ocular refraction

Summary

Summary: Refraction of LIGHT effected by the media of the EYE.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The shape of the aging human lens: curvature, equivalent refractive index and the lens paradox
    M Dubbelman
    Department of Clinical Physics and Informatics, University Hospital Vrije Universiteit, P.O. Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Vision Res 41:1867-77. 2001
  2. ncbi Sources of error in intraocular lens power calculation
    Sverker Norrby
    AMO Groningen BV, Groningen, The Netherlands
    J Cataract Refract Surg 34:368-76. 2008
  3. ncbi Calculation of intraocular lens power: a review
    Thomas Olsen
    University Eye Clinic, Aarhus Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark
    Acta Ophthalmol Scand 85:472-85. 2007
  4. ncbi Effects of longitudinal chromatic aberration on accommodation and emmetropization
    Anne Seidemann
    University Eye Hospital, Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Calwerstr 7 1, 72076, Tuebingen, Germany
    Vision Res 42:2409-17. 2002
  5. ncbi Use of optical coherence tomography to assess variations in macular retinal thickness in myopia
    Marcus C C Lim
    Singapore National Eye Centre and Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore 168751
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:974-8. 2005
  6. ncbi Principles of ray tracing aberrometry
    V V Molebny
    Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Kiev, Ukraine
    J Refract Surg 16:S572-5. 2000
  7. ncbi Ocular refraction: heritability and genome-wide search for eye morphometry traits in an isolated Sardinian population
    Ginevra Biino
    Institute of Population Genetics, CNR, Alghero, Italy
    Hum Genet 116:152-9. 2005
  8. ncbi Role of the sclera in the development and pathological complications of myopia
    Neville A McBrien
    Department of Optometry and Vision Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia
    Prog Retin Eye Res 22:307-38. 2003
  9. ncbi Biometry and intraocular lens power calculation
    Alexander C Lee
    Pepose Vision Institute, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63017, USA
    Curr Opin Ophthalmol 19:13-7. 2008
  10. ncbi U.S. Food and Drug Administration clinical trial of the Implantable Contact Lens for moderate to high myopia
    Donald R Sanders
    Center for Clinical Research, Chicago, IL, USA
    Ophthalmology 110:255-66. 2003

Research Grants

  1. Optical Dynamics of Lens Accommodation
    STEPHEN UHLHORN; Fiscal Year: 2005
  2. Snapshot Retinal Imaging Polarimeter
    James Schwiegerling; Fiscal Year: 2007
  3. Gene-environment-wide interaction studies of ocular refraction
    ROBERT J WOJCIECHOWSKI; Fiscal Year: 2013
  4. Optomechanical characteristics of lens accommodation
    Fabrice Manns; Fiscal Year: 2013
  5. OPTICAL AND RETINAL LIMITS TO HUMAN VISUAL PERFORMANCE
    Larry N Thibos; Fiscal Year: 2010
  6. CONTACT LENSES AND MYOPIA (CLAMP) STUDY
    JEFFREY WALLINE; Fiscal Year: 2003
  7. OCULAR DEVELOPMENT IN INFANCY/EARLY CHILDHOOD
    Donald Mutti; Fiscal Year: 2005
  8. NEURAL AND HORMONAL PATHWAYS IN OCULAR DEVELOPMENT
    Howard Howland; Fiscal Year: 2003
  9. The Contact Lens and Dry Eye Study
    Jason Nichols; Fiscal Year: 2006
  10. MYOPIA AND OCULAR GROWTH--NEURAL MECHANISMS
    Richard Stone; Fiscal Year: 2004

Detail Information

Publications223 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The shape of the aging human lens: curvature, equivalent refractive index and the lens paradox
    M Dubbelman
    Department of Clinical Physics and Informatics, University Hospital Vrije Universiteit, P.O. Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Vision Res 41:1867-77. 2001
    ..These new findings explain the lens paradox and may serve as a basis for modelling the refractive properties of the lens...
  2. ncbi Sources of error in intraocular lens power calculation
    Sverker Norrby
    AMO Groningen BV, Groningen, The Netherlands
    J Cataract Refract Surg 34:368-76. 2008
    ..To identify and quantify sources of error in the refractive outcome of cataract surgery...
  3. ncbi Calculation of intraocular lens power: a review
    Thomas Olsen
    University Eye Clinic, Aarhus Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark
    Acta Ophthalmol Scand 85:472-85. 2007
    ....
  4. ncbi Effects of longitudinal chromatic aberration on accommodation and emmetropization
    Anne Seidemann
    University Eye Hospital, Section of Neurobiology of the Eye, Calwerstr 7 1, 72076, Tuebingen, Germany
    Vision Res 42:2409-17. 2002
    ..The apparently contradictory result was studied in more detail in humans and chickens...
  5. ncbi Use of optical coherence tomography to assess variations in macular retinal thickness in myopia
    Marcus C C Lim
    Singapore National Eye Centre and Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore 168751
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:974-8. 2005
    ..To investigate the variation in macular retinal thickness in otherwise normal young Asian myopic subjects by using optical coherence tomography (OCT)...
  6. ncbi Principles of ray tracing aberrometry
    V V Molebny
    Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Kiev, Ukraine
    J Refract Surg 16:S572-5. 2000
    ..Ray tracing aberrometry developed by the Institute of Biomedical Engineering (Kiev) and first tested at the Vardinoyannion Eye Institute of Crete is a promising technique for eye refraction aberration and refraction mapping...
  7. ncbi Ocular refraction: heritability and genome-wide search for eye morphometry traits in an isolated Sardinian population
    Ginevra Biino
    Institute of Population Genetics, CNR, Alghero, Italy
    Hum Genet 116:152-9. 2005
    ..High heritability of eye morphometry traits was thus revealed. The identified loci are the first linkage signals available in ocular biometry. Notably, the observed significant differences in parental transmission deserve further study...
  8. ncbi Role of the sclera in the development and pathological complications of myopia
    Neville A McBrien
    Department of Optometry and Vision Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia
    Prog Retin Eye Res 22:307-38. 2003
    ..This review aims to build on existing models to illustrate that the prevention of aberrant scleral remodelling must be the goal of any long-term therapy for the amelioration of the permanent vision loss associated with high myopia...
