Summary: The systematic observation of natural phenomena for the purpose of discovering laws governing those phenomena. The body of knowledge accumulated by such means. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Publications277 found, 100 shown here
- Funding food science and nutrition research: financial conflicts and scientific integritySylvia Rowe
SR Strategy LLC, Washington, DC, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 89:1285-91. 2009..biases can come from myriad sources, the overwhelming focus of the discussion to date has been on industry-funded science. Given the critical role that industry has played and will continue to play in the research process, the ..
- Measures of reliability in sports medicine and scienceW G Hopkins
Department of Physiology, School of Medical Sciences and School of Physical Education, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
Sports Med 30:1-15. 2000..For many measurements in sports medicine and science, the typical error is best expressed as a coefficient of variation (percentage of the mean)...
- Science faculty's subtle gender biases favor male studentsCorinne A Moss-Racusin
Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:16474-9. 2012Despite efforts to recruit and retain more women, a stark gender disparity persists within academic science. Abundant research has demonstrated gender bias in many demographic groups, but has yet to experimentally investigate whether ..
- Comparison of PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar: strengths and weaknessesMatthew E Falagas
Alfa Institute of Biomedical Sciences AIBS, 9 Neapoleos St, 151 23 Marousi, Greece
FASEB J 22:338-42. 2008..We compared the content coverage and practical utility of PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar...
- Classroom-based science research at the introductory level: changes in career choices and attitudeMelinda Harrison
Cabrini College, Radnor, PA 19087, USA
CBE Life Sci Educ 10:279-86. 2011..Phage Genomics course as the model, shows evidence that first-year students doing research learn the process of science as well as how scientists practice science...
- World citation and collaboration networks: uncovering the role of geography in scienceRaj Kumar Pan
Department of Biomedical Engineering and Computational Science, Aalto University School of Science, PO BOX 12200, FI 00076, Finland
Sci Rep 2:902. 2012..Nevertheless, geography remains an important factor affecting the dynamics of science. Here we present a systematic analysis of citation and collaboration networks between cities and countries, by ..
- Education. Scientific teachingJo Handelsman
Howard Hughes Medical Institute Professor, Department of Plant Pathology, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
Science 304:521-2. 2004
- The Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey (CLASS) for use in BiologyKatharine Semsar
Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
CBE Life Sci Educ 10:268-78. 2011..instrument for measuring novice-to-expert-like perceptions about biology: the Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey for Biology (CLASS-Bio)...
- SRC: a century of science brought to the clinicAlexey Aleshin
Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology Oncology, Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Neoplasia 12:599-607. 2010..The status of SRC inhibitors, including dasatinib, saracatinib, and bosutinib, which are in phase 1, 2, and 3 trials, is highlighted...
- The Units Ontology: a tool for integrating units of measurement in scienceGeorgios V Gkoutos
Department of Computer Science, University of Aberystwyth, Old College, King Street, SY23 2AX
Database (Oxford) 2012:bas033. 2012..Here, we present the Units Ontology (UO), an ontology currently being used in many scientific resources for the standardized description of units of measurements...
- The C.R.E.A.T.E. approach to primary literature shifts undergraduates' self-assessed ability to read and analyze journal articles, attitudes about science, and epistemological beliefsSally G Hoskins
Department of Biology and The Graduate Center, City College of the City University of New York, USA
CBE Life Sci Educ 10:368-78. 2011..method uses intensive analysis of primary literature in the undergraduate classroom to demystify and humanize science. We have reported previously that the method improves students' critical thinking and content integration ..
- Care for child development: basic science rationale and effects of interventionsRebecca L Holt
Department of Pediatric Neurology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
Pediatr Neurol 44:239-53. 2011..An expanding body of basic science laboratory data demonstrates that several interventions, including environmental enrichment, level of parental ..
- Undergraduate research experiences support science career decisions and active learningDavid Lopatto
Department of Psychology, Grinnell College, Grinnell, IA 50112, USA
CBE Life Sci Educ 6:297-306. 2007..The survey further examines the hypothesis that undergraduate research enhances the educational experience of science undergraduates, attracts and retains talented students to careers in science, and acts as a pathway for minority ..
- Where's the evidence that active learning works?Joel Michael
Department of Molecular Biophysics and Physiology, Rush Medical College, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA
Adv Physiol Educ 30:159-67. 2006Calls for reforms in the ways we teach science at all levels, and in all disciplines, are wide spread...
- Bridging autism, science and society: moving toward an ethically informed approach to autism researchElizabeth Pellicano
Centre for Research in Autism and Education, Department of Psychology and Human Development, Institute of Education, London, UK
Autism Res 4:271-82. 2011Recent developments in the science of autism have provoked widespread unease among autism activists...
- Sex differences in intrinsic aptitude for mathematics and science?: a critical reviewElizabeth S Spelke
Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 1130 William James Hall, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Am Psychol 60:950-8. 2005..differences account for the differential representation of men and women in high-level careers in mathematics and science: (a) males are more focused on objects from the beginning of life and therefore are predisposed to better ..
