electromagnetic fields

Summary

Summary: Fields representing the joint interplay of electric and magnetic forces.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Induction of DNA strand breaks by intermittent exposure to extremely-low-frequency electromagnetic fields in human diploid fibroblasts
    Sabine Ivancsits
    Division of Occupational Medicine, University Hospital AKH, Waehringer Guertel 18 20, A 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Mutat Res 519:1-13. 2002
  2. ncbi Effects of 50 Hz electromagnetic fields on voltage-gated Ca2+ channels and their role in modulation of neuroendocrine cell proliferation and death
    Claudio Grassi
    Institute of Human Physiology, Medical School, Catholic University S Cuore, Largo F Vito 1, 00168 Rome, Italy
    Cell Calcium 35:307-15. 2004
  3. ncbi Controlling cell behavior electrically: current views and future potential
    Colin D McCaig
    School of Medical Sciences, Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, Scotland
    Physiol Rev 85:943-78. 2005
  4. ncbi Intermittent extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields cause DNA damage in a dose-dependent way
    Sabine Ivancsits
    Division of Occupational Medicine, University Hospital AKH, Waehringer Guertel 18 20, 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 76:431-6. 2003
  5. ncbi Exposure to extremely low-frequency (50 Hz) electromagnetic fields enhances adult hippocampal neurogenesis in C57BL/6 mice
    Bruna Cuccurazzu
    Institute of Human Physiology, Catholic University Medical School, Rome, Italy
    Exp Neurol 226:173-82. 2010
  6. ncbi Cell type-specific genotoxic effects of intermittent extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields
    Sabine Ivancsits
    Division of Occupational Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18 20, A 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Mutat Res 583:184-8. 2005
  7. ncbi Extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields promote in vitro neurogenesis via upregulation of Ca(v)1-channel activity
    Roberto Piacentini
    Institute of Human Physiology, Medical School, Catholic University S Cuore, Rome, Italy
    J Cell Physiol 215:129-39. 2008
  8. ncbi Cell phones and brain tumors: a review including the long-term epidemiologic data
    Vini G Khurana
    Australian National University, Australia
    Surg Neurol 72:205-14; discussion 214-5. 2009
  9. ncbi Electromagnetic fields instantaneously modulate nitric oxide signaling in challenged biological systems
    Arthur A Pilla
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Columbia University, NY, USA
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 426:330-3. 2012
  10. ncbi Electromagnetic fields (EMFs) and adenosine receptors modulate prostaglandin E(2) and cytokine release in human osteoarthritic synovial fibroblasts
    A Ongaro
    Department of Morphology and Embryology, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
    J Cell Physiol 227:2461-9. 2012

Research Grants

  1. PEMF Efficacy in Reducing Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms
    Cheryl Bourguignon; Fiscal Year: 2005
  2. Dynamic Neuroimaging with High-resolution SSVEPs
    Ramesh Srinivasan; Fiscal Year: 2012
  3. Engineering Multifunctional Nanoparticles
    Sangeeta N Bhatia; Fiscal Year: 2010
  4. Long-Range Wireless Power Transfer for Deep Biomedical Implants
    Khalil Najafi; Fiscal Year: 2013
  5. Lateral Rectus Reanimation following Sixth Nerve Palsy
    Arthur Rosenbaum; Fiscal Year: 2006
  6. Functional Dynamics of the Myosin Molecular Motor
    Yuri Nesmelov; Fiscal Year: 2010
  7. HEMATOLYMPHOPOIETIC MALIGNANCIES IN ITALY
    Paolo Vineis; Fiscal Year: 1993
  8. CASE CONTROL STUDY OF RISK FACTORS FOR WILMS TUMOR
    Andrew Olshan; Fiscal Year: 2002
  9. Towards a Non-Invasive Therapy for Atrial Fibrillation
    Benjamin Scherlag; Fiscal Year: 2004
  10. EFFECTS OF 27 MHZ RADIATION ON SOMATIC & GERM CELLS
    STEPHEN CLEARY; Fiscal Year: 1991

Detail Information

Publications398 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Induction of DNA strand breaks by intermittent exposure to extremely-low-frequency electromagnetic fields in human diploid fibroblasts
    Sabine Ivancsits
    Division of Occupational Medicine, University Hospital AKH, Waehringer Guertel 18 20, A 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Mutat Res 519:1-13. 2002
    ..Our data strongly indicate a genotoxic potential of intermittent EMF. This points to the need of further studies in vivo and consideration about environmental threshold values for ELF exposure...
  2. ncbi Effects of 50 Hz electromagnetic fields on voltage-gated Ca2+ channels and their role in modulation of neuroendocrine cell proliferation and death
    Claudio Grassi
    Institute of Human Physiology, Medical School, Catholic University S Cuore, Largo F Vito 1, 00168 Rome, Italy
    Cell Calcium 35:307-15. 2004
    Possible correlation between the effects of electromagnetic fields (EFs) on voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels, cell proliferation and apoptosis was investigated in neural and neuroendocrine cells...
  3. ncbi Controlling cell behavior electrically: current views and future potential
    Colin D McCaig
    School of Medical Sciences, Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, Scotland
    Physiol Rev 85:943-78. 2005
    ....
  4. ncbi Intermittent extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields cause DNA damage in a dose-dependent way
    Sabine Ivancsits
    Division of Occupational Medicine, University Hospital AKH, Waehringer Guertel 18 20, 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 76:431-6. 2003
    Epidemiological studies have reported an association between exposure to extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMFs) and increased risk of cancerous diseases, albeit without dose-effect relationships...
  5. ncbi Exposure to extremely low-frequency (50 Hz) electromagnetic fields enhances adult hippocampal neurogenesis in C57BL/6 mice
    Bruna Cuccurazzu
    Institute of Human Physiology, Catholic University Medical School, Rome, Italy
    Exp Neurol 226:173-82. 2010
    ..We recently demonstrated that extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELFEFs) promote the neuronal differentiation of neural stem cells in vitro by up-regulating Ca(v)1-..
  6. ncbi Cell type-specific genotoxic effects of intermittent extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields
    Sabine Ivancsits
    Division of Occupational Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18 20, A 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Mutat Res 583:184-8. 2005
    The issue of adverse health effects of extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMFs) is highly controversial. Contradictory results regarding the genotoxic potential of ELF-EMF have been reported in the literature...
  7. ncbi Extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields promote in vitro neurogenesis via upregulation of Ca(v)1-channel activity
    Roberto Piacentini
    Institute of Human Physiology, Medical School, Catholic University S Cuore, Rome, Italy
    J Cell Physiol 215:129-39. 2008
    We previously reported that exposure to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELFEFs) increases the expression and function of voltage-gated Ca2+)channels and that Ca2+ influx through Ca(v)1 channels plays a key role in ..
  8. ncbi Cell phones and brain tumors: a review including the long-term epidemiologic data
    Vini G Khurana
    Australian National University, Australia
    Surg Neurol 72:205-14; discussion 214-5. 2009
    ....
  9. ncbi Electromagnetic fields instantaneously modulate nitric oxide signaling in challenged biological systems
    Arthur A Pilla
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Columbia University, NY, USA
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 426:330-3. 2012
    ..001). To the authors' knowledge this is the first report of a real-time effect of non-thermal electromagnetic fields (EMF) on NO release from challenged cells...