  9. ncbi Biometry and intraocular lens power calculation
    Alexander C Lee
    Pepose Vision Institute, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63017, USA
    Curr Opin Ophthalmol 19:13-7. 2008
    ..The article reviews recent studies and advances in the field of biometry and intraocular lens power calculations...
  10. ncbi U.S. Food and Drug Administration clinical trial of the Implantable Contact Lens for moderate to high myopia
    Donald R Sanders
    Center for Clinical Research, Chicago, IL, USA
    Ophthalmology 110:255-66. 2003
    ..To assess the safety and efficacy of the Implantable Contact Lens (ICL) to treat moderate to high myopia...
  11. pmc The importance of genes and environment for ocular refraction and its determiners: a population based study among 20-45 year old twins
    N Lyhne
    Department of Ophthalmology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, 5000 C, Denmark
    Br J Ophthalmol 85:1470-6. 2001
    To estimate the heritability for ocular refraction and its determiners in a population based cohort of 20-45 years old twins.
  12. ncbi Pathogenesis of transient high myopia after blunt eye trauma
    Naohiro Ikeda
    Department of Ophthalmology, Hyogo College of Medicine, 1 1 Mukogawa cho, Nishinomiya shi, Hyogo 663 8501, Japan
    Ophthalmology 109:501-7. 2002
    ..To determine the pathogenesis of transient high myopia after blunt eye trauma...
  13. pmc Accommodation and induced myopia in marmosets
    David Troilo
    The New England College of Optometry, 424 Beacon Street, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Vision Res 47:1228-44. 2007
    ..The alternative hypothesis-that low S-R slope increases susceptibility to the development of myopia--is not supported by the weak correlation between the pre-manipulation S-R slopes and the magnitude of the myopic shift...
  14. ncbi Wavefront-guided laser epithelial keratomileusis with the wavelight concept system 500
    Christoph Winkler von Mohrenfels
    Rayne Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, St Thomas Hospital, London, UK
    J Refract Surg 20:S565-9. 2004
    ..50 diopters (D), without any unwanted side effects. After conventional refractive surgery, higher-order aberrations are induced. To reduce these aberrations, we used wavefront-guided ablation...
  15. ncbi Comparison of laser epithelial keratomileusis and photorefractive keratectomy for low to moderate myopia
    J B Lee
    Institute of Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea
    J Cataract Refract Surg 27:565-70. 2001
    ..To compare the effectiveness, safety, and stability of laser epithelial keratomileusis (LASEK), a modified photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) technique, with those of conventional PRK for low to moderate myopia...
  16. ncbi Relationship between refractive error and monochromatic aberrations of the eye
    Xu Cheng
    School of Optometry, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA
    Optom Vis Sci 80:43-9. 2003
    ..To examine the relationship between ametropia and optical aberrations in a population of 200 normal human eyes with refractive errors spanning the range from +5.00 to -10.00 D...
  17. ncbi Clinical results of wavefront-guided laser in situ keratomileusis 3 months after surgery
    M Mrochen
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    J Cataract Refract Surg 27:201-7. 2001
    ..To investigate the visual and refractive outcome of wavefront-guided laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) to correct myopic astigmatism...
  18. ncbi Higher-order aberrations in eyes with irregular corneas after laser refractive surgery
    Gregory J McCormick
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, USA
    Ophthalmology 112:1699-709. 2005
    ..To investigate the distribution of the eye's higher-order aberrations in postoperative laser refractive surgery patients with visual complaints and highly irregular corneal shapes...
  19. ncbi Wavefront analysis in normal refractive surgery candidates
    Marcelo V Netto
    The Cole Eye Institute, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
    J Refract Surg 21:332-8. 2005
    ..To quantify the higher order aberrations of refractive surgery candidates and compare the wavefront-determined refractions with manifest refractions refined with a +/- 0.25 Jackson cross cylinder...
  20. ncbi Repeatability and validity of the PowerRefractor and the Nidek AR600-A in an adult population with healthy eyes
    Peter M Allen
    Department of Optometry and Ophthalmic Dispensing, Anglia Polytechnic University, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Optom Vis Sci 80:245-51. 2003
    ..We suggest some improvements to the PowerRefractor measurement technique to standardize its clinical use and to improve accuracy...
  21. ncbi Standards for reporting the optical aberrations of eyes
    Larry N Thibos
    School of Optometry, Indiana University, Bloomington, USA
    J Refract Surg 18:S652-60. 2002
    ..Progress reports were presented at the 1999 OSA annual meeting and at VSIA-2000 by the chairs of three taskforce subcommittees on (1) reference axes, (2) describing functions, and (3) model eyes...
  22. ncbi The effect of pterygium surgery on corneal topography
    A Cinal
    Yuzuncu Yil University Medical Faculty, Department of Ophthalmology, Van, Turkey
    Ophthalmic Surg Lasers 32:35-40. 2001
    ..The aim of this prospective randomized clinical study was to evaluate the effect of pterygium surgery on the corneal topography using a computerized corneal topography system...
  23. ncbi Retinal nerve fiber layer thickness in normal children measured with optical coherence tomography
    Daniel J Salchow
    Harkness Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Ophthalmology 113:786-91. 2006
    ..To measure the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in normal children...
  24. ncbi Effects of pterygium on corneal spherical power and astigmatism
    A Tomidokoro
    Department of Ophthalmology, Omiya Red Cross Hospital, Saitama, Japan Miyata Eye Hospital, Miyazaki, Japan
    Ophthalmology 107:1568-71. 2000
    ..To evaluate prospectively the corneal refractive status before and after pterygium surgery and its relationship with preoperative pterygium size...
  25. ncbi Overnight orthokeratology
    J J Nichols
    The Ohio State University, College of Optometry, Columbus 43210 1240, USA
    Optom Vis Sci 77:252-9. 2000
    ..The purpose of this study is to assess visual, refractive, topographic, and corneal thickness changes in subjects undergoing overnight orthokeratology...