- The science of team science: overview of the field and introduction to the supplementDaniel Stokols
School of Social Ecology, University of California Irvine, Irvine, California 92697, USA
Am J Prev Med 35:S77-89. 2008The science of team science encompasses an amalgam of conceptual and methodologic strategies aimed at understanding and enhancing the outcomes of large-scale collaborative research and training programs...
- Peer review: a flawed process at the heart of science and journalsRichard Smith
J R Soc Med 99:178-82. 2006
- Science communication reconsideredTania Bubela
School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Nat Biotechnol 27:514-8. 2009As new media proliferate and the public's trust and engagement in science are influenced by industry involvement in academic research, an interdisciplinary workshop provides some recommendations to enhance science communication.
- Scarless fetal wound healing: a basic science reviewBarrett J Larson
Hagey Laboratory for Pediatric Regenerative Medicine, Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA
Plast Reconstr Surg 126:1172-80. 2010..These differences may have important implications in scarless wound repair...
- Filling in the gaps: artistic license in education and outreachDavid S Goodsell
Department of Molecular Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America
PLoS Biol 5:e308. 2007
- Fructose toxicity: is the science ready for public health actions?Luc Tappy
Department of Physiology, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 15:357-61. 2012..This review evaluates the scientific basis for such action...
- Health benefits and health claims of probiotics: bridging science and marketingGer T Rijkers
Department of Surgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Br J Nutr 106:1291-6. 2011..An open dialogue between basic and clinical scientists, regulatory authorities, food and nutrition industry, and consumers could bridge the gap between science and marketing of probiotics.
- Science and the sources of hypeT Caulfield
Law Centre, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
Public Health Genomics 15:209-17. 2012..These numerous and interrelated factors create a 'hype pipeline' that will be difficult to counter without the utilization of a wide range of policy strategies...
- The science of eliminating health disparities: summary and analysis of the NIH summit recommendationsIrene Dankwa-Mullan
National Institutes of Health, National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities, 6707 Democracy Boulevard, Suite 800, Bethesda, MD 20892 5465, USA
Am J Public Health 100:S12-8. 2010..The Summit, titled "The Science of Eliminating Health Disparities," drew on extensive experience of experts leading health disparities research ..
- The emergence of land change science for global environmental change and sustainabilityB L Turner
Graduate School of Geography and Marsh Institute, Clark University, Worcester, MA 01610, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:20666-71. 2007Land change science has emerged as a fundamental component of global environmental change and sustainability research...
- Inquiry-based and research-based laboratory pedagogies in undergraduate scienceGabriela C Weaver
Department of Chemistry, Purdue University, 560 Oval Drive, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA
Nat Chem Biol 4:577-80. 2008
- How citation boosts promote scientific paradigm shifts and nobel prizesAmin Mazloumian
ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
PLoS ONE 6:e18975. 2011..Based on mining several million citations, we quantitatively analyze the processes driving paradigm shifts in science. We find that groundbreaking discoveries of Nobel Prize Laureates and other famous scientists are not only ..
- Diversity. Preparing minority scientists and engineersMichael F Summers
Howard Hughes Medical Institute HHMI and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250, USA
Science 311:1870-1. 2006
- P-type ATPases as drug targets: tools for medicine and scienceLaure Yatime
Centre for Membrane Pumps in Cells and Disease PUMPKIN, Danish National Research Foundation, Denmark
Biochim Biophys Acta 1787:207-20. 2009..Here, we review the current knowledge about P-type ATPase inhibitors and their present use as tools in science, medicine, and biotechnology...
- Using texts in science education: cognitive processes and knowledge representationPaul van den Broek
Department of Education and Child Studies, University of Leiden, Wassenaarseweg 52, 2333 AK Leiden, Netherlands
Science 328:453-6. 2010Texts form a powerful tool in teaching concepts and principles in science. How do readers extract information from a text, and what are the limitations in this process? Central to comprehension of and learning from a text is the ..
- Public attitudes to genomic science: an experiment in information provisionPatrick Sturgis
Division of Social Statistics, School of Social Sciences, University of Southampton, UK
Public Underst Sci 19:166-80. 2010..experimental panel study design to investigate the effect of providing "value-neutral" information about genomic science in the form of a short film to a random sample of the British public...
- Career choice. Planning early for careers in scienceRobert H Tai
Curry School of Education, University of Virginia, 405 Emmet Street South, Charlottesville, VA 22904 4273, USA
Science 312:1143-4. 2006
- Implementing tuberculosis control in Papua New Guinea: a clash of culture and science?Kindin Ongugo
Division of Medicine, John Hunter Hospital, Lookout Road, New Lambton, NSW 2305, Australia
J Community Health 36:423-30. 2011..There are unique cultural and local issues that need to be addressed when implementing DOTS strategy in PNG...
- Is there science beyond English? Initiatives to increase the quality and visibility of non-English publications might help to break down language barriers in scientific communicationRogerio Meneghini
BIREME, PAHO WHO, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
EMBO Rep 8:112-6. 2007
- Understanding current causes of women's underrepresentation in scienceStephen J Ceci
Department of Human Development, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:3157-62. 2011Explanations for women's underrepresentation in math-intensive fields of science often focus on sex discrimination in grant and manuscript reviewing, interviewing, and hiring...
