Genomes and Genes
Summary: Refraction of LIGHT effected by the media of the EYE.
Articles from Journal RESEARCH
Articles from Journal RESEARCH1
Publications223 found, 100 shown here
- The shape of the aging human lens: curvature, equivalent refractive index and the lens paradoxM Dubbelman
Department of Clinical Physics and Informatics, University Hospital Vrije Universiteit, P.O. Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Vision Res 41:1867-77. 2001..These new findings explain the lens paradox and may serve as a basis for modelling the refractive properties of the lens...
- Sources of error in intraocular lens power calculationSverker Norrby
AMO Groningen BV, Groningen, The Netherlands
J Cataract Refract Surg 34:368-76. 2008..To identify and quantify sources of error in the refractive outcome of cataract surgery...
- Calculation of intraocular lens power: a reviewThomas Olsen
University Eye Clinic, Aarhus Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark
Acta Ophthalmol Scand 85:472-85. 2007....
- Effects of longitudinal chromatic aberration on accommodation and emmetropizationAnne Seidemann
University Eye Hospital, Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Calwerstr 7 1, 72076, Tuebingen, Germany
Vision Res 42:2409-17. 2002..The apparently contradictory result was studied in more detail in humans and chickens...
- Use of optical coherence tomography to assess variations in macular retinal thickness in myopiaMarcus C C Lim
Singapore National Eye Centre and Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore 168751
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:974-8. 2005..To investigate the variation in macular retinal thickness in otherwise normal young Asian myopic subjects by using optical coherence tomography (OCT)...
- Principles of ray tracing aberrometryV V Molebny
Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Kiev, Ukraine
J Refract Surg 16:S572-5. 2000..Ray tracing aberrometry developed by the Institute of Biomedical Engineering (Kiev) and first tested at the Vardinoyannion Eye Institute of Crete is a promising technique for eye refraction aberration and refraction mapping...
- Ocular refraction: heritability and genome-wide search for eye morphometry traits in an isolated Sardinian populationGinevra Biino
Institute of Population Genetics, CNR, Alghero, Italy
Hum Genet 116:152-9. 2005..High heritability of eye morphometry traits was thus revealed. The identified loci are the first linkage signals available in ocular biometry. Notably, the observed significant differences in parental transmission deserve further study...
- Role of the sclera in the development and pathological complications of myopiaNeville A McBrien
Department of Optometry and Vision Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia
Prog Retin Eye Res 22:307-38. 2003..This review aims to build on existing models to illustrate that the prevention of aberrant scleral remodelling must be the goal of any long-term therapy for the amelioration of the permanent vision loss associated with high myopia...
- Biometry and intraocular lens power calculationAlexander C Lee
Pepose Vision Institute, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63017, USA
Curr Opin Ophthalmol 19:13-7. 2008..The article reviews recent studies and advances in the field of biometry and intraocular lens power calculations...
- U.S. Food and Drug Administration clinical trial of the Implantable Contact Lens for moderate to high myopiaDonald R Sanders
Center for Clinical Research, Chicago, IL, USA
Ophthalmology 110:255-66. 2003..To assess the safety and efficacy of the Implantable Contact Lens (ICL) to treat moderate to high myopia...
- The importance of genes and environment for ocular refraction and its determiners: a population based study among 20-45 year old twinsN Lyhne
Department of Ophthalmology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, 5000 C, Denmark
Br J Ophthalmol 85:1470-6. 2001To estimate the heritability for ocular refraction and its determiners in a population based cohort of 20-45 years old twins.
- Pathogenesis of transient high myopia after blunt eye traumaNaohiro Ikeda
Department of Ophthalmology, Hyogo College of Medicine, 1 1 Mukogawa cho, Nishinomiya shi, Hyogo 663 8501, Japan
Ophthalmology 109:501-7. 2002..To determine the pathogenesis of transient high myopia after blunt eye trauma...
- Accommodation and induced myopia in marmosetsDavid Troilo
The New England College of Optometry, 424 Beacon Street, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Vision Res 47:1228-44. 2007..The alternative hypothesis-that low S-R slope increases susceptibility to the development of myopia--is not supported by the weak correlation between the pre-manipulation S-R slopes and the magnitude of the myopic shift...
- Wavefront-guided laser epithelial keratomileusis with the wavelight concept system 500Christoph Winkler von Mohrenfels
Rayne Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, St Thomas Hospital, London, UK
J Refract Surg 20:S565-9. 2004..50 diopters (D), without any unwanted side effects. After conventional refractive surgery, higher-order aberrations are induced. To reduce these aberrations, we used wavefront-guided ablation...
- Comparison of laser epithelial keratomileusis and photorefractive keratectomy for low to moderate myopiaJ B Lee
Institute of Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea
J Cataract Refract Surg 27:565-70. 2001..To compare the effectiveness, safety, and stability of laser epithelial keratomileusis (LASEK), a modified photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) technique, with those of conventional PRK for low to moderate myopia...
- Relationship between refractive error and monochromatic aberrations of the eyeXu Cheng
School of Optometry, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA
Optom Vis Sci 80:43-9. 2003..To examine the relationship between ametropia and optical aberrations in a population of 200 normal human eyes with refractive errors spanning the range from +5.00 to -10.00 D...
- Clinical results of wavefront-guided laser in situ keratomileusis 3 months after surgeryM Mrochen
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Zurich, Switzerland
J Cataract Refract Surg 27:201-7. 2001..To investigate the visual and refractive outcome of wavefront-guided laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) to correct myopic astigmatism...