  26. ncbi Ocular higher-order aberrations in eyes with supernormal vision
    Yair Levy
    Department of Ophthalmology, E Wolfson Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, Holon 58100, Israel
    Am J Ophthalmol 139:225-8. 2005
    ....
  27. pmc The effect of acute hyperglycemia on retinal thickness and ocular refraction in healthy subjects
    Nanouk G M Wiemer
    Department of Ophthalmology, VU University Medical Center, P O Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 246:703-8. 2008
    ..To quantify the retinal thickness and the refractive error of the healthy human eye during hyperglycemia by means of optical coherence tomography (OCT) and Hartmann-Shack aberrometry...
  28. ncbi Structural and ultrastructural changes to the sclera in a mammalian model of high myopia
    N A McBrien
    Department of Optometry and Vision Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 42:2179-87. 2001
    ....
  29. ncbi Intraocular lens power calculation after corneal refractive surgery: double-K method
    Jaime Aramberri
    Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Gipuzkoa, San Sebastian, Spain
    J Cataract Refract Surg 29:2063-8. 2003
    ..To determine the accuracy of a method of calculating intraocular lens (IOL) power after corneal refractive surgery...
  30. ncbi Descemet's stripping with endothelial keratoplasty in 50 eyes: a refractive neutral corneal transplant
    Francis W Price
    Price Vision Group, 9002 N Meridian St, Ste 100, Indianapolis, IN 46260, USA
    J Refract Surg 21:339-45. 2005
    ..To evaluate early visual and refractive outcomes following treatment of corneal endothelial dysfunction with a corneal transplantation technique, Descemet's stripping with endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK)...
  31. ncbi Randomized prospective clinical study comparing induced aberrations with IntraLase and Hansatome flap creation in fellow eyes: potential impact on wavefront-guided laser in situ keratomileusis
    Dan B Tran
    Coastal Vision Medical Group, Inc, University of California Irvine, Irvine, California, USA
    J Cataract Refract Surg 31:97-105. 2005
    ..To measure and compare the changes in objective wavefront aberration and subjective manifest refraction after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) flap creation with a mechanical microkeratome and a femtosecond laser...
  32. ncbi Changes of higher order aberration with various pupil sizes in the myopic eye
    Yan Wang
    Refractive Surgery Center Tianjin Eye Hospital and Institute, Teaching Hospital of the Tianjin Medical University, Peoples Republic of China
    J Refract Surg 19:S270-4. 2003
    ..To investigate the effect of pupil diameter on higher order aberration in myopic eyes...
  33. ncbi Partial coherence laser interferometry vs conventional ultrasound biometry in intraocular lens power calculations
    M S Rajan
    Dept of Ophthalmology, Pembury Hospital, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, UK
    Eye (Lond) 16:552-6. 2002
    ..The role of partial coherence laser interferometry in pseudophakic axial length measurement was analysed in the study...
  34. ncbi Transient hyperopic refractive changes in newly diagnosed juvenile diabetes
    Cristiano Giusti
    Institute of Opthalmology, University La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    Swiss Med Wkly 133:200-5. 2003
    ..To investigate transient hyperopic refractive changes in newly diagnosed juvenile diabetics and to evaluate their clinical course after starting intensive glycemic control of severe hyperglycaemia...
  35. pmc Thickness changes in the fovea and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer depend on the degree of myopia
    Sung Won Choi
    Department of Ophthalmology, Wonju Christian Hospital, Yonsei University, Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea
    Korean J Ophthalmol 20:215-9. 2006
    ..To investigate changes in the thickness of the fovea and peripapillary RNFL associated with myopia...
  36. ncbi Effect of glycemic control on refractive changes in diabetic patients with hyperglycemia
    Baris Sonmez
    Department of Ophthalmology, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
    Cornea 24:531-7. 2005
    ..To investigate the effect of intensive glycemic control on hyperglycemia- induced changes in refraction, corneal topography, lenticular and corneal thickness in diabetic patients...
  37. ncbi Refractive changes in silicone oil-filled pseudophakic eyes
    Kazuki Hotta
    Department of Ophthalmology, Kameda Medical Center, Chiba, Japan
    Retina 25:167-70. 2005
    ..We examined the refractive changes in pseudophakic eyes of patients with idiopathic macular hole treated with silicone oil injection...
  38. ncbi Repeatability (test-retest variability) of refractive error measurement in clinical settings
    Jaakko Leinonen
    Department of Ophthalmology, Vaasa Central Hospital, Vaasa, Finland
    Acta Ophthalmol Scand 84:532-6. 2006
    ..To estimate the repeatability of refractive error measurement (REM) in a clinical environment in cataractous, pseudophakic and healthy eyes...
  39. ncbi Axial growth and changes in lenticular and corneal power during emmetropization in infants
    Donald O Mutti
    Ohio State University College of Optometry, 338 West Tenth Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 1240, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:3074-80. 2005
    ..To evaluate the contribution made by the ocular components to the emmetropization of spherical equivalent refractive error in human infants between 3 and 9 months of age...
  40. pmc Refraction and keratometry in 40 week old premature (corrected age) and term infants
    M Snir
    Pediatric Ophthalmology Unit, Schneider Children s Medical Center of Israel, 14 Kaplan Street, Petah Tiqva 49 202, Israel
    Br J Ophthalmol 88:900-4. 2004
    ..To compare refraction and keratometry readings between premature and term babies at 40 weeks' postconceptional age (PCA), and the possible effect of birth weight (BW) and gestational age (GA) on ocular parameters...
  41. ncbi Accuracy and precision of objective refraction from wavefront aberrations
    Larry N Thibos
    School of Optometry, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA
    J Vis 4:329-51. 2004
    ..If objective refractions are more precise than subjective refractions, then wavefront methods may become the new gold standard for specifying conventional and/or optimal corrections of refractive errors...
  42. ncbi Wavefront-optimized ablation profiles: theoretical background
    Michael Mrochen
    Swiss Federal Institute of Technology and Institute of Biomedical Engineering, University of Zurich, Gloriastrasse 35, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Cataract Refract Surg 30:775-85. 2004
    ..To describe a method for calculating wavefront-optimized ablation profiles to precompensate for the spherical aberration and higher-order astigmatism induced by myopic, hyperopic, and astigmatic corneal laser corrections...