- Is qualitative research second class science? A quantitative longitudinal examination of qualitative research in medical journalsKerem Shuval
School of Public Health, Division of Epidemiology, Human Genetics and Environmental Sciences, University of Texas at Dallas, Dallas, Texas, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e16937. 2011..This study describes the proportion of qualitative research over a 10 year period and correlates associated with its publication...
- Widespread distribution and unexpected variation among science faculty with education specialties (SFES) across the United StatesSeth D Bush
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA 93407, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:7170-5. 2013College and university science departments are increasingly taking an active role in improving science education...
- NASA faked the moon landing--therefore, (climate) science is a hoax: an anatomy of the motivated rejection of scienceStephan Lewandowsky
School of Psychology, University of Western Australia Western Australia 6009, Australia
Psychol Sci 24:622-33. 2013..become a platform for denial of climate change, and bloggers have taken a prominent role in questioning climate science. We report a survey of climate-blog visitors to identify the variables underlying acceptance and rejection of ..
- Stereotyped: investigating gender in introductory science coursesShanda Lauer
Department of Biological Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND 58108, USA
CBE Life Sci Educ 12:30-8. 2013Research in science education has documented achievement gaps between men and women in math and physics that may reflect, in part, a response to perceived stereotype threat...
- How complexity science can inform a reflective process for improvement in primary care practicesChristine K Stroebel
ORBIS International, New York, NY, USA
Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 31:438-46. 2005..However, most organizations are not accurately described using this framework. Complexity science provides a better fit for understanding small primary care practices.
- Scientific thinking in young children: theoretical advances, empirical research, and policy implicationsAlison Gopnik
Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Science 337:1623-7. 2012..show that very young children's learning and thinking are strikingly similar to much learning and thinking in science. Preschoolers test hypotheses against data and make causal inferences; they learn from statistics and informal ..
- The science on front-of-package food labelsKristy L Hawley
The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, 2300 I Street NW, Washington, DC 20037, USA
Public Health Nutr 16:430-9. 2013..and Institute of Medicine are currently investigating front-of-package (FOP) food labelling systems to provide science-based guidance to the food industry...
- Can science justify regulatory decisions about the cultivation of transgenic crops?Alan Raybould
Syngenta, Jealott s Hill International Research Centre, Bracknell, Berkshire, RG42 6EY, UK
Transgenic Res 21:691-8. 2012..Focusing on reducing scientific uncertainty at the expense of clarifying policy objectives may have detrimental effects on scientists, science and society.
- Careers in science. More women in scienceJo Handelsman
Department of Plant Pathology, University of Wisconsin Madison, 1630 Linden Dr, Madison, WI 53706, USA joh plantpath wisc edu
Science 309:1190-1. 2005
- The critical path initiative: leveraging collaborations to enhance regulatory scienceR A Barratt
Office of Translational Sciences, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, US Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA
Clin Pharmacol Ther 91:380-3. 2012..As a result, the organization is making progress toward developing knowledge and tools that can reduce uncertainty in medical product development...
- Very long-term retention of basic science knowledge in doctors after graduationEugene J F M Custers
Centre for Research and Development of Education, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Med Educ 45:422-30. 2011Despite frequent complaints that biomedical knowledge is quickly forgotten after it has been learned, few investigations of actual long-term retention of basic science knowledge have been conducted in the medical domain.
- The ecology of team science: understanding contextual influences on transdisciplinary collaborationDaniel Stokols
School of Social Ecology, University of California Irvine, Irvine, California 92697, USA
Am J Prev Med 35:S96-115. 2008Increased public and private investments in large-scale team science initiatives over the past two decades have underscored the need to better understand how contextual factors influence the effectiveness of transdisciplinary scientific ..
- Research, engagement and public bioethics: promoting socially robust scienceMartyn D Pickersgill
Centre for Population Health Sciences, Medical School, Teviot Place, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
J Med Ethics 37:698-701. 2011..In this article, I wish to reframe this 'public understanding of science' project, and place fresh emphasis on public understandings of research: an engagement with the everyday ..
- Diversity. Gender similarities in mathematics and scienceJanet Shibley Hyde
Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Science 314:599-600. 2006
- Moving the science of team science forward: collaboration and creativityKara L Hall
Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20850, USA
Am J Prev Med 35:S243-9. 2008..Likewise, the emerging field of the science of team science draws on diverse disciplinary perspectives to better understand and enhance the processes and ..
- The simultaneous evolution of author and paper networksKATY BORNER
School of Library and Information Science, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:5266-73. 2004..However, recent progress in applying the tools of science to understand science itself has been unprecedented because only recently has there been access to high-volume ..
- SAW: breaking down barriers between art and scienceAnne Osbourn
John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, United Kingdom
PLoS Biol 6:e211. 2008
- Science & music: facing the musicPhilip Ball
Nature 453:160-2. 2008
- Women's underrepresentation in science: sociocultural and biological considerationsStephen J Ceci
Department of Human Development, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
Psychol Bull 135:218-61. 2009....