  10. ncbi Electromagnetic fields (EMFs) and adenosine receptors modulate prostaglandin E(2) and cytokine release in human osteoarthritic synovial fibroblasts
    A Ongaro
    Department of Morphology and Embryology, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
    J Cell Physiol 227:2461-9. 2012
    ..Previous studies suggest that electromagnetic fields (EMFs) may represent a potential therapeutic approach to limit cartilage degradation and control ..
  11. ncbi DNA and chromosomal damage in response to intermittent extremely low-frequency magnetic fields
    Susanne Burdak-Rothkamm
    Gray Cancer Institute, PO Box 100, Mount Vernon Hospital, Northwood, Middlesex HA6 2JR, UK
    Mutat Res 672:82-9. 2009
    ..025Gy. Therefore, with comparable MF parameters employed, this study could not confirm previous studies reporting significant effects for both the alkaline and neutral comet assays and chromosomal aberration induction...
  12. ncbi Chromosomal damage in human diploid fibroblasts by intermittent exposure to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields
    Robert Winker
    Division of Occupational Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Wahringer Gurtel 18 20, Vienna A 1090, Austria
    Mutat Res 585:43-9. 2005
    Environmental exposure to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMFs) has been implicated in the development of cancer in humans...
  13. ncbi Are media warnings about the adverse health effects of modern life self-fulfilling? An experimental study on idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (IEI-EMF)
    Michael Witthöft
    King s College London, Department of Psychological Medicine, Weston Education Centre, United Kingdom
    J Psychosom Res 74:206-12. 2013
    ..Idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (IEI-EMF) is one such condition and is characterized by symptoms that are attributed to exposure to ..
  14. ncbi Safety of strong, static magnetic fields
    J F Schenck
    General Electric Corporate Research and Development Center, Schenectady, New York 12309, USA
    J Magn Reson Imaging 12:2-19. 2000
    ..Mathematical expressions are provided for the calculation of forces and torques...
  15. ncbi Effects of electromagnetic radiation of mobile phones on the central nervous system
    K A Hossmann
    Max Planck Institute for Neurological Research, Department of Experimental Neurology, Cologne, Germany
    Bioelectromagnetics 24:49-62. 2003
    ..These indirect health effects presumably outweigh the direct biological perturbations and should be investigated in more detail in the future...
  16. ncbi Treatment of knee osteoarthritis with pulsed electromagnetic fields: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study
    G Thamsborg
    Department of Geriatri and Rheumatology, Glostrup Hospital, 2600 Glostrup, Denmark
    Osteoarthritis Cartilage 13:575-81. 2005
    The investigation aimed at determining the effectiveness of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) in the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee by conducting a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial.
  17. ncbi Membrane permeabilization and cell damage by ultrashort electric field shocks
    Andrei G Pakhomov
    Frank Reidy Research Center for Bioelectrics, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA
    Arch Biochem Biophys 465:109-18. 2007
    ..We conclude that plasma membrane permeabilization is the principal cause of necrotic transformation in nsPEF-exposed cells and probably contributes to other known nsPEF bioeffects...
  18. ncbi Modification of osteoarthritis by pulsed electromagnetic field--a morphological study
    D McK Ciombor
    Department of Orthopaedics, Brown Medical School, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    Osteoarthritis Cartilage 11:455-62. 2003
    ..This study examines the effect of treatment with a pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) upon the morphological progression of osteoarthritis in this animal model...
  19. ncbi Cell type specific redox status is responsible for diverse electromagnetic field effects
    Myrtill Simko
    Division of Environmental Physiology, Department of Cell Biology and Biosystems Technology, University of Rostock, D 18059 Rostock, Germany
    Curr Med Chem 14:1141-52. 2007
    Epidemiologic and experimental research on the potential carcinogenic effects of extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) has been performed for a long time...
  20. ncbi Adenosine analogs and electromagnetic fields inhibit prostaglandin E2 release in bovine synovial fibroblasts
    M de Mattei
    Department of Morphology and Embryology, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
    Osteoarthritis Cartilage 17:252-62. 2009
    ..To investigate the role of adenosine analogs and electromagnetic field (EMF) stimulation on prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) release and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression in bovine synovial fibroblasts (SFs)...
  21. ncbi Effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic waves (RF-EMW) from cellular phones on human ejaculated semen: an in vitro pilot study
    Ashok Agarwal
    Center for Reproductive Medicine, Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA
    Fertil Steril 92:1318-25. 2009
    ..To evaluate effects of cellular phone radiofrequency electromagnetic waves (RF-EMW) during talk mode on unprocessed (neat) ejaculated human semen...
  22. ncbi The Virtual Family--development of surface-based anatomical models of two adults and two children for dosimetric simulations
    Andreas Christ
    Foundation for Research on Information Technologies in Society, Zeughausstr 43, 8004 Zurich, Switzerland
    Phys Med Biol 55:N23-38. 2010
    ..For research purposes, the four models are provided for free to the scientific community...
  23. ncbi Evaluation of genotoxic effects in human fibroblasts after intermittent exposure to 50 Hz electromagnetic fields: a confirmatory study
    Maria Rosaria Scarfi
    CNR Institute for Electromagnetic Sensing of Environment IREA, 80124 Napoli, Italy
    Radiat Res 164:270-6. 2005
    ..effects in human fibroblasts exposed to 50 Hz intermittent (5 min field on/10 min field off) sinusoidal electromagnetic fields. For this purpose, the induction of DNA single-strand breaks was evaluated by applying the alkaline single-..
  24. ncbi Effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields on patients' recovery after arthroscopic surgery: prospective, randomized and double-blind study
    C Zorzi
    Sacro Cuore Don Calabria Hospital, Via don A Sempreboni 5, 37024 Negrar Vr, Italy
    Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 15:830-4. 2007
    ..Previous pre-clinical studies have shown that pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) can protect articular cartilage from the catabolic effects of pro-inflammatory cytokines, and ..
  25. ncbi DNA fragmentation in human fibroblasts under extremely low frequency electromagnetic field exposure
    Frauke Focke
    Institute of Biochemistry and Genetics, Department of Biomedicine, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Mutat Res 683:74-83. 2010
    Extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMFs) were reported to affect DNA integrity in human cells with evidence based on the Comet assay...
  26. ncbi Repetitive exposure to a 60-Hz time-varying magnetic field induces DNA double-strand breaks and apoptosis in human cells
    Jiyeon Kim
    Department of Biochemistry, College of Life Science and Biotechnology, Yonsei University, Seoul 120 749, Republic of Korea
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 400:739-44. 2010
    ..These results also suggest the need for further evaluation of the effects of repetitive exposure to environmental time-varying MFs on human health...
  27. ncbi Bioelectromagnetics in morphogenesis
    Michael Levin
    Department of Cytokine Biology, The Forsyth Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
    Bioelectromagnetics 24:295-315. 2003
    ..to be appreciated, another major aspect of physics remains largely neglected by molecular embryology: electromagnetic fields and radiations...