  43. ncbi Early results of small-incision Descemet's stripping and automated endothelial keratoplasty
    Steven B Koenig
    Eye Institute, Medical College of Wisconsin and Froedtert Hospital, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
    Ophthalmology 114:221-6. 2007
    ..To describe our technique and early results of Descemet's stripping and automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK), identify perioperative complications, and discuss their management...
  44. ncbi The impact of cataract severity on measurement acquisition with the IOLMaster
    Graham Freeman
    Ophthalmology Department, Wirral Hospital NHS Trust, Arrowe Park Hospital, Upton, Wirral, UK
    Acta Ophthalmol Scand 83:439-42. 2005
    ..However, measurement is not always possible in the presence of dense cataract. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the rate of measurement acquisition failure due to cataract and how this varies with morphology and severity...
  45. ncbi Immersion A-scan compared with partial coherence interferometry: outcomes analysis
    Mark Packer
    Oregon Eye Institute, Eugene, Oregon, USA
    J Cataract Refract Surg 28:239-42. 2002
    ..To compare 2 methods of axial length measurement, immersion ultrasonography and partial coherence interferometry, and to elucidate surgical outcomes based on immersion measurements...
  46. ncbi Corneal first surface optical aberrations and visual performance
    R A Applegate
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, 78230 6230, USA
    J Refract Surg 16:507-14. 2000
    ..The purpose of the research reported here was to determine the general utility of corneal first surface wavefront analysis in predicting visual performance...
  47. ncbi Clinical applications of the Shack-Hartmann aberrometer
    L N Thibos
    School of Optometry, Indiana University, Bloomington 47405, USA
    Optom Vis Sci 76:817-25. 1999
    ..Taken together, spatial maps of the variation of optical aberrations and scatter across the eye's entrance pupil represents an improved description of the optical imperfections of the abnormal eye...
  48. ncbi Wavefront analysis in post-LASIK eyes and its correlation with visual symptoms, refraction, and topography
    Maria Regina Chalita
    The Cole Eye Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation i32, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
    Ophthalmology 111:447-53. 2004
    ..To evaluate the information assessed with the LADARWave wavefront measurement device and correlate it with visual symptoms, refraction, and corneal topography in previously LASIK-treated eyes...
  49. pmc Predicting the refractive outcome after cataract surgery: the comparison of different IOLs and SRK-II v SRK-T
    M J Elder
    Br J Ophthalmol 86:620-2. 2002
    ..To determine any differences between the predictive abilities of the IOL calculation formulas of SRK-II and SRK-T and to compare these using two different IOL types...
  50. ncbi Endothelial replacement without surface corneal incisions or sutures: topography of the deep lamellar endothelial keratoplasty procedure
    M A Terry
    Lions Vision Research Laboratory of Oregon, Portland, USA
    Cornea 20:14-8. 2001
    ..The potential advantages of this procedure over penetrating keratoplasty in the treatment of endothelial dysfunction are considerable...
  51. pmc The response to visual form deprivation differs with age in marmosets
    David Troilo
    New England College of Optometry, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:1873-81. 2005
    ..To characterize the effects of visual form deprivation by diffuser in marmoset monkey eyes across a range of ages...
  52. ncbi Intraocular lens power calculation using the IOLMaster and various formulas in eyes with long axial length
    Jia kang Wang
    Department of Ophthalmology, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    J Cataract Refract Surg 34:262-7. 2008
    ..To evaluate the predictability of intraocular lens (IOL) power calculations using the IOLMaster (Carl Zeiss) and different IOL power calculation formulas in eyes with a long axial length (AL)...
  53. ncbi Predicting postoperative intraocular lens position and refraction
    Paul Rolf Preussner
    Universitats Augenklinik, Mainz, Germany
    J Cataract Refract Surg 30:2077-83. 2004
    ..To predict the postoperative IOL position and refraction as accurately as possible independent of individualization of the parameters...
  54. ncbi Accuracy and predictability of intraocular lens power calculation after laser in situ keratomileusis
    H V Gimbel
    Gimbel Eye Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    J Cataract Refract Surg 27:571-6. 2001
    ..To study the accuracy and predictability of intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation in eyes that had laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK)...
  55. ncbi [Results of wavefront-guided LASIK]
    T Hammer
    Universitätsklinik und Poliklinik für Augenheilkunde, Martin Luther Universitat Halle Wittenberg, Halle
    Ophthalmologe 101:824-9. 2004
    ..Wavefront-guided LASIK procedures provide patients with customized corneal treatments. The computer ablation profiles correct both spherical and/or cylindrical errors of refraction and aberrations up to the fifth order...
  56. ncbi IQ and the association with myopia in children
    Seang Mei Saw
    Department of Community, Occupational and Family Medicine, National University of Singapore
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 45:2943-8. 2004
    ..To evaluate the association between intelligence and myopia in children...
  57. pmc Genomewide scan of ocular refraction in African-American families shows significant linkage to chromosome 7p15
    Elise Ciner
    The Eye Institute of the Pennsylvania College of Optometry, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Genet Epidemiol 32:454-63. 2008
    ..Genetic studies have identified several regions of linkage to ocular refraction, but none have been carried out in African-derived populations...
  58. ncbi [Accuracy limits in IOL calculation: current status]
    P R Preussner
    Universitäts Augenklinik Mainz
    Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 224:893-9. 2007
    ..Overview over the single independent error contributions of IOL power calculation and their currently achievable lower limits...
  59. ncbi The effect of conventional CR39 and Fresnel prisms on high and low contrast acuity
    D Cheng
    School of Optometry, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 21:312-6. 2001
    ..7 for 30 prism dioptres. These ratios applied for both high and low contrast acuity, and therefore were independent of the level of contrast used...
