empirical research

Summary

Summary: The study, based on direct observation, use of statistical records, interviews, or experimental methods, of actual practices or the actual impact of practices or policies.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Environmental scanning as a moderator of strategy-performance relationships: an empirical analysis of physical therapy facilities
    Mark A Davis
    Department of Management, University of North Texas, Denton, TX 76203 5429, USA
    Health Serv Manage Res 21:81-92. 2008
  2. ncbi A systematic review of empirical research on self-reported racism and health
    Yin Paradies
    Centre for Health and Society, University of Melbourne, Australia
    Int J Epidemiol 35:888-901. 2006
  3. ncbi Perceptual organization in schizophrenia spectrum disorders: empirical research and theoretical implications
    Peter J Uhlhaas
    Department of Neurophysiology, Max Planck Institute for Brain Research, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
    Psychol Bull 131:618-32. 2005
  4. ncbi Empirical research on empathy in medicine-A critical review
    Reidar Pedersen
    Department of General Practice and Community Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Patient Educ Couns 76:307-22. 2009
  5. ncbi The birth of the empirical turn in bioethics
    Pascal Borry
    Center for Biomedical Ethics and Law, Faculty of Medicine, K U Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer 35 3, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Bioethics 19:49-71. 2005
  6. ncbi Replicating empirical research in behavioral ecology: how and why it should be done but rarely ever is
    Clint D Kelly
    Department of Biology, University of Toronto at Mississauga, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
    Q Rev Biol 81:221-36. 2006
  7. ncbi Nursing and patient safety in the operating room
    Herdis Alfredsdottir
    Operating Room, National University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
    J Adv Nurs 61:29-37. 2008
  8. pmc The role of empirical research in bioethics
    Alexander A Kon
    University of California Davis, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Am J Bioeth 9:59-65. 2009
  9. ncbi Roughly right or precisely wrong? Systematic review of quality-of-life weights elicited with the time trade-off method
    Trude Arnesen
    Institute for Applied International Studies, Borggt 2B, Pb 2947 Toyen, N 0608 Oslo, Norway
    J Health Serv Res Policy 9:43-50. 2004
  10. ncbi The QALY model and individual preferences for health states and health profiles over time: a systematic review of the literature
    Aki Tsuchiya
    Centre for Well being in Public Policy, School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
    Med Decis Making 25:460-7. 2005

Detail Information

Publications213 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Environmental scanning as a moderator of strategy-performance relationships: an empirical analysis of physical therapy facilities
    Mark A Davis
    Department of Management, University of North Texas, Denton, TX 76203 5429, USA
    Health Serv Manage Res 21:81-92. 2008
    ..However, a paradoxical pattern of results has possible implications for clinician managers in subacute care settings as well as the interpretation of scanning activities...
  2. ncbi A systematic review of empirical research on self-reported racism and health
    Yin Paradies
    Centre for Health and Society, University of Melbourne, Australia
    Int J Epidemiol 35:888-901. 2006
    ..Ensuring the quality of studies in this field will allow future research to reveal the complex role that racism plays as a determinant of population health...
  3. ncbi Perceptual organization in schizophrenia spectrum disorders: empirical research and theoretical implications
    Peter J Uhlhaas
    Department of Neurophysiology, Max Planck Institute for Brain Research, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
    Psychol Bull 131:618-32. 2005
    ..These suggest that deficits in perceptual organization may be one manifestation of a wider disturbance in the integration of contextually related information across space and time...
  4. ncbi Empirical research on empathy in medicine-A critical review
    Reidar Pedersen
    Department of General Practice and Community Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Patient Educ Couns 76:307-22. 2009
    There is a growing amount of empirical research on empathy in medicine. This critical review assesses methodological limitations in this body of research that have not received adequate attention.
  5. ncbi The birth of the empirical turn in bioethics
    Pascal Borry
    Center for Biomedical Ethics and Law, Faculty of Medicine, K U Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer 35 3, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Bioethics 19:49-71. 2005
    ..Now, bioethics tends to accommodate more empirical research. Three hypotheses explain this emergence...
  6. ncbi Replicating empirical research in behavioral ecology: how and why it should be done but rarely ever is
    Clint D Kelly
    Department of Biology, University of Toronto at Mississauga, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
    Q Rev Biol 81:221-36. 2006
    ..I also explain how to employ various statistics to test the replicability of a series of studies and illustrate these using published studies from the literature...
  7. ncbi Nursing and patient safety in the operating room
    Herdis Alfredsdottir
    Operating Room, National University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
    J Adv Nurs 61:29-37. 2008
    ..This paper is a report of a study to identify what operating room nurses believe influences patient safety and how they see their role in enhancing patient safety...
  8. pmc The role of empirical research in bioethics
    Alexander A Kon
    University of California Davis, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Am J Bioeth 9:59-65. 2009
    ..While many have argued that empirical research merely illuminates current practices and cannot inform normative ethics, others assert that research-based ..