  28. ncbi Thresholds for perceiving metallic taste at high magnetic field
    Ian D Cavin
    Sir Peter Mansfield Magnetic Resonance Centre, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, England, UK
    J Magn Reson Imaging 26:1357-61. 2007
    ..To perform an initial characterization of the metallic taste effect observed by some workers when moving around an MRI scanner...
  29. ncbi Transient DNA damage induced by high-frequency electromagnetic fields (GSM 1.8 GHz) in the human trophoblast HTR-8/SVneo cell line evaluated with the alkaline comet assay
    Silvia Franzellitti
    Interdepartment Centre for Environmental Science Research, University of Bologna, Ravenna, Italy
    Mutat Res 683:35-42. 2010
    One of the most controversial issue regarding high-frequency electromagnetic fields (HF-EMF) is their putative capacity to affect DNA integrity...
  30. ncbi Influence of a static magnetic field (250 mT) on the antioxidant response and DNA integrity in THP1 cells
    Salem Amara
    Laboratoire de Physiologie Animale, Faculte des Sciences de Bizerte, 7021 Jarzouna, Tunisia
    Phys Med Biol 52:889-98. 2007
    ..Our data showed that SMF exposure (250 mT, during 3 h) did not cause oxidative stress and DNA damage in THP1 cells. However, SMF could alter the intracellular labile zinc fraction...
  31. pmc Exposure to 1950-MHz TD-SCDMA electromagnetic fields affects the apoptosis of astrocytes via caspase-3-dependent pathway
    Yu xiao Liu
    Department of Neurosurgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China
    PLoS ONE 7:e42332. 2012
    The usage of mobile phone increases globally. However, there is still a paucity of data about the impact of electromagnetic fields (EMF) on human health...
  32. ncbi Differentiation of human adult cardiac stem cells exposed to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields
    Roberto Gaetani
    Department of Experimental Medicine, Pasteur Institute, Cenci Bolognetti Foundation, Sapienza University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161 Rome, Italy
    Cardiovasc Res 82:411-20. 2009
    ..In this paper we assessed the hypothesis that exposure of CSps and CDCs to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMFs), tuned at Ca2+ ion cyclotron energy resonance (Ca2+-ICR), may drive their differentiation ..
  33. pmc Electromagnetic treatment to old Alzheimer's mice reverses β-amyloid deposition, modifies cerebral blood flow, and provides selected cognitive benefit
    Gary W Arendash
    Department of Cell Biology, Microbiology, and Molecular Biology, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e35751. 2012
    ..Results further underscore the potential for EMF treatment against AD...
  34. ncbi Regenerative effects of pulsed magnetic field on injured peripheral nerves
    Tufan Mert
    Department of Biophysics, University of Cukurova School of Medicine, Adana, Turkey
    Altern Ther Health Med 12:42-9. 2006
    ..In addition, corrective effects of PMF on sensory fibers may be considered an important finding for neuropathic pain therapy...
  35. ncbi Neuroprotective effects of extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields on a Huntington's disease rat model: effects on neurotrophic factors and neuronal density
    I Tasset
    Departamento Bioquimica y Biologia Molecular, Facultad de Medicina, Instituto Maimónides de Investigación Biomédica de Córdoba IMIBIC Universidad de Córdoba, Avd Menendez Pidal s n, 14004 Cordoba, Spain
    Neuroscience 209:54-63. 2012
    There is evidence to suggest that the neuroprotective effect of exposure of extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) may be due, at least in part, to the effect of these fields on neurotrophic factors levels and cell ..
  36. ncbi Electromagnetic fields as first messenger in biological signaling: Application to calmodulin-dependent signaling in tissue repair
    Arthur Pilla
    Departments of Biomedical Engineering, Columbia University and Orthopedics, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, United States
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1810:1236-45. 2011
    ..This study proposes that an EMF can act as a first messenger in the calmodulin-dependent signaling pathways that orchestrate the release of cytokines and growth factors in normal cellular responses to physical and/or chemical insults...
  37. ncbi Extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields as effectors of cellular responses in vitro: possible immune cell activation
    Myrtill Simko
    Division of Environmental Physiology, Institute of Cell Biology and Biosystems Technology, University of Rostock, Albert Einstein Strasse 3, D 18059 Rostock, Germany
    J Cell Biochem 93:83-92. 2004
    ....
  38. ncbi Idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (formerly 'electromagnetic hypersensitivity'): An updated systematic review of provocation studies
    G James Rubin
    King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychological Medicine, London, UK
    Bioelectromagnetics 31:1-11. 2010
    Idiopathic Environmental Intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (IEI-EMF; formerly 'electromagetic hypersensitivity') is a medically unexplained illness in which subjective symptoms are reported following exposure to electrical ..
  39. ncbi Assessment of cytogenetic damage and oxidative stress in personnel occupationally exposed to the pulsed microwave radiation of marine radar equipment
    Vera Garaj-Vrhovac
    Mutagenesis Unit, Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
    Int J Hyg Environ Health 214:59-65. 2011
    ..3.17), indicating oxidative stress. Results suggests that pulsed microwaves from working environment can be the cause of genetic and cell alterations and that oxidative stress can be one of the possible mechanisms of DNA and cell damage...
  40. ncbi Electromagnetic effects - From cell biology to medicine
    Richard H W Funk
    Technische Universitat Dresden, Medizinische Fakultät Carl Gustav Carus, Institut fur Anatomie, Germany
    Prog Histochem Cytochem 43:177-264. 2009
    ..plethora of cell biological effects which are ascribed to electric fields (EF), magnetic fields (MF) and electromagnetic fields (EMF)...
  41. ncbi Extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields modulate expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase, endothelial nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2 in the human keratinocyte cell line HaCat: potential therapeutic effects in wound healing
    A Patruno
    Department of Drug Sciences, University G d Annunzio of Chieti Pescara, Via dei Vestini, 66100 Chieti, Italy
    Br J Dermatol 162:258-66. 2010
    Extremely low frequency (ELF) electromagnetic fields (EMF) are known to produce a variety of biological effects. Clinical studies are ongoing using EMF in healing of bone fractures and skin wounds...
  42. ncbi Genotoxic effects of 3 T magnetic resonance imaging in cultured human lymphocytes
    Joong Won Lee
    Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Gwanak Gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Bioelectromagnetics 32:535-42. 2011
    ..environment due to high-static magnetic fields, fast gradient magnetic fields, and strong radiofrequency electromagnetic fields. In this study, the genotoxic potential of 3 T clinical MRI scans in cultured human lymphocytes in vitro ..
  43. ncbi Influence of extremely low frequency magnetic fields on Ca2+ signaling and NMDA receptor functions in rat hippocampus
    Pavan K Manikonda
    Department of Biochemistry, Osmania University, Hyderabad 500007, India
    Neurosci Lett 413:145-9. 2007
    Extremely low frequency (ELF<300Hz) electromagnetic fields affect several neuronal activities including memory...
  44. pmc Mechanisms of magnetic stimulation of central nervous system neurons
    Tamar Pashut
    The Leslie and Susan Gonda Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
    PLoS Comput Biol 7:e1002022. 2011
    ..These insights into the mechanism of MS may be relevant for the design of multi-intensity TMS protocols, may facilitate the construction of magnetic stimulators, and may aid the interpretation of results of TMS of the CNS...