  60. ncbi Factors influencing refractive outcomes after combined phacoemulsification and pars plana vitrectomy: results of a prospective study
    Jin Wook Jeoung
    Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University Hospital and Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    J Cataract Refract Surg 33:108-14. 2007
    ..To evaluate the factors influencing the refractive outcomes of combined phacoemulsification, foldable intraocular lens (IOL) implantation, and pars plana vitrectomy (PPV)...
  61. ncbi Peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness in a population of 6-year-old children: findings by optical coherence tomography
    Son C Huynh
    Centre for Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Sydney, and Westmead Millennium Institute, Sydney, Australia
    Ophthalmology 113:1583-92. 2006
    ..To study the distribution of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness by ocular and demographic variables in a population-based study of young children...
  62. pmc Evaluation of the measurement of refractive error by the PowerRefractor: a remote, continuous and binocular measurement system of oculomotor function
    O A Hunt
    Neurosciences Research Institute, School of Life and Health Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham, UK
    Br J Ophthalmol 87:1504-8. 2003
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate clinically the measurement of refractive error by a recent commercial photoretinoscopic device, the PowerRefractor (PlusOptiX, Germany)...
  63. pmc Ionic control of ocular growth and refractive change
    Sheila G Crewther
    School of Psychological Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne VIC 3000, Australia
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:15663-8. 2006
    ..New treatments for myopia, which currently affects nearly half of the human population, may result...
  64. ncbi Acute myopia and angle closure caused by topiramate, a drug used for prophylaxis of migraine
    Charuta Mandke Desai
    Department of Ophthalmology, MGM Hospital, Kamothe, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
    Indian J Ophthalmol 54:195-7. 2006
    ..We report a case of acute progressive myopia and bilateral angle closure due to Topiramate--a drug used for epilepsy and migraine prophylaxis...
  65. ncbi Change in shape of the aging human crystalline lens with accommodation
    M Dubbelman
    Department of Physics and Medical Technology, VU University Medical Center, P O Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Vision Res 45:117-32. 2005
    ..During accommodation the anterior lens surface becomes more hyperbolic. Furthermore, an increase in the equivalent refractive index during accommodation was determined...
  66. ncbi Calibration of axial length measurements with the Zeiss IOLMaster
    Thomas Olsen
    University Eye Clinic, Aarhus Kommunehospital, Aarhus, Denmark
    J Cataract Refract Surg 31:1345-50. 2005
    ..To study the conditions for consistent axial length measurements with partial coherence interferometry (PCI) performed with the Zeiss IOLMaster...
  67. pmc Genomewide linkage scans for ocular refraction and meta-analysis of four populations in the Myopia Family Study
    Robert Wojciechowski
    Inherited Disease Research Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, Baltimore, Maryland 21231, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:2024-32. 2009
    ..We also performed a meta-analysis by combining these results with our previous linkage results from Ashkenazi Jewish (ASHK) and African American (AFRAM) families...
  68. ncbi How good is the match between the plane of the text and the plane of focus during reading?
    F Schaeffel
    University Eye Hospital, Tubingen, Germany
    Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 19:180-92. 1999
    ....
  69. ncbi Flap-induced and laser-induced ocular aberrations in a two-step LASIK procedure
    Samra Waheed
    Department of Refractive Surgery, Cole Eye Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland 44195, Ohio, USA
    J Refract Surg 21:346-52. 2005
    ..To identify aberrations created by making a laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) flap and treating the refractive error with laser ablation at a later date...
  70. ncbi Assessment of objective and subjective eccentric refraction
    Linda Lundström
    Biomedical and X Ray Physics, Department of Physics, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
    Optom Vis Sci 82:298-306. 2005
    ..The aim of this study is therefore to compare and evaluate four methods for eccentric refraction...
  71. ncbi Evaluation of a clinical aberrometer for lower-order accuracy and repeatability, higher-order repeatability, and instrument myopia
    Thomas O Salmon
    College of Optometry, Northeastern State University, Tahlequah, Oklahoma 74464 7017, USA
    Optometry 76:461-72. 2005
    ....
  72. pmc Refractive changes in diabetic patients during intensive glycaemic control
    F Okamoto
    Department of Ophthalmology, Tsukuba University Hospital, Japan
    Br J Ophthalmol 84:1097-102. 2000
    ..To evaluate the clinical course and the characteristics of transient refractive error occurring during intensive glycaemic control of severe hyperglycaemia...
  73. ncbi Accuracy and predictability of intraocular lens power calculation after photorefractive keratectomy
    H V Gimbel
    Gimbel Eye Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    J Cataract Refract Surg 26:1147-51. 2000
    ..To investigate the accuracy and predictability of intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation in postoperative photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) eyes...
  74. ncbi Femtosecond laser versus mechanical keratome flaps in wavefront-guided laser in situ keratomileusis: prospective contralateral eye study
    Daniel S Durrie
    Durrie Vision, Overland Park, Kansas, USA
    J Cataract Refract Surg 31:120-6. 2005
    ..To compare the outcomes of wavefront-guided laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) performed using the IntraLase femtosecond laser with the outcomes using the Hansatome mechanical microkeratome...
  75. ncbi Response of the posterior corneal surface to laser in situ keratomileusis for myopia
    Michael D Twa
    College of Optometry, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA
    J Cataract Refract Surg 31:61-71. 2005
    ....
  76. ncbi Effects of hyperglycaemia on ocular development in rabbit: refraction and biometric changes
    Peter Herse
    School of Optometry and Vision Science, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2053, Australia
    Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 25:97-104. 2005
    ..To determine the effect of acute and chronic hyperglycaemia on the refraction and development of the rabbit eye...
  77. ncbi Refractive error in premature infants
    Yokrat Ton
    Sapir Medical Center, Department of Ophthalmology, Meir Hospital, Kefar Sava, affiliated with the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel
    J AAPOS 8:534-8. 2004
    ....
  78. ncbi Intraocular lens power calculation for lens exchange
    Y Kora
    Department of Ophthalmology Hamamatsu Medical Center, Kora, Shizuoka, Japan
    J Cataract Refract Surg 27:543-8. 2001
    ..CONCLUSION: Axial length and IOL manufacturer were important factors in predicting refraction power in eyes requiring IOL exchange...