- Higher-order aberrations in eyes with irregular corneas after laser refractive surgeryGregory J McCormick
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, USA
Ophthalmology 112:1699-709. 2005..To investigate the distribution of the eye's higher-order aberrations in postoperative laser refractive surgery patients with visual complaints and highly irregular corneal shapes...
- Wavefront analysis in normal refractive surgery candidatesMarcelo V Netto
The Cole Eye Institute, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
J Refract Surg 21:332-8. 2005..To quantify the higher order aberrations of refractive surgery candidates and compare the wavefront-determined refractions with manifest refractions refined with a +/- 0.25 Jackson cross cylinder...
- Repeatability and validity of the PowerRefractor and the Nidek AR600-A in an adult population with healthy eyesPeter M Allen
Department of Optometry and Ophthalmic Dispensing, Anglia Polytechnic University, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Optom Vis Sci 80:245-51. 2003..We suggest some improvements to the PowerRefractor measurement technique to standardize its clinical use and to improve accuracy...
- Standards for reporting the optical aberrations of eyesLarry N Thibos
School of Optometry, Indiana University, Bloomington, USA
J Refract Surg 18:S652-60. 2002..Progress reports were presented at the 1999 OSA annual meeting and at VSIA-2000 by the chairs of three taskforce subcommittees on (1) reference axes, (2) describing functions, and (3) model eyes...
- The effect of pterygium surgery on corneal topographyA Cinal
Yuzuncu Yil University Medical Faculty, Department of Ophthalmology, Van, Turkey
Ophthalmic Surg Lasers 32:35-40. 2001..The aim of this prospective randomized clinical study was to evaluate the effect of pterygium surgery on the corneal topography using a computerized corneal topography system...
- Retinal nerve fiber layer thickness in normal children measured with optical coherence tomographyDaniel J Salchow
Harkness Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
Ophthalmology 113:786-91. 2006..To measure the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in normal children...
- Effects of pterygium on corneal spherical power and astigmatismA Tomidokoro
Department of Ophthalmology, Omiya Red Cross Hospital, Saitama, Japan Miyata Eye Hospital, Miyazaki, Japan
Ophthalmology 107:1568-71. 2000..To evaluate prospectively the corneal refractive status before and after pterygium surgery and its relationship with preoperative pterygium size...
- Overnight orthokeratologyJ J Nichols
The Ohio State University, College of Optometry, Columbus 43210 1240, USA
Optom Vis Sci 77:252-9. 2000..The purpose of this study is to assess visual, refractive, topographic, and corneal thickness changes in subjects undergoing overnight orthokeratology...
- Ocular higher-order aberrations in eyes with supernormal visionYair Levy
Department of Ophthalmology, E Wolfson Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, Holon 58100, Israel
Am J Ophthalmol 139:225-8. 2005....
- The effect of acute hyperglycemia on retinal thickness and ocular refraction in healthy subjectsNanouk G M Wiemer
Department of Ophthalmology, VU University Medical Center, P O Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 246:703-8. 2008..To quantify the retinal thickness and the refractive error of the healthy human eye during hyperglycemia by means of optical coherence tomography (OCT) and Hartmann-Shack aberrometry...
- Structural and ultrastructural changes to the sclera in a mammalian model of high myopiaN A McBrien
Department of Optometry and Vision Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 42:2179-87. 2001....
- Intraocular lens power calculation after corneal refractive surgery: double-K methodJaime Aramberri
Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Gipuzkoa, San Sebastian, Spain
J Cataract Refract Surg 29:2063-8. 2003..To determine the accuracy of a method of calculating intraocular lens (IOL) power after corneal refractive surgery...
- Descemet's stripping with endothelial keratoplasty in 50 eyes: a refractive neutral corneal transplantFrancis W Price
Price Vision Group, 9002 N Meridian St, Ste 100, Indianapolis, IN 46260, USA
J Refract Surg 21:339-45. 2005..To evaluate early visual and refractive outcomes following treatment of corneal endothelial dysfunction with a corneal transplantation technique, Descemet's stripping with endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK)...
- Randomized prospective clinical study comparing induced aberrations with IntraLase and Hansatome flap creation in fellow eyes: potential impact on wavefront-guided laser in situ keratomileusisDan B Tran
Coastal Vision Medical Group, Inc, University of California Irvine, Irvine, California, USA
J Cataract Refract Surg 31:97-105. 2005..To measure and compare the changes in objective wavefront aberration and subjective manifest refraction after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) flap creation with a mechanical microkeratome and a femtosecond laser...
- Changes of higher order aberration with various pupil sizes in the myopic eyeYan Wang
Refractive Surgery Center Tianjin Eye Hospital and Institute, Teaching Hospital of the Tianjin Medical University, Peoples Republic of China
J Refract Surg 19:S270-4. 2003..To investigate the effect of pupil diameter on higher order aberration in myopic eyes...
- Partial coherence laser interferometry vs conventional ultrasound biometry in intraocular lens power calculationsM S Rajan
Dept of Ophthalmology, Pembury Hospital, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, UK
Eye (Lond) 16:552-6. 2002..The role of partial coherence laser interferometry in pseudophakic axial length measurement was analysed in the study...