  45. ncbi Stimulation of phagocytosis and free radical production in murine macrophages by 50 Hz electromagnetic fields
    M Simko
    University of Rostock, Institute of Cell Biology and Biosystems Technology, Division of Environmental Physiology, Germany
    Eur J Cell Biol 80:562-6. 2001
    Effects of 50 Hz electromagnetic fields on phagocytosis and free radical production were examined in mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages...
  46. pmc In vivo mapping of brain myo-inositol
    Mohammad Haris
    Center for Magnetic Resonance and Optical Imaging CMROI, Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6100, USA
    Neuroimage 54:2079-85. 2011
    ..Potential overlap of CEST signals from other brain metabolites with the observed MICEST map is discussed. This noninvasive approach potentially opens the way to image MI in vivo and to monitor its alteration in many disease conditions...
  47. ncbi Electromagnetic cellular interactions
    Michal Cifra
    Institute of Photonics and Electronics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic
    Prog Biophys Mol Biol 105:223-46. 2011
    ..We review theories and experiments on how cells can generate and detect electromagnetic fields generally, and if the cell-generated electromagnetic field can mediate cellular interactions...
  48. pmc Stimulation of osteogenic differentiation in human osteoprogenitor cells by pulsed electromagnetic fields: an in vitro study
    Justus H W Jansen
    Department of Orthopaedics, Erasmus University Medical Center, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 11:188. 2010
    ..Here, we performed in vitro experiments to investigate the effect of PEMF stimulation on human bone marrow-derived stromal cell (BMSC) metabolism and, specifically, whether PEMF can stimulate their osteogenic differentiation...
  49. pmc Electromagnetic field effect or simply stress? Effects of UMTS exposure on hippocampal longterm plasticity in the context of procedure related hormone release
    Nora Prochnow
    Department of Neuroanatomy and Molecular Brain Research, Ruhr University Bochum, Bochum, Germany
    PLoS ONE 6:e19437. 2011
    Harmful effects of electromagnetic fields (EMF) on cognitive and behavioural features of humans and rodents have been controversially discussed and raised persistent concern about adverse effects of EMF on general brain functions...
  50. ncbi Short-term exposure to a 1439-MHz TDMA signal exerts no estrogenic effect in rats
    Hiroharu Yamashita
    Department of Surgical Oncology, The University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    Bioelectromagnetics 31:573-5. 2010
    ....
  51. ncbi A mechanism for stimulation of biosynthesis by electromagnetic fields: charge transfer in DNA and base pair separation
    Martin Blank
    Department of Physiology Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
    J Cell Physiol 214:20-6. 2008
    ..The characteristics of the fluctuations suggest that the applied EM fields are effectively DC pulses and that interactions extend to microwave frequencies...
  52. ncbi Solid-phase synthesis of difficult peptide sequences at elevated temperatures: a critical comparison of microwave and conventional heating technologies
    Bernadett Bacsa
    Christian Doppler Laboratory for Microwave Chemistry and Institute of Chemistry, Karl Franzens University Graz, Heinrichstrasse 28, A 8010 Graz, Austria
    J Org Chem 73:7532-42. 2008
    ..It therefore appears that the main effect of microwave irradiation applied to solid-phase peptide synthesis is a purely thermal effect not related to the electromagnetic field...
  53. ncbi Effects of extremely low-frequency magnetic field on caspase activities and oxidative stress values in rat brain
    Mehmet Zulkuf Akdag
    Department of Biophysics, Medical School of Dicle University, 21280 Diyarbakir, Turkey
    Biol Trace Elem Res 138:238-49. 2010
    ..05). In conclusion, apoptosis was not changed by long-term ELF-MF exposure, while both 100 and 500 µT ELF-MF exposure induced toxic effect in the rat brain by increasing oxidative stress and diminishing antioxidant defense system...
  54. ncbi Exposure to GSM 900 MHz electromagnetic fields affects cerebral cytochrome c oxidase activity
    Mohamed Ammari
    Institut National de l Environnement Industriel et des Risques INERIS, Unité de Toxicologie Expérimentale Parc Technologique ALATA, BP no 2, 60550 Verneuil en Halatte, France
    Toxicology 250:70-4. 2008
    ..However, the exposure to GSM at 1.5 W/Kg did not affect brain activity. Our results indicate that 6 W/Kg GSM 900 MHz microwaves may affect brain metabolism and neuronal activity in rats...
  55. ncbi Stress-related endocrinological and psychopathological effects of short- and long-term 50Hz electromagnetic field exposure in rats
    Renáta Szemerszky
    Department of Physiology, Institute of Biology, Eotvos Lorand University, Budapest, Hungary
    Brain Res Bull 81:92-9. 2010
    It is believed that different electromagnetic fields do have beneficial and harmful biological effects...
  56. ncbi Pulsed electromagnetic fields enhance BMP-2 dependent osteoblastic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells
    Z Schwartz
    Petit Institute of Bioengineering and Bioscience, Georgia Institute of Technology, 315 Ferst Drive NW, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, USA
    J Orthop Res 26:1250-5. 2008
    ..Pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) also promote osteogenesis in vivo, in part through direct action on osteoblasts...
  57. ncbi Three-dimensional distribution of the electric field induced in the brain by transcranial magnetic stimulation using figure-8 and deep H-coils
    Yiftach Roth
    Advanced Technology Center, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomert, Israel
    J Clin Neurophysiol 24:31-8. 2007
    ....
  58. ncbi Influence of electromagnetic fields emitted by GSM-900 cellular telephones on the circadian patterns of gonadal, adrenal and pituitary hormones in men
    Yasmina Djeridane
    Faculte de Medecine Pierre et Marie Curie, Service de Biochimie Medicale et Biologie Moleculaire, INSERM U713, 75013, Paris, France
    Radiat Res 169:337-43. 2008
    The potential health risks of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF EMFs) emitted by mobile phones are currently of considerable public interest...
  59. ncbi Cellular phones, cordless phones, and the risks of glioma and meningioma (Interphone Study Group, Germany)
    Joachim Schüz
    Institute of Medical Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Informatics, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Mainz, Germany
    Am J Epidemiol 163:512-20. 2006
    ..In conclusion, no overall increased risk of glioma or meningioma was observed among these cellular phone users; however, for long-term cellular phone users, results need to be confirmed before firm conclusions can be drawn...
  60. pmc Modulation of osteogenesis in human mesenchymal stem cells by specific pulsed electromagnetic field stimulation
    Ming Tzu Tsai
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Chung Yuan Christian University, Chung Li City, Taiwan
    J Orthop Res 27:1169-74. 2009
    ..Our intent was to characterize the effect of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) on the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of hMSCs in vitro...
  61. ncbi Extremely low frequency electromagnetic field exposure promotes differentiation of pituitary corticotrope-derived AtT20 D16V cells
    Antonella Lisi
    Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche Istituto di Neurobiologia e Medicina Molecolare, Rome, Italy
    Bioelectromagnetics 27:641-51. 2006
    ..The aim of this work is the study of the effect of extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) at a frequency of 50 Hz on these differentiation activities...