  9. ncbi Roughly right or precisely wrong? Systematic review of quality-of-life weights elicited with the time trade-off method
    Trude Arnesen
    Institute for Applied International Studies, Borggt 2B, Pb 2947 Toyen, N 0608 Oslo, Norway
    J Health Serv Res Policy 9:43-50. 2004
    ..How reliable are the results of this method, when limited to one specific perspective, as input for cost-utility analysis?..
  10. ncbi The QALY model and individual preferences for health states and health profiles over time: a systematic review of the literature
    Aki Tsuchiya
    Centre for Well being in Public Policy, School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
    Med Decis Making 25:460-7. 2005
    ....
  11. ncbi Sociology of pharmaceuticals development and regulation: a realist empirical research programme
    John Abraham
    School of Social Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, UK
    Sociol Health Illn 30:869-85. 2008
    ....
  12. ncbi Empirical research about same-sex intimate partner violence: a methodological review
    Christine E Murray
    Department of Counseling and Educational Development, The University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, North Carolina, USA
    J Homosex 56:361-86. 2009
    This article presents a systematic review of empirical research examining intimate partner violence among same-sex couples. Seventeen studies that met the inclusion criteria were rated using a 15-item evaluation questionnaire...
  13. ncbi Constructing empirical bioethics: Foucauldian reflections on the empirical turn in bioethics research
    Richard E Ashcroft
    Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Health Care Anal 11:3-13. 2003
    ..The analysis in this paper is based on Foucauldian ideas, and on recent work in the history of the human sciences. The paper closes with some open questions for theoretical work in the sociology and philosophy of bioethics...
  14. ncbi The rise of empirical research in medical ethics: a MacIntyrean critique and proposal
    Ryan E Lawrence
    Columbia University Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry, New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1051 Riverside Drive, Box 103, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Med Philos 36:206-16. 2011
    Hume's is/ought distinction has long limited the role of empirical research in ethics, saying that data about what something is cannot yield conclusions about the way things ought to be...
  15. ncbi Current empirical research in neonatal bioethics
    Cameron H Swinton
    The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Acta Paediatr 99:1773-81. 2010
    ..In this paper, we review recent empirical research in neonatal bioethics...
  16. ncbi Empirical data and moral theory. A plea for integrated empirical ethics
    Bert Molewijk
    Departments of Medical Decision Making and Medical Ethics, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Med Health Care Philos 7:55-69. 2004
    ..The paper ends with three suggestions for consideration on some of the future challenges of integrated empirical ethics...
  17. pmc 'Nobody tosses a dwarf!' The relation between the empirical and the normative reexamined
    Carlo Leget
    Tilburg University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Religious Studies and Theology, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Bioethics 23:226-35. 2009
    ..In each stage, we explore the perspective from both the empirical (sociological) and the normative ethical point of view. We conclude by applying our five-stage critical applied ethics to the example of dwarf tossing...
  18. ncbi What is the role of empirical research in bioethical reflection and decision-making? An ethical analysis
    Pascal Borry
    Center for Biomedical Ethics and Law, K U Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer 35 3, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Med Health Care Philos 7:41-53. 2004
    The field of bioethics is increasingly coming into contact with empirical research findings. In this article, we ask what role empirical research can play in the process of ethical clarification and decision-making...
  19. ncbi Empirical ethics and its alleged meta-ethical fallacies
    Rob de Vries
    Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, IQ Healthcare, Section Ethics, Philosophy and History of Medicine, The Netherlands
    Bioethics 23:193-201. 2009
    ..Moreover, it answers the question of whether empirical ethics (necessarily) commits these three basic meta-ethical fallacies...
  20. ncbi Symbiotic empirical ethics: a practical methodology
    Lucy Frith
    University of Liverpool Institute of Psychology, Health and Society, The Waterhouse Buildings, Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L69 3GL, United Kingdom
    Bioethics 26:198-206. 2012
    ..field of academic inquiry; and recent trends in scholarship have been towards more engagement with empirical research. This 'empirical turn' has provoked extensive debate over how such 'descriptive' research carried out in the ..
  21. ncbi Integrated empirical ethics: in search for clarifying identities
    Bert Molewijk
    Department of Medical Decision Making, Leiden University Medical Centre LUMC, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Med Health Care Philos 7:85-7; discussion 89-91. 2004
  22. ncbi What 'empirical turn in bioethics'?
    Samia Hurst
    Institute for Biomedical Ethics, CMU 1 Rue Michel Servet, 1211 Geneva samia hurst unige ch
    Bioethics 24:439-44. 2010
    ..Conducting empirical research to inform normative reasoning is the usual meaning given to the term 'empirical turn'...
