Neurobiology, Duke University, Box 90999, Durham, NC 27708, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:298-303. 2009....
- Critical bioethics: beyond the social science critique of applied ethicsAdam M Hedgecoe
Department of Sociology, School of Social Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9QN, UK
Bioethics 18:120-143. 2004..Critical bioethics requires bioethicists to root their enquiries in empirical research, to challenge theories using evidence, to be reflexive and to be sceptical about the claims of other ..
- Empirical research in bioethical journals. A quantitative analysisP Borry
Center for Biomedical Ethics and Law, K U Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer 35 3, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
J Med Ethics 32:240-5. 2006The objective of this research is to analyse the evolution and nature of published empirical research in the fields of medical ethics and bioethics.
- Where do all the undergraduate and new graduate nurses go and why? A search for empirical research evidenceLynda Gaynor
School of Nursing, University of Queensland, Australia
Aust J Adv Nurs 24:26-32. 2006..To review the published scientific literature for studies quantifying or examining factors associated with the attrition of undergraduate nursing students in pre-registration programs and the retention of graduate nurses in the workforce...
- Optimal recall length in survey designPhilip M Clarke
School of Public Health, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
J Health Econ 27:1275-84. 2008..A statistical framework is used to explore this trade-off. Finally we illustrate how optimal recall periods can be estimated using hospital use data from Sweden's Survey of Living Conditions...
- Implicit normativity in evidence-based medicine: a plea for integrated empirical ethics researchA C Molewijk
Department of Medical Decision Making 1087, Leiden University Medical Center LUMC, P O Box 9600, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands
Health Care Anal 11:69-92. 2003..autonomy and informed consent, but they also call for a broader scope of morality than does traditional empirical research in bioethics...
- Evidence-based ethics--what it should be and what it shouldn'tDaniel Strech
Institute of Medical Ethics, University of Tubingen, Schleichstrasse 8, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
BMC Med Ethics 9:16. 2008....
- Use and abuse of empirical knowledge in contemporary bioethicsJan Helge Solbakk
Center for Medical Ethics, University of Oslo, Box 1130, Blindern, 0318 Oslo, Norway
Med Health Care Philos 7:5-16. 2004..Finally, the procedural problem of safeguarding the selection of empirical arguments against undue forms of normative bias will be addressed...
- The future of empirical research in bioethicsJeremy Sugarman
Faculty of the Phoebe R Berman Bioethics Institute, Department of Medicine at the Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
J Law Med Ethics 32:226-31, 190. 2004Good empirical research is essential to providing sound answers about the facts of the matter, thereby informing bioethical theory and policy...
- Telemedicine evaluationRashid Bashshur
The University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0402, USA
Telemed J E Health 11:296-316. 2005..These consist of large-scale experimental studies and theoretical and empirical triangulation for assessing the available empirical evidence...
- Seeking proof where the subject is ill-defined and the outcomes limitedKarolyn Leslea White
University of Sydney
Am J Bioeth 8:15-7; author reply W1-2. 2008
- Determinants of the intracluster correlation coefficient in cluster randomized trials: the case of implementation researchMarion K Campbell
Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, UK
Clin Trials 2:99-107. 2005..This study demonstrates that ICCs are sensitive to a number of trial factors, particularly setting and outcome type. These factors must be considered when planning such cluster randomized trials...
- Who is buying bioethics research?Richard R Sharp
Bioethics Research, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Ave, Room JJ 60, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
Am J Bioeth 8:54-8; discussion W1-2. 2008..These findings suggest that worries about the cooption of bioethics research by a few interested stakeholders are greatly overstated and undersupported by available data...
- Burnout and personality in intensive care: an empirical studyK E Bühler
Julius Maximilians University in Würzburg, Germany
Hosp Top 81:5-12. 2003..The application and significance of this study for future burnout research are discussed...