  62. ncbi Lung cancer A549 cells migrate directionally in DC electric fields with polarized and activated EGFRs
    Xiaolong Yan
    Department of Thoracic Surgery, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi an, China
    Bioelectromagnetics 30:29-35. 2009
    ..EGFR inhibitors could reduce this promotion but not completely. These data suggest that polarization of EGFRs and the activation of their downstream signals play an important role in the galvanotaxis of A549 cells in dcEFs...
  63. pmc MRI detection of glycogen in vivo by using chemical exchange saturation transfer imaging (glycoCEST)
    Peter C M van Zijl
    Division of Magnetic Resonance Research, Neurology Section, Russell H Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:4359-64. 2007
    ..This approach opens the way to image the distribution of tissue glycogen in vivo and to monitor its metabolism rapidly and noninvasively with MRI...
  64. ncbi Comparison between low-level 50 Hz and 900 MHz electromagnetic stimulation on single channel ionic currents and on firing frequency in dorsal root ganglion isolated neurons
    I Marchionni
    Dipartimento di Biologia Cellulare e dello Sviluppo Università La Sapienza, P le Aldo Moro 5, I 00185 Roma, Italy
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1758:597-605. 2006
    ..In parallel, a calcium-activated potassium channel is able to increase its mean open time...
  65. ncbi Effects of extremely low frequency (50 Hz) magnetic field on morphological and biochemical properties of human keratinocytes
    Vanessa Manni
    Istituto di Neurobiologia e Medicina Molecolare CNR Rome, Italy
    Bioelectromagnetics 23:298-305. 2002
    ..Our observations confirm the hypothesis that electromagnetic fields at 50 Hz may modify cell membrane morphology and interfere with initiation of the signal cascade pathway ..
  66. ncbi 50 Hz magnetic field exposure influence on human performance and psychophysiological parameters: two double-blind experimental studies
    M Crasson
    Belgian BioElectroMagnetic Group, Psychoneuroendocrinology Unit, University of Liege, Belgium
    Bioelectromagnetics 20:474-86. 1999
    ..These results also indicate that a low level 50 Hz MF may have a slight influence on event-related potentials and reaction time under specific circumstances of sustained attention...
  67. ncbi Static and ELF magnetic fields induce tumor growth inhibition and apoptosis
    S Tofani
    Department of Medical Physics, Ivrea Hospital ASL n 9, Ivrea TO, Italy
    Bioelectromagnetics 22:419-28. 2001
    ..A discussion on the possible biophysical mechanism at the base of the observed biological results is also offered...
  68. pmc Selective cytotoxicity of intense nanosecond-duration electric pulses in mammalian cells
    Bennett L Ibey
    Radio Frequency Radiation Branch, 711th Human Performance Wing, Air Force Research Laboratory, Brooks City Base, San Antonio, TX, USA
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1800:1210-9. 2010
    ..We explored the cytotoxic effect of 10-ns EP (quantitation, mechanisms, efficiency, and specificity) in comparison with 300-ns, 1.8- and 9-μs EP...
  69. ncbi Daily repeated magnetic field shielding induces analgesia in CD-1 mice
    Frank S Prato
    Department of Nuclear Medicine, Bioelectromagnetics, Lawson Health Research Institute, St Joseph s Health Care, London, Ontario N6A 4V2, Canada
    Bioelectromagnetics 26:109-17. 2005
    ....
  70. ncbi Non-thermal effects of electromagnetic fields at mobile phone frequency on the refolding of an intracellular protein: myoglobin
    Fabrizio Mancinelli
    Dipartimento di Biochimica e Biofisica, Seconda Universita degli Studi di Napoli, Italy
    J Cell Biochem 93:188-96. 2004
    ..quot; These data suggest that MW-EMF could have also biochemical and, consequently, biological effects on eukaryotic cells that are still under investigation...
  71. ncbi Magnetic field desensitizes 5-HT(1B) receptor in brain: pharmacological and functional studies
    O Massot
    Unité de Pharmacologie Neuro Immuno Endocrinienne, Institut Pasteur, 25 28 Rue du Docteur Roux, Paris, France
    Brain Res 858:143-50. 2000
    ..Thus, in vivo, exposure to MFs may lead to physiological changes, particularly in the field of mood disorders where the 5-HT system is strongly involved...
  72. pmc Review of the epidemiologic literature on EMF and Health
    I C Ahlbom
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Environ Health Perspect 109:911-33. 2001
    ..Breast cancer, cardiovascular disease, and suicide and depression remain unresolved...
  73. ncbi Mobile phone use and brain tumors in children and adolescents: a multicenter case-control study
    Denis Aydin
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Socinstrasse 57, P O Box, 4002 Basel, Switzerland
    J Natl Cancer Inst 103:1264-76. 2011
    ..We investigated whether mobile phone use is associated with brain tumor risk among children and adolescents...
  74. ncbi Pulsed electromagnetic fields affect osteoblast proliferation and differentiation in bone tissue engineering
    Ming Tzu Tsai
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Chung Yuan Christian University, Chung Li, Taiwan
    Bioelectromagnetics 28:519-28. 2007
    ..A novel system that integrates pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) and bioreactors was applied to bone tissue engineering for regulating osteoblast proliferation and ..
  75. ncbi Future needs of occupational epidemiology of extremely low frequency electric and magnetic fields: review and recommendations
    L Kheifets
    UCLA School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, 73 284 CHS, 650 Charles E Young Drive South, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1772, USA
    Occup Environ Med 66:72-80. 2009
    ..Such a study will potentially lead to evidence-based measures to protect public health...
  76. pmc Mobile phone use, exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic field, and brain tumour: a case-control study
    T Takebayashi
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    Br J Cancer 98:652-9. 2008
    ..A non-significant increase in OR among glioma patients in the heavily exposed group may reflect recall bias...
  77. ncbi Exposure to pulse-modulated radio frequency electromagnetic fields affects regional cerebral blood flow
    R Huber
    Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur J Neurosci 21:1000-6. 2005
    We investigated the effects of radio frequency electromagnetic fields (RF EMF) similar to those emitted by mobile phones on waking regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in 12 healthy young men...
  78. ncbi Cellular telephones and risk for brain tumors: a population-based, incident case-control study
    H Collatz Christensen
    Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Danish Cancer Society, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Neurology 64:1189-95. 2005
    ..To evaluate a possible association of glioma or meningioma with use of cellular telephones, using a nationwide population-based case-control study of incident cases of meningioma and glioma...
  79. ncbi Potential occupational risks for neurodegenerative diseases
    Robert M Park
    Education and Information Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, MS C 15, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA
    Am J Ind Med 48:63-77. 2005
    ..Associations between occupations and neurodegenerative diseases (NDD) may be discernable in death certificate data...
  80. ncbi Occupational exposure to magnetic fields in case-referent studies of neurodegenerative diseases
    Curtis W Noonan
    Department of Environmental Health, Colorado State University, United States
    Scand J Work Environ Health 28:42-8. 2002
    ..Three methods of exposure assessment were used for the comparison, and the consistency of findings between these approaches was evaluated...