- Advancing the science of team scienceHolly J Falk-Krzesinski
Research Team Support, Northwestern University Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
Clin Transl Sci 3:263-6. 2010The First Annual International Science of Team Science (SciTS) Conference was held in Chicago, IL April 22-24, 2010. This article presents a summary of the Conference proceedings.
- Public bioethics and public engagement: the politics of "proper talk"Alfred Moore
Department of Philosophy, University College Cork, Ireland
Public Underst Sci 19:197-211. 2010..The article then questions whether the authority to categorize publics and identify "proper" ethical positions reintroduces problems of expertise in a new form...
- New technologies for 21st century plant scienceDavid W Ehrhardt
Department of Plant Biology, Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford, California 94305, USA
Plant Cell 24:374-94. 2012..The aim of this article is to identify how new technologies can and will transform plant science to address the challenges of new biology...
- A brief summary of carbon nanotubes science and technology: a health and safety perspectivePeter Wick
Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Material Testing and Research Materials, St Gallen, Switzerland
ChemSusChem 4:905-11. 2011....
- Molecular imprinting science and technology: a survey of the literature for the years up to and including 2003Cameron Alexander
The School of Pharmacy, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK
J Mol Recognit 19:106-80. 2006..papers, reviews and monographs have herein been collected to document the development of molecular imprinting science and technology from the serendipitous discovery of Polyakov in 1931 to recent attempts to implement and ..
- Survey of Undergraduate Research Experiences (SURE): first findingsDavid Lopatto
Department of Psychology, Grinnell College, Grinnell, IA 50112, USA
Cell Biol Educ 3:270-7. 2004In this study, I examined the hypothesis that undergraduate research enhances the educational experience of science undergraduates, attracts and retains talented students to careers in science, and acts as a pathway for minority students ..
- Teaching the process of science: faculty perceptions and an effective methodologyDavid Coil
Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, 98195, USA
CBE Life Sci Educ 9:524-35. 2010Most scientific endeavors require science process skills such as data interpretation, problem solving, experimental design, scientific writing, oral communication, collaborative work, and critical analysis of primary literature...
- A 3D revolution in communicating scienceJerome Murienne
Nature 453:450. 2008
- Enhancing diversity in science: is teaching science process skills the answer?Clarissa Dirks
Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
CBE Life Sci Educ 5:218-26. 2006The Biology Fellows Program at the University of Washington aims to enhance diversity in science by helping students succeed in the rigorous introductory biology classes and motivating them to engage in undergraduate research...
- Science 2.0M Mitchell Waldrop
Sci Am 298:68-73. 2008b>Science 2.0 generally refers to new practices of scientists who post raw experimental results, nascent theories, claims of discovery and draft papers on the Web for others to see and comment on...
- Approaches to learning in science: a longitudinal studyP Zeegers
University Study Skills Centre, Flinders University of South Australia, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide 5001, Australia
Br J Educ Psychol 71:115-32. 2001..SAMPLES: The sample consisted of 200 commencing students studying in a science course at an Australian university...
- Selective use of the primary literature transforms the classroom into a virtual laboratorySally G Hoskins
Biology Department and The Graduate Center, The City College of the City University of New York, New York, New York 10031, USA
Genetics 176:1381-9. 2007..hypotheses, analyze and interpret the data, and think of the next experiment) is a new method for teaching science and the nature of science through primary literature...
- Brain imaging research: does the science serve clinical practice?Dean F Wong
The Russell H Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Division of Nuclear Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287 0807, USA
Int Rev Psychiatry 19:541-58. 2007..For example, an optimal dose of D2 antagonist antipsychotics produces occupancy of 65% to 80% of D2 receptors, while a greater dose carries a risk of extrapyramidal side effects...
- Scientific and legal perspectives on science generated for regulatory activitiesCarol J Henry
American Chemistry Council, Arlington, Virginia, USA
Environ Health Perspect 116:136-41. 2008..work conducted for purposes of advocacy before regulatory agencies or courts be judged by the same standards as science conducted for other purposes?" In the article, which focuses on the regulatory advocacy context, we argue that it ..
- Global aging, well-ordered science, and prospectionColin Farrelly
Department of Political Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
Rejuvenation Res 13:607-12. 2010Aristotle described the study of politics as an "architectonic" science that aspires to bring together insights from different fields of scientific inquiry to ensure that citizens have the opportunities to flourish...
- How to identify science being bent: the tobacco industry's fight to deny second-hand smoking health hazards as an exampleKenneth Rochel de Camargo
Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, 20559 900 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Soc Sci Med 75:1230-5. 2012Social studies of science have produced a critical description of science that challenges traditional ideas about "objectivity" and "neutrality"...
- Signaling threat: how situational cues affect women in math, science, and engineering settingsMary C Murphy
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Jordan Hall, Bldg 420, 450 Serra Mall, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Psychol Sci 18:879-85. 2007..Objective and subjective measures of identity threat were collected from male and female math, science, and engineering (MSE) majors who watched an MSE conference video depicting either an unbalanced ratio of men to ..