  23. ncbi Competence of mentally ill patients: a comparative empirical study
    J Vollmann
    Institute for History of Medicine and Medical Ethics, Friedrich Alexander University, Erlangen Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany
    Psychol Med 33:1463-71. 2003
    ..The outcome of an objective test instrument is presented and compared with clinical assessment of competence by the attending physician...
  24. pmc A conceptual and empirical review of the meaning, measurement, development, and teaching of intervention competence in clinical psychology
    Brian A Sharpless
    Center for Psychotherapy Research, University of Pennsylvania, 3535 Market Street, 6th Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Clin Psychol Rev 29:47-56. 2009
    ..Lastly, we discuss several potential impediments to large scale competence assessment and education, such as the heterogeneity of therapeutic orientations and what could be termed a lack of transparency in clinical training...
  25. ncbi Reflective equilibrium and empirical data: third person moral experiences in empirical medical ethics
    Martine De Vries
    Department of Medical Ethics and Health Law, Leiden University Medical Center, The Netherlands
    Bioethics 24:490-8. 2010
    ..This 'empirical turn' is especially visible in bioethics. There are various ways of combining empirical research and ethical reflection...
  26. ncbi Systematic empirical research versus clinical case studies: a valid antagonism?
    Morris N Eagle
    Derner Institute for Advanced Psychological Studies, Adelphi University, Los Angeles, USA
    J Am Psychoanal Assoc 59:791-818. 2011
    This paper considers the issue of systematic empirical research versus clinical case studies raised by Hoffman (2009)...
  27. ncbi Prediction of cancer incidence in the Nordic countries: empirical comparison of different approaches
    Bjørn Møller
    Kreftregisteret, Institute of Population Based Cancer Research, N 0310 Oslo, Norway
    Stat Med 22:2751-66. 2003
    ....
  28. ncbi Productive innovations in hospitals: an empirical research on the relation between technology and productivity in the Dutch hospital industry
    Jos L T Blank
    Institute for Public Sector Efficiency Studies, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
    Health Econ 18:665-79. 2009
    ..The index numbers are included in the cost function specification and estimation. The results indicate that technical change is non-neutral and output- biased and that some technologies affect cost in beneficial ways...
  29. ncbi De-escalation therapy in ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Jordi Rello
    Critical Care Department, Joan XXIII University Hospital, University Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain
    Crit Care Med 32:2183-90. 2004
    ..To evaluate de-escalation of antibiotic therapy in patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia...
  30. pmc Empiric broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy of nosocomial pneumonia in the intensive care unit: a prospective observational study
    Francisco Alvarez-Lerma
    Servicio de Medicina Intensiva, Hospital del Mar, Barcelona, Spain
    Crit Care 10:R78. 2006
    ....
  31. pmc Procedural misconceptions and informed consent: insights from empirical research on the clinical trials industry
    Jill A Fisher
    Consortium for Science, Policy and Outcomes, Arizona State University, USA
    Kennedy Inst Ethics J 16:251-68. 2006
    ..In the context of biomedical research, procedural misconceptions can be seen to function as root causes of therapeutic misconceptions...
  32. ncbi Evidence-based medicine and its role in ethical decision-making
    Pascal Borry
    Center for Biomedical Ethics and Law, K U Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer, Leuven, Belgium
    J Eval Clin Pract 12:306-11. 2006
    ..of norms, values, principles and ethical theories can lead to other choices than those proposed by empirical research findings. Ethical decision making must be informed and legitimated by the best available medical research...
  33. pmc Evidence-based ethics? On evidence-based practice and the "empirical turn" from normative bioethics
    Maya J Goldenberg
    Department of Philosophy, Michigan State University, 503 South Kedzie Hall, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
    BMC Med Ethics 6:E11. 2005
    ....
  34. pmc An empirical explanation of aperture effects
    Kyongje Sung
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience and Department of Neurobiology, Duke University, Box 90999, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:298-303. 2009
    ....
  35. ncbi Critical bioethics: beyond the social science critique of applied ethics
    Adam M Hedgecoe
    Department of Sociology, School of Social Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9QN, UK
    Bioethics 18:120-143. 2004
    ..Critical bioethics requires bioethicists to root their enquiries in empirical research, to challenge theories using evidence, to be reflexive and to be sceptical about the claims of other ..
  36. pmc Empirical research in bioethical journals. A quantitative analysis
    P Borry
    Center for Biomedical Ethics and Law, K U Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer 35 3, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    J Med Ethics 32:240-5. 2006
    The objective of this research is to analyse the evolution and nature of published empirical research in the fields of medical ethics and bioethics.
  37. ncbi Where do all the undergraduate and new graduate nurses go and why? A search for empirical research evidence
    Lynda Gaynor
    School of Nursing, University of Queensland, Australia
    Aust J Adv Nurs 24:26-32. 2006
    ..To review the published scientific literature for studies quantifying or examining factors associated with the attrition of undergraduate nursing students in pre-registration programs and the retention of graduate nurses in the workforce...