  81. ncbi Development and evaluation of the electromagnetic hypersensitivity questionnaire
    Stacy Eltiti
    University of Essex, Colchester, UK
    Bioelectromagnetics 28:137-51. 2007
    ..experiences adverse health effects that he or she believes is due to exposure to objects that emit electromagnetic fields. The aim of this study was to develop a questionnaire that would identify the key symptoms associated with ..
  82. ncbi Electromagnetic fields, such as those from mobile phones, alter regional cerebral blood flow and sleep and waking EEG
    R Huber
    Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Sleep Res 11:289-95. 2002
    ..Pulse-modulated EMF exposure may provide a new, non-invasive method for modifying brain function for experimental, diagnostic and therapeutic purposes...
  83. ncbi Fifty-Hertz electromagnetic fields facilitate the induction of rat bone mesenchymal stromal cells to differentiate into functional neurons
    Wen Fang Bai
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Guangdong Geriatric Institute, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangzhou, China
    Cytotherapy 15:961-70. 2013
    Research results have shown that bone mesenchymal stromal cells (BMSC) can different into neural cells. Electromagnetic fields (EMF) play a role in regulating cell proliferation and differentiation, but the mechanisms behind this are ..
  84. ncbi Acute exposure to GSM 900-MHz electromagnetic fields induces glial reactivity and biochemical modifications in the rat brain
    Anne Laure Mausset-Bonnefont
    INSERM U583, Institut des Neurosciences de Montpellier, Montpellier, France
    Neurobiol Dis 17:445-54. 2004
    The worldwide proliferation of mobile phones raises the question of the effects of 900-MHz electromagnetic fields (EMF) on the brain...
  85. ncbi Sinusoidal ELF magnetic fields affect acetylcholinesterase activity in cerebellum synaptosomal membranes
    Silvia Ravera
    Department of Biology, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy
    Bioelectromagnetics 31:270-6. 2010
    ....
  86. ncbi Human keratinocytes in culture exhibit no response when exposed to short duration, low amplitude, high frequency (900 MHz) electromagnetic fields in a reverberation chamber
    David Roux
    Clermont Universite, Universite Blaise Pascal, Clermont Ferrand, France
    Bioelectromagnetics 32:302-11. 2011
    We exposed normal human epidermal keratinocytes to short duration, high frequency, and low amplitude electromagnetic fields, similar to that used by mobile phone technologies...
  87. ncbi Lack of teratogenicity after combined exposure of pregnant mice to CDMA and WCDMA radiofrequency electromagnetic fields
    Hae June Lee
    Division of Radiation Effects, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul 139 706, Korea
    Radiat Res 172:648-52. 2009
    ..Therefore, we investigated the teratogenic effects of multi-signal radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF EMFs) on mouse fetuses...
  88. ncbi Optical eigenmodes; exploiting the quadratic nature of the energy flux and of scattering interactions
    M Mazilu
    SUPA, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St Andrews, North Haugh, Fife, UK
    Opt Express 19:933-45. 2011
    ..a mathematically rigorous technique which facilitates the optimization of various optical properties of electromagnetic fields in free space and including scattering interactions...
  89. pmc Increased protein synthesis by cells exposed to a 1,800-MHz radio-frequency mobile phone electromagnetic field, detected by proteome profiling
    Christopher Gerner
    Department Med 1, Institute of Cancer Research, Medical University Vienna, Borschkegasse 8a, 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 83:691-702. 2010
    ....
  90. ncbi Electromagnetic fields and the blood-brain barrier
    Rianne Stam
    Laboratory for Radiation Research, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, P O Box 1, 3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Brain Res Rev 65:80-97. 2010
    ..Their advantages and disadvantages are discussed. Exposure to levels of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (EMF) that increase brain temperature by more than 1°C can reversibly increase the permeability of the ..
  91. ncbi Do people with idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields display physiological effects when exposed to electromagnetic fields? A systematic review of provocation studies
    G James Rubin
    King s College London, Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
    Bioelectromagnetics 32:593-609. 2011
    Idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (IEI-EMF) is a controversial illness in which people report symptoms that they believe are triggered by exposure to EMF...
  92. ncbi Pulsed electromagnetic fields prevent osteoporosis in an ovariectomized female rat model: a prostaglandin E2-associated process
    Kyle Chang
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Chung Yuan Christian University, Chung Li, Taiwan, Republic of China
    Bioelectromagnetics 24:189-98. 2003
    ..of Helmholtz coils and pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) stimulators to generate uniform time varying electromagnetic fields, the effects of extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields on osteoporosis and serum prostaglandin E(2)..
  93. ncbi High-frequency electric field and radiation characteristics of cellular microtubule network
    D Havelka
    Department of Electromagnetic Field, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Czech Republic
    J Theor Biol 286:31-40. 2011
    ..Low noise nanoscopic detection methods with high spatial resolution which enable measurement in the cell vicinity are desirable in order to measure cellular electrodynamic activity reliably...
  94. ncbi Head-only exposure to GSM 900-MHz electromagnetic fields does not alter rat's memory in spatial and non-spatial tasks
    Diane Dubreuil
    Laboratoire de Neurobiologie de l Apprentissage, de la Memoire et de la Communication, UMR CNRS 8620, Universite Paris Sud, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France
    Behav Brain Res 145:51-61. 2003
    Over the last decade, exposure to high frequency (2450 MHz) electromagnetic fields (EMFs) has been found to induce performance deficit in rodents in spatial memory tasks...
  95. ncbi Determination of electric conductivity and local SAR via B1 mapping
    Ulrich Katscher
    Medical Imaging Systems Division, Philips Research Europe, Hamburg, Germany
    IEEE Trans Med Imaging 28:1365-74. 2009
    ..Furthermore, in contrast to previous methods, EPT circumvents the solution of an inverse problem, which might lead to significantly higher spatial image resolution...
  96. ncbi One-year, simultaneous combined exposure of CDMA and WCDMA radiofrequency electromagnetic fields to rats
    Yeung Bae Jin
    Division of Radiation Effects, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul, Korea
    Int J Radiat Biol 87:416-23. 2011
    ..95 GHz) radiofrequencies (RF) would induce chronic illness in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats...
  97. pmc The anti-tumor effect of A3 adenosine receptors is potentiated by pulsed electromagnetic fields in cultured neural cancer cells
    Fabrizio Vincenzi
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Pharmacology Unit, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
    PLoS ONE 7:e39317. 2012
    ..The effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) on cancer have been controversially discussed and the detailed mechanisms are not yet fully ..
  98. ncbi Effect of acute extremely low frequency electromagnetic field exposure on the antioxidant status and lipid levels in rat brain
    Jesús Martínez-Sámano
    Departamento de Fisiologia, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico, DF, Mexico
    Arch Med Res 43:183-9. 2012
    It is generally accepted that electromagnetic fields (EMF) can exert biological effects; however, the mechanisms by which EMF elicits responses are still unknown...
  99. pmc Anti-proliferative effect of extremely low frequency electromagnetic field on preneoplastic lesions formation in the rat liver
    Mónica Noemí Jiménez-García
    Department of Physics Center of Research and Advanced Studies of the National Polytechnic Institute, Mexico City, Mexico
    BMC Cancer 10:159. 2010
    Recently, extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) have been studied with great interest due to their possible effects on human health. In this study, we evaluated the effect of 4...