- Transient hyperopic refractive changes in newly diagnosed juvenile diabetesCristiano Giusti
Institute of Opthalmology, University La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
Swiss Med Wkly 133:200-5. 2003..To investigate transient hyperopic refractive changes in newly diagnosed juvenile diabetics and to evaluate their clinical course after starting intensive glycemic control of severe hyperglycaemia...
- Thickness changes in the fovea and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer depend on the degree of myopiaSung Won Choi
Department of Ophthalmology, Wonju Christian Hospital, Yonsei University, Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea
Korean J Ophthalmol 20:215-9. 2006..To investigate changes in the thickness of the fovea and peripapillary RNFL associated with myopia...
- Effect of glycemic control on refractive changes in diabetic patients with hyperglycemiaBaris Sonmez
Department of Ophthalmology, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
Cornea 24:531-7. 2005..To investigate the effect of intensive glycemic control on hyperglycemia- induced changes in refraction, corneal topography, lenticular and corneal thickness in diabetic patients...
- Refractive changes in silicone oil-filled pseudophakic eyesKazuki Hotta
Department of Ophthalmology, Kameda Medical Center, Chiba, Japan
Retina 25:167-70. 2005..We examined the refractive changes in pseudophakic eyes of patients with idiopathic macular hole treated with silicone oil injection...
- Repeatability (test-retest variability) of refractive error measurement in clinical settingsJaakko Leinonen
Department of Ophthalmology, Vaasa Central Hospital, Vaasa, Finland
Acta Ophthalmol Scand 84:532-6. 2006..To estimate the repeatability of refractive error measurement (REM) in a clinical environment in cataractous, pseudophakic and healthy eyes...
- Axial growth and changes in lenticular and corneal power during emmetropization in infantsDonald O Mutti
Ohio State University College of Optometry, 338 West Tenth Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 1240, USA
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:3074-80. 2005..To evaluate the contribution made by the ocular components to the emmetropization of spherical equivalent refractive error in human infants between 3 and 9 months of age...
- Refraction and keratometry in 40 week old premature (corrected age) and term infantsM Snir
Pediatric Ophthalmology Unit, Schneider Children s Medical Center of Israel, 14 Kaplan Street, Petah Tiqva 49 202, Israel
Br J Ophthalmol 88:900-4. 2004..To compare refraction and keratometry readings between premature and term babies at 40 weeks' postconceptional age (PCA), and the possible effect of birth weight (BW) and gestational age (GA) on ocular parameters...
- Accuracy and precision of objective refraction from wavefront aberrationsLarry N Thibos
School of Optometry, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA
J Vis 4:329-51. 2004..If objective refractions are more precise than subjective refractions, then wavefront methods may become the new gold standard for specifying conventional and/or optimal corrections of refractive errors...
- Wavefront-optimized ablation profiles: theoretical backgroundMichael Mrochen
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology and Institute of Biomedical Engineering, University of Zurich, Gloriastrasse 35, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
J Cataract Refract Surg 30:775-85. 2004..To describe a method for calculating wavefront-optimized ablation profiles to precompensate for the spherical aberration and higher-order astigmatism induced by myopic, hyperopic, and astigmatic corneal laser corrections...
- Early results of small-incision Descemet's stripping and automated endothelial keratoplastySteven B Koenig
Eye Institute, Medical College of Wisconsin and Froedtert Hospital, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
Ophthalmology 114:221-6. 2007..To describe our technique and early results of Descemet's stripping and automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK), identify perioperative complications, and discuss their management...
- The impact of cataract severity on measurement acquisition with the IOLMasterGraham Freeman
Ophthalmology Department, Wirral Hospital NHS Trust, Arrowe Park Hospital, Upton, Wirral, UK
Acta Ophthalmol Scand 83:439-42. 2005..However, measurement is not always possible in the presence of dense cataract. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the rate of measurement acquisition failure due to cataract and how this varies with morphology and severity...
- Immersion A-scan compared with partial coherence interferometry: outcomes analysisMark Packer
Oregon Eye Institute, Eugene, Oregon, USA
J Cataract Refract Surg 28:239-42. 2002..To compare 2 methods of axial length measurement, immersion ultrasonography and partial coherence interferometry, and to elucidate surgical outcomes based on immersion measurements...
- Corneal first surface optical aberrations and visual performanceR A Applegate
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, 78230 6230, USA
J Refract Surg 16:507-14. 2000..The purpose of the research reported here was to determine the general utility of corneal first surface wavefront analysis in predicting visual performance...
- Clinical applications of the Shack-Hartmann aberrometerL N Thibos
School of Optometry, Indiana University, Bloomington 47405, USA
Optom Vis Sci 76:817-25. 1999..Taken together, spatial maps of the variation of optical aberrations and scatter across the eye's entrance pupil represents an improved description of the optical imperfections of the abnormal eye...
- Wavefront analysis in post-LASIK eyes and its correlation with visual symptoms, refraction, and topographyMaria Regina Chalita
The Cole Eye Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation i32, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
Ophthalmology 111:447-53. 2004..To evaluate the information assessed with the LADARWave wavefront measurement device and correlate it with visual symptoms, refraction, and corneal topography in previously LASIK-treated eyes...
- Predicting the refractive outcome after cataract surgery: the comparison of different IOLs and SRK-II v SRK-TM J Elder
Br J Ophthalmol 86:620-2. 2002..To determine any differences between the predictive abilities of the IOL calculation formulas of SRK-II and SRK-T and to compare these using two different IOL types...