- The sciences of science communicationBaruch Fischhoff
Department of Engineering and Public Policy, and Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:14033-9. 2013The May 2012 Sackler Colloquium on "The Science of Science Communication" brought together scientists with research to communicate and scientists whose research could facilitate that communication...
- Science PhD career preferences: levels, changes, and advisor encouragementHenry Sauermann
Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
PLoS ONE 7:e36307. 2012....
- Writing-to-learn in undergraduate science education: a community-based, conceptually driven approachJulie A Reynolds
Department of Biology, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
CBE Life Sci Educ 11:17-25. 2012..to promote student learning and engagement, writing-to-learn (WTL) practices are still not widely implemented in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines, particularly at research universities...
- Hedgehogs, humans and high-school science. The benefits of involving high-school students in university researchGiulio Pavesi
Universita degli Studi di Milano, Italy
EMBO Rep 9:208-11. 2008
- The efficacy of student-centered instruction in supporting science learningE M Granger
Office of Science Teaching Activities, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 4295, USA
Science 338:105-8. 2012Transforming science learning through student-centered instruction that engages students in a variety of scientific practices is central to national science-teaching reform efforts...
- Whither Latin America? Trends and challenges of science in Latin AmericaMarcelo Hermes-Lima
Oxyradical Research Group, Depto Biologia Celular, Universidade de Brasília Brasília, DF, Brazil
IUBMB Life 59:199-210. 2007b>Science in Latin America has experienced vigorous growth in the past decade, as demonstrated by the fact that the Latin American share of the world's scientific publications increased from 1.8% in 1991-1995 to 3.4% in 1999-2003...
- Distinguishing science from pseudoscience in school psychology: science and scientific thinking as safeguards against human errorScott O Lilienfeld
Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
J Sch Psychol 50:7-36. 2012..We review evidence for the scientist-practitioner gap in school psychology and provide a user-friendly primer on science and scientific thinking for school psychologists...
- The measurement of broadband ultrasonic attenuation in cancellous bone--a review of the science and technologyC M Langton
Fac of Sci, Queensland Univ of Technol, Brisbane, QLD, Brisbane, Australia
IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control 55:1546-54. 2008..changed the world" over the past 50 years, covering the whole academic spectrum from the arts and humanities to science and technology...
- Public bioethics and publics: consensus, boundaries, and participation in biomedical science policySusan E Kelly
University of Louisville, USA
Sci Technol Human Values 28:339-64. 2003..and providing policy advice in certain areas of scientific inquiry raising questions of values and legitimate science. In the United States, bioethical experts in these institutions use the language of consensus building to justify ..
- The meanings of science: conversations with geneticistsYulia Egorova
Department of Anthropology, Durham University
Health Care Anal 15:51-8. 2007..It is suggested that these two trends in their answers could be explained by scientists tending to relegate the implications of their work to the realm of the social which they construe as divorced from scientific practice...
- Hypnosis: a twilight zone of the top-down variety Few have never heard of hypnosis but most know little about the potential of this mind-body regulation technique for advancing scienceAmir Raz
Institute for Community and Family Psychiatry, Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec H3T 1E4, Canada
Trends Cogn Sci 15:555-7. 2011..Although scientists are still unraveling how hypnosis works, little is mystical about this powerful top-down process, which is an important tool in the armamentarium of the cognitive scientist seeking to unlock topical conundrums...
- Increased interestingness of extraneous details in a multimedia science presentation leads to decreased learningRichard E Mayer
Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 9660, USA
J Exp Psychol Appl 14:329-39. 2008..Results are consistent with a cognitive theory of multimedia learning, in which highly interesting details sap processing capacity away from deeper cognitive processing of the core material during learning...
- From science in art to the art of scienceMartin Kemp
University of Oxford
Nature 434:308-9. 2005
- Childhood origins of adult resistance to sciencePaul Bloom
Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
Science 316:996-7. 2007..Resistance to science, then, is particularly exaggerated in societies where nonscientific ideologies have the advantages of being both ..
- Scientific perspectivism: A philosopher of science's response to the challenge of big data biologyWerner Callebaut
Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research, Altenberg, Austria
Stud Hist Philos Biol Biomed Sci 43:69-80. 2012..systems biology (including 'omics'), and synthetic biology-raises a number of issues for the philosophy of science. This article deals with several such: Is data-intensive biology a new kind of science, presumably post-..
- How to ensure the survival of the surgeon-scientist? The Homburg ProgramMichael D Menger
Institute for Clinical and Experimental Surgery, Saarland University, 66421 Homburg Saar, Germany
Langenbecks Arch Surg 397:619-22. 2012..This has resulted in a dramatic decline in the number of surgeon-scientists in the past and alarms us to systematically restructure our research training system...
- Mentoring. Volunteers bring passion to science outreachMoriah R Beck
Department of Molecular Microbiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Science 314:1246-7. 2006
- Psychology's role in mathematics and science educationNora S Newcombe
Department of Psychology, Temple University, 1701 North 13th Street, Room 318, Philadelphia, PA 19122 6085, USA
Am Psychol 64:538-50. 2009Improving mathematics and science education in the United States has been a matter of national concern for over half a century. Psychology has a vital role to play in this enterprise...