  38. ncbi Optimal recall length in survey design
    Philip M Clarke
    School of Public Health, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
    J Health Econ 27:1275-84. 2008
    ..A statistical framework is used to explore this trade-off. Finally we illustrate how optimal recall periods can be estimated using hospital use data from Sweden's Survey of Living Conditions...
  39. ncbi Implicit normativity in evidence-based medicine: a plea for integrated empirical ethics research
    A C Molewijk
    Department of Medical Decision Making 1087, Leiden University Medical Center LUMC, P O Box 9600, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands
    Health Care Anal 11:69-92. 2003
    ..autonomy and informed consent, but they also call for a broader scope of morality than does traditional empirical research in bioethics...
  40. pmc Evidence-based ethics--what it should be and what it shouldn't
    Daniel Strech
    Institute of Medical Ethics, University of Tubingen, Schleichstrasse 8, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    BMC Med Ethics 9:16. 2008
    ....
  41. ncbi Use and abuse of empirical knowledge in contemporary bioethics
    Jan Helge Solbakk
    Center for Medical Ethics, University of Oslo, Box 1130, Blindern, 0318 Oslo, Norway
    Med Health Care Philos 7:5-16. 2004
    ..Finally, the procedural problem of safeguarding the selection of empirical arguments against undue forms of normative bias will be addressed...
  42. ncbi The future of empirical research in bioethics
    Jeremy Sugarman
    Faculty of the Phoebe R Berman Bioethics Institute, Department of Medicine at the Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Law Med Ethics 32:226-31, 190. 2004
    Good empirical research is essential to providing sound answers about the facts of the matter, thereby informing bioethical theory and policy...
  43. ncbi Telemedicine evaluation
    Rashid Bashshur
    The University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0402, USA
    Telemed J E Health 11:296-316. 2005
    ..These consist of large-scale experimental studies and theoretical and empirical triangulation for assessing the available empirical evidence...
  44. doi Seeking proof where the subject is ill-defined and the outcomes limited
    Karolyn Leslea White
    University of Sydney
    Am J Bioeth 8:15-7; author reply W1-2. 2008
  45. ncbi Determinants of the intracluster correlation coefficient in cluster randomized trials: the case of implementation research
    Marion K Campbell
    Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, UK
    Clin Trials 2:99-107. 2005
    ..This study demonstrates that ICCs are sensitive to a number of trial factors, particularly setting and outcome type. These factors must be considered when planning such cluster randomized trials...
  46. ncbi Who is buying bioethics research?
    Richard R Sharp
    Bioethics Research, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Ave, Room JJ 60, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
    Am J Bioeth 8:54-8; discussion W1-2. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that worries about the cooption of bioethics research by a few interested stakeholders are greatly overstated and undersupported by available data...
  47. ncbi Burnout and personality in intensive care: an empirical study
    K E Bühler
    Julius Maximilians University in Würzburg, Germany
    Hosp Top 81:5-12. 2003
    ..The application and significance of this study for future burnout research are discussed...
  48. ncbi You say person, I say property: does it really matter what we call an embryo?
    Jessica Berg
    Case Western Reserve University
    Am J Bioeth 4:17-8. 2004
  49. ncbi Bioethics research and the language of methodological uncertainty
    Linda F Hogle
    Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics
    Am J Bioeth 4:13-4; discussion W31-2. 2004
  50. ncbi Bias in journalistic accounts of embryo research reconsidered
    Robert Baker
    The Graduate College of Union University
    Am J Bioeth 4:15-6; discussion W31-2. 2004
  51. ncbi Re-framing the question: what do we really want to know about rural healthcare ethics?
    Ann Freeman Cook
    The University of Montana, USA
    Am J Bioeth 6:51-3. 2006
  52. ncbi Defining "research" in rural healthcare ethics
    Jessica Prata Miller
    University of Maine, USA
    Am J Bioeth 6:59-61. 2006
  53. ncbi Empirical support for the United States Supreme Court's protection of the psychotherapist-patient privilege
    Jennifer Evans Marsh
    Deparment of Psychology, Drexel University, USA
    Ethics Behav 13:385-400. 2003
    ..Results provide empirical support for the U.S. Supreme Court's recognition of the psychotherapist-patient privilege in Jaffee v. Redmond (1996)...
  54. ncbi Trauma professionals' attitudes toward and utilization of evidence-based practices
    Matt J Gray
    University of Wyoming, USA
    Behav Modif 31:732-48. 2007
    ..Even respondents utilizing unsupported treatments espoused positive EBP opinions, suggesting that practitioners may hold widely varying evidentiary standards...
  55. ncbi Outpatient commitment: a therapeutic jurisprudence analysis
    Bruce J Winick
    University of Miami School of Law, 1311 Miller Drive, Room G477, Coral Gables, FL 33146, USA
    Psychol Public Policy Law 9:107-44. 2003
    ....