- Endothelial replacement without surface corneal incisions or sutures: topography of the deep lamellar endothelial keratoplasty procedureM A Terry
Lions Vision Research Laboratory of Oregon, Portland, USA
Cornea 20:14-8. 2001..The potential advantages of this procedure over penetrating keratoplasty in the treatment of endothelial dysfunction are considerable...
- The response to visual form deprivation differs with age in marmosetsDavid Troilo
New England College of Optometry, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:1873-81. 2005..To characterize the effects of visual form deprivation by diffuser in marmoset monkey eyes across a range of ages...
- Intraocular lens power calculation using the IOLMaster and various formulas in eyes with long axial lengthJia kang Wang
Department of Ophthalmology, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
J Cataract Refract Surg 34:262-7. 2008..To evaluate the predictability of intraocular lens (IOL) power calculations using the IOLMaster (Carl Zeiss) and different IOL power calculation formulas in eyes with a long axial length (AL)...
- Predicting postoperative intraocular lens position and refractionPaul Rolf Preussner
Universitats Augenklinik, Mainz, Germany
J Cataract Refract Surg 30:2077-83. 2004..To predict the postoperative IOL position and refraction as accurately as possible independent of individualization of the parameters...
- Accuracy and predictability of intraocular lens power calculation after laser in situ keratomileusisH V Gimbel
Gimbel Eye Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
J Cataract Refract Surg 27:571-6. 2001..To study the accuracy and predictability of intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation in eyes that had laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK)...
- [Results of wavefront-guided LASIK]T Hammer
Universitätsklinik und Poliklinik für Augenheilkunde, Martin Luther Universitat Halle Wittenberg, Halle
Ophthalmologe 101:824-9. 2004..Wavefront-guided LASIK procedures provide patients with customized corneal treatments. The computer ablation profiles correct both spherical and/or cylindrical errors of refraction and aberrations up to the fifth order...
- IQ and the association with myopia in childrenSeang Mei Saw
Department of Community, Occupational and Family Medicine, National University of Singapore
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 45:2943-8. 2004..To evaluate the association between intelligence and myopia in children...
- Genomewide scan of ocular refraction in African-American families shows significant linkage to chromosome 7p15Elise Ciner
The Eye Institute of the Pennsylvania College of Optometry, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Genet Epidemiol 32:454-63. 2008..Genetic studies have identified several regions of linkage to ocular refraction, but none have been carried out in African-derived populations...
- [Accuracy limits in IOL calculation: current status]P R Preussner
Universitäts Augenklinik Mainz
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 224:893-9. 2007..Overview over the single independent error contributions of IOL power calculation and their currently achievable lower limits...
- The effect of conventional CR39 and Fresnel prisms on high and low contrast acuityD Cheng
School of Optometry, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 21:312-6. 2001..7 for 30 prism dioptres. These ratios applied for both high and low contrast acuity, and therefore were independent of the level of contrast used...
- Factors influencing refractive outcomes after combined phacoemulsification and pars plana vitrectomy: results of a prospective studyJin Wook Jeoung
Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University Hospital and Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
J Cataract Refract Surg 33:108-14. 2007..To evaluate the factors influencing the refractive outcomes of combined phacoemulsification, foldable intraocular lens (IOL) implantation, and pars plana vitrectomy (PPV)...
- Peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness in a population of 6-year-old children: findings by optical coherence tomographySon C Huynh
Centre for Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Sydney, and Westmead Millennium Institute, Sydney, Australia
Ophthalmology 113:1583-92. 2006..To study the distribution of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness by ocular and demographic variables in a population-based study of young children...
- Evaluation of the measurement of refractive error by the PowerRefractor: a remote, continuous and binocular measurement system of oculomotor functionO A Hunt
Neurosciences Research Institute, School of Life and Health Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham, UK
Br J Ophthalmol 87:1504-8. 2003..The aim of this study was to evaluate clinically the measurement of refractive error by a recent commercial photoretinoscopic device, the PowerRefractor (PlusOptiX, Germany)...
- Ionic control of ocular growth and refractive changeSheila G Crewther
School of Psychological Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne VIC 3000, Australia
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:15663-8. 2006..New treatments for myopia, which currently affects nearly half of the human population, may result...
- Acute myopia and angle closure caused by topiramate, a drug used for prophylaxis of migraineCharuta Mandke Desai
Department of Ophthalmology, MGM Hospital, Kamothe, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Indian J Ophthalmol 54:195-7. 2006..We report a case of acute progressive myopia and bilateral angle closure due to Topiramate--a drug used for epilepsy and migraine prophylaxis...
- Change in shape of the aging human crystalline lens with accommodationM Dubbelman
Department of Physics and Medical Technology, VU University Medical Center, P O Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Vision Res 45:117-32. 2005..During accommodation the anterior lens surface becomes more hyperbolic. Furthermore, an increase in the equivalent refractive index during accommodation was determined...
- Calibration of axial length measurements with the Zeiss IOLMasterThomas Olsen
University Eye Clinic, Aarhus Kommunehospital, Aarhus, Denmark
J Cataract Refract Surg 31:1345-50. 2005..To study the conditions for consistent axial length measurements with partial coherence interferometry (PCI) performed with the Zeiss IOLMaster...