- Russian science: what the scientists sayAlexander Sobolev
Nature 449:528-30. 2007
- Conflict of interest or contravention of science?Christopher J Borgert
President and Principal Scientist, Applied Pharmacology and Toxicology, Inc, 2250 NW 24th Avenue, Gainesville, FL 32605, USA
Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 48:4-5. 2007Invasive conflict of interest disclosures are now normative requirements for participation in the operations of science, pursuant to a sea of ink intended ostensibly to advocate for objectivity...
- Key steps for integrating a basic science throughout a medical school curriculum using an e-learning approachEline Agnès Dubois
Center for Educational Expertise in Medicine, Leiden University Medical Center, The Netherlands
Med Teach 31:822-8. 2009..The process of integrating a basic science in this manner resembles a curricular change...
- Science or alchemy?P A Lawrence
Division of Cell Biology, MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2QH, UK
Nat Rev Genet 2:139-42. 2001Hyperbole has become a common and accepted practice in science nowadays. We sell our results, we hide our ignorance and we use stock terms that gain spurious weight through repeated use...
- Toward a science of exceptional achievement: attaining superior performance through deliberate practiceK Anders Ericsson
Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida, USA
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1172:199-217. 2009....
- Translating heart failure guidelines into clinical practice: clinical science and the art of medicineK F Adams
Division of Cardiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB 7075, Burnett Womack Building, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
Curr Cardiol Rep 3:130-5. 2001..In this way, both the art and the science of medicine can be employed to obtain better patient outcomes in cardiovascular diseases long associated with ..
- The high-pressure dimension in earth and planetary scienceHo Kwang Mao
Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 5251 Broad Branch Road NW, Washington, DC 20015, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:9114-5. 2007
- Policy and science in children's health and environment: recommendations from the PINCHE projectPeter van den Hazel
Public Health Services Gelderland Midden, Arnhem, The Netherlands
Acta Paediatr Suppl 95:114-9. 2006..The link between science and policy still faces many challenges...
- Video games: a route to large-scale STEM education?Merrilea J Mayo
Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, 4801 Rockhill Road, Kansas City, MO 64110 USA
Science 323:79-82. 2009..This article reviews the sparse but encouraging data on learning outcomes for video games in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) disciplines, then reviews the infrastructural obstacles to wider ..
- Psychosocial aspects of short stature and its management: good deeds require good scienceDavid E Sandberg
Division of Child Behavioral Health, Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich, USA
Horm Res Paediatr 76:37-9. 2011..bioethics considers more than empirical evidence when providing guidance, recommendations based on poor-quality science will certainly diminish their ultimate value...
- Interdisciplinarity and systems science to improve population health: a view from the NIH Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences ResearchPatricia L Mabry
Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, Office of the Director, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
Am J Prev Med 35:S211-24. 2008..informatics, imaging, sensor technology, and communication tools have stimulated several converging trends in science: an emerging understanding of epigenomic regulation; dramatic successes in achieving population health-behavior ..
- MECHANISMS OF ENZYMIC AND HYDRIDE TRANSFERSGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Interdisciplinary Training in Quantitative Cell BiologyRONALD VALE; Fiscal Year: 2006..faculty which includes teachers with backgrounds in cellular physiology, physics, engineering and computational science. In addition the co-directors have added a group of distinguished visiting scholars and members of the MBL ..
- Macromoleclar Complexes Involved in Cellular TransportRONALD VALE; Fiscal Year: 2005..These studies will provide a mechanistic understanding of how cargoes bind to specific motors and how cells asymmetrically position components within their cytoplasm. ..
- FILLING THE GAPS--K-6 SCIENCE/HEALTH EDUCATIONNancy Moreno; Fiscal Year: 2001Completion of these new educational resources will provide a continuum of compatible interdisciplinary science and health educational materials for students from grades K through six...
- Bioscience Inspiration and Opportunities for StudentsNancy Moreno; Fiscal Year: 2007..underrepresented minority middle school students (grades 6-8) to increase their awareness of and enthusiasm for science and to prepare them for more rigorous high school science studies. 400 students will participate per year...
- MICROMATTERSNancy Moreno; Fiscal Year: 2007..diseases, biomedical research, healthy lifestyle choices, risk factors for disease, and the everyday relevance of science; stimulate middle school students' interest and awareness of science/health careers; and promote science/..
- THE ENVIRONMENT AS A CONTEXT FOR OPPORTUNITIES IN SCHOOLNancy Moreno; Fiscal Year: 2008..School District (NFISD) and the Harris County Department of Education (HCDE) propose to use environmentalhealth science as an integrated context for learning in six highly disadvantaged inner city elementary schools...
- Frontiers in Structural BiologyMichael Summers; Fiscal Year: 2004..The Keystone Meeting will bring together structural biologists interested in these issues, which have important implications both for fundamental biology and for the process of drug discovery. ..
- Community Environmental Health Research: Finding MeaningDavid Ozonoff; Fiscal Year: 2006..4) Establish mechanisms for forging new and on-going community-researcher relationships. ..
- SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY PROCESSES IN ADULTS AND CHILDRENDavid Klahr; Fiscal Year: 2003..Participants include preschoolers, elementary school children, and both science and non- science college students. The theoretical work will elaborate and refine the dual search framework...
- Abdominal Symptom Phenotypes: Pathways to New BiomarkersRobert Shulman; Fiscal Year: 2010..New biomarkers (video capsule endoscopy, lymphocyte activation/cytokine diffuse noxious inhibitory control testing) will be used with newly recruited IBS and control subjects. ..
- PARTNERSHIP FOR RESEARCH & EDUCATION IN PLANTSErin Dolan; Fiscal Year: 2007..at the request of high school students and their teachers, who wanted opportunities to collect 'real' science data, and scientists, who needed extra help in studying the 'white mouse' of the plant world, ..
- Integrating CAM: Nursing EmphasisMargaret Heitkemper; Fiscal Year: 2006..medicine (CAM) offers important but under-exploited adjuncts to conventional health care, yet conventional health science professions schools such as nursing give insufficient attention to CAM...
- Women's Health Complementary and Alternative TherapiesMargaret Heitkemper; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Social Isolation, Loneliness, Health & the Aging ProcessJohn Cacioppo; Fiscal Year: 2007..There are also two cores that provide broad support to the projects: Core A the administrative core, and Core B the data management and statistical management core. ..
- TNRF1 Signaling Resistance in Ischemic Human Female MyocardiumDaniel R Meldrum; Fiscal Year: 2010..Female and male myocardium from the following study subjects will be tested: humans, wild type mice, STATS knockout mice, TNFR1 and TNFR2 knockout mice, and alpha and beta estrogen receptor knockout mice. ..
- CELL AND GENETIC APPROACHES TO ENAMEL BIOMIMETICSMalcolm Snead; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable]..
- Chromium Mesoporphyrin in the Prevention of Neonatal JaundiceDavid K Stevenson; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Sixteenth Ovarian WorkshopTeresa Woodruff; Fiscal Year: 2007..expands on the theme of translational research that reaches from bench to bedside by incorporating new basic science together with clinically relevant issues and presentations by clinical scientists...
- Criminal Justice Applications of Genetic InformationSimon Cole; Fiscal Year: 2006..Data gathered will be drawn from legal, scientific, medical, and popular literatures. The project will employ the methods of science and technology studies, socio-legal studies, risk studies, history, and sociology.
- PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING FOR ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTHDINA MARKOWITZ; Fiscal Year: 2007..The proposal will focus on developing new curricula that incorporate environmental health education into science, social studies, and health classes. The goals of this program will be the following: 1...
- Dissemination of the Microscope Imaging StationCharles Carlson; Fiscal Year: 2006..activities, and (2) to disseminate these to students, teachers, museum visitors, the broader public, and other science centers...
- A Practice-Based Research Network for Improvement ScienceKathleen R Stevens; Fiscal Year: 2010..safety in healthcare are national priorities;yet insufficient progress has been made in quality improvement science, particularly focusing on nursing care processes in the hospital setting...
- Surface-induced informaton storage in water aggregatesGerald Pollack; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- ORAL IMMUNE DYSFUNCTION AND CANDIDIASIS IN HIV INFECTIONPaul Fidel; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Antipsychotic effects on N-acetyl aspartate in rat brainDiana Lindquist; Fiscal Year: 2007..Such studies will make MRS a useful tool for the determination of both drug type and dose response in patients with psychiatric illnesses. ..
- Effectiveness Trial of Attention Shaping for SchizophreniaSteven M Silverstein; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- A Computer-Assisted Brief Motivational Intervention for Smoking During PregnancySteven Ondersma; Fiscal Year: 2008..It is hoped that such a simplified, computer- based system will promote the widespread adoption of effective smoking cessation activities in prenatal clinics. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Persistent Mechanical Hypersensitivity in Rats: Biobehavioral EffectsGayle Page; Fiscal Year: 2009..The relevance of the proposed study to human health is the goal to discern what factors (e.g., sleep disruption, biological responses to stress and anxiety) increase one s risk to develop chronic pain. ..
- Linking Federal and State Data to Study the Economic Effects of Workplace InjuryLESLIE BODEN; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Familias Fuertes: Outreach to Latino families with a child coping with cancerKRISTEN HOLTZ; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Acceptance and Commitment Therapy as a Treatment for OCDSteven Hayes; Fiscal Year: 2007..This investigation also includes measures to assess the psychological processes through which changes of compulsive behavior occur. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Substance Use and the Consolidation of Adult RolesJ Hawkins; Fiscal Year: 2008..The proposed study will provide important information of use to those designing preventive and treatment interventions for substance abuse and dependence. ..
- The WIDUS: Indirect Screening for Perinatal Drug UseSteven Ondersma; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Inhibin Actions on Reproductive Target TissuesTeresa Woodruff; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Neurobiology of Dopamine in SchizophreniaJeffrey Lieberman; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Targeting BCL-XL Expression in MesotheliomaW Smythe; Fiscal Year: 2006..Upstream targets regulating bcl-xl expression for use in future therapeutic paradigms may be identified. ..