  56. ncbi All STDs are not created equal: an analysis of the differential effects of sexual behaviour changes on different STDs
    S D Pinkerton
    Center for AIDS Intervention Research, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee 53202, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 14:320-8. 2003
    ..The results of this study suggest caution in extrapolating from one STD to another, or from one behavioural risk reduction strategy to another...
  57. ncbi Principles of therapeutic change: a task force on participants, relationships, and techniques factors
    Louis G Castonguay
    Department of Psychology, Penn State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    J Clin Psychol 62:631-8. 2006
    ....
  58. ncbi Decisional capacity in mental illness and substance use disorders: empirical database and policy implications
    Dilip V Jeste
    Sam and Rose Stein Institute for Research on Aging, University of California, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
    Behav Sci Law 24:607-28. 2006
    ..Finally, we discuss some relevant health policy recommendations...
  59. ncbi Taking it to the schools--transporting empirically supported treatments for childhood psychopathology to the school setting
    Eric A Storch
    Departments of Pediatrics and Psychiatry, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 7:191-3. 2004
  60. ncbi [What is the Delphi method? Strengths and shortcomings]
    Magdalena Ciałkowska
    Katedra i Klinika Psychiatrii AM we Wrocławiu
    Psychiatr Pol 42:5-15. 2008
    ..The objective of most Delphi applications is the reliable and creative exploration of problems or the production of suitable information for decision making...
  61. ncbi Decisions devoid of data?
    Scott D Halpern
    School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, USA
    Am J Bioeth 6:55-6; discussion W51-3. 2006
  62. ncbi On morality and logic in medical practice: commentary on 'A critical appraisal of evidence-based medicine: some ethical considerations' (Gupta 2003; Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 9, 111-121)
    Eyal Shahar
    School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA
    J Eval Clin Pract 9:133-5. 2003
  63. ncbi Assessing the ethics of ethics research: a case study
    Franklin G Miller
    Unit on Clinical Research, Department of Clinical Bioethics, National Institutes of Health, USA
    IRB 26:9-12. 2004
  64. pmc A guide and glossary on post-positivist theory building for population health
    R M Carpiano
    Department of Anthropology and Sociology, University of British Columbia, 6303 NW Marine Drive, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z1
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:564-70. 2006
    ....
  65. pmc Theory building on the high seas of population health: Love Boat, Mutiny on the Bounty, or Poseidon Adventure?
    Richard M Carpiano
    Department of Anthropology and Sociology, University of British Columbia, 6303 NW Marine Drive, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z1
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:574-7. 2006
  66. ncbi Empirically supported psychotherapies: comment on Westen, Novotny, and Thompson-Brenner (2004)
    Paul Crits-Christoph
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Psychol Bull 131:412-7, discussion 427-33. 2005
    ..Randomized controlled trials remain the most powerful way to test notions of causal agency...
  67. ncbi Jousting with straw men: comment on Westen, Novotny, and Thompson-Brenner (2004)
    John R Weisz
    Judge Baker Children s Center, Harvard University, Boston, MA 02120 3225, USA
    Psychol Bull 131:418-26, discussion 427-33. 2005
    ..s (2004a) views. Finally, the correlational research designs proposed as a remedy by Westen et al. (2004a) have far more serious weaknesses than randomized trials, thoughtfully applied to real-world clinical care...
  68. ncbi The ubiquity and utility of the therapeutic misconception
    Rebecca Dresser
    Law and Ethics in Medicine, Washington University, St Louis, USA
    Soc Philos Policy 19:271-94. 2002
  69. ncbi Conducting empirical research on informed consent: challenges and questions
    Greg A Sachs
    Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, USA
    IRB . 2003
  70. ncbi Human embryo research: from moral uncertainty to death
    Frederick Grinnell
    UT Southwestern Medical Center
    Am J Bioeth 4:12-3. 2004
  71. ncbi Embryos, words, and numbers: the ethical treatment of opinion
    Jeremy B A Green
    Harvard Medical School, USA
    Am J Bioeth 4:7-9; discussion W31-2. 2004
  72. ncbi Cross-cultural sources of measurement error in substance use surveys
    Timothy P Johnson
    Survey Research Laboratory, College of Urban Planning and Public Affairs, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60137, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 38:1447-90. 2003
    ..Future research should focus on the ability of each of these alternative models to account for cultural variability in the quality of substance use reporting...
  73. ncbi Response to commentaries on "is there a rural ethics literature?"
    William A Nelson
    Am J Bioeth 6:W46-7. 2006
  74. ncbi Human embryo research in the news: scientific versus ethical frames?
    William Evans
    University of Alabama, USA
    Am J Bioeth 4:9-10. 2004
  75. ncbi A 16-year examination of domestic violence among Asians and Asian Americans in the empirical knowledge base: a content analysis
    Alice G Yick
    Capella University
    J Interpers Violence 23:1075-94. 2008
    ..The concept of "Asian culture" was most often assessed by discussing Asian family structure. Future research is discussed in light of the findings...