- You say person, I say property: does it really matter what we call an embryo?Jessica Berg
Case Western Reserve University
Am J Bioeth 4:17-8. 2004
- Bioethics research and the language of methodological uncertaintyLinda F Hogle
Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics
Am J Bioeth 4:13-4; discussion W31-2. 2004
- Bias in journalistic accounts of embryo research reconsideredRobert Baker
The Graduate College of Union University
Am J Bioeth 4:15-6; discussion W31-2. 2004
- Re-framing the question: what do we really want to know about rural healthcare ethics?Ann Freeman Cook
The University of Montana, USA
Am J Bioeth 6:51-3. 2006
- Defining "research" in rural healthcare ethicsJessica Prata Miller
University of Maine, USA
Am J Bioeth 6:59-61. 2006
- Empirical support for the United States Supreme Court's protection of the psychotherapist-patient privilegeJennifer Evans Marsh
Deparment of Psychology, Drexel University, USA
Ethics Behav 13:385-400. 2003..Results provide empirical support for the U.S. Supreme Court's recognition of the psychotherapist-patient privilege in Jaffee v. Redmond (1996)...
- Trauma professionals' attitudes toward and utilization of evidence-based practicesMatt J Gray
University of Wyoming, USA
Behav Modif 31:732-48. 2007..Even respondents utilizing unsupported treatments espoused positive EBP opinions, suggesting that practitioners may hold widely varying evidentiary standards...
- Outpatient commitment: a therapeutic jurisprudence analysisBruce J Winick
University of Miami School of Law, 1311 Miller Drive, Room G477, Coral Gables, FL 33146, USA
Psychol Public Policy Law 9:107-44. 2003....
- All STDs are not created equal: an analysis of the differential effects of sexual behaviour changes on different STDsS D Pinkerton
Center for AIDS Intervention Research, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee 53202, USA
Int J STD AIDS 14:320-8. 2003..The results of this study suggest caution in extrapolating from one STD to another, or from one behavioural risk reduction strategy to another...
- Principles of therapeutic change: a task force on participants, relationships, and techniques factorsLouis G Castonguay
Department of Psychology, Penn State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
J Clin Psychol 62:631-8. 2006....
- Decisional capacity in mental illness and substance use disorders: empirical database and policy implicationsDilip V Jeste
Sam and Rose Stein Institute for Research on Aging, University of California, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
Behav Sci Law 24:607-28. 2006..Finally, we discuss some relevant health policy recommendations...
- Taking it to the schools--transporting empirically supported treatments for childhood psychopathology to the school settingEric A Storch
Departments of Pediatrics and Psychiatry, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA
Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 7:191-3. 2004
- [What is the Delphi method? Strengths and shortcomings]Magdalena Ciałkowska
Katedra i Klinika Psychiatrii AM we Wrocławiu
Psychiatr Pol 42:5-15. 2008..The objective of most Delphi applications is the reliable and creative exploration of problems or the production of suitable information for decision making...
- Decisions devoid of data?Scott D Halpern
School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, USA
Am J Bioeth 6:55-6; discussion W51-3. 2006
- On morality and logic in medical practice: commentary on 'A critical appraisal of evidence-based medicine: some ethical considerations' (Gupta 2003; Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 9, 111-121)Eyal Shahar
School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA
J Eval Clin Pract 9:133-5. 2003
- Assessing the ethics of ethics research: a case studyFranklin G Miller
Unit on Clinical Research, Department of Clinical Bioethics, National Institutes of Health, USA
IRB 26:9-12. 2004
- A guide and glossary on post-positivist theory building for population healthR M Carpiano
Department of Anthropology and Sociology, University of British Columbia, 6303 NW Marine Drive, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z1
J Epidemiol Community Health 60:564-70. 2006....
- Theory building on the high seas of population health: Love Boat, Mutiny on the Bounty, or Poseidon Adventure?Richard M Carpiano
Department of Anthropology and Sociology, University of British Columbia, 6303 NW Marine Drive, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z1
J Epidemiol Community Health 60:574-7. 2006
- Empirically supported psychotherapies: comment on Westen, Novotny, and Thompson-Brenner (2004)Paul Crits-Christoph
Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Psychol Bull 131:412-7, discussion 427-33. 2005..Randomized controlled trials remain the most powerful way to test notions of causal agency...