- Cognitive Impairment Influences Gait in AgingBruno Giordani; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- SMART TEAMS: PROJECT-BASED PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENTTim Herman; Fiscal Year: 2004..This program links teachers and students with the real world of science. This project consists of two components...
- IMAGING DOPAMINE/SEROTONIN MECHANISMS IN COCAINE CRAVINGDEAN WONG; Fiscal Year: 2003..Testing of these hypotheses will provide novel and fundamental answers to craving mechanisms. ..
- IMAGING DOPAMINE RELEASE/ENDOCRINE CHANGES IN ALCOHOLISMDEAN WONG; Fiscal Year: 2004..If the initial D2 receptor deficits are exacerbated by alcohol abuse one can envision a positive feedback loop hard to break. ..
- Capture-Recapture Estimates of Workplace Injury RatesLESLIE BODEN; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- AGRICULTURAL DUST AND CHILDHOOD ASTHMA SYMPTOMSSteve Wing; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- A School Re-Entry Program for Children with CancerKRISTEN HOLTZ; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- A Qualitative Study of Editorial Decision-MakingLisa Bero; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- ASTROCYTE CYTOKINE EXPRESSION/ION TRANSPORT IN ADCDale Benos; Fiscal Year: 2003..In this application, we intend to translate basic science findings obtained in the previous grant period to the human, and perform clinical cognitive studies on HIV-..
- Response Selection as a Function of AgeRobert Proctor; Fiscal Year: 2002..These guidelines will lead to development of products and environments that allow elderly adults to remain more independent and to engage safely in more activities in their daily lives. ..
- INDEPENDENT COMPONENT ANALYSIS OF HUMAN BRAIN ACTIVITYTerrence Sejnowski; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- TRAIL mediated apoptosis in prostate cancerMichael Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Adventure in Nutropolis: Obesity Prevention for YouthKRISTEN HOLTZ; Fiscal Year: 2005..Additional materials to enhance student learning, such as an interactive Web site with game-based lessons, will also be created. ..
- Biomedical Research Training for Science UndergraduatesDouglas McGregor; Fiscal Year: 2006..enable ten competitively selected students who have completed their sophomore year in a quantitative or physical science discipline or engineering to take part in an intensive ten week program in each of two successive years...
- Protocol for Multicentre Trials of Cleft Palate SurgeryWilliam Shaw; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- c-Kit Activating Mutations and Drug Resistance in AMLRobert Arceci; Fiscal Year: 2005..These data may also be useful for stratification of patients according to cytokine receptor mutations and subsequent treatment with non-genotoxic therapies that target specific biological pathways. ..
- Third International Conference on Urban HealthHortensia Amaro; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Neonatal Pain, Adult Biobehavioral Responses to StressGayle Page; Fiscal Year: 2005..Findings from these studies will demonstrate possible negative physiologic and behavioral sequelae of repeated painful experiences during neonatal development as well as suggest potential preventive interventions. ..
- Surveillance: The Ethics of Public Health ReportingRonald Bayer; Fiscal Year: 2004..The project will inform discussion of the ethics of public health surveillance and contribute to the development of public policy sensitive to privacy and confidentiality as well as the demands of research and public health. ..
- Development and Evaluation of a Virtual Aphasia Clinici*Cynthia Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2006..If successful, this work will result in new directions for the management of speech and language disorders that incorporate and take advantage of advances in computer technology. ..
- Specificity/Sensitivity in Mammographic ScreeningDaniel Kopans; Fiscal Year: 2006..Tomosynthesis may result in improved detection, characterization and visualization of breast lesions which may ultimately reduce mortality from breast cancer, while dramatically reducing callback imaging studies. ..
- BUILDING THE TOOTH: BRIDGING BIOLOGY IN MATERIAL SCIENCESMalcolm Snead; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- HORMONAL AND ZINC REGULATION OF PROSTATE M ACONITASELES COSTELLO; Fiscal Year: 2004..This information will provide new approaches to the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of PCa. ..
- SEROTONIN 1A RECEPTOR & METABOLIC IMAGING IN DEPRESSIONDavid Kupfer; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Signaling Pathways in Pathogenesis of Renal FibrosisJOSEPH GRANDE; Fiscal Year: 2004..If successful, these interventions may retard progression of tissue injury to end-stage disease. ..
- UC Davis MORE Program Evaluation ProjectMerna Villarejo; Fiscal Year: 2007..the quantitative relationships between research experience, undergraduate achievement and enrollment in academic science graduate programs...
- CELLULAR SIGNALING IN RENAL PATHOPHYSIOLOGYJOSEPH GRANDE; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION OF C NEOFORMANS ANTIBODIESArturo Casadevall; Fiscal Year: 2006..These studies are expected to yield new insights on fundamental aspects of antibody function as well as practical information for the development of second generation antibody reagents for human therapy. ..
- Nursing Interventions & Outcomes in 3 Older PopulationsMarita Titler; Fiscal Year: 2004..Develop a guideline for construction and use of a nursing effectiveness research database built from electronic data repositories. ..