  76. ncbi Bad "Science"
    Ronald M Green
    Dartmouth College
    Am J Bioeth 4:21-2. 2004
  77. ncbi An evaluation of the quantity and quality of empirical research in three pastoral care and counseling journals, 1990-1999: has anything changed?
    Kevin J Flannelly
    HealthCare Chaplaincy, 307 E, 60th Street, New York, NY 10022, USA
    J Pastoral Care Counsel 57:167-78. 2003
    ..Several recommendations for increasing the quality of quantitative research are offered...
  78. ncbi Psychotherapists' countertransference reactions toward clients with antisocial personality disorder and schizophrenia: an empirical test of theory
    Robert C Schwartz
    The University of Akron, Department of Counseling, Akron OH 44325 5007, USA
    Am J Psychother 61:375-93. 2007
    ..Although this phenomenon has broad implications for psychotherapy training and practice, little empirical research is available to support these claims...
  79. ncbi A categorization and analysis of the criticisms of Evidence-Based Medicine
    Aaron Michael Cohen
    Department of Medical Informatics and Clinical Epidemiology, School of Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 S W Sam Jackson Park Road, Mail Code BICC, Portland, OR 97239 3098, USA
    Int J Med Inform 73:35-43. 2004
    ....
  80. ncbi Eliciting reasons: empirical methods in priority setting
    Andreas Hasman
    Ethox Centre, Institute of Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Old Road Headington, Oxford OX3 7LF, United Kingdom
    Health Care Anal 11:41-58. 2003
    ..I conclude that a combination method is needed to give a comprehensive representation of values in priority setting and thus to meet the overall objectives of empirical ethics...
  81. ncbi Empirically informed approaches to topics in suicide risk assessment
    LaRicka R Wingate
    Florida State University, Tallahasse, FL 32306 1270, USA
    Behav Sci Law 22:651-65. 2004
    ..We conclude by summarizing all the work and providing clear and concise clinical recommendations based thereon...
  82. ncbi Testing the hospital value proposition: an empirical analysis of efficiency and quality
    Timothy R Huerta
    Health Organization Management, Rawls College of Business Administration, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA
    Health Care Manage Rev 33:341-9. 2008
    ..To assess the relationship between hospitals' X-inefficiency levels and overall care quality based on the National Quality Forum's 27 safe practices score and to improve the analytic strategy for assessing X-inefficiency...
  83. ncbi The effects of CON repeal on Medicaid nursing home and long-term care expenditures
    David C Grabowski
    Department of Health Care Organization and Policy, Lister Hill Center for Health Policy, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 0022, USA
    Inquiry 40:146-57. 2003
    ..In the context of declining occupancy rates within the nursing home market, this study provides strong evidence that states have little to fear in terms of increased expenditures with the repeal of CON and moratorium laws...
  84. ncbi Measuring community benefits provided by nonprofit and for-profit HMOs
    Mark Schlesinger
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Inquiry 40:114-32. 2003
    ..Unexpectedly, for-profit plans actually appear more active in helping consumers deal with information asymmetries. The paper concludes with a discussion of implications for policy and future research...
  85. ncbi An empirical assessment of high-performing medical groups: results from a national study
    Stephen M Shortell
    University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
    Med Care Res Rev 62:407-34. 2005
    ..The findings hold a number of important implications for policy and practice, and the framework presented provides a foundation for future research...
  86. pmc The impact of state laws limiting malpractice damage awards on health care expenditures
    Fred J Hellinger
    Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:1375-81. 2006
    ..Estimates from these models suggest that laws limiting malpractice payments lower state health care expenditures by between 3% and 4%...
  87. pmc Hospital choice of rural Medicare beneficiaries: patient, hospital attributes, and the patient-physician relationship
    Wan Tzu Connie Tai
    Department of Clinical Analysis, Kaiser Permanente, Tujunga, CA 91042, USA
    Health Serv Res 39:1903-22. 2004
    ..To examine how patient and hospital attributes and the patient-physician relationship influence hospital choice of rural Medicare beneficiaries...
  88. pmc The magnitude and nature of risk selection in employer-sponsored health plans
    Sean Nicholson
    Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Health Serv Res 39:1817-38. 2004
    ..To determine whether health maintenance organizations (HMOs) attract enrollees who use relatively few medical resources and whether a simple risk-adjustment system could mitigate or eliminate the inefficiency associated with risk selection...
  89. ncbi Consolidations and closures: an empirical analysis of exits from the hospital industry
    Teresa D Harrison
    Department of Economics, LeBow College of Business, Drexel University, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    Health Econ 16:457-74. 2007
    ..Thus, increased market power, relative to cost reductions, appears to play a larger role in the merger decision. Our results also provide insight into possible correlations between mergers and closures...