- Jousting with straw men: comment on Westen, Novotny, and Thompson-Brenner (2004)John R Weisz
Judge Baker Children s Center, Harvard University, Boston, MA 02120 3225, USA
Psychol Bull 131:418-26, discussion 427-33. 2005..s (2004a) views. Finally, the correlational research designs proposed as a remedy by Westen et al. (2004a) have far more serious weaknesses than randomized trials, thoughtfully applied to real-world clinical care...
- The ubiquity and utility of the therapeutic misconceptionRebecca Dresser
Law and Ethics in Medicine, Washington University, St Louis, USA
Soc Philos Policy 19:271-94. 2002
- Conducting empirical research on informed consent: challenges and questionsGreg A Sachs
Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, USA
IRB . 2003
- Human embryo research: from moral uncertainty to deathFrederick Grinnell
UT Southwestern Medical Center
Am J Bioeth 4:12-3. 2004
- Embryos, words, and numbers: the ethical treatment of opinionJeremy B A Green
Harvard Medical School, USA
Am J Bioeth 4:7-9; discussion W31-2. 2004
- Cross-cultural sources of measurement error in substance use surveysTimothy P Johnson
Survey Research Laboratory, College of Urban Planning and Public Affairs, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60137, USA
Subst Use Misuse 38:1447-90. 2003..Future research should focus on the ability of each of these alternative models to account for cultural variability in the quality of substance use reporting...
- Response to commentaries on "is there a rural ethics literature?"William A Nelson
Am J Bioeth 6:W46-7. 2006
- Human embryo research in the news: scientific versus ethical frames?William Evans
University of Alabama, USA
Am J Bioeth 4:9-10. 2004
- A 16-year examination of domestic violence among Asians and Asian Americans in the empirical knowledge base: a content analysisAlice G Yick
J Interpers Violence 23:1075-94. 2008..The concept of "Asian culture" was most often assessed by discussing Asian family structure. Future research is discussed in light of the findings...
- Bad "Science"Ronald M Green
Am J Bioeth 4:21-2. 2004
- An evaluation of the quantity and quality of empirical research in three pastoral care and counseling journals, 1990-1999: has anything changed?Kevin J Flannelly
HealthCare Chaplaincy, 307 E, 60th Street, New York, NY 10022, USA
J Pastoral Care Counsel 57:167-78. 2003..Several recommendations for increasing the quality of quantitative research are offered...
- Psychotherapists' countertransference reactions toward clients with antisocial personality disorder and schizophrenia: an empirical test of theoryRobert C Schwartz
The University of Akron, Department of Counseling, Akron OH 44325 5007, USA
Am J Psychother 61:375-93. 2007..Although this phenomenon has broad implications for psychotherapy training and practice, little empirical research is available to support these claims...
- A categorization and analysis of the criticisms of Evidence-Based MedicineAaron Michael Cohen
Department of Medical Informatics and Clinical Epidemiology, School of Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 S W Sam Jackson Park Road, Mail Code BICC, Portland, OR 97239 3098, USA
Int J Med Inform 73:35-43. 2004....
- Eliciting reasons: empirical methods in priority settingAndreas Hasman
Ethox Centre, Institute of Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Old Road Headington, Oxford OX3 7LF, United Kingdom
Health Care Anal 11:41-58. 2003..I conclude that a combination method is needed to give a comprehensive representation of values in priority setting and thus to meet the overall objectives of empirical ethics...
- Empirically informed approaches to topics in suicide risk assessmentLaRicka R Wingate
Florida State University, Tallahasse, FL 32306 1270, USA
Behav Sci Law 22:651-65. 2004..We conclude by summarizing all the work and providing clear and concise clinical recommendations based thereon...
- Testing the hospital value proposition: an empirical analysis of efficiency and qualityTimothy R Huerta
Health Organization Management, Rawls College of Business Administration, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA
Health Care Manage Rev 33:341-9. 2008..To assess the relationship between hospitals' X-inefficiency levels and overall care quality based on the National Quality Forum's 27 safe practices score and to improve the analytic strategy for assessing X-inefficiency...