  100. ncbi Effects of magnetic field on the antioxidant enzyme activities of suspension-cultured tobacco cells
    Hassan Sahebjamei
    Department of Biophysics, Faculty of Science, Tarbiat Modarres University TMU, Tehran, Iran
    Bioelectromagnetics 28:42-7. 2007
    ..Level of lipid peroxidation was also increased by MF. It suggests that MF could deteriorate antioxidant defense system of plant cells...
  101. ncbi Signal transduction of the melatonin receptor MT1 is disrupted in breast cancer cells by electromagnetic fields
    Rainer Girgert
    Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University of Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany
    Bioelectromagnetics 31:237-45. 2010
    ..Concern has been raised that power-line frequency and microwave electromagnetic fields (EMFs) could reduce the efficiency of melatonin on breast cancer cells...

Research Grants63

  1. PEMF Efficacy in Reducing Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms
    Cheryl Bourguignon; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..studies, persons with RA reported improvements in pain and joint swelling after using low strength pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF)...
  2. Dynamic Neuroimaging with High-resolution SSVEPs
    Ramesh Srinivasan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..advances EEG based neuroscience by developing new experimental methods for cognitive and clinical studies in conjunction with corresponding theoretical models of brain dynamics and physics of electromagnetic fields of the brain.
  3. Engineering Multifunctional Nanoparticles
    Sangeeta N Bhatia; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..3) be detected using shifts in T2 relaxivity by MRI, and (4) deliver drugs via remote actuation using electromagnetic fields. The effort will be divided into three areas representing the expertise of the participating laboratories...
  4. Long-Range Wireless Power Transfer for Deep Biomedical Implants
    Khalil Najafi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We propose to utilize the near field electromagnetic fields that form around slot-line antennas to couple energy between these two coils...
  5. Lateral Rectus Reanimation following Sixth Nerve Palsy
    Arthur Rosenbaum; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..is accurately obtained through pickup of an implanted scleral search coil in generated differential electromagnetic fields. Muscle force is directly measured with implanted muscle force transducers (MFT)...
  6. Functional Dynamics of the Myosin Molecular Motor
    Yuri Nesmelov; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Yuri E. Nesmelov, is a physicist whose research has focused on the interaction of electromagnetic fields with matter. Dr...
  7. HEMATOLYMPHOPOIETIC MALIGNANCIES IN ITALY
    Paolo Vineis; Fiscal Year: 1993
    Exposures to organic solvents (including benzene), ionizing radiation and low-frequency electromagnetic fields have been suggested as risk factors for leukemias in adults...
  8. CASE CONTROL STUDY OF RISK FACTORS FOR WILMS TUMOR
    Andrew Olshan; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..electronics manufacturing workers, laboratory workers, and dental assistants and related exposure to dyes, electromagnetic fields, solvents, and metals...
  9. Towards a Non-Invasive Therapy for Atrial Fibrillation
    Benjamin Scherlag; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..3) Utilize time varying electromagnetic fields (EMFs) applied to the cervical vagosympathetic trunks in order to significantly alter the AF threshold...
  10. EFFECTS OF 27 MHZ RADIATION ON SOMATIC & GERM CELLS
    STEPHEN CLEARY; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The significance of these findings resides in the fact that the electromagnetic fields per sect of these and most likely other RF radiation frequencies, interact directly with living systems ..
  11. WORLD CONGRESS ELECTRICITY/MAGNETISM IN BIOLOGY/MEDICINE
    SOLOMON POLLACK; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The objective of the Congress is to provide an improved understanding of health related issues of electromagnetic fields and the underlying mechanisms of interaction...
  12. 3D Nanoporous microcontainers for cell encapsulation therapy
    DAVID GRACIAS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Moreover, since the containers are metallic, they interact with remote electromagnetic fields that allow them to be monitored, controlled and imaged non- invasively using radio frequency ..
  13. ENHANCEMENT OF OSSEOINTEGRATION USING RESONANT EM FIELDS
    ALLAN WEINSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The aim of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility of utilizing resonant electromagnetic fields to stimulate osteogenesis and thereby enhance dental implant osseointegration...
  14. Low Field Magnetic Stimulation in a Rodent Model of Depression
    Michael L Rohan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This LFMS treatment uses low level electromagnetic fields that are applied with a specific timing waveform in order to improve mood...
  15. PRELIMINARY EVALUATION OF A PULSED ELECTROMAGNETIC THERA
    MARTHA LAPPIN; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..There is mounting evidence that pulsed electromagnetic fields have replicable clinical and physiological effects on factors relevant to the pathogenesis of migraine...
  16. ETIOLOGIC STUDIES OF HEMATOPOIETIC CANCER AND RADIATION
    Scott Davis; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..6) a population-based case-control study of female breast cancer in relation to residential exposure to electromagnetic fields and light at night...
  17. ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD STIMULATION OF NERVE REGENERATION
    BETTY SISKEN; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..that can be applied easily and non-invasively to accelerate the healing process involves the use of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF)...
  18. THERAPEUTIC EFFECT OF EMFS ON NEURAL PROCESSES/FUNCTIONS
    JEREMY TUTTLE; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This Center is focused upon the potential treatment with electromagnetic fields (EMFs) of fibromyalgia and the sequelae to CVA and closed head trauma...
  19. Biophysical Response Factors to Weak Electric and Magnetic Fields
    Mark Hernandez; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..strengths;these systems permit real-time, direct microscopic access to cells as they are suspended in electromagnetic fields. We can thus observe intra- and intercellular E/MF responses (both physical and chemical) in real time, ..
  20. BONE INGROWTH STIMULATION USING ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS
    ALLAN WEINSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The aim of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility of resonant electromagnetic fields to stimulate bone ingrowth and thereby enhance the performance of noncemented joint replacement...
  21. PULSED ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS AFTER MAXILLARY EXPANSION
    JOSEPH SHANFELD; Fiscal Year: 1990
    The general aim of the present research plan is to determine the effect of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) on mid-palatal bone formation after rapid maxillary expansion (RME) in young cats...
  22. THERMOPHYSIOLOGIC EFFECTS OF MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING
    FRANK SHELLOCK; Fiscal Year: 1993
    MRI is a diagnostic modality that requires exposing patients to static, gradient, and radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic fields. The U.S. FDA has issued guidelines for the safe application of the RF radiation used for MRI...
  23. CELL EXCITABILITY MECHANISMS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS
    GALE CRAVISO; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..abstract): Public concern has been raised about possible adverse effects of powerline (60-Hertz) electromagnetic fields (EMFs) on the nervous system...
  24. Dosimetry and improved targeting for Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
    Luis Hernandez Garcia; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This is achieved simply by generating large, pulsed, electromagnetic fields with a coil probe designed for that specific purpose...
  25. Textile Industry Exposures and Breast Cancer in Women
    Harvey Checkoway; Fiscal Year: 2006
    DESCRIPTION: Recent epidemiologic evidence suggests that occupational exposures to electromagnetic fields and light at night, from working night and/or rotating shifts, may increase female breast cancer risk...
  26. EFFECT OF ELF EM FIELD FREQUENCY ON NEURITE OUTGROWTH
    James Ryaby; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Methods for enhancing the repair of these injuries are currently sought. Pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) have been shown to enhance regeneration of central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nerve ..