  90. ncbi Community science, philosophy of science, and the practice of research
    Jacob Kraemer Tebes
    Division of Prevention and Community Research and The Consultation Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
    Am J Community Psychol 35:213-30. 2005
    ..I then discuss the implications of perspectivism for community science in the form of four propositions to guide the practice of research...
  91. ncbi The causal effect of health insurance on utilization and outcomes in adults: a systematic review of US studies
    Joseph D Freeman
    University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington 98004, USA
    Med Care 46:1023-32. 2008
    ..No current consensus exists on the causal effect of gaining or losing health insurance on health care utilization and health outcomes...
  92. ncbi Health maintenance organization (HMO) performance and consumer complaints: an empirical study of frustrating HMO activities
    Patricia H Born
    California State University, Northridge, USA
    Hosp Top 82:2-9. 2004
    ..Their findings indicate that complaints against health maintenance organizations are significantly related to the plans' levels of quality and to actions that may impede access to care...
  93. ncbi The limits to cumulative causation: international migration from Mexican urban areas
    Elizabeth Fussell
    Sociology Department, Tulane University, 220 Newcomb Hall, New Orleans, LA 70118, USA
    Demography 41:151-71. 2004
    We present theoretical arguments and empirical research to suggest that the principal mechanisms of cumulative causation do not function in large urban settings...
  94. ncbi Are psychodynamic and psychoanalytic therapies effective?: A review of empirical data
    Falk Leichsenring
    Clinic of Tiefenbrunn and University of Gottingen, von Sieboldstr 5, D 37075, Gottingen, Germany
    Int J Psychoanal 86:841-68. 2005
    ..Conclusions are drawn for future research...
  95. ncbi Empirically testing determinants of hospital BPR success
    Maria do Carmo Caccia-Bava
    University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Ribeirao Preto, Brazil
    Int J Health Care Qual Assur Inc Leadersh Health Serv 18:552-63. 2005
    ..Thus, there is need for a more systematic and rigorous assessment of the factors deemed important to project success. The main objective of this study is to examine this issue...
  96. ncbi Quality management and the work environment: an empirical investigation in a public sector organization
    Alvaro D Taveira
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Safety and Health, University of Wisconsin Whitewater, 800 W Main Street, 53190, Whitewater, WI, USA
    Appl Ergon 34:281-91. 2003
    ..The relationships between these TQM elements and work environment dimensions are discussed. Implications for TQM and ergonomic practice are analyzed, and directions for future research proposed...
  97. ncbi The performance of dialysis care: routinization and adaptation on the floor
    Laura L Ellingson
    Department of Communication, Santa Clara University, CA 95053, USA
    Health Commun 22:103-14. 2007
    ....
  98. ncbi Psychodynamic psychotherapy: a systematic review of techniques, indications and empirical evidence
    Falk Leichsenring
    Clinic of Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, University of Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany
    Psychol Psychother 80:217-28. 2007
    ..Evidence is reviewed for both efficacy and mechanisms of change of short- and moderate-term psychodynamic psychotherapy. Furthermore, results of effectiveness studies of long-term psychoanalytic therapy are reviewed...
  99. ncbi The science and practice of empirically supported treatments
    James D Herbert
    Department of Psychology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19102 1192, USA
    Behav Modif 27:412-30. 2003
    ..It is argued that lists of ESTs are viewed most productively as one step toward the development of best practice guidelines...
  100. ncbi Grounded in the reality of their lives: listening to teens who make the abortion decision without involving their parents
    J Shoshanna Ehrlich
    College of Public and Community Service, University of Massachusetts, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Berkeley Womens Law J 18:61-180. 2003
  101. ncbi What is happening during case deliberations in clinical ethics committees? A pilot study
    R Pedersen
    Department of General Practice and Community Medicine, Section for Medical Ethics, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    J Med Ethics 35:147-52. 2009
    ..An important task is to discuss concrete clinical cases. However, empirical research observing what is happening during such deliberations is scarce.

Research Grants24

  1. Best Practices in Mental Health Research Ethics Conference Series
    James M DuBois; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..persons, beneficence, and justice may provide a framework for ethical discourse (National Commission, 1979),empirical research on research ethics is necessary to determine effective and creative ways to protect and respect human ..
  2. Efficacy of Yoga for Treatment-Resistant PTSD
    Bessel Van der Kolk; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The study of yoga for chronic PTSD is in line with the empirical research that supports the notion that autonomic dysregulation plays a significant role in the persistence of PTSD (4)..
  3. Community Voices on Health Disparities and Translational Genomics Research
    Patricia A Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This project achieves the goals of the NIH Challenge Grants by: 1) Responding to the critical need for empirical research on knowledge, beliefs, and experiences related to translational genomics research and health disparities in ..
  4. Malpractice: Ignored Specialties Study (MISS)
    Aaron Carroll; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This research, however, is uneven, and has often resulted in mixed findings. In general, the majority of empirical research has either been conducted in the aggregate or has focused on a small number of medical specialties which are ..