  79. ncbi Simultaneous continuous recording of accommodation and pupil size using the modified Shin-Nippon SRW-5000 autorefractor
    J S Wolffsohn
    Neurosciences Research Institute, Aston University, Birmingham, UK
    Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 24:142-7. 2004
    ..The resolution and temporal properties of the analysis are therefore ideal for the simultaneous measurement of dynamic accommodation and pupil responses...
  80. pmc Emmetropisation following preterm birth
    K J Saunders
    School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Ulster, Coleraine, Northern Ireland, BT52 1SA, UK
    Br J Ophthalmol 86:1035-40. 2002
    ..The present study examined the relation between clinical risk factors and refractive development among preterm infants without ROP...
  81. ncbi Refractive outcome of cataract surgery using partial coherence interferometry and ultrasound biometry: clinical feasibility study of a commercial prototype II
    Barabara Kiss
    Universitätsklinik für Augenheilkunde, Allegemeines Krankenhaus Wien, Vienna, Austria
    J Cataract Refract Surg 28:230-4. 2002
    ....
  82. ncbi Inhibition of retinal ON/OFF systems differentially affects refractive compensation to defocus
    S G Crewther
    School of Psychological Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia
    Neuroreport 14:1233-7. 2003
    ..Thus the pharmacological manipulation of induced refractive change suggests that the retinal ON and OFF subsystems play independent roles in the emmetropization process...
  83. ncbi Ablation profiles for wavefront-guided correction of myopia and primary spherical aberration
    Fabrice Manns
    Ophthalmic Biophysics Center, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida 33136, USA
    J Cataract Refract Surg 28:766-74. 2002
    ..To calculate ablation profiles for wavefront-guided correction of ametropia and primary spherical aberration...
  84. pmc Myopia, genetics, and ambient lighting at night in a UK sample
    J A Guggenheim
    Cardiff University, Cathays Park, Cardiff, UK
    Br J Ophthalmol 87:580-2. 2003
    ..It has been reported that exposure to artificial lighting at night during the first 2 years of life was very strongly associated with subsequent myopia development...
  85. ncbi Higher order wavefront aberrations of cornea and magnitude of refractive correction in laser in situ keratomileusis
    Tetsuro Oshika
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Tokyo School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    Ophthalmology 109:1154-8. 2002
    ..To assess the relation between magnitude of refractive correction and changes in higher order wavefront aberrations of the cornea after laser in situ keratomileusis...
  86. ncbi Cataract surgery in patients with prior refractive surgery
    D Rex Hamilton
    Minnesota Eye Consultants, P A, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55404, USA
    Curr Opin Ophthalmol 14:44-53. 2003
    ....
  87. ncbi The problems of biometry in combined silicone oil removal and cataract extraction: a clinical trial
    Hammouda Hamdi Ghoraba
    Department of Ophthalmology, Tanta Faculty of Medicine, Magrabi Eye Hospital, Tanta, Egypt
    Retina 22:589-96. 2002
    ..To evaluate the problems and accuracy of biometry in eyes that have been operated on by silicone oil removal combined with cataract extraction with or without intraocular lens implantation...
  88. ncbi Impact of nuclear cataract density on postoperative refractive outcome: IOL Master versus ultrasound
    Tetsuo Ueda
    Department of Ophthalmology, Nara Medical University, Nara, Japan
    Ophthalmologica 221:384-7. 2007
    ..To evaluate the effect of cataract density on the postoperative refractive outcome...
  89. ncbi Effect of the speed of sound in Sensar acrylic lenses on pseudophakic axial length measurements
    Michael D Lowery
    Allergan, Inc, Irvine, California 92612 1599, USA
    J Cataract Refract Surg 28:1269-70. 2002
    ..To evaluate adjusting for the change in sound velocity through an intraocular lens (IOL) to determine axial length measurements in pseudophakic eyes...
  90. pmc IOLMaster biometry: refractive results of 100 consecutive cases
    H Eleftheriadis
    Southend General Hospital, Department of Ophthalmology, Prittlewell Chase, Westcliff on Sea, Essex, SS0 0RY, UK
    Br J Ophthalmol 87:960-3. 2003
    ....
  91. ncbi Ocular growth and refractive error development in premature infants without retinopathy of prematurity
    Anne Cook
    Manchester Royal Eye Hospital, Manchester, United Kingdom
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 44:953-60. 2003
    ..This investigation studied the factors involved in the development of refractive error (RE) in premature infants unaffected by retinopathy of prematurity (ROP)...
  92. pmc Comparison of a new, minimally invasive strabismus surgery technique with the usual limbal approach for rectus muscle recession and plication
    D S Mojon
    Department of Strabismology and Neuro Ophthalmology, Kantonsspital, 9007 St Gallen, Switzerland
    Br J Ophthalmol 91:76-82. 2007
    ..To present a novel, minimally invasive strabismus surgery (MISS) technique for rectus muscle operations...
  93. ncbi Biometry of the silicone oil-filled eye: II
    D C Murray
    Birmingham and Midland Eye Centre, City Hospital NHS Trust, Birmingham, UK
    Eye (Lond) 16:727-30. 2002
    ..71. IOL power can then be calculated using current biometry formulae (SRK/T). This study aims to evaluate the conversion factor in clinical practice...
  94. ncbi Cognition, ocular accommodation, and cardiovascular function in emmetropes and late-onset myopes
    Leon Nicholas Davies
    Neurosciences Research Institute, School of Life and Health Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:1791-6. 2005
    ..To investigate objectively and noninvasively the role of cognitive demand on autonomic control of systemic cardiovascular and ocular accommodative responses in emmetropes and myopes of late-onset...
  95. ncbi Confirmation of linkage to ocular refraction on chromosome 22q and identification of a novel linkage region on 1q
    Alison P Klein
    Departments of Oncology and Pathology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 125:80-5. 2007
    To localize genes influencing ocular refraction in subjects in the Beaver Dam Eye Study. Previous studies establish that myopia clusters within families and linkage to myopia has been demonstrated on 2q, 4q, 12q, 17q, 18q, 22q, and Xq...