- Genomewide linkage scans for ocular refraction and meta-analysis of four populations in the Myopia Family StudyRobert Wojciechowski
Inherited Disease Research Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, Baltimore, Maryland 21231, USA
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:2024-32. 2009..We also performed a meta-analysis by combining these results with our previous linkage results from Ashkenazi Jewish (ASHK) and African American (AFRAM) families...
- How good is the match between the plane of the text and the plane of focus during reading?F Schaeffel
University Eye Hospital, Tubingen, Germany
Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 19:180-92. 1999....
- Flap-induced and laser-induced ocular aberrations in a two-step LASIK procedureSamra Waheed
Department of Refractive Surgery, Cole Eye Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland 44195, Ohio, USA
J Refract Surg 21:346-52. 2005..To identify aberrations created by making a laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) flap and treating the refractive error with laser ablation at a later date...
- Assessment of objective and subjective eccentric refractionLinda Lundström
Biomedical and X Ray Physics, Department of Physics, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
Optom Vis Sci 82:298-306. 2005..The aim of this study is therefore to compare and evaluate four methods for eccentric refraction...
- Evaluation of a clinical aberrometer for lower-order accuracy and repeatability, higher-order repeatability, and instrument myopiaThomas O Salmon
College of Optometry, Northeastern State University, Tahlequah, Oklahoma 74464 7017, USA
Optometry 76:461-72. 2005....
- Refractive changes in diabetic patients during intensive glycaemic controlF Okamoto
Department of Ophthalmology, Tsukuba University Hospital, Japan
Br J Ophthalmol 84:1097-102. 2000..To evaluate the clinical course and the characteristics of transient refractive error occurring during intensive glycaemic control of severe hyperglycaemia...
- Accuracy and predictability of intraocular lens power calculation after photorefractive keratectomyH V Gimbel
Gimbel Eye Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
J Cataract Refract Surg 26:1147-51. 2000..To investigate the accuracy and predictability of intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation in postoperative photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) eyes...
- Femtosecond laser versus mechanical keratome flaps in wavefront-guided laser in situ keratomileusis: prospective contralateral eye studyDaniel S Durrie
Durrie Vision, Overland Park, Kansas, USA
J Cataract Refract Surg 31:120-6. 2005..To compare the outcomes of wavefront-guided laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) performed using the IntraLase femtosecond laser with the outcomes using the Hansatome mechanical microkeratome...
- Response of the posterior corneal surface to laser in situ keratomileusis for myopiaMichael D Twa
College of Optometry, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA
J Cataract Refract Surg 31:61-71. 2005....
- Effects of hyperglycaemia on ocular development in rabbit: refraction and biometric changesPeter Herse
School of Optometry and Vision Science, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2053, Australia
Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 25:97-104. 2005..To determine the effect of acute and chronic hyperglycaemia on the refraction and development of the rabbit eye...
- Refractive error in premature infantsYokrat Ton
Sapir Medical Center, Department of Ophthalmology, Meir Hospital, Kefar Sava, affiliated with the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel
J AAPOS 8:534-8. 2004....
- Intraocular lens power calculation for lens exchangeY Kora
Department of Ophthalmology Hamamatsu Medical Center, Kora, Shizuoka, Japan
J Cataract Refract Surg 27:543-8. 2001..CONCLUSION: Axial length and IOL manufacturer were important factors in predicting refraction power in eyes requiring IOL exchange...
- Simultaneous continuous recording of accommodation and pupil size using the modified Shin-Nippon SRW-5000 autorefractorJ S Wolffsohn
Neurosciences Research Institute, Aston University, Birmingham, UK
Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 24:142-7. 2004..The resolution and temporal properties of the analysis are therefore ideal for the simultaneous measurement of dynamic accommodation and pupil responses...
- Emmetropisation following preterm birthK J Saunders
School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Ulster, Coleraine, Northern Ireland, BT52 1SA, UK
Br J Ophthalmol 86:1035-40. 2002..The present study examined the relation between clinical risk factors and refractive development among preterm infants without ROP...
- Refractive outcome of cataract surgery using partial coherence interferometry and ultrasound biometry: clinical feasibility study of a commercial prototype IIBarabara Kiss
Universitätsklinik für Augenheilkunde, Allegemeines Krankenhaus Wien, Vienna, Austria
J Cataract Refract Surg 28:230-4. 2002....
- Inhibition of retinal ON/OFF systems differentially affects refractive compensation to defocusS G Crewther
School of Psychological Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia
Neuroreport 14:1233-7. 2003..Thus the pharmacological manipulation of induced refractive change suggests that the retinal ON and OFF subsystems play independent roles in the emmetropization process...
- Ablation profiles for wavefront-guided correction of myopia and primary spherical aberrationFabrice Manns
Ophthalmic Biophysics Center, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida 33136, USA
J Cataract Refract Surg 28:766-74. 2002..To calculate ablation profiles for wavefront-guided correction of ametropia and primary spherical aberration...
- Myopia, genetics, and ambient lighting at night in a UK sampleJ A Guggenheim
Cardiff University, Cathays Park, Cardiff, UK
Br J Ophthalmol 87:580-2. 2003..It has been reported that exposure to artificial lighting at night during the first 2 years of life was very strongly associated with subsequent myopia development...
- Higher order wavefront aberrations of cornea and magnitude of refractive correction in laser in situ keratomileusisTetsuro Oshika
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Tokyo School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
Ophthalmology 109:1154-8. 2002..To assess the relation between magnitude of refractive correction and changes in higher order wavefront aberrations of the cornea after laser in situ keratomileusis...