  27. ENVIRONMENTAL RISK FACTORS AND BREAST CANCER IN THE NHS
    David Hunter; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..3. That high exposure to electromagnetic fields, specifically regular sleeping on an electric blanket, is associated with increased risk of breast cancer...
  28. ELECTROMAGNETIC ENERGY ABSORPTION/DISTRIBUTION IN HUMANS
    OM GANDHI; Fiscal Year: 1993
    Increasing exposure of humans to man-made electromagnetic fields from power-line to microwave frequencies has necessitated obtaining dosimetric information for use in the evaluation of possible biohazards...
  29. EM Field Exposures an Adjuvant in Cancer Therapies
    Theodore Litovitz; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This approach is based on our preliminary data, which indicate that electromagnetic fields (EMFs), depending on exposure conditions, can either increase or decrease the synthesis of stress proteins ..
  30. The Influence of Static Magnetic Fields on Brain tissue
    Andrzej Wieraszko; Fiscal Year: 2003
    Epidemiological studies have suggested that exposure to electromagnetic fields generated by high-voltage, alternating current (AC) transmission line systems may have adverse effects on the biological systems...
  31. ELECTROMAGNETIC STIMULATION OF CARTILAGE TISSUE
    FRANK MAGEE; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Cartilage has an electrogenerative property similar to bone's and thus the external application of electromagnetic fields to study stimulated cartilage tissue repair is justified...
  32. NOVEL METHODS FOR FUNCTIONAL BRAIN IMAGING
    CHRISTOPHER DECHARMS; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Several groups have attempted to use imaging methods to directly measure the changes in electromagnetic fields associated with neuronal activation within the brain...
  33. HIGH-FIELD NMR BIOEFFECTS--LYMPHOCYTE CA2+ METABOLISM
    ROBERT LIBURDY; Fiscal Year: 1993
    DESCRIPTION: (Adapted from Applicant's Abstract) Electromagnetic fields from a high-field nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging instrument (Static: 2.3T; RF: 100 MHz; Gradient Field: 1...
  34. ELF ELECTRIC FIELD EFFECTS ON CELL ADHESION AND GROWTH
    Kenneth McLeod; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..have polarized the scientific community on the question of whether low level, extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields are capable of significantly affecting cell or tissue behavior at intensity levels corresponding to ..
  35. BRAIN ACTIVITY MAPS INTEGRATING FMRI, EEG AND MEG
    Eric Halgren; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..1) tomographic reconstruction of structure and hemodynamic/metabolic processes; and (2) recordings of electromagnetic fields. These technologies have complementary sensitivities...
  36. BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS AND SAFETY ASPECTS OF MRI AND MRS
    RICHARD MAGIN; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..exposure of an increasing patient and health care population to a wide variety of static and time-varying electromagnetic fields. In addition, technical developments such as high field imaging systems, fast cardiac imaging, and ..
  37. Zero-Mode Waveguides for Single-Molecule Detection
    Stephen Turner; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We will use finite-element methods to simulate the electromagnetic fields in and around the ZMGs to tabulate both the fluorescence excitation profile and the efficiency of dipole ..
  38. ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD EFFECTS ON NERVE REGENERATION
    EWA HERBST; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..goal of this project is to develop a clinical method to enhance peripheral nerve regeneration utilizing electromagnetic fields (EMF)...
  39. NANOTECHNOLOGY-ENHANCED BIOASSAY SYSTEM
    ELRIC SAASKI; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..b>Electromagnetic fields that interact with fluorescent reporter molecules will be tuned in intensity and spatially to maximally ..
  40. BIOMAGNETIC IMAGING OF COCHLEAR STIMULUS CURRENTS
    FRANCIS SPELMAN; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..When we have tested our computational techniques successfully, we will use a saline tank model to produce electromagnetic fields. We will measure the volume electric fields produced with current sources buried in a conducting cylinder ..
  41. OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURES AND RISK OF BREAST CANCER
    John Vena; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..of occupational exposures with a focus on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, specific organic solvents and electromagnetic fields. Analyses will be conducted separately for the pre- and postmenopausal groups and will be combined where ..
  42. EM SIGNAL DEVELOPMENT FOR STIMULATION OF BONE FORMATION
    James Ryaby; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..on bone electrical signals and, based on cellular responses to extremely low energy, low frequency electromagnetic fields. This synthesis of complementary approaches would maximize the potential for development of an ..
  43. MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF CONDITIONED TASTE AVERSION
    THOMAS HOUPT; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These experiments will contribute to an understanding of the neural pathways and molecular mechanisms underlying changes in food preferences that occur in eating disorders such as obesity and anorexia nervosa. ..
  44. Behavioral and Neural Effects of High Magnetic Fields
    THOMAS HOUPT; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Secondly, vestibular dysfunction is a common complaint and cause of injury (e.g. falling in the elderly), and this proposal contains novel approaches to investigating the inner ear and vestibular system ..
  45. 3T Whole-Body MRI Scanner for Functional Imaging
    James Hyde; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..It will have no clinical fee-for-service usage. The fMRI group at MCW is superbly positioned to provide leadership at a national level in the use of fMRI in medicine. ..
  46. DEVELOPMENT OF BIOMEDICAL ESR INSTRUMENTATION
    James Hyde; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The investigator asserts that only on such a foundation can a rational approach to improved human health be based. ..
  47. BROADBAND EPR SPECTROMETER WITH DIGITAL SUBSAMPLING
    James Hyde; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..It is the only method that can detect the formation of free radicals in biology unambiguously. It contributes to health-related research at the basic fundamental level. ..
  48. LOOP GAP RESONATOR COILS FOR MRI AND 31P SPECTROSCOPY
    James Hyde; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The research proposed here is in support of these four streams of fMRI research. ..
  49. Fast, Quantitative, Perfusion-Based functional-MRI
    Luis Hernandez Garcia; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These developments will be quite instrumental to the use of ASL perfusion imaging as a powerful tool for the study of brain function. ..
  50. Multiprojection optical diffusion tomography
    Vadim Markel; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Specific Aim 3: To use the experimental device of the Specific Aim 2 to image a small animal, such as a laboratory mouse. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  51. Prenatal MF Exposure & Miscarriage Risk Among Women
    De Kun Li; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The findings from the proposed study will provide much needed confirmation of the recently reported results and advance our understanding of a MF health effect. ..
  52. EPR Sample-cell-Resonator Design and Construction
    James Hyde; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The proposal is timely because of recent advances in software for finite-element modeling of electromagnetic fields, computers with greatly improved computing speeds, and computer- controlled electric discharge machining (..
  53. Prenatal NSAID Use and Miscarriage
    De Kun Li; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  54. Exposure to Bisphenol A & Reproductive Effect in Humans
    De Kun Li; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed study will evaluate the reproductive effects of BPA in settings where there have been high levels of exposure. The study will also investigate effects in multiple human generations. ..
  55. Cadmium Exposure and Breast Cancer Risk
    Jane McElroy; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The study team brings together expertise in breast cancer and environmental epidemiology, laboratory science, and biostatistics to efficiently address the role of cadmium in the etiology of breast cancer. ..