  96. ncbi Phakic intraocular lenses to correct high myopia: Adatomed, Staar, and Artisan
    Jose L Menezo
    Department of Surgery, University of Valencia School of Medicine, Valencia, Spain
    J Cataract Refract Surg 30:33-44. 2004
    ..To evaluate the feasibility and safety of using phakic intraocular lenses (IOLs) to correct high myopia by comparing 3 IOL models: Adatomed, Staar, and Artisan...
  97. ncbi Evaluation of the practicality of optical biometry and applanation ultrasound in 253 eyes
    Mana Tehrani
    Department of Ophthalmology, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany
    J Cataract Refract Surg 29:741-6. 2003
    ..To evaluate the percentage of eyes that could not be measured using optical biometry and ultrasound applanation and the reasons...
  98. ncbi Compensation of corneal horizontal/vertical astigmatism, lateral coma, and spherical aberration by internal optics of the eye
    Jennifer E Kelly
    Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    J Vis 4:262-71. 2004
    ..Lateral coma shows individually scaled compensation, some of which may be attributable to eccentricity of the fovea...
  99. ncbi New frontiers for the perioperative data method for IOL calculation following corneal refractive surgeries
    I M Hamdi
    Vissum Instituto Oftalmológico de Alicante and Miguel Hernández University, Alicante, Spain
    Eur J Ophthalmol 16:809-15. 2006
    ..To evaluate the efficiency of the perioperative data method for intraocular lens (IOL) calculation after correction of myopia and hyperopia with different techniques, including reoperated cases...
  100. ncbi Corneal wavefront-guided retreatments for significant night vision symptoms after myopic laser refractive surgery
    Jorge L Alio
    Department of Refractive Surgery and Division of Ophthalmology, Instituto Oftalmologico de Alicante, Miguel Hernandez University, Alicante, Spain
    Am J Ophthalmol 145:65-74. 2008
    ..To evaluate the results of corneal wavefront (WF)-guided enhancements in patients with night vision symptoms and significantly high positive spherical aberration (SA) after myopic laser refractive surgery...
  101. ncbi Treatment of previous decentered excimer laser ablation with combined myopic and hyperopic ablations
    Gilles Lafond
    Centre hospitalier de l Universite Laval, Quebec City, Canada
    J Refract Surg 20:139-48. 2004
    ..Decentration of the ablation zone is an occasional complication of excimer laser refractive surgery. We describe a technique to recenter the ablation zone without changing the refractive status obtained by the first surgery...

Research Grants50

  1. Optical Dynamics of Lens Accommodation
    STEPHEN UHLHORN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The project will test the hypothesis that changes in the refractive index of the lens during accommodation make a significant contribution to the amplitude of the optical accommodation response. ..
  2. Snapshot Retinal Imaging Polarimeter
    James Schwiegerling; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Furthermore, the device could potentially be a low-cost add-on to existing fundus cameras, allowing a more widespread utility than existing devices. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  3. Gene-environment-wide interaction studies of ocular refraction
    ROBERT J WOJCIECHOWSKI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The objective of this project is to study the effects of gene-environment interactions on ocular refraction within the context of whole-genome association studies...
  4. Optomechanical characteristics of lens accommodation
    Fabrice Manns; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..measurement of the axial eye length, lens shape, lens internal structure, ciliary muscle geometry, and ocular refraction and aberrations in response to monocular accommodative stimuli...
  5. OPTICAL AND RETINAL LIMITS TO HUMAN VISUAL PERFORMANCE
    Larry N Thibos; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Project 6. Develop a new concept of wavefront tomography to characterize the 3-dimensional structure of the eye's optical system from a series of wavefront measurements along multiple lines-of-sight. ..
  6. CONTACT LENSES AND MYOPIA (CLAMP) STUDY
    JEFFREY WALLINE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The CLAMP Study is the ideal scope and size of study to train Dr. Walline to become an independent investigator and has the potential to change the standard of care for young children who become nearsighted. ..
  7. OCULAR DEVELOPMENT IN INFANCY/EARLY CHILDHOOD
    Donald Mutti; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. NEURAL AND HORMONAL PATHWAYS IN OCULAR DEVELOPMENT
    Howard Howland; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Behavioral, surgical, biochemical, histological, and mathematical methods will be employed to answer these questions. ..
  9. The Contact Lens and Dry Eye Study
    Jason Nichols; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The long-term objective of this research is to contribute to a better understanding of the etiology and risk factors for contact lens-related dry eye so that progress can be made toward its prevention. ..
  10. MYOPIA AND OCULAR GROWTH--NEURAL MECHANISMS
    Richard Stone; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We hope that our studies will continue to lead to improved understanding of ocular growth and ultimately towards rational approaches to prevent refractive errors in children. ..
  11. mRNA expression by RPE cells in myopia
    Richard Stone; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We believe this program will lead to improved understanding of the etiology of refractive errors and ultimately to effective approaches to arrest myopia in children. ..
  12. Short-term Training Students-Health Professional Schools
    KENNETH CIUFFREDA; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Trainees will consist of optometry students who have just completed either their first or second professional years, and have done well academically (3.5 gpa or better). All will have an undergraduate degree, generally in the sciences. ..
  13. The Myopia of Adulthood
    Mark Bullimore; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Subjects carry a portable electronic pager for two one-week periods and are paged randomly throughout the day. Each time they are paged, they dial into an automated telephone survey and report their activity at that time. ..
  14. Molecular Characterization of Chick Retina during Refractive Development
    RICHARD ALAN STONE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  15. Multi-Resolution Corneal Topography (MRCT)
    EDWIN SARVER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..research grant ..
  16. CLEK STUDY PHOTOGRAPHY READING CENTER
    Joseph Barr; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Documentation of the capabilities of the proposed CPRC Staff for the performance of the Study in accord with the details of the CPRC Operations Manual and with the CLEK Study Operations Manual is provided. ..
  17. Scanning Ocular Aberration Measurement (SAM) System
    EDWIN SARVER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, the ability to measure these aberrations dynamically while the eye is changing focus from a distant to a near object will be provided. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  18. New England College of Optometry Vision Core Grant
    NANCY COLETTA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The modules requested in this application will greatly enhance these activities and ongoing research at the New England College of Optometry ..