- Cataract surgery in patients with prior refractive surgeryD Rex Hamilton
Minnesota Eye Consultants, P A, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55404, USA
Curr Opin Ophthalmol 14:44-53. 2003....
- The problems of biometry in combined silicone oil removal and cataract extraction: a clinical trialHammouda Hamdi Ghoraba
Department of Ophthalmology, Tanta Faculty of Medicine, Magrabi Eye Hospital, Tanta, Egypt
Retina 22:589-96. 2002..To evaluate the problems and accuracy of biometry in eyes that have been operated on by silicone oil removal combined with cataract extraction with or without intraocular lens implantation...
- Impact of nuclear cataract density on postoperative refractive outcome: IOL Master versus ultrasoundTetsuo Ueda
Department of Ophthalmology, Nara Medical University, Nara, Japan
Ophthalmologica 221:384-7. 2007..To evaluate the effect of cataract density on the postoperative refractive outcome...
- Effect of the speed of sound in Sensar acrylic lenses on pseudophakic axial length measurementsMichael D Lowery
Allergan, Inc, Irvine, California 92612 1599, USA
J Cataract Refract Surg 28:1269-70. 2002..To evaluate adjusting for the change in sound velocity through an intraocular lens (IOL) to determine axial length measurements in pseudophakic eyes...
- IOLMaster biometry: refractive results of 100 consecutive casesH Eleftheriadis
Southend General Hospital, Department of Ophthalmology, Prittlewell Chase, Westcliff on Sea, Essex, SS0 0RY, UK
Br J Ophthalmol 87:960-3. 2003....
- Ocular growth and refractive error development in premature infants without retinopathy of prematurityAnne Cook
Manchester Royal Eye Hospital, Manchester, United Kingdom
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 44:953-60. 2003..This investigation studied the factors involved in the development of refractive error (RE) in premature infants unaffected by retinopathy of prematurity (ROP)...
- Comparison of a new, minimally invasive strabismus surgery technique with the usual limbal approach for rectus muscle recession and plicationD S Mojon
Department of Strabismology and Neuro Ophthalmology, Kantonsspital, 9007 St Gallen, Switzerland
Br J Ophthalmol 91:76-82. 2007..To present a novel, minimally invasive strabismus surgery (MISS) technique for rectus muscle operations...
- Biometry of the silicone oil-filled eye: IID C Murray
Birmingham and Midland Eye Centre, City Hospital NHS Trust, Birmingham, UK
Eye (Lond) 16:727-30. 2002..71. IOL power can then be calculated using current biometry formulae (SRK/T). This study aims to evaluate the conversion factor in clinical practice...
- Cognition, ocular accommodation, and cardiovascular function in emmetropes and late-onset myopesLeon Nicholas Davies
Neurosciences Research Institute, School of Life and Health Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:1791-6. 2005..To investigate objectively and noninvasively the role of cognitive demand on autonomic control of systemic cardiovascular and ocular accommodative responses in emmetropes and myopes of late-onset...
- Confirmation of linkage to ocular refraction on chromosome 22q and identification of a novel linkage region on 1qAlison P Klein
Departments of Oncology and Pathology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA
Arch Ophthalmol 125:80-5. 2007To localize genes influencing ocular refraction in subjects in the Beaver Dam Eye Study. Previous studies establish that myopia clusters within families and linkage to myopia has been demonstrated on 2q, 4q, 12q, 17q, 18q, 22q, and Xq...
- Phakic intraocular lenses to correct high myopia: Adatomed, Staar, and ArtisanJose L Menezo
Department of Surgery, University of Valencia School of Medicine, Valencia, Spain
J Cataract Refract Surg 30:33-44. 2004..To evaluate the feasibility and safety of using phakic intraocular lenses (IOLs) to correct high myopia by comparing 3 IOL models: Adatomed, Staar, and Artisan...
- Evaluation of the practicality of optical biometry and applanation ultrasound in 253 eyesMana Tehrani
Department of Ophthalmology, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany
J Cataract Refract Surg 29:741-6. 2003..To evaluate the percentage of eyes that could not be measured using optical biometry and ultrasound applanation and the reasons...
- Compensation of corneal horizontal/vertical astigmatism, lateral coma, and spherical aberration by internal optics of the eyeJennifer E Kelly
Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
J Vis 4:262-71. 2004..Lateral coma shows individually scaled compensation, some of which may be attributable to eccentricity of the fovea...
- New frontiers for the perioperative data method for IOL calculation following corneal refractive surgeriesI M Hamdi
Vissum Instituto Oftalmológico de Alicante and Miguel Hernández University, Alicante, Spain
Eur J Ophthalmol 16:809-15. 2006..To evaluate the efficiency of the perioperative data method for intraocular lens (IOL) calculation after correction of myopia and hyperopia with different techniques, including reoperated cases...
- Corneal wavefront-guided retreatments for significant night vision symptoms after myopic laser refractive surgeryJorge L Alio
Department of Refractive Surgery and Division of Ophthalmology, Instituto Oftalmologico de Alicante, Miguel Hernandez University, Alicante, Spain
Am J Ophthalmol 145:65-74. 2008..To evaluate the results of corneal wavefront (WF)-guided enhancements in patients with night vision symptoms and significantly high positive spherical aberration (SA) after myopic laser refractive surgery...