  5. Exploiting the Power of GIS to Enhance Spatial Thinking in STEM Areas
    AMY LOBBEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will not only build on existing classroom-based empirical research, but also test a methodology for expanding the empirical research approach...
  6. Intimate Partner Violence in Rural Aging Women: Promoting Community Knowledge
    KAREN ROBERTO; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..specific aims of the collaborative effort include: identifying existing NIH supported and other available empirical research and program descriptions addressing issues of IPV in aging women (e.g...
  7. Fatal Choice - Behavioral Economics of Vulnerability for Late-Life Suicide
    KATALIN NONE SZANTO; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Thus, we propose to develop an empirical research program applying Loewenstein's ideas and behavioral economic research paradigms to the study of the ..
  8. Sleep Therapy Headset for Improving Sleep Quality of Older Adults
    PHILIP BONELLO; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Based upon knowledge on lighting technologies, the sleep and circadian scientific literature, and upon empirical research performed by researchers at Rensselaer, it is believed that a headset device using blue light emitting ..
  9. Medicare Advantage?
    Lauren Nicholas; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Public policy encourages MMC enrollment despite an absence of current empirical research about MMC quality and access or assessment of whether MMC has limited program spending...
  10. PPM-PREP: Peer-Mentored Preparedness for Adults with Developmental Disabilities
    DAVID PAUL EISENMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..While this population is growing and increasingly relocating into the community, scant empirical research has been conducted to reduce their disaster-related health consequences...
  11. Traumatic Grief and Mental Health Outcomes in Parentally Bereaved Children
    Julie B Kaplow; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..However, almost no empirical research has been conducted to elucidate the differences between childhood traumatic grief, normal (uncomplicated) ..
  12. Family Decisions About Palliative Care
    Alison Karasz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Yet in order to develop ethical guidelines and models of care that meet families' needs, empirical research is needed to improve our understanding of how families actually make decisions about end of life care...
  13. INFLUENCES OF NEIGHBORHOOD QUALITY ON YOUTH ADJUSTMENT
    LEE SHUMOW; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Models examined are specified by ecological systems theory and by prior empirical research. The overarching goals are to better understand normative influences on youth development and to inform ..
  14. Improving Fine Motor Skill Development to Promote Mathematical Ability
    DAVID W GRISSMER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Recent neuroscience and empirical research suggests that lagging fine motor skills in kindergarten and first grade may impact cognitive skills, ..
  15. Informal Social Control of Partner Violence in Drug Users
    Victoria Frye; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..will support structured training, course work, one-on-one tutorials, intensive mentored relationships and empirical research. The proposed training goals are: 1) to develop expertise in social ecological and stigma theories;2) to ..
  16. Access to care in Asian Americans: Assessing determinants of usual source of care
    EVA CHANG; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..However, the little empirical research conducted on how key resources and barriers contribute to access to care for Asian Americans lacks clarity...
  17. Adolescent Perceptions of Risk in Research Participation
    C Lynn Sorsoli; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Currently, no empirical research guides the assessment of risk to adolescent participants in sensitive research leaving both IRBs and ..
  18. THE ROLE OF AFFECT REGULATION IN ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE
    Cassandra Vieten; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..and prevention might be improved by incorporating specific training in affect regulation based on this empirical research. Preliminary studies in a sample of alcoholics and their family members (n=321) suggest a strong ..
  19. Drug Insurance, Medication Adherence, and Subsequent Outcomes Among Seniors
    GAIL JENSEN SUMMERS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This is an area where empirical research using high-quality, nationally representative data can fill the knowledge gap...
  20. An Integrated Approach to Smoking Cessation in SMI
    Melanie E Bennett; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Consistent with the R34 guidelines, we will: (a) conceptualize an intervention based on theory and empirical research (Stage 1);(b) develop and standardize the intervention (Stage 2);and (c) pilot test the intervention in a ..
  21. Obesity and the Environment: The Transition to Adulthood
    Penny Gordon Larsen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..However, there has been minimal empirical research on the role of physical environment factors in decreasing activity and increasing obesity at the population ..
  22. Race/Ethnicity, Parental Involvement, and Youth Mental Health Service Outcomes
    JUNE LIANG; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Unfortunately, empirical research on the role of parental involvement in the treatment of children's mental health problems is scarce...
  23. Divorced Fathering: Testing A Social Interaction Model
    David DeGarmo; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..the social environment promote father involvement? The aims of this study are to: 1) Address the scarcity of empirical research on divorced fathers by oversampling underrepresented subpopulations of custodial and noncustodial divorced ..
  24. Alcohol, Gender, Power, and Condom use among Adults in Northern Tanzania
    SARAH WOOLF; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Currently, there is a complete absence of empirical research that addresses the different effects of these factors on men and women's ability to implement condom ..