  19. Subjective Refraction by Meridional Power Matching
    EDWIN SARVER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Technological Innovation: Providing an accurate, low-cost, low-maintenance refractor that can be easily transported and used in hostile environments. PROPOSED COMMERCIAL APPLICATION: NOT AVAILABLE ..
  20. Corneal Refractive Power Post Refractive Surgery
    CHARLOTTE JOSLIN; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The long-term objective to this research is to contribute to the knowledge of IOL power determination in post-refractive surgery patients. ..
  21. Visual Optics and Cornea
    P Soni; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Extensive recruitment tools and personal contacts will be utilized to advertise the program broadly to attract the best applicants including women and minorities. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. RETINAL NERVE FIBER LAYER REFLECTANCE MECHANISMS
    Xiangrun Huang; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Birefringence is an intrinsic property of the tissue, depends directly on RNFL ultrastructure, and may provide a means of early detection of structural damage to ganglion cells in glaucoma. ..
  23. RETINAL BIREFRINGENCE ANALYSIS IN STRABISMUS & AMBLYOPIA
    David Hunter; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The ability to screen for early, small deviations may help resolve conflicting findings on the efficacy of early amblyopia detection and treatment. ..
  24. High Resolution and High Contrast Near-IR Imaging of the Human Fundus
    Nathan Doble; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Under this proposal, new imaging technology will be developed to fight debilitating eye disease resulting in earlier disease detection, faster drug clinical trials, and better medical understanding. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. Vision Research--Biostatistics and Epidemiology Module
    Karla Zadnik; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  26. The Predictive Value of Pre-plus Disease in ROP
    David Wallace; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  27. Compact Line-scanning Adaptive Optics Retinal Imager
    Daniel Hammer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These researchers will, in turn, use this tool to increase our understanding of vision and its disruption by disease and for the development of new drugs and therapies. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. Clinical Accommodation Measurement
    Adrian Glasser; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  29. Computer-Aided Interpretation of Oculometric Data
    Michael Smolek; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..For patients, refractive surgery outcomes will be more predictable, and they will benefit from earlier detection of diseases such as cataracts and corneal ectasias. ..
  30. Single Shot OCT
    Daniel Hammer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In addition, the developed instrument and the principles upon which it is based may be used to image other disease types throughout the human body. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  31. EMMETROPIZATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF MYOPIA IN CHILDREN
    Jane Gwiazda; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  32. EYE GROWTH DURING INFANCY
    Scott Lambert; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..In addition, by understanding the mechanisms retarding ocular growth, it may be possible to modulate the excessive ocular growth which occurs in certain pathological conditions such as retinopathy of prematurity. ..
  33. BIOPHYSICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF ALPHA CRYSTALLIN
    JANE KORETZ; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  34. OPTOMETRY COORDINATING CENTER
    Karla Zadnik; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  35. OPTICAL AND NEURAL FACTORS IN NIGHT VISION
    NANCY COLETTA; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Differences in the sampling rate may responsible for the meridional variation in sensitivity. ..
  36. HIGH-RESOLUTION IMAGING OF OCULAR MELANOMA AND RETINA
    Dirk Uwe Bartsch; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Since we can measure and characterize these aberrations, we can develop digital inverse filter based on our experience in image reconstruction to correct the acquired images. ..
  37. Real-Time Three-Dimensional Motion Control Tracker
    Daniel Hammer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..After optimization, the Phase II instrument will be tested in a clinical ophthalmic program and the improvement in measurement of retinal features (e.g., nerve fiber layer thickness) will be quantified. ..
  38. CLINICAL RESEARCH CURRICULUM
    Karla Zadnik; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  39. COLLABORATIVE INITIAL GLAUCOMA TREATMENT STUDY
    Rohit Varma; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  40. Stabilized Adaptive Optics Imaging Laser Microsurgery
    Daniel Hammer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. Illumination/Display Technologies in Vision Research
    Robert Webb; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This proposal therefore addresses three apparently quite different areas of ophthalmic investigation, linked by the technologies that will enable them. ..
  42. Accommodative changes in aging eyes
    Adrian Glasser; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This research will provide a foundation for studies directed at understanding if accommodation can be restored with artificial accommodative intraocular lenses. ..
  43. Impact of adolescent pregnancy on nutritional status
    Joanne Katz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Measures of nutritional status at birth include weight, length, head, chest and mid upper arm circumference. Growth of these infants through 6 months of age will also be examined, as will hemoglobin and serum retinol at 3 months of age. ..
  44. COLLABORATIVE LONGITUDINAL EVALUATION KERATOCONUS STUDY
    Karla Zadnik; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Louis, Missouri, and the CLEK Photography Reading Center at The Ohio State University College of Optometry, Columbus, Ohio. ..
  45. The Barbados Study of Ocular Conditions (BSOC)
    Suh Yuh Wu; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The considerably high participation in the cohort (84% in BES, 85% in BISED, and 81% in BISED II), as well as the experience of the research team support the feasibility and yield of the proposed study. ..
  46. PEDIATRIC LOW VISION
    WILLIAM GOOD; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Do strabismus and anisometropia affect different visual functions differentially? Is the combination of risk-factors more amblyogenic? ..
  47. EARLY TMT RETINOPATHY OF PREMATURITY HEADQUARTER GRANT
    WILLIAM GOOD; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Outcome will be determined at a 6 month post-term ophthalmologic examination and at a 9 month post-term visual assessment examination. ..
  48. The Effects of Prematurity on Visual Development
    WILLIAM GOOD; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..A comparison of head ultrasound and DTI findings will demonstrate whether DTI should replace ultrasound for the diagnosis of neurological injury in the newborn nursery. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  49. Central Scotomas in AMD and Cortical Remapping
    Janet Sunness; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  50. Ultrasound-Enhanced Delivery of Medications to the Eye
    Ronald Silverman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..We will visualize the distribution of the molecules within the sclera, choroid and retina to evaluate transport and characterize any tissue damage that might have occurred microscopically and by apoptosis assays. ..