- Treatment of previous decentered excimer laser ablation with combined myopic and hyperopic ablationsGilles Lafond
Centre hospitalier de l Universite Laval, Quebec City, Canada
J Refract Surg 20:139-48. 2004..Decentration of the ablation zone is an occasional complication of excimer laser refractive surgery. We describe a technique to recenter the ablation zone without changing the refractive status obtained by the first surgery...
- Optical Dynamics of Lens AccommodationSTEPHEN UHLHORN; Fiscal Year: 2005..The project will test the hypothesis that changes in the refractive index of the lens during accommodation make a significant contribution to the amplitude of the optical accommodation response. ..
- Snapshot Retinal Imaging PolarimeterJames Schwiegerling; Fiscal Year: 2007..Furthermore, the device could potentially be a low-cost add-on to existing fundus cameras, allowing a more widespread utility than existing devices. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Gene-environment-wide interaction studies of ocular refractionROBERT J WOJCIECHOWSKI; Fiscal Year: 2013..The objective of this project is to study the effects of gene-environment interactions on ocular refraction within the context of whole-genome association studies...
- Optomechanical characteristics of lens accommodationFabrice Manns; Fiscal Year: 2013..measurement of the axial eye length, lens shape, lens internal structure, ciliary muscle geometry, and ocular refraction and aberrations in response to monocular accommodative stimuli...
- OPTICAL AND RETINAL LIMITS TO HUMAN VISUAL PERFORMANCELarry N Thibos; Fiscal Year: 2010..Project 6. Develop a new concept of wavefront tomography to characterize the 3-dimensional structure of the eye's optical system from a series of wavefront measurements along multiple lines-of-sight. ..
- CONTACT LENSES AND MYOPIA (CLAMP) STUDYJEFFREY WALLINE; Fiscal Year: 2003..The CLAMP Study is the ideal scope and size of study to train Dr. Walline to become an independent investigator and has the potential to change the standard of care for young children who become nearsighted. ..
- OCULAR DEVELOPMENT IN INFANCY/EARLY CHILDHOODDonald Mutti; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- NEURAL AND HORMONAL PATHWAYS IN OCULAR DEVELOPMENTHoward Howland; Fiscal Year: 2003..Behavioral, surgical, biochemical, histological, and mathematical methods will be employed to answer these questions. ..
- The Contact Lens and Dry Eye StudyJason Nichols; Fiscal Year: 2006..The long-term objective of this research is to contribute to a better understanding of the etiology and risk factors for contact lens-related dry eye so that progress can be made toward its prevention. ..
- MYOPIA AND OCULAR GROWTH--NEURAL MECHANISMSRichard Stone; Fiscal Year: 2004..We hope that our studies will continue to lead to improved understanding of ocular growth and ultimately towards rational approaches to prevent refractive errors in children. ..
- mRNA expression by RPE cells in myopiaRichard Stone; Fiscal Year: 2006..We believe this program will lead to improved understanding of the etiology of refractive errors and ultimately to effective approaches to arrest myopia in children. ..
- Short-term Training Students-Health Professional SchoolsKENNETH CIUFFREDA; Fiscal Year: 2006..Trainees will consist of optometry students who have just completed either their first or second professional years, and have done well academically (3.5 gpa or better). All will have an undergraduate degree, generally in the sciences. ..
- The Myopia of AdulthoodMark Bullimore; Fiscal Year: 2006..Subjects carry a portable electronic pager for two one-week periods and are paged randomly throughout the day. Each time they are paged, they dial into an automated telephone survey and report their activity at that time. ..
- Molecular Characterization of Chick Retina during Refractive DevelopmentRICHARD ALAN STONE; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Multi-Resolution Corneal Topography (MRCT)EDWIN SARVER; Fiscal Year: 2006..research grant ..
- CLEK STUDY PHOTOGRAPHY READING CENTERJoseph Barr; Fiscal Year: 2004..Documentation of the capabilities of the proposed CPRC Staff for the performance of the Study in accord with the details of the CPRC Operations Manual and with the CLEK Study Operations Manual is provided. ..
- Scanning Ocular Aberration Measurement (SAM) SystemEDWIN SARVER; Fiscal Year: 2007..In addition, the ability to measure these aberrations dynamically while the eye is changing focus from a distant to a near object will be provided. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- New England College of Optometry Vision Core GrantNANCY COLETTA; Fiscal Year: 2007..The modules requested in this application will greatly enhance these activities and ongoing research at the New England College of Optometry ..
- Subjective Refraction by Meridional Power MatchingEDWIN SARVER; Fiscal Year: 2002..Technological Innovation: Providing an accurate, low-cost, low-maintenance refractor that can be easily transported and used in hostile environments. PROPOSED COMMERCIAL APPLICATION: NOT AVAILABLE ..
- Corneal Refractive Power Post Refractive SurgeryCHARLOTTE JOSLIN; Fiscal Year: 2008..The long-term objective to this research is to contribute to the knowledge of IOL power determination in post-refractive surgery patients. ..
- Visual Optics and CorneaP Soni; Fiscal Year: 2008..Extensive recruitment tools and personal contacts will be utilized to advertise the program broadly to attract the best applicants including women and minorities. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- RETINAL NERVE FIBER LAYER REFLECTANCE MECHANISMSXiangrun Huang; Fiscal Year: 2007..Birefringence is an intrinsic property of the tissue, depends directly on RNFL ultrastructure, and may provide a means of early detection of structural damage to ganglion cells in glaucoma. ..