- The effects of CON repeal on Medicaid nursing home and long-term care expendituresDavid C Grabowski
Department of Health Care Organization and Policy, Lister Hill Center for Health Policy, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 0022, USA
Inquiry 40:146-57. 2003..In the context of declining occupancy rates within the nursing home market, this study provides strong evidence that states have little to fear in terms of increased expenditures with the repeal of CON and moratorium laws...
- Measuring community benefits provided by nonprofit and for-profit HMOsMark Schlesinger
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
Inquiry 40:114-32. 2003..Unexpectedly, for-profit plans actually appear more active in helping consumers deal with information asymmetries. The paper concludes with a discussion of implications for policy and future research...
- An empirical assessment of high-performing medical groups: results from a national studyStephen M Shortell
University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
Med Care Res Rev 62:407-34. 2005..The findings hold a number of important implications for policy and practice, and the framework presented provides a foundation for future research...
- The impact of state laws limiting malpractice damage awards on health care expendituresFred J Hellinger
Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
Am J Public Health 96:1375-81. 2006..Estimates from these models suggest that laws limiting malpractice payments lower state health care expenditures by between 3% and 4%...
- Hospital choice of rural Medicare beneficiaries: patient, hospital attributes, and the patient-physician relationshipWan Tzu Connie Tai
Department of Clinical Analysis, Kaiser Permanente, Tujunga, CA 91042, USA
Health Serv Res 39:1903-22. 2004..To examine how patient and hospital attributes and the patient-physician relationship influence hospital choice of rural Medicare beneficiaries...
- The magnitude and nature of risk selection in employer-sponsored health plansSean Nicholson
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
Health Serv Res 39:1817-38. 2004..To determine whether health maintenance organizations (HMOs) attract enrollees who use relatively few medical resources and whether a simple risk-adjustment system could mitigate or eliminate the inefficiency associated with risk selection...
- Consolidations and closures: an empirical analysis of exits from the hospital industryTeresa D Harrison
Department of Economics, LeBow College of Business, Drexel University, Philadelphia 19104, USA
Health Econ 16:457-74. 2007..Thus, increased market power, relative to cost reductions, appears to play a larger role in the merger decision. Our results also provide insight into possible correlations between mergers and closures...
- Community science, philosophy of science, and the practice of researchJacob Kraemer Tebes
Division of Prevention and Community Research and The Consultation Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
Am J Community Psychol 35:213-30. 2005..I then discuss the implications of perspectivism for community science in the form of four propositions to guide the practice of research...
- The causal effect of health insurance on utilization and outcomes in adults: a systematic review of US studiesJoseph D Freeman
University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington 98004, USA
Med Care 46:1023-32. 2008..No current consensus exists on the causal effect of gaining or losing health insurance on health care utilization and health outcomes...
- Health maintenance organization (HMO) performance and consumer complaints: an empirical study of frustrating HMO activitiesPatricia H Born
California State University, Northridge, USA
Hosp Top 82:2-9. 2004..Their findings indicate that complaints against health maintenance organizations are significantly related to the plans' levels of quality and to actions that may impede access to care...
- The limits to cumulative causation: international migration from Mexican urban areasElizabeth Fussell
Sociology Department, Tulane University, 220 Newcomb Hall, New Orleans, LA 70118, USA
Demography 41:151-71. 2004We present theoretical arguments and empirical research to suggest that the principal mechanisms of cumulative causation do not function in large urban settings...
- Are psychodynamic and psychoanalytic therapies effective?: A review of empirical dataFalk Leichsenring
Clinic of Tiefenbrunn and University of Gottingen, von Sieboldstr 5, D 37075, Gottingen, Germany
Int J Psychoanal 86:841-68. 2005..Conclusions are drawn for future research...
- Empirically testing determinants of hospital BPR successMaria do Carmo Caccia-Bava
University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Ribeirao Preto, Brazil
Int J Health Care Qual Assur Inc Leadersh Health Serv 18:552-63. 2005..Thus, there is need for a more systematic and rigorous assessment of the factors deemed important to project success. The main objective of this study is to examine this issue...
- Quality management and the work environment: an empirical investigation in a public sector organizationAlvaro D Taveira
Department of Occupational and Environmental Safety and Health, University of Wisconsin Whitewater, 800 W Main Street, 53190, Whitewater, WI, USA
Appl Ergon 34:281-91. 2003..The relationships between these TQM elements and work environment dimensions are discussed. Implications for TQM and ergonomic practice are analyzed, and directions for future research proposed...
- The performance of dialysis care: routinization and adaptation on the floorLaura L Ellingson
Department of Communication, Santa Clara University, CA 95053, USA
Health Commun 22:103-14. 2007....
- Psychodynamic psychotherapy: a systematic review of techniques, indications and empirical evidenceFalk Leichsenring
Clinic of Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, University of Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany
Psychol Psychother 80:217-28. 2007..Evidence is reviewed for both efficacy and mechanisms of change of short- and moderate-term psychodynamic psychotherapy. Furthermore, results of effectiveness studies of long-term psychoanalytic therapy are reviewed...
- The science and practice of empirically supported treatmentsJames D Herbert
Department of Psychology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19102 1192, USA
Behav Modif 27:412-30. 2003..It is argued that lists of ESTs are viewed most productively as one step toward the development of best practice guidelines...
- Grounded in the reality of their lives: listening to teens who make the abortion decision without involving their parentsJ Shoshanna Ehrlich
College of Public and Community Service, University of Massachusetts, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Berkeley Womens Law J 18:61-180. 2003
- What is happening during case deliberations in clinical ethics committees? A pilot studyR Pedersen
Department of General Practice and Community Medicine, Section for Medical Ethics, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
J Med Ethics 35:147-52. 2009..An important task is to discuss concrete clinical cases. However, empirical research observing what is happening during such deliberations is scarce.
- Best Practices in Mental Health Research Ethics Conference SeriesJames M DuBois; Fiscal Year: 2010..persons, beneficence, and justice may provide a framework for ethical discourse (National Commission, 1979),empirical research on research ethics is necessary to determine effective and creative ways to protect and respect human ..
- Efficacy of Yoga for Treatment-Resistant PTSDBessel Van der Kolk; Fiscal Year: 2010..The study of yoga for chronic PTSD is in line with the empirical research that supports the notion that autonomic dysregulation plays a significant role in the persistence of PTSD (4)..
- Community Voices on Health Disparities and Translational Genomics ResearchPatricia A Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2010..This project achieves the goals of the NIH Challenge Grants by: 1) Responding to the critical need for empirical research on knowledge, beliefs, and experiences related to translational genomics research and health disparities in ..
- Malpractice: Ignored Specialties Study (MISS)Aaron Carroll; Fiscal Year: 2009..This research, however, is uneven, and has often resulted in mixed findings. In general, the majority of empirical research has either been conducted in the aggregate or has focused on a small number of medical specialties which are ..
- Exploiting the Power of GIS to Enhance Spatial Thinking in STEM AreasAMY LOBBEN; Fiscal Year: 2010..We will not only build on existing classroom-based empirical research, but also test a methodology for expanding the empirical research approach...
- Intimate Partner Violence in Rural Aging Women: Promoting Community KnowledgeKAREN ROBERTO; Fiscal Year: 2009..specific aims of the collaborative effort include: identifying existing NIH supported and other available empirical research and program descriptions addressing issues of IPV in aging women (e.g...
- Fatal Choice - Behavioral Economics of Vulnerability for Late-Life SuicideKATALIN NONE SZANTO; Fiscal Year: 2011..Thus, we propose to develop an empirical research program applying Loewenstein's ideas and behavioral economic research paradigms to the study of the ..
- Sleep Therapy Headset for Improving Sleep Quality of Older AdultsPHILIP BONELLO; Fiscal Year: 2007..Based upon knowledge on lighting technologies, the sleep and circadian scientific literature, and upon empirical research performed by researchers at Rensselaer, it is believed that a headset device using blue light emitting ..
- Medicare Advantage?Lauren Nicholas; Fiscal Year: 2007..Public policy encourages MMC enrollment despite an absence of current empirical research about MMC quality and access or assessment of whether MMC has limited program spending...
- PPM-PREP: Peer-Mentored Preparedness for Adults with Developmental DisabilitiesDAVID PAUL EISENMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010..While this population is growing and increasingly relocating into the community, scant empirical research has been conducted to reduce their disaster-related health consequences...
- Traumatic Grief and Mental Health Outcomes in Parentally Bereaved ChildrenJulie B Kaplow; Fiscal Year: 2010..However, almost no empirical research has been conducted to elucidate the differences between childhood traumatic grief, normal (uncomplicated) ..
- Family Decisions About Palliative CareAlison Karasz; Fiscal Year: 2004..Yet in order to develop ethical guidelines and models of care that meet families' needs, empirical research is needed to improve our understanding of how families actually make decisions about end of life care...
- INFLUENCES OF NEIGHBORHOOD QUALITY ON YOUTH ADJUSTMENTLEE SHUMOW; Fiscal Year: 1999..Models examined are specified by ecological systems theory and by prior empirical research. The overarching goals are to better understand normative influences on youth development and to inform ..
- Improving Fine Motor Skill Development to Promote Mathematical AbilityDAVID W GRISSMER; Fiscal Year: 2010..Recent neuroscience and empirical research suggests that lagging fine motor skills in kindergarten and first grade may impact cognitive skills, ..
- Informal Social Control of Partner Violence in Drug UsersVictoria Frye; Fiscal Year: 2010..will support structured training, course work, one-on-one tutorials, intensive mentored relationships and empirical research. The proposed training goals are: 1) to develop expertise in social ecological and stigma theories;2) to ..
- Access to care in Asian Americans: Assessing determinants of usual source of careEVA CHANG; Fiscal Year: 2012..However, the little empirical research conducted on how key resources and barriers contribute to access to care for Asian Americans lacks clarity...
- Adolescent Perceptions of Risk in Research ParticipationC Lynn Sorsoli; Fiscal Year: 2010..Currently, no empirical research guides the assessment of risk to adolescent participants in sensitive research leaving both IRBs and ..
- THE ROLE OF AFFECT REGULATION IN ALCOHOL DEPENDENCECassandra Vieten; Fiscal Year: 2001..and prevention might be improved by incorporating specific training in affect regulation based on this empirical research. Preliminary studies in a sample of alcoholics and their family members (n=321) suggest a strong ..
- Drug Insurance, Medication Adherence, and Subsequent Outcomes Among SeniorsGAIL JENSEN SUMMERS; Fiscal Year: 2010..This is an area where empirical research using high-quality, nationally representative data can fill the knowledge gap...
- An Integrated Approach to Smoking Cessation in SMIMelanie E Bennett; Fiscal Year: 2010..Consistent with the R34 guidelines, we will: (a) conceptualize an intervention based on theory and empirical research (Stage 1);(b) develop and standardize the intervention (Stage 2);and (c) pilot test the intervention in a ..
- Obesity and the Environment: The Transition to AdulthoodPenny Gordon Larsen; Fiscal Year: 2007..However, there has been minimal empirical research on the role of physical environment factors in decreasing activity and increasing obesity at the population ..
- Race/Ethnicity, Parental Involvement, and Youth Mental Health Service OutcomesJUNE LIANG; Fiscal Year: 2009..Unfortunately, empirical research on the role of parental involvement in the treatment of children's mental health problems is scarce...
- Divorced Fathering: Testing A Social Interaction ModelDavid DeGarmo; Fiscal Year: 2005..the social environment promote father involvement? The aims of this study are to: 1) Address the scarcity of empirical research on divorced fathers by oversampling underrepresented subpopulations of custodial and noncustodial divorced ..
- Alcohol, Gender, Power, and Condom use among Adults in Northern TanzaniaSARAH WOOLF; Fiscal Year: 2009..Currently, there is a complete absence of empirical research that addresses the different effects of these factors on men and women's ability to implement condom ..