- RETINAL BIREFRINGENCE ANALYSIS IN STRABISMUS & AMBLYOPIADavid Hunter; Fiscal Year: 2003..The ability to screen for early, small deviations may help resolve conflicting findings on the efficacy of early amblyopia detection and treatment. ..
- High Resolution and High Contrast Near-IR Imaging of the Human FundusNathan Doble; Fiscal Year: 2006..Under this proposal, new imaging technology will be developed to fight debilitating eye disease resulting in earlier disease detection, faster drug clinical trials, and better medical understanding. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Vision Research--Biostatistics and Epidemiology ModuleKarla Zadnik; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- The Predictive Value of Pre-plus Disease in ROPDavid Wallace; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Compact Line-scanning Adaptive Optics Retinal ImagerDaniel Hammer; Fiscal Year: 2007..These researchers will, in turn, use this tool to increase our understanding of vision and its disruption by disease and for the development of new drugs and therapies. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Clinical Accommodation MeasurementAdrian Glasser; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Computer-Aided Interpretation of Oculometric DataMichael Smolek; Fiscal Year: 2006..For patients, refractive surgery outcomes will be more predictable, and they will benefit from earlier detection of diseases such as cataracts and corneal ectasias. ..
- Single Shot OCTDaniel Hammer; Fiscal Year: 2006..In addition, the developed instrument and the principles upon which it is based may be used to image other disease types throughout the human body. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- EMMETROPIZATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF MYOPIA IN CHILDRENJane Gwiazda; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- EYE GROWTH DURING INFANCYScott Lambert; Fiscal Year: 2001..In addition, by understanding the mechanisms retarding ocular growth, it may be possible to modulate the excessive ocular growth which occurs in certain pathological conditions such as retinopathy of prematurity. ..
- BIOPHYSICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF ALPHA CRYSTALLINJANE KORETZ; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- OPTOMETRY COORDINATING CENTERKarla Zadnik; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- OPTICAL AND NEURAL FACTORS IN NIGHT VISIONNANCY COLETTA; Fiscal Year: 2002..Differences in the sampling rate may responsible for the meridional variation in sensitivity. ..
- HIGH-RESOLUTION IMAGING OF OCULAR MELANOMA AND RETINADirk Uwe Bartsch; Fiscal Year: 2003..Since we can measure and characterize these aberrations, we can develop digital inverse filter based on our experience in image reconstruction to correct the acquired images. ..
- Real-Time Three-Dimensional Motion Control TrackerDaniel Hammer; Fiscal Year: 2003..After optimization, the Phase II instrument will be tested in a clinical ophthalmic program and the improvement in measurement of retinal features (e.g., nerve fiber layer thickness) will be quantified. ..
- CLINICAL RESEARCH CURRICULUMKarla Zadnik; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- COLLABORATIVE INITIAL GLAUCOMA TREATMENT STUDYRohit Varma; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Stabilized Adaptive Optics Imaging Laser MicrosurgeryDaniel Hammer; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Illumination/Display Technologies in Vision ResearchRobert Webb; Fiscal Year: 2005..This proposal therefore addresses three apparently quite different areas of ophthalmic investigation, linked by the technologies that will enable them. ..
- Accommodative changes in aging eyesAdrian Glasser; Fiscal Year: 2006..This research will provide a foundation for studies directed at understanding if accommodation can be restored with artificial accommodative intraocular lenses. ..
- Impact of adolescent pregnancy on nutritional statusJoanne Katz; Fiscal Year: 2006..Measures of nutritional status at birth include weight, length, head, chest and mid upper arm circumference. Growth of these infants through 6 months of age will also be examined, as will hemoglobin and serum retinol at 3 months of age. ..
- COLLABORATIVE LONGITUDINAL EVALUATION KERATOCONUS STUDYKarla Zadnik; Fiscal Year: 2004..Louis, Missouri, and the CLEK Photography Reading Center at The Ohio State University College of Optometry, Columbus, Ohio. ..
- The Barbados Study of Ocular Conditions (BSOC)Suh Yuh Wu; Fiscal Year: 2005..The considerably high participation in the cohort (84% in BES, 85% in BISED, and 81% in BISED II), as well as the experience of the research team support the feasibility and yield of the proposed study. ..
- PEDIATRIC LOW VISIONWILLIAM GOOD; Fiscal Year: 2002..Do strabismus and anisometropia affect different visual functions differentially? Is the combination of risk-factors more amblyogenic? ..
- EARLY TMT RETINOPATHY OF PREMATURITY HEADQUARTER GRANTWILLIAM GOOD; Fiscal Year: 2008..Outcome will be determined at a 6 month post-term ophthalmologic examination and at a 9 month post-term visual assessment examination. ..
- The Effects of Prematurity on Visual DevelopmentWILLIAM GOOD; Fiscal Year: 2008..A comparison of head ultrasound and DTI findings will demonstrate whether DTI should replace ultrasound for the diagnosis of neurological injury in the newborn nursery. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Central Scotomas in AMD and Cortical RemappingJanet Sunness; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Ultrasound-Enhanced Delivery of Medications to the EyeRonald Silverman; Fiscal Year: 2008..We will visualize the distribution of the molecules within the sclera, choroid and retina to evaluate transport and characterize any tissue damage that might have occurred microscopically and by apoptosis